108 relations: Abhidharma, Abhidharma-samuccaya, Abhisamayalankara, Anatta, Arhat, Asanga, Atiśa, Ayodhya, Étienne Lamotte, Āgama (Buddhism), Śāntarakṣita, Śīlabhadra, Śūnyatā, Śrīmālādevī Siṃhanāda Sūtra, Bīja, Bhavanga, Brahmin, Buddha-nature, Chan Buddhism, Chödrak Gyatso, 7th Karmapa Lama, Cheng Weishi Lun, Chidatsu, Chitsū, Dan Lusthaus, Dharma, Dharma-dharmata-vibhaga, Dharmakirti, Dharmapala of Nalanda, Dignāga, Discourse, Edmund Husserl, Eight Consciousnesses, Epistemological idealism, Erich Frauwallner, Fyodor Shcherbatskoy, Gelug, Giuseppe Tucci, Guṇabhadra, Haribhadra (Buddhist philosopher), Icchantika, Idealism, International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration, Jamgon Ju Mipham Gyatso, Je Tsongkhapa, Jonang, Kadam (Tibetan Buddhism), Karma, Kuiji, Kusha-shū, Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra, ..., Lambert Schmithausen, Lengqie shizi ji, Li (unit), Louis de La Vallée-Poussin, Luminous mind, Madhyamaka, Madhyanta-vibhaga-karika, Mahayana, Mahayana-sutra-alamkara-karika, Mahāyānasaṃgraha, Maitreya, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Meditation, Mind Stream, Namkhai Norbu, National Chengchi University, Nikāya, Ontology, Paramartha, Phenomenalism, Phenomenology (philosophy), Prajnaparamita, Pramana, Pratītyasamutpāda, Pratyekabuddha, Pratyutpanna Samādhi Sūtra, Rangtong-Shentong, Ratnagotravibhāga, Ratnākaraśānti, Rimé movement, Saṅkhāra, Sakya Chokden, Sandhinirmocana Sutra, Sautrāntika, Sthavira nikāya, Sthiramati, Subjective idealism, Sutra, Svasaṃvedana, Svatantrika–Prasaṅgika distinction, Taranatha, Ten Stages Sutra, Three Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma, Tiantai, Tibetan Buddhism, Tibetic languages, Triṃśikā-vijñaptimātratā, Tushita, Two truths doctrine, Vasubandhu, Vāsanā, Vimśatikāvijñaptimātratāsiddhi, Walpola Rahula, Woncheuk, Wonhyo, Xuanzang, Yogacarabhumi-sastra, Zen. Expand index (58 more) » « Shrink index
Abhidharma (Sanskrit) or Abhidhamma (Pali) are ancient (3rd century BCE and later) Buddhist texts which contain detailed scholastic reworkings of doctrinal material appearing in the Buddhist sutras, according to schematic classifications.
Abhidharma-samuccaya (Sanskrit; Tibetan Wylie: mngon pa kun btus; English: Compendium of Abhidharma) is a Buddhist text composed by Asanga.
The "Ornament of/for Realization", abbreviated AA, is one of five Sanskrit-language Mahayana sutras which, according to Tibetan tradition, Maitreya revealed to Asaṅga in northwest India circa the 4th century AD.
In Buddhism, the term anattā (Pali) or anātman (Sanskrit) refers to the doctrine of "non-self", that there is no unchanging, permanent self, soul or essence in living beings.
Theravada Buddhism defines arhat (Sanskrit) or arahant (Pali) as "one who is worthy" or as a "perfected person" having attained nirvana.
Asaṅga (Romaji: Mujaku) (fl. 4th century C.E.) was a major exponent of the Yogacara tradition in India, also called Vijñānavāda.
(অতীশ দীপংকর শ্রীজ্ঞান; ཇོ་བོ་རྗེ་དཔལ་ལྡན་ཨ་ཏི་ཤ།) (982 - 1054 CE) was a Buddhist Bengali religious leader and master.
Ayodhya (IAST Ayodhyā), also known as Saketa, is an ancient city of India, believed to be the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana.
Étienne Paul Marie Lamotte (November 21, 1903 – May 5, 1983) was a Belgian priest and Professor of Greek at the Catholic University of Louvain, but was better known as an Indologist and the greatest authority on Buddhism in the West in his time.
In Buddhism, an āgama (आगम Prakrit/Sanskrit) is used as "sacred scriptures".
(शान्तरक्षित,;, 725–788)stanford.edu: was a renowned 8th century Indian Buddhist and abbot of Nalanda.
Śīlabhadra (Sanskrit) (529–645Nakamura, Hajime. Indian Buddhism: A Survey with Bibliographical Notes. 1999. p. 281) was a Buddhist monk and philosopher.
Śūnyatā (Sanskrit; Pali: suññatā), pronounced ‘shoonyataa’, translated into English most often as emptiness and sometimes voidness, is a Buddhist concept which has multiple meanings depending on its doctrinal context.
The Śrīmālādevī Siṃhanāda Sūtra (Lion’s Roar of Queen Śrīmālā) is one of the main early Mahāyāna Buddhist texts belonging to the Tathāgatagarbha sūtras that teaches the doctrines of Buddha-nature and "One Vehicle" through the words of the Indian queen Śrīmālā.
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the Sanskrit term Bīja (बीज) (Jp. 種子 shuji) (Chinese 种子 zhǒng zǐ), literally seed, is used as a metaphor for the origin or cause of things and cognate with bindu.
Bhavaṅga (Pali, "ground of becoming", "condition for existence"), also bhavanga-sota and bhavanga-citta is a passive mode of intentional consciousness (citta) described in the Abhidhamma of Theravada Buddhism.
Brahmin (Sanskrit: ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.
Buddha-nature or Buddha Principle refers to several related terms, most notably tathāgatagarbha and buddhadhātu.
Chan (of), from Sanskrit dhyāna (meaning "meditation" or "meditative state"), is a Chinese school of Mahāyāna Buddhism.
Chödrak Gyatso (1454–1506), also Chödrag Gyamtso, was the seventh Karmapa, head of the Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism.
Cheng Weishi Lun or Discourse on the Perfection of Consciousness-only, is a comprehensive discourse on the central teachings of Yogacara framed around Vasubandhu's seminal Yogacara work, Triṃśikā-vijñaptimātratā (Thirty Verses on Consciousness-only).
Chidatsu (c653) was a priest of the Hosso School of Japanese Buddhism.
was a priest of the Hosso School of Japanese Buddhism.
Dan Lusthaus is an American writer on Buddhism.
Dharma (dharma,; dhamma, translit. dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism.
Dharma-dharmatā-vibhāga(Chinese:辩法与法性论） (Distinguishing Phenomena and Pure Being) is a short Yogācāra work, attributed to Maitreya-nātha, which discusses the distinction and correlation (vibhāga) between phenomena (dharma) and reality (dharmatā); the work exists in both a prose and a verse version and survives only in Tibetan translation. However, the Sanskrit original was reported to exist in Tibet during the 1930s by the Indian Buddhologist and explorer, Rahul Sankrityayan.
Dharmakīrti (fl. c. 6th or 7th century) was an influential Indian Buddhist philosopher who worked at Nālandā.
Dharmapāla (traditional Chinese: 護法, pinyin: Hùfǎ) (530-561 CE).
Dignāga (a.k.a. Diṅnāga, c. 480 – c. 540 CE) was an Indian Buddhist scholar and one of the Buddhist founders of Indian logic (hetu vidyā).
Discourse (from Latin discursus, "running to and from") denotes written and spoken communications.
Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (or;; 8 April 1859 – 27 April 1938) was a German philosopher who established the school of phenomenology.
The Eight Consciousnesses (Skt. aṣṭa vijñānakāyāḥ) is a classification developed in the tradition of the Yogācāra school of Mahayana Buddhism.
Epistemological idealism is a subjectivist position in epistemology that holds that what one knows about an object exists only in one's mind.
Erich Frauwallner (December 28, 1898 – January 5, 1974) was an Austrian professor, a pioneer in the field of Buddhist studies.
Fyodor Ippolitovich Shcherbatskoy or Stcherbatsky (Фёдор Ипполи́тович Щербатско́й) (30 August 1866 – 18 March 1942), often referred to in the literature as F. Th.
The Gelug (Wylie: dGe-Lugs-Pa) is the newest of the schools of Tibetan Buddhism.
Giuseppe Tucci (5 June 1894 – 5 April 1984) was an Italian scholar of oriental cultures, specialising in Tibet and history of Buddhism.
Gunabhadra (394–468) was a monk of Mahayana Buddhism from Magadha, India.
Haribhadra (Tib. seng-ge bzang-po) was an 8th-century CE Buddhist philosopher, and a disciple of Śāntarakṣita, an early Indian Buddhist missionary to Tibet.
In Mahayana Buddhism the icchantika is a deluded person who can never attain Liberation and Nirvana.
In philosophy, idealism is the group of metaphysical philosophies that assert that reality, or reality as humans can know it, is fundamentally mental, mentally constructed, or otherwise immaterial.
The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (I.A.S.T.) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanization of Indic scripts as employed by Sanskrit and related Indic languages.
Jamgön Ju Mipham, or Mipham Jamyang Namgyal Gyamtso (1846–1912) (also known as "Mipham the Great") was a very influential philosopher and polymath of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.
Zongkapa Lobsang Zhaba, or Tsongkhapa ("The man from Tsongkha", 1357–1419), usually taken to mean "the Man from Onion Valley", born in Amdo, was a famous teacher of Tibetan Buddhism whose activities led to the formation of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism.
The Jonang is one of the schools of Tibetan Buddhism.
The Kadam school of Tibetan Buddhism was founded by Dromtön (1005–1064), a Tibetan lay master and the foremost disciple of the great Bengali master Atiśa (982-1054).
Karma (karma,; italic) means action, work or deed; it also refers to the spiritual principle of cause and effect where intent and actions of an individual (cause) influence the future of that individual (effect).
Kuījī (632–682), also known as Ji, an exponent of Yogācāra, was a Chinese monk and a prominent disciple of Xuanzang.
The was one of the six schools of Buddhism introduced to Japan during the Asuka and Nara periods.
The Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra (Sanskrit) is a prominent Mahayana Buddhist sūtra.
Lambert Schmithausen (born November 17, 1939 in Cologne, Germany) is a retired professor of Buddhist Studies, having served in positions at the University of Munster and the University of Hamburg (Germany).
The Léngqié Shīzī Jì (楞伽師資記) (Record of the Masters and Disciples of the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra) is a lineage history of Chan Buddhism, attributed to Jìngjué (淨覺) (683 – c. 750).
The li (lǐ, or 市里, shìlǐ), also known as the Chinese mile, is a traditional Chinese unit of distance.
Louis Étienne Joseph Marie de La Vallée-Poussin (1 January 1869 – 18 February 1938) was a Belgian Indologist and scholar of Buddhist Studies.
Luminous mind (also, "brightly shining mind," "brightly shining citta") (Sanskrit prakṛti-prabhāsvara-citta, Pali pabhassara citta) is a term attributed to the Buddha in the Nikayas.
Madhyamaka (Madhyamaka,; also known as Śūnyavāda) refers primarily to the later schools of Buddhist philosophy founded by Nagarjuna (150 CE to 250 CE).
The Madhyāntavibhāgakārikā (Chinese:辩中边论颂，Verses Distinguishing the Middle and the Extremes) is a key work in Buddhist philosophy of the Yogacara school attributed in the Tibetan tradition to Maitreya-nātha and in other traditions to Asanga.
Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, if Vajrayana is counted separately) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.
Mahāyāna Sūtrālamkāra kārikā ("The Adornment of Mahayana sutras") is a major work of Buddhist philosophy attributed to Maitreya-nātha as dictated to Asanga.
The Mahāyānasaṃgraha (MSg, The Mahāyāna Compendium/Summary, Traditional Chinese: 攝大乘論; Tibetan: theg pa chen po bsdus pa) is a key work of the Yogācāra school of Buddhist philosophy, attributed to Asanga (c. 310–390 CE).
Maitreya (Sanskrit), Metteyya (Pali), is regarded as a future Buddha of this world in Buddhist eschatology.
Maurice Merleau-Ponty (14 March 1908 – 3 May 1961) was a French phenomenological philosopher, strongly influenced by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger.
Meditation can be defined as a practice where an individual uses a technique, such as focusing their mind on a particular object, thought or activity, to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state.
Mind Stream (citta-santāna) in Buddhist philosophy is the moment-to-moment continuum (Sanskrit: saṃtāna) of sense impressions and mental phenomena, which is also described as continuing from one life to another.
Namkhai Norbu is a Dzogchen teacher, who was born in Derge, eastern Tibet on 8 December 1938.
National Chengchi University (shortened as "政大") is a national research university, and the earliest public service training facility in modern China.
Nikāya is a Pāḷi word meaning "volume".
Ontology (introduced in 1606) is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations.
Paramārtha (Sanskrit: परमार्थ Paramārtha) (499-569 CE) was an Indian monk from Ujjain in central India, who is best known for his prolific Chinese translations which include Vasubandhu's Abhidharmakośa.
Phenomenalism is the view that physical objects cannot justifiably be said to exist in themselves, but only as perceptual phenomena or sensory stimuli (e.g. redness, hardness, softness, sweetness, etc.) situated in time and in space.
Phenomenology (from Greek phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.
Prajñāpāramitā means "the Perfection of (Transcendent) Wisdom" in Mahāyāna Buddhism.
Pramana (Sanskrit: प्रमाण) literally means "proof" and "means of knowledge".
Pratītyasamutpāda (प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद pratītyasamutpāda; पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda), commonly translated as dependent origination, or dependent arising, is the principle that all dharmas ("phenomena") arise in dependence upon other dharmas: "if this exists, that exists; if this ceases to exist, that also ceases to exist".
A pratyekabuddha or paccekabuddha (Sanskrit and Pali, respectively), literally "a lone buddha", "a buddha on their own" or "a private buddha", is one of three types of enlightened beings according to some schools of Buddhism.
The Pratyutpanna Samādhi Sūtra (Sanskrit) is an early Mahayana Buddhist scripture, which probably originated around the 1st century BCE in the Gandhara area of northwestern India.
Rangtong and shentong are two distinctive views on emptiness (sunyata) and the two truths doctrine within Tibetan Buddhism.
The Ratnagotravibhāga (Sanskrit, abbreviated as RgV) and its vyākhyā commentary (abbreviated RgVV), also known as the Uttaratantraśāstra, are a compendium of the tathāgatagarbha literature.
Ratnākaraśānti (also known as Śāntipa) (c. 1000 CE) was one of the eighty-four Buddhist Mahāsiddhas and the chief debate-master at the monastic university of Vikramashila.
The Rimé movement is a movement involving the Sakya, Kagyu and Nyingma schools of Tibetan Buddhism, along with some Bon scholars.
(Pali; Sanskrit) is a term figuring prominently in Buddhism.
Serdok Penchen Sakya Chokden (gser mdog pan chen shakya mchog ldan, 1428–1507) was one of the most important religious thinkers of the Sakya school of Tibetan Buddhism.
The Ārya-saṃdhi-nirmocana-sūtra (Sanskrit;; Gongpa Ngédrel) or Noble sūtra of the Explanation of the Profound Secrets is a Mahāyāna Buddhist text and the most important sutra of the Yogācāra school.
The Sautrāntika were an early Buddhist school generally believed to be descended from the Sthavira nikāya by way of their immediate parent school, the Sarvāstivādins.
The Sthavira nikāya (Sanskrit "Sect of the Elders") was one of the early Buddhist schools.
Sthiramati (Sanskrit; Chinese:安慧Tibetan: blo gros brtan pa) or Sāramati was a 6th-century Indian Buddhist scholar-monk.
Subjective idealism, or empirical idealism, is the monistic metaphysical doctrine that only minds and mental contents exist.
A sutra (Sanskrit: IAST: sūtra; Pali: sutta) is a religious discourse (teaching) in text form originating from the spiritual traditions of India, particularly Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
In Buddhist philosophy, Svasaṃvedana (also Svasaṃvitti) is a term which refers to the self-reflexive nature of consciousness.
The Svatantrika–Prasaṅgika distinction is a doctrinal distinction made within Tibetan Buddhism between two stances regarding the use of logic and the meaning of conventional truth within the presentation of Madhyamaka.
Tāranātha (1575–1634) was a Lama of the Jonang school of Tibetan Buddhism.
The Ten Stages Sutra (Sanskrit: Daśabhūmika Sūtra) also known as the Daśabhūmika Sūtra, is an early, influential Mahayana Buddhist scripture.
The Three Turnings of the Wheel (of Dharma) refers to a framework for understanding the sutra stream of the teachings of the Buddhism originally devised by the Yogachara school.
Tiantai is a school of Buddhism in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam that reveres the Lotus Sutra as the highest teaching in Buddhism.
Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.
The Tibetic languages are a cluster of Sino-Tibetan languages descended from Old Tibetan, spoken across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering the Indian subcontinent, including the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas in Baltistan, Ladakh, Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan.
The Triṃśikā-vijñaptimātratā (Sanskrit) is a brief poetic treatise by the Indian Buddhist monk Vasubandhu.
Tushita or Tusita (meaning "realm, contentment") is the fourth of the six deva or heavenly realms of Kamadhatu, located between the "Yāmā deva" realm and the "Nirmanarati deva" realm.
The Buddhist doctrine of the two truths differentiates between two levels of satya (Sanskrit), meaning truth or "really existing" in the discourse of the Buddha: the "conventional" or "provisional" truth, and the "ultimate" truth.
Vasubandhu (Sanskrit) (fl. 4th to 5th century CE) was a very influential Buddhist monk and scholar from Gandhara.
Vāsanā (Sanskrit; Devanagari: वासना) is a behavioural tendency or karmic imprint which influences the present behaviour of a person.
The Vimśatikāvijñaptimātratāsiddhi (विम्शतिकाविज्ञप्तिमात्रतासिद्धि) or Twenty Verses on Consciousness Only is an important work in Buddhism.
Walpola Rahula (1907–1997) was a Sri Lankan Buddhist monk, scholar and writer.
Woncheuk (613–696) was a Korean Buddhist monk who did most of his writing in China, though his legacy was transmitted by a disciple to Silla.
Won Hyo (617 – April 28, 686) was one of the leading thinkers, writers and commentators of the Korean Buddhist tradition.
Xuanzang (fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.
The Yogācārabhūmi-Śāstra (Sanskrit) or Discourse on the Stages of Yogic Practice is the encyclopaedic and definitive text of the Yogacara school of Buddhism.
Zen (p; translit) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as Chan Buddhism.
Buddhist idealism, Chittamatra, Chittamatrin, Cittamatra, Consciousness only, Consciousness-only, Consciousness-only School, Consciousness-only school, Mind only, Mind-only, School of Consciousness-only, Three kinds of objects, Three natures, Vijnanavada, Vijñānavāda, Wei shi, Wei-Shi, Wei-hsin, Yoga-ca-ra, Yogacara, Yogacara Buddhism, Yogācarā, Yogācāra, Yogācāra Buddhism, Yogācāra school.