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Yohannes IV

Index Yohannes IV

Yohannes IV (Ge'ez: ፬ኛ ዮሓንስ, Āratenya Yōḥānnis; horse name "Abba Bezba"; 11 July 1837 – 10 March 1889), born Lij Kaśa Mercha and contemporaneously also known in English as Johannes or John IV, was ruler of Tigray 1867-71, and Emperor of Ethiopia ("King of Zion" and "King of Kings" of Ethiopia) 1872-89 is remembered as one of the leading architects of the modern state of Ethiopia. [1]

67 relations: Aida Desta, Amba Mariam, Araya Selassie Yohannes, Atbarah River, Battle of Adwa, Battle of Embabo, Battle of Gura, Begemder, British Empire, British Expedition to Abyssinia, Derg, Egypt, Egyptians, Emperor of Ethiopia, Enderta Province, Eritrea, Ethiopian Empire, Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, Fasilides, Ge'ez, Gojjam, Gondar, Gugsa Araya Selassie, Haile Selassie Gugsa, Hamasien, Harar, Hewett Treaty, House arrest, Imperial Majesty (style), Isma'il Pasha, Kebur Zabagna, Kilte Awulaelo, Kingdom of Italy, Mahdi, Mareb River, Massawa, Mekelle, Menelik II, Mengesha Seyoum, Meskel, Metemma, Mikael of Wollo, Muhammad Ahmad, Nile, Omdurman, Princess Zenebework, Ras Alula, Ras Mengesha Yohannes, Red Sea, Sayint, ..., Semien Province, Seyoum Mengesha, Shewa, Solomonic dynasty, Suakin, Sudan, Tekezé River, Tekle Giyorgis II, Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, Tembien Province, Tewodros II, Tigray Province, Tsegede, Tselemt, Welkait, Zeila, Zewditu. Expand index (17 more) »

Aida Desta

Princess Aida Desta (8 April 1927 – 15 January 2013) (Baptismal name Bisrate Gabriel), was the eldest granddaughter of Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, daughter of Ras Desta Damtew and Princess Tenagnework.

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Amba Mariam

Amba Mariam (Amharic: አምባ ማሪያም) is a village in central Ethiopia.

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Araya Selassie Yohannes

Araya Selassie Yohannes (Ge'ez: ኣራያ ሥላሴ ዮሃንነስ, ariya səllasé yōḥānnis; September 1867–10 June 1888) was the King of Tigray, Wollo, Begemder, and Dembiya and a member of the royal family of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Atbarah River

The Atbarah River (نهر عطبرة; transliterated: Nahr 'Atbarah) in northeast Africa rises in northwest Ethiopia, approximately 50 km north of Lake Tana and 30 km west of Gondar.

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Battle of Adwa

The Battle of Adwa (Amharic: አድዋ; Amharic translated: Adowa, or sometimes by the Italian name Adua) was fought on 1 March 1896 between the Ethiopian Empire and the Kingdom of Italy near the town of Adwa, Ethiopia, in Tigray.

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Battle of Embabo

The Battle of Embabo was fought 6 June 1882, between the Shewan forces of Negus Menelik II and the Gojjame forces of Negus Tekle Haymanot.

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Battle of Gura

The Battle of Gura was fought on March 7–9, 1876 between the Ethiopian Empire and the Khedivate of Egypt near the town of Gura in Eritrea.

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Begemder (Amharic: በጌምድር) (also Gondar or Gonder after its 20th century capital) was a province in the northwestern part of Ethiopia.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British Expedition to Abyssinia

The British Expedition to Abyssinia was a rescue mission and punitive expedition carried out in 1868 by the armed forces of the British Empire against the Ethiopian Empire.

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The Derg, Common Derg or Dergue (Ge'ez: ደርግ, meaning "committee" or "council") is the short name of the Coordinating Committee of the Armed Forces, Police and Territorial Army that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987.

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Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

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Egyptians (مَصريين;; مِصريّون; Ni/rem/en/kīmi) are an ethnic group native to Egypt and the citizens of that country sharing a common culture and a common dialect known as Egyptian Arabic.

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Emperor of Ethiopia

The Emperor of Ethiopia (ንጉሠ ነገሥት, nəgusä nägäst, "King of Kings") was the hereditary ruler of the Ethiopian Empire, until the abolition of the monarchy in 1975.

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Enderta Province

Enderta or Inderta (Geez: እንደርታ) is a former historical province of Ethiopia; it is located in the eastern edge of the Ethiopian highlands.

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Eritrea (ኤርትራ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara.

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Ethiopian Empire

The Ethiopian Empire (የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ), also known as Abyssinia (derived from the Arabic al-Habash), was a kingdom that spanned a geographical area in the current state of Ethiopia.

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Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church

The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (የኢትዮጵያ:ኦርቶዶክስ:ተዋሕዶ:ቤተ:ክርስቲያን; Yäityop'ya ortodoks täwahedo bétäkrestyan) is the largest of the Oriental Orthodox Christian Churches.

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Fasilides (Ge'ez: ፋሲልደስ Fāsīladas, modern Fāsīledes; 20 November 1603 – 18 October 1667), also known as Fasil or Basilide, was emperor of Ethiopia from 1632 to 18 October 1667, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty.

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Ge'ez (ግዕዝ,; also transliterated Giʻiz) is an ancient South Semitic language and a member of the Ethiopian Semitic group.

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Gojjam (Amharic: ጎጃም gōjjām or Goǧǧam, originally ጐዛም gʷazzam, later ጐዣም gʷažžām, ጎዣም gōžžām) was a kingdom in the north-western part of Ethiopia, with its capital city at Debre Marqos.

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Gondar or Gonder (Amharic: ጎንደር, Gonder or Gondär; formerly ጐንደር, Gʷandar or Gʷender) is a city and separate woreda in Ethiopia.

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Gugsa Araya Selassie

Gugsa Araya Selassie (1885 – 28 April 1932) was an army commander and a member of the royal family of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Haile Selassie Gugsa

Haile Selassie Gugsa (1907–1985) was an army commander and a member of the Imperial family of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Hamasien (Tigrinya: ሓማሴን) As the bible Ge'ez teachings teaches that the name hamasien was made up by the mixing of the names of Ham and Shem in Ge'ez "Esien" Because this people were made up by the mixing of Ham and Shem As the inhabitants of the hamasien and some other regions in Eritrea are of Semitic origin, a branch of Afroasiatic.

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Harar (Harari: ሐረር), and known to its inhabitants as Gēy (Harari: ጌይ), is a walled city in eastern Ethiopia.

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Hewett Treaty

The Hewett Treaty, also called the Treaty of Adwa, was an agreement between Britain, Egypt and Ethiopia signed at Adwa on 3 June 1884.

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House arrest

In justice and law, house arrest (also called home confinement, home detention, or, in modern times, electronic monitoring) is a measure by which a person is confined by the authorities to a residence.

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Imperial Majesty (style)

Imperial Majesty (His/Her Imperial Majesty, abbreviated as HIM) is a style used by Emperors and Empresses.

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Isma'il Pasha

Isma'il Pasha (إسماعيل باشا Ismā‘īl Bāshā, Turkish: İsmail Paşa), known as Ismail the Magnificent (31 December 1830 – 2 March 1895), was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879, when he was removed at the behest of the United Kingdom.

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Kebur Zabagna

Kebur Zabagna or Zebenya (lit) was the Ethiopian Imperial Guard.

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Kilte Awulaelo

Kilte Awulaelo is one of the woredas in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia.

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Kingdom of Italy

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.

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The Mahdi (مهدي, ISO 233:, literally "guided one") is an eschatological redeemer of Islam who will appear and rule for five, seven, nine or nineteen years (according to differing interpretations)Martin 2004: 421 before the Day of Judgment (literally "the Day of Resurrection") and will rid the world of evil.

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Mareb River

The Mareb River (or Gash River), is a river flowing out of central Eritrea.

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Massawa (Maṣṣawa‘, Mitsiwa), also known as Miṣṣiwa‘ (مِـصِّـوَع) and Bāḍiʿ (بَـاضِـع),Matt Phillips, Jean-Bernard Carillet, Lonely Planet Ethiopia and Eritrea, (Lonely Planet: 2006), p.340.

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Mekelle (መቐለ, mäqälle), formerly the capital of Enderta awraja in Tigray, is today the capital city of Tigray National Regional state.

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Menelik II

Emperor Menelik II GCB, GCMG (ዳግማዊ ምኒልክ), baptised as Sahle Maryam (17 August 1844 – 12 December 1913), was Negus of Shewa (1866–89), then Emperor of Ethiopia from 1889 to his death in 1913.

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Mengesha Seyoum

Le'ul Ras Mengesha Seyoum (Ge'ez: መንገሻ ሰዩም) GCVO (born 7 December 1927) is a member of the imperial family of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Meskel (መስቀል, mäsqäl) is an annual religious holiday in the Ethiopian Orthodox and Eritrean Orthodox churches, which commemorates the discovery of the True Cross by the Roman Empress Helena (Saint Helena) in the fourth century.

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Metemma (also known as Metemma Yohannes) is a town in northwestern Ethiopia, on the border with Sudan.

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Mikael of Wollo

Mikael of Wollo (1850 – 8 September 1918), born Imam Mohammed Ali, was an army commander and a member of the nobility of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Muhammad Ahmad

Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah (محمد أحمد ابن عبد الله; 12 August 1844 – 22 June 1885) was a religious leader of the Samaniyya order in Sudan who, on 29 June 1881, proclaimed himself the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of the Islamic faith.

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The Nile River (النيل, Egyptian Arabic en-Nīl, Standard Arabic an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Jtrw; Biblical Hebrew:, Ha-Ye'or or, Ha-Shiḥor) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is commonly regarded as the longest river in the world, though some sources cite the Amazon River as the longest.

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Omdurman (standard أم درمان Umm Durmān) is the second largest city in Sudan and Khartoum State, lying on the western banks of the River Nile, opposite the capital, Khartoum.

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Princess Zenebework

Princess Zenebework, also Zeneba Worq, (25 July 1917 – 24 March 1934) was the second daughter of Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia, and his wife the Empress Menen Asfaw.

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Ras Alula

Ras Alula Engida (ራስ አሉላ እንግዳ) (1827 – 15 February 1897; also known by his horse name Abba Nega and by Alula Qubi) was an Ethiopian general and politician.

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Ras Mengesha Yohannes

Mengesha Yohannes (Ge'ez: መንገሻ ዮሐንነስ; 1868 – 1906) was the "natural" son of Emperor Yohannes IV of Ethiopia, Ras of Tigray, and, as a claimant of the Imperial throne, is often given the title of Leul.

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Red Sea

The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia.

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Sayint (Amharic: አምሃራ ሳይንት; transliterated Amharic: Amara Sahint) is one of the districts of Ethiopia in the Amhara Region.

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Semien Province

Semien Province was a historical province of northwest Ethiopia, often called Gondar.

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Seyoum Mengesha

Seyoum Mengesha KBE (Amharic: ሥዩም መንገሻ; 21 June 1887 – 15 December 1960) was an army commander and a member of the Royal family of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Shewa (ሸዋ, Šawā; Šewā), formerly romanized as Shoa (Scioà in Italian), is a historical region of Ethiopia, formerly an autonomous kingdom within the Ethiopian Empire.

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Solomonic dynasty

The Solomonic dynasty, also known as the House of Solomon, is the former ruling Imperial House of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Suakin or Sawakin (سواكن Sawákin) is a port city in north-eastern Sudan, on the west coast of the Red Sea, which has been leased to the Republic of Turkey for 99 years by bilateral agreement.

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The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.

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Tekezé River

The Tekezé River (ተከዘ or ተከዜ), also known as the Takkaze River, is a major river of Ethiopia.

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Tekle Giyorgis II

Tekle Giyorgis II (Ge'ez: ተክለ ጊዮርጊስ, "Plant of Saint George" born Wagshum Gobeze ዋግሹም ጎበዜ lit. "Governor of Wag, my courageous one"; died 1873) was nəgusä nägäst (Emperor) of Ethiopia from 1868 to 1871.

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Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam

Tekle Haymanot Tessemma, also Adal Tessemma, Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, and Tekle Haimanot of Gojjam, (1847 – 10 January 1901) was King of Gojjam, a member of the Solomonic dynasty of the Ethiopian Empire.

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Tembien Province

Tembien is a historic region in Ethiopia and one of the former provinces of Ethiopia.

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Tewodros II

Téwodros II (ቴዎድሮስ, baptized as Sahle Dingil, and often referred to in English by the equivalent Theodore II) (c. 1818 – April 13, 1868) was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855 until his death.

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Tigray Province

Tigray was a province of the Ethiopian Empire and of the PDRE until 1995.

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Tsegede is one of the woredas in the Tigray Regional State of Ethiopia.

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Tselemt is one of the woredas in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia.

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Welkait is a woreda and region in northwestern Ethiopia, part of the West Zone of Tigray Region.

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Zeila (Saylac, زيلع), also known as Zaila or Zeyla, is a port city in the northwestern Awdal region of Somaliland.

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Zewditu (also spelled Zawditu or Zauditu or Zäwditu; ዘውዲቱ; 29 April 1876 – 2 April 1930) was Empress of Ethiopia from 1916 to 1930.

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Redirects here:

Emperor Yohannes IV, Johannes IV of Ethiopia, John IV of Ethiopia, John of Abyssinia, Kassai Mircha, Lij Kassay Mercha, Yohannes (John) IV of Ethiopia, Yohannes IV of Ethiopia, Yohannes of Tigray, Yohannis IV.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yohannes_IV

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