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A Woman of Substance is a novel by Barbara Taylor Bradford, published in 1979. The novel is the first of a seven-book saga about the fortunes of a retail empire and the machinations of the business elite across three generations. The series, featuring Emma Harte and her family also includes Hold The Dream, To Be The Best, Emma's Secret, Unexpected Blessings, Just Rewards and Breaking the Rules. A Woman of Substance was adapted as an eponymous television miniseries as were the sequels Hold The Dream and To Be The Best.
Dame Antonia Susan Duffy HonFBA (née Drabble; born 24 August 1936), known professionally as A. S. Byatt, is an English novelist, poet and Booker Prize winner.
The A1 is the longest numbered road in the UK, at.
The A19 is a major road in England running approximately parallel to and east of the A1 road, although the two roads meet at the northern end of the A19, the two roads originally met at the southern end of the A19 in Doncaster but the old route of the A1 was changed to the A638.
An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.
ABC are an English pop band that formed in Sheffield in 1980.
The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of 24 awards for artistic and technical merit in the American film industry, given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), to recognize excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership.
The Acts of Union 1800 (sometimes erroneously referred to as a single Act of Union 1801) were parallel acts of the Parliament of Great Britain and the Parliament of Ireland which united the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland (previously in personal union) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Advanced Manufacturing Park (AMP) is a manufacturing technology park in Rotherham, South Yorkshire.
Alan Bennett (born 9 May 1934) is an English playwright, screenwriter, actor and author.
Alan Rufus (alternatively Alanus Rufus (Latin), Alan ar Rouz (Breton), Alain le Roux (French) or Alan the Red (c. 1040 – 1093), 1st Lord of Richmond, was a relative and companion of William the Conqueror (Duke William II of Normandy) during the Norman Conquest of England. He was the second son of Eozen Penteur (also known as Eudon, Eudo or Odo, Count of Penthièvre) by Orguen Kernev (also known as Agnes of Cornouaille). William the Conqueror granted Alan Rufus a significant English fief, later known as the Honour of Richmond, in about 1071.Keats-Rohan "" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Alcuin of York (Flaccus Albinus Alcuinus; 735 – 19 May 804 AD)—also called Ealhwine, Alhwin or Alchoin—was an English scholar, clergyman, poet and teacher from York, Northumbria.
Aldborough is a village in the civil parish of Boroughbridge in the Borough of Harrogate in North Yorkshire, England.
Alastair "Ali" Brownlee (14 April 1959 – 14 February 2016) was an English radio broadcaster best known for his coverage of Middlesbrough F.C. on BBC Tees from 1982 onwards.
All Creatures Great and Small is a British television series based on the books of the British veterinary surgeon Alf Wight, who wrote under the pseudonym James Herriot.
Allerton Castle, also known as Allerton Park, is a Grade I listed nineteenth-century Gothic or Victorian Gothic house at Allerton Mauleverer in North Yorkshire, England.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Andrew Marvell (31 March 1621 – 16 August 1678) was an English metaphysical poet, satirist and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1678.
Andy Goldsworthy (born 26 July 1956) is a British sculptor, photographer and environmentalist producing site-specific sculpture and land art situated in natural and urban settings.
Angela Morley (born Walter "Wally" Stott, 10 March 192414 January 2009) was an English composer and conductor who, as Stott, became a familiar household name to BBC radio listeners in the 1950s.
The Angles (Angli) were one of the main Germanic peoples who settled in Great Britain in the post-Roman period.
Anne Brontë (commonly; 17 January 1820 – 28 May 1849) was an English novelist and poet, the youngest member of the Brontë literary family.
Arctic Monkeys are an English rock band formed in 2002 in High Green, a suburb of Sheffield.
An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside in England, Wales or Northern Ireland which has been designated for conservation due to its significant landscape value.
Arnold Atkinson Cooke (4 November 1906 – 13 August 2005) was a British composer.
An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.
Arthur Michell Ransome (18 January 1884 – 3 June 1967) was an English author and journalist.
Arthur Wood (24 January 1875–18 January 1953) was an English composer and conductor, particularly famous for "Barwick Green", the signature theme for the BBC Radio 4 series The Archers.
Asda Stores Ltd. trading as Asda, is a British supermarket retailer, headquartered in Leeds, West Yorkshire.
ANI Media Private Limited d/b/a Asian News International (ANI) is an Indian news agency based in New Delhi that provides multimedia news to 50 bureaus in India and most of South Asia.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica), also known as the common puffin, is a species of seabird in the auk family.
Aunt Bessie’s Limited (until 2008 known as Tryton Foods Ltd) is a UK producer of frozen food products under the brand name Aunt Bessie’s.
Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry.
The Ballon d'Or ("Golden Ball") is an annual football award presented by France Football.
Dame Jocelyn Barbara Hepworth DBE (10 January 1903 – 20 May 1975) was an English artist and sculptor.
Barbara Taylor Bradford OBE, (born 10 May 1933) is a best-selling British-American novelist.
Barmby on the Marsh is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Barnsley (locally) is a town in South Yorkshire, England, located halfway between Leeds and Sheffield.
Barnsley Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England.
The Battle of Adwalton Moor was a battle in the English Civil War on 30 June 1643.
The Battle of Bosworth Field (or Battle of Bosworth) was the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the Houses of Lancaster and York that extended across England in the latter half of the 15th century.
The Battle of Fulford was fought on the outskirts of the village of Fulford near York in England, on 20 September 1066, when King Harald III of Norway, also known as Harald Hardrada ("harðráði" in Old Norse, meaning "hard ruler"), and Tostig Godwinson, his English ally, fought and defeated the Northern Earls Edwin and Morcar.
The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England.
The Battle of Marston Moor was fought on 2 July 1644, during the First English Civil War of 1642–1646.
The Battle of Stamford Bridge took place at the village of Stamford Bridge, East Riding of Yorkshire, in England on 25 September 1066, between an English army under King Harold Godwinson and an invading Norwegian force led by King Harald Hardrada and the English king's brother Tostig Godwinson.
The Battle of the Standard, sometimes called the Battle of Northallerton, in which English forces repelled a Scottish army, took place on 22 August 1138 on Cowton Moor near Northallerton in Yorkshire.
The Battle of Towton was fought on 29 March 1461 during the English Wars of the Roses, near the village of Towton in Yorkshire.
The Battle of Wakefield took place in Sandal Magna near Wakefield, in West Yorkshire in Northern England, on 30 December 1460.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production.
A beer engine is a device for pumping beer from a cask, usually located in a pub's cellar.
Beer style is a term used to differentiate and categorize beers by factors such as colour, flavour, strength, ingredients, production method, recipe, history, or origin.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Bempton Cliffs is a nature reserve, run by the RSPB, at Bempton in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Beowulf is an Old English epic story consisting of 3,182 alliterative lines.
Bettys and Taylors of Harrogate, also known as Bettys and Taylors Group Limited, is a family company based in Yorkshire, England.
Beverley Minster in Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire, is a parish church in the Church of England.
Beverley Racecourse is a thoroughbred horse racing venue located in the town of Beverley in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
William Edward Nicholson OBE (26 January 1919 – 23 October 2004) was an English football player, coach, manager and scout who had a 36-year association with Tottenham Hotspur.
Bilsdale is a dale in the western part of the North York Moors in North Yorkshire, England.
Birds Eye is an American international brand of frozen foods owned by Pinnacle Foods, headquartered in Parsippany, New Jersey, USA and by Nomad Foods in Europe.
Bitter is a British style of pale ale that varies in colour from gold to dark amber, and in strength from 3% to 7% alcohol by volume.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
Black Dyke Band, formerly John Foster & Son Black Dyke Mills Band, is one of the oldest and best-known brass bands in the world.
The Black Sheep Brewery is a brewery in Masham in the Borough of Harrogate in North Yorkshire, England.
Black Work is a three-part British detective fiction thriller and a leading dramatic vehicle for Sheridan Smith, who stars as police officer Jo Gillespie.
Bolton Abbey in Wharfedale, North Yorkshire, England, takes its name from the ruins of the 12th-century Augustinian monastery now known as Bolton Priory.
Bolton is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Boroughbridge is a small town and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England.
Bowes Castle is a medieval castle in the village of Bowes in County Durham, England.
Bradford is in the Metropolitan Borough of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England, in the foothills of the Pennines west of Leeds, and northwest of Wakefield.
Bradford & Bingley plc was a British bank with headquarters in the West Yorkshire town of Bingley.
Bradford Bulls R.L.F.C. are a professional rugby league club in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, currently playing in Betfred League One.
Bradford Cathedral, full name Cathedral Church of St Peter and formerly Bradford Parish Church, is situated in the heart of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England, on a site used for Christian worship since the 8th century when missionaries based in Dewsbury evangelised the region.
Bradford City Association Football Club is a professional football club in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, which plays in League One, the third tier of English football.
Abraham "Bram" Stoker (8 November 1847 – 20 April 1912) was an Irish author, best known today for his 1897 Gothic novel Dracula.
Brassed Off is a 1996 British comedy-drama film written and directed by Mark Herman and starring Pete Postlethwaite, Tara Fitzgerald and Ewan McGregor.
The Bretons (Bretoned) are a Celtic ethnic group located in the region of Brittany in France.
Dennis Brian Close, (24 February 1931 – 13 September 2015) was an English first-class cricketer, the youngest man ever to play Test cricket for England.
Brian Howard Clough, OBE (21 March 1935 – 20 September 2004) was an English football player and manager.
Bridlington is a coastal town and civil parish on the Holderness Coast of the North Sea, situated in the unitary authority and ceremonial county of the East Riding of Yorkshire approximately north of Hull.
The Brigantes were a Celtic tribe who in pre-Roman times controlled the largest section of what would become Northern England.
The Brighouse and Rastrick Brass Band was formed in 1881.
Britannia Inferior (Latin for "Lower Britain") was a new province carved out of Roman Britain around 197 during the reforms of Septimius Severus.
The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.
Brodsworth Hall, near Brodsworth, north-west of Doncaster in South Yorkshire, is one of the most complete surviving examples of a Victorian country house in England.
The Brontë Country is a name given to an area of south Pennine hills west of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England.
The Brontës (commonly) were a nineteenth-century literary family, born in the village of Thornton and later associated with the village of Haworth in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Burton is a large United Kingdom high street clothing retailer.
Burton in Lonsdale is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England, close to the border with Lancashire.
Calendar Girls is a 2003 British comedy film directed by Nigel Cole.
The Cambridge Digital Library is a project operated by the Cambridge University Library designed to make items from the unique and distinctive collections of Cambridge University Library available online.
Candy, also called sweets or lollies, is a confection that features sugar as a principal ingredient.
Canonization is the act by which a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint, upon which declaration the person is included in the "canon", or list, of recognized saints.
The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that spans 60 million years from the end of the Devonian Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Permian Period, Mya.
The Carlton Main Frickley Colliery Band is a brass band based in West Yorkshire, England, and close to South Yorkshire.
Cartimandua or Cartismandua (reigned) was a 1st-century queen of the Brigantes, a Celtic people living in what is now northern England.
A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.
Castle Howard is a stately home in North Yorkshire, England, north of York.
The Castleford Tigers are a rugby league club in Castleford, West Yorkshire, England, that competes in the Super League, the top-level professional rugby league club competition in the Northern Hemisphere.
A cathedral is a Christian church which contains the seat of a bishop, thus serving as the central church of a diocese, conference, or episcopate.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Encyclopedia: An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church, also referred to as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia and the Original Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in the United States and designed to serve the Roman Catholic Church.
Catterick Racecourse, sometimes known as Catterick Bridge Racecourse, is a thoroughbred horse racing venue one mile north west of Catterick in North Yorkshire, England, near the hamlet of Catterick Bridge.
The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).
Cawood (other names: Carwood) is a large village (formerly a market town) and civil parish in the Selby district of North Yorkshire, England that is notable as the finding-place of the Cawood sword.
Cædmon (fl. c. AD 657–684) is the earliest English (Northumbrian) poet whose name is known.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.
Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.
Chapman codes are a set of 3-letter codes used in genealogy to identify the administrative divisions in the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
Charlotte Brontë (commonly; 21 April 1816 – 31 March 1855) was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels have become classics of English literature.
Cheese is a dairy product derived from milk that is produced in a wide range of flavors, textures, and forms by coagulation of the milk protein casein.
Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.
Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children.
Chocolate Factory is the fifth solo album by American recording artist R. Kelly, released on February 18, 2003 by Jive Records.
Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Chumbawamba were a British band that formed in 1982 and ended in 2012.
The City of Leeds is a local government district of West Yorkshire, England, governed by Leeds City Council, with the status of a city and metropolitan borough.
The City of York was a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups within the same state or country.
In the history of Rome, the Latin term civitas (plural civitates), according to Cicero in the time of the late Roman Republic, was the social body of the cives, or citizens, united by law (concilium coetusque hominum jure sociati).
Cleckheaton is a town in the Metropolitan borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England.
A client state is a state that is economically, politically, or militarily subordinate to another more powerful state in international affairs.
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground.
"Common People" is a song by English alternative rock band Pulp, released in May 1995 as the lead single off their fifth studio album Different Class.
The Confederation of Independent Football Associations is the international governing body for Non-FIFA affiliated Associations for association football.
Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.
Constantius I (Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius Herculius Augustus;Martindale, pg. 227 31 March 25 July 306), commonly known as Constantius Chlorus (Χλωρός, Kōnstantios Khlōrós, literally "Constantius the Pale"), was Caesar, a form of Roman co-emperor, from 293 to 306.
Copper Dragon Brewery is a brewery originally established in Skipton, North Yorkshire in 2002 and which has now moved to West Yorkshire.
County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (excluding Scotland), to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control.
The County Championship, currently known as the Specsavers County Championship for sponsorship reasons, is the domestic first-class cricket competition in England and Wales and is organised by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB).
A county council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a county.
Inter-county cricket matches are known to have been played since the early 18th century, involving teams that are representative of the historic counties of England and Wales.
County Durham (locally) is a county in North East England.
The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
A crumpet is a small griddle cake made from an unsweetened batter of water or milk, flour and yeast, eaten in the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, and some areas of the Commonwealth.
In anthropology and geography, a cultural region, cultural sphere, cultural area or culture area refers to a geographical area with one relatively homogeneous human activity or complex of activities (culture).
The culture of Yorkshire has developed over the county's history, influenced by the cultures of those who came to control the region, including the Celts (Brigantes and Parisii), Romans, Angles, Vikings and Normans.
Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England.
Curds are a dairy product obtained by coagulating milk in a process called curdling.
Danby is a village and civil parish in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England.
The Danelaw (also known as the Danelagh; Dena lagu; Danelagen), as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons.
The Danes were a North Germanic tribe inhabiting southern Scandinavia, including the area now comprising Denmark proper, during the Nordic Iron Age and the Viking Age.
David Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie, was an English singer-songwriter and actor.
David Hockney, (born 9 July 1937) is an English painter, draftsman, printmaker, stage designer and photographer.
Def Leppard are an English rock band formed in 1977 in Sheffield as part of the new wave of British heavy metal movement.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Dent is a village and civil parish in Cumbria, England.
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Dewsbury is a minster town in the Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, in West Yorkshire, England.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
Donald George Revie OBE (10 July 1927 – 26 May 1989) was an England international footballer and manager, best known for his successful spell during Leeds United's finest period, the late 1960s, and early 1970s.
Doncaster is a large market town in South Yorkshire, England.
Doncaster Racecourse (also known as the Town Moor course) is a racecourse in Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England.
Doncaster Rovers Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England.
Doncaster Sheffield Airport, formerly named Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffield, is an international airport located at the former RAF Finningley station, in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster within South Yorkshire, England.
Downton Abbey is a historical period drama television series set in England in the early 20th century, created by Julian Fellowes and co-produced by Carnival Films and Masterpiece.
Dracula is an 1897 Gothic horror novel by Irish author Bram Stoker.
Drainage is the natural or artificial removal of a surface's water and sub-surface water from an area.
Durham (locally) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.
An earl is a member of the nobility.
Earl of Harewood, in the County of York, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The East Coast Main Line (ECML) is a major railway link between London and Edinburgh via Peterborough, Doncaster, York, Darlington, Durham and Newcastle; it is presently electrified along the whole route.
East Midlands Airport is an international airport in the East Midlands of England, located in Leicestershire close to Castle Donington.
The East Riding of Yorkshire, or simply East Yorkshire, is a ceremonial county in the North of England.
East Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency covering the East Riding of Yorkshire, omitting Beverley residents save a small minority of Beverley residents who also qualified on property grounds to vote in the county seat (mainly business-owning forty shilling freeholders).
Eastern West Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency covering part of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire.
Ebenezer Cobb Morley (16 August 1831 – 20 November 1924) was an English sportsman and is regarded as the father of the Football Association and modern football.
Eboracum (Latin /ebo'rakum/, English or) was a fort and city in the Roman province of Britannia.
Ebuyer is an electronic commerce retailer based in Howden, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Edgar (Ēadgār; 8 July 975), known as the Peaceful or the Peaceable, was King of England from 959 until his death.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, KG (5 June 1341 – 1 August 1402) was the fourth surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault.
Sir Edward Cuthbert Bairstow (22 August 18741 May 1946) was an English organist and composer in the Anglican church music tradition.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Edward IV (28 April 1442 – 9 April 1483) was the King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, and again from 11 April 1471 until his death.
Edwin (Ēadwine; c. 586 – 12 October 632/633), also known as Eadwine or Æduinus, was the King of Deira and Bernicia – which later became known as Northumbria – from about 616 until his death.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Elizabeth of York (11 February 1466 – 11 February 1503) was the wife of Henry VII and the first Tudor queen.
Elmet (Elfed) was an area of what later became the West Riding of Yorkshire, and an independent Brittonic kingdom between about the 5th century and early 7th century.
Emily Jane Brontë (commonly; 30 July 1818 – 19 December 1848) was an English novelist and poet who is best known for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature.
Emmerdale (known as Emmerdale Farm until 1989) is a British soap opera set in Emmerdale (known as Beckindale until 1994), a fictional village in the Yorkshire Dales.
The end of Roman rule in Britain was the transition from Roman Britain to post-Roman Britain.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.
English Heritage (officially the English Heritage Trust) is a registered charity that manages the National Heritage Collection.
The English Reformation was a series of events in 16th century England by which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church.
Eric Haraldsson (Old Norse: Eiríkr Haraldsson, Eirik Haraldsson; c. 885 – 954), nicknamed Eric Bloodaxe (Old Norse: Eiríkr blóðøx, Eirik Blodøks), was a 10th-century Norwegian ruler.
Eric William Fenby OBE (22 April 190618 February 1997) was an English composer, conductor, pianist, organist and teacher who is best known for being Frederick Delius's amanuensis from 1928 to 1934.
The Eurovision Song Contest 1982 was the 27th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest.
Frederic William Moorman (1872–1918) was a poet and playwright, and Professor of English Language at the University of Leeds from 1912 to 1918.
Fat Friends (also known as Kay Mellor’s Fat Friends) is a British drama that aired on ITV from 12 October, 2000 to 24 March, 2005, consisting of 25 episodes over four seasons.
Fenner PLC is a leading British-based manufacturer of industrial belting and other polymer-based products.
The Ferens Art Gallery is an art gallery in the English city of Kingston upon Hull.
The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA; French for "International Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer.
Filey is a small town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England.
Finningley is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, in South Yorkshire, England.
First Direct (styled first direct) is a telephone and internet-based retail bank in the United Kingdom, a division of HSBC Bank plc.
First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket.
The Flag Institute is an educational charity headquartered in London, UK.
Flags and symbols of Yorkshire have been used to identify Yorkshire and its related councils through flags and symbols (including coats of arms).
Flamborough Head is a promontory, long on the Yorkshire coast of England, between the Filey and Bridlington bays of the North Sea.
A folk club is a regular event, permanent venue, or section of a venue devoted to folk music and traditional music.
The Forest of Bowland, also known as the Bowland Fells, is an area of barren gritstone fells, deep valleys and peat moorland, mostly in north-east Lancashire, England with a small part in North Yorkshire (before 1974, some of the area was in the West Riding of Yorkshire).
Fountains Abbey is one of the largest and best preserved ruined Cistercian monasteries in England.
Fox hunting is an activity involving the tracking, chase and, if caught, the killing of a fox, traditionally a red fox, by trained foxhounds or other scent hounds, and a group of unarmed followers led by a "master of foxhounds" ("master of hounds"), who follow the hounds on foot or on horseback.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frederick Sewards Trueman, OBE (6 February 19311 July 2006) was an English cricketer, mainly active from 1948 to 1968, who played for Yorkshire and England.
Frederick Theodore Albert Delius, CH (29 January 186210 June 1934) was an English composer.
Gang of Four are an English post-punk group, formed in 1977 in Leeds.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
Richard Gavin Bryars (born 16 January 1943) is an English composer and double bassist.
The Geats (gēatas; gautar; götar), sometimes called Goths, were a North Germanic tribe who inhabited italic ("land of the Geats") in modern southern Sweden.
GENUKI is a genealogy web portal, run as a charitable trust.
Geoffrey Boycott OBE (born 21 October 1940) is a former Yorkshire and England cricketer.
Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany (980 – 20 November 1008), also known as Geoffrey of Rennes and Geoffrey Berengar, was the eldest son of Duke Conan I of Brittany.
The Geography (Γεωγραφικὴ Ὑφήγησις, Geōgraphikḕ Hyphḗgēsis, "Geographical Guidance"), also known by its Latin names as the Geographia and the Cosmographia, is a gazetteer, an atlas, and a treatise on cartography, compiling the geographical knowledge of the 2nd-century Roman Empire.
Sir George Dyson KCVO (28 May 188328 September 1964) was an English musician and composer.
George Herbert Hirst (7 September 1871 – 10 May 1954) was a professional English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Yorkshire County Cricket Club between 1891 and 1921, with a further appearance in 1929.
The George Hotel in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England, is a Grade II listed building famous as the birthplace of rugby league football in 1895.
George Sidney Raynor (13 January 1907 in Hoyland Common, Yorkshire – 24 November 1985) was an English professional footballer and one of the most successful international football managers ever.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or simply ginger, is widely used as a spice or a folk medicine.
Traditional ginger beer is a naturally sweetened and carbonated, usually non-alcoholic beverage.
Gingerbread refers to a broad category of baked goods, typically flavored with ginger, cloves, nutmeg or cinnamon and sweetened with honey, sugar or molasses.
Gisborough Priory is a ruined Augustinian priory in Guisborough in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland and ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England.
Good Hair Day, commonly known as ghd, is a manufacturer of hair care products based in Leeds, United Kingdom.
Goole is a town, civil parish and inland port located at junction 36 off the M62 via the A614 and approximately from the North Sea at the confluence of the rivers Don and Ouse in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, although historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire.
Gordon Banks (born 30 December 1937) is a former England international football goalkeeper.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Government Offices for the English Regions (GOs) were established in 1994 by the John Major administration.
Grampound in Cornwall, was a borough constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1821.
The Great Famine of 1315–1317 (occasionally dated 1315–1322) was the first of a series of large-scale crises that struck Europe early in the 14th century.
The Great Viking Army, known by the Anglo-Saxons as the Great Heathen Army (OE: mycel hæþen here), was a coalition of Norse warriors, originating from primarily Denmark, Sweden and Norway, who came together under a unified command to invade the four Anglo-Saxon kingdoms that constituted England in AD 865.
Great Ouseburn is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England.
Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2,782,100.
Halfdan Ragnarsson (Hálfdan; Halfdene or Healfdene; Albann; died 877) was a Viking leader and a commander of the Great Heathen Army which invaded the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England, starting in 865.
Halifax (previously known as Halifax Building Society) is a British bank operating as a trading division of Bank of Scotland, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of Lloyds Banking Group.
Halifax is a minster town in the Metropolitan Borough of Calderdale in West Yorkshire, England.
Hallamshire (or Hallam) is the historical name for an area of South Yorkshire, England, in the current city of Sheffield.
The Hammonds Saltaire Band, formerly also known as YBS Band, Yorkshire Building Society Band, and Hammonds Sauce Works Band is one of the best brass bands originating from Yorkshire.
Happy Valley is a British crime drama television series filmed and set in the Calder Valley, West Yorkshire in Northern England.
Harald Sigurdsson (– 25 September 1066), given the epithet Hardrada (harðráði, modern Norwegian: Hardråde, roughly translated as "stern counsel" or "hard ruler") in the sagas, was King of Norway (as Harald III) from 1046 to 1066.
Harewood House is a country house in Harewood near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Harold Godwinson (– 14 October 1066), often called Harold II, was the last Anglo-Saxon king of England.
Harold Wagstaff (9 May 1891 – 19 July 1939) was an English rugby league footballer of the early 20th century.
Harrogate is a spa town in North Yorkshire, England.
Harrogate Convention Centre is a convention and exhibition centre in Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England.
The Harrying of the North was a series of campaigns waged by William the Conqueror in the winter of 1069–70 to subjugate northern England.
Haworth is a village in West Yorkshire, England, in the Pennines southwest of Keighley, west of Bradford and east of Colne in Lancashire.
Haydn Wood (25 March 1882 – 11 March 1959) was a 20th-century English composer and concert violinist.
Heartbeat is a British police drama series set in 1960s North Riding of Yorkshire based on the "Constable" series of novels written by ex-policeman Peter N Walker, under the pseudonym Nicholas Rhea, and broadcast on ITV in 18 series between 1992 and 2010.
Hedley Verity (18 May 1905 – 31 July 1943) was a professional cricketer who played for Yorkshire and England between 1930 and 1939.
Helmsley is a market town and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England.
Helmsley Castle (also known anciently as Hamlake) is a medieval castle situated in the market town of Helmsley, within the North York Moors National Park, North Yorkshire, England.
Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress or Henry Plantagenet, ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also partially controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany.
Henry Spencer Moore (30 July 1898 – 31 August 1986) was an English artist.
Henry VII (Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death on 21 April 1509.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
Herbert Chapman (19 January 1878 – 6 January 1934) was an English association football player and manager.
Sir Herbert Edward Read, DSO, MC (4 December 1893 – 12 June 1968) was an English art historian, poet, literary critic and philosopher, best known for numerous books on art, which included influential volumes on the role of art in education.
Herbert Sutcliffe (24 November 1894 – 22 January 1978) was an English professional cricketer who represented Yorkshire and England as an opening batsman.
A heritage coast is a strip of coastline in England and Wales, the extent of which is defined by agreement between the relevant statutory national agency and the relevant local authority.
The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others.
The history of local government in Yorkshire is unique and complex.
The history of York as a city dates to the beginning of the first millennium AD but archaeological evidence for the presence of people in the region of York dates back much further to between 8000 and 7000 BC.
Yorkshire is a historic county of England, centred on the county town of York.
Holderness is an area of the East Riding of Yorkshire, on the east coast of England.
Holwick is a small village in Teesdale, north-east England.
The Honour of Richmond (or English feudal barony of Richmond) in north-west Yorkshire was granted to Count Alan Rufus by King William the Conqueror in 1071.
Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Howard is an English Noble House founded by John Howard who was created Duke of Norfolk (3rd creation) by King Richard III of England in 1483.
The House of Lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet.
The House of Plantagenet was a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France.
The House of York was a cadet branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet.
The Howardian Hills are an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty located between the Yorkshire Wolds, the North York Moors National Park and the Vale of York, they take their name from the Howard family who still own local lands.
Huddersfield is a large market town in West Yorkshire, England.
The Huddersfield Giants are an English professional rugby league club from Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, the birthplace of rugby league, who play in the Super League competition.
Huddersfield Town Association Football Club is a professional football club in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England, which competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football.
Hull City Association Football Club is a professional football club in Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Hull Football Club, commonly referred to as Hull or Hull F.C., is a professional rugby league football club established in 1865 and based in Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Hull Kingston Rovers are a professional rugby league club based in Hull, Yorkshire, England, formed in 1882.
The Humber is a large tidal estuary on the east coast of Northern England.
Humberside was a non-metropolitan and ceremonial county in Northern England from 1 April 1974 until 1 April 1996.
Hymnal or hymnary or hymnbook is a collection of hymns, i.e. religious songs, usually in the form of a book.
Hysteria is the fourth studio album by English hard rock band Def Leppard, released on 3 August 1987 through Mercury Records and reissued on 1 January 2000.
Ilkley Moor is part of Rombalds Moor, the moorland between Ilkley and Keighley (pronounced Keethly) in West Yorkshire, England.
Indie rock is a genre of rock music that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish Sea (Muir Éireann / An Mhuir Mheann, Y Keayn Yernagh, Erse Sea, Muir Èireann, Ulster-Scots: Airish Sea, Môr Iwerddon) separates the islands of Ireland and Great Britain; linked to the Celtic Sea in the south by St George's Channel, and to the Inner Seas off the West Coast of Scotland in the north by the Straits of Moyle.
Isurium or Isurium of the Brigantes (Isurium Brigantum) was a Roman fort and town in the province of Britannia at the site of present-day Aldborough in North Yorkshire, England, in the United Kingdom.
John Boynton Priestley, OM (13 September 1894 – 14 August 1984), known by his pen name J.B. Priestley, was an English novelist, playwright, scriptwriter, social commentator and broadcaster.
Jaeger is a United Kingdom-based fashion brand and retailer of menswear and womenswear.
Jamaica Inn is a British drama television series that was first broadcast on BBC One for three consecutive nights from 21 to 23 April 2014.
James Alfred "Alf" Wight, OBE, FRCVS (3 October 1916 – 23 February 1995), known by the pen name James Herriot, was a British veterinary surgeon and writer, who used his many years of experiences as a veterinary surgeon to write a series of books each consisting of stories about animals and their owners.
Jane Eyre (originally published as Jane Eyre: An Autobiography) is a novel by English writer Charlotte Brontë, published under the pen name "Currer Bell", on 16 October 1847, by Smith, Elder & Co. of London, England.
Jericho is a period drama mini-series created and written by Steve Thompson and directed by Paul Whittington.
Dame Jessica Ennis-Hill (born 28 January 1986) is a retired British track and field athlete from England, specialising in multi-eventing disciplines and 100 metres hurdles.
Pendant in Jet, Magdalenian, Marsoulas MHNT Jet is a type of lignite, a precursor to coal, and is a gemstone.
Jet2.com Limited, often known simply as Jet2, is a British low-cost airline based at Leeds Bradford Airport, England.
Joseph Edward Root (born 30 December 1990) is an English international cricketer, who is the current captain of the England Test team.
John Barry Prendergast, (3 November 1933 – 30 January 2011) was an English composer and conductor of film music.
John Smith's Brewery in Tadcaster, North Yorkshire, England, produces beers including John Smith's, the highest selling bitter in the United Kingdom since the mid-1990s.
Jonathan Callum Brownlee (born 30 April 1990) is an English professional duathlete and triathlete.
Jonathan "Jonty" Parkin (1894 – 1972) was an English rugby league footballer of the 1910s, 1920s and 1930s.
Julie Matthews is an English singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer.
The Jurassic (from Jura Mountains) was a geologic period and system that spanned 56 million years from the end of the Triassic Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Cretaceous Period Mya.
Kaiser Chiefs are an English indie rock band from Leeds who formed in 2000 as Parva, releasing one studio album, 22, in 2003, before renaming and establishing themselves in their current name that same year.
Kate Anna Rusby (born 4 December 1973) KateRusby.com (Retrieved: 19 July 2009) is an English folk singer-songwriter from Penistone, Barnsley.
Kathryn Roberts is an English folk singer, from Barnsley, South Yorkshire.
KCOM Group (formerly known as Kingston Communications and latterly KC) is a UK communications and IT services provider.
Keighley is a town and civil parish within the metropolitan borough of the City of Bradford in West Yorkshire, England.
The Kelham Island Brewery is a small independent brewery based in Sheffield, England.
Kenneth Leighton (2 October 1929 – 24 August 1988) was a British composer and pianist.
Kes is a 1969 drama film directed by Ken Loach and produced by Tony Garnett.
Joseph Kevin Keegan, OBE (born 14 February 1951) is an English former football player and manager.
Kilnsea is a hamlet in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, in an area known as Holderness.
The Kingdom of England (French: Royaume d'Angleterre; Danish: Kongeriget England; German: Königreich England) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from the 10th century—when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms—until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of Northumbria (Norþanhymbra rīce) was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland.
Kingston upon Hull, usually abbreviated to Hull, is a city and unitary authority in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Kiplingcotes Derby is widely accepted to be the oldest annual horse race in the English sporting calendar.
Knaresborough is an historic market town, spa town and civil parish in the Borough of Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England.
Knurr and spell (also called northern spell, nipsy or trap ball) is an old English game, once popular as a pub game.
Lancashire (abbreviated Lancs.) is a county in north west England.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Last of the Summer Wine is the longest running British sitcom, created and written by Roy Clarke and originally broadcast by the BBC from 1973 to 2010.
The Laws of the Game (LOTG) are the codified rules that help define association football.
Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of Leeds, in the county of West Yorkshire, England.
The Leeds and Liverpool Canal is a canal in Northern England, linking the cities of Leeds and Liverpool.
Leeds Art Gallery in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, is a museum whose collection of 20th-century British Art is recognised by the British government as a collection "of national importance".
Leeds Arts University is a specialist arts further and higher education institution, based in the city of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, with a main campus opposite the University of Leeds.
Leeds Beckett University (LBU), formerly known as Leeds Metropolitan University (LMU) and before that as Leeds Polytechnic, is a public university in Leeds, West Yorkshire, with campuses in the city centre and Headingley.
Leeds Bradford Airport is located at Yeadon, in the City of Leeds Metropolitan District in West Yorkshire, England, northwest of Leeds city centre itself, and from Bradford city centre.
The Leeds Brewery is an independent brewery established in June 2007 in Leeds, UK by former local radio presenter Michael Brothwell.
The Leeds Rhinos are a professional rugby league club based in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Leeds Town Hall was built between 1853 and 1858 on The Headrow (formerly Park Lane), Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, to a design by architect Cuthbert Brodrick.
Leeds United Football Club is a professional association football club in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
The rivalry between Leeds United and Manchester United, sometimes nicknamed the Roses rivalry or the Pennines derby, is a footballing rivalry played between the Northern English clubs Leeds United and Manchester United.
Sir Leonard Hutton (23 June 1916 – 6 September 1990) was an English cricketer who played as an opening batsman for Yorkshire from 1934 to 1955 and for England in 79 Test matches between 1937 and 1955.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in east central England.
Liquorice (British English) or licorice (American English) is a confection usually flavoured with the extract of the roots of the liquorice plant Glycyrrhiza glabra.
In 1984, the Yorkshire area had a total of 56 collieries.
A Commissioners' church is an Anglican church in the United Kingdom built with money voted by Parliament as a result of the Church Building Act 1818, and subsequent related Acts.
The English football champions are the winners of the highest league in English men's football, which since 1992–93 is the Premier League.
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the petty kingdoms to rule a portion of modern England.
A folk festival celebrates traditional folk crafts and folk music.
The list of Norwegian monarchs (kongerekken or kongerekka) begins in 872: the traditional dating of the Battle of Hafrsfjord, after which victorious King Harald Fairhair merged several petty kingdoms into that of his father.
Constituencies in 1868–1885 | 1885 MPs | 1886 MPs | 1892 MPs | 1895 MPs | 1900 MPs | 1906 MPs | January 1910 MPs | December 1910 MPs | Constituencies in 1918–1945 This is a list of all constituencies that were in existence in the 1885, 1886, 1892, 1895, 1900, 1906, January 1910, and December 1910 general elections.
Constituencies in 1950-1955 | 1955 MPs | 1959 MPs | 1964 MPs | 1966 MPs | 1970 MPs | Constituencies in 1974-1983 This is a list of all constituencies that were in existence in the 1955, 1959, 1964, 1966, and 1970 General Elections.
This is a list of Yorkshire Railways.
A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.
Little Chef was a chain of roadside restaurants in the United Kingdom, founded in 1958 by entrepreneur Sam Alper, and modelled on American diners.
The Local Government Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict. c.41) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which established county councils and county borough councils in England and Wales.
The Local Government Act 1972 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom that reformed local government in England and Wales on 1 April 1974.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Yorkshire The Long Sword dance is a hilt-and-point sword dance recorded mainly in Yorkshire, England.
This is a list of people who served as Lord Lieutenant of Yorkshire.
A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as ''no-frills'', ''discount'' or budget carrier or airline, or LCC) is an airline without most of the traditional services provided in the fare, resulting in lower fares and fewer comforts.
The Gallo-Roman city of Lutetia (also Lutetia Parisiorum in Latin, in French Lutèce) was the predecessor of present-day Paris.
Lytham St Annes is a seaside resort on the Fylde coast of Lancashire, England, south of Blackpool on the Ribble Estuary.
The M1 is a motorway in England connecting London to Leeds, where it joins the A1(M) near Aberford, to connect to Newcastle.
The M62 is a west–east trans-Pennine motorway in Northern England, connecting Liverpool and Hull via Manchester and Leeds; of the route is shared with the M60 orbital motorway around Manchester.
Magnet is a British kitchen retailer operating in over 200 locations across the UK supplying products under the Magnet and Magnet Trade brands.
Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Saint Margaret Clitherow (1556 – 25 March 1586) is an English saint and martyr of the Roman Catholic Church, sometimes called "the Pearl of York".
Dame Margaret Drabble, Lady Holroyd, DBE, FRSL (born 5 June 1939) is an English novelist, biographer, and critic.
Market Weighton is a small town and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Marks & Spencer Group plc (also known as M&S) is a major British multinational retailer headquartered in the City of Westminster, London.
McCain Foods Limited is a Canadian multi-national privately owned company established in 1957 in Florenceville, New Brunswick, Canada.
Meadowhall is an indoor shopping centre in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1.38 million.
Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.
Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of subdivisions of England used for the purposes of local government outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly.
Michael Paraskos, FHEA, FRSA (born 1969) is a novelist, lecturer and writer on art, and is the son of the Cypriot artist Stass Paraskos.
Michael Ronson (26 May 1946 – 29 April 1993) was an English guitarist, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, arranger, and producer.
Mick 'Woody' Woodmansey (born 4 February 1951, in Driffield, East Yorkshire) is an English rock drummer known for his work with David Bowie and The Spiders from Mars.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Middleham is a small market town and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England.
Middleham Castle in Middleham in Wensleydale, in the county of North Yorkshire, England, was built by Robert Fitzrandolph, 3rd Lord of Middleham and Spennithorne, commencing in 1190.
Middlesbrough is a large post-industrial town on the south bank of the River Tees in North Yorkshire, north-east England, founded in 1830.
Middlesbrough Football Club is a professional association football club based in Middlesbrough, North Yorkshire, England.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
The Millennium Gallery is an art gallery and museum in the centre of Sheffield, England.
Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds.
Mischief Night is a 2006 British comedy-drama film.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monks or nuns, whether living in communities or alone (hermits).
Wm Morrison Supermarkets plc, trading as Morrisons, is the fourth largest chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom, and is headquartered in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
Mr Fox were an early 1970s British folk rock band.
Naseem Hamed (نسيم حميد; born 12 February 1974), commonly known as "Prince" Naseem or "Naz", is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1992 to 2002.
The National Coal Board (NCB) was the statutory corporation created to run the nationalised coal mining industry in the United Kingdom.
Some statutory nature reserves are designated by national bodies in the United Kingdom, and are known as national nature reserves.
The national parks of England and Wales are areas of relatively undeveloped and scenic landscape that are designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act (2016).
The National Trust, formally the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, is a conservation organisation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and the largest membership organisation in the United Kingdom.
A nature reserve (also called a natural reserve, bioreserve, (natural/nature) preserve, or (national/nature) conserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
New Model Army are an English rock band formed in Bradford, West Yorkshire in 1980 by lead singer, guitarist and main composer Justin Sullivan, bassist Stuart Morrow and drummer Phil Tompkins.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Nicola Adams (born 26 October 1982) is a British professional boxer.
Nidderdale is one of the Yorkshire Dales (although outside the Yorkshire Dales National Park) in North Yorkshire, England.
The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.
The Normans (Norman: Normaunds; Normands; Normanni) were the people who, in the 10th and 11th centuries, gave their name to Normandy, a region in France.
Norsemen are a group of Germanic people who inhabited Scandinavia and spoke what is now called the Old Norse language between 800 AD and c. 1300 AD.
North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The North Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions (ridings) of the English county of Yorkshire, alongside the East and West Ridings.
North Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency in the North Riding of Yorkshire.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
North West England, one of nine official regions of England, consists of the five counties of Cheshire, Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Lancashire and Merseyside.
The North York Moors is a national park in North Yorkshire, England, containing one of the largest expanses of heather moorland in the United Kingdom.
North Yorkshire is a non-metropolitan county (or shire county) and larger ceremonial county in England.
Northallerton is a market town and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England.
In Great Britain, the term North–South divide refers to the economic and cultural differences between Southern England and the rest of Great Britain (Northern England, The Midlands, Wales and Scotland).
Northern England, also known simply as the North, is the northern part of England, considered as a single cultural area.
Northern Europe is the general term for the geographical region in Europe that is approximately north of the southern coast of the Baltic Sea.
The northern gannet (Morus bassanus) is a seabird, the largest species of the gannet family, Sulidae.
Northern West Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency covering part of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire.
Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined region of Europe, overlapping northern and western Europe.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nottinghamshire (pronounced or; abbreviated Notts) is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west.
Nunnington Hall is a country house situated in the English county of North Yorkshire.
Oatmeal is made of hulled oat grains – groats – that have either been milled (ground), steel-cut, or rolled.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
"On Ilkla Moor Baht 'at" (Standard English: On Ilkley Moor without a hat) is a folk song from Yorkshire, England.
The Open University (OU) is a public distance learning and research university, and one of the biggest universities in the UK for undergraduate education.
Optare is a British bus manufacturer based in Sherburn-in-Elmet, North Yorkshire.
Orderic Vitalis (Ordericus Vitalis; 1075 –) was an English chronicler and Benedictine monk who wrote one of the great contemporary chronicles of 11th- and 12th-century Normandy and Anglo-Norman England.
Ormesby Hall, a Grade I listed building, is a predominantly 18th-century mansion house built in the Palladian style and completed in 1754.
Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to England: England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
P&O Ferries is a British-based company that operates ferries from the United Kingdom to Ireland and Continental Europe (France, Belgium and the Netherlands).
A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Parisi were a British Celtic tribe located somewhere within the present-day East Riding of Yorkshire, in England, known from a single brief reference by Ptolemy in his Geographica of about AD 150.
The Parisii were Celtic Iron Age people who lived on the banks of the river Seine (in Latin, Sequana) in Gaul from the middle of the 3rd century BCE until the Roman era.
Parkin or perkin is a gingerbread cake traditionally made with oatmeal and black treacle, which originated in northern England.
Parkinson is a British television chat show that was presented by Michael Parkinson.
The Parliament of England was the legislature of the Kingdom of England, existing from the early 13th century until 1707, when it became the Parliament of Great Britain after the political union of England and Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Parliament of Great Britain was formed in 1707 following the ratification of the Acts of Union by both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
The Peak District is an upland area in England at the southern end of the Pennines.
The Pennines, also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, are a range of mountains and hills in England separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England.
Petuaria (or Petuaria Parisorum) was originally a Roman fort situated where the town of Brough in the East Riding of Yorkshire now stands.
Pickering Castle is a motte-and-bailey fortification in Pickering, North Yorkshire, England (at grid reference SE7984).
The Piece Hall is a Grade I listed building in Halifax, West Yorkshire, England.
The Pilgrimage of Grace was a popular uprising that began in Yorkshire in October 1536, before spreading to other parts of Northern England including Cumberland, Northumberland and north Lancashire, under the leadership of lawyer Robert Aske.
Plaxton is an English builder of bus and coach vehicle bodies based in Scarborough.
Plusnet plc is a British quad play internet service provider (ISP); providing broadband, landline, digital television and Mobile services.
Pocklington is a small market town and civil parish situated at the foot of the Yorkshire Wolds in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Polis (πόλις), plural poleis (πόλεις), literally means city in Greek.
Pontefract is a historic market town in West Yorkshire, England, near the A1 (or Great North Road) and the M62 motorway.
Pontefract Racecourse is a thoroughbred horse racing venue located in Pontefract, West Yorkshire, England.
Post-punk (originally called new musick) is a broad type of rock music that emerged from the punk movement of the 1970s, in which artists departed from the simplicity and traditionalism of punk rock to adopt a variety of avant-garde sensibilities.
Post-punk revival (also known as "new wave revival", "garage rock revival"J. Stuessy and S. D. Lipscomb, Rock and roll: its History and Stylistic Development (London: Pearson Prentice Hall, 5th edn., 2006),, p. 451. or "new rock revolution") is a genre of alternative rock and indie rock that developed in the late 1990s and early 2000s, inspired by the original sounds and aesthetics of garage rock of the 1960s and new wave and post-punk of the 1980s.
A priory is a monastery of men or women under religious vows that is headed by a prior or prioress.
Provident Financial plc is a British sub-prime lender, also described as a "doorstep lender", based in Bradford, West Yorkshire.
Claudius Ptolemy (Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, Klaúdios Ptolemaîos; Claudius Ptolemaeus) was a Greco-Roman mathematician, astronomer, geographer, astrologer, and poet of a single epigram in the Greek Anthology.
Pulp were an English rock band formed in Sheffield in 1978.
Pyromania is the third studio album by English rock band Def Leppard, released on 20 January 1983.
Quidco is a cashback website based in the UK, with offices in Sheffield and London.
Quintus Petillius Cerialis Caesius Rufus, otherwise known as Quintus Petillius Cerialis (born ca. AD 30—died after AD 83) was a Roman general and administrator who served in Britain during Boudica's rebellion and who went on to participate in the civil wars after the death of Nero.
A race track (or "racetrack", "racing track" or "racing circuit") is a facility built for racing of vehicles, athletes, or animals (e.g. horse racing or greyhound racing).
RAF Bomber Command controlled the RAF's bomber forces from 1936 to 1968.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Raymond "Ray" Illingworth CBE (born 8 June 1932) is a former English cricketer, cricket commentator and cricket administrator.
The razorbill (Alca torda) is a colonial seabird that comes to land only to breed.
Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order.
Reckitt and Sons was a leading British manufacturer of household products, focusing on starch, black lead, laundry blue, and household polish, and based in Kingston upon Hull.
Redcar is a seaside resort and town in North Yorkshire, England.
The borough of Redcar & Cleveland is a unitary authority area of North Yorkshire in the North East of England, consisting of Redcar, Saltburn-by-the-Sea, Guisborough, and small towns such as Brotton, Eston, Skelton and Loftus.
Redcar Racecourse is a thoroughbred horse racing venue located in Redcar, North Yorkshire, England.
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (48 & 49 Vict., c. 23) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Representation of the People Act 1832 (known informally as the 1832 Reform Act, Great Reform Act or First Reform Act to distinguish it from subsequent Reform Acts) was an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom (indexed as 2 & 3 Will. IV c. 45) that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales.
The regions of England, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England.
Remember Me is a British drama television serial that premiered on BBC One in autumn 2014, and subsequently made its U.S. debut on PBS in summer 2017.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 was an Act of Parliament passed to reform the electoral system in Great Britain and Ireland.
The Rhubarb Triangle is a triangle in West Yorkshire, England between Wakefield, Morley and Rothwell famous for producing early forced rhubarb.
Richard II (6 January 1367 – c. 14 February 1400), also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399.
Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England from 1483 until his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Richmond Castle in Richmond, North Yorkshire, England, stands in a commanding position above the River Swale, close to the centre of the town of Richmond.
Richmond is a market town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England and the administrative centre of the district of Richmondshire.
A riding is an administrative jurisdiction or electoral district, particularly in several current or former Commonwealth countries.
Rievaulx Abbey was a Cistercian abbey in Rievaulx, situated near Helmsley in the North York Moors National Park, North Yorkshire, England.
Rievaulx Terrace is a site located in the North York Moors National Park, in North Yorkshire, England, overlooking Rievaulx Abbey and owned by the National Trust.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
The Cathedral Church of St Peter and St Wilfrid, commonly known as Ripon Cathedral, is a cathedral in the North Yorkshire city of Ripon.
Ripon Racecourse is a thoroughbred horse racing venue located in Ripon, North Yorkshire, England and is nicknamed the Garden Racecourse.
Rising Damp is a British sitcom produced by Yorkshire Television for ITV.
Rita, Sue and Bob Too is a 1987 British comedy-drama film directed by Alan Clarke, set in Bradford, West Yorkshire about two teenaged schoolgirls who have a sexual fling with a married man.
The River Aire is a major river in Yorkshire, England, in length.
The River Calder is in West Yorkshire, in Northern England.
The Derwent is a river in Yorkshire in the north of England.
The River Don (also called Dun in some stretches) is a river in South Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
The River Esk is a river in North Yorkshire, England that empties into the North Sea at Whitby after a course of around through the valley of Eskdale, named after the river itself.
The River Hull is a navigable river in the East Riding of Yorkshire in Northern England.
The River Nidd is a tributary of the River Ouse in the English county of North Yorkshire.
The River Ouse is a river in North Yorkshire, England.
The River Ribble runs through North Yorkshire and Lancashire in Northern England.
The River Sheaf is a river in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.
The River Swale is a river in Yorkshire, England and a major tributary of the River Ure, which itself becomes the River Ouse, emptying into the North Sea via the Humber Estuary.
The River Tees is in northern England.
The River Ure is a river in North Yorkshire, England, approximately long from its source to the point where it changes name to the River Ouse.
The River Wharfe is a river in Yorkshire, England.
Roast beef is a dish of beef which is roasted in an oven.
Roger Millward (16 September 1947 – 2 May 2016) was an English rugby league footballer of the 1960s and '70s, and coach of the 1980s and '90s.
Roman Britain (Britannia or, later, Britanniae, "the Britains") was the area of the island of Great Britain that was governed by the Roman Empire, from 43 to 410 AD.
The Roman conquest of Britain was a gradual process, beginning effectively in AD 43 under Emperor Claudius, whose general Aulus Plautius served as first governor of Roman Britain (Britannia).
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Ronseal is a British wood stain, paint and preservative manufacturer, known for the "Does exactly what it says on the tin" phrase.
Room at the Top is a 1959 British film based on the novel of the same name by John Braine.
Rose water (گلاب; golāb) is a flavoured water made by steeping rose petals in water.
The Roses Match refers to any game of cricket played between Yorkshire County Cricket Club and Lancashire County Cricket Club.
Rotherham is a large town in South Yorkshire, England, which together with its conurbation and outlying settlements to the north, south and south-east forms the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, with a recorded population of 257,280 in the 2011 census.
Rotherham United Football Club, nicknamed The Millers, is a professional association football club based in Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England.
Rowntree was an English confectionery business based in York.
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a charitable organisation registered in England and Wales and in Scotland.
The Rugby Football League is the governing body for professional rugby league in England.
The Rugby League Hall of Fame honours the leading players of the sport of rugby league.
The Rugby Football Union (RFU) is the governing body for rugby union in England.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities.
Saddleworth is a civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in Greater Manchester, England.
Saltaire is a Victorian model village located in Shipley, part of the City of Bradford Metropolitan District, in West Yorkshire, England.
Salts Mill (sometimes spelt Salt's Mill) is a former textile mill, now an art gallery, shopping centre, and restaurant complex in Saltaire, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
Samuel Smith's Old Brewery, popularly known as Samuel Smith's or Sam Smith's, is an independent British brewery in Tadcaster, North Yorkshire, England.
Sandygate Road is a football and cricket stadium in the Sheffield suburb of Crosspool, South Yorkshire, England.
A sanitary sewer or "foul sewer" is an underground carriage system specifically for transporting sewage from houses and commercial buildings through pipes to treatment facilities or disposal.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.
Scandinavian York (also referred to as Jórvík) or Danish/Norwegian York is a term used by historians for the south of Northumbria (modern day Yorkshire) during the period of the late 9th century and first half of the 10th century, when it was dominated by Norse warrior-kings; in particular, used to refer to the city (York) controlled by these kings.
Scarborough Castle is a former medieval Royal fortress situated on a rocky promontory overlooking the North Sea and Scarborough, North Yorkshire, England.
Scarborough is a town on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
The Scottish National Party (SNP; Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Scots Naitional Pairtie) is a Scottish nationalist and social-democratic political party in Scotland.
The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.
Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.
A seaside resort is a resort town or resort hotel, located on the coast.
Seaton Burn is a village in Tyne and Wear, England to the north of Newcastle upon Tyne, and adjacent to Wideopen.
Sedbergh is a small town and civil parish in Cumbria, England.
Selby is a town and civil parish in North Yorkshire, England.
Septimius Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus Augustus; 11 April 145 – 4 February 211), also known as Severus, was Roman emperor from 193 to 211.
Seven Seas Ltd is a supplier of vitamins, minerals and supplements in the United Kingdom and abroad.
Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England.
Sheffield City Airport was a small airport in Sheffield; it is now closed.
Sheffield Football Club is an English football club from Sheffield, South Yorkshire, although now based in Dronfield, Derbyshire.
Sheffield Hallam University (SHU) is a public university in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.
Sheffield Town Hall is a building in the City of Sheffield, England.
Sheffield United Football Club is a professional association football club based in the city of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.
Sheffield Wednesday Football Club is a professional association football club based in Sheffield, England.
Sheriff Hutton is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England.
A shire is a traditional term for a division of land, found in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and some other English speaking countries.
Simon Robert Armitage CBE (born 26 May 1963) is an English poet, playwright and novelist.
Simon de Montfort's Parliament was an English parliament held from 20 January 1265 until mid-March the same year, instigated by Simon de Montfort, a baronial rebel leader.
A sitcom, short for "situation comedy", is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who carry over from episode to episode.
Skipton (also known as Skipton-in-Craven) is a market town and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England.
The Skipton Building Society is a building society in the United Kingdom (also known as a mutual lending and savings organisation as it is owned by the members).
Skipton Castle is a medieval castle in Skipton, North Yorkshire, England.
Sky News is a 24-hour international multimedia news organisation based in the UK that started as a 24-hour television news channel.
Snape is a large village in the civil parish of Snape with Thorp in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England, located about 3 miles (5 km) south of Bedale and 3 miles west of the A1, it has a population of 350.
A soap opera or soaper is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction presented in serial format on television, radio and in novels, featuring the lives of many characters and focusing on emotional relationships to the point of melodrama.
Soft Cell are an English synthpop duo who came to prominence in the early 1980s, consisting of vocalist Marc Almond and instrumentalist David Ball.
South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England.
Southern West Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency covering part of the historic West Riding of Yorkshire.
A spa town is a resort town based on a mineral spa (a developed mineral spring).
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
A spit or sandspit is a deposition bar or beach landform off coasts or lake shores.
Spurn is a narrow sand tidal island located off the tip of the coast of the East Riding of Yorkshire, England that reaches into the North Sea and forms the north bank of the mouth of the Humber Estuary.
The Abbey of St Mary is a ruined Benedictine abbey in York, England and a Grade I listed building.
Sir Francis Stanley Jackson Jackson's obituary in the 1948 Wisden Cricketers' Almanack.
Startforth is a village in Teesdale, in the Pennines of England, situated a short distance south-west of Barnard Castle, on the opposite side of the River Tees.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Studley Royal Park including the ruins of Fountains Abbey is a designated World Heritage Site in North Yorkshire, England.
The Sunday roast is a traditional British main meal that is typically served on Sunday (hence the name), consisting of roasted meat, roast potato, and accompaniments such as Yorkshire pudding, stuffing, vegetables and gravy.
Sunderland is a city at the centre of the City of Sunderland metropolitan borough, in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 10 miles southeast of Newcastle upon Tyne, 12 miles northeast of Durham, 101 miles southeast of Edinburgh, 104 miles north-northeast of Manchester, 77 miles north of Leeds, and 240 miles north-northwest of London.
Super League (currently known as the Betfred Super League for sponsorship reasons) is the top-level professional rugby league club competition in the Northern hemisphere.
Swaledale is one of the northernmost dales (valleys) in the Yorkshire Dales National Park in northern England.
Swallows and Amazons is the first book in the ''Swallows and Amazons'' series by English author Arthur Ransome; it was first published in 1930, with the action taking place in the summer of 1929 in the Lake District.
Sweyn II Estridsson (Sveinn Ástríðarson, Svend Estridsen) (– 28 April 1076) was King of Denmark from 1047 until his death in 1076.
Tadcaster is a market town and civil parish in the Selby district of North Yorkshire, England, east of the Great North Road, north-east of Leeds, and south-west of York.
A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry base with an open top not covered with pastry.
Team GB is the brand name used since 1999 by the British Olympic Association (BOA) for their Great Britain and Northern Ireland Olympic team.
Edward James Hughes (17 August 1930 – 28 October 1998) was an English poet and children's writer.
Teesdale is a dale, or valley, of the east side of the Pennines in County Durham, England.
Temple Newsam (historically Temple Newsham), is a Tudor-Jacobean house with grounds landscaped by Capability Brown, in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Terry's was a British chocolate and confectionery maker based in York, England.
Tetley's Brewery (Joshua Tetley & Son Ltd) was an English regional brewery founded in 1822 by Joshua Tetley in Hunslet, now a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire.
A textile is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread).
The textile industry is primarily concerned with the design, production and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing.
The Anarchy was a civil war in England and Normandy between 1135 and 1153, which resulted in a widespread breakdown in law and order.
The Beiderbecke Trilogy refers to three television serials written by Alan Plater and made by Yorkshire Television for the ITV network in the United Kingdom between 1984 and 1988.
The Cribs are an English indie rock band originally from Wakefield, West Yorkshire.
The Cult are a British rock band formed in 1983.
The Deighton Family is a folk ensemble from Yorkshire, England.
The Full Monty is a 1997 British comedy film directed by Peter Cattaneo, starring Robert Carlyle, Mark Addy, William Snape, Steve Huison, Tom Wilkinson, Paul Barber and Hugo Speer.
The Great Yorkshire Brewery (founded as Cropton Brewery) is situated in the village of Cropton in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Human League are an English synth-pop band formed in Sheffield in 1977.
The Mission (known as The Mission UK in the United States) are an English gothic rock band formed in 1986.
The Rank Organisation was a British entertainment conglomerate founded by industrialist J. Arthur Rank in April 1937.
The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars (often shortened to Ziggy Stardust) is the fifth studio album by English musician David Bowie, released on 16 June 1972 in the United Kingdom.
The Royal is a British period medical drama produced by ITV and aired normally on Sundays in the early evening slot; episodes after 21 June 2009, were also broadcast on ITV HD.
The Sisters of Mercy are an English gothic rock band, formed in 1980 in Leeds.
The Tenant of Wildfell Hall is the second and final novel by the English author Anne Brontë.
The Watersons were an English folk group from Hull, Yorkshire.
The Wedding Present are a British indie rock group originally formed in 1985 in Leeds, England, from the ashes of the Lost Pandas.
The Welding Institute or TWI is a research and technology organisation, with a specialty in welding.
The Yorkshire Post is a daily broadsheet newspaper, published in Leeds in northern England.
The Young Tradition were an English folk group of the 1960s, formed by Peter Bellamy, Royston Wood and Heather Wood.
T&R Theakston is a brewery in the market town of Masham, North Yorkshire, England.
TheGuardian.com, formerly known as Guardian.co.uk and Guardian Unlimited, is a British news and media website owned by the Guardian Media Group.
Thirsk is a small market town and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England.
Thirsk Racecourse is a thoroughbred horse racing venue located in Thirsk, North Yorkshire, England.
This Sporting Life is a 1963 British drama film based on the 1960 novel of the same name by David Storey, which won the 1960 Macmillan Fiction Award.
Thorntons is a British chocolate brand established by Joseph William Thornton in 1911.
Thurstan or Turstin of Bayeux (c. 1070 – 6 February 1140) was a medieval Archbishop of York, the son of a priest.
Timothy Taylor's is a family-owned regional brewery founded in 1858 by Timothy Taylor.
Toad in the hole or Sausage Toad is a traditional English dish consisting of sausages in Yorkshire pudding batter, usually served with onion gravy and vegetables.
Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.
Tostig Godwinson (1026 – 25 September 1066) was an Anglo-Saxon Earl of Northumbria and brother of King Harold Godwinson.
The Tour de Yorkshire is a road cycling race in Yorkshire, England which started in May 2015.
TransPennine Express (legally known as First TransPennine Express Limited) First TransPennine Express Limited is a British train operating company owned by FirstGroup operating the TransPennine Express franchise.
Treacle is any uncrystallised syrup made during the refining of sugar.
The Treasure Houses of England is a heritage consortium founded in the early 1970s by nine of the foremost stately homes in England still in private ownership, with the aim of marketing and promoting themselves as tourist venues.
Trevor Bolder (9 June 1950 – 21 May 2013) was an English rock musician, songwriter and record producer.
The Triassic is a geologic period and system which spans 50.6 million years from the end of the Permian Period 251.9 million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Jurassic Period Mya.
A triathlon is a multiple-stage competition involving the completion of three continuous and sequential endurance disciplines.
The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the House of Tudor, which united the House of York and House of Lancaster.
Turnpike trusts were bodies set up by individual acts of Parliament, with powers to collect road tolls for maintaining the principal roads in Britain from the 17th but especially during the 18th and 19th centuries.
Unitary authorities of England are local authorities that are responsible for the provision of all local government services within a district.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
In the United Kingdom (UK), each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elect one member to a parliament or assembly, with the exception of European Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly constituencies which are multi member constituencies.
The 1865 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by Lord Palmerston, increase their large majority over the Earl of Derby's Conservatives to more than 80.
The 1918 United Kingdom general election was called immediately after the Armistice with Germany which ended the First World War, and was held on Saturday 14 December 1918.
The University of Hull is a public research university in Kingston upon Hull, a city in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
The University of Law (ULaw) (formerly the College of Law) is a for-profit, private university in the United Kingdom, providing law degrees, specialist legal training, and continuing professional development courses for British barristers and solicitors.
The University of Leeds is a Russell Group university in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
The Vale of Mowbray (sometimes mistakenly referred to as the Vale of York) is a stretch of low-lying land between the North York Moors and the Hambleton Hills to the east and the Yorkshire Dales to the west.
The Vale of Pickering is a low-lying flat area of land in North Yorkshire, England.
The Vale of York is an area of flat land in the northeast of England.
Vardis are an influential three-piece hard rock, boogie rock and heavy metal band from Wakefield, West Yorkshire, who enjoyed hits between 1978 and 1986, and reformed in 2014.
Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.
Vellocatus was a first-century king of the Brigantes tribe of northern Britain.
Venutius was a 1st-century king of the Brigantes in northern Britain at the time of the Roman conquest.
Victoria is a television drama series created and principally written by Daisy Goodwin and stars Jenna Coleman as Queen Victoria.
VictoriaPlum.com, a trading name of Victoria Plum Ltd, is an online bathroom retailer.
Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) was an English-American poet.
Wakefield is a city in West Yorkshire, England, on the River Calder and the eastern edge of the Pennines, which had a population of 99,251 at the 2011 census.
Wakefield Trinity is a professional rugby league club in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, that plays in the Super League.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.
Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.
Wensleydale is the dale or upper valley of the River Ure on the east side of the Pennines, one of the Yorkshire Dales in North Yorkshire, England.
Wensleydale is a style of cheese originally produced in Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England, but now mostly made in large commercial creameries throughout the UK.
Wentworth Castle is a grade-I listed country house, the former seat of the Earls of Strafford, at Stainborough, near Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England.
Wessex (Westseaxna rīce, the "kingdom of the West Saxons") was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was unified by Æthelstan in the early 10th century.
The West Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England.
West Riding of Yorkshire was a parliamentary constituency in England from 1832 to 1865.
West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England.
Westmorland (formerly also spelt Westmoreland;R. Wilkinson The British Isles, Sheet The British Isles. even older spellings are Westmerland and Westmereland) is a historic county in north west England.
Wetherby Racecourse is a racecourse situated near the market town of Wetherby in West Yorkshire, England, located from Leeds city centre.
Wharfedale is one of the Yorkshire Dales.
Wharfedale is the name of a prominent audio equipment manufacturer in the United Kingdom best known for loudspeakers.
Wharfedale Brewery is a brewery situated in Ilkley in Wharfedale, West Yorkshire, England, on the edge of the Yorkshire Dales National Park.
Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not is the debut studio album by English rock band Arctic Monkeys, released on 23 January 2006 by Domino Recording Company.
Whitby is a seaside town, port and civil parish in the Borough of Scarborough and English county of North Yorkshire.
Whitby Abbey was a 7th-century Christian monastery that later became a Benedictine abbey.
The White Rose of York (also called the Rose alba or rose argent), a white heraldic rose, is the symbol of the House of York and has since been adopted as a symbol of Yorkshire as a whole.
Wilfred Rhodes (29 October 1877 – 8 July 1973) was an English professional cricketer who played 58 Test matches for England between 1899 and 1930.
Wilfrid (c. 633 – c. 709) was an English bishop and saint.
Sir William Empson (27 September 1906 – 15 April 1984) was an English literary critic and poet, widely influential for his practice of closely reading literary works, a practice fundamental to New Criticism.
William Etty (10 March 1787 – 13 November 1849) was an English artist best known for his history paintings containing nude figures.
William Jackson & Son Limited (trading as the William Jackson Food Group) is a British food manufacturer.
William le Gros, William le Gras, William d'Aumale, William Crassus (died 20 August 1179) was the Count of Aumale (Earl of Albemarle), Earl of York, and Lord of Holderness.
William Pitt the Younger (28 May 1759 – 23 January 1806) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.
Winifred Margaret Ewing (born 10 July 1929) is a Scottish nationalist, lawyer and prominent Scottish National Party (SNP) politician who was a Member of Parliament (Hamilton 1967–70; Moray and Nairn 74–79), Member of the European Parliament (Highlands and Islands 1975–1999) and Member of the Scottish Parliament (Highlands and Islands 1999–2003).
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wuthering Heights, Emily Brontë's only novel, was published in 1847 under the pseudonym "Ellis Bell".
York is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England.
York Art Gallery in York, England is a public art gallery with a collection of paintings from 14th-century to contemporary, prints, watercolours, drawings, and ceramics.
York Castle in the city of York, England, is a fortified complex comprising, over the last nine centuries, a sequence of castles, prisons, law courts and other buildings on the south side of the River Foss.
York City Football Club is a professional association football club based in the city of York, North Yorkshire, England.
York has, since Roman times, been defended by walls of one form or another.
York Guildhall is located behind York's Mansion House.
The Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Saint Peter in York, commonly known as York Minster, is the cathedral of York, England, and is one of the largest of its kind in Northern Europe.
York Racecourse is a horse racing venue in York, North Yorkshire, England.
Yorkshire was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England from 1290, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832.
Yorkshire Ambulance Service (YAS) is the NHS ambulance service covering most of Yorkshire in England.
Yorkshire and the Humber is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
Yorkshire and the Humber is a constituency of the European Parliament.
Yorkshire Bank is a bank operating in England as a trading division of Clydesdale Bank plc and is ultimately owned by CYBG plc.
The Yorkshire Building Society is the third largest building society in the UK, with its headquarters in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England.
Yorkshire County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales.
The Yorkshire Dales is an upland area of the Pennines in Northern England in the historic county of Yorkshire, most of it in the Yorkshire Dales National Park created in 1954.
The Yorkshire Dales National Park is a national park in England covering most of the Yorkshire Dales.
Yorkshire Day is celebrated on 1 August to promote the historic English county of Yorkshire It was celebrated in 1975, by the Yorkshire Ridings Society, initially in Beverley, as "a protest movement against the Local Government re-organisation of 1974".
The Yorkshire dialect (also Broad Yorkshire, Tyke, Yorkie, or Yorkshire English) is an English dialect of Northern England spoken in England's historic county of Yorkshire.
The Yorkshire international football team represents Yorkshire in international association football and is controlled by the Yorkshire International Football Association (YIFA), founded in 2017.
Yorkshire Forward was the regional development agency (RDA) for the Yorkshire and the Humber region of the United Kingdom.
The Yorkshire Imperial Band, also known as the Yorkshire Imperial Urquhart Travel Band (from current sponsors David Urquhart Travel) and the Yorkshire Imps, is a brass band from West Yorkshire, England.
The Yorkshire Museum is a museum in York, England.
The Yorkshire Party is a regionalist political party in Yorkshire, a historic county of England.
Yorkshire pudding is a common British side dish baked pudding made from batter consisting of eggs, flour, and milk or water.
The Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot) (abbreviated YORKS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army, created by the amalgamation of three historic regiments in 2006.
The Yorkshire Ridings Society is a group affiliated to the Association of British Counties calling for the wider recognition of the historic borders of Yorkshire, and its traditional subdivisions, the North, East and West Ridings.
The Yorkshire Sculpture Park (YSP) is an open-air gallery in West Bretton near Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England, showing work by British and international artists, including Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth.
The Yorkshire Society is a non-political organisation founded in December 1980 to encourage people born, working or living in the County of Yorkshire to join to help improve several aspects of the area.
The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog breed of terrier type, developed during the 19th century in Yorkshire, England, to catch rats in clothing mills.
The Yorkshire Wildlife Trust is a wildlife trust covering the traditional county of Yorkshire, England.
The Yorkshire Wolds are low hills in the counties of East Riding of Yorkshire and North Yorkshire in north-eastern England.
The 1966 FIFA World Cup (officially: World Championship-Jules Rimet Cup-England 1966) was the eighth World Cup and it was held in England from 11 to 30 July.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.
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