219 relations: Abu-Abdullah Adelabu, Acute accent, Adebayo Faleti, Adja-Ouèrè, Adjarra, Advanced and retracted tongue root, Afolabi Olabimtan, Afro-American religion, Ajami script, Akinwunmi Isola, Akoko, Akoko South-West, Akure, Alaroye, Algeria, Allophone, Alveolar and postalveolar approximants, Alveolar consonant, Americas, Amos Tutuola, Ankpa, Approximant consonant, Arabic script, Atakpamé, Atlantic–Congo languages, Awori tribe, AWQAF Africa, Back vowel, Bantè, Bassila, Benin, Borgou Department, Calque, Cambridge University Press, Candomblé, Caribbean, Caron, Church Mission Society, Circumflex, Close vowel, Close-mid vowel, Cognatic kinship, Collines Department, Cové, Daniel O. Fagunwa, Dassa-Zoumé, Dekina, Delta State, Diacritic, Dialect continuum, ..., Digraph (orthography), Downstep, Dua, Duro Ladipo, Ede language, Edekiri languages, Edo State, Edoid languages, Efon, Egba people, Ekiti people, Elision, Enugu State, Esan South-East, Ethiope West, Europe, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, Glazoué, Glottal consonant, Grammatical gender, Grave accent, Hausa language, Hijri year, Homorganic consonant, Ibadan, Ibaji, Ibeyi, Idah, Idanre, Ifá, Ifè language, Ife, Igala language, Igalamela-Odolu, Igbo Eze North, Igbomina, Ijebu Kingdom, Ijebu Ode, Ijesha, Ijumu, Ikpoba Okha, Ilaje, Ilesa, Informant (linguistics), International Phonetic Alphabet, Interrogative, Ipokia, Isha people, Isolating language, Itsekiri language, Joseph Folahan Odunjo, Jumu'ah, Kabba, Kabba/Bunu, Kambole, Kay Williamson, Kétou, Benin, Ketu (Benin), Kingdom of Benin, Kogi State, Kola Tubosun, Kwara State, Labial consonant, Labial–velar consonant, Lagos, Lagos State, Latin alphabet, Latin script, Lexical similarity, Libya, Lineal descendant, Lucumí language, Macron (diacritic), Maghreb, Manigri, Mokole language (Benin), Mora (linguistics), Morocco, Nasal consonant, Nasal vowel, Niger Delta, Niger–Congo languages, Nigeria, Nigerian braille, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nsukka, Obo Aba Hisanjani, Ogugu, Ogun State, Ohori people, Okitipupa, Okun people, Olamaboro, Omala, Nigeria, Ondo City, Ondo State, Open vowel, Open-mid vowel, Oríkì, Oredo, Oshimili North, Osun State, Ouémé Department, Ovia South-West, Owo, Oworo dialect, Oworo people, Oyo Empire, Oyo State, Oyo, Oyo, Palatal approximant, Palatal consonant, Pan-Nigerian alphabet, Phoneme, Plateau Department, Pluricentric language, Pobè, Porto-Novo, Possessive, Postalveolar consonant, Rhotic consonant, Sacred language, Sagamu, Sakété, Samuel Ajayi Crowther, Santería, Sapele, Delta, Savé, Serial verb construction, Somali language, Stop consonant, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subject–verb–object, Swahili language, Syllabic consonant, Tchaourou, Togo, Tone (linguistics), Tunisia, Ulukwumi language, Umayyad Caliphate, Underline, Underspecification, Upper Paleolithic, Uqba ibn Nafi, Uzo Uwani, Velar consonant, Voiced labial–velar stop, Voiced palatal stop, Voiceless bilabial stop, Voiceless labial–velar stop, Volta–Niger languages, Vowel harmony, Wande Abimbola, Warri North, Warri South, Warri South West, West Africa, Wole Soyinka, Wolof language, Yagba West, Yewa clan, Yoruba language, Yoruba numerals, Yoruba people, Yorubaland, Yoruboid languages, Zou Department. Expand index (169 more) » « Shrink index
Abdul-Fattah Abu-Abdullah Taiye Ejire Adelabu (عبد الفتّاح أبو عبد الله تَائيي أيجيري أديلابو) or simply Sheikh Adelabu (الشيخ أديلابو), also known as Al-Afriqi (الإفريقي) or Shaykh Al-Afriqi (الشيخ الإفريقي) is a Nigerian Muslim scholar, writer, academic, publisher and cleric from Osogbo, capital city of Osun State, Nigeria.
The acute accent (´) is a diacritic used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek scripts.
Adebayo Faleti (26 December 1921 – 23 July 2017) was Africa's first newscaster, Africa's first stage play Director, Africa's first film editor and librarian with the first television station in Africa (WNTV/WNBS), Nigeria's first Yoruba presenter on Television and radio alike, a Nigerian poet, journalist, writer, Nollywood films Director and actor.
Adja-Ouèrè is a town, arrondissement, and commune in the Plateau Department of south-eastern Benin.
Adjarra is a town and commune in Ouémé Department, Benin.The commune covers an area of 112 square kilometres and as of 2002 had a population of 60,112 people.
In phonetics, advanced tongue root and retracted tongue root, abbreviated ATR or RTR, are contrasting states of the root of the tongue during the pronunciation of vowels in some languages, especially in Western and Eastern Africa but also in Kazakh and Mongolian.
Afolabi Olabimtan (June 11, 1932 – August 27, 2003) was a Nigerian politician, writer, and academic.
Afro-diasporic religion (also known as African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States.
The term Ajami (عجمي), or Ajamiyya (عجمية), which comes from the Arabic root for foreign or stranger, has been applied to Arabic alphabets used for writing African languages, especially those of Hausa and Swahili, although many other African languages were written using the script, among them Yoruba.
Professor Akinwunmi Isola (24 December 1939 – 17 February 2018) was a Nigerian playwright, actor, dramatist, culture activist and scholar.
Akoko are a large Yoruba cultural sub-group in the Northeastern part of Yorubaland, the area spans from Ondo state to Edo state in southwest Nigeria.
Akoko South-West is a Local Government Area in Ondo State, Nigeria.
Akure is a city in south-western Nigeria, and is the largest city and capital of Ondo State.
Alaroye is a weekly newspaper published in Nigeria in the Yoruba language by Musa Alao Adedayo of the World Information Agents Lagos.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
In phonology, an allophone (from the ἄλλος, állos, "other" and φωνή, phōnē, "voice, sound") is one of a set of multiple possible spoken sounds, or phones, or signs used to pronounce a single phoneme in a particular language.
The alveolar approximant is a type of consonantal sound used in some spoken languages.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Amos Tutuola (20 June 1920 – 8 June 1997) was a Nigerian writer who wrote books based in part on Yoruba folk-tales.
Ankpa is a Local Government Area in Kogi State, Nigeria.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
The Arabic script is the writing system used for writing Arabic and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Azerbaijani, Pashto, Persian, Kurdish, Lurish, Urdu, Mandinka, and others.
Atakpamé is the fifth largest city in Togo by population (84,979 inhabitants in 2006), is a city in the Plateaux Region of Togo.
The Atlantic–Congo languages are a major division constituting the core of the Niger–Congo language family of Africa, characterised by the noun class systems typical of the family.
The Awori are a tribe of the Yoruba people speaking a distinct dialect of the Yoruba language.
AWQAF Africa (also known or referred to as AWQAF or The Awqaf) serves all countries of Africa: South, North, West, East, and other territorial geography of the continent including its islands in the Indian and Atlantic oceans and Mediterranean Sea, as well as the West Indies.
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
Bantè is a town, arrondissement, and commune in western Benin.
Bassila is a town, arrondissement, and commune located in the Donga Department of Benin.
Benin (Bénin), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin) and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.
Borgou is one of the twelve departments of Benin.
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Candomblé (dance in honour of the gods) is an Afro-American religious tradition, practiced mainly in Brazil.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
A caron, háček or haček (or; plural háčeks or háčky) also known as a hachek, wedge, check, inverted circumflex, inverted hat, is a diacritic (ˇ) commonly placed over certain letters in the orthography of some Baltic, Slavic, Finnic, Samic, Berber, and other languages to indicate a change in the related letter's pronunciation (c > č; >). The use of the haček differs according to the orthographic rules of a language.
The Church Mission Society (CMS), formerly in Britain and currently in Australia and New Zealand known as the Church Missionary Society, is a mission society working with the Anglican Communion and Protestant Christians around the world.
The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin, Greek and Cyrillic scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes.
A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
A close-mid vowel (also mid-close vowel, high-mid vowel, mid-high vowel or half-close vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Cognatic kinship is a mode of descent calculated from an ancestor or ancestress counted through any combination of male and female links, or a system of bilateral kinship where relations are traced through both a father and mother.
Collines is one of the twelve departments of Benin.
Cové is a city in the Zou Department of Benin.
Chief Daniel Olorunfẹmi Fagunwa MBE (1903 – 9 December 1963), popularly known as D. O. Fagunwa, was a Nigerian author who pioneered the Yoruba-language novel.
Dassa-Zoumé, often shortened to Dassa, is a city in Benin, on the Cotonou to Parakou railway and the main north-south highway.
Dekina is a local government area in Kogi State, Nigeria.
Delta or Delta State is an oil and agricultural producing state of Nigeria, situated in the region known as the South-South geo-political zone with a population of 4,112,445 (males: 2,069,309; females: 2,043,136).
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
Downstep is a phenomenon in tone languages in which if two syllables have the same tone (for example, both with a high tone or both with a low tone), the second syllable is lower in pitch than the first.
In the terminology of Islam, (دُعَاء, plural: أدْعِيَة; archaically transliterated Doowa), literally meaning "invocation", is an act of supplication.
Duro Ladipọ (1931–1978) was one of the best known and critically acclaimed Yoruba dramatists who emerged from postcolonial Africa.
Ede is a dialect continuum of Benin and Togo that is closely related to the Yoruba language.
The Edekiri languages are spoken in a band across Togo, Benin and Nigeria.
Edo is a state in Nigeria.
The Edoid languages are some two-to-three dozen languages spoken in Southern Nigeria, predominantly in the former Bendel State.
Efon is a Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria.
The Egba people are a subgroup of the Yoruba people, an ethnic group of western Nigeria, majorly from the central part of Ogun State that is Ogun central senatorial district.
The Ekiti people are one of the largest historical subgroups of the larger Yoruba people of West Africa.
In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
Enugu, usually referred to as Enugu State to distinguish it from the city of Enugu, is a state in southeastern Nigeria, created in 1991 from part of the old Anambra State.
Esan South East is a Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria.
Ethiope West is a Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
Glazoué is a town, arrondissement, and commune in the Collines Department of central Benin.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.
The grave accent (`) is a diacritical mark in many written languages, including Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Dutch, Emilian-Romagnol, French, West Frisian, Greek (until 1982; see polytonic orthography), Haitian Creole, Italian, Mohawk, Occitan, Portuguese, Ligurian, Scottish Gaelic, Vietnamese, Welsh, Romansh, and Yoruba.
Hausa (Yaren Hausa or Harshen Hausa) is the Chadic language (a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by some 27 million people, and as a second language by another 20 million.
The Hijri year (سَنة هِجْريّة) or era (التقويم الهجري at-taqwīm al-hijrī) is the era used in the Islamic lunar calendar, which begins its count from the Islamic New Year in 622 AD.
In phonetics, a homorganic consonant (from homo- "same" and organ "(speech) organ") is a consonant sound articulated in the same place of articulation as another.
Ibadan is the capital and most populous city of Oyo State, Nigeria.
Ibaji is a Local Government Area in Kogi State, Nigeria in the south of the state separated from Edo State to the west by the Niger River, and bordering Delta State in the south.
Ibeyi is a French (with Cuban and Venezuelan origins) musical duo consisting of twin sisters Lisa-Kaindé Diaz and Naomi Diaz.
Idah is a town in Kogi State, Nigeria, on the eastern bank of the Niger River in the middle belt region of Nigeria.
Idanre is a Local Government Area and historic town in Ondo State, Nigeria.
Ifá is a religion and system of divination and refers to the verses of the literary corpus known as the Odu Ifá.
Ifè (or Ifɛ) is a Niger–Congo language spoken by some 180,000 people in Togo and Benin.
Ife (Ifè, also Ilé-Ifẹ̀) is an ancient Yoruba city in south-western Nigeria.
Igala is a Volta–Niger language.
Igalamela-Odolu is a Local Government Area in Kogi State, Nigeria.
Igbo Eze North is a Local Government Area in the north of Enugu State, Nigeria.
The Ìgbómìnà (also colloquially Igboona or Ogboona) are a subgroup of the Yoruba ethnic group, which originates from the north central and southwest Nigeria.
Ijebu (also known as Jebu or Geebu) was a Yoruba kingdom in pre-colonial Nigeria.
Ijebu-Ode is a town in Ogun State, South-West Nigeria, close to the A121 highway.
The Ijesha (written as Ìjẹ̀ṣà in Yoruba orthography), are a sub-ethnicity of the Yorubas of West Africa.
Ijumu is a Local Government Area in Kogi State, Nigeria.
Ikpoba Okha is a Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria.
Ilaje is a Local Government Area in Ondo State, Nigeria.
Ilesa is a city located in the Osun State, south west Nigeria; it is also the name of a historic kingdom (also known as Ijesha or Ijesa) centered on that city.
An informant or consultant in linguistics is a native speaker who acts as a linguistic reference for a language being studied.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Interrogative is a term used in grammar to refer to features that form questions.
Ipokia is a Local Government Area in the west of Ogun State, Nigeria bordering the Republic of Benin.
The Isha sometimes spelt Ica, and Itcha are a relatively small group of the Yoruba people, situated in the western parts of middle Benin, West Africa, especially in the town of Bantè and other surrounding communities in the Collines Department.
An isolating language is a type of language with a very low morpheme per word ratio and no inflectional morphology whatsoever.
The Itsekiri language is a major branch of the Yoruboid group of languages, which as a group, is a key member of the Volta–Niger sub-family of the Niger–Congo family of African languages.
Joseph Folahan Odunjo (1904–1980) was a Nigerian writer, educator and politician best known for his works in Yoruba children's literature.
Jumu'ah (صلاة الجمعة, ṣalāt al-jumu‘ah, "Friday prayer"), is a congregational prayer (ṣalāt) that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon instead of the Zuhr prayer.
Kabba is a town in Kogi State in mid west Nigeria.
Kabba/Bunu is a Local Government Area in Kogi State, Nigeria.
Kambolé (Camboli or Kaboli) is a small town in the prefecture of Tchamba located 90 km east of Sokode, capital of the Centrale Region in Togo (West Africa).
Kay Williamson (1935 – January 3, 2005, Brazil), born Ruth Margaret Williamson was a linguist who specialised in the study of African languages, particularly those of the Niger Delta in Nigeria, where she lived for nearly fifty years.
Kétou is a Yoruba town, arrondissement, and commune located in the Plateau Department of the Republic of Benin (previously called 'Dahomey').
Ketu is a historical region in what is now the Republic of Benin, in the area of the town of Kétou (Ketu).
The Kingdom of Benin, also known as the Benin Kingdom, was a pre-colonial kingdom in what is now southern Nigeria.
Kogi, a state in the central region of Nigeria.
Kọ́lá Túbọ̀sún is a Nigerian linguist, writer, scholar and cultural activist, BBC Radio 4, whose work and influence span the fields of education, technology, literature, journalism, and linguistics.
Kwara (Ìpínlẹ̀ Kwárà) is a state in Western Nigeria.
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
Labial–velar consonants are doubly articulated at the velum and the lips, such as.
Lagos is a city in the Nigerian state of Lagos.
Lagos, sometimes referred to as Lagos State to distinguish it from Lagos Metropolitan Area, is a state in the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
In linguistics, lexical similarity is a measure of the degree to which the word sets of two given languages are similar.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
A lineal descendant, in legal usage, is a blood relative in the direct line of descent – the children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, etc.
Lucumí is a lexicon of words and short phrases derived from Yoruba language in Cuba and used in as the liturgical language of Santería in Cuba and the Cuban Diaspora.
A macron is a diacritical mark: it is a straight bar placed above a letter, usually a vowel.
The Maghreb (al-Maɣréb lit.), also known as the Berber world, Barbary, Berbery, and Northwest Africa, is a major region of North Africa that consists primarily of the countries Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania.
Manigri is a village and arrondissement in the commune of Bassila in the Donga Department of western Benin.
Mokole (or Mokollé, Mokwale, Monkole, Féri) is a Yoruba language spoken in the villages surrounding the town of Kandi in Benin.
A mora (plural morae or moras; often symbolized μ) is a unit in phonology that determines syllable weight, which in some languages determines stress or timing.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
A nasal vowel is a vowel that is produced with a lowering of the velum so that air escapes both through the nose as well as the mouth, such as the French vowel.
The Niger Delta is the delta of the Niger River sitting directly on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean in Nigeria.
The Niger–Congo languages constitute one of the world's major language families and Africa's largest in terms of geographical area, number of speakers and number of distinct languages.
Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north.
Several braille alphabets are used in Nigeria.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
Nsukka is a town and Local Government Area in southeast Nigeria in Enugu State.
Obo Aba Hisanjani (24 November 1949) is a Nigerian poet.
Ogugu is a community of Igala-speaking people in the Olamaboro Local Government Area of the Kogi State in north central Nigeria.
Ogun State is a state in southwestern Nigeria.
The Ohori (sometimes called Ije) are a subgroup of the Yoruba people of West Africa.
Okitipupa is a Local Government Area in Ondo State, Nigeria.
Okun Peoples is the term generally used to describe groups of Yoruba speaking communities, who are the Yoruba of Kogi state, North central Nigeria.
Olamaboro is a Local Government Area in the southeast of Kogi State, Nigeria, bordering Enugu State and Benue State.
Omala is a Local Government Area in Kogi State, Nigeria bounded in the north by the Benue River.
Ondo City is the second largest city in Ondo State, Nigeria.
Ondo or Ondo State is a state in Nigeria created on 3 February 1976 from the former Western State.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
An open-mid vowel (also mid-open vowel, low-mid vowel, mid-low vowel or half-open vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
Oríkì, or praise poetry, is a cultural phenomenon amongst Yoruba-speakers of West Africa.
Oredo is a Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria.
The Oshimili North is one of the twenty-five Local Government Areas that make up Delta State, South-south geo-political region of Nigeria.
Osun (pronounced; "O'Shoon") is an inland state in south-western Nigeria.
Ouémé is one of the twelve departments of Benin.
Ovia South-West is a Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria.
Owo is a city in Ondo State of Nigeria.
Oworo (Aworo) is a dialect of Yoruba spoken mainly in Oworo District of Lokoja LGA, Kogi State Nigeria.
The Ọwọrọ ethnic nationality represents a group of people around the Niger-Benue confluence speaking a Yoruba dialect called Oworo.
The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today Western and North central Nigeria.
Oyo, usually referred to as Oyo State to distinguish it from the city of Oyo, is an inland state in south-western Nigeria, with its capital at Ibadan.
Oyo is a city in Oyo State, Nigeria, founded as the capital of the Oyo Kingdom in the 1830s and known to its people as 'New Oyo' (Ọyọ Atiba) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north, 'Old Oyo' (Ọyọ-Ile), which had been deserted as a result of rumors of war.
The voiced palatal approximant is a type of consonant used in many spoken languages.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
The Pan-Nigerian alphabet is a set of 33 Latin letters standardized by the National Language Centre of Nigeria in the 1980s.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Plateau is one of the twelve departments of Benin.
A pluricentric language or polycentric language is a language with several interacting codified standard versions, often corresponding to different countries.
Pobè is a city and arrondissement located in the Plateau Department of Benin.
Porto-Novo (also known as Hogbonu and Ajashe) is the capital of Benin, and was the capital of French Dahomey.
A possessive form (abbreviated) is a word or grammatical construction used to indicate a relationship of possession in a broad sense.
Postalveolar consonants (sometimes spelled post-alveolar) are consonants articulated with the tongue near or touching the back of the alveolar ridge, farther back in the mouth than the alveolar consonants, which are at the ridge itself but not as far back as the hard palate, the place of articulation for palatal consonants.
In phonetics, rhotic consonants, or "R-like" sounds, are liquid consonants that are traditionally represented orthographically by symbols derived from the Greek letter rho, including r in the Latin script and p in the Cyrillic script.
A sacred language, "holy language" (in religious context) or liturgical language is any language that is cultivated and used primarily in religious service or for other religious reasons by people who speak another, primary language in their daily life.
Sagamu or Ishagamu is a city located in Ogun State, near the Ibu River in south-western Nigeria.
Sakété is a city located in the Plateau Department of Benin.
Samuel Ajayi Crowther (–31 December 1891) was a linguist and the first African Anglican bishop in Nigeria.
Santería, also known as Regla de Ocha, La Regla de Ifá, or Lucumí, is an Afro-American religion of Caribbean origin that developed in the Spanish Empire among West African descendants.
Sapele is a city in Delta State, Nigeria.
Savé is a city in Benin, lying on the Cotonou-Parakou railway and the main north-south road.
The serial verb construction, also known as (verb) serialization or verb stacking, is a syntactic phenomenon in which two or more verbs or verb phrases are strung together in a single clause.
Somali Retrieved on 21 September 2013 (Af-Soomaali) is an Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
In linguistic typology, subject–verb–object (SVO) is a sentence structure where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the object third.
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.
A syllabic consonant or vocalic consonant is a consonant that forms a syllable on its own, like the m, n and l in the English words rhythm, button and bottle, or is the nucleus of a syllable, like the r sound in the American pronunciation of work.
Tchaourou (Saworo in Yoruba etymology, meaning rattle) is a commune, arrondissement, and city located in the Borgou Department of Benin, a country in Western Africa, formerly known as Dahomey (until 1975).
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
Ulukwumi is a small Yoruba language spoken among the Edoid languages of Delta State, Nigeria.
The Umayyad Caliphate (ٱلْخِلافَةُ ٱلأُمَوِيَّة, trans. Al-Khilāfatu al-ʾUmawiyyah), also spelt, was the second of the four major caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.
An underline, also called an underscore, is a more or less horizontal line immediately below a portion of writing.
In theoretical linguistics, underspecification is a phenomenon in which certain features are omitted in underlying representations.
The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic, Late Stone Age) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age.
ʿUqbah ibn Nāfiʿ (عقبة بن نافع, also referred to as Oqba ibn Nafi, Uqba bin Nafe, Uqba ibn al Nafia, or Akbah; 622–683) was an Arab general serving the Rashidun Caliphate since the Reign of Umar and later on the Umayyad Caliphate during the reigns of Muawiyah I and Yazid I, leading the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, including present-day Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Morocco.
Uzo-Uwani is a Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria bordering Kogi State and Anambra State.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
The voiced labial–velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiced palatal stop, or voiced palatal plosive, is a type of consonantal sound in some vocal languages.
The voiceless bilabial stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
The voiceless labial–velar stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The Volta–Niger family of languages, also known as West Benue–Congo or East Kwa, is one of the branches of the Niger–Congo language family, with perhaps 50 million speakers.
Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.
Chief Wándé Abímbọ́lá (born 24 December 1932) is a Nigerian academician, a professor of Yoruba language and literature, and former Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ife (now Obafemi Awolowo University), and has also served as the Majority Leader of the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Warri North is a Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria.
Warri South is a Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria.
Warri South West is a Local Government Area in Delta State, Nigeria.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.
Akinwande Oluwole Babatunde Soyinka (Yoruba: Akinwándé Oluwo̩lé Babátúndé S̩óyinká,; born 13 July 1934), known as Wole Soyinka, is a Nigerian playwright, poet and essayist.
Wolof is a language of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania, and the native language of the Wolof people.
Yagba West is a Local Government Area in Kogi State, Nigeria, in the west of the state adjoining Kwara State.
The Egbado, now Yewa, are a clan of the Yoruba people, and inhabit the eastern area of Ogun West Senatorial District, Ogun State, in south-west Nigeria, Africa.
Yoruba (Yor. èdè Yorùbá) is a language spoken in West Africa.
According to Lounge, the Yoruba language has a rather elaborate vigesimal (base-20) numeral system that involves both addition and subtraction and multiplication.
The Yoruba people (name spelled also: Ioruba or Joruba;, lit. 'Yoruba lineage'; also known as Àwon omo Yorùbá, lit. 'Children of Yoruba', or simply as the Yoruba) are an ethnic group of southwestern and north-central Nigeria, as well as southern and central Benin.
Yorubaland is the cultural region of the Yoruba people in West Africa.
Yoruboid is a 'megagroup' of 14 related dialect/language clades, composed of the Igala group, of related dialects spoken in central Nigeria, and the Edekiri group, the members of which are spoken in a band across Togo, Ghana, Benin and southwestern Nigeria.
Zou is one of the twelve departments of Benin.
Common Yoruba, ISO 639:yo, ISO 639:yor, Literary Yoruba, Standard Yoruba, Yoroba language, Yorouba, Yorouba language, Yoruba Language, Yoruba dialect, Yoruba koiné, Yoruba orthography, Yoruba phonology, Yoruba tongue, Yoruba-language, Yoruba-speaking, Yorùbá dialect, Yorùbá language, Yorùbá tongue, Yourba language, Yuroba language, Èdè Yorùbá.