101 relations: Aluminium, Anisotropy, Aramid, ASTM International, Beam (structure), Bending stiffness, Beryllium, Bone, Brass, Bronze, Bulk modulus, Calcium phosphate, Capsid, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Carbon fibers, Carbon nanotube, Cartesian coordinate system, Cobalt-chrome, Concrete, Copper, Deflection (engineering), Deformation (engineering), Deformation (mechanics), Diamond, Diatom, Dimensionless quantity, Diminutive, Elastic energy, Elastic modulus, Elasticity (physics), Fiberglass, Flax, Flexural modulus, Frustule, Giordano Riccati, Glass, Graphene, Hardness, Hemp, High-density polyethylene, Hooke's law, I-beam, Impulse excitation technique, International System of Units, Isotropy, Leonhard Euler, Linear acetylenic carbon, Linear elasticity, Linearity, List of materials properties, ..., Low-density polyethylene, Magnesium, Medium-density fibreboard, Mega-, Metal, Molybdenum, Nacre, Natural rubber, Newton (unit), Nylon, Osmium, Pascal (unit), Poisson's ratio, Polycarbonate, Polyethylene terephthalate, Polypropylene, Polystyrene, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Pounds per square inch, Pressure, Reinforced concrete, Reversible process (thermodynamics), Rigid body, Shear modulus, Silicic acid, Silicon, Silicon carbide, Slope, Soil, Solid, Solid mechanics, Steel, Stiffness, Strength of materials, Stress (mechanics), Stress–strain curve, Tangent modulus, Tensile testing, Thomas Young (scientist), Titanium, Titanium alloy, Tooth enamel, Toughness, Tungsten, Tungsten carbide, United States customary units, Urtica dioica, Wood, Wrought iron, Yield (engineering), Yttrium iron garnet. Expand index (51 more) » « Shrink index
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Anisotropy, is the property of being directionally dependent, which implies different properties in different directions, as opposed to isotropy.
Aramid fibers are a class of heat-resistant and strong synthetic fibers.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
A beam is a structural element that primarily resists loads applied laterally to the beam's axis.
The bending stiffness (K) is the resistance of a member against bending deformation.
Beryllium is a chemical element with symbol Be and atomic number 4.
A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton.
Brass is a metallic alloy that is made of copper and zinc.
Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.
The bulk modulus (K or B) of a substance is a measure of how resistant to compressibility that substance is.
Calcium phosphate is a family of materials and minerals containing calcium ions (Ca2+) together with inorganic phosphate anions.
A capsid is the protein shell of a virus.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
Carbon fibers or carbon fibres (alternatively CF, graphite fiber or graphite fibre) are fibers about 5–10 micrometers in diameter and composed mostly of carbon atoms.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are allotropes of carbon with a cylindrical nanostructure.
A Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system that specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances to the point from two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length.
Cobalt-chrome or cobalt-chromium (CoCr) is a metal alloy of cobalt and chromium.
Concrete, usually Portland cement concrete, is a composite material composed of fine and coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement (cement paste) that hardens over time—most frequently a lime-based cement binder, such as Portland cement, but sometimes with other hydraulic cements, such as a calcium aluminate cement.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.
In engineering, deflection is the degree to which a structural element is displaced under a load.
In materials science, deformation refers to any changes in the shape or size of an object due to-.
Deformation in continuum mechanics is the transformation of a body from a reference configuration to a current configuration.
Diamond is a solid form of carbon with a diamond cubic crystal structure.
Diatoms (diá-tom-os "cut in half", from diá, "through" or "apart"; and the root of tém-n-ō, "I cut".) are a major group of microorganisms found in the oceans, waterways and soils of the world.
In dimensional analysis, a dimensionless quantity is a quantity to which no physical dimension is assigned.
A diminutive is a word that has been modified to convey a slighter degree of its root meaning, to convey the smallness of the object or quality named, or to convey a sense of intimacy or endearment.
Elastic energy is the potential mechanical energy stored in the configuration of a material or physical system as work is performed to distort its volume or shape.
An elastic modulus (also known as modulus of elasticity) is a quantity that measures an object or substance's resistance to being deformed elastically (i.e., non-permanently) when a stress is applied to it.
In physics, elasticity (from Greek ἐλαστός "ductible") is the ability of a body to resist a distorting influence and to return to its original size and shape when that influence or force is removed.
Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.
Flax (Linum usitatissimum), also known as common flax or linseed, is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae.
In mechanics, the flexural modulus or bending modulus is an intensive property that is computed as the ratio of stress to strain in flexural deformation, or the tendency for a material to resist bending.
A frustule is the hard and porous cell wall or external layer of diatoms.
Giordano Riccati or Jordan Riccati (fl. 1782) was the first experimental mechanician to study material elastic moduli as we understand them today.
Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics.
Graphene is a semi-metal with a small overlap between the valence and the conduction bands (zero bandgap material).
Hardness is a measure of the resistance to localized plastic deformation induced by either mechanical indentation or abrasion.
Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products.
High-density polyethylene (HDPE) or polyethylene high-density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum.
Hooke's law is a principle of physics that states that the force needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance scales linearly with respect to that distance.
An -beam, also known as H-beam (for universal column, UC), w-beam (for "wide flange"), universal beam (UB), rolled steel joist (RSJ), or double-T (especially in Polish, Bulgarian, Spanish, Italian and German), is a beam with an or H-shaped cross-section.
The impulse excitation technique (IET) is a non-destructive material characterization technique to determine the elastic properties and internal friction of a material of interest.
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
Isotropy is uniformity in all orientations; it is derived from the Greek isos (ἴσος, "equal") and tropos (τρόπος, "way").
Leonhard Euler (Swiss Standard German:; German Standard German:; 15 April 170718 September 1783) was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, logician and engineer, who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics, such as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory, while also making pioneering contributions to several branches such as topology and analytic number theory.
Linear acetylenic carbon (LAC), also called carbyne, is an allotrope of carbon that has the chemical structure (−C≡C−)n as a repeating chain, with alternating single and triple bonds.
Linear elasticity is the mathematical study of how solid objects deform and become internally stressed due to prescribed loading conditions.
Linearity is the property of a mathematical relationship or function which means that it can be graphically represented as a straight line.
A material's property (or material property) is an intensive property of some material, i.e. a physical property that does not depend on the amount of the material.
Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is a thermoplastic made from the monomer ethylene.
Magnesium is a chemical element with symbol Mg and atomic number 12.
Medium-density fibreboard (MDF) is an engineered wood product made by breaking down hardwood or softwood residuals into wood fibres, often in a defibrator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and forming panels by applying high temperature and pressure.
Mega is a unit prefix in metric systems of units denoting a factor of one million (106 or 000).
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
Molybdenum is a chemical element with symbol Mo and atomic number 42.
Nacre (also), also known as mother of pearl, is an organic-inorganic composite material produced by some molluscs as an inner shell layer; it also makes up the outer coating of pearls.
Natural rubber, also called India rubber or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.
The newton (symbol: N) is the International System of Units (SI) derived unit of force.
Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides.
Osmium (from Greek ὀσμή osme, "smell") is a chemical element with symbol Os and atomic number 76.
The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit of pressure used to quantify internal pressure, stress, Young's modulus and ultimate tensile strength.
Poisson's ratio, denoted by the Greek letter 'nu', \nu, and named after Siméon Poisson, is the negative of the ratio of (signed) transverse strain to (signed) axial strain.
Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures.
Polyethylene terephthalate (sometimes written poly(ethylene terephthalate)), commonly abbreviated PET, PETE, or the obsolete PETP or PET-P, is the most common thermoplastic polymer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres for clothing, containers for liquids and foods, thermoforming for manufacturing, and in combination with glass fibre for engineering resins.
Polypropylene (PP), also known as polypropene, is a thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications.
Polystyrene (PS) is a synthetic aromatic hydrocarbon polymer made from the monomer styrene.
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that has numerous applications.
The pound per square inch or, more accurately, pound-force per square inch (symbol: lbf/in2; abbreviation: psi) is a unit of pressure or of stress based on avoirdupois units.
Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed.
Reinforced concrete (RC) (also called reinforced cement concrete or RCC) is a composite material in which concrete's relatively low tensile strength and ductility are counteracted by the inclusion of reinforcement having higher tensile strength or ductility.
In thermodynamics, a reversible process is a process whose direction can be "reversed" by inducing infinitesimal changes to some property of the system via its surroundings, with no increase in entropy.
In physics, a rigid body is a solid body in which deformation is zero or so small it can be neglected.
In materials science, shear modulus or modulus of rigidity, denoted by G, or sometimes S or μ, is defined as the ratio of shear stress to the shear strain: where The derived SI unit of shear modulus is the pascal (Pa), although it is usually expressed in gigapascals (GPa) or in thousands of pounds per square inch (ksi).
Silicic acid is the general name for a family of chemical compounds containing the element silicon attached to oxide and hydroxyl groups, with the general formula n or,equivalently, n. They are generally colorless and sparingly soluble in water.
Silicon is a chemical element with symbol Si and atomic number 14.
Silicon carbide (SiC), also known as carborundum, is a semiconductor containing silicon and carbon.
In mathematics, the slope or gradient of a line is a number that describes both the direction and the steepness of the line.
Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter (the others being liquid, gas, and plasma).
Solid mechanics is the branch of continuum mechanics that studies the behavior of solid materials, especially their motion and deformation under the action of forces, temperature changes, phase changes, and other external or internal agents.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.
Stiffness is the rigidity of an object — the extent to which it resists deformation in response to an applied force.
Strength of materials, also called mechanics of materials, is a subject which deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains.
In continuum mechanics, stress is a physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighboring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
The relationship between the stress and strain that a particular material displays is known as that particular material's stress–strain curve.
In solid mechanics, the tangent modulus is the slope of the stress–strain curve at any specified stress or strain.
Tensile testing, also known as tension testing, is a fundamental materials science and engineering test in which a sample is subjected to a controlled tension until failure.
Thomas Young FRS (13 June 1773 – 10 May 1829) was a British polymath and physician.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.
Titanium alloys are metals that contain a mixture of titanium and other chemical elements.
Tooth enamel is one of the four major tissues that make up the tooth in humans and many other animals, including some species of fish.
In materials science and metallurgy, toughness is the ability of a material to absorb energy and plastically deform without fracturing.
Tungsten, or wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W (referring to wolfram) and atomic number 74.
Tungsten carbide (chemical formula: WC) is a chemical compound (specifically, a carbide) containing equal parts of tungsten and carbon atoms.
United States customary units are a system of measurements commonly used in the United States.
Urtica dioica, often called common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
puddled iron, a form of wrought iron Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon (less than 0.08%) content in contrast to cast iron (2.1% to 4%).
The yield point is the point on a stress–strain curve that indicates the limit of elastic behavior and the beginning of plastic behavior.
Yttrium iron garnet (YIG) is a kind of synthetic garnet, with chemical composition 32(Fe4)3, or Y3Fe5O12.
Compressive modulus of elasticity, E-modulus, Tensile Modulus, Tensile modulus, Young Modulus, Young modulus, Young's Modulus, Young's module, Young's moduli, Youngs Modulus, Youngs modulus, Youngs' Modulus, Young’s modulus.