84 relations: Anglo-Saxon paganism, Anglo-Saxons, Asatru Folk Assembly, Aspergillum, Bede, Blót, Bokmål, Boydell & Brewer, Brill Publishers, Bronze Age, Calendar year, Christianization, Christmas, Christmas ham, Christmas in Iceland, Christmas in Norway, Christmas in Sweden, Christmastide, Coven, Danish language, Dísablót, Draugr, Estoire des Engleis, Everyman's Library, Eyvindr skáldaspillir, Faroese language, Freyr, Geoffrey Gaimar, Germanic languages, Germanic paganism, Germanic peoples, Gothic language, Guðbrandur Vigfússon, Haakon the Good, HarperCollins, Heathenry (new religious movement), Heimskringla, Hof (Germanic temple), Horned God, Huginn and Muninn, Icelandic language, Indo-European languages, Interpretatio Christiana, Kenning, List of multinational festivals and holidays, List of names of Odin, Mōdraniht, Modern Paganism, Njörðr, Nordic countries, ..., Norway, Nynorsk, Odin, Old English, Old French, Old Norse, Orion Publishing Group, Oxford University Press, Paganism, Prose Edda, Proto-Germanic language, Quarter days, Rite, Robert Barnhart, Rudolf Simek, Saturnalia, Skald, Skáldskaparmál, Sonargöltr, Stone Age, Swedish language, The New York Times, Thing (assembly), Trondheim, University of Texas Press, Wassailing, Wheel of the Year, Wicca, Wild Hunt, Winter solstice, Yaldā Night, Yule and Christmas in Denmark, Yule Goat, Yule log. Expand index (34 more) » « Shrink index
Anglo-Saxon paganism, sometimes termed Anglo-Saxon heathenism, Anglo-Saxon pre-Christian religion, or Anglo-Saxon traditional religion, refers to the religious beliefs and practices followed by the Anglo-Saxons between the 5th and 8th centuries AD, during the initial period of Early Medieval England.
The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.
The Asatru Folk Assembly (AFA) is a US-headquartered, but international folkish Ásatrú organization, with chapters worldwide, founded by Stephen A. McNallen in 1994.
An aspergillum (less commonly, aspergilium or aspergil) is a liturgical implement used to sprinkle holy water.
Bede (italic; 672/3 – 26 May 735), also known as Saint Bede, Venerable Bede, and Bede the Venerable (Bēda Venerābilis), was an English Benedictine monk at the monastery of St.
Blót is the term for "sacrifice" in Norse paganism.
Bokmål (literally "book tongue") is an official written standard for the Norwegian language, alongside Nynorsk.
Boydell & Brewer is an academic press based in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England that specializes in publishing historical and critical works.
Brill (known as E. J. Brill, Koninklijke Brill, Brill Academic Publishers) is a Dutch international academic publisher founded in 1683 in Leiden, Netherlands.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
Generally speaking, a calendar year begins on the New Year's Day of the given calendar system and ends on the day before the following New Year's Day, and thus consists of a whole number of days.
Christianization (or Christianisation) is the conversion of individuals to Christianity or the conversion of entire groups at once.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
A Christmas ham or Yule ham is a traditional dish associated with modern Christmas and historical Yule.
Jól is the term used for the Christmas holiday season in Iceland and the Faroe Islands and was originally an Old Norse religious festival, also called Yule.
Jul or jol is the term used for the Christmas holiday season in Scandinavia and parts of Scotland.
Jul, the Swedish Christmas holiday, is celebrated throughout December and traditionally until St. Knut's Day on January 13.
Christmastide (also Christmas Time or the Christmas season) is a season of the liturgical year in most Christian churches.
A coven usually refers to a gathering of witches.
Danish (dansk, dansk sprog) is a North Germanic language spoken by around six million people, principally in Denmark and in the region of Southern Schleswig in northern Germany, where it has minority language status.
The Dísablót was the blót (sacrificial holiday) which was held in honour of the female spirits or deities called dísir (and the ValkyriesThe article Diser in Nationalencyklopedin (1991).), from pre-historic times until the Christianization of Scandinavia.
The draugr or draug (draugr, plural draugar; modern draugur, dreygur and Danish, Swedish, and draug), also called aptrganga or aptrgangr, literally "again-walker" (afturganga) is an undead creature from Norse mythology.
Estoire des Engleis (English: History of the English) is a chronicle of English history composed by Geffrei Gaimar.
Everyman's Library is a series of reprinted classic literature currently published in hardback by Random House.
Eyvindr Finnsson skáldaspillir was a 10th-century Norwegian skald.
Faroese (føroyskt mál,; færøsk) is a North Germanic language spoken as a first language by about 66,000 people, 45,000 of whom reside on the Faroe Islands and 21,000 in other areas, mainly Denmark.
Freyr (Old Norse: Lord), sometimes anglicized as Frey, is a widely attested god associated with sacral kingship, virility and prosperity, with sunshine and fair weather, and pictured as a phallic fertility god in Norse mythology.
Geoffrey Gaimar (fl. 1130s), also written Geffrei or Geoffroy Gaimar, was an Anglo-Norman chronicler.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
Germanic religion refers to the indigenous religion of the Germanic peoples from the Iron Age until Christianisation during the Middle Ages.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Gothic is an extinct East Germanic language that was spoken by the Goths.
Guðbrandur Vigfússon, known in English as Gudbrand Vigfusson, (13 March 1827 – 31 January 1889) was one of the foremost Scandinavian scholars of the 19th century.
Haakon Haraldsson (c. 920–961), also Haakon the Good (Old Norse: Hákon góði, Norwegian: Håkon den gode) and Haakon Adalsteinfostre (Old Norse: Hákon Aðalsteinsfóstri, Norwegian: Håkon Adalsteinsfostre), was the king of Norway from 934 to 961.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Heathenry, also termed Heathenism or Germanic Neopaganism, is a modern Pagan religion.
Heimskringla is the best known of the Old Norse kings' sagas.
A heathen hof or Germanic pagan temple was a temple building of Germanic religion; a few have also been built for use in modern heathenry.
The Horned God is one of the two primary deities found in Wicca and some related forms of Neopaganism.
In Norse mythology, Huginn (from Old Norse "thought"Orchard (1997:92).) and Muninn (Old Norse "memory"Orchard (1997:115). or "mind"Lindow (2001:186).) are a pair of ravens that fly all over the world, Midgard, and bring information to the god Odin.
Icelandic (íslenska) is a North Germanic language, and the language of Iceland.
The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages and dialects.
Interpretatio christiana (Latin for Christian interpretation, also Christian reinterpretation) is adaptation of non-Christian elements of culture or historical facts to the worldview of Christianity.
A kenning (Old Norse pronunciation:, Modern Icelandic pronunciation) is a type of circumlocution, in the form of a compound that employs figurative language in place of a more concrete single-word noun.
A very wide variety of multinational festivals and holidays are celebrated around the world, whether within particular religions, cultures, or otherwise.
Odin (Old Norse Óðinn) is a widely attested god in Germanic mythology.
Mōdraniht or Modranicht (Old English "Night of the Mothers" or "Mothers' Night") was an event held at what is now Christmas Eve by the Anglo-Saxon Pagans.
Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism and Neopaganism, is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or claiming to be derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East.
In Norse mythology, Njörðr is a god among the Vanir.
The Nordic countries or the Nordics are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic, where they are most commonly known as Norden (literally "the North").
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nynorsk (translates to New Norwegian or New Norse) is one of the two written standards of the Norwegian language, the other being Bokmål.
In Germanic mythology, Odin (from Óðinn /ˈoːðinː/) is a widely revered god.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.
Old Norse was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and inhabitants of their overseas settlements from about the 9th to the 13th century.
Orion Publishing Group Ltd.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).
The Prose Edda, also known as the Younger Edda, Snorri's Edda (Snorra Edda) or, historically, simply as Edda, is an Old Norse work of literature written in Iceland in the early 13th century.
Proto-Germanic (abbreviated PGmc; German: Urgermanisch; also called Common Germanic, German: Gemeingermanisch) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages.
In British and Irish tradition, the quarter days were the four dates in each year on which servants were hired, school terms started, and rents were due.
A rite is an established, ceremonial, usually religious, act.
Robert K. Barnhart (1933 – April 2007) was an American lexicographer and editor of various specialized dictionaries.
Rudolf Simek (born 21 February 1954 in Eisenstadt, Burgenland) is an Austrian Germanist and philologist.
Saturnalia was an ancient Roman festival in honour of the god Saturn, held on 17 December of the Julian calendar and later expanded with festivities through to 23 December.
The term skald, or skáld (Old Norse:, later;, meaning "poet"), is generally used for poets who composed at the courts of Scandinavian and Icelandic leaders during the Viking Age and Middle Ages.
The second part of Snorri Sturluson's Prose Edda the Skáldskaparmál ("language of poetry"; c. 50,000 words) is effectively a dialogue between Ægir, the Norse god of the sea, and Bragi, the god of poetry, in which both Norse mythology and discourse on the nature of poetry are intertwined.
The sonargǫltr or sónargǫltr was the boar sacrificed as part of the celebration of Yule in Germanic paganism, on whose bristles solemn vows were made, a tradition known as heitstrenging.
The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric period during which stone was widely used to make implements with an edge, a point, or a percussion surface.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 9.6 million people, predominantly in Sweden (as the sole official language), and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
A thing, also known as Alþing, was the governing assembly of a northern Germanic society, made up of the free people of the community presided over by lawspeakers.
Trondheim (historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem) is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway.
The University of Texas Press (or UT Press) is a university press that is part of the University of Texas at Austin.
The tradition of wassailing (alt sp wasselling) falls into two distinct categories: the house-visiting wassail and the orchard-visiting wassail.
The Wheel of the Year is an annual cycle of seasonal festivals, observed by many modern Pagans.
Wicca, also termed Pagan Witchcraft, is a contemporary Pagan new religious movement.
The Wild Hunt is a European folk myth involving a ghostly or supernatural group of huntsmen passing in wild pursuit.
The winter solstice (or hibernal solstice), also known as midwinter, is an astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year.
Shab-e Yalda ("Yalda night" شب یلدا) or Shab-e Chelleh ("night of forty", شب چله) is an Iranian festival celebrated on the "longest and darkest night of the year," Yalda is a winter solstice celebration, that is, in the night of the Northern Hemisphere's winter solstice.
Jul, the Danish Yule and Christmas, is celebrated throughout December starting either at the beginning of Advent or on December 1 with a variety of traditions.
The Yule goat is a Scandinavian and Northern European Yule and Christmas symbol and tradition.
The Yule log, Yule clog, or Christmas block is a specially selected log burnt on a hearth as a Christmas tradition in a number of countries in Europe.