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Yunnan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the far southwest of the country. [1]

539 relations: Achang people, Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China, Administrative divisions of China, Adult education, Adventure travel, Agriculture, Ajall Shams al-Din Omar, Alpine plant, Aluminium, American Museum of Natural History, An Pingsheng, Ancestor veneration in China, Andaman Sea, André Soulié, Anno Domini, Antimony, Arable land, Asian elephant, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Australia, Autonomous counties of the People's Republic of China, Autonomous prefecture, Điện Biên Province, Bai Enpei, Bai language, Bai people, Bangkok, Baoshan, Yunnan, Barley, Basalawarmi, Basalt, Beijing, Benzhuism, Bimoism, Biodiversity, Biology, Black Dragon Pool, Black snub-nosed monkey, Blang people, Boten, Bouyei language, Bouyei people, Bovinae, Bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River, Buddhism, Burma Road, Cadmium, Cambodia, Cambrian, Camellia reticulata, ..., Cang Mountain, Canyon, Catholic Church, Central government, Ceresin, Changsha, Chen Geng, 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Achang people

The Achang, also known as the Ngac'ang (their own name) or Maingtha (မိုင်းသာလူမျိုး) are an ethnic group.

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Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China

Administrative division codes of the People's Republic of China identify administrative divisions of the PRC at county level and above.

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Administrative divisions of China

Due to China's large population and area, the administrative divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times.

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Adult education

Adult education is a practice in which adults engage in systematic and sustained self-educating activities in order to gain new forms of knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values.

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Adventure travel

Adventure travel is a type of niche tourism, involving exploration or travel with a certain degree of risk (real or perceived), and which may require special skills and physical exertion.

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Agriculture

Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.

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Ajall Shams al-Din Omar

Sayyid Ajall Shams al-Din Omar al-Bukhari (سید اجل شمس‌الدین عمر) (1211–1279) was Yunnan's first provincial governor, appointed by the Mongol Yuan Dynasty.

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Alpine plant

Alpine plants are plants that grow in an alpine climate, which occurs at high elevation and above the tree line.

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Aluminium

Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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American Museum of Natural History

The American Museum of Natural History (abbreviated as AMNH), located on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, New York City, is one of the largest museums in the world.

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An Pingsheng

An Pingsheng (1917–1999) was a People's Republic of China politician.

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Ancestor veneration in China

Chinese ancestor worship, or Chinese ancestor veneration, also called the Chinese patriarchal religion, is an aspect of the Chinese traditional religion which revolves around the ritual celebration of the deified ancestors and tutelary deities of people with the same surname organised into lineage societies in ancestral shrines.

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Andaman Sea

The Andaman Sea is a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean separated from the Bay of Bengal (to its west) by the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and touching Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, and the Malay Peninsula.

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André Soulié

Jean André Soulié (1858–1905) was a French missionary and botanist, murdered in Tibet.

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Anno Domini

The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.

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Antimony

Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb (from stibium) and atomic number 51.

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Arable land

Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.

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Asian elephant

The Asian elephant, or Asiatic elephant (Elephas maximus), is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in Southeast Asia, from India and Nepal in the west to Borneo in the south.

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Association of Southeast Asian Nations

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries that promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration amongst its members, other Asian countries, and globally.

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Australia

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Autonomous counties of the People's Republic of China

Autonomous counties and autonomous banners are autonomous administrative divisions of China.

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Autonomous prefecture

Autonomous prefectures are one type of autonomous administrative divisions of China, existing at the prefectural level, with either ethnic minorities forming over 50% of the population or being the historic home of significant minorities.

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Điện Biên Province

Điện Biên is a province in the Northwest region of Vietnam.

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Bai Enpei

Bai Enpei (born 8 September 1946) is a former Chinese politician convicted of corruption.

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Bai language

The Bai language (Bai: Baip‧ngvp‧zix) is a language spoken in China, primarily in Yunnan province, by the Bai people.

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Bai people

The Bai or Baip (Bai language: Baipho /pɛ̰˦˨xo̰˦/ (白和);; endonym pronounced) are an East Asian ethnic group.

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Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.

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Baoshan, Yunnan

(historically also Yongchang) is a prefecture-level city in western Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Barley

Barley (Hordeum vulgare), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain grown in temperate climates globally.

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Basalawarmi

Basalawarmi (died January 6, 1382), commonly known by his hereditary title, the Prince of Liang, was a descendant of Kublai Khan and a Yuan Dynasty loyalist who fought against the ascendant Ming Dynasty in China.

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Basalt

Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.

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Beijing

Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

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Benzhuism

Benzhuism is the indigenous religion of the Bai people, an ethnic group of Yunnan, China.

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Bimoism

Bimoism (Yi:ꀘꂾ) is the indigenous religion of the Yi people, the largest ethnic group in Yunnan after the Han Chinese.

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Biodiversity

Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.

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Biology

Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

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Black Dragon Pool

Black Dragon Pool is a famous pond in the scenic Jade Spring Park (Yu Quan Gong Yuan) located at the foot of Elephant Hill, a short walk north of the Old Town of Lijiang in Yunnan province, China.

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Black snub-nosed monkey

The black snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti), also known as the Yunnan snub-nosed monkey, is an endangered species of primate in the family Cercopithecidae.

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Blang people

The Blang (布朗族: Bùlǎng Zú) (also spelled Bulong) people are an ethnic group.

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Boten

Boten is a small town in Laos in the Luang Namtha Province.

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Bouyei language

The Bouyei language (autonym: Haausqyaix also spelled Buyi, Buyei, or Puyi;, tiếng Bố Y or tiếng Giáy) is a language spoken by the Bouyei ethnic group of southern Guizhou Province in mainland China.

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Bouyei people

The Bouyei (also spelled Puyi, Buyei and Buyi; self called: Buxqyaix, or "Puzhong", "Burao", "Puman";; Pinyin: Bùyīzú; người Bố Y) are an ethnic group living in southern mainland China.

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Bovinae

The biological subfamily Bovinae includes a diverse group of 10 genera of medium to large-sized ungulates, including domestic cattle, bison, African buffalo, the water buffalo, the yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes.

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Bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River

The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Burma Road

The Burma Road was a road linking Burma with the southwest of China.

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Cadmium

Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48.

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Cambodia

Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Cambrian

The Cambrian Period was the first geological period of the Paleozoic Era, and of the Phanerozoic Eon.

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Camellia reticulata

Camellia reticulata (syn. C. heterophylla) is a species of Camellia native to southwestern China, in Yunnan Province.

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Cang Mountain

Cangshan or Cang Mountain is a mountain range immediately west of Dali City in Yunnan province of Southwest China.

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Canyon

A canyon (Spanish: cañón; archaic British English spelling: cañon) or gorge is a deep cleft between escarpments or cliffs resulting from weathering and the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Central government

A central government is the government of a nation-state and is a characteristic of a unitary state.

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Ceresin

Ceresin (also cerin, cerasin, cerosin, ceresin wax or ceresine) is a wax derived from ozokerite by a purifying process.

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Changsha

Changsha is the capital and most populous city of Hunan province in the south central part of the People's Republic of China.

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Chen Geng

Chen Geng (February 27, 1903 – March 16, 1961) was a Chinese Communist military leader, one of the ten grand generals of the People's Liberation Army.

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Chen Hao (politician)

Chen Hao (born February 1954) is a politician of the People's Republic of China, serving since 2016 as Communist Party Secretary of Yunnan province.

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Chengdu

Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.

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Chengdu–Kunming railway

The Chengdu–Kunming railway or Chengkun railway, is a major trunkline railroad in southwestern China between Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province and Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province.

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Chenggong District

Chenggong District is a city district under the jurisdiction of Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province, China.

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Chenla

Chenla or Zhenla (ចេនឡា; Chân Lạp) is the Chinese designation for the successor polity of the Kingdom of Funan preceding the Khmer Empire that existed from around the late sixth to the early ninth century in Indochina.

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Chiang Mai

Chiang Mai (from เชียงใหม่, ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦ ᩲᩉ᩠ᨾ᩵) sometimes written as "Chiengmai" or "Chiangmai", is the largest city in northern Thailand.

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China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.

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China National Highway 108

China National Highway 108 (G108) is a National Highway which connects Beijing through Chengdu to Kunming.

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China National Highway 213

China National Highway 213 (G213) runs from Lanzhou in Gansu to Mohan in Yunnan.

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China National Highway 214

China National Highway 214 (G214) runs from Xining, Qinghai to Jinghong, Yunnan.

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China National Highway 320

China National Highway 320 (G320) runs southwest from Shanghai through the provinces of Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan and Guizhou before ending in Ruili, Yunnan at the Sino–Burmese border.

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China National Highway 323

China National Highway 323 (G323) runs southwest from Ruijin, Jiangxi towards Guangdong Province, Guangxi Province, and ends in Lincang, Yunnan, which is on China-Burma border.

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China National Highway 324

China National Highway 324 (G324) runs west from Fuzhou, Fujian towards Guangdong Province, Guangxi Province, Guizhou Province, and ends in Kunming, Yunnan Province.

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China National Highway 326

China National Highway 326 (G326) runs southwest from Xiushui, Chongqing towards Guizhou Province, and ends in Hekou, Yunnan Province,which borders the northern Vietnamese town of Lào Cai.

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Chinese Basketball Association

The Chinese Basketball Association, often abbreviated as CBA, is the first-tier professional men's basketball league in China.

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Chinese folk religion

Chinese folk religion (Chinese popular religion) or Han folk religion is the religious tradition of the Han people, including veneration of forces of nature and ancestors, exorcism of harmful forces, and a belief in the rational order of nature which can be influenced by human beings and their rulers as well as spirits and gods.

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Chinese language

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.

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Chinese nobility

Chinese sovereignty and peerage, the nobility of China, was an important feature of the traditional social and political organization of Imperial China.

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Chongqing

Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.

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Chordate

A chordate is an animal belonging to the phylum Chordata; chordates possess a notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and a post-anal tail, for at least some period of their life cycle.

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Christianity

ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Chu (state)

Chu (Old Chinese: *s-r̥aʔ) was a hegemonic, Zhou dynasty era state.

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Chuxiong City

Chuxiong City is a county-level city and the seat of the Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, in central Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture

Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture located in central Yunnan Province, China.

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Coal

Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.

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Coffee

Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.

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Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.

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Commuting

Commuting is periodically recurring travel between one's place of residence and place of work, or study, and in doing so exceed the boundary of their residential community.

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Comparative advantage

The law or principle of comparative advantage holds that under free trade, an agent will produce more of and consume less of a good for which they have a comparative advantage.

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Competition (companies)

Company competition, or competitiveness, pertains to the ability and performance of a firm, sub-sector or country to sell and supply goods and services in a given market, in relation to the ability and performance of other firms, sub-sectors or countries in the same market.

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Conglomerate (geology)

Conglomerate is a coarse-grained clastic sedimentary rock that is composed of a substantial fraction of rounded to subangular gravel-size clasts, e.g., granules, pebbles, cobbles, and boulders, larger than in diameter.

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Construction

Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.

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Continuing education

Continuing education (similar to further education in the United Kingdom and Ireland) is an all-encompassing term within a broad list of post-secondary learning activities and programs.

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Copper

Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from cuprum) and atomic number 29.

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Cotton

Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.

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Counties of the People's Republic of China

Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.

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County-level city

A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.

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Cultural Revolution

The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.

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Cypriniformes

Cypriniformes is an order of ray-finned fish, including the carps, minnows, loaches and relatives.

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Dachanghe

Dachanghe or possibly Da Changhe (大長和; literally "Great Long Harmony") was a kingdom from 902 to 928 in modern Yunnan, China.

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Dai people

The Dai people (Kam Mueang:; Thai: ไท; Shan: တႆး; Tai Nüa: ᥖᥭᥰ) are one of several ethnic groups living in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan, China), but by extension can apply to groups in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar when Dai is used to mean specifically Tai Yai, Lue, Chinese Shan, Tai Dam, Tai Khao or even Tai in general.

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Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture

Dàlǐ Bai Autonomous Prefecture (Bai: Darl•lit Baif•cuf zirl•zirl•zox) is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Dali City

Dali City, formerly known as Tali, is the county-level seat of the Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture in northwestern Yunnan.

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Dali Kingdom

The Dali Kingdom, also known as the Dali State (Bai: Dablit Guaif), was a kingdom situated in modern Yunnan province, China from 937 until 1253 when it was conquered by the Mongols.

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Dali–Lijiang railway

The Dali–Lijiang railway or Dali railway, is a single-track electrified railroad in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.

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Dali–Ruili railway

The Dali–Ruili railway or Darui railway, is a single-track electrified railroad under construction in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.

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Dêqên County

Dêqên County (བདེ་ཆེན་རྫོང་), or Deqin County, is under the administration of Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, located in the northwest of Yunnan province, China.

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Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture

The Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (Zaiwa) is located in western Yunnan province, People's Republic of China, and is one of the eight autonomous prefectures of the province, bordering Baoshan to the east and Burma's Kachin State to the west.

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Derung people

The Derung (also spelt Drung or Dulong) people (endonym) are an ethnic group.

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Developing country

A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

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Development economics

Development economics is a branch of economics which deals with economic aspects of the development process in low income countries.

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Dian Kingdom

The Dian Kingdom was an ancient kingdom established by the Dian people, an ancient group of indigenous non-Chinese metalworking tribes that inhabited around the Dian Lake plateau of central northern Yunnan, China from the late Spring and Autumn period until the Eastern Han dynasty.

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Dian Lake

Dianchi Lake (Chinese: 滇池, Diānchí), also known as Lake Dian and Kunming Lake (昆明湖, Kūnmínghú), is a large lake located on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau close to Kunming, Yunnan, in southern China.

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Dianhong

Dianhong tea (pronounced) is a type of relatively high-end, gourmet Chinese black tea sometimes used in various tea blends and grown in Yunnan Province, China.

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Dinosaur

Dinosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade Dinosauria.

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Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture in northwestern Yunnan province, China.

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Distance education

Distance education or long-distance learning is the education of students who may not always be physically present at a school.

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District (China)

The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.

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Dolostone

Dolostone or dolomite rock is a sedimentary carbonate rock that contains a high percentage of the mineral dolomite, CaMg(CO3)2.

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Dongba symbols

The Dongba, Tomba or Tompa symbols are a system of pictographic glyphs used by the ²dto¹mba (Bon priests) of the Naxi people in southern China.

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Dongchuan District

Dongchuan District is a district of and the northernmost county-level division of Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province, China.

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Drought

A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.

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Duan Siping

Duan Siping (IPA) was a statesman who founded and became the first ruler of the Kingdom of Dali in 937.

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E-government

E-government (short for electronic government) is the use of electronic communications devices, computers and the Internet to provide public services to citizens and other persons in a country or region.

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Economic growth

Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.

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Economic policy

The economic policy of governments covers the systems for setting levels of taxation, government budgets, the money supply and interest rates as well as the labour market, national ownership, and many other areas of government interventions into the economy.

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Economy

An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.

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Ecotourism

Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism.

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Edinburgh

Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

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Electric power

Electric power is the rate, per unit time, at which electrical energy is transferred by an electric circuit.

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Electricity sector in China

China's electric power industry is the world's largest electricity producer, passing the United States in 2011 after rapid growth since the early 1990s.

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Emperor Wu of Han

Emperor Wu of Han (30 July 157BC29 March 87BC), born Liu Che, courtesy name Tong, was the seventh emperor of the Han dynasty of China, ruling from 141–87 BC.

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Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

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Employment

Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee.

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Endemism

Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

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Environmental policy

Environmental policy is the commitment of an organization to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues.

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Environmental protection

Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organization controlled or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the environment and humans.

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Erhai Lake

Erhai or Er Lake, is an alpine fault lake in Yunnan province, China.

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Ethnic minorities in China

Ethnic minorities in China are the non-Han Chinese population in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Ethnic religion

In religious studies, an ethnic religion (or indigenous religion) is a religion associated with a particular ethnic group.

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Félix Biet

Félix Biet (1838 in Langres, Haute-Marne – 1901 in Saint-Cyr-au-Mont-d'Or) was a French missionary from Paris Foreign Missions Society and naturalist.

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First Mongol invasion of Burma

The first Mongol invasions of Burma (present-day Myanmar) (မွန်ဂို–မြန်မာ စစ် (၁၂၇၇–၁၂၈၇)) were a series of military conflicts between Kublai Khan's Yuan dynasty, division of the Mongol Empire, and the Pagan Empire that took place between 1277 and 1287.

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Foreign direct investment

A foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment in the form of a controlling ownership in a business in one country by an entity based in another country.

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Foreign policy

A country's foreign policy, also called foreign relations or foreign affairs policy, consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu.

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Four Barbarians

Four Barbarians was a derogatory Chinese term for various ancient non-Chinese peoples bordering ancient China, namely, the Dongyi 東夷 "Eastern Barbarians", Nanman 南蠻 "Southern Barbarians", Xirong 西戎 "Western Barbarians", and Beidi 北狄 "Northern Barbarians".

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Fujian

Fujian (pronounced), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China.

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Funing County, Yunnan

Funing County (Zhuang language: Funingz Yen) is located in Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, in the east of Yunnan province, China.

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Fuxian Lake

Fuxian Lake stretches out through Chengjiang, Jiangchuan and Huaning Counties in Yunnan Province, spanning an area of 212 square kilometers.

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Gaur

The gaur (Bos gaurus), also called the Indian bison, is the largest extant bovine.

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Gejiu

(Hani: Goqjef; Wade-Giles: Ko-Chiu; formerly known as Kotchiu) is a county-level city and the former capital of Honghe prefecture, Yunnan Province, China, and has 136,000 inhabitants (ranked in Yunnan).

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Geology of the Himalaya

The geology of the Himalaya is a record of the most dramatic and visible creations of modern plate tectonic forces.

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George Ernest Morrison

George Ernest "G.

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George Forrest (botanist)

George Forrest (13 March 1873 – 5 January 1932) was a Scottish botanist, who became one of the first explorers of China's then remote southwestern province of Yunnan, generally regarded as the most biodiverse province in the country.

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Gold

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

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Grain

A grain is a small, hard, dry seed, with or without an attached hull or fruit layer, harvested for human or animal consumption.

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Greater India

The term Greater India is most commonly used to encompass the historical and geographic extent of all political entities of the Indian subcontinent, and the regions which are culturally linked to India or received significant Indian cultural influence.

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Greater Mekong Subregion

The Greater Mekong Subregion, or just Greater Mekong, is an international region of the Mekong River basin in Southeast Asia.

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Green belt

A green belt or greenbelt is a policy and land use designation used in land use planning to retain areas of largely undeveloped, wild, or agricultural land surrounding or neighbouring urban areas.

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Green Lake (Kunming)

Green Lake Park, or Cui Hu Park, is an urban park in Kunming, Yunnan Province, China.

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Gross enrolment ratio

Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) or Gross Enrollment Index (GEI) is a statistical measure used in the education sector, and formerly by the UN in its Education Index, to determine the number of students enrolled in school at several different grade levels (like elementary, middle school and high school), and use it to show the ratio of the number of students who live in that country to those who qualify for the particular grade level.

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Guangdong

Guangdong is a province in South China, located on the South China Sea coast.

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Guangtong–Dali railway

The Guangtong–Dali or Guangda railway, is a single-track electrified railroad in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.

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Guangxi

Guangxi (pronounced; Zhuang: Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is a Chinese autonomous region in South Central China, bordering Vietnam.

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Guangzhou

Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.

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Gucheng District

Gucheng District is a county-level district located in Lijiang City Prefecture, Yunnan, China.

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Guilin

Guilin, formerly romanized as Kweilin, is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

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Guiping

Guiping is a county-level city in eastern Guangxi (pronounced), China.

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Guiyang

Guiyang is the capital of Guizhou province of Southwest China.

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Guizhou

Guizhou, formerly romanized as Kweichow, is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country.

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Gulf of Martaban

The Gulf of Martaban (မုတ္တမပင်လယ်ကွေ့) or the Gulf of Mottama is an arm of the Andaman Sea in the southern part of Burma.

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Guo Yingqiu

Guo Yingqiu (1909–1985) was a Chinese politician and educator.

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Haikou

Hǎikǒu, is the capital and most populous city of Hainan province, China.

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Hainan

Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.

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Haiphong

Haiphong (Hải Phòng) is a major industrial city, the second largest city in the northern part of Vietnam, and third largest city overall in Vietnam.

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Han Chinese

The Han Chinese,.

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Han conquest of Dian

The Han conquest of Dian was a series of military campaigns and expeditions by the Chinese Han dynasty recorded in contemporary textual sources against the Kingdom of Dian in modern Yunnan.

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Han dynasty

The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.

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Hangzhou

Hangzhou (Mandarin:; local dialect: /ɦɑŋ tseɪ/) formerly romanized as Hangchow, is the capital and most populous city of Zhejiang Province in East China.

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Hani language

The Hani language (Hani: Haqniqdoq or;; Tiếng Hà Nhì) is a language of the Loloish (Yi) branch of the Tibeto-Burman linguistic group spoken in China, Laos, and Vietnam by the Hani people.

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Hani people

Yuanyang County, Yunnan Province. The Hani or Ho people (Hani: Haqniq;; Người Hà Nhì) are an ethnic group.

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Hanoi

Hanoi (or; Hà Nội)) is the capital of Vietnam and the country's second largest city by population. The population in 2015 was estimated at 7.7 million people. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is north of Ho Chi Minh City and west of Hai Phong city. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế, the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty (1802–1945). In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina. The French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, churches, public buildings, and luxury villas, but they also destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while also clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as the largest part of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). The Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, and it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 officially marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city. The Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion.

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Harbin

Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang province, and largest city in the northeastern region of the People's Republic of China.

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Hà Giang Province

Hà Giang is a province in the Northeast region of Vietnam.

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He Zhiqiang

He Zhiqiang (1934–2007) was a People's Republic of China politician.

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Headhunting

Headhunting is the practice of taking and preserving a person's head after killing the person.

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Heinrich von Handel-Mazzetti

Heinrich Raphael Eduard Freiherr von Handel-Mazzetti (February 19, 1882 in Vienna – February 1, 1940) was an Austrian botanist best known for his many publications on the flora of China and botanical explorations of that country.

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Hekou Yao Autonomous County

The Hekou Yao Autonomous County is an autonomous county in the southern part of the Yunnan province of China.

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Higher education

Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.

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Higher education in China

Higher education in China centers on a system of 2,000 universities and colleges, with more than six million students.

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HIV/AIDS in Yunnan

The People's Republic of China's first reported AIDS case was identified in 1985 in a dying tourist.

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Hmong–Mien languages

The Hmong–Mien (also known as Miao–Yao) languages are a highly tonal language family of southern China and northern Southeast Asia.

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Ho Chi Minh City

Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.

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Homo erectus

Homo erectus (meaning "upright man") is an extinct species of archaic humans that lived throughout most of the Pleistocene geological epoch.

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Hong Kong

Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.

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Hong Kong Trade Development Council

The Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC; Chinese: 香港貿易發展局) is a statutory body established in 1966 as the international marketing arm for Hong Kong-based manufacturers, traders and service providers.

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Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture

Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture in southeast-central Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Hongshui River

The Hongshui River is a major river in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in Southern China.

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Hongta District

Hongta District is the main district of Yuxi, Yunnan Province, China.

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Hui people

The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.

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Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild to cool winters.

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Hunan

Hunan is the 7th most populous province of China and the 10th most extensive by area.

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Illegal drug trade

The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.

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Illegal immigration

Illegal immigration is the illegal entry of a person or a group of persons across a country's border, in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country, with the intention to remain in the country, as well as people who remain living in another country when they do not have the legal right to do so.

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Income

Income is the consumption and savings opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.

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Indium

Indium is a chemical element with symbol In and atomic number 49.

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Indochinese tiger

The Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) (เสือ โคร่ง อิน โด จีน, S̄eụ̄x khor̀ng xin do cīn) is a tiger population that lives in Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Cambodia and southwestern China.

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Introduced species

An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.

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Investment

In general, to invest is to allocate money (or sometimes another resource, such as time) in the expectation of some benefit in the future – for example, investment in durable goods, in real estate by the service industry, in factories for manufacturing, in product development, and in research and development.

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Iron

Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.

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Irrawaddy River

The Irrawaddy River or Ayeyarwady River (also spelt Ayeyarwaddy) is a river that flows from north to south through Myanmar.

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Islam

IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam in China

Islam in China has existed through 1,400 years of continuous interaction with Chinese society.

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Jade Dragon Snow Mountain

Jade Dragon Snow Mountain is a mountain massif or small mountain range in Yulong Naxi Autonomous County, Lijiang, in Yunnan province, China.

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Japan

Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jia Qiyun

Jia Qiyun (1914–2004) was a People's Republic of China politician.

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Jin dynasty (265–420)

The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.

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Jinghong

Jinghong (Dai / Tai Lü:, pronounced; เชียงรุ่ง,,; ຊຽງຮຸ່ງ; also formerly romanised as Chiang Hung, Chengrung, Cheng Hung, Jinghung, Keng Hung, Kiang Hung and Muangjinghung) is a city in and the seat of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, in the far south of China's Yunnan province, and the historic capital of the former Tai kingdom of Sipsongpanna.

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Jingpho language

Jingpho (Jinghpaw, Chingp'o) or Kachin (ကချင်ဘာသာ) is a Tibeto-Burman language of the Sal branch mainly spoken in Kachin State, Burma and Yunnan, China.

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Jingpo people

The Jingpo people are an ethnic group who are the largest subset of the Kachin peoples, which largely inhabit the Kachin Hills in northern Myanmar's Kachin State and neighbouring Yunnan Province of China and India's Arunachal Pradesh, which is claimed by China.

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Jingshanosaurus

Jingshanosaurus (meaning "Jingshan lizard") is a genus of sauropodomorph dinosaurs from the early Jurassic period.

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Jinning District

Jinning District is a district, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.

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Jino people

The Jino (also spelled Jinuo) people (endonym: or) are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group.

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Jinsha River

The Jinsha River (Chinese: 金沙江, p Jīnshājiāng, "Gold Dust River") is the Chinese name for the upper stretches of the Yangtze River.

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Joseph Rock

Joseph Francis Charles Rock (1884 – 1962) was an Austrian-American explorer, geographer, linguist and botanist.

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Jurassic

The Jurassic (from Jura Mountains) was a geologic period and system that spanned 56 million years from the end of the Triassic Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Cretaceous Period Mya.

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Kachin State

Kachin State (Kachin: Jingphaw Mungdaw; ကခ်င္ျပည္နယ္) is the northernmost state of Myanmar.

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Kaiyuan, Yunnan

Kaiyuan is a county-level city within the jurisdiction of Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture in the southeast of Yunnan province, China.

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Kam language

The Kam language, also known as Gam (autonym: lix Gaeml), or in Chinese, Dong or Tung-Chia, is a Kam–Sui language spoken by the Dong people.

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Karst

Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and gypsum.

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Kawagarbo

Kawa Garbo or Khawa Karpo (also transcribed as Kawadgarbo, Khawakarpo, Moirig Kawagarbo, Kawa Karpo or Kha-Kar-Po), as it is known by local residents and pilgrims, or Kawagebo Peak, is the highest mountain in the Chinese province of Yunnan.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Khatso

The Khatso people, commonly known as the "Mongols in Yunnan", is a group of Mongols, mainly distributed in Tonghai County in the Yunnan Province of southwestern China.

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Khmer people

Khmer people (ខ្មែរ,, Northern Khmer pronunciation) are a Southeast Asian ethnic group native to Cambodia, accounting for 97.6% of the country's 15.9 million people.

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Kolkata

Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Kuala Lumpur

Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.

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Kublai Khan

Kublai (Хубилай, Hubilai; Simplified Chinese: 忽必烈) was the fifth Khagan (Great Khan) of the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls), reigning from 1260 to 1294 (although due to the division of the empire this was a nominal position).

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Kunming

Kunming is the capital and largest city of Yunnan province in southwest China.

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Kunming Changshui International Airport

Kunming Changshui International Airport is the primary airport serving Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, China.

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Kunming Economic and Technology Development Zone

The Kunming Economic and Technology Development Zone (KETDZ), is a state-level economic development zone established on February 13, 2000 in East Kunming, Yunnan Province, China.

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Kunming Medical University

Kunming Medical University, previously known as Kunming Medical College, is a medical school located in Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China.

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Kunming University of Science and Technology

Kunming University of Science and Technology (KMUST) (昆明理工大学) is in Kunming, the capital city of Yunnan Province, Southwestern China.

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Kunming Wujiaba International Airport

Kunming Wujiaba International Airport was the main airport serving Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province, China.

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Kunming–Bangkok Expressway

Kunming–Bangkok Expressway is an international expressway running from Kunming, Yunnan province, People's Republic of China, to Bangkok, Thailand via Laos It was opened in 2008.

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Kunming–Haiphong railway

The Yunnan–Haiphong railway (Chemins de Fer de L'Indo-Chine et du Yunnan, "Indo-China–Yunnan Railroad") is an railway built by France during 1904–1910, connecting Haiphong, Vietnam with Kunming, Yunnan province, China.

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Kunming–Yuxi railway

The Kunming–Yuxi railway or Kunyu railway, is a single-track railroad in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.

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Lahu language

Lahu (autonym: Ladhof) is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Lahu people of China, Thailand, Myanmar, and Laos.

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Lahu people

The Lahu people (Lahu: Ladhulsi / Kawzhawd; La Hủ) are an ethnic group of China and Mainland Southeast Asia.

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Lai Châu Province

Lai Châu is a province in the Northwest region of Vietnam.

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Lanzhou

Lanzhou is the capital and largest city of Gansu Province in Northwest China.

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Laos

Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.

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Lashio

Lashio (လႃႈသဵဝ်ႈ) is the largest town in northern Shan State, Myanmar, about north-east of Mandalay.

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Lào Cai

Lào Cai is a city in the Northwest region of Vietnam.

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Lào Cai Province

Lào Cai, is a province of the mountainous Northwest region of Vietnam bordering the province of Yunnan in China.

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Lead

Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.

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Ledo Road

The Ledo Road (লিডু, လီဒိုလမ်းမကြီး) (from Ledo, Assam, India to Kunming, Yunnan, China) was an overland connection between India and China, built during World War II to enable the Western Allies to deliver supplies to China, to aid the war effort against Japan — as an alternative to the Burma Road became required, once that had been cut-off by the Japanese in 1942.

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Ledo, Assam

Ledo (লিডু) is a small town in Tinsukia district, Assam, India.

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Lhasa

Lhasa is a city and administrative capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China.

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Li Jiating

Li Jiating (born 1944) is an ethnic Yi People's Republic of China politician.

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Li Jiheng

Li Jiheng (born January 1957) is a Chinese politician and serving as the Communist Party Secretary of Inner Mongolia.

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Lijiang

Lijiang is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of Yunnan province, China.

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Lijiang–Shangri-La railway

The Lijiang–Shangri-La railway or Lixiang railway, is a railroad under construction in Yunnan Province of Southwest China, due to be completed in 2020.

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Limestone

Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.

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Lincang

Lincang is a prefecture-level city located in the southwest of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Linxiang District

Linxiang District is a district of the city of Lincang, Yunnan province, China.

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List of Chinese administrative divisions by illiteracy rate

According to the sixth population census in 2010 the overall literacy rate in the People's Republic of China was 95.92%.

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List of coffee varieties

Coffee varieties are the diverse subspecies derived through selective breeding or natural selection of coffee plants.

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List of universities and colleges in Yunnan

This is a list of universities and colleges in Yunnan Province.

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Lisu language

Lisu (Lisu: ꓡꓲ-ꓢꓴ or ꓡꓲꓢꓴ;; လီဆူဘာသာစကား) is a tonal Tibeto-Burman language spoken in Yunnan (southwestern China), northern Burma (Myanmar), and Thailand and a small part of India.

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Lisu people

The Lisu people (လီဆူလူမျိုး,;; ลีสู่; Lisu: or) are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group who inhabit mountainous regions of Burma (Myanmar), southwest China, Thailand, and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.

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Literacy

Literacy is traditionally meant as the ability to read and write.

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Liu Minghui

Liu Minghui (1914–2010) was a People's Republic of China politician born in Shicheng County, Jiangxi Province.

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Livestock

Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.

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London Metal Exchange

The London Metal Exchange (LME) is the futures exchange with the world's largest market in options and futures contracts on base and other metals.

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Longyang District

Longyang District is a district of the city of Baoshan, Yunnan province, China.

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Luang Namtha Province

Luang Namtha (Lao ຫລວງນໍ້າທາ, literally "Royal Sugar Palm" or "Royal Green River") is a province of Laos located in the north of the country.

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Lugu Lake

Lugu Lake (Chinese: 泸沽湖; Pinyin: Lúgū Hú) is located in the North West Yunnan plateau in the centre of Ninglang Yi Autonomous County in the People's Republic of China.

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Lumber

Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.

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Luoping County

Luoping County is located in Qujing City, in eastern Yunnan province, China, bordering Guizhou province to the east and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonmomous Region to the southeast.

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Lushui

Lushui is a county-level city in the south of Nujiang Prefecture, located in the west of Yunnan Province, China.

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Machine (mechanical)

Machines employ power to achieve desired forces and movement (motion).

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Maharaja

Mahārāja (महाराज, also spelled Maharajah, Moharaja) is a Sanskrit title for a "great ruler", "great king" or "high king".

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Maize

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.

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Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.

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Malaysia

Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Manchu people

The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.

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Mandarin Chinese

Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.

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Mangshi

Mangshi or Mang (เมืองข้อน), formerly named Luxi City, in some literatures write as Mangshih, is a county-level city of Dehong Prefecture, in the west of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Manufacturing

Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

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Manwan Dam

The Manwan Dam is a large hydroelectric dam in China.

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Meili Snow Mountains

Meili Xue Shan (Chinese 梅里雪山, translation: "Mainri snowy range") or Mainri Snow Mountain is a mountain range in the Chinese province of Yunnan.

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Mekong

The Mekong is a trans-boundary river in Southeast Asia.

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Meng Huo

Meng Huo was popularly regarded as a local leader representing the gentries of the Nanzhong region during the Three Kingdoms period of China.

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Mengzi City

Mengzi is a city in the southeast of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Mengzi–Hekou railway

The Mengzi–Hekou railway or Menghe railway, is a railroad in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.

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Mercury (element)

Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.

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Mesozoic

The Mesozoic Era is an interval of geological time from about.

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Miao people

The Miao is an ethnic group belonging to South China, and is recognized by the government of China as one of the 55 official minority groups.

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Middle Pleistocene

The Middle Pleistocene is an informal, unofficial subdivision of the Pleistocene Epoch, from 781,000 to 126,000 years ago.

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Ming conquest of Yunnan

The Ming conquest of Yunnan was the final phase in the Chinese Ming dynasty expulsion of Mongol Yuan dynasty rule from China in the 1380s.

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Ming dynasty

The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.

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Mining

Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.

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Ministry of Civil Affairs

The Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA) is a ministry in the State Council of the People's Republic of China, responsible for social and administrative affairs.

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Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.

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Mongols

The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

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Mosuo

The Mosuo (also spelled Moso or Musuo), often called the Na among themselves, are a small ethnic group living in Yunnan and Sichuan Provinces in China, close to the border with Tibet.

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Mu Ying

Mu Ying (1345-1392) was a general during the Ming Dynasty, and an adopted son of its founder, the Hongwu Emperor (aka Zhu Yuanzhang).

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Mudstone

Mudstone, a type of mudrock, is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds.

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Muse, Myanmar

Muse (မူဆယ်,; မူႇၸေႊ; 木姐) is the capital town of Mu Se Township (also spelled as Muse Township) in northern Shan State, Myanmar.

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Mushroom

A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.

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Muslim

A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Myanmar

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia.

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Myitkyina

Myitkyina ((Eng; mitchinar) Kachin: Myitkyina) is the capital city of Kachin State in Myanmar (Burma), located from Yangon, and from Mandalay.

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Nakhi people

The Nakhi or Nashi (endonym: ¹na²khi) are an ethnic group inhabiting the foothills of the Himalayas in the northwestern part of Yunnan Province, as well as the southwestern part of Sichuan Province in China.

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Nanjing

Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.

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Nanning

Nanning (Zhuang: Namzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.

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Nanning–Kunming railway

The Nanning–Kunming railway, or Nankun railway, is a single-track electrified railroad in Southwest China between Nanning and Kunming, provincial capitals, respectively, of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Yunnan Province.

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Nanpan River

The Nanpan River has its source in the Yungui Plateau of eastern Yunnan Province.

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Nanzhao

Nanzhao, also spelled Nanchao or Nan Chao, was a polity that flourished in what is now southern China and Southeast Asia during the 8th and 9th centuries.

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Nanzhong

Nanzhong is the ancient name for a region in southwest China that covers parts of present-day Yunnan, Guizhou and southern Sichuan provinces.

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Narrow-gauge railway

A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than the standard.

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National Bureau of Statistics of China

The National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China or NBS is an agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the People's Republic of China at the national and local levels.

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National Key Universities

National Key Universities previously referred to universities recognized as prestigious and which received a high level of support from the central government of the People's Republic of China.

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National Museum of Natural History (France)

The French National Museum of Natural History, known in French as the (abbreviation MNHN), is the national natural history museum of France and a grand établissement of higher education part of Sorbonne Universities.

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National Southwestern Associated University

When the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out between China and Japan in 1937, Peking University, Tsinghua University and Nankai University merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha and later National Southwestern Associated University (Lianda) in Kunming and Mengzi, in Southwest China's Yunnan Province.

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Natural resource

Natural resources are resources that exist without actions of humankind.

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Naxi language

Naxi (autonym), also known as Nakhi, Nasi, Lomi, Moso, Mo-su, is a Sino-Tibetan language or group of languages spoken by some 310,000 people most of whom live in or around Lijiang City Yulong Naxi Autonomous County (Yùlóng Nàxīzú Zìzhìxiàn 玉龍納西族自治縣) of the province of Yunnan, China.

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Neijiang–Kunming railway

The Neijiang–Kunming railway or Neikun railway, is a single-track railroad between Neijiang and Kunming in Southwest China.

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Neolithic

The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Nickel

Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28.

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Ning'er Hani and Yi Autonomous County

The Ning'er Hani and Yi Autonomous County is an autonomous county under the jurisdiction of Pu'er City, in the southwest of Yunnan Province, China.

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Ninglang Yi Autonomous County

Ninglang Yi Autonomous County (Yi: ꆀꆿꆈꌠꊨꏦꏱꅉꑤ nip lat nuo su zyt jie jux dde xiep) is located in Lijiang City Prefecture, Yunnan, China.

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Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.

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Nu people

The Nu people (alternative names include Nusu, Nung, Zauzou and Along) are one of the 56 ethnic groups recognized by the People's Republic of China.

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Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture

Nùjiāng Lisu Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture of western/northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Nuosu language

Nuosu or Nosu (pronunciation: Nuosuhxop), also known as Northern Yi, Liangshan Yi, and Sichuan Yi, is the prestige language of the Yi people; it has been chosen by the Chinese government as the standard Yi language (in Mandarin: Yí yǔ, 彝語/彝语) and, as such, is the only one taught in schools, both in its oral and written forms.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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Old Town of Lijiang

Dayan, commonly called the Old Town of Lijiang is the historical center of Lijiang City, in Yunnan, China.

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Oudomxay Province

Oudomxay (alternates: Oudômxai or Moung Xai; ອຸດົມໄຊ) is a province of Laos, located in the northwest of the country.

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Palaung people

The Palaung (ပလောင် လူမျိုး; Thai: ปะหล่อง, also written as Benglong Palong) or Ta'ang are a Mon–Khmer ethnic minority found in Shan State of Burma, Yunnan Province of China and Northern Thailand.

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Paleogene

The Paleogene (also spelled Palaeogene or Palæogene; informally Lower Tertiary or Early Tertiary) is a geologic period and system that spans 43 million years from the end of the Cretaceous Period million years ago (Mya) to the beginning of the Neogene Period Mya.

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Panthay Rebellion

The Panthay rebellion (1856–1873), known to Chinese as the Du Wenxiu Rebellion (Tu Wen-hsiu Rebellion), was a rebellion of the Muslim Hui people and other (Muslim) ethnic minorities against the Manchu rulers of the Qing Dynasty in southwestern Yunnan Province, as part of a wave of Hui-led multi-ethnic unrest.

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Panxi railway

The Pan County west railway or Panxi railway, is a single-track electrified railroad in Southwest China between Zhanyi County in eastern Yunnan province and Baiguo Township in Pan County in western Guizhou province.

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Paris Foreign Missions Society

The Society of Foreign Missions of Paris (Société des Missions étrangères de Paris, short M.E.P.) is a Roman Catholic missionary organization.

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Peafowl

The peafowl include three species of birds in the genera Pavo and Afropavo of the Phasianidae family, the pheasants and their allies.

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Pearl River (China)

The Pearl River, also known by its Chinese name Zhujiang and formerly often known as the, is an extensive river system in southern China.

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Per capita

Per capita is a Latin prepositional phrase: per (preposition, taking the accusative case, meaning "by means of") and capita (accusative plural of the noun caput, "head").

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Permian

The Permian is a geologic period and system which spans 47 million years from the end of the Carboniferous Period million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Triassic period 251.902 Mya.

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Peter Goullart

Peter Goullart (Пётр Гуляр) was a Russian-born traveler, explorer and author, who is best known for a number of books describing the life and customs of various peoples living in remote parts of East and Southeast Asia.

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Phongsaly Province

Phôngsali (Lao ຜົ້ງສາລີ) is a province of Laos, located in the extreme north of the country.

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Piluoge

Piluoge (皮羅閣; 697-748) is recorded as having established Nanzhao kingdom in what is now Yunnan, southwest China.

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Pinyin

Hanyu Pinyin Romanization, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan.

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Plague (disease)

Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.

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Plateau

In geology and physical geography a plateau (or; plural plateaus or plateaux),is also called a high plain or a tableland, it is an area of a highland, usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes.

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Plateosauria

Plateosauria is a clade of sauropodomorph dinosaurs which lived during the Late Triassic to the Late Cretaceous.

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Pleistocene

The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.

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Politics

Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.

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Potatso National Park

Potatso National Park or Pudacuo National Park is a national park located in Shangri-La County, Yunnan Province in the People's Republic of China.

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Poverty

Poverty is the scarcity or the lack of a certain (variant) amount of material possessions or money.

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Poverty reduction

Poverty reduction, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty.

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Prefecture-level city

A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.

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Primary sector of the economy

An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing.

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Productivity

Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Provinces of China

Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.

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Pu Chaozhu

Pu Chaozhu (1929–2002) was a People's Republic of China politician.

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Pu'er City

Pu'er is a prefecture-level city in southern Yunnan Province, China.

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Pu'er tea

Pu'er or pu-erh is a variety of fermented tea produced in Yunnan province, China.

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Pumi people

The Pumi (also Primi) people (Tibetan: བོད་མི་, Wylie: bod mi,, own name) are an ethnic group.

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Pyu city-states

The Pyu city states (ပျူ မြို့ပြ နိုင်ငံများ) were a group of city-states that existed from c. 2nd century BCE to c. mid-11th century in present-day Upper Burma (Myanmar).

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Qilin District

Qilin District is a district of the city of Qujing, Yunnan province, China.

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Qilu Lake

Qilu Lake is a plateau lake in Yunnan Province, in southwestern China.

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Qin Guangrong

Qin Guangrong (born 1 December 1954) is a Chinese politician, currently serving as the deputy chair of the committee on internal legal affairs of the National People's Congress.

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Qin Shi Huang

Qin Shi Huang (18 February 25910 September 210) was the founder of the Qin dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China.

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Qing dynasty

The Qing dynasty, also known as the Qing Empire, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, established in 1636 and ruling China from 1644 to 1912.

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Qujing

Qujing is a prefecture-level city in eastern Yunnan province of southwest China.

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Rapeseed

Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.

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Red River (Asia)

The Red River (Sông Hồng), also known as the and (lit. "Mother River") in Vietnamese and the in Chinese, is a river that flows from Yunnan in Southwest China through northern Vietnam to the Gulf of Tonkin.

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Religion in China

China has long been a cradle and host to a variety of the most enduring religio-philosophical traditions of the world.

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Renminbi

The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.

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Rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).

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Riebeckite

Riebeckite is a sodium-rich member of the amphibole group of silicate minerals, chemical formula Na2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2.

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Roy Chapman Andrews

Roy Chapman Andrews (January 26, 1884 – March 11, 1960) was an American explorer, adventurer and naturalist who became the director of the American Museum of Natural History.

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Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) is a scientific centre for the study of plants, their diversity and conservation, as well as a popular tourist attraction.

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Ruan Chengfa

Ruan Chengfa (born October 1957) is a Chinese politician, serving since 2016 as the deputy Communist Party Secretary and Governor of Yunnan.

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Ruili

Ruili (เมืองมาว; ရွှေလီ) is a county-level city of Dehong Prefecture, in the west of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Ruili Border Economic Cooperation Zone

Ruili Border Economic Cooperation Zone (RLBECZ) is a Chinese State Council-approved Industrial Park based in Ruili City, Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan, China, founded in 1992 and was established to promote trade between China and Myanmar.

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Salween River

The Salween, known in China as the Nu River, is a river about long that flows from the Tibetan Plateau into the Andaman Sea in Southeast Asia.

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Sandstone

Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized (0.0625 to 2 mm) mineral particles or rock fragments.

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Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Second Sino-Japanese War

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.

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Secondary sector of the economy

The secondary sector of the economy includes industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction.

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Semu

Semu is the name of a caste established by the Yuan dynasty.

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Seoul

Seoul (like soul; 서울), officially the Seoul Special Metropolitan City – is the capital, Constitutional Court of Korea and largest metropolis of South Korea.

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Shan State

Shan State (Burmese: ရှမ်းပြည်နယ်,; Shan: မိူင်းတႆး) is a state of Myanmar.

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Shanghai

Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.

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Shanghai–Kunming railway

The Shanghai–Kunming Railway or Hukun Railway, also known as the Hukun Line, is a major arterial railroad across eastern, south central and southwest China.

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Shangri-La

Shangri-La is a fictional place described in the 1933 novel Lost Horizon by British author James Hilton.

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Shangri-La City

Shangri-La or Xianggelila is a county-level city in northwestern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China and is the location of the seat of the Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

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Shantou

Shantou, formerly romanized as Swatow and sometimes known as Santow, is a prefecture-level city on the eastern coast of Guangdong, China, with a total population of 5,391,028 as of 2010 and an administrative area of.

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Shaxi, Yunnan

Shaxi is a historic market town in Jianchuan County, Dali Prefecture, Yunnan province, China.

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Shenyang

Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.

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Shenzhen

Shenzhen is a major city in Guangdong Province, China.

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Sichuan

Sichuan, formerly romanized as Szechuan or Szechwan, is a province in southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north, and the Yungui Plateau to the south.

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Siltstone

Siltstone is a sedimentary rock which has a grain size in the silt range, finer than sandstone and coarser than claystones.

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Silver

Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.

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Simao District

Simao District (Chinese: 思茅区; pinyin: Sīmáo Qū; formerly known as Cuiyun District) is a district under the jurisdiction of Pu'er Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China.

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Simplified Chinese characters

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Sino-Burmese War (1765–69)

The Sino-Burmese War (တရုတ်-မြန်မာ စစ် (၁၇၆၅–၆၉)), also known as the Qing invasions of Burma or the Myanmar campaign of the Qing dynasty, was a war fought between the Qing dynasty of China and the Konbaung dynasty of Burma (Myanmar).

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Sino-Tibetan languages

The Sino-Tibetan languages, in a few sources also known as Trans-Himalayan, are a family of more than 400 languages spoken in East Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia.

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Slavery

Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.

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Social issue

A social issue is a problem that influences a considerable number of the individuals within a society.

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Socioeconomics

Socioeconomics (also known as social economics) is the social science that studies how economic activity affects and is shaped by social processes.

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Soil quality

Soil quality is a measure of the condition of soil relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and or to any human need or purpose.

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Song Renqiong

Song Renqiong (11 July 1909 – 8 January 2005), born Song Yunqin, was a general in the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China.

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Songming County

Songming County (Chinese: 嵩明县; pinyin: Sōngmíng Xiàn) is a county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China.

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South China Karst

The South China Karst, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since June 2007, spans the provinces of Chongqing, Guangxi, Guizhou, and Yunnan.

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South China Sea

The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, encompassing an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around.

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.

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Southward expansion of the Han dynasty

The Southward expansion of the Han dynasty were a series of Chinese military campaigns and expeditions in what is now modern Southern China and Northern Vietnam.

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Southwest China

Southwest China is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the municipality of Chongqing, the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou, and the Tibet Autonomous Region.

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Southwest Forestry University

Southwest Forestry University (SWFU) is the largest forestry university in the southwestern part of China.

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Southwestern Mandarin

Southwestern Mandarin, also known as Upper Yangtze Mandarin, is a primary branch of Mandarin Chinese spoken in much of central and southwestern China, including in Sichuan, Yunnan, Chongqing, Guizhou, most parts of Hubei, the northwestern part of Hunan, the northern part of Guangxi, and some southern parts of Shaanxi and Gansu.

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Soybean

The soybean (Glycine max), or soya bean, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean, which has numerous uses.

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Species

In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Standard Chinese

Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

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Standard Tibetan

Standard Tibetan is the most widely spoken form of the Tibetic languages.

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Standard-gauge railway

A standard-gauge railway is a railway with a track gauge of.

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State school

State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.

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Stone Forest

The Stone Forest or Shilin is a notable set of limestone formations about 500 km2 located in Shilin Yi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China, near Shilin approximately from the provincial capital Kunming.

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Stroke order

Stroke order (Yale: bāt seuhn; 筆順 hitsujun or 書き順 kaki-jun; 필순 筆順 pilsun or 획순 劃順 hoeksun; Vietnamese: bút thuận 筆順) refers to the order in which the strokes of a Chinese character (or Chinese derivative character) are written.

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Sugarcane

Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.

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Sui language

The Sui language is a Kam–Sui language spoken by the Sui people of Guizhou province in China.

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Sui people

The Sui people (autonym: ai33 sui33), also spelled as Shui people, are an ethnic group living mostly in Guizhou Province, China.

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Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.

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Sweet potato

The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.

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Tai languages

The Tai or Zhuang–Tai languages (ภาษาไท or ภาษาไต, transliteration: or) are a branch of the Kra–Dai language family.

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Tai Lue language

Tai Lue (Tai Lü:, kam tai lue) or Tai Lɯ, Tai Lü, Thai Lue, Tai Le, Xishuangbanna Dai (ภาษาไทลื้อ, phasa thai lue,; Lự or Lữ) is a Tai language of the Lu people, spoken by about 700,000 people in Southeast Asia.

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Tai Nuea language

Tai Nuea (Tai Nüa) (also called Tai Nɯa, Tai Nüa, Dehong Dai, or Chinese Shan; own name: Tai2 Lə6, which means "upper Tai" or "northern Tai", or; Chinese: Dǎinàyǔ 傣那语 or Déhóng Dǎiyǔ 德宏傣语; ภาษาไทเหนือ, or ภาษาไทใต้คง) is one of the languages spoken by the Dai people in China, especially in the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in the southwest of Yunnan province.

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Tai peoples

Tai peoples refers to the population of descendants of speakers of a common Tai language, including sub-populations that no longer speak a Tai language.

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Tan Furen

Tan Furen (April 1, 1910 – December 17, 1970) was a lieutenant general in the People's Liberation Army and People's Republic of China politician.

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Tang dynasty

The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.

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Taoism

Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Taoist priest

A Taoist priest, Taoist monk, Taoist master or Professional Taoist (道士 "master of the Tao") is a priest in Taoism.

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Taping River

The Taping River, known as Ta Hkaw Hka in Kachin and Daying River in Chinese, is a river in Yunnan province, China and northern Myanmar (Burma).

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Tea

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.

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Teak

Teak (Tectona grandis) is a tropical hardwood tree species placed in the flowering plant family Lamiaceae.

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Tengchong

Tengchong is a county-level city of Baoshan City, western Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Tertiary sector of the economy

The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.

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Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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Thallium

Thallium is a chemical element with symbol Tl and atomic number 81.

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The Nature Conservancy

The Nature Conservancy is a charitable environmental organization, headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, United States.

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The Times

The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.

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Theravada

Theravāda (Pali, literally "school of the elder monks") is a branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha's teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon as its doctrinal core.

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Three Kingdoms

The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).

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Three Pagodas

The Three Pagodas of the Chongsheng Temple are an ensemble of three independent pagodas arranged on the corners of an equilateral triangle, near the old town of Dali, Yunnan province, China, dating from the time of the Kingdom of Nanzhao and Kingdom of Dali in the 9th and 10th centuries.

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Three Parallel Rivers

The Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Yunnan province, China.

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Tibet

Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.

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Tibet Autonomous Region

The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) or Xizang Autonomous Region, called Tibet or Xizang for short, is a province-level autonomous region of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

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Tibetan Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.

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Tibetan Empire

The Tibetan Empire ("Great Tibet") existed from the 7th to 9th centuries AD when Tibet was unified as a large and powerful empire, and ruled an area considerably larger than the Tibetan Plateau, stretching to parts of East Asia, Central Asia and South Asia.

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Tibetan people

The Tibetan people are an ethnic group native to Tibet.

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Tibetan Plateau

The Tibetan Plateau, also known in China as the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau or the Qing–Zang Plateau or Himalayan Plateau, is a vast elevated plateau in Central Asia and East Asia, covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai in western China, as well as part of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir, India.

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Tibeto-Burman languages

The Tibeto-Burman languages are the non-Sinitic members of the Sino-Tibetan language family, over 400 of which are spoken throughout the highlands of Southeast Asia as well as certain parts of East Asia and South Asia.

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Tiger Leaping Gorge

Tiger Leaping Gorge is a scenic canyon on the Jinsha River, a primary tributary of the upper Yangtze River.

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Tin

Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.

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Tobacco

Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them.

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Tonghai County

Tonghai County (通海县; pinyin: Tōnghǎi Xiàn) is located in Yuxi Prefecture-level City, Yunnan Province, China.

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Tourism

Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.

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Traditional Chinese medicine

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a style of traditional medicine built on a foundation of more than 2,500 years of Chinese medical practice that includes various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy, but recently also influenced by modern Western medicine.

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Tropic of Cancer

The Tropic of Cancer, also referred to as the Northern Tropic, is the most northerly circle of latitude on Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead.

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Tropics

The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.

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Tusi

Tusi (Wade–Giles: t'u3-szu1; ᠠᡳᠮᠠᠨ ᡳ ᡥᠠᡶᠠᠨ|v.

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UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.

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United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP or ESCAP), located in the United Nations Building in Rajadamnern Nok Avenue in Bangkok, Thailand, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, under the administrative direction of the United Nations headquarters.

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University

A university (universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines.

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Upper Myanmar

Upper Burma (အထက်မြန်မာပြည်, also called Real Myanmar) refers to a geographic region of Burma (Myanmar), traditionally encompassing Mandalay and its periphery (modern Mandalay, Sagaing, Magway Regions), or more broadly speaking, Kachin and Shan States.

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Vascular plant

Vascular plants (from Latin vasculum: duct), also known as tracheophytes (from the equivalent Greek term trachea) and also higher plants, form a large group of plants (c. 308,312 accepted known species) that are defined as those land plants that have lignified tissues (the xylem) for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant.

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Vientiane

Vientiane (ວຽງຈັນ/ວຽງຈັນທນ໌/ວຽງຈັນທະບູຣີ ສຼີສັຕນາຄຄນາຫຸຕ ວິສຸທທິຣັຕນຣາຊທານີ ບໍຣີຣົມຍ໌, Viang chan) is the capital and largest city of Laos, on the banks of the Mekong River near the border with Thailand.

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Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Wa people

The Wa people (Wa language: Vāx; ဝလူမျိုး;; ว้า) are an ethnic group that lives mainly in northern Myanmar, in the northern part of Shan State and the eastern part of Kachin State, near and along Burma's border with China, as well as in Yunnan, China.

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Wanding Border Economic Cooperation Zone

Wanding Border Economic Cooperation Zone (WTBECZ) is a Chinese State Council-approved Industrial Park based in Wanding Town, Ruili City, Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan, China, founded in 1992 and was established to promote trade between China and Myanmar.

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Water conservation

Water conservation includes all the policies, strategies and activities to sustainably manage the natural resource of fresh water, to protect the hydrosphere, and to meet the current and future human demand.

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Weixi Lisu Autonomous County

Weixi Lisu Autonomous County (Lisu: WEI-XI. LI-SU X ∩: FI, C ∩, X ∀) is located in Diqing Prefecture, Yunnan province, China.

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Wenshan City

Wenshan is a city in and the seat of Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, in southeastern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

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Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture

Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture in southeastern Yunnan province, People's Republic of China, and the easternmost prefecture-level division of the province.

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Wheat

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food.

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White émigré

A white émigré was a Russian subject who emigrated from Imperial Russia in the wake of the Russian Revolution and Russian Civil War, and who was in opposition to the contemporary Russian political climate.

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World Heritage site

A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.

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Wuding County

Wuding County (武定县; pinyin: Wǔdìng Xiàn) is located in Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China.

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Wuhan

Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China.

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Xi River

The Xi River is the western tributary of the Pearl River in China.

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Xi'an

Xi'an is the capital of Shaanxi Province, China.

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Xiamen

Xiamen, formerly romanized as Amoy, is a sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, People's Republic of China, beside the Taiwan Strait.

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Xie Fuzhi

Xie Fuzhi (26 September 1909 – 26 March 1972) was a Communist Party of China military commander, political commissar, and national security specialist.

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Xingyun Lake

Xingyun Lake also known as Jiangchuan Sea, is a plateau lake in Yunnan Province,southwest of China.

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Xinhua News Agency

Xinhua News Agency (English pronunciation: J. C. Wells: Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd ed., for both British and American English) or New China News Agency is the official state-run press agency of the People's Republic of China.

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Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture

Xishuangbanna, Sibsongbanna, or Sipsong Panna, shortened to Banna (full name: Tham: ᩈᩥ᩠ᨷᩈ᩠ᩋᨦᨻᩢ᩠ᨶᨶᩣ; New Tai Lü script:;; สิบสองปันนา; ສິບສອງພັນນາ; သိပ်းသွင်ပၼ်းၼႃး; စစ်ဆောင်ပန္နား) is a Tai Lü autonomous prefecture in the extreme south of Yunnan, China.

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Xuanwei

Xuanwei (Chinese: 宣威; Pinyin: Xuānwēi) is a county-level city, under the jurisdiction of Qujing, in Yunnan Province, China.

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Yan Hongyan

Yan Hongyan (13 September 1909 – 8 January 1967) was a general of the People's Liberation Army of China.

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Yangon

Yangon (ရန်ကုန်မြို့, MLCTS rankun mrui,; formerly known as Rangoon, literally: "End of Strife") was the capital of the Yangon Region of Myanmar, also known as Burma.

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Yangtze

The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.

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Yangzong Lake

Yangzonghai Lake (given on some maps as Yangzong Sea, though it is fresh water) is located between Yiliang County, Chenggong District and Chengjiang County, 45 kilometers east of Kunming City in Yunnan Province, China.

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Yao people

The Yao people (its majority branch is also known as Mien;; người Dao) is a government classification for various minorities in China and Vietnam.

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Yellow River

The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in Asia, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of.

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Yi people

The Yi or Nuosuo people (historically known as Lolo) are an ethnic group in China, Vietnam, and Thailand.

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Yilong Lake

Yilong Lake is a large freshwater lake located in Shiping County, Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan province, southwestern China.

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Yu River (Guangxi)

The Yu River (郁江 or 鬱江) (also called the Siang River) is a river in the south of China.

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Yuan dynasty

The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.

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Yuanmou Man

Yuanmou Man, Homo erectus yuanmouensis, refers to a member of the genus Homo whose remnants, two incisors, were discovered near Danawu Village in Yuanmou County in southwestern province of Yunnan, China.

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Yuantong Temple

Yuantong Temple is the most famous Buddhist temple in Kunming, Yunnan, China.

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Yuanyang County, Yunnan

Yuanyang County (Hani: Yeiqyaq) is located in Honghe Prefecture in southeastern Yunnan province, China, along the Red River.

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Yun Range

The Yun Range are a mountain range running north-south in northwestern Yunnan province, China.

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Yunnan Agricultural University

Yunnan Agricultural University (云南农业大学) is in Kunming, Yunnan, China.

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Yunnan Astronomical Observatory

Yunnan Astronomical Observatory (YAO / 云南天文台) an institution of Chinese Academy of Sciences sits on the Phoenix Hill in east suburb of Kunming, Yunnan, China.

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Yunnan Baiyao

Yunnan Baiyao (or Yunnan Paiyao) is a hemostatic powdered medicine famous for being carried by the Vietcong to stop bleeding during the Vietnam War.

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Yunnan box turtle

The Yunnan box turtle (Cuora yunnanensis) is a species of turtles in the family Geoemydidae (formerly Bataguridae).

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Yunnan Bulls

Yunnan Honghe Bulls or Yunnan Honghe or Yunnan Bulls were a basketball team in the South Division of the Chinese Basketball Association, based in Mengzi, Yunnan.

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Yunnan Hongta F.C.

Yunnan Hongta (Simplified Chinese: 云南红塔) was a football club who played in the Chinese Jia-A League who were founded by the Shenzhen Kinspar Group in 1996 and named Shenzhen Kinspar (Simplefied Chinese: 深圳金鹏).

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Yunnan lar gibbon

The Yunnan lar gibbon (Hylobates lar yunnanensis), also known as the Yunnan white-handed gibbon, is a subspecies of the lar gibbon, a primate in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae.

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Yunnan Lijiang Dongba F.C.

Yunnan Lijiang Dongba (Simplified Chinese: 云南丽江东巴) was a Chinese football club based in Yunnan, China.

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Yunnan Normal University

Yunnan Normal University (YNNU) is in Kunming, the capital city of Yunnan Province.

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Yunnan Provincial Library

Yunnan Provincial Library (YPL) (云南省图书馆), founded in 1909, is located in Kunming, China.

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Yunnan Provincial Museum

Yunnan Provincial Museum is located in Kunming, on Guangfu Road.

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Yunnan University

Yunnan University is one of the largest and most prestigious universities in China.

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Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (YUTCM; 云南中医学院), established in 1960 in Kunming, Yunnan, China, was among the second group of TCM universities set up nationwide.

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Yunnan–Burma railway

The Yunnan–Burma railway (alternatively: Burma–Yunnan railway) was a failed British project to connect far southwest China's Yunnan province with the recently established rail network in British-ruled Burma.

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Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau

The Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau or Yungui Plateau is a highland region located in southwest China.

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Yunnanozoon

Yunnanozoon lividum (Yunnan + Greek ζῷον zôion, lividum; "livid animal of Yunnan") is an extinct species from the Lower Cambrian, Chengjiang biota of Yunnan province, China.

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Yuxi

Yuxi is a prefecture-level city in the Yunnan province of the People's Republic of China.

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Yuxi–Mengzi railway

The Yuxi–Mengzi railway or Yumeng railway, is one of the sections of the new standard-gauge Kunming–Yuxi–Hekou railway in Yunnan Province of Southwest China.

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Zhaotong

Zhaotong is a prefecture-level city located in the northeast corner of Yunnan province of Southwest China.

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Zhaoyang District

Zhaoyang District is the only district and the seat of the city of Zhaotong, in the northeast of Yunnan Province, China.

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Zhou Xing (politician)

Zhou Xing (1905–1975) birth name Liu Jiubang, also known as Liu Weixin was a People's Republic of China politician born in Yongfeng County, Jiangxi Province.

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Zhuang languages

The Zhuang languages (autonym:, pre-1982:, Sawndip: 話僮, from vah 'language' and Cuengh 'Zhuang') are any of more than a dozen Tai languages spoken by the Zhuang people of southern China in the province of Guangxi and adjacent parts of Yunnan and Guangdong.

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Zhuang people

The Zhuang people are an ethnic group who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.

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Zhuge Liang

Zhuge Liang (181–234), courtesy name Kongming, was a Chinese politician, military strategist, writer, engineer and inventor.

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Zinc

Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.

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Zomia (region)

Zomia is a geographical term coined in 2002 by historian Willem van Schendel of the University of Amsterdam to refer to the huge mass of mainland Southeast Asia that has historically been beyond the control of governments based in the population centers of the lowlands.

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Zunyi

Zunyi is a prefecture-level city in northern Guizhou province, People's Republic of China, situated between the provincial capital Guiyang to the south and Chongqing to the north, also bordering Sichuan to the northwest.

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1905 Tibetan Rebellion

The Tibetan rebellion of 1905 in Yunnan province began with a series of attacks on Christian missionaries and converts and ended with the imperial Chinese government re-asserting control of the province.

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Redirects here:

CN-53, CN-YN, Clouds in the south, Governor of Yunnan, Governors of Yunnan, Junano, June-nan, Juninas, Junnan, Junnanas, Jün-nan, List of Governors of Yunnan, List of governors of Yunnan, Politics of Yunnan, Yongnan Province, Younnan, YuNan, YuNan, China, Yun Nan, Yun Nan Province, Yun Nan Province, China, Yun Nan Sheng, Yun Nan Sheng, China, Yun Nan, China, Yun nan, Yun nan Province, Yun nan Province, China, Yun nan Sheng, Yun nan Sheng, China, Yun nan sheng, China, Yun nan, China, Yun-Nan, Yun-Nan Province, Yun-Nan Province, China, Yun-Nan Sheng, Yun-Nan Sheng, China, Yun-Nan sheng, Yun-Nan, China, Yun-nan, Yun-nan Province, Yun-nan Province, China, Yun-nan Sheng, Yun-nan Sheng, China, Yun-nan, China, YunNan, YunNan Province, YunNan Province, China, YunNan Sheng, YunNan Sheng, China, YunNan sheng, China, YunNan, China, Yunan Province, Yunan Province, China, Yunan Sheng, Yunan Sheng, China, Yunan province, Yunan province, China, Yunan, China, Yunnan Province, Yunnan Province, China, Yunnan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng (China), Yunnan Sheng, China, Yunnan province, Yunnan province, China, Yunnan, China, Yunnanese, Yunán, Yunán Province, Yunán Province, China, Yunán, China, Yuunan, Yún, Yún Nán, Yún Nán Province, Yún Nán Province, China, Yún Nán, China, Yún nán, Yún nán Province, Yún nán Province, China, Yún nán, China, Yún-Nán, Yún-Nán Province, Yún-Nán Province, China, Yún-Nán, China, Yún-nán, Yún-nán Province, Yún-nán Province, China, Yún-nán, China, YúnNán, YúnNán Province, YúnNán Province, China, YúnNán, China, Yúnnán, Yúnnán Province, Yúnnán Province, China, Yúnnán Shĕng, Yúnnán Shĕng, China, Yúnnán shĕng, Yúnnán shĕng, China, Yúnnán, China, YúnnánShĕng, YúnnánShĕng, China, Yúnnánshĕng, Yúnnánshĕng, China, Yün, Yün Nan, Yün Nan Province, Yün Nan Province, China, Yün Nan, China, Yün nan, Yün nan Province, Yün nan Province, China, Yün nan, China, Yün-Nan, Yün-Nan Province, Yün-Nan Province, China, Yün-Nan, China, Yün-nan, Yün-nan Province, Yün-nan Province, China, Yün-nan, China, YünNan, YünNan Province, YünNan Province, China, YünNan, China, Yünan, Yünan Province, Yünan Province, China, Yünan, China, Yünnan, Yünnan Province, Yünnan Province, China, Yünnan, China, 云南, 云南省, 雲南, 雲南省.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yunnan

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