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Z curve

The Z curve (or Z-curve) method is a bioinformatics algorithm for genome analysis. [1]

Bijection

In mathematics, a bijection, bijective function, or one-to-one correspondence is a function between the elements of two sets, where each element of one set is paired with exactly one element of the other set, and each element of the other set is paired with exactly one element of the first set.

Bioinformatics

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that develops methods and software tools for understanding biological data.

Comparative genomics

Comparative genomics is a field of biological research in which the genomic features of different organisms are compared.

Curve

In mathematics, a curve (also called a curved line in older texts) is, generally speaking, an object similar to a line but that need not be straight.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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Gene prediction

In computational biology, gene prediction or gene finding refers to the process of identifying the regions of genomic DNA that encode genes.

Genome

In the fields of molecular biology and genetics, a genome is the genetic material of an organism.

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Genomic island

A genomic island (GI) is part of a genome that has evidence of horizontal origins.

Hydrogen bond

A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.

Intron

An intron is any nucleotide sequence within a gene that is removed by RNA splicing during maturation of the final RNA product.

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Isochore (genetics)

In genetics, an isochore is a large region of DNA (greater than 300 kb) with a high degree uniformity in guanine (G) and cytosine (C): G-C and C-G (collectively GC content).

Nature (journal)

Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.

Nucleic Acids Research

Nucleic Acids Research is an open-access peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Oxford University Press.

Nucleotide

Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth.

Origin of replication

The origin of replication (also called the replication origin) is a particular sequence in a genome at which replication is initiated.

Purine

A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.

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Pyrimidine

Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine.

Sequence analysis

In bioinformatics, sequence analysis is the process of subjecting a DNA, RNA or peptide sequence to any of a wide range of analytical methods to understand its features, function, structure, or evolution.

Three-dimensional space

Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).

References

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