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Index Zaporizhia

− Zaporizhia (Запорі́жжя) or Zaporozhye (Запоро́жье), formerly Alexandrovsk (Алекса́ндровск), (Олександрівськ), is a city in southeastern Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper River. [1]

169 relations: Administrative divisions of Ukraine, Adolf Hitler, Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn, Alexander Rumyantsev, Anton Denikin, Army General (Soviet rank), Army Group South, Art museum, Artisan, Banquet, BBC News, Beadwork, Belfort, Bernd Wegner, Birmingham, Capital city, Cartoonist, Carving, Catholic Church, Charles XII of Sweden, Chongqing, City of regional significance (Ukraine), Constructivist architecture, Cossacks, Crimea, Crimean Khanate, Cumans, Cutter (boat), Czechoslovakia, Dmytro Vyshnevetsky, Dnieper, Dnieper Hydroelectric Station, Dnieper Rapids, Dnipro, Donbass, Donetsk, Eastern Front (World War II), Embroidery, Enerhodar, Erich von Manstein, Ernst Klink, Espreso TV, Evangelical Baptist Union of Ukraine, Evgeny Paton, Felix Dzerzhinsky, Ford River Rouge Complex, Gdańsk, Gerd R. Ueberschär, Government of the Soviet Union, Grand Duchy of Moscow, ..., Great Northern War, Great Patriotic War (term), Harry Turtledove, Hero of the Soviet Union, Hinduism, Historical Vedic religion, Horst Boog, Hugh Lincoln Cooper, Hydroelectricity, Hypothetical Axis victory in World War II, Ilyushin Il-2, Independent politician, Interfax-Ukraine, Islam, Islam in Ukraine, Jürgen Förster, Joachim Hoffmann, Kamianske, Köppen climate classification, Kharkiv, Khazars, Kherson, Khortytsia, Khortytskyi District, Kiev, Kolorit, Komunarskyi District, Konecranes, Kremenchuk, Kropyvnytskyi, Kryvyi Rih, Lahti, Le Corbusier, Library, Linz, Local government in Ukraine, Lost Victories, Magdeburg, Mennonites, Metallurgy, Metres above sea level, Motor Sich, Nestor Makhno, Nikifor Grigoriev, Nikolai Kolli, Nikopol, Ukraine, NKVD, Novokuznetsk, Oberhausen, Oblast, Oblasts of Ukraine, Orchestra, Orthodox Judaism, Orthodoxy, Ottoman Empire, Panther–Wotan line, Pechenegs, Pentecostalism, Peter the Great, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Power Machines, Power station, Prisoner of war, Prussia, Pyotr Wrangel, Red Army, Rodion Malinovsky, Rolf-Dieter Müller, Russian Civil War, Russian Empire, Russian Orthodox Church, Russian Revolution, Saint Petersburg, Scythians, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Shevchenko, Siberia, Simferopol, Sister city, Slavs, Southwestern Front (Soviet Union), Steinbach, Manitoba, Strip mill, Symon Petliura, Tatars, Third Battle of Kharkov, Town privileges, Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks, Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca, Trolleybus, Tsar, Ukraine, Ukrainian Census (2001), Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, Ukrainian language, Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate, United Kingdom, Vesnin brothers, Viktor Yanukovych, Vladimir Lenin, Volgograd, Werner Rahn, Wild Fields, Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, World War I, Yichang, Zaporizhia International Airport, Zaporizhia Municipality, Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant, Zaporizhia Oblast, Zaporizhian Sich, Zaporizhstal, Zaporozhian Cossacks, Zavodskyi District, Zaporizhia, ZAZ, Zestaponi, 1st Panzer Army, 2014 Euromaidan regional state administration occupations, 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine. Expand index (119 more) »

Administrative divisions of Ukraine

Ukraine is divided into several levels of territorial entities.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

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Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn

Alexander Mikhailovich Golitsyn (17 November 1718 – 8 October 1783) was a Russian prince of the House of Golitsyn and field marshal.

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Alexander Rumyantsev

Count Alexander Ivanovich Rumyantsev (Александр Иванович Румянцев) (1677–1749) was an assistant of Peter the Great and father of Field Marshal Peter Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky.

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Anton Denikin

Anton Ivanovich Denikin (p; 8 August 1947) was a Russian Lieutenant General in the Imperial Russian Army (1916) and afterwards a leading general of the White movement in the Russian Civil War.

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Army General (Soviet rank)

General of the army (Russian: генерал армии, general armii) was a rank of the Soviet Union which was first established in June 1940 as a high rank for Red Army generals, inferior only to the marshal of the Soviet Union.

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Army Group South

Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd) was the name of two German Army Groups during World War II.

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Art museum

An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.

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An artisan (from artisan, artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional or strictly decorative, for example furniture, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewellery, food items, household items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker.

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A banquet is a large meal or feast, complete with main courses and desserts, often served with ad libitum alcoholic beverages, such as wine or beer.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Beadwork is the art or craft of attaching beads to one another by stringing them with a sewing needle or beading needle and thread or thin wire, or sewing them to cloth.

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Belfort is a city in northeastern France in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté région, situated between Lyon and Strasbourg.

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Bernd Wegner

Bernd Wegner (born 1949) is a German historian who specialised in military history and the history of Nazism.

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Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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Capital city

A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

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A cartoonist (also comic strip creator) is a visual artist who specializes in drawing cartoons.

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Carving is the act of using tools to shape something from a material by scraping away portions of that material.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Charles XII of Sweden

Charles XII, also Carl (Karl XII; 17 June 1682 – 30 November 1718 O.S.), Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718.

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Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.

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City of regional significance (Ukraine)

City of regional significance is a city municipality that is designated as a separate district within its region (i.e. oblast, Crimea).

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Constructivist architecture

Constructivist architecture was a form of modern architecture that flourished in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and early 1930s.

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Cossacks (козаки́, translit, kozaky, казакi, kozacy, Czecho-Slovak: kozáci, kozákok Pronunciations.

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Crimea (Крым, Крим, Krym; Krym; translit;; translit) is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast.

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Crimean Khanate

The Crimean Khanate (Mongolian: Крымын ханлиг; Crimean Tatar / Ottoman Turkish: Къырым Ханлыгъы, Qırım Hanlığı, rtl or Къырым Юрту, Qırım Yurtu, rtl; Крымское ханство, Krymskoje hanstvo; Кримське ханство, Krymśke chanstvo; Chanat Krymski) was a Turkic vassal state of the Ottoman Empire from 1478 to 1774, the longest-lived of the Turkic khanates that succeeded the empire of the Golden Horde.

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The Cumans (Polovtsi) were a Turkic nomadic people comprising the western branch of the Cuman–Kipchak confederation.

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Cutter (boat)

A cutter is typically a small, but in some cases a medium-sized, watercraft designed for speed rather than for capacity.

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Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the:Czech Republic and:Slovakia on 1 January 1993.

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Dmytro Vyshnevetsky

Dmytro Ivanovych Vyshnevetsky (Дмитро Іванович Вишневе́цький; Дмитрий Иванович Вишневе́цкий; Dymitr Wiśniowiecki) was a Hetman of the Ukrainian Cossacks.

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The Dnieper River, known in Russian as: Dnepr, and in Ukrainian as Dnipro is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising near Smolensk, Russia and flowing through Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.

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Dnieper Hydroelectric Station

The Dnieper Hydroelectric Station (ДніпроГЕС - DniproHES, ДнепроГЭС - DneproGES, also known as Dneprostroi Dam) is the largest hydroelectric power station on the Dnieper River, located in Zaporizhia, Ukraine.

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Dnieper Rapids

The Dnieper Rapids (Дніпрові пороги, Dniprovi porohy) are the historic rapids on the Dnieper river composed of outcrops of granites, gneisses and other basement rocks of the Ukrainian Shield.

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Dnipro (Дніпро), until May 2016 Dnipropetrovsk (Дніпропетро́вськ) also known as Dnepropetrovsk (Днепропетро́вск), is Ukraine's fourth largest city, with about one million inhabitants.

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The Donbass (Донба́сс) or Donbas (Донба́с) is a historical, cultural, and economic region in eastern Ukraine and southwestern Russia.

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Donetsk (Донецьк; Доне́цк; former names: Aleksandrovka, Hughesovka, Yuzovka, Stalino (see also: cities' alternative names)) is an industrial city in Ukraine on the Kalmius River.

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Eastern Front (World War II)

The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.

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Embroidery is the craft of decorating fabric or other materials using a needle to apply thread or yarn.

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Enerhodar (Енергода́р) is the city in north-west part of Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine.

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Erich von Manstein

Erich von Manstein (24 November 1887 – 9 June 1973) was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces during the Second World War.

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Ernst Klink

Ernst Klink was a German military historian who specialised in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II.

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Espreso TV

Espreso TV (Еспресо TV) is an Internet television station in Ukraine that started to operate in November 2013.

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Evangelical Baptist Union of Ukraine

Evangelical Baptist Union of Ukraine or All-Ukrainian Union of Churches of Evangelical Christian Baptists (AUC ECB); (Всеукраїнський союз церков євангельських християн-баптистів (ВСЦ ЕХБ); Всеукраинский союз церквей евангельских христиан-баптистов (ВСЦ ЕХБ)) is a union of Baptists in Ukraine.

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Evgeny Paton

Professor Evgeny Oscarovich Paton (Евгений Оскарович Патон, Yevgeni Oskarovich Paton 1870–1953) was a Russian and Soviet engineer who established the E. O. Paton Electric Welding Institute in Kiev.

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Felix Dzerzhinsky

Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Russian: Фе́ликс Эдму́ндович Дзержи́нский; Polish: Feliks Dzierżyński; 20 July 1926), nicknamed Iron Felix, was a Polish and Soviet Bolshevik revolutionary, leader and statesman.

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Ford River Rouge Complex

The Ford River Rouge Complex (commonly known as the Rouge Complex or just The Rouge) is a Ford Motor Company automobile factory complex located in Dearborn, Michigan, along the River Rouge, upstream from its confluence with the Detroit River at Zug Island.

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Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.

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Gerd R. Ueberschär

Gerd R. Ueberschär (born 18 August 1943) is a German military historian who specialises in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II.

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Government of the Soviet Union

The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Правительство СССР, Pravitel'stvo SSSR) was the main body of the executive branch of government in the Soviet Union.

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Grand Duchy of Moscow

The Grand Duchy or Grand Principality of Moscow (Великое Княжество Московское, Velikoye Knyazhestvo Moskovskoye), also known in English simply as Muscovy from the Moscovia, was a late medieval Russian principality centered on Moscow and the predecessor state of the early modern Tsardom of Russia.

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Great Northern War

The Great Northern War (1700–1721) was a conflict in which a coalition led by the Tsardom of Russia successfully contested the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe.

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Great Patriotic War (term)

The Great Patriotic War (translit) is a term used in Russia and other former republics of the Soviet Union (except for some Baltic States) to describe the conflict fought during the period from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945 along the many fronts of the Eastern Front of World War II between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany and its allies.

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Harry Turtledove

Harry Norman Turtledove (born June 14, 1949) is an American novelist, best known for his work in the genres of alternate history, historical fiction, fantasy, and science fiction.

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Hero of the Soviet Union

The title Hero of the Soviet Union (translit) was the highest distinction in the Soviet Union, awarded personally or collectively for heroic feats in service to the Soviet state and society.

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Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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Historical Vedic religion

The historical Vedic religion (also known as Vedism, Brahmanism, Vedic Brahmanism, and ancient Hinduism) was the religion of the Indo-Aryans of northern India during the Vedic period.

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Horst Boog

Horst Boog (5 January 1928 – 8 January 2016) was a German historian who specialised in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II.

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Hugh Lincoln Cooper

Hugh Lincoln Cooper (April 28, 1865 — June 24, 1937. Times Daily – June 25, 1937.) was an American Colonel and renowned civil engineer, known for construction supervision of a number of hydroelectric power plants.

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Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower.

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Hypothetical Axis victory in World War II

A hypothetical Axis victory in World War II is a common concept of alternative history and counterfactual history.

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Ilyushin Il-2

The Ilyushin Il-2 (Cyrillic: Илью́шин Ил-2) Shturmovik (Cyrillic: Штурмови́к, Shturmovík) was a ground-attack aircraft produced by the Soviet Union in large numbers during the Second World War.

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Independent politician

An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.

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The Interfax-Ukraine News Agency (Інтерфакс-Україна) is a Kiev-based Ukrainian news agency founded in 1992.

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam in Ukraine

Islam is the fourth-largest religion in Ukraine, representing 0.6%–0.9% of the population.

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Jürgen Förster

Jürgen Förster (born 1940) is a German historian who specialises in the history of Nazi Germany and World War II.

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Joachim Hoffmann

Joachim Hoffmann (1 December 1930 – 8 February 2002) was a German historian and scientific director of the German Armed Forces Military History Research Office.

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Kamianske (Кам'янське,; Каменское), formerly Dniprodzerzhynsk, is an industrial city in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, and a port on the Dnieper.

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Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.

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Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.

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The Khazars (خزر, Xəzərlər; Hazarlar; Хазарлар; Хәзәрләр, Xäzärlär; כוזרים, Kuzarim;, Xazar; Хоза́ри, Chozáry; Хаза́ры, Hazáry; Kazárok; Xazar; Χάζαροι, Cházaroi; p./Gasani) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people, who created what for its duration was the most powerful polity to emerge from the break-up of the Western Turkic Khaganate.

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Kherson is a city in southern Ukraine.

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Khortytsia (Хо́ртиця, Khortytsia,, Хо́ртица, Khortitsa, Chortyca) is the largest island in the River Dnieper, and is long and up to wide.

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Khortytskyi District

The Khortytskyi District (Хортицький район, Khortyts'kyi raion) is one of seven administrative urban districts (raions) of the city of Zaporizhia, located in southern Ukraine.

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Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.

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Zaporizhzhia city association of artists «Kolorit» (Запорізьке міське об'єднання митців «Колорит») — is a democratic creative organization in Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, the members of which are as professional artists, designers, cartoonists, members of the Union of Artists of Ukraine, national Union of Masters of Ukraine, and also those whose talent opened up and develops with arrival in association «Kolorit».

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Komunarskyi District

The Komunarskyi District (Комунарський район, Komunars'kyi raion) is one of seven administrative urban districts (raions) of the city of Zaporizhia, located in southern Ukraine.

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Konecranes Oyj is a Finnish company, headquartered in Hyvinkää, which specialises in the manufacture and service of cranes and lifting equipment.

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Kremenchuk (Кременчу́к, Kremenčuk,; Кременчу́г,, translit. Kremenchug), an important industrial city in central Ukraine, stands on the banks of the Dnieper River.

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Kropyvnytskyi (Kropyvnyc'kyj) is a city in central Ukraine on the Inhul river, and is the administrative center of the Kirovohrad Oblast.

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Kryvyi Rih

Kryvyi Rih (krɪˈwɪj riɦ|lit.

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Lahti (Lahtis) is a city and municipality in Finland.

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Le Corbusier

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (6 October 1887 – 27 August 1965), known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture.

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A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.

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Linz (Linec) is the third-largest city of Austria and capital of the state of Upper Austria (Oberösterreich).

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Local government in Ukraine

Local government in Ukraine consists of administrative divisions of Ukraine.

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Lost Victories

Verlorene Siege (English: Lost Victories; full title of English edition: Lost Victories: The War Memoirs of Hitler's Most Brilliant General) is the personal narrative of Erich von Manstein, a German field marshal during World War II.

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Magdeburg (Low Saxon: Meideborg) is the capital city and the second largest city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

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The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).

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Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys.

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Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.

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Motor Sich

The Motor Sich Public Joint Stock Company (ВАТ «Мотор Січ») in Zaporizhia is one of the largest engine manufacturers for airplanes and helicopters worldwide.

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Nestor Makhno

Nestor Ivanovych Makhno or Bat'ko ("Father") Makhno (Не́стор Івáнович Махно́; October 26, 1888 (N.S. November 7) – July 25, 1934) was a Ukrainian anarcho-communist revolutionary and the commander of an independent anarchist army in Ukraine in 1917–22.

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Nikifor Grigoriev

Nikifor Grigoriev (Николай Алекса́ндрович Григо́рьев; c. 1885 – July 27, 1919), born Nychypir Servetnyk (Ничипір Серветник) in a small village of Zastavlia (now in the Nova Ushytsia Raion, Ukraine), was a paramilitary leader noted for numerous switching of sides during the civil war in Ukraine.

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Nikolai Kolli

Nikolai Dzhemsovich (Yakovlevich) Kolli (Николай Джемсович (Яковлевич) Колли) (– 3 December 1966) was a Russian Modernist—Constructivist architect, Soviet architectural functionary, and city planner in the Soviet Union.

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Nikopol, Ukraine

Nikopol (Ні́кополь,; Ни́кополь,; Νικόπολις, literally: "City of Victory") is a city in the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast of Ukraine, on the right bank of the Dnieper River, about 100 km south-west of Dnipro.

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The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.

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Novokuznetsk (p; literally: "new smith's") is a city in Kemerovo Oblast in south-western Siberia, Russia.

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Oberhausen is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen. The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

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An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine, and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

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Oblasts of Ukraine

An oblast (область), in English referred to as a region, refers to one of Ukraine's 24 primary administrative units.

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An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble typical of classical music, which mixes instruments from different families, including bowed string instruments such as violin, viola, cello and double bass, as well as brass, woodwinds, and percussion instruments, each grouped in sections.

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Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism is a collective term for the traditionalist branches of Judaism, which seek to maximally maintain the received Jewish beliefs and observances and which coalesced in opposition to the various challenges of modernity and secularization.

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Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

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Panther–Wotan line

The Panther–Wotan line (also known as the East Wall or Ostwall) was a defensive line partially built by the German Wehrmacht in 1943 on the Eastern Front.

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The Pechenegs or Patzinaks were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia speaking the Pecheneg language which belonged to the Oghuz branch of Turkic language family.

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Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.

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Peter the Great

Peter the Great (ˈpʲɵtr vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪj), Peter I (ˈpʲɵtr ˈpʲɛrvɨj) or Peter Alexeyevich (p; –)Dates indicated by the letters "O.S." are in the Julian calendar with the start of year adjusted to 1 January.

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Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.

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Power Machines

OJSC Power Machines (translit. Siloviye Mashiny abbreviated as Silmash, ОАО «Силовы́е маши́ны») is a Russian energy systems machine-building company founded in 2000.

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Power station

A power station, also referred to as a power plant or powerhouse and sometimes generating station or generating plant, is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.

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Pyotr Wrangel

Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, also Vrangel; Freiherr Peter von Wrangel; (August 27, 1878 April 25, 1928) was a Russian officer in the Imperial Russian Army and later commanding general of the anti-Bolshevik White Army in Southern Russia in the later stages of the Russian Civil War.

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Red Army

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

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Rodion Malinovsky

Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky (Родио́н Я́ковлевич Малино́вский; – 31 March 1967) was a Soviet military commander in World War II, Marshal of the Soviet Union, and Defense Minister of the Soviet Union in the late 1950s and 1960s.

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Rolf-Dieter Müller

Rolf-Dieter Müller (born 9 December 1948) is a German military historian and political scientist, who has served as Scientific Director of the German Armed Forces Military History Research Office since 1999.

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Russian Civil War

The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Russian Orthodox Church

The Russian Orthodox Church (ROC; Rússkaya pravoslávnaya tsérkov), alternatively legally known as the Moscow Patriarchate (Moskóvskiy patriarkhát), is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.

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Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

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or Scyths (from Greek Σκύθαι, in Indo-Persian context also Saka), were a group of Iranian people, known as the Eurasian nomads, who inhabited the western and central Eurasian steppes from about the 9th century BC until about the 1st century BC.

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Seventh-day Adventist Church

The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week in Christian and Jewish calendars, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.

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Shevchenko (alternative spellings Schevchenko, Ševčenko, Shevcenko, Szewczenko, Chevchenko; Шевченко), a family name of Ukrainian origin.

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Siberia (a) is an extensive geographical region, and by the broadest definition is also known as North Asia.

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Simferopol (p; Сімферополь,; Aqmescit, Акъмесджит) is a city on the Crimean peninsula which, de facto, is the capital city of the Republic of Crimea within the Russian Federation but, de jure, is the capital city of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea within Ukraine.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.

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Southwestern Front (Soviet Union)

The Southwestern Front was a name given to a Front (or Army group sized military formation) by the Imperial Russian Army during the First World War, by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic during the Russian Civil War, and by the Red Army during the Second World War.

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Steinbach, Manitoba

Steinbach is a city located about 58 km south-east of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

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Strip mill

The strip mill was a major innovation, with the first being erected at Ashland, Kentucky in 1923.

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Symon Petliura

Symon Vasylyovych Petliura (Си́мон Васи́льович Петлю́ра; May 10, 1879 – May 25, 1926) was a Ukrainian politician and journalist.

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The Tatars (татарлар, татары) are a Turkic-speaking peoples living mainly in Russia and other Post-Soviet countries.

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Third Battle of Kharkov

The Third Battle of Kharkov was a series of battles on the Eastern Front of World War II, undertaken by the German Army Group South against the Red Army, around the city of Kharkov (or Kharkiv)Kharkov is the Russian language name of the city (Kharkiv the Ukrainian one); both Russian and Ukrainian were official languages in the Soviet Union (Source: & by Routledge) between 19 February and 15 March 1943.

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Town privileges

Town privileges or borough rights were important features of European towns during most of the second millennium.

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Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks

The trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks (Vägen från varjagerna till grekerna, Shlyakh' z varahaw u hreki, Shlyakh iz varyahiv u hreky, Put' iz varjag v greki, Εμπορική οδός Βαράγγων–Ελλήνων) was a medieval trade route that connected Scandinavia, Kievan Rus' and the Eastern Roman Empire.

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Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca

The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca Küçük Kaynarca Antlaşması (also spelled Kuchuk Kainarji) was a peace treaty signed on 21 July 1774, in Küçük Kaynarca (today Kaynardzha, Bulgaria) between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.

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A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.

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Tsar (Old Bulgarian / Old Church Slavonic: ц︢рь or цар, цaрь), also spelled csar, or czar, is a title used to designate East and South Slavic monarchs or supreme rulers of Eastern Europe.

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Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Ukrainian Census (2001)

The first Ukrainian census was carried out by State Statistics Committee of Ukraine on 5 December 2001, twelve years after the last Soviet Union census in 1989 and was so far the only census held in independent Ukraine.

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Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC) (Ecclesia Graeco-Catholica Ucrainae) is a Byzantine Rite Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See.

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Ukrainian language

No description.

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Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyivan Patriarchate

Ukrainian Orthodox Church – Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP; Ukrayínsʹka Pravoslávna Tsérkva – Kýyivsʹkyy Patriarkhát (UPT-KP)) is the biggest one of the three major Orthodox churches in Ukraine, alongside the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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Vesnin brothers

The Vesnin brothers: Leonid Vesnin (1880–1933), Victor Vesnin (1882–1950) and Alexander Vesnin (1883–1959) were the leaders of Constructivist architecture, the dominant architectural school of the Soviet Union in the 1920s and early 1930s.

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Viktor Yanukovych

Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (Ві́ктор Фе́дорович Януко́вич,; born 9 July 1950) is a Ukrainian politician who was elected as the fourth President of Ukraine on 7 February 2010.

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Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April 1870According to the new style calendar (modern Gregorian), Lenin was born on 22 April 1870. According to the old style (Old Julian) calendar used in the Russian Empire at the time, it was 10 April 1870. Russia converted from the old to the new style calendar in 1918, under Lenin's administration. – 21 January 1924), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist.

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Volgograd (p), formerly Tsaritsyn, 1589–1925, and Stalingrad, 1925–1961, is an important industrial city and the administrative centre of Volgograd Oblast, Russia, on the western bank of the Volga River.

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Werner Rahn

Werner Rahn (born June 9, 1939 in Ilsenburg) is a naval historian and former German naval officer.

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Wild Fields

The Wild Fields (Дике Поле Dyke Pole, Дикое Поле, Dikoye Polye, Dzikie pola, Dykra, Loca deserta, sive campi deserti inhabitati, also translated as "the Wilderness") is a historical term used in the Polish–Lithuanian documents of the 16th to 18th centuries to refer to the Pontic steppe of Ukraine, located north of the Black Sea and Azov Sea.

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Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen

Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen (10 October 1895 – 12 July 1945) was a German field marshal of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) during World War II.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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Yichang (old postal name 'Ichang') is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China.

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Zaporizhia International Airport

Zaporizhia International Airport (Міжнародний аеропорт "Запоріжжя", Международный аэропорт "Запорожье") is the international airport that serves Zaporizhia, Ukraine one of three airfields around the city.

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Zaporizhia Municipality

The Zaporizhia Municipality (Запорізька міська рада, Zaporiz’ka mis’ka rada; officially, Zaporizhia City Council) is a local government area that governs Zaporizhia, a city of regional significance located in southern Ukraine.

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Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Plant

The Zaporizhia Nuclear Power Station (Запорізька АЕС) in Enerhodar, Ukraine, is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe and among the top 10 largest in the world.

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Zaporizhia Oblast

Zaporizhia Oblast (Запорізька область, translit. Zaporiz'ka oblast’; Запорожская область); also referred to as Zaporizhzhya (Запоріжжя), is an oblast (province) of southern Ukraine.

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Zaporizhian Sich

The Zaporozhian Sich or Zaporozhian Sich (Запорозька Січ, Запорізька Січ, Zaporoz'ka Sich, Zaporiz'ka Sich; Sicz Zaporoska; Запорожская Сечь) was a semi-autonomous polity of Cossacks in the 16th to 18th centuries, centred in the region around today's Kakhovka Reservoir spanning the lower Dnieper river in Ukraine.

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Zaporizhstal (Запорізький металургійний комбінат «Запоріжсталь») is Ukraine's fourth-largest steel maker with an annual capacity of 4.5 million tonnes of steel, 3.3 million tonnes of pig iron, and 4.1 million of finished steel products, and ranks 54th in the world.

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Zaporozhian Cossacks

The Zaporozhian Cossacks, Zaporozhian Cossack Army, Zaporozhian Host (Військо Запорізьке, Войско Запорожское) or simply Zaporozhians (translit) were Cossacks who lived beyond the rapids of the Dnieper River, the land also known under the historical term Wild Fields in today's Central Ukraine.

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Zavodskyi District, Zaporizhia

The Zavodskyi District (Заводський район, Zavods'kyi raion) is one of seven administrartive urban districts (raions) of the city of Zaporizhia, located in southern Ukraine.

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ZAZ or Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant (ЗАЗ, Запорізький автомобілебудівельний завод, Zaporiz'kyi avtomobilebudivnyi zavod or Zaporiz'kyi avtozavod) is the main automobile manufacturer of Ukraine, based in the south-eastern city of Zaporizhia.

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Zestafoni or Zestaponi (the correct pronunciation is) (ზესტაფონი) is the administrative center of Zestafoni District in Western Georgia.

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1st Panzer Army

The 1st Panzer Army (1.) was a German tank army which was a large armoured formation of the Wehrmacht during World War II.

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2014 Euromaidan regional state administration occupations

As part of the Euromaidan movement, regional state administration (RSA) buildings in various oblasts (regions) of Ukraine were occupied by activists, starting on 23 January 2014.

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2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine, in the aftermath of the Euromaidan movement and the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.

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Alexandrovsk, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, History of Zaporizhia, Zaporizhya, Zaporizhzhe, Zaporizhzhia, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, Zaporizhzhya, Zaporozh'ye, Zaporozhe, Zaporozhia, Zaporozhie, Zaporozhiye, Zaporozhye, Zaporozhye, Ukraine, Zaporozhzhia, Zaprozhie, Запоріжжя.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaporizhia

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