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Zenit (rocket family)

Index Zenit (rocket family)

Zenit (Зеніт, Зени́т; meaning Zenith) is a family of space launch vehicles designed by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau in Dnipro, Ukraine, which was then part of the Soviet Union. [1]

68 relations: AngoSat 1, Apsis, Baikonur, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 45, Blok D, Boeing, Comparison of orbital launchers families, Dinitrogen tetroxide, Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Dnepr (rocket), Elektro-L No.1, Energia, Energia (corporation), Expendable launch system, Fregat, Geostationary orbit, Geostationary transfer orbit, Hughes Aircraft Company, Intelsat 27, Kazakhstan, Kilogram, Land Launch, Launch pad, Launch vehicle, Liquid oxygen, Liquid rocket booster, List of Zenit launches, Long Beach, California, Low Earth orbit, Medium Earth orbit, Medium-lift launch vehicle, Metre, NSS-8, Odyssey (launch platform), Pacific Ocean, Payload, Pendrell Corporation, Polar orbit, Proton (rocket family), RD-120, RD-170, RD-58, RD-8, Roscosmos, RP-1, Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present), S5.92, Sea Launch, Soviet Union, ..., Soyuz (rocket family), Soyuz (rocket), Space Shuttle, Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster, Space telescope, Spektr-R, State Space Agency of Ukraine, Sun-synchronous orbit, Tonne, Tselina (satellite), Tsyklon-4, Ukraine, Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine, Vladimir Chelomey, Yuzhmash, Yuzhnoye Design Office, Zarya (spacecraft), Zenit-3SL. Expand index (18 more) »

AngoSat 1

AngoSat 1 is a geostationary communications satellite operated by Angosat and built by the Russian company RSC Energia.

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Apsis

An apsis (ἁψίς; plural apsides, Greek: ἁψῖδες) is an extreme point in the orbit of an object.

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Baikonur

Baikonur (translit; translit), formerly known as Leninsk (also, see Tyuratam), is a city of republic significance in Kazakhstan on the Northern bank of the Syr Darya river, rented and administered by the Russian Federation.

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Baikonur Cosmodrome

Baikonur Cosmodrome (translit; translit) is a spaceport located in an area of southern Kazakhstan leased to Russia.

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Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 45

Site 45 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome is a launch site used by Zenit rockets.

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Blok D

Blok D (Блок Д meaning Block D) is an upper stage used on Soviet and later Russian expendable launch systems, including the N1, Proton-K and Zenit.

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Boeing

The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.

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Comparison of orbital launchers families

This page contains a list of orbital launchers' families.

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Dinitrogen tetroxide

Dinitrogen tetroxide, commonly referred to as nitrogen tetroxide, is the chemical compound N2O4.

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Dissolution of the Soviet Union

The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on December 26, 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Soviet Union.

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Dnepr (rocket)

The Dnepr rocket (translit; translit) is a space launch vehicle named after the Dnieper River.

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Elektro-L No.1

Elektro-L No.1 (Электро-L), also known as Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite No.2 or GOMS No.2, is a Russian geostationary weather satellite which was launched in 2011.

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Energia

Energia (Энергия, Energiya, "Energy") (GRAU 11K25) was a Soviet rocket that was designed by NPO Energia to serve as a heavy-lift partially recoverable launch system for a variety of payloads including the Buran spacecraft.

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Energia (corporation)

PAO S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia (Raketno-kosmicheskaya korporatsiya “Energiya” im.), also known as RSC Energia (РКК «Энергия», RKK “Energiya”), is a Russian manufacturer of ballistic missile, spacecraft and space station components.

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Expendable launch system

An expendable launch vehicle (ELV) is a launch system or launch vehicle stage that is used only once to carry a payload into space.

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Fregat

Fregat (Фрегат, frigate) is an upper stage developed by NPO Lavochkin in the 1990s, which is used in some Soyuz and Zenit rockets.

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Geostationary orbit

A geostationary orbit, often referred to as a geosynchronous equatorial orbit (GEO), is a circular geosynchronous orbit above Earth's equator and following the direction of Earth's rotation.

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Geostationary transfer orbit

A geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) is a Hohmann transfer orbit—an elliptical orbit used to transfer between two circular orbits of different radii in the same plane—used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high-thrust chemical engines.

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Hughes Aircraft Company

The Hughes Aircraft Company was a major American aerospace and defense contractor founded in 1932 by Howard Hughes in Glendale, California as a division of Hughes Tool Company.

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Intelsat 27

Intelsat 27 was an American communications satellite which was to have been operated by Intelsat.

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Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.

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Kilogram

The kilogram or kilogramme (symbol: kg) is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI), and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK, also known as "Le Grand K" or "Big K"), a cylinder of platinum-iridium alloy stored by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures at Saint-Cloud, France.

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Land Launch

Land Launch refers to a service product of Sea Launch SA.

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Launch pad

A launch pad is an above-ground platform from which a rocket-powered missile or space vehicle is vertically launched.

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Launch vehicle

A launch vehicle or carrier rocket is a rocket used to carry a payload from Earth's surface through outer space, either to another surface point (suborbital), or into space (Earth orbit or beyond).

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Liquid oxygen

Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.

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Liquid rocket booster

A liquid rocket booster (LRB) consists of liquid fuel and oxidiser as booster to give a liquid-propellant rocket or a hybrid rocket an extra boost at take off.

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List of Zenit launches

This is a list of launches made by the Zenit rocket.

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Long Beach, California

Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California.

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Low Earth orbit

A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.

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Medium Earth orbit

Medium Earth orbit (MEO), sometimes called intermediate circular orbit (ICO), is the region of space around Earth above low Earth orbit (altitude of above sea level) and below geostationary orbit (altitude of above sea level).

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Medium-lift launch vehicle

A medium-lift launch vehicle - MLV a rocket orbital launch vehicle that is capable of lifting between of payload into Low Earth orbit - LEO.

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Metre

The metre (British spelling and BIPM spelling) or meter (American spelling) (from the French unit mètre, from the Greek noun μέτρον, "measure") is the base unit of length in some metric systems, including the International System of Units (SI).

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NSS-8

NSS-8 was a Dutch telecommunications satellite that was destroyed during launch.

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Odyssey (launch platform)

L/P Odyssey is a self-propelled semi-submersible mobile spacecraft launch platform converted from a mobile drilling rig in 1997.

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Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.

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Payload

Payload is the carrying capacity of an aircraft or launch vehicle, usually measured in terms of weight.

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Pendrell Corporation

Pendrell Corporation (NASDAQ:PCO) is a fully integrated intellectual property (IP) investment, advisory services and asset management firm.

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Polar orbit

A polar orbit is one in which a satellite passes above or nearly above both poles of the body being orbited (usually a planet such as the Earth, but possibly another body such as the Moon or Sun) on each revolution.

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Proton (rocket family)

Proton (Russian: Протон) (formal designation: UR-500) is an expendable launch system used for both commercial and Russian government space launches.

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RD-120

The RD-120 (GRAU Index 11D123) is a liquid upper stage rocket engine burning RG-1 (refined kerosene) and LOX in an oxidizer rich staged combustion cycle with an O/F ratio of 2.6.

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RD-170

The RD-170 (РД-170, Ракетный Двигатель-170, Rocket Engine-170) is the world's most powerful liquid-fuel rocket engine, designed and produced in the Soviet Union by NPO Energomash for use with the Energia launch vehicle.

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RD-58

The RD-58 (manufacturer designation 11D58) was a rocket engine, developed in the 1960s by OKB-1, now RKK Energia.

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RD-8

The RD-8 (Russian: РД-8 and GRAU Index: 11D513) is an Ukrainian liquid propellant rocket engine burning LOX and RG-1 (a rocket grade kerosene) in a oxidizer rich staged combustion cycle.

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Roscosmos

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities (Государственная корпорация по космической деятельности «Роскосмос»), commonly known as Roscosmos (Роскосмос), is a state corporation responsible for the space flight and cosmonautics program for the Russian Federation.

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RP-1

RP-1 (alternately, Rocket Propellant-1 or Refined Petroleum-1) is a highly refined form of kerosene outwardly similar to jet fuel, used as rocket fuel.

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Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present)

In February 2014, Russia made several military incursions into Ukrainian territory.

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S5.92

The S5.92 is a Russian rocket engine, currently used on the Fregat upper stage.

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Sea Launch

Sea Launch is a multinational spacecraft launch service that used a mobile maritime launch platform for equatorial launches of commercial payloads on specialized Zenit-3SL rockets through 2014.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Soyuz (rocket family)

Soyuz (Союз, meaning "union", GRAU index 11A511) is a family of expendable launch systems developed by OKB-1 and manufactured by Progress Rocket Space Centre in Samara, Russia.

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Soyuz (rocket)

The Soyuz (Союз, meaning "union", GRAU index 11A511) was a Soviet expendable carrier rocket designed in the 1960s by OKB-1 and manufactured by State Aviation Plant No. 1 in Kuybyshev, Soviet Union.

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Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable low Earth orbital spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as part of the Space Shuttle program.

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Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Booster

The Space Shuttle Solid Rocket Boosters (SRBs) were the first solid fuel motors to be used for primary propulsion on a vehicle used for human spaceflight and provided the majority of the Space Shuttle's thrust during the first two minutes of flight.

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Space telescope

A space telescope or space observatory is an instrument located in outer space to observe distant planets, galaxies and other astronomical objects.

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Spektr-R

Spektr-R (or RadioAstron) is a Russian scientific satellite with a radio telescope on board.

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State Space Agency of Ukraine

The State Space Agency of Ukraine (SSAU; Державне космічне агентство України, Derzhavne kosmichne ahentstvo Ukrayiny, ДКАУ, DKAU) is the Ukrainian government agency responsible for space policy and programs.

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Sun-synchronous orbit

A Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO, also called a heliosynchronous orbit) is a nearly polar orbit around a planet, in which the satellite passes over any given point of the planet's surface at the same local mean solar time.

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Tonne

The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.

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Tselina (satellite)

Tselina (rus. Целина) is a Russian, formerly Soviet, military space-based radio surveillance system.

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Tsyklon-4

The Tsyklon-4, also known as Tsiklon-4 and Cyclone-4, was a Ukrainian carrier rocket which was being developed for commercial satellite launches.

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Ukraine

Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.

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Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine

Unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH; 1,1-dimethylhydrazine) is a chemical compound with the formula H2NN(CH3)2.

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Vladimir Chelomey

Vladimir Nikolayevich Chelomey (Russian: Влади́мир Никола́евич Челоме́й; Ukrainian: Володимир Миколайович Челомей; 30 June 1914 – 8 December 1984) was a Soviet mechanics scientist, aviation and missile engineer.

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Yuzhmash

The Production Association Yuzhny Machine-Building Plant named after A.M. Makarov, PA Pivdenmash or PA Yuzhmash (Виробниче Об'єднання Південний Машинобудівний Завод імені О. М. Макарова) is a Ukrainian state-owned aerospace manufacturer.

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Yuzhnoye Design Office

Yuzhnoye Design Office (Державне конструкторське бюро «Південне» ім. М. К. Янгеля; Констру́кторское бюро́ «Ю́жное»), located in Dnipro, Ukraine, is a designer of satellites and rockets, and formerly of Soviet intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) established by Mikhail Yangel.

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Zarya (spacecraft)

The Zarya spacecraft was a secret Soviet project of the late 1980s aiming to design and build a large manned vertical-takeoff, vertical-landing (VTVL) reusable space capsule, a much larger replacement for the Soyuz (spacecraft).

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Zenit-3SL

The Zenit-3SL is an expendable carrier rocket operated by Sea Launch.

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Redirects here:

Zenit (rocket), Zenit launch vehicle, Zenit rocket, Зени́т, Зеніт.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zenit_(rocket_family)

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