310 relations: ABC 80, ABC 800, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Accumulator (computing), Acer Inc., Adaptec, Address space, Addressing mode, Adjust flag, Altos Computer Systems, Amstrad, Amstrad CPC, Amstrad NC100, Amstrad PCW, Analog synthesizer, Answering machine, Apple II, Arcade cabinet, Arcade game, Arithmetic logic unit, ASCII Corporation, Assembly language, Aster CT-80, Audio equipment, Automation, Backward compatibility, BBC Micro, BDS C, Binary-code compatibility, Binary-coded decimal, Bit numbering, Bosconian, Breathalyzer, Broadcasting, Call stack, Cambridge Z88, Campbell, California, Capcom, Carry flag, CAS latency, Cash register, Central processing unit, Check Man, Chicago, Clock signal, CMOS, Coleco Adam, ColecoVision, Commodore 128, Commodore 64, ..., Computer, Computer multitasking, Computer terminal, Concurrent user, Consumer electronics, Control flow, CP/M, CRC Press, Credit card, Currency detector, Daisy chain (electrical engineering), Datapoint 2200, Depletion-load NMOS logic, Desktop computer, Die (integrated circuit), Dig Dug, Digital signal processing, Digital-to-analog converter, Dot matrix printing, Drum machine, Dynamic random-access memory, E-mu Emulator, E-mu SP-1200, E-mu Systems, Eagle Computer, East Germany, Embedded system, Epson QX-10, Exidy Sorcerer, Expansion card, Fabless manufacturing, Factory, Fairchild Semiconductor, Fax, Federico Faggin, Finite-state machine, Flash memory, Flip-flop (electronics), Floating-point arithmetic, Frogger, Galaga, Galaxian, Game Boy, Game Boy Advance, Game Boy Color, Game Gear, GoldStar, Graphing calculator, Hard disk drive, Hertz, Hitachi, Hitachi HD64180, Home computer, HP Deskjet, IBM, IBM Personal Computer XT, Illegal opcode, In-circuit emulation, Index register, Industrial robot, InfoWorld, Input/output, Instruction cycle, Instruction set architecture, Integer overflow, Integrated circuit, Integrated circuit layout, Intel, Intel 4004, Intel 8008, Intel 8080, Intel 8085, Intel 8086, Internet protocol suite, Interrupt, Interrupt handler, Interrupt vector table, Ion implantation, Japan, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kaypro, KC 85, King & Balloon, KR580VM80A, Lexicon (company), LG Corporation, Linearity, LNW-80, Low-frequency oscillation, Masatoshi Shima, Master System, Max-80, McGraw-Hill Education, Medium access control, Megabyte, Memory refresh, Memory-mapped I/O, Memorymoog, Micro-Professor MPF-I, Microarchitecture, Microcontroller, Microprocessor, Microprocessor development board, Microsoft, MIDI, Midway Games, Milpitas, California, MMN80CPU, Modem, MOS Technology 6502, MOS Technology 6510, MOS Technology 8502, Mostek, Motorola 6800, MP/M, MSX, Namco, Namco Galaga, Namco Galaxian, Nascom (computer kit), National Semiconductor, NEC, Negative flag, Neo Geo (system), New York City, Nintendo, NMOS logic, NvSRAM, Oberheim OB-8, Office supplies, Offset (computer science), Operand, Operating system, Orthogonal instruction set, Osborne 1, Overflow flag, Pac-Man, Pang (video game), Parity flag, Payment terminal, PenPad, Personal digital assistant, Photocopier, Physicist, Pipeline (computing), PL/M, PMOS logic, Polyphony, Power supply, Printer (computing), Programmable logic controller, Programmable read-only memory, Pseudorandomness, Pulse-width modulation, R800 (CPU), Rabbit 2000, Rabbit Semiconductor, RadioShack, Real-time computing, Record (computer science), Recursion, Register file, Research Machines 380Z, RM Education, Rohm, Roland Corporation, Roland Jupiter-8, ROM cartridge, Romania, RS-232, S-100 bus, S1 MP3 player, Sampling (signal processing), San Jose, California, Sanyo, Scheduling (computing), Scientific calculator, SCSI, Seagate Technology, Second source, Sega, Sega Genesis, Semiconductor, Semiconductor intellectual property core, Sequential Circuits, Sequential Circuits Prophet-5, Servo drive, Sharp Corporation, Sharp MZ, Sharp PC-1500, Sharp PC-1600, Sharp PC-E220, Significand, Sinclair Research, Small Device C Compiler, Small-C, SNK, Southampton, Soviet Union, Split-8, Stack (abstract data type), Startup company, Static random-access memory, STMicroelectronics, Stofor, String (computer science), Super Xevious, SymbOS, Synertek, Synthesizer, Telecommunication, Telephone exchange, TeleVideo, Texas Instruments, TI-73 series, TI-81, TI-82, TI-83 series, TI-84 Plus series, TI-85, TI-86, Timex Group USA, Toshiba, Toshiba TLCS, Transistor, Transistor count, TRS-80, U880, United States, Vacuum tube, VEB Robotron, Verifone, Video display controller, Video game, Video game console, Video Genie, Vision mixer, VLSI Technology, VTech, VTech Laser 200, X1 (computer), Xerox, Xerox 820, Xevious, Z-80 SoftCard, Z88DK, Zenith Z-89, Zero flag, Zilog, Zilog eZ80, Zilog Z180, Zilog Z280, Zilog Z380, Zilog Z800, ZX Spectrum, ZX80, ZX81, 24-bit, 78K, 8-bit. Expand index (260 more) » « Shrink index
The ABC 80 (Advanced BASIC Computer 80) was a personal computer engineered by the Swedish corporation Dataindustrier AB (DIAB) and manufactured by Luxor in Motala, Sweden in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
The Luxor ABC 800 series are office-versions of the ABC 80 home computer.
is one of 24 wards of Osaka, Japan.
In a computer's central processing unit (CPU), an accumulator is a register in which intermediate arithmetic and logic results are stored.
Acer Inc. (lit. Hongji Corporation Ltd.) is a Taiwanese multinational hardware and electronics corporation, specializing in advanced electronics technology, headquartered in Xizhi, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
Adaptec was a computer storage company and remains a brand for computer storage products.
In computing, an address space defines a range of discrete addresses, each of which may correspond to a network host, peripheral device, disk sector, a memory cell or other logical or physical entity.
Addressing modes are an aspect of the instruction set architecture in most central processing unit (CPU) designs.
The Adjust flag is a CPU flag in the FLAGS register of all x86-compatible CPUs, and the preceding 8080-family; it is also called the Auxiliary flag and the Auxiliary Carry flag (AC).
Altos Computer Systems was founded in 1977 by David G. Jackson and Roger William Vass Sr.
Amstrad is a British electronics company.
The Amstrad CPC (short for Colour Personal Computer) is a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad between 1984 and 1990.
The Amstrad NC100 Notepad was an A4-size, portable Z80-based computer, released by Amstrad in 1992. It featured 64 KB of RAM, the Protext word processor, various organiser-like facilities (diary, address book and time manager), a simple calculator, and a version of the BBC BASIC interpreter. Its screen was 80 character columns by eight rows, and not backlit, but this let the NC100 run for up to 20 hours on four standard AA cell batteries. There was an RS232 serial port, a parallel port for connecting a printer, and a PC card socket, by means of which the computer's memory could be expanded up to 1 MB.
The Amstrad PCW series is a range of personal computers produced by British company Amstrad from 1985 to 1998, and also sold under licence in Europe as the "Joyce" by the German electronics company Schneider in the early years of the series' life.
An analog (or analogue) synthesizer is a synthesizer that uses analog circuits and analog signals to generate sound electronically.
The answering machine, answerphone or message machine, also known as telephone answering machine (or TAM) in the UK and some Commonwealth countries, ansaphone or ansafone (from a trade name), or telephone answering device (TAD), is used for answering telephones and recording callers' messages.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
A video game arcade cabinet, also known as a video arcade machine or video coin-op, is the housing within which a video arcade game's hardware resides.
An arcade game or coin-op is a coin-operated entertainment machine typically installed in public businesses such as restaurants, bars and amusement arcades.
An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a combinational digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise operations on integer binary numbers.
was a publishing company based in Tokyo, Japan.
An assembly (or assembler) language, often abbreviated asm, is a low-level programming language, in which there is a very strong (but often not one-to-one) correspondence between the assembly program statements and the architecture's machine code instructions.
The Aster CT-80, an early (1982) home/personal computer developed by the small Dutch company MCP (later renamed to Aster Computers), was sold in its first incarnation as a kit for hobbyists.
Audio equipment refers to devices that reproduce, record, or process sound.
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.
Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.
The British Broadcasting Corporation Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, is a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation.
BDS C (or the BD Software C Compiler) is a compiler for a sizeable subset of the C programming language, that ran on and generated code for the Intel 8080 and Zilog Z80 processors.
Binary-code compatibility (binary compatible or object-code-compatible) is a property of computer systems meaning that they can run the same executable code, typically machine code for a general-purpose computer CPU.
In computing and electronic systems, binary-coded decimal (BCD) is a class of binary encodings of decimal numbers where each decimal digit is represented by a fixed number of bits, usually four or eight.
In computing, bit numbering (or sometimes bit endianness) is the convention used to identify the bit positions in a binary number or a container for such a value.
is a multi-directional scrolling shooter arcade game which was developed and released by Namco in Japan in 1981.
A breathalyzer or breathalyser (a portmanteau of breath and analyzer/analyser) is a device for estimating blood alcohol content (BAC) from a breath sample.
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
In computer science, a call stack is a stack data structure that stores information about the active subroutines of a computer program.
The Cambridge Computer Z88 is an A4-size, lightweight, portable Z80-based computer with a built-in combined word processing/spreadsheet/database application called PipeDream (functionally equivalent to a 1987 BBC Micro ROM called Acornsoft View Professional), along with several other applications and utilities, such as a Z80-version of the BBC BASIC programming language.
Campbell is a city in Santa Clara County, California, and part of Silicon Valley, in the San Francisco Bay Area.
is a Japanese video game developer and publisher known for creating numerous multi-million selling game franchises, including Street Fighter, Mega Man, Resident Evil, Devil May Cry, Ace Attorney, Monster Hunter, and Dead Rising, as well as games based on the Disney animated properties.
In computer processors the carry flag (usually indicated as the C flag) is a single bit in a system status (flag) register used to indicate when an arithmetic carry or borrow has been generated out of the most significant ALU bit position.
Column Access Strobe (CAS) latency, or CL, is the delay time between the moment a memory controller tells the memory module to access a particular memory column on a RAM module, and the moment the data from the given array location is available on the module's output pins.
A cash register, also referred to as a till in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries, is a mechanical or electronic device for registering and calculating transactions at a point of sale.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Check Man is an arcade game released by Zilec-Zenitone in 1982.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
In electronics and especially synchronous digital circuits, a clock signal is a particular type of signal that oscillates between a high and a low state and is used like a metronome to coordinate actions of digital circuits.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
The Coleco Adam is a home computer, and expansion for the ColecoVision (port 3), released in 1983 by American toy and video game manufacturer Coleco Industries, Inc..
The ColecoVision is Coleco Industries' second-generation home video-game console that was released in August 1982.
The Commodore 128, also known as the C128, C-128, C.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
In computing, multitasking is the concurrent execution of multiple tasks (also known as processes) over a certain period of time.
A computer terminal is an electronic or electromechanical hardware device that is used for entering data into, and displaying or printing data from, a computer or a computing system.
In computer science, the number of concurrent users for a resource in a location, with the location being a computing network or a single computer, refers to the total number of people using the resource within a predefined period of time.
Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic (analog or digital) equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.
In computer science, control flow (or flow of control) is the order in which individual statements, instructions or function calls of an imperative program are executed or evaluated.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
The CRC Press, LLC is a publishing group based in the United States that specializes in producing technical books.
A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.
A currency detector or currency validator is a device that determines whether notes or coins are genuine or counterfeit.
In electrical and electronic engineering a daisy chain is a wiring scheme in which multiple devices are wired together in sequence or in a ring.
The Datapoint 2200 was a mass-produced programmable terminal, designed by Computer Terminal Corporation (CTC) founders Phil Ray and Gus RocheLamont Wood,, Computerworld, 8 August 2008 and announced by CTC in June 1970 (with units shipping in 1971).
In integrated circuits, depletion-load NMOS is a form of digital logic family that uses only a single power supply voltage, unlike earlier nMOS logic families that needed more than one different power supply voltage.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
A die (pronunciation: /daɪ/) in the context of integrated circuits is a small block of semiconducting material, on which a given functional circuit is fabricated.
is an arcade game developed and published by Namco in Japan in 1982.
Digital signal processing (DSP) is the use of digital processing, such as by computers or more specialized digital signal processors, to perform a wide variety of signal processing operations.
In electronics, a digital-to-analog converter (DAC, D/A, D2A, or D-to-A) is a system that converts a digital signal into an analog signal.
Dot matrix printing is the process of computer printing from a collection of dot matrix data to a device, which can be one of.
A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument that creates percussion.
Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access semiconductor memory that stores each bit of data in a separate tiny capacitor within an integrated circuit.
The Emulator is the name given the series of digital sampling synthesizers using floppy disk storage, manufactured by E-mu Systems from 1981 until the 1990s.
E-mu SP-1200 is a sampler, released in August 1987 by E-mu Systems, Inc..
E-MU Systems was a software synthesizer, audio interface, MIDI interface, and MIDI keyboard manufacturer.
Eagle Computer of Los Gatos, California, was an early microcomputer manufacturing company.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
The Epson QX-10 is a microcomputer running CP/M or TPM-III (CP/M-80 compatible) which was introduced in 1983.
The Sorcerer is one of the early home computer systems, released in 1978 by the videogame company Exidy.
In computing, the expansion card, expansion board, adapter card or accessory card is a printed circuit board that can be inserted into an electrical connector, or expansion slot, on a computer motherboard, backplane or riser card to add functionality to a computer system via the expansion bus.
Fabless manufacturing is the design and sale of hardware devices and semiconductor chips while outsourcing the fabrication (or "fab") of the devices to a specialized manufacturer called a semiconductor foundry.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
Fairchild Semiconductor International, Inc. was an American semiconductor company based in San Jose, California.
Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.
Federico Faggin (born 1 December 1941), is an Italian physicist, inventor and entrepreneur, widely known for designing the first commercial microprocessor.
A finite-state machine (FSM) or finite-state automaton (FSA, plural: automata), finite automaton, or simply a state machine, is a mathematical model of computation.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
In electronics, a flip-flop or latch is a circuit that has two stable states and can be used to store state information.
In computing, floating-point arithmetic is arithmetic using formulaic representation of real numbers as an approximation so as to support a trade-off between range and precision.
Frogger is a 1981 arcade game developed by Konami.
is a Japanese arcade game developed and published by Namco Japan and by Midway in North America in 1981.
is an arcade game that was developed by Namco and released in October 1979.
The is an 8-bit handheld game console which was developed and manufactured by Nintendo and first released on the 100th anniversary of Nintendo in Japan on, in North America on and in Europe on.
The Game Boy Advance (GBA) is a 32-bit handheld video game console developed, manufactured and marketed by Nintendo as the successor to the Game Boy Color.
The Game Boy Color (GBC) is a handheld game console manufactured by Nintendo, which was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and was released in November of the same year in international markets.
The is an 8-bit fourth generation handheld game console released by Sega on October 6, 1990 in Japan, in April throughout North America and Europe, and during 1992 in Australia.
GoldStar was a South Korean electronics company established in 1958.
A graphing calculator (also graphics / graphic display calculator) is a handheld computer that is capable of plotting graphs, solving simultaneous equations, and performing other tasks with variables.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
() is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
The HD64180 is a Z80-based embedded microprocessor developed by Hitachi with an integrated memory management unit (MMU).
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
Deskjet is a brand name for inkjet printers manufactured by HP Inc. (Hewlett-Packard). These printers range from small domestic to large industrial models, although the largest models in the range have generally been dubbed DesignJet.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The IBM Personal Computer XT, often shortened to the IBM XT, PC XT, or simply XT, is a version of the IBM PC with a built-in hard drive.
An illegal opcode, also called an undocumented instruction, is an instruction to a CPU that is not mentioned in any official documentation released by the CPU's designer or manufacturer, which nevertheless has an effect.
In-circuit emulation (ICE) is the use of a hardware device or in-circuit emulator used to debug the software of an embedded system.
An index register in a computer's CPU is a processor register used for modifying operand addresses during the run of a program, typically for doing vector/array operations.
An industrial robot is a robot system used for manufacturing.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.
An instruction cycle (also known as the fetch–decode–execute cycle or the fetch-execute cycle) is the basic operational process of a computer.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
In computer programming, an integer overflow occurs when an arithmetic operation attempts to create a numeric value that is outside of the range that can be represented with a given number of bits – either larger than the maximum or lower than the minimum representable value.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
Integrated circuit layout, also known IC layout, IC mask layout, or mask design, is the representation of an integrated circuit in terms of planar geometric shapes which correspond to the patterns of metal, oxide, or semiconductor layers that make up the components of the integrated circuit.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Intel 4004 is a 4-bit central processing unit (CPU) released by Intel Corporation in 1971.
The Intel 8008 ("eight-thousand-eight" or "eighty-oh-eight") is an early byte-oriented microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and introduced in April 1972.
The Intel 8080 ("eighty-eighty") was the second 8-bit microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and was released in April 1974.
The Intel 8085 ("eighty-eighty-five") is an 8-bit microprocessor produced by Intel and introduced in 1976.
The 8086 (also called iAPX 86) is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel between early 1976 and mid-1978, when it was released.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
In system programming, an interrupt is a signal to the processor emitted by hardware or software indicating an event that needs immediate attention.
In computer systems programming, an interrupt handler, also known as an interrupt service routine or ISR, is a special block of code associated with a specific interrupt condition.
An "interrupt vector table" (IVT) is a data structure that associates a list of interrupt handlers with a list of interrupt requests in a table of interrupt vectors.
Ion implantation is low-temperature process by which ions of one element are accelerated into a solid target, thereby changing the physical, chemical, or electrical properties of the target.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
is a Japanese public multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of motorcycles, heavy equipment, aerospace and defense equipment, rolling stock and ships.
Kaypro Corporation was an American home/personal computer manufacturer of the 1980s.
The KC 85 ('KC' meaning "Kleincomputer", or "small computer") were models of microcomputers built in East Germany, first in 1984 by VEB Robotron (the KC 85/1) and later by VEB Mikroelektronik "Wilhelm Pieck" Mühlhausen (KC 85/2, KC 85/3 and KC 85/4).
is a fixed shooter arcade game which was released by Namco in 1980, and licensed to GamePlan for U.S. manufacture and distribution.
The KR580VM80A (КР580ВМ80А) is a Soviet microprocessor, a clone of the Intel 8080 CPU.
Lexicon is an American company that engineers, manufactures, and markets audio equipment as a brand of Samsung Electronics through its Harman division, with offices in Salt Lake City.
LG Corporation (Korean: 주식회사 LG), formerly Lucky-GoldStar (Korean: Leogki Geumseong 럭키금성/樂喜金星), is a South Korean multinational conglomerate corporation.
Linearity is the property of a mathematical relationship or function which means that it can be graphically represented as a straight line.
The LNW-80, released in 1982, is the first computer built by LNW Research.
Low-frequency oscillation (LFO) is an electronic signal which is usually below 20 Hz and creates a rhythmic pulse or sweep.
is a Japanese electronics engineer, who was one of the designers of the world's first microprocessor, the Intel 4004, along with Federico Faggin, Ted Hoff, and Stanley Mazor.
The is a third-generation home video game console that was manufactured by Sega.
The MAX-80 is a personal computer released in 1982 by Lobo Systems (formerly Lobo Drives International).
McGraw-Hill Education (MHE) is a learning science company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K through postgraduate education.
In IEEE 802 LAN/MAN standards, the medium access control (MAC) sublayer (also known as the media access control sublayer) and the logical link control (LLC) sublayer together make up the data link layer.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Memory refresh is the process of periodically reading information from an area of computer memory and immediately rewriting the read information to the same area without modification, for the purpose of preserving the information.
Memory-mapped I/O (MMIO) and port-mapped I/O (PMIO) (which is also called isolated I/O) are two complementary methods of performing input/output (I/O) between the central processing unit (CPU) and peripheral devices in a computer.
The Memorymoog is a polyphonic electronic music synthesizer manufactured by Moog Music from 1981–85, the last polyphonic synthesizer to be released by Moog Music before the company was sold to management and renamed Moog Electronics.
The Micro-Professor MPF-I, introduced in 1981 by Multitech (which, in 1987, changed its name to Acer), was the first branded computer product from Multitech and probably one of the world's longest selling computers.
In computer engineering, microarchitecture, also called computer organization and sometimes abbreviated as µarch or uarch, is the way a given instruction set architecture (ISA), is implemented in a particular processor.
A microcontroller (MCU for microcontroller unit, or UC for μ-controller) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
A microprocessor development board is a printed circuit board containing a microprocessor and the minimal support logic needed for an engineer to become acquainted with the microprocessor on the board and to learn to program it.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.
Midway Games Inc. (formerly Midway Manufacturing and commonly known as Midway) was an American video game developer and publisher.
Milpitas is a city in Santa Clara County, California.
MMN80CPU is a Z80A microprocessor clone, working at 3.5 MHz.
A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.
The MOS Technology 6502 (typically "sixty-five-oh-two" or "six-five-oh-two") William Mensch and the moderator both pronounce the 6502 microprocessor as "sixty-five-oh-two".
6581 SID. The production week/year (WWYY) of each chip is given below its name. The MOS Technology 6510 is an 8-bit microprocessor designed by MOS Technology.
The MOS Technology 8502 was an 8-bit microprocessor designed by MOS Technology and used in the Commodore 128.
Mostek was an integrated circuit manufacturer, founded in 1969 by L. J. Sevin, Louay E. Sharif, Richard L. Petritz and other ex-employees of Texas Instruments.
The 6800 ("sixty-eight hundred") is an 8-bit microprocessor designed and first manufactured by Motorola in 1974.
MP/M (Multi-Programming Monitor Control Program) is a discontinued multi-user version of the CP/M operating system, created by Digital Research developer Tom Rolander in 1979.
MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983, and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then Vice-president at Microsoft Japan and Director at ASCII Corporation.
is a Japanese corporation that operates game centers and theme parks, but is best known for its previous identity as a video game developer and publisher.
The Namco Galaga is an 8-bit arcade game system board which was first used by Namco in 1981; the fourth and fifth titles to use it, Xevious and its 1984 update Super Xevious, were also modified to support a 129-color palette.
The Namco Galaxian was an 8-bit arcade game system board, which was first used by Namco for Galaxian in 1979; it was the first board from the company to use the Zilog Z80 microprocessor (as opposed to the older Intel 8080).
The Nascom 1 and 2 were single-board computer kits issued in the United Kingdom in 1977 and 1979, respectively, based on the Zilog Z80 and including a keyboard and video interface, a serial port that could be used to store data on a tape cassette using the Kansas City standard, and two 8-bit parallel ports.
National Semiconductor was an American semiconductor manufacturer which specialized in analog devices and subsystems, formerly with headquarters in Santa Clara, California, United States.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
In a computer processor the negative flag or sign flag is a single bit in a system status (flag) register used to indicate whether the result of the last mathematical operation resulted in a value in which the most significant bit was set.
The, stylised as NEO・GEO, also written as NEOGEO, is a cartridge-based arcade system board and fourth-generation home video game console released on April 26, 1990, by Japanese game company SNK Corporation.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
N-type metal-oxide-semiconductor logic uses n-type field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) to implement logic gates and other digital circuits.
nvSRAM is a type of non-volatile random-access memory (NVRAM).
The Oberheim OB-8 is a subtractive analog synthesizer launched by Oberheim in early 1983 and discontinued in 1985.
Office supplies are consumables and equipment regularly used in offices by businesses and other organizations, by individuals engaged in written communications, recordkeeping or bookkeeping, janitorial and cleaning, and for storage of supplies or data.
In computer science, an offset within an array or other data structure object is an integer indicating the distance (displacement) between the beginning of the object and a given element or point, presumably within the same object.
In mathematics an operand is the object of a mathematical operation, i.e. it is the quantity that is operated on.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In computer engineering, an orthogonal instruction set is an instruction set architecture where all instruction types can use all addressing modes.
The Osborne 1 was the first commercially successful portable microcomputer, released on April 3, 1981, by Osborne Computer Corporation.
In computer processors, the overflow flag (sometime called V flag) is usually a single bit in a system status register used to indicate when an arithmetic overflow has occurred in an operation, indicating that the signed two's-complement result would not fit in the number of bits used for the operation (the ALU width).
, stylized as PAC-MAN, is an arcade game developed by Namco and first released in Japan as Puck Man in May 1980.
, also known as, is a cooperative two-player arcade video game released in 1989 by the Mitchell Corporation.
In computer processors the parity flag indicates if the number of set bits is odd or even in the binary representation of the result of the last operation.
A payment terminal, also known as a point of sale terminal, credit card terminal, EFTPOS terminal (or a PDQ terminal which stands for "Process Data Quickly"), is a device which interfaces with payment cards to make electronic funds transfers.
The term PenPad was used as a product name for a number of Pen computing products by different companies in the 1980s and 1990s.
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager.
A photocopier (also known as a copier or copy machine) is a machine that makes paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
In computing, a pipeline, also known as a data pipeline, is a set of data processing elements connected in series, where the output of one element is the input of the next one.
The PL/M programming language (an acronym of Programming Language for Microcomputers) is a high-level language conceived and developed by Gary Kildall in 1973 for Hank Smith at Intel for its microprocessors.
P-type metal-oxide-semiconductor logic uses p-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) to implement logic gates and other digital circuits.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
A power supply is an electrical device that supplies electric power to an electrical load.
In computing, a printer is a peripheral device which makes a persistent human-readable representation of graphics or text on paper.
A programmable logic controller (PLC), or programmable controller is an industrial digital computer which has been ruggedized and adapted for the control of manufacturing processes, such as assembly lines, or robotic devices, or any activity that requires high reliability control and ease of programming and process fault diagnosis.
A programmable read-only memory (PROM) or field programmable read-only memory (FPROM) or one-time programmable non-volatile memory (OTP NVM) is a form of digital memory where the setting of each bit is locked by a fuse or antifuse.
A pseudorandom process is a process that appears to be random but is not.
Pulse-width modulation (PWM), or pulse-duration modulation (PDM), is a modulation technique used to encode a message into a pulsing signal.
The R800 is the central processing unit used in the MSX Turbo-R home computer.
The Rabbit 2000 is a high-performance 8-bit microcontroller designed by Rabbit Semiconductor for embedded system applications.
Rabbit Semiconductor is an American company which designs and sells the Rabbit family of microcontrollers and microcontroller modules.
RadioShack, formally RadioShack Corporation, is the trade name of an American retailer founded in 1921, which operates a chain of electronics stores.
In computer science, real-time computing (RTC), or reactive computing describes hardware and software systems subject to a "real-time constraint", for example from event to system response.
In computer science, a record (also called a structure, struct, or compound data) is a basic data structure.
Recursion occurs when a thing is defined in terms of itself or of its type.
A register file is an array of processor registers in a central processing unit (CPU).
The Research Machines 380Z (often called the RML 380Z or RM 380Z) was an early 8-bit microcomputer produced by Research Machines in Oxford, England, from 1977 to 1985.
RM Education is the principal division of the RM Group, a British company that specialises in providing Information Technology products and services to educational organisations and establishments.
is a Japanese electronic parts manufacturer based in Kyoto, Japan.
is a Japanese manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, electronic equipment and software.
The Jupiter-8, or JP-8, is an eight-voice polyphonic analog subtractive synthesizer introduced by Roland Corporation in early 1981.
A ROM cartridge, sometimes referred to simply as a cartridge or cart, is a removable enclosure containing ROM designed to be connected to a consumer electronics device such as a home computer, video game console and to a lesser extent, electronic musical instruments.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
In telecommunications, RS-232, Recommended Standard 232 is a standard introduced in 1960 for serial communication transmission of data.
The S-100 bus or Altair bus, IEEE696-1983 (withdrawn), was an early computer bus designed in 1974 as a part of the Altair 8800.
S1 MP3 players are a type of digital audio players based on many different kinds of chipsets.
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.
San Jose (Spanish for 'Saint Joseph'), officially the City of San José, is an economic, cultural, and political center of Silicon Valley and the largest city in Northern California.
is a Japanese major electronics company and formerly a member of the Fortune Global 500 whose headquarters was located in Moriguchi, Osaka prefecture, Japan.
In computing, scheduling is the method by which work specified by some means is assigned to resources that complete the work.
A scientific calculator is a type of electronic calculator, usually but not always handheld, designed to calculate problems in science, engineering, and mathematics.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
Seagate Technology PLC (commonly referred to as Seagate) is an American data storage company.
In the electronics industry, a second source is a company that is licensed to manufacture and sell components originally designed by another company (the first source).
Sega Games Co., Ltd., originally short for Service Games and officially styled as SEGA, is a Japanese multinational video game developer and publisher headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, with offices around the world.
The Sega Genesis, known as the in regions outside of North America, is a 16-bit home video game console developed and sold by Sega.
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
In electronic design a semiconductor intellectual property core, IP core, or IP block is a reusable unit of logic, cell, or integrated circuit (commonly called a "chip") layout design that is the intellectual property of one party.
Sequential Circuits Inc. (SCI) was a San Francisco Bay Area-based synthesizer company that was founded in the early 1970s by Dave Smith, and sold to Yamaha Corporation in 1987.
The Prophet-5 is an analog synthesizer manufactured by Sequential Circuits between 1978 and 1984.
A servo drive is a special electronic amplifier used to power electric servomechanisms.
is a Japanese multinational corporation that designs and manufactures electronic products, headquartered in Sakai-ku, Sakai.
The Sharp MZ is a series of personal computers sold in Japan and Europe (particularly Germany and Great Britain) by Sharp beginning in 1978.
The Sharp PC-1500 was a pocket computer produced by Sharp during 1981-1985.
The Sharp PC-1600 was a pocket computer introduced by Sharp in 1986 as a successor to the PC-1500.
The Sharp PC-E220 was a 1991 pocket computer from Sharp Corporation featuring 32 kB RAM, 128 kB ROM and a 3.072 MHz CMOS-SC7852 CPU which was Z80A compatible.
The significand (also mantissa or coefficient) is part of a number in scientific notation or a floating-point number, consisting of its significant digits.
Sinclair Research Ltd is a British consumer electronics company founded by Clive Sinclair in Cambridge.
The Small Device C Compiler (SDCC) is a free-software, partially retargetable C compiler for microcontrollers.
Small-C is both a subset of the C programming language, suitable for resource-limited microcomputers and embedded systems, and an implementation of that subset.
is a Japanese video game hardware and software company, successor to the Shin Nihon Kikaku and current owner of the SNK video game brand and Neo Geo video game platform.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Split-8 is a polyphonic analogue keyboard synthesizer manufactured by Sequential Circuits.
In computer science, a stack is an abstract data type that serves as a collection of elements, with two principal operations.
A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.
Static random-access memory (static RAM or SRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that uses bistable latching circuitry (flip-flop) to store each bit.
STMicroelectronics is a French-Italian multinational electronics and semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
Stofor, pronounced as in "Stow Four", is a store and forward message switching system designed by Fenwood Designs Ltd, UK in 1980.
In computer programming, a string is traditionally a sequence of characters, either as a literal constant or as some kind of variable.
is a vertical scrolling shooter arcade game that was released by Namco in 1984.
SYmbiosis Multitasking Based Operating System (SymbOS) is a multitasking operating system for Zilog Z80-based 8-bit computer systems.
Synertek, Inc. was an American semiconductor manufacturer founded in 1973.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
A telephone exchange is a telecommunications system used in the public switched telephone network or in large enterprises.
TeleVideo Corporation was a U.S. company that achieved its peak of success in the early 1980s producing computer terminals.
Texas Instruments Inc. (TI) is an American technology company that designs and manufactures semiconductors and various integrated circuits, which it sells to electronics designers and manufacturers globally.
The TI-73 series is a series of graphing calculators made by Texas Instruments, all of which have identical hardware.
The TI-81 is the first graphing calculator made by Texas Instruments.
The TI-82 is a graphing calculator made by Texas Instruments.
The TI-83 series is a series of graphing calculators manufactured by Texas Instruments.
The TI-84 Plus is a graphing calculator made by Texas Instruments which was released in early 2004.
The TI-85 is a graphing calculator made by Texas Instruments based on the Zilog Z80 microprocessor.
The TI-86 is a programmable graphing calculator introduced in 1997 and produced by Texas Instruments.
Timex Group USA, Inc. (formerly known as Timex Corporation) is an American manufacturing company founded in 1854.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
The Toshiba TLCS series is a family of CISC and RISC microcontrollers from Toshiba.
A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power.
The transistor count is the number of transistors on an integrated circuit (IC).
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
The U880 is an 8-bit microprocessor that was manufactured by VEB Mikroelektronik "Karl Marx" Erfurt (abbreviated as MME; part of Kombinat Mikroelektronik Erfurt) in the German Democratic Republic.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
In electronics, a vacuum tube, an electron tube, or just a tube (North America), or valve (Britain and some other regions) is a device that controls electric current between electrodes in an evacuated container.
VEB Kombinat Robotron was the biggest East German electronics manufacturer.
Verifone is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Jose, California, that provides technology for electronic payment transactions and value-added services at the point-of-sale.
A video display controller or VDC (also regularly called display engine, display interface) is an integrated circuit which is the main component in a video signal generator, a device responsible for the production of a TV video signal in a computing or game system.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
Video Genie (or simply Genie) was a series of computers produced by Hong Kong-based manufacturer EACA during the early 1980s.
A vision mixer (also called video switcher, video mixer or production switcher) is a device used to select between several different video sources and in some cases compositing (mix) video sources together to create special effects.
VLSI Technology, Inc., was a company which designed and manufactured custom and semi-custom Integrated circuits (ICs).
VTech (Traditional Chinese: 偉易達) (Originally Video Technology Limited) is a Hong Kongese global supplier of electronic learning products from infancy to preschool and the world's largest manufacturer of cordless phones.
The VTech Laser 200 was an early 8-bit home computer from 1983, also sold as the Salora Fellow (mainly in Fennoscandia, particularly Finland), the Seltron 200 in Hungary and Italy, the Texet TX8000 (in the United Kingdom), and the Dick Smith VZ 200 (in Australia and New Zealand).
The, sometimes called the Sharp X1, is a series of home computers released by Sharp Corporation from 1982 to 1988.
Xerox Corporation (also known as Xerox, stylized as xerox since 2008, and previously as XEROX or XeroX from 1960 to 2008) is an American global corporation that sells print and digital document solutions, and document technology products in more than 160 countries.
The Xerox 820 was an 8-bit desktop computer sold by Xerox in the early 1980s.
is a Vertically scrolling shooter that was released by Namco in arcades in December 1982.
The Z-80 SoftCard is a plug-in coprocessor card developed by Microsoft to turn the Apple II personal computer into a CP/M system based upon the Zilog Z80 CPU.
Z88DK is a Small-C-derived cross compiler for a long list of Z80 based computers.
The Z-89 was a personal computer produced by Zenith Data Systems (ZDS) in the early 1980s.
The zero flag is a single bit flag that is a central feature on most conventional CPU architectures (including x86, ARM, PDP-11, 68000, 6502, and numerous others).
Zilog, Inc. is an American manufacturer of 8-bit and 16-bit microcontrollers.
The Zilog eZ80 is an 8-bit microprocessor from Zilog which is essentially an updated version of the company's earlier Z80 8-bit microprocessor.
The Zilog Z180 eight-bit processor is a successor of the Z80 CPU.
The Zilog Z280 was a 16-bit microprocessor, an enhancement of the Zilog Z80 architecture, introduced in July 1987.
The Z380 is a Zilog 16-bit/32-bit processor from 1994.
The Zilog Z800 was a 16-bit microprocessor designed by Zilog to be released in 1985.
The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research.
The Sinclair ZX80 is a home computer brought to market in 1980 by Science of Cambridge Ltd.
The ZX81 is a home computer that was produced by Sinclair Research and manufactured in Dundee, Scotland by Timex Corporation.
Notable 24-bit machines include the CDC 924 – a 24-bit version of the CDC 1604, CDC lower 3000 series, SDS 930 and SDS 940, the ICT 1900 series, and the Datacraft minicomputers/Harris H series.
78K is the trademark name of 16- and 8-bit microcontroller family manufactured by Renesas Electronics, originally developed by NEC started in 1986.
8-bit is also a generation of microcomputers in which 8-bit microprocessors were the norm.
D780C, NEC 780C, NEC D780C, NEC uPD780C, NEC µPD780C, NEC µPD780C-1, NEC μPD780C, NEC μPD780C-1, Sharp LH-0080, Sharp LH0080, UPD780C, Z-80, Z-80A, Z80, Z80 A, Z80 architecture, Z80 instruction set, Z80A, Z80a, ZiLOG Z80, Zilog Z-80, Zilog Z80A, Zilog z80, ΜPD780C, ΜPD780C-1.