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Zimbabwe

Index Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed. [1]

544 relations: Abel Muzorewa, Adansonia, Africa Cup of Nations, Africa University, African fish eagle, African Games, African nationalism, African Union, Afrikaners, Agence France-Presse, Air chief marshal, Air Force of Zimbabwe, Air Zimbabwe, Alick Macheso, Alumnus, American Broadcasting Company, Amnesty International, Andy Flower, Andy Marinos, Anglicanism, Anglo American plc, Arable land, Arabs, Argentina Marines, Arthur Mutambara, Asian people, Associated Press, Association football, Audius Mtawarira, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australian dollar, Austrian Airlines, Authoritarianism, Avert (HIV and AIDS organisation), Bahá'í statistics, Balancing Rocks, Ban Ki-moon, Banknotes of Zimbabwe, Bantu languages, Bantu peoples, Basket weaving, Bateleur, Battalion, BBC, BBC News, Bean, Belief, Berghahn Books, Bhundu Boys, Bill Frist, ..., Biltong, Bindura, Black nationalism, Black-eyed pea, Blackmail, Boer, Boerewors, Booker Prize, Botswana, Botswana pula, Brendan Taylor, Brigade, Brisbane Broncos, British Airways, British Army, British Empire, British South Africa Company, British South Africa Police, Bulawayo, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Bvumba Mountains, Byron Black, Campaign hat, Canaan Banana, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs, Cara Black, Catherine Buckle, Catholic Church, Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Zimbabwe, CECAFA Cup, Cecil Rhodes, Center for Global Development, Central Africa Time, Centralized government, Ceremony, Chaff, Channel 4, Charles Mungoshi, Charles, Prince of Wales, Chartered accountant, Chenjerai Hove, Chess, Chewa language, Children of Violence, Chimurenga, Chinhoyi, Cholera, Chomolia, Christopher Soames, CNN, Coins of the Rhodesian dollar, Coins of the Rhodesian pound, Cold War, Collard greens, Coloureds, Columbidae, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Commonwealth Games, Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1979, Commonwealth of Nations, Company rule in Rhodesia, Conservation agriculture, Constantino Chiwenga, Constitution of Zimbabwe, Cornmeal, COSAFA Cup, Coup d'état, Cricket, Cucumis metuliferus, Daily News (Harare), Dambudzo Marechera, Danangombe, Davis Cup, De jure, Deforestation, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Desmond Tutu, Districts of Zimbabwe, Dominant minority, Dominant-party system, Dominic Benhura, Doris Lessing, Drinking water, Dry stone, Dutch people, Eastern Highlands, Economic sanctions, Edgar Tekere, Edson Zvobgo, Education in Zimbabwe, Electoral fraud, Emmerson Mnangagwa, English language, Epworth, Zimbabwe, Ermelunden, Denmark, Euro, Europe, European Union, Exile, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Field hockey, Fieldcraft, First Matabele War, Folklore, Fox News, Frederick Russell Burnham, Freedom House, Freedom of assembly, Freedom of movement, French fries, Fruit preserves, GCE Advanced Level (United Kingdom), General Certificate of Education, Gideon Gono, GovTrack, Grace Mugabe, Graduation, Granite, Gravy, Great Zimbabwe, Greeks in Zimbabwe, Gukurahundi, Gwanda, Gweru, Harare, Heath Streak, Hillary Clinton, Hindu, HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe, Homosexuality, Horse racing, Hospital, House of Assembly (Zimbabwe), Human rights, Human Rights First, Human Rights Watch, Hutchinson (publisher), Hwange National Park, Hyperinflation, Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe, Ian Smith, IFEX (organization), Igneous rock, Imprisonment, Independence, Index of Zimbabwe-related articles, Indian rupee, Indians in Zimbabwe, Infant mortality, Information and communications technology, Inselberg, Institute for Security Studies, Institute of Chartered Accountants of Zimbabwe, Internal Settlement, International Cricket Council, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, International Futures, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association, IRIN, Irreligion, Ishe Komborera Africa, Jameson Raid, Japanese yen, Jerky, Jesse Helms, Joe Biden, Johannesburg, John Nkomo, Jonathan Moyo, Joshua Nkomo, Josiah Tungamirai, Judah Mazive, Junior doctor, Justice, Kalanga language, Kapenta, Kayaking, Kembo Mohadi, Khami, Kingdom of Mapungubwe, Kingdom of Mutapa, Kingdom of Zimbabwe, Kirsty Coventry, Kitco, Kraal, Lake Tanganyika, Lamellophone, Lancaster House, Lancaster House Agreement, Land degradation, Land reform in Zimbabwe, Landlocked country, Languages of Zimbabwe, Leander Starr Jameson, Left- and right-hand traffic, LGBT rights in Zimbabwe, LGBT rights opposition, Limpopo River, List of wards of Zimbabwe, Lobengula, Lower house, Lozi language, Lufthansa, Lupane District, Lusaka, Mahogany, Malawi, Manicaland Province, Maoism, Marange diamond fields, Marondera, Martin Meredith, Marxism–Leninism, Mashed potato, Mashonaland, Mashonaland Central Province, Mashonaland East Province, Mashonaland West Province, Masimbaashe Matongo, Masvingo, Masvingo Province, Matabeleland, Matabeleland North Province, Matabeleland South Province, Matobo National Park, Mauritian of French origin, Maxim gun, Mbira, Meat, Metallon Corporation, Metamorphosis, Methodism, Mfecane, Midlands Province, Military dictatorship, Miss Heritage Zimbabwe, Morgan Tsvangirai, Motorsport, Mount Nyangani, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Movement for Democratic Change – Ncube, Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai, Mozambique, Musket, Mutare, Mzilikazi, Naletale, Nambya language, Nambya people, Namibia, NASA, National Anthem of Zimbabwe, National Geographic Society, National park, National Sports Stadium (Zimbabwe), National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe, Ndau dialect, Netball, NewsDay (Zimbabwean newspaper), Nick Price, No independence before majority rule, Norman Walsh, Northern Ndebele language, Northern Ndebele people, Northern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia Journal, Nyanga National Park, Nyasaland, Official language, Oliver Mtukudzi, One-party state, Operating theater, Operation Murambatsvina, Outline of Zimbabwe, Parliament of Zimbabwe, Parliamentary republic, Patrick Chinamasa, PDF, Peanut, Peanut butter, Perseus Books Group, Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, Peter Garlake, Peter Lang (publisher), Petroglyph, Phelekezela Mphoko, Pioneer Column, Plague (disease), Platinum, Plenary session, Poaching, Politics of Zimbabwe, Polocrosse, Popcorn, Population growth, Porridge, Portuguese people, Potato production in Zimbabwe, Pottery, Pound sterling, President of Zimbabwe, Presidential system, Prime Minister of Rhodesia, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe, Protestantism, Provinces of Zimbabwe, Qantas, Quadripoint, Religion in Zimbabwe, Renminbi, Reporters Without Borders, Reuters, Rhodesia, Rhodesia (region), Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, Rhodesian African Rifles, Rhodesian Bush War, Rhodesian constitutional referendum, 1969, Rhodesian dollar, Rhodesian Front, Rhodesian Security Forces, Roasting, Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, Robert Mugabe, Royal charter, Rozwi Empire, Rudd Concession, Rufaro Stadium, Rugby league, Rugby union, Rugby World Cup, Rule of law, Rusape, Russ Feingold, Ruwa, Sadza, Sanitation, SANZAAR, Scotland national rugby union team, Scott Gray (rugby union), Scouting, Second Matabele War, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Sedimentary rock, Self-governing colony, Semi-presidential system, Sena language, Senate of Zimbabwe, Serpentine subgroup, Serpentinite, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Shaka, Shirazi era, Shona language, Shona people, Simpson Mutambanengwe, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Sky News, Soapstone, Solomon Mujuru, Solomon Mutswairo, Soshangane, Sotho language, Soured milk, South Africa, South Africa national rugby league team, South African rand, South African Republic, Southern Africa, Southern African Development Community, Southern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia in World War I, Southern Rhodesia in World War II, Southern Rhodesian general election, 1980, Soviet Union, Spinach, Spirituality, Spring greens, Squash (sport), State school, Sudan, Sugarcane, Super League World Nines, Sweet potato, Tea, Teak, Telephone numbers in Zimbabwe, Tendai Biti, Test cricket, The Championships, Wimbledon, The Christian Science Monitor, The Chronicle (Zimbabwe), The Daily Telegraph, The Economist, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, The Grass Is Singing, The Great Betrayal, The Herald (Zimbabwe), The House of Hunger, The Times, Thomas Mapfumo, Time (magazine), Tonga language (Zambia and Zimbabwe), Tracking (hunting), Trade union, Traditional African religions, Troy weight, Tshwa language, Tsonga language, Tswana language, Uapaca kirkiana, UNESCO, Unitary state, United African National Council, United Kingdom, United Nations, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, United States Declaration of Independence, United States Department of State, United States dollar, United States Senate, University College London, University of Pennsylvania, University of Zimbabwe, Upper house, Urban sprawl, USA Today, Vassal, Vegetable, Venda, Venda language, Veneration of the dead, Vice-President of Zimbabwe, Victoria Falls, Victoria Falls National Park, Vigna subterranea, Warsaw Pact, Water polo, Water supply, Wayne Black, Wedding, Welshman Ncube, White people in Zimbabwe, Wildlife, Woodcraft, World Health Organization, World Scout Jamboree, World's View, Nyanga, Xhosa language, Zambezi, Zambia, ZANU–PF, Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army, Zimbabwe African National Union, Zimbabwe African People's Union, Zimbabwe at the 1980 Summer Olympics, Zimbabwe at the 2004 Summer Olympics, Zimbabwe at the 2008 Summer Olympics, Zimbabwe Bird, Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation, Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001, Zimbabwe Institution of Engineers, Zimbabwe National Army, Zimbabwe national football team, Zimbabwe national rugby union team, Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army, Zimbabwe Republic Police, Zimbabwe Rhodesia, Zimbabwe Rhodesia general election, 1979, Zimbabwe women's national field hockey team, Zimbabwean bond coins, Zimbabwean bond notes, Zimbabwean constitutional referendum, 2013, Zimbabwean dollar, Zimbabwean general election, 1990, Zimbabwean general election, 2008, Zimbabwean general election, 2013, Zimbabwean parliamentary election, 2005, Zimbabwean sign languages, Zimbabweans in the United Kingdom, Zulu people, .zw, 15th parallel south, 2008 Zimbabwean cholera outbreak, 2008–09 Zimbabwean political negotiations, 2016–17 Zimbabwe protests, 2017 Zimbabwean coup d'état, 23rd parallel south, 25th meridian east, 34th meridian east, 5th Brigade (Zimbabwe). Expand index (494 more) »

Abel Muzorewa

Bishop Abel Tendekayi Muzorewa (14 April 1925 – 8 April 2010) served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia from the Internal Settlement to the Lancaster House Agreement in 1979.

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Adansonia

Adansonia is a genus of deciduous trees known as baobabs.

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Africa Cup of Nations

The Total Africa Cup of Nations, officially CAN (Coupe d'Afrique des Nations), also referred to as African Cup of Nations, or AFCON, is the main international association football competition in Africa.

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Africa University

Africa University is a "private, Pan-African and United Methodist-related institution." It has more than 1,200 students from 36 African countries.

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African fish eagle

The African fish eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer), or to distinguish it from the true fish eagles (Ichthyophaga), the African sea eagle, is a large species of eagle found throughout sub-Saharan Africa wherever large bodies of open water with an abundant food supply occur.

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African Games

The African Games, formally known as the All-Africa Games or the Pan African Games, are a continental multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the African Union (AU) with the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA) and the Association of African Sports Confederations (AASC).

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African nationalism

African nationalism is an umbrella term which refers to a group of political ideologies, mainly within Sub-Saharan Africa, which are based on the idea of national self-determination and the creation of nation states.

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African Union

The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.

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Afrikaners

Afrikaners are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.

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Agence France-Presse

Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.

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Air chief marshal

Air chief marshal (Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a four-star air officer rank which originated in and continues to be used by the Royal Air Force, where it is the most senior peacetime air force rank.

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Air Force of Zimbabwe

The Air Force of Zimbabwe (AFZ) is the air force of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces.

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Air Zimbabwe

Air Zimbabwe (Pvt) Ltd (operating as Air Zimbabwe) is the national carrier of Zimbabwe, headquartered on the property of Harare International Airport, in Harare.

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Alick Macheso

Alick Macheso came onto the music scene as a solo artist in 1998, with his debut album Magariro, which carried "Pakutema Munda ", probably the least noticeable from that album.

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Alumnus

An alumnus ((masculine), an alumna ((feminine), or an alumnum ((gender-neutral) of a college, university, or other school is a former student. The word is Latin and simply means student. The plural is alumni for men and mixed groups and alumnae for women. The term is often mistakenly thought of as synonymous with "graduate," but they are not synonyms; one can be an alumnus without graduating. (Burt Reynolds, alumnus but not graduate of Florida State, is an example.) An alumnus can also be a former member, employee, contributor, or inmate.

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American Broadcasting Company

The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Disney–ABC Television Group, a subsidiary of the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.

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Amnesty International

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.

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Andy Flower

Andrew Flower OBE (born 28 April 1968) is a former Zimbabwean cricketer and a former captain for Zimbabwe national cricket team.

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Andy Marinos

Andy Marinos is a former rugby footballer who played rugby league and rugby union professionally and represented Wales at rugby union.

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Anglicanism

Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.

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Anglo American plc

Anglo American plc is a multinational mining company based in Johannesburg, South Africa and London, United Kingdom.

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Arable land

Arable land (from Latin arabilis, "able to be plowed") is, according to one definition, land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.

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Arabs

Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.

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Argentina Marines

The Naval Infantry Command (Spanish: Comando de la Infantería de Marina, abbreviated COIM), also known as the Naval Infantry of the Navy of the Argentine Republic (Spanish: Infantería de Marina de la Armada de la República Argentina, abbreviated IMARA) and generally referred to in English as the Argentine marines are the amphibious warfare branch of the Argentine Navy and one of its four operational commands.

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Arthur Mutambara

Arthur Guseni Oliver Mutambara (born 25 May 1966) New Zimbabwe is a Zimbabwean politician.

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Asian people

Asian people or Asiatic peopleUnited States National Library of Medicine.

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Associated Press

The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.

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Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.

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Audius Mtawarira

Audius Tonderai Mtawarira (born Chimbumu, Guruve, Zimbabwe, 1977) is a Zimbabwean singer-songwriter and record producer, who often works mononymously as Audius.

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Australian Broadcasting Corporation

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) founded in 1929 is Australia's national broadcaster, funded by the Australian Federal Government but specifically independent of Government and politics in the Commonwealth.

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Australian dollar

The Australian dollar (sign: $; code: AUD) is the currency of the Commonwealth of Australia, including its external territories Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island, as well as the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu.

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Austrian Airlines

Austrian Airlines AG, sometimes shortened to Austrian, is the former flag carrier of Austria and a subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group.

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Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.

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Avert (HIV and AIDS organisation)

Avert is an international HIV and AIDS charity based in Brighton, United Kingdom.

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Bahá'í statistics

The Bahá'í World News Service reports a Bahá'í membership of more than 5 million worldwide, in "virtually every country" and many territories.

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Balancing Rocks

The Balancing Rocks are geomorphological features of igneous rocks found in many parts of Zimbabwe, and are particularly noteworthy in Matopos National Park and near the township of Epworth to the southeast of Harare.

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Ban Ki-moon

Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944) is a South Korean politician and diplomat who was the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 2007 to December 2016.

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Banknotes of Zimbabwe

The paper money of Zimbabwe were physical forms of Zimbabwe's four incarnations of the dollar ($ or Z$) from 1980 to 2009.

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Bantu languages

The Bantu languages (English:, Proto-Bantu: */baⁿtʊ̀/) technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other "Bantoid" languages are a large family of languages spoken by the Bantu peoples throughout Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Bantu peoples

The Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages, comprising several hundred ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.

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Basket weaving

Basket weaving (also basketry or basket making) is the process of weaving or sewing pliable materials into two- or threedimensional artefacts, such as mats or containers.

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Bateleur

The bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus) is a medium-sized eagle in the family Accipitridae.

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Battalion

A battalion is a military unit.

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BBC

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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BBC News

BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.

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Bean

A bean is a seed of one of several genera of the flowering plant family Fabaceae, which are used for human or animal food.

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Belief

Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.

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Berghahn Books

Berghahn Books is a publisher of scholarly books and academic journals in the humanities and social sciences, with a special focus on social & cultural anthropology, European history, politics, and film & media studies.

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Bhundu Boys

The Bhundu Boys were a Zimbabwean band that played a mixture of chimurenga music with American rock and roll, disco, country, and pop influences.

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Bill Frist

William Harrison Frist Sr. (born February 22, 1952) is an American physician, businessman, and politician.

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Biltong

Biltong is a form of dried, cured meat that originated in Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Namibia.

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Bindura

Bindura is a town in the province of Mashonaland Central, Zimbabwe.

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Black nationalism

Black nationalism is a type of nationalism which espouses the belief that black people are a nation and seeks to develop and maintain a black identity.

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Black-eyed pea

The black-eyed pea, black-eyed bean or goat pea, a legume, is a subspecies of the cowpea, grown around the world for its medium-sized, edible bean.

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Blackmail

Blackmail is an act, often criminal, involving unjustified threats to make a gain—most commonly money or property—or cause loss to another unless a demand is met.

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Boer

Boer is the Dutch and Afrikaans noun for "farmer".

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Boerewors

Boerewors a type of sausage which originated in South Africa, is an important part of South African cuisine and is popular across Southern Africa.

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Booker Prize

The Man Booker Prize for Fiction (formerly known as the Booker–McConnell Prize and commonly known simply as the Booker Prize) is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel written in the English language and published in the UK.

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Botswana

Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.

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Botswana pula

The pula is the currency of Botswana.

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Brendan Taylor

Brendan Ross Murray Taylor (born 6 February 1986) is a Zimbabwean international cricketer, and a former Zimbabwean captain, who plays all formats of the game.

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Brigade

A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.

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Brisbane Broncos

The Brisbane Broncos are an Australian professional rugby league football club based in the city of Brisbane, the capital of the state of Queensland.

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British Airways

British Airways (BA) is the flag carrier and the largest airline in the United Kingdom based on fleet size, or the second largest, behind easyJet, when measured by passengers carried.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British South Africa Company

The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was established following the amalgamation of Cecil Rhodes' Central Search Association and the London-based Exploring Company Ltd which had originally competed to exploit the expected mineral wealth of Mashonaland but united because of common economic interests and to secure British government backing.

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British South Africa Police

The British South Africa Police (BSAP) was, for most of its existence, the police force of Rhodesia (renamed Zimbabwe in 1980).

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Bulawayo

Bulawayo is the second-largest city in Zimbabwe after the capital Harare, with, as of the ever disputed 2012 census, a population of 653,337 while Bulawayo Municipal records indicate a population of 1,200,750.

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Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor

The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs (DRL) is a bureau within the United States Department of State.

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Bvumba Mountains

The Bvumba Mountains or Vumba Mountains straddle the Zimbabwe-Mozambique border, and are situated some 25 km south east of Mutare.

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Byron Black

Byron Black (born 6 October 1969 in Harare, Zimbabwe) is a former touring professional tennis and Davis Cup player for Zimbabwe.

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Campaign hat

A campaign hat is a broad-brimmed felt or straw hat, with a high crown, pinched symmetrically at the four corners (Montana crown).

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Canaan Banana

Canaan Sodindo Banana (5 March 193610 November 2003) served as the first President of Zimbabwe from 18 April 1980 until 31 December 1987.

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Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.

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Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs

The Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs are an Australian professional rugby league football club based in Belmore, a suburb in the Canterbury-Bankstown region of Sydney.

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Cara Black

Cara Black (born 17 February 1979) is a professional tennis player from Zimbabwe.

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Catherine Buckle

Catherine Buckle or Cathy Buckle is a Zimbabwean writer and blogger living in Marondera, Zimbabwe.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Zimbabwe

The Catholic Commission for Justice and Peace in Zimbabwe (CCJPZ) is a non-governmental organization whose aim is to highlight the plight of the Zimbabwean people and assist in cases of human rights abuse.

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CECAFA Cup

The CECAFA Cup is the oldest football tournament in Africa.

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Cecil Rhodes

Cecil John Rhodes PC (5 July 1853 – 26 March 1902) was a British businessman, mining magnate and politician in southern Africa who served as Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896.

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Center for Global Development

The Center for Global Development (CGD) is a U.S. nonprofit think tank based in Washington, D.C. that focuses on international development.

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Central Africa Time

Central Africa Time, or CAT, is a time zone used in central and southern Africa.

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Centralized government

A centralized government (also centralised government (Oxford spelling)) is one in which power or legal authority is exerted or coordinated by a de facto political executive to which '''federal states''', local authorities, and smaller units are considered subject.

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Ceremony

A ceremony is an event of ritual significance, performed on a special occasion.

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Chaff

Chaff is the dry, scaly protective casings of the seeds of cereal grain, or similar fine, dry, scaly plant material such as scaly parts of flowers, or finely chopped straw.

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Channel 4

Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.

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Charles Mungoshi

Charles Lovemore Mungoshi (born 2 December 1947) is a writer from Zimbabwe.

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Charles, Prince of Wales

Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.

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Chartered accountant

Chartered Accountants were the first accountants to form a professional accounting body, initially established in Scotland in 1854.

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Chenjerai Hove

Chenjerai Hove (9 February 1956 – 12 July 2015) was a Zimbabwean poet, novelist and essayist who wrote in both English and Shona.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

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Chewa language

Chewa, also known as Nyanja, is a language of the Bantu language family.

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Children of Violence

The Children of Violence is a series of five semi-autobiographical novels by British Nobel Prize in Literature-winner Doris Lessing: Martha Quest (1952), A Proper Marriage (1954), A Ripple from the Storm (1958), Landlocked (1965), and The Four-Gated City (1969).

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Chimurenga

Chimurenga is a word in the Shona language, roughly meaning "revolutionary struggle".

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Chinhoyi

Chinhoyi, known until 1982 as Sinoia, is a town in Zimbabwe.

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Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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Chomolia

Chomolia is a vegetable widely farmed in Zimbabwe and Zambia.

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Christopher Soames

Arthur Christopher John Soames, Baron Soames, (12 October 1920 – 16 September 1987) was a British politician, a member of the Conservative Party and son-in-law of Winston Churchill.

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CNN

Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.

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Coins of the Rhodesian dollar

The coins of the Rhodesian dollar were part of the physical form of Rhodesia's historical currency, the Rhodesian dollar.

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Coins of the Rhodesian pound

The coins of the Rhodesian pound were part of the currency of Southern Rhodesia, which changed its name to Rhodesia, following the break-up of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, when the Rhodesian pound replaced the Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Collard greens

Collard greens (collards) describes certain loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea, the same species as many common vegetables, including cabbage (Capitata Group) and broccoli (Botrytis Group).

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Coloureds

Coloureds (Kleurlinge) are a multiracial ethnic group native to Southern Africa who have ancestry from various populations inhabiting the region, including Khoisan, Bantu speakers, Afrikaners, and sometimes also Austronesians and South Asians.

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Columbidae

Pigeons and doves constitute the animal family Columbidae and the order Columbiformes, which includes about 42 genera and 310 species.

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Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is a free trade area with nineteen member states stretching from Libya to Swaziland.

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Commonwealth Games

The Commonwealth Games are an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1979

The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1979 was the fifth Meeting of the Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

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Company rule in Rhodesia

The British South Africa Company's administration of what became Rhodesia was chartered in 1889 by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, and began with the Pioneer Column's march north-east to Mashonaland in 1890.

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Conservation agriculture

Conservation agriculture (CA) can be defined by a statement given by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations as “a concept for resource-saving agricultural crop production that strives to achieve acceptable profits together with high and sustained production levels while concurrently conserving the environment” (FAO 2007).

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Constantino Chiwenga

Constantino Guveya Dominic Nyikadzino Chiwenga (born Constantine Guveya Chiwenga; 25 August 1956) is a retired Zimbabwean general officer currently serving as Vice-President of Zimbabwe since December 2017.

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Constitution of Zimbabwe

The Constitution of Zimbabwe is officially the supreme law of Zimbabwe.

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Cornmeal

Cornmeal is a meal (coarse flour) ground from dried maize (corn).

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COSAFA Cup

The COSAFA Cup or COSAFA Senior Challenge is an annual tournament for teams from Southern Africa organized by Council of Southern Africa Football Associations (COSAFA), inaugurated after the ban against the Republic of South Africa had been lifted and the African Cup of Nations had been staged there in 1996.

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Coup d'état

A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.

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Cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Cucumis metuliferus

Cucumis metuliferus, horned melon or kiwano, also African horned cucumber or melon, jelly melon, hedged gourd, melano, is an annual vine in the cucumber and melon family, Cucurbitaceae.

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Daily News (Harare)

The Daily News is a Zimbabwean independent newspaper published in Harare.

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Dambudzo Marechera

Dambudzo Marechera (4 June 1952 – 18 August 1987) was a Zimbabwean novelist, short story writer, playwright and poet.

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Danangombe

Not to be confused with Danangombe Hill near Mutare Danangombe (formerly Dhlo-Dhlo or Ndlo Dlo, alternative spellings Dananombe and Danan'ombe) is a Zimbabwean archaeological site, about eighty kilometres from Gweru, in the direction of Bulawayo and about 35 kilometres south of the highway.

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Davis Cup

The Davis Cup is the premier international team event in men's tennis.

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De jure

In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.

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Deforestation

Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.

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Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.

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Desmond Tutu

Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African Anglican cleric and theologian known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activist.

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Districts of Zimbabwe

The Republic of Zimbabwe is broken down into 10 administrative Provinces, which are divided into 59 Districts and 1,200 Wards.

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Dominant minority

A dominant minority is a minority group that has overwhelming political, economic, or cultural dominance in a country, despite representing a small fraction of the overall population (a demographic minority).

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Dominant-party system

A dominant-party system, or one-party dominant system, is a system where there is "a category of parties/political organisations that have successively won election victories and whose future defeat cannot be envisaged or is unlikely for the foreseeable future."Suttner, R. (2006), "Party dominance 'theory': Of what value?", Politikon 33 (3), pp.

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Dominic Benhura

Dominic Benhura (born 1968) is a Zimbabwean sculptor.

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Doris Lessing

Doris May Lessing (22 October 1919 – 17 November 2013) was a British novelist, poet, playwright, librettist, biographer and short story writer.

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Drinking water

Drinking water, also known as potable water, is water that is safe to drink or to use for food preparation.

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Dry stone

Dry stone, sometimes called drystack or, in Scotland, drystane, is a building method by which structures are constructed from stones without any mortar to bind them together.

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Dutch people

The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.

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Eastern Highlands

The Eastern or 'East African Highlands' is a mountain range in the east of Zimbabwe and one of four distinct physiographic divisions on the African continent.

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Economic sanctions

Economic sanctions are commercial and financial penalties applied by one or more countries against a targeted country, group, or individual.

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Edgar Tekere

Edgar Zivanai Tekere (1 April 1937 – 7 June 2011), nicknamed "2 Boy", was a Zimbabwean politician.

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Edson Zvobgo

Eddison (sometimes referred to as "Edson") Jonasi Mudadirwa Zvobgo (2 October 1935 – 22 August 2004) was a founder of Zimbabwe's ruling party Zanu-PF, was the Patriotic Front's spokesman at the Lancaster House in late 1979, Time magazine and CNN a Harvard-trained lawyer, and a poet.

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Education in Zimbabwe

Education in Zimbabwe is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education for primary and secondary education and the Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development for higher education.

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Electoral fraud

Electoral fraud, election manipulation, or vote rigging is illegal interference with the process of an election, whether by increasing the vote share of the favored candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both.

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Emmerson Mnangagwa

Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa (US:; born 15 September 1942) is a Zimbabwean politician serving as the third and current President of Zimbabwe since 24 November 2017.

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English language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.

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Epworth, Zimbabwe

Epworth is a settlement in south-eastern Harare Province.

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Ermelunden, Denmark

Ermelunden is a small forest in Gentofte, Denmark.

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Euro

The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.

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Europe

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.

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European Union

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.

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Exile

To be in exile means to be away from one's home (i.e. city, state, or country), while either being explicitly refused permission to return or being threatened with imprisonment or death upon return.

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Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, also known as the Central African Federation (CAF), was a semi-independent federation of three southern African territories – the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia and the British protectorates of Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland – between 1953 and 1963.

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Field hockey

Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.

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Fieldcraft

Fieldcraft is the tactical skill to operate stealthily and the methods used to do so, which can differ during day or night and due to weather or terrain.

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First Matabele War

The First Matabele War was fought between 1893 and 1894 in modern day Zimbabwe.

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Folklore

Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.

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Fox News

Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.

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Frederick Russell Burnham

Frederick Russell Burnham DSO (May 11, 1861 – September 1, 1947) was an American scout and world-traveling adventurer.

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Freedom House

Freedom House is a U.S.-based 501(c)(3) U.S. government-funded non-governmental organization (NGO) that conducts research and advocacy on democracy, political freedom, and human rights.

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Freedom of assembly

Freedom of assembly, sometimes used interchangeably with the freedom of association, is the individual right or ability of people to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue, and defend their collective or shared ideas.

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Freedom of movement

Freedom of movement, mobility rights, or the right to travel is a human rights concept encompassing the right of individuals to travel from place to place within the territory of a country,Jérémiee Gilbert, Nomadic Peoples and Human Rights (2014), p. 73: "Freedom of movement within a country encompasses both the right to travel freely within the territory of the State and the right to relocate oneself and to choose one's place of residence".

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French fries

French fries (North American English), chips (British and Commonwealth English), finger chips (Indian English), or French-fried potatoes are ''batonnet'' or allumette-cut deep-fried potatoes.

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Fruit preserves

Fruit preserves are preparations of fruits, vegetables and sugar, often canned or sealed for long-term storage.

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GCE Advanced Level (United Kingdom)

The General Certificate of Education (GCE) Advanced Level, or A Level, is a main school leaving qualification in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.

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General Certificate of Education

The General Certificate of Education (GCE) is a subject specific family of academic qualifications that awarding bodies in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, Crown dependencies and a few Commonwealth countries, notably Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Malaysia and Singapore, confer on students.

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Gideon Gono

Gideon Gono (born 29 November 1959) was the Governor of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) from 2003 to 2013 and is the former CEO of the Jewel Bank, formerly known as the Commercial Bank of Zimbabwe.

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GovTrack

GovTrack.us is a website developed by then-student Joshua Tauberer.

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Grace Mugabe

Grace Ntombizodwa Mugabe (born 23 July 1965) is the second wife of former Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and served as the First Lady of Zimbabwe from 1996 until his resignation in November 2017.

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Graduation

Graduation is getting a diploma or academic degree or the ceremony that is sometimes associated with it, in which students become graduates.

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Granite

Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture.

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Gravy

Gravy is a sauce often made from the juices of meats that run naturally during cooking and thickened with wheat flour or cornstarch for added texture.

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Great Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe is a medieval city in the south-eastern hills of Zimbabwe near Lake Mutirikwe and the town of Masvingo.

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Greeks in Zimbabwe

Greek Zimbabweans (Έλληνες της Ζιμπάμπουε) comprise about 2,500 people of Greek origin, almost half of them from the island of Cyprus.

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Gukurahundi

The Gukurahundi was a series of massacres of Ndebele civilians carried out by the Zimbabwe National Army from early 1983 to late 1987.

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Gwanda

Gwanda is a town in Zimbabwe located 126 kilometers south east of the city of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe's second largest city.

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Gweru

Gweru (named Gwelo until 1982) is a city in central Zimbabwe.

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Harare

Harare (officially named Salisbury until 1982) is the capital and most populous city of Zimbabwe.

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Heath Streak

Heath Hilton Streak (born 16 March 1974) is a former Zimbabwean cricketer, and a former Test and ODI captain.

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Hillary Clinton

Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is an American politician and diplomat who served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U.S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, and the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election.

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Hindu

Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.

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HIV/AIDS in Zimbabwe

The 2012 Zimbabwe Demographic And Health Survey (ZDHS) estimated national HIV prevalence rates at 15%, meaning that they estimated 12% infection rate for men, and 18% for women.

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Homosexuality

Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

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Horse racing

Horse racing is an equestrian performance sport, typically involving two or more horses ridden by jockeys (or sometimes driven without riders) over a set distance for competition.

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Hospital

A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment.

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House of Assembly (Zimbabwe)

The House of Assembly of Zimbabwe is the lower chamber of Zimbabwe's bicameral Parliament.

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Human rights

Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.

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Human Rights First

Human Rights First (formerly known as the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan human rights organization based in New York City and Washington, D.C.

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Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.

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Hutchinson (publisher)

Hutchinson began as Hutchinson & Co.

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Hwange National Park

Hwange National Park (formerly Wankie Game Reserve) is the largest natural reserve in Zimbabwe.

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Hyperinflation

In economics, hyperinflation is very high and typically accelerating inflation.

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Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe

Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe was a period of currency instability that began in the late 1990s shortly after the confiscation of private farms from landowners, towards the end of Zimbabwean involvement in the Second Congo War.

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Ian Smith

Ian Douglas Smith (8 April 1919 – 20 November 2007) was a politician, farmer and fighter pilot who served as Prime Minister of Rhodesia (or Southern Rhodesia; today Zimbabwe) from 1964 to 1979.

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IFEX (organization)

IFEX, formerly the International Freedom of Expression Exchange, is a global network of over 119 independent non-governmental organisations working at the local, national, regional and international level to defend and promote freedom of expression as a fundamental human right.

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Igneous rock

Igneous rock (derived from the Latin word ignis meaning fire), or magmatic rock, is one of the three main rock types, the others being sedimentary and metamorphic.

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Imprisonment

Imprisonment (from imprison Old French, French emprisonner, from en in + prison prison, from Latin prensio, arrest, from prehendere, prendere, to seize) is the restraint of a person's liberty, for any cause whatsoever, whether by authority of the government, or by a person acting without such authority.

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Independence

Independence is a condition of a nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory.

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Index of Zimbabwe-related articles

Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Zimbabwe include.

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Indian rupee

The Indian rupee (sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India.

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Indians in Zimbabwe

The Indian presence in what is now Zimbabwe dates back to 1890, when Indian plantation workers in South Africa crossed the border into Southern Rhodesia.

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Infant mortality

Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.

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Information and communications technology

Information and communication technology (ICT) is another/extensional term for information technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.

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Inselberg

An inselberg or monadnock is an isolated rock hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain.

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Institute for Security Studies

The Institute for Security Studies, also known as ISS or ISS Africa (to distinguish itself from other similarly named institutes in other parts of the world), described itself as follows: "an African organisation which aims to enhance human security on the continent.

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Institute of Chartered Accountants of Zimbabwe

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Zimbabwe (ICAZ) is a professional accountancy body in Zimbabwe.

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Internal Settlement

The Internal Settlement was an agreement which was signed on 3 March 1978 between Prime Minister of Rhodesia Ian Smith and the moderate African nationalist leaders comprising Bishop Abel Muzorewa, Ndabaningi Sithole and Senator Chief Jeremiah Chirau.

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International Cricket Council

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket.

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International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics

The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is an International organization which conducts agricultural research for rural development, headquartered in Patancheru (Hyderabad, Telangana, India) with several regional centers (Bamako (Mali), Nairobi (Kenya)) and research stations (Niamey (Niger), Kano (Nigeria), Lilongwe (Malawi), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Bulawayo (Zimbabwe)).

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International Futures

International Futures (IFs) is a global integrated assessment model designed to help in thinking strategically and systematically about key global systems (economic, demographic, education, health, environment, technology, domestic governance, infrastructure, agriculture, energy and environment) housed at the Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures.

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International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association

The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA) is an international organization bringing together more than 750 LGBTI groups from around the world.

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IRIN

IRIN (formerly Integrated Regional Information Networks) is a news agency focusing on humanitarian stories in regions that are often forgotten, under-reported, misunderstood or ignored.

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Irreligion

Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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Ishe Komborera Africa

"Ishe Komborera Africa" (Shona: God Bless Africa), also called "Ishe Komborera Zimbabwe" (Shona: God Bless Zimbabwe), was Zimbabwe's first national anthem after gaining independence in 1980.

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Jameson Raid

The Jameson Raid (29 December 1895 – 2 January 1896) was a botched raid against the South African Republic (commonly known as the Transvaal) carried out by British colonial statesman Leander Starr Jameson and his Company troops ("police" in the employ of Beit and Rhodes' British South Africa Company) and Bechuanaland policemen over the New Year weekend of 1895–96.

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Japanese yen

The is the official currency of Japan.

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Jerky

Jerky is lean meat that has been trimmed of fat, cut into strips, and then dried to prevent spoilage.

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Jesse Helms

Jesse Alexander Helms Jr. (October 18, 1921 – July 4, 2008) was an American politician and a leader in the conservative movement.

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Joe Biden

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who served as the 47th Vice President of the United States from 2009 to 2017.

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Johannesburg

Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.

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John Nkomo

John Landa Nkomo (22 August 1934 – 17 January 2013) was a Zimbabwean politician who served as Second Vice President of Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2013.

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Jonathan Moyo

Jonathan Nathaniel Moyo (born 12 January 1957) is a Zimbabwean politician who served in the government of Zimbabwe as Minister of Higher Education from 2015 to 2017.

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Joshua Nkomo

Joshua Mqabuko Nyongolo Nkomo (19 June 1917Jessup, John E. An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996. p. 533. – 1 July 1999) was a Zimbabwean politician who served as Vice President of Zimbabwe from 1987 to 1999.

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Josiah Tungamirai

Air Chief Marshal Josiah Tungamirai (8 October 1948, The White House. Retrieved on 1 April 2007. – 25 August 2005), born Thomas Mberikwazvo,, GoZimbabwe.com.

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Judah Mazive

Judah Mazive is a Zimbabwean rugby league footballer who plays for the York City Knights in Betfred League 1.

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Junior doctor

In the United Kingdom, junior doctors are qualified medical practitioners working whilst engaged in postgraduate training.

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Justice

Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered.

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Kalanga language

Kalanga, or TjiKalanga (in Zimbabwe), is a Bantu language spoken by the Kalanga people in Botswana and Zimbabwe.

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Kapenta

The Tanganyika sardine, is known as kapenta in Zambia and Zimbabwe (a related but different fish known as dagaa or ndaga is Rastrineobola argentea).

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Kayaking

Kayaking is the use of a kayak for moving across water.

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Kembo Mohadi

Kembo Dugish Campbell Mohadi (born 15 November 1949) is one of two Vice-Presidents of Zimbabwe since 28 December 2017.

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Khami

Khami (also written as Khame, Kame or Kami) is a ruined city located 22 kilometres west of Bulawayo, in Zimbabwe.

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Kingdom of Mapungubwe

The Kingdom of Mapungubwe (1075–1220) was a pre-colonial state in Southern Africa located at the confluence of the Shashe and Limpopo rivers, south of Great Zimbabwe.

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Kingdom of Mutapa

The Kingdom of Mutapa – sometimes referred to as the Mutapa Empire, Mwenemutapa, (Shona: Mwene we Mutapa or more commonly and modern "Munhumutapa"; Monomotapa) – was a Karanga kingdom which stretched from the Zambezi through the Limpopo rivers to the Indian Ocean in southern Africa, in what are the modern states of Zimbabwe, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Mozambique and parts of Namibia and Botswana; stretching well into modern Zambia.

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Kingdom of Zimbabwe

The Kingdom of Zimbabwe (c. 1220–1450) was a medieval kingdom located in modern-day Zimbabwe.

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Kirsty Coventry

Kirsty Leigh Coventry (born 16 September 1983, Harare) is a Zimbabwean former swimmer and former world record holder.

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Kitco

Kitco is a Canadian company that buys and sells physical precious metals such as gold, platinum, palladium, and silver.

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Kraal

Kraal (also spelled craal or kraul) is an Afrikaans and Dutch word (also used in South African English) for an enclosure for cattle or other livestock, located within an African settlement or village surrounded by a fence of thorn-bush branches, a palisade, mud wall, or other fencing, roughly circular in form.

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Lake Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika is an African Great Lake.

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Lamellophone

A lamellophone (also lamellaphone or linguaphone, from the Latin root lingua meaning "tongue", i.e., a long thin plate that is fixed only at one end) is any of a family of musical instruments.

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Lancaster House

Lancaster House (previously known as York House and Stafford House) is a mansion in the St James's district in the West End of London.

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Lancaster House Agreement

The Lancaster House Agreement, signed on the 21st December 1979, allowed for the creation and recognition of the Republic of Zimbabwe, replacing the unrecognised state of Rhodesia created by Ian Smith's Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965.

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Land degradation

Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land.

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Land reform in Zimbabwe

Land reform in Zimbabwe officially began in 1980 with the signing of the Lancaster House Agreement, as an effort to more equitably distribute land between black subsistence farmers and white Zimbabweans of European ancestry, who had traditionally enjoyed superior political and economic status.

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Landlocked country

A landlocked state or landlocked country is a sovereign state entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas.

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Languages of Zimbabwe

date). Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, namely Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa. Due to its history as both a British Colony and as the State of Rhodesia, English, Shona and Ndebele are the most widely spoken languages in the country. Approximately 70% of the population is Shona speaking and speaks Shona as their first language. Also it is said that around 20% are Ndebele and speak IsiNdebele as their first language. These statistics have not been officialised yet because Zimbabwe has never conducted a census that enumerated people according to languages.

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Leander Starr Jameson

Sir Leander Starr Jameson, 1st Baronet, (9 February 1853 – 26 November 1917), also known as "Doctor Jim", "The Doctor" or "Lanner", was a British colonial politician who was best known for his involvement in the Jameson Raid.

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Left- and right-hand traffic

The terms right-hand traffic (RHT) and left-hand traffic (LHT) refer to the practice, in bidirectional traffic situations, to keep to the right side or to the left side of the road, respectively.

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LGBT rights in Zimbabwe

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Zimbabwe face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.

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LGBT rights opposition

LGBT rights opposition is the opposition to legal rights, proposed or enacted, for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people.

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Limpopo River

The Limpopo River rises in South Africa, and flows generally eastwards to the Indian Ocean in Mozambique.

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List of wards of Zimbabwe

The Districts of Zimbabwe are divided into 1,200 municipal wards.

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Lobengula

Lobengula Khumalo (1845–1894) was the second and last king of the Northern Ndebele people (historically called Matabele in English).

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Lower house

A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.

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Lozi language

Lozi, also known as siLozi and Rozi, is a Bantu language of the Niger–Congo language family within the Sotho–Tswana branch of Zone S (S.30), that is spoken by the Lozi people, primarily in southwestern Zambia and in surrounding countries.

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Lufthansa

Deutsche Lufthansa AG, commonly known as Lufthansa (sometimes also as Lufthansa German Airlines), is the largest German airline and, when combined with its subsidiaries, also the largest airline in Europe both in terms of fleet size and passengers carried during 2017.

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Lupane District

Lupane is a district in Matabeleland North Province in Zimbabwe.

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Lusaka

Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia.

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Mahogany

Mahogany is a kind of wood—the straight-grained, reddish-brown timber of three tropical hardwood species of the genus Swietenia, indigenous to the AmericasBridgewater, Samuel (2012).

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Malawi

Malawi (or; or maláwi), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland.

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Manicaland Province

Manicaland is a province in eastern Zimbabwe.

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Maoism

Maoism, known in China as Mao Zedong Thought, is a political theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong, whose followers are known as Maoists.

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Marange diamond fields

The Marange diamond fields are an area of widespread small-scale diamond production in Chiadzwa, Mutare West, Zimbabwe.

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Marondera

Marondera (known as Marandellas until 1982) is a city in Mashonaland East, Zimbabwe, located about 72 km east of Harare; population 39,385Bold text (Central Statistical Office, Zimbabwe. Census of Population, 1992. The population was estimated at 46,000 in 2002. Harare: Government Printer).

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Martin Meredith

Martin Meredith is a historian, journalist, and biographer.

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Marxism–Leninism

In political science, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, of the Communist International and of Stalinist political parties.

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Mashed potato

Mashed potato (British English) or mashed potatoes (American English and Canadian English), colloquially known as mash, is a dish prepared by mashing boiled potatoes.

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Mashonaland

Mashonaland is a region in northern Zimbabwe.

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Mashonaland Central Province

Mashonaland Central is a province of Zimbabwe.

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Mashonaland East Province

Mashonaland East, informally Mash East, is a province of Zimbabwe.

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Mashonaland West Province

Mashonaland West is a province of Zimbabwe.

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Masimbaashe Matongo

Masimbaashe Matongo is a Zimbabwean professional rugby league footballer who plays for Hull F.C. in the Super League.

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Masvingo

Masvingo (before 1982 known as Fort Victoria) is a city in south-eastern Zimbabwe and the capital of Masvingo Province.

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Masvingo Province

Masvingo is a province in southeastern Zimbabwe.

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Matabeleland

Modern-day Matabeleland is a region in Zimbabwe divided into three provinces: Matabeleland North, Bulawayo and Matabeleland South.

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Matabeleland North Province

Matabeleland North is a province in western Zimbabwe.

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Matabeleland South Province

Matabeleland South is a province in southwestern Zimbabwe.

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Matobo National Park

The Matobo National Park forms the core of the Matobo or Matopos Hills, an area of granite kopjes and wooded valleys commencing some south of Bulawayo, southern Zimbabwe.

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Mauritian of French origin

A Mauritian of French origin, as the name implies, is a Mauritian person whose ancestors are from France.

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Maxim gun

The Maxim gun was a weapon invented by American-born British inventor Hiram Stevens Maxim in 1884: it was the first recoil-operated machine gun in production.

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Mbira

The mbira is an African musical instrument consisting of a wooden board (often fitted with a resonator) with attached staggered metal tines, played by holding the instrument in the hands and plucking the tines with the thumbs.

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Meat

Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.

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Metallon Corporation

Metallon Corporation is a gold producer, developer and explorer with operations in Zimbabwe and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

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Metamorphosis

Metamorphosis is a biological process by which an animal physically develops after birth or hatching, involving a conspicuous and relatively abrupt change in the animal's body structure through cell growth and differentiation.

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Methodism

Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity which derive their inspiration from the life and teachings of John Wesley, an Anglican minister in England.

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Mfecane

Mfecane (isiZulu, In another tradition transcribed. is the current IPA symbol for a dental click, not a lower-case.), also known by the Sesotho name Difaqane or Lifaqane (all meaning "crushing, scattering, forced dispersal, forced migration"), was a period of widespread chaos and warfare among indigenous ethnic communities in:southern Africa during the period between 1815 and about 1840.

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Midlands Province

Midlands is a province of Zimbabwe.

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Military dictatorship

A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.

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Miss Heritage Zimbabwe

Miss Heritage Zimbabwe is a national beauty pageant celebrating the culture and heritage of Zimbabwe.

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Morgan Tsvangirai

Morgan Richard Tsvangirai (10 March 1952 – 14 February 2018) was a Zimbabwean politician who was Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 2009 to 2013.

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Motorsport

Motorsport or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which primarily involve the use of motorised vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition.

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Mount Nyangani

Mount Nyangani (formerly Mount Inyangani) is the highest mountain in Zimbabwe at 2,592 m (8,504 ft).

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Mount Pleasant, Harare

Mount Pleasant is the name of a residential suburb in the northern part of Harare, Zimbabwe.

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Movement for Democratic Change – Ncube

The Movement for Democratic Change – Ncube (MDC–N) is a Zimbabwean political party led by politician and attorney Welshman Ncube.

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Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai

The Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai (MDC–T) is a political party and currently the main opposition party in the House of Assembly of Zimbabwe ahead of the 2018 elections.

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Mozambique

Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de Moçambique) is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.

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Musket

A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smoothbore long gun that appeared in early 16th century Europe, at first as a heavier variant of the arquebus, capable of penetrating heavy armor.

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Mutare

Mutare (known as Umtali until 1983) is the fourth largest city in Zimbabwe, with an urban population of approximately 188,243 and rural population of approximately 260,567.

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Mzilikazi

Mzilikazi (1790 – 9 September 1868) was a Southern African king who founded the Matabele Kingdom (khumalo), Matabeleland, in what became British South Africa Company-ruled Rhodesia and is now Zimbabwe.

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Naletale

Naletale (or Nalatale) are ruins located about 25 kilometres east of Shangani in Matabeleland north, Zimbabwe and just north of the Dhlo Dhlo ruins.

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Nambya language

The Nambya language, or Nanzwa/Nanzva, is a Bantu language spoken by the Nambya people.

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Nambya people

The Nambya people are an ethnic group of about 100,000 people, based in the north-west of Zimbabwe.

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Namibia

Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.

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NASA

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

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National Anthem of Zimbabwe

Simudzai Mureza wedu WeZimbabwe (English: Blessed be the Land of Zimbabwe, lit. "Lift High Zimbabwe's Banner"; Kalibusiswe Ilizwe leZimbabwe) is the national anthem of Zimbabwe.

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National Geographic Society

The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.

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National park

A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.

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National Sports Stadium (Zimbabwe)

The National Sports Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium, in Harare, Zimbabwe, with a capacity of 60,000 people.

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National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe

The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) is the second largest public research university in Zimbabwe, located in Bulawayo.

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Ndau dialect

Ndau (also called chiNdau, Chindau, Ndzawu, Njao, Sofala, Southeast Shona, Chidanda) is a Bantu language spoken by 1,400,000 people in central Mozambique and southeastern Zimbabwe.

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Netball

Netball is a ball sport played by two teams of seven players.

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NewsDay (Zimbabwean newspaper)

NewsDay is Zimbabwe's first independent daily newspaper since 2003.

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Nick Price

Nicholas Raymond Leige Price (born 28 January 1957) is a South African-born Zimbabwean professional golfer who has won three major championships in his career: the PGA Championship twice (in 1992 and 1994) and The Open Championship in 1994.

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No independence before majority rule

No independence before majority rule (abbreviated NIBMAR) was a policy adopted by the United Kingdom requiring the implementation of majority rule in a colony, rather than rule by the white colonial minority, before the empire granted its colony independence.

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Norman Walsh

Norman Walsh OLM BCR ESM (1932 or 1933 – 3 August 2010) was a senior officer in the Rhodesian Air Force and the first commander of the Air Force of Zimbabwe.

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Northern Ndebele language

Northern Ndebele, also called Sindebele, Zimbabwean Ndebele or North Ndebele, and formerly known as Matabele, is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, spoken by the Northern Ndebele people, or Matabele, of Zimbabwe.

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Northern Ndebele people

The Northern Ndebele people (amaNdebele) are a Bantu nation and ethnic group in Southern Africa, who share a common Ndebele culture and Ndebele language.

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Northern Rhodesia

Northern Rhodesia was a protectorate in south central Africa, formed in 1911 by amalgamating the two earlier protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia.

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Northern Rhodesia Journal

The Northern Rhodesia Journal, often referred to simply as "NRJ", was produced between 1950 and 1965, by the Northern Rhodesian Government Printer, to record some of the early history of Northern Rhodesia.

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Nyanga National Park

Nyanga National Park lies in the north of Zimbabwe's Eastern Highlands.

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Nyasaland

Nyasaland, or the Nyasaland Protectorate, was a British Protectorate located in Africa, which was established in 1907 when the former British Central Africa Protectorate changed its name.

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Official language

An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.

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Oliver Mtukudzi

Oliver "Tuku" Mtukudzi (born 22 September 1952 in Highfield, Harare) is a Zimbabwean musician, businessman, philanthropist, human rights activist and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador for Southern Africa Region.

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One-party state

A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, or single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution.

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Operating theater

An operating theater (also known as an operating room, operating suite, operation theatre, operation suite or OR) is a facility within a hospital where surgical operations are carried out in a sterile environment.

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Operation Murambatsvina

Operation Murambatsvina (Move the Rubbish), also officially known as Operation Restore Order, was a large-scale Zimbabwean government campaign to forcibly clear slum areas across the country.

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Outline of Zimbabwe

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe – landlocked sovereign country located in Southern Africa, between the Zambezi River and Limpopo River.

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Parliament of Zimbabwe

The Parliament of Zimbabwe consists of two chambers.

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Parliamentary republic

A parliamentary republic is a republic that operates under a parliamentary system of government where the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is accountable to the legislature (the parliament).

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Patrick Chinamasa

Patrick Antony Chinamasa (born 25 January 1947) is a Zimbabwean politician who serves in the government of Zimbabwe as Minister of Finance and Economic Planning since November 2017.

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PDF

The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.

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Peanut

The peanut, also known as the groundnut or the goober and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.

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Peanut butter

Peanut butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts.

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Perseus Books Group

Perseus Books Group was an American publishing company founded in 1996 by investor Frank Pearl.

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Peter Carington, 6th Baron Carrington

Peter Alexander Rupert Carington, 6th Baron Carrington, (born 6 June 1919) is a British Conservative politician and hereditary peer who served as Defence Secretary between 1970 and 1974, Foreign Secretary between 1979 and 1982, chairman of General Electric between 1983 and 1984, and Secretary General of NATO from 1984 to 1988.

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Peter Garlake

Peter Garlake (11 January 1934 - 2 December 2011) was a Zimbabwean archaeologist and art historian, who made influential contributions to the study of Great Zimbabwe and Ife, Nigeria.

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Peter Lang (publisher)

Peter Lang is an academic publisher specializing in the humanities and social sciences.

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Petroglyph

Petroglyphs are images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art.

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Phelekezela Mphoko

Report Phelekezela Mphoko (born 11 June 1940) is a Zimbabwean politician, diplomat, businessman and former military commander who served as Second Vice-President of Zimbabwe from 2014 until 2017, as well as Zimbabwe's ambassador to Russia, Botswana and South Africa.

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Pioneer Column

The Pioneer Column was a force raised by Cecil Rhodes and his British South Africa Company in 1890 and used in his efforts to annexe the territory of Mashonaland, later part of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).

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Plague (disease)

Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.

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Platinum

Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78.

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Plenary session

A plenary session is a session of a conference which all members of all parties are to attend.

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Poaching

Poaching has been defined as the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.

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Politics of Zimbabwe

The politics of Zimbabwe takes place in a framework of a full presidential republic, whereby the President is the head of state and government as organised by the 2013 Constitution.

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Polocrosse

Polocrosse is a team sport that is a combination of polo and lacrosse.

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Popcorn

Popcorn, popcorns, or pop-corn, is a variety of corn kernel, which expands and puffs up when heated.

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Population growth

In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.

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Porridge

Porridge (also historically spelled porage, porrige, parritch) is a food commonly eaten as a breakfast cereal dish, made by boiling ground, crushed or chopped starchy plants—typically grain—in water or milk.

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Portuguese people

Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.

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Potato production in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe has a well-established history of potato cultivation, although production levels have been declining since the 20th century due to a lack of knowledge of cultivation methods and the rising costs of farming.

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Pottery

Pottery is the ceramic material which makes up pottery wares, of which major types include earthenware, stoneware and porcelain.

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Pound sterling

The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.

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President of Zimbabwe

The President of Zimbabwe is the head of state of Zimbabwe.

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Presidential system

A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.

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Prime Minister of Rhodesia

The Prime Minister of Rhodesia (before 1964, of Southern Rhodesia) was the head of government in Rhodesia.

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Prime Minister of Zimbabwe

The Prime Minister of Zimbabwe was a political office in the government of Zimbabwe that existed on two separate occasions.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Provinces of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is divided into eight provinces and two cities with provincial status.

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Qantas

Qantas Airways is the flag carrier of Australia and its largest airline by fleet size, international flights and international destinations.

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Quadripoint

A quadripoint is a point on the Earth that touches the border of four distinct territories.

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Religion in Zimbabwe

Christianity is the dominant religion in Zimbabwe.

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Renminbi

The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.

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Reporters Without Borders

Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF), is an international non-profit, non-governmental organization that promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.

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Reuters

Reuters is an international news agency headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

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Rhodesia

Rhodesia was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe.

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Rhodesia (region)

Rhodesia is a historical region in southern Africa whose formal boundaries evolved between the 1890s and 1980.

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Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence

The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) was a statement adopted by the Cabinet of Rhodesia on 11 November 1965, announcing that Rhodesia, a British territory in southern Africa that had governed itself since 1923, now regarded itself as an independent sovereign state.

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Rhodesian African Rifles

The Rhodesian African Rifles (RAR) were a regiment of the Rhodesian Army.

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Rhodesian Bush War

The Rhodesian Bush War—also known as the Second Chimurenga or the Zimbabwe War of Liberation—was a civil war that took place from July 1964 to December 1979 in the unrecognised country of Rhodesia (later Zimbabwe-Rhodesia).

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Rhodesian constitutional referendum, 1969

A double referendum was held in Rhodesia on 20 June 1969, in which voters were asked whether they were in favour of or against a) the adoption of a republican form of government and b) the proposals for a new Constitution, as set out in a White Paper and published in a Gazette Extraordinary on 21 May 1969. Both proposals were approved. The country was subsequently declared a republic on 2 March 1970.

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Rhodesian dollar

The dollar (R$) was the currency of Rhodesia between 1970 and 1980.

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Rhodesian Front

The Rhodesian Front was a conservative political party in Rhodesia (or Southern Rhodesia) when the country was under white minority rule.

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Rhodesian Security Forces

The Rhodesian Security Forces were the military forces of the Rhodesian government.

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Roasting

Roasting is a cooking method that uses dry heat where hot air envelops the food, cooking it evenly on all sides with temperatures of at least 150 °C (~300 °F) from an open flame, oven, or other heat source.

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Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell

Lieutenant-General Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, (22 February 1857 – 8 January 1941) was a British Army officer, writer, author of Scouting for Boys which was an inspiration for the Scout Movement, founder and first Chief Scout of The Boy Scouts Association and founder of the Girl Guides.

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Robert Mugabe

Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is a former Zimbabwean politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President from 1987 to 2017.

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Royal charter

A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate.

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Rozwi Empire

The Rozvi Empire (1684–1834) was established on the Zimbabwean Plateau by Changamire Dombo.

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Rudd Concession

The Rudd Concession, a written concession for exclusive mining rights in Matabeleland, Mashonaland and other adjoining territories in what is today Zimbabwe, was granted by King Lobengula of Matabeleland to Charles Rudd, James Rochfort Maguire and Francis Thompson, three agents acting on behalf of the South African-based politician and businessman Cecil Rhodes, on 30 October 1888.

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Rufaro Stadium

The Rufaro Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Harare, Zimbabwe and home to Dynamos F.C..

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Rugby league

Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.

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Rugby union

Rugby union, commonly known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century.

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Rugby World Cup

The Rugby World Cup is a men's rugby union tournament contested every four years between the top international teams.

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Rule of law

The rule of law is the "authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; (hence) the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes".

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Rusape

Rusape is a town in Zimbabwe.

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Russ Feingold

Russell Dana Feingold (born March 2, 1953) is an American lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Wisconsin.

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Ruwa

Ruwa is a town in Mashonaland East, Zimbabwe, situated 22 km south-east of Harare on the main Harare-Mutare highway and railway line.

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Sadza

Sadza in Shona (isitshwala in isiNdebele, or pap, vuswa or bogobe in South Africa, or nsima in Chichewa language, or Ugali in East Africa) or phaletšhe in Botswana, is a cooked maize meal that is the staple food in Zimbabwe and other parts of Southern Africa.

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Sanitation

Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.

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SANZAAR

SANZAAR (South Africa, New Zealand, Australia and Argentina Rugby) is the body which operates Super Rugby and The Rugby Championship competitions in Rugby Union.

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Scotland national rugby union team

The Scotland national rugby union team is administered by the Scottish Rugby Union.

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Scott Gray (rugby union)

Scott Donald Gray (born 25 February 1978) in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe) is a rugby union footballer for Northampton Saints in the Guinness Premiership.

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Scouting

Scouting or the Scout Movement is a movement that aims to support young people in their physical, mental and spiritual development, that they may play constructive roles in society, with a strong focus on the outdoors and survival skills.

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Second Matabele War

The Second Matabele War, also known as the Matabeleland Rebellion or part of what is known in Zimbabwe as the First Chimurenga, was fought between 1896 and 1897 in the area then known as Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe.

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Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

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Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.

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Sedimentary rock

Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.

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Self-governing colony

In the British Empire, a self-governing colony was a colony with an elected government in which elected rulers were able to make most decisions without referring to the colonial power with nominal control of the colony.

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Semi-presidential system

A semi-presidential system or dual executive system is a system of government in which a president exists alongside a prime minister and a cabinet, with the latter two being responsible for the legislature of a state.

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Sena language

Sena is a Bantu language spoken in the four provinces of central Mozambique (Zambezi valley): Tete, Sofala, Zambezia and Manica.

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Senate of Zimbabwe

The Senate of Zimbabwe is the upper chamber of the country's bicameral Parliament.

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Serpentine subgroup

The serpentine subgroup (part of the kaolinite-serpentine group) are greenish, brownish, or spotted minerals commonly found in serpentinite rocks.

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Serpentinite

Serpentinite is a rock composed of one or more serpentine group minerals, the name originating from the similarity of the texture of the rock to that of the skin of a snake.

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Seventh-day Adventist Church

The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week in Christian and Jewish calendars, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.

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Shaka

Shaka kaSenzangakhona (c. 1787 – 22 September 1828), also known as Shaka Zulu, was one of the most influential monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom.

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Shirazi era

The "Shirazi era" refers to a mythic origin in the history of Southeast Africa (and especially Tanzania), between the 13th century and 15th century.

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Shona language

Shona (chiShona) is the most widely spoken Bantu language as a first language and is native to the Shona people of Zimbabwe.

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Shona people

The Shona are a group of Bantu ethnic group native to Zimbabwe and neighbouring countries.

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Simpson Mutambanengwe

Simpson Victor Mutambanengwe (also: Mtambanengwe, 1930 – 11 May 2017) was a Zimbabwean judge.

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Singapore Botanic Gardens

The Singapore Botanic Gardens is a 158-year-old tropical garden located at the fringe of Singapore's Orchard Road shopping district.

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Sky News

Sky News is a 24-hour international multimedia news organisation based in the UK that started as a 24-hour television news channel.

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Soapstone

Soapstone (also known as steatite or soaprock) is a talc-schist, which is a type of metamorphic rock.

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Solomon Mujuru

Solomon Mujuru (born Solomon Mutusva; 5 May 1945 – 15 August 2011), also known by his nom-de-guerre, Rex Nhongo, was a Zimbabwean military officer and politician who led Robert Mugabe's guerrilla forces during the Rhodesian Bush War.

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Solomon Mutswairo

Solomon Mangwiro Mutswairo also spelt Mutsvairo, (April 26, 1924 - November 2005) was a Zimbabwean novelist and poet.

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Soshangane

Soshangane kaZikode, born Soshangane Nxumalo, was the founder and self-crowned king of the Gaza Empire, which at the height of its power stretched over modern-day southern Mozambique and all the way to the Limpopo River.

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Sotho language

Sotho (Sesotho; also known as Southern Sotho, or Southern Sesotho, Historically also Suto, or Suthu, Souto, Sisutho, Sutu, or Sesutu, according to the pronunciation of the name.) is a Southern Bantu language of the Sotho-Tswana (S.30) group, spoken primarily in South Africa, where it is one of the 11 official languages, and in Lesotho, where it is the national language.

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Soured milk

Soured milk denotes a range of food products produced by the acidification of milk.

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South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.

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South Africa national rugby league team

The South Africa national rugby league team are a rugby league football team that represents South Africa.

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South African rand

The South African Rand (sign: R; code: ZAR) is the currency of South Africa.

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South African Republic

The South African Republic (Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR), often referred to as the Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal, was an independent and internationally recognised country in Southern Africa from 1852 to 1902.

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Southern Africa

Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.

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Southern African Development Community

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) is an inter-governmental organization headquartered in Gaborone, Botswana.

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Southern Rhodesia

The Colony of Southern Rhodesia was a self-governing British Crown colony in southern Africa from 1923 to 1980, the predecessor state of modern Zimbabwe.

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Southern Rhodesia in World War I

When the United Kingdom declared war on Germany at the start of World War I in August 1914, settler society in Southern Rhodesia, then administered by the British South Africa Company, received the news with great patriotic enthusiasm.

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Southern Rhodesia in World War II

Southern Rhodesia, then a self-governing colony of the United Kingdom, entered World War II along with Britain shortly after the invasion of Poland in 1939.

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Southern Rhodesian general election, 1980

General elections were held in Southern Rhodesia in February 1980 to elect a government which would govern the country after it was granted independence as Zimbabwe, in accordance with the conclusions of the Lancaster House Agreement.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Spinach

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an edible flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae native to central and western Asia.

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Spirituality

Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.

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Spring greens

Spring Greens are a cultivar of Brassica oleracea in the cultivar Acephala Group, similar to kale, in which the central leaves do not form a head or form only a very loose one.

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Squash (sport)

Squash is a ball sport played by two (singles) or four players (doubles squash) in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball.

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State school

State schools (also known as public schools outside England and Wales)In England and Wales, some independent schools for 13- to 18-year-olds are known as 'public schools'.

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Sudan

The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.

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Sugarcane

Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.

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Super League World Nines

The Super League World Nines (known as the Gatorade Super League World Nines due to sponsorship), was a pre-season rugby league nines tournament between national sides.

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Sweet potato

The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the bindweed or morning glory family, Convolvulaceae.

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Tea

Tea is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia.

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Teak

Teak (Tectona grandis) is a tropical hardwood tree species placed in the flowering plant family Lamiaceae.

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Telephone numbers in Zimbabwe

To make a call from one town or city to another within Zimbabwe, a subscriber would dial 0, the trunk code, followed by the area code and the number required.

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Tendai Biti

Tendai Laxton Biti (born 6 August 1966) is a Zimbabwean politician who served as Zimbabwe's Minister of Finance from 2009 to 2013.

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Test cricket

Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket and is considered its highest standard.

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The Championships, Wimbledon

The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly known simply as Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and is widely regarded as the most prestigious.

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The Christian Science Monitor

The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.

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The Chronicle (Zimbabwe)

The Chronicle is a popular daily newspaper in Zimbabwe.

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The Daily Telegraph

The Daily Telegraph, commonly referred to simply as The Telegraph, is a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally.

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The Economist

The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.

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The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (or simply the Global Fund) is an international financing organization that aims to "ttract and disburse additional resources to prevent and treat HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria." A public-private partnership, the organization maintains its secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland.

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The Grass Is Singing

The Grass Is Singing is the first novel, published in 1950, by British Nobel Prize-winning author Doris Lessing.

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The Great Betrayal

The Great Betrayal: The Memoirs of Ian Douglas Smith is a 1997 autobiography written by Ian Smith, focusing on his time as Prime Minister of the British self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia, later Rhodesia (April 13, 1964 – June 1, 1979).

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The Herald (Zimbabwe)

The Herald is a state-owned daily newspaper published in Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe.

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The House of Hunger

The House of Hunger (1978) is a short story collection that was the first book by Zimbabwean writer Dambudzo Marechera (1952–1987), published three years after he left university.

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The Times

The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.

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Thomas Mapfumo

Thomas Tafirenyika Mapfumo (born July 3, 1945) is a Zimbabwean musician known as "The Lion of Zimbabwe" and "Mukanya" (the praise name of his clan in the Shona language) for his immense popularity and for the political influence he wields through his music, including his sharp criticism of the government of President Robert Mugabe.

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Time (magazine)

Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.

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Tonga language (Zambia and Zimbabwe)

Tonga (Chitonga), also known as Zambezi, is a Bantu language primarily spoken by the Tonga people who live mainly in the Southern and Western provinces of Zambia, and in northern Zimbabwe, with a few in Mozambique.

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Tracking (hunting)

Tracking in hunting and ecology is the science and art of observing animal tracks and other signs, with the goal of gaining understanding of the landscape and the animal being tracked (quarry).

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Trade union

A trade union or trades union, also called a labour union (Canada) or labor union (US), is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve many common goals; such as protecting the integrity of its trade, improving safety standards, and attaining better wages, benefits (such as vacation, health care, and retirement), and working conditions through the increased bargaining power wielded by the creation of a monopoly of the workers.

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Traditional African religions

The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions.

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Troy weight

Troy weight is a system of units of mass customarily used for precious metals and gemstones.

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Tshwa language

Tsoa or Tshwa, also known as Kua and Hiechware, is an East Kalahari Khoe dialect cluster spoken by several thousand people in Botswana and Zimbabwe.

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Tsonga language

Tsonga (Xitsonga) is a southern African Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people.

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Tswana language

No description.

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Uapaca kirkiana

Uapaca kirkiana or sugar plum or mahobohobo is a species of plant in the Phyllanthaceae family.

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UNESCO

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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Unitary state

A unitary state is a state governed as a single power in which the central government is ultimately supreme and any administrative divisions (sub-national units) exercise only the powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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United African National Council

The United African National Council (UANC) was a political party in Zimbabwe.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Nations

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.

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United Nations Development Programme

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.

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United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) is a United Nations (UN) body formed in December 1991 by General Assembly Resolution 46/182.

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United States Declaration of Independence

The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.

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United States Department of State

The United States Department of State (DOS), often referred to as the State Department, is the United States federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.

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United States dollar

The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.

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United States Senate

The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.

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University College London

University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly known as Penn or UPenn) is a private Ivy League research university located in University City section of West Philadelphia.

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University of Zimbabwe

The University of Zimbabwe (UZ) in Harare, is the oldest and top ranked university in Zimbabwe.

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Upper house

An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature (or one of three chambers of a tricameral legislature), the other chamber being the lower house.

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Urban sprawl

Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl describes the expansion of human populations away from central urban areas into low-density, monofunctional and usually car-dependent communities, in a process called suburbanization.

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USA Today

USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.

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Vassal

A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe.

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Vegetable

Vegetables are parts of plants that are consumed by humans as food as part of a meal.

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Venda

Venda was a Bantustan in northern South Africa, close to the South African border with Zimbabwe to the north, while to the south and east, it shared a long border with another black homeland, Gazankulu.

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Venda language

Venda, also known as Tshivenḓa or Luvenḓa, is a Bantu language and an official language of South Africa.

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Veneration of the dead

The veneration of the dead, including one's ancestors, is based on love and respect for the deceased.

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Vice-President of Zimbabwe

The Vice-President of Zimbabwe is the second highest political position obtainable in Zimbabwe.

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Victoria Falls

Victoria Falls (Tokaleya Tonga: Mosi-oa-Tunya, "The Smoke that Thunders") is a waterfall in southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe.

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Victoria Falls National Park

Open to visitors throughout the year, the Victoria Falls National Park in north-western Zimbabwe protects the south and east bank of the Zambezi River in the area of the world-famous Victoria Falls.

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Vigna subterranea

Vigna subterranea (also known by its common names: Bambara nut, Bambara-bean, Congo goober, earth pea, ground-bean, or hog-peanut) is a member of the family Fabaceae.

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Warsaw Pact

The Warsaw Pact, formally known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance, was a collective defence treaty signed in Warsaw, Poland among the Soviet Union and seven Soviet satellite states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War.

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Water polo

Water polo is a competitive team sport played in the water between two teams.

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Water supply

Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.

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Wayne Black

Wayne Hamilton Black (born 17 November 1973 in Harare), is a former professional male tennis player from Zimbabwe.

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Wedding

A wedding is a ceremony where two people are united in marriage.

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Welshman Ncube

Welshman Ncube (born 7 July 1961) is a Zimbabwean lawyer, businessman and politician.

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White people in Zimbabwe

White Zimbabweans (historically referred to as white Rhodesians or simply Rhodesians) are people from the southern African country Zimbabwe who are white.

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Wildlife

Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.

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Woodcraft

The term woodcraft — or woodlore — denotes skills and experience in matters relating to living and thriving in the woods—such as hunting, fishing, and camping—whether on a short- or long-term basis.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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World Scout Jamboree

The World Scout Jamboree is a Scouting jamboree of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, typically attended by several tens of thousands of Scouts from around the world, aged 14 to 17.

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World's View, Nyanga

World's View is a spectacular vista on the escarpment of the Nyanga Downs plateau in the Eastern Highlands mountain range, just north of Nyanga, in eastern Zimbabwe.

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Xhosa language

Xhosa (Xhosa: isiXhosa) is a Nguni Bantu language with click consonants ("Xhosa" begins with a click) and one of the official languages of South Africa.

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Zambezi

The Zambezi (also spelled Zambeze and Zambesi) is the fourth-longest river in Africa, the longest east-flowing river in Africa and the largest flowing into the Indian Ocean from Africa.

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Zambia

Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.

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ZANU–PF

The Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (ZANU–PF) has been the ruling party in Zimbabwe since independence in 1980.

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Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army

Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA) was the military wing of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), a militant African nationalist organisation that participated in the Rhodesian Bush War against white minority rule of Rhodesia (modern Zimbabwe).

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Zimbabwe African National Union

The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) was a militant organisation that fought against white minority rule in Rhodesia, formed as a split from the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU).

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Zimbabwe African People's Union

The Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) is a Zimbabwean political party.

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Zimbabwe at the 1980 Summer Olympics

Zimbabwe competed at the 1980 Summer Olympics in the Soviet Union capital, Moscow.

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Zimbabwe at the 2004 Summer Olympics

Zimbabwe competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004.

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Zimbabwe at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Zimbabwe sent a team to compete at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China.

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Zimbabwe Bird

The stone-carved Zimbabwe Bird is the national emblem of Zimbabwe, appearing on the national flags and coats of arms of both Zimbabwe and Rhodesia, as well as on banknotes and coins (first on Rhodesian pound and then Rhodesian dollar).

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Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation

The Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) is the state-controlled broadcaster in Zimbabwe.

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Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act of 2001

The Zimbabwe Democracy and Economic Recovery Act (S. 494) is an act passed by the United States Congress which imposed economic sanctions on Zimbabwe, allegedly to provide for a transition to democracy and to promote economic recovery.

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Zimbabwe Institution of Engineers

The Zimbabwe Institution of Engineers is the professional organization of engineers in Zimbabwe.

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Zimbabwe National Army

The Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA) is the primary branch of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces responsible for land-oriented military operations.

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Zimbabwe national football team

The Zimbabwe national football team is the national team of Zimbabwe and is controlled by the Zimbabwe Football Association (ZIFA), formerly known as the Football Association of Rhodesia.

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Zimbabwe national rugby union team

The Zimbabwe national rugby union team, nicknamed the Sables, represents the African nation of Zimbabwe in international competition, and is administered by the Zimbabwe Rugby Union.

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Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army

Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) was the armed wing of the Zimbabwe African People's Union, a Marxist–Leninist political party in Rhodesia.

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Zimbabwe Republic Police

The Zimbabwe Republic Police (or ZRP) is the national police force of Zimbabwe, known until July 1980 as the British South Africa Police.

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Zimbabwe Rhodesia

Zimbabwe Rhodesia was an unrecognised state that existed from 1 June 1979 to 12 December 1979.

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Zimbabwe Rhodesia general election, 1979

The Zimbabwe Rhodesia general election of April 1979 was held under the Internal Settlement negotiated by the Rhodesian Front government of Ian Smith intended to provide a peaceful transition to majority rule on terms not harmful to Rhodesians of white descent.

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Zimbabwe women's national field hockey team

The Zimbabwe women's national field hockey team is the national women's team representing Zimbabwe in field hockey.

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Zimbabwean bond coins

The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe began to release Zimbabwean bond coins on 18 December 2014.

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Zimbabwean bond notes

Zimbabwean bond notes are a form of banknote in circulation in Zimbabwe.

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Zimbabwean constitutional referendum, 2013

A constitutional referendum was held in Zimbabwe on 16 and 17 March 2013, AllAfrica, 13 March 2013 after being postponed from September 2011 and from 30 June 2011.

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Zimbabwean dollar

The Zimbabwean dollar (sign: $, or Z$ to distinguish it from other dollar-denominated currencies) was the official currency of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 12 April 2009.

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Zimbabwean general election, 1990

General elections were held in Zimbabwe on 23 March 1990 to elect the President and Parliament.

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Zimbabwean general election, 2008

General elections were held in Zimbabwe on 29 March 2008 to elect the President and Parliament.

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Zimbabwean general election, 2013

General elections were held in Zimbabwe on 31 July 2013.

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Zimbabwean parliamentary election, 2005

Parliamentary elections were held in Zimbabwe on 31 March 2005 to elect members to the Zimbabwe House of Assembly.

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Zimbabwean sign languages

Several Zimbabwean sign languages developed independently among deaf students in different Zimbabwean schools for the deaf starting in the 1940s.

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Zimbabweans in the United Kingdom

Zimbabweans in the United Kingdom are people who have migrated from Zimbabwe to the UK and their descendants.

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Zulu people

The Zulu (amaZulu) are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa and the largest ethnic group in South Africa, with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal.

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.zw

.zw (zimbabwe) is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Zimbabwe.

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15th parallel south

The 15th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 15 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane.

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2008 Zimbabwean cholera outbreak

The 2008 Zimbabwean cholera outbreak was an epidemic of cholera affecting much of Zimbabwe from August 2008 until June 2009.

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2008–09 Zimbabwean political negotiations

The 2008–2009 Zimbabwean political negotiations between the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (led by Morgan Tsvangirai), its small splinter group, the Movement for Democratic Change – Mutambara (led by Arthur Mutambara), and the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (led by Robert Mugabe) were intended to negotiate an end to the partisan violence and human rights violations in Zimbabwe and create a framework for a power-sharing executive government between the two parties.

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2016–17 Zimbabwe protests

The 2016–17 Zimbabwe protests began in Zimbabwe on 6 July 2016.

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2017 Zimbabwean coup d'état

On the evening of 14 November 2017, elements of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces (ZDF) gathered around Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe, and seized control of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation and key areas of the city.

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23rd parallel south

The 23rd parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 23 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane, about 50 km north of the Tropic of Capricorn.

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25th meridian east

The meridian 25° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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34th meridian east

The meridian 34° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Turkey, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

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5th Brigade (Zimbabwe)

The 5th Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA).

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Redirects here:

Cuisine of Zimbabwe, Environmental issues in Zimbabwe, Etymology of Zimbabwe, Health care in Zimbabwe, ISO 3166-1:ZW, Name of Zimbabwe, Nyika yeZimbabwe, People of Zimbabwe, Republic Of Zimbabwe, Republic Zimbabwe, Republic of Zimbabwe, ZWE, Zimbabwae, Zimbabwean, Zimbabwean cuisine, Zimbabwean cultural practices, Zimbabwean independence, Zimbabwean legends, Zimbabwei, Zimbabwian, Zimbawe, Zimbawean, Zimbobwe.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zimbabwe

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