19 relations: Atomic orbital, Bose–Einstein condensate, Casimir effect, Compton wavelength, Dirac equation, Energy level, Erwin Schrödinger, Fine structure, Foldy–Wouthuysen transformation, German language, Hamiltonian (quantum mechanics), Heisenberg picture, Hydrogen-like atom, Lamb shift, Position operator, Stochastic electrodynamics, Theory of relativity, Vacuum state, Wave packet.

## Atomic orbital

In quantum mechanics, an atomic orbital is a mathematical function that describes the wave-like behavior of either one electron or a pair of electrons in an atom.

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## Bose–Einstein condensate

A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.

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## Casimir effect

In quantum field theory, the Casimir effect and the Casimir–Polder force are physical forces arising from a quantized field.

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## Compton wavelength

The Compton wavelength is a quantum mechanical property of a particle.

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## Dirac equation

In particle physics, the Dirac equation is a relativistic wave equation derived by British physicist Paul Dirac in 1928.

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## Energy level

A quantum mechanical system or particle that is bound—that is, confined spatially—can only take on certain discrete values of energy.

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## Erwin Schrödinger

Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger (12 August 1887 – 4 January 1961), sometimes written as or, was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist who developed a number of fundamental results in the field of quantum theory, which formed the basis of wave mechanics: he formulated the wave equation (stationary and time-dependent Schrödinger equation) and revealed the identity of his development of the formalism and matrix mechanics.

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## Fine structure

In atomic physics, the fine structure describes the splitting of the spectral lines of atoms due to electron spin and relativistic corrections to the non-relativistic Schrödinger equation.

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## Foldy–Wouthuysen transformation

The Foldy–Wouthuysen transform is widely used in high energy physics.

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## German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

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## Hamiltonian (quantum mechanics)

In quantum mechanics, a Hamiltonian is an operator corresponding to the total energy of the system in most of the cases.

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## Heisenberg picture

In physics, the Heisenberg picture (also called the Heisenberg representation) is a formulation (largely due to Werner Heisenberg in 1925) of quantum mechanics in which the operators (observables and others) incorporate a dependency on time, but the state vectors are time-independent, an arbitrary fixed basis rigidly underlying the theory.

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## Hydrogen-like atom

A hydrogen-like ion is any atomic nucleus which has one electron and thus is isoelectronic with hydrogen.

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## Lamb shift

In physics, the Lamb shift, named after Willis Lamb, is a difference in energy between two energy levels 2S1/2 and 2P1/2 (in term symbol notation) of the hydrogen atom which was not predicted by the Dirac equation, according to which these states should have the same energy.

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## Position operator

In quantum mechanics, the position operator is the operator that corresponds to the position observable of a particle.

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## Stochastic electrodynamics

Stochastic electrodynamics (SED) is an extension of the de Broglie–Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics, with the electromagnetic zero-point field (ZPF) playing a central role as the guiding pilot-wave.

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## Theory of relativity

The theory of relativity usually encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity.

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## Vacuum state

In quantum field theory, the quantum vacuum state (also called the quantum vacuum or vacuum state) is the quantum state with the lowest possible energy.

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## Wave packet

In physics, a wave packet (or wave train) is a short "burst" or "envelope" of localized wave action that travels as a unit.

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## Redirects here:

Compton angular frequency, Compton frequency, Zitterbewegung motion.