10 relations: Gmina, Gmina Topólka, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, List of sovereign states, Powiat, Radziejów, Radziejów County, Topólka, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Toruń, Voivodeships of Poland.
The gmina (Polish pronunciation, plural gminy) is the principal unit of administrative division of Poland as "commune" or "municipality." As of 2010 there were 2,459 gminy throughout the country.
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Gmina Topólka is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Radziejów County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland.
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The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, also known as Cuiavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship or simply Kujawsko-Pomorskie or Kujawy-Pomerania Province (in Polish, województwo kujawsko-pomorskie.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
A powiat (pronounced; Polish plural: powiaty) is the second-level unit of local government and administration in Poland, equivalent to a county, district or prefecture (LAU-1, formerly NUTS-4) in other countries.
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Radziejów (Rädichau) is a town in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, about 45 km south of Toruń.
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Radziejów County (powiat radziejowski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, north-central Poland.
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Topólka (Toppeln) is a village in Radziejów County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-central Poland.
Toruń (Thorn) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River.
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A województwo; plural: województwa) is the highest-level administrative subdivision of Poland, corresponding to a "province" in many other countries. The term "województwo" has been in use since the 14th century, and is commonly translated in English as "province". The word "województwo" is also rendered as "voivodeship" or a variant spelling. The Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998, which went into effect on 1 January 1999, created sixteen new voivodeships. These replaced the 49 former voivodeships that had existed from 1 July 1975. Today's voivodeships are mostly named after historical and geographical regions, while those prior to 1998 generally took their names from the cities on which they were centered. The new units range in area from under (Opole Voivodeship) to over (Masovian Voivodeship), and in population from one million (Lubusz Voivodeship) to over five million (Masovian Voivodeship). Administrative authority at voivodeship level is shared between a government-appointed governor called a voivode (Polish wojewoda), an elected assembly called a sejmik, and an executive chosen by that assembly. The leader of that executive is called the marszałek województwa (voivodeship marshal). Voivodeships are further divided into powiats (counties) and gminas (communes or municipalities): see Administrative divisions of Poland.
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