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Air shower (physics)

Index Air shower (physics)

An air shower is an extensive (many kilometres wide) cascade of ionized particles and electromagnetic radiation produced in the atmosphere when a primary cosmic ray (i.e. one of extraterrestrial origin) enters the atmosphere. [1]

43 relations: Air shower, Akeno Giant Air Shower Array, Atmospheric electricity, B. V. Sreekantan, Background radiation, Bruno Rossi, CACTUS, Centre for Underground Physics in Pyhäsalmi, CORSIKA, Cosmic ray, Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass Experiment, Cosmic-ray observatory, EAS, Gaisser Valley, Gaisser–Hillas function, GAMMA, Georgiy Zatsepin, GRAPES-3, Haverah Park experiment, HEGRA, High Altitude Water Cherenkov Experiment, High Resolution Fly's Eye Cosmic Ray Detector, IACT, IceCube Neutrino Observatory, Index of physics articles (A), John Linsley, KASCADE, LOPES (telescope), Matter creation, Milagro (experiment), Neutron, Observational astronomy, Particle shower, Pierre Auger Observatory, Pierre Victor Auger, QuarkNet, Seth Neddermeyer, Soft error, Telescope Array Project, Tunka experiment, University of Utah College of Science, Very-high-energy gamma ray, Washington Large Area Time Coincidence Array.

Air shower

Air shower can refer to the following terms.

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Akeno Giant Air Shower Array

The Akeno Giant Air Shower Array (AGASA) is a very large surface array designed to study the origin of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays.

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Atmospheric electricity

Atmospheric electricity is the study of electrical charges in the Earth's atmosphere (or that of another planet).

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B. V. Sreekantan

Badanaval Venkatasubba Sreekantan (born 30 June 1925) is an Indian high-energy astrophysicist and a former associate of Homi J. Bhabha at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR).

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Background radiation

Background radiation is a measure of the ionizing radiation present in the environment at a particular location which is not due to deliberate introduction of radiation sources.

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Bruno Rossi

Bruno Benedetto Rossi (13 April 1905 – 21 November 1993) was an Italian experimental physicist.

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CACTUS (Converted Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope Using Solar-2) was a ground-based, Air Cherenkov Telescope (ACT) located outside Daggett, California, near Barstow.

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Centre for Underground Physics in Pyhäsalmi

Centre for Underground Physics in Pyhäsalmi or CUPP is an underground physics laboratory located in Pyhäjärvi, Finland.

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CORSIKA (COsmic Ray SImulations for '''KA'''scade) is a physics computer software for simulation of extensive air showers induced by high energy cosmic rays.

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Cosmic ray

Cosmic rays are high-energy radiation, mainly originating outside the Solar System and even from distant galaxies.

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Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass Experiment

Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass (CREAM) is an experiment to determine the composition of cosmic rays up to the 1015 eV (also known as the "knee prospect") in the cosmic ray spectrum.

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Cosmic-ray observatory

A cosmic-ray observatory is a scientific installation built to detect high-energy-particles coming from space called cosmic rays.

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EAS may refer to.

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Gaisser Valley

Gaisser Valley is a mostly ice-free valley, long, that descends south from Vashka Crag in the Cruzen Range of Victoria Land.

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Gaisser–Hillas function

The Gaisser–Hillas function is used in astroparticle physics.

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The GAMMA experiment is a study of.

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Georgiy Zatsepin

Georgiy Timofeyevich Zatsepin (Гео́ргий Тимофе́евич Заце́пин) (– 8 March 2010) was a Soviet/Russian astrophysicist known for his works in cosmic rays physics and neutrino astrophysics.

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The GRAPES-3 experiment (or Gamma Ray Astronomy PeV EnergieS phase-3) located at Ooty in India started as a collaboration of the Indian Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and the Japanese Osaka City University, and now also includes the Japanese Nagoya Women's University.

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Haverah Park experiment

The Haverah Park experiment was a cosmic ray air shower detection array consisting of water Cherenkov detectors distributed over an area of 12 km2 on Haverah Park on the Pennine moorland near Harrogate, North Yorkshire.

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HEGRA, which stands for High-Energy-Gamma-Ray Astronomy, was an atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for Gamma-ray astronomy.

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High Altitude Water Cherenkov Experiment

The High Altitude Water Cherenkov Experiment or High Altitude Water Cherenkov Observatory (also known as HAWC) is a gamma-ray and cosmic ray observatory located on the flanks of the Sierra Negra volcano in the Mexican state of Puebla at an altitude of 4100 meters, at.

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High Resolution Fly's Eye Cosmic Ray Detector

The High Resolution Fly's Eye or HiRes detector was an ultra-high-energy cosmic ray observatory that operated in the western Utah desert from May 1997 until April 2006.

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IACT stands for Imaging Atmospheric (or Air) Cherenkov Telescope or Technique.

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IceCube Neutrino Observatory

The IceCube Neutrino Observatory (or simply IceCube) is a neutrino observatory constructed at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica.

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Index of physics articles (A)

The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.

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John Linsley

John David Linsley (12 March 1925 – 25 September 2002) was an American physicist who performed pioneering research on cosmic rays, particularly ultra-high-energy cosmic rays.

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KASCADE is a European physics experiment started in 1996 at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany (now Karlsruher Institut für Technologie), an extensive air shower experiment array to study the cosmic ray primary composition and the hadronic interactions in the energy range of 1016–1018 eV, measuring simultaneously the electronic, muonic and hadronic components.

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LOPES (telescope)

The LOPES project (LOFAR PrototypE Station) was a cosmic ray detector array, located in Karlsruhe, Germany, and is operated in coincidence with an existing, well calibrated air shower experiment called KASCADE.

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Matter creation

Even restricting the discussion to physics, scientists do not have a unique definition of what matter is.

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Milagro (experiment)

Milagro (the Spanish word for miracle) was a ground-based water Cherenkov radiation telescope situated in the Jemez Mountains near Los Alamos, New Mexico at the Fenton Hill Observatory site.

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Observational astronomy

Observational astronomy is a division of astronomy that is concerned with recording data about the observable universe, in contrast with theoretical astronomy, which is mainly concerned with calculating the measurable implications of physical models.

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Particle shower

In particle physics, a shower is a cascade of secondary particles produced as the result of a high-energy particle interacting with dense matter.

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Pierre Auger Observatory

The Pierre Auger Observatory is an international cosmic ray observatory in Argentina designed to detect ultra-high-energy cosmic rays: sub-atomic particles traveling nearly at the speed of light and each with energies beyond 1018 eV.

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Pierre Victor Auger

Pierre Victor Auger (14 May 1899 – 25 December 1993) was a French physicist, born in Paris.

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QuarkNet is a long-term, research-based teacher professional development program in the United States jointly funded by the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Energy.

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Seth Neddermeyer

Seth Henry Neddermeyer (September 16, 1907 – January 29, 1988) was an American physicist who co-discovered the muon, and later championed the Implosion-type nuclear weapon while working on the Manhattan Project at the Los Alamos Laboratory during World War II.

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Soft error

In electronics and computing, a soft error is a type of error where a signal or datum is wrong.

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Telescope Array Project

The Telescope Array project is an international collaboration involving research and educational institutions in Japan, The United States, Russia, South Korea, and Belgium.

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Tunka experiment

The Tunka experiment now named TAIGA (Tunka Advanced Instrument for cosmic ray physics and Gamma Astronomy) measures air showers, which are initiated by charged cosmic rays or high energy gamma rays.

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University of Utah College of Science

The College of Science at the University of Utah is an academic college of the University of Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah.

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Very-high-energy gamma ray

Very-high-energy gamma ray (VHEGR) denotes gamma radiation with photon energies of 100 GeV to 100 TeV, i.e., 1011 to 1014 electronvolts.

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Washington Large Area Time Coincidence Array

The Washington Area Large-scale Time-coincidence Array (WALTA) is a cosmic ray physics experiment run by the University of Washington to investigate ultra high energy cosmic rays (>1019eV).

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Cosmic ray shower, Cosmic-ray shower, Extensive Air Showers, Extensive air shower.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_shower_(physics)

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