563 relations: AAS, Abiogenesis, Ada Margaret Brayton, Adelaide Ames, Aden Meinel, Adler Planetarium, Adriaan Wesselink, Agnes Mary Clerke, Alan Dressler, Alan Hale (astronomer), Alan Lightman, Alar Toomre, Alastair G. W. Cameron, Albert Boime, Albert George Wilson, Albert Whitford, Aleksander Wolszczan, Alessandro Morbidelli (astronomer), Alfred Norton Goldsmith, Alyssa A. Goodman, American Astronomical Society 215th meeting, American Institute of Physics, American Physical Society, Amy Barger, Andrea M. Ghez, Andrew Fabian, Andrew Lyne, Anita Cochran (astronomer), Ann Hornschemeier, Anna Frebel, Anneila Sargent, Annie Jump Cannon, Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy, Anthony Peratt, Anthony W. England, Antimatter, Antonia Maury, Arlo U. Landolt, Armin Joseph Deutsch, Astroinformatics, Astrology and astronomy, Astronomer, Astronomical Observatory (University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign), Astronomical Society of New South Wales, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Astronomy Camp, Astronomy Picture of the Day, Astropy, Astrostatistics, Atira asteroid, ..., B612 Foundation, Bailey-Salgado Project, Bambang Hidayat, Bart Bok, Beatrice M. Tinsley Prize, Beatrice Tinsley, Bernard Eastlund, Bernard F. Burke, Beth A. Brown, Bevan Sharpless, BICEP and Keck Array, Bohdan Paczyński, Bradley Schaefer, Brett J. Gladman, Brian G. Marsden, Brouwer Award (Division on Dynamical Astronomy), Bruce Hapke, Bruno Rossi, Bruno Rossi Prize, Bryan Gaensler, Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, Burçin Mutlu-Pakdil, BW Vulpeculae, C/1980 E1 (Bowell), Caleb Scharf, Canadian Astronomical Society, Carl Sagan, Carl Sagan Medal, Carle M. Pieters, Carolyn Porco, Catharine Garmany, Catholic Church and science, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, Chambliss Amateur Achievement Award, Chambliss Astronomical Writing Award, Charles Edward Barns, Charles H. Townes, Charles Pollard Olivier, Charles R. Alcock, Chris Impey, Chris Lintott, Christina Richey, Christine Jones Forman, Cornelis de Jager, Cosmic variance, Cosmology@Home, Craig Chester (astronomer), Craig Edward DeForest, Curt Michel, Cygnus X-1, D. Harold McNamara, Dale Cruikshank, Daniel Johnston (scientist), Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics, Dark Ages Radio Explorer, David G. Iadevaia, David Grinspoon, David J. Stevenson, David Malin, David Merritt, David Morrison (astrophysicist), David Peck Todd, David Rittenhouse, David Schramm (astrophysicist), Debra Elmegreen, Density wave theory, Diazenylium, Dibyendu Nandi, Dirk Brouwer, Dirk Brouwer Award, Division for Planetary Sciences, Division on Dynamical Astronomy, Donald D. Clayton, Donald Edward Osterbrock, Donald Howard Menzel, Donald Lynden-Bell, Dorrit Hoffleit, Earl Larkin Williams, Eberhard Grün, Ed Krupp, Edward P. Ney, Einar Tandberg-Hanssen, El Colegio Nacional (Mexico), El Gordo (galaxy cluster), Elena Aprile, Elisa Quintana, Elizabeth Lada, Emily Lakdawalla, Emma Vyssotsky, Epsilon Aurigae, Eric Priest, Erik Hauri, Erik Ian Asphaug, Eugene Parker, Eva Grebel, Evolution, Extraterrestrial hypothesis, ʻOumuamua, Far 3 kpc Arm, Farnese Atlas, Fiorella Terenzi, First observation of gravitational waves, Fletcher Watson, Florence Lewis, Franco Pacini, Frank K. Edmondson, Frank Schlesinger, Frank Shu, Fred Lawrence Whipple, Frederick C. Leonard, Frederick Slocum, G1.9+0.3, Galaxy rotation curve, Galaxy Zoo, Ganesar Chanmugam, Gérard de Vaucouleurs, GD 66, Geminga, Geoffrey Burbidge, Geology of solar terrestrial planets, George C. McVittie, George Comstock (astronomer), George Coyne, George David Gatewood, George Efstathiou, George Ellery Hale, George Ellery Hale Prize, George Herbig, George O. Abell, George Robert Carruthers, George Van Biesbroeck, George Van Biesbroeck Prize, George Wallerstein, George Wetherill, Gerald Kron, Gerald Maurice Clemence, Gerard Kuiper, Gerard P. Kuiper Prize, Geronimo Villanueva, Giovanni Bignami, Global warming, Glynn Lunney, Gould Belt Survey, Guy Consolmagno, H. Jay Melosh, Halton Arp, Harlan James Smith, Harlow Shapley, Harold C. Urey Prize, Harold Johnson (astronomer), Harold Urey, Harriet Dinerstein, Harriet Williams Bigelow, HD 154672 b, Heather A. Knutson, Heidi Hammel, Helen B. Warner Prize for Astronomy, Henry Norris Russell, Henry Norris Russell Lectureship, Herbert Friedman, Historical astronomy, Holmdel Horn Antenna, Horace Parnell Tuttle, Horace W. Babcock, Howard P. Robertson, Hubble Deep Field, IAU definition of planet, Icarus (journal), Ida Barney, Imidogen, Impact event, Index of physics articles (A), International Astrostatistics Association, IOP Publishing, Ira Sprague Bowen, Irwin I. Shapiro, Isabel Martin Lewis, Istanbul Technical University Control and Automation Student Society, Jack Wisdom, Jacob Noel-Storr, James B. Kaler, James Binney, James E. Gunn (astronomer), James F. Bell, III, James Hartness, James Webb Space Telescope, James Whitney Young, Jan Oort, Jan van Paradijs, Jane Luu, Janet Akyüz Mattei, Jay Pasachoff, Jean-Luc Margot, Jedidah Isler, Jeffrey A. Hoffman, Jennifer Hoffman, Jeremiah P. Ostriker, Jerry Nelson (astronomer), Jesse L. Greenstein, Joan T. Schmelz, Jocelyn Bell Burnell, Joel Stebbins, John A. Eddy, John Alexander Simpson, John C. Mather, John F. Hawley, John Huchra, John M. Grunsfeld, John N. Bahcall, John W. Firor, John Wainwright Evans, Jon Lomberg, Joseph A. Burns, Joseph Algernon Pearce, Joseph Ashbrook, Joseph Hilbe, Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr., Joseph Weber Award for Astronomical Instrumentation, Joshua Bloom, Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage, Judith Young (astronomer), Karen Harvey Prize, Karen Jean Meech, Karen Masters, Karl Gordon Henize, Katharine Reeves, Ken Freeman (astronomer), Kennedy J. Reed, Kenneth Franklin, Kenneth Greisen, Kenneth Kellermann, Kepler's laws of planetary motion, Kepler-10, Kepler-10c, Kepler-4b, Kepler-5b, Kepler-6, Kepler-6b, Kepler-7, Kepler-7b, Kepler-8, Kepler-8b, KIC 8462852, Kim Weaver, Kristen Sellgren, Krypton, La Alameda Park, Quito, Laird A. Thompson, Lalande 21185, Larry Fleinhardt, Larry W. Esposito, Lars Bildsten, Laura A. Lopez, Lava tube, Leah Allen, Lee Anne Willson, Lee Samuel Finn, Lennox Cowie, Leo Goldberg, Leon Van Speybroeck, LeRoy E. Doggett Prize, Lexington, Massachusetts, Lisa Kewley, List of acronyms: A, List of astronomical societies, List of astronomy acronyms, List of Cornell University alumni, List of Cornell University faculty, List of people associated with University College London, List of public lecture series, List of science and technology awards, List of scientific bodies explicitly rejecting intelligent design, List of stars in Andromeda, List of supernova candidates, List of University of California, San Diego people, Local Bubble, Loren Acton, Lulin Observatory, Luminous red nova, Lunar effect, Lyman Spitzer, Lynn Cominsky, M. J. Seaton, Magellanic Bridge, Magellanic spiral, Marc Aaronson, Marc Davis (astronomer), Marc Postman, Marc William Buie, Margaret Burbidge, Margaret G. Kivelson, Margaret Geller, Margaret Harwood, Maria Zuber, Marie Machacek, Martin Rees, Martin Schwarzschild, Mary E. Byrd, Mary Helen Wright Greuter, Masursky Award, Matias Zaldarriaga, Matt Mountain, Max Waldmeier, Meanings of minor planet names: 3001–4000, Meanings of minor planet names: 6001–7000, Megan Donahue, Mercedes Richards, Methods of detecting exoplanets, Michael Carroll (space artist), Michael D. Reynolds, Michael Efroimsky, Michael J. Belton, Michael Turner (cosmologist), Miniature X-ray Solar Spectrometer CubeSat, Mount John University Observatory, Murugesapillai Maheswaran, Nadia Zakamska, National Astronomy Meeting, National Dark-Sky Week, National Society of Hispanic Physicists, Neb Duric, Neil Gehrels, Neta Bahcall, Neutron-star oscillation, Newton Lacy Pierce Prize in Astronomy, NGC 1600, NGC 3918, NGC 4414, Nicholas B. Suntzeff, Nick Kaiser, Nu Ophiuchi, Olin J. Eggen, Oliver Morton (science writer), Oort cloud, Otto E. Neugebauer, Otto Struve, Owen Gingerich, Paolo Farinella, Patrick Michel, Patrick Thaddeus, Patrizia A. Caraveo, Paul Alfred Biefeld, Paul W. Merrill, Paul Wild (Australian scientist), Paula Szkody, Pea galaxy, Pedro Antonio Valdés Sada, Penny Sackett, Peter A. Sturrock, Peter Goldreich, Peter Meyer (astrophysicist), Peter Westervelt, Phil Plait, Philip Fox (astronomer), Phoenix (spacecraft), Planet Nine, Planetary mnemonic, Planetary science, Planetesimal, Positron, Pr0201 b, Priscilla Fairfield Bok, Project Echo, Proxima Centauri, Pulsating white dwarf, Quito Astronomical Observatory, R. Jay GaBany, Rachel Mandelbaum, Rainer Weiss, Raymond Davis Jr., Raymond Stanton Patton, Reinhard Genzel, Reta Beebe, REVTeX, Richard C. Lamb, Richard Lingenfelter, Richard P. Binzel, Rings of Saturn, Robert A. Parker, Robert C. Duncan (astrophysicist), Robert D. Stephens, Robert Horace Baker, Robert Kennicutt, Robert Kirshner, Robert Kraft (astronomer), Robert L. Hurt, Rodger Doxsey, Roger D. Launius, Ronald A. Parise, Rosaly Lopes, Rosemary Wyse, Ruth Murray-Clay, Sallie Baliunas, Sally Oey, Samuel Alfred Mitchell, Samuel T. Durrance, Sandra Faber, Sara Ellison, Sara Seager, Sarah Dodson-Robinson, Sarah T. Stewart-Mukhopadhyay, Sarbani Basu, Scientific opinion on climate change, Scott Tremaine, SDSSJ0946+1006, Shadia Habbal, Shrinivas Kulkarni, Shu Shien-Siu, Sidney C. Wolff, Sidney Wilcox McCuskey, Silvia Torres-Peimbert, Simon Newcomb, Smadar Naoz, Solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, Solar physics, Solar Physics Division, Solar viewer, Sommers–Bausch Observatory, South (Martian crater), Space policy, Space policy of the United States, Space Telescope Science Institute, Spitzer Space Telescope, Stamatios Krimigis, Stanley G. Love, Stefi Baum, Stephanie Snedden, Stephen P. Maran, Steve Mandel, Steve Squyres, Steven Hawley, Steven J. Dick, Steven J. Ostro, Superflare, Supernova Cosmology Project, Susana Lizano, Suzanne Madden, Sverre Aarseth, Swiss cheese features, Terry Alfriend, The Astronomical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal, Thorium, Tim de Zeeuw, Timeline of telescope technology, Timeline of women in science in the United States, Tom Dame, TRAPPIST-1, TRAPPIST-1b, TRAPPIST-1c, TRAPPIST-1d, TRAPPIST-1e, TRAPPIST-1f, TRAPPIST-1g, TRAPPIST-1h, Tyler Nordgren, Ufology, Ultra diffuse galaxy, Unidentified flying object, Vainu Bappu, Vassiliki Kalogera, Vera Rubin, Victor Szebehely, Victoria Kaspi, Vijay Kumar Kapahi, Viktor Safronov, Virginia Louise Trimble, Virgo Cluster, Vytautas Straižys, W. Albert Hiltner, W. David Arnett, Walter Baade, Walter Fricke, Waltraut Seitter, WASP-15b, Wendy Freedman, Wenzhou, Wenzhou people, White House Astronomy Night, Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope, Willem Jacob Luyten, William Alfred Fowler, William E. Brunk, William George Fastie, William Kenneth Hartmann, William Liller, William M. Kaula, William P. Bidelman, William Wilson Morgan, WorldWide Telescope, Wulff-Dieter Heintz, XO-3b, Y. P. Varshni, Yasuo Tanaka (astronomer), Yoji Totsuka, Yoshihide Kozai, 1781 Van Biesbroeck, 1919 Clemence, 1924 in science, 2004 XP14, 2017 Total Solar Eclipse stamp, 2017 UV43, 2018 LA, 2301 Whitford, 3537 Jürgen, 400 Years of the Telescope, 493 Griseldis, 50000 Quaoar, 52 Europa, 55 Cancri f, 5951 Alicemonet, 70 Virginis, 704 Interamnia. Expand index (513 more) » « Shrink index
Aas or AAS may refer to.
Abiogenesis, or informally the origin of life,Compare: Also occasionally called biopoiesis.
Ada Margaret Brayton was a life member of the American Astronomical Society, and co-author of the monumental book, Spectroscopic Absolute Magnitudes and Distances of 4719 Stars that increased the number of stars of known distance one hundred-fold.
Adelaide Ames (June 3, 1900 – June 26, 1932) was an American astronomer and research assistant at Harvard University.
Aden B. Meinel (November 25, 1922 – October 3, 2011) was an American astronomer.
The Adler Planetarium is a public museum dedicated to the study of astronomy and astrophysics.
Adriaan Jan Wesselink (1909–1995) was a Dutch astronomer who worked successively in the Netherlands, South Africa and the United States.
Agnes Mary Clerke (10 February 1842 – 20 January 1907) was an astronomer and writer, mainly in the field of astronomy.
Alan Michael Dressler (born 23 March 1948) is an American astronomer at the Carnegie Institution for Science of Washington, D.C..
Alan Hale (born March 7, 1958) is an American professional astronomer, best known for his co-discovery of Comet Hale–Bopp along with amateur astronomer Thomas Bopp.
Alan Paige Lightman is an American physicist, writer, and social entrepreneur.
Alar Toomre (born 5 February 1937 in Rakvere) is an Estonian-American astronomer and mathematician.
Alastair G. W. (Graham Walter) Cameron (21 June 1925 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada – 3 October 2005 in Tucson, Arizona, USA) was a Canadian astrophysicist and space scientist who was an eminent staff member of the Astronomy department of Harvard University.
Albert Boime (March 17, 1933 – October 18, 2008), perhaps the foremost social art historian of our time, discovered a new style of painting that he introduced to the world of arts as “Abstract Romanticism,” which “could influence the history of art.” He was a prolific scholar and author of more than 20 art history books and numerous academic articles.
Albert George Wilson (July 28, 1918 – August 27, 2012) was an American astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Albert Edward Whitford (October 22, 1905 – March 28, 2002) was an American physicist and astronomer.
Aleksander Wolszczan (born 29 April 1946 in Szczecinek, Poland) is a Polish astronomer.
Alessandro Morbidelli (born May 2, 1966), is an Italian astronomer and planetary scientist currently employed by the Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur in Nice.
Alfred Norton Goldsmith (September 15, 1888 – July 2, 1974) was a noted American electrical engineer.
Alyssa Ann Goodman (born July 1, 1962 in New York City) is the Robert Wheeler Willson Professor of Applied Astronomy at Harvard University, Research Associate of the Smithsonian Institution, and the founding director of the Harvard Initiative in Innovative Computing.
The 215th meeting of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) took place in Washington, D.C., Jan.
The American Institute of Physics (AIP) promotes science, the profession of physics, publishes physics journals, and produces publications for scientific and engineering societies.
The American Physical Society (APS) is the world's second largest organization of physicists.
Andrea Mia Ghez (born June 16, 1965) is an American astronomer and professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at UCLA.
Andrew Christopher Fabian, OBE, FRS (born 20 February 1948) is a British astronomer and astrophysicist.
Andrew Geoffrey Lyne FRS (born 13 July 1942) is a British physicist.
Anita L. Cochran is an American astronomer, planetary scientist, and senior research scientist at the University of Texas at Austin.
Ann Hornschemeier is an American astronomer specializing in X-ray emission from X-ray binary populations.
Anna Frebel (born 1980 in Berlin) is a German astronomer working on discovering the oldest stars in the universe.
Professor Anneila Isabel Sargent FRSE DSc (born Anneila Cassells, 1942, Kirkcaldy) is a Scottish–American astronomer, who specializes in star formation.
Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 1941) was an American astronomer whose cataloging work was instrumental in the development of contemporary stellar classification.
The Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy is awarded annually by the American Astronomical Society (AAS) to a woman resident of North America, who is within five years of receipt of a Ph.D., for distinguished contributions to astronomy or for similar contributions in related sciences which have immediate application to astronomy.
Anthony L. Peratt is an American physicist whose most notable achievements and work have been in plasma physics, nuclear fusion and the monitoring of nuclear weapons.
Anthony Wayne England (born May 15, 1942), better known as Tony England, is an American, former NASA astronaut.
In modern physics, antimatter is defined as a material composed of the antiparticle (or "partners") to the corresponding particles of ordinary matter.
Antonia Maury (March 21, 1866 – January 8, 1952) was an American astronomer who published an important early catalog of stellar spectra.
Arlo Udell Landolt (born September 29, 1935) is an American astronomer.
Armin Joseph Deutsch (A. J. Deutsch, 1918–1969), was an American astronomer and a science fiction writer.
Astroinformatics is an interdisciplinary field of study involving the combination of astronomy, data science, informatics, and information/communications technologies.
Astrology and astronomy were archaically treated together (astrologia), and were only gradually separated in Western 17th century philosophy (the "Age of Reason") with the rejection of astrology.
An astronomer is a scientist in the field of astronomy who concentrates their studies on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth.
The University of Illinois Astronomical Observatory, located at 901 S. Mathews Avenue in Urbana, Illinois, on the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, was built in 1896, and was designed by Charles A. Gunn.
The Astronomical Society of New South Wales (ASNSW) is an amateur astronomy club in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP) is an American scientific and educational organization, founded in San Francisco on February 7, 1889.
Astronomy Camp is a science summer camp hosted by the University of Arizona's Alumni Association, and run by astronomer Don McCarthy.
Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) is a website provided by NASA and Michigan Technological University (MTU).
Astropy is a collection of software packages written in the Python programming language and designed for use in astronomy.
Astrostatistics is a discipline which spans astrophysics, statistical analysis and data mining.
Atira asteroids or Apohele asteroids, also known as Interior-Earth Objects (IEOs), are asteroids, whose orbits are entirely confined within Earth's orbit, that is, their orbit has an aphelion (farthest point from the Sun) smaller than Earth's perihelion (nearest point to the Sun), which is 0.983 astronomical units (AU).
The B612 Foundation is a private nonprofit foundation headquartered in Mill Valley, California, United States, dedicated to planetary defense against asteroids and other near-Earth object (NEO) impacts.
The Bailey-Salgado Project (often abbreviated to BSP) is an audiovisual ensemble formed in 2010 by musician and composer Tom Bailey (Thompson Twins/Babble, International Observer) and astronomer and visual artist José Francisco Salgado.
Bambang Hidayat is an Indonesian scientist known for promoting astronomy nationally and internationally.
Bartholomeus Jan "Bart" Bok (April 28, 1906 – August 5, 1983) was a Dutch-born American astronomer, teacher, and lecturer.
The Beatrice M. Tinsley Prize is awarded every other year by the American Astronomical Society in recognition of an outstanding research contribution to astronomy or astrophysics of an exceptionally creative or innovative character.
Beatrice Muriel Hill Tinsley (27 January 1941 – 23 March 1981) was a British-born New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist whose research made fundamental contributions to the astronomical understanding of how galaxies evolve, grow and die.
Bernard J. Eastlund (1938 – December 12, 2007) was an American physicist who received his B.S. in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and his Ph.D. in physics from Columbia University.
Bernard Flood Burke (born 7 June 1928) is an American astronomer who received the Helen B. Warner Prize for Astronomy in 1963.
Beth A. Brown (July 15, 1969 – October 5, 2008) was a NASA astrophysicist.
Bevan Percival Sharpless (August 2, 1904 – October 28, 1950) was an American astronomer, best known for his 1944 discovery that the orbit of Phobos was decaying.
BICEP (Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization) and the Keck Array are a series of cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments.
Bohdan Paczyński or Bohdan Paczynski (8 February 1940 – 19 April 2007) was a Polish astronomer notable in the theory of the stellar evolution, accretion discs, and gamma ray bursts.
Bradley Elliott Schaefer is a professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Louisiana State University.
Brett James Gladman (born 1966) is a Canadian astronomer, discoverer of moons and minor planets, and a full professor at the University of British Columbia's Department of Physics and Astronomy in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Brian Geoffrey Marsden (5 August 1937 – 18 November 2010) was an English astronomer and the longtime director of the Minor Planet Center (MPC) at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (director emeritus from 2006 to 2010).
The Brouwer Award is awarded annually by the Division on Dynamical Astronomy of the American Astronomical Society for outstanding lifetime achievement in the field of dynamical astronomy.
Bruce William Hapke (born February 17, 1931) is a noted American planetary scientist.
Bruno Benedetto Rossi (13 April 1905 – 21 November 1993) was an Italian experimental physicist.
The Bruno Rossi Prize is awarded annually by the High Energy Astrophysics division of the American Astronomical Society "for a significant contribution to High Energy Astrophysics, with particular emphasis on recent, original work".
Bryan Malcolm Gaensler (born 4 July 1973) is an Australian astronomer and former Young Australian of the Year, currently based at the University of Toronto.
Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (BAAS; Bull. Am. Astron. Soc.) is the journal of record for the American Astronomical Society established in 1969.
Burçin Mutlu-Pakdil is an astrophysicist at the University of Arizona.
BW Vulpeculae is a star in the constellation Vulpecula.
C/1980 E1 is a non-periodic comet discovered by Edward L. G. Bowell on 11 February 1980.
Caleb Scharf is a British-born astronomer and the director of the multidisciplinary Columbia Astrobiology Center at Columbia University, New York.
The Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA; La Société Canadienne d’Astronomie) is a Canadian society of professional astronomers, founded in 1971 and incorporated in 1983.
Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences.
The Carl Sagan Medal for Excellence in Public Communication in Planetary Science is an award established by the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society to recognize and honor outstanding communication by an active planetary scientist to the general public.
Carle McGetchin Pieters (born 1943) is a noted American planetary scientist.
Carolyn C. Porco (born March 6, 1953) is an American planetary scientist known for her work in the exploration of the outer solar system, beginning with her imaging work on the Voyager missions to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune in the 1980s.
Catharine "Katy" D. Garmany (born March 6, 1946) is an astronomer with the National Optical Astronomy Observatory.
The relationship between the Roman Catholic Church and science is a widely debated subject.
Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin (May 10, 1900 – December 7, 1979) was a British–American astronomer and astrophysicist who, in 1925, proposed in her Ph.D. thesis an explanation for the composition of stars in terms of the relative abundances of hydrogen and helium.
The Chambliss Amateur Achievement Award is awarded by the American Astronomical Society for an achievement in astronomical research made by an amateur astronomer resident in North America.
The Chambliss Astronomical Writing Award is awarded by the American Astronomical Society for astronomy writing for an academic audience, specifically textbooks at either the upper-division undergraduate level or the graduate level.
Charles Edward Barns (July 23, 1862 – May 24, 1937) was an American writer, journalist, astronomer, theater impresario, and publisher.
Charles Hard Townes (July 28, 1915 – January 27, 2015) was an American physicist and inventor of the maser and laser.
Charles Pollard Olivier (April 10, 1884 – August 14, 1975) was an American astronomer.
Charles Roger Alcock (born 15 June 1951) is a British New Zealander astronomer.
Christopher David Impey (born 25 January 1956) is a British astronomer, educator, and author.
Christopher John Lintott (born 26 November 1980) is a Professor of Astrophysics in the Department of Physics at the University of Oxford.
Christine Jones Forman is a senior astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
Cornelis "Kees" de Jager (born 29 April 1921) is a Dutch astronomer who specializes in predicting solar variation to assess the Sun's impact on future climate.
The term cosmic variance is the statistical uncertainty inherent in observations of the universe at extreme distances.
Cosmology@Home is a BOINC distributed computing project that was once run at the Departments of Astronomy and Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign but has moved to the Institut Lagrange de Paris and the Institut d'astrophysique de Paris, both of which are located in the Pierre and Marie Curie University.
Craig Chester is an American astronomer who co-founded the Monterey Institute for Research in Astronomy (MIRA) in the Los Padres National Forest in California along with five other astronomy students from Case Western Reserve University and three non-astronomers.
Craig Edward DeForest (born August 13, 1968) is an American solar physicist.
Frank Curtis "Curt" Michel, Ph.D. (June 5, 1934 – February 26, 2015) was an American astrophysicist; a professor of astrophysics at Rice University in Houston, Texas; a former United States Air Force pilot; and a NASA astronaut.
Cygnus X-1 (abbreviated Cyg X-1) is a galactic X-ray source in the constellation Cygnus, and the first such source widely accepted to be a black hole.
Daniel Johnston is an American neuroscientist, having held the Karl Folkers Chair in Interdisciplinary Biomedical Research at University of Texas at Austin.
The Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics is jointly awarded each year by the American Astronomical Society and American Institute of Physics for outstanding work in astrophysics.
The Dark Ages Radio Explorer (DARE) mission is a proposed concept lunar orbiter intended to identify redshifted emanations from primeval hydrogen atoms just as the first stars began to emit light.
David G. Iadevaia was born in Providence, Rhode Island on 7 September 1949.
David H. Grinspoon (born 1959) is an American astrobiologist.
David John Stevenson (born September 2, 1948) is a professor of planetary science at Caltech.
David F. Malin (born 28 March 1941) is a British-Australian astronomer and photographer.
David Merritt is an American astrophysicist and professor at the Rochester Institute of Technology in Rochester, New York.
David Morrison (born 26 June 1940) is an American astronomer, a senior scientist at the Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute, at NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California.
David Peck Todd (March 19, 1855 – June 1, 1939) was a noted American astronomer.
David Rittenhouse (April 8, 1732 – June 26, 1796) was an American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman, and public official.
David Norman Schramm (October 25, 1945 – December 19, 1997) was an American astrophysicist and educator, and one of the world's foremost experts on the Big Bang theory.
Debra Meloy Elmegreen (born November 23, 1952 in South Bend, Indiana) is an American astronomer.
Density wave theory or the Lin-Shu density wave theory is a theory proposed by C.C. Lin and Frank Shu in the mid-1960s to explain the spiral arm structure of spiral galaxies.
right Diazenylium is the chemical N2H+, an inorganic cation that was one of the first ions to be observed in interstellar clouds.
Dibyendu Nandi is an Indian scientist acclaimed for his studies related to Solar Magnetic Cycle.
Dirk Brouwer (September 1, 1902, Rotterdam – January 31, 1966, New Haven) was a Dutch-American astronomer.
Dirk Brouwer Award may refer to.
The Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) is a division within the American Astronomical Society (AAS) devoted to solar system research.
The Division on Dynamical Astronomy (DDA) is a branch of the American Astronomical Society that focuses on the advancement of all aspects of dynamical astronomy, including celestial mechanics, solar system dynamics, stellar dynamics, as well as the dynamics of the interstellar medium and galactic dynamics, and coordination of such research with other branches of science.
Donald Delbert Clayton (born March 18, 1935) is an American astrophysicist whose most visible achievement was the prediction from nucleosynthesis theory that supernovae are intensely radioactive.
Donald Edward Osterbrock (July 13, 1924 – January 11, 2007) was an American astronomer, best known for his work on star formation and on the history of astronomy.
Donald Howard Menzel (April 11, 1901 – December 14, 1976) was one of the first theoretical astronomers and astrophysicists in the United States.
Donald Lynden-Bell CBE FRS (5 April 1935 – 6 February 2018) was a British theoretical astrophysicist.
Ellen Dorrit Hoffleit (March 12, 1907 – April 9, 2007) was an American senior research astronomer at Yale University.
Earl Larkin Williams (August 22, 1903 – February 7, 1974) was an American astronomer and mathematician.
Eberhard Grün (born 1942, in Germany) is a German planetary scientist specialized in cosmic dust research.
Edwin Charles Krupp (born November 18, 1944) is an American astronomer, researcher, author, and popularizer of science.
Edward Purdy Ney (October 28, 1920 – July 9, 1996) was an American physicist who made major contributions to cosmic ray research, atmospheric physics, heliophysics, and infrared astronomy.
Einar A. Tandberg-Hanssen (6 August 1921 – 5 November 2012) was a Norwegian-American astrophysicist with a specialty in solar physics.
The National College (Colegio Nacional) is a Mexican honorary academy with a strictly limited membership created by presidential decree in 1943 in order to bring together the country's foremost artists and scientists, who are periodically invited to deliver lectures and seminars in their respective area of speciality.
El Gordo (lit. The Fat One) (ACT-CL J0102-4915 or SPT-CL J0102-4915) is the largest distant galaxy cluster observed at its distance or beyond, as of 2011.
Elena Aprile (born March 12, 1954 in Milan) is an Italian experimental particle physicist.
Elisa Victoria Quintana is a scientist working in the field of astronomy and planetary science at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
Elizabeth Lada is an American astronomer whose self-described research interests include "understanding the origin, properties, evolution and fate of young embedded clusters within molecular clouds".
Emily Stewart Lakdawalla (born February 8, 1975) is Senior Editor of The Planetary Society, contributing as both a science writer and a blogger.
Emma Vyssotsky (October 23, 1894 – May 12, 1975), born Emma T. R. Williams in Media, Pennsylvania was an American astronomer.
Epsilon Aurigae (ε Aurigae, abbreviated Eps Aur, ε Aur) is a multiple star system in the northern constellation of Auriga.
Eric Ronald Priest, FRSE, FRS (born 7 November 1943) holds the Gregory Chair of Mathematics and is a Bishop Wardlaw Professor at St Andrews University.
Erik Ian Asphaug (born October 19, 1961 in Oslo, Norway) is a Norwegian American planetary science professor in the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University.
Eugene N. Parker (born June 10, 1927) is an American solar astrophysicist who—in the mid-1950s—developed the theory of the supersonic solar wind and predicted the Parker spiral shape of the solar magnetic field in the outer solar system.
Eva K. Grebel is a German astronomer.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
The extraterrestrial hypothesis (ETH) proposes that some unidentified flying objects (UFOs) are best explained as being physical spacecraft occupied by extraterrestrial life or non-human aliens from other planets visiting Earth.
ʻOumuamua is a mildly active comet, and the first known interstellar object to pass through the Solar System.
The Far 3 kpc Arm was discovered in 2008 by astronomer Tom Dame (Harvard-Smithsonian CfA), while preparing a talk on the Galaxy's spiral arms for a meeting of the 212th American Astronomical Society.
The Farnese Atlas is a 2nd-century Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic sculpture of Atlas kneeling with the celestial spheres, not a globe, weighing heavily on his shoulders.
Fiorella Terenzi is an Italian-born astrophysicist, author and recording artist who is best known for taking recordings of radio waves from far-away galaxies and turning them into music.
The first observation of gravitational waves was made on 14 September 2015 and was announced by the LIGO and Virgo collaborations on 11 February 2016.
Fletcher G. Watson (c. 1912 – 7 May 1997) was an American professor of science education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education (1946–77), where he served as the Henry Lee Shattuck Professor of Education (1966–77).
Florence Parthenia Lewis (September 24, 1877 – missing) was an American mathematician and astronomer.
Franco Pacini (May 10, 1939 – January 25, 2012) was an Italian astrophysicist and professor at the University of Florence.
Frank Kelley Edmondson (August 1, 1912 – December 8, 2008) was an American astronomer.
Frank Schlesinger (May 11, 1871 New York City – July 10, 1943 Old Lyme, Connecticut) was an American astronomer.
Frank H. Shu (born June2, 1943), is an American astrophysicist, astronomer and author.
Fred Lawrence Whipple (November 5, 1906 – August 30, 2004) was an American astronomer, who worked at the Harvard College Observatory for over 70 years.
Frederick Charles Leonard (March 12, 1896 – June 23, 1960) was an American astronomer.
Frederick Slocum (February 6, 1873 – December 4, 1944) was an American astronomer.
G1.9+0.3 is a supernova remnant (SNR) in the constellation of Sagittarius.
The rotation curve of a disc galaxy (also called a velocity curve) is a plot of the orbital speeds of visible stars or gas in that galaxy versus their radial distance from that galaxy's centre.
Galaxy Zoo is a crowdsourced astronomy project which invites people to assist in the morphological classification of large numbers of galaxies.
Professor Ganesar Chanmugam (1939–1996) was a Sri Lankan astrophysicist.
Gérard Henri de Vaucouleurs (25 April 1918 – 7 October 1995) was a French astronomer.
GD 66 or V361 Aurigae is a 0.64 solar mass pulsating white dwarf star located 170 light years from Earth in the Auriga constellation.
Geminga is a neutron star approximately 250 parsecs (around 800 light years) from the Sun in the constellation Gemini.
Geoffrey Ronald Burbidge FRS (24 September 1925 – 26 January 2010) was an English astronomy professor and theoretical astrophysicist, most recently at the University of California, San Diego.
The geology of solar terrestrial planets mainly deals with the geological aspects of the four terrestrial planets of the Solar System, Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, and one terrestrial dwarf planet, Ceres.
Prof George Cunliffe McVittie FRSE FRAS OBE (1904-1988) was a British mathematician and cosmologist.
George Cary Comstock (February 12, 1855 – May 11, 1934) was an American astronomer and educator.
George V. Coyne, S.J. (born January 19, 1933) is a Jesuit priest, astronomer, and former director of the Vatican Observatory and head of the observatory's research group which is based at the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona.
George David Gatewood (born 1940) also known as George G. Gatewood, is an American astronomer and presently is professor emeritus at the University of Pittsburgh and at the Allegheny Observatory.
George Petros Efstathiou (born 2 September 1955) is a British astrophysicist who is Professor of Astrophysics and Director of the Kavli Institute for Cosmology at the University of Cambridge.
George Ellery Hale (June 29, 1868 – February 21, 1938) was an American solar astronomer, best known for his discovery of magnetic fields in sunspots, and as the leader or key figure in the planning or construction of several world-leading telescopes; namely, the 40-inch refracting telescope at Yerkes Observatory, 60-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory, 100-inch Hooker reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson, and the 200-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Palomar Observatory.
The George Ellery Hale Prize, or Hale Prize, is awarded annually by the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society for outstanding contributions over an extended period of time to the field of solar astronomy.
George Howard Herbig (January 2, 1920 – October 12, 2013) was an American astronomer at the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy.
George Ogden Abell (March 1, 1927 – October 7, 1983) taught at UCLA.
George Robert Carruthers (born October 1, 1939) is an award-winning African-American inventor, physicist, and space scientist.
George A. Van Biesbroeck (or Georges-Achille Van Biesbroeck, January 21, 1880 – February 23, 1974) was a Belgian–American astronomer.
The George Van Biesbroeck Prize is an award for long-term achievements in the field of astronomy.
George Wallerstein is a United States astronomer who researches the chemical composition of stellar atmospheres.
George Wetherill (August 12, 1925 Philadelphia, PA – July 19, 2006 Washington, DC) was the Director Emeritus, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC, USA.
Gerald Kron (April 6, 1913 – April 9, 2012) was an American astronomer who was one of the pioneers of high-precision photometry with photoelectric instrumentation.
Gerald Maurice Clemence (16 August 1908 – 22 November 1974) was an American astronomer.
Gerard Peter Kuiper (born Gerrit Pieter Kuiper; December 7, 1905 – December 23, 1973) was a Dutch–American astronomer, planetary scientist, selenographer, author and professor.
The Gerard P. Kuiper Prize is awarded annually by the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society for outstanding lifetime achievement in the field of planetary science.
Geronimo L. Villanueva (born April 9, 1978) is a planetary astronomer at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
Giovanni Fabrizio Bignami (10 April 1944 - 24 May 2017) was an Italian physicist.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Glynn Stephen Lunney (born November 27, 1936) is a retired NASA engineer.
The Gould Belt Survey is an astronomical research project led by the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, with the participation of several other institutions.
Brother Guy J. Consolmagno, SJ (born September 19, 1952), is an American research astronomer, Jesuit religious brother, and Director of the Vatican Observatory.
Halton Christian "Chip" Arp (March 21, 1927 – December 28, 2013) was an American astronomer.
Harlan James Smith (August 25, 1924 – October 17, 1991) was an American astronomer.
Harlow Shapley (November 2, 1885 – October 20, 1972) was a 20th-century American scientist, head of the Harvard College Observatory (1921–1952), and political activist during the latter New Deal and Fair Deal.
The Harold C. Urey Prize is awarded annually by the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society.
Harold Lester Johnson (April 17, 1921 – April 2, 1980) was an American astronomer.
Harold Clayton Urey (April 29, 1893 – January 5, 1981) was an American physical chemist whose pioneering work on isotopes earned him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1934 for the discovery of deuterium.
Harriet Dinerstein is an American astronomer.
Harriet Williams Bigelow (June 7, 1870 − June 27, 1934) was an American instructor and astronomer Born in Fayetteville, New York, Harriet was the daughter of pastor Dana Williams Bigelow and Katherine Huntington.
HD 154672 b is an extrasolar planet located approximately 210 light-years away in the constellation of Ara, orbiting the metal-rich and aged star HD 154672.
Heather A. Knutson is an astrophysicist and assistant professor at California Institute of Technology in the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences.
Heidi B. Hammel (born March 14, 1960) is a planetary astronomer who has extensively studied Neptune and Uranus.
The Helen B. Warner Prize for Astronomy is awarded annually by the American Astronomical Society to a young astronomer (aged less than 36, or within 8 years of the award of their PhD) for a significant contribution to observational or theoretical astronomy.
Prof Henry Norris Russell FRS(For) HFRSE FRAS (October 25, 1877 – February 18, 1957) was an American astronomer who, along with Ejnar Hertzsprung, developed the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram (1910).
The Henry Norris Russell Lectureship is awarded each year by the American Astronomical Society in recognition of a lifetime of excellence in astronomical research.
Herbert Friedman (June 21, 1916 – September 9, 2000) was an American pioneer in the application of sounding rockets to solar physics, aeronomy, and astronomy.
Historical astronomy is the science of analysing historic astronomical data.
The Holmdel Horn Antenna is a large microwave horn antenna that was used as a satellite communication antenna and radio telescope during the 1960s at Bell Telephone Laboratories in Holmdel Township, New Jersey, United States.
Horace Parnell Tuttle (March 17, 1837 – August 16, 1923) was an American astronomer, an American Civil War veteran and brother of astronomer Charles Wesley Tuttle (November 1, 1829 – July 17, 1881).
Horace Welcome Babcock (September 13, 1912 – August 29, 2003) was an American astronomer.
Howard Percy "Bob" Robertson (January 27, 1903 – August 26, 1961) was an American mathematician and physicist known for contributions related to physical cosmology and the uncertainty principle.
The Hubble Deep Field (HDF) is an image of a small region in the constellation Ursa Major, constructed from a series of observations by the Hubble Space Telescope.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) defined in August 2006 that, in the Solar System, a planet is a celestial body which.
Icarus is a scientific journal dedicated to the field of planetary science.
Ida Barney (November 6, 1886 – March 7, 1982) was an American astronomer, best known for her 22 volumes of astrometric measurements on 150,000 stars.
Imidogen is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula NH.
An impact event is a collision between astronomical objects causing measurable effects.
The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.
The International Astrostatistics Association (IAA) is a non-profit professional organization for astrostatisticians.
IOP Publishing (previously named Institute of Physics Publishing) is the publishing company of the Institute of Physics.
Ira Sprague Bowen (December 21, 1898 – February 6, 1973) was an American physicist and astronomer.
Irwin Ira Shapiro (born October 10, 1929 in New York City) is an American astrophysicist and Timken University Professor at Harvard University.
Isabel Martin Lewis (July 11, 1881 – July 31, 1966) was an American astronomer who was the first woman hired by the United States Naval Observatory as assistant astronomer.
The Control and Automation Student Society is a non-profit, non-governmental, non-political student society established in 2004, formed by ITU, mostly from Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering students.
Jack Wisdom (born 1953) is a Professor of Planetary Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
James B. "Jim" Kaler (born December 29, 1938 in Albany, New York) is an American astronomer and science writer.
James Jeffrey Binney, FRS, FInstP (born 1950) is a British astrophysicist.
James Edward Gunn (born October 21, 1938) is the Eugene Higgins Professor of Astronomy at Princeton University.
James (Jim) F. Bell III (born July 23, 1965) is a Professor of Astronomy at Arizona State University, specializing in the study of planetary geology, geochemistry and mineralogy using data obtained from telescopes and from various spacecraft missions.
James Hartness (September 3, 1861 – February 2, 1934) was an American inventor; a mechanical engineer; an entrepreneur who mentored other inventors to develop their machine tool products and create a thriving industrial center in southeastern Vermont; an amateur astronomer who fostered the construction of telescopes by amateurs in his town; an early aviator who built one of Vermont's first airports; and the 58th Governor of Vermont from 1921 to 1923.
The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a space telescope developed in collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency, and the Canadian Space Agency that will be the scientific successor to the Hubble Space Telescope.
James Whitney Young (born January 24, 1941) is an American astronomer who worked in the field of asteroid research.
Jan Hendrik Oort (or; 28 April 1900 – 5 November 1992) was a Dutch astronomer who made significant contributions to the understanding of the Milky Way and who was a pioneer in the field of radio astronomy.
Johannes A. van Paradijs (9 June 1946 – 2 November 1999) was a Dutch high-energy astrophysicist.
Janet Akyüz Mattei (January 2, 1943 – March 22, 2004) was a Turkish-American astronomer who was the director of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) from 1973 to 2004.
Jay Myron Pasachoff (born 1943) is an American astronomer.
Jean-Luc Margot (born 1969) is a Belgian-born astronomer and a UCLA professor who specializes in planetary sciences.
Jedidah C. Isler is an American astrophysicist and educator.
Jeffrey Alan Hoffman (born November 2, 1944) is an American former NASA astronaut and currently a professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT.
Jennifer Hoffman is an American astrophysicist and Associate Professor at the University of Denver.
Jeremiah Paul "Jerry" Ostriker (born April 13, 1937) is an astrophysicist and a professor of astronomy at Columbia University and is the Charles A. Young Professor Emeritus at Princeton where he also continues as a Senior Research Scholar.
Jerry Earl Nelson (January 15, 1944 – June 10, 2017) was an American astronomer known for his pioneering work designing segmented mirror telescopes, which led to him receiving the 2010 Kavli Prize for Astrophysics.
Jesse Leonard Greenstein (October 15, 1909 – October 21, 2002) was an American astronomer.
Joan T. Schmelz has been a professor of physics at the University of Memphis since 1996.
Dame Susan Jocelyn Bell Burnell (born 15 July 1943) is an astrophysicist from Northern Ireland who was credited with "one of the most significant scientific achievements of the 20th Century".
Joel Stebbins (July 30, 1878 – March 16, 1966) was an American astronomer who pioneered photoelectric photometry in astronomy.
John Allen "Jack" Eddy (March 25, 1931 – June 10, 2009) was an American astronomer who published professionally under the name John A. Eddy but much of the content referencing him can be found under his nickname Jack which he preferred to use.
John Alexander Simpson (November 3, 1916 – August 31, 2000) worked as an experimental nuclear, and cosmic ray physicist who was deeply committed to educating the public and political leaders about science and its implications.
John Cromwell Mather (born August 7, 1946, Roanoke, Virginia) is an American astrophysicist, cosmologist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his work on the Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite (COBE) with George Smoot.
John F. Hawley (born 1958) is an American astrophysicist and a professor of astronomy at the University of Virginia.
John Peter Huchra (December 23, 1948 – October 8, 2010) was an American astronomer and professor.
John Mace Grunsfeld (born October 10, 1958) is an American physicist and a former NASA astronaut.
John Norris Bahcall (December 30, 1934 – August 17, 2005) was an American astrophysicist, best known for his contributions to the solar neutrino problem, the development of the Hubble Space Telescope and for his leadership and development of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.
John W. Firor (October 18, 1927 – November 5, 2007) was an American physicist.
John Wainwright Evans (May 14, 1909 – October 31, 1999) was a solar astronomer born in New York City.
Jon Lomberg (born 1948) is an American space artist and science journalist.
Joseph Burns is a professor at Cornell University with a dual appointment in the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE) and the Astronomy department.
Joseph Algernon Pearce (February 7, 1893 – September 8, 1988) was a Canadian astrophysicist, who was notable for studies on the structure of Milky Way and O-type stars.
Joseph Ashbrook (April 4, 1918 – August 4, 1980) was an American astronomer.
Joseph Michael Hilbe (December 30, 1944 – March 12, 2017) was an American statistician and philosopher, founding President of the (IAA) and one of the most prolific authors of books on statistical modeling in the early twenty-first century.
Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr. (born March 29, 1941) is an American astrophysicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his discovery with Russell Alan Hulse of a "new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation.".
The Joseph Weber Award for Astronomical Instrumentation is awarded by the American Astronomical Society to an individual for the design, invention or significant improvement of instrumentation leading to advances in astronomy.
Joshua Simon Bloom (born June 8, 1974 in Washington, D.C.) is an American astrophysicist, full professor of astronomy at the University of California, Berkeley, and was the CTO and co-founder of the machine-learning company (acquired by General Electric, 2016).
The Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage is a peer-reviewed academic journal.
Judith (Rubin) Young (September 15, 1952 – May 23, 2014) was an American physicist, astronomer, and educator.
The Karen Harvey Prize is awarded by the American Astronomical Society's Solar Physics Division in recognition for a significant contribution to the study of the Sun early in a person's professional career.
Karen J. Meech (born 1959) is an American astronomer at the Institute for Astronomy in the University of Hawaii.
Karen Masters (born 1979) is an Associate Professor of Astrophysics interested in galaxy formation who works in Haverford College, Pennsylvania.
Karl Gordon Henize, Ph.D. (2004 News Releases, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California (US), March 8, 2004 17 October 1926 – 5 October 1993) was an American astronomer, space scientist, NASA astronaut, and professor at Northwestern University.
Katharine Reeves is an astronomer who works at the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA).
Kenneth Charles Freeman (born 27 August 1940) is an Australian astronomer and astrophysicist who is currently Duffield Professor of Astronomy in the Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the Mount Stromlo Observatory of the Australian National University in Canberra.
Kennedy J. Reed is a theoretical atomic physicist in the Theory Group in the Physics & Advanced Technologies Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and a founder of the National Physical Science Consortium (NPSC), a group of about 30 universities that provides physics fellowships for women and minorities.
Kenneth Linn Franklin (March 25, 1923 – June 18, 2007) was an American astronomer and educator.
Kenneth Ingvard Greisen (24 January 1918 in Perth Amboy, New Jersey – 17 March 2007 in Ithaca, New York) was an American physicist who worked on nuclear physics and the astrophysics of cosmic rays and gamma radiation.
Kenneth I. Kellerman (born 1937) is an astronomer at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory.
In astronomy, Kepler's laws of planetary motion are three scientific laws describing the motion of planets around the Sun.
Kepler-10, formerly known as KOI-72, is a Sun-like star in the constellation of Draco that lies 187 parsecs (608 light years) from Earth.
Kepler-10c is an exoplanet orbiting the G-type star Kepler-10, located around 568 light-years away in Draco.
Kepler-4b, initially known as KOI 7.01, is an extrasolar planet first detected as a transit by the Kepler spacecraft.
Kepler-5b is one of the first five planets discovered by NASA's Kepler spacecraft.
Kepler-6 is a yellow giant situated in the constellation Cygnus.
Kepler-6b is an extrasolar planet in the orbit of the unusually metal-rich Kepler-6, a star in the field of view of the NASA-operated Kepler spacecraft, which searches for planets that cross directly in front of, or transit, their host stars.
Kepler-7 is a star located in the constellation Lyra in the field of view of the Kepler Mission, a NASA operation in search of Earth-like planets.
Kepler-7b is one of the first five exoplanets to be confirmed by NASA's Kepler spacecraft, and was confirmed in the first 33.5 days of Kepler's science operations.
Kepler-8 is a star located in the constellation Lyra in the field of view of the Kepler Mission, a NASA-led operation tasked with discovering terrestrial planets.
Kepler-8b is the fifth of the first five exoplanets discovered by NASA's Kepler spacecraft, which aims to discover planets in a region of the sky between the constellations Lyra and Cygnus that transit (cross in front of) their host stars.
KIC 8462852 (also Tabby's Star or Boyajian's Star) is an F-type main-sequence star located in the constellation Cygnus approximately from Earth.
Kristen Sellgren is a retired American astronomer and Professor Emerita at the College of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, Ohio State University.
Krypton (from translit "the hidden one") is a chemical element with symbol Kr and atomic number 36.
La Alameda Park is a park in Quito.
Laird A. Thompson (born 6 September 1947), is a professor of astronomy at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Lalande 21185 is a star in the constellation of Ursa Major, relevant for being the brightest red dwarf observable in the northern hemisphere (only AX Microscopii and Lacaille 9352, in the southern hemisphere, are brighter).
Larry Fyrulays, Ph.D., is a fictional character in the CBS crime drama Numb3rs, played by Peter MacNicol.
Larry W. Esposito (born April 15, 1951) is an American planetary astronomer and a professor at the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado Boulder.
Lars Bildsten (born 1964) is an American astrophysicist, best known for his work on the physics of white dwarfs and their explosions as Type Ia supernovae.
Laura A. Lopez is an assistant professor of astronomy at Ohio State University studying the life cycle of stars.
A lava tube is a natural conduit formed by flowing lava which moves beneath the hardened surface of a lava flow.
Leah Brown Allen (November 6, 1884 in Providence, Rhode Island – February 1973) was an American astronomer and Professor of Astronomy at Hood College.
Lee Anne Willson (born 1947) is an American astronomer.
Lee Samuel Finn is an American astrophysicist working at the Pennsylvania State University.
Lennox Lauchlan Cowie FRS (born 18 October 1950, Jedburgh, Scotland) is a Scottish astronomer, and professor at the Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii.
Leopold Goldberg (26 January 1913 – 1 November 1987) was an American astronomer who held professorships at Harvard and the University of Michigan and the directorships of several major observatories.
Leon P. Van Speybroeck (1935 – December 25, 2002) served as Telescope Scientist for the Chandra X-Ray Observatory and designed the mirrors that made possible its spectacular X-ray images of nearby and remote celestial objects, including comets, exploding stars, jets of gas spewing from nearby black holes, and powerful quasars more than 10 billion light years from Earth.
The LeRoy E. Doggett Prize is Awarded biennially by the Historical Astronomy Division of the American Astronomical Society for individuals who have significantly influenced the field of the history of astronomy by a career-long effort.
Lexington is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States.
Lisa Jennifer Kewley (born 1974) is a Professor and Associate Director at the Research School for Astronomy & Astrophysics at the Australian National University College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences.
(Main list of acronyms).
A list of notable groups devoted to promoting astronomy research and education.
This is a compilation of initialisms and acronyms commonly used in astronomy.
This list of Cornell University alumni includes notable graduates, non-graduate former students, and current students of Cornell University, an Ivy League university located in Ithaca, New York.
This list of Cornell University faculty includes notable current and former instructors and administrators of Cornell University, an Ivy League university located in Ithaca, New York.
This is a list of people associated with University College London, including notable staff and alumni associated with the institution.
Recurrent series of prestigious public lectures are presented in various countries.
A list of medals, prizes, and other awards in the fields of science, technology, engineering and social science.
This article lists those scientific organisations and other nationally or internationally recognised groups that specifically reject intelligent design as a valid alternative to evolutionary theory.
This is the list of notable stars in the constellation Andromeda, sorted by decreasing brightness.
This is a list of supernova candidates, or stars that astronomers have suggested are supernova progenitors.
The list of University of California, San Diego people includes notable graduates, professors and administrators affiliated with the University of California, San Diego in the United States.
The Local Bubble, or Local Cavity, is a relative cavity in the interstellar medium (ISM) in the Orion Arm of the Milky Way.
Loren Wilber Acton (born March 7, 1936) is an American physicist who flew on Space Shuttle mission STS-51-F as a Payload Specialist for the Lockheed Palo Alto Research Laboratory.
Lulin Observatory (obs. code: D35) is an astronomical observatory operated by the Institute of Astronomy, National Central University in Taiwan.
A luminous red nova (abbr. LRN, pl. luminous red novae, pl.abbr. LRNe) is a stellar explosion thought to be caused by the merging of two stars.
The term lunar effect refers to real or imaginary correlations between specific stages of the roughly 29.5-day lunar cycle and behavior and physiological changes in living beings on Earth, including humans.
Lyman Strong Spitzer, Jr. (June 26, 1914 – March 31, 1997) was an American theoretical physicist, astronomer and mountaineer.
Lynn Cominsky is an American astrophysicist and educator.
Michael John Seaton FRS (16 January 1923 – 29 May 2007) was an influential British mathematician, atomic physicist, and astronomer.
The Magellanic Bridge (MBR) is a stream of neutral hydrogen that links the two Magellanic Clouds, with a few known stars inside it.
Magellanic spiral galaxies are (usually) dwarf galaxies which are classified as the type Sm (and SAm, SBm, SABm).
Marc Aaronson (24 August 1950 – 30 April 1987) was an American astronomer.
Marc Davis (born 1947) is an American Professor of Astronomy and Physics at the University of California, Berkeley.
Marc Postman is an American astronomer at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland, United States.
Marc William Buie (born 1958) is an American astronomer and prolific discoverer of minor planets, who used to be at Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, and also the Sentinel Space Telescope Mission Scientist for the B612 Foundation, which is dedicated to protecting Earth from asteroid impact events.
Eleanor Margaret Burbidge (née Peachey), FRS (born August 12, 1919 in Davenport) is a British-born American astrophysicist, noted for original research and holding many administrative posts, including Director of the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
Margaret G. Kivelson (October 21, 1928) is an American space physicist, planetary scientist, and Distinguished Professor Emerita of Space Physics at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Margaret J. Geller (born December 8, 1947) is an American astrophysicist at the Harvard–Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
Margaret Harwood (March 19, 1885 – February 6, 1979) was an American astronomer and the first Director of the Maria Mitchell Observatory in Nantucket, Massachusetts who specialized in photometry.
Maria T. Zuber (born June 27, 1958) is a member of the National Science Board and the Vice President for Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she also holds the position of the E. A. Griswold Professor of Geophysics in the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences.
Marie E. Machacek is an astrophysicist conducting research in the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
Martin John Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow, One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where: (born 23 June 1942) is a British cosmologist and astrophysicist.
Martin Schwarzschild (May 31, 1912 – April 10, 1997) was a German-born American astrophysicist.
Mary Emma Byrd (November 15, 1849 – July 13, 1934) was an American educator and is considered a pioneer astronomy teacher at college level.
Mary Helen Wright Greuter (December 20, 1914 – October 23, 1997) was an American astronomer and historian, who wrote and edited on the history and methodology of sciences, including anthropology, archeology, mathematics, and physics.
The Harold Masursky Award for Meritorious Service to Planetary Science, usually called the Masursky Award, is awarded annually by the Division for Planetary Sciences (DPS) of the American Astronomical Society.
Matias Zaldarriaga is an Argentine cosmologist.
Charles Mattias ("Matt") Mountain is the current President of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA).
Max Waldmeier (April 18, 1912 – September 26, 2000) was a Swiss astronomer, known for his research on sunspots.
015 | 3015 Candy || 1980 VN || Michael P. Candy (1928–1994), British astrometrist and discoverer of minor planets and comets.
019 | 6019 Telford || || Thomas Telford (1757–1834), a Scottish civil engineer and famed builder of roads, canals, bridges, tunnels and harbors.
Megan Donahue is an American astronomer who studies galaxies and galaxy clusters.
Mercedes Tharam Richards (Kingston, 14 May 1955 – Hershey, 3 February 2016), née Davis, was a Jamaican astronomy and astrophysics professor.
Any planet is an extremely faint light source compared to its parent star.
Michael W. Carroll is an award-winning astronomical artist and science writer.
Michael D. Reynolds (born 1954) is a Professor of Astronomy and served as the Dean of Mathematics & Natural Sciences and Professor of Astronomy at Florida State College in Jacksonville, Florida.
Michael Efroimsky (Михаил Эфроимский.) is an American astronomer of Russian origin.
Michael J. S. Belton (September 29, 1934 – June 4, 2018) was President of Belton Space Exploration Initiatives and Emeritus Astronomer at the Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona.
Michael S. Turner is a theoretical cosmologist, who coined the term dark energy in 1998.
The Miniature X-ray Solar Spectrometer (MinXSS) CubeSat was the first launched National Aeronautics and Space Administration Science Mission Directorate CubeSat with a science mission.
University of Canterbury Mount John Observatory (UCMJO), previously known as Mt John University Observatory (MJUO),is New Zealand's premier astronomical research observatory.
Murugesapillai Maheswaran (born October 12, 1939) is a mathematician, astrophysicist and educator.
Nadia Zakamska is a Russian-American astronomer who is a professor at Johns Hopkins University.
The National Astronomy Meeting (NAM) is an annual scientific conference of astronomers, usually held in the British Isles.
National Dark-Sky Week (NDSW), held during the week of the new moon in April, is a week during which people worldwide turn out their lights in order to observe the beauty of the night sky without light pollution.
The National Society of Hispanic Physicists (NSHP) was established in 1996 with the goal of promoting the participation and advancement of Hispanic-Americans in physics and celebrating the contributions of Hispanic-American physicists to the study and teaching of physics.
Neb Duric (born 1955) is a Serbian-born American astrophysicist.
Cornelis A. "Neil" Gehrels (October 3, 1952 – February 6, 2017) was an American astrophysicist specializing in the field of gamma-ray astronomy.
Neta A. Bahcall (born 1942) is an astrophysicist and cosmologist specializing in dark matter, the structure of the universe, quasars, and the formation of galaxies.
Asteroseismology studies the internal structure of our Sun and other stars using oscillations.
The Newton Lacy Pierce Prize in Astronomy is awarded annually by the American Astronomical Society to a young (less than age 36) astronomer for outstanding achievement in observational astronomical research.
NGC 1600 is an elliptical galaxy in the constellation Eridanus, away from Earth.
NGC 3918 is a bright planetary nebula in the constellation Centaurus, nicknamed the "Blue Planetary" or "The Southerner".
NGC 4414 is an unbarred spiral galaxy about 62 million light-years away in the constellation Coma Berenices.
Nicholas B. Suntzeff (born November 22, 1952, San Francisco) is an American University Distinguished Professor and holds the Mitchell/Heep/Munnerlyn Chair of Observational Astronomy in the Department of Physics & Astronomy at Texas A&M University where he is Director of the Astronomy Program.
Nicholas (Nick) Kaiser (born 15 September 1954) is a British cosmologist.
Nu Ophiuchi (ν Oph, ν Ophiuchi) is a star in the equatorial constellation of Ophiuchus.
Olin Jeuck Eggen (July 9, 1919 – October 2, 1998) was an American astronomer.
Oliver Morton is a British science writer and editor.
The Oort cloud, named after the Dutch astronomer Jan Oort, sometimes called the Öpik–Oort cloud, is a theoretical cloud of predominantly icy planetesimals proposed to surround the Sun at distances ranging from.
Otto Eduard Neugebauer (May 26, 1899 – February 19, 1990) was an Austrian American mathematician and historian of science who became known for his research on the history of astronomy and the other exact sciences in antiquity and into the Middle Ages.
Otto Struve (August 12, 1897 – April 6, 1963) was a Russian-American astronomer.
Owen Jay Gingerich (born 1930) is professor emeritus of astronomy and of the history of science at Harvard University and a senior astronomer emeritus at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
Paolo Farinella (13 January 1953 – 25 March 2000) was an Italian scientist very active in the planetary field and in the study of asteroids and small bodies of the Solar System.
Patrick Michel (born 25 February 1970 in Saint-Tropez, France) is a French planetary scientist, Senior Researcher at CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), leader of the team TOP (Theories and Observations in Planetology) of the Lagrange Laboratory at the Côte d'Azur Observatory in Nice (France).
Patrick Thaddeus (June 6, 1932 – April 28, 2017) was the Robert Wheeler Willson Professor of Applied Astronomy Emeritus at Harvard University.
Patrizia Caraveo (born April 8, 1954, Milan) is an Italian astrophysicist.
Paul Willard Merrill (August 15, 1887 – July 19, 1961) was an American astronomer whose specialty was spectroscopy.
Dr John Paul Wild AC CBE MA ScD (Cantab.) FRS FTSE FAA (17 May 192310 May 2008) was a British-born Australian scientist.
Paula Szkody (July 17, 1948-) is a professor in the Department of Astronomy at the University of Washington in Seattle.
A Pea galaxy, also referred to as a Pea or Green Pea, might be a type of Luminous Blue Compact Galaxy which is undergoing very high rates of star formation.
Dr Pedro Antonio Valdés Sada is a Mexican astronomer, specialising in extra-solar planets (exoplanets), planetary astronomy and stellar astronomy.
Penny Diane Sackett (born 28 February 1956) 19 pages.
Peter Andrew Sturrock (born 20 March 1924) is a British scientist.
Peter Goldreich (born July 14, 1939) is an American astrophysicist whose research focuses on celestial mechanics, planetary rings, helioseismology and neutron stars.
Peter Meyer (January 6, 1920 – March 7, 2002) was a German-born American astrophysicist notable for his research of cosmic rays.
Peter Westervelt (December 16, 1919 – January 24, 2015) was an American physicist, noted for his work in nonlinear acoustics, and Professor Emeritus of Physics at Brown University.
Philip Cary Plait (born September 30, 1964), also known as The Bad Astronomer, is an American astronomer, skeptic, writer and popular science blogger.
Philip Fox (March 7, 1878 – July 21, 1944) was an American astronomer and an officer in the U.S. Army.
Phoenix was a robotic spacecraft on a space exploration mission on Mars under the Mars Scout Program.
Planet Nine is a hypothetical planet in the outer region of the Solar System.
A planetary mnemonic refers to a phrase used to remember the planets and dwarf planets of the Solar System, with the order of words corresponding to increasing sidereal periods of the bodies.
Planetary science or, more rarely, planetology, is the scientific study of planets (including Earth), moons, and planetary systems (in particular those of the Solar System) and the processes that form them.
Planetesimals are solid objects thought to exist in protoplanetary disks and in debris disks.
The positron or antielectron is the antiparticle or the antimatter counterpart of the electron.
Pr0201 b (also written Pr 0201 b) is an exoplanet orbiting around the F-type main sequence star Pr0201.
Priscilla Fairfield Bok (April 14, 1896 – November 1975) was an American astronomer and the wife of Dutch-born astronomer Bart Bok, Director of Mount Stromlo Observatory in Australia and later of Steward Observatory in Arizona, US.
Project Echo was the first passive communications satellite experiment.
Proxima Centauri, or Alpha Centauri C, is a red dwarf, a small low-mass star, about from the Sun in the constellation of Centaurus.
A pulsating white dwarf is a white dwarf star whose luminosity varies due to non-radial gravity wave pulsations within itself.
The Quito Astronomical Observatory (Observatorio Astronómico de Quito – OAQ) is a research institute of EPN, the National Polytechnic School in Quito, Ecuador.
Robert Jay GaBany (born September 17, 1954 in Charleston, West Virginia) is an American amateur astronomer and astrophotographer who is also known for his work with an international team of astrophysicists led by (Max Planck Institute for Astronomy).
Rachel Mandelbaum is a professor of astrophysics at Carnegie Mellon University, studying cosmology and galactic evolution with a focus on dark matter and dark energy.
Rainer "Rai" Weiss (born September 29, 1932) is an American physicist, known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics.
Raymond "Ray" Davis Jr. (October 14, 1914 – May 31, 2006) was an American chemist and physicist.
Rear Admiral Raymond Stanton Patton (29 December 1882 – 25 November 1937) was the second Director of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey and a career officer in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Corps, predecessor of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps.
Reinhard Genzel (born 24 March 1952 in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany) is a German astrophysicist.
Reta F. Beebe (born October 10, 1936 in Baca County Colorado) is an American astronomer, author, and popularizer of astronomy.
REVTeX is a collection of LaTeX macros which is maintained and distributed by the American Physical Society with auxiliary files and a user support guide, as part of a “REVTeX toolbox.” REVTeX is popular among scientists who submit papers to journals published by the American Physical Society (APS), the American Institute of Physics (AIP), and the Optical Society of America (OSA).
Richard C. Lamb (September 8, 1933 – February 10, 2018) was an American astrophysicist.
Richard Emery "Rich" Lingenfelter (born April 5, 1934) is an American astrophysicist and historian.
Richard "Rick" P. Binzel (born 1958) is an American astronomer and professor of planetary sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
The rings of Saturn are the most extensive ring system of any planet in the Solar System.
Robert Allan Ridley Parker (born December 14, 1936) is an American physicist and astronomer, former Director of the NASA Management Office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and a retired NASA astronaut.
Robert Duncan is an astrophysicist at the University of Texas at Austin.
Robert D. Stephens (born 1955) is an American amateur astronomer and a prolific photometrist of minor planets at Santana Observatory, Rancho Cucamonga in California, United States.
Robert Horace Baker (born March 29, 1883 in Northampton, Massachusetts; died June 23, 1964 in Upland, California) was an astronomer.
Robert Charles Kennicutt, Jr. FRS is an American astronomer.
Robert P. Kirshner (born August 15, 1949) is an American astronomer, currently the Clowes Professor of Science at Harvard University.
Robert Paul "Bob" Kraft (June 16, 1927 – May 26, 2015) was an American astronomer.
Robert L. Hurt is a member of the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) at the California Institute of Technology.
Rodger Evans Doxsey (March 11, 1947 – October 13, 2009)Overbye, Dennis:, The New York Times, October 18, 2009.
Roger D. Launius (born May 15, 1954) is an American historian and author of Lithuanian descent, a former chief historian of NASA.
Ronald Anthony Parise (May 24, 1951 – May 9, 2008) was an Italian American scientist who flew aboard two NASA Space Shuttle missions as a payload specialist.
Rosaly M. C. Lopes (born 8 January 1957 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) is a planetary geologist, volcanologist, an author of numerous scientific papers and several books, as well as a proponent of education.
Rosemary F. G. Wyse (born 26 January 1957) is a Scottish astrophysicist and professor in the physics and astronomy department at Johns Hopkins University.
Ruth Murray-Clay is a professor at the University of California Santa Cruz who studies the formation of planetary systems.
Sallie Louise Baliunas (born February 23, 1953) is a retired astrophysicist.
Sally Oey is an astronomer at the University of Michigan and an expert in massive, hot stars which are often precursors to supernovae.
Samuel Alfred Mitchell (April 29, 1874 in Kingston, Ontario, – February 22, 1960 in Bloomington, Indiana) was a Canadian-American astronomer who studied solar eclipses and set up a program to use photographic techniques to determine the distance to stars at McCormick Observatory, where he served as the director.
Samuel Thornton Durrance (Ph.D.) is an American scientist who flew aboard two NASA Space Shuttle missions as a payload specialist.
Sandra Moore Faber (born December 28, 1944) is an astrophysicist known for her research on the evolution of galaxies.
Sara Ellison (birth date unknown) is an Astronomy Professor at University of Victoria.
Sara Seager (born 21 July 1971) is a Canadian-American astronomer and planetary scientist.
Sarah Dodson-Robinson is an American astronomer.
Sarbani Basu is an Indian astrophysicist and Professor at Yale University.
The scientific opinion on climate change is the overall judgment among scientists regarding the extent to which global warming is occurring, its likely causes, and its probable consequences.
Scott Duncan Tremaine (born 1950) is a Canadian-born astrophysicist.
SDSSJ0946+1006 is an unusual gravitational lens system consisting of three galaxies at distances of respectively three, six, and eleven billion light years from Earth.
Shadia Rifa'i Habbal (Arabic: شادية رفاعي حبال) is a Syrian-American astronomer and physicist specialized in Space physics.
Shrinivas Ramchandra Kulkarni (born 1956) is an astronomer born in India.
Shu Shien-Siu (aka S. S. Shu), 1912–2001, was a Chinese/Taiwanese mathematician, engineer and educator.
Sidney Carne Wolff (born 1941) is an American astrophysicist, researcher, public educator, and author.
Sidney Wilcox McCuskey (February 28, 1907 – April 22, 1979) was an American mathematician and astronomer.
Silvia Torres-Peimbert (born 1940) is a Mexican astronomer.
Simon Newcomb (March 12, 1835 – July 11, 1909) was a Canadian–American astronomer, applied mathematician and autodidactic polymath, who was Professor of Mathematics in the U.S. Navy and at Johns Hopkins.
Smadar Naoz is an Israeli-American astrophysicist, and was the 2015 winner of the Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy for her scientific contributions to the fields of cosmology and planetary dynamics.
The solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, dubbed "The Great American Eclipse" by the media, was a total solar eclipse visible within a band that spanned the entire contiguous United States, passing from the Pacific to the Atlantic coasts.
Solar physics is the branch of astrophysics that specializes in the study of the Sun.
The Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society (AAS/SPD) or (AAS-SPD), often referred to as simply the "Solar Physics Division" (SPD), is the primary trade organization of solar physicists in the U.S. It exists for the advancement of the study of the Sun and to coordinate of such research with other branches of science.
Solar viewer (also known as solar viewing glasses or solar eclipse glasses) is special eyewear designed for direct viewing of the Sun.
Sommers–Bausch Observatory is an astronomical observatory located on and owned by University of Colorado Boulder.
South is an impact crater in the Mare Australe quadrangle of Mars, located at 77.1°S latitude and 338.0°W longitude.
Space policy is the political decision-making process for, and application of, public policy of a state (or association of states) regarding spaceflight and uses of outer space, both for civilian (scientific and commercial) and military purposes.
The space policy of the United States includes both the making of space policy through the legislative process, and the implementation of that policy in the civilian and military US space programs through regulatory agencies.
The Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI) is the science operations center for the Hubble Space Telescope (HST; in orbit since 1990) and for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST; scheduled to be launched in March 2021).
The Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), is an infrared space telescope launched in 2003 and still operating as of 2018.
Stamatios (Tom) M. Krimigis (Σταμάτιος Κριμιζής) is a Greek-American scientist in space exploration.
Stanley G. Love, Ph.D. (born June 8, 1965) is an American scientist and a NASA astronaut from Oregon.
Stefi Baum (born December 11, 1958 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American astronomer.
Stephanie A. Snedden is a researcher in space science at Apache Point Observatory, New Mexico State University in the US.
* Stephen P. Maran is an American astronomer and popularizer who is known for his books, articles, and popular lectures for the general public, including Astronomy For Dummies.
Steve Mandel is an amateur astronomer and astrophotographer.
Steven W. Squyres (born January 9, 1956) is the James A. Weeks Professor of Physical Sciences at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
Steven Alan Hawley (born December 12, 1951) is a former NASA astronaut who flew on five U.S. Space Shuttle flights.
Steven J. Dick (born October 24, 1949, Evansville, Indiana) is an American astronomer, author, and historian of science most noted for his work in the field of astrobiology.
Steven Jeffrey Ostro (March 9, 1946 – December 15, 2008) was an American scientist specializing in radar astronomy.
Superflares are very strong explosions observed on stars with energies up to ten thousand times that of typical solar flares.
The Supernova Cosmology Project is one of two research teams that determined the likelihood of an accelerating universe and therefore a positive cosmological constant, using data from the redshift of Type Ia supernovae.
Estela Susana Lizano Soberón (born March 29, 1957) is a Mexican astrophysicist and researcher.
Suzanne Madden is an American astronomer who works as a researcher at the Saclay Nuclear Research Centre in Paris, France.
Sverre Johannes Aarseth, (born 20 July 1934) is a research scientist at the Institute of Astronomy at the University of Cambridge.
Swiss cheese features (SCFs) are curious pits in the south polar ice cap of Mars (Mare Australe quadrangle) named from their similarity to the holes in Swiss cheese.
Terry Alfriend is an American engineer, currently the University Distinguished Professor and TEES Distinguished Research Professor at Texas A&M University and an Elected Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, National Academy of Engineering, International Academy of Astronautics, American Astronomical Society and Editor-in-Chief of AAS-Springer journal Journal of the Astronautical Sciences.
The Astronomical Journal (often abbreviated AJ in scientific papers and references) is a peer-reviewed monthly scientific journal owned by the American Astronomical Society and currently published by IOP Publishing.
The Astrophysical Journal, often abbreviated ApJ (pronounced "ap jay") in references and speech, is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of astrophysics and astronomy, established in 1895 by American astronomers George Ellery Hale and James Edward Keeler.
Thorium is a weakly radioactive metallic chemical element with symbol Th and atomic number 90.
Pieter Timotheus "Tim" de Zeeuw (born 1956 in Sleen) is a Dutch astronomer specializing in the formation, structure and dynamics of galaxies.
The following timeline lists the significant events in the invention and development of the telescope.
This is a timeline of women in science in the United States.
Thomas M. Dame is Director of the Radio Telescope Data Center at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, a Senior Radio Astronomer at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, and a Lecturer on Astronomy at Harvard University.
TRAPPIST-1, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285, is an ultra-cool red dwarf star that is slightly larger, but much more massive, than the planet Jupiter; it is located from the Sun, in the direction described as the constellation Aquarius.
TRAPPIST-1b, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285 b, is an mainly rocky, Venus-like exoplanet orbiting around the ultra-cold dwarf star TRAPPIST-1, located approximately 39 light-years (12 parsecs) away from Earth in the constellation Aquarius.
TRAPPIST-1c, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285 c, is a mainly rocky, Venus-like exoplanet orbiting around the ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 approximately 40 light-years away from Earth in the constellation Aquarius.
TRAPPIST-1d, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285 d, is a small, water-rich, primarily rocky exoplanet orbiting within the habitable zone of the ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 approximately 40 light-years (12.1 parsecs, or nearly km) away from Earth in the constellation of Aquarius.
TRAPPIST-1e, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285 e, is a solid, almost Earth-sized exoplanet orbiting within the habitable zone around the ultracool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 approximately 40 light-years (12.1 parsecs, or nearly km) away from Earth in the constellation of Aquarius.
TRAPPIST-1g, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285 g, is an exoplanet orbiting around the ultra-cool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 away from Earth in the constellation Aquarius.
TRAPPIST-1h, also designated as 2MASS J23062928-0502285 h, is an exoplanet orbiting around the ultra-cool dwarf star TRAPPIST-1 39 light-years (12 parsecs) away from Earth in the constellation Aquarius.
Tyler Eugene Nordgren (November 18, 1969) is an astronomer and professor of physics at the University of Redlands.
Ufology is the study of reports, visual records, physical evidence, and other phenomena related to unidentified flying objects (UFO).
An ultra diffuse galaxy (UDG) is an extremely low luminosity galaxy, the first example of which was discovered in the nearby Virgo Cluster by Allan Sandage and Bruno Binggeli in 1984.
An unidentified flying object or "UFO" is an object observed in the sky that is not readily identified.
Manali Kallat Vainu Bappu (August 10, 1927 – August 19, 1982) was an Indian astronomer and president of the International Astronomical Union.
Vassiliki Kalogera is a Greek astrophysicist.
Vera Florence Cooper Rubin (July 23, 1928 – December 25, 2016) was an American astronomer who pioneered work on galaxy rotation rates.
Victor G. Szebehely (August 21, 1921 – September 13, 1997) was a key figure in the development and success of the Apollo program.
Victoria Michelle "Vicky" Kaspi (born June 30, 1967) is an American-Canadian astrophysicist and a professor at McGill University.
Vijay Kumar Kapahi (21 January 1944 – 16 March 1999) was an Indian astrophysicist and the director of the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, an autonomous division of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
Viktor Sergeevich Safronov (Ви́ктор Серге́евич Сафро́нов) (born Velikie Luki, Russia, 11 October 1917 – died Moscow 18 September 1999) was a Soviet astronomer who put forward the low-mass-nebula model of planet formation, a consistent picture of how the planets formed from a disk of gas and dust around the Sun.
Virginia Louise Trimble (born 1943) is an American astronomer specializing in the structure and evolution of stars and galaxies, and the history of astronomy.
The Virgo Cluster is a cluster of galaxies whose center is 53.8 ± 0.3 Mly (16.5 ± 0.1 Mpc) away in the constellation Virgo.
Vytautas Straižys (born August 20, 1936) is a Lithuanian astronomer.
William Albert Hiltner (27 August 1914 – 30 September 1991) was an American astronomer, noted for his work leading up to the discovery of interstellar polarization.
William David Arnett is a Regents Professor of Astrophysics at Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, known for his research on supernova explosions, the formation of neutron stars or black holes by gravitational collapse, and the synthesis of elements in stars; he is author of the monograph Supernovae and Nucleosynthesis which deals with these topics.
Wilhelm Heinrich Walter Baade (March 24, 1893 – June 25, 1960) was a German astronomer who worked in the United States from 1931 to 1959.
Walter Ernst Fricke (1April 191521March 1988) was a German distinguished professor of theoretical astronomy at the University of Heidelberg.
Waltraut Seitter (January 13, 1930 – November 15, 2007) was a German astronomer.
WASP-15b is an extrasolar planet discovered in 2008 by the SuperWASP collaboration, which seeks to discover exoplanets that transit their host stars.
Wendy Laurel Freedman (born July 17, 1957) is a Canadian-American astronomer, best known for her measurement of the Hubble constant, and as director of the Carnegie Observatories in Pasadena, California, and Las Campanas, Chile.
Wenzhou (pronounced; Wenzhounese) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Zhejiang province in the People's Republic of China.
Wenzhou people or Wenzhounese people is a subgroup of Oujiang Wu Chinese speaking peoples, who live primarily in Wenzhou, Zhejiang province.
White House Astronomy Night (and alternatively Astronomy Night on the National Mall) is an event first organized by the White House in conjunction with the Office of Science and Technology Policy to motivate interest in astronomy and science education.
The Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) is a NASA infrared space observatory that was recommended in 2010 by United States National Research Council Decadal Survey committee as the top priority for the next decade of astronomy.
Willem Jacob Luyten (March 7, 1899 – November 21, 1994) was a Dutch-American astronomer.
William Alfred "Willy" Fowler (August 9, 1911 – March 14, 1995) was an American nuclear physicist, later astrophysicist, who, with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar won the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics.
William E. "Bill" Brunk (born 1928) was an American astronomer and NASA administrator.
William George Fastie (6 December 1916 – 14 July 2000) was an American optical physicist and spectroscopist who played a part in the Johns Hopkins University space program of the late 1950s.
William Kenneth Hartmann (born June 6, 1939) is a noted planetary scientist, artist, author, and writer.
William Liller (born 1927) is an American astronomer, a graduate of the University of Michigan and former Robert Wheeler Willson Professor of Applied Astronomy at Harvard University.
William M. Kaula (May 19, 1926 – April 1, 2000) was an Australian-born American geophysicist and professor at the University of California, Los Angeles.
William Pendry Bidelman (September 25, 1918 – May 3, 2011).
William Wilson Morgan (January 3, 1906 – June 21, 1994) was an American astronomer and astrophysicist.
WorldWide Telescope (WWT) is an open source set of applications, data and cloud services, originally created by Microsoft Research but now an open source project hosted on GitHub.
Wulff-Dieter Heintz (3 June 1930 – 10 June 2006) was a German astronomer who worked the latter part of his career in the United States.
XO-3b is an exoplanet with about 11.79 times the mass of Jupiter, and an orbit around its parent star in about 3.2 days.
was a Japanese astrophysicist and a member of the Japan Academy.
was a Japanese physicist and Special University Professor, Emeritus, University of Tokyo.
Yoshihide Kozai (1 April 1928 – 5 February 2018) was a Japanese astronomer specialising in celestial mechanics.
1781 Van Biesbroeck, provisional designation, is a dynamical Vestian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8.5 kilometers in diameter.
1919 Clemence, provisional designation, is a bright Hungaria asteroid and suspected tumbler from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 4 kilometers in diameter.
The year 1924 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.
is a sub-kilometer asteroid, classified as a near-Earth object and potentially hazardous asteroid of the Apollo group.
The United States Postal Service issued the Total Eclipse of the Sun Forever stamp on June 20, 2017.
is a centaur from the outer Solar System, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter, that follows an orbit similar to those of the fragments of comet Shoemaker–Levy 9.
2018 LA, also known as ZLAF9B2, was a small Apollo near-Earth asteroid approximately 2.6-3.8 meters (8-13 feet) in diameter that impacted Earth at roughly 16:44 UTC (18:44 local time) on 2 June 2018 near the border of Botswana and South Africa.
2301 Whitford, provisional designation, is a background asteroid from the outer regions of the asteroid belt, approximately in diameter.
3537 Jürgen, provisional designation, is a stony Eunomia asteroid from the middle region of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter.
400 Years of the Telescope: A Journey of Science, Technology and Thought is a 2009 American documentary film that was created to coincide with the International Year of Astronomy in 2009.
493 Griseldis is a fairly dark main-belt asteroid 46 km in diameter.
50000 Quaoar, provisional designation, is a non-resonant trans-Neptunian object (cubewano) and possibly a dwarf planet in the Kuiper belt, located in the outermost region of the Solar System.
52 Europa is the 6th-largest asteroid in the asteroid belt, having an average diameter of around 315 km.
55 Cancri f (abbreviated 55 Cnc f), also designated Rho1 Cancri f and named Harriot, is an extrasolar planet approximately 41 light-years away from Earth in the constellation of Cancer (the Crab).
5951 Alicemonet, provisional designation, is a stony Flora asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 6 kilometers in diameter.
70 Virginis (abbreviated 70 Vir) is the Flamsteed designation of a yellow dwarf star approximately 59 light-years away in the constellation Virgo.
704 Interamnia is a very large asteroid, with an estimated diameter of 350 kilometres.