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science, 206P/Barnard–Boattini, 20D/Westphal, 210, 229 Adelinda, 240 BC, 251 Sophia, 25th century, 260 BC, 27P/Crommelin, 287 BC, 290 Bruna, 2nd century, 300, 310 BC, 355 BC, 366 Vincentina, 393, 3rd millennium, 410 BC, 4179 Toutatis, 4318 Baťa, 497, 505, 50P/Arend, 51 BC, 51 Pegasi b, 511, 5171 Augustesen, 587, 5D/Brorsen, 5th century, 610, 683, 685, 725, 727, 76 Freia, 800, 818 Kapteynia, 826, 828 Lindemannia, 86 Semele, 860, 901, 903, 91 Aegina, 945 Barcelona, 964, 979, 986. 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A Briefer History of Time is a science humor book by the American astronomer Eric Schulman.
A Fall of Moondust is a hard science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, first published in 1961.
A Fire in the Sky is a made-for-television disaster movie that debuted on NBC on November 26, 1978.
ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ḥāsib was an astronomer and mathematician who lived in the first half of the 10th century.
'Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (عبدالرحمن صوفی (December 7, 903 in Rey, Iran – May 25, 986 in Shiraz, Iran) was a Persian astronomer also known as 'Abd ar-Rahman as-Sufi, 'Abd al-Rahman Abu al-Husayn, 'Abdul Rahman Sufi, or 'Abdurrahman Sufi and, historically, in the West as Azophi and Azophi Arabus. The lunar crater Azophi and the minor planet 12621 Alsufi are named after him. Al-Sufi published his famous Book of Fixed Stars in 964, describing much of his work, both in textual descriptions and pictures. Al-Biruni reports that his work on the ecliptic was carried out in Shiraz. He lived at the Buyid court in Isfahan.
Abetti is a lunar impact crater that has been completely submerged by mare lavas.
Abolfadl Harawi was a 10th-century astronomer from Rey, Persia who, along with al-Khujandi, studied under the patronage of the Buyid dynasty.
(1070 Barcelona, Catalonia – 1136 or 1145 Narbonne, France) was a Jewish mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, also known as Savasorda (from the Arabic صاحب الشرطة Ṣāḥib al-Shurṭa "Chief of the Police") or Abraham Judaeus.
Abraham or Abram Robertson FRS (4 November 1751 – 4 December 1826), was a Scottish mathematician and astronomer.
Abraham Zacuto (אברהם זכות, Abraão ben Samuel Zacuto, also Abraham ben Samuel Zacut and Abraham Zacut) (Salamanca, August 12, 1452 – Damascus, probably 1515) was a Portuguese astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, rabbi and historian who served as Royal Astronomer in the 15th century to King John II of Portugal.
Abu al-Abbas Iranshahri (حکیم ایرانشهری.) was a 9th-century Persian philosopher, mathematician, natural scientist, historian of religion, astronomer and author.
Abu al-Hasan al-Ahwazi was a Persian mathematician and astronomer of the 4th/10th and 5th/11th centuries.
Abu Ali al-Hassan al-Marrakushi (fl. 1281/2) was a Moroccan astronomer and mathematician.
Ābu Ḥanīfah Āḥmad ibn Dawūd Dīnawarī (815–896 CE, أبو حنيفة الدينوري) was an Islamic Golden Age polymath, astronomer, agriculturist, botanist, metallurgist, geographer, mathematician, and historian.
Abu Ishaq al-Kubunani (d. after 886/1481), was a Persian mathematician, astronomer and man of letters.
(279/280-333/334 A.H. / 893-945 A.D; أبو محمد الحسن بن أحمد بن يعقوب الهمداني) was an Arab Muslim geographer, chemist, poet, grammarian, historian, and astronomer, from the tribe of Banu Hamadan, western 'Amran/Yemen.
Abu Nasri Mansur ibn Ali ibn Iraq (ابو نصر منصور بن علی بن عراق; c. 960 – 1036) was a Persian Muslim mathematician.
Abu Sa'id al-Dharir al-Jurjani (ابو سعيد الضرير الجرجاني), also Gurgani, was a 9th-century Persian mathematician and astronomer from Gurgan (Jurjan), Iran.
Abul Wáfa is an impact crater located near the lunar equator on the far side of the Moon, named after the Persian mathematician and astronomer Abul Wafa.
Achille Pierre Dionis du Séjour (January 11, 1734 – August 22, 1794) was a French astronomer and mathematician.
Karl Nikolaus Adalbert Krueger (9 December 1832 – 21 April 1896) was a German astronomer.
Adam Frank (born 1 August 1962) is a United States physicist, astronomer, and writer.
Adam Józef Ignacy Prażmowski (1821–1885) was a Polish astronomer and astrophysicist of the 19th century.
Addicted to Love is a 1997 American romantic comedy film directed by Griffin Dunne, starring Meg Ryan, Matthew Broderick, Tchéky Karyo, and Kelly Preston.
Adela E. Ringuelet (born 27 March 1930) is an Argentinean astrophysicist and astronomer at the Félix Aguilar Observatory in Argentina.
Adelaide Ames (June 3, 1900 – June 26, 1932) was an American astronomer and research assistant at Harvard University.
Aden B. Meinel (November 25, 1922 – October 3, 2011) was an American astronomer.
Adolph (or Adolf) Gottfried Kinau (January 4, 1814 – January 9, 1888) was a German Protestant minister and astronomer.
Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet FRSFor FRSE (22 February 1796 – 17 February 1874) was a Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician and sociologist.
Adrastus of Cyzicus is an individual who is mentioned along with Dion of Naples in a work of Augustine of Hippo.
Adriaan Blaauw (12 April 1914 – 1 December 2010) was a Dutch astronomer.
Adriaan van Maanen (March 31, 1884, Sneek – January 26, 1946, Pasadena) was a Dutch–American astronomer.
Adrián Galád (born 1970) is a Slovak astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Adrien Auzout (28 January 1622 – 23 May 1691) was a French astronomer.
The Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA, formerly named ASTRO-D) was the fourth cosmic X-ray astronomy mission by JAXA, and the second for which the United States provided part of the scientific payload.
An aerial telescope is a type of very long focal length refracting telescope, built in the second half of the 17th century, that did not use a tube.
Agnes Mary Clerke (10 February 1842 – 20 January 1907) was an astronomer and writer, mainly in the field of astronomy.
Agostino Maccari (... – 17th century) was an Italian astronomer.
Ahmad Khani, Ahmad-i Khani (Ehmedê Xanî, (1650 Hakkari –1707 Doğubayazıt) was a Kurdish writer, poet, astronomer and philosopher. He was born amongst the Khani's tribe in Hakkari province in present-day Turkey. He moved to Bayezid in Ritkan province and settled there. Later he started with teaching Kurdish (Kurmanji) at basic level. Khani was fluent in Kurdish, Arabic and Persian. He wrote his Arabic-Kurdish dictionary "Nûbihara Biçûkan" (The Spring of Children) in 1683 to help children with their learning process. His most important work is the Kurdish classic love story "Mem and Zin" (Mem û Zîn) (1692). His other work include a book called Eqîdeya Îmanê (The Path of Faith), which is part poem and part prose. The book explains the five pillars of Islamic faith. It was published in 2000 in Sweden.
Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Nahawandi was a Persian astronomer of the 8th and 9th centuries.
In the physical sciences, the Airy function (or Airy function of the first kind) Ai(x) is a special function named after the British astronomer George Biddell Airy (1801–92).
Aix-Marseille University (AMU; Aix-Marseille Université; formally incorporated as Université d'Aix-Marseille) is a public research university located in Provence, southern France.
Akashmitra Mandal is an amateur astronomers' organization (Regd.No. MAH/557/96/Thane) in India.
is a Japanese amateur astronomer.
(born 1961) is a Japanese astronomer.
is a noted Japanese astrophotographer and astronomer.
Muḥammad al-Akhṣāṣī al-Muwaqqit (محمد الاخصاصي الموقت) was an Egyptian astronomer whose calendarium and catalogue of stars, al-Durrah al-muḍīyah fī al-ʻamāl al-shamsīyah ("Pearls of brilliance upon the solar operations"), was written at Cairo about 1650.
Al-Dhira' and similar spellings (e.g. "Alderaan", "Al-Dhirá'án", "Aldryan") is a disused name for the two pairs of stars α and β Canis Minoris (Procyon and Gomeisa) and α and β Geminorum (Castor and Pollux).
Abū’l-‘Abbās al-Faḍl ibn Ḥātim al-Nairīzī (أبو العباس الفضل بن حاتم النيريزي, Anaritius, Nazirius, 865–922) was a Persian mathematician and astronomer from Nayriz, Fars Province, Iran.
Alain J. Maury (born 1958) is a French astronomer.
Alam al-Din Ibn-Abidin al-Hanafi (1178 - 1251) was an Egyptian mathematician, astronomer and engineer.
Alamogordo is the seat of Otero County, New Mexico, United States.
Alan Charles Gilmore (born 1944 in Greymouth, New Zealand) is a New Zealand astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets and other astronomical objects.
Alan Michael Dressler (born 23 March 1948) is an American astronomer at the Carnegie Institution for Science of Washington, D.C..
Alan R Duffy (born 1983) is a professional astronomer and science communicator.
Alan Hale (born March 7, 1958) is an American professional astronomer, best known for his co-discovery of Comet Hale–Bopp along with amateur astronomer Thomas Bopp.
Alan Holmes is a musician, artist and record producer, based in north Wales.
Alastair Preston Reynolds (born 13 March 1966) is a British science fiction author.
Albert Curtz (Curtius in Latin; 1600, Munich – December 19, 1671, Munich), was a German astronomer and member of the Society of Jesus.
Albert George Wilson (July 28, 1918 – August 27, 2012) was an American astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Albert Henry Ross (1 January 1881 – 14 September 1950), (pseudonym Frank Morison), was an English advertising agent and freelance writer.
Albert Benoît Marie Lancaster was a Belgian astronomer and meteorologist.
Albert Marth (May 5, 1828 – August 6, 1897) was a German astronomer who worked in England and Ireland.
Albert Salomon Anselm Freiherr von Rothschild (October 29, 1844 – February 11, 1911) was a banker in Austria-Hungary and a member of the Rothschild banking family of Austria.
Albert Edward Whitford (October 22, 1905 – March 28, 2002) was an American physicist and astronomer.
Alberto Pappiani (1709–1790) was an Italian mathematician and astronomer.
Albertus (Albert) Antonie Nijland (October 30, 1868 – August 18, 1936) was a Dutch astronomer.
Albidona (Albidonese: Albdòn) is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of Italy.
Aleksander Wolszczan (born 29 April 1946 in Szczecinek, Poland) is a Polish astronomer.
Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov (Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Ляпуно́в,; – November 3, 1918) was a Russian mathematician, mechanician and physicist.
Ālenush Teriān (Ալենուշ Տէրեան; آلنوش طریان; also: آلنوش تریان; November 9, 1920 – March 4, 2011), was an Iranian-Armenian astronomer and physicist and is called 'Mother of Modern Iranian Astronomy'.
Alessandro Morbidelli (born May 2, 1966), is an Italian astronomer and planetary scientist currently employed by the Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur in Nice.
Alexander A. Gurshtein (Александр А. Гурштейн, Aleksandr A. Gurshteĭn;.1937) is a Russian astronomer and historian of science.
Alexander Dmitriyevich Dubyago (Александр Дмитриевич Дубяго in Russian) (December 5(18), 1903, Kazan - October 29, 1959, Kazan) was a Soviet astronomer and expert in theoretical astrophysics.
Alexander Forbes Irvine Forbes (April 13, 1871 – May 15, 1959) was a South African astronomer.
Alexander (Sasha) Kashlinsky (born 1957 in Riga) is an astronomer and cosmologist working at NASA Goddard-Space-Flight-Center, known for work on dark flow and the cosmic infrared background.
Alexander Mitchell, (13 April 1780 – 25 June 1868) was an Irish engineer who from 1802 was blind.
Alexander Muir Memorial Gardens is a municipal park in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Alexander Nikolaevich Deutsch (Aleksandr Nikolaevič Dejč; Александр Николаевич Дейч; December 31, 1900 or January 1, 1901 – 22 November 1986) was a Soviet astronomer who worked at Pulkovo Observatory.
Professor Alexander Stewart Herschel (5 February 1836 – 18 June 1907) was a British astronomer.
Alexander Nikolayevich Vyssotsky (Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Высо́тский, 23 May 1888 – December 31, 1973) was a Russian-American astronomer.
Dom Alexandre Guy Pingré, C.R.S.A. (11 September 1711 – 1 May 1796) was a French canon regular, astronomer and naval geographer.
Alexandre Schaumasse (1882–1958) was a French astronomer and discoverer of comets and minor planets.
The Alexandrian school is a collective designation for certain tendencies in literature, philosophy, medicine, and the sciences that developed in the Hellenistic cultural center of Alexandria, Egypt during the Hellenistic and Roman periods.
Alexis Bouvard (27 June 1767 – 7 June 1843) was a French astronomer.
Alexis Brandeker (born May 18, 1974) is a Swedish astronomer at the Stockholm Observatory and discoverer of minor planets.
Alexis Claude Clairaut (13 May 1713 – 17 May 1765) was a French mathematician, astronomer, and geophysicist.
Alexis-Marie de Rochon, known as Abbé Rochon, was born in Brest, France on 21 February 1741, and died in Paris on 5 April 1817.
Alexius Sylvius Polonus (1593 - c. 1653) was a Polish Jesuit astronomer and maker of astronomical instruments.
Alfred Bohrmann (February 28, 1904 – January 4, 2000) was a German astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Alfred Fowler, CBE FRS (22 March 1868, in Yorkshire – 24 June 1940) was an English astronomer.
Alfred Harrison Joy (September 23, 1882, Greenville, Illinois – April 18, 1973, Pasadena, California) was an astronomer best known for his work on stellar distances, the radial motion of stars, and variable stars.
Alfred Schmitt (30 November 1907 – 2 April 1973) was a French astronomer.
Alfred Witte (2 March 1878 in Hamburg, Germany – 4 August 1941 in Hamburg, Germany), was a German surveyor, astrologer, an amateur astronomer, and the founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology.
Algorism is the technique of performing basic arithmetic by writing numbers in place value form and applying a set of memorized rules and facts to the digits.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Abu'l Hassan Ali ibn Ridwan Al-Misri, أبو الحسن علي بن رضوان المصري (c. 988 - c. 1061) was an Arab of Egyptian origin who was a physician, astrologer and astronomer, born in Giza. He was a commentator on ancient Greek medicine, and in particular on Galen; his commentary on Galen's Ars Parva was translated by Gerardo Cremonese. However, he is better known for providing the most detailed description of the supernova now known as SN 1006, the brightest stellar event in recorded history, which he observed in the year 1006. This was written in a commentary on Ptolemy's work Tetrabiblos. He was later cited by European authors as Haly, or Haly Abenrudian. According to Alistair Cameron Crombie he also contributed to the theory of induction. He engaged in a celebrated polemic against another physician, Ibn Butlan of Baghdad.
Alice Mitchell Rivlin (born March 4, 1931) is an economist and former U.S. Federal Reserve and budget official.
Alla Genrikhovna Masevich (October 9, 1918 — May 6, 2008) was a Soviet astronomer.
Allan Hendry (born 1950) is an American astronomer and ufologist.
Allan Rex Sandage (June 18, 1926 – November 13, 2010) was an American astronomer.
Aloysius Lilius (c. 1510 – 1576), also variously referred to as Luigi Lilio, Luigi Giglio, was an Italian doctor, astronomer, philosopher and chronologist, and also the "primary author" who provided the proposal that (after modifications) became the basis of the Gregorian Calendar reform of 1582.
Alpha Capricornids is a meteor shower that takes place as early as 15 July and continues until around 10 August.
Alphonse Louis Nicolas Borrelly (December 8, 1842 – February 28, 1926) was a French astronomer.
Alphonsus is an ancient impact crater on the Moon that dates from the pre-Nectarian era.
Amal El Alami (Arabic أمل العلمي; born 9 July 1950) is a Moroccan physician, neurosurgeon and writer.
Since its founding in 1911, the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) has coordinated, collected, evaluated, analyzed, published, and archived variable star observations made largely by amateur astronomers and makes the records available to professional astronomers, researchers, and educators.
The American Astronomical Society (AAS, sometimes spoken as "double-A-S") is an American society of professional astronomers and other interested individuals, headquartered in Washington, DC.
The 215th meeting of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) took place in Washington, D.C., Jan.
The American Meteor Society, Ltd. (AMS) is a non-profit scientific organization established to encourage and support the research activities of both amateur and professional astronomers who are interested in the field of meteor astronomy.
An Amici roof prism, named for its inventor, the Italian astronomer Giovanni Amici, is a type of reflecting prism used to deviate a beam of light by 90° while simultaneously inverting the image.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
Amil Kumar Das (1902 – February 18, 1961) was an Indian astronomer.
Ammonius Hermiae (Ἀμμώνιος ὁ Ἑρμείου; AD) was a Greek philosopher, and the son of the Neoplatonist philosophers Hermias and Aedesia.
Amy B. Jordan is an American astronomer and a co-discoverer of a minor planet who works at the University of Colorado.
Amy Mainzer (born January 2, 1974) is an American astronomer, specializing in astrophysical instrumentation and infrared astronomy.
Anania Shirakatsi (Anania Širakac'i, Անանիա Շիրակացի; 610–685 AD), also known as Ananias of Shirak or Širak) was an Armenian philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, geographer and alchemist. His most famous works are Ashkharatsuyts (Geography) and Cosmography and the Calendar. Robert H. Hewsen describes him as "Armenia's First Scientist".
Greek astronomy is astronomy written in the Greek language in classical antiquity.
Anders Johan Lexell (24 December 1740 &ndash) was a Finnish-Swedish astronomer, mathematician, and physicist who spent most of his life in Imperial Russia, where he was known as Andrei Ivanovich Leksel (Андрей Иванович Лексель).
André Couder (27 November 1897 – 16 January 1979) was a French optician and astronomer.
André Patry (22 November 1902 – 20 June 1960) was a French astronomer and discoverer of 9 minor planets in the late 1930s.
André van der Merwe is a South African urologist.
André-Louis Danjon (6 April 1890 – 21 April 1967) was a French astronomer born in Caen to Louis Dominique Danjon and Marie Justine Binet.
Andrea Argoli (1570–1657), born in Tagliacozzo, was a versatile Italian scholar.
Andrea Boattini (born 16 September 1969) is an Italian astronomer and a prolific discoverer of minor planets and comets.
Andrea Di Paola (born 1970) is an Italian astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Andrea Mia Ghez (born June 16, 1965) is an American astronomer and professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at UCLA.
Andrea Milani Comparetti (born 1948) is an Italian mathematician and astronomer based at Pisa University interested in topics as celestial mechanics, asteroids, Near Earth Objects (NEO), and the BepiColombo mission.
Andreas Stöberl (ca. 1464 Grössing, Helmuth: "Stiborius, Andreas", p. 261f. in Henschel, Christine; Jahn, Bruno (eds.): Killy Literaturlexikon Vol 11: Si–Vi, 2nd ed.; de Gruyter 2011,. in Pleiskirchen near Altötting – September 3, 1515 in Vienna), better known by his latinised name Andreas Stiborius (Boius), was a German humanist astronomer, mathematician, and theologian working mainly at the University of Vienna.
Andrejs Auzāns (1871–1953) was a Latvian general and topographer.
Andrew Blain is a British astronomer, and assistant professor at California Institute of Technology.
Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin (6 February 1865 – 20 September 1939) was an astronomer of French and Huguenot descent who was born in Cushendun, County Antrim, Ireland.
Andrew Collier Cameron, also known as Andrew Cameron, is a British astronomer specialising in the discovery and characterisation of exoplanets.
Andrew Ellicott (January 24, 1754 – August 28, 1820) was a U.S. surveyor who helped map many of the territories west of the Appalachians, surveyed the boundaries of the District of Columbia, continued and completed Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant's work on the plan for Washington, D.C., and served as a teacher in survey methods for Meriwether Lewis.
Andrew Christopher Fabian, OBE, FRS (born 20 February 1948) is a British astronomer and astrophysicist.
Andrew Graham (8 April 1815 – 5 November 1908), born in Irvinestown County Fermanagh, Ireland, was an Irish astronomer, orbit computer and discoverer of the asteroid 9 Metis.
Andrew Porter (September 24, 1743 – November 16, 1813) was an American officer during the Revolutionary War.
Andronicus of Cyrrhus or Andronicus Cyrrhestes (Ἀνδρόνικος Κυρρήστου, Andrónikos Kyrrhēstou), son of Hermias, was a Macedonian astronomer who flourished about 100 BC.
Andrzej Udalski (born 22 January 1957 in Łódź, Poland) is a Polish astronomer and astrophysicist, and director of the Astronomical Observatory of the University of Warsaw.
An anemic galaxy is a type of spiral galaxy characterized by a low contrast between its spiral arms and its disk.
Professor Chloe Angeline Stickney Hall (November 1, 1830 – July 3, 1892) was an American academic, suffragist, abolitionist, and mathematician.
Angelo Marchetti (1674 – 1753) was an Italian astronomer from Pistoia.
Anica Bošković (1714 in Dubrovnik – 13 August 1804 in Dubrovnik) was a Ragusan writer.
Anja Cetti Andersen (born 25 September 1965) is an astronomer and astrophysicist from Hørsholm, Denmark.
Anlaug Amanda Djupvik is a Norwegian astronomer.
Ann Hornschemeier is an American astronomer specializing in X-ray emission from X-ray binary populations.
Anna Frebel (born 1980 in Berlin) is a German astronomer working on discovering the oldest stars in the universe.
Anna Maria Hussey, née Reed (5 June 1805 – 26 August 1853) was a British mycologist, writer, and illustrator.
Anna Winlock (born September 15, 1857 in Cambridge, Massachusetts; died January 4, 1904) was an American astronomer and daughter of Joseph Winlock and Isabella Lane.
Professor Anneila Isabel Sargent FRSE DSc (born Anneila Cassells, 1942, Kirkcaldy) is a Scottish–American astronomer, who specializes in star formation.
Professor Annette Mairi Nelson Ferguson FRSE is a Scottish observational astronomer who specializes in the area of galaxy evolution.
Annibale de Gasparis (November 9, 1819, Bugnara – March 21, 1892, Naples) was an Italian astronomer, born in Bugnara to parents originally from Tocco da Casauria.
Annibale Riccò (September 14, 1844 – September 23, 1919) was an Italian astronomer.
Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 1941) was an American astronomer whose cataloging work was instrumental in the development of contemporary stellar classification.
The Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy is awarded annually by the American Astronomical Society (AAS) to a woman resident of North America, who is within five years of receipt of a Ph.D., for distinguished contributions to astronomy or for similar contributions in related sciences which have immediate application to astronomy.
Another Case of Milton Jones is the third distinct comedy programme starring Milton Jones to be broadcast by BBC Radio 4 (the others being The Very World of Milton Jones and The House of Milton Jones).
Anthelme Voituret (1618–1683) was a French Carthusian monk and astronomer.
Anthony Francis Aveni (born 1938) is an American academic anthropologist, astronomer, and author, noted in particular for his extensive publications and leading contributions to the field of archaeoastronomy.
Anthony Patrick (Tony) Fairall (September 15, 1943 – November 22, 2008) was a South African astronomer most noted for his work on exploring the large-scale structure of the Universe, such as filaments and voids.
The anticenter shell or anticenter superbubble is a region near the anticenter of the Milky Way Galaxy that emits 21 cm radiation.
Antoine Émile Henry Labeyrie (born 12 May 1943) is a French astronomer, who held the Observational astrophysics chair at the Collège de France between 1991 and 2014, where he is currently professor emeritus.
Antoine Darquier de Pellepoix (23 November 1718, in Toulouse – 18 January 1802, in Toulouse) was a French astronomer.
Antoine Thomson d'Abbadie d'Arrast (3 January 181019 March 1897) was an Irish-born French explorer, geographer, ethnologist, linguist and astronomer notable for his travels in EthiopiaAlthough referred to as Ethiopia here, the region that they traveled is more accurately defined as Abyssinia or in today's geography northern Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Anton Ambschel (Ambschl, Ambschell, Ambšl) (1 December 1746 in Cerknica – 14 July 1821 in Bratislava, Slovakia) was a Slovenian mathematician, physicist, philosopher and astronomer.
Anton Deusing, in latin Antonius Deusingius (October 15, 1612 – January 30, 1666) was a German physician, mathematician, and astronomer.
Anton (or Antonius) Maria Schyrleus (also Schyrl, Schyrle) of Rheita (1604–1660) (Antonín Maria Šírek z Reity) was an astronomer and optician.
Anton Staus (September 5, 1872 – July 21, 1955) was a German astronomer.
Anton Karl Thraen (17 January 1843, Holungen, Province of Saxony – 18 February 1902, Dingelstädt) was a German astronomer and named two minor planets, 442 Eichsfeldia and 443 Photographica.
Antonín Bečvář (10 June 1901 – 10 January 1965) was a Czech astronomer who was active in Slovakia.
Antonín Mrkos (27 January 1918 – 29 May 1996) was a Czech astronomer, born in Střemchoví, Czechoslovakia.
Antonín Rükl (September 22, 1932 – July 12, 2016) was a Czech astronomer, cartographer, and author.
Antoni Przybylski (1913 in Rogoźno — September 21, 1984 in Queanbeyan), by Thomas Hockey, in the Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers; published 2014 by Springer Verlag, sometimes referred to as "Bill", was a Polish-Australian astronomer best known as the namesake of Przybylski's Star.
Antonia Ferrín Moreiras (Ourense, May 13, 1914 – Santiago de Compostela, August 6, 2009) was a mathematician, professor and the first female Galician astronomer.
Antonia Maury (March 21, 1866 – January 8, 1952) was an American astronomer who published an important early catalog of stellar spectra.
The Antoniadi scale is a system used by amateur astronomers to categorise the weather conditions when viewing the stars at night.
Antonie (Anton) Pannekoek (2 January 1873 – 28 April 1960) was a Dutch astronomer, Marxist theorist, and social revolutionary.
Antonio Abetti (June 19, 1846 – February 20, 1928) was an Italian astronomer.
Antonio de Nebrija (14415 July 1522), also known as Antonio de Lebrija, Elio Antonio de Lebrija, Antonius Nebrissensis, and Antonio of Lebrixa, was a Spanish Renaissance scholar.
Antonio de Ulloa y de la Torre-Giral (12 January 1716 – 3 July 1795) was a Spanish general of the navy, explorer, scientist, author, astronomer, colonial administrator and the first Spanish governor of Louisiana.
Antonio Vagnozzi (born 1950) is an amateur Italian astronomer and a discoverer of asteroids.
Anura C. Perera (born 18 June 1947) is a Sri Lankan science writer and astronomer.
Aoede (Greek: Αοιδή), also known as, is a natural satellite of Jupiter.
An apochromat, or apochromatic lens (apo), is a photographic or other lens that has better correction of chromatic and spherical aberration than the much more common achromat lenses.
Apollonius of Perga (Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Περγαῖος; Apollonius Pergaeus; late 3rdearly 2nd centuries BC) was a Greek geometer and astronomer known for his theories on the topic of conic sections.
Arcadius Avellanus, born Mogyoróssy Arkád (6 February 1851 – 16 June 1935), was a Hungarian American scholar of Latin and a proponent of Living Latin.
Archaeopteryx, meaning "old wing" (sometimes referred to by its German name Urvogel ("original bird" or "first bird")), is a genus of bird-like dinosaurs that is transitional between non-avian feathered dinosaurs and modern birds.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
Archytas (Ἀρχύτας; 428–347 BC) was an Ancient Greek philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, statesman, and strategist.
Area is the quantity that expresses the extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape, or planar lamina, in the plane.
Argent-sur-Sauldre is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.
Aristarchus of Samos (Ἀρίσταρχος ὁ Σάμιος, Aristarkhos ho Samios; c. 310 – c. 230 BC) was an ancient Greek astronomer and mathematician who presented the first known model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it (see Solar system).
Aristarkh Apollonovich Belopolsky (Аристарх Аполлонович Белопольский), Moscow – 16 May 1934, Pulkovo, Leningrad) was a Russian astronomer. He was born in Moscow but his father's ancestors are from a Serbian town called Belo Polje.
In mathematics, an arithmetic progression (AP) or arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers such that the difference between the consecutive terms is constant.
Arjen Roelofs (1 March 1754 – 11 May 1828) was a Dutch astronomer.
Arlo Udell Landolt (born September 29, 1935) is an American astronomer.
Armenia (translit,; Армения; Armeniya), officially the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic (Armenian SSR; translit; translit), also commonly referred to as Soviet Armenia, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union in December 1922 located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.
An armillary sphere (variations are known as spherical astrolabe, armilla, or armil) is a model of objects in the sky (on the celestial sphere), consisting of a spherical framework of rings, centred on Earth or the Sun, that represent lines of celestial longitude and latitude and other astronomically important features, such as the ecliptic.
Armin Joseph Deutsch (A. J. Deutsch, 1918–1969), was an American astronomer and a science fiction writer.
Armin Otto Leuschner (January 16, 1868 – April 22, 1953) was an American astronomer and educator.
Arne Henden is an American observational astronomer, instrument and software specialist, and co-discoverer of a minor planet.
Arno Arthur Wachmann (March 8, 1902 – July 24, 1990) was a German astronomer and discoverer of comets and minor planets, who worked for many years at the Bergedorf Observatory in Hamburg.
Ernst Arnold Kohlschütter (July 6, 1883 – May 28, 1969) was a German astronomer and astrophysicist from Halle.
Sir Arnold Whittaker Wolfendale FRS (born 25 June 1927) GRO Register of Births: SEP 1927 6d 1198a RUGBY – Arnold W. Wolfendale, mmn.
Arthur William Bell III (June 17, 1945 – April 13, 2018) was an American broadcaster and author.
Art Bell's Dark Matter was an American radio talk show hosted by broadcaster and author Art Bell.
Arthur Adel (November 22, 1908 – September 13, 1994) was an American astronomer and astrophysicist.
Georg Friedrich Julius Arthur von Auwers (September 12, 1838 – January 24, 1915) was a German astronomer.
Arthur Benoni Evans (1781–1854) was a British writer.
Arthur Butler Phillips Mee (born Aberdeen, 21 October 1860–died Llanishen, 15 January 1926) was a Scottish-born newspaper journalist, editor and notable amateur astronomer.
Arthur Francis O'Donel Alexander (1896–1971) was an English amateur astronomer and author.
Arthur Allen Hoag (1921–1999) was an American astronomer most famous for his discovery of Hoag's Object, a type of ring galaxy in 1950.
Arthur Matthew Weld Downing FRAS (13 April 1850 – 8 December 1917) was an Irish mathematician and astronomer.
Arthur Alcock Rambaut (21 September 1859 - 14 October 1923) was an Irish astronomer.
Arthur Robert Hinks, CBE, FRS (26 May 1873 – 14 April 1945) was a British astronomer and geographer.
Arthur Robert Hogg (25 November 1903 – 31 March 1966) was an Australian physicist and astronomer.
Arthur Stanley Williams (1861 in Brighton – 21 November 1938) was an English solicitor and amateur astronomer.
Arthur Storer (c. 1648 – 1686) was America's first colonial astronomer.
Aryabhata (IAST) or Aryabhata I (476–550 CE) was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy.
Āryabhaṭa (c. 920 – c. 1000) was an ArIndian mathematician and astronomer, and the author of the Maha-Siddhanta.
Arzachel is a relatively young lunar impact crater located in the highlands in the south-central part of the visible Moon, close to the zero meridian (the visible center of the Moon).
was a Japanese astronomer who helped to introduce modern astronomical instruments and methods into Japan.
Asaph Hall III (October 15, 1829 – November 22, 1907) was an American astronomer who is most famous for having discovered the moons of Mars, Deimos and Phobos, in 1877.
Asaph Hall Jr. (October 6, 1859 – January 12, 1930) was an American astronomer.
Asemaneshab (آسمان شب, meaning The Night Sky) is the only program specializing in astronomy and the longest running scientific program in the history of Iranian TV channels.
Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology is a history of science by Isaac Asimov, written as the biographies of over 1500 scientists.
Aspen Mays (born 1980) is an American artist.
An asteroid family is a population of asteroids that share similar proper orbital elements, such as semimajor axis, eccentricity, and orbital inclination.
Astrodicticum Simplex is part of the scientific blog Scienceblogs.
Astrology is the study of the movements and relative positions of celestial objects as a means for divining information about human affairs and terrestrial events.
Astrology and astronomy were archaically treated together (astrologia), and were only gradually separated in Western 17th century philosophy (the "Age of Reason") with the rejection of astrology.
Astrometry is the branch of astronomy that involves precise measurements of the positions and movements of stars and other celestial bodies.
Astronomia.pl was a Polish portal about astronomy and space research created in 2001 and worked until 2015.
Astronomica: The Quest for the Edge of the Universe is an educational game made by Hyper-Quest, Inc. in 1994 for Macintosh and Windows 3.x. The game developers purposely made the game's main character a girl, explaining "Younger girls are often left out of multimedia games, so we made the main character in Astronomica a girl".
An astronomical filter is a telescope accessory consisting of an optical filter used by amateur astronomers to simply enhance the details of celestial objects (much as with amateur photography).
In ancient times, only the Sun and Moon, a few hundred stars and the most easily visible planets had names.
The Astronomical Society of Australia (ASA) is the professional body representing astronomers in Australia.
The Astronomical Society of India (ASI) is an Indian society of professional astronomers and other professionals from related disciplines.
The Astronomical Society of Southern Africa (ASSA), formed in 1922, is a widespread body consisting of both amateur and professional astronomers.
The Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP) is an American scientific and educational organization, founded in San Francisco on February 7, 1889.
Astronomical symbols are symbols used to represent astronomical objects, theoretical constructs and observational events in astronomy.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
Astronomy & Geophysics (A&G) is a scientific journal and trade magazine published on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) by Oxford University Press.
The Astronomy Centre, also known as the Amateur Astronomy Centre, is an astronomical observatory located in northern England which is run by experienced amateur astronomers and is open to the public at certain times.
Astronomy Day is an annual event in the United States - and later in other countries, like in Hungary - intended to provide a means of interaction between the general public and various astronomy enthusiasts, groups and professionals.
Astronomy North is a Canadian astronomical society for auroras.
Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) is a website provided by NASA and Michigan Technological University (MTU).
An astrophysical maser is a naturally occurring source of stimulated spectral line emission, typically in the microwave portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Astropy is a collection of software packages written in the Python programming language and designed for use in astronomy.
Atlantis (Ἀτλαντὶς νῆσος, "island of Atlas") is a fictional island mentioned within an allegory on the hubris of nations in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias, where it represents the antagonist naval power that besieges "Ancient Athens", the pseudo-historic embodiment of Plato's ideal state in The Republic.
The Atlas Coelestis is a star atlas published posthumously in 1729, based on observations made by the First Astronomer Royal, John Flamsteed.
Atmospheric refraction is the deviation of light or other electromagnetic wave from a straight line as it passes through the atmosphere due to the variation in air density as a function of height.
Atomic astrophysics is concerned with performing atomic physics calculations that will be useful to astronomers and using atomic data to interpret astronomical observations.
is a Japanese astronomer.
is a Japanese astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
is a Japanese amateur astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Attalus of Rhodes (Ἄτταλος ὁ Ῥόδιος) was an ancient Greek grammarian, astronomer, and mathematician, who lived in Rhodes in the 2nd century BC, and was a contemporary of Hipparchus.
The Attic calendar or Athenian calendar is the calendar that was in use in ancient Attica, the ancestral territory of the Athenian polis.
Aubigny-sur-Nère is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre-Val de Loire region of France.
Audouin Charles Dollfus (November 12, 1924 – October 1, 2010) was a French astronomer and aeronaut, specialist in studies of the Solar System and discoverer of Janus, a moon of Saturn.
Audrey Delsanti (born 27 August 1976) is a French astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets at ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile.
August Ferdinand Möbius (17 November 1790 – 26 September 1868) was a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer.
August Kopff (February 5, 1882 – April 25, 1960) was a German astronomer and discoverer of several comets and asteroids.
August Nathanael Grischow (29 September 1726 in Berlin – 4 June 1760 in Saint Petersburg) was a German mathematician and astronomer.
August Jan Bedřich Seydler (1 June 1849 – 22 June 1891), aka August Johann Friedrich Seydler, was a distinguished Czech astronomer, theoretical physicist, and professor at Charles University in Prague.
Auguste Honoré Charlois (November 26, 1864 – March 26, 1910) was a French astronomer who discovered 99 asteroids while working at the Nice Observatory in southeastern France.
Augusto Testa (born 1950) is an Italian amateur astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets, observing at the Sormano Astronomical Observatory in northern Italy.
Autolycus of Pitane (Αὐτόλυκος ὁ Πιταναῖος; c. 360 – c. 290 BC) was a Greek astronomer, mathematician, and geographer.
Avenir Aleksandrovich Yakovkin (Авенир Александрович Яковкин) (1887–1974) was a Russian astronomer.
Averrhoa is a genus of trees in the Oxalidaceae family, of the Oxalidales order, named after Averroes, a 12th-century astronomer and philosopher from Al-Andalus.
Averrhoa carambola is a species of tree in the family Oxalidaceae; it has a number of common names, including carambola and starfruit.
An avocation is an activity that someone engages in as a hobby outside their main occupation.
Didrik Magnus Axel Möller (February 16, 1830 – October 25, 1896) was a Swedish astronomer.
Ángel López Jiménez (born 1955) is a Spanish astronomer.
Åke Anders Edvard Wallenquist (January 16, 1904 – April 8, 1994) was a Swedish astronomer.
Écoute is sculpture by French artist Henri de Miller in Paris.
Édouard Albert Roche (17 October 1820 – 27 April 1883) was a French astronomer and mathematician, who is best known for his work in the field of celestial mechanics.
Édouard Jean-Marie Stephan (31 August 1837 – 31 December 1923) was a French astronomer.
Édouard-Gaston Daniel Deville (February 21, 1849 in La Charité, France – September 21, 1924 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) was the first to perfect a practical method of photogrammetry, the making of maps based on photography.
Étienne Léopold Trouvelot (December 26, 1827 – April 22, 1895) was a French artist, astronomer and amateur entomologist.
Étienne-Hyacinthe de Ratte (1722, Montpellier – 15 August 1805) was an 18th-century French astronomer and mathematician.
Carl Östen Emanuel Bergstrand (September 1, 1873 – September 27, 1948) was a Swedish astronomer.
Øystein Elgarøy (13 June 1929 – 8 September 1998) was a Norwegian astronomer, with a specialty in solar radio astronomy.
İbrahim Hakkı Erzurumi (18 May 1703 - 22 June 1780), a popular sufi saint of Turkey from Erzurum in eastern Anatolia - mystic, poet, author, astronomer, physicist, psychologist, sociologist and Islamic scholar.
Ľubor Kresák (23 August 1927 in Topoľčany – 20 January 1994 in Bratislava) was a Slovak astronomer.
Ľudmila Pajdušáková (29 June 1916 – 6 October 1979) was a Slovak astronomer.
Śaṅkaranārāyaṇa (c. 840 – c. 900) was an Indian astronomer and mathematician in the court of Sthanu Ravi Kulasekhara (844—883 AD) of the Chera Perumal Kingdom of Makotai in Kerala.
Śrīpati (1019–1066) was an Indian astronomer and mathematician, the author of Dhikotidakarana (written in 1039), a work of twenty verses on solar and lunar eclipses; Dhruvamanasa (written in 1056), a work of 105 verses on calculating planetary longitudes, eclipses and planetary transits; Siddhantasekhara a major work on astronomy in 19 chapters; and Ganitatilaka, an incomplete arithmetical treatise in 125 verses based on a work by Shridhara.
Štefánik Tournament in Bratislava (Turnaj M. R. Štefánika v Bratislave) was an annual summer international football tournament in honor of the Slovak politician, diplomat, and astronomer Milan Rastislav Štefánik held in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, from 1932 to 1933.
Žamberk (Senftenberg in Böhmen) is a town in the Ústí nad Orlicí District, Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic.
B 612 is the asteroid of which The Little Prince, character of the novella the most famous work of French aristocrat, writer, poet, and pioneering aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900–1944), is probably originating.
Barbro Karin Viola Westerlund Larsson (born 29October 1956), better known as Babben, is a Swedish actress and comedian.
Bāgalkot district is an administrative district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bahāʾ al‐Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al‐ʿĀmilī (also known as Sheikh Baha'i, شیخ بهایی) (18 February 1547 – 1 September 1621) was a Shia Islamic scholar, philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and poet who lived in the late 16th and early 17th centuries in Safavid Iran.
A balloon satellite (also occasionally referred to as a "satelloon", which is a trademarked name owned by Gilmore Schjeldahl's G.T. Schjeldahl Company) is a satellite that is inflated with gas after it has been put into orbit.
The Bangalore Astronomical Society (BAS) is a society of amateur astronomers and other interested individuals, headquartered in Bangalore.
Barnaba Oriani FRS FRSE (17 July 1752 – 12 November 1832) was an Italian priest, geodesist, astronomer and scientist.
Barnard's Star is a very-low-mass red dwarf about 6 light-years away from Earth in the constellation of Ophiuchus.
Barney and Betty Hill were an American couple who claimed they were abducted by extraterrestrials in a rural portion of the state of New Hampshire from September 19 to September 20, 1961.
Bartholomeus Jan "Bart" Bok (April 28, 1906 – August 5, 1983) was a Dutch-born American astronomer, teacher, and lecturer.
Bartholomäus Scultetus (born Barthel Schulze; 14 May 1540, Görlitz – 21 June 1614, Görlitz) was a mayor of Görlitz, astronomer, cartographer and compiler of biblical chronologies.
Bartolomeo Pollastri (... – 18th century) was an Italian mathematician and astronomer.
Basil John Wait Brown (22 January 1888 – 12 March 1977) was a self-taught archaeologist and astronomer who in 1939 discovered and excavated a 7th-century Anglo-Saxon ship burial at Sutton Hoo in "one of the most important archaeological discoveries of all time".
Terrence "Terry" McGinnis is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.
A Bayer designation is a stellar designation in which a specific star is identified by a Greek letter, followed by the genitive form of its parent constellation's Latin name.
Börgen Bay is a bay wide, indenting the southeast coast of Anvers Island close west of Bay Point, in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica.
BBC Sky at Night magazine is a British monthly magazine about astronomy aimed at amateur astronomers and published by Immediate Media Company.
The Beatrice M. Tinsley Prize is awarded every other year by the American Astronomical Society in recognition of an outstanding research contribution to astronomy or astrophysics of an exceptionally creative or innovative character.
Beatrice Muriel Hill Tinsley (27 January 1941 – 23 March 1981) was a British-born New Zealand astronomer and cosmologist whose research made fundamental contributions to the astronomical understanding of how galaxies evolve, grow and die.
Bedford School is an HMC independent school for boys located in the county town of Bedford in England.
Beige is variously described as a pale sandy fawn color, a grayish tan, a light-grayish yellowish brown, or a pale to grayish yellow.
Following the creation of Belgium as a nation state, Belgian people have sought refuge abroad on several occasions.
Bella Alekseïevna Bournacheva (Бэлла Алексеевна Бурнашева, b. 1944) is a Soviet–Russian astronomer credited with the discovery of several asteroids.
Bengt Gustafsson (born 1943) is a Swedish astronomer and emeritus professor in theoretical astrophysics at Uppsala University.
Benjamin Aga (Karaim: Беньямин Агъа), who died in 1824, was the leader of the Crimean Karaites.
Benjamin Apthorp Gould (September 27, 1824 – November 26, 1896) was a pioneering American astronomer.
Édouard Benjamin Baillaud (14 February 1848 – 8 July 1934) (aged 86) was a French astronomer.
Benjamin Boss (January 9, 1880 – October 17, 1970) was an American astronomer.
Benjamin Jekhowsky (Вениамин Павлович Жеховский, born 1881 in Saint-Petersburg (Russia), died in 1975, Encausse-les-Thermes (France)) was a Russian–French astronomer, born in Saint-Petersburg in a noble family of a Russian railroad official.
Jean Elias Benjamin Valz (May 27, 1787 – April 22, 1867) was a French astronomer.
Benjamin West (March 1730 – August 26, 1813) was an American astronomer, mathematician, professor, and author of almanacs.
The Berkeley SETI Research Center (BSRC) conducts experiments searching for optical and electromagnetic transmissions from intelligent extraterrestrial civilizations.
Bernard Ferdinand Lyot (27 February 1897, in Paris – 2 April 1952, in Cairo) was a French astronomer.
Bernhard Hildebrandt Dawson (September 21, 1890 – June 18, 1960) was a U.S.-born Argentine astronomer.
Baron Bernhard August von Lindenau (11 June 1780 – 21 May 1854) was a German lawyer, astronomer, politician, and art collector.
Bertil Lindblad (Örebro, 26 November 1895 – Saltsjöbaden, outside Stockholm, 25 June 1965) was a Swedish astronomer.
Bertrand Meigh Peek M.A. FRAS (1891 – 1965) was a British astronomer.
Beryllium is a chemical element with symbol Be and atomic number 4.
Beth Willman is an American astronomer and the deputy director of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope.
Bethel College is a four-year private Christian liberal arts college in North Newton, Kansas, United States.
Bhāskara (also known as Bhāskarāchārya ("Bhāskara, the teacher"), and as Bhaskara II to avoid confusion with Bhāskara I) (1114–1185), was an Indian mathematician and astronomer.
This is a list of encyclopedias and encyclopedic/biographical dictionaries published on the subject of astronomy and astronomers in any language.
Bicske is a town in Fejér county, Hungary.
For the Texas state park see: Big Bend Ranch State Park Big Bend National Park is an American national park located in West Texas, bordering Mexico.
Big Picture Science (formerly titled Are We Alone?) is the SETI Institute's weekly science radio program, hosted by Senior Astronomer Seth Shostak and Molly Bentley, the executive producer of the radio show.
William Hayward "Bill" Pickering (24 December 1910 – 15 March 2004) was a New Zealand-born rocket scientist who headed Pasadena, California's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for 22 years, retiring in 1976.
Billions and Billions: Thoughts on Life and Death at the Brink of the Millennium is a 1997 book by the American astronomer and science popularizer Carl Sagan.
The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers (BEA) is a two-volume biographical dictionary, first published in 2007, with a second edition released in 2014.
The Birmingham Astronomical Society was founded in 1977 in Birmingham, Alabama (USA), by amateur astronomers.
Blackpool Illuminations is an annual lights festival, founded in 1879 and first switched on 19 September that year, held each autumn in the British seaside resort of Blackpool on the Fylde Coast in Lancashire.
Blackpool Tower is a tourist attraction in Blackpool, Lancashire, England, which was opened to the public on 14 May 1894.
A blink comparator was a viewing apparatus used by astronomers to find differences between two photographs of the night sky.
Robert Berman, known as Bob Berman, is an American astronomer, author, and science popularizer.
Bohdan Paczyński or Bohdan Paczynski (8 February 1940 – 19 April 2007) was a Polish astronomer notable in the theory of the stellar evolution, accretion discs, and gamma ray bursts.
A bolide (French via Latin from the Greek βολίς bolís, "missile") is an extremely bright meteor, especially one that explodes in the atmosphere.
Bonilla is a Spanish surname, and may refer to.
On August 12, 1883, the astronomer José Bonilla reported that he saw more than 300 dark, unidentified objects crossing before the Sun while observing sunspot activity at Zacatecas Observatory in Mexico.
Boris Petrovich Gerasimovich (Борис Петрович Герасимович; – June, 1937) was a Russian and Soviet astronomer and astrophysicist.
Boris Vasilyevich Numerov (Борис Васильевич Нумеров; January 29, 1891—September 13, 1941) was a Russian astronomer, land-surveyor and geophysicist.
The Boundary Markers of the Original District of Columbia are the 40 milestones that marked the four lines forming the boundaries between the states of Maryland and Virginia and the square of 100 square miles (259 km²) of federal territory that became the District of Columbia in 1801 (see: Founding of Washington, D.C.). Working under the supervision of three commissioners that President George Washington had appointed in 1790 in accordance with the federal Residence Act of 1790, a survey team that Major Andrew Ellicott led placed these markers in 1791 and 1792.
Bourg-en-Bresse (Bôrg in Arpitan language) is a commune in eastern France, capital of the Ain department, and the capital of the ancient province of Bresse (Arpitan: Brêsse).
Bradley Elliott Schaefer is a professor of astronomy and astrophysics at Louisiana State University.
Brahmagupata's interpolation formula is a second-order polynomial interpolation formula developed by the Indian mathematician and astronomer Brahmagupta (598–668 CE) in the early 7th century CE.
Brett James Gladman (born 1966) is a Canadian astronomer, discoverer of moons and minor planets, and a full professor at the University of British Columbia's Department of Physics and Astronomy in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Brian A. Skiff is an American astronomer noted for discovering numerous asteroids and a number of comets including the periodic comets 114P/Wiseman–Skiff (with Jennifer Wiseman) and 140P/Bowell–Skiff (with Edward Bowell).
Brian Geoffrey Marsden (5 August 1937 – 18 November 2010) was an English astronomer and the longtime director of the Minor Planet Center (MPC) at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (director emeritus from 2006 to 2010).
Brian George William Manning (14 May 1926 – 10 November 2011) was an English astronomer who discovered 19 minor planets.
Brian P. Roman is an American astronomer.
Brigitta Sipőcz is a Hungarian astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
The Brisbane Botanic Gardens (formerly the Mount Coot-tha Botanic Gardens) are located from the Brisbane CBD in Toowong, Queensland, Australia, at the foot of Brisbane's tallest mountain, Mount Coot-tha.
This article is about a California City in the Bay Area.
The brown-dwarf desert is a theorized range of orbits around a star on which brown dwarfs cannot exist as a companion object.
Bruce E. Woodgate (1939 – April 28, 2014) was a British-born American aerospace engineer, inventor and astronomer, who worked at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center for forty years.
Bruno Jakob Thüring (September 7, 1905 in Warmensteinach – May 6, 1989 in Karlsruhe) was a German physicist and astronomer.
Bryan Malcolm Gaensler (born 4 July 1973) is an Australian astronomer and former Young Australian of the Year, currently based at the University of Toronto.
The Bureau des Longitudes is a French scientific institution, founded by decree of 25 June 1795 and charged with the improvement of nautical navigation, standardisation of time-keeping, geodesy and astronomical observation.
Burg Stargard (Polabian Stargart, is a small town in the Mecklenburgische Seenplatte district, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. It is situated southeast of Neubrandenburg. The town's sights include: Germany’s most northerly hill castle, a local history museum in the castle, a historic town centre, an exhibition by Marie Hager, the well-known German artist, and the wildlife park.
The surname Burns has several origins.
Burstow is a village and civil parish in the Tandridge district of Surrey, England.
Byers Green is a village in County Durham, in England.
Charles Donald Shane (September 6, 1895 – March 19, 1983) was an American astronomer and director of the Lick Observatory of the University of California from 1945 to 1958, during which time he carried out his monumental program of counting external galaxies and investigating their distribution.
The C. Donald Shane telescope is a 120-inch (3.0-meter) reflecting telescope located at the Lick Observatory in San Jose, California.
Christophorus Henricus Diedericus Buys Ballot (October 10, 1817 – February 3, 1890) was a Dutch chemist and meteorologist after whom Buys Ballot's law and the Buys Ballot table are named.
Miss Mitchell's Comet (formally designated C/1847 T1) is a non-periodic comet that American astronomer Maria Mitchell discovered in 1847.
C/2009 R1, one of more than fifty comets known as Comet McNaught, is a non-periodic comet discovered by British-Australian astronomer Robert H. McNaught on September 9, 2009, using the Uppsala Southern Schmidt Telescope at Siding Spring Observatory in New South Wales, Australia.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
Calau (Kalawa) is a small town in the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district, in southern Brandenburg, Germany.
Caleb Paul Barns (January 12, 1812 – October 29, 1866) was an American lawyer, businessman, and legislator.
Calvert County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland.
Nicolas Camille Flammarion FRAS (26 February 1842 – 3 June 1925) was a French astronomer and author.
Camillo Leonardi (Pesaro, 1451 – 1550) was an Italian astronomer and astrologer.
The Campani compound microscope is a microscope on exhibit at the Museo Galileo in Italy, thought to have been built by optical instrument maker Giuseppe Campani in the second half 17th century.
Campanus of Novara (1220 – 1296) was an Italian mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, and physician who is best known for his work on Euclid's ''Elements''.
Can't Buy Me Love (Chinese: 公主嫁到) is a 2010 Hong Kong television series.
The Canadian Astronomical Society (CASCA; La Société Canadienne d’Astronomie) is a Canadian society of professional astronomers, founded in 1971 and incorporated in 1983.
The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy (CMa Dwarf) or Canis Major Overdensity (CMa Overdensity) is a disputed dwarf irregular galaxy in the Local Group, located in the same part of the sky as the constellation Canis Major.
The Canon of Kings was a dated list of kings used by ancient astronomers as a convenient means to date astronomical phenomena, such as eclipses.
The Canterbury Heritage Museum, (formerly the Museum of Canterbury), is a museum in Stour Street, Canterbury, South East England, telling the history of the city.
Usually, we understand the term Capillary bridge as a minimized surface of liquid or membrane, created between two rigid bodies with an arbitrary shape.
Carl Alvar Wirtanen (November 11, 1910, Kenosha, Wisconsin – March 7, 1990 Santa Cruz, California) was an American astronomer and discoverer of comets and minor planets who worked at Lick Observatory.
Carl August von Steinheil (12 October 1801 – 14 September 1870) was a German physicist, inventor, engineer and astronomer.
Carl Bremiker (23 February 1804, Hagen, Westphalia – 26 March 1877, Berlin) was a German astronomer and geodesist.
Carl Vilhelm Ludwig Charlier (1 April 1862 – 4 November 1934) was a Swedish astronomer.
Carl Clarence Kiess (October 18, 1887 – October 16, 1967) was an American astronomer.
Carl Gottlieb Ehler (1685, in what is now GermanyM. Dascal (trans.), Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, The Art of Controversies, (Dordrecht: Springer Science, 2008); p. 451 – 1753) is considered a mathematician, specifically due to his post as an astronomer in Berlin.
Carl Gustav Witt (October 29, 1866 – January 3, 1946) was a German astronomer and discover of two asteroids who worked at the Berlin Urania Observatory, a popular observatory of the Urania astronomical association of Berlin.
Carl Keenan Seyfert (February 11, 1911 – June 13, 1960) was an American astronomer.
Carl Leo Stearns (1892-November 28, 1972) was an American astronomer.
Carl Ludwig Christian Rümker (28 May 1788 – 21 December 1862) was a German astronomer.
Carl Otto Lampland (December 29, 1873 – December 14, 1951) was an American astronomer.
Carl Edward Sagan (November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences.
The Carl Sagan Award for Public Understanding of Science is an award presented by the Council of Scientific Society Presidents (CSSP) to individuals who have become “concurrently accomplished as researchers and/or educators, and as widely recognized magnifiers of the public's understanding of science.” The award was first presented in 1993 to astronomer, Carl Sagan (1934–1996), who is also the award's namesake.
The Carl Sagan Memorial Award is an award presented jointly by the American Astronautical Society and The Planetary Society to an individual or group "who has demonstrated leadership in research or policies advancing exploration of the Cosmos." The annual award, first presented in 1997, was created in honor of American astronomer, astrobiologist and science popularizer, Carl Sagan (1934–1996).
Carl Theodor Albrecht (August 30, 1843, Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony – August 31, 1915) was a German astronomer.
Carl Theodor Anger (Danzig, 31 July 1803 – Danzig, 25 March 1858) was a German mathematician and astronomer.
Carl William Hergenrother (born 1973) is an American astronomer and discoverer of minor planets and comets.
Carl Wilhelm Wirtz (24 August 1876 in Krefeld – 18 February 1939 in Hamburg) was an astronomer who spent his time between Germany and the Observatory of Strasbourg.
Carl Wolfgang Benjamin Goldschmidt (1807–February 15, 1851) was a German astronomer, mathematician, and physicist of Jewish descent who was a professor of astronomy at the University of Göttingen.
Carlos Jaschek (March 2, 1926 – April 12, 1999) was a German-born Argentine astrophysicist who spent time in the United States, lived in Switzerland, settled in France, became a French citizen Be Star Newsletter #34; pp.
Carlos Segers (1900-1967) was an Argentine astronomer.
Carlos Torres (1929–2011) was a Chilean astronomer of the University of Chile and an individual member of the International Astronomical Union on several commissions.
Carlos Ulrrico Cesco (died 1987) was an Argentine astronomer.
Carlyle Smith Beals, FRS (June 29, 1899 – July 2, 1979) was a Canadian astronomer.
Carol Rifka Brunt (born 1970) is an American novelist and short fiction writer.
Dame Carole Jordan, (born 19 July 1941) is a British physicist, astrophysicist, astronomer and academic.
Caroline Lucretia Herschel (16 March 1750 – 9 January 1848) was a German astronomer, whose most significant contributions to astronomy were the discoveries of several comets, including the periodic comet 35P/Herschel–Rigollet, which bears her name.
Carolyn Hurless (November 24, 1934 – February 13, 1987) was an American astronomer and an American Association of Variable Star Observers merit award winner.
Carolyn Jean Spellmann Shoemaker (born June 24, 1929) is an American astronomer and is a co-discoverer of Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9.
Casimir is an English, French and Latin form of the Polish name Kazimierz.
The Cassegrain reflector is a combination of a primary concave mirror and a secondary convex mirror, often used in optical telescopes and radio antennas.
Cassiopeia is a 1996 Brazilian CGI animated feature film produced and released by NDR Filmes in Brazil on April 1, 1996.
The Cassiopeia Dwarf (also known as Andromeda VII) is a dwarf spheroidal galaxy about 2.58 Mly away in the constellation Cassiopeia.
Caterina Scarpellini (29 October 1808 – 28 November 1873), was an Italian astronomer and meteorologist.
Catharine "Katy" D. Garmany (born March 6, 1946) is an astronomer with the National Optical Astronomy Observatory.
Catherine Jeanne Cesarsky (born 24 February 1943) is a French astronomer, known for her successful research activities in several central areas of modern astrophysics.
The Catholic University of Leuven (of Louvain in French, and historically in English), founded as the Catholic University of Mechelen in 1834 and transferred to the town of Leuven in 1835, was considered the largest, oldest and most prominent university in Belgium.
César-François Cassini de Thury (17 June 1714 – 4 September 1784), also called Cassini III or Cassini de Thury, was a French astronomer and cartographer.
Cecilia Helena Payne-Gaposchkin (May 10, 1900 – December 7, 1979) was a British–American astronomer and astrophysicist who, in 1925, proposed in her Ph.D. thesis an explanation for the composition of stars in terms of the relative abundances of hydrogen and helium.
Cedric Allingham (born June 27, 1922) is a fictional British writer reputed in the 1954 book Flying Saucer from Mars to have encountered the pilot of a Martian spacecraft.
In astronomy and navigation, the celestial sphere is an abstract sphere with an arbitrarily large radius concentric to Earth.
The Celsius scale, previously known as the centigrade scale, is a temperature scale used by the International System of Units (SI).
The Great Wall (also called Coma Wall), sometimes specifically referred to as the CfA2 Great Wall, is an immense galaxy filament.
Cha 110913-773444 (sometimes abbreviated Cha 110913) is an astronomical object surrounded by what appears to be a protoplanetary disk.
Chadwick A. "Chad" Trujillo (born November 22, 1973) is an American astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and the co-discoverer of Eris, the most massive dwarf planet known in the Solar System.
The Chandler wobble or variation of latitude is a small deviation in the Earth's axis of rotation relative to the solid earth, which was discovered by American astronomer Seth Carlo Chandler in 1891.
The Chapman Medal is a medal of the Royal Astronomical Society, named in honor of British astronomer Sydney Chapman.
Charles Augustus Young (December 15, 1834 – January 4, 1908) one of the foremost solar spectroscopist astronomers in the United States, died of pneumonia after a brief illness, at his home in Hanover, New Hampshire, on 4 January 1908.
Charles C. Steidel (born October 14, 1962 in Ithaca, New York) is an American astronomer, and Lee A. DuBridge Professor of Astronomy at California Institute of Technology.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Charles Dillon Perrine (July 28, 1867 – June 21, 1951) was an American astronomer living in Argentina.
Charles Edward Adams (1 October 1870 – 31 October 1945) was a New Zealand university lecturer, surveyor, astronomer and seismologist.
Charles Edward St.
Charles Fehrenbach (born 29 April 1914 in Strasbourg; died 9 January 2008 in Nîmes) was a French astronomer and member of the French Academy of Sciences.
Algernon Charles Gifford MA (Cantab.) (18 April 1861 – 27 February 1948) was an astronomer, explorer and teacher.
Charles Green (baptised 26 December 1734 – 29 January 1771) was a British astronomer, noted for his assignment by the Royal Society in 1768 to the expedition sent to the Pacific Ocean in order to observe the transit of Venus aboard James Cook's Endeavour.
Charles Jasper Joly (27 June 1864 – 4 January 1906) was an Irish mathematician and astronomer who became Royal Astronomer of Ireland.
Charles Lane Poor (January 18, 1866 – September 27, 1951) was an American astronomy professor, noted for his opposition to Einstein's theory of relativity.
Charles Malapert (1581–1630) was a Belgian Jesuit writer, astronomer and proponent of Aristotelian cosmology.
Charles Mason (April 1728. Retrieved 6 July 201525 October 1786) was an English astronomer who made significant contributions to 18th-century science and American history, particularly through his involvement with the survey of the Mason–Dixon line, which came to mark the border between Maryland and Pennsylvania (1764–1768).
Charles Pollard Olivier (April 10, 1884 – August 14, 1975) was an American astronomer.
Reverend Charles Pritchard (29 February 1808 – 28 May 1893) was a British astronomer, clergyman, and educational reformer.
Charles Scott Venable (March 19, 1827 – August 11, 1900) was a mathematician, astronomer, and military officer.
Charles Stuart Bowyer (born August 2, 1934) is an academic, astronomer and professor at the University of California.
Charles Thomas Kowal (November 8, 1940 – November 28, 2011) was an American astronomer known for his observations and discoveries in the Solar System.
Charles Thomas Whitmell (10 July 1849 – 10 December 1919) was an English astronomer, mathematician and educationalist.
Charles W. Juels (1944 – January 21, 2009) was an American amateur astronomer and psychiatrist by profession, who became a prolific discoverer of minor planets after his retirement.
Charles Joseph Étienne Wolf (9 November 1827 in Vorges – 4 July 1918) was a French astronomer.
Charles-Eugène Delaunay (9 April 1816 – 5 August 1872) was a French astronomer and mathematician.
Charles-Louis Largeteau (1791–1857) was a French physicist and astronomer.
Charlotte Emma Moore Sitterly (September 24, 1898 – March 3, 1990) was an American astronomer.
Châteaudun is a commune in the Eure-et-Loir department in northern France.
Cheadle is a small market town near Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England, with a population of 12,165.
Cheonsang Yeolcha Bunyajido is a fourteenth-century Korean star map, copies of which were spread nationwide in the Joseon Dynasty.
Chester (Caer) is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales.
Chester Burleigh Watts (October 27, 1889 – July 17, 1971) was an American astronomer.
Chinthamani Ragoonatha Chary (1822 or "17 March" 1828 – 5 February 1880) was an Indian astronomer who worked at the Madras Observatory along with N.R. Pogson.
The direction of current flow and induced magnetic flux follow a "handness" relationship The term chiral describes an object, especially a molecule, which has or produces a non-superposable mirror image of itself.
Cho Gyeong-chul (조경철, April 4, 1929 – March 6, 2010) was a South Korean astronomer.
Christen Sørensen Longomontanus (or Longberg) (4 October 1562 – 8 October 1647) was a Danish astronomer.
Christfried Kirch (* December 24, 1694 in Guben; † March 9, 1740 in Berlin) was a German astronomer and almanac publisher.
Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.
Christian August Friedrich Peters (September 7, 1806 – May 8, 1880) was a German astronomer.
Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein (30 January 1723, Wernigerode – 6 July 1795, Copenhagen) was a German-born doctor, physicist and engineer.
Christian Heinrich Friedrich Peters (September 19, 1813 – July 18, 1890) was a German–American astronomer, and a pioneer in the study of asteroids.
Christian Ludwig Gerling (10 July 1788 – 15 January 1864) studied under Carl Friedrich Gauss, obtaining his doctorate in 1812 for a thesis entitled: Methodi proiectionis orthographicae usum ad calculos parallacticos facilitandos explicavit simulque eclipsin solarem die, at the University of Göttingen.
Christian Ludwig Ideler (21 September 1766 – 10 August 1846) was a German chronologist and astronomer.
Christian Mayer (August 20, 1719 – April 16, 1783) was a Czech-German Catholic priest, astronomer and teacher.
Christian of Prachatice (Křišťan z Prachatice) (1360–1368, Prachatice, Kingdom of Bohemia – 4 September 1439, Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia) was a medieval Bohemian astronomer, mathematician and former Catholic priest who converted to the Hussite movement.
Christian Pollas (b. 1947) is a French astronomer an discoverer of minor planets and observer of Supernovae.
Astrology had small amounts of support in early Christianity, but support waned during the Middle Ages.
Christoforo Borri (Milan, 1583 – Rome, 24 May 1632), also called Christopher Borrus in older English sources, was a Jesuit missionary in Vietnam, a mathematician, and an astronomer.
Christoph Scheiner SJ (25 July 1573 (or 1575) – 18 June 1650) was a Jesuit priest, physicist and astronomer in Ingolstadt.
Christopher Clavius (25 March 1538 – 6 February 1612) was a German Jesuit mathematician and astronomer who modified the proposal of the modern Gregorian calendar after the death of its primary author, Aloysius Lilius.
Christopher Hansteen (26 September 1784 – 11 April 1873) was a Norwegian geophysicist, astronomer and physicist, best known for his mapping of Earth's magnetic field.
Sir Christopher Wren PRS FRS (–) was an English anatomist, astronomer, geometer, and mathematician-physicist, as well as one of the most highly acclaimed English architects in history.
Saint Laurence's Church is one of three Church of England parish churches in the benefice of Upton-cum-Chalvey, and is the oldest building in the borough of Slough, in Berkshire, England.
Church Stretton is a small town in Shropshire, England, south of Shrewsbury and north of Ludlow.
CieloBuio-coordinamento per la protezione del cielo notturno (Coordination for the protection of the night sky) is a non-profit organization that operates in Italy for the protection of the night sky by promoting a culture of eco-friendly lighting and raising public awareness about the phenomenon of light pollution.
The cluster CL0024+17 is a cluster of galaxies located in Pisces, and about 4 billion light years distant.
Clabon Walter (Cla) Allen FRAS, (28 December 1904 – 11 December 1987) was an Australian astronomer, director of the University of London Observatory and author of Astrophysical Quantities.
Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist (born 1944) is a Swedish astronomer at the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory.
Clarence Augustus Chant (May 31, 1865–November 18, 1956) was a Canadian astronomer and physicist.
Claude-Louis Mathieu or Louis Mathieu (25 November 1783 in Mâcon – 5 March 1875 in Paris) was a French mathematician and astronomer who began his career as an engineer.
Claudio Casacci (born 1958) is an Italian space scientist and amateur astronomer, who is credited by the Minor Planet Center with the discovery of 4 main-belt asteroids between 1995 and 1998.
Claudio Maccone (born 6 February 1948, Torino, Italy) is an Italian SETI astronomer, space scientist and mathematician.
Cleomedes (Κλεομήδης) was a Greek astronomer who is known chiefly for his book On the Circular Motions of the Celestial Bodies (Κυκλικὴ θεωρία μετεώρων).
Cleostratus (Κλεόστρατος; b. c. 520 BC; d. possibly 432 BC) was an astronomer of ancient Greece.
Clifford J. Cunningham is a Canadian-born professional astronomer and author of numerous books on asteroids.
Clive L. N. Ruggles (born 1952) is a British astronomer, archaeologist and academic, regarded as one of the leading figures in the field of archaeoastronomy and the author of numerous academic and popular works on the subject.
Clyde William Tombaugh (February 4, 1906January 17, 1997) was an American astronomer.
Colin Campbell FRS (died 26 January 1752 in Kingston, Jamaica) was a Scottish astronomer.
Colin Stanley Gum (1924 – 29 April 1960) was an Australian astronomer who catalogued emission nebulae in the southern sky at the Mount Stromlo Observatory using wide field photography.
The colonization of the Moon is a proposed establishment of permanent human communities or robotic industries on the Moon.
In astronomy, the color index is a simple numerical expression that determines the color of an object, which in the case of a star gives its temperature.
In astronomy, color–color diagrams are a means of comparing the apparent magnitudes of stars at different wavelengths.
The Coma Supercluster (SCl 117) is a nearby supercluster of galaxies comprising the Coma Cluster (Abell 1656) and the Leo Cluster (Abell 1367).
Combinatorics is an area of mathematics primarily concerned with counting, both as a means and an end in obtaining results, and certain properties of finite structures.
Comet Donati, or Donati's Comet, formally designated C/1858 L1 and 1858 VI, is a long-period comet named after the Italian astronomer Giovanni Battista Donati who first observed it on June 2, 1858.
Comet Hyakutake (formally designated C/1996 B2) is a comet, discovered on 31 January 1996, that passed very close to Earth in March of that year.
Comet IRAS–Araki–Alcock (formal designation C/1983 H1, formerly 1983 VII) is a long-period comet that, in 1983, made the closest approach to Earth, about, of any comet in 200 years; only Lexell's Comet, in 1770, and 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, in 1366, are thought to have come closer.
Comet Lulin (official designation C/2007 N3 (Lulin), Traditional Chinese:鹿林彗星) is a non-periodic comet.
Comet Man (Stephen Beckley) is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.
Comet Swift–Tuttle (formally designated 109P/Swift–Tuttle) is a periodic comet with a current (osculating) orbital period of 133 years.
Comet White–Ortiz–Bolelli (formal designations: C/1970 K1, 1970 VI, and 1970f) was a bright comet which appeared in 1970.
The Comité Para, in full Comité belge pour l'Analyse Critique des parasciences ("Belgian Committee for the Critical Analysis of Parasciences"), is a Francophone Belgian skeptical non-profit organisation.
The Communication Moon Relay project (also known as simply Moon Relay, or, alternatively, Operation Moon Bounce) was a telecommunication project carried out by the United States Navy.
Concordia Research Station, which opened in 2005, is a French-Italian research facility that was built above sea level at a location called Dome C on the Antarctic Plateau, Antarctica.
ConnachtPage five of An tOrdú Logainmneacha (Contaetha agus Cúigí) 2003 clearly lists the official spellings of the names of the four provinces of the country with Connacht listed for both languages; when used without the term 'The province of' / 'Cúige'.
Connie Walker (b. 1957) is an American astronomer and senior employee of the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO).
Conrad Quensel (10 December 1767 – 22 August 1806) was a Swedish naturalist.
Copenhagen Suborbitals is the world's only manned, amateur, crowd funded space programme.
Copernican federalism is an analogy for federalism.
Copernican paradigm is an analysis of Australian constitutional structures in order to develop models establishing Australia as a republic with a directly elected head of state.
Copernicus Airport Wrocław (Port Lotniczy Wrocław im. is an international commercial airport in Wrocław in southwestern Poland. The airport is located southwest of the city centre. It has one runway, two passenger terminals and one cargo terminal.
Cornelis Johannes van Houten (February 18, 1920 – 24 August 2002) was a Dutch astronomer, sometimes referred to as Kees van Houten.
Cosmic latte is a name assigned to the average color of the universe, found by a team of astronomers from Johns Hopkins University.
Cosmos is a 1980 popular science book by astronomer and Pulitzer Prize-winning author Carl Sagan.
Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey is a 2014 American science documentary television series.
The creation–evolution controversy (also termed the creation vs. evolution debate or the origins debate) involves an ongoing, recurring cultural, political, and theological dispute about the origins of the Earth, of humanity, and of other life.
Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated "from specific acts of divine creation",Gunn 2004, p. 9, "The Concise Oxford Dictionary says that creationism is 'the belief that the universe and living organisms originated from specific acts of divine creation.'" as opposed to the scientific conclusion that they came about through natural processes.
In mathematics, a cube root of a number x is a number y such that y3.
The culture of Egypt has thousands of years of recorded history.
The culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Mycenaean Greece, continuing most notably into Classical Greece, through the influence of the Roman Empire and its successor the Byzantine Empire.
Cuno Hoffmeister (2 February 1892 – 2 January 1968) was a German astronomer, observer and discoverer of variable stars, comets and minor planets, and founder of Sonneberg Observatory.
Cygnus X-1 (abbreviated Cyg X-1) is a galactic X-ray source in the constellation Cygnus, and the first such source widely accepted to be a black hole.
Cyril V. Jackson (5 December 1903 – February 1988) was a South African astronomer, born in Ossett, Yorkshire in England, but his father emigrated to South Africa in 1911.
Dagebüll (Mooring North Frisian: Doogebel; Dagebøl) is a municipality located at the west coast of Schleswig-Holstein in the Nordfriesland district, Germany.
Dale A. Frail is an astronomer working at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in Socorro, New Mexico.
Vatasseri Damodara Nambudiri was an astronomer-mathematician of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics who flourished during the fifteenth century CE.
Dan Milisavljevic (born January 31, 1980) is a Canadian astronomer and assistant professor of physics and astronomy at Purdue University.
Daniel Barringer (May 25, 1860 – November 30, 1929) was a geologist best known as the first person to prove the existence of an impact crater on the Earth, the Meteor Crater in Arizona.
Daniel Chalonge (January 21, 1895 – November 28, 1977) was a French astronomer and astrophysicist.
Daniel Stefanus du Toit was a South African astronomer.
Daniel E. Reichart is an American astronomer.
Daniel Huber (Basel, 23 June 1768 – 3 December 1829) was a Swiss mathematician and astronomer.
Daniel Kirkwood (September 27, 1814 – June 11, 1895) was an American astronomer.
Daniel Santbech (fl. 1561) was a Dutch mathematician and astronomer.
The Darian calendar is a proposed system of time-keeping designed to serve the needs of any possible future human settlers on the planet Mars.
The dark-sky movement is a campaign to reduce light pollution.
Date and time notation in the United States differs from that used in other English-speaking countries; in particular, the date notation is not used commonly by virtually every other country in the world.
David ben Yom Tov, also David Bonjorn del Barri, was a Catalan Jewish astronomer and astrologer who lived in the first half of the fourteenth century.
David C. Jewitt (born 1958) is an English astronomer and professor of astronomy at UCLA's Earth, Planetary, and Space Science Department in California.
David Robert Ciardi (born 17 July 1969) is an American astronomer.
David Livingstone Crawford (born 1931) is an American astronomer.
David D. Balam is a Canadian astronomer and a research associate with University of Victoria's Department of Physics and Astronomy, in Victoria, British Columbia.
David Dunlap Observatory Catalogue, known as the DDO or A Catalogue of Dwarf Galaxies, is a catalogue of dwarf galaxies that was published in 1959 (and later expanded in 1966) by Sidney van den Bergh.
Professor David Flower is a British astronomer and physical chemist and the current Editor in Chief of the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS).
David Gans (דָּוִד בֶּן שְׁלֹמֹה גנז; ‎1541–1613), also known as Rabbi Dovid Solomon Ganz, was a Jewish chronicler, mathematician, historian, astronomer and astrologer.
Sir David Gill (12 June 1843 – 24 January 1914) was a Scottish astronomer who is known for measuring astronomical distances, for astrophotography, and for geodesy.
David H. Levy (born May 22, 1948) is a Canadian astronomer, science writer and discoverer of comets and minor planets, who co-discovered Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 in 1993, which collided with the planet Jupiter in 1994.
David Darling (born 29 July 1953 in Glossop, Derbyshire) is an English astronomer, freelance science writer, and musician.
David James Tholen (born 1955) is an American astronomer at the Institute for Astronomy of the University of Hawaii.
David L. Lambert is a British-American Astronomer, who does research on stellar atmospheres, the chemical composition of stars, and the chemical evolution of the universe.
David Lincoln Rabinowitz (born 1960) is an American astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and researcher at Yale University.
David Louis Band or David L. Band (9 January 1957 – 16 March 2009) was an astronomer who studied the theory of gamma-ray bursts.
David Rittenhouse (April 8, 1732 – June 26, 1796) was an American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman, and public official.
Dawes Point is a suburb of the City of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
Day-age creationism, a type of old Earth creationism, is an interpretation of the creation accounts in Genesis.
Dayton Clarence Miller (March 13, 1866 – February 22, 1941) was an American physicist, astronomer, acoustician, and accomplished amateur flautist.
(literally Of free will: Discourses or Comparisons) is the Latin title of a polemical work written by Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam in 1524.
De systemate orbis cometici, deque admirandis coeli characteribus (transl. Of the systematics of the world of comets, and on the admirable objects of the sky) is a small tract on comets and other celestial objects by the Sicilian astronomer Giovanni Battista Hodierna published in 1654.
Deadly Skies is a 2006 science-fiction television film directed by Sam Irvin and starring Antonio Sabato, Jr., Rae Dawn Chong, Dominic Zamprogna, Michael Boisvert, Rob LaBelle and Michael Moriarty.
Dean Benjamin McLaughlin (born October 25, 1901, Brooklyn, Queens, New York CIty; died December 8, 1965, Ann Arbor, Michigan, US) was an American astronomer.
The Dearborn Observatory is an astronomical observatory located on the Evanston campus of Northwestern University.
The following events occurred in December 1950.
Decimal time is the representation of the time of day using units which are decimally related.
Deep Impact is a 1998 American science-fiction disaster film directed by Mimi Leder, written by Bruce Joel Rubin and Michael Tolkin, and starring Robert Duvall, Téa Leoni, Elijah Wood, Vanessa Redgrave, Maximilian Schell, and Morgan Freeman.
Deep Impact was a NASA space probe launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at 18:47 UTC on January 12, 2005.
A degree (in full, a degree of arc, arc degree, or arcdegree), usually denoted by ° (the degree symbol), is a measurement of a plane angle, defined so that a full rotation is 360 degrees.
The Delisle scale (°D) is a temperature scale invented in 1732 by the French astronomer Joseph-Nicolas Delisle (1688–1768).
DeLisle Stewart (March 16, 1870 – February 2, 1941) was an American astronomer.
Denis Denisenko (born 16 January 1971) is a Russian astronomer of the late 20th – early 21st century, discoverer of 7 supernovae, more than 50 variable stars, and asteroid, and a comet.
Denison Olmsted (June 18, 1791May 13, 1859) was an American physicist and astronomer.
Dennis di Cicco (born 1950) is an American amateur astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets, who lives in New England.
Dennis K. Chesney is an American astronomer and discoverer of minor planets born in Clovis, New Mexico, and credited by the Minor Planet Center with the discovery of 38 numbered minor planets during 1998–2000.
Dennis Walsh (12 June 1933 – 1 June 2005) was an English astronomer.
Deodat del Monte, Deodat van der Mont or Deodatus Delmont (baptized on 24 September 1582, Sint-Truiden - 24 November 1644, Antwerp) was a Flemish Baroque painter, architect, engineer, astronomer, and art dealer who was part of the inner circle of Peter Paul Rubens.
Derrick H. Pitts is an American astronomer.
Diane Ackerman (born October 7, 1948) is an American poet, essayist, and naturalist known for her wide-ranging curiosity and poetic explorations of the natural world.
Diane Patricia Youdale (born 13 February 1970) is an English television personality, who is best known for her role as "Jet" on the television series Gladiators.
Diaspora is a hard science fiction novel by the Australian writer Greg Egan which first appeared in print in 1997.
Diedrich Wattenberg (13 June 1909 – 26 November 1996) was a German astronomer.
Diego Rodríguez (Atitalaquia c.1596, in Mexico City – 1668) was a mathematician, astronomer, educator, and technological innovator in New Spain.
Dinsmore Alter (March 28, 1888 – September 20, 1968) was an American astronomer, meteorologist, and United States Army officer.
Dionysis Simopoulos (Greek: Διονύσης Σιμόπουλος, born 8 March 1943) is a contemporary Greek physicist and astronomer, and the Eugenides Planetarium's director emeritus who excelled as an astronomy educator and science populariser in the print and electronic media of Greece.
Dirk Brouwer (September 1, 1902, Rotterdam – January 31, 1966, New Haven) was a Dutch-American astronomer.
Dirk Reuyl (1906 – 1972) was a Dutch American physicist and astronomer.
Dirk Terrell (born August 14, 1965) is an American astronomer and space artist who is the manager of the Astronomy and Computer Systems section in the Department of Space Studies of the Space Science and Engineering division of the Southwest Research Institute.
A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.
Frederick Valentich was an Australian pilot who disappeared while on a 125-mile (235 km) training flight in a Cessna 182L light aircraft over Bass Strait on the evening of Saturday, 21 October 1978.
Dmitry Nikolayevich Chestnov (also known as Dmitrij Nikolaevič Čestnov; Дмитрий Николаевич Честнов) is a Russian astronomer, observer and photometrist of comets and discoverer of minor planets.
Dmitry Ivanovich Dubyago (Дмитрий Иванович Дубяго in Russian) (September 21 (N.S. October 3), 1849 – October 22, 1918) was a Russian astronomer and expert in theoretical astrophysics, astrometry, and gravimetry.
Doctor Light is a fictional superheroine appearing in comic books published by DC Comics.
Doctor of Canon Law (Juris Canonici Doctor; J.C.D.) is the doctoral-level terminal degree in the studies of canon law of the Roman Catholic Church.
Dollar Academy, founded in 1818 by benefaction of trader John McNabb, is an independent co-educational day and boarding school in Scotland.
Domenico Maria Novara (1454–1504) was an Italian scientist.
Jean-Dominique, comte de Cassini (30 June 174818 October 1845) was a French astronomer, son of César-François Cassini de Thury.
Donald Edward Osterbrock (July 13, 1924 – January 11, 2007) was an American astronomer, best known for his work on star formation and on the history of astronomy.
Donald Figer is an American astronomer.
Donald Howard Menzel (April 11, 1901 – December 14, 1976) was one of the first theoretical astronomers and astrophysicists in the United States.
Donald Edward Machholz, born October 7, 1952 in Portsmouth, Virginia, is an American amateur astronomer and science writer who is the most successful living visual comet discoverer in history.
Donald R. Davis is an American astronomer specializing in the evolution of the Solar System.
Doris Daou (born 1964) is a Lebanese-born astronomer from Canada who works for NASA in education and public outreach.
Dorothea Klumpke Roberts (August 9, 1861 in San Francisco – October 5, 1942 in San Francisco) was an astronomer.
Ellen Dorrit Hoffleit (March 12, 1907 – April 9, 2007) was an American senior research astronomer at Yale University.
Douglas Campbell (June 7, 1896 – October 16, 1990) was an American aviator and World War I flying ace.
Douglas Owen Gough FRS (born 8 February 1941), Who's Who 2014, A & C Black, 2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 is a British astronomer, Professor Emeritus of Theoretical Astrophysics in the University of Cambridge, and Leverhulme Emeritus Fellow.
Duília de Mello (born 27 November 1963) is a Brazilian astronomer.
Dušan Kalmančok (born 1945) is a Slovak astronomer and co-discoverer of minor planets.
Dungal of Bobbio (fl. 811–828) was an Irish monk, teacher, astronomer, and poet.
The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.
Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie, or GWIC; Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors.
Dwingeloo 2 is a small irregular galaxy discovered in 1996 and located about 10 million light-years away from the Earth.
Eugène Michel Antoniadi (1 March 1870 – 10 February 1944) was a Greek astronomer.
Earl Charles Slipher (March 25, 1883 – August 7, 1964) was an American astronomer.
Earl Larkin Williams (August 22, 1903 – February 7, 1974) was an American astronomer and mathematician.
The following article is part of an in-depth biography of Isaac Newton, the English mathematician and scientist, author of the Principia.
An Earth analog (also referred to as an Earth twin or Earth-like planet, though this latter term may refer to any terrestrial planet) is a planet or moon with environmental conditions similar to those found on Earth.
The Earthly Branches or Twelve Branches are an ordering system used throughout East Asia in various contexts, including its ancient dating system, astrological traditions, and zodiac.
Eater is a hard science fiction novel by Gregory Benford.
Eberhard Frederich Ferdinand Hopf (April 17, 1902, Salzburg, Austria-Hungary – July 24, 1983, Bloomington, Indiana) was a mathematician and astronomer, one of the founding fathers of ergodic theory and a pioneer of bifurcation theory who also made significant contributions to the subjects of partial differential equations and integral equations, fluid dynamics, and differential geometry.
Ecclefechan (Scottish Gaelic: Eaglais Fheichein) is a small village in the south of Scotland in Dumfries and Galloway.
Edwin Charles Krupp (born November 18, 1944) is an American astronomer, researcher, author, and popularizer of science.
Edward Peter Jacobus (Ed) van den Heuvel (born 2 November 1940 in Soest) is a Dutch astronomer and emeritus professor at the Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek of the University of Amsterdam.
Edison Pettit (September 22, 1889 – May 6, 1962) was an American astronomer.
Edmond (or Edmund) Halley, FRS (–) was an English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist.
Edmond Modeste Lescarbault (1814, Châteaudun - 1894), was a French doctor and an amateur astronomer, best remembered for his 1859 supposed observation of the non-existent planet Vulcan.
Edmund Gunter (1581 – 10 December 1626), was an English clergyman, mathematician, geometer and astronomer of Welsh descent.
Edmund Rosales is a Filipino astronomer and meteorologist and a former president of the Philippine Astronomical Society and Cofounder of The Astronomical League of the Philippines.
Edmund Weaver (c. 1683 – 27 December 1748) was an English astronomer, land surveyor, and friend to William Stukeley.
Edmund Weiss (August 26, 1837 – June 21, 1917) was an Austrian astronomer.
Eduard Heis (18 February 1806, Cologne – 30 June 1877 in Münster) was a German mathematician and astronomer.
Eduard Mahler, or Mahler Ede (September 28, 1857, Cífer, Austro-Hungarian Empire – June 29, 1945, Újpest) was a Hungarian-Austrian astronomer, Orientalist, natural scientist.
Eduard Schönfeld (December 22, 1828 – May 1, 1891) was a German astronomer.
Edvard Hugo von Zeipel (1873 – 1959) was a Swedish astronomer, with the specialist fields of study of celestial mechanics, astrophotography, and theoretical astrophysics.
Prof Edward Charles Pickering FRS(For) HFRSE (July 19, 1846 – February 3, 1919) was an American astronomer and physicist and the older brother to William Henry Pickering.
Edward Crossley (1841 – 21 January 1905) was an English businessman, Liberal Party politician and astronomer.
Edward Doane Swift (24 December 1870 – 25 September 1935 in Buffalo, New York) was an American astronomer.
Edward Emerson Barnard (December 16, 1857 – February 6, 1923) was an American astronomer.
Edward Israel (July 1, 1859 – May 27, 1884) was an astronomer and Polar explorer.
Edward James Stone (28 February 1831 – 6 May 1897) was an English astronomer.
Edward Joseph Lowe FRS FGS FRAS FLS (11 November 1825 – 10 March 1900) was a renowned English botanist, meteorologist and astronomer, who published papers on a wide variety of subjects, including meteorology, luminous meteors, sunspots, the zodiacal light, meteorological observations during the eclipse of 1860 (at Fuente del Mar, near Santander), conchology, ferns, grasses and other plants.
Edward Ball Knobel (21 October 1841 – 25 July 1930) was an English businessman and amateur astronomer.
Edward L. G. "Ted" Bowell (born 1943 in London), is an American astronomer.
Edward Payson (July 25, 1783 – October 22, 1827) was an American Congregational preacher.
Edward Pigott (1753–1825) was an English astronomer.
Edward R. "Ted" Harrison (8 January 1919 – 29 January 2007) was a British astronomer and cosmologist, noted for his work about the increase of fluctuations in the expanding universe, for his explanation of Olbers' Paradox, and for his books on cosmology for lay readers.
Edward Singleton Holden (November 5, 1846 – March 16, 1914) was an American astronomer and the fifth president of the University of California.
Edward Skinner King (1861-1931) was an American astronomer.
(Edward) Walter Maunder (12 April 1851 – 21 March 1928) was a British astronomer best remembered for his study of sunspots and the solar magnetic cycle that led to his identification of the period from 1645 to 1715 that is now known as the Maunder Minimum.
Edwin Brant Frost II (July 14, 1866 – May 14, 1935) was an American astronomer.
Edwin Foster Coddington (June 24, 1870 – December 21, 1950) was an American astronomer and discoverer of astronomical objects.
Edwin Francis Carpenter (November 1, 1898 – February 11, 1963) was an American astronomer.
Edwin George Monk, English church organist and composer, who was Organist and Master of Choristers at York Minster for a quarter of a century, and was previously associated with St Columba's and Radley Colleges.
Edwin P. Martz, Jr (1916 – September 25, 1967 or 1966) was an American physicist and astronomer.
Egbert Adriaan Kreiken (November 1, 1896, Barneveld, Gelderland – August 16, 1964) was a Dutch teacher and astronomer.
The Einstein Tower (German: Einsteinturm) is an astrophysical observatory in the Albert Einstein Science Park in Potsdam, Germany built by architect Erich Mendelsohn.
El Caracol, the Observatory, is a unique structure at pre-Columbian Maya civilization site of Chichen Itza.
Eleanor Francis "Glo" Helin (née Francis, 19 November 1932 – 25 January 2009) was an American astronomer.
Eleazar of Worms (אלעזר מוורמייזא) (c. 1176–1238), or Eleazar ben Judah ben Kalonymus, also sometimes known today as Eleazar Rokeach ("Eleazar the Perfumer" אלעזר רקח) from the title of his Book of the Perfumer (Sefer ha rokeah ספר הרקח)—where the numerical value of "Perfumer" (in Hebrew) is equal to Eleazar, was a leading Talmudist and Kabbalist, and the last major member of the Hasidei Ashkenaz, a group of German Jewish pietists.
Elena Vladimirovna Pitjeva is a Russian astronomer working at the Institute of Applied Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg.
Elia Filippo Francesco Giuseppe Maria Millosevich (September 5, 1848 in Venice – December 5, 1919 in Rome), was an Italian astronomer.
Svante Elis Strömgren (31 May 1870 – 5 April 1947) was a Swedish–Danish astronomer.
Elisabeth Miller Bardwell (December 4, 1831 in Colrain, Massachusetts – May 27, 1899 in Greefield, Massachusetts) was an American astronomer.
Elisabeth Vreede (16 July 1879 in The Hague – 31 August 1943 in Ascona) was a Dutch mathematician, astronomer and Anthroposophist.
Eliza Madelina Wilbur Souvielle (October 21, 1851 – March 31, 1930) was a prominent scientist, astronomer, botanist, inventor, author and publisher.
Elizabeth Lada is an American astronomer whose self-described research interests include "understanding the origin, properties, evolution and fate of young embedded clusters within molecular clouds".
Elizabeth Langdon Williams (February 8, 1879 in Putnam, Connecticut – 1981) was an American astronomer.
Elizabeth Roemer (1929–April 8, 2016) was an American astronomer whose research interests centered on comets and asteroids.
Ellery is a given name, and may refer to.
Baron Emanuel A. von der Pahlen (July 4, 1882–July 18, 1952) was a German astronomer.
Emil Ernst (6 June 1889– 26 June 1942) was a German astronomer and discoverer of a minor planet.
Emma Vyssotsky (October 23, 1894 – May 12, 1975), born Emma T. R. Williams in Media, Pennsylvania was an American astronomer.
Emmanuel Liais (15 February 1826–5 March 1900) was a French astronomer, botanist and explorer who spent many years in Brazil.
Enoch Fitch Burr (October 21, 1818 – May 8, 1907) was a theologian and astronomer who lectured extensively on the relationship between science and religion.
Erasmus Reinhold (October 22, 1511 – February 19, 1553) was a German astronomer and mathematician, considered to be the most influential astronomical pedagogue of his generation.
Eratosthenes of Cyrene (Ἐρατοσθένης ὁ Κυρηναῖος,; –) was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist.
Ercole (Hercules) Dembowski (12 January 1812 – 19 January 1881) was an Italian astronomer.
Erhard Weigel (December 16, 1625 – March 20, 1699) was a German mathematician, astronomer and philosopher.
Eric Mervyn Lindsay FRAS (26 January 1907 – 27 July 1974) was an Irish astronomer.
Eric Schulman is an American astronomer and science humorist.
Eric Walter Elst (born 1936) is a Belgian astronomer at the Observatory at the Royal Observatory of Belgium in Uccle and a prolific discoverer of asteroids.
Erik Prosperin (25 July 1739 – 4 April 1803) was a Swedish astronomer.
Erik Tengström (1913–1996), Swedish astronomer and geodesist.
Ernest Benjamin Esclangon (17 March 1876 – 28 January 1954) was a French astronomer and mathematician.
Ernest Leonard Johnson (died c. 1977; also cited as "Earnest L. Johnson") was a South African astronomer and a former staff member of the Union Observatory in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Ernest William Brown FRS (29 November 1866 – 22 July 1938) was an English mathematician and astronomer, who spent the majority of his career working in the United States and became a naturalised American citizen in 1923.
Ernst Julius Öpik (– 10 September 1985) was an Estonian astronomer and astrophysicist who spent the second half of his career (1948–1981) at the Armagh Observatory in Northern Ireland.
Ernst Friedrich Wilhelm Klinkerfues (29 March 1827 in Hofgeismar – 28 January 1884 in Göttingen) was a German astronomer.
Carl Ernst Albrecht Hartwig (14 January 1851 in Frankfurt – 3 May 1923 in Bamberg) was a German astronomer.
Ernst Otto Heinrich Kohlschütter (26 December 1837 – 7 September 1905) was a German physician born in Dresden.
Daniel Friedrich Ernst Meissel (31 July 1826, Eberswalde, Brandenburg Province – 11 March 1895, Kiel) was a German astronomer who contributed to various aspects of number theory.
Erwin Finlay-Freundlich FRSE FRAS (29 May 1885 – 24 July 1964) was a German astronomer, a pupil of Felix Klein.
Erwin Schwab (b. 1964) is a German amateur astronomer, who works at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Frankfurter Rundschau 4 August 2010 and has discovered and co-discovered more than 80 asteroids.
The Eskimo Nebula (NGC 2392), also known as the Clownface Nebula or Caldwell 39, is a bipolar double-shell planetary nebula (PN).
Esko Jorma Johannes Valtaoja (1951, Kemi) is a Finnish professional astronomer and writer.
Estevan Antonio Fuertes (May 10, 1838 San Juan, Puerto Rico – January 16, 1903 Ithaca, New York) was a Puerto Rican-American astronomer and civil engineer.
Euctemon (Εὐκτήμων, gen. Εὐκτήμωνος; fl. 432 BC) was an Athenian astronomer.
Eudoxus of Cnidus (Εὔδοξος ὁ Κνίδιος, Eúdoxos ho Knídios) was an ancient Greek astronomer, mathematician, scholar, and student of Archytas and Plato.
Eugène-Maurice-Pierre Cosserat (4 March 1866 – 31 May 1931) was a French mathematician and astronomer.
Eugène Joseph Delporte (10 January 1882 – 19 October 1955) was a Belgian astronomer born in Genappe.
Eugenius I (sometimes Eugene; died 647) was Archbishop of Toledo from 636 to 646.
Eurasian Astronomical Society (EAAS) is a scientific society, which comprises professional astronomers from the former Soviet republics, Europe, Israel and United States.
Eusebio Francisco Kino (Eusebio Francesco Chini, Eusebio Francisco Kino; 10 August 1645 – 15 March 1711) was an Italian Jesuit, missionary, geographer, explorer, cartographer and astronomer.
Eusebius of Emesa (ca. 300 – ca. 360) was a learned ecclesiastic of the Greek church, and a pupil of Eusebius of Caesarea.
Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs (11 August 1912 – 9 March 1954) was a German astronomer.
Eva K. Grebel is a German astronomer.
Evelyn Leland (c. 1870 - c. 1930) was an American astronomer and "Harvard computer", one of the women who worked at the Harvard College Observatory with Edward Pickering.
The Evershed effect, named after the British astronomer John Evershed, is the radial flow of gas across the photospheric surface of the penumbra of sunspots from the inner border with the umbra towards the outer edge.
The evolutionary history of life on Earth traces the processes by which both living organisms and fossil organisms evolved since life emerged on the planet, until the present.
Ewen Adair Whitaker (22 June 1922 – 11 October 2016) was a British-born astronomer who specialized in lunar studies.
Ewine Fleur van Dishoeck (born 13 June 1955 in Leiden) is a Dutch astronomer and chemist.
The exabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The examination of Apollo Moon photographs is an endeavour undertaken by certain people engaged in the debate as to the merits of Moon landing conspiracy theories, despite the abundance of third-party evidence for Apollo Moon landings.
Extraterrestrial life,Where "extraterrestrial" is derived from the Latin extra ("beyond", "not of") and terrestris ("of Earth", "belonging to Earth").
Ezekiel Stone Wiggins (December 4, 1839 – August 14, 1910) was a Canadian weather and earthquake predictor known as the "Ottawa Prophet".
Fabrizio Bernardi (born 1972) is an Italian astronomer and discoverer of minor planets and comets, best known for the co-discovery of the near-Earth and potentially hazardous asteroid 99942 Apophis.
The Fahrenheit scale is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by Dutch-German-Polish physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736).
The far side of the Moon (sometimes figuratively known as the dark side of the Moon) is the hemisphere of the Moon that always faces away from Earth.
Farcet is a village and civil parish in Cambridgeshire, England.
Farzana Aslam is a Pakistani physicist and astronomer.
Fategarh is a village in Orissa, located in Bhapur Tehsil in Nayagarh District of Odisha, India.
Fatin Gökmen (6 January 1877 – 1955) was a Turkish astronomer.
Fällanden is a municipality in the district of Uster in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland, and belongs to the Glatt Valley (German: Glattal).
Félix Aguilar Observatory (Observatorio Astronómico Félix Aguilar; OAFA; is an astronomical observatory. It was established in 1953, in San Juan Province, Argentina. In 1974, it was renamed to Carlos Ulrrico Cesco Astronomical Station (Estación Astronómica Carlos Ulrrico Cesco; EACUC) Its primary observing facility is located El Leoncito National Park in the west of San Juan Province. Also located in El Leoncito Park is the Leoncito Astronomical Complex. The observatory is operated by the School of Physical and Natural Sciences at National University of San Juan in San Juan, Argentina. The original OAFA observatory buildings are located at the west end of the city. OAFA is named after Félix Aguilar (1884–1943), an Argentine astronomer and engineer who was director of the La Plata Astronomical Observatory from 1919 to 1921, and again from 1934 until his death. EACUC was renamed after Carlos Ulrrico Cesco on the 25th anniversary of the beginning of observations in honour of his contributions to the founding and operation of the observatory. The main-belt asteroid 3083 OAFA, was named after the discovering Felix Aguilar Observatory. The official naming citation was published on 21 November 1991.
Félix de Roy (25 July 1883 – 15 May 1942) was a Belgian astronomer, born in Antwerp.
Félix Savary, who was born on 4 October 1797 in Paris and died on 15 July 1841 in Estagel, was a French astronomer.
François Félix Tisserand (13 January 1845 – 20 October 1896) was a French astronomer.
Fearon Fallows (4 July 1788 – 25 July 1831) was an English astronomer.
Felicjan Kępiński (29 April 1885, Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland – 8 April 1966, Warsaw) was a Polish astronomer.
Felix Hausdorff (November 8, 1868 – January 26, 1942) was a German mathematician who is considered to be one of the founders of modern topology and who contributed significantly to set theory, descriptive set theory, measure theory, function theory, and functional analysis.
Felix Hormuth (born 1975) is a German astronomer at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA) and a prolific discoverer of minor planets.
Feodosy Nikolaevich Krasovsky (Феодосий Николаевич Красовский) (– October 1, 1948) was a Russian and later Soviet astronomer and geodesist.
Ferdinand Jules Quénisset (1872–1951) was a French astronomer who specialized in astrophotography.
"Fermi and Frost" is a science fiction short story by Frederik Pohl, first published in the January 1985 issue of ''Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine''.
Fernand Baldet (16 March 1885 – 8 November 1964) was a French astronomer.
Fernand Courty (11 June 1862 – 12 October 1921) was a French astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Fernand Rigaux (1905 — 21 December 1962) was a Belgian astronomer and observer of variable stars, minor planets and comets at the Royal Observatory at Uccle, Belgium.
Fernando Pedichini is an Italian astronomer at the National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF) and discoverer of an asteroid.
First Man: The Life of Neil A. Armstrong is the official biography of Neil Armstrong, the astronaut who became the first man to walk on the Moon on July 20, 1969.
The first voyage of James Cook was a combined Royal Navy and Royal Society expedition to the south Pacific Ocean aboard HMS ''Endeavour'', from 1768 to 1771.
The ESA/ESO/NASA FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) Liberator is a free software program for processing and editing astronomical science data in the FITS format to reproduce images of the universe.
Florence Parthenia Lewis (September 24, 1877 – missing) was an American mathematician and astronomer.
Focas is a small lunar impact crater that lies on the far side of the Moon, just past the southwestern limb.
The fovea centralis is a small, central pit composed of closely packed cones in the eye.
Foxfire: Confessions of a Girl Gang is a novel by Joyce Carol Oates about a group of teenage girls in upstate New York in the 1950s who form a gang called Foxfire.
Dominique François Jean Arago (Domènec Francesc Joan Aragó), known simply as François Arago (Catalan: Francesc Aragó) (26 February 17862 October 1853), was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.
François Gonnessiat (May 22, 1856 (Nurieux-Volognat)–October 18, 1934) was a French astronomer, observer of comets and discoverer of two minor planets.
François J. Terby (1846 – 1911) was a Belgian astronomer.
Franc Breckerfeld (February 17, 1681 in Ljubljana – October 29, 1744 in Cluj, Romania) was a Slovene theologian, mathematician, astronomer and latinist.
Francesco Bertelli (1794-1844) was an Italian astronomer at the observatory of Bologna and professor of astronomy at the University of Bologna.
Father Francesco de Vico (also known as de Vigo, De Vico and even DeVico; May 19, 1805, in Macerata – November 15, 1848, in London) was an Italian astronomer and a Jesuit priest.
Francesco Fontana (1580&ndash) was an Italian lawyer (University of Naples) and an astronomer.
Francesco Manca (born November 1966, in Milan, Italy) is an Italian amateur astronomer and discoverer of minor planets at the Sormano Astronomical Observatory in northern Italy.
Francesco Sizzi, an Italian astronomer who lived during the 17th century, is credited with being the first to notice the annual movement of sunspots.
Francis Baily (28 April 177430 August 1844) was an English astronomer.
Francis Charles McMath (1867 – February 13, 1938) was an American civil engineer and amateur astronomer.
Francis Gladheim Pease (January 14, 1881 – February 7, 1938) was an American astronomer.
Sir Francis Graham-Smith (born 25 April 1923) is a British astronomer.
Francis Preserved Leavenworth (born September 3, 1858 in Mount Vernon, Indiana; died November 12, 1928; a.k.a. Frank Leavenworth) was an American astronomer.
Francis Wollaston (23 November 1731, London – 31 October 1815) was an English priest and astronomer.
Francisco José de Caldas (October 4, 1768 – October 28, 1816) was a Colombian lawyer, military engineer, self-taught naturalist, mathematician, geographer and inventor (he created the first hypsometer), who was executed by orders of Pablo Morillo during the Spanish American Reconquista for being a forerunner of the fight for the independence of New Granada (modern day Colombia).
Franciszek Armiński (b. October 2, 1789 in Tymbark – January 14, 1848 in Warsaw) was a Polish astronomer.
Franck Marchis (born April 6, 1973 in Caen, France), astronomer and planetary scientist, is best known for his discovery and characterization of multiple asteroids, his study of Io volcanism and imaging of exoplanets, planets around other stars.
Frank B. Zoltowski (born 1957) is an Australian amateur astronomer and prolific discoverer of minor planets who lives in Woomera, South Australia.
Frank Maine Bateson (31 October 1909 – 16 April 2007) was a New Zealand astronomer who specialized in the study of variable stars.
Frank Donald Drake (born May 28, 1930) is an American astronomer and astrophysicist.
Frank Elmore Ross (April 2, 1874 – September 21, 1960) was an American astronomer and physicist.
Frank Kelley Edmondson (August 1, 1912 – December 8, 2008) was an American astronomer.
Franklin Edward "Frank" Kameny (May 21, 1925 – October 11, 2011) was an American gay rights activist.
Frank McClean FRS, FRAS (13 November 1837–8 November 1904) was a British astronomer and pioneer of objective prism spectrography.
Frank Muller (September 10, 1862 – April 19, 1917) was an American astronomer.
Frank Pieter Israel (born 31 December 1946) is a Dutch astronomer.
Frank Schlesinger (May 11, 1871 New York City – July 10, 1943 Old Lyme, Connecticut) was an American astronomer.
Frank Washington Very (1852 – November 23, 1927) was a U.S. astronomer.
Sir Frank Watson Dyson, KBE, FRS, FRSE (8 January 1868 – 25 May 1939) was an English astronomer and Astronomer Royal who is remembered today largely for introducing time signals ("pips") from Greenwich, England, and for the role he played in proving Einstein's theory of general relativity.
Franklin Evans Roach (September 23, 1905Obituary, Osterbrock, BAAS, p. 1608. – September 21, 1993Obituary, Osterbrock, BAAS, p. 1610.) was an American astronomer, astrophysicist, geophysicist, professor, and scientist analyzing UFO phenomenon who made significant contributions to the field of aeronomy in upper atmosphere research as one of its fathers.
František Nušl (3 December 1867, in Jindřichův Hradec – 17 September 1951, in Prague) was a Czech astronomer and mathematician.
Franz Friedrich Ernst Brünnow (November 18, 1821 – August 20, 1891) was a German astronomer.
Franz de Paula Triesnecker (April 2, 1745 – January 29, 1817) was an Austrian Jesuit astronomer.
Franz Heinrich Kaiser (25 April 1891 – 13 March 1962) was a German astronomer.
Franz Rhode (also Franciscus Rhodus) (died 1559) was a German printer of the 16th century.
Baron Franz von Paula (Franciscus de Paula) Gruithuisen (March 19, 1774 – June 21, 1852) was a Bavarian physician and astronomer.
Frédéric Petit (Muret, 1810 – Toulouse, 1865) was a French astronomer.
Frédéric Sy was a French astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Sir Fred Hoyle FRS (24 June 1915 – 20 August 2001) was a British astronomer who formulated the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis.
Fred Lawrence Whipple (November 5, 1906 – August 30, 2004) was an American astronomer, who worked at the Harvard College Observatory for over 70 years.
Frederick Garnett "Fred" Watson AM (born 14 December 1944) is an English-born astronomer and popular scientist in Australia.
Frederick Hanley Seares (May 17, 1873 – July 20, 1964) was an American astronomer.
Frederick James Hargreaves (10 February 1891 – 4 September 1970) was a British astronomer and optician.
Frederick Slocum (February 6, 1873 – December 4, 1944) was an American astronomer.
Frederik Kaiser (Amsterdam, June 10, 1808 – Leiden, July 28, 1872) was a Dutch astronomer.
Freimut Börngen (born 17 October 1930) is a German astronomer and a prolific discoverer of minor planets.
The French Geodesic Mission (also called the Geodesic Mission to Peru, Geodesic Mission to the Equator and the Spanish-French Geodesic Mission) was an 18th-century expedition to what is now Ecuador carried out for the purpose of measuring the roundness of the Earth and measuring the length of a degree of latitude at the Equator.
Friedrich August Theodor Winnecke (February 5, 1835 in Groß-Heere, near Hannover – December 3, 1897 in Bonn) was a German astronomer.
Friedrich Bernhard Gottfried Nicolai (October 25, 1793 – June 4, 1846) was a German astronomer.
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (22 July 1784 – 17 March 1846) was a German astronomer, mathematician, physicist and geodesist.
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (Василий Яковлевич Струве, trans. Vasily Yakovlevich Struve; 15 April 1793 –) was a German-Russian astronomer and geodesist from the famous Struve family.
Friedrich Karl Traugott Hayn (14 May 1863–9 September 1928) was a German astronomer.
Friedrich Hopfner (28 October 1881 – 5 September 1949) was an Austrian geodesist, geophysicist and planetary scientist.
Friedrich Karl Arnold Schwassmann (March 25, 1870 – January 19, 1964) was a German astronomer and a discoverer of 22 minor planets and 4 comets, who worked at AOP in Potsdam and at Bergedorf Observatory in Hamburg.
Friedrich Karl Ginzel (26 February 1850, Reichenberg, Bohemia - 29 June 1926, Berlin) was an Austrian astronomer.
Friedrich Simon Archenhold (2 October 1861 in Lichtenau, Westphalia - 14 October 1939 in Berlin) was an astronomer who founded the Treptow Observatory (today the Archenhold Observatory) in Berlin-Treptow.
Friedrich Tietjen (1832, Westerstede, Oldenburg – 1895 Berlin) was a German astronomer.
Friedrich Wilhelm August Argelander (22 March 1799 – 17 February 1875) was a German astronomer.
Hermann Fritz Gustav Goos (11 January 1883 – 18 May 1968) was a German physicist and astronomer.
Fritz Zwicky (February 14, 1898 – February 8, 1974) was a Swiss astronomer.
Frombork is a town in northern Poland, on the Vistula Lagoon, in Braniewo County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
Fronimo is a software program for engraving of tabulature for lutes, archlute, theorbo and other plucked and bowed instruments.
is a Japanese shōjo manga by Arina Tanemura.
is a Japanese amateur astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
, often shortened simply to PreCure Splash Star, is a magical girl anime series produced by Toei Animation and Asahi Broadcasting Corporation, which aired in Japan TV Asahi's ANN network between February 5, 2006 and January 28, 2007.
Several space exploration missions are scheduled to occur in the future.
Fyodor Aleksandrovich Bredikhin (Фёдор Александрович Бредихин, 8 December 1831 – 14 May 1904 (O.S.: 1 May)) was a Russian astronomer.
G 196-3 is a young low-mass M dwarf type star which is about 100 million years old.
Gabriele Cattani is an Italian astronomer.
Gabrielle Renaudot Flammarion (31 May 1877 – 28 October 1962) was a French astronomer.
In astronomy, Galactocentrism is the theory that the Milky Way Galaxy, home of Earths Solar System, is at or near the center of the Universe.
Galaktion Yeliseyevich Alpaidze (გალაქტიონ ალფაიძე; – 2 May 2006) (Галактио́н Елисе́евич Алпаи́дзе) was a Soviet Lieutenant General, Hero of the Soviet Union, chief of the Plesetsk rocket proving ground in 1963–1975, and 1977 laureate of the USSR State Prize.
IDCS J1426.5+3508 (IDCS 1426 for short) is an extremely massive young galaxy cluster.
Galaxy morphological classification is a system used by astronomers to divide galaxies into groups based on their visual appearance.
Gale Bruno van Albada (28 March 1911, Amsterdam – 18 December 1972, Amsterdam) was a Dutch astronomer, known for his orbital observations of binary stars and studies on the evolution of galaxy clusters.
The Galileo Cliffs are a line of east–west cliffs, long, standing between Grotto Glacier and Jupiter Glacier, west of Ablation Point, in eastern Alexander Island, Antarctica.
Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.
Galileo University is a private university in Guatemala City.
Galle is a crater on Mars.
Gallup (Naʼnízhoozhí) is a city in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States, with a population of 21,678 as of the 2010 census.
Gan De (fl. 4th century BC) was a Chinese astronomer/astrologer born in the State of Qi also known as the Lord Gan (Gan Gong).
Gareth Vaughan Williams (born 1965, in Windlesham, England) is an English-American astronomer, who is the associate director of the International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Center (MPC).
Garrett Putnam Serviss (March 24, 1851 – May 25, 1929) was an American astronomer, popularizer of astronomy, and early science fiction writer.
Gary Alan Wegner (born Seattle, Washington on December 26, 1944) is an American astronomer, the endowed Leede '49 Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Dartmouth College, and recipient of the Alexander Von Humboldt Prize.
Gary Hug is an American amateur astronomer and a prolific discoverer of minor planets, who, along with Graham E. Bell, operates the Farpoint Observatory and Sandlot Observatory in Kansas, United States.
Gasparo Berti (c. 1600 – 1643) was an Italian mathematician, astronomer and physicist.
Gaston Millochau (born 1866, date of death unknown) was a French astronomer.
Gastrophysics (gastronomical physics) is an emerging interdisciplinary science that employs principles from physics and chemistry to attain a fundamental understanding of the worlds of gastronomy and cooking.
Gautama Siddha, (fl. 8th century) astronomer, astrologer and compiler of Indian descent, known for leading the compilation of the Treatise on Astrology of the Kaiyuan Era during the Tang Dynasty.
Gavriil Adrianovich Tikhov (May 1, 1875 – 1960) was a Soviet astronomer who was a pioneer in astrobiology and is considered to be the father of astrobotany.
Gérard Henri de Vaucouleurs (25 April 1918 – 7 October 1995) was a French astronomer.
Geeumbi is a heritage-listed villa at 1 South Street, Rangeville, Toowoomba, Toowoomba Region, Queensland, Australia.
Geminus of Rhodes (Γεμῖνος ὁ Ῥόδιος), was a Greek astronomer and mathematician, who flourished in the 1st century BC.
Gemma Lavender (born 13 September 1986) is a British astronomer, author and journalist.
Genius of Britain: The Scientists Who Changed the World is a five-part television documentary presented by leading British scientific figures, which charts the history of some of Britain's most important scientists and innovators.
Gennady Andreev (13 August 1950 – 15 September 2002) was a Russian astronomer, mathematician, sportsman, and traveler who specialized in global catastrophes and meteorites.
Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.
Geoffrey Hoyle (born January 12, 1941) is an English science fiction writer, best known for the works which he co-wrote with his father, the astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle.
Georg Friedrich Nicolai (born Lewinstein; 6 February 1874 – 8 October 1964) was a German physiologist.
Georg Heinrich Thiessen (19 January 1914 – 3 July 1961) was a German astronomer.
Georg Joachim de Porris, also known as Rheticus (16 February 1514 – 4 December 1574), was a mathematician, astronomer, cartographer, navigational-instrument maker, medical practitioner, and teacher.
George Matthias von Martens (12 June 1788, Venice – 24 February 1872, Stuttgart) was a German lawyer, botanist and phycologist.
Georg von Peuerbach (also Purbach, Peurbach, Purbachius; born May 30, 1423 – April 8, 1461) was an Austrian astronomer, mathematician and instrument maker, best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum.
George Eric Deacon Alcock, MBE (28 August 1912 Peterborough, Northamptonshire– 15 December 2000) was an English astronomer.
George Bassett Clark (February 14, 1827 – December 20, 1891) was an American instrument maker and astronomer.
Sir George Biddell Airy (27 July 18012 January 1892) was an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881.
George Bishop (Leicester, 21 August 1785 – 14 June 1861), was a noted English astronomer of the nineteenth century.
George Clyde Fisher (May 22, 1878 – January 7, 1949), known as Clyde Fisher, was a curator at the American Museum of Natural History and later the head of the Hayden Planetarium.
George Cary Comstock (February 12, 1855 – May 11, 1934) was an American astronomer and educator.
Sir George Howard Darwin, KCB, FRS, FRSE (9 July 1845 – 7 December 1912) was an English barrister and astronomer.
George David Gatewood (born 1940) also known as George G. Gatewood, is an American astronomer and presently is professor emeritus at the University of Pittsburgh and at the Allegheny Observatory.
George Ellery Hale (June 29, 1868 – February 21, 1938) was an American solar astronomer, best known for his discovery of magnetic fields in sunspots, and as the leader or key figure in the planning or construction of several world-leading telescopes; namely, the 40-inch refracting telescope at Yerkes Observatory, 60-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory, 100-inch Hooker reflecting telescope at Mount Wilson, and the 200-inch Hale reflecting telescope at Palomar Observatory.
Prof George Forbes FRS FRSE FRAS (5 April 1849 – 22 October 1936) was an electrical engineer, astronomer, explorer, author and inventor, some of whose inventions are still in use.
George Hartgill or Hartgyll (fl. 1594) was an English astronomer.
George Henry Peters (1863–October 18, 1947) was a US astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
George Howard Herbig (January 2, 1920 – October 12, 2013) was an American astronomer at the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy.
George Vernon Hudson (20 April 1867 – 5 April 1946) was a British-born New Zealand entomologist and astronomer.
Georg Karl Friedrich Kunowsky (3 March 1786 –23 December 1846) was a German lawyer who was also a talented amateur astronomer.
George Kildare Miley (born 15 March 1942) is an Irish-Dutch astronomer.
George Mary Searle (June 27, 1839 – July 7, 1918) was an American astronomer and Catholic priest.
George Mitchell Seabroke FRAS (1 April 1848 – 1 April 1918) was an English astronomer.
George Driver "Pinky" Nelson (born) is an American physicist, astronomer, science educator, and a former NASA astronaut.
George Ogden Abell (March 1, 1927 – October 7, 1983) taught at UCLA.
George Parker, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, PRS (c. 1695 or 1697 – 17 March 1764) was an English peer and astronomer.
George Phillips Bond (May 20, 1825February 17, 1865) was an American astronomer.
George R. Viscome (born 1956) is an American astronomer.
Sir George Augustus William Shuckburgh-Evelyn, 6th Baronet (23 August 1751 – 11 August 1804) was a British politician, mathematician and astronomer.
George Tomline (3 March 1813 – 25 August 1889), referred to as Colonel Tomline, was an English politician who served as Member of Parliament (MP) for various constituencies.
George A. Van Biesbroeck (or Georges-Achille Van Biesbroeck, January 21, 1880 – February 23, 1974) was a Belgian–American astronomer.
Captain George Vancouver (22 June 1757 – 10 May 1798) was a British officer of the Royal Navy, best known for his 1791–95 expedition, which explored and charted North America's northwestern Pacific Coast regions, including the coasts of contemporary Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon.
George Whipple Clark is an American astronomer and professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
George W. Myers (April 30, 1864 – November 23, 1931) was an American astronomer, mathematician and progressive educator.
George William Hill (March 3, 1838 – April 16, 1914), was an American astronomer and mathematician.
George Willis Ritchey (December 31, 1864 – November 4, 1945) was an American optician and telescope maker and astronomer born at Tuppers Plains, Ohio.
Georges Fournier (November 21, 1881 – December 1, 1954) was a French astronomer.
Georges-Antoine-Pons Rayet (12 December 1839 – 14 June 1906) was a French astronomer.
Georgij A. Krasinsky (February 19, 1939; Leningrad, USSR) – March 17, 2011) was a Russian astronomer active at the Institute of Applied Astronomy, Russian Academy of Science, St Petersburg. He was notable for research on planetary motions and ephemeris. Krasinsky was the president of IAU commission 4-DI on ephemerides during 2003-2006. The asteroid 5714 Krasinsky is named after him.
Gerald Stanley Hawkins (20 April 1928– 26 May 2003) was a British-born American astronomer and author noted for his work in the field of archaeoastronomy.
Gerald Maurice Clemence (16 August 1908 – 22 November 1974) was an American astronomer.
Gerard Peter Kuiper (born Gerrit Pieter Kuiper; December 7, 1905 – December 23, 1973) was a Dutch–American astronomer, planetary scientist, selenographer, author and professor.
Gerard Theodore van Belle (born 1968, in Tallahassee, FL) is an American astronomer.
German North Polar Expedition was a short series of mid-19th century German expeditions to the Arctic.
Germans have been coming to live in the United Kingdom for hundreds of years.
Gerolamo (or Girolamo, or Geronimo) Cardano (Jérôme Cardan; Hieronymus Cardanus; 24 September 1501 – 21 September 1576) was an Italian polymath, whose interests and proficiencies ranged from being a mathematician, physician, biologist, physicist, chemist, astrologer, astronomer, philosopher, writer, and gambler.
Geronimo L. Villanueva (born April 9, 1978) is a planetary astronomer at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
Gerrit Pels (1893, Woerden – 1966, Leiden?) was a Dutch astronomer, a lifelong member of the scientific staff of the Leiden Observatory.
Gerrit L. Verschuur, PhD, born in 1937 in Cape Town, South Africa, is a naturalized American scientist who is best known for his work in radio astronomy.
Gerhart "Gerry" Neugebauer (3 September 1932 – 26 September 2014) was an American astronomer known for his pioneering work in infrared astronomy.
Levi ben Gershon (1288–1344), better known by his Graecized name as Gersonides or by his Latinized name Magister Leo Hebraeus the abbreviation of first letters as RaLBaG, was a medieval French Jewish philosopher, Talmudist, mathematician, physician and astronomer/astrologer.
Giacomo Filippo Maraldi (August 21, 1665 – December 1, 1729) was a French-Italian astronomer and mathematician.
Giacomo Gastaldi (c. 1500 in Villafranca Piemonte – October 1566 in Venice) was an Italian cartographer, astronomer and engineer of the 16th century.
Giacomo Meyerbeer (born Jacob Liebmann Beer; 5 September 1791 – 2 May 1864) was a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century.
Giacomo Micalori (1570 – 1645) was an Italian theologian, philosopher and astronomer.
Gianluca Masi (born 22 January 1972) is an Italian astrophysicist and astronomer, as well as a discoverer of minor planets and variable stars.
Gilles-François de Gottignies (10 March 1630 – 6 April 1689) was a Belgian Jesuit mathematician and astronomer.
Gilstead is a village within the City of Bradford Metropolitan District, West Yorkshire, England.
Ginzel is a lunar impact crater that is located on the far side of the Moon, just beyond the eastern limb.
Gilla Isa Mac Fir Bisigh (died 1301) was an Irish historian, poet, mathematician and astronomer.
Giorgio Abetti (5 October 1882 – 24 August 1982) was an Italian solar astronomer.
Giovanni Antonelli (1 October 1818 – 14 January 1872) was an Italian scientist, astronomer and engineer.
Giovanni Antonio Amedeo Plana (6 November 1781 – 20 January 1864) was an Italian astronomer and mathematician.
Giovanni Antonio Magini (in Latin, Maginus) (13 June 1555 – 11 February 1617) was an Italian astronomer, astrologer, cartographer, and mathematician.
Giovanni Battista Amici (25 March 1786 – 10 April 1863) was an Italian astronomer, microscopist, and botanist.
Giovanni Battista Donati Associate RAS (16 December 1826, Pisa, Italy20 September 1873, Florence, Italy) was an Italian astronomer.
Giovanni Battista Hodierna, also spelled as Odierna (April 13, 1597 – April 6, 1660) was an Italian astronomer at the court of Giulio Tomasi, Duke of Palma (Palma di Montechiaro).
Giovanni Battista Lacchini (20 May 1884 – 6 January 1967) was an Italian astronomer.
Giovanni Battista Riccioli (17 April 1598 – 25 June 1671) was an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order.
Giovanni Battista Zupi or Zupus (c. 1590 – 1650) was an Italian astronomer, mathematician, and Jesuit priest.
Giovanni de Galliano Pieroni (1586–1654) – military engineer specializing in erecting fortifications (authored Trattato delle fortificazioni moderne), architect, mathematician and astronomer who gained particular fame in his day as also as author of horoscopes.
Giovanni de Sanctis (born 1949) is an Italian astronomer and discoverer of minor planets at the Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino (Astronomical Observatory of Turin) in Turin, Italy.
Giovanni Domenico Cassini (8 June 1625 – 14 September 1712) was an Italian (naturalised French) mathematician, astronomer and engineer.
Giovanni Domenico Maraldi (17 April 1709 – 14 November 1788) was an Italian-born astronomer, nephew of Giacomo F. Maraldi.
Giovanni Inghirami, Sch.P., (April 16, 1779 – August 15, 1851) was an Italian astronomer, as well as being a Catholic priest and Piarist.
Giovanni Francesco Mauro Melchiorre Salvemini di Castiglione FRS (January 15, 1708 in Castiglione del Valdarno – October 11, 1791 in Berlin) was an Italian mathematician and astronomer.
Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli FRS(For) HFRSE (14 March 1835 Savigliano – 4 July 1910 Milan) was an Italian astronomer and science historian.
Giovanni Sostero (18 March 1964 – 6 December 2012) was an Italian amateur astronomer.
Girolamo Manfredi or Hieronimus de Manfredis (1430 - 1493) was an Italian philosopher, physician and astronomer.
Giuseppe Maria Asclepi (1706–1776) was an Italian astronomer and physician.
Giuseppe Biancani (in Latin, Josephus Blancanus) (1566 – 1624) was an Italian Jesuit astronomer, mathematician, and selenographer, after whom the crater Blancanus on the Moon is named.
Giuseppe Campani (1635–July 28, 1715) was an Italian optician and astronomer who lived in Rome during the latter half of the 17th century.
Giuseppe Forti (December 21, 1939 – July 2, 2007) was an Italian astronomer and a discoverer of asteroids.
Giuseppe Piazzi (16 July 1746 – 22 July 1826) was an Italian Catholic priest of the Theatine order, mathematician, and astronomer.
Gliese 581b or Gl 581b is an extrasolar planet orbiting within the Gliese 581 system.
A glowworm is a luminous trail of a tiny meteor, occasionally visible in the night sky during a meteor shower.
Gode Venkata Juggarow (1817–1856) was an Indian astronomer and instrument maker.
Govaert Wendelen, Latinized Godefridus Wendelinus, or sometimes Vendelinus (6 June 1580 – 24 October 1667) was a Flemish astronomer.
Golagrama is a village or region in India associated with several medieval Indian astronomers, astrologers and mathematicians.
Gonzalo Tancredi (born 3 August 1963) is an Uruguayan astronomer and associated professor in the Department of Astronomy at the University of the Republic in Montevideo, Uruguay.
Goodricke College is a college of the University of York.
The Goodricke-Pigott Observatory is a private astronomical observatory in Tucson, Arizona.
A googolplex is the number 10, or equivalently, 10.
Gordon John Garradd (born 1959) is an Australian amateur astronomer and photographer from Loomberah, New South Wales.
Gordon H. Pettengill (born February 10, 1926) is an American radio astronomer and planetary physicist.
Gorizia Castle is an Italian fortification, dating to the 11th century, built on the hill which dominates the city of Gorizia, Italy, from which it takes its name.
Gotland (older spellings include Gottland or Gothland), Gutland in the local dialect, is a province, county, municipality, and diocese of Sweden.
Govert Schilling (born 30 November 1956) is a Dutch popular-science writer and amateur astronomer.
Govinda Bhaṭṭathiri (also known as Govinda Bhattathiri of Thalakkulam or Thalkkulathur) (1237 – 1295) (p.15) was an Indian astrologer and astronomer who flourished in Kerala during the thirteenth century CE.
Govindasvāmi (or Govindasvāmin) (c. 800 – c. 860) was an Indian mathematical astronomer most famous for his Bhasya, a commentary on the Mahābhāskarīya of Bhāskara I, written around 830.
Graham E. Bell is an American amateur astronomer and prolific discoverer of minor planets.
GRB 090423 was a gamma-ray burst (GRB) detected by the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission on April 23, 2009 at 07:55:19 UTC whose afterglow was detected in the infrared and enabled astronomers to determine that its redshift is z.
A great comet is a comet that becomes exceptionally bright.
The Great Comet of 1577 (official designation: C/1577 V1) is a non-periodic comet that passed close to Earth during the year 1577 AD.
The Great Comet of 1744, whose official designation is C/1743 X1, and which is also known as Comet de Chéseaux or Comet Klinkenberg-Chéseaux, was a spectacular comet that was observed during 1743 and 1744.
The Great Comet of 1819, officially designated as C/1819 N1, also known as Comet Tralles, was an easily visible brilliant comet, approaching an apparent magnitude of 1–2, discovered July 1, 1819 by Johann Georg Tralles in Berlin, Germany.
The Great Comet of 1882 formally designated C/1882 R1, 1882 II, and 1882b, was a comet which became very bright in September 1882.
The "Great Moon Hoax" refers to a series of six articles that were published in The Sun, a New York newspaper, beginning on August 25, 1835, about the supposed discovery of life and even civilization on the Moon.
NASA's series of Great Observatories satellites are four large, powerful space-based astronomical telescopes.
The term Great Year has a variety of related meanings.
The Greatest Croatian (Najveći Hrvat) was a poll conducted over five weeks in 2003 by the Croatian weekly Nacional.
Greece played an important role in the transmission of classical knowledge to the Islamic world and to Renaissance Italy, and also in the transmission of medieval Arabic science to Renaissance Italy.
Greek numerals, also known as Ionic, Ionian, Milesian, or Alexandrian numerals, are a system of writing numbers using the letters of the Greek alphabet.
Green fireballs are a type of unidentified flying object which have been sighted in the sky since the late 1940s.
Greenville University is a liberal arts university in Greenville, Illinois.
Greg Mort (born March 22, 1952) is an American artist and amateur astronomer whose paintings have been the subject of numerous exhibitions.
The Gregorian telescope is a type of reflecting telescope designed by Scottish mathematician and astronomer James Gregory in the 17th century, and first built in 1673 by Robert Hooke.
Gregory Choniades (also Choniates, Chioniades; Γρηγόριος Χιονιάδης; c. 1240 – 1320) was a Byzantine Greek astronomer.
Gregory Gaylord Fahlman (born 1944), is a Canadian astronomer specializing in the study of globular clusters.
Gregory Scott Aldering (born 1962), also known simply as Greg Aldering is an American astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and supernovae, currently with the University of California, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
Grigori Kuzmin (April 8, 1917 – April 22, 1988) was an Estonian astronomer, who worked mainly in the field of stellar dynamics.
Grigory Nikolayevich Neujmin (Григорий Николаевич Неуймин; –December 17, 1946) was a Georgian–Russian astronomer, native of Tbilisi in Georgia, and a discoverer of minor planets and comets at the Pulkovo and Simeiz Observatories during the first half of the 20th century.
Grigory Abramovich Shajn (Григорий Абрамович Шайн) (April 19, 1892 – August 4, 1956) was a Soviet/Russian astronomer.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands.
Grossmont High School is the oldest high school in San Diego's east county, California.
Guido Bonatti (died between 1296 and 1300) was an Italian mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, who was the most celebrated astrologer of the 13th century.
Guidobaldo del Monte (11 January 1545 – 6 January 1607, var. Guidobaldi or Guido Baldi), Marquis del Monte, was an Italian mathematician, philosopher and astronomer of the 16th century.
Camille Guillaume Bigourdan (6 April 1851 – 28 February 1932) was a French astronomer.
Guillaume Joseph Hyacinthe Jean-Baptiste Le Gentil de la Galaisière (Coutances, 12 September 1725 – Paris, 22 October 1792) was a French astronomer.
Alexandre-Henry-Guillaume le Roberger de Vausenville (... – 18th century) was a French astronomer and mathematician.
Guillaume Postel (25 March 1510 – 6 September 1581) was a French linguist, astronomer, Cabbalist, diplomat, professor, and religious universalist.
The Gum catalog is an astronomical catalog of 84 emission nebulae in the southern sky.
Karl Gunnar Malmquist (21 February 1893 – 27 June 1982) was a Swedish astronomer.
Guntur; is a city within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.
Guo Shoujing (1231–1316), courtesy name Ruosi (若思), was a Chinese astronomer, engineer, and mathematician born in Xingtai, Hebei who lived during the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).
Gurskøya or Gurskøy is an island in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway.
Gustav Andreas Tammann (born 24 July 1932) is a German astronomer and academic.
Gustav Niessl von Mayendorf (26 April 1839 in Verona – 1 September 1919 in Hütteldorf, Vienna; often cited as G. von Niessl), was an Austrian astronomer and mycologist.
Friederich Wilhelm Gustav Spörer (23 October 1822 – 7 July 1895) was a German astronomer.
Gustave-Adolphe Hirn (August 21, 1815 – January 14, 1890) was a French physicist, astronomer.
Brother Guy J. Consolmagno, SJ (born September 19, 1952), is an American research astronomer, Jesuit religious brother, and Director of the Vatican Observatory.
Guy Reiss (1904–1964) was a French astronomer and discoverer of five asteroids, who worked at the Algiers Observatory in Algiers, North Africa, during the 1930s and later at the Nice Observatory in southeastern France.
Gwiazdoń (meaning "of stars") is a Polish surname, also found in Belarus and parts of Russia.
György Kulin (Nagyszalonta 28 January 1905 – 22 April 1989 Budapest) was a Hungarian astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
György Paál (Budapest, 1934 – Budapest, 1992)http://members.iif.hu/visontay/ponticulus/rovatok/limes/bartha-magyar-csillagaszok.html was a Hungarian astronomer and cosmologist.
Fényi Gyula (January 8, 1845 – December 21, 1927) was a Hungarian Jesuit and astronomer.
An HI region or H I region (read H one) is a cloud in the interstellar medium composed of neutral atomic hydrogen (HI), in addition to the local abundance of helium and other elements.
Hendricus Gerardus van de Sande Bakhuyzen (April 2, 1838, The Hague – January 8, 1923, Leiden) was a Dutch astronomer.
Haggerston is a long straight neighbourhood in London, Greater London, England, is considered part of London’s East End.
The Hale Solar Laboratory is a historic astronomical observatory at 740 Holladay Road in Pasadena, Los Angeles County, California.
Hall Cliff is a sandstone cliff long, located along the south side of Saturn Glacier and 1 nautical mile west of Citadel Bastion in eastern Alexander Island, Antarctica.
The Barony of Halton, in Cheshire, England, comprised a succession of 15 barons who held under the overlordship of the County Palatine of Chester ruled by the Earl of Chester.
Halton Christian "Chip" Arp (March 21, 1927 – December 28, 2013) was an American astronomer.
The Hamburg School of Astrology originated in Hamburg, Germany, and revolved around the research and teachings of surveyor/astrologer/amateur astronomer Alfred Witte.
Hamilton Lanphere Smith (November 5, 1819 – 1903) was an American scientist, photographer, and astronomer.
Hans-Emil Lau (16 April 1879 – 16 October 1918) was a Danish astronomer.
Friedrich Wilhelm Hans Ludendorff (Dunowo, 26 May 1873 - Potsdam, 26 June 1941) was a German astronomer and astrophysicist.
Hans Momsen (born 23 October 1735, Fahretoft – 13 September 1811, ibidem) was a North Frisian farmer, mathematician and astronomer.
Hans Carl Frederik Christian Schjellerup (February 8, 1827 – November 13, 1887) was a Danish astronomer.
Hans Scholl (b. 1942) is a German astronomer, who worked at the Astronomisches Rechen-Institut in Heidelberg, Germany, and at the Côte d'Azur Observatory in Nice, France.
Hans-Emil Schuster (born September 19, 1934 in Hamburg) is a German astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets and comets, who retired in October 1991.
Haridatta (ca. 683 CE) was an astronomer-mathematician of Kerala, India, who is believed to be the promulgator of the Parahita system of astronomical computations.
Harlan James Smith (August 25, 1924 – October 17, 1991) was an American astronomer.
Harlan True Stetson (1885–1964) was an American astronomer and physicist.
Harold Lee Alden (January 10, 1890 – February 3, 1964) was an American astronomer.
Harold Burnham Curlewis (6 October 1875 – 8 June 1968) was an Australian astronomer.
Harold Delos Babcock (January 24, 1882 – April 8, 1968) was an American astronomer, and the father of Horace W. Babcock.
Harold Jacoby (4 March 1865 – 20 July 1932) was an American astronomer, born in New York City.
Sir Harold Jeffreys, FRS (22 April 1891 – 18 March 1989) was a British mathematician, statistician, geophysicist, and astronomer.
Harold Lester Johnson (April 17, 1921 – April 2, 1980) was an American astronomer.
Harold Masursky (December 23, 1922 – August 24, 1990) was an American geologist and astronomer.
Harold James Reitsema (born January 19, 1948) is an American astronomer who was part of the teams that discovered Larissa, the fifth of Neptune's known moons, and Telesto, Saturn's thirteenth moon.
Sir Harold Spencer Jones KBE FRS FRSE PRAS (29 March 1890 Kensington, London – 3 November 1960) was an English astronomer.
Harold "Hal" Zirin (October 7, 1929 – January 3, 2012) was an American solar astronomer also known as Captain Corona to a generation of Caltech Astronomy students.
Harpalus was an ancient Greek astronomer (flor. 82nd Olympiad, ca.450 BC) who corrected the cycle of Cleostratus and invented the Nine Year Cycle.
Harry Edwin Wood (3 February 1881 – 27 February 1946) was an English astronomer, director of the Union Observatory in Johannesburg, and discoverer of minor planets.
(1872–1947) was a Japanese physicist and astronomer.
Harvey Raymond Butcher III is an astronomer who has made significant contributions in observational astronomy and instrumentation which have advanced understanding of the formation of stars and of the universe.
Hassan al-Jabarti (حسن الجبرتي) (d. 1774) was a Somali mathematician, theologian, astronomer and philosopher who lived in Cairo, Egypt during the 18th century.
Hastings-on-Hudson is a village and inner suburb of New York City located in the southwest part of the town of Greenburgh in the state of New York, United States.
The Haute-Provence Observatory (OHP, Observatoire de Haute-Provence) is an astronomical observatory in the southeast of France, about 90 km east of Avignon and 100 km north of Marseille.
Hawera Observatory is situated in King Edward Park, Hawera, New Zealand, and is administered and maintained by the Hawera Astronomical Society, which meets at the observatory on the second Wednesday of the month from February to December.
Hawkhurst is an affluent village and civil parish in the borough of Tunbridge Wells in Kent, England.
Haytham is a transliteration of the Arabic name هيثم meaning "young eagle." The name is somewhat common in Arabic Speaking Countries.
Hayyim Selig Slonimski (חיים זעליג סלונימסקי, also known by his acronym CHaZaS) (March 31, 1810 – May 15, 1904) was a Hebrew publisher, astronomer, inventor, and science author.
HD 142527 is a star in the constellation of Lupus.
HD 149026, also named Ogma, is a yellow subgiant star approximately 250 light-years from the Sun in the constellation of Hercules.
HD 213240 b is an extrasolar planet located approximately 133 light-years (41 parsecs) away in the constellation of Grus, orbiting the star HD 213240.
HD 259431 (MWC 147 or V700 Monocerotis) is a young stellar object in the constellation of Monoceros.
HD 268835 (or R66) (30 SM) is one of two stars that were identified by NASA's Spitzer space telescope in the Milky Way's nearest neighbor galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud (the other being R 126 or HD 37974), as being circled by monstrous dust disks that are theorised to be the origin of planets.
HD 61005 is a G8Vk class star in the constellation of Puppis with an associated accretion disk that has helped astronomers understand the process of planetary formation.
HD 87643 is a Be class binary star embedded in a reflection nebula.
Prof Heather Anita Couper, CBE, BSc, DSc (Hon), DLitt (Hon), FInstP, CPhys, FRAS (born 2 June 1949), is a British astronomer and science populariser, and was president of the British Astronomical Association from 1984 to 1986.
Heber Doust Curtis (June 27, 1872 – January 9, 1942) was an American astronomer.
Captain Hector Barbossa is a fictional character in the Pirates of the Caribbean film series, portrayed by Australian actor Geoffrey Rush.
Hedley H. G. Jones (12 November 1917 – 1 September 2017) was a Jamaican musician, audio engineer, inventor, trade unionist and writer.
Hegemone (Greek: Ηγεμόνη), also known as, is a natural satellite of Jupiter.
Heidi B. Hammel (born March 14, 1960) is a planetary astronomer who has extensively studied Neptune and Uranus.
Heikki A. Alikoski (1912, Oulu – 28 December 1997, Turku) was a Finnish astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Ernst Heinrich Bruns (4 September 1848 – 23 September 1919) was a German mathematician and astronomer, who also contributed to the development of the field of theoretical geodesy.
Prof Heinrich Christian Schumacher FRS(For) FRSE (September 3, 1780 – December 28, 1850) was a German-Danish astronomer and mathematician.
Heinrich Decimator (c. 1544, Gifhorn - 1615) was a German Protestant theologian, astronomer and linguist of Mühlhausen in Thuringen.
Heinrich Eduard von Lade (24 February 1817 – 7 August 1904) was a German banker and amateur astronomer.
Heinrich Erfle (April 1, 1884, Dürkheim – April 8, 1923, Jena) was a German optician who spent most of his career at Carl Zeiss.
Heinrich Carl Friedrich Kreutz (September 8, 1854 – July 13, 1907) was a German astronomer, most notable for his studies of the orbits of several sungrazing comets, which revealed that they were all related objects, produced when a very large sun-grazing comet fragmented several hundred years previously.
Heinrich Louis d'Arrest (13 August 1822 – 14 June 1875) was a German astronomer, born in Berlin.
Samuel Heinrich Schwabe (25 October 1789 – 11 April 1875) a German astronomer remembered for his work on sunspots.
Heinrich Vogt (October 5, 1890 – January 23, 1968) was a German astronomer.
Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (October 11, 1758 – March 2, 1840) was a German physician and astronomer.
Heitor Villa-Lobos (March 5, 1887November 17, 1959) was a Brazilian composer, described as "the single most significant creative figure in 20th-century Brazilian art music".
Helena Ivanovna Roerich (born Shaposhnikova; Елéна Ивáновна Рéрих; February 12, 1879 – October 5, 1955) was a Russian theosophist, writer, and public figure.
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Hendrik Christoffel "Henk" van de Hulst (19 November 1918 – 31 July 2000) was a Dutch astronomer and mathematician.
Hendrik van Gent (14 September 1899, Pernis – March 29, 1947, Amsterdam) was a Dutch astronomer.
Henri Arnaut de Zwolle (c. 1400 in Zwolle – September 6, 1466 in Paris John Koster, 'Arnaut de Zwolle, Henri', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed Sept 26 2007)) (often Henri Arnault, also Henricus Arnold/Arnoldus/Arnoul of/van Zwolle) was employed as a physician, astronomer, astrologer, and organist to Philip the Good.
Count Alexandre Henri Gabriel de Cassini (May 9, 1781 – April 23, 1832) was a French botanist and naturalist, who specialised in the sunflower family (Asteraceae) (then known as family Compositae).
Henri Jacques Chrétien (1 February 1879, Paris – 6 February 1956, Washington, D.C.) was a French astronomer and an inventor.
Henri Debehogne (30 December 1928 – 9 December 2007) was a Belgian astronomer and a prolific discoverer of minor planets.
Henri Joseph Anastase Perrotin (December 19, 1845 – February 29, 1904) was a French astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Henri M. J. Boffin is a Belgian astronomer from the European Southern Observatory, credited by the Minor Planet Center with the discovery of 11 numbered minor planets between 1999 and 2001, some in collaboration with Thierry Pauwels.
Henri Mineur (7 March 1899 – 7 May 1954) was a French astronomer and mathematician.
Henri Alexandre Deslandres (24 July 1853 – 15 January 1948) was a French astronomer, director of the Meudon and Paris Observatories, who carried out intensive studies on the behaviour of the atmosphere of the Sun.
Heinrich Brucaeus, also Heinrich van den Brock, sometimes falsely Heinrich Brucaeus of Aalst (1530 – 4 January 1593) was a German physician, astronomer and mathematician.
Henrietta Hill Swope (October 26, 1902 – November 24, 1980) was an American astronomer who studied variable stars.
Henrietta Swan Leavitt (July 4, 1868 – December 12, 1921) was an American astronomer who discovered the relation between the luminosity and the period of Cepheid variable stars.
Henrik Johan Walbeck (1794-1822) was a Finnish geodesist and astronomer studying the size and figure of the Earth by means of grade measurement.
Henrik Mohn (15 May 1835 – 12 September 1916) was a Norwegian astronomer and meteorologist.
Henry Andrews (1744–1820) was born in the village of Frieston, near Grantham, Lincolnshire, England.
Henry Atkinson (1781–1829) was a British mathematician and astronomer whose interests extended to economics, engineering, and philosophy.
Henry Blunt (1806-1853) was born in Southwark.
Henry Briggs (February 1561 – 26 January 1630) was an English mathematician notable for changing the original logarithms invented by John Napier into common (base 10) logarithms, which are sometimes known as Briggsian logarithms in his honour.
Henry Crozier Keating Plummer FRS FRAS (24 October 1875 – 30 September 1946) was an English astronomer.
Henry E. Holt (born 1929) is an American astronomer and prolific discoverer of minor planets and comets, who has worked as a planetary geologist at the United States Geological Survey and Northern Arizona University.
Henry Inman (1816–1895) was an English cavalry officer, pioneer of South Australia, founder and first commander of the South Australia Police, overlander and Anglican clergyman.
Henry Lee Giclas (December 9, 1910 – April 2, 2007) was an American astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets and comets.
Prof Henry Norris Russell FRS(For) HFRSE FRAS (October 25, 1877 – February 18, 1957) was an American astronomer who, along with Ejnar Hertzsprung, developed the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram (1910).
Major General Henry Spencer Palmer (30 April 1838 – 10 February 1893) was a British army military engineer and surveyor, noted for his work in developing Yokohama harbor in the Empire of Japan as a foreign advisor to the Japanese government.
Henry Suter (born Hans Heinrich Suter, 9 March 1841 – 31 July 1918) was a Swiss-born New Zealand zoologist, naturalist, palaeontologist, and malacologist.
Henry VI, Part 1, often referred to as 1 Henry VI, is a history play by William Shakespeare, possibly in collaboration with Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Nashe, believed to have been written in 1591 and set during the lifetime of King Henry VI of England.
Heraclides Ponticus (Ἡρακλείδης ὁ Ποντικός Herakleides; c. 390 BC – c. 310 BC) was a Greek philosopher and astronomer who was born in Heraclea Pontica, now Karadeniz Ereğli, Turkey, and migrated to Athens.
Herbert Hall Turner FRS (13 August 1861, Leeds – 20 August 1930, Stockholm) was a British astronomer and seismologist.
Herman of Carinthia (c. 1100 – c. 1160), also nicknamed Hermannus Dalmata ("the Dalmatian"), Sclavus ("the Slav") or Secundus ("the Second"), was an Istrian philosopher, astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, translator and author.
Per Magnus Herman Schultz (7 July 1823 in Södermanland - 8 May 1890 in Stockholm) was a Swedish astronomer.
Herman Zanstra (November 3, 1894, Schoterland – October 2, 1972, Haarlem) was a Frisian/Dutch astronomer.
Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt (June 17, 1802 – April 26, 1866) was a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France.
Hermann Kobold (5 August 1858 – 11 June 1942) was a German astronomer.
Karl Hermann Struve (October 3, 1854 – August 12, 1920) was a Russian astronomer.
Herrevad Abbey (Herrevadskloster, Herrevads Kloster) was a Cistercian monastery near Ljungbyhed in Klippan Municipality, Scania, in the south of present-day Sweden, but formerly in Denmark until 1658.
Herschel is a 304 kilometer Impact Basin in the Martian southern hemisphere, at 14.5°S, 130°E, located in the Mare Tyrrhenum region of Mars and is inside Terra Cimmeria.
Herschel is a huge crater in the leading hemisphere of the Saturnian moon Mimas, on the equator at 100° longitude.
The Herschel Baronetcy, of Slough in the County of Buckingham, was a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.
Herschel Girls' School is a private, boarding and day school for girls, located in Claremont, a southern suburb of Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.
The Herschel Heights are a complex of nunataks of which Mimas Peak on the east is the highest, located southwest of the Enceladus Nunataks and near the head of Saturn Glacier in southeastern Alexander Island, Antarctica.
Hervé Auguste Étienne Albans Faye (&ndash) was a French astronomer, born at Saint-Benoît-du-Sault (Indre) and educated at the École Polytechnique, which he left in 1834, before completing his course, to accept a position in the Paris Observatory to which he had been appointed on the recommendation of M. Arago.
Hide and Seek is a 1964 British thriller film directed by Cy Endfield.
Hieronymus Schreiber (died 1547), also called Jerôme Schreiber, was a German doctor, mathematician and astronomer from Nuremberg.
Highland Park High School (HPHS) is a public four-year high school located in Highland Park, Illinois, a North Shore suburb of Chicago, Illinois, in the United States.
Highland Park is a historic neighborhood in Northeast Los Angeles.
Hilkka Rantaseppä-Helenius (1925–1975) was a Finnish astronomer.
An astronomical body's Hill sphere is the region in which it dominates the attraction of satellites.
Hipparchus of Nicaea (Ἵππαρχος, Hipparkhos) was a Greek astronomer, geographer, and mathematician.
Hippocrates of Chios (Ἱπποκράτης ὁ Χῖος) was an ancient Greek mathematician, geometer, and astronomer who lived c. 470 – c. 410 BC.
A Hirayama family of asteroids is a group of minor planets that share similar orbital elements, such as semimajor axis, eccentricity, and orbital inclination.
is a Japanese astronomer with the Tokyo Astronomical Observatory.
is a Japanese astronomer.
is a Japanese astronomer and discoverer of minor planets from Sapporo, in the northernmost prefecture of Japan.
is a Japanese amateur astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
was a Japanese astronomer originally from Kanazawa, Ishikawa.
Historical astronomy is the science of analysing historic astronomical data.
The mathematical field of combinatorics was studied to varying degrees in numerous ancient societies.
Dundee (Dùn Dèagh) is the fourth-largest city in Scotland with a population of around 150,000 people.
The recorded history of observation of the planet Mars dates back to the era of the ancient Egyptian astronomers in the 2nd millennium BCE.
Various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu (3rd century BCE to 1st century CE), the Xianbei state (93 to 234 CE), the Rouran Khaganate (330-555), the Turkic Khaganate (552-744) and others, ruled the area of present-day Mongolia.
The rule of the Jagiellonian dynasty in Poland between 1386 and 1572 spans the late Middle Ages and early Modern Era in European history.
The Kingdom of Portugal in the 15th century was the first European power to begin building a colonial empire.
In classical antiquity the island was a center of Ionian culture and luxury, renowned for its Samian wines and its red pottery (called Samian ware by the Romans).
The history of the Cape Colony from 1806 to 1870 spans the period of the history of the Cape Colony during the Cape Frontier Wars, also called the Kaffir Wars, which lasted from 1811 to 1858.
The history of the Netherlands is the history of seafaring people thriving on a lowland river delta on the North Sea in northwestern Europe.
For thousands of years, devices have been used to measure and keep track of time.
HMS Paramour was a 6-gun pink of the Royal Navy, briefly commanded by the astronomer Edmond Halley, initially as a civilian and later as a "temporary captain".
HMS Volage was a built for the Royal Navy in the late 1860s.
Holger Pedersen (born 3 November 1946), Emeritus at the Niels Bohr Institute is a Danish astronomer at the European Southern Observatory.
Holger Thiele (September 25, 1878 – June 5, 1946) was a Danish American astronomer and discoverer of minor planets and comets.
Pierre-Gilles-Antoine-Honoré Flaugergues, usually known as Honoré Flaugergues (May 16, 1755, Viviers, Ardèche – November 26, 1835 or November 20, 1830) was a French astronomer.
Horace Parnell Tuttle (March 17, 1837 – August 16, 1923) was an American astronomer, an American Civil War veteran and brother of astronomer Charles Wesley Tuttle (November 1, 1829 – July 17, 1881).
Horace Welcome Babcock (September 13, 1912 – August 29, 2003) was an American astronomer.
Horologium is a faint constellation in the southern sky.
How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It Coming is the 2010 memoir by Mike Brown, the American astronomer most responsible for the reclassification of the former planet Pluto from planet to dwarf planet.
How It Began: A Time Traveler’s Guide to the Universe is a non-fiction book by the astronomer Chris Impey that discusses the history of the universe, with chapters ranging from the proximate universe to within an iota of the big bang.
Howard J. Brewington (born December 3, 1952 in South Carolina) is an American comet discoverer and former professional telescope operator of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey.
In astronomy, a Hubble bubble would be "a departure of the local value of the Hubble constant from its globally averaged value," or, more technically, "a local monopole in the peculiar velocity field, perhaps caused by a local void in the mass density." The Hubble constant, named for astronomer Edwin Hubble, whose work made clear the expansion of the universe, measures the rate at which expansion occurs.
The Hubble Heritage Project was founded by a group of astronomers in 1998.
Hubble search for transition comets (Transition Comets—UV Search for OH Emissions in Asteroids) was a study involving amateur astronomers and the use of the Hubble Space Telescope.
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation.
Prof Hubert Anson Newton FRS HFRSE (19 March 1830 – 12 August 1896), usually cited as H. A. Newton, was an American astronomer and mathematician, noted for his research on meteors.
Huchra's lens is the lensing galaxy of the Einstein Cross (Quasar 2237+30); it is also called ZW 2237+030 or QSO 2237+0305 G. It exhibits the phenomenon of gravitational lensing that was postulated by Albert Einstein when he realized that gravity would be able to bend light and thus could have lens-like effects.
Hugh Couchman is a Canadian astronomer and professor at McMaster University.
Hugh Percy Wilkins (4 December 1896 –23 January 1960) was a Welsh-born engineer and amateur astronomer.
Victor Hugo Benioff (September 14, 1899 – February 29, 1968) was an American seismologist and a professor at the California Institute of Technology.
Johan August Hugo Gyldén (May 29, 1841 in Helsinki – November 9, 1896 in Stockholm) was a Finland-Swedish astronomer primarily known for work in celestial mechanics.
Huygens was an atmospheric entry probe that landed successfully on Saturn's moon Titan in 2005.
Hypsicles (Ὑψικλῆς; c. 190 – c. 120 BCE) was an ancient Greek mathematician and astronomer known for authoring On Ascensions (Ἀναφορικός) and the Book XIV of Euclid's ''Elements''.
Hyron Spinrad (February 17, 1934 – December 7, 2015) was an American astronomer.
I Zwicky 18 is a dwarf irregular galaxy located about 59 million light years away in the constellation Ursa Major.
Ian Morison FRAS (born 22 November 1943) is an astronomer and astrophysicist who served as the 35th Gresham Professor of Astronomy.
Ian P. Griffin (b. 1966) is a British astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and a public spokesman upon scientific matters.
Ian Keith Shelton (born 30 March 1957) is a Canadian astronomer who discovered SN 1987A, the first modern supernova close and bright enough to be visible to the naked eye.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) defined in August 2006 that, in the Solar System, a planet is a celestial body which.
'Alī ibn al-Ḥusayn Abū l-Qasim al-'Alawi al-Sharif al-Husayni,(ابن الأعلم الشريف الحسيني.), (Baghdad,d 985), was a 10th century Arab astronomer and astrologer.
Shihāb al‐Dīn ibn al‐Majdī (شهاب الدين بن المجدي; 1359–1447 CE) was an Egyptian mathematician and astronomer.
Abu al‐Qasim Ahmad ibn Abd Allah ibn Umar al‐Ghafiqī ibn al-Saffar al‐Andalusi (born in Cordoba, died in the year 1035 at Denia), also known as Ibn al-Saffar (literally: son of the brass worker), was a Spanish-Arab astronomer in Al-Andalus.
Abū al‐Qāsim Aṣbagh ibn Muḥammad ibn al‐Samḥ al‐Gharnāṭī al-Mahri (born 979, Córdoba; died 1035, Granada), also known as Ibn al‐Samḥ, was an Arab mathematician and astronomer in Al-Andalus.
ʿAlāʾ al‐Dīn ʿAlī ibn Ibrāhīm known as Ibn al-Shatir or Ibn ash-Shatir (ابن الشاطر; 1304–1375) was an Arab astronomer, mathematician and engineer.
Ibn Tibbon, is a family of Jewish rabbis and translators that lived principally in Provence in the 12th and 13th centuries.
Ibrahim bib sinan Ibrahim ibn Sinan ibn Thābit ibn Qurra (born: 295-296 A.H/908 A.D in Baghdad, died: 334-335 A.H/ 946 A.D in Baghdad, aged 38) was a Arab Muslim scholar from Harran in northern Mesopotamia/Assyria, the grandson of Thābit ibn Qurra.
IC 2944, also known as the Running Chicken Nebula or the λ Centauri Nebula, is an open cluster with an associated emission nebula found in the constellation Centaurus, near the star λ Centauri.
Icko Iben, Jr. is an American astronomer and a Distinguished Professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Ida Barney (November 6, 1886 – March 7, 1982) was an American astronomer, best known for her 22 volumes of astrometric measurements on 150,000 stars.
Identity is a reality/game show, hosted by Academy Award winner and magician Penn Jillette of Penn & Teller and produced by Reveille where contestants could win a prize money of up to US$500,000 by matching 12 strangers one-by-one to phrases about their identities.
Ignatius Nemet Aloho (also Ignatius Ni‘matallah, Latinized as Nehemias) was the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 1557 until his forced resignation in 1576.
Igor Vladimirovich Bel'kovich (Игорь Владимирович Белькович) (October 15, 1904 (OS: October 2) – May 30, 1949) was a Russian astronomer.
Image-stabilized binoculars are binoculars that have a mechanism for decreasing the apparent motion of the view due to binocular movement.
‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i is an astronomy and culture education center located in Hilo, Hawaii.
Immanuel Halton (1628–1699) was an English astronomer and mathematician, an associate of John Flamsteed.
In Christianity, inculturation is the adaptation of the way Church teachings are presented to non-Christian cultures and, in turn, the influence of those cultures on the evolution of these teachings.
Independence Day UK is a one-hour BBC Radio 1 science fiction special, first broadcast on 4 August 1996.
The Independent Investigations Group (IIG) is a volunteer-based organization founded by James Underdown in January 2000 at the Center for Inquiry-West (now Center for Inquiry – Los Angeles) in Hollywood, California.
Indo-Russian relations (Российско-индийские отношения भारत-रूस सम्बन्ध) refer to the bilateral relations between the Republic of India and the Russian Federation.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
Infrared astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics that studies astronomical objects visible in infrared (IR) radiation.
An infrared dark cloud (IRDC) is a cold, dense region of a giant molecular cloud.
An infrared heater or heat lamp is a body with a higher temperature which transfers energy to a body with a lower temperature through electromagnetic radiation.
Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld (21 October 1921 – 30 March 2015) was a Dutch astronomer.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU; Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is an international association of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.
The International Dark-Sky Association (IDA) is a United States-based non-profit organization incorporated in 1988 by founders David Crawford, a professional astronomer, and Tim Hunter, a physician/amateur astronomer.
"Into the Comet" is a science fiction short story by Arthur C. Clarke.
Invaders from Mars is a 1953 independently made American SuperCinecolor science fiction film, produced by Edward L. Alperson Jr., directed by William Cameron Menzies, that stars Jimmy Hunt, Helena Carter, Arthur Franz, Morris Ankrum, Leif Erickson, and Hillary Brooke.
The invariable plane of a planetary system, also called Laplace's invariable plane, is the plane passing through its barycenter (center of mass) perpendicular to its angular momentum vector.
Inverey (Inbhir Eidh) is a hamlet on Mar Lodge Estate, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Iosif Samuilovich Shklovsky (Ио́сиф Самуи́лович Шкло́вский; sometimes transliterated Josif, Josif, Shklovskii, Shklovskij) (July 1, 1916 – March 3, 1985) was a Soviet astronomer and astrophysicist.
Ira Sprague Bowen (December 21, 1898 – February 6, 1973) was an American physicist and astronomer.
Isaac Israeli ben Joseph or Yitzhak ben Yosef (often known as Isaac Israeli the Younger) was a Spanish-Jewish astronomer/astrologer who flourished at Toledo in the first half of the fourteenth century.
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.
Isabel Martin Lewis (July 11, 1881 – July 31, 1966) was an American astronomer who was the first woman hired by the United States Naval Observatory as assistant astronomer.
Isabel Muñoz-Caravaca (3 August 1838, Madrid—28 March 1915, Guadalajara) was a Spanish teacher, journalist, astronomer, labor activist, ecologist, and feminist active in Guadalajara until 1910.
Isadore Epstein (October 23, 1919 in Tallinn, Estonia – September 17, 1995 in New York City) was an astronomer.
Ismaël Bullialdus (born Ismaël Boulliau,; 28 September 1605 – 25 November 1694) was a 17th-century French astronomer and mathematician who was also interested in history, theology, classical studies, and philology.
Ismail Mustafa or Ismail Mustafa al-Falaki (1825 – 27 July 1901) was an Egyptian astronomer and mathematician.
was a Japanese astronomer.
Ivano Bertini (born April, 1968, in Milan, Italy) is an Italian astronomer at the University of Padua.
Iván Almár (born April 21, 1932 in Budapest) is a Hungarian astronomer.
Izold Pustõlnik (Изольд Бенционович Пустыльник, Izold Bentsionovich Pustylnik; 17 March 1938 in Odessa, Ukrainian SSR – 2 May 2008 in Tartu, Estonia) was an eminent Estonian astronomer who authored numerous scientific publications and served as editor of the Central European Journal of Physics and vice-chairman of the non-profit organization Euroscience Estonia.
Josef Allen Hynek (May 1, 1910 – April 27, 1986) was an American astronomer, professor, and ufologist.
Abū Muḥammad Jābir ibn Aflaḥ (أبو محمد جابر بن أفلح, Geber/Gebir; 1100–1150) was an Arab Muslim astronomer and mathematician from Seville, who was active in 12th century al-Andalus.
John "Jack" Borden Newton (born 13 August 1942, Winnipeg, Manitoba) is a Canadian astronomer, best known for his publications and images in amateur astrophotography both in film and CCD.
Jacob ben David ben Yom Tov (also Yomtob or Jomtob or Bonjourn or Bonet or Po'el or Fu'al) was a Catalan Jewish astronomer and astrologer.
Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon (יעקב בן מכיר ׳ן תיבון), of the Ibn Tibbon family, also known as Prophatius.
Jacob Heinrich Wilhelm Lehmann (3 January 1800 – 17 July 1863) was a German astronomer.
Jacob (or Jakob) Milich (also Mühlich; January 24, 1501 – November 10, 1559) was a German mathematician, physician and astronomer.
Jacob Struve (also Jakob Struve; November 21, 1755 – April 2, 1841) was a German mathematician and father of the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve.
Jacques Cassini (18 February 1677 – 16 April 1756) was a French astronomer, son of the famous Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini.
Jacques Philippe Marie Binet (2 February 1786 – 12 May 1856) was a French mathematician, physicist and astronomer born in Rennes; he died in Paris, France, in 1856.
Jacques Fabrice Vallée (born September 24, 1939) is a computer scientist, venture capitalist, author, ufologist and former astronomer currently residing in San Francisco, California.
Paṇḍita Jagannātha Samrāṭ (1652–1744) was an Indian astronomer and mathematician who served in the court of Jai Singh II of Amber, and was also his guru.
The Jagiellonian University (Polish: Uniwersytet Jagielloński; Latin: Universitas Iagellonica Cracoviensis, also known as the University of Kraków) is a research university in Kraków, Poland.
Jakob Bartsch or Jacobus Bartschius (c. 1600 – 26 December 1633) was a German astronomer.
Jamal ad-Din Muḥammad ibn Ṭāhir ibn Muḥammad al‐Zaydī al‐Bukhārī (variously transcribed Jamal ud-Din, Jamal al-Din (Beauty of Faith), etc., Chinese name Zhamaluding) was a 13th-century Persian astronomer.
Jambusāgaranagara (also written as Jambūsāronagara (see p.81 – 84)) is a place or region in India where a school of astronomers and mathematicians flourished during the fifteenth to eighteenth centuries CE.
James B. "Jim" Kaler (born December 29, 1938 in Albany, New York) is an American astronomer and science writer.
James Bradley FRS (March 1693 – 13 July 1762) was an English astronomer and priest and served as Astronomer Royal from 1742, succeeding Edmond Halley.
James Carpenter (1840–1899) was a British astronomer at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich.
James Challis FRS (12 December 1803 – 3 December 1882) was an English clergyman, physicist and astronomer.
James F. Chappell (1891–1964) was an American astronomer and photographer.
James Craig Watson (January 28, 1838 – November 22, 1880) was a Canadian-American astronomer, discoverer of comets and minor planets, director of the Ann Arbor Observatory, and awarded with the Lalande Prize in 1869.
James Cuffey (October 8, 1911 – May 30, 1999) was an American astronomer.
James Curley (26 October 1796 – 24 July 1889) was an Irish-American astronomer.
James Edward Keeler (September 10, 1857 – August 12, 1900) was an American astronomer.
James Ferguson (August 31, 1797 – September 26, 1867) was a Scottish-born American astronomer and engineer, who made the first discovery of an asteroid from North America (31 Euphrosyne).
James Gilbert Baker (November 11, 1914 – June 29, 2005) was an American astronomer and designer of optics systems.
James Glaisher FRS (7 April 1809 – 7 February 1903) was an English meteorologist, aeronaut and astronomer.
James Gregory FRS (November 1638 – October 1675) was a Scottish mathematician and astronomer.
James Inman (1776-1859), an English mathematician and astronomer, was professor of mathematics at the Royal Naval College, Portsmouth, and author of Inman's Nautical Tables.
Sir James Hopwood Jeans (11 September 187716 September 1946) was an English physicist, astronomer and mathematician.
Captain James King (1750 – 16 November 1784) was an officer of the Royal Navy.
James Ludlow Elliot (17 June 1943 – 3 March 2011) was an American astronomer and scientist who, as part of a team, discovered the rings around the planet Uranus.
Sir James South (October 1785 – 19 October 1867) was a British astronomer.
James Stanley Hey FRS (3 May 1909 – 27 February 2000) was an English physicist and radio astronomer.
James "Jim" Underdown has been the executive director of The Center for Inquiry (CFI) Los Angeles since 1999.
James Vernon Scotti (born 1960) is an American astronomer.
James Walter "Jim" Christy (born September 15, 1938) is an American astronomer.
James Adolph Westphal (June 13, 1930 – September 8, 2004) was an American academic, scientist, engineer, inventor and astronomer and Director of Caltech's Palomar Observatory from 1994 through 1997.
James Whitney Young (born January 24, 1941) is an American astronomer who worked in the field of asteroid research.
James Maurice Wilson (6 November 1836, Castletown, Isle of Man – 15 April 1931, Steep, Petersfield, Hampshire, England) was a British priest in the Church of England as well as a theologian, teacher and astronomer.
Jan Śniadecki (29 August 1756 – 9 November 1830) was a Polish mathematician, philosopher and astronomer at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries.
Jan Świerkowski (born 1984) is a Polish astronomer, science promoter and curator of projects combining science and art.
Jan Brożek (Ioannes Broscius, Joannes Broscius or Johannes Broscius; 1 November 1585 – 21 November 1652) was a Polish polymath: a mathematician, astronomer, physician, poet, writer, musician and rector of the Kraków Academy.
Jan Gadomski (24 June 1889, Czatkowice, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Russian Poland – 2 January 1966) was a Polish astronomer.
Jan Latosz or Jan LatoszyńskiHis surname is sometimes also spelt Latos or Latasz (1539-1608) was a Polish scholar, astronomer, astrologist and physician.
Jan Hendrik Oort (or; 28 April 1900 – 5 November 1992) was a Dutch astronomer who made significant contributions to the understanding of the Milky Way and who was a pioneer in the field of radio astronomy.
Jan Schilt (3 February 1894, Gouda – 9 January 1982, Englewood, New Jersey) was a Dutch-American astronomer, inventor of the Schilt photometer.
Jan Woltjer (3 August 1891, Amsterdam – 28 January 1946, Leiden) was a Dutch astronomer.
Jana Tichá (born 1965) is a Czech astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Jane Greaves is Reader in Astronomy at Cardiff University.
Janet Akyüz Mattei (January 2, 1943 – March 22, 2004) was a Turkish-American astronomer who was the director of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) from 1973 to 2004.
Janet Taylor (13 May 1804 – 25 January 1870) born Jane Ann Ionn, was an English astronomer and navigation expert.
Jantar Mantar is an observatory built in Varanasi in the year 1737 by Maharaja Jai Singh II of kingdom of Amber (later called Jaipur).
Jason John Nassau (1893–1965) was an American astronomer.
Jasus lalandii (also called the Cape rock lobster or West Coast rock lobster) is a species of spiny lobster found off the coast of Southern Africa.
Jaume Nomen Torres (also: Jaime Nomen; born June 23, 1960 in Tortosa, Catalonia) is a Spanish oral and maxillofacial surgeon, amateur astronomer and discoverer of numerous minor planets.
Java Astrodynamics Toolkit (JAT), is libraries of components to assist software makers create their own applications to solve problems in Astrodynamics, mission design, spacecraft navigation, guidance and control by means of Java or Matlab.
Jay Myron Pasachoff (born 1943) is an American astronomer.
János Sajnovics de Tordas et Káloz (Tordas, 12 May 1733 – Pest, 4 May 1785) was a Hungarian linguist and member of the Jesuit order.
Jérôme Eugène Coggia (18 February 1849 – 15 January 1919) was a 19th-century French astronomer and discoverer of asteroids and comets, who was born in the Corsican town of Ajaccio.
Joseph Jérôme Lefrançois de Lalande (11 July 1732 – 4 April 1807) was a French astronomer, freemason and writer.
Jānis Ikaunieks (28 April 1912 Riga – 27 April 1969 Riga) was a Latvian astronomer, who studied the characteristics of the red giants, and, in particular carbon stars.
Jean Abraham Chrétien Oudemans (Amsterdam, December 16, 1827 – Utrecht, December 14, 1906) was a Dutch astronomer.
Jean Baptiste Joseph, chevalier Delambre (19 September 1749 – 19 August 1822) was a French mathematician and astronomer.
Jean Binot (11 August 1867 – 25 November 1909) was a French microbiologist born in Saint-Mandé, Val-de-Marne.
Jean Chacornac (June 21, 1823 – September 23, 1873) was a French astronomer and discoverer of a comet and several asteroids.
Jean François Chazy (15 August 1882, Villefranche-sur-Saône – 9 March 1955, Paris) was a French mathematician and astronomer.
Jean Claude Barthélemy Dufay (July 18, 1896–November 6, 1967) was a French astronomer.
Jean Frédéric Frenet (7 February 1816 – 12 June 1900) was a French mathematician, astronomer, and meteorologist.
Jean Jacques Raimond Jr. (13 April 1903, The Hague – 3 December 1961) was a Dutch astronomer.
Jean Meeus (born 12 December 1928) is a Belgian meteorologist and amateur astronomer specializing in celestial mechanics, spherical and mathematical astronomy.
Jean Mueller (born 1950) is an American astronomer and discoverer of comets, minor planets, and a large number of supernovas at the U.S. Palomar Observatory in California.
Jean-Félix Picard (21 July 1620 – 12 July 1682) was a French astronomer and priest born in La Flèche, where he studied at the Jesuit Collège Royal Henry-Le-Grand.
Jean Picard was a French bookbinder, active around 1540.
Jean Felix Piccard (January 28, 1884 in Basel, Switzerland – January 28, 1963 in Minneapolis, Minnesota), also known as Jean Piccard, was a Swiss-born American chemist, engineer, professor and high-altitude balloonist.
Jean Richer (1630–1696) was a French astronomer and assistant (élève astronome) at The French Academy of Sciences, under the direction of Giovanni Domenico Cassini.
Jean Sylvain Bailly (15 September 1736 – 12 November 1793) was a French astronomer, mathematician, freemason, and political leader of the early part of the French Revolution.
Jean-Baptiste Biot (21 April 1774 – 3 February 1862) was a French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who established the reality of meteorites, made an early balloon flight, and studied the polarization of light.
Jean-Baptiste Chappe d'Auteroche (23 March 1722 – 1 August 1769) was a French astronomer, best known for his observations of the transits of Venus in 1761 and 1769.
Jean-Baptiste Morin (February 23, 1583 – November 6, 1656), also known by the Latinized name as Morinus, was a French mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer.
Jean-Charles Houzeau de Lehaie (October 7, 1820 – July 12, 1888) was a Belgian astronomer and journalist.
Jean-Claude Merlin (born 1954) is a French astronomer, founder-president of the Burgundy Astronomical Society (Société Astronomique de Bourgogne) and a discoverer of minor planets.
Jean-Félix Adolphe Gambart (12 May 1800 – 23 July 1836) was a French astronomer.
Jean-François Du Soleil also known with the Italian name of Francesco Dal Sole (1490 – 1565) was a French mathematician, astronomer and engineer.
Jean-François Séguier (25 November 1703 – 1 September 1784) was a French archaeologist, epigraphist, astronomer and botanist from Nîmes.
Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan (26 November 1678 – 20 February 1771) was a French geophysicist, astronomer and most notably, chronobiologist, was born in the town of Béziers on 26 November 1678.
Jean-Louis Pons (24 December 1761 – 14 October 1831) was a French astronomer.
Jean-Luc Margot (born 1969) is a Belgian-born astronomer and a UCLA professor who specializes in planetary sciences.
Jean-Pierre Verdet (born 1932) is a French astronomer, historian of astronomy and mathematician.
Jeanne Dumée (Paris 1660 - 1706) was a French astronomer and the author of an astronomical text, Entretiens sur l’opinion de Copernic touchant la mobilité de la terre (Conversations on Copernicus’ Opinion on the Movement of the Earth).
Jeffrey S. Medkeff (1968 – 3 August 2008), usually known as Jeff Medkeff, was a prominent science writer and educator.
Jennifer J. Wiseman is an American astronomer.
Jerónimo Cortés (c. 1560 - c. 1611) was a Spanish mathematician, astronomer, naturalist and Valencian compiler.
Jeremiah Horrocks (1618 – 3 January 1641), sometimes given as Jeremiah Horrox (the Latinised version that he used on the Emmanuel College register and in his Latin manuscripts), – See footnote 1 was an English astronomer.
Jeremy R. Mould (born 31 July 1949 in Bristol) is an Australian astronomer currently at the Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing at Swinburne University of Technology.
Jeremy Samuel Heyl is an astronomer and a Professor at the University of British Columbia's Department of Physics and Astronomy, in Vancouver, British Columbia.
Jerome Henry Kidder (October 26, 1842 in Baltimore, Maryland - April 8, 1889 in Woods Hole, Massachusetts) was a surgeon and astronomer.
Jerry Earl Nelson (January 15, 1944 – June 10, 2017) was an American astronomer known for his pioneering work designing segmented mirror telescopes, which led to him receiving the 2010 Kavli Prize for Astrophysics.
Jesse Leonard Greenstein (October 15, 1909 – October 21, 2002) was an American astronomer.
Jiří Grygar (March 17, 1936, in Heinersdorf, Germany, now Dziewiętlice, Poland) is a Czech astronomer, popularizer of science and Kalinga Prize (1996) laureate.
Jill Cornell Tarter (born January 16, 1944) is an American astronomer best known for her work on the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI).
was the pen-name of a popular Japanese writer in Shōwa period Japan, known primarily for his historical fiction novels, which appeared serialized in newspapers and magazines.
Joan Binimelis (1538–1616) was a Spanish priest, physician, geographer, astronomer and writer.
Joan George Erardus Gijsbertus Voûte (June 7, 1879 – August 20, 1963) was a Dutch astronomer.
Joanny-Philippe Lagrula (1870–1941) was a French astronomer.
Joel Hastings Metcalf (January 4, 1866 – February 23, 1925) was an American astronomer, humanitarian and minister.
Joel Stebbins (July 30, 1878 – March 16, 1966) was an American astronomer who pioneered photoelectric photometry in astronomy.
Johann Adam Schall von Bell (1 May 1591 – 15 August 1666) was a German Jesuit and astronomer.
Johann Caspar Horner (Zürich, 12 March 1774 – Zürich, 3 November 1834) was a Swiss physicist, mathematician and astronomer.
Johann Daniel Titius born Johann Daniel Tietz(e) (2 January 1729 – 16 December 1796) was a German astronomer and a professor at Wittenberg.
Johann Elert Bode (19 January 1747 – 23 November 1826) was a German astronomer known for his reformulation and popularisation of the Titius–Bode law.
Johann Albrecht Euler (27 November 1734 – 17 September 1800) was a Swiss-Russian astronomer and mathematician.
Johann Franz Encke (23 September 1791 – 26 August 1865) was a German astronomer.
Johann Friedrich Julius Schmidt (25 October 1825 in Eutin, Germany – 7 February 1884 in Athens, Greece) was a German astronomer and geophysicist.
Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr (27 September 1677 – 1 December 1750) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.
Johann Georg Palitzsch (11 June 1723 – 21 February 1788) was a German astronomer who became famous for recovering Comet 1P/Halley (better known as Halley's Comet) on Christmas Day, 1758.
Johann Georg Repsold (September 19, 1770 – January 14, 1830) was a German astronomer.
Johann Georg von Soldner (16 July 1776 in Feuchtwangen, Ansbach – 13 May 1833 in Bogenhausen, Munich) was a German physicist, mathematician and astronomer, first in Berlin and later in 1808 in Munich.
Johann Gottfried Galle, 1880 Galle's signature Memorial plaque in Wittenberg Johann Gottfried Galle (9 June 1812 – 10 July 1910) was a German astronomer from Radis, Germany, at the Berlin Observatory who, on 23 September 1846, with the assistance of student Heinrich Louis d'Arrest, was the first person to view the planet Neptune and know what he was looking at.
Johann Gottfried Koehler (15 December 1745 – 19 September 1801) was a German astronomer who discovered a number of nebulae, star clusters, and galaxies.
Johann Grueber (28 October 1623, Linz - 30 September 1680, Sárospatak, Hungary) was an Austrian Jesuit missionary and astronomer in China, and noted explorer.
Johann Heinrich Hoffmann (1669 in /Thüringen; April 6, 1716 in Berlin) was a German astronomer.
Johann Heinrich Lambert (Jean-Henri Lambert in French; 26 August 1728 – 25 September 1777) was a Swiss polymath who made important contributions to the subjects of mathematics, physics (particularly optics), philosophy, astronomy and map projections.
Johann Heinrich von Mädler (May 29, 1794, Berlin – March 14, 1874, Hannover) was a German astronomer.
Johann Heinrich Westphal (January 31, 1794 – 1831) was a German astronomer.
Johann Hieronymus Schröter (30 August 1745, Erfurt – 29 August 1816, Lilienthal) was a German astronomer.
Johann Hommel (also Homelius, Hummelius, Homilius, Hummel; 2 February 1518, Memmingen – 4 July 1562, Leipzig) was a German astronomer and mathematician.
Johann Jacob Zimmermann (November 25, 1642 – 1693) was a German nonconformist theologian, millenarian, mathematician, and astronomer.
Johann Jakob Huber (27 August 1733 in Basel - 21 August 1798 in Gotha during the first European astronomical congress) was a Swiss astronomer.
Johann Karl Burckhardt (30 April 1773 – 22 June 1825) was a German-born astronomer and mathematician who later became a naturalized French citizen.
Johann Leonhard Rost (14 August 1688 – 22 March 1727) was a German astronomer and author from Nuremberg.
Johann Matthias (Matyhias) Hase (Haas, Haase) (Latinized as Johannes Hasius) (14 January 1684 – 24 September 1742) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer.
Johann Palisa (December 6, 1848 – May 2, 1925) was an Austrian astronomer, born in Troppau in Austrian Silesia (now in the Czech Republic).
Johann Wilhelm Wagner (24 November 1681 in Heldburg/Thüringen – 16 December 1745 in Berlin) was a German astronomer.
Johannes de Muris (c.1290 - c.1355), or John of Murs, was a French philosopher, astronomer, mathematician, and music theorist best known for treatises on the ars nova, titled Ars nove musice.
Johannes de Sacrobosco, also written Ioannis de Sacro Bosco (1195 – 1256), was a scholar, monk and astronomer who was a teacher at the University of Paris.
Johannes Engel (2 March 1453 – 29 September 1512), also known as Johannes Angelus, was a doctor, astronomer and astrologer from Aichach, near Augsburg, which at that time was a Free Imperial City within the Holy Roman Empire.
Johann Goldsmid, better known by his Latinized name Johann(es) Fabricius (8 January 1587 – 19 March 1616), eldest son of David Fabricius (1564–1617), was a Frisian/German astronomer and a discoverer of sunspots (in 1610), independently of Galileo Galilei.
Johannes Franz Hartmann (January 11, 1865 – September 13, 1936) was a German physicist and astronomer.
Johannes Frischauf (17 September 1837 in Vienna – 7 January 1924 in Graz) was an Austrian mathematician, physicist, astronomer, geodesist and alpinist.
Johannes Hevelius Some sources refer to Hevelius as Polish.
Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630) was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer.
Johannes Phocylides Holwarda (Jan Fokkesz, Jan Fokker, Johann Holwarda, Johannes Fokkes Holwarda, Jan Fokkens Holwarda, Jan Fokkes van haylen) (February 19, 1618—January 22, 1651) was a Frisian astronomer, physician, and philosopher.
Johann Richter or Johannes Praetorius (1537 – 27 October 1616) was a Bohemian German mathematician and astronomer.
Johannes Schöner (16 January 1477 in Karlstadt am Main – 16 January 1547 in Nürnberg) (aka, Johann Schönner, Johann Schoener, Jean Schönner, Joan Schoenerus) was a renowned and respected German polymath.
Johannes Stöffler (also Stöfler, Stoffler, Stoeffler; 10 December 1452 – 16 February 1531) was a German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, priest, maker of astronomical instruments and professor at the University of Tübingen.
Johannes Wilsing (September 8, 1856 – December 23, 1943) was a German astronomer.
John Allen "Jack" Eddy (March 25, 1931 – June 10, 2009) was an American astronomer who published professionally under the name John A. Eddy but much of the content referencing him can be found under his nickname Jack which he preferred to use.
John Adelbert Parkhurst (September 24, 1861 – March 1, 1925) was an American astronomer.
John Arnold (1736 – 11 August 1799) was an English watchmaker and inventor.
John August Anderson (August 7, 1876 – December 2, 1959) was an American astronomer.
John Bainbridge (1582 – 3 November 1643) was an English astronomer and mathematician.
John Bevis (10 November 1695 in Salisbury, Wiltshire – 6 November 1771) was an English doctor, electrical researcher and astronomer.
John Birmingham (1816–1884) was an Irish astronomer, amateur geologist, polymath and poet.
John Broughton (born 1952) is an Australian amateur astronomer and artist.
John Campbell Brown (born 4 February 1947) is an astronomer, former Regius Professor, now Emeritus at University of Glasgow, Astronomer Royal for Scotland, and is an honorary professor at both University of Edinburgh and University of Aberdeen.
Sir John Anthony Carroll (8 January 1899 – 2 May 1974) was a British astronomer and physicist.
John Couch Adams (5 June 1819 – 21 January 1892) was a British mathematician and astronomer.
John Drew (1809-17 Dec. 1857), was a self-educated English astronomer.
John Evan Baldwin FRS (–) was a British Astronomer who worked at the Cavendish Astrophysics Group (formerly Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory) from 1954.
John Edward Geake (22 April 1925 – 3 June 1998) was a British astronomer, noted as a lunar scientist, and scientific instrument designer.
John Edward Mellish (12 January 1886 – 13 July 1970, Medford, Oregon) was an American amateur astronomer and telescope builder.
John Evershed CIE FRS FRAS (26 February 1864 – 17 November 1956) was an English astronomer.
John Flamsteed FRS (19 August 1646 – 31 December 1719) was an English astronomer and the first Astronomer Royal.
John Francis Skjellerup (16 May 1875 – 6 January 1952) was an Australian who spent about a decade working as a telegraphist in South Africa, and was an astronomer.
John (Jay) S. Gallagher III is an American astronomer.
This article is on the astronomer John Bolton.
John Goodricke FRS (17 September 1764 – 20 April 1786) was an English amateur astronomer.
John Greaves (1602 – 8 October 1652) was an English mathematician, astronomer and antiquarian.
John Grigg (4 June 1838 – 20 June 1920) was a New Zealand astronomer.
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet (7 March 1792 – 11 May 1871) was an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, and did botanical work.
Colonel John Herschel (29 October 1837 – 31 May 1921) was an English military engineer, surveyor and astronomer.
John Peter Huchra (December 23, 1948 – October 8, 2010) was an American astronomer and professor.
John Jackson (11 February 1887 – 9 December 1958) was a Scottish astronomer.
John Jones (18181898), also known as Ioan Bryngwyn Bach and Y Seryddwr (The Astronomer), was a Welsh amateur astronomer.
John Keith Davies (b. 1955 Liverpool, England) is a British astronomer.
John Keill (1 December 1671 – 31 August 1721) was a Scottish mathematician, academic and author who was an important disciple of Isaac Newton.
John Lee LL.D (28 April 1783 – 25 February 1866), born John Fiott, was an English philanthropist, astronomer, mathematician, antiquarian and barrister.
John Louis Emil Dreyer (February 13, 1852 – September 14, 1926) was a Danish-Irish astronomer.
John Macon Thome (August 22, 1843 – September 27, 1908) was an American-Argentine astronomer.
John Machin (bapt. c. 1686 – June 9, 1751), a professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, is best known for developing a quickly converging series for Pi in 1706 and using it to compute Pi to 100 decimal places.
John Martin Schaeberle (January 10, 1853 – September 17, 1924) was a German-American astronomer.
John Mullan, Jr. (July 31, 1830 – December 28, 1909) was an American soldier, explorer, civil servant, and road builder.
John Napier of Merchiston (1550 – 4 April 1617); also signed as Neper, Nepair; nicknamed Marvellous Merchiston) was a Scottish landowner known as a mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. He was the 8th Laird of Merchiston. His Latinized name was Ioannes Neper. John Napier is best known as the discoverer of logarithms. He also invented the so-called "Napier's bones" and made common the use of the decimal point in arithmetic and mathematics. Napier's birthplace, Merchiston Tower in Edinburgh, is now part of the facilities of Edinburgh Napier University. Napier died from the effects of gout at home at Merchiston Castle and his remains were buried in the kirkyard of St Giles. Following the loss of the kirkyard there to build Parliament House, he was memorialised at St Cuthbert's at the west side of Edinburgh.
John of Głogów (Jan z Głogowa, Jan Głogowczyk; Johann von Schelling von Glogau) (c. 1445 – 11 February 1507) was a notable polyhistor at the turn of the Middle Ages and Renaissance—a philosopher, geographer and astronomer at the University of Krakow.
John Pediasimos (Ιωάννης Πεδιάσιμος; ca. 1250 – early 14th century), also known as John Pothos, was a Byzantine churchman, scholar, astronomer, mathematician, mythologist, syllogistic, musician, and physician active at Constantinople, Ohrid and Thessalonica.
John Pringle Nichol FRSE FRAS (13 January 1804 – 19 September 1859) was a Scottish educator, phrenologist, astronomer and economist who did much to popularise astronomy in a manner that appealed to nineteenth century tastes.
John Quincy Stewart (September 10, 1894 – March 19, 1972) was an American astrophysicist.
John Russell Hind FRS FRSE LLD (12 May 1823 – 23 December 1895) was an English astronomer.
John Stuart Allen (May 13, 1907 – December 27, 1982) was an American astronomer, university professor and university president.
John Stefanos Paraskevopoulos (June 20, 1889 – March 15, 1951) also known as John Paras, was a Greek/South African astronomer.
John Stanley Plaskett (November 17, 1865 – October 17, 1941) was a Canadian astronomer.
Rev John Sutherland Black FRSE LLD (1846–1923) was a Scottish biblical scholar and contributor to the Encyclopædia Britannica and Dictionary of National Biography.
John Tebbutt (25 May 1834 – 29 November 1916) was an Australian astronomer, famous for discovering the "Great Comet of 1861".
John V. McClusky is an American astronomer.
John Vitéz de Zredna (zrednai Vitéz János; Ivan Vitez od Sredne; 1408 – 8 August 1472) was a Hungarian humanist, diplomat, Latinist, mathematician, astrologist and astronomer.
John W. Sullivan was an Irish-Canadian mathematician, astronomer, and explorer.
John Winthrop (December 19, 1714 – May 3, 1779) was the 2nd Hollis Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Harvard College.
John Wrottesley, 2nd Baron Wrottesley (5 August 1798 – 27 October 1867) was an English astronomer.
John William Carson (October 23, 1925 – January 23, 2005) was an American television host, comedian, writer, and producer.
Jonathan Archer is a fictional character in the Star Trek franchise.
Jonathan ben Joseph was a Lithuanian rabbi and astronomer who lived in Risenoi, Grodno in the late 17th century and early 18th century.
Jonathan Hale (born Jonathan Hatley, March 21, 1891 – February 28, 1966) was a Canadian-born film and television actor.
Jones Lake State Park is a North Carolina state park in Bladen County, North Carolina in the United States near Elizabethtown.
Jorge E. Bobone (1901 – October 21, 1958) was an Argentinian astronomer.
Jorge Sahade (born February 17, 1915 in Cordoba, Argentina, died December 18, 2012) was an Argentinean astronomer with more than 200 publications in journals and conferences.
José De Queiroz (born August 9, 1954) is a Portuguese-born, Swiss amateur astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, as well as a restaurant manager in Falera in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.
José Francisco Salgado (born José Francisco Salgado Alicea in San Juan, Puerto Rico) is an astronomer, experimental photographer, visual artist, and public speaker.
José Luis Ortiz Moreno (born 1967) is a Spanish astronomer, and former Vicedirector of Technology at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA), Spain.
Don Jose de Mazarredo Salazar de Muñatones y Gortázar Order of Santiago (Bilbao 1745 – Madrid, 1812) was a Spanish naval commander, cartographer, ambassador, astronomer and professor of naval tactics.
Josef (also José or Joseph) de Mendoza y Ríos (1761–1816) was a Spanish astronomer and mathematician of the 18th century, famous for his work on navigation.
Josef Hopmann (December 22, 1890 – October 11, 1975) was a German astronomer (also see List of German astronomers).
Josep Comas i Solà (17 December 1868 – 2 December 1937) was a Spanish astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, comets and double stars, born of Catalan origin in Barcelona.
Joseph Ashbrook (April 4, 1918 – August 4, 1980) was an American astronomer.
Joseph Bell DeRemer (1871–1944), who lived and worked in Grand Forks, North Dakota, was one of the finest architects in North Dakota.
Joseph François Bossert (30 November 1851 – 21 June 1906) was a French astronomer.
Joseph Brown (December 3, 1733 – December 3, 1785) was an early American industrialist, architect, astronomer, and professor at Brown University.
Joseph Edward Evans (18 September 1855 - 25 December 1938) was a British schoolmaster and amateur astronomer, headmaster of the Royal Hospital School in Greenwich and a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Joseph Gledhill (November 17, 1837 – March 20, 1906) was a British astronomer.
Joseph Gurney Barclay FRAS (1816 – 25 April 1898) was the son of Robert and Elizabeth Barclay (née Gurney).
Joseph Harris (1703 – 1764) was a British blacksmith, astronomer, navigator, economist, natural philosopher, government adviser and King's Assay Master at the Royal Mint.
Joseph Helffrich (12 January 1890 in Mannheim, Baden – 1971) was a German astronomer.
Joseph Jean Pierre Laurent (or Joseph Laurent) (died 1900) was a French amateur astronomer and chemist who discovered the asteroid 51 Nemausa in 1858, for which he was a recipient of the Lalande Prize awarded by the French Academy of Sciences.
Joseph Johann von Littrow (13 March 1781, Horšovský Týn (Bischofteinitz) – 30 November 1840, Vienna) was an Austrian astronomer.
Joseph William Kittinger II (born July 27, 1928) is a retired colonel in the United States Air Force and a USAF Command Pilot.
Joseph Lade Pawsey (14 May 1908 – 30 November 1962) was an Australian scientist, radiophysicist and radio astronomer.
Joseph Lepaute Dagelet (1751-1788) was a French astronomer, clockmaker and mathematician who accompanied Lapérouse on his scientific circumnavigation, in the course of which he perished.
Joseph Nicolas Nicollet (July 24, 1786 – September 11, 1843), also known as Jean-Nicolas Nicollet, was a French geographer, astronomer, and mathematician known for mapping the Upper Mississippi River basin during the 1830s.
Joseph Petzval (6 January 1807 – 19 September 1891) was a mathematician, inventor, and physicist best known for his work in optics.
Joseph Rheden (5 April 1873 – 6 August 1946) was an Austrian astronomer, born in Amlach, East Tyrol, known for his astrographic observations of planets, minor planets and comets, and for the asteroids 744 Aguntina, 771 Libera, and 844 Leontina, which he discovered in 1913 and 1916, respectively.
Joseph Stillman Hubbard (7 September 1823 – 16 August 1863) was an American astronomer from New Haven, Connecticut.
Joseph Wharton (March 3, 1826 – January 11, 1909) was an American industrialist.
Joseph Winlock (February 6, 1826 – June 11, 1875) was an American astronomer and mathematician.
Joseph-Louis Lagrange (or;; born Giuseppe Lodovico Lagrangia, Encyclopædia Britannica or Giuseppe Ludovico De la Grange Tournier, Turin, 25 January 1736 – Paris, 10 April 1813; also reported as Giuseppe Luigi Lagrange or Lagrangia) was an Italian Enlightenment Era mathematician and astronomer.
Joseph-Nicolas Delisle (4 April 1688 – 11 September 1768) was a French astronomer and cartographer.
Josip Križan (December 31, 1841 in Kokoriči – July 16, 1921 in Varaždin, Croatia) was a Slovenian mathematician, physicist, philosopher and astronomer.
Jost Bürgi (also Joost, Jobst; Latinized surname Burgius or Byrgius; 28 February 1552 – 31 January 1632), active primarily at the courts in Kassel and Prague, was a Swiss clockmaker, a maker of astronomical instruments and a mathematician.
The Jovian–Plutonian gravitational effect was a hoax phenomenon purported to cause a noticeable short-term reduction in gravity on Earth that was invented for April Fools' Day by the English astronomer Patrick Moore and broadcast on BBC Radio 2 on 1 April 1976.
Juan G. Sanguin (1933 – 7 january 2006) was an Argentine astronomer.
Judah ibn Verga (Hebrew: יהודה אבן וירגה) was a Spanish historian, kabalist, perhaps also mathematician, and astronomer, of the 15th century, born at Seville.
Judson Boardman Coit (1849–1921) was an American mathematician and astronomer who published in numerous journals, including The Astrophysical Journal and the of the British Astronomical Association.
Julian day is the continuous count of days since the beginning of the Julian Period and is used primarily by astronomers.
Julie Haynes Lutz is an astronomer and mathematician who studies planetary nebulae and symbiotic binary stars.
Julie Marie Vinter Hansen (20 July 1890 – 27 July 1960) was a Danish astronomer.
Julius August Christoph Zech (24 February 1821 Stuttgart, Germany) − 13 July 1864 Berg) was a German astronomer and mathematician. In 1849, Zech published a table of logarithms; as a result, Zech logarithms for finite fields are named after him.
Julius Bauschinger (January 28, 1860 – January 21, 1934) was a German astronomer.
Julius Heinrich Franz (28 June 1847 – 28 January 1913) was a German astronomer.
Julius Reichelt (1637–1717) was a German mathematician and astronomer who may have set up the first observatory in the city of Strasbourg.
Jun Chen is a Chinese American astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Junicode ("Junius-Unicode") is a free (SIL Open Font License) old-style serif typeface developed by Peter S. Baker of the University of Virginia.
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System.
Juraj Tóth (born 25 March 1975) is a Slovak astronomer, discoverer of minor planets, and professor of astronomy at Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia.
A book called Al Taʿrīfāt (التعريفات "The Definitions"), written by Ali ibn Mohammed al-Jurjani (1339–1414), who was a known philosopher, astronomer, theologian, and a linguist.
Just Mathias Thiele (13 December 1795 – 9 November 1874) was a Danish scholar and librarian.
Justus Georg Westphal (18 March 1824 – 9 November 1859) was a German astronomer and mathematician.
Jyeṣṭhadeva (Malayalam: ജ്യേഷ്ഠദേവന്) was an astronomer-mathematician of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics founded by Sangamagrama Madhava.
In Hindu astronomy, Jyotirmimamsa (analysis of astronomy) is a treatise on the methodology of astronomical studies authored by Nilakantha Somayaji (1444–1544) in around 1504 CE.
Kaj Aage Gunnar Strand (27 February 1907 – 31 October 2000) was a Danish astronomer who worked in Denmark and the United States He was Scientific Director of the U.S. Naval Observatory from 1963 to 1977.
Kaniyan Poongunranar, also Poongundranar or Pungundranar, literally Poongunranar was an influential Tamil philosopher from the Sangam age.
Kanton Island (also known as Canton Island or Abariringa Island), alternatively known as "Mary Island", "Mary Balcout's Island" or "Swallow Island", is the largest, northernmost, and, the sole inhabited island of the Phoenix Islands, in the Republic of Kiribati.
Karanapaddhati is an astronomical treatise in Sanskrit attributed to Puthumana Somayaji, an astronomer-mathematician of the Kerala school of astronomy and mathematics.
The Kardashev scale is a method of measuring a civilization's level of technological advancement, based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to use for communication, proposed by Russian astrophysicist Nikolai Kardashev.
Karel Anděl (December 28, 1884 – March 17, 1947) was a Czech astronomer and selenographer.
Karen J. Meech (born 1959) is an American astronomer at the Institute for Astronomy in the University of Hawaii.
Karl A. Augustesen (born 1945) is a Danish astronomer and co-discoverer of minor planets.
Karl Christian Bruhns (22 November 1830 – 25 July 1881) was a German astronomer.
Karl Khristoforovich Friedrich Knorre; Карл Христофорович Кнорре (28 March 1801 – 29 August 1883) was a Russian astronomer of Baltic German ethnic origin who is best known for founding the Nikolayev Astronomical Observatory in 1827.
Karl Glazebrook (born 1965) is a British astronomer, known for his work on galaxy formation, for playing a key role in developing the "nod and shuffle" technique for doing redshift surveys with large telescopes, and for originating the Perl Data Language (PDL).
Karl Gordon Henize, Ph.D. (2004 News Releases, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California (US), March 8, 2004 17 October 1926 – 5 October 1993) was an American astronomer, space scientist, NASA astronaut, and professor at Northwestern University.
Karl Ludwig Edler von Littrow (18 July 1811 – 16 November 1877) was an Austrian astronomer.
Karl Ludwig Harding (September 29, 1765 – August 31, 1834) was a German astronomer, who discovered 3 Juno, the third asteroid of the main-belt in 1804.
Karl Müller (1866–1942) was a Czech government official and amateur astronomer.
Karl Brandan Mollweide, (3 February 1774 in Wolfenbüttel – 10 March 1825 in Leipzig) was a German mathematician and astronomer in Halle and Leipzig.
Karl Johann Nikolaus Stumpff (May 17, 1895 – November 10, 1970) was a German astronomer.
Karl Wilhelm Reinmuth (April 4, 1892 in Heidelberg – May 6, 1979 in Heidelberg) was a German astronomer and a prolific discoverer of 395 minor planets.
Karl Wilhelm Valentiner (22 February 1845 in Eckernförde – 1 April 1931) was a German astronomer.
Karl-Otto Kiepenheuer (10 November 1910 – 23 May 1975) was a German astronomer and astrophysicist.
Kasimir Romuald Graff (February 7, 1878 – February 15, 1950) was a German astronomer.
Kaspar Gottfried Schweizer (February 16, 1816 – July 6, 1873) was a Swiss astronomer who travelled to Moscow in 1845 to become Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy at the Survey Institute, and later director of the Moscow University Observatory.
Kaspar Uttenhofer (1588 – 31 May 1621) was a German astronomer.
Ka·ṭa·pa·yā·di (Devanagari: कटपयादि) system (also known as Paralppēru, Malayalam: പരല്പ്പേര്) of numerical notation is an ancient Indian system to depict letters to numerals for easy remembrance of numbers as words or verses.
Kazimieras Černis (born November 11, 1958, Vilnius) is a Lithuanian astronomer and astrophysicist, active member of the IAU, and a prolific discoverer of minor planets and comets.
Kazimierz Kordylewski (born 11 October 1903 in Poznań - 11 March 1981 in Kraków, Poland) was a Polish astronomer.
was a Japanese astronomer, who, together with astronomer Okuro Oikawa, co-discovered the Mars-crosser asteroid 1139 Atami in 1929.
Kazuyoshi Itō (伊藤和幸 Itō Kazuyoshi) is a Japanese astronomer.
Károly Nagy (6 December 1797 – 2 March 1868) was a Hungarian astronomer, mathematician, chemist and politician.
Kārlis Šteins (October 13, 1911 in Kazan, Russian Empire – April 4, 1983) was a Latvian and Soviet astronomer and populariser of this science.
was a Japanese astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and comets.
is a Japanese dentist, amateur astronomer and discoverer of 13 minor planets.
Keith Tritton is an astronomer and observatory manager who has worked in various different parts of the world.
Ken Croswell is an astronomer and author living in Berkeley, California.
The Kendall Band is a three-part musical sculpture created between 1986 and 1988 by Paul Matisse, who is the grandson of French artist Henri Matisse and stepson of surrealist artist Marcel Duchamp.
Kenneth Essex Edgeworth, DSO, MC (26 February 1880 – 10 October 1972) was an Irish astronomer, economist and engineer.
Kenneth Linn Franklin (March 25, 1923 – June 18, 2007) was an American astronomer and educator.
Kenneth J. Lawrence (born 1964) is an American astronomer.
Kenneth I. Kellerman (born 1937) is an astronomer at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory.
Kenneth R. Sembach is an American astronomer, and since 2015 October has been the Director of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland.
Kent Cullers (born 1949) is an American astronomer, who was a manager of SETI's Project Phoenix.
Kentmere is a valley, village and civil parish in the Lake District National Park, a few miles from Kendal in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England.
is a Japanese astronomer from Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
Kepler is an opera by Philip Glass set to a libretto in German and Latin by Martina Winkel.
A Kepler triangle is a right triangle with edge lengths in geometric progression.
is a Japanese astronomer and entomologist.
Khagol Mandal is an organization of amateur astronomers in Mumbai, India.
Kharkiv (Ха́рків), also known as Kharkov (Ха́рьков) from Russian, is the second-largest city in Ukraine.
The Khwarizmi International Award is given annually by the Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST) to individuals who have made outstanding achievements in research, innovation and invention, in fields related to science and technology.
『新訂 現代日本人名録94 4.
King William's College (Colleish Ree Illiam) is an International Baccalaureate HMC independent school for ages 3 to 18, situated near Castletown on the Isle of Man.
Kirkwood Observatory is an astronomical observatory owned and operated by Indiana University.
is a Japanese amateur astronomer, observer of variable stars, discoverer of comet C/1970 B1, and co-discoverer of the main-belt asteroid 7752 Otauchunokai, named after the Ota Uchuno Kai group, an amateur astronomers' club at Ōta city, of which he is a member of.
was a Japanese astronomer, best known for his discovery that many asteroid orbits were more similar to one another than chance would allow, leading to the concept of asteroid families, now called "Hirayama families" in his honour.
Klim Ivanovich Churyumov (Клим Іва́нович Чурю́мов, Клим Ива́нович Чурю́мов) (19 February 1937 – 14 October 2016) was a Soviet and Ukrainian astronomer.
The Klumpke-Roberts Award, one of seven international and national awards for service to astronomy and astronomy education given by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, was established from a bequest by astronomer Dorothea Klumpke-Roberts to honor her husband Isaac Roberts and her parents.
Knidos or Cnidus (Κνίδος) was an ancient Greek city of Caria and part of the Dorian Hexapolis, in south-western Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey.
Knut Jørgen Røed Ødegaard (born 6 May 1966) is a Norwegian astronomer formerly employed as a media contact at the University of Oslo's Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics.
Knut Emil Lundmark, born 14 June 1889 in Älvsbyn, Sweden, died 23 April 1958 in Lund, Sweden, was a Swedish astronomer, professor of astronomy and head of the observatory at Lund University from 1929 to 1955.
Konrad Rudnicki (born 2 July 1926 in Warsaw, Poland, died 12 November 2013 in Kraków, Poland) was a Polish astronomer, professor at the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, and a priest of the Old Catholic Mariavite Church.
Konstantin Batygin (Константи́н Юрьевич Батыгин) is a Russian-American astronomer and Assistant Professor of Planetary Sciences at Caltech.
The Kreutz sungrazers (pronounced kroits) are a family of sungrazing comets, characterized by orbits taking them extremely close to the Sun at perihelion.
Krisztián Sárneczky (born 6 November 1974 in Budapest) is a Hungarian teacher of geography, astronomer and prolific discoverer of minor planets and supernovae, researching at Konkoly Observatory in Budapest, Hungary.
Kronberger 61, also known as the "soccer ball", is a Nebula discovered by an amateur astronomer in January, 2011, with the newer images having been taken by the Gemini Observatory.
Kronid Arkadyevich Lyubarsky (Крони́д Арка́дьевич Люба́рский; 4 April 1934, Pskov, Soviet Union – 23 May 1996, Bali, Indonesia) was a Russian journalist, dissident, human rights activist and political prisoner.
The Kuiper belt, occasionally called the Edgeworth–Kuiper belt, is a circumstellar disc in the outer Solar System, extending from the orbit of Neptune (at 30 AU) to approximately 50 AU from the Sun.
Kuiper Scarp is an east–west escarpment running along the south face of Uranus Glacier on the east side of Alexander Island, Antarctica.
Kurd Kisshauer (* December 29, 1886 in Berlin; † November 14, 1958 in Frankfurt/Main) was a member of the German society for astronomy.
Abul-Hasan Kūshyār ibn Labbān ibn Bashahri Gilani (971–1029), also known as Kūshyār Gīlānī (کوشیار گیلانی), was an Iranian mathematician, geographer, and astronomer from Gilan, south of the Caspian Sea, Iran.
is a private university in Kita-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan.
Diwan Bahadur Lewis Dominic Swamikannu Pillai CIE, ISO (b. 11 February 1865 - d. 10 September 1925) was an Indian politician, historian, linguist, astronomer and administrator who served as the second President of the Madras Legislative Council.
La Superba (Y CVn, Y Canum Venaticorum) is a variable star in the constellation Canes Venatici, well known for its strikingly red appearance.
Lacus Excellentiae (Latin for "Lake of Excellence") is a relatively small, irregular lunar mare in the southern latitudes of the Moon, amidst the rugged terrain to the south of the larger Mare Humorum.
Ladislaus Weinek (Weinek László, February 13, 1848, Buda – November 12, 1913, Prague) was an Austro-Hungarian astronomer.
Ladislav Brožek (born 1952) is a Slovak astronomer.
Lahti (Lahtis) is a city and municipality in Finland.
Lake Como is a borough in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States.
Lalla (720–790 CE) was an Indian mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer who belonged to a family of astronomers.
The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way.
Larry Fyrulays, Ph.D., is a fictional character in the CBS crime drama Numb3rs, played by Peter MacNicol.
Lars H. Gustafsson was born on May 10, 1942 in Uppsala.
In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.
Laura Danly, Ph.D. (b. July 7, 1958) is an American astronomer and academic.
Laurentius Paulinus Gothus (November 10, 1565 – November 29, 1646) was a Swedish theologian, astronomer and Archbishop of Uppsala (1637–1645).
Lawrence Hugh Aller (September 24, 1913 – March 16, 2003) was an American astronomer.
Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse, KP, FRS (17 November 1840 – 29 August 1908) was a member of the Irish peerage and an amateur astronomer.
Lawrence Rooke (also Laurence) (1622–26 June 1662) was an English astronomer and mathematician.
Le Grand Macabre (1974–77, revised version 1996) is the only opera by Hungarian composer György Ligeti.
Leah Brown Allen (November 6, 1884 in Providence, Rhode Island – February 1973) was an American astronomer and Professor of Astronomy at Hood College.
Lee Anne Willson (born 1947) is an American astronomer.
Leif Erland Andersson (4 November 1943 – 4 May 1979) was a Swedish astronomer.
Leland Erskin Cunningham (February 19, 1904, in Wiscasset, Maine – May 31, 1989, in Richmond, California) was an American astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Lenka Kotková (née Šarounová; born 26 July 1973) is a Czech astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets.
Lennox Lauchlan Cowie FRS (born 18 October 1950, Jedburgh, Scotland) is a Scottish astronomer, and professor at the Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii.
Leo Anton Karl de Ball (November 23, 1853 – December 12, 1916) was a German-Austrian astronomer.
Leon Battista Alberti (February 14, 1404 – April 25, 1472) was an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer; he epitomised the Renaissance Man.
Leon Campbell (January 20, 1881 – May 10, 1951) was an American astronomer.
Leon Mestel (5 August 1927 – 15 September 2017) was a British astronomer and astrophysicist and Emeritus Professor at the University of Sussex.
Leonard John Celistus Culhane FRS (born 14 October 1937) is a British astronomer, and director of the Mullard Space Science Laboratory at University College London.
Leonard Kornoš (born 1956) is a Slovak astronomer and a prolific discoverer of asteroids.
Leonard L. Amburgey (born 1945) is an American amateur astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and public-school teacher by profession.
Leonard Salomon Ornstein (November 12, 1880 in Nijmegen, the Netherlands – May 20, 1941 in Utrecht, the Netherlands) was a Dutch physicist.
Leonardo Ximenes (27 December 1716 – 4 May 1786) was a famous Italian jesuit mathematician, engineer, astronomer and geographer from Sicily.
Leonhard Euler (Swiss Standard German:; German Standard German:; 15 April 170718 September 1783) was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, astronomer, logician and engineer, who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics, such as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory, while also making pioneering contributions to several branches such as topology and analytic number theory.
Leopold Courvoisier (1873–1955) was a Swiss astronomer.
Leslie John Comrie FRS (15 August 1893 – 11 December 1950) was an astronomer and a pioneer in mechanical computation.
Leslie Copus Peltier (January 2, 1900 – May 10, 1980) was an American amateur astronomer and discoverer of several comets and novae, once described as "the world's greatest non-professional astronomer" by Harlow Shapley.
Leuschner Observatory, originally called the Students' Observatory, is an observatory jointly operated by the University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco State University.
The Levelland UFO case occurred on November 2–3, 1957, in and around the small town of Levelland, Texas.
Lewis A. Swift (February 29, 1820 – January 5, 1913) was an American astronomer.
Lewis Boss (26 October 1846 – 5 October 1912) was an American astronomer.
Lewis Morris Rutherfurd (November 25, 1816 – May 30, 1892) was an American lawyer and astronomer, and a pioneering astrophotographer.
D/1770 L1, popularly known as Lexell's Comet after its orbit computer Anders Johan Lexell, was a comet discovered by astronomer Charles Messier in June 1770.
Li Fan (Chinese: 李梵, pinyin: Lǐ Fàn) was a Chinese astronomer during the Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD).
Many early Islamic philosophers and logicians discussed the liar paradox.
Lidiya Tseraskaya (Russian: Лидия Петровна Цераская) (1855 - 1931) was a Soviet astronomer.
LightBuckets is a commercial astronomical observatory formerly located in Rodeo, New Mexico and now located in France, which rents time on its telescopes to customers around the world via a website on the Internet, including amateur and professional astronomers.
Liisi Oterma (6 January 1915 – 4 April 2001) was a Finnish astronomer, the first woman to get a Ph.D. degree in astronomy in Finland.
Lincoln LaPaz (February 12, 1897 – October 19, 1985) was an American astronomer from the University of New Mexico and a pioneer in the study of meteors.
Lincos (an abbreviation of the Latin phrase lingua cosmica) is a constructed language first described in 1960 by Dr.
Linda Salzman (born July 16, 1940) is an artist and writer, who created the artwork for the plaque on the Pioneer spacecraft and coproduced the Voyager Golden Record.
Lindsay Atkins Eddie (1845 – 13 October 1913) was a South-African amateur astronomer.
(22) Kalliope I Linus is an asteroid moon that orbits the large M-type asteroid 22 Kalliope.
Lionel Keith Murphy QC (30 August 1922 – 21 October 1986) was an Australian politician and judge.
Lipót Schulhof (March 12, 1847 in Baja – October 1921 in Paris; Schulhof Lipót; Leopold Schulhof or Schulhoff; Léopold Schulhof) was a Hungarian-Jewish astronomer, born in the Austrian Empire, who first worked at the Vienna Observatory and later spent most of his time at the Paris Observatory, observing comets and asteroids.
Lisa Kaltenegger (4 March 1977 in Kuchl nearby Salzburg) is an Austrian astronomer with expertise in the modeling and characterization of exoplanets and the search for life.
The Lisbon Astronomical Observatory (Observatório Astronómico de Lisboa) is an astronomical observatory located in Tapada da Ajuda, in the civil parish of Alcântara, municipality of Lisbon.
This list of black inventors and scientists documents many of the African Americans who have invented a multitude of items or made discoveries in the course of their lives.
Listed here are persons who have identified themselves as theologically agnostic.
This list of alumni of the University of St Andrews includes graduates, non-graduate former students, and current students of the University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.
Various notable individuals in many professions attended Villanova University at some point in their educational careers.
The following are list of astronomers, astrophysicists and other notable people who have made contributions to the field of astronomy.
This is a list of atheists in science and technology.
This is a list of notable autodidacts which includes people who have been partially or wholly self-taught.
This is a comprehensive list of notable Azerbaijani scientists and philosophers, arranged alphabetically.
Boston Latin School is a public exam school located in Boston, Massachusetts, that was founded in 1635.
Sri Lanka is a tropical island situated close to the southern tip of India.
Cartography is the study of map making and cartographers are map makers.
This is a list of Catholic churchmen throughout history who have made contributions to science.
The following is a list of centenarians – specifically, people who became famous as scientists and mathematicians – known for reasons other than their longevity.
In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.
The following list contains only notable graduates and former students of Columbia College, the undergraduate liberal arts division of Columbia University, and its predecessor, from 1754 to 1776, King's College.