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Augustin-Jean Fresnel

Index Augustin-Jean Fresnel

Augustin-Jean Fresnel (10 May 178814 July 1827) was a French civil engineer and physicist whose research in optics led to the almost unanimous acceptance of the wave theory of light, excluding any remnant of Newton's corpuscular theory, from the late 1830s until the end of the 19th century. [1]

187 relations: Aberration of light, Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Caen, Academic careerism, Aether drag hypothesis, Air-wedge shearing interferometer, Alcatraz Island Light, Annus mirabilis, Antiquarian science books, April 19, Arago spot, Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics, Augustin (name), Augustin-Louis Cauchy, École des ponts ParisTech, Émile Verdet, Étienne-Louis Malus, Birefringence, Cape Mendocino Light, Catadioptric system, Chantry Island Lighthouse, Christiaan Huygens, Circular dichroism, Colonsay House, Common-path interferometer, Cordouan Lighthouse, Corps of Bridges, Waters and Forests, Crisp Point Light, David Brewster, Deductive-nomological model, Diffraction, Early skyscrapers, Experimentum crucis, Faraday effect, Fizeau experiment, Fizeau interferometer, Focus recovery based on the linear canonical transform, François Arago, France, Franz Ernst Neumann, Fraunhofer diffraction, French Academy of Sciences, French space program, French submarine Fresnel, Frenzal Rhomb, Fresnel (disambiguation), Fresnel (unit of frequency), Fresnel diffraction, Fresnel equations, Fresnel Imager, ..., Fresnel integral, Fresnel lantern, Fresnel lens, Fresnel number, Fresnel rhomb, Fresnel zone, Fresnel–Arago laws, Friedrich Kottler, Fulgence Fresnel, Goulphar lighthouse, Grand Marais Light, Grand River (Fairport Harbor) Light, Granville, Manche, Hammar experiment, Héaux de Bréhat lighthouse, Henri Hureau de Sénarmont, Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, History of calculus, History of lighthouses, History of lighthouses in Canada, History of optics, History of physics, History of special relativity, History of spectroscopy, Huygens–Fresnel principle, Hydro Thunder Hurricane, Iceland spar, Imre Lakatos, Index of optics articles, Index of physics articles (A), Introduction to quantum mechanics, Isaac Newton, James MacCullagh, January 15, Jōgashima Lighthouse, Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette, July 14, July 29, Kjeungskjær Lighthouse, Kullen Lighthouse, Light, Light-dragging effects, Lighthouse, List of École Polytechnique alumni, List of burials at Père Lachaise Cemetery, List of discoveries, List of experiments, List of Fellows of the Royal Society D, E, F, List of French inventions and discoveries, List of French scientists, List of inventions named after people, List of inventors, List of lay Catholic scientists, List of lunar features, List of physicists, List of scientific equations named after people, List of scientific laws named after people, List of the 72 names on the Eiffel Tower, List of tuberculosis cases, Lloyd's mirror, Lorentz ether theory, Ludvig Lorenz, Luis Walter Alvarez, Luminiferous aether, Manistique East Breakwater Light, March 15, March 30, Marie Alfred Cornu, Marquette Harbor Light, Mathematical physics, May 10, Meanings of minor planet names: 10001–11000, Michelson–Morley experiment, Michigan City East Light, Middle Bay Light, Milwaukee Breakwater Light, Museum Boerhaave, New Presque Isle Light, Noss Head Lighthouse, Old Michigan City Light, Optics, Osmussaar Lighthouse, Otto Wiener (physicist), Paradigm shift, Pemaquid Point Light, Philomatic society, Photon, Photophoresis, Plane of polarization, Prism, Promontorium Fresnel, Prosper Mérimée, Punta de Anaga Lighthouse, Rimae Fresnel, Runco International, Scientific phenomena named after people, Siméon Denis Poisson, Society of Arcueil, Soft x-ray microscopy, Solvay process, Stage lighting instrument, Stagecraft, Stephen Pleasonton, Storozhenskiy Light, Surface, Sveti Andrija (Dubrovnik), Tests of special relativity, Theory of Colours, Thin-film interference, Thomas Young (scientist), Timeline of electromagnetism and classical optics, Timeline of fundamental physics discoveries, Timeline of luminiferous aether, Timeline of physical chemistry, Timeline of theoretical physics, Total internal reflection, Trinity House, Tsurugisaki Lighthouse, United States Lighthouse Service, Velocity-addition formula, Vittoria Light, W. Franklin Dove, Wave surface, Wave–particle duality, X-ray microscope, Young's interference experiment, Zone plate, 1788, 1788 in France, 1788 in science, 1818, 1818 in science, 1821 in science, 1827, 1827 in France, 1827 in science, 19th century in science. Expand index (137 more) »

Aberration of light

The aberration of light (also referred to as astronomical aberration, stellar aberration, or velocity aberration) is an astronomical phenomenon which produces an apparent motion of celestial objects about their true positions, dependent on the velocity of the observer.

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Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Caen

The Académie des Sciences, Arts et Belles-Lettres de Caen was founded in Caen (Normandy) by Jacques Moisant de Brieux in 1652.

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Academic careerism

Academic careerism is the tendency of academics (professors specifically and intellectuals generally) to pursue their own enrichment and self-advancement at the expense of honest inquiry, unbiased research and dissemination of truth to their students and society.

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Aether drag hypothesis

In the 19th century, the theory of the luminiferous aether as the hypothetical medium for the propagation of light was widely discussed.

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Air-wedge shearing interferometer

The air-wedge shearing interferometer is probably the simplest type of interferometer designed to visualize the disturbance of the wavefront after propagation through a test object.

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Alcatraz Island Light

Alcatraz Island Lighthouse is a lighthouse – the first one built on the U.S. West Coast – located on Alcatraz Island in California's San Francisco Bay.

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Annus mirabilis

Annus mirabilis (pl. anni mirabiles) is a Latin phrase that means "wonderful year", "miraculous year" or "amazing year".

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Antiquarian science books

Antiquarian science books are original historical works (e.g., books or technical papers) concerning science, mathematics and sometimes engineering.

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April 19

No description.

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Arago spot

In optics, the Arago spot, Poisson spot, or Fresnel bright spot, is a bright point that appears at the center of a circular object's shadow due to Fresnel diffraction.

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Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology

Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology is a history of science by Isaac Asimov, written as the biographies of over 1500 scientists.

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Atomic, molecular, and optical physics

Atomic, molecular, and optical physics (AMO) is the study of matter-matter and light-matter interactions; at the scale of one or a few atoms and energy scales around several electron volts.

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Augustin (name)

Augustin is a variant of Augustine used in several languages, and may refer to.

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Augustin-Louis Cauchy

Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy FRS FRSE (21 August 178923 May 1857) was a French mathematician, engineer and physicist who made pioneering contributions to several branches of mathematics, including: mathematical analysis and continuum mechanics.

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École des ponts ParisTech

École des Ponts ParisTech (originally called École nationale des ponts et chaussées or ENPC, also nicknamed Ponts) is a university-level institution of higher education and research in the field of science, engineering and technology.

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Émile Verdet

Marcel Émile Verdet (13 March 1824 – 3 June 1866) was a French physicist.

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Étienne-Louis Malus

Étienne-Louis Malus (23 July 1775 – 24 February 1812) was a French officer, engineer, physicist, and mathematician.

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Birefringence

Birefringence is the optical property of a material having a refractive index that depends on the polarization and propagation direction of light.

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Cape Mendocino Light

Cape Mendocino Light was a navigation light at Cape Mendocino, California.

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Catadioptric system

A catadioptric optical system is one where refraction and reflection are combined in an optical system, usually via lenses (dioptrics) and curved mirrors (catoptrics).

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Chantry Island Lighthouse

The Chantry Island Lighthouse, officially known as Chantry Island Lightstation Tower, is a lightstation on Chantry Island, off the coast of Southampton, Ontario in Lake Huron.

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Christiaan Huygens

Christiaan Huygens (Hugenius; 14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, astronomer and inventor, who is widely regarded as one of the greatest scientists of all time and a major figure in the scientific revolution.

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Circular dichroism

Circular dichroism (CD) is dichroism involving circularly polarized light, i.e., the differential absorption of left- and right-handed light.

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Colonsay House

Colonsay House is a Georgian country house on the island of Colonsay, in the Scottish Inner Hebrides.

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Common-path interferometer

A common-path interferometer is class of interferometers in which the reference beam and sample beams travel along the same path.

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Cordouan Lighthouse

Cordouan lighthouse is an active lighthouse located at sea, near the mouth of the Gironde estuary in France.

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Corps of Bridges, Waters and Forests

The Corps des ponts, des eaux et des forêts (in english "Corps of Bridges, Waters and Forests") is a technical Grand Corps of the French State (grand corps de l'Etat).

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Crisp Point Light

Crisp Point was one of five U.S. Life-Saving Service Stations along the coast of Lake Superior between Munising and Whitefish Point in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.

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David Brewster

Sir David Brewster KH PRSE FRS FSA(Scot) FSSA MICE (11 December 178110 February 1868) was a British scientist, inventor, author, and academic administrator.

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Deductive-nomological model

The deductive-nomological model (DN model), also known as Hempel's model, the Hempel–Oppenheim model, the Popper–Hempel model, or the covering law model, is a formal view of scientifically answering questions asking, "Why...?".

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Diffraction

--> Diffraction refers to various phenomena that occur when a wave encounters an obstacle or a slit.

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Early skyscrapers

The early skyscrapers were a range of tall, commercial buildings built between 1884 and 1939, predominantly in the American cities of New York City and Chicago.

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Experimentum crucis

In the sciences, an experimentum crucis (English: crucial experiment or critical experiment) is an experiment capable of decisively determining whether or not a particular hypothesis or theory is superior to all other hypotheses or theories whose acceptance is currently widespread in the scientific community.

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Faraday effect

In physics, the Faraday effect or Faraday rotation is a magneto-optical phenomenon—that is, an interaction between light and a magnetic field in a medium.

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Fizeau experiment

The Fizeau experiment was carried out by Hippolyte Fizeau in 1851 to measure the relative speeds of light in moving water.

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Fizeau interferometer

A Fizeau interferometer is an interferometric arrangement whereby two reflecting surfaces are placed facing each other.

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Focus recovery based on the linear canonical transform

Focus recovery from a defocused image is an ill-posed problem since it loses the component of high frequency.

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François Arago

Dominique François Jean Arago (Domènec Francesc Joan Aragó), known simply as François Arago (Catalan: Francesc Aragó) (26 February 17862 October 1853), was a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Franz Ernst Neumann

Franz Ernst Neumann (11 September 1798 – 23 May 1895) was a German mineralogist, physicist and mathematician.

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Fraunhofer diffraction

In optics, the Fraunhofer diffraction equation is used to model the diffraction of waves when the diffraction pattern is viewed at a long distance from the diffracting object, and also when it is viewed at the focal plane of an imaging lens.

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French Academy of Sciences

The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.

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French space program

The French space program includes both civil and military spaceflight activities.

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French submarine Fresnel

French submarine Fresnel (Q65) was a Laubeuf type submarineJane p199 of the, built for the French Navy prior to World War I.Conway p209.

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Frenzal Rhomb

Frenzal Rhomb is an Australian punk rock band that formed in 1992, with Jason Whalley on lead vocals and rhythm guitar during this entire period.

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Fresnel (disambiguation)

Fresnel most commonly refers to physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel (1788–1827).

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Fresnel (unit of frequency)

A Fresnel is a unit of frequency equal to 1012 s−1.

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Fresnel diffraction

In optics, the Fresnel diffraction equation for near-field diffraction is an approximation of the Kirchhoff–Fresnel diffraction that can be applied to the propagation of waves in the near field.

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Fresnel equations

The Fresnel equations (or Fresnel coefficients) describe the reflection and transmission of light (or electromagnetic radiation in general) when incident on an interface between different optical media.

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Fresnel Imager

--> A Fresnel imager is a proposed ultra-lightweight design for a space telescope that uses a Fresnel array as primary optics instead of a typical lens.

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Fresnel integral

Plots of ''S''(''x'') and ''C''(''x''). The maximum of ''C''(''x'') is about 0.977451424. If \frac\pi2t^2 were used instead of t^2, then the image would be scaled vertically and horizontally (see below). Fresnel integrals, S(x) and C(x), are two transcendental functions named after Augustin-Jean Fresnel that are used in optics, which are closely related to the error function (erf).

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Fresnel lantern

A Fresnel lantern (pronounced frəˈnɛl or fruh-nel) is a common lantern used in theatre, which employs a Fresnel lens to wash light over an area of the stage.

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Fresnel lens

A Fresnel lens is a type of compact lens originally developed by French physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel for lighthouses.

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Fresnel number

The Fresnel number (F), named after the physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel, is a dimensionless number occurring in optics, in particular in scalar diffraction theory.

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Fresnel rhomb

A Fresnel rhomb is an optical prism that introduces a 90° phase difference between two perpendicular components of polarization, by means of two total internal reflections.

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Fresnel zone

A Fresnel zone, named for physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel, is one of a series of concentric prolate ellipsoidal regions of space between and around a transmitting antenna and a receiving antenna system.

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Fresnel–Arago laws

The Fresnel–Arago laws are three laws which summarise some of the more important properties of interference between light of different states of polarization.

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Friedrich Kottler

Friedrich Kottler (December 10, 1886 – May 11, 1965) was an Austrian theoretical physicist.

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Fulgence Fresnel

Fulgence Fresnel (15 April 1795 – 30 November 1855) was a French Orientalist.

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Goulphar lighthouse

The Goulphar lighthouse (Phare de Goulphar or Grand Phare de Kervilahouen) is a lighthouse on Belle-Île-en-Mer in France.

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Grand Marais Light

Grand Marais Light is located on the outer end of a breakwater on the shore of Lake Superior in the city of Grand Marais in Cook County, Minnesota, United States.

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Grand River (Fairport Harbor) Light

The Grand River (Fairport Harbor) Light is located in the village of Fairport Harbor, Ohio.

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Granville, Manche

Granville is a commune in the Manche department and region of Normandy in north-western France.

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Hammar experiment

The Hammar experiment was an experiment designed and conducted by Gustaf Wilhelm Hammar (1935) to test the aether drag hypothesis.

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Héaux de Bréhat lighthouse

The Héaux de Bréhat is an active lighthouse in Côtes-d'Armor, France, located on the Île-de-Bréhat.

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Henri Hureau de Sénarmont

Henri Hureau de Sénarmont (6 September 1808 – 30 June 1862) was a French mineralogist and physicist.

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Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux

Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, (19 September 1778 – 7 May 1868) was a British statesman who became Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.

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History of calculus

Calculus, known in its early history as infinitesimal calculus, is a mathematical discipline focused on limits, functions, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

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History of lighthouses

The history of lighthouses refers to the development of the use of towers, buildings, or other types of structure, as an aid to navigation for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.

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History of lighthouses in Canada

The history of lighthouses in Canada dates back to 1734.

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History of optics

Optics began with the development of lenses by the ancient Egyptians and Mesopotamians, followed by theories on light and vision developed by ancient Greek philosophers, and the development of geometrical optics in the Greco-Roman world.

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History of physics

Physics (from the Ancient Greek φύσις physis meaning "nature") is the fundamental branch of science.

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History of special relativity

The history of special relativity consists of many theoretical results and empirical findings obtained by Albert A. Michelson, Hendrik Lorentz, Henri Poincaré and others.

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History of spectroscopy

The history of spectroscopy began in the 17th century.

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Huygens–Fresnel principle

The Huygens–Fresnel principle (named after Dutch physicist Christiaan Huygens and French physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel) is a method of analysis applied to problems of wave propagation both in the far-field limit and in near-field diffraction.

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Hydro Thunder Hurricane

Hydro Thunder Hurricane is a boat racing video game developed by Vector Unit and published by Microsoft Game Studios for the Xbox 360 via Xbox Live Arcade.

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Iceland spar

Iceland spar, formerly known as Iceland crystal (silfurberg; lit. silver-rock), is a transparent variety of calcite, or crystallized calcium carbonate, originally brought from Iceland, and used in demonstrating the polarization of light (see polarimetry).

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Imre Lakatos

Imre Lakatos (Lakatos Imre; November 9, 1922 – February 2, 1974) was a Hungarian philosopher of mathematics and science, known for his thesis of the fallibility of mathematics and its 'methodology of proofs and refutations' in its pre-axiomatic stages of development, and also for introducing the concept of the 'research programme' in his methodology of scientific research programmes.

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Index of optics articles

Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behavior and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.

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Index of physics articles (A)

The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.

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Introduction to quantum mechanics

Quantum mechanics is the science of the very small.

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Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27) was an English mathematician, astronomer, theologian, author and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time, and a key figure in the scientific revolution.

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James MacCullagh

James MacCullagh (1809 – 24 October 1847) was an Irish mathematician.

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January 15

No description.

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Jōgashima Lighthouse

is a lighthouse located on the island of Jōgashima (in) in the city of Miura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, off the southernmost and western tip of Miura Peninsula, facing Sagami Bay.

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Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette

Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette (6 May 1769 – 16 January 1834), French mathematician, was born at Mézières, where his father was a bookseller.

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July 14

No description.

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July 29

No description.

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Kjeungskjær Lighthouse

The Kjeungskjær Lighthouse (Kjeungskjær fyr) is a coastal lighthouse in the municipality of Ørland in Trøndelag county, Norway.

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Kullen Lighthouse

The Kullen Lighthouse (Kullens fyr) is an operational lighthouse in Scania, located by the mouth of Öresund, at the point of Kullaberg peninsula, in Höganäs, on the south-west coast of Sweden.

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Light

Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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Light-dragging effects

In 19th century physics, there were several situations in which the motion of matter might be said to drag light.

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Lighthouse

A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses and to serve as a navigational aid for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.

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List of École Polytechnique alumni

This is a list of notable people affiliated with the École Polytechnique.

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List of burials at Père Lachaise Cemetery

No description.

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List of discoveries

This article presents a list of discoveries and includes famous observations.

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List of experiments

The following is a list of historically important scientific experiments and observations demonstrating something of great scientific interest, typically in an elegant or clever manner.

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List of Fellows of the Royal Society D, E, F

About 8,000 Fellows have been elected to the Royal Society of London since its inception in 1660.

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List of French inventions and discoveries

No description.

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List of French scientists

This is a list of notable French scientists.

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List of inventions named after people

This is a list of inventions followed by name of the inventor (or whomever else it is named after).

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List of inventors

This is a list of notable inventors.

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List of lay Catholic scientists

Many Catholics have made significant contributions to the development of science and mathematics from the Middle Ages to today.

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List of lunar features

Several features cover the surface of the Moon.

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List of physicists

Following is a list of physicists who are notable for their achievements.

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List of scientific equations named after people

This is a list of scientific equations named after people (eponymous equations).

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List of scientific laws named after people

This is a list of scientific laws named after people (eponymous laws).

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List of the 72 names on the Eiffel Tower

On the Eiffel Tower, seventy-two names of French scientists, engineers, and mathematicians are engraved in recognition of their contributions.

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List of tuberculosis cases

This is a list of famous people and celebrities who had, or are believed to have had tuberculosis, also known as consumption.

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Lloyd's mirror

Lloyd's mirror is a classic optics experiment that was first described in 1834 by Humphrey Lloyd in the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy.

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Lorentz ether theory

What is now often called Lorentz ether theory (LET) has its roots in Hendrik Lorentz's "theory of electrons", which was the final point in the development of the classical aether theories at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century.

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Ludvig Lorenz

Ludvig Valentin Lorenz (January 18, 1829 – June 9, 1891) was a Danish physicist and mathematician.

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Luis Walter Alvarez

Luis Walter Alvarez (June 13, 1911 – September 1, 1988) was an American experimental physicist, inventor, and professor who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968.

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Luminiferous aether

In the late 19th century, luminiferous aether or ether ("luminiferous", meaning "light-bearing"), was the postulated medium for the propagation of light.

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Manistique East Breakwater Light

The Manistique Breakwater lighthouse is located in the harbor of Manistique, Michigan.

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March 15

In the Roman calendar, March 15 was known as the Ides of March.

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March 30

No description.

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Marie Alfred Cornu

Marie Alfred Cornu (March 6, 1841 – April 12, 1902) was a French physicist.

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Marquette Harbor Light

The Marquette Harbor Light is located on Lake Superior in Marquette, Michigan, a part of the Upper Peninsula.

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Mathematical physics

Mathematical physics refers to the development of mathematical methods for application to problems in physics.

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May 10

No description.

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Meanings of minor planet names: 10001–11000

004 | 10004 Igormakarov || || Igor' Mikhajlovich Makarov (born 1927) is known for his research on nonlinear and adaptive systems, artificial intelligence and the choice and acceptance of decisions.

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Michelson–Morley experiment

The Michelson–Morley experiment was performed between April and July, 1887 by Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley at what is now Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and published in November of the same year.

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Michigan City East Light

The Michigan City Breakwater lighthouse is located in the harbor of Michigan City, Indiana.

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Middle Bay Light

Middle Bay Light, also known as Middle Bay Lighthouse and Mobile Bay Lighthouse, is an active hexagonal-shaped cottage style screw-pile lighthouse.

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Milwaukee Breakwater Light

The Milwaukee Breakwater lighthouse is located in the harbor of Milwaukee in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.

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Museum Boerhaave

Museum Boerhaave is a museum of the history of science and medicine, based in Leiden, Netherlands.

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New Presque Isle Light

The New Presque Isle Light was built in 1870, at Presque Isle, Michigan, east of Grand Lake (Presque Isle, Michigan), and sits on the namesake peninsula.

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Noss Head Lighthouse

The Noss Head Lighthouse is an active 19th century lighthouse near Wick in Caithness in the Highland council area of Scotland.

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Old Michigan City Light

The Old Michigan City Light is a decommissioned lighthouse located in the harbor of Michigan City, Indiana.

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Optics

Optics is the branch of physics which involves the behaviour and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.

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Osmussaar Lighthouse

Osmussaar Lighthouse (Osmussaare tuletorn) is a lighthouse on the northwestern peak of Osmussaar.

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Otto Wiener (physicist)

Otto Heinrich Wiener (15 June 1862 – 18 January 1927) was a German physicist.

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Paradigm shift

A paradigm shift (also radical theory change), a concept identified by the American physicist and philosopher Thomas Kuhn (1922–1996), is a fundamental change in the basic concepts and experimental practices of a scientific discipline.

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Pemaquid Point Light

The Pemaquid Point Light is a historic U.S. lighthouse located in Bristol, Lincoln County, Maine, at the tip of the Pemaquid Neck.

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Philomatic society

A philomatic society is an association of persons who love sciences.

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Photon

The photon is a type of elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic field including electromagnetic radiation such as light, and the force carrier for the electromagnetic force (even when static via virtual particles).

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Photophoresis

Photophoresis denotes the phenomenon that small particles suspended in gas (aerosols) or liquids (hydrocolloids) start to migrate when illuminated by a sufficiently intense beam of light.

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Plane of polarization

The term plane of polarization refers to the direction of polarization of linearly-polarized light or other electromagnetic radiation.

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Prism

In optics, a prism is a transparent optical element with flat, polished surfaces that refract light.

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Promontorium Fresnel

Promontorium Fresnel (Latin for "Cape Fresnel") is a raised mountainous cape of the Nearside of the Moon, located in the northernmost of the Lunar Apennines and separates the lunar mares (seas) of Imbrium and Serenity.

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Prosper Mérimée

Prosper Mérimée (28 September 1803 – 23 September 1870) was an important French writer in the school of Romanticism, and one of the pioneers of the novella, a short novel or long short story.

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Punta de Anaga Lighthouse

The Punta de Anaga Lighthouse (Faro Punta de Anaga) is an active lighthouse on the Canary island of Tenerife, in the municipality of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

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Rimae Fresnel

Rimae Fresnel is a 90km-long arcurate escarpment on the Moon at.

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Runco International

Runco International is a subsidiary of Planar Systems, Inc., an American multinational corporation headquartered in Beaverton, Oregon, that manufactures a wide range of display devices.

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Scientific phenomena named after people

This is a list of scientific phenomena and concepts named after people (eponymous phenomena).

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Siméon Denis Poisson

Baron Siméon Denis Poisson FRS FRSE (21 June 1781 – 25 April 1840) was a French mathematician, engineer, and physicist, who made several scientific advances.

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Society of Arcueil

The Society of Arcueil was a circle of French scientists who met regularly on summer weekends between 1806 and 1822 at the country houses of Claude Louis Berthollet and Pierre Simon Laplace at Arcueil, then a village 3 miles south of Paris.

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Soft x-ray microscopy

An X-ray microscope uses electromagnetic radiation in the soft X-ray band to produce images of very small objects.

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Solvay process

The Solvay process or ammonia-soda process is the major industrial process for the production of sodium carbonate (soda ash, Na2CO3).

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Stage lighting instrument

Stage lighting instruments (lanterns, or luminaires in Europe) are used in stage lighting to illuminate theatrical productions, concerts, and other performances taking place in live performance venues.

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Stagecraft

Stagecraft is the technical aspect of theatrical, film, and video production.

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Stephen Pleasonton

Stephen Pleasonton (1776? – January 31, 1855) was the first "Fifth Auditor" of the U.S. Treasury Department; he is historically significant for his part in saving priceless early government documents from possible destruction, but is chiefly remembered today for his singularly bureaucratic work in overseeing the Treasury Department's Lighthouse Establishment during most of its existence.

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Storozhenskiy Light

Storozhenskiy Light, also known as Storozhno Light, is an active lighthouse in Lake Ladoga, in the Leningrad Oblast, Russia.

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Surface

A surface, as the term is most generally used, is the outermost or uppermost layer of a physical object or space.

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Sveti Andrija (Dubrovnik)

Sveti Andrija (Croatian for Saint Andrew) is an island in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea.

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Tests of special relativity

Special relativity is a physical theory that plays a fundamental role in the description of all physical phenomena, as long as gravitation is not significant.

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Theory of Colours

Theory of Colours (German: Zur Farbenlehre) is a book by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe about the poet's views on the nature of colours and how these are perceived by humans.

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Thin-film interference

Thin-film interference is a natural phenomenon in which light waves reflected by the upper and lower boundaries of a thin film interfere with one another, either enhancing or reducing the reflected light.

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Thomas Young (scientist)

Thomas Young FRS (13 June 1773 – 10 May 1829) was a British polymath and physician.

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Timeline of electromagnetism and classical optics

Timeline of electromagnetism and classical optics lists, within the history of electromagnetism, the associated theories, technology, and events.

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Timeline of fundamental physics discoveries

No description.

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Timeline of luminiferous aether

The timeline of luminiferous aether (light-bearing aether) or ether as a medium for propagating electromagnetic radiation begins in the 18th century.

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Timeline of physical chemistry

The timeline of physical chemistry lists the sequence of physical chemistry theories and discoveries in chronological order.

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Timeline of theoretical physics

The Timeline of theoretical physics lists key events by century.

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Total internal reflection

Total internal reflection is the phenomenon which occurs when a propagated wave strikes a medium boundary at an angle larger than a particular critical angle with respect to the normal to the surface.

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Trinity House

The Corporation of Trinity House of Deptford Strond, known as Trinity House (formally The Master Wardens and Assistants of the Guild Fraternity or Brotherhood of the most glorious and undivided Trinity and of St. Clement in the Parish of Deptford Strond in the County of Kent), is a private corporation governed under a Royal Charter (rather than a non-departmental public body).

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Tsurugisaki Lighthouse

is a lighthouse located on Cape Tsurugi on the southeastern extremity of the city of Miura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan on the southernmost and eastern tip of Miura Peninsula.

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United States Lighthouse Service

The United States Lighthouse Service, also known as the Bureau of Lighthouses, was the agency of the United States Government and the general lighthouse authority for the United States from the time of its creation in 1910 as the successor of the United States Lighthouse Board until 1939 when it was merged into the United States Coast Guard.

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Velocity-addition formula

In relativistic physics, a velocity-addition formula is a three-dimensional equation that relates the velocities of objects in different reference frames.

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Vittoria Light

Vittoria Light (Faro della Vittoria) also known as the Victory Lighthouse, is an active lighthouse in Trieste, Italy, serving the Gulf of Trieste.

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W. Franklin Dove

William Franklin "Franklin" Dove (11 April 1897 – 24 March 1972) was an American biologist who was most famous for his "unicorn" experiment he conducted at the University of Maine in the early 20th-century.

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Wave surface

In mathematics, Fresnel's wave surface, found by Augustin-Jean Fresnel in 1821, is a quartic surface describing the propagation of light in an optically biaxial crystal.

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Wave–particle duality

Wave–particle duality is the concept in quantum mechanics that every particle or quantic entity may be partly described in terms not only of particles, but also of waves.

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X-ray microscope

An X-ray microscope uses electromagnetic radiation in the soft X-ray band to produce magnified images of objects.

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Young's interference experiment

Young's interference experiment, also called Young's double-slit interferometer, was the original version of the modern double-slit experiment, performed at the beginning of the nineteenth century by Thomas Young.

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Zone plate

A zone plate is a device used to focus light or other things exhibiting wave character.

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1788

No description.

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1788 in France

Events from the year 1788 in France.

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1788 in science

The year 1788 in science and technology involved some significant events.

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1818

No description.

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1818 in science

The year 1818 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

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1821 in science

The year 1821 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

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1827

No description.

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1827 in France

Events from the year 1827 in France.

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1827 in science

The year 1827 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

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19th century in science

The 19th century in science saw the birth of science as a profession; the term scientist was coined in 1833 by William Whewell, which soon replaced the older term of (natural) philosopher.

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Redirects here:

Augustin Fresnel, Augustin Jean Fresnel, Augustine Jean Fresnel, Fresnel, Jean Augustin Fresnel, Jean-Augustin Fresnel.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustin-Jean_Fresnel

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