2724 relations: /Drive, A.E.R. (automobile), Abaqus, Abarth, Abbey Panels, Abt Sportsline, AC Cars, Accelrys, Access America Transport, Account manager, Ace (1920 automobile), Acme Mills, ACQUIP, Acrylic rubber, Action directe (armed group), Active Space Technologies, Acuant, Acura, Acura A-Spec and Type-S models, Ad blocking, Adam Motor Company, Adcole, ADESS AG, Adient, Adixen Vacuum Products, Adrienne Janic, Adval Tech Holding, Advance Auto Parts, Advanced Manufacturing Park, Advanced Manufacturing Software, Advanced product quality planning, Aerospace manufacturer, Aerotherm Group, Affinia Group, Aftermarket (automotive), Ageing suit, Agrale, Agricola (vehicles), Agriculture in Indonesia, Ahlstrom-Munksjö, Air Transport International, Airflow Sciences Corporation, Airscoot, Aisin Seiki, Aixam, Akebono Brake Industry, Al Haj FAW motors, Al-Ghazi Tractors, Al-Mansour Automotive, Albatha, ..., Albion Motors, Alcantara (material), Alexandra Mary Hirschi, Alexej Stachowitsch, Alexis de Sakhnoffsky, ALFA (Mexico), Alfa Romeo, Alfdex, Alfred P. Sloan, ALLDATA, Allgaier (company), Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, Almazora Motors, Almen round, Alpine (automobile), Alset GmbH, Altarea SCA, Alvis Car and Engineering Company, AM General, Amada Miyachi America, AMC Concord, Amco Batteries, American Axle, American Chamber of Commerce in Russia, American Expedition Vehicles, American Highway Users Alliance, American Motor Car Company, American Motor Vehicle Company, American Motors Corporation, AmeriPride Services, Amilcar Italiana, Ampco Metal, Amur (company), Amzi L. Barber, Analyst relations, Anand Group, Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh Scooters Limited, André Morel, Andrew Noakes, Andrew Ross Sorkin, Anhunt Motor Car Company, Anhut Motor Car Company, Ankai, Ankara, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Anomatic, Anteros Coachworks, Antifreeze, Anting, AP&T, APL Logistics, Apollo Automobil, Apperson-Iowa Motor Car Company Building, Applications of artificial intelligence, Applus+ IDIADA, Aptera Motors, Aptiv, Aquila Italiana, Arab American Vehicles, Arash Motor Company, Arburg, Arc welding, Arcelor, Arcimoto, Arent Fox, Ariel Motor Company, Arlington, Texas, Arola (microcar), Arrinera, Artega Automobile, Arteris, Arthur Donaldson, Arthur Radebaugh, Artillerie-Inrichtingen, ASA (automobile), Ashok Leyland, Ashot Ashkelon, Asia Motors, Asia MotorWorks, Asian American activism, ASIMCO Technologies, Askam (trucks), Aspid, Aspid GT-21 Invictus, Assembly line, Associated Equipment Company, Association for Standardisation of Automation and Measuring Systems, Association of Draughting, Supervisory and Technical Employees, Association of Global Automakers, Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers, Astra (company), Astra Bus, Atalanta Motors, Ather Energy, Atlas Honda, Atmel, ATP Electronics, ATS Automation Tooling Systems, Auburn Automobile, Audi, Audi 5 Series DTM, Audi A4 DTM, Audi A6, Audi India, Audi Quattro, Audi R10 TDI, Audi R15 TDI, Audi R18, Audi S6, Audi Senna, Audi Sport GmbH, Aurelio Peccei, Austin Automobile Company, Austin Rover Group, Australian Automotive Aftermarket Association, Australian Motor Industries, Austria-Hungary, Austro-Daimler, Auto Atlantic, Auto Euro Indonesia, Auto Research Center, Auto show, Auto Union, Auto-lead Data Format, Auto-Lite strike, Autobacs Seven, Autobianchi, Autobianchi A112, AutoCanada, AutoEuropa, Autokoritehdas, Autoline Detroit, Automatic lathe, Automation (video game), Automation integrator, Automóvil, Automobile Club de l'Ouest, Automobile Craiova, Automobile Dacia, Automobile magazine, Automobile Manufacturers Association, Automobile Products of India, Automobiles Darracq France, Automobiles ERAD, Automobiles Talbot France, Automotive city, Automotive Cluster of Wallonia, Automotive Components Holdings, Automotive engineering, Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation, Automotive Hall of Fame, Automotive hemming, Automotive Holdings Group, Automotive Industries, Automotive industry by country, Automotive industry crisis of 2008–10, Automotive industry in Canada, Automotive industry in Chennai, Automotive industry in Croatia, Automotive industry in Germany, Automotive industry in Italy, Automotive industry in Japan, Automotive industry in New Zealand, Automotive industry in South Africa, Automotive industry in South Korea, Automotive industry in Thailand, Automotive industry in the United States, Automotive industry in Turkey, Automotive industry in Vietnam, Automotive News, Automotive Products, Automotive Research Association of India, Automotive Service Excellence, Automotive software, Autonomous Solutions, AUTOSAR, AutoTrader.co.za, AutoWeb, Autozeitung, Avery Company, Avia, Avion (car), AVL (engineering company), Avto Plus, Avtokam, AvtoKuban, Avtomanija, Avtotor, AvtoVAZ, AVX Corporation, Axon Automotive, Azar Motor Industrial CO, AZLK, AzSamand, ÖAF, Öhlins, İzmit, Škoda Auto, Škoda Auto India Private Limited, Škoda Kodiaq, Škoda Roomster, Babcock Electric Carriage Company, BAIC Group, Bajaj Auto, Baker Motor Vehicle, Ballinascarty, Bangladesh Machine Tools Factory, Baojun, Bardahl, Barkas (van manufacturer), Basalt fiber, Bavarian Auto Group, BAW, Bay Path Regional Vocational Technical High School, BCUBE, Beaver Motorcoach Corporation, Beckett Media, Bedford Vehicles, Behr GmbH & Co. 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Stork, ERIKA Enterprise, Erkunt Group, Ernie Green, ERuf Model A, Essex County, Ontario, ETAS, ETEC Lauro Gomes, Ethylene propylene rubber, ETKA, Etox, Etwall, Eugene Bordinat, Eurocopter AS350 Écureuil, European Automobile Manufacturers Association, European Network Exchange, EuroRAP, Eurostar Automobilwerk, Everspeed, EvoBus, Excon Worldwide, Inc., Exel, Export of cryptography from the United States, Express Oil Change & Tire Engineers, F&P Manufacturing Inc., F650 Pickups, Fabbrica Ligure Automobili Genova, Fabrika automobila Priboj, Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych, Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych, Facel Vega, Facelift (automotive), Factory Five Racing, Faculties and Schools of the University of the Fraser Valley, Fafnir (automobile), Fakhro Group, FANUC, Fargo, North Dakota, FAS Sanos, Fascia (car), Fashion forecasting, Fast Lane Daily, Fath Vehicle Industries, Faurecia, FAW Car, FAW Group, FAW-GM, FAW-Volkswagen, Fazal I. 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Ltd., GM Components Holdings, GM Korea, GM Vietnam, GMC (automobile), Goiana, Goji Electronics, Gokak, Golden Gate Bridge, Golden Horseshoe, Golden Strip Career Center, Goliath (company), Gonow, Gopalswamy Doraiswamy Naidu, Gordini, Gotec Group, Grade Automobilwerke, Graham-Paige, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Grand Trunk Western Railroad, Grande West Transportation Group, GranStudio, Grant Maloy Smith, Gray–Dort Motors, Great Depression in the United Kingdom, Great Southern Automobile Company, Great Wall Motors, Greater Los Angeles, Greater Milwaukee Auto Show, Greeksters Garage, Gregorio Ramirez Gonzalez, Group Racing Developments, Groupe PSA, Grout (automobile), Grrr (advertisement), Grupo Antolin, Grupo Industrial Ramirez, Grupo Poma, Gruppo Bertone, GSE Composite Index, GTA Motor, Guangqi Honda, Guardian Industries, Gustaf Wrede, Guzman College of Science and Technology, Gwynne Shotwell, H. A. 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Leland, Heraeus, Hero MotoCorp, Hewland, Hexagon AB, Hexcel, Hi-Tech Automotive, Hill+Knowlton Strategies, Hillman, Hinduja Group, Hindustan Motors, Hino Motors, Hinopak Motors, Hiroshima Kokusai Gakuin Automotive Junior College, Hispakart, Hispano-Argentina, History of Chrysler, History of Cleveland, History of Connecticut industry, History of Coventry, History of Ford Motor Company, History of General Motors, History of Grand Rapids, Michigan, History of software, History of Swindon, History of the automobile, History of the electric vehicle, History of the hamburger, History of the West Midlands, Holden, Holden 48-215, Holden New Zealand, Holden Special Vehicles, Holy Rollerz, Hommell, Honda Atlas, Honda Australia, Honda Cars India, Honda Legend, Honda Motorcycle Thailand, Honda UK Manufacturing, Honeywell Turbo Technologies, Hood ornament, Hoosier Racing Tire, Horch, Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies, Horton Holding, Hot metal gas forming, Hot Wheels, How Do They Do It?, Howard Armstrong (musician), Howard Hughes Engineering, Howell Cheney Technical High School, Howes Lubricator, HQM Sachsenring GmbH, HSBRA, Huanghai Bus, Hugh Kennedy & Company, Human subject research, Humber Limited, Hummer, Hunt's Cross, Hupmobile, Hurst Performance, Hutchinson SA, Hybrid electric vehicle, Hybrid vehicle drivetrain, Hybridica, Hybrids Plus, Hyderabad Allwyn, Hypereutectic piston, Hyslop and Ronald, Hyundai Assan Otomotiv, Hyundai Glovis, Hyundai IHL, Hyundai Mobis, Hyundai Motor America, Hyundai Motor Company, Hyundai Motor Group, Hyundai Motor India Limited, Hyundai Nishat Motors, Hyundai Steel, I.DE.A Institute, IABG, IAOIZ, IAV, IBC Vehicles, ICP srl, IDA-Opel, Ideal Jawa, IGES, Igus, IKAP, IMCO Carbide Tool, IME Group, IMI, Imperial Automobile Company, In-car entertainment, In-Step BLUE, Inchcape plc, India Kawasaki Motors, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Indonesia, Indramat, Induction sealing, Inductive charging, Indus Motors Company, Industria Argentina Vehículos de Avanzada, Industrial and production engineering, Industrial Development Group, Industrial musical, Industrial Revolution, Industry classification, INFICON, Infineon Technologies, Infineon XC800, Infiniti, Infiniti Performance Line, Infomedia Ltd, Ingersoll Axles, Innocent Chukwuma, Innocenti, Innovative Products of America, Inokom, INRIX, Institut für Mobil- und Satellitenfunktechnik, Institut Latihan Perindustrian Kuala Lumpur, Institut supérieur de l'automobile et des transports, Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology, Instituto Superior de Intérpretes y Traductores, Intel 8061, Intel MCS-51, Inter-State Automobile Company, Intercontinental Cup (football), Intermeccanica, International Centre for Automotive Technology, International Display Works, International Engine of the Year, International Executive Resources Group, International Harvester, International Motor Press Association, International Radio Corporation, International rankings of Iran, International Technical Development Center, Inteva Products, Investigación y Proyectos de Vehículos Especiales, ION LMD, IONITY, IQMS, Iran Khodro, Irmscher, Iroquois Motor Car Company, Isdera, Isesaki, Gunma, Iso (automobile), ISO 10303, ISO 14000, ISO/TS 16949, Israel Export Institute, Isu Group, Isuzu Gemini, Isuzu Motors India, Itala, Italian design, Ivan Hirst, Izmir International Fair, JAC Motors, Jackson Automobile Company, Jacques Nasser, Jaguar Cars, Jaguar F-Pace, Jaguar F-Type, Jaguar Land Rover, James C. 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Abt Sportsline is a motor racing and auto tuning company based in Kempten im Allgäu, Germany.
AC Cars Ltd. formerly known as Auto Carriers Ltd., is a British specialist automobile manufacturer and one of the oldest independent car makers founded in Britain.
Accelrys is a software company headquartered in the United States, with representation in Europe and Asia.
Access America Transport was a third-party logistics provider of transportation and logistics services.
An account manager is a person who works for a company and is responsible for the management of sales and relationships with particular customers.
The Ace was an American-assembled car made in Ypsilanti, Michigan by the Apex Motor Car Company, which was reorganized as the Apex Motor Corporation in 1921.
Acme Mills Company is a privately held textiles conversion and finishing company based in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan.
ACQUIP Inc, formerly ACQUIP Rotating Equipment Solutions; is an American mechanical engineering company headquartered in Miami, Florida that provides services for laser alignment, dimensional metrology and 3D scanning services.
Acrylic rubber, known by the chemical name alkyl acrylate copolymer (ACM) or the tradename HyTemp, is a type of rubber that has outstanding resistance to hot oil and oxidation.
Action directe (AD) was a French far-left terrorist group which committed a series of assassinations and violent attacks in France between 1979 and 1987.
Active Space Technologies is a Portuguese company, with main offices in Portugal, headquartered in Coimbra, which offers products and services in the fields of thermo-mechanical engineering (thermal and structural analysis, design, manufacturing, and testing), electronics engineering (embedded systems, digital control), as well as management support services for technology transfer and development projects (project management, systems engineering, project coordination).
Acuant is an identity verification, document authentication and fraud prevention technology services provider headquartered in Los Angeles, with engineering and development centers in New Hampshire and Israel.
Acura is the luxury vehicle marque of Japanese automaker Honda.
The A-Spec and Type-S marques represents the high-performance divisions of cars produced by Acura.
Hussain, D., & Lasage, H. (2014).
Adam Motor Company, Ltd. was an automobile manufacturer based in Karachi, Pakistan.
Adcole Corporation is a Massachusetts-based manufacturer of precision testing and measuring instruments.
Advanced Design and Engineering Systems Solutions or ADESS is a racecar constructor based in Munich, Germany.
Adient plc is an automotive parts manufacturer focused on automotive seating with global operations based in Plymouth, Michigan.
Pfeiffer Vacuum SAS (former adixen Vacuum Products) is a French company that manufactures vacuum pumps, leak detectors and plasma sensors.
Adrienne Janic (Serbian Cyrillic: Адриана Јанић; born July 25, 1974), sometimes credited simply as AJ, is an American actress and television host of Serbian and Mexican descent.
Adval Tech Holding is a Swiss Stock Company1 currently trading as active in the machinery industry for high-volume components manufactured in metal and plastic.
Advance Auto Parts is a retailer of automotive parts and accessories in the United States headquartered in Roanoke, Virginia.
The Advanced Manufacturing Park (AMP) is a manufacturing technology park in Rotherham, South Yorkshire.
Advanced Manufacturing Software (AMS) is an enterprise resource planning (ERP) software product based on the Microsoft Dynamics AX platform.
Advanced product quality planning (or APQP) is a framework of procedures and techniques used to develop products in industry, particularly the automotive industry.
An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, or spacecraft.
Aerotherm Group is a British automotive and aerospace capital equipment manufacturer company headquartered in Tunstall, Staffordshire, United Kingdom.
The Affinia Group, a motor industry company, was formed in 2004 and specialized in the design, manufacture and replacement of parts for on and off-road vehicles, specifically filtration and chassis components.
The automotive aftermarket is the secondary market of the automotive industry, concerned with the manufacturing, remanufacturing, distribution, retailing, and installation of all vehicle parts, chemicals, equipment, and accessories, after the sale of the automobile by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to the consumer.
An ageing suit (also spelt as aging suit) is a suit pioneered by the automotive industry in simulating the constraints of older aged drivers.
Agrale, previously called AGRISA, is a Brazilian manufacturer of military vehicles, commercial vehicles, engines and agricultural tractors.
Agricola (G. Tsolakidis & Co. O.E.) was a Greek maker of 4x4 multi-purpose trucks and other farm machinery based in Thessaloniki.
Agriculture is one of the key sectors within the Indonesian economy.
Ahlstrom-Munksjö Oyj is a global company that provides fiber-based products and solutions such as decor paper, filters, release liners, abrasive backings, nonwoven fabrics, electrotechnical paper, glass fiber materials, food packaging and labeling, tape, medical fiber materials and solutions for medical diagnostics.
Air Transport International, Inc. is an airline based in Wilmington Ohio, USA.
Airflow Sciences Corporation (ASC) is an engineering consulting company based in Livonia, Michigan that specializes in the solution of industrial fluid flow problems.
The Airscoot was a quite unusual car made by the Wichita, Kansas-based company Aircraft Products in 1947 to fit the need for a small car that could commute to and from airports then be folded up and put aboard private aircraft.
, also known as Aisin, is a Japanese corporation which develops and produces components and systems for the automotive industry.
Aixam-Mega is a French automobile manufacturer based in Aix-les-Bains, Savoie.
is a Japanese manufacturer of components for automobiles, motorbikes, trains, and industrial machinery.
Al Haj Faw Motors (الحاج فو موٹر) is a Pakistani automobile manufacturer based in Karachi, Pakistan since 2013.
Al-Ghazi Tractors (ال غازی ٹریکٹر) is a Pakistani tractor manufacturer based in Karachi, Pakistan since 1983.
The Al-Mansour Automotive Company (شركة المنصور للسيارات), part of the Mansour Group (مجموعة منصور), is an importer and car dealer located in Alexandria, Egypt.
Albatha is a company headquartered in the United Arab Emirates.
Albion Automotive of Scotstoun, Glasgow is a former Scottish automobile and commercial vehicle manufacturer.
Alcantara is a covering microfibre material manufactured and marketed by Alcantara S.p.A. It is primarily used in the design, fashion, accessories, consumer electronics, automotive and marine industries.
Alex Hirschi known as Supercar Blondie (born September 21, 1985) is an Australian social media celebrity, presenter, and vlogger.
Alexej "Axi" Stachowitsch (Stockholm October 10, 1918 – April 1, 2013 Limburg an der Lahn) was an Austrian-Russian author, pedagogue, songwriter, technician, one of the most important figures of post-war Scouting and Wandervogel in Germany and Austria, and founder and first principal of the Werkschulheim Felbertal.
Count Alexis de Sakhnoffsky (12 November 1901, Kiev, Ukraine, then under control of the Russian Empire – April 29, 1964, Atlanta, the USA) was a Russian Empire - American industrial designer, known principally for his Streamline-style automotive designs.
Alfa S.A.B. de C.V., also known as Alfa or Alfa Group, is a Mexican multinational conglomerate headquartered in Monterrey, Mexico.
Alfa Romeo Automobiles S.p.A. is a car manufacturer, founded by Frenchman Alexandre Darracq as A.L.F.A. (" Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili", "Lombard Automobile Factory Company") on 24 June 1910, in Milan.
Alfdex AB is a Swedish company that develops and produces separators for cleaning of crankcase gases in diesel truck engines.
Alfred Pritchard Sloan Jr. (May 23, 1875–February 17, 1966) was an American business executive in the automotive industry.
ALLDATA LLC is an online source for automotive OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) information.
The Allgaier Group is a systems supplier for the international automotive industry, including production of body panel dies as well as forming technology involving the production of pressed components and ready-to-fit components.
The Auto Alliance is a trade group of automobile manufacturers that operate in the United States.
Almazora Motors Corporation (AMC) is a company that manufactures buses, trucks and other Asian Utility Vehicles headquarters in Carmona, Cavite, in the Philippines.
An Almen round is a thin round disk used to quantify the intensity of a shot peening process.
The Société des Automobiles Alpine SAS, commonly known as Alpine, is a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars established in 1955.
Alset Global GmbH is an Austrian technology and engineering company based in Graz that is specialised in hydrogen-based clean mobility solutions.
Altarea SCA, trading as Altarea Cogedim, is a French company dedicated to both the development and investment in real estate, focusing especially on in construction, extension and development of shopping centers, as well as property development.
Alvis Car and Engineering Company Ltd was a British manufacturing company in Coventry from 1919 to 1967.
AM General is an American heavy vehicle and contract automotive manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana.
Amada Miyachi America, a subsidiary of Amada Miyachi Co., Ltd, is a worldwide designer and manufacturer of equipment and systems for resistance welding, laser welding, laser marking, laser cutting, and hot bar reflow soldering and bonding.
The AMC Concord is a compact car manufactured and marketed by the American Motors Corporation for model years 1978-1983.
AMCO Batteries Limited is an automobile and commercial Battery manufacturing company headquartered in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
American Axle & Manufacturing, Inc. (AAM), headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, is a manufacturer of automobile driveline and drivetrain components and systems.
The American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) is the largest foreign business organization operating in Russia.
American Expedition Vehicles (AEV) was founded in 1997 in Montana, United States, and is a manufacturer of off-road and overland vehicle parts and accessories, as well as turnkey off-road vehicle packages, primarily based on Jeep Wranglers,http://www.aev-conversions.com/company but since 2015 also on Ram Pickups.
The American Highway Users Alliance (informally Highway Users, previously Highway Users Federation, National Highway Users Conference), is a non-profit advocacy group representing many businesses in the automotive and road construction sector.
The American Motor Car Company was a short-lived company in the automotive industry founded in 1906, lasting until 1913.
The American Motor Vehicle Company was founded in Lafayette, Indiana in 1916.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) was an American automobile company formed by the 1954 merger of Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and Hudson Motor Car Company.
AmeriPride Services is a uniform rental and linen supply company in North America.
Amilcar Italiana manufactured some French Amilcar automobile models in Italy from 1925 to 1928 under licence granted in 1925 to Compagnia Generale Automobili S.A., of Rome to build cyclecars and in 1927 to Societa Industriale Lombardo Veneta Automobili of Verona.
AMPCO METAL is a diversified speciality alloy engineering company working primarily in copper based alloys, non-sparking safety tools and speciality welding products.
AMUR (Joint-stock company "Ural Automobiles and Motors") was a Russian company, a former manufacturer of commercial vehicles, located in Novouralsk, a closed town in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia.
Amzi Lorenzo Barber (1843 – April 17, 1909) was a pioneer of the asphalt industry in the United States, and an early participant in the automobile industry as well.
Analyst relations is a corporate strategy, corporate communications and marketing activity in which corporations communicate with ICT industry analysts (also known as research analysts) who work for independent research and consulting firms such as the leading four.
ANAND Group is a Automotive Industry company, with headquarters in Delhi, India.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Andhra Pradesh Scooters Limited (APSL) was a scooter manufacturer founded in 1974 and operated until 1986 in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
André Paul Victor Morel was born on August 3, 1884 in Troyes, France.
Andrew Noakes is an Associate Senior Lecturer in Journalism, specialising in Automotive Journalism, at the Coventry University Department of Media and Communication.
Andrew Ross Sorkin (born February 19, 1977) is an American journalist and author.
The Anhunt Motor Car Company was an American brass era automobile manufacturer, based in Detroit, Michigan, beginning in 1910.
The Anhut Motor Car Company was an American brass era automobile manufacturer, based in Detroit, Michigan, from 1909 until 1910.
Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Hefei, Anhui which specialises in the production of buses and coaches.
Ankara (English; Turkish Ottoman Turkish Engürü), formerly known as Ancyra (Ἄγκυρα, Ankyra, "anchor") and Angora, is the capital of the Republic of Turkey.
Ann Arbor is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County.
Anomatic Corporation manufactures aluminum products, and is a manufacturer of large-quantity aluminum parts for cosmetic companies' packaging including Revlon, Maybelline, Estee Lauder and Mary Kay.
Anteros Coachworks Inc. is an American sports car manufacturer based in California.
An antifreeze is an additive which lowers the freezing point of a water-based liquid and increases its boiling point.
Anting is a town in Jiading District, Shanghai, bordering Kunshan, Jiangsu to the west.
AP&T AB is an industrial enterprise active in the sheet metal forming industry.
APL Logistics Ltd.
Apollo Automobil GmbH (Previously known as Gumpert Sportwagenmanufaktur GmbH) is a German sports car manufacturer headquartered in Denkendorf.
The Apperson-Iowa Motor Car Company Building, also known as the Garage Building for Rawson Brothers, is a historic building located in Des Moines, Iowa, United States.
Artificial intelligence, defined as intelligence exhibited by machines, has many applications in today's society.
Applus+ IDIADA is a multinational company providing design, engineering, testing and homologation services to the automotive industry.
Aptera Motors was an American startup company seeking to manufacture high-efficiency road vehicles.
Aptiv PLC (stylised as •APTIV•, formerly known as Delphi Automotive PLC) is a global technology company headquartered in Dublin, Ireland.
The Aquila Italiana founded as the "Società Anonima Aquila" and quickly renamed as "Società Anonima Italiana Aquila" was an Italian automobile manufacturer from 1906 to 1917.
Arab American Vehicles is an Egyptian automobile manufacturer based in Cairo, Egypt.
The Arash Motor Company is a small sports car manufacturer based in Newmarket, Suffolk, England.
Arburg GmbH + Co KG (referred to as ARBURG) is a German machine manufacturing company.
Arc welding is a process that is used to join metal to metal by using electricity to create enough heat to melt metal, and the melted metals when cool result in a binding of the metals.
Arcelor S.A. was the world's largest steel producer in terms of turnover and the second largest in terms of steel output, with a turnover of €30.2 billion and shipments of 45 million metric tons of steel in 2004.
Arcimoto is an electric vehicle company from Eugene, Oregon developing the SRK, a tandem two-seat, three-wheeled electric vehicle.
Arent Fox LLP (formerly Arent, Fox, Kintner, Plotkin & Kahn) is a law firm and lobbying group based in Washington, D.C..
Ariel Motor Company Ltd is a low-volume performance motor vehicle manufacturing company in Crewkerne, in Somerset, England.
Arlington is a principal city in the U.S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County.
Arola SARL was a small manufacturing company based in Lyon-Corbas, France, which manufactured a range of microcars, designed to be driven without a licence.
Arrinera Automotive S.A., is a Polish supercar manufacturer based in Warsaw.
Artega Automobil GmbH & Co.
Arteris, Inc. is a multinational technology firm that develops the on-chip interconnect fabric technology used in System-on-Chip (SoC) semiconductor designs for a variety of devices, particularly in mobile and consumer markets.
Arthur William Donaldson (13 December 1901 – 18 January 1993) was a Scottish journalist and Scottish National Party (SNP) politician.
Arthur Radebaugh was a futurist, illustrator, airbrush artist, and industrial designer.
Artillerie-Inrichtingen was a Dutch state-owned artillery, small arms, and munitions company which also produced machine tools and was founded in 1679 in Delft, Netherlands.
ASA (Autocostruzioni Società per Azioni) was an Italian automobile manufacturer, whose main was the ASA 1000 GT.
Ashok Leyland is an Indian automobile company headquartered in Chennai, India.
Ashot Ashkelon Industries Ltd is an Israeli manufacturer of build to print products such as: gears, transmissions and gearboxes to the Aerospace, Military, and Automotive industries.
For the Indian truck manufacturer see: Asia MotorWorks Asia Motors Industries, traded as Asia Motors (아시아자동차), was a South Korean car manufacturer established in 1965 and closed in 1999.
For the defunct South Korean automotive manufacturer see: Asia Motors Asia Motor Works Ltd (AMW) manufactures commercial vehicle, auto components, fully built vehicles and forged components, in India.
Asian American activism refers broadly to political movements and activities that Asian Americans have participated in.
ASIMCO Technologies is a large independent automotive components manufacturer headquartered in Beijing, China.
Askam, a subsidiary of Çiftçiler Holding, was a manufacturer of trucks and commercial vehicles in Turkey.
Aspid is the trading name of IFR Automotive, S.L., a Spanish automobile manufacturer.
The Aspid GT-21 Invictus is a sportscar from Spanish automotive manufacturer Aspid, creators of the 2008 IFR Aspid.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
Associated Equipment Company (AEC) was a British vehicle manufacturer that built buses, motorcoaches and lorries from 1912 until 1979.
Association for Standardization of Automation and Measuring Systems or ASAM is an incorporated association under German law.
The Association of Draughting Supervisory and Technical Employees (ADSTE), originally known as the Association of Architects, Engineers, Surveyors and Draughtsmen of Australia (AAESDA), was an Australian trade union which existed between 1915 and 1991.
The Association of Global Automakers (Global Automakers) is a Washington, D.C.-based trade association and lobby group whose members include international automobile and light duty truck manufacturers that build and sell products in the United States.
The Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers (ALAM), originally the Manufacturer's Mutual Association (MMA), was an organization originally formed to challenge the litigation of the fledgling automobile industry by George B. Selden and the Electric Vehicle Company.
Astra (Anonima Sarda TRAsporti) Veicoli Industriali S.p.A. is an Italian company which produces trucks, heavy transport vehicles and military vehicles.
Astra Bus is a bus manufacturer based in Arad, Romania.
Atalanta Motors is a British car company created in 2011 by Martyn Corfield to relaunch the dormant 1930s Atalanta which stopped production due to the war after a production run of only 21 cars.
Ather Energy is an electric vehicle company founded by IIT graduates Tarun Mehta & Swapnil Jain in 2013 and is among the few hardware start-ups in India.
Atlas Honda (AHL; اٹلس ہنڈا) is a Pakistani motorcycle manufacturer owned by Atlas Group and Honda Motor Company and based in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan since 1962.
Atmel Corporation is an American-based designer and manufacturer of semiconductors, founded in 1984.
ATP Electronics is a manufacturer of NAND based storage DRAM modules founded in Silicon Valley in 1991, headquarter was later moved to Taipei, Taiwan.
ATS Automation Tooling Systems is a Cambridge, Ontario based Canadian company which designs and builds factory automation solutions.
Auburn was a brand name of American automobiles produced from 1900 through 1937.
Audi AG is a German automobile manufacturer that designs, engineers, produces, markets and distributes luxury vehicles.
The Audi 5 Series DTM (also known as the Audi A5 DTM (2012) later Audi RS5 DTM (2013-present)) is a DTM touring car constructed by the German car manufacturer Audi AG.
The Audi A4 DTM is a 4-door touring car (DTM) constructed by the German car manufacturer Audi.
The Audi A6 is an executive car made by the German automaker Audi, now in its fifth generation.
Audi India Pvt Ltd is a division of the German automobile manufacturer Audi and the Volkswagen Group India.
The Audi Quattro is a road and rally car, produced by the German automobile manufacturer Audi, part of the Volkswagen Group.
The Audi R10 TDI, usually abbreviated to R10, is a racing car from the German car manufacturer Audi.
The Audi R15 TDI, commonly abbreviated to the R15, is a Le Mans Prototype (LMP) racing car constructed by the German car manufacturer Audi AG.
The Audi R18 is a Le Mans Prototype (LMP) racing car constructed by the German car manufacturer Audi AG.
The Audi S6 is the high performance variant of the Audi A6, an executive car produced by German automaker Audi.
The Audi Senna Ltda. is a joint venture of the German Audi AG with the Brazilian company Senna Import Participações Ltda.''.
Audi Sport GmbH, formerly known as quattro GmbH Retrieved 30 November 2016, is a wholly owned private subsidiary of Audi, a division of the Volkswagen Group.
Aurelio Peccei (4 July 1908 in Turin, Piedmont – 14 March 1984, was an Italian industrialist and philanthropist, best known as co-founder with Alexander King and first president of the Club of Rome, an organisation which attracted considerable public attention in 1972 with its report, The Limits to Growth.
The Austin was a brass era American automobile manufactured in Grand Rapids, Michigan from 1901 to 1921.
The Austin Rover Group (abbreviated ARG) was a British motor manufacturer.
The Australian Automotive Aftermarket Association (AAAA) is an automotive industry association that represents the automotive aftermarket parts and accessories industry and companies that are involved in manufacturing, re-manufacturing, wholesaling, distributing and retailing of vehicle parts, tools, equipment, accessories and services.
Australian Motor Industries (AMI) was an automobile assembly firm that was significant in the early history of the automotive industry in Australia.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Austro-Daimler was an Austrian automaker company, from 1899 until 1934.
Auto Atlantic is an Atlantic Canada-based automotive industry magazine.
Auto Research Center, also known as ARC Indy, is a research and development company with headquarters in Indianapolis, Indiana USA.
An auto show, also known as a motor show or car show, is a public exhibition of current automobile models, debuts, concept cars, or out-of-production classics.
Auto Union AG, Chemnitz, was an amalgamation of four German automobile manufacturers, founded in 1932 and established in 1936 in Chemnitz, Saxony, during the Great Depression.
Auto-lead Data Format (ADF) is an open XML-based standard specifically for communicating consumer purchase requests to automotive dealerships.
The Toledo Auto-Lite strike was a strike by a federal labor union of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) against the Electric Auto-Lite company of Toledo, Ohio, from April 12 to June 3, 1934.
() is a retailer of automotive parts and accessories based in Japan with branches primarily in Asia, with stores also located in France.
Autobianchi (literally translated "Bianchicar" or "Bianchimobile") was an Italian automobile manufacturer, created jointly by Bianchi, Pirelli and Fiat in 1955.
The Autobianchi A112 is a supermini produced by the Italian automaker Autobianchi.
AutoCanada is one of Canada's largest multi-location and first publicly traded franchise automobile dealership group.
AutoEuropa Automóveis, Lda. is an automotive assembly plant, located in the city of Palmela, near Lisbon, Portugal.
O/Y Autokoritehdas was a bus coach and lorry cabin builder which operated in Helsinki, Finland in 1923–1933.
Autoline Detroit is a weekly television show about automobile industry.
An automatic lathe is a lathe (usually a metalworking lathe) whose actions are controlled automatically.
Automation is a video game from Camshaft Software for Microsoft Windows that allows the player to create and run a virtual car company and design vehicles to sell.
An automation integrator is a systems integrator—a company or individual—who makes different versions of automation hardware and software work together, generally combining several subsystems to work together as one large system.
Automóvil is a Spanish language monthly automobile magazine published in Madrid, Spain.
The Automobile Club de l'Ouest (English: Automobile Club of the West), sometimes abbreviated to ACO, is the largest automotive group in France.
Automobile Craiova S.A. was an automobile manufacturer located in Craiova, Romania.
Automobile Dacia S.A. is a Romanian car manufacturer that takes its name from the historic region that constitutes the present-day Romania.
An automobile magazine is a magazine with news and reports on cars and the automobile industry.
The Automobile Manufacturers Association was a trade group of automobile manufacturers which operated under various names in the United States from 1911 to 1999.
Automobile Products of India (API) was founded in 1949 at Bombay (now Mumbai), by the British company Rootes Group, and later bought over by M. A. Chidambaram of the MAC Group from Madras (now Chennai).
Automobiles Darracq France was a manufacturer of motor vehicles and aero engines in Suresnes, near Paris.
Automobiles ERAD (Études et Réalisations du Douaisis, "Studies and Executions of Doaui") was a French manufacturer of microcars The company was founded by Daniel Renard in 1975, in Douai in northern France.
Automobiles Talbot France manufactured cars in Suresnes, near Paris, France.
Automotive city or Auto City are cities that facilitate, and encourage, the movement of people via private transportation, through ‘physical planning’, e.g., built environment innovations (street networks, parking spaces, automobile/pedestrian interface technologies and low density urbanised areas containing detached dwellings with driveways or garages) and ‘soft programming’ e.g., social policy surrounding city street usage (traffic safety/automobile campaigns, automobile laws and the social reconstruction of streets as reserved public spaces for the automobile).
The Automotive Cluster of Wallonia (Cluster Auto-Mobilité de Wallonie) is the official cluster of the automotive industry in Wallonia.
Automotive Components Holdings, LLC (informally ACH) is a Ford Motor Company-managed temporary business formed by the 2005 transfer of 17 automotive components factories and six research, testing and other facilities from Visteon Corporation to Ford.
Automotive engineering, along with aerospace engineering and marine engineering, is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems.
Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation (AFCC) is a Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, based automotive fuel cell technology company.
The Automotive Hall of Fame is an American museum.
Hemming is a technology used in the automotive industry to join inner and outer closure panels together (hoods, doors, tailgates, etc.). It is the process of bending/folding the flange of the outer panel over the inner one.
Automotive Holdings Group Limited is an Australian company specialising in automotive retail and logistics.
Automotive Industries, Ltd. (תעשיות רכב נצרת עלית, תע"ר, Ta'asiyot Rekhev Natzrat Ilit, AIL) is an Israeli automaker and major supplier of the Israeli Security Forces.
This article provides an overview of the automotive industry in countries around the world.
The automotive industry crisis of 2008–2010 was a part of a global financial downturn.
The automotive industry in Canada consists primarily of assembly plants of foreign automakers, most with headquarters in the United States or Japan, along with hundreds of manufacturers of automotive parts and systems.
Chennai is nicknamed the "Detroit of India" (or the "Detroit of Asia") due to the presence of major automobile manufacturing units and allied industries around the city.
The automotive industry in Croatia employs about 10,000 people in over 130 companies and generates profit of about.
The automotive industry in Germany is one of the largest employers in the world, with a labor force of over 747,000 (2009) working in the industry.
The automotive industry in Italy is a quite large employer in the country, it had over 2,131 firms and employed almost 250,000 people in 2006.
The automotive industry in Japan is one of the most prominent and largest industries in the world.
The automotive industry in New Zealand supplies a market which has always had one of the world's highest car ownership ratios.
South Africa is traditionally the leader in Africa of the automotive industry and now produces more than half a million automobiles annually of all types.
The automotive industry in South Korea is the sixth-largest in the world measured by automobile unit production and the fifth-largest by automobile export volume.
, the Thailand automotive industry was the largest in Southeast Asia and the 12th largest in the world.
The automotive industry in the United States began in the 1890s and, as a result of the size of the domestic market and the use of mass production, rapidly evolved into the largest in the world.
The automotive industry in Turkey plays an important role in the manufacturing sector of the Turkish economy.
Automotive industry in Vietnam is a fast growing sector, mainly reliant on domestic sales.
Automotive News is a weekly print newspaper written for the automotive industry, primarily individuals associated with automobile manufacturers and suppliers.
Automotive Products, commonly abbreviated to AP, was an automotive industry components company set up in 1920 by Edward Boughton, Willie Emmott and Denis Brock, to import and sell American-made components to service the fleet of ex-military trucks left behind in Europe after World War I. In 1928, they obtained a licence for the manufacture and sale of the Lockheed Hydraulic Braking System for the British Isles and Continental Europe, and in the following year they acquired a controlling interest in Zephyr Carburetors Limited which had premises in Clemens Street, Leamington Spa.
Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) is co-operative industrial research association by the automotive industry with the Ministry of Industries, Government Of India The objectives of the Association are Research and Development in automotive engineering for industry, product design and development, evaluation of automotive equipment and ancillaries, standardisation, technical information services, execution of advanced courses on the application of modern technology and conduct of specific tests.
The National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) is a professional certification group that certifies professionals and shops in the automotive repair and service industry in the United States and parts of Canada.
Automotive software refers to any software, (or firmware or embedded software), related to automotive industry specific products or services.
Autonomous Solutions, Inc. (also known by the acronym ASI) was founded in 2000 as a spinoff from Utah State University and is headquartered in Petersboro, Utah.
AUTOSAR (AUTomotive Open System ARchitecture) is a worldwide development partnership of automotive interested parties founded in 2003.
According to SimilarWeb, autotrader.co.za is South Africa's largest website in their Autos and Vehicles category.
AutoWeb is an automotive media and marketing services company based in Irvine, California.
Autozeitung or Auto Zeitung (German: "Automobile Newspaper") is a German-language biweekly automobile enthusiast magazine.
The Avery Company, founded by Robert Hanneman Avery, was an American farm tractor manufacturer famed for its undermounted engine which resembled a railroad engine more than a conventional farm steam engine.
Avia is a Czech automotive manufacturer.
The Avion is a prototype sportscar that achieves over 100 MPG.
AVL, or Anstalt für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen List, is an Austrian-based automotive consulting firm as well as an independent research institute.
Avto Plus (Macedonian Cyrillic: Авто Плус) is a monthly magazine for Automotive industry, Motorcycling and Motorsport published in Macedonia.
Avtokam was a Russian association of factories engaged in production of cars of mark Avtokam.
The Krasnodar mechanical plant of non-standard equipment (Краснодарский механический завод нестандартного оборудования), commonly known as AvtoKuban (АвтоКубань), was a Soviet/Russian company that manufactured buses based on truck chassis.
Avtomanija is the leading Slovene automobile internet portal and magazine (2005-2010).
Avtotor (Автотор) is an automobile manufacturing company located in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.
AvtoVAZ (АвтоВАЗ), formerly known as VAZ (Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod) (ВАЗ, Во́лжский автомоби́льный заво́д, or Volga Automobile Plant), is a Russian automobile manufacturer.
AVX Corporation, is an American manufacturer of electronic components headquartered in Fountain Inn, South Carolina.
Axon Automotive is a British car manufacturer and car components manufacturer based in Northampton, Northamptonshire.
Azar Motor Industrial CO or AMICO (fa) is an Iranian truck manufacturer established in 1989 and located in Jolfa near Tabriz.
AZLK (АЗЛК - Автомобильный завод имени Ленинского Комсомола in Russian, Avtomobilny Zavod imeni Leninskogo Komsomola) was a Soviet and Russian automobile manufacturer (Moscow), the maker of the Moskvitch brand.
AzSamand is an automobile factory belonging to Evsen Group Company located in Şamaxı, Azerbaijan.
ÖAF is an initialism for Österreichische Automobil-Fabrik, previously known as Österreichische Austro-Fiat, an Austrian (Austro-Hungarian) car and truck manufacturer.
Öhlins or Öhlins Racing AB, is a Swedish company that develops suspension systems for the automotive, motorcycle, mountain bike and motorsport industries.
İzmit, known as Nicomedia in antiquity, is a city in Turkey, the administrative center of the Kocaeli Province as well as the Metropolitan Municipality.
Škoda Auto, more commonly known as Škoda, is a Czech automobile manufacturer founded in 1895 as Laurin & Klement.
Škoda Auto India Pvt Ltd. has been operating in India since November 2001 as a subsidiary of Škoda Auto, one of the fastest growing car manufacturers in Europe.
The Škoda Kodiaq is a mid size SUV, manufactured by the Czech automaker Škoda Auto.
The Škoda Roomster (Type 5J) is a MPV-styled leisure activity vehicle, produced by the Czech automaker Škoda Auto.
The Babcock Electric Carriage Company was an early 20th-century United States automobile company, making electric vehicles under the Babcock brand from 1906 through 1912.
BAIC Group (officially Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese state-owned enterprise and holding company of several automobile and machine manufacturers located in Beijing, China.
Bajaj Auto Limited is a global two-wheeler and three-wheeler Indian manufacturing company.
Baker Motor Vehicle Company was an American manufacturer of Brass Era electric automobiles in Cleveland, Ohio, from 1899 to 1914.
Ballinascarty, also known as Ballinascarthy, is a village in West Cork, Ireland.
Bangladesh Machine Tools Factory Limited (BMTF), founded on 11 February 1979, is a commercial automobile assembly plant of the Bangladesh Army.
Baojun is a Chinese automobile marque owned by a joint venture of General Motors and SAIC Motor, SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile.
Bardahl is a brand of petroleum oil additives, lubricants and gasoline additives for motor vehicles and internal combustion engines made by Bardahl Manufacturing Corporation in Seattle, Washington.
Barkas was the East German manufacturer of small delivery vans and minibuses named the B1000.
Basalt fiber is a material made from extremely fine fibers of basalt, which is composed of the minerals plagioclase, pyroxene, and olivine.
The Bavarian Auto Group is an Egyptian enterprise for manufacturing and selling BMW vehicles on the local market.
Beijing Automobile Works Co., Ltd. (BAW) is a Chinese car manufacturer based in Beijing and a subsidiary of BAIC Group.
Bay Path Regional Vocational Technical High School is a secondary school located in Charlton, Massachusetts and sits on top of Old Mugget Hill.
BCUBE is a multinational company, operating in integrated logistics services for the Supply Chain Management.
Beaver Motorcoach Corporation (also known as Beaver Coach) is a defunct American motor coach manufacturing company that was based in Oregon.
Beckett Media is a privately held company.
Bedford Vehicles, usually shortened to just Bedford, was a brand of vehicle produced by Vauxhall Motors, which was ultimately owned by General Motors (GM).
Mahle Behr GmbH & Co.
Behran Oil Company (شرکت نفت بهران) is an oil refining company with headquarters in Tehran.
Beijing Benz (officially Beijing Benz Automotive Co., Ltd) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Beijing, China, and a joint venture between BAIC Motor and Daimler AG.
Beijing Hyundai Motor Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Shunyi, Beijing, China, and a joint-venture between BAIC Motor and Hyundai Motor Company.
BWI Group, also known as BeijingWest Industries, is a supplier of brake and suspension systems.
BelAZ (lit, Белорусский автомобильный завод or БелАЗ), is a Belarusian manufacturer of haulage and earthmoving equipment based in Zhodzina.
Bell Brothers was a diversified company with interests in the aggregates, automotive, civil engineering, heavy equipment, mining engineering and transport industries.
Bell Motor Cars Company was an American automobile company, based in York, Pennsylvania.
Bellasi is a Swiss-Italian motorsport company specialized in manufacturing composite parts for racing cars.
Belle Tire is an American tire, wheel and automotive service retailer headquartered in Allen Park, Michigan.
The Belvidere Assembly Plant is a Chrysler factory in Belvidere, Illinois, United States that assembles vehicles.
Bendigo TAFE is a regional provider of vocational education, training and assessment services, located in northern and central Victoria, Australia.
Berkshire Hathaway Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, United States.
(born Bertha Ringer, 3 May 1849 – 5 May 1944) was a German automotive pioneer.
"Best Day of My Life" is a song by American indie rock band American Authors.
BharatBenz is a division of Daimler India Commercial Vehicles (DICV), itself a wholly owned subsidiary of the German manufacturer Daimler AG.
BHT 1 is a Bosnian national public mainstream TV channel operated by Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT).
Bielsko-Biała (Bílsko-Bělá; Bielitz-Biala) is a city in Southern Poland with the population of approximately 174,000 (December 2013).
In the automotive industry of the United States of America, the term Big Three refers to the country's three largest automobile manufacturers: General Motors, Ford, and Fiat Chrysler (FCA US).
Bioswales are landscape elements designed to concentrate or remove debris and pollution out of surface runoff water.
The Birchwood Automotive Group, headquartered in the Pointe West AutoPark in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, is Manitoba's largest automotive dealership group.
Bird & Bird is an international law firm with over 1,200 lawyers and legal practitioners in 28 offices worldwide.
Biryulka (Бирю́лька) is a rural locality (a selo) in Kachugsky District of Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Lena River near its headwaters northwest of Lake Baikal.
Erich Bitter Automobil GmbH (Bitter) is a premium sports-luxury automobile marque produced in Germany and later Austria.
Bizzarrini S.p.A. was an Italian automotive manufacturer in the 1960s founded by former Alfa Romeo, Ferrari and Iso engineer Giotto Bizzarrini.
Black Crow automobiles were manufactured from 1909-1911 by the Crow Motor Car Company in Elkhart, Indiana, and sold by the Black Motor Company.
Blain's Farm & Fleet is a regional chain of 38 retail stores in Wisconsin, Illinois, and Iowa.
Bleichert, short for Adolf Bleichert & Co., was a famous German engineering firm founded in 1874 by Adolf Bleichert.
BLG Logistics Group AG & Co.
Blinco Systems Inc. is a privately owned software company, based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, that specializes in Global Commerce Management software solutions for importers, exporters, third-party logistics providers, distributors and brand management companies.
Bluegiga Technologies Ltd. known as Bluegiga, is a Finnish wireless technology company based in Espoo, Finland.
Blutec Srl is a brand owned by METEC, created in 2014 by acquiring Stola, founded in Turin in 1919.
The BMW B57 engine is a straight-six cylinder turbodiesel engine produced by the automobile manufacturer BMW.
BMW Brilliance (officially BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd.) is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Shenyang, China and a joint venture between BMW and Brilliance Auto.
The BMW Goldfisch is a SOHC 32-valve V16 6.7-litre prototype automotive piston engine based on the BMW M70 V12 engine.
The BMW i is a sub-brand of BMW founded in 2011 to design and manufacture plug-in electric vehicles.
BMW cars have been officially sold in the United States since 1956 and manufactured in the United States since 1994.
BMW India is a subsidiary of the BMW Group.
BMW M GmbH (previously: BMW Motorsport GmbH) is a subsidiary of German car manufacturer BMW AG.
The BMW M3 DTM is a DTM touring car constructed by the German car manufacturer BMW.
The BMW M4 DTM is a DTM touring car constructed by the German car manufacturer BMW.
The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by German automaker BMW since 2003.
Bob Hall is a former American motoring journalist best known for his work as an automotive product planner.
Bob Jane opened the first Bob Jane T-Marts store in Melbourne in 1965.
Robert White, (April 28, 1935 – February 19, 2017) was a prominent leader in the Canadian trade union and labour movement who was the founding president of the Canadian Auto Workers (now Unifor) after leading its separation from its American parent, the United Auto Workers, and then president of the Canadian Labour Congress.
Bochum (Westphalian: Baukem) is a city in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and part of the Arnsberg region.
Bodman PLC is a business law firm headquartered in Ford Field, located in downtown Detroit, Michigan.
Body in white or BIW refers to the stage in automobile manufacturing in which a car body's components have been joined together, using one or a combination of different techniques: welding (spot, MIG/MAG), riveting, clinching, bonding, laser brazing etc.
Body-in-blue is a term used in the automotive industry for the set of body parts of a car, comprising the windows and the sheet metal components that are welded or glued together before other areas of the car (such as the trim, the engine, the drivetrain, etc.) are joined to it on the production line.
Bodycote plc is a supplier of heat treatments, metal joining, hot isostatic pressing and coatings services.
Bogdan Corporation (Корпорація «Богдан» Korporatsiya Bohdan) — is a leading Ukrainian automobile-manufacturing group, including several car- and bus-makers of the country.
Bogor (Sundanese: ᮘᮧᮌᮧᮁ, Dutch: Buitenzorg) is a city in the West Java province, Indonesia.
The Bohai Economic Rim (BER) or Bohai Bay Economic Rim is the economic region surrounding Beijing and Tianjin.
The former Borgward car manufacturing company, based in Bremen, Germany, was founded by Carl F. W. Borgward (1890–1963).
Borgward Group AG is a German-based international automobile brand, which carries the identity of former German brand Borgward.
BorgWarner Inc. is an American worldwide automotive industry components and parts supplier.
Ruote Borrani S.p.A. (established 1922 in Milano) is an Italian manufacturer of wheels, famous for supplying Rudge-Whitworth design single-nut lockable wire wheels to many Italian racing cars and luxury cars until the 1960s.
Bourns, Inc. is an American electronics company that develops, manufactures and supplies electronic components for a variety of industries including automotive, industrial, instrumentation, medical electronics, consumer equipment and portable electronics.
Vibratory bowl feeders are common devices used to feed individual component parts for assembly on industrial production lines.
Bowler Manufacturing is the manufacturer of off-road racing vehicles based on the Land Rover Defender and Range Rover chassis.
Bowling Green is a city in and the county seat of Wood County, Ohio, United States, located 20 miles southwest of Toledo.
BP plc (stylised as bp), formerly British Petroleum, is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, England.
Brabham Automotive Ltd, trading under the name Brabham Automotive is a British automaker founded by David Brabham in 2018 and is based in Winchester, Hampshire, United Kingdom.
Bradley Automotive is an American automotive company that built and sold kits and components for kit cars as well as completed vehicles.
Brampton Assembly is a Chrysler automobile factory located at 2000 Williams Parkway East Brampton, Ontario, Canada.
The Brampton Assembly Plant is a former automobile manufacturing facility owned and operated by American Motors Corporation (AMC) in Brampton, Ontario.
Braunschweig (Low German: Brunswiek), also called Brunswick in English, is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, north of the Harz mountains at the farthest navigable point of the Oker river which connects it to the North Sea via the Aller and Weser rivers.
Braunschweig Wolfsburg Airport (Flughafen Braunschweig-Wolfsburg) is an airport in Braunschweig, Germany.
Bravia was a Portuguese vehicle manufacturer.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Egon Brütsch Fahrzeugbau, usually shortened to Brütsch, was a German automotive design and automaker based in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg.
Brembo S.p.A. is an Italian manufacturer of automotive brake systems, especially for high-performance cars and motorcycles based in Bergamo, near Milan.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Brenda Anne Blethyn, OBE (née Bottle; 20 February 1946) is an English film, television, and stage actress.
Brennan Motor Manufacturing Company (1897–1972) of Syracuse, New York, was an early manufacturer of automobile engines.
Breyton design GmbH is a German car tuning manufacturer specialising in BMW cars.
Bridgeport is a historic seaport city in the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Briggs & Stratton is a Fortune 1000 manufacturer of gasoline engines with headquarters in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin.
Briggs Automotive Company (BAC) is a British supercar manufacturing company based in Speke, Liverpool.
Brilliance Auto Group (officially HuaChen Group Auto Holding Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Shenyang.
Bristol Cars is a dormant manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars headquartered at Mychett Place, Surrey, England.
British Leyland was an automotive engineering and manufacturing conglomerate formed in the United Kingdom in 1968 as British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd (BLMC), following the merger of Leyland Motors and British Motor Holdings.
British Motor Holdings Limited (BMH) was a British vehicle manufacturing company known until 14 December 1966 as British Motor Corporation Limited (BMC).
The British Road Federation was a business organisation representing stakeholders of the road industry in the United Kingdom.
Broadspeed Engineering Ltd was a British automobile tuning and engineering company that operated from Sparkbrook, Birmingham, England, principally during the 1960s and 1970s.
Brock Wendel Yates (October 21, 1933 – October 5, 2016) was an American print and TV journalist, screenwriter and author.
Brockmore Classic Replicas Limited was a British automotive manufacturer.
Brose Bamberg is a German professional basketball team from Bamberg, Franconia / North Bavaria.
Brose Fahrzeugteile GmbH & Co.
Brunswick is a city in and the county seat of Glynn County, Georgia, United States.
A piece of brushed aluminium A collection of brushed stainless steel Breville small appliances A DeLorean DMC-12 featuring non-structural brushed stainless steel panels The Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri Brushed or dull polished metal is metal with a unidirectional satin finish.
Bryansk Automobile Plant (BAZ, Bryansky Avtomobilny Zavod) is a Russian manufacturer of military vehicles based in Bryansk, Russia.
Bryant is a brand of machine tools.
The Buckmobile was an American automobile manufactured between 1902 and 1905 in Utica, New York, by the Buckmobile Company.
The XR-400 was a fully operational concept car.
Bufori is a brand of hand-built automobiles inspired by American 1930s coupes.
Automobiles Ettore Bugatti was a French car manufacturer of high-performance automobiles, founded in 1909 in the then German city of Molsheim, Alsace by Italian-born Ettore Bugatti.
The Bugmobile company was founded in July 1907 in Chicago, Illinois.
Buick, formally the Buick Motor Division, is an upscale automobile brand of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
The Bullard Machine Tool Company was a large American machine tool builder.
Bullfrog Productions (formerly known as Taurus Impact Systems) was a British video game developer, founded in 1987 by Les Edgar and Peter Molyneux.
Bursa is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Bus manufacturing, a sector of the automotive industry, manufactures buses and coaches.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
A business magnate (formally industrialist) refers to an entrepreneur of great influence, importance, or standing in a particular enterprise or field of business.
Business marketing is a marketing practice of individuals or organizations (including commercial businesses, governments and institutions).
Busscar Ônibus S.A. was a Brazilian bus manufacturer that was building coaches, trolleybuses, charter and tour buses.
BYD Auto Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automobile manufacturer based in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, and a wholly owned subsidiary of BYD Company.
Byteflight is an automotive databus created by BMW and partners Motorola, Elmos Semiconductor and Infineon to address the need for a modernized safety-critical, fault tolerant means of electronic communication between automotive components.
C&I Eurotrans XXI is a coachbuilder based in Bucharest, Romania.
Cadillac, formally the Cadillac Motor Car Division, is a division of the U.S.-based General Motors (GM) that markets luxury vehicles worldwide.
Calcott was a small English motor vehicle manufacturer based in Coventry.
is a Japanese automotive company which has 58 manufacturing centers spread throughout the United States, Poland, South Korea, Mexico, Romania, Thailand, UK, South Africa, India, Spain, China, France and Malaysia.
Calspan Corporation is a science and technology company founded in 1943 as part of the Research Laboratory of the Curtiss-Wright Airplane Division at Buffalo, New York.
Caltex Woolworths is an Australian chain of petrol station, operated by Caltex Australia and Woolworths Limited in a joint venture.
CAMI Automotive is wholly owned by General Motors Canada.
Campagna Motors, was founded in 1988 in the Province of Quebec, Canada.
Campania is a region in Southern Italy.
Campinas (Plains or Meadows) is a Brazilian municipality in São Paulo State, part of the country's Southeast Region.
Canadian Electric Vehicles Ltd. was first established in 1996 in Errington, British Columbia.
The Canadian Platinum Maple Leaf is the official bullion platinum coin of Canada.
Candy apple red (occasionally known as apple-candy red) is the name code used by manufacturing companies to define a shade of red similar to the red sugar coating on candied apples.
Caparo Vehicle Technologies (CVT), formerly known as Freestream, is a British company that provides advanced technology development, materials engineering, and design services to automotive, motorsport and aerospace markets.
Cape Cod Regional Technical High School, also known as Cape Tech and Lower Cape Tech and sometimes abbreviated as CCT, is a public vocational and technical high school located in Harwich, Massachusetts.
The Caps Brothers Manufacturing Company was a very short lived car company in 1905 that was taken over by the Kansas City Motor Car Company, which made cars and trucks from 1905 to 1909 before briefly becoming the Wonder Motor Car Company which made the 1909 Kansas City Wonder car.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
Car Australia was an Australian automotive magazine published monthly until 1994.
A car chase is the vehicular hot pursuit of suspects by law enforcers.
A car club or automotive enthusiast community is a group of people who share a common interest in motor vehicles.
A car dealership or vehicle local distribution is a business that sells new or used cars at the retail level, based on a dealership contract with an automaker or its sales subsidiary.
A car door is a type of door, typically hinged, but sometimes attached by other mechanisms such as tracks, in front of an opening which is used for entering and exiting a vehicle.
Car Mechanic Simulator 2015 is a simulation video game depicting the work of an automotive mechanic.
A car model (or automobile model or model of car) is the name used by a manufacturer to market a range of similar cars.
A car platform is a shared set of common design, engineering, and production efforts, as well as major components over a number of outwardly distinct models and even types of cars, often from different, but related marques.
A car turntable or driveway turntable is a rotating platform designed for use by a car; they can be motorized or manually rotated and are usually installed in a driveway or in a garage floor.
Car Warriors is an American automotive reality TV show produced by BASE Productions that aired for two seasons on Speed in the United States and Discovery Communications affiliates in international markets.
LTI Limited trading as The London Taxi Company was a British taxicab design and manufacturing company based in Coventry, United Kingdom.
Carbon dioxide cleaning (CO2 cleaning) comprises a family of methods for parts cleaning and sterilization, using carbon dioxide in its various phases.
Carbon fibers or carbon fibres (alternatively CF, graphite fiber or graphite fibre) are fibers about 5–10 micrometers in diameter and composed mostly of carbon atoms.
Carbon Motors Corporation was an American automotive corporation that developed a purpose-built police car.
Carbuss - Indústria de Carrocerias Catarinense Ltda. is a Brazilian bus manufacturer that builds buses.
Carcraft was an independent group of used car hypermarkets established in 1951 in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England, with eleven locations around the country.
The Career Center is a high school located in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
CarGurus is a Cambridge, Massachusetts-based automotive research and shopping website that assists users in comparing local listings for used and new cars, and contacting sellers.
Carisma Automotive is a UK-based automotive shop which specializes in customized interiors, paint, tyres, and other accessories, founded in 1996.
Carl Louis "Charles" Breeden (10 February 1891 – 2 November 1951) was an English automotive industry engineer and entrepreneur and a first-class cricketer.
Carl Zeiss, branded as ZEISS, is a German manufacturer of optical systems, industrial measurements and medical devices, founded in Jena, Germany in 1846 by optician Carl Zeiss.
Carlo Hein Tabalujan (born Tan Tjin Hin 譚欣下巴; 18 April 1924—10 November 2011) is a Chinese Indonesian businessman and entrepreneur of Hokkien origin.
Carmor Integrated Vehicle Solutions (previously known as Hatehof) is an Israeli company that manufactures tankers, aircraft refuelers, fire fighting trucks, armored vehicles and special purpose trailers.
Carmudi is an online car classifieds site that focuses on emerging markets.
Carnation Auto is a multi-brand automotive sales and service company headquartered in Noida, India.
CarPrice Limited is an online used car broker and auctioneer headquartered in Moscow, Russia, with more than 50 offices in 23 large Russian cities.
Carrozzeria Barbi is an Italian bus manufacturer, with headquarters in Mirandola, near Modena.
Carrozzeria Castagna is an Italian coachbuilding company based in Milan, Italy.
The Carrozzeria Francis Lombardi was founded in 1947 in Vercelli, Italy, by noted pilot Carlo "Francis" Lombardi.
Carrozzeria Ghia SpA (established 1916 in Turin) is an Italian automobile design and coachbuilding firm, established by Giacinto Ghia and Gariglio as Carrozzeria Ghia & Gariglio.
Carrozzeria Marazzi is an Italian coachbuilding company founded in 1967 and is located in Caronno Pertusella, outside Milan.
Carrozzeria Sports Cars was a niche carrozzeria in Modena, Italy, active in the 1960s.
The Carrozzeria Viotti was an Italian coachbuilding company active between 1921 and 1964.
From 1919 to 1923, primarily North America and parts of Europe experienced the rise of the Roaring Twenties.
CarsDirect is an American online automotive research portal and car buying service based in El Segundo, California that allows consumers to research, price, purchase, insure and finance a vehicle online.
CarSite.co.uk is an automotive sales website in the United Kingdom.
The Cartercar was an American automobile manufactured in 1905 in Jackson, Michigan, in 1906 in Detroit, and from 1907 to 1915 in Pontiac, Michigan.
CarTrade.com is an online auto classifieds platform serving as a marketplace for users interested in buying and selling new and used vehicles.
Carzone is an Irish website for motor dealers and consumers located in Dublin, Ireland, and is owned by the Auto Trader Group.
Paying cash for cars is part of the vehicle recycling process that dismantles derelict automobiles for spare parts or scrap metal.
Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content greater than 2%.
Castrol is a British global brand of industrial and automotive lubricants offering a wide range of oils, greases and similar products for most lubrication applications.
Catalytic chain transfer (CCT) is a process that can be incorporated into radical polymerization to obtain greater control over the resulting products.
Category management is an approach to the organisation of purchasing within a business organisation.
CEATSA, is an Argentine high technology testing company providing environmental testing services to the satellite, aeronautics, electronics, automotive, defense, and energy industries.
CECOMP Spa (Centro Esperienze COstruzione Modelli e Prototipi) is an Italian automotive company established in 1978 by Giovanni Forneris and is based in La Loggia, Turin.
A cenosphere is a lightweight, inert, hollow sphere made largely of silica and alumina and filled with air or inert gas, typically produced as a byproduct of coal combustion at thermal power plants.
The Center for Automotive Research (CAR) is a nonprofit research organization based in Ann Arbor, Michigan that conducts research, forecasts trends, develops new methodologies, and advises on public policy.
Central Motor Co., Ltd. is a Japanese manufacturer of cars within the Toyota Group.
Not to be confused with Century, a British motor company that produced cars until 1907 Century Motor Vehicle Company (1899–1903) was a manufacturer of electric and steam automobiles in Syracuse, New York.
Ceradyne, Incorporated is a wholly owned subsidiary of 3M based in the United States.
The CERATIZIT Group is a manufacturer of hard material products for wear protection and cutting tools and is present in more than 50 countries.
Cerium is a chemical element with symbol Ce and atomic number 58.
Cerium(III) oxide, also known as cerium oxide, cerium trioxide, cerium sesquioxide, cerous oxide or dicerium trioxide, is an oxide of the rare-earth metal cerium.
CFAO Ghana, also known as CFAO Motors Ghana, is a Ghanaian automobiles company.
CFSMC, or Carbon Fiber Sheet Molding Compound (also known as CSMC or CF-SMC), is a ready to mold carbon fiber reinforced polymer composite material used in compression molding.
A chain conveyor is a type of conveyor system for moving material through production lines.
Chang Chia-juch (born 25 June, 1950 in Shanghai) was the Minister of Economic Affairs of the Republic of China from 2013 to 2014.
Chang'an Automobile (Group) Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Chongqing, China, and a state-owned enterprise.
Changan Ford (officially Changan Ford Automobile Co., Ltd.) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Chongqing, China and a 50:50 joint venture between Changan Automobile and Ford Motor Company.
Changan Ford Mazda (officially Changan Ford Mazda Automobile Co., Ltd.) was an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Chongqing, China and a joint venture between Changan Automobile, Ford Motor Company and Mazda.
Changan Mazda (officially Changan Mazda Automobile Co., Ltd.) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Nanjing, China and a 50:50 joint venture between Changan Automobile and Mazda.
Changan PSA (officially Changan PSA Automobiles Co., Ltd., informally CAPSA) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Shenzhen, China and a 50:50 joint venture between Changan Automobile and Groupe PSA.
Changan Suzuki (officially Changan Suzuki Automobile Co., Ltd.) is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Chongqing, China and a joint-venture between Chang'an Automobile Group and Suzuki.
Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, and is also the core city of Northeast Asia.
GAC Changfeng Motor Co Ltd was a Chinese automobile manufacturer wholly owned by GAC Group but which originated as a branch of the People's Liberation Army.
Changsha County is a county in Hunan Province, China.
Channel coordination (or supply chain coordination) aims at improving supply chain performance by aligning the plans and the objectives of individual enterprises.
Charles "Chuck" J. August (January 28, 1919 – November 3, 2009) was an American businessman who founded Monro Muffler Brake.
Charles H. McCann Technical School is a technical school located in North Adams, Massachusetts that serves grades 9-12.
Charles Hotchkiss Norton (November 23, 1851, Plainville, Connecticut – October 27, 1942, Plainville, Connecticut) was an American mechanical engineer and designer of machine tools.
Charles Williams Nash (January 28, 1864 – June 6, 1948) was an American automobile entrepreneur who served as an executive in the automotive industry.
Chase Motor Truck Company (1907-1919), founded by Aurin M. Chase, was a manufacturer of trucks in Syracuse, New York.
The Chatham Motor Car Company was a Canadian brass era automobile manufacturer, based in Chatham, Ontario, from 1906 to 1909.
Chatham-Kent (2016 population 101,647).
The Checker Model A was a produced by Checker Motors Corporation.
Checker Motors Corporation was a Kalamazoo, Michigan-based vehicle manufacturer and tier-one subcontractor that manufactured taxicabs used by Checker Taxi.
Chelsea Sexton (born August 14, 1975) is an electric car advocate and advisor.
CHEMKIN is a proprietary software tool for solving complex chemical kinetics problems.
PJSC "Chernihiv Automotive Plant" (PEA; Чернігівський автозавод) is a private (closed) Ukrainian manufacturer of buses located in Chernihiv.
Chery Automobile Co., Ltd., trading as Chery and sometimes known by the pinyin transcription of its Chinese name, Qirui (奇瑞), is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhu, Anhui Province, China.
Chery Jaguar Land Rover (officially Chery Jaguar Land Rover Automotive Company Ltd.) is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Changshu, China.
Chester is a city in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, United States.
Chevrolet, colloquially referred to as Chevy and formally the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Company, is an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM).
Chevrolet Europe GmbH was a subsidiary company of GM Korea (itself a subsidiary of U.S.-based automaker General Motors), founded in 2005, with headquarters in Zürich, Switzerland.
Chevrolet Sales India Pvt Ltd was a division of General Motors India Private Limited which in turn was a joint venture of General Motors of the United States.
Chiaphua Components Group is a supplier of electric motors, actuator systems, transaxles and controls, based in China.
A Chief Technology Officer (CTO), sometimes known as a Chief Technical Officer, is an executive-level position in a company or other entity whose occupation is focused on scientific and technological issues within an organization.
The China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation (CASIC) is the main contractor for the Chinese space program.
The China Compulsory Certificate mark, commonly known as a CCC Mark, is a compulsory safety mark for many products imported, sold or used in the Chinese market.
China Motor Corporation (CMC) is an automobile manufacturer based in Taipei, Taiwan.
China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation, also known as China South Industries Group Corporation (CSGC) is a Chinese manufacturer of automobiles, motorcycles, firearms, vehicle components, and optical-electronic products and other special products domestically and internationally.
Chinkara Motors, officially Chinkara Motors PVT Ltd, is a Mumbai, Maharashtra-based auto, marine, ATV and aviation manufacturer.
Chiribiri was an aircraft and automobile manufacturer in Turin Italy from 1910-1929.
Chopping and channeling is a form of customization in the "kustom kulture" and among hot rodders.
Christian Berggren (born in 1950) is a Swedish professor of Industrial Management at Linköping University.
The Chronicle Publishing Company was a print and broadcast media corporation headquartered in San Francisco, California that was in operation from 1865 until 2000.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler) is the American subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., an Italian-American automobile manufacturer registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in London, U.K., for tax purposes.
Chrysler is an American luxury car brand and the longstanding premium marque of automaker FCA US LLC.
Chrysler Europe was the American automotive company Chrysler's operations in Europe from 1967 through 1979.
Chun Nan Jun or CNJ, is the common name for the Ziyang Nanjun Automobile Co., Ltd, a Chinese truck manufacturer based in Yanjiang, Ziyang, Sichuan, with over 3,200 employees.
Ciba was a chemical company based in and near Basel, Switzerland.
CIE Automotive is an industrial group specialised in supplying components and subassemblies for the automotive market.
Circuito Monteblanco, built in 2005/06 is located in the municipality of La Palma del Condado, a town in the province of Huelva, South of Spain, at the foot of the Autopista del Quinto Centenario (A-49, E-1). It is easily accessed via the network of road links with nearby major cities such as Seville or Faro (Portugal).
CISC Semiconductor GmbH defines itself as “design and consulting service company for industries developing embedded microelectronic systems with extremely short Time-To-Market cycles.” The company started in 1999, working on solutions for the semiconductor industry, but soon expanded its field towards the automotive branch and further extended business towards the radio frequency technology (RFID) sector in 2003.
Jasper, now part of Cisco, is an American corporation headquartered in Santa Clara, California that provides a cloud-based software platform for the Internet of Things (IoT) and, more specifically, to enable product businesses to become IoT service businesses.
Cisitalia was an Italian sports and racing car brand.
Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group since 1976, founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935).
The Citroën CX is an executive car produced by the French automaker Citroën from 1974 to 1991.
The Citroën XM is an executive car that was produced by the French automaker Citroën between 1989 and 2000.
The Citroën Zabrus was a concept car of a 2+2 shooting-brake with 3 doors which was designed by the Italian automaker Bertone.
The Ciudad del Motor de Aragón, also known as Motorland Aragón, is a motorsport race track located in Alcañiz, Spain.
Cizeta Automobili srl of Modena, Italy is a car manufacturer set up in the late 1980s by Claudio Zampolli (an Italian Ferrari dealer) and the record producer Giorgio Moroder.
Clarence Dillon (September 27, 1882 – April 14, 1979) was an American financier, and namesake of Dillon, Read & Co., an investment bank.
is a Japanese manufacturer of car audio, automotive navigation systems, AutoPCs, visual equipment, bus equipment, and communication equipment.
Clark Material Handling Company (or CMHC) is a manufacturer of forklift trucks based in Lexington, Kentucky.
Claude Dubois-Millot was sales director of the Gault Millau restaurant guide and served as one of the eleven judges of the historic Judgment of Paris wine tasting.
The Cleveland Motor Car Company of Cleveland, Ohio, was manufacturer of one of several Cleveland automobiles.
A clevis fastener is a three-piece fastener system consisting of a clevis, clevis pin, and tang.
Clinching or press-joining is a bulk-sheet metal-forming process aimed at joining thin metal sheet without additional components, using special tools to plastically form an interlock between two or more sheets.
Club Car is an American company that manufactures electric and gas-powered golf cars and UTVs for personal and commercial use.
Clutched is a digital media company specializing in the automotive industry.
The CMV Group is an Australian company which operates automotive dealerships and horticulture in South Australia and Victoria, employs more than 1,200 staff with an annual turnover in excess of $1B.
COBUS Industries GmbH is a German bus manufacturer and produces infield shuttle buses used at airports around the globe.
The Coey-Mitchell Automobile Company was an American automobile manufacturer that built the Coey automobiles and operated a chain of American Driving Schools from 1913 to 1917 and was headquartered in Chicago, Illinois.
"Cog" is a British television and cinema advertisement launched by Honda in 2003 to promote the seventh-generation Accord line of cars.
Colchester Racing Developments produced Merlyn racing cars from 1960 to 1979.
Cold Metal Transfer (abbreviated CMT) is a welding method.
Eureka Operations Pty Ltd (trading as Coles Express) is an Australian chain of convenience stores at Shell Australia petrol stations.
Collaborative project management is a method used to plan, coordinate, control, and monitor distributed and complex projects.
Collins & Aikman Corporation was an automotive manufacturer of cockpit modules and automotive floor and acoustic systems and a supplier of instrument panels, automotive fabric, plastic based trim and convertible top systems.
The Colonial Motor Company Limited is a Ford and Mazda motor vehicle dealer with outlets throughout New Zealand.
The Colt Group is a family owned business, founded in 1931, that designs and supplies climate control, smoke control, natural ventilation, solar shading and daylight technology.
The Columbus Buggy Company was an early buggy and automotive manufacturer based in Columbus, Ohio from 1875 to 1913.
Several common ethanol fuel mixtures are in use around the world.
A compact car (North America), or small family car in British acceptation, is a classification of cars that are larger than a subcompact car but smaller than a mid-size car, roughly equivalent to the C-segment in Europe.
Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN) is the second major steel-maker company in Brazil.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is the broad usage of computer software to aid in engineering analysis tasks.
Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) is the manufacturing approach of using computers to control the entire production process.
JNVS Sprl competing as Comtoyou Racing is a Belgian auto racing team based in Waterloo, Belgium.
Conceptual economy is a term describing the contribution of creativity, innovation, and design skills to economic competitiveness, especially in the global context.
Configuration Lifecycle Management (CLM) is the management of all product configuration definitions and configurations across all involved business processes applied throughout the lifecycle of a product.
A connected car is a car that is equipped with Internet access, and usually also with a wireless local area network.
Constellium is a global producer of aluminium semi-products with headquarters in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Continental AG, commonly known as Continental, is a leading German automotive manufacturing company specialising in tyres, brake systems, interior electronics, automotive safety, powertrain and chassis components, tachographs, and other parts for the automotive and transportation industries.
Continental Automotive Systems (CAS), founded in 1906 by Alfred Teves, a division of the German Continental AG, is a brake and electronics supplier to the automotive industry, supplying systems, components, electronics, lithium-ion batteries and engineering services for vehicle safety, comfort and powertrain performance.
A contract manufacturer ("CM") is a manufacturer that contracts with a firm for components or products.
A conveyor system is a common piece of mechanical handling equipment that moves materials from one location to another.
The Cooper Motor Corporation, also known as CMC Motors Group Limited, is the fifth-largest importer of vehicles and fifth-largest car-assembly company in Kenya, the largest economy in the East African Community.
Cooper-Standard Automotive Inc., headquartered in Novi, Michigan, is an automotive supplier specializing in the manufacture and marketing of systems and components for the automotive industry.
The Corbin was an American automobile manufactured from 1904 to 1912 in New Britain, Connecticut.
Cornering Brake Control or CBC is an automotive safety system introduced by carmakers BMW and Mercedes-Benz (ESP Dynamic Cornering Assist and Curve Dynamic Assist).
Corning Incorporated is an American multinational technology company that specializes in specialty glass, ceramics, and related materials and technologies including advanced optics, primarily for industrial and scientific applications.
Corre La Licorne was a French car maker founded 1901 in Levallois-Perret, at the north-western edge of central Paris, by Jean-Marie Corre.
Corsa Specialised Vehicles (CSV) is a small-scale automaker established in 1994 that is based in Mildura, Victoria, Australia.
COSILAB is a software tool for solving complex chemical kinetics problems.
Cosmo Films Limited is an Indian multinational corporation that manufactures bi-axially oriented polypropylene films (BOPP) for packaging, label, lamination and industrial applications.
Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in, specialising in high-performance internal combustion engines, powertrain, and electronics; for automobile racing (motorsport) and mainstream automotive industries.
Cottin & Desgouttes was a French automobile manufacturer from the beginning of the 20th century.
A Counting Point, in short 'CP', is a certain spot for planning, controlling and monitoring material flow items e.g. single parts, assembly groups, final products, bins, racks, container, freight carrier, etc.
Bernard Cournil was a French vehicle maker who progressed from improving other people’s vehicles to manufacturing his own during the late 1950s.
Courtaulds was a United Kingdom-based manufacturer of fabric, clothing, artificial fibres, and chemicals.
Cox Enterprises, Inc. is a privately held American conglomerate based in Atlanta.
A crash simulation is a virtual recreation of a destructive crash test of a car or a highway guard rail system using a computer simulation in order to examine the level of safety of the car and its occupants.
The Crawford Automobile Company was an automobile manufacturing company based in Hagerstown, Maryland which produced cars 1905–1923.
Crawford Composites is an American manufacturer of carbon fiber and composite parts company based in Denver, North Carolina.
A crossmember is a structural section that is transverse to the main structure.
The Crow-Elkhart was an American automobile manufactured from 1909 until 1924 by the Crow-Elkhart Motor Company of Elkhart, Indiana, founded by Martin E. Crow.
Crumb rubber is recycled rubber produced from automotive and truck scrap tires.
A cryogenic treatment is the process of treating workpieces to cryogenic temperatures (i.e. below) in order to remove residual stresses and improve wear resistance on steels.
CSG Holding Limited (A share), (B share), formerly China Southern Glass Holding Limited, is the largest architectural glass manufacturer in China.
CSK Auto, Inc. was a specialty retailer of automotive parts and accessories in the western United States.
A cubic centimetre (or cubic centimeter in US English) (SI unit symbol: cm3; non-SI abbreviations: cc and ccm) is a commonly used unit of volume that extends the derived SI-unit cubic metre, and corresponds to the volume of a cube that measures 1 cm × 1 cm × 1 cm.
The cubic inch (symbol in3) is a unit of measurement for volume in the Imperial units and United States customary units systems.
The Cummins B Series is a family of American straight-four and straight-6 diesel piston engines that are manufactured by Cummins.
Cumulative quantities are a concept in logistics that involves adding up required materials quantities over a defined time-window that can be drawn as a 'cumulative curve'.
CUPRA (formerly known as SEAT Sport) is the high-performance motorsport division of the Spanish automobile manufacturer SEAT, founded in 1985, succeeding the "SEAT Special Vehicles department" which had been formed in 1971 with the mission to enforce the brand's participation in rally championships, followed by 11 titles between 1979 and 1983.
A cyber-physical (also styled cyberphysical) system (CPS) is a mechanism that is controlled or monitored by computer-based algorithms, tightly integrated with the Internet and its users.
Cybotron were a pioneering and influential American electro music group formed in 1980 by Juan Atkins and Richard "3070" Davis in Detroit.
Cycle and Carriage was a company, founded in 1899, and based in Singapore and Malaysia.
Cyclic Corrosion Testing (CCT) has evolved in recent years, largely within the automotive industry, as a way of accelerating real-world corrosion failures, under laboratory controlled conditions.
Cycling in Kuala Lumpur (Menunggang basikal di bandaraya Kuala Lumpur) refers to the bicycle uses in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia for touring, recreational, work and transportation purpose.
Cymat Technologies is a public corporation based out of Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, and one of the world leaders in the production of Aluminum foam.
Cytec Industries Incorporated, based in Woodland Park, New Jersey is a speciality chemicals and materials technology company with pro-forma sales in 2004, including the Surface Specialties acquisition, of approximately $3.0 billion.
Dadi Auto (officially Dadi Automobile Group Co., Ltd.) is a pickup truck and heavy-duty truck manufacturing company headquartered in Baoding, China.
Zyle Daewoo Bus Corporation (hangul:자일대우버스) is a South Korean manufacturer of buses and is majority owned by Young-An Hat Company, based in Busan.
Daewoo Motors was a South Korean automotive company established in 1982, part of the Daewoo Group.
Daher, or DAHER, is a French industrial conglomerate.
is one of the oldest surviving Japanese internal combustion engine manufacturers, later known for its range of smaller kei models and off-road vehicles.
The Daihatsu Mira Gino is a kei car with distinctive retro styling made by the Japanese automaker Daihatsu.
The Daihatsu Pyzar, sold in some export markets as the Daihatsu Gran Move or Daihatsu Grand Move, is a mini MPV which was manufactured by the Japanese automaker Daihatsu from 1996 to 2002.
The Daihatsu YRV is a Mini MPV which was manufactured by the Japanese automaker Daihatsu from 2000 to 2005.
Daimler AG is a German multinational automotive corporation.
The Daimler Company Limited, until 1910, the Daimler Motor Company Limited, was an independent British motor vehicle manufacturer founded in London by H. J. Lawson in 1896, which set up its manufacturing base in Coventry.
Daimler India Commercial Vehicles Pvt.
The Daimler Manufacturing Company (DMFG), there is just the one casual mention in the source and no other source can be found--> was a boutique American automaker company from 1898 to 1907.
Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft (DMG) (Daimler Motors Corporation) was a German engineer and later automobile manufacturer, in operation from 1890 until 1926.
Daimler Trucks North America LLC, formerly Freightliner Corporation, is an automotive industry manufacturer of commercial vehicles headquartered in Portland, Oregon, and is a wholly owned subsidiary of the German Daimler AG.
Daimler-Benz AG was a German manufacturer of motor vehicles and internal combustion engines, which was founded in 1926.
The DaimlerChrysler–Mitsubishi alliance refers to the 69-month period during which U.S.-German automaker DaimlerChrysler AG (DCX) held a controlling stake in Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC).
Ralph Dale Earnhardt Sr. (April 29, 1951 – February 18, 2001), known professionally as Dale Earnhardt, was an American professional auto racing driver and team owner, best known for his involvement in stock car racing for NASCAR.
Dallara Automobili is an Italian chassis manufacturer for various motor racing series, being most notable for its near-monopoly in Formula Three since 1993.
Dana Incorporated is an American worldwide supplier of drivetrain, sealing, and thermal-management technologies.
A Darracq and Company Limited owned a French manufacturer of motor vehicles and aero engines in Suresnes, near Paris.
DASH7 Alliance Protocol (D7A) is an open source Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network protocol, which operates in the 433 MHz, 868 MHz and 915 MHz unlicensed ISM band/SRD band.
Datsun is an automobile brand owned by Nissan.
David Brown Automotive is a British manufacturer of limited edition automobiles in Silverstone, England, belonging to British businessman David Brown.
The Davis Motorcar Company was an American automobile manufacturer based in Van Nuys, in the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California, which produced three-wheeled automobiles from 1947 to 1948.
Dax Cars is a British sports car manufacturer founded in 1968 and based in Harlow, Essex, England.
Daxcon Engineering, Inc., is a company headquartered in Bartonville, Illinois, that provides engineering and manufacturing consultation to the Defense & Aerospace, Mining & Construction, Automotive, Consumer Products, and Agriculture industries.
Day-Elder Motors Corporation (1918-1937, also known as D.E.) was a manufacturer of trucks in Irvington, New Jersey.
Dörken MKS-Systeme (Dörken MKS-Systeme GmbH & Co. KG)) is an international specialty chemical company headquartered in Herdecke, Germany. It is the European market leader for micro-layer corrosion protection systems and is represented in more than 150 countries worldwide.
A DC connector (or DC plug, for one common type of connector) is an electrical connector for supplying direct current (DC) power.
De Dion rear axle A de Dion tube is an automobile suspension technology.
De Dion-Bouton was a French automobile manufacturer and railcar manufacturer operating from 1883 to 1953.
De Tomaso Modena SpA was an Italian car-manufacturing company.
The De Tomaso Longchamp is an automobile which was produced by the Italian automaker De Tomaso from 1972 to 1989.
A dealership management system (DMS) or auto dealership management system is a bundled management information system created specifically for automotive industry car dealerships or large equipment manufacturers, such as Caterpillar Inc dealerships, and also adapted for cars, boats, bikes, RV, and power sports dealers.
Dearborn is a city in the State of Michigan.
Decision intelligence is a framework that unifies a number of best practices for organizational decision making.
The Deere-Clark Motor Car Company was a manufacturer of automobiles in Moline, Illinois from 1906 to 1907.
Del Monte Motor Works, Inc.., also known as Del Monte Motors, or DMMW, is a bus and truck manufacturer, headquarters in Quezon City, Philippines.
Delek Group is an Israeli conglomerate and one of Israel's largest companies, majority owned by Yitzhak Tshuva a self-made multi-billionaire.
Dell'Orto is an Italian company, headquartered in Cabiate, specialized in the construction of carburetors and electronic injection systems.
The DeLorean Motor Company (DMC) was an American automobile manufacturer originally formed by automobile industry executive John DeLorean in 1975.
Delta Motor Corporation was an automobile company from the Philippines established by Ricardo C. Silverio, Sr. It operated under a technical tie-up with Toyota Motor Corporation of Japan,Doner, p. 43 but also produced its own range of small off-roaders called the "Delta Mini Cruiser".
Detroit's population began to expand rapidly based on resource extraction from around the Great Lakes region, especially lumber and mineral resources.
Dennis M. "Denny" Mooney (born 1956 in the United States) is a former General Motors (GM) executive.
is a global automotive components manufacturer headquartered in the city of Kariya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan.
Denway Motors Limited (former stock code) was an investment holding company listed in Hong kong.
Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Co., Ltd., trading as Denza, is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Shenzhen, China, specialising in luxury electric cars and an equally owned joint venture between BYD Auto and Daimler AG.
The Derways Automobile Company (ООО Автомобильная компания ДЕРВЕЙС) is a Russian automaker located in Cherkessk.
A desaxe engine, is one in which each cylinder is positioned with its exact center (the bore axis) slightly offset from the center line of the crankshaft.
A design director is a position usually found within the advertising, media, automotive or entertainment industries, but may be useful in other creative organizations such as web development and software development firms as well.
Designit (imperative mood, meaning 'design it' and pronounced 'dɪˈzʌɪn ɪt') is an international strategic design firm founded in Aarhus, Denmark, in 1991 by Anders Geert Jensen and Mikal Hallstrup.
Desoutter Industrial Tools founded in 1914 and headquartered in France, is an industrial manufacturer providing electric and pneumatic assembly tools.
The Detroit Automobile Company (DAC) was an early American automobile manufacturer founded on August 5, 1899, in Detroit, Michigan.
Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) is an American diesel engine manufacturer headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, United States and a subsidiary of Daimler Trucks North America, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of the German Daimler AG.
Detroit Electric (1907–1939, revived in 2008 for the Detroit Electric SP.01) was an electric car produced by the Anderson Electric Car Company in Detroit, Michigan.
A development mule (test mule, or simply mule) in the automotive industry is a testbed vehicle equipped with prototype components requiring evaluation.
Dewan Farooque Motors (دیوان فاروق موٹر) is a Pakistani automobile manufacturer based in Karachi, Pakistan and part of the Dewan Mushtaq Group.
DG Sport Compétition is a Belgian auto racing team based in Theux, Belgium.
DHL Supply Chain is a division of Deutsche Post DHL and is affiliated with DHL Express.
Diamond Reo Trucks was an American truck manufacturer.
The Diamond T Company was an American automobile and truck manufacturer.
Diamond-Star Motors (DSM) was an automobile-manufacturing joint venture between the Chrysler Corporation and Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC).
Diar Automobile Company (in Persian دیار خودرو) is an automobile company based in Golpayegan, Iran.
Diardi is a sports car manufactured in Turkey by the Çenberci Group.
Diatto was an Italian manufacturing company founded in 1835 in Turin by Guglielmo Diatto to make 'carriages for wealthy customers'.
Didcot is a railway town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire and the historic county of Berkshire.
Dieffenbacher is an internationally active group of companies that develops and manufactures press systems and complete production systems for the wood panel industry, the automotive and composites industries.
Diehl Metall is a corporate division of the Diehl Stiftung & Co.
DieselJet s.r.l. is an aircraft engine manufacturer based in Castel Maggiore, Italy.
Digital radio is the use of digital technology to transmit and/or receive across the radio spectrum.
DINA (Diesel Nacional, S.A. de C.V, in English National Diesel) is a Mexican automotive producer of heavy duty and specialty trucks, urban buses, armored military vehicles, and intercity buses.
Dinner Station is a ghost town in Elko County in the American state of Nevada.
Direct numerical control (DNC), also known as distributed numerical control (also DNC), is a common manufacturing term for networking CNC machine tools.
DISAMATIC is an automatic production line used for fast manufacturing of sand molds for sand casting.
A distributor is an enclosed rotating shaft used in spark-ignition internal combustion engines that have mechanically-timed ignition.
Dixiana Farm, founded in 1877, is an American Thoroughbred horse breeding farm in Lexington, Kentucky.
DKW (Dampf-Kraft-Wagen, steam-powered car) is a German car and motorcycle marque.
Doğuş Holding A.Ş. (Doğuş Group) is one of the top three largest private-sector conglomerates in Turkey, with a portfolio of 250 companies that cross industry verticals, including one of Turkey's largest banks, Garanti Bank, as well as high-end Porsche, Audi, and Volkswagen dealerships, retail and food stores, construction companies, and tourism businesses.
The Dolson was a brass era automobile manufactured in Charlotte, Michigan by the J.L. Dolson & Sons from 1904 to 1907.
Domenico Casalino (Turin, 11 January 1962) is an Italian executive.
Dometic Group is a Swedish manufacturer whose core business is climate, hygiene, sanitation, food and beverage applications within the RV, marine, and automotive industry.
Dongfeng Honda Automobile Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Wuhan, China, and a 50:50 joint-venture between Dongfeng Motor Group and Honda Motor Company.
Dongfeng Motor Company Limited (abb. DFL) is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Wuhan, China.
Dongfeng Motor Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhan, China.
Dongfeng Nengdi (Hangzhou) Motor Co., Ltd. also known as just DND is a Chinese manufacturer of truck.
Dongfeng Peugeot-Citroën Automobile Co., Ltd. (DPCA) is a joint venture between Dongfeng Motor Group and PSA Peugeot Citroën.
Dongfeng Renault Automobile Company (DRAC) or Dongfeng Renault is an equally owned Chinese joint venture between car manufacturers Dongfeng Motor Group and Renault aimed to produce and sell Renault-badged vehicles, established in 2013.
Yangzijiang Dongfeng Automobile (Wuhan) Co., Ltd., trading as Dongfeng Yangtse, is a bus manufacturing company based in Wuhan, Hubei, China, founded in 2004.
Dongfeng Yueda Kia Motor Co., Ltd. is an automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Yancheng, China and a joint venture between Dongfeng Motor Corporation, Yueda Group and Kia Motors.
Dongfeng Yulon Motor Co., Ltd. (Dongfeng Yulon) is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Hangzhou, China and a 50:50 joint venture between the Chinese automaker Dongfeng Motor Corporation and the Taiwanese automaker Yulon Motor.
Donkervoort Automobielen BV is a manufacturer of authentic hand-built and ultra light weight sports cars based in Lelystad, Netherlands.
Doraville Assembly was a General Motors automobile factory in Doraville, Georgia, just northeast of Atlanta.
The Dorris Motor Car Company was founded by George Preston Dorris in 1906.
DOT 3 is one of several designations of automotive brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point.
DOT 4 is one of several designations of automotive brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point.
DOT 5 is one of several North American designations of automotive hydraulic brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point.
DOT 5.1 is one of several designations of automotive brake fluid, denoting a particular mixture of chemicals imparting specified ranges of boiling point.
The Dow Chemical Company, commonly referred to as Dow, is an American multinational chemical corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan, United States, and the predecessor of the merged company DowDuPont.
In the context of the automobile industry, downsizing is a practice used to transition vehicles from one size segment to another.
DR Automobiles S.r.l. (previously DR Motor Company) is an Italian automobile company, based in Macchia d'Isernia, founded in 2006 by Massimo Di Risio.
The Dragon Automobile Company manufactured automobiles from 1906 to 1908, first in Detroit, Michigan, and then in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Dräxlmaier Group is a German automotive component supplier active in vehicle electric systems, electrical and electronic parts, interiors, storage systems, plastics, toolmaking and logistics.
Driggs-Seabury Ordnance Company was founded in 1897 by William H. Driggs and Samuel Seabury, both US Navy officers, in partnership with Louis Labodie Driggs, originally to produce guns for the US Army and US Navy designed by the partners.
Drivers Republic (also referred to as “DR”) was a web-based digital platform comprising a bespoke social community for drivers, online magazine and video channel.
The DS 6WR is a compact crossover SUV designed by the French automaker DS Automobiles specifically for Asian market.
The DS 7 Crossback is a premium segment SUV from the French automaker DS Automobiles.
DS is the premium brand of Groupe PSA.
Koninklijke DSM N.V. (Royal DSM, commonly known as DSM), is a Dutch multinational active in the fields of health, nutrition and materials.
dSPACE GmbH (digital signal processing and control engineering), located in Paderborn, Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia), is one of the world’s leading providers of tools for developing electronic control units.
Du Pont Motors was founded by E. Paul du Pont to produce marine engines for the Allied nations in World War I. After the war, the Du Pont Motor Company produced extremely high-end automobiles.
Durden and Co. commenced business as general engineers to the automotive industry in 1948.
Dutton Group is an Australian-based automotive company headquartered in Richmond, Victoria.
Dynamatic Technologies (officially Dynamatic Technologies Limited) is an Indian company involved in precision engineering.
Dynetics is an American private (employee-owned), applied science, and information technology company headquartered in Huntsville, Alabama.
e.solutions is a company developing automotive infotainment systems and digital dashboards.
Earl J. Hesterberg (born 1953) is a businessman in the automotive industry.
The Eberspächer Group of Companies, with headquarters in Esslingen am Neckar, Germany, is a privately owned family business that is an international automotive supplier with around 80 locations in 29 countries.
An ‘‘‘eBidding‘‘‘ is an electronic bidding event (without awarding commitment) according to defined negotiation rules (eAgreement).
ebm-papst A&NZ is a manufacturer and supplier of fans, blowers and air moving products.
Eco-socialism, green socialism or socialist ecology is an ideology merging aspects of socialism with that of green politics, ecology and alter-globalization or anti-globalization.
Ecoigo is an environmentally conscious London-based company, which offers corporate taxicab, chauffeur and private hire in the United Kingdom.
The economic history of World War I covers the methods used by the First World War (1914–1918), as well as related postwar issues such as war debts and reparations.
Compared to other popular modes of passenger transportation, the car has a relatively high cost per person-distance traveled.
An economy car is an automobile that is designed for low-cost purchase and operation.
Alberta's economy is the sum of all economic activity in Alberta, Canada's fourth largest province by population.
There's evidence to believe that Aurangabad was developed as a trading hub four centuries ago.
The Economy of Bangalore is an important part of the economy of India as a whole and contributes over 87% to the Economy of the State of Karnataka, accounting for 98% of the Software Exports of the State.
The modern, private enterprise economy of Belgium has capitalised on its central geographic location, highly developed transport network, and diversified industrial and commercial base.
The economy of Canada is a highly developed mixed economy with 10th largest GDP by nominal and 17th largest GDP by PPP in the world.
Changsha is one of the most developed cities and economic centres in China.
The economy of Ghana has a diverse and rich resource base, including the manufacturing and exportation of digital technology goods, automotive and ship construction and exportation, and the exportation of diverse and rich resources such as hydrocarbons and industrial minerals.
This article is about the Economy of Hamilton, Ontario.
The economy of Iran is a mixed and transition economy with a large public sector.
The economy of Italy is the 3rd-largest national economy in the eurozone, the 8th-largest by nominal GDP in the world, and the 12th-largest by GDP (PPP).
The economy of Malaysia is the 4th largest in Southeast Asia, and is the 38th largest economy in the world.
The '''City of Milan''' is the capital of the Lombardy Region in Northern Italy.
The economy of Morocco is considered a relatively liberal economy governed by the law of supply and demand.
Nigeria is a middle-income, mixed economy and emerging market, with expanding manufacturing, financial, service, communications, technology and entertainment sectors.
Portugal ranked 42nd in the WEF's Global Competitiveness Report for 2017–2018.
The economy of Serbia is a service-based upper middle income economy with the tertiary sector accounting for two-thirds of total gross domestic product (GDP) and functions on the principles of the free market.
The economy of the Philippines is the world's 34th largest economy by nominal GDP according to the 2017 estimate of the International Monetary Fund's statistics, it is the 13th largest economy in Asia, and the 3rd largest economy in the ASEAN after Indonesia and Thailand.
The economy of the United Arab Emirates is the second largest in the Arab world (after Saudi Arabia), with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $403.2 billion (AED 1.46 trillion) in 2014.
The economy of Wales is closely linked with the rest of the United Kingdom and the wider European Economic Area.
Ed Wallace is an American radio personality.
EDAG Engineering GmbH is a German company based in Wiesbaden, in the state of Hesse, Germany.
Edward Vernon Rickenbacker (October 8, 1890 – July 23, 1973) was an American fighter ace in World War I and Medal of Honor recipient.
Edgar Staley Gorrell (February 3, 1891—March 5, 1945) was an American military officer, aviation pioneer, historian, manufacturing entrepreneur, and advocate for the airline industry.
Edison Assembly, also known as Metuchen Assembly, was a Ford Motor Company manufacturing plant in Edison, New Jersey.
Edmunds.com Inc. (stylized as Edmunds) is an American online resource for automotive information.
Edoardo Bianchi (17 July 1865 – 3 July 1946) was an Italian entrepreneur and inventor who founded the bicycle manufacturing company Bianchi in 1885 and the Italian automobile manufacturer Autobianchi.
Sir Edward Manville (formerly Mosely, 27 September 1862, Paddington – 17 March 1933, London) M.Inst.E.E., was a British consulting electrical engineer, industrialist and politician.
Edward Payson Bullard Jr. (July 10, 1872 – June 26, 1953) was an American engineer, president of the Bullard Machine Tool Company for 40 years, and inventor.
Edward T. Welburn (born December 14, 1950) is an automobile designer and General Motors' Vice President of Global Design from 2003 to 2016.
Edwin R. Fellows (May 29, 1865 – May 21, 1945) was an American inventor and entrepreneur from Torrington, Connecticut who designed and built a new type of gear shaper in 1896 and, with the mentoring of James Hartness, left the Jones & Lamson Machine Company to co-found the Fellows Gear Shaper Company in Springfield, Vermont, which became one of the leading firms in the gear-cutting segment of the machine tool industry.
Effa Motors is a Uruguayan automobile and commercial vehicle manufacturer with headquarters in San José de Mayo in southern Uruguay.
EFI Technology Inc. founded by Graham Western in October 1988 is an independent high-performance automotive electronics engineering company based in Torrance, California.
Egy-Tech Engineering (ايجى تك) is a car manufacturer located in Cairo, Egypt.
The Egyptian Engineering Agencies EEA is an Egyptian engineering and automotive supplies company established in 1941 in Cairo by Robert Dayoub, still current President of the company.
The Egyptian German Automotive Company, or short EGA, is an Egyptian car assembler who is located in the 6th of October City.
Eicher Motors Limited (EML) (Bloomberg: EIM IN Reuters: EICH.NS) is the parent company of Royal Enfield, a manufacturer of middleweight motorcycles.
EIM Group (Egyptian International Motors), established in 1979 is one of Egypt’s largest privately owned entities.
The Eindhoven University of Technology (Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, abbr. TU/e) is a university of technology in Eindhoven, Netherlands.
eInfochips is a Product Engineering and Software R&D Services firm based in Sunnyvale, California that offers solutions in software, hardware, VLSI and mechanical engineering services.
Einride is a Swedish transport company based in Stockholm, Sweden.
Eisenach is a town in Thuringia, Germany with 42,000 inhabitants, located west of Erfurt, southeast of Kassel and northeast of Frankfurt.
Eisenhuth Horseless Vehicle Company was a manufacturer of Brass Age automobiles who were originally based in New York City.
In the United States, Election Day is the day set by law for the general elections of federal public officials.
Electra Meccanica Vehicles Corp. is a Canadian Electric vehicle manufacturer established in 2015 in Vancouver, British Columbia and unveiled the new 2017 SOLO, its first designed product, in late 2016.
An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights, smartphones, and electric cars.
Electric resistance welding (ERW) refers to a group of welding processes such as spot and seam welding that produce coalescence of faying surfaces where heat to form the weld is generated by the electrical resistance of material combined with the time and the force used to hold the materials together during welding.
An electric vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion.
Electricfil, also known as EFI Automotive, is a manufacturer of automotive engine and powertrain sensors. The company is headquartered is in Beynost, France, and has factories in Turkey, Mexico, China, and the United States.
Electroplating is a process that uses an electric current to reduce dissolved metal cations so that they form a thin coherent metal coating on an electrode.
ESG (Electronic System and Logistics Group) is a limited liability company (GmbH) founded in 1967 in Munich.
Elfin Sports Cars Pty Ltd (formerly known as Elfin Sports Car Company) is a car manufacturer company founded by Garrie Cooper.
Elizabeth is both the largest city and the county seat of Union County, in New Jersey, United States.
Elles Bougent is a French voluntary association created in 2005 in order to attract high school girls and young students women to careers in transportation engineering (aerospace, automotive, rail).
Ellington Electronics Technology Group 依頓電子科技股份有限公司 (simply known as Ellington PCB or Eton) is one of the leading Printed Circuit Board (PCB) manufacturers in China.
Elmhurst is a residential neighborhood in the southernmost part of Oakland, California.
Elmore Manufacturing Company was a manufacturer of veteran and brass era automobiles and bicycles (1893–97), headquartered at 504 Amanda Street, Clyde, Ohio, from 1893 until 1912.
Elmos Semiconductor AG is a German manufacturer of semiconductor products headquartered in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
ElringKlinger AG is a German car spare parts manufacturer headquartered in Dettingen an der Erms, Germany.
Elwood Haynes (October 14, 1857 – April 13, 1925) was an American inventor, metallurgist, automotive pioneer, entrepreneur and industrialist.
Embedded Wizard is a graphical user interface tool developed and distributed by TARA Systems GmbH for creating graphical user interface (GUI) applications mainly for embedded systems.
The Embraer E-Jet E2 family are medium-range jet airliners developed by Embraer, succeeding the original E-Jet.
Emigration from Malta was an important demographic phenomenon throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, leading to the creation of large Maltese communities in English-speaking countries abroad.
Employee pricing is a selling strategy launched in 2005 by the auto industry in order to attract customers by using the discounted prices that auto industry employees pay for new cars rather than the sticker price MSRP.
Employment discrimination is a form of discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, physical or mental disability, age, sexual orientation, and gender identity by employers.
The End of Life Vehicles Directive is a Directive of the European Union addressing the end of life for automotive products.
The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (originally named the Clean Energy Act of 2007) is an Act of Congress concerning the energy policy of the United States.
Engelbert Zaschka (September 1, 1895 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany – June 26, 1955 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany) was a German chief engineer, chief designer and inventor.
Jaguar Land Rover Engine Manufacturing Centre, is an engine producing factory located on the outskirts of Wolverhampton and South Staffordshire.
The England–Germany football rivalry is considered to be mainly an English phenomenon—in the run-up to any competition match between the two teams, many UK newspapers will print articles detailing results of previous encounters, such as those in 1966 and 1990.
Heat exchangers were initially developed to use plain (or smooth) heat transfer surfaces.
is a Japanese motorcycle and passenger car wheel manufacturer for both motorsport and street use, founded in 1950.
The EnOcean technology is an energy harvesting wireless technology used primarily in building automation systems, and is also applied to other applications in industry, transportation, logistics and smart homes.
EnPro Industries, Inc. is an American industrial conglomerate, through its various divisions and subsidiaries it provides engineered industrial products for critical applications in a wide range of industries.
Environmental Stress Cracking (ESC) is one of the most common causes of unexpected brittle failure of thermoplastic (especially amorphous) polymers known at present.
Epsilon Composite is a French company created in 1987 by Stephane LULL, its current CEO.
Equipment and Tool Institute (ETI) is a US-based non-profit automotive trade association.
Equipment operator (abbreviated as EO) is a United States Navy occupational rating.
ErAZ (Երեւանի ավտոմոբիլային գործարան, Ереванский Автомобильный Завод, ЕрАЗ, Yerevanskiy Avtomobilny Zavod) was an automobile manufacturer in Yerevan, Armenia mostly known for producing the van RAF-977K (as ErAZ-762) from 1966 to 1996.
ERF was a British truck manufacturer.
Eric Oswald Stork (January 8, 1927 - February 2, 2014) was an American regulator from the Environmental Protection Agency.
ERIKA Enterprise is an open-source OSEK/VDX Kernel.
The Erkunt Group was established in 1953 in Turkey.
Ernest "Ernie" Green (born October 15, 1938) is a former American football fullback for the Cleveland Browns in the National Football League.
The eRuf Model A is an all-electric sports car made by German automobile manufacturer Ruf Automobile.
Essex County is a primarily rural county in Southwestern Ontario, Canada comprising seven municipalities: Amherstburg, Kingsville, Lakeshore, LaSalle, Leamington, Tecumseh and the administrative seat, Essex.
The ETAS Group is a German company which designs solutions and tools for the development of embedded systems for the automotive industry and other sectors of the embedded industry.
ETEC Lauro Gomes, formerly known as ETE Lauro Gomes, ETI Lauro Gomes and Escola Técnica Industrial de São Bernardo do Campo is an educational facility located in São Bernardo do Campo, SP, Brazil.
Ethylene propylene rubber (EPR, sometimes called EPM referring to an ASTM standard) is a type of synthetic elastomer that is closely related to EPDM rubber.
ETKA is the official electronic parts catalogue (EPC) for Volkswagen Group motor vehicles.
Etox is the first Turkish automobile manufacturer dedicated exclusively to building sports cars.
Etwall is a village and civil parish in Derbyshire, England, southwest of Derby on the A50.
Eugene Bordinat, Jr. (February 10, 1920 – August 11, 1987) was a Ford Motor Company styling executive whose career spanned several decades.
The Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters) AS350 Écureuil (Squirrel) (now H125) is a single-engine light utility helicopter originally designed and manufactured in France by Aérospatiale and Eurocopter (now Airbus Helicopters).
The European Automobile Manufacturers Association (Association des Constructeurs Européens d'Automobiles; abbreviated ACEA) is the main lobbying and standards group of the automobile industry in the European Union.
The ENX Association is an association of European vehicle manufacturers, suppliers and organisations.
European Road Assessment Programme (EuroRAP) is an international nonprofit (vzw) organisation registered in Belgium.
The Eurostar Automobilwerk GesmbH & Co.
Everspeed is a French holding company for motorsport related companies.
EvoBus GmbH is a German bus manufacturer headquartered in Neu-Ulm, Germany and a wholly owned subsidiary of Daimler AG.
Excon Worldwide, Inc. is a Canadian energy, commodities, equities, and services company based in Toronto with other offices worldwide.
Exel was a supply chain and logistics company operating in North America and Europe, and a subsidiary of the German firm Deutsche Post DHL.
The export of cryptographic technology and devices from the United States was severely restricted by U.S. law until 1992, but was gradually eased until 2000; some restrictions still remain.
Express Oil Change & Tire Engineers is an American brand of automotive oil change, tire, and general service centers founded in Alabama, United States, in 1979.
F&P Manufacturing Inc. abbreviated F&P Mfg Inc. is a Japanese Automotive parts supplier based in North America.
F650 Pickups is a manufacturer and automotive distributor of mainly custom made Ford F-650 super trucks and XUVs.
Fabbrica Ligure Automobili Genova, F.L.A.G., FLAG, was an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1905 by investors in La Spezia, Liguria, that produced large, prestigious, luxury vehicles.
Fabrika automobila Priboj (Корпорација Фабрика Аутомобила Прибој а.д.; abbr. FAP) is a Serbian automotive manufacturer of trucks with the headquarters in Priboj, Serbia.
The Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych, commonly known as FSM, was a Polish automobile factory born from an agreement between the FSO and Fiat in the 1970s for the construction of a new model, the Polski Fiat 126p, Polish version of Fiat 126.
Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych (Passenger Automobile Factory), commonly known as FSO, was a Polish automobile manufacturer, located in Warsaw.
Facel S.A. was a French manufacturer of steel furniture and pressed steel components, later complete automobiles to their own design, founded in 1939 to make components for Bronzavia's military aircraft.
An automotive facelift (also known as mid-generational refresh, minor model change or minor model update, life cycle impulse) comprises changes to a car, truck or bus's styling during its production run – including, to highly variable degree, new sheetmetal, interior design elements or mechanical changes – allowing a carmaker to freshen a model without complete redesign.
Factory Five Racing, Inc. (F.F.R.) is an American automobile company that designs, engineers and manufactures assembly kits, chassis, bodies and related components for replicars and sports cars.
The University of the Fraser Valley (UFV), (formerly known as University College of the Fraser Valley and Fraser Valley College) is a Canadian public university with campuses in Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Mission and Hope, British Columbia, as well as a presence in Chandigarh, India.
Fafnir was a German engine and vehicle manufacturer based in Aachen.
The Fakhro Group, also known as the Abdulla Yousif Fakhro Group, represents a collection of businesses owned by the descendants of the late Abdulla bin Yousif Fakhro.
FANUC (often styled Fanuc) is a group of companies, principally of Japan, Fanuc America Corporation of Rochester Hills, Michigan, USA, and FANUC Europe Corporation S.A. of Luxembourg, that provide automation products and services such as robotics and computer numerical control wireless systems.
Fargo is the most populous city in the state of North Dakota, accounting for nearly 16% of the state population.
Sanos (Macedonian: Санос) is a company from Skopje, Macedonia, which produces urban, suburban and intercity buses, airport buses and special vehicles.
Fascia is a term used in two areas in the automotive world.
Fashion forecasting is a global career that focuses on upcoming trends.
Fast Lane Daily, sometimes referred to as FLD, was an Internet-based video newscast about the automotive industry, created by Emil Rensing, a founder of Next New Networks.
Fath Vehicle Industries is an Iranian motor vehicle manufacturer.
Faurecia is the 6th largest international automotive parts manufacturer in the world; in 2013 it was #1 for vehicle interiors and emission control technology.
FAW Car Company Limited, a subsidiary of FAW Group in Changchun, Jilin, China.
FAW Group Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, Jilin, China.
FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle (FAW-GM) is a commercial vehicle manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, China, and a 50:50 joint venture between FAW Group and General Motors.
FAW-Volkswagen Automobile Co., Ltd. (FAW-VW) is a joint venture between FAW Group and Volkswagen Group which manufactures Audi and Volkswagen marque passenger cars for sale in China.
Sir Fazal Ibrahim Rahimtoola CIE (1895 - 1977) was an Indian politician.
FCA Bank, a joint venture between Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Italy S.p.A. and Crédit Agricole Consumer Finance S.A is a bank dedicated to motorists, which mainly operates in the automotive financing sector and cooperates with prestigious automotive brands (Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Fiat, Fiat Professional, Jeep, Abarth, Maserati, Jaguar and Land Rover) as well as motorhome and caravan manufacturers.
FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.) is the Italian subsidiary of the Italian-American automaker Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, dedicated to the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles and headquartered in Turin, Italy.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Serbia (Serbian: FIAT Krajsler Automobili Srbija; abbr. FCAS) or FCA Srbija, is a Serbian automotive manufacturing company based in Kragujevac, Serbia — a joint venture (JV) between Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) which owns 67% of the operation and the Republic of Serbia, which owns the remainder.
The Federated Rubber and Allied Workers' Union of Australia was an Australian trade union which existed between 1909 and 1988.
Felt is a textile material that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing fibers together.
Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche (19 September 1909 – 27 March 1998), mainly known as Ferry Porsche, was an Austrian technical automobile designer and automaker-entrepreneur.
Ferrari N.V. is an Italian luxury sports car manufacturer based in Maranello.
The Ferrari 125 S (commonly 125 or 125 Sport) was the first vehicle produced and built by automaker Ferrari of Modena, Italy.
Ferreycorp is a Peruvian conglomerate engaged in the import, distribution, sale, leasing and maintenance of construction, mining, agricultural and transport equipment, vehicles and machinery such as, tractors, trucks and excavators under the Caterpillar, Iveco, Yutong, Massey Ferguson, Terex and many others brands.
The FIA Foundation for the Automobile and Society is a foundation which undertakes " research into public policy issues relating to the automobile’s interaction with society.
Fial (Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Legnano), direct translation Italian Automobile Factory Legnano, was a company that manufactured industrial and marine engines in Legnano.
The Fiat 1300 and Fiat 1500 are automobiles which were manufactured by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1961 to 1967.
The Fiat 1400 and Fiat 1900 are passenger cars produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat from 1950 to 1958 and from 1952 to 1959 respectively.
The Fiat 1800 and 2100 are six-cylinder saloons produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between 1959 and 1968.
The Fiat 2300 is a six-cylinder executive car which was produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between 1961 and 1969.
The Fiat 509 was a model of car produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between 1925 and 1929 as a replacement for the 501.
The Fiat 514 is a model of car produced by the Italian automotive company, Fiat between 1929 and 1932.
The Fiat 519 was a model of car produced by Italian automotive company, Fiat between 1922 and 1927.
Fiat 524 is a car which was produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between 1931 and 1934.
Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (originally FIAT, lit) is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.
Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V. (abbreviated as FCA) is an Italian/American corporation and currently the world’s eighth largest auto maker.
FCA India Automobiles Private Limited (FCAIPL) formerly known as Fiat Group Automobiles India Private Limited was formed in the year 2012 as a fully owned direct subsidiary of FCA Spa Italy.
Fiat Powertrain Technologies (FPT) was established in March 2005 as a Fiat Group division which included all the activities related to powertrains and transmissions.
Fiat Professional is the brand name and subsidiary for FCA Italy's (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles) light commercial vehicles and their passenger variants.
Fiat S.p.A., or Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (Italian Automobile Factory of Turin), was an Italian holding company whose original and core activities were in the automotive industry, and that was succeeded by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV (FCA).
The Field Bus Exchange Format (FIBEX) is being adopted by the automotive industry for its ease of data/information exchange.
The FIFA Club World Cup is an international men's association football competition organised by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
The Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) was an initiative by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry, begun in 1982, to create a computer using massively parallel computing/processing.
Founded by Ray Finch in 1964, Finch is a car restoration company that also builds 1939 SS100 Jaguar and 1959 Ferrari Testa Rossa replicas.
A first article inspection (FAI) is a design verification and design history file and a formal method of providing a reported measurement for a given manufacturing process.
First-party leads are sales leads that contain the contact information provided by prospective customers directly to the potential seller.
Fisker Automotive was a company known for producing the Fisker Karma, which was one of the world's first production luxury plug-in hybrid electric vehicles.
Fisker Coachbuild was a car design firm based in Orange County, California.
Fisker Inc. is an American electric vehicle automaker founded by Henrik Fisker, launched in 2016 and based in California.
A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships, characteristically a flag officer entitled by custom to fly a distinguishing flag.
The Flanders Automobile Company was a short-lived US-American automobile manufacturer which operated in Detroit, Michigan, from 1910 to 1913.
FlexLink, also FlexLink AB, is a manufacturer of flexible, modular conveyors and industrial automation equipment.
The Flins Renault Factory (also known internally as the Pierre Lefaucheux Factory in memory of Pierre Lefaucheux, Renault's first CEO following nationalisation) is a car factory in France, straddling the towns of Flins and Aubergenville in Yvelines, approximately 40 km from Paris.
The 1936–1937 Flint sit-down strike against General Motors (also known as the General Motors sit-down strike, the great GM sit-down strike, and other variants) changed the United Automobile Workers (UAW) from a collection of isolated locals on the fringes of the industry into a major labor union and led to the unionization of the domestic United States automobile industry.
Flint, Michigan is a city which previously relied on its auto industry, and still does to an extent.
Flowmaster Ltd. was a leading British Engineering Simulation Software company based in Towcester, UK.
A fluid coupling or hydraulic coupling is a hydrodynamic device used to transmit rotating mechanical power.
Fluid Motorsport Development constructs the Sinter Formula Ford car.
A fluidized bed concentrator (FBC) is an industrial process for the treatment of exhaust air.
The Forbes Global 2000 is an annual ranking of the top 2,000 public companies in the world by Forbes magazine.
The Forbes list of Indian billionaires is based on an annual assessment of wealth and assets compiled and published by Forbes magazine in March 2016.
Force Motors Limited is the flagship company of the Dr.
The Ford Motor Company of Australia Limited, known by its trading name Ford Australia, is the Australian subsidiary of United States-based automaker Ford Motor Company.
Ford Brasil is the subsidiary of American automaker Ford Motor Company, founded on April 24, 1919.
The Ford Bridgend Engine Plant is a manufacturing facility of Ford of Europe, located in Bridgend, Wales.
Ford Dagenham is a major automotive factory located in Dagenham, London, operated by the Ford of Britain subsidiary of Ford Motor Company.
The Ford Falcon (XF) is a full-size car that was produced by Ford Australia from 1984 to 1991.
Ford-Werke GmbH is a German car manufacturer headquartered in Niehl, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia and a subsidiary of Ford of Europe, which in turn is a subsidiary of Ford Motor Company.
Ford India Private Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company in India.
Ford Lio Ho Motor is a Taiwanese-based automaker and the primary dealer of Ford vehicles in Taiwan formed in 1972.
Ford Motor Argentina is a subsidiary of Ford Motor Company and was founded in Buenos Aires in 1913.
Ford Motor Company (commonly referred to simply as "Ford") is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit.
Ford Motor Company of Canada Ltd. (French: Ford du Canada Limitée) was founded on August 17, 1904 for the purpose of manufacturing and selling Ford automobiles in Canada and the British Empire.
Ford Motor Company Philippines, Inc. (FMCPI) is a Philippine-based subsidiary of Ford Motor Company.
The fourth generation Ford Mustang was an automobile produced by the American manufacturer Ford for the 1994 through 2004 model years.
Ford New Zealand. Ford Motor Company of New Zealand Limited is the New Zealand subsidiary of Ford Motor Company.
Ford of Britain (officially Ford Motor Company Limited)The Ford 'companies' or corporate entities referred to in this article are.
Ford of Europe AG is a subsidiary company of Ford Motor Company founded in 1967 in Cork, Ireland with headquarters in Cologne, Germany.
Ford Otosan is an automotive manufacturing company based in Turkey that is equally owned by Ford Motor Company and Koç Holding.
Ford Performance (formerly Ford Racing) is the high performance division of Ford Motor Company and the multinational name used for its motorsport and racing activity.
Ford Performance Vehicles (FPV) was the Melbourne-based, premium performance arm of automobile manufacturer Ford Australia.
Ford Retail Group, operating as TrustFord, is an operator of franchised motorcar dealerships in the United Kingdom and Europe that is now owned by Ford of Europe.
Ford Romania is an automobile manufacturing company operated by Ford of Europe, located in Craiova, Romania.
Ford SAF (Ford Société Anonyme Française) was the French subsidiary of the American automaker Ford Motor Company, which existed under various names between 1916 and 1954, when Ford sold the manufacturing business to Simca.
is a joint venture between the American car manufacturer Ford and the Russian Sollers established in 2011.
The Ford Southampton plant was a motor vehicle assembly plant, located in Swaythling on the north eastern outskirts of Southampton, England.
The Ford Union (original spelling: Форд-Юніён) is a former joint venture of the Ford Motor Company, the Russian Lada importer Lada-OMC and the Belarusian government.
Ford Vietnam was established in 1995, and is a joint venture between Ford Motor Company (75%) and Song Cong Diesel Company (25%) with the total investment to date of more than US$120 million.
Forgiato, or Forgiato Designs, is an American company based in Los Angeles, California.
The Formula One Group is a group of companies responsible for the promotion of the FIA Formula One World Championship, and the exercising of the sport's commercial rights.
Fornasari was an Italian car manufacturer that was created in 1999 by Giuseppe Fornasari.
The Fortune Global 500, also known as Global 500, is an annual ranking of the top 500 corporations worldwide as measured by revenue and the list is compiled and published annually by Fortune magazine.
Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd. (Foton Motor or Foton) is a Chinese company which designs and manufactures trucks, buses, sport utility vehicles and agricultural machinery.
The Four Wheel Drive Auto Company, more often known as Four Wheel Drive (FWD), was a pioneering American company that developed and produced all-wheel drive vehicles.
A four-slide, also known as a multislide, multi-slide, or four-way, is a metalworking machine tool used in the high-volume manufacture of small stamped components from bar or wire stock.
Framo was a minivan, motor tricycle and car manufacturer in Saxony, Germany.
French–Turkish relations cover a long period from the 16th century to the present, starting with the alliance established between Francis I and Suleiman the Magnificent.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Franklin Automobile Company was a Syracuse, New York marketer of automobiles in the United States between 1906 and 1934.
Frankston is an outer-suburb of Melbourne in Victoria, Australia, in the local government area of the City of Frankston.
Fratelli Ceirano & C was an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1901 by Giovanni Battista Ceirano and his brother Matteo Ceirano after they had left F.I.A.T..
Fred Walters is a broadcast executive and journalist who was inducted into the Hall of Fame of the Philadelphia Broadcast Pioneers and in 2013 received the Lifetime Achievement Award of the Pennsylvania Associated Press Broadcasters Association.
Frederick Gordon Crosby (1885 – August 1943) was an English automotive illustrator.
Freeform surface or complex surfaces are widely manufactured nowadays.
Freenex Co, Ltd. is a Korea's group of navigation system in electronics and automotive company.
Freightliner Trucks is an American truck manufacturer and a division of Daimler Trucks North America.
Fremont Assembly was a General Motors automobile factory in Fremont, California.
Frese Motorcars, Inc. was an American automobile company that designed and manufactured assembly kits for '57 Chevy replicars.
The FSC Lublin Automotive Factory (Fabryka Samochodów Ciężarowych) commonly known as FSC, is a large motor vehicle factory in Poland established while the country was part of the Soviet Bloc.
The FTE automotive Group is a German automotive manufacturing company specialized in the sector of drive train and brake system applications for the automotive industry.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
Fujian Benz Automotive Co., Ltd., formerly Fujian Daimler Automotive Co., Ltd., is a light commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Fúzhōu, and a joint venture between the German Daimler AG, the Chinese state-owned Fujian Motors Group and the Taiwanese China Motor Corporation.
is honorary chairman of Toyota Motor Corporation.
Full-mold casting is an evaporative-pattern casting process which is a combination of sand casting and lost-foam casting.
Functional safety is the part of the overall safety of a system or piece of equipment that depends on the system or equipment operating correctly in response to its inputs, including the safe management of likely operator errors, hardware failures and environmental changes.
is a Japanese electric and electronics equipment company.
Fusible core injection molding, also known as lost core injection molding, is a specialized plastic injection molding process used to mold internal cavities or undercuts that are not possible to mold with demoldable cores.
Future Mobility Corporation is a Chinese automobile manufacturer established in 2016 and incorporated in Hong Kong, co-founded by former BMW and Nissan Motor executives.
GAC Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Changsha, China and a 50:50 joint-venture between GAC Group and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.
GAC Group (officially Guangzhou Automobile Group Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese automobile maker headquartered in Guangzhou, Guangdong, and a subsidiary of Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group.
GAC Toyota Motor Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Guangzhou, China and a joint-venture between GAC Group and Toyota Motor Company.
Galvannealed or galvanneal (galvannealed steel) is the result from the processes of galvanizing followed by annealing of sheet steel.
Ganja Auto Plant (Gəncə Avtomobil Zavodu), is an auto assembly plant situated in the Ganja city in Azerbaijan.
Garmin Ltd. (shortened to Garmin, stylized as GARMIN, and formerly known as ProNav) is an American multinational technology company founded by Gary Burrell and Min Kao in 1989 in Lenexa, Kansas, United States, with headquarters located in Olathe, Kansas.
Gary W. Dickinson (&ndash) was an automotive industry executive.
Gateway TechnoLabs (Hindi: गेटवे टेक्नोलैब्स) is a multinational Information Technology Services Company headquartered in Ahmedabad, India, and software development center in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
GAZ or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Gorky Automobile Plant) is a Russian automotive manufacturer located in Nizhny Novgorod.
GAZ Group (Группа ГАЗ) is a Russian automotive conglomerate headquartered in Nizhny Novgorod.
The GDT Speedster is a one-of-a-kind sports car.
Geely (officially Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co., Ltd) is a Chinese multinational automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Hangzhou, Zhejiang.
General Gordon Baker Jr. (September 6, 1941 – May 18, 2014) was an American labor organizer and activist.
General Cable is a company based in Highland Heights, Kentucky, with sales offices and manufacturing facilities in several countries.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
The General Motors Building is a 50-story, office tower at 767 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, New York City.
General Motors of Canada Company (French: la Compagnie General Motors du Canada), or simply GM Canada, is the Canadian subsidiary of General Motors.
General Motors do Brasil is the largest subsidiary of the General Motors in South America and the second largest operation outside the United States.
General Motors Egypt S.A.E. (جنرال موتورز مصر, or short GME) is a car and motor vehicle manufacturer based in Maadi, Cairo, Egypt.
General Motors Europehttp://www.moneyhouse.ch/u/general_motors_europe_ag_CH-020.3.910.286-3.htm (often abbreviated to GM Europe) was responsible for the operation of General Motors ("GM") businesses in Europe.
The General Motors EV1 was an electric car produced and leased by General Motors from 1996 to 1999.
General Motors India Private Limited is a partnership between General Motors and SAIC that is engaged in the automobile business in India.
General Motors South Africa, or GMSA, is a wholly owned subsidiary of American automobile manufacturer General Motors.
Genesis Motors is the luxury vehicle division of the South Korean vehicle manufacturer Hyundai Motor Group.
The International Geneva Motor Show (Salon international de l'automobile) is an annual auto show held in March in the Swiss city of Geneva.
Genii Capital (simply known as Genii and stylized as GƎИII) is an international financial advisory and investment firm, which specialises in brand management, promising technologies, motorsport and a wide spectrum of venture capitalism activities.
Geometric design (GD) is a branch of computational geometry.
Georg Kraus (born July 30, 1965) is a German management consultant and writer;, the founder of the Dr.
George Frederick Ainsworth (20 June 1878 – 11 October 1950) was an Australian meteorologist, public servant and businessman who headed one of the component parts of Douglas Mawson’s Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911–1914).
George Baldwin Selden (September 14, 1846 in Clarkson, New York – January 17, 1922 in Rochester, New York) was a patent lawyer and inventor who was granted a U.S. patent for an automobile in 1895.
George P. Johnson or GPJ is an American multinational corporation that specialises in event marketing and brand marketing, with headquarters located in Auburn Hills, Michigan, United States.
George Romney ran for the 1968 Republican Party nomination in the 1968 United States presidential election.
Georges Besse (25 December 1927, in Clermont-Ferrand, France – 17 November 1986, in Paris) was a French businessman who led several large state-controlled French companies during his lifetime.
Georges Bouton (1847–1938) was a French engineer, who along with fellow Frenchman Marquis Jules-Albert de Dion, founded De Dion-Bouton in 1883.
GERMELA (acronym for GERman Middle Eastern Law Association) is a full-range consultancy with a focus on the MENA region headquartered in Hamburg.
Gestigon (stylized as gestigon) is a software development company founded in September 2011 by Sascha Klement, Erhardt Barth, and Thomas Martinetz.
Getrag, stylized as GETRAG, is the world's largest supplier of transmission systems for passenger cars and commercial vehicles.
Geunyoung Industry Co, Ltd. (hangul:근영산업) is a Korea's automotive in auto parts company headquartered in Nowon-Dong Buk-Gu Daegu, Korea established in 1977.
The Ghabbour Group is an Egyptian manufacturer of automobiles, buses, trucks and motorcycles located in Cairo.
Ghandhara Industries (گندھارا صنعتوں) is a Pakistani truck and bus manufacturer based in Karachi, Pakistan since 1963.
Ghandhara Nissan is a Pakistani automobile manufacturer based in Karachi, Pakistan since 1981.
Giannini Automobili S.p.A. is an Italian-American tuning company and a former producer of cars.
Gibson Technology is an automotive and motorsport company based at Repton, Derbyshire, England.
Gigabit Video Interface (GVIF) is a digital video serial interface developed by Sony in 1996 for high quality uncompressed video transmission from digital video hardware.
Gill Industries is an American global supplier that works mainly in welding and assembly, headquartered in Grand Rapids, Michigan with offices in Trenton, Georgia, Richmond, KY, and global offices in Mexico, Europe and Asia.
Gillet is a Belgian automobile manufacturer, started in 1992 by former racing driver Tony Gillet.
Gillet Herstal was a Belgian manufacturer of motorcycles and automobiles based in Herstal.
GKN plc is a British multinational automotive and aerospace components company headquartered in Redditch, Worcestershire.
GKN Driveline is a multinational automotive components manufacturer specialising in driveline technologies.
The Glidden Tours, also known as the National Reliability Runs, were promotional events held during the automotive Brass Era by the American Automobile Association (AAA) and organized by the group's chairman, Augustus Post.
GLM Co., Ltd. is a Japanese electric sportscar automaker, based in Kyoto, Japan.
GM Components Holdings is an automotive components producer and distributor based in the United States.
GM Korea CompanyFormerly GM Daewoo Auto & Technology. (한국지엠주식회사,Also spelled as 한국GM주식회사.) is South Korea's third largest automobile manufacturer and a subsidiary of General Motors.
General Motors Vietnam Company, Ltd. (formerly Vietnam-Daewoo Motor Company Limited or VIDAMCO) is an automobile manufacturer based in Vietnam and a member of GM Southeast Asia Operations.
GMC (General Motors Truck Company), formally the GMC Division of General Motors LLC, is a division of the American automobile manufacturer General Motors (GM) that primarily focuses on trucks and utility vehicles.
Goiana is a city in Brazil in the northeast of the state of Pernambuco, about 65 km north of the city of Recife.
Goji Electronics, Inc. is a producer of computer, smartphone, audio products and equipment headquartered in Hemel Hempstead, United Kingdom.
Gokak (Kannada Gokak or Gokaka) is a taluka headquarters in the Belagavi District of Karnataka state, India.
The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the strait connecting San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean.
The Golden Horseshoe is a secondary region of Southern Ontario, Canada which lies at the western end of Lake Ontario, with outer boundaries stretching south from Lake Erie and north to Lake Scugog.
Golden Strip Career Center (GSCC) is a part-time secondary vocational school addressed in Greenville, South Carolina, United States, though it is extremely close to Mauldin.
Goliath-Werke Borgward & Co. was a German car manufacturer started by Carl F. W. Borgward and Wilhelm Tecklenborg in 1928, and was part of the Borgward group.
Gonow (officially Zhejiang Gonow Auto Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese manufacturer of automobiles, commercial vehicles and SUV's headquartered in Taizhou, Zhejiang and a subsidiary of GAC Group.
Gordini is a division of Renault Sport Technologies (Renault Sport).
Gotec Group based in Wülfrath, Germany, is an automotive corporation from Germany which has production and sales locations in 7 different countries including Poland, Spain, Brazil, Turkey, United States, Germany and Romania.
Grade Automobilwerke AG was an automobile manufacturing company established by the German aviation pioneer Hans Grade in 1921 and was closed in the late 1920s.
Graham-Paige was an American automobile manufacturer founded by brothers Joseph B. Graham (September 12, 1882–July 1970), Robert C. Graham (August 1885–October 3, 1967), and Ray A. Graham (May 28, 1887–August 13, 1932) in 1927.
Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Michigan, and the largest city in West Michigan.
The Grand Trunk Western Railroad Company is an American subsidiary of the Canadian National Railway operating in Michigan, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio.
Grande West Transportation Group is a Canadian bus manufacturer headquartered in Aldergrove, British Columbia, Canada.
GranStudio is a mobility design consultancy in Turin, Italy.
Grant Maloy Smith (born August 28, 1957) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and businessman.
Gray-Dort Motors was a Canadian automobile manufacturer in Chatham, Ontario, Canada, from 1915 to 1925.
The Great Depression in the United Kingdom, also known as the Great Slump, was a period of national economic downturn in the 1930s, which had its origins in the global Great Depression.
The Great Southern Automobile Company was the first automobile manufacturer in the central South.
Great Wall Motors Company Limited is a Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Baoding, Hebei, China.
Greater Los Angeles is the second-largest urban region in the United States, encompassing five counties in southern California, extending from Ventura County in the west to San Bernardino County and Riverside County on the east, with Los Angeles County in the center and Orange County to the southeast.
The Greater Milwaukee Auto Show is an annual auto show held every year between late February and early March in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Greekster's Garage was founded in Santa Barbara, CA by George Pappas.
Gregorio Ramírez González was a Mexican-born entrepreneur.
Group Racing Developments, known more simply as GRD, was a short-lived British constructor of racing cars.
Groupe PSA (informally PSA; PSA Group in English; formerly known as PSA Peugeot Citroën from 1991 to 2016) is a French multinational manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles sold under the Peugeot, Citroën, DS, Opel and Vauxhall brands.
Grout Brothers was a manufacturer of steam-powered automobiles in Orange, Massachusetts.
Grrr was a 2004 advertising campaign launched by Honda to promote its newly launched i-CTDi diesel engines in the United Kingdom.
Grupo Antolin started its business journey as a mechanics garage (specialized in vehicle and agriculture machinery repairs) in Burgos, Spain, and run by Avelino Antolin López and his sons Avelino and José.
Grupo Industrial Ramirez was the first Mexican automotive company and also the first Mexican company to ever produce pickup trucks and vans.
Grupo Poma is a family-owned company headed by Ricardo Poma in El Salvador.
Gruppo Bertone, commonly known simply as Bertone, was an Italian automobile company, which specialized in car styling, coachbuilding and manufacturing.
The principal stock index of the Ghana Stock Exchange or GSE is the GSE Composite Index.
GTA Motor is an automobile design and manufacturing company based in Valencia, Spain.
Guangqi Honda Automobile Co Ltd is a Chinese automobile manufacturing joint venture company based in Guangzhou, Guangdong province.
Guardian Industries is a privately held industrial manufacturer of glass, automotive and building products based in Auburn Hills, Michigan.
Gustaf Woldemar Wrede af Elimä (28 July 1889 – 17 February 1958) was a Finnish Freiherr, engineer and businessman.
Guzman College of Science and Technology is one of the institutions founded by Don Zacarias P. De Guzman in 1947.
Gwynne Shotwell (Rowley; born November 23, 1963) is an American businesswoman.
The Hackett was an automobile built in Jackson, Michigan, United States, by the Hackett Motor Car Company from 1916 to 1919.
Haden Drysys International played a major part in the development of the paint finishing industry.
Hafei, officially Hafei Motor Co., Ltd., is a Chinese automaker that manufactures sedans; MPVs; and mini vehicles, small trucks and vans for commercial use.
FAW Haima Automobile Co., Ltd., trading as Haima, is a Chinese automotive manufacturing company based in Haikou, Hainan and a subsidiary of FAW Group.
Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.
Hako GmbH is a manufacturer of street sweeping equipment and ultra-light commercial vehicles, headquartered in Bad Oldesloe, Germany with customers in about sixty countries.
BorgWarner acquired Haldex Traction AB division of Haldex Group in February 2011, making it the Europe branch of BorgWarner TTS.
Halewood Body & Assembly is a Jaguar Land Rover production facility in Halewood, Merseyside, England.
Hampson Industries plc was a large British provider of engineering services to the aerospace and automotive industries.
"Handicar" is the fourth episode in the eighteenth season of the American animated television series South Park.
Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).
Hans Clarin Hovind Mustad (22 November 1871 – 1 January 1948) was a Norwegian businessman.
Hans Urwyler (20 February 1925 - 18 November 1994) was the sixth Chief Apostle (international church president) of the New Apostolic Church.
Hansa-Automobil Gesellschaft m.b.H was a German car brand established in 1905, which in 1914 was merged with Norddeutsche Automobil und Motoren AG (NAMAG) into Hansa-Lloyd-Werke A.G..
Hanteng Autos (officially Jiangxi Hanteng Automobile Co., Ltd.) is a privately owned Chinese automobile manufacturer headquartered in Shangrao, Jiangxi, China.
Harald Quandt (1 November 1921 – 22 September 1967) was a German industrialist, the son of industrialist Günther Quandt and Magda Behrend Rietschel.
Harris Beach is a law firm in the U.S. state of New York, founded in 1856.
The Harrison was an American automobile built in Grand Rapids, Michigan originally by the Harrison Wagon Company from 1905 through 1906.
Harry C. Stutz (1876 in Ohio – 1930) was an American automobile entrepreneur, engineer, and innovator in the automobile industry.
Hartford is a city in Washington and Dodge counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
Haval is an automotive marque owned by the Chinese automaker Great Wall Motors which specialises in crossovers and SUVs.
Hawker Aircraft Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer responsible for some of the most famous products in British aviation history.
Hay Automobiltechnik based in Bockenau, Germany, is an automotive corporation from Germany which is the largest European producer of flywheels, hot rolled seamless rings and final drive gears and crown wheels for differential gears.
The Haynes Automobile Company was a United States automobile manufacturing company that produced automobiles in Kokomo, Indiana, from 1905 to 1924.
The surname Healey is used variously in the automotive industry:;People.
Heavy industry is industry that involves one or more characteristics such as large and heavy products; large and heavy equipment and facilities (such as heavy equipment, large machine tools, and huge buildings); or complex or numerous processes.
The coachbuilding company Hebmüller Sons (Karosseriewerke Joseph Hebmüller Söhne) was founded in 1889 by Joseph Hebmüller, it was established in the town of Wuppertal in Germany.
Heibao Auto (黑豹汽车; officially Shandong HIPO Group Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Weihai.
Heinz Heinrich Nordhoff (6 January 1899 – 12 April 1968) was a German engineer who led the Volkswagen company as it was rebuilt after World War II.
Helkama Oy is a Finnish company and umbrella brand, operating several subsidiaries that focus on bicycles (Helkama Velox), cables for ships and communications (Helkama Bica), household appliances and refrigerators (Helkama Forste), accessories and imports for Škoda Auto automobiles (Helkama-Auto), and automobile maintenance and import (Uuttera Oy).
Hella KGaA Hueck & Co. (stylized as HELLA) is an internationally operating German automotive part supplier with headquarters in Lippstadt, North Rhine-Westphalia.
Hellenic Vehicle Industry (ELVO) is a Greek vehicle manufacturer based in Thessaloniki.
Hengst Automotive, based in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, is a company that specializes in fluid management, crankcase ventilation systems as well as filter systems for oil, fuel, air and cabin air filtration.
Hennessey Performance Engineering is an American tuning house specializing in modifying sports and super cars from several brands like Ferrari, Porsche, McLaren, Chevrolet, Dodge, Cadillac, Lotus, Jeep, Ford, GMC, Lincoln and Lexus.
The Henokiens is an association of companies who have been continuously operating and remain family-owned for 200 years or more, and whose descendants still operate at management level.
Henry D. Sahakian was the founder of Uni-Mart, which quickly became one of the largest convenience store and gasoline station chains in the United States.
Henry Martyn Leland (February 16, 1843 – March 26, 1932) was an American machinist, inventor, engineer and automotive entrepreneur.
Heraeus is a German technology group with a focus on precious and special metals, medical technology, quartz glass, sensors and specialty light sources.
Hero Motocorp Ltd., formerly Hero Honda, is an Indian motorcycle and scooter manufacturer based in New Delhi, India.
Hewland is a British engineering company, founded in 1957 by Mike Hewland, which specialises in racing-car gearboxes.
Hexagon AB is a global technology group headquartered in Sweden.
Hexcel Corporation is a public company that produces advanced composite materials (engineering).
Hi-Tech Automotive is a low volume car builder and design house located in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
Hill+Knowlton Strategies is a global public relations consulting company, headquartered in New York City, United States, with 90 offices in 52 countries.
Hillman is a British automobile marque created by the Hillman Motor Car Company, founded in 1907.
The Hinduja Group is an Indian conglomerate company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
Hindustan Motors is an Indian automotive manufacturer based in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Hino Motors, Ltd. (日野自動車株式会社, Hino Jidōsha), commonly known as simply Hino, is a Japanese manufacturer of commercial vehicles and diesel engines (including for trucks, buses and other vehicles) headquartered in Hino-shi, Tokyo.
Hinopak Motors (ہینو پاک موٹر) is a Pakistani truck and bus manufacturer based in Karachi, Pakistan.
is a private junior college in Aki-ku, Hiroshima, Japan.
Hispakart was a Spanish kart and racing car constructor based in Madrid, Spain.
Hispano-Argentina was an Argentinian automotive and engineering company that manufactured vehicles, aircraft, machinery, weaponry and parts for public works.
Chrysler, a large automobile manufacturer, was founded in the 1920s and continues today under the formal name FCA US LLC.
This article chronicles the history of Cleveland, Ohio.
The history of Connecticut Industry is a major part of the history of Connecticut.
This article is about the history of Coventry, a city in the West Midlands, England.
Ford Motor Company is an American automaker and the world's fifth largest automaker based on worldwide vehicle sales.
The history of General Motors (GM), one of the world's largest car and truck manufacturers, reaches back more than a century and involves a vast scope of industrial activity around the world, mostly focused on motorized transportation and the engineering and manufacturing that make it possible.
The recorded history of Grand Rapids in the U.S. state of Michigan, began with settlers in 1806.
Software can be defined as programmed instructions stored in the memory of stored-program digital computers for execution by the processor.
Swindon is a town in Wiltshire in the South West of England.
The early history of the automobile can be divided into a number of eras, based on the prevalent means of propulsion.
Electric vehicles first appeared in the mid-19th century.
The Hamburger (also commonly called “burger”) most likely first appeared in the 19th or early 20th century.
The area straddles the historic border between the counties of Warwickshire (Birmingham and Coventry), Staffordshire (the north), Worcestershire (the south).
Holden, formally known as General Motors Holden, is an Australian automobile importer and a former automobile manufacturer with its headquarters in Port Melbourne, Victoria.
The Holden 48-215 is a mid-size sedan which was produced by the Australian automaker Holden between November 1948 and October 1953.
Holden New Zealand Limited, named until 1994 General Motors New Zealand Limited, is a subsidiary of General Motors of Detroit and distributes General Motors' motor vehicles, engines, components and parts in New Zealand.
Holden Special Vehicles (HSV) is the officially designated performance vehicle partner of Australian marque, Holden.
Holy Rollerz Christian Car Club (HRC3) is a non-profit Christian ministry started by Brian Wood and Gustavo "Gus" Torres in Kennesaw, Georgia.
Hommell is a French Automobile manufacturer, started in 1990 by Michel Hommell, a former racing driver and the owner of Échappement, a French car magazine.
Honda Atlas (ہونڈا اٹلس) is a Pakistani automobile manufacturer and joint venture between Honda Motor and Atlas Group, based in Lahore, Pakistan since 1992.
The Honda brand arrived in Australia in the mid 1950s, when independent firms imported Honda motorcycles.
Honda Cars India Ltd (HCIL) is a subsidiary of Honda of Japan for the production, marketing and export of passenger cars in India.
The Honda Legend is a V6-engined full-size/ mid-size luxury/ executive car produced by the Japanese automaker Honda since 1985 that currently serves as its flagship vehicle and provides the basis for the Acura Legend, RL and RLX the flagship vehicle of Honda's luxury Acura division in North America.
A.P. Honda is generally known as Honda Motorcycle Thailand.
Honda of the UK Manufacturing Ltd. (informally HUM) is a United Kingdom based manufacturing subsidiary of the multinational automotive company Honda.
Honeywell Turbo Technologies, formerly Garrett Engine Boosting Systems, is an American company primarily involved in engineering, development and manufacturing of turbochargers and related forced induction systems.
A hood/bonnet ornament, radiator cap, motor mascot or car mascot is a specially crafted model which symbolizes a car company like a badge, located on the front center portion of the hood.
Hoosier Racing Tire is an American tire manufacturer primarily specializing in the production of tires for competition use.
Horch was a car brand manufactured in Germany by August Horch & Cie, at the beginning of the 20th century.
Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies is a company founded in 2003 in Singapore, serving a diverse range of industries with various fuel cell electric energy solutions and products.
Horton Holding is an American automotive manufacturing corporation from Saint Paul, Minnesota that produces suspension products, fans and fan drives since 1951.
Hot metal gas forming (HMGF) is a method of die forming in which a metal tube is heated to a pliable state, near to but below its melting point, then pressurized internally by a gas in order to form the tube outward into the shape defined by an enclosing die cavity.
Hot Wheels is a brand of 1:64, 1:43, 1:18 and 1:50 scale die-cast toy cars introduced by American toy maker Mattel in 1968.
How Do They Do It? is a television series produced by Wag TV for Discovery Channel.
Howard "Louie Bluie" Armstrong (March 4, 1909 – July 30, 2003) was an African-American string band and country blues musician, who played fiddle, mandolin, and guitar and sang.
Howard Hughes Engineering Pty Ltd is an Australian aircraft manufacturer, boat and automobile builder and general engineering company based in Ballina, New South Wales.
Howell Cheney Technical High School (previously Manchester Trade School), or Cheney Tech, is a technical high school in Manchester, Connecticut.
Howes Lubricator is a manufacturer of oils, fuel additives and multi purpose lubricant.
HQM Sachsenring GmbH is a Zwickau-based company that supplies chassis and body parts to the automotive industry.
High Speed Broadband Radio Access (HSBRA) is a trademark for products by the Italian company Reicom.
Huanghai Bus is a bus manufacturer based in Dandong, Liaoning, China, and a subsidiary of SG Automotive.
Hugh Kennedy & Company was a Scottish automobile manufacturer, known for the Ailsa model, from 1907–1910.
Human subject research is systematic, scientific investigation that can be either interventional (a "trial") or observational (no "test article") and involves human beings as research subjects.
Humber Limited was a British manufacturer of bicycles, motorcycles and motor vehicles incorporated and listed on the stock exchange in 1887.
Hummer was a brand of trucks and SUVs, first marketed in 1992 when AM General began selling a civilian version of the M998 Humvee.
Hunt's Cross is a suburb of Liverpool, England.
Hupmobile was an automobile built from 1909 through 1939 by the Hupp Motor Car Company.
Hurst Performance, Inc. of Warminster Township, Pennsylvania, manufactured and marketed products for enhancing the performance of automobiles, most notably for muscle cars.
Hutchinson Group is a manufacturer with its headquarters located in Paris, France.
A hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a type of hybrid vehicle that combines a conventional internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric propulsion system (hybrid vehicle drivetrain).
Hybrid vehicle drivetrains transmit power to the driving wheels for hybrid vehicles.
hybridica is an international trade fair for the development and manufacture of hybrid components.
Hybrids Plus was a company devoted to converting hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) to plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), including vehicle-to-grid capable PHEVs.
Hyderabad Allwyn Limited, established in 1942, was an Hyderabad State government engineering and white goods manufacturing company involved in manufacture of automobiles, trucks, scooters, bus coach building, refrigerators and wrist watches.
A hypereutectic piston is an internal combustion engine piston cast using a hypereutectic alloy–that is, a metallic alloy which has a composition beyond the eutectic point.
Hyslop and Ronald was a Canadian brass era steam fire engine manufacturer, based in Chatham, Ontario.
The Hyundai Assan Otomotiv San ve Tic.
Hyundai Glovis Co., Ltd. is a logistics company headquartered in Seoul, Korea and part of the Hyundai Kia Automotive Group.
Hyundai IHL Co., Ltd. is an automotive components manufacturing company headquartered in Gyeongju, South Korea.
Hyundai Mobis (short for Mobile and System) is a public South Korean car parts company.
Hyundai Motor America is a wholly owned subsidiary of Hyundai Motor Company.
The Hyundai Motor Company (modernity) is a South Korean multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.
The Hyundai Motor Group (stylized as HYUNDAI) is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Seoul, South Korea, and it is the largest car manufacturer in the country.
Hyundai Motor India Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Hyundai Motor Company headquartered in South Korea.
Hyundai Nishat (ہنڈائی نشاط) is a Pakistani automobile manufacturer and joint venture between Hyundai and Nishat Mills, based in Lahore, Pakistan.
Hyundai Steel Co., Ltd, or HSC (formerly known as Hyundai INI Steel, and before that, Incheon Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.) is a steel making company headquartered in Incheon and Seoul, South Korea, and a member of the Hyundai Motor Group.
I.DE.A Institute (acronym, Institute of Development in Automotive Engineering) is an automobile design and engineering company in Turin, Italy, founded in 1978.
IABG (Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft mbH) is a German analysis and test engineering company based in Ottobrunn near Munich.
Izmir Atatürk organized industrial zone (IAOIZ) (İzmir Atatürk Organize Sanayi Bölgesi) is one of the largest and most modern organized industrial zones in Turkey.
IAV GmbH (Ingenieurgesellschaft Auto und Verkehr, literal Engineer Society Automobile and Traffic), abbreviated to IAV, is an engineering company in the automotive industry, designing products for powertrain, electronics and vehicle development.
IBC Vehicles Limited is a British automotive manufacturing company based in Luton, Bedfordshire and a subsidiary of Vauxhall, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of Opel Automobile GmbH.
ICP srl is an Italian wiring harness, automotive brake wear indicator and aircraft manufacturer founded by Tancredi (Edi) Razzano in 1980 and originally based in Piovà Massaia.
IDA-Opel (Industrija Delova Automobila- Kikinda) was a Yugoslav car manufacturer based in Kikinda, Serbia, between 1977 and 1992.
Ideal Jawa (India) Ltd was an Indian motorcycle company based in Mysore which sold licensed Jawa motorcycles beginning in 1960 under the brand name Jawa and from 1973 as Yezdi.
The Initial Graphics Exchange Specification (IGES) (pronounced eye-jess) is a vendor-neutral file format that allows the digital exchange of information among computer-aided design (CAD) systems.
igus is a worldwide manufacturer and distributor of plastic plain bearings, spherical bearings, linear guides, cable carriers and continuous-flex cables.
IKAP (Iran Khodro Automobiles Peugeot) is a 50-50 Joint venture company between Peugeot and Iran Khodro, based in Tehran and established in 2016.
IMCO Carbide Tool is an American manufacturing company that researches, designs and manufactures high-performance cutting tools for a variety of applications in the aerospace, automotive, medical, petrochemical, and manufacturing industries.
IME Group, established in the year 2001, is one of the leading business groups of Nepal with an investment outlay of US 100 million ploughed in a gamut of diverse sectors such as remittances, banking & insurance, automobiles, energy (hydro-power, industrial gas), logistics, IT, infrastructure and tourism.
IMI is a three letter acronym.
The Imperial Automobile Company of Jackson, Michigan, was formed by the brothers T.A. and George N. Campbell in 1908, who also ran the Jackson Carriage Company.
In-car entertainment (ICE), or in-vehicle infotainment (IVI), is a collection of hardware and software in automobiles that provides audio or video entertainment.
in-STEP BLUE is a project management software program developed and sold by microTOOL GmbH, based in Berlin, Germany.
Inchcape plc is a multinational automotive distribution, retail and services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
India Kawasaki Motors Private Limited (IKM) is an Indian motorcycle retailer.
Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (IIM Calcutta or IIM-C) is a public business school located in Joka, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Indramat GmbH, now part of Bosch Rexroth, was an industrial control firm founded in 1958, based in Neuwied (am Rhein), Germany.
Induction sealing is the process of bonding thermoplastic materials by induction heating.
Inductive charging (also known as wireless charging or cordless charging) uses an electromagnetic field to transfer energy between two objects through electromagnetic induction.
Indus Motor Company Limited (سند موتور), operating as Toyota Indus, is a Pakistani automobile manufacturer and joint venture between House of Habib, Toyota Tsusho and Toyota Motors, based in Karachi, Pakistan since 1990.
Industria Argentina de Vehículos de Avanzada - IAVA is a company created by the group of Fiat dealers in the Argentine in 1971.
Industrial and Production Engineering (IPE) is an interdisciplinary engineering discipline that includes manufacturing technology, engineering sciences, management science, and optimization of complex processes, systems, or organizations.
Industrial Development Group - IDG is the fruit of the Egyptian Government recent reforms that have been directed towards facilitating investment procedures, attracting more local, Arab and foreign enterprises to Egypt.
An industrial musical is a musical performed internally for the employees or shareholders of a business, to create a feeling of being part of a team, to entertain, and/or to educate and motivate the management and salespeople to improve sales and profit.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Industry classification or industry taxonomy is a type of economic taxonomy that organizes companies into industrial groupings based on similar production processes, similar products, or similar behavior in financial markets.
INFICON (Instruments For Intelligent Control) is headquartered in Bad Ragaz (Switzerland) and is engaged in the development, manufacture and supply of instruments, sensor technology and process control software for the semiconductor and vacuum-coating industries.
Infineon Technologies AG is a German semiconductor manufacturer founded on 1 April 1999, when the semiconductor operations of the parent company Siemens AG were spun off to form a separate legal entity.
The Infineon XC800 Family is an 8-bit Microcontroller family, first introduced in 2005, with a dual cycle optimized 8051 "E-Warp" Core.
is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Nissan.
The Infiniti Performance Line (IPL) and Infiniti S marques represents the high-performance divisions of cars produced by Infiniti.
Infomedia Ltd is a leading global provider of SaaS solutions to the parts and service sector of the automotive industry.
Ingersoll Axles is a member of the IMT Partnership.
Innocent Ifediaso Chukwuma (born 1961 in Nnewi, Anambra State) is a Nigerian business magnate and investor.
Innocenti was an Italian machinery works originally established by Ferdinando Innocenti in 1920.
Innovative Products of America (IPA) is a family-owned and operated original equipment manufacturing and distributing company based out of Woodstock, New York.
Inokom Corporation Sdn.
INRIX is a global SaaS and DaaS company that specializes in connected car services and transportation analytics.
IMST (Institute for Mobile and Satellite Communication Technology) is an independent research organization non-university located in North Rhine-Westphalia.
Institut Latihan Perindustrian Kuala Lumpur or its English name Industrial Training Institute of Kuala Lumpur, also known as ILPKL is a public vocational college situated in a 13.7 acre land in Kuchai Lama, suburb of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Located in the campus of University of Burgundy in France, Institut supérieur de l'automobile et des transports is a renowned Graduate Engineering school, created in 1991.
The Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology (IEST) is a non-profit, technical society.
The Instituto Superior de Intérpretes y Traductores, S.C. (in English: Superior Institute of Interpreters and Translators), commonly known as ISIT, is a private university located in Mexico City, Mexico.
The Intel 8061 microcontroller is most notable for its use in the Ford EEC-IV automotive engine control unit.
The Intel MCS-51 (commonly termed 8051) is an internally Harvard architecture, complex instruction set computer (CISC) instruction set, single chip microcontroller (µC) series developed by Intel in 1980 for use in embedded systems.
The Inter-State was a Brass Era car built in Muncie, Indiana by Inter-State Automobile Company from 1909 to 1919.
The Intercontinental Cup, also known as European/South American Cup, and also Toyota Cup from 1980 to 2004 for commercial reasons by agreement with the automaker, was an official international football competition endorsed by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL), contested between representative clubs from these confederations, usually the winners of the European Champions' Cup (now known as the UEFA Champions League), and the South American Copa Libertadores namely was played by representatives clubs of most developed continents in the football world.
Intermeccanica (formally Construzione Automobili Intermeccanica) is an automobile manufacturer, founded in Torino, Italy, in 1959 by Frank Reisner.
' The Rs 500 crore facility has facilities for vehicle homologation and also testing laboratories for noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) and passive safety.
International Display Works, Inc.
The International Engine of the Year is an annual competition for automotive industry internal combustion engines, judged by a panel of automobile journalists from around the world.
The International Executive Resources Group (IERG) is a non-profit professional association for corporate executive-level professionals working in diverse industries whose careers include broad experience in the global arena.
The International Harvester Company (abbreviated first IHC and later IH) was a United States manufacturer of agricultural machinery, construction equipment, trucks, and household and commercial products.
The International Motor Press Association (IMPA), is the oldest trade association representing automotive journalists and Public Relations professionals in the United States.
The International Radio Corporation (IRC) was an American radio receiver manufacturing company based in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The following are international rankings for Iran.
The International Technical Development Center (ITDC, German Internationales Technisches Entwicklungszentrum ITEZ) is one of the engineering and design centers of Groupe PSA, and was the main engineering and design centre of General Motors in Europe, having been sold with the complete Opel/Vauxhall automobile business and the two brands Opel and Vauxhall to the Groupe PSA by August 1, 2017.
Inteva Products, LLC (pronounced In-tee-va) is one of the world's largest global automotive suppliers.
Investigación y Proyectos de Vehículos Especiales, S.A. (IPV) was a Spanish heavy vehicle manufacturer based in A Pontenova, Galicia.
ION LMD system is one of the laser microdissection systems and a name of device that follows Gravity-Assisted Microdissection method, also known as GAM method.
IONITY is joint venture with the mission to build a pan-European high-power-charging (HPC) network for Electric vehicles to facilitate long-distance travel.
IQMS is a privately held, global software company based in Paso Robles, California.
Iran Khodro (ایرانخودرو), branded as IKCO, is an Iranian multinational automaker headquartered in Tehran. The company's original name was Iran National (ایران ناسیونال). IKCO was founded in 1962 and it produced 688,000 passenger cars in 2009. IKCO manufactures vehicles, including Samand, Peugeot and Renault cars, and trucks, minibuses and buses.
Irmscher Automobilbau GmbH & Co.
Iroquois Motor Car Company (1903–1907) was a manufacturer of automobiles in Syracuse, New York, and later, Seneca Falls, New York.
Isdera GmbH or Ingenieurbüro für Styling, Design und Racing (Engineering Company for Styling, Design and Racing) is a privately run automaker based in a small workshop in Hildesheim, Germany.
is a city located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan.
Iso was an automobile and motorcycle maker, the product of Iso Autoveicoli S.p.A of Italy.
ISO 10303 is an ISO standard for the computer-interpretable representation and exchange of product manufacturing information.
ISO 14000 is a family of standards related to environmental management that exists to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes, etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land); (b) comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements; and (c) continually improve in the above.
ISO/TS 16949 is an ISO technical specification aimed at the development of a quality management system that provides for continual improvement, emphasizing defect prevention and the reduction of variation and waste in the automotive industry supply chain.
The Israel Export Institute (IEI; maḥon ha-yitsu ha-yisra'eli) is an Israeli governmental agency which operates under the Ministry of Trade and Labor to facilitate trade opportunities, joint ventures, and strategic alliances between international businesses and Israeli companies.
Isu Group is a large South Korean chaebol (conglomerate), with subsidiaries in the chemical, industry, financial, petroleum and automotive fields.
The Isuzu Gemini was a subcompact car (later a compact car) that was produced by the Japanese automaker Isuzu from 1974 to 2000.
Isuzu Motors India Private Limited is a subsidiary of Isuzu Motors Limited, Japan was established in August 2012 in India having its headquarters in Chennai.
Itala was a car manufacturer based in Turin, Italy from 1904-1934, started by Matteo Ceirano and five partners in 1903.
Italian design refers to all forms of design in Italy, including interior design, urban design, fashion design and architectural design.
Major Ivan Hirst (1 March 1916 – 10 March 2000), was a British Army officer and engineer who was instrumental in reviving Volkswagen from a single factory in Wolfsburg, Germany, into a major postwar automotive manufacturer.
The İzmir International Fair is the oldest tradeshow in Turkey, considered the cradle of Turkey's fairs and expositions industry, and is also notable for hosting a series of simultaneous festival activities.
JAC Motors (officially Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd.) is a Chinese state-owned automobile and commercial vehicle manufacturer.
The Jackson Automobile Company was an American Brass Era automobile manufacturer located in and named for Jackson, Michigan.
Jacques A. Nasser (Arabic: جاك نصر; born 12 December 1947) is an Australian business executive and philanthropist.
Jaguar is the luxury vehicle brand of Jaguar Land Rover, a British multinational car manufacturer with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, England and owned by the Indian company Tata Motors since 2008.
The Jaguar F-Pace (codename X761) is a compact luxury crossover SUV made by British car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover under their Jaguar marque, the first model to be built by Jaguar in the crossover SUV class.
The Jaguar F-Type is a two-door, two-seater sports car, based on a shortened platform of the XK convertible, manufactured by British car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover under their Jaguar marque from 2013.
Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC is the holding company of Jaguar Land Rover Limited, a British multinational automotive company with its headquarters in Whitley, Coventry, United Kingdom, and a subsidiary of Indian automotive company Tata Motors.
James Collyer Keck (June 11, 1924 – August 9, 2010) was an American physicist and engineer recognized for his work on the Manhattan Project and for developing new methods for combustion engine modeling and high temperature flows.
James Clayton MBE (1871/72 – 12 October 1946) was a British mechanical engineer who worked extensively on railway locomotives.
James M. Rubenstein (born 1949) is an American geographer and Professor of Geography at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, known for his work on human geography and specifically on the US automotive industry.
James R. Verrier (born 1963) is the chief executive officer at automotive industry component supplier BorgWarner.
JAI (Jamna Auto Industries Limited) is an Indian multinational suspension system Automotive company headquartered in Delhi, India.
Janesville Assembly Plant is a former automobile factory owned by General Motors located in Janesville, Wisconsin.
Jardine Cycle and Carriage Limited was renamed from Cycle and Carriage following the integration into the Jardine Matheson Group in 2004.
, abbreviated from "Japanese Automatic Transmission COmpany", is a subsidiary of Nissan which manufactures automatic transmissions for automobiles.
JATO Dynamics Ltd is a global supplier of automotive business intelligence with headquarters in Uxbridge, London.
Jay Cimino is an American entrepreneur from Trinidad, Colorado.
Jayme Illien (born September 8, 1980) is a global business executive, statesman, activist, philanthropist, and prominent United Nations special advisor.
Jösse Car was a sports car manufacturer founded in 1997 and located in Arvika, Sweden.
JCT600 Ltd is a privately owned franchise motor firm that operates primarily in the north of England, with 50 dealerships between Boston and Newcastle.
JE DESIGN GmbH is a German car tuning manufacturer.
The Jeep CJ models are both a series and a range of small, open-bodied off-road vehicles and compact pickup trucks, built and sold by several successive incarnations of the Jeep automobile marque from 1945 to 1986.
The Jeep Wagoneer is the first luxury 4x4, sold and produced for Jeep by several automakers from 1962 to 1991.
Jeffrey R. Caponigro is an American public relations executive, actor, entrepreneur, and former journalist.
Jelcz is a Polish brand of trucks also military, buses and trolley buses produced by Zakłady Samochodowe Jelcz, Jelczańskie Zakłady Samochodowe.
Jensen Motors Limited was a British manufacturer of sports cars and commercial vehicles in West Bromwich, England.
Jerry McGeorge (born October 22, 1945, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States) came to prominence in late 1965 as an American guitarist with the Chicago rock band The Shadows of Knight.
Jetronic is a trade name of a fuel injection technology for automotive petrol engines, developed and marketed by Robert Bosch GmbH from the 1960s onwards.
The Jewel Motor Car Company of Massillon, Ohio (formerly the Forest City Motor Company) manufactured the Jewel automobile from 1906 to 1909.
Jiangling Motors Corporation Limited, abbreviated JMC, is a Chinese automobile manufacturer.
Jiangling Tractor Company, a division of Jiangling Motor Company, produces the Lenar tractors for export to the US and Europe.
Jiangxi Isuzu Motors Co., Ltd. (江西五十铃汽车有限公司) is a joint venture between ISUZU and Jiangling Motors.
Jiffy Lube is an American brand of automotive oil change specialty shops founded in Utah, United States, in 1971.
The JIHOSTROJ a.s., based in Velesin, Czech Republic, is a company that manufactures hydraulic and aircraft fuel pumps, as well as other components for automotive and aircraft industry.
Jimmy Work (born 1924, Akron, Ohio) was an American country musician best known for the country standard "Making Believe".
Jingjinji Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ), also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, is the national capital region of China.
Jobbie Nooner is the largest boat party in the Midwest and one of the largest boat parties in America.
Joe Von Battle (born Joseph Battle, April 3, 1915 – March 27, 1973) was an American record store owner and pioneer black record producer in Detroit, Michigan, between the 1940s and 1960s.
Joel Kovel (1936–2018) was an American scholar and author, known as the founder of "Eco-socialism.".
Joelmir José Beting (Tambaú, December 21, 1936 – São Paulo, November 29, 2012) was a Brazilian journalist, radio and TV anchorman, and an economics-specialized columnist.
Joey Arrington (born July 25, 1956) is an American former NASCAR driver, Team Owner and crew chief from Rocky Mount, Virginia.
John David Dingell Jr. (born July 8, 1926) is an American politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives from December 13, 1955, until January 3, 2015.
John William Melvin (May 15, 1938 – July 17, 2014) was a research engineer in the field of the biomechanics of automobile crashes and a safety consultant in the field of automotive racing safety.
John Oliver Secondary School is a public secondary school located in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, at East 41st Avenue and Fraser Street (between the Vancouver neighbourhoods of Kensington-Cedar Cottage, Riley Park-Little Mountain and Sunset).
John North Willys (October 25, 1873 – August 26, 1935) was an American automotive pioneer and statesman.
John Mark Galecki (born April 30, 1975) is an American actor.
Johnson Electric (德昌電機控股有限公司) is a provider of motors, actuators, motion subsystems and related electro-mechanical components for automotive, industrial and medical applications.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA; barnāmeye jāme‘e eqdāme moshtarak, acronym: برجام BARJAM), known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the nuclear program of Iran reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the European Union.
Zhejiang Jonway Automobile Co., Ltd., trading as Jonway Automobile, is a Chinese automobile manufacturer founded in 2003 and based in Taizhou, Zhejiang.
The Jordan Motor Car Company was founded in 1916 in Cleveland, Ohio by Edward S. "Ned" Jordan, a former advertising executive from Thomas B. Jeffery Company of Kenosha, Wisconsin.
José Antolin Toledano, (born 1936 Quintana del Puente, Palencia, Spain), is a Spanish industrialist.
Josh Voorhees is an American political journalist and senior writer for Slate, and the former editor of its news blog Slatest.
Josipa Petrunic is a Canadian advocate for low- and zero emission transportation technology.
Joyson Safety Systems (JSS), formerly known as Key Safety Systems (KSS) is a company that develops and manufactures automotive safety systems.
Jürgen M. Geissinger (born July 24, 1959) is a German technology business executive and Chief Executive Officer of ''Senvion S.A.'', a Hamburg based wind turbine manufacturer.
Marquis Jules Félix Philippe Albert de Dion de Wandonne (9 March 1856 – 19 August 1946) was a pioneer of the automobile industry in France.
Jung-A Hydraulic Co., Ltd. (hangul:정아산업) is a South Korean auto parts company, established in 1994.
Juno Racing Cars is a British Group CN sportscar construnctor.
Jurong Island is an artificial island located to the southwest of the main island of Singapore, off Jurong Industrial Estate.
JustAnswer (also known as Pearl.com) is an online expert question and answer website that connects visitors with verified experts in several categories including medical, legal, automotive, veterinary, and tech support.
The Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association, Inc. (JPMA) is a national trade organization that represents the juvenile industry defined as from prenatal to preschool.
The Juzan was a French automobile manufactured only in 1897; it was a light motorised quadricycle along De Dion lines.
K-R-I-T (or simply "Krit") was a small automobile manufacturing company (1909–1916) based in Detroit, Michigan.
Kańczuga is a town in Przeworsk County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, Poland, with a population of 3,187 inhabitants (02.06.2009).
Kaiser Jeep was the result of the merger between the Kaiser Motors, an independent automaker based in Willow Run, Michigan, and the Toledo, Ohio-based Willys-Overland Company.
Kaluga (p) is a city and the administrative center of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River southwest of Moscow.
Kaluga (Grabtsevo) Airport (Аэропорт Калуга "Грабцево") is an international airport, located northeast of Kaluga, Russia.
KAMAZ (Kama Automobile Plant) is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Russian Federation.
Kandi Technologies Group, Inc. is an electric vehicles manufacturing and leasing company in China.
The Kansas City Motor Car Company was a manufacturer of automobiles in the Shefield neighborhood in Northeast Kansas City, Missouri from 1905 to 1909 and was one of the twenty now defunct automakers operating out of Kansas City in the early 20th century.
Kantar is the Data Investment Management division of WPP, and one of the world's largest insight, information and consultancy groups.
Karakoram Motors (قراقرم موٹر) is a Pakistani automobile manufacturer based in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
Karl Probst (20 October 1883 – 25 August 1963) was an American freelance engineer and automotive pioneer, credited with the design of the first prototype of the World War II "jeep" in 1940.
Karma Automotive is a Chinese automaker owned by Chinese auto company Wanxiang Group, with some operations in Irvine, California.
Wilhelm Karmann GmbH, known commonly as Karmann, in Osnabrück, Germany, was until its 2009 bankruptcy the largest independent motor vehicle manufacturing company in Germany.
Katarina Barley (born 19 November 1968 in Cologne) is a British-born German politician and lawyer who is the current Federal Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection in the fourth Cabinet of Angela Merkel.
Katoen Natie is an international logistics service provider and port operator.
is a Japanese public multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of motorcycles, heavy equipment, aerospace and defense equipment, rolling stock and ships.
Kay LeRoy Ruggles (June 5, 1932 - May 16, 2012) was an American inventor and designer known for UMBO shelving and furniture, invention of the tubular water slide, and the invention of the integral sink/countertop out of cultured marble.
is a Japanese, Tokyo-based automotive company.
KCC Corporation (renamed from Kumkang Korea Chemicals Co., Ltd. on February 25, 2005) is a Korean chemical and auto parts manufacturer, headquartered in Seoul, South Korea.
The was founded December 19, 1956 and currently maintains its head office in Shinjuku Ward, Tokyo, Japan.
Kenosha Engine was an automobile and engine factory in Kenosha, Wisconsin.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
The Kessler Motor Company was a short-lived American manufacturer of aircraft engines and automobiles.
Kettering University (formerly General Motors Institute of Technology) is a private cooperative education and experiential learning-based university in Flint, Michigan, offering bachelor's and master's degrees in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) and business fields.
Kevin Tetz is a Certified auto-body repair man.
In mechanical engineering, a key is a machine element used to connect a rotating machine element to a shaft.
Khodro Kaveer is an automobile company based in Yazd, Iran.
Kia Motor Corporation (stylized as KIΛ), headquartered in Seoul, is South Korea's second-largest automobile manufacturer, following the Hyundai Motor Company, with sales of over 3.3 million vehicles in 2015.
The Kissel Motor Car Company was an American automobile and truck manufacturing company founded by Louis Kissel and his sons, George and William, on June 5, 1906 in Hartford, Wisconsin.
Klaus-Christian Kleinfeld (born 6 November 1957) was chairman and chief executive officer (CEO) of Arconic.
Klöckner & Co SE (commonly abbreviated as KlöCo) with headquarters in Duisburg, Germany, is a listed, producer-independent steel and metal distributor.
Knipping Verbindungstechnik GmbH (formerly Arnold Knipping GmbH) is a German company that specializes in fasteners and related products.
A knock-down kit is a kit containing the parts needed to assemble a product.
The "Knowledge Quarter" in Liverpool, England is a modern term in business given to the vicinity of Liverpool City Centre that focuses heavily on the education, knowledge and research sectors.
Koç Holding A.Ş. (pronounced: Coach with a short syllable) is the largest industrial conglomerate in Turkey, and that country's only entry on the Fortune Global 500 list.
Koenigsegg Automotive AB is a Swedish manufacturer of high-performance sports cars, based in Ängelholm, Skåne County, Sweden.
Kokomo is a city in and the county seat of Howard County, Indiana, United States.
Kombat Armouring is a Russian armoured vehicle and car manufacturer.
Konecranes Oyj is a Finnish company, headquartered in Hyvinkää, which specialises in the manufacture and service of cranes and lifting equipment.
Kongsberg Automotive Holding ASA is an automotive parts manufacturer based in Kongsberg, Norway.
The Kopter SH09 (formerly the Marenco Swisshelicopter SKYe SH09) is a Swiss five to eight seat, single-engine utility helicopter which is currently under development by Kopter.
Koreatomy Automobile Parts Industries Company is a Korean automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Munrae-dong Yeongdeungpo-gu Seoul, South Korea.
KPIT Technologies Limited (formerly KPIT Cummins Infosystems Ltd) is an Indian multinational corporation headquartered in Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Kraco Enterprises, LLC, is primarily a fabricated rubber products manufacturing company.
KrAZ (Кременчуцький автомобільний завод, Kremenchutskyi Avtomobilnyi Zavod, Kremenchuk Automobile Plant) (АвтоКрА́З or AvtoKrAZ) is a Ukrainian factory that produces trucks and other special-purpose vehicles in Kremenchuk, Ukraine; particularly heavy-duty off-road models.
KTM AG (the former KTM Sportmotorcycle AG) is an Austrian motorcycle and sports car manufacturer owned by KTM Industries AG and Indian manufacturer Bajaj Auto.
Kuehne + Nagel International AG (or Kühne + Nagel) is a global transport and logistics company based in Schindellegi, Switzerland.
KUKA is a German manufacturer of industrial robots and solutions for factory automation.
Kumho Asiana Group is a large South Korean Chaebol (conglomerate), with subsidiaries in the automotive, industry, leisure, logistic, chemical and airline fields.
Kumho Tire Co., Inc., formerly known as Samyang Tire, is a South Korean tire company.
K.V.S. was a small manufacturing company based in Lyon-Chassieu, France, which manufactured a range of microcars.
Keyang Electric Co, Ltd. is a South Korean machinery, electric, engineering and automotive company headquartered in Seoul.
Laird plc is a leading British-based electronics and technology business.
Lake freighters, or lakers, are bulk carrier vessels that ply the Great Lakes of North America.
The Lambert Automobile Company was a automobile factory in Anderson, Indiana to make the Lambert automobile through the Buckeye Manufacturing Company.
A laminated fabric is a two (or more) layer construction with a polymer film bonded to a fabric.
The Lanchester Motor Company Limited was a car manufacturer located until early 1931 at Armourer Mills, Montgomery Street, Sparkbrook, Birmingham, and afterwards at Sandy Lane, Coventry England.
Lancia is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia as Lancia & C..
The Lancia Kappa (Type 838) is an executive car produced by Italian automaker Lancia.
The Lancia Thema (Type 834) is an executive car produced by the Italian automaker Lancia between 1984 and 1994, and one of four cars to share the Type Four platform alongside the Alfa Romeo 164, Fiat Croma and Saab 9000.
Land Rover is a car brand that specialises in four-wheel-drive vehicles, owned by British multinational car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover, which has been owned by India's Tata Motors since 2008.
PalaDozza is an indoor sporting arena that is located at Piazza Azzarita Manfredi 8, in Bologna, Italy.
Landi Renzo S.p.A (also called just Landi) is a multinational company headquartered in Cavriago, Province of Reggio Emilia, Italy.
Landini SpA, headquartered in Fabbrico, Italy, was founded by Giovanni Landini in 1884 to produce agricultural equipment.
Landwind is an automobile marque owned by the Chinese automaker Jiangling Motor Holding, a joint venture between Changan Auto and Jiangling Motors Corporation (JMC).
Lansing is the capital of the U.S. state of Michigan.
The scanning laser vibrometer or scanning laser Doppler vibrometer, introduced in the 1980s, is an instrument for rapid non-contact measurement and imaging of vibration.
Laurin & Klement was a Czech automobile, motorcycle and bicycle manufacturer brand founded 1895 in Mladá Boleslav, Kingdom of Bohemia by automotive pioneers Václav Laurin and Václav Klement.
Laverda is a manufacturer of combine harvesters and hay equipment, based in Breganze, Italy.
The Lawil S.p.A. is a former Italian automobile manufacturer that began production in 1967.
Löwe Automobil is a German automotive part manufacturer that specializes in various car sensors.
LDV Group Limited, formerly Leyland DAF Vans, was a British van manufacturer, based in the Ward End area of Birmingham.
Leadec provides technical services for the automotive and manufacturing industries.
A leaf spring is a simple form of spring commonly used for the suspension in wheeled vehicles.
Leece-Neville is a global manufacturer and supplier of alternators, starters, electrical equipment and services to the transportation, industrial, military, marine, agricultural and construction industries.
LeEco is a Chinese multinational conglomerate corporation founded by Jia Yueting, the founder of Le.com (aka LeTV).
The Lefever Arms Company (1883–1916) was a manufacturer of guns in Syracuse, New York founded by Daniel Lefever, an American gun maker, popularly known as "Uncle Dan Lefever".
Legacy Classic Trucks is a manufacturer of Aftermarket replica vehicles, Accessories, and conversion kits.
Legacy costs is a term formed by analogy with the computer industry's legacy systems.
Les Schwab Tire Centers is a tire retail chain operating in the western United States.
is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese car maker Toyota.
The Lexus F marque represents the high-performance division of cars produced by Lexus.
The Lexus LC 500 GT500 is a GT500 GT car constructed by the Japanese car manufacturer Lexus for use in the Super GT from 2017 onwards.
Liberty Electric Cars Ltd. was an automobile startup company focusing on producing high-end, luxury battery electric vehicles.
Lifan Industry (Group) Co., Ltd. (Lifan Group or Lifan, reuters.com, Wed Nov 24, 2010 8:37am IST, lit. "Great Sail") is a civilian owned Chinese motorcycle and automobile manufacturer headquartered in Chongqing, China.
A lift table bellows (also known as lift table skirting) is a safety device that forms a protective barrier between the lift table operator and the equipment's moving parts.
The Light Car Company was a British manufacturer of automobiles.
The Lightning Car Company is a British sports car developer, originally based in Fulham and Peterborough, the company relocated to Coventry and is focused on the development and production of high performance electric sports cars.
Lightweighting is a concept in the auto industry about building cars and trucks that are less heavy as a way to achieve better fuel efficiency and handling.
Lincoln, formally the Lincoln Motor Company, is a luxury vehicle brand of the American manufacturer Ford Motor Company.
Lincoln Park is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Colonel Lionel Beaumont-Thomas MC (1 August 1893 – 7 December 1942) was a Welsh businessman, British Army officer and politician, who served as Conservative Member of Parliament for Birmingham King's Norton, from 1929 to 1935.
Liquid fuels are combustible or energy-generating molecules that can be harnessed to create mechanical energy, usually producing kinetic energy; they also must take the shape of their container.
Liquidity Services is an American corporation, which works with corporate and government agencies to manage and sell their surplus assets and excess inventory.
Lisle Corporation is a United States manufacturer of auto mechanic's specialty tools.
This is a list of assets owned by the multinational holding company Berkshire Hathaway, including private subsidiaries and large common stock holdings, as well as Berkshire's sizeable cash position.
Automobiles superlatives include attributes such as the smallest, largest, fastest, lightest, best-selling, and so on.
Best selling automobiles are those passenger cars and light trucks which, since the introduction of the Benz Patent Motorwagen in 1886, can lay claim to being the highest selling vehicles in the markets they compete in.
This is the list of the episodes for the American automotive Reality television series Car Warriors, which was produced by BASE Productions and ran for two seasons on Speed in the U.S. and Discovery Communications affiliates in international markets.
This is a list of popular collectables described in Wikipedia articles.
This is a list of companies founded by University of California, Berkeley alumni, including attendees who enrolled in degree-programs at Berkeley but did not eventually graduate.
This is a list of companies traded on the JSE.
This is a list of countries by motor vehicle production based on Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles (OICA) and other data from 2016 and earlier.
This article is a list of countries by the number of road motor vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants.
List of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines.
The spark-ignition petrol engines listed below were formerly used by various marques of automobiles and commercial vehicles of the German automotive concern, Volkswagen Group,ETKA official factory data and also in Volkswagen Industrial Motor applications, but are now discontinued.
A full list of models produced by Italian automobile manufacturer Fiat since 1899.
List of former automotive manufacturing plants.
Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.
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Holden, officially GM Holden Ltd is the Australian subsidiary of General Motors (GM), the world’s second largest automaker.
Holden, officially GM Holden Ltd is the Australian subsidiary of General Motors (GM), the world’s second largest automaker.
How It's Made is a documentary television series that premiered on January 6, 2001 on the Discovery Channel (now known as Discovery Science in Canada, and Science in the UK and US.) The program is produced in the Canadian province of Quebec by Productions MAJ, Inc.
This list of Hungarians by net worth article consists ranks that claims to be the list of the richest Hungarians according to the individual's net worth.
A list of computer central processor instruction sets: (By alphabetical order by its manufacturer.).
From the beginning of organised motor sport events, in the early 1900s, until the late 1960s, before commercial sponsorship liveries came into common use, vehicles competing in Formula One, sports car racing, touring car racing and other international auto racing competitions customarily painted their cars in standardised racing colours that indicated the nation of origin of the car or driver.
This is a list of the current owners of Italian football clubs, as well as (in some cases) their estimated net worth and source of wealth.
This article lists the largest companies in China in terms of their revenue, net profit and total assets, according to the American business magazines Fortune and Forbes.
This page lists the largest annual and quarterly earnings and losses in corporate history.
The following is a list of the largest European manufacturing companies, ordered by revenue in billions of US Dollars.
This is a list of the largest companies from the Nordic countries, as determined by different factors.
This is a list of largest private companies in the United Kingdom according to sales.
Many scientific, military, medical and commercial laser applications have been developed since the invention of the laser in 1958.
This is a list of manufacturers by motor vehicle production, by year, based on Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles (OICA).
There are over 250 R&D Centers in Israel owned by multinational companies.
The National Historic Landmarks in Michigan represent Michigan's history from pre-colonial days through World War II, and encompasses several landmarks detailing the state's automotive, maritime and mining industries.
This list of North American Volkswagen engines details internal combustion engines found in the Volkswagen Passenger Cars and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles marques, as sold in the North American markets.
This is a list of notable past and present people from the City of Frankston in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Thomas Alva Edison was widely known as the America's most prolific inventor, even after his death in 1931.
The following is a list of publicly traded companies having the greatest market capitalization.
This list of recipients of the Silver Buffalo Award includes people who have been awarded the highest commendation of the Boy Scouts of America.
Engines used by French automaker Renault SA have historically been referenced in technical specifications along two distinct systems.
The road network in Windsor, Ontario is a grid system with elongated blocks, generally aligned with the Detroit River, with East-West roads running parallel to it, and North-South streets running perpendicular (90 Degrees) to it.
The following list consists of automotive models produced by the Studebaker Corporation of South Bend, Indiana from 1899 to 1963 and Studebaker Canada Ltd. from 1964 through the spring 1966.
Synthetic polymers are human-made polymers.
The Profit is an American reality television show broadcast on CNBC.
This is a list of trade unions in Quebec, Canada.
The following is a list of local unions belonging to the United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, better known as the United Auto Workers (UAW).
This list of Voith transmissions details those automotive industry commercial vehicle transmissions made by German Voith AG engineering company.
List of Volkswagen Group diesel engines.
This list of Volkswagen Group engines includes internal combustion engine articles and related technologies produced by the German automotive concern, Volkswagen Group.
This list of Volkswagen Group factories details the current and former manufacturing facilities operated by the automotive concern Volkswagen Group, and its subsidiaries.
The German automotive concern, Volkswagen Group has, since the 1970s, developed a series of shared automobile platforms for their motor vehicles.
List of WACE courses is an article on the courses available to complete the Western Australian Certificate of Education.
This list includes the world champion football clubs (de jure) for FIFA; the official competitions are organized by FIFA or affiliated federations (for FIFA statute).
This list of ZF transmissions details those automotive transmissions created by the German ZF Friedrichshafen AG engineering company.
Litex Motors is an automobile manufacturing company based in Sofia, Bulgaria and the official partner of Great Wall Motors in Bulgaria.
Littelfuse, Inc is a multinational electronic manufacturing company based in Chicago, Illinois.
Lloyd Cars Ltd was a British motor manufacturer, founded by Roland Lloyd (1904–65), son of a garage owner, and based in Patrick Street, Grimsby, Lincolnshire, England between 1936 and 1951.
Lloyd Street Grounds was a baseball park located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
The Locomobile Company of America was a pioneering American automobile manufacturer founded in 1899.
The Logan Construction Company was founded in 1903 in Chillicothe, Ohio.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
The Lommel Proving Ground also known as the Ford LPG, is an automotive proving ground, constructed by Ford of Europe on ground rented from the municipality of Lommel, located south of the Belgian hamlet of Kattenbos.
London EV Company Limited (LEVC, formerly The London Taxi Corporation Limited trading as The London Taxi Company) is an automotive engineering company with its headquarters in Coventry, United Kingdom, and a wholly owned subsidiary of Chinese automaker Geely.
Lone Star College–North Harris (formerly North Harris College) is a public community college, located in unincorporated Harris County, Texas, United States, adjacent to Houston and offering Associate's degrees and program certifications in over 110 fields of study.
Long block is an automotive term for an engine sub-assembly that consists of the assembled block, crankshaft, cylinder head, camshaft (usually), and valve train.
Longbridge plant is an industrial complex in Longbridge, Birmingham, England, currently leased by SAIC as a research and development facility for its MG Motor subsidiary.
Loos & Co., Inc. is a privately owned manufacturing company located in Pomfret, Connecticut.
Loremo AG was a German automaker corporation, based in Marl.
Lotus Cars is a British automotive company that manufactures sports cars and racing cars in its headquarters in Hethel, United Kingdom.
Louis Semple Clarke, or Simpson Clarke or simply LS, was a pioneering businessman and engineer in the American automotive industry.
The Lozier Motor Company was a brass era producer of automobiles in the United States of America.
LuAZ (ЛуАЗ, short for "Луцький автомобільний завод", Lutskyi avtomobilnyi zavod; Lutsk automobile factory) is an Ukrainian automobile manufacturer in the city Lutsk built in the Soviet Union.
Lubny (Лубни́) is a city in Poltava Oblast (province) of central Ukraine.
Lucas Industries plc was a Birmingham-based British manufacturer of motor industry and aerospace industry components.
Lucas Oil Products, Inc. is an American manufacturer and distributor of automotive oil, additives, and lubricants.
LucasVarity plc was a UK automotive parts manufacturer, created by a merger of the British Lucas Industries plc, and the North American Varity Corporation in August 1996.
Luton is a large town in Bedfordshire, England, Luton east of Aylesbury, west of Stevenage, northwest of London, and southeast of Milton Keynes.
Luxgen Motor Co., Ltd. is a Taiwanese automaker headquartered in Sanyi, Miaoli, Taiwan, and a wholly owned subsidiary of Yulon Motor.
Luxoft is an international custom software development company with more than 13,100 employees, 41 offices in 20 countries in North America, Western and Eastern Europe, Asia Pacific, and South Africa.
Lynn G. Tilton (born April 22, 1959) is an American businesswoman and collateralized loan obligation (CLO) creator, owner and manager.
Melvin Russell Ballard Jr. (born October 8, 1928) is an American businessman and religious leader who is currently the Acting President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
M3 Technology was founded as J&K Electronics Inc.
A machine factory is a company, that produces machines.
The machine industry or machinery industry is a subsector of the industry, that produces and maintains machines for consumers, the industry, and most other companies in the economy.
A machine shop is a room, building, or company where machining is done.
Machine to machine refers to direct communication between devices using any communications channel, including wired and wireless.
To date, two methods have been used to make a personal computer, not offered by Apple, but able to run the Mac operating system: either create a Macintosh Conversion or build a Macintosh clone.
Mack Trucks, Inc., is an American truck–manufacturing company and a former manufacturer of buses and trolley buses.
Magirus GmbH is a truck manufacturer based in Ulm, Germany, founded by Conrad Dietrich Magirus (1824–1895).
Magna Steyr AG & Co KG is an automobile manufacturer based in Graz, Austria, where its primary manufacturing plant is also located.
Magneti Marelli S.p.A. develops and manufactures high-tech components for the automotive industry.
Magnetic pulse welding (MPW) is a solid state welding process that uses magnetic forces to weld two workpieces together.
Magyar Suzuki Corporation is an automobile manufacturing plant, subsidiary of Suzuki, located in Esztergom, Hungary and founded in 1991.
Mahindra and Mahindra Limited (M&M) is an Indian multinational car manufacturing corporation headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Mahindra Group is an Indian multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Mahindra Towers in Mumbai, with operations in over 100 countries around the globe.
Mahindra Racing is an Indian motorsport team owned by Indian automobile manufacturer Mahindra & Mahindra.
Mahindra Renault Limited was a joint venture between India's largest utility vehicle manufacturer Mahindra & Mahindra Limited & Renault S.A. of France (51% & 49% respectively).
Mahindra Truck and Bus Division, formerly called Mahindra Navistar / Mahindra International, is an Indian commercial vehicle manufacturer formed in 2005 from a joint-venture between Navistar International (49%) of the United States and Indian automobile maker Mahindra & Mahindra (51%).
MAHLE GmbH is an automotive parts manufacturer based in Stuttgart, Germany.
MAHLE Powertrain Ltd is the wholly owned engineering services division of MAHLE GmbH.
Mahwah Assembly was a Ford Motor Company manufacturing plant in Mahwah, New Jersey, 30 miles (48 km) from New York City.
MAINGEAR, Inc. is an American privately held boutique computer manufacturer headquartered in Kenilworth, New Jersey.
Maltese Australians are Australian citizens who are fully or partially of Maltese descent or Malta-born people who reside in Australia.
MAN Diesel SE is a European manufacturer of large-bore diesel engines for marine propulsion systems and power plant applications.
MAN Energy Solutions is a multinational company based in Augsburg, Germany that produces large-bore diesel engines and turbomachinery for marine and stationary applications, as marine propulsion systems, power plant applications and turbochargers.
MAN SE (abbreviation of Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg), formerly MAN AG, is a German mechanical engineering company and parent company of the MAN Group.
MAN Türkiye A.Ş., abbreviated to MANAŞ, is a joint company formerly known as MAN Kamyon ve Otobüs Sanayi A.Ş., founded in early 1966 in Turkey as a result of cooperation between a German company, MAN AG, and a Turkish company, Ercanlar A.Ş., to jointly manufacture heavy motor vehicles for Turkey.
The was an industrial conglomerate, or zaibatsu, in the Japanese controlled Empire of Manchukuo, established at the instigation of the Imperial Japanese Army to further the industrialization of Manchukuo, and in particular, to make it self-sufficient in strategic heavy industries.
Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Myanmar (Burma).
The Mandaue City College (MCC) is a government-recognized higher education institution in Mandaue, Philippines, established for deserving students, mostly graduates from barangay high schools, who have no access to education in mainstream private colleges or universities.
The Mando Corporation (만도)(KRX:204320), with headquarters in Seoul, Korea, is the largest global Tier 1 Korean Original Equipment Manufacturer and supplier to General Motors, Cadillac, Ford, Chrysler, Chevrolet, Nissan, Kia Motors Company, Fiat, Volkswagen, BMW, Suzuki, Hyundai Motor Company, and many other global automobile distributors.
Manganese Bronze Holdings plc (MBH) was the holding company of LTI Limited: their sole business in their final years as a company was London black taxicab manufacturing through the LTI subsidiary.
Manheim, Inc. is an automobile auction company and the world's largest wholesale auto auction based on trade volume with 145 auctions located in North America, Europe, Asia and Australia.
Mansour Group is an Egyptian multinational conglomerate, with operations across the globe.
Manufacturing Commercial Vehicles (MCV) is an Egyptian manufacturer for buses and trucks.
Manufacturing Engineering is a branch of professional engineering concerned with the understanding and application of Engineering Procedures in Manufacturing Processes and Production Methods.
Industry in Ghana accounts for about 25.3% of total GDP.
Manumatic, a portmanteau of the words manual and automatic, is a term referring to a class of automotive transmission.
Mapscape BV is a Netherlands-based independent business-to-business digital maps service provider.
The Marathon Motor Engineering, Plc. is a joint venture between Hyundai Motor Company and Haile Gebrselassie.
María Beatriz Nofal is an Argentine economist and civil servant from Mendoza.
Marbais et Lasnier was a French manufacturer of automobiles.
MARC Cars Australia is an Australian motor racing team, who compete in global sports car and endurance racing events, mostly in their own GTC prototype cars.
Marc Robert Clear (born 9 May 1964) is a British opera singer, musical performer and director.
Marcopolo S.A. (BM&F Bovespa) is a Brazilian bus and coach manufacturer founded on August 6, 1949, in the southern Brazilian city of Caxias do Sul, state of Rio Grande do Sul.
Marcos Engineering was a British sports car manufacturer.
Mark Paul Frissora (born August 1955) is an American business executive and philanthropist. He has been CEO and President of Caesars Entertainment, a major casino and gambling conglomerate based in Las Vegas, Nevada since 2015. Prior to his July 2015 appointment as Caesars' CEO, he had spent his career working in various management positions for General Electric, Philips Lighting Company and Aeroquip-Vickers, as well as CEO and Chairman of Tenneco and Hertz. Frissora entered his role as CEO of Tenneco in 2000. Prior to stepping down in 2006, he was attributed to raising Tenneco's revenue by 39 percent for a total of $4.4 billion. Frissora subsequently joined The Hertz Corporation as CEO in 2006. On January 1, 2007 he became company chairman. Frissora was named by Business Travel News as one of the most "Influential Business Travel Executives" of 2012. While holding his position at Hertz, Frissora was an active participant in international business groups including Business Roundtable, the World Economic Forum, McKinsey CEO Advisory Council, and the G100. Frissora was presented with the Oliver R. Grace Award for Distinguished Service in Advancing Cancer Research in 2012. He stepped down from Hertz in September 2014.
Mark IV Industries, Inc., headquartered in Amherst, New York, is a leading manufacturer of automotive components.
Mark Levinson is an American high-end audio equipment brand established in 1972 by eponymous founder Mark Levinson.
Marlin is a British sports car manufacturer founded in 1979 in Plymouth as Marlin Engineering and now located in Crediton, Devon, England.
Marquardt Group is a family enterprise headquartered in Germany.
Marquette was a brand used on several different automobiles, most recently on Buick's companion make.
Martha's Vineyard Regional High School or MVRHS is a high school in Oak Bluffs on the island of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, United States.
Martin Motors is an Italian company headquartered in the Quinto Stampi district of Milan.
Martin (Turčiansky Svätý Martin until 1950, Turócszentmárton, German: Turz-Sankt Martin, Latin: Sanctus Martinus / Martinopolis) is a city in northern Slovakia, situated on the Turiec river, between the Malá Fatra and Veľká Fatra mountains, near the city of Žilina.
was a company that manufactured motorcycles from 1948 to 1967.
Maruti 800 is a small city car that was manufactured by Maruti Suzuki in India from 1983 to 18 January 2014.
Maruti Suzuki India Limited, formerly known as Maruti Udyog Limited, is an automobile manufacturer in India.
Mary Anderson (February 19, 1866 – June 27, 1953), Birmingham Post-Herald, June 29, 1953 was an American real estate developer, rancher, viticulturist and inventor of the windshield wiper blade.
Mary Kay Henry (born 1958) is an American labor union activist who was elected International President of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU) on May 8, 2010.
Maryann Keller (born in 1943) is an American automotive industry analyst and author.
Maserati is an Italian luxury vehicle manufacturer established on 1 December 1914, in Bologna.
Maskinfabriks-aktiebolaget Scania (Maskinfabriks AB Scania), translates Machine Factory Limited Company Scania, was a Swedish bicycle manufacturer established in Malmö in 1900.
Master Motors (ماسٹر موٹر) is a Pakistani bus and truck manufacturer, based in Karachi, Pakistan since 2002.
The Matheson was an American automobile manufactured from 1903 to 1912.
Mécanique Aviation Traction or Matra (Mécanique Aviation Traction) was a French company covering a wide range of activities mainly related to automobiles, bicycles, aeronautics and weaponry.
Maubeuge Construction Automobile (MCA) is a subsidiary of the French car manufacturer Renault created in 1980 to operate the light commercial vehicle plant located at Maubeuge.
Maurice Sugar (August 8, 1891 - February 15, 1974) was an American political activist and labor attorney.
Mauritanians in France consist of migrants from Mauritania and their descendants living and working in France.
The Maxim Motor Company was an American automaker headquartered in Middleborough, Massachusetts, specializing in the manufacture of firefighting apparatus.
Maxon Motor is a supplier of high precision drive systems up to 500 W. The company develops and manufactures brushed and brushless electric DC servo motors as well as corresponding encoders, gears and control electronics.
The Maxwell was a brand of automobiles manufactured in the United States of America from about 1904 to 1925.
Maybach Motorenbau is a defunct German car manufacturer that today exists as a sub-brand of Mercedes-Benz.
, commonly referred to as simply Mazda, is a Japanese multinational automaker based in Fuchū, Aki District, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
The Mazda Kabura is a concept car shown by the Japanese manufacturer Mazda in 2006.
The Mazda Tribute (Code J14) is a compact SUV made by Japanese automaker Mazda from 2000 to 2011.
Möller Group is one of the oldest German automotive companies founded in 1730 and located in Bielefeld, North Rhine-Westphalia.
McLaren Automotive (formerly known as McLaren Cars) is a British automotive manufacturer based at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, Surrey.
The McLaren Group is a British conglomerate based in Woking, Surrey, United Kingdom.
McMaster Innovation Park (or MIP) is a 54-acre research facility located approximately 2 kilometers from McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario.
Meadowdale High School is a high school in the Edmonds School District, located in Lynnwood, Washington.
Mecachrome SAS is a precision engineering company involved in aviation, the automotive industry, motor racing and industrial engineering, but is most famous for assembling the engines designed by Renault for the Renault Formula One team.
Mecaplast Group (now known as Novares) is an international automotive supplier and a major contributor to the Monegasque economy.
Mechanical Lloyd Company Limited is a Ghanaian automobiles company.
MEDINA (short for Model EDitor Interactive for Numerical Simulation Analysis) is a universal pre-/postprocessor for finite element analysis.
The 111th United States Congress, in session from 2009 to 2010, consisted of 541 elected officials from 50 states, five territories, and the District of Columbia.
The Memphis International Auto Show is an annual auto show held every January in Memphis, Tennessee.
MeMZ is a brand of vehicle engines related to Melitopol Engine Factory (Мелітопольський моторний завод; literally "Melitopol Motor Plant"), which is located in Melitopol, Zaporizhia Oblast and it is a part of AvtoZAZ motor vehicle manufacturer out of Zaporizhia.
Menard Inc. is a chain of home improvement centers, located primarily in the Midwestern United States.
Mercedes-Benz is a global automobile marque and a division of the German company Daimler AG.
Mercedes-Benz Algeria Ltd is a Joint ventures between the German Daimler AG and Algerian automotive industry (EDIV) founded in 2012, with headquarters in Tiaret, Rouiba, and Constantine, in Algeria.
The Mercedes-Benz AMG C-Class W203 DTM is a Touring car (DTM) constructed by the German car manufacturer Mercedes-Benz.
The Mercedes-Benz AMG C-Class W204 DTM is a Touring car (DTM) constructed by the German car manufacturer Mercedes-Benz.
The Mercedes-Benz CL-Class is a line of full-size luxury grand tourers which was produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz, produced from 1992 to 2014 in the US.
Mercedes-Benz EQ is an upcoming family of battery electric vehicles to be manufactured by Mercedes-Benz.
Mercedes-Benz India Pvt Ltd is a wholly owned subsidiary of the German Daimler AG founded in 1994, with headquarters in Pune, Maharashtra, India.
The Mercedes-Benz SSK (W06) is a roadster built by German automobile manufacturer Mercedes-Benz between 1928 and 1932.
Mercer was an American automobile manufacturer from 1909 until 1925.
Mercury is a defunct division of the American automobile manufacturer Ford Motor Company.
Merix Corporation was a printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturer based in the U.S. state of Oregon.
The Merkez Türkiye (English: Centre Turkey, Hub Turkey or Central Turkey) project is a proposal for a planned megacity put forward by Turkey's main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) on 21 May 2015, as part of their June 2015 general election campaign.
Merrick Machine Company is a U.S. manufacturer based out of Alda Nebraska that produces custom automated housing machinery, The Auto Dolly, and The Auto Dolly accessory products, Merrick Originals.
A metal hose is a flexible metal line element.
Metal Improvement Company (MIC) is a company specializing in metal surface treatments.
Metal injection molding (MIM) is a metalworking process in which finely-powdered metal is mixed with binder material to create a "feedstock" that is then shaped and solidified using injection molding.
Metals and Engineering Corporation (METEC) is an Ethiopian military-run corporation, which established in 2010.
Methode Electronics (NYSE: MEI) is an American Multinational company headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with Engineering, Manufacturing and Sales Operations in more than 14 locations in 10 countries.
A metric engine is an American expression which refers to an internal combustion engine, often for automobiles, whose underlying engineering design is based on a metric system of units, particularly SI.
A metric prefix is a unit prefix that precedes a basic unit of measure to indicate a multiple or fraction of the unit.
A metropolitan economy refers to the cohesive, naturally evolving concentration of industries, commerce, markets, 2.
Metz (Lorraine Franconian pronunciation) is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers.
Mexico-Slovakia relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Mexico and Slovakia.
MG, the initials of Morris Garages, is a British automotive marque registered by the now defunct MG Car Company Limited,The M.G. Car Company Limited, incorporated 21 July 1930.
MG Motor UK Limited (MG Motor) is a British automotive company headquartered in Longbridge, Birmingham, United Kingdom, and a subsidiary of SAIC Motor UK, which in turn is owned by the Shanghai-based SAIC Motor.
MG Sports and Racing Europe Limited was a British automotive company based in Eardiston, Tenbury Wells in Worcestershire.
MG XPower is a British automotive brand created by MG Rover Group in 2001, and now owned by MG Sports and Racing Europe, based in Tenbury Wells.
Michael J. Osborne - (born: September 20, 1949 in Amarillo, Texas.) An author, inventor, entrepreneur, visionary and energy policymaker, Michael Osborne has been a pioneer in promoting Texas renewable energy resources for over three decades.
Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States.
The 2016 Michigan Democratic primary took place on March 8 in the U.S. state of Michigan as one of the Democratic Party's primaries ahead of the 2016 presidential election.
The Michigan-Peninsular Car Company was a railroad rolling stock manufacturing company formed from the merger of five manufacturing companies in 1892.
Robert Michael "Mickey" Kaus (born July 6, 1951) is an American journalist, pundit, and author, known for writing Kausfiles, a "mostly political" blog which was featured on Slate until 2010.
Micro Cars is an automobile company based in Peliyagoda, Sri Lanka, founded in 1995.
Micro-Controller Operating Systems (MicroC/OS, stylized as µC/OS) is a real-time operating system (RTOS) designed by embedded software developer, Jean J. Labrosse in 1991.
Micro-Vett is an Italian company manufacturing electric vehicles.
Midvale Steel was a succession of steel-making corporations whose flagship plant was the Midvale Steel Works at Nicetown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which operated from 1867 until 1976.
Midwest Radio Network is an Australian company which has a global media business concentrated in two main areas, broadcasting and digital media.
MIEV (Mitsubishi In-wheel motor Electric Vehicle) or MiEV (Mitsubishi innovative Electric Vehicle), Mitsubishi Motors internally conducted interview, February 2005 is the name given by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors (MMC) to its alternative propulsion technologies.
is a Japanese carburetor manufacturing company.
Milan Knížák (born 19 April 1940) is a Czech performance artist, sculptor, musician, installation artist, dissident, graphic artist, art theorist and pedagogue of art.
Miles Electric Vehicles was a manufacturer and distributor of all-electric vehicles manufactured by FAW Tianjin in China that met international car safety standards.
Millat Tractors (MTL, مِلّت ٹریکٹرز) is a Pakistani tractor manufacturer based in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan since 1965.
The Million Franc Race, or ‘Prix du Million’, was an effort in 1937 by the French Popular Front to induce French automobile manufacturers to develop race cars capable of competing with the incredibly advanced German Mercedes-Benz and Auto Union racers of the time, which were backed by the Nazi government in a (largely successful) attempt to dominate the sport, in order to 'prove the superiority of the Aryan race'.
Minari Engineering Ltd. was a Limited company based in Staffordshire, UK.
Mineral wool is a general name for fiber materials that are formed by spinning or drawing molten minerals (or "synthetic minerals" such as slag and ceramics).
The Ministry of International Trade and Industry (Kementerian Perdagangan Antarabangsa dan Industri), abbreviated MITI, is a ministry of the Government of Malaysia that is responsible for international trade, industry, investment, productivity, small and medium enterprise, development finance institution, halal industry, automotive, steel, strategic trade.
Minsk Automobile Plant (MAZ), (Адкрытaе Акцыянэрнaе Таварыства «Мінскі аўтамабільны завод», Open JSC Minski Autamabilny Zavod, Минский автомобильный завод Minskyi Avtomobilnyi Zavod) is a state-run automotive manufacturer association in Belarus, one of the largest in Eastern Europe.
Minuteman Career and Technical High School is a Public Vocational High School (grades 9-12) located in Lexington, Massachusetts.
HORIBA MIRA Ltd. (formerly the Motor Industry Research Association) is an automotive engineering and development consultancy company headquartered near Nuneaton in Warwickshire, United Kingdom.
Miracle in the Rain is a United States home front during World War II-themed novella by veteran screenwriter Ben Hecht, published in the April 3, 1943 issue of The Saturday Evening Post weekly magazine then, within six months, issued in booklet form and, thirteen years later, following four live television productions (in 1947, 1949, 1950 and 1953) which reduced the story to plot essentials, was adapted by him into a Warner Bros. feature film released on March 31, 1956.
Mirgor is an Argentine manufacturing firm.
MiTAC Holdings Corporation, through its subsidiaries (MiTAC International Corp. and MiTAC Computing Technology),provides GPS navigation devices, automotive solution, cloud services and cloud computing products worldwide.The company offers a range of electronics manufacturing services, such as research and development, design, manufacturing, assembly, marketing, and solutions.It also distributes portable car navigation products, outdoor handheld navigation devices, and mobile GPS solutions; and DashCam for vehicles, portable navigation devices for 4WD, and trucks under the Magellan, Mio, and Navman brand names.In addition, the company designs, manufactures, and markets x86 server/workstation platforms to OEMs, VARs, system integrators, and resellers under the TYAN brand name.
Mitchell-Lewis Motor Company was founded in 1900 in Racine, Wisconsin as a motorcycle maker spin-off from the wagon maker Mitchell & Lewis Company Ltd.
Mitchell 1 is a software service provider that has provided repair information to the automotive industry since 1918.
or simply MITSUBA, is a Japanese manufacturer of automobile parts including electrical components for wiper systems, door mirrors, power window motors, fuel pumps, and pressure regulators.
The is a group of autonomous Japanese multinational companies in a variety of industries.
The Mitsubishi Concept-ZT is a concept car developed by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors, and first exhibited at the 40th Tokyo Motor Show in September 2007.
The Mitsubishi Dion was a compact MPV produced by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors.
The Mitsubishi Galant Coupé FTO is a rear-wheel drive coupe produced by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors from November 1971 to March 1975.
The Mitsubishi Gaus is a concept car exhibited by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors at the 31st Tokyo Motor Show in 1995 and the 8th North American International Auto Show in Detroit in 1996.
The Mitsubishi GTO is a sports car built by the Japanese automaker Mitsubishi between 1990 and 1999.
is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
Mitsubishi Motors concepts are those prototype and concept cars exhibited around the world by Mitsubishi Motors.
Mitsubishi Motors Europe (MME) is the European headquarters and sales, distribution subsidiary of the Japanese automotive manufacturer Mitsubishi Motors.