Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Install
Faster access than browser!
 

Bacteriophage

Index Bacteriophage

A bacteriophage, also known informally as a phage, is a virus that infects and replicates within Bacteria and Archaea. [1]

542 relations: A-1 holin family, Abortive initiation, Acne, Actinobacterial phage holin family, Actinomycetales, Adaptation, Affinity magnetic separation, AFM-IR, Alfred Hershey, Amycolatopsis rifamycinica, André Michel Lwoff, Antibiotic, Antibiotic use in livestock, Antimicrobial resistance, Antitermination, Aphid, Arrowsmith (novel), Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, Autographivirinae, Auxiliary metabolic genes, Avery–MacLeod–McCarty experiment, Édouard de Pomiane, Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus phage, Bacillus phage AP50, Bacillus phage G, Bacillus phage phi29, Bacteria, Bacterial genome, Bacterial lawn, Bacteriocin, Bacteriophage experimental evolution, Bacteriophage MS2, Bacteriophage PBC1, Bacteriophage scaffolding proteins, Bacteriophage T12, Bacteriophage T5, Bacterioplankton, Bacterioplankton counting methods, Bacteroides fragilis, Barbara McClintock, Bdellovibrio, Beet vascular necrosis, Beta helix, BIA Separations, Bioactive paper, Biology, Biopanning, BlyA holin family, ..., Botulism, BP holin family, Bruce Alberts, Budapest Treaty, Burkholderia phage phi52237, Burkholderia phage phiE12-2, Burkholderia phage phiE202, C4 antisense RNA, Campylobacter jejuni, Capsid, Carsten Bresch, Cas9, Caudovirales, Caulobacter phage holin family, CccDNA, Cell signaling, Chargaff's rules, Chemostat, Chlamydia psittaci, Cholera, Christian Cambillau, Chronic bacterial prostatitis, CII protein, Cloning vector, Clostridium difficile (bacteria), Clyde A. Hutchison III, Coliphage, Concatemer, Corticovirus, Corynebacteriophage, Corynebacterium, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Cosmid, CPS operon, CrAssphage, Cre-Lox recombination, Crick, Brenner et al. experiment, CRISPR, CTXφ bacteriophage, Cyanophage, Cyanophage N-1, Cyanophages, Cyclic di-GMP-I riboswitch, Cystovirus, Daisy Roulland-Dussoix, Dances on the Snow, David Ian Hanauer, Dda (DNA-dependent ATPase), Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen, Diphtheria, Diphtheria toxin, DNA, DNA beta-glucosyltransferase, DNA condensation, DNA ligase, DNA methylation, DNA repair, DNA replication, DNA sequencing, DNA virus, Donald A. Glaser, Double-stranded RNA viruses, Downstream-peptide motif, Dp-1 holin family, Drug resistance, Dyad symmetry, Earl Evans (scientist), Ekkehard Bautz, Emory Ellis, Endogenosymbiosis, Enterobacter virus CC31, Enterobacteria phage 186, Enterobacteria phage G4, Enterobacteria phage P22, Enterobacteria phage P4, Enterobacteria phage PsP3, Enterobacteria phage T2, Enterobacteria phage T4, Enterobacteria phage T6, Enterobacteria phage Wphi, Enterobacterial holin family, Environmental impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products, Enzybiotics, Epimerox, Epsilon 15, Ernest Hanbury Hankin, Erythrogenic toxin, Escape and radiate coevolution, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli in molecular biology, Escherichia phage H8, Essential gene, Esther Lederberg, Evolutionary biology, Evolving digital ecological networks, Excisionase, F1 phage, FadL outer membrane protein transport family, Far East scarlet-like fever, Félix d'Herelle, Filamentous bacteriophage, Filamentous bacteriophage fd, Food microbiology, Forest Rohwer, Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Franklin Stahl, Frederick Sanger, Frederick Twort, Geminiviridae, Gene flow, Gene transfer agent, General bacterial porin family, Genetically modified tomato, Genetically modified virus, Genome editing, Genomic library, Genomics, George Eliava, George Eliava Institute, George Hirst (virologist), GFP-cDNA, Giles (bacteriophage), GlnA RNA motif, Glossary of biology, Glycoside hydrolase family 22, Glycoside hydrolase family 24, Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, Grete Kellenberger-Gujer, Group I catalytic intron, Gunther Stent, Gut flora, Hamilton O. Smith, Hans D. Ochs, Harvey Bialy, Helios Murialdo, Helmut Ruska, Hershey–Chase experiment, HHV capsid portal protein, HindIII, History of biology, History of genetics, History of molecular biology, History of RNA biology, History of virology, HK97, Hok/sok system, Hol118 family, Holin, Holliday junction, Homeobox, Homologous recombination, Horizontal gene transfer, Host–parasite coevolution, HTVC010P, Human Microbiome Project, Human microbiota, Human virome, Hyperparasite, Immune system, In vitro recombination, Index of biology articles, Index of genetics articles, Index of molecular biology articles, Innate immune system, Integrase, Interspecific competition, Intralytix, Introduction to viruses, Iron dependent repressor, Isobutanol, Isopeptide bond, J147, James A. Shapiro, James J. Bull, James Watson, Jean Finnegan, Joan A. Steitz, John Grange (medical researcher), John Howard Northrop, John Morison (bacteriologist), Jules Bordet, Kenneth Burton, KilA-N domain, Kill the Winner hypothesis, Kuppamuthu Dharmalingam, Lactobacillales, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactococcus lactis, Lambda holin family, Lambda phage, Leviviridae, Library (biology), Life history theory, Ligation (molecular biology), Lin Chao, Lipopolysaccharide, List of atheists in science and technology, List of experiments, List of geneticists, List of homing endonuclease cutting sites, List of Japanese inventions and discoveries, List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes, List of MeSH codes (B04), List of MeSH codes (E05), List of microorganisms tested in outer space, List of multiple discoveries, List of people from Tbilisi, List of restriction enzyme cutting sites, List of The Venture Bros. characters, Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria phage A511, Listeria phage P100, Lists of organisms by population, LLHol family, Lloyd M. Kozloff, LP holin family, LSm, Lung microbiota, Luria–Delbrück experiment, Lysibody, Lysin, Lysis, Lysogen, Lysogenic cycle, Lytic cycle, M13 bacteriophage, Malolactic fermentation, Mamavirus, ManA RNA motif, Mannheimia phage phiMhaA1-PHL101, Margaret Dick, Marine bacteriophage, Marine life, Marine microorganism, Mark Geier, Marlene Belfort, Martha Chase, Mating system, Max Delbrück, Meganuclease, Membrane technology, Memetics, Metagenomics, Michaelis–Menten kinetics, Micreos, Microbial genetics, Microbiological culture, Microbiology, Microgen, Microorganism, Microsatellite, Microviridae, Milislav Demerec, Mobile genetic elements, Model organism, Molecular diagnostics, Molecular dynamics, Molecular genetics, Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid, Molecular virology, Moron (bacteriophage), MP4 holin family, Multicopy single-stranded DNA, Multiple drug resistance, Multiplicity of infection, Mycobacteriophage, Mycobacterium phage jeffabunny, Mycobacterium phage L5, Mycobacterium phage packman, Mycobacterium phage patience, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycoplasma laboratorium, Myoviridae, Myricetin, N4likevirus, Narnaviridae, Nat Sternberg, Nattō, Niche adaptation, No-SCAR (Scarless Cas9 Assisted Recombineering) Genome Editing, Non-homologous end joining, Norton Zinder, NP-holin family, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of proteins, OBPgp279, Okazaki fragments, Oncolytic virus, Operon, Optical transfection, Optimal foraging theory, Organisms involved in water purification, Outer membrane receptor, Overlapping gene, P008, P1 phage, P35 holin family, Panspermia, Panton–Valentine leukocidin, Parasitism, Pasteur Institute, Pasteurella multocida, Pathogenicity island, Pathophysiology, PBluescript, Pelagibacter ubique, PelB leader sequence, Peplomer, Peptidomimetic, Petri dish, Phage (disambiguation), Phage display, Phage ecology, Phage group, Phage major coat protein, Phage monographs, Phage P22 Tailspike Protein, Phage therapy, Phage typing, Phage-ligand technology, Phagemid, PhagesDB, Phagoburn, Phenoptosis, Phi X 174, Phieco32likevirus, Phikmvlikevirus, Philip Levine (physician), Philippe Horvath, PhiU53 holin family, Photobacterium profundum, PhotoRC RNA motifs, Photosynthetic reaction centre protein family, Piezoelectricity, Pilus, Plant virus, Plaque hybridization, Plasmid, Plectrovirus, Pleomorphism (microbiology), POLD1, Polinton, POLRMT, Polymerase chain reaction, Polynucleobacter-1 RNA motif, Polyphage, Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus, Predator–prey reversal, Prey (novel), Prohead, Prokaryote, Prophage, Protein production, Provirus, Pseudomonas, Pseudomonas phage 42, Pseudomonas phage Φ6, Pseudomonas phage phiCTX, Psittacosis, R/K selection theory, RadC RNA motif, Ralstonia phage RSA1, Rathayibacter toxicus, Recombinant antibodies, Recombinase-mediated cassette exchange, Recombineering, Renato Dulbecco, René Thomas (biologist), Replicon (genetics), Repressor lexA, Restriction enzyme, Restriction modification system, Rho factor, Ribonuclease III, Ribonucleotide reductase, RNA polymerase, RNA thermometer, RNA virus, Robert E. W. Hancock, Roger Stanier, Rolling circle replication, Roman Frederick Starzl, ROOL RNA motif, Roy John Britten, Roy Mackal, S-layer, Salmonella Fels-2, Salmonella SopEphi, Salvador Luria, Sankar Adhya, SaPI, Sar RNA, Scarlet fever, SEA-PHAGES, Self-replicating machines in fiction, Sensing of phage-triggered ion cascades, Serratia marcescens, Seymour Benzer, Shah M. Faruque, Shiga-like toxin, Sinorhizobium meliloti, Site-specific recombinase technology, Smallest organisms, Social history of viruses, Soil, Soil biology, Spiroplasma phage 1-R8A2B, Sputnik virophage, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus phage G1, Steffanie A. Strathdee, Stop codon, Streptococcus, Sudha Bhattacharya, Suzanne Cory, Symbiogenesis, Synthetic biology, Synthetic immunology, T-even bacteriophages, T12, T3 phage, T4 holin, T7 phage, T7 RNA polymerase, Telomerase, Temperateness (virology), Terminator (genetics), The Andromeda Strain (miniseries), The Mahabharata Quest: The Alexander Secret, The Sower (novel), Therapy, Thomas A. Bickle, Thymidine kinase, Timeline of biology and organic chemistry, Timeline of natural history, Timeline of the evolutionary history of life, Torrey C. Brown, Toxin-antitoxin system, Transduction (genetics), Transfection, Transformation (genetics), Transgene, Transposon mutagenesis, Transposon sequencing, Treponema 4 TMS holin family, Triparental mating, TxpA-RatA toxin-antitoxin system, Type VI secretion system, Ugo Fano, Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation, Valkyrien (TV series), VanY protein domain, Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio phage K139, Vibrio phage Kappa, Vibrio phage nt-1, Vidiians, Vinod Bhakuni, Viral entry, Viral plaque, Viral transformation, Viral vector, Viriome, Virology, Virology (journal), Virome, Virulence, Virulence factor, Virus, Virus classification, Virus nanotechnology, Virus-like particle, Viunalikevirus, Vividred Operation, Walter Fiers, WcaG RNA motif, Werner Arber, WO virus, XanPHol family, Yersinia pestis, Yersinia phage L-413C, Zinaida Vissarionovna Ermol'eva, Zygotic induction, 174 (number), 1873 in science, 1949 in science, 1952 in science, 2015 in science, 3-Deoxy-2-octulosonidase, 3-Hol family, 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine. Expand index (492 more) »

A-1 holin family

The Actinobacterial 1 TMS Holin (A-1 Holin) Family consists of proteins found in actinobacteria, their conjugative plasmids and their phage.

New!!: Bacteriophage and A-1 holin family · See more »

Abortive initiation

Abortive initiation, also known as abortive transcription, is an early process of genetic transcription in which RNA polymerase binds to a DNA promoter and enters into cycles of synthesis of short mRNA transcripts which are released before the transcription complex leaves the promoter.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Abortive initiation · See more »

Acne

Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Acne · See more »

Actinobacterial phage holin family

The Actinobacterial Phage Holin (APH) Family is a fairly large family of proteins between 105 and 180 amino acyl residues in length, typically exhibiting a single transmembrane segment (TMS) near the N-terminus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Actinobacterial phage holin family · See more »

Actinomycetales

The Actinomycetales are an order of Actinobacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Actinomycetales · See more »

Adaptation

In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Adaptation · See more »

Affinity magnetic separation

Affinitymagnetic separation (AMS) is a laboratory tool that can efficiently isolate bacterial cells out of body fluid or cultured cells.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Affinity magnetic separation · See more »

AFM-IR

AFM-IR (atomic force microscope infrared-spectroscopy) is one of a family of techniques (published online, Feb 2008) with erratum, 19(5), 14 May 2004 that are derived from a combination of two parent instrumental techniques; infrared spectroscopy and scanning probe microscopy (SPM).

New!!: Bacteriophage and AFM-IR · See more »

Alfred Hershey

Alfred Day Hershey (December 4, 1908 – May 22, 1997) was an American Nobel Prize–winning bacteriologist and geneticist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Alfred Hershey · See more »

Amycolatopsis rifamycinica

Amycolatopsis rifamycinica is a species of Gram-positive bacteria in the Amycolatopsis genus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Amycolatopsis rifamycinica · See more »

André Michel Lwoff

André Michel Lwoff (8 May 1902 – 30 September 1994) was a French microbiologist and Nobel laureate.

New!!: Bacteriophage and André Michel Lwoff · See more »

Antibiotic

An antibiotic (from ancient Greek αντιβιοτικά, antibiotiká), also called an antibacterial, is a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Antibiotic · See more »

Antibiotic use in livestock

Antibiotic use in livestock is the use of antibiotics for any purpose in the husbandry of livestock, which includes treatment when ill (therapeutic), treatment of a batch of animals when at least one is diagnosed as ill (metaphylaxis, similar to the way bacterial meningitis is treated in children), and preventative treatment (prophylaxis) against disease.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Antibiotic use in livestock · See more »

Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Antimicrobial resistance · See more »

Antitermination

Antitermination is the prokaryotic cell's aid to fix premature termination of RNA synthesis during the transcription of RNA.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Antitermination · See more »

Aphid

Aphids are small sap-sucking insects and members of the superfamily Aphidoidea.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Aphid · See more »

Arrowsmith (novel)

Arrowsmith is a novel by American author Sinclair Lewis, first published in 1925.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Arrowsmith (novel) · See more »

Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology

Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology is a history of science by Isaac Asimov, written as the biographies of over 1500 scientists.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology · See more »

Autographivirinae

Autographivirinae is a subfamily of viruses in the order Caudovirales, in the family Podoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Autographivirinae · See more »

Auxiliary metabolic genes

Auxiliary metabolic genes (AMGs) are found in many bacteriophages but originated in bacterial cells.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Auxiliary metabolic genes · See more »

Avery–MacLeod–McCarty experiment

The Avery–MacLeod–McCarty experiment was an experimental demonstration, reported in 1944 by Oswald Avery, Colin MacLeod, and Maclyn McCarty, that DNA is the substance that causes bacterial transformation, in an era when it had been widely believed that it was proteins that served the function of carrying genetic information (with the very word protein itself coined to indicate a belief that its function was primary).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Avery–MacLeod–McCarty experiment · See more »

Édouard de Pomiane

Édouard Alexandre de Pomiane, sometimes Édouard Pozerski (20 April 1875 in Paris – 26 January 1964 in Paris) was a French scientist, radio broadcaster and food writer.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Édouard de Pomiane · See more »

Bacillus anthracis

Bacillus anthracis is the etiologic agent of anthrax—a common disease of livestock and, occasionally, of humans—and the only obligate pathogen within the genus Bacillus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacillus anthracis · See more »

Bacillus cereus

Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, aerobic, facultatively anaerobic, motile, beta hemolytic bacterium commonly found in soil and food.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacillus cereus · See more »

Bacillus phage

A Bacillus phage is a member of a group of bacteriophages known to have bacteria in the genus Bacillus as host species.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacillus phage · See more »

Bacillus phage AP50

Bacillus phage AP50 (formerly Phage AP50) is a species of bacteriophage that infects Bacillus anthracis bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacillus phage AP50 · See more »

Bacillus phage G

Bacillus phage G is a bacteriophage (phage) that infects Bacillus bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacillus phage G · See more »

Bacillus phage phi29

Bacillus phage phi29 (Φ29 phage) belongs to a family of related Bacteriophages which includes, in addition to Φ29, phages PZA, Φ15, BS32, B103, M2Y (M2), Nf and GA-1.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacillus phage phi29 · See more »

Bacteria

Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteria · See more »

Bacterial genome

Bacterial genomes are generally smaller and less variant in size among species when compared with genomes of animals and single cell eukaryotes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacterial genome · See more »

Bacterial lawn

Bacterial lawn is a term used by microbiologists to describe the appearance of bacterial colonies when all the individual colonies on a petri-dish agar plate merge to form a field or mat of bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacterial lawn · See more »

Bacteriocin

Bacteriocins are proteinaceous or peptidic toxins produced by bacteria to inhibit the growth of similar or closely related bacterial strain(s).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteriocin · See more »

Bacteriophage experimental evolution

Experimental evolution studies are a means of testing evolutionary theory under carefully designed, reproducible experiments.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteriophage experimental evolution · See more »

Bacteriophage MS2

The bacteriophage MS2 is an icosahedral, positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus that infects the bacterium Escherichia coli and other members of the Enterobacteriaceae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteriophage MS2 · See more »

Bacteriophage PBC1

Bacteriophage PBC1 is a bacteriophage that infects the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus cereus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteriophage PBC1 · See more »

Bacteriophage scaffolding proteins

In molecular biology, bacteriophage scaffolding proteins are proteins involved in bacteriophage assembly.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteriophage scaffolding proteins · See more »

Bacteriophage T12

Bacteriophage T12 is a bacteriophage that infects the bacterial species Streptococcus pyogenes, and converts a harmless strain of bacteria into a virulent strain.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteriophage T12 · See more »

Bacteriophage T5

Bacteriophage T5 is a caudal virus within the family Siphoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteriophage T5 · See more »

Bacterioplankton

Bacterioplankton refers to the bacterial component of the plankton that drifts in the water column.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacterioplankton · See more »

Bacterioplankton counting methods

Bacterioplankton counting is the estimation of the abundance of bacterioplankton in a specific body of water, which is useful information to marine microbiologists.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacterioplankton counting methods · See more »

Bacteroides fragilis

Bacteroides fragilis is an obligately anaerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bacteroides fragilis · See more »

Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock (June 16, 1902 – September 2, 1992) was an American scientist and cytogeneticist who was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Barbara McClintock · See more »

Bdellovibrio

Bdellovibrio is a genus of Gram-negative, obligate aerobic bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bdellovibrio · See more »

Beet vascular necrosis

Beet vascular necrosis and rot is a soft rot disease caused by the bacterium Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Beet vascular necrosis · See more »

Beta helix

A beta helix is a protein structure formed by the association of parallel beta strands in a helical pattern with either two or three faces.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Beta helix · See more »

BIA Separations

BIA Separations is a biotechnology company focused on the production of methacrylate monolithic HPLC columns and developing industrial purification processes and analytical methods.

New!!: Bacteriophage and BIA Separations · See more »

Bioactive paper

Bioactive paper is a paper-based sensor that can identify various contaminants in food and water.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bioactive paper · See more »

Biology

Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Biology · See more »

Biopanning

Biopanning is an affinity selection technique which selects for peptides that bind to a given target.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Biopanning · See more »

BlyA holin family

The BlyA Holin Family is a group of holin proteins that are approximately 55-70 amino acyl residues (aas) in length and exhibit one transmembrane segment (TMS).

New!!: Bacteriophage and BlyA holin family · See more »

Botulism

Botulism is a rare and potentially fatal illness caused by a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Botulism · See more »

BP holin family

The β-Proteobacterial Holin (BP-Hol) Family is a small family that includes members derived from a number of Burkholderia phage as well as a Poloromonas species.

New!!: Bacteriophage and BP holin family · See more »

Bruce Alberts

Bruce Michael Alberts (born April 14, 1938 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American biochemist and the Chancellor’s Leadership Chair in Biochemistry and Biophysics for Science and Education at the University of California, San Francisco.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Bruce Alberts · See more »

Budapest Treaty

The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure, or Budapest Treaty, is an international treaty signed in Budapest, Hungary, on April 28, 1977.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Budapest Treaty · See more »

Burkholderia phage phi52237

Burkholderia phage phi52237 is a bacteriophage (a virus that infects bacteria) of the family Myoviridae, genus P2-like viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Burkholderia phage phi52237 · See more »

Burkholderia phage phiE12-2

Burkholderia phage phiE12-2 is a bacteriophage (a virus that infects bacteria) of the family Myoviridae, genus P2-like viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Burkholderia phage phiE12-2 · See more »

Burkholderia phage phiE202

Burkholderia phage phiE202 is a bacteriophage (a virus that infects bacteria) of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Burkholderia phage phiE202 · See more »

C4 antisense RNA

The c4 antisense RNA is a non-coding RNA used by certain phages that infect bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and C4 antisense RNA · See more »

Campylobacter jejuni

Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common causes of food poisoning in the United States and in Europe.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Campylobacter jejuni · See more »

Capsid

A capsid is the protein shell of a virus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Capsid · See more »

Carsten Bresch

Carsten Bresch (born September 5, 1921) is a German physicist, geneticist and professor emeritus at the University of Freiburg (Faculty of Biology).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Carsten Bresch · See more »

Cas9

Cas9 (CRISPR associated protein 9) is an RNA-guided DNA endonuclease enzyme associated with the CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) adaptive immunity system in Streptococcus pyogenes, among other bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cas9 · See more »

Caudovirales

The Caudovirales are an order of viruses also known as the tailed bacteriophages (cauda is Latin for "tail").

New!!: Bacteriophage and Caudovirales · See more »

Caulobacter phage holin family

The Caulobacter Phage Holin (CauHol) Family consists of several putative holins of 157 to 159 amino acyl residues (aas) in length that exhibit 2 transmembrane segments (TMSs).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Caulobacter phage holin family · See more »

CccDNA

cccDNA (covalently closed circular DNA) is a special DNA structure that arises during the propagation of some viruses in the cell nucleus and may remain permanently there.

New!!: Bacteriophage and CccDNA · See more »

Cell signaling

Cell signaling (cell signalling in British English) is part of any communication process that governs basic activities of cells and coordinates all cell actions.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cell signaling · See more »

Chargaff's rules

Chargaff's rules state that DNA from any cell of all organisms should have a 1:1 ratio (base Pair Rule) of pyrimidine and purine bases and, more specifically, that the amount of guanine should be equal to cytosine and the amount of adenine should be equal to thymine.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Chargaff's rules · See more »

Chemostat

A chemostat (from chemical environment is static) is a bioreactor to which fresh medium is continuously added, while culture liquid containing left over nutrients, metabolic end products and microorganisms are continuously removed at the same rate to keep the culture volume constant.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Chemostat · See more »

Chlamydia psittaci

Chlamydia psittaci is a lethal intracellular bacterial species that may cause endemic avian chlamydiosis, epizootic outbreaks in mammals, and respiratory psittacosis in humans.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Chlamydia psittaci · See more »

Cholera

Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cholera · See more »

Christian Cambillau

Christian Cambillau (born February 22, 1951) is a French scientist for the CNRS (French National Scientific Research Centre) in Structural Biology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Christian Cambillau · See more »

Chronic bacterial prostatitis

Chronic bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial infection of the prostate gland.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Chronic bacterial prostatitis · See more »

CII protein

cII or transcriptional activator II is a DNA-binding protein and important transcription factor in the life cycle of lambda phage.

New!!: Bacteriophage and CII protein · See more »

Cloning vector

A cloning vector is a small piece of DNA, taken from a virus, a plasmid, or the cell of a higher organism, that can be stably maintained in an organism, and into which a foreign DNA fragment can be inserted for cloning purposes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cloning vector · See more »

Clostridium difficile (bacteria)

Clostridium difficile (etymology and pronunciation), also known as C. difficile, C. diff, or sometimes CDF/cdf, is a species of Gram-positive spore-forming bacterium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Clostridium difficile (bacteria) · See more »

Clyde A. Hutchison III

Clyde A. Hutchison III is an American biochemist and microbiologist notable for his research on site-directed mutagenesis and synthetic biology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Clyde A. Hutchison III · See more »

Coliphage

A coliphage is a type of bacteriophage that infects Escherichia coli.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Coliphage · See more »

Concatemer

A concatemer is a long continuous DNA molecule that contains multiple copies of the same DNA sequence linked in series.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Concatemer · See more »

Corticovirus

Corticovirus is a genus of viruses in the family Corticoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Corticovirus · See more »

Corynebacteriophage

A corynebacteriophage is a DNA-containing bacteriophage specific for corynebacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Corynebacteriophage · See more »

Corynebacterium

Corynebacterium is a genus of bacteria that are Gram-positive and aerobic.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Corynebacterium · See more »

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

Corynebacterium diphtheriae is the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Corynebacterium diphtheriae · See more »

Cosmid

A cosmid is a type of hybrid plasmid that contains a Lambda phage cos sequence.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cosmid · See more »

CPS operon

The capsule biosynthesis, or CPS operon is a section of the genome present in some Escherichia coli which regulates the production of polysaccharides which make up the bacterial capsule.

New!!: Bacteriophage and CPS operon · See more »

CrAssphage

CrAssphage (cross-assembly Phage) is a bacteriophage (virus that infects bacteria) that was discovered in 2014 by computational analysis of publicly accessible scientific data.

New!!: Bacteriophage and CrAssphage · See more »

Cre-Lox recombination

Cre-Lox recombination is a site-specific recombinase technology, used to carry out deletions, insertions, translocations and inversions at specific sites in the DNA of cells.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cre-Lox recombination · See more »

Crick, Brenner et al. experiment

The Crick, Brenner et al.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Crick, Brenner et al. experiment · See more »

CRISPR

CRISPR is a family of DNA sequences in bacteria and archaea.

New!!: Bacteriophage and CRISPR · See more »

CTXφ bacteriophage

The CTXφ bacteriophage is a filamentous bacteriophage that contains the genetic material needed by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium for the production of cholera toxin, or CT.

New!!: Bacteriophage and CTXφ bacteriophage · See more »

Cyanophage

A cyanophage is a virus that infects cyanobacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cyanophage · See more »

Cyanophage N-1

Cyanophage N-1 is a myovirus bacteriophage that infects freshwater filamentous cyanobacteria of the Nostoc genus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cyanophage N-1 · See more »

Cyanophages

Cyanophages are viruses that infect cyanobacteria, also known as Cyanophyta or blue-green algae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cyanophages · See more »

Cyclic di-GMP-I riboswitch

Cyclic di-GMP-I riboswitches are a class of riboswitch that specifically bind cyclic di-GMP, which is a second messenger that is used in a variety of microbial processes including virulence, motility and biofilm formation.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cyclic di-GMP-I riboswitch · See more »

Cystovirus

Cystovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Cystoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Cystovirus · See more »

Daisy Roulland-Dussoix

Daisy Roulland-Dussoix (1936 -2014) molecular microbiologist, was one of the discoverers of restriction enzymes during her doctoral studies, for which a Nobel prize was awarded to Werner Arber.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Daisy Roulland-Dussoix · See more »

Dances on the Snow

Dances on the Snow is a science fiction novel written by the Russian sci-fi and fantasy writer Sergey Lukyanenko.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Dances on the Snow · See more »

David Ian Hanauer

David Ian Hanauer is Professor of Applied Linguistics/English at Indiana University of Pennsylvania and the Lead Assessment Coordinator for the SEA-PHAGES program at the University of Pittsburgh.

New!!: Bacteriophage and David Ian Hanauer · See more »

Dda (DNA-dependent ATPase)

Dda (short for DNA-dependent ATPase; also known as Dda helicase and Dda DNA helicase) is the 439-amino acid 49,897-atomic mass unit protein coded by the Dda gene of the bacteriophage T4 phage, a virus that infects enterobacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Dda (DNA-dependent ATPase) · See more »

Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen

The Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH (Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH) (abbreviation is DSM and DSMZ)was founded 1969 as the national culture collection in Germany.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen · See more »

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Diphtheria · See more »

Diphtheria toxin

Diphtheria toxin is an exotoxin secreted by Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Diphtheria toxin · See more »

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA · See more »

DNA beta-glucosyltransferase

In enzymology, a DNA beta-glucosyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction in which a beta-D-glucosyl residue is transferred from UDP-glucose to an hydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA beta-glucosyltransferase · See more »

DNA condensation

DNA condensation refers to the process of compacting DNA molecules in vitro or in vivo.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA condensation · See more »

DNA ligase

DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme, a ligase, that facilitates the joining of DNA strands together by catalyzing the formation of a phosphodiester bond.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA ligase · See more »

DNA methylation

DNA methylation is a process by which methyl groups are added to the DNA molecule.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA methylation · See more »

DNA repair

DNA repair is a collection of processes by which a cell identifies and corrects damage to the DNA molecules that encode its genome.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA repair · See more »

DNA replication

In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA replication · See more »

DNA sequencing

DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA sequencing · See more »

DNA virus

A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and replicates using a DNA-dependent DNA polymerase.

New!!: Bacteriophage and DNA virus · See more »

Donald A. Glaser

Donald Arthur Glaser (September 21, 1926 – February 28, 2013) was an American physicist, neurobiologist, and the winner of the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the bubble chamber used in subatomic particle physics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Donald A. Glaser · See more »

Double-stranded RNA viruses

Double-stranded (ds) RNA viruses are a diverse group of viruses that vary widely in host range (humans, animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria), genome segment number (one to twelve) and virion organization (T-number, capsid layers or turrets).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Double-stranded RNA viruses · See more »

Downstream-peptide motif

The Downstream-peptide motif refers to a conserved RNA structure identified by bioinformatics in the cyanobacterial genera Synechococcus and Prochlorococcus and one phage that infects such bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Downstream-peptide motif · See more »

Dp-1 holin family

The Bacterophase Dp-1 Holin (Dp-1 Holin) Family is a family of proteins present in several Gram-positive bacteria (i.e., Enterococcus faecalis) and their phage.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Dp-1 holin family · See more »

Drug resistance

Drug resistance is the reduction in effectiveness of a medication such as an antimicrobial or an antineoplastic in curing a disease or condition.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Drug resistance · See more »

Dyad symmetry

In genetics, dyad symmetry refers to two areas of a DNA strand whose base pair sequences are inverted repeats of each other.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Dyad symmetry · See more »

Earl Evans (scientist)

Earl Alison Evans (March 11, 1910 in Baltimore, Maryland – October 5, 1999 in Chicago) was the chairman of the biochemistry department at the University of Chicago for 30 years, during which time he pioneered several techniques whose use is now widespread.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Earl Evans (scientist) · See more »

Ekkehard Bautz

Ekkehard Karl Friedrich Bautz is a molecular biologist and chair of the Institute of Molecular Genetics at the University of Heidelberg.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Ekkehard Bautz · See more »

Emory Ellis

Emory L Ellis (29 October 1906 - 26 October 2003) was a biochemist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Emory Ellis · See more »

Endogenosymbiosis

Endogenosymbiosis is an evolutionary process, proposed by the evolutionary and environmental biologist Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, in which "gene carriers" (viruses, retroviruses and bacteriophages) and symbiotic prokaryotic cells (bacteria or archaea) could share parts or all of their genomes in an endogenous symbiotic relationship with their hosts.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Endogenosymbiosis · See more »

Enterobacter virus CC31

Enterobacter virus CC31 is a dsDNA bacteriophage of the subfamily Tevenvirinae responsible for infecting the bacteria family of ''Enterobactericeae''.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacter virus CC31 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage 186

Enterobacteria phage 186 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage 186 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage G4

Enterobacteria phage G4 is a bacteriophage that infects ''E. Coli''.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage G4 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage P22

The Enterobacteria phage P22 is a bacteriophage that infects Salmonella typhimurium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage P22 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage P4

Enterobacteria phage P4 (also known as satellite phage P4) is a temperate bacteriophage of the family Myoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage P4 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage PsP3

Enterobacteria phage PsP3 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage PsP3 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage T2

Enterobacteria phage T2 is a virus that infects and kills E. coli.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage T2 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage T4

Enterobacteria phage T4 is a bacteriophage that infects Escherichia coli bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage T4 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage T6

Enterobacteria phage T6 is a bacteriophage that infects Escherichia coli bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage T6 · See more »

Enterobacteria phage Wphi

Enterobacteria phage Wphi is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2-like viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacteria phage Wphi · See more »

Enterobacterial holin family

The Enterobacterial Holin (EBHol) Family consists of many closely related proteins of 100 to 120 amino acyl residues (aas) in length with a single C-terminal transmembrane segment (TMS).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enterobacterial holin family · See more »

Environmental impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products

The environmental effect of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) is largely speculative.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Environmental impact of pharmaceuticals and personal care products · See more »

Enzybiotics

Enzybiotics are an experimental antibiotic approach employing enzymes to combat pathogenic bacterial infections.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Enzybiotics · See more »

Epimerox

Epimerox is an experimental broad-spectrum antibiotic compound being developed by scientists at the Rockefeller University and Astex Pharmaceuticals.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Epimerox · See more »

Epsilon 15

Epsilon 15 (or ε15) is a virus, specifically a bacteriophage, known to infect species of Salmonella bacteria including Salmonella anatum.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Epsilon 15 · See more »

Ernest Hanbury Hankin

Ernest Hanbury Hankin (4 February 1865 – 29 March 1939), was an English bacteriologist, aeronautical theorist and naturalist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Ernest Hanbury Hankin · See more »

Erythrogenic toxin

Erythrogenic toxins, also referred to as streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins, are secreted by strains of the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Erythrogenic toxin · See more »

Escape and radiate coevolution

Escape and radiate coevolution is a multistep process that hypothesizes that an organism under constraints from other organisms will develop new defenses, allowing it to "escape" and then "radiate" into differing species.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Escape and radiate coevolution · See more »

Escherichia coli

Escherichia coli (also known as E. coli) is a Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia that is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Escherichia coli · See more »

Escherichia coli in molecular biology

Escherichia coli (commonly abbreviated E. coli) is a Gram-negative gammaproteobacterium commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Escherichia coli in molecular biology · See more »

Escherichia phage H8

Escherichia phage H8 (or bacteriophage H8) is a bacteriophage known to infect bacterial species of the genus Escherichia and the related genus Salmonella.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Escherichia phage H8 · See more »

Essential gene

Essential genes are those genes of an organism that are thought to be critical for its survival.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Essential gene · See more »

Esther Lederberg

Esther Miriam Zimmer Lederberg (December 18, 1922 – November 11, 2006) was an American microbiologist and a pioneer of bacterial genetics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Esther Lederberg · See more »

Evolutionary biology

Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Evolutionary biology · See more »

Evolving digital ecological networks

Evolving digital ecological networks are webs of interacting, self-replicating, and evolving computer programs (i.e., digital organisms) that experience the same major ecological interactions as biological organisms (e.g., competition, predation, parasitism, and mutualism).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Evolving digital ecological networks · See more »

Excisionase

In molecular biology, excisionase is a bacteriophage protein encoded by the Xis gene.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Excisionase · See more »

F1 phage

Bacteriophage f1 is structurally classified as a class I filamentous phage, and is closely related to the other Ff phages, such as M13 and phage fd.

New!!: Bacteriophage and F1 phage · See more »

FadL outer membrane protein transport family

Outer membrane transport proteins (OMPP1/FadL/TodX) family includes several proteins that are involved in toluene catabolism and degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons.

New!!: Bacteriophage and FadL outer membrane protein transport family · See more »

Far East scarlet-like fever

Far East scarlet-like fever or scarlatinoid fever is an infectious disease caused by the gram negative bacillus Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Far East scarlet-like fever · See more »

Félix d'Herelle

Félix d'Hérelle (April 25, 1873 – February 22, 1949) was a French-Canadian microbiologist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Félix d'Herelle · See more »

Filamentous bacteriophage

A filamentous bacteriophage is a type of bacteriophage, or virus of bacteria, defined by its filament-like or rod-like shape.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Filamentous bacteriophage · See more »

Filamentous bacteriophage fd

Filamentous bacteriophage fd is a type of filamentous bacteriophage known to infect Escherichia coli.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Filamentous bacteriophage fd · See more »

Food microbiology

Food microbiology is the study of the microorganisms that inhabit, create, or contaminate food, including the study of microorganisms causing food spoilage, pathogens that may cause disease especially if food is improperly cooked or stored, those used to produce fermented foods such as cheese, yogurt, bread, beer, and wine, and those with other useful roles such as producing probiotics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Food microbiology · See more »

Forest Rohwer

Forest Rohwer (born 1969) is an American microbial ecologist and Professor of Biology at San Diego State University.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Forest Rohwer · See more »

Frank Macfarlane Burnet

Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, (3 September 1899 – 31 August 1985), usually known as Macfarlane or Mac Burnet, was an Australian virologist best known for his contributions to immunology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Frank Macfarlane Burnet · See more »

Franklin Stahl

Franklin (Frank) William Stahl (born October 8, 1929) is an American molecular biologist and geneticist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Franklin Stahl · See more »

Frederick Sanger

Frederick Sanger (13 August 1918 – 19 November 2013) was a British biochemist who twice won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, one of only two people to have done so in the same category (the other is John Bardeen in physics), the fourth person overall with two Nobel Prizes, and the third person overall with two Nobel Prizes in the sciences.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Frederick Sanger · See more »

Frederick Twort

Frederick William Twort FRS (22 October 1877 – 20 March 1950) was an English bacteriologist and was the original discoverer in 1915 of bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Frederick Twort · See more »

Geminiviridae

Geminiviridae is a family of plant viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Geminiviridae · See more »

Gene flow

In population genetics, gene flow (also known as gene migration or allele flow) is the transfer of genetic variation from one population to another.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Gene flow · See more »

Gene transfer agent

A gene transfer agent (GTA) is a phage-like element produced by several bacteria and archaea that mediates horizontal gene transfer.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Gene transfer agent · See more »

General bacterial porin family

General bacterial porins are a family of proteins from the outer membranes of Gram-negative bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and General bacterial porin family · See more »

Genetically modified tomato

A genetically modified tomato, or transgenic tomato, is a tomato that has had its genes modified, using genetic engineering.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Genetically modified tomato · See more »

Genetically modified virus

A genetically modified virus is a virus that has gone through genetic modification for various biomedical purposes, agricultural purposes, bio-control and technological purposes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Genetically modified virus · See more »

Genome editing

Genome editing, or genome engineering is a type of genetic engineering in which DNA is inserted, deleted, modified or replaced in the genome of a living organism.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Genome editing · See more »

Genomic library

A genomic library is a collection of the total genomic DNA from a single organism.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Genomic library · See more »

Genomics

Genomics is an interdisciplinary field of science focusing on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of genomes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Genomics · See more »

George Eliava

George Eliava (Georgian — გიორგი ელიავა; January 13, 1892 – July 10, 1937) was a Georgian microbiologist who worked with bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria).

New!!: Bacteriophage and George Eliava · See more »

George Eliava Institute

The George Eliava Institute of Bacteriophage, Microbiology and Virology (aka Tbilisi Institute) has been active since the 1930s in the field of phage therapy, which is used to combat microbial infection (cf. antibiotic-resistant strains).

New!!: Bacteriophage and George Eliava Institute · See more »

George Hirst (virologist)

George Keble Hirst, M.D. (March 2, 1909 – January 22, 1994) was an American virologist and science administrator who was among the first to study the molecular biology and genetics of animal viruses, especially influenza virus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and George Hirst (virologist) · See more »

GFP-cDNA

The GFP-cDNA project documents the localisation of proteins to subcellular compartments of the eukaryotic cell applying fluorescence microscopy.

New!!: Bacteriophage and GFP-cDNA · See more »

Giles (bacteriophage)

Giles is a bacteriophage that infects Mycobacterium smegmatis bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Giles (bacteriophage) · See more »

GlnA RNA motif

The glnA RNA motif is a conserved RNA structure that was predicted by bioinformatics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and GlnA RNA motif · See more »

Glossary of biology

Most of the terms listed in Wikipedia glossaries are already defined and explained within Wikipedia itself.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Glossary of biology · See more »

Glycoside hydrolase family 22

In molecular biology, glycoside hydrolase family 22 is a family of glycoside hydrolases.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Glycoside hydrolase family 22 · See more »

Glycoside hydrolase family 24

In molecular biology, glycoside hydrolase family 24 is a family of glycoside hydrolases.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Glycoside hydrolase family 24 · See more »

Gram-negative bacteria

Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain the crystal violet stain used in the gram-staining method of bacterial differentiation.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Gram-negative bacteria · See more »

Gram-positive bacteria

Gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly classify bacteria into two broad categories according to their cell wall.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Gram-positive bacteria · See more »

Grete Kellenberger-Gujer

Grete Kellenberger-Gujer (1919–2011) was a Swiss molecular biologist known for her discoveries on genetic recombination and restriction modification system of DNA.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Grete Kellenberger-Gujer · See more »

Group I catalytic intron

Group I introns are large self-splicing ribozymes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Group I catalytic intron · See more »

Gunther Stent

Gunther S. Stent (28 March 1924 – 12 June 2008) was Graduate Professor of Molecular Biology at the University of California, Berkeley.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Gunther Stent · See more »

Gut flora

Gut flora, or gut microbiota, or gastrointestinal microbiota, is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals, including insects.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Gut flora · See more »

Hamilton O. Smith

Hamilton Othanel Smith (born August 23, 1931) is an American microbiologist and Nobel laureate.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Hamilton O. Smith · See more »

Hans D. Ochs

Hans Dieter Ochs, MD (born September 29, 1936 in Spaichingen, Germany), is an immunologist and pediatrician.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Hans D. Ochs · See more »

Harvey Bialy

Harvey Bialy (born 1945, New York City) is an American molecular biologist and AIDS denialist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Harvey Bialy · See more »

Helios Murialdo

Helios Murialdo (born Helios Murialdo Laport) is a Chilean-Canadian molecular biologist, fiction writer, and ecologist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Helios Murialdo · See more »

Helmut Ruska

Helmut Ruska (June 7, 1908, Heidelberg - August 30, 1973) was a German physician and biologist from Heidelberg.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Helmut Ruska · See more »

Hershey–Chase experiment

The Hershey–Chase experiments were a series of experiments conducted in 1952 by Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase that helped to confirm that DNA is genetic material.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Hershey–Chase experiment · See more »

HHV capsid portal protein

HHV Capsid Portal Protein, or HSV-1 UL-6 protein, is the protein which forms a cylindrical portal in the capsid of Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1).

New!!: Bacteriophage and HHV capsid portal protein · See more »

HindIII

HindIII (pronounced "Hin D Three") is a type II site-specific deoxyribonuclease restriction enzyme isolated from Haemophilus influenzae that cleaves the DNA palindromic sequence AAGCTT in the presence of the cofactor Mg2+ via hydrolysis.

New!!: Bacteriophage and HindIII · See more »

History of biology

The history of biology traces the study of the living world from ancient to modern times.

New!!: Bacteriophage and History of biology · See more »

History of genetics

The history of genetics dates from the classical era with contributions by Hippocrates, Aristotle and Epicurus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and History of genetics · See more »

History of molecular biology

The history of molecular biology begins in the 1930s with the convergence of various, previously distinct biological and physical disciplines: biochemistry, genetics, microbiology, virology and physics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and History of molecular biology · See more »

History of RNA biology

Numerous key discoveries in biology have emerged from studies of RNA (ribonucleic acid), including seminal work in the fields of biochemistry, genetics, microbiology, molecular biology, molecular evolution and structural biology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and History of RNA biology · See more »

History of virology

The history of virology — the scientific study of viruses and the infections they cause – began in the closing years of the 19th century.

New!!: Bacteriophage and History of virology · See more »

HK97

HK97 is a bacterial virus, bacteriophage, known to infect Escherichia coli and related bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and HK97 · See more »

Hok/sok system

The hok/sok system is a postsegregational killing mechanism employed by the R1 plasmid in Escherichia coli.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Hok/sok system · See more »

Hol118 family

The Listeria Phage A118 Holin (Hol118) Family is a group of transporters belonging to the Holin Superfamily V. A representative list of proteins belonging to the Hol118 family can be found in the.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Hol118 family · See more »

Holin

Holins are a diverse group of small proteins produced by dsDNA bacteriophages in order to trigger and control the degradation of the host's cell wall at the end of the lytic cycle.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Holin · See more »

Holliday junction

A Holliday junction is a branched nucleic acid structure that contains four double-stranded arms joined together.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Holliday junction · See more »

Homeobox

A homeobox is a DNA sequence, around 180 base pairs long, found within genes that are involved in the regulation of patterns of anatomical development (morphogenesis) in animals, fungi and plants.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Homeobox · See more »

Homologous recombination

Homologous recombination is a type of genetic recombination in which nucleotide sequences are exchanged between two similar or identical molecules of DNA.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Homologous recombination · See more »

Horizontal gene transfer

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) or lateral gene transfer (LGT) is the movement of genetic material between unicellular and/or multicellular organisms other than by the ("vertical") transmission of DNA from parent to offspring.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Horizontal gene transfer · See more »

Host–parasite coevolution

Host–parasite coevolution is a special case of coevolution, the reciprocal adaptive genetic change of a host and a parasite through reciprocal selective pressures.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Host–parasite coevolution · See more »

HTVC010P

HTVC010P is a virus which was discovered by Stephen Giovannoni and colleagues at Oregon State University.

New!!: Bacteriophage and HTVC010P · See more »

Human Microbiome Project

The Human Microbiome Project (HMP) was a United States National Institutes of Health (NIH) research initiative to improve understanding of the microbial flora involved in human health and disease.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Human Microbiome Project · See more »

Human microbiota

The human microbiota is the aggregate of microorganisms that resides on or within any of a number of human tissues and biofluids, including the skin, mammary glands, placenta, seminal fluid, uterus, ovarian follicles, lung, saliva, oral mucosa, conjunctiva, biliary and gastrointestinal tracts.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Human microbiota · See more »

Human virome

Human virome is the collection of viruses in and on the human body.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Human virome · See more »

Hyperparasite

A hyperparasite is a parasite whose host, often an insect, is also a parasite, often specifically a parasitoid.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Hyperparasite · See more »

Immune system

The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Immune system · See more »

In vitro recombination

Recombinant DNA (rDNA), or molecular cloning, is the process by which a single gene, or segment of DNA, is isolated and amplified.

New!!: Bacteriophage and In vitro recombination · See more »

Index of biology articles

Biology is the study of life and its processes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Index of biology articles · See more »

Index of genetics articles

Genetics (from Ancient Greek γενετικός genetikos, “genite” and that from γένεσις genesis, “origin”), a discipline of biology, is the science of heredity and variation in living organisms.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Index of genetics articles · See more »

Index of molecular biology articles

This is a list of topics in molecular biology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Index of molecular biology articles · See more »

Innate immune system

The innate immune system, also known as the non-specific immune system or in-born immunity system, is an important subsystem of the overall immune system that comprises the cells and mechanisms involved in the defense of the host from infection by other organisms.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Innate immune system · See more »

Integrase

Retroviral integrase (IN) is an enzyme produced by a retrovirus (such as HIV) that enables its genetic material to be integrated into the DNA of the infected cell.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Integrase · See more »

Interspecific competition

Interspecific competition, in ecology, is a form of competition in which individuals of different species compete for the same resources in an ecosystem (e.g. food or living space).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Interspecific competition · See more »

Intralytix

Intralytix is a biotechnology company based in Baltimore, Maryland.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Intralytix · See more »

Introduction to viruses

A virus is a biological agent that reproduces inside the cells of living hosts.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Introduction to viruses · See more »

Iron dependent repressor

In molecular biology, the iron dependent repressors are a family of bacterial and archaeal transcriptional repressors.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Iron dependent repressor · See more »

Isobutanol

Isobutanol (IUPAC nomenclature: 2-methylpropan-1-ol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2OH (sometimes represented as i-BuOH).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Isobutanol · See more »

Isopeptide bond

An isopeptide bond is an amide bond that is not present on the main chain of a protein.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Isopeptide bond · See more »

J147

J147 is an experimental drug with reported effects against both Alzheimer's disease and ageing in mouse models of accelerated aging.

New!!: Bacteriophage and J147 · See more »

James A. Shapiro

James Alan Shapiro (born May 18, 1943) is an American biologist, an expert in bacterial genetics and a professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Chicago.

New!!: Bacteriophage and James A. Shapiro · See more »

James J. Bull

James J. Bull is Johann Friedrich Miescher Regents Professor in Molecular Biology at the University of Texas at Austin.

New!!: Bacteriophage and James J. Bull · See more »

James Watson

James Dewey Watson (born April 6, 1928) is an American molecular biologist, geneticist and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick and Rosalind Franklin.

New!!: Bacteriophage and James Watson · See more »

Jean Finnegan

Elizabeth Jean Finnegan FAA is an Australian botanist who researches plant flowering processes and epigenetic regulation in plants.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Jean Finnegan · See more »

Joan A. Steitz

Joan Elaine Argetsinger Steitz (born January 26, 1941) is Sterling Professor of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry at Yale University and Investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Joan A. Steitz · See more »

John Grange (medical researcher)

Professor John Grange (born 4 April 1943 at East Dereham, Norfolk) died 10 October 2016 was an English immunologist, epidemiologist, researcher, and academic, and was one of Europe's leading tuberculosis specialists.

New!!: Bacteriophage and John Grange (medical researcher) · See more »

John Howard Northrop

John Howard Northrop (July 5, 1891 – May 27, 1987) was an American biochemist who, with James Batcheller Sumner and Wendell Meredith Stanley, won the 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

New!!: Bacteriophage and John Howard Northrop · See more »

John Morison (bacteriologist)

Dr John Morison FRSE CIE (1879–1971) was a 20th-century British physician prominent in the field of bacteriophage.

New!!: Bacteriophage and John Morison (bacteriologist) · See more »

Jules Bordet

Jules Jean Baptiste Vincent Bordet (13 June 1870 – 6 April 1961) was a Belgian immunologist and microbiologist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Jules Bordet · See more »

Kenneth Burton

Kenneth Burton FRS (26 June 1926 – 22 November 2010) was a British biochemist, and Professor at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Kenneth Burton · See more »

KilA-N domain

In molecular biology, the KilA-N domain is a conserved protein domain.

New!!: Bacteriophage and KilA-N domain · See more »

Kill the Winner hypothesis

The "Kill the Winner" hypothesis (KTW) is a model of population growth involving prokaryotes, viruses and protozoans.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Kill the Winner hypothesis · See more »

Kuppamuthu Dharmalingam

Kuppamuthu Dharmalingam (born 1949) is an Indian proteomicist, geneticist, academic and the founder of Centre of Excellence in Bioinformatics at Madurai Kamaraj University.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Kuppamuthu Dharmalingam · See more »

Lactobacillales

Lactobacillales or lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are an order of Gram-positive, low-GC, acid-tolerant, generally nonsporulating, nonrespiring, either rod- or coccus-shaped bacteria that share common metabolic and physiological characteristics. These bacteria, usually found in decomposing plants and milk products, produce lactic acid as the major metabolic end product of carbohydrate fermentation. This trait has, throughout history, linked LAB with food fermentations, as acidification inhibits the growth of spoilage agents. Proteinaceous bacteriocins are produced by several LAB strains and provide an additional hurdle for spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. Furthermore, lactic acid and other metabolic products contribute to the organoleptic and textural profile of a food item. The industrial importance of the LAB is further evidenced by their generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status, due to their ubiquitous appearance in food and their contribution to the healthy microflora of human mucosal surfaces. The genera that comprise the LAB are at its core Lactobacillus, Leuconostoc, Pediococcus, Lactococcus, and Streptococcus, as well as the more peripheral Aerococcus, Carnobacterium, Enterococcus, Oenococcus, Sporolactobacillus, Tetragenococcus, Vagococcus, and Weissella; these belong to the order Lactobacillales.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lactobacillales · See more »

Lactobacillus rhamnosus

Lactobacillus rhamnosus is a bacterium that originally was considered to be a subspecies of L. casei, but later genetic research found it to be a species of its own.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lactobacillus rhamnosus · See more »

Lactococcus lactis

Lactococcus lactis is a Gram-positive bacterium used extensively in the production of buttermilk and cheese, but has also become famous as the first genetically modified organism to be used alive for the treatment of human disease.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lactococcus lactis · See more »

Lambda holin family

The Lambda Holin S (λ Holin) Family is a group of integral membrane transporter proteins belonging to the Holin Superfamily III.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lambda holin family · See more »

Lambda phage

Enterobacteria phage λ (lambda phage, coliphage λ) is a bacterial virus, or bacteriophage, that infects the bacterial species Escherichia coli (E. coli).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lambda phage · See more »

Leviviridae

Leviviridae is a family of viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Leviviridae · See more »

Library (biology)

In molecular biology, a library is a collection of DNA fragments that is stored and propagated in a population of micro-organisms through the process of molecular cloning.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Library (biology) · See more »

Life history theory

Life history theory is an analytical frameworkVitzthum, V. (2008).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Life history theory · See more »

Ligation (molecular biology)

In molecular biology, ligation is the joining of two nucleic acid fragments through the action of an enzyme.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Ligation (molecular biology) · See more »

Lin Chao

Professor Lin Chao is a Chinese Brazilian American evolutionary biologist and geneticist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lin Chao · See more »

Lipopolysaccharide

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), also known as lipoglycans and endotoxins, are large molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide composed of O-antigen, outer core and inner core joined by a covalent bond; they are found in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lipopolysaccharide · See more »

List of atheists in science and technology

This is a list of atheists in science and technology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of atheists in science and technology · See more »

List of experiments

The following is a list of historically important scientific experiments and observations demonstrating something of great scientific interest, typically in an elegant or clever manner.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of experiments · See more »

List of geneticists

This is a list of people who have made notable contributions to genetics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of geneticists · See more »

List of homing endonuclease cutting sites

The homing endonucleases are a special type of restriction enzymes encoded by introns or inteins.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of homing endonuclease cutting sites · See more »

List of Japanese inventions and discoveries

This is a list of Japanese inventions and discoveries.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of Japanese inventions and discoveries · See more »

List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes

This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes · See more »

List of MeSH codes (B04)

The following is a list of the "B" codes for MeSH.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of MeSH codes (B04) · See more »

List of MeSH codes (E05)

The following is a list of the "E" codes for MeSH.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of MeSH codes (E05) · See more »

List of microorganisms tested in outer space

The survival of some microorganisms exposed to outer space has been studied using both simulated facilities and low Earth orbit exposures.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of microorganisms tested in outer space · See more »

List of multiple discoveries

Historians and sociologists have remarked the occurrence, in science, of "multiple independent discovery".

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of multiple discoveries · See more »

List of people from Tbilisi

This is a list of famous people who have lived in Tbilisi, including both natives and residents.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of people from Tbilisi · See more »

List of restriction enzyme cutting sites

A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is a special type of biological macromolecule that functions as part of the "immune system" in bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of restriction enzyme cutting sites · See more »

List of The Venture Bros. characters

This is a list of main and recurring fictional characters and organizations from The Venture Bros., the comic science fiction television series broadcast on Adult Swim.

New!!: Bacteriophage and List of The Venture Bros. characters · See more »

Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine

The Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, informally known as the Lister Institute, was established as a research institute (the British Institute of Preventive Medicine) in 1891, with bacteriologist Marc Armand Ruffer as its first director, using a grant of £250,000 from Edward Cecil Guinness of the Guinness family.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine · See more »

Listeria monocytogenes

Listeria monocytogenes is the species of pathogenic bacteria that causes the infection listeriosis.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Listeria monocytogenes · See more »

Listeria phage A511

Listeria phage A511 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus Twortlikevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Listeria phage A511 · See more »

Listeria phage P100

Listeria phage P100 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus Twortlikevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Listeria phage P100 · See more »

Lists of organisms by population

This is a collection of lists of organisms by their population.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lists of organisms by population · See more »

LLHol family

The Putative Lactococcus lactis Holin (LLHol) Family consists of just a few proteins from Lactococcus lactis species and their phage.

New!!: Bacteriophage and LLHol family · See more »

Lloyd M. Kozloff

Lloyd M. Kozloff (1923-2012) was an American microbiologist and virologist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lloyd M. Kozloff · See more »

LP holin family

The Putative Listeria Phage Holin (LP-Hol) Family consists of several small proteins of 41 amino acyl residues (aas) and 1 transmembrane segment (TMS).

New!!: Bacteriophage and LP holin family · See more »

LSm

In molecular biology, LSm proteins are a family of RNA-binding proteins found in virtually every cellular organism.

New!!: Bacteriophage and LSm · See more »

Lung microbiota

The lung microbiota, is the pulmonary microbial community consisting of a complex variety of microorganisms found in the lower respiratory tract particularly on the mucous layer and the epithelial surfaces.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lung microbiota · See more »

Luria–Delbrück experiment

The Luria–Delbrück experiment (1943) (also called the Fluctuation Test) demonstrates that in bacteria, genetic mutations arise in the absence of selection, rather than being a response to selection.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Luria–Delbrück experiment · See more »

Lysibody

A lysibody is a chimeric antibody in which the Fab region is the binding domain from a bacteriophage lysin or the binding domain from an autolysin linked to the Fc of Immunoglobulin G. The chimera forms a stable homodimer held together by disulfide bonds.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lysibody · See more »

Lysin

Lysins, also known as endolysins or murein hydrolases, are hydrolytic enzymes produced by bacteriophages in order to cleave the host's cell wall during the final stage of the lytic cycle.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lysin · See more »

Lysis

Lysis (Greek λύσις lýsis, "a loosing" from λύειν lýein, "to unbind") refers to the breaking down of the membrane of a cell, often by viral, enzymic, or osmotic (that is, "lytic") mechanisms that compromise its integrity.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lysis · See more »

Lysogen

A lysogen or lysogenic bacterium is a bacterial cell in which a phage exists as DNA in its dormant state (prophage).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lysogen · See more »

Lysogenic cycle

Lysogeny, or the lysogenic cycle, is one of two cycles of viral reproduction (the lytic cycle being the other).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lysogenic cycle · See more »

Lytic cycle

The lytic cycle is one of the two cycles of viral reproduction (referring to bacterial viruses or bacteriophages), the other being the lysogenic cycle.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Lytic cycle · See more »

M13 bacteriophage

M13 is a virus that infects the bacterium Escherichia coli.

New!!: Bacteriophage and M13 bacteriophage · See more »

Malolactic fermentation

Malolactic fermentation (also known as malolactic conversion or MLF) is a process in winemaking in which tart-tasting malic acid, naturally present in grape must, is converted to softer-tasting lactic acid.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Malolactic fermentation · See more »

Mamavirus

Mamavirus is a large and complex virus in the Group I family mimiviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mamavirus · See more »

ManA RNA motif

The manA RNA motif (also called manA) refers to a conserved RNA structure that was identified by bioinformatics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and ManA RNA motif · See more »

Mannheimia phage phiMhaA1-PHL101

Mannheimia phage phiMhaA1-PHL101 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mannheimia phage phiMhaA1-PHL101 · See more »

Margaret Dick

Margaret Isabella Brownlee Dick (14 September 191825 September 2008) was a pioneering Australian microbiologist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Margaret Dick · See more »

Marine bacteriophage

Marine bacteriophages or marine phages are viruses that live as obligate parasitic agents in marine bacteria such as cyanobacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Marine bacteriophage · See more »

Marine life

Marine life, or sea life or ocean life, is the plants, animals and other organisms that live in the salt water of the sea or ocean, or the brackish water of coastal estuaries.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Marine life · See more »

Marine microorganism

Marine microorganisms are defined by their habitat as the microorganisms living in a marine environment, that is, in the saltwater of a sea or ocean or the brackish water of a coastal estuary.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Marine microorganism · See more »

Mark Geier

Mark R. Geier (born 1948 in Washington, D.C., U.S.) is a self-employed American physician and controversial professional witness who has testified in more than 90 cases regarding allegations of injury or illness caused by vaccines.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mark Geier · See more »

Marlene Belfort

Marlene Belfort, Ph.D. (born 1945) is an American biochemist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Marlene Belfort · See more »

Martha Chase

Martha Cowles Chase (November 30, 1927 – August 8, 2003), also known as Martha C. Epstein, was an American geneticist known for having in 1952, with Alfred Hershey, experimentally helped to confirm that DNA rather than protein is the genetic material of life.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Martha Chase · See more »

Mating system

A mating system is a way in which a group is structured in relation to sexual behaviour.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mating system · See more »

Max Delbrück

Max Ludwig Henning Delbrück (September 4, 1906 – March 9, 1981), a German–American biophysicist, helped launch the molecular biology research program in the late 1930s.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Max Delbrück · See more »

Meganuclease

Meganucleases are endodeoxyribonucleases characterized by a large recognition site (double-stranded DNA sequences of 12 to 40 base pairs); as a result this site generally occurs only once in any given genome.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Meganuclease · See more »

Membrane technology

Membrane technology covers all engineering approaches for the transport of substances between two fractions with the help of permeable membranes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Membrane technology · See more »

Memetics

Memetics is the study of information and culture based on an analogy with Darwinian evolution.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Memetics · See more »

Metagenomics

Metagenomics is the study of genetic material recovered directly from environmental samples.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Metagenomics · See more »

Michaelis–Menten kinetics

Michaelis–Menten saturation curve for an enzyme reaction showing the relation between the substrate concentration and reaction rate. In biochemistry, Michaelis–Menten kinetics is one of the best-known models of enzyme kinetics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Michaelis–Menten kinetics · See more »

Micreos

Micreos is a Netherlands-based phage- and endolysin technology development company.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Micreos · See more »

Microbial genetics

Microbial genetics is a subject area within microbiology and genetic engineering.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Microbial genetics · See more »

Microbiological culture

A microbiological culture, or microbial culture, is a method of multiplying microbial organisms by letting them reproduce in predetermined culture medium under controlled laboratory conditions.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Microbiological culture · See more »

Microbiology

Microbiology (from Greek μῑκρος, mīkros, "small"; βίος, bios, "life"; and -λογία, -logia) is the study of microorganisms, those being unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Microbiology · See more »

Microgen

Microgen (Микроген) is Russia's largest producer of immunobiological products, one of the three largest pharmaceutical companies in Russia.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Microgen · See more »

Microorganism

A microorganism, or microbe, is a microscopic organism, which may exist in its single-celled form or in a colony of cells. The possible existence of unseen microbial life was suspected from ancient times, such as in Jain scriptures from 6th century BC India and the 1st century BC book On Agriculture by Marcus Terentius Varro. Microbiology, the scientific study of microorganisms, began with their observation under the microscope in the 1670s by Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. In the 1850s, Louis Pasteur found that microorganisms caused food spoilage, debunking the theory of spontaneous generation. In the 1880s Robert Koch discovered that microorganisms caused the diseases tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax. Microorganisms include all unicellular organisms and so are extremely diverse. Of the three domains of life identified by Carl Woese, all of the Archaea and Bacteria are microorganisms. These were previously grouped together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many unicellular protists and protozoans. Some protists are related to animals and some to green plants. Many of the multicellular organisms are microscopic, namely micro-animals, some fungi and some algae, but these are not discussed here. They live in almost every habitat from the poles to the equator, deserts, geysers, rocks and the deep sea. Some are adapted to extremes such as very hot or very cold conditions, others to high pressure and a few such as Deinococcus radiodurans to high radiation environments. Microorganisms also make up the microbiota found in and on all multicellular organisms. A December 2017 report stated that 3.45 billion year old Australian rocks once contained microorganisms, the earliest direct evidence of life on Earth. Microbes are important in human culture and health in many ways, serving to ferment foods, treat sewage, produce fuel, enzymes and other bioactive compounds. They are essential tools in biology as model organisms and have been put to use in biological warfare and bioterrorism. They are a vital component of fertile soils. In the human body microorganisms make up the human microbiota including the essential gut flora. They are the pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases and as such are the target of hygiene measures.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Microorganism · See more »

Microsatellite

A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 1–6 or more base pairs) are repeated, typically 5–50 times.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Microsatellite · See more »

Microviridae

Microviridae is a family of bacteriophages with a single-stranded DNA genome.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Microviridae · See more »

Milislav Demerec

Milislav Demerec (January 11, 1895 – April 12, 1966) was a Croatian-American geneticist, and the director of the Department of Genetics, Carnegie Institution of Washington, now Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) from 1941 to 1960, recruiting Barbara McClintock and Alfred Hershey.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Milislav Demerec · See more »

Mobile genetic elements

Mobile genetic elements (MGEs) are a type of genetic materials that can move around within a genome, or that can be transferred from one species or replicon to another.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mobile genetic elements · See more »

Model organism

A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Model organism · See more »

Molecular diagnostics

Molecular diagnostics is a collection of techniques used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteomethe individual's genetic code and how their cells express their genes as proteinsby applying molecular biology to medical testing.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Molecular diagnostics · See more »

Molecular dynamics

Molecular dynamics (MD) is a computer simulation method for studying the physical movements of atoms and molecules.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Molecular dynamics · See more »

Molecular genetics

Molecular genetics is the field of biology that studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular level and thus employs methods of both molecular biology and genetics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Molecular genetics · See more »

Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid

"Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid" was the first article published to describe the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA, using X-ray diffraction and the mathematics of a helix transform.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid · See more »

Molecular virology

Molecular virology is the study of viruses on a molecular level.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Molecular virology · See more »

Moron (bacteriophage)

A moron, in the context of bacteriophage genetics, is an extra gene in a prophage genome without a function in the phage's lysogenic cycle.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Moron (bacteriophage) · See more »

MP4 holin family

The Mycobacterial 4 TMS Phage Holin (MP4 Holin) Family is a group of transporters belonging to Holin superfamily IV.

New!!: Bacteriophage and MP4 holin family · See more »

Multicopy single-stranded DNA

Multicopy single-stranded DNA (msDNA) is a type of extrachromosomal satellite DNA that consists of a single-stranded DNA molecule covalently linked via a 2'-5'phosphodiester bond to an internal guanosine of an RNA molecule.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Multicopy single-stranded DNA · See more »

Multiple drug resistance

Multiple drug resistance (MDR), multidrug resistance or multiresistance is antimicrobial resistance shown by a species of microorganism to multiple antimicrobial drugs.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Multiple drug resistance · See more »

Multiplicity of infection

In microbiology, the multiplicity of infection or MOI is the ratio of agents (e.g. phage or more generally virus, bacteria) to infection targets (e.g. cell).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Multiplicity of infection · See more »

Mycobacteriophage

A mycobacteriophage is a member of a group of bacteriophages known to have mycobacteria as host bacterial species.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mycobacteriophage · See more »

Mycobacterium phage jeffabunny

Mycobacterium phage jeffabunny is a bacteriophage known to infect bacterial species of the genus Mycobacterium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mycobacterium phage jeffabunny · See more »

Mycobacterium phage L5

Mycobacterium phage L5 is a bacteriophage known to infect bacterial species of the genus Mycobacterium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mycobacterium phage L5 · See more »

Mycobacterium phage packman

Mycobacterium phage packman is a bacteriophage known to infect bacterial species of the genus Mycobacterium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mycobacterium phage packman · See more »

Mycobacterium phage patience

Mycobacterium phage patience, also called Patience, is a bacteriophage that infects Mycobacterium smegmatis bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mycobacterium phage patience · See more »

Mycobacterium smegmatis

Mycobacterium smegmatis is an acid-fast bacterial species in the phylum Actinobacteria and the genus Mycobacterium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mycobacterium smegmatis · See more »

Mycoplasma laboratorium

Mycoplasma laboratorium is a designed, partially synthetic species of bacterium derived from the genome of Mycoplasma genitalium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Mycoplasma laboratorium · See more »

Myoviridae

The Myoviridae is a family of bacteriophages in the order Caudovirales.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Myoviridae · See more »

Myricetin

Myricetin is a member of the flavonoid class of polyphenolic compounds, with antioxidant properties.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Myricetin · See more »

N4likevirus

N4likevirus is a genus of bacteriophages in the order Caudovirales, in the family Podoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and N4likevirus · See more »

Narnaviridae

Narnaviridae is a family of positive single stranded RNA viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Narnaviridae · See more »

Nat Sternberg

Nat L. Sternberg (August 2, 1942 – September 26, 1995) was an American molecular biologist and bacteriophage researcher, particularly known for his work on DNA recombination and the phage P1.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Nat Sternberg · See more »

Nattō

is a traditional Japanese food made from soybeans fermented with Bacillus subtilis var. natto.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Nattō · See more »

Niche adaptation

Niche adaptation refers to the ability of some organisms to adapt to changing environments, or niches.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Niche adaptation · See more »

No-SCAR (Scarless Cas9 Assisted Recombineering) Genome Editing

SCAR-less genome editing Scarless Cas9 Assisted Recombineering (no-SCAR) is an editing method that is able to manipulate the Escherichia coli (E. coli) genome.

New!!: Bacteriophage and No-SCAR (Scarless Cas9 Assisted Recombineering) Genome Editing · See more »

Non-homologous end joining

Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) is a pathway that repairs double-strand breaks in DNA.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Non-homologous end joining · See more »

Norton Zinder

Norton David Zinder (November 7, 1928 – February 3, 2012) was an American biologist famous for his discovery of genetic transduction.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Norton Zinder · See more »

NP-holin family

The Neisserial Phage-associated Holin (NP-Holin) Family is a family of small proteins, between 47 - 53 amino acyl residues in length, that exhibit a single N-terminal transmembrane segment (TMS).

New!!: Bacteriophage and NP-holin family · See more »

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of proteins

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of proteins (usually abbreviated protein NMR) is a field of structural biology in which NMR spectroscopy is used to obtain information about the structure and dynamics of proteins, and also nucleic acids, and their complexes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of proteins · See more »

OBPgp279

OBPgp279 is an endolysin that hydrolyzes peptidoglycan, a major constituent in bacterial membrane.

New!!: Bacteriophage and OBPgp279 · See more »

Okazaki fragments

Okazaki fragments are short, newly synthesized DNA fragments that are formed on the lagging template strand during DNA replication.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Okazaki fragments · See more »

Oncolytic virus

An oncolytic virus is a virus that preferentially infects and kills cancer cells.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Oncolytic virus · See more »

Operon

In genetics, an operon is a functioning unit of DNA containing a cluster of genes under the control of a single promoter.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Operon · See more »

Optical transfection

Optical transfection is the process of introducing nucleic acids into cells using light.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Optical transfection · See more »

Optimal foraging theory

Optimal foraging theory (OFT) is a model that helps predict how an animal behaves when searching for food.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Optimal foraging theory · See more »

Organisms involved in water purification

Most organisms involved in water purification originate from the waste, wastewater or water stream itself or arrive as resting spore of some form from the atmosphere.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Organisms involved in water purification · See more »

Outer membrane receptor

Outer membrane receptors, also known as TonB-dependent receptors, are a family of beta barrel proteins named for their localization in the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Outer membrane receptor · See more »

Overlapping gene

An overlapping gene is a gene whose expressible nucleotide sequence partially overlaps with the expressible nucleotide sequence of another gene.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Overlapping gene · See more »

P008

P008 is a phage specific to Lactococcus lactis, an acid lactic bacterium used in the first stage of making cheese.

New!!: Bacteriophage and P008 · See more »

P1 phage

P1 is a temperate bacteriophage that infects Escherichia coli and some other bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and P1 phage · See more »

P35 holin family

The PRD1 Phage P35 Holin (P35 Holin) Family is a member of Holin Superfamily III.

New!!: Bacteriophage and P35 holin family · See more »

Panspermia

Panspermia is the hypothesis that life exists throughout the Universe, distributed by space dust, meteoroids, asteroids, comets, planetoids, and also by spacecraft carrying unintended contamination by microorganisms.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Panspermia · See more »

Panton–Valentine leukocidin

Panton–Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is a cytotoxin—one of the β-pore-forming toxins.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Panton–Valentine leukocidin · See more »

Parasitism

In evolutionary biology, parasitism is a relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or in another organism, the host, causing it some harm, and is adapted structurally to this way of life.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Parasitism · See more »

Pasteur Institute

The Pasteur Institute (Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, micro-organisms, diseases, and vaccines.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pasteur Institute · See more »

Pasteurella multocida

Pasteurella multocida is a Gram-negative, nonmotile, penicillin-sensitive coccobacillus belonging to the Pasteurellaceae family.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pasteurella multocida · See more »

Pathogenicity island

Pathogenicity islands (PAIs), as termed in 1990, are a distinct class of genomic islands acquired by microorganisms through horizontal gene transfer.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pathogenicity island · See more »

Pathophysiology

Pathophysiology or physiopathology is a convergence of pathology with physiology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pathophysiology · See more »

PBluescript

In genetics, pBluescript (pBS) or pBluescript II is a commercially available phagemid containing several useful sequences for use in cloning with bacteriophage.

New!!: Bacteriophage and PBluescript · See more »

Pelagibacter ubique

Pelagibacter, with the single species P. ubique, was isolated in 2002 and given a specific name, although it has not yet been described as required by the bacteriological code.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pelagibacter ubique · See more »

PelB leader sequence

The pelB leader sequence is a sequence of amino acids which when attached to a protein, directs the protein to the bacterial periplasm, where the sequence is removed by a signal peptidase.

New!!: Bacteriophage and PelB leader sequence · See more »

Peplomer

A peplomer is a glycoprotein spike on a viral capsid or viral envelope.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Peplomer · See more »

Peptidomimetic

A peptidomimetic is a small protein-like chain designed to mimic a peptide.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Peptidomimetic · See more »

Petri dish

A Petri dish (sometimes spelled "Petrie Dish" and alternatively known as a Petri plate or cell-culture dish), named after the German bacteriologist Julius Richard Petri, is a shallow cylindrical glass or plastic lidded dish that biologists use to culture cellssuch as bacteriaor small mosses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Petri dish · See more »

Phage (disambiguation)

Phage is the shortened form of bacteriophage, a virus that infects bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage (disambiguation) · See more »

Phage display

Phage display is a laboratory technique for the study of protein–protein, protein–peptide, and protein–DNA interactions that uses bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria) to connect proteins with the genetic information that encodes them.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage display · See more »

Phage ecology

Bacteriophages (phages), potentially the most numerous "organisms" on Earth, are the viruses of bacteria (more generally, of prokaryotesThe term "prokaryotes" is useful to mean the sum of the bacteria and archaea but otherwise can be controversial, as discussed by; see also pp. 103–4 of provides a history.). Phage ecology is the study of the interaction of bacteriophages with their environments.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage ecology · See more »

Phage group

The phage group (sometimes called the American Phage Group) was an informal network of biologists centered on Max Delbrück that contributed heavily to bacterial genetics and the origins of molecular biology in the mid-20th century.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage group · See more »

Phage major coat protein

In molecular biology, a phage major coat protein is an alpha-helical protein that forms a viral envelope of filamentous bacteriophages.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage major coat protein · See more »

Phage monographs

Bacteriophage (phage) are viruses of bacteria and arguably are the most numerous "organisms" on Earth.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage monographs · See more »

Phage P22 Tailspike Protein

The tailspike protein (P22TSP) of Enterobacteria phage P22 mediates the recognition and adhesion between the bacteriophage and the surface of Salmonella enterica cells.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage P22 Tailspike Protein · See more »

Phage therapy

Phage therapy or viral phage therapy is the therapeutic use of bacteriophages to treat pathogenic bacterial infections.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage therapy · See more »

Phage typing

Phage typing is a method used for detecting single strains of bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage typing · See more »

Phage-ligand technology

The Phage-ligand technology is a technology to detect, bind and remove bacteria and bacterial toxins by using highly specific bacteriophage derived proteins.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phage-ligand technology · See more »

Phagemid

A phagemid or phasmid is a DNA-based cloning vector, which has both bacteriophage and plasmid properties.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phagemid · See more »

PhagesDB

The Actinobacteriophage database, more commonly known as PhagesDB, is a database-backed website that gathers and shares information related to the discovery, characterization and genomics of viruses that prefer to infect Actinobacterial hosts.

New!!: Bacteriophage and PhagesDB · See more »

Phagoburn

Phagoburn is a current European Union financed clinical study focused on testing the medical uses of bacteriophage for treating wounds.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phagoburn · See more »

Phenoptosis

Phenoptosis (pheno – showing or demonstrating, ptosis – programmed death), designated by V.P. Skulachev in 1999, signifies the phenomenon of programmed death of an organism, i.e. that an organism's genes include features that under certain circumstances will cause the organism to rapidly degenerate and die off.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phenoptosis · See more »

Phi X 174

The phi X 174 (or ΦX174) bacteriophage is a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) virus and the first DNA-based genome to be sequenced.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phi X 174 · See more »

Phieco32likevirus

Phieco32likevirus is a genus within the Podoviridae family.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phieco32likevirus · See more »

Phikmvlikevirus

Phikmvlikevirus is a genus of viruses that infect bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Phikmvlikevirus · See more »

Philip Levine (physician)

Philip Levine (August 10, 1900 – October 18, 1987) was an imuno-hematologist whose clinical research advanced knowledge on the Rhesus factor, Hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) and blood transfusion.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Philip Levine (physician) · See more »

Philippe Horvath

Philippe Horvath is a French scientist working for DuPont Nutrition and Health.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Philippe Horvath · See more »

PhiU53 holin family

The Firmicute Phage φU53 Holin (φU53 Holin) Family consists of putative holins that range in size from 117 to 124 amino acyl residues (aas) in length and exhibit 3 transmembrane segments (TMSs) found in Firmicute phage.

New!!: Bacteriophage and PhiU53 holin family · See more »

Photobacterium profundum

Photobacterium profundum is a deep sea Gammaproteobacterium, belonging to the family Vibrionaceae and genus Photobacterium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Photobacterium profundum · See more »

PhotoRC RNA motifs

PhotoRC RNA motifs refer to conserved RNA structures that are associated with genes acting in the photosynthetic reaction centre of photosynthetic bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and PhotoRC RNA motifs · See more »

Photosynthetic reaction centre protein family

Photosynthetic reaction centre proteins are main protein components of photosynthetic reaction centres of bacteria and plants.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Photosynthetic reaction centre protein family · See more »

Piezoelectricity

Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Piezoelectricity · See more »

Pilus

A pilus (Latin for 'hair'; plural: pili) is a hair-like appendage found on the surface of many bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pilus · See more »

Plant virus

Plant viruses are viruses that affect plants.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Plant virus · See more »

Plaque hybridization

Plaque hybridization is a technique used in Molecular biology for the identification of recombinant phages.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Plaque hybridization · See more »

Plasmid

A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Plasmid · See more »

Plectrovirus

Plectrovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Inoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Plectrovirus · See more »

Pleomorphism (microbiology)

In microbiology, pleomorphism (from greek πλέω- more, and -μορφή form) is the ability of some micro-organisms to alter their shape or size in response to environmental conditions.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pleomorphism (microbiology) · See more »

POLD1

The gene polymerase delta 1 (POLD1) encodes the large, POLD1/p125, catalytic subunit of the DNA polymerase delta (Polδ) complex.

New!!: Bacteriophage and POLD1 · See more »

Polinton

Polintons (also called Mavericks) are large DNA transposons which contain genes with homology to viral proteins and which are often found in eukaryotic genomes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Polinton · See more »

POLRMT

DNA-directed RNA polymerase, mitochondrial is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the POLRMT gene.

New!!: Bacteriophage and POLRMT · See more »

Polymerase chain reaction

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique used in molecular biology to amplify a single copy or a few copies of a segment of DNA across several orders of magnitude, generating thousands to millions of copies of a particular DNA sequence.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Polymerase chain reaction · See more »

Polynucleobacter-1 RNA motif

The Polynucleobacter-1 RNA motif is a conserved RNA structure that was identified by bioinformatics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Polynucleobacter-1 RNA motif · See more »

Polyphage

Polyphage are genomic multimers of bacteriophage in which multiple viral particles are all encapsulated, one after the other, within the same set of coat proteins.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Polyphage · See more »

Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus

A positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus (or (+)ssRNA virus) is a virus that uses positive sense, single-stranded RNA as its genetic material.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus · See more »

Predator–prey reversal

Predator–prey reversal is a biological interaction where an organism that is typically prey in the predation interaction instead acts as the predator.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Predator–prey reversal · See more »

Prey (novel)

Prey is a novel by Michael Crichton, first published in November 2002.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Prey (novel) · See more »

Prohead

A prohead or procapsid is an immature viral capsid structure formed in the early stages of self-assembly of some bacteriophages, including the Caudovirales or tailed bacteriophages.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Prohead · See more »

Prokaryote

A prokaryote is a unicellular organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus, mitochondria, or any other membrane-bound organelle.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Prokaryote · See more »

Prophage

A prophage is a bacteriophage (often shortened to "phage") genome inserted and integrated into the circular bacterial DNA chromosome or existing as an extrachromosomal plasmid.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Prophage · See more »

Protein production

Protein production is the biotechnological process of generating a specific protein.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Protein production · See more »

Provirus

A provirus is a virus genome that is integrated into the DNA of a host cell.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Provirus · See more »

Pseudomonas

Pseudomonas is a genus of Gram-negative, Gammaproteobacteria, belonging to the family Pseudomonadaceae and containing 191 validly described species.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pseudomonas · See more »

Pseudomonas phage 42

Pseudomonas phage 42 is a bacteriophage known to infect Pseudomonas bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pseudomonas phage 42 · See more »

Pseudomonas phage Φ6

Φ6 (Phi 6) is the best-studied bacteriophage of the virus family Cystoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pseudomonas phage Φ6 · See more »

Pseudomonas phage phiCTX

Pseudomonas phage phiCTX is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2like virus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Pseudomonas phage phiCTX · See more »

Psittacosis

Psittacosis—also known as parrot fever, and ornithosis—is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia psittaci and contracted from infected parrots, such as macaws, cockatiels and budgerigars, and pigeons, sparrows, ducks, hens, gulls and many other species of bird.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Psittacosis · See more »

R/K selection theory

In ecology, r/K selection theory relates to the selection of combinations of traits in an organism that trade off between quantity and quality of offspring.

New!!: Bacteriophage and R/K selection theory · See more »

RadC RNA motif

The radC RNA motif is a conserved RNA structure identified by bioinformatics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and RadC RNA motif · See more »

Ralstonia phage RSA1

Ralstonia phage RSA1 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Ralstonia phage RSA1 · See more »

Rathayibacter toxicus

Rathayibacter toxicus is a phytopathogenic bacterium known for causing annual ryegrass toxicity (ARGT) commonly found in South and Western Australia.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Rathayibacter toxicus · See more »

Recombinant antibodies

Recombinant antibodies are antibody fragments produced by using recombinant antibody coding genes.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Recombinant antibodies · See more »

Recombinase-mediated cassette exchange

In the field of reverse genetics RMCE (recombinase-mediated cassette exchange) is of increasing relevance.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Recombinase-mediated cassette exchange · See more »

Recombineering

Recombineering (recombination-mediated genetic engineering) is a genetic and molecular biology technique based on homologous recombination systems, as opposed to the older/more common method of using restriction enzymes and ligases to combine DNA sequences in a specified order.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Recombineering · See more »

Renato Dulbecco

Renato Dulbecco (February 22, 1914 – February 19, 2012) was an Italian American, who won the 1975 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on oncoviruses, which are viruses that can cause cancer when they infect animal cells.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Renato Dulbecco · See more »

René Thomas (biologist)

René Thomas (14 May 1928 (Ixelles) - 9 January 2017 (Rixensart) was a Belgian scientist. From DNA biochemistry and biophysics to genetics, mathematical biology, and finally to dynamical systems, the research path of René Thomas is at the same time diverse, rich and coherent. He devoted his life to the deciphering of key logical principles at the basis of the behaviour of biological systems, and more generally to the generation of complex dynamical behaviour. Professor and Laboratory head at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, René Thomas trained and inspired several generations of researchers.

New!!: Bacteriophage and René Thomas (biologist) · See more »

Replicon (genetics)

A replicon is a DNA molecule or RNA molecule, or a region of DNA or RNA, that replicates from a single origin of replication.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Replicon (genetics) · See more »

Repressor lexA

Repressor LexA or LexA is a transcriptional repressor that represses SOS response genes coding primarily for error-prone DNA polymerases, DNA repair enzymes and cell division inhibitors.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Repressor lexA · See more »

Restriction enzyme

A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cleaves DNA into fragments at or near specific recognition sites within the molecule known as restriction sites.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Restriction enzyme · See more »

Restriction modification system

The restriction modification system (RM system) is found in bacteria and other prokaryotic organisms, and provides a defense against foreign DNA, such as that borne by bacteriophages.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Restriction modification system · See more »

Rho factor

A ρ factor (Rho factor) is a prokaryotic protein involved in the termination of transcription.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Rho factor · See more »

Ribonuclease III

Ribonuclease III (RNase III or RNase C)(BRENDA) is a type of ribonuclease that recognizes dsRNA and cleaves it at specific targeted locations to transform them into mature RNAs.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Ribonuclease III · See more »

Ribonucleotide reductase

Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), also known as ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase (rNDP), is an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of deoxyribonucleotides from ribonucleotides.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Ribonucleotide reductase · See more »

RNA polymerase

RNA polymerase (ribonucleic acid polymerase), both abbreviated RNAP or RNApol, official name DNA-directed RNA polymerase, is a member of a family of enzymes that are essential to life: they are found in all organisms (-species) and many viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and RNA polymerase · See more »

RNA thermometer

An RNA thermometer (or RNA thermosensor) is a temperature-sensitive non-coding RNA molecule which regulates gene expression.

New!!: Bacteriophage and RNA thermometer · See more »

RNA virus

An RNA virus is a virus that has RNA (ribonucleic acid) as its genetic material.

New!!: Bacteriophage and RNA virus · See more »

Robert E. W. Hancock

Robert E. W. Hancock (born March 23, 1949) is a Canadian microbiologist and University of British Columbia, (UBC) Killam Professor of Microbiology and Immunology, an Associate Faculty Member of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and a Canada Research Chair in Health and Genomics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Robert E. W. Hancock · See more »

Roger Stanier

Roger Yate Stanier (22 October 1916 – 29 January 1982) was a Canadian microbiologist who was influential in the development of modern microbiology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Roger Stanier · See more »

Rolling circle replication

Rolling circle replication describes a process of unidirectional nucleic acid replication that can rapidly synthesize multiple copies of circular molecules of DNA or RNA, such as plasmids, the genomes of bacteriophages, and the circular RNA genome of viroids.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Rolling circle replication · See more »

Roman Frederick Starzl

Roman Frederick Starzl (1899–1976) was an American author.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Roman Frederick Starzl · See more »

ROOL RNA motif

The Rumen-Originating, Ornate, Large (ROOL) RNA motif was originally discovered by bioinformatics by analyzing metagenomic sequences from cow rumen.

New!!: Bacteriophage and ROOL RNA motif · See more »

Roy John Britten

Roy John Britten (1 October 1919 – 21 January 2012) was an American molecular biologist known for his discovery of repeated DNA sequences in the genomes of eukaryotic organisms, and later on the evolution of the genome.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Roy John Britten · See more »

Roy Mackal

Roy P. Mackal (August 1, 1925 – September 14, 2013) was a University of Chicago biologist best known to the general public for his interest in cryptozoology, a pseudoscience.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Roy Mackal · See more »

S-layer

An S-layer (surface layer) is a part of the cell envelope found in almost all archaea, as well as in many types of bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and S-layer · See more »

Salmonella Fels-2

Salmonella Fels-2 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Salmonella Fels-2 · See more »

Salmonella SopEphi

Salmonella SopEphi is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Salmonella SopEphi · See more »

Salvador Luria

Salvador Edward Luria (August 13, 1912 – February 6, 1991) was an Italian microbiologist, later a naturalized U.S. citizen.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Salvador Luria · See more »

Sankar Adhya

Sankar Adhya is a molecular biologist and geneticist at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Sankar Adhya · See more »

SaPI

SaPIs (Staphylococcus aureus or superantigen pathogenicity islands) are a family of mobile genetic elements resident in the genome of some strains of Staphylococcus aureus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and SaPI · See more »

Sar RNA

Sar RNA is an antisense non-coding RNA that is partly responsible for the negative regulation of antirepressor synthesis during development of bacteriophage P22.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Sar RNA · See more »

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is a disease which can occur as a result of a group A ''streptococcus'' (group A strep) infection.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Scarlet fever · See more »

SEA-PHAGES

SEA-PHAGES stands for Science Education Alliance-Phages Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science; it was formerly called the National Genomics Research Initiative.

New!!: Bacteriophage and SEA-PHAGES · See more »

Self-replicating machines in fiction

A self-replicating machine is a type of autonomous robot that is capable of reproducing itself autonomously using raw materials found in the environment, thus exhibiting self-replication in a way analogous to that found in nature.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Self-replicating machines in fiction · See more »

Sensing of phage-triggered ion cascades

Sensing of phage-triggered ion cascades (SEPTIC) is a prompt bacterium identification method based on fluctuation-enhanced sensing in fluid medium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Sensing of phage-triggered ion cascades · See more »

Serratia marcescens

Serratia marcescens is a species of rod-shaped gram-negative bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Serratia marcescens · See more »

Seymour Benzer

Seymour Benzer (October 15, 1921 – November 30, 2007) was an American physicist, molecular biologist and behavioral geneticist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Seymour Benzer · See more »

Shah M. Faruque

Shah Mohammad Faruque (born c. 1956) is a Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology at BRAC University, and a renown scientist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Shah M. Faruque · See more »

Shiga-like toxin

Shiga-like toxin, also known as verotoxin and verocytotoxin, is a toxin generated by some strains of Escherichia coli (but see below).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Shiga-like toxin · See more »

Sinorhizobium meliloti

Sinorhizobium meliloti is a Gram-negative nitrogen-fixing bacterium (rhizobium).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Sinorhizobium meliloti · See more »

Site-specific recombinase technology

Site-specific recombinase technologies are genome engineering tools that depend on recombinase enzymes to replace targeted sections of DNA.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Site-specific recombinase technology · See more »

Smallest organisms

The smallest organisms found on Earth can be determined according to various aspects of organism size; including volume, mass, height, length, or genome size.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Smallest organisms · See more »

Social history of viruses

The social history of viruses describes the influence of viruses and viral infections on human history.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Social history of viruses · See more »

Soil

Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, and organisms that together support life.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Soil · See more »

Soil biology

Soil biology is the study of microbial and faunal activity and ecology in soil.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Soil biology · See more »

Spiroplasma phage 1-R8A2B

Spiroplasma phage 1-R8A2B is a filamentous bacteriophage in the genus Plectrovirus of the family Inoviridae, part of the group of single-stranded DNA viruses.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Spiroplasma phage 1-R8A2B · See more »

Sputnik virophage

Sputnik virophage (from Russian cпутник "satellite", Latin "virus" and Greek φάγειν phagein "to eat") is a subviral agent that reproduces in amoeba cells that are already infected by a certain helper virus; Sputnik uses the helper virus's machinery for reproduction and inhibits replication of the helper virus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Sputnik virophage · See more »

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive, round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and it is a member of the normal flora of the body, frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Staphylococcus aureus · See more »

Staphylococcus phage G1

Staphylococcus phage G1 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus Twortlikevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Staphylococcus phage G1 · See more »

Steffanie A. Strathdee

Steffanie A. Strathdee (born May 28, 1966) is the associate dean of global health sciences, Harold Simon Professor at the University of California San Diego School of Medicine.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Steffanie A. Strathdee · See more »

Stop codon

In the genetic code, a stop codon (or termination codon) is a nucleotide triplet within messenger RNA that signals a termination of translation into proteins.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Stop codon · See more »

Streptococcus

Streptococcus (term coined by Viennese surgeon Albert Theodor Billroth (1829-1894) from strepto- "twisted" + Modern Latin coccus "spherical bacterium," from Greek kokkos meaning "berry") is a genus of coccus (spherical) Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the phylum Firmicutes and the order Lactobacillales (lactic acid bacteria).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Streptococcus · See more »

Sudha Bhattacharya

Sudha Bhattacharya (born 7 March 1952) is an Indian academic, scientist and a writer.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Sudha Bhattacharya · See more »

Suzanne Cory

Suzanne Cory, AC, FAA, FRS (born 11 March 1942) is an Australian molecular biologist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Suzanne Cory · See more »

Symbiogenesis

Symbiogenesis, or endosymbiotic theory, is an evolutionary theory of the origin of eukaryotic cells from prokaryotic organisms, first articulated in 1905 and 1910 by the Russian botanist Konstantin Mereschkowski, and advanced and substantiated with microbiological evidence by Lynn Margulis in 1967.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Symbiogenesis · See more »

Synthetic biology

Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology and engineering.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Synthetic biology · See more »

Synthetic immunology

Synthetic immunology is the rational design and construction of synthetic systems that perform complex immunological functions.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Synthetic immunology · See more »

T-even bacteriophages

T-even phages, also known as the E. coli phages, are a group of double-stranded DNA bacteriophages from the family Myoviridae.

New!!: Bacteriophage and T-even bacteriophages · See more »

T12

T12 may refer to.

New!!: Bacteriophage and T12 · See more »

T3 phage

Bacteriophage T3, or T3 phage, is a bacteriophage capable of infecting susceptible bacterial cells, including strains of Escherichia coli.

New!!: Bacteriophage and T3 phage · See more »

T4 holin

The T4 Holin Family is a group of putative pore-forming proteins that does not belong to one of the seven holin superfamilies.

New!!: Bacteriophage and T4 holin · See more »

T7 phage

Bacteriophage T7 (or the T7 phage) is a bacteriophage, a virus that infects susceptible bacterial cells, that is composed of DNA and infects most strains of Escherichia coli.

New!!: Bacteriophage and T7 phage · See more »

T7 RNA polymerase

T7 RNA Polymerase is an RNA polymerase from the T7 bacteriophage that catalyzes the formation of RNA from DNA in the 5'→ 3' direction.

New!!: Bacteriophage and T7 RNA polymerase · See more »

Telomerase

Telomerase, also called terminal transferase, is a ribonucleoprotein that adds a species-dependent telomere repeat sequence to the 3' end of telomeres.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Telomerase · See more »

Temperateness (virology)

In virology, temperate refers to the ability of some bacteriophages (notably coliphage λ) to display a lysogenic life cycle.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Temperateness (virology) · See more »

Terminator (genetics)

In genetics, a transcription terminator is a section of nucleic acid sequence that marks the end of a gene or operon in genomic DNA during transcription.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Terminator (genetics) · See more »

The Andromeda Strain (miniseries)

The Andromeda Strain is a 2008 science fiction miniseries, based on the 1969 novel of the same name written by Michael Crichton about a team of scientists who investigate a deadly disease of extraterrestrial origin.

New!!: Bacteriophage and The Andromeda Strain (miniseries) · See more »

The Mahabharata Quest: The Alexander Secret

The Mahabharata Quest: The Alexander Secret is the second novel by Indian author Christopher C. Doyle and was released on 9 October 2014 by Westland Publishers.

New!!: Bacteriophage and The Mahabharata Quest: The Alexander Secret · See more »

The Sower (novel)

The Sower (2009) is the second novel by American author Kemble Scott, pen name of Scott James, writer of a weekly column about the San Francisco Bay Area published in both The Bay Citizen and The New York Times.

New!!: Bacteriophage and The Sower (novel) · See more »

Therapy

Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Therapy · See more »

Thomas A. Bickle

Thomas Anthony Bickle is a British/Swiss microbiologist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Thomas A. Bickle · See more »

Thymidine kinase

Thymidine kinase is an enzyme, a phosphotransferase (a kinase): 2'-deoxythymidine kinase, ATP-thymidine 5'-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.21.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Thymidine kinase · See more »

Timeline of biology and organic chemistry

Significant events in biology and organic chemistry.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Timeline of biology and organic chemistry · See more »

Timeline of natural history

This timeline of natural history summarizes significant geological and biological events from the formation of the Earth to the arrival of modern humans.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Timeline of natural history · See more »

Timeline of the evolutionary history of life

This timeline of the evolutionary history of life represents the current scientific theory outlining the major events during the development of life on planet Earth.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Timeline of the evolutionary history of life · See more »

Torrey C. Brown

Torrey C. Brown (February 28, 1937 – April 20, 2014) was an American politician who served in the Maryland House of Delegates and was the Secretary of the Maryland Department of Natural Resources.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Torrey C. Brown · See more »

Toxin-antitoxin system

A toxin-antitoxin system is a set of two or more closely linked genes that together encode both a protein 'poison' and a corresponding 'antidote'.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Toxin-antitoxin system · See more »

Transduction (genetics)

Transduction is the process by which foreign DNA is introduced into a cell by a virus or viral vector.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Transduction (genetics) · See more »

Transfection

Transfection is the process of deliberately introducing naked or purified nucleic acids into eukaryotic cells.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Transfection · See more »

Transformation (genetics)

In molecular biology, transformation is the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the direct uptake and incorporation of exogenous genetic material from its surroundings through the cell membrane(s).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Transformation (genetics) · See more »

Transgene

A transgene is a gene or genetic material that has been transferred naturally, or by any of a number of genetic engineering techniques from one organism to another.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Transgene · See more »

Transposon mutagenesis

Transposon mutagenesis, or transposition mutagenesis, is a biological process that allows genes to be transferred to a host organism's chromosome, interrupting or modifying the function of an extant gene on the chromosome and causing mutation.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Transposon mutagenesis · See more »

Transposon sequencing

Transposon sequencing (Tn-seq) combines transposon insertional mutagenesis with massively parallel sequencing (MPS) of the transposon insertion sites to identify genes contributing to a function of interest in bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Transposon sequencing · See more »

Treponema 4 TMS holin family

The Putative Treponema 4 TMS Holin (Tre4Hol) Family consists of several proteins from Treponema species.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Treponema 4 TMS holin family · See more »

Triparental mating

Triparental mating is a form of Bacterial conjugation where a conjugative plasmid present in one bacterial strain assists the transfer of a mobilizable plasmid present in a second bacterial strain into a third bacterial strain.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Triparental mating · See more »

TxpA-RatA toxin-antitoxin system

The TxpA/RatA toxin-antitoxin system was first identified in Bacillus subtilis.

New!!: Bacteriophage and TxpA-RatA toxin-antitoxin system · See more »

Type VI secretion system

The type VI secretion system (T6SS) is molecular machine used by a wide range of Gram-negative bacterial species to transport proteins from the interior (cytoplasm or cytosol) of a bacterial cell across the cellular envelope into an adjacent target cell.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Type VI secretion system · See more »

Ugo Fano

Ugo Fano (July 28, 1912 – February 13, 2001) was an Italian American physicist, notable for contributions to theoretical physics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Ugo Fano · See more »

Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation

Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) is a disinfection method that uses short-wavelength ultraviolet (UV-C) light to kill or inactivate microorganisms by destroying nucleic acids and disrupting their DNA, leaving them unable to perform vital cellular functions.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation · See more »

Valkyrien (TV series)

Valkyrien (English: Valkyrie) is a 2017 Norwegian TV series first broadcast by NRK1.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Valkyrien (TV series) · See more »

VanY protein domain

In molecular biology, VanY are protein domains found in enzymes named metallopeptidases.

New!!: Bacteriophage and VanY protein domain · See more »

Vibrio cholerae

Vibrio cholerae is a Gram-negative, comma-shaped bacterium.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Vibrio cholerae · See more »

Vibrio phage K139

Vibrio phage K139 is a bacteriophage (a virus that infects bacteria) of the family Myoviridae, genus Hpunalikevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Vibrio phage K139 · See more »

Vibrio phage Kappa

Vibrio phage Kappa is a bacteriophage (a virus that infects bacteria) of the family Myoviridae, genus Hpunalikevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Vibrio phage Kappa · See more »

Vibrio phage nt-1

Vibrio phage nt-1 is a bacteriophage known to infect Vibrio bacteria.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Vibrio phage nt-1 · See more »

Vidiians

The Vidiians are a fictional alien race in the Star Trek franchise.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Vidiians · See more »

Vinod Bhakuni

Vinod Bhakuni (1962–2011) was an Indian molecular biophysicist and the head of the Molecular and Structural Biology Division of the Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Vinod Bhakuni · See more »

Viral entry

Viral entry is the earliest stage of infection in the viral life cycle, as the virus comes into contact with the host cell and introduces viral material into the cell.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Viral entry · See more »

Viral plaque

A viral plaque is a visible structure formed within a cell culture, such as bacterial cultures within some nutrient medium (e.g. agar).

New!!: Bacteriophage and Viral plaque · See more »

Viral transformation

Viral transformation is the change in growth, phenotype, or indefinite reproduction of cells caused by the introduction of inheritable material.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Viral transformation · See more »

Viral vector

Viral vectors are tools commonly used by molecular biologists to deliver genetic material into cells.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Viral vector · See more »

Viriome

The viriome of a habitat or environment is the total virus content within it.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Viriome · See more »

Virology

Virology is the study of viruses – submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat – and virus-like agents.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virology · See more »

Virology (journal)

Virology is a peer-reviewed scientific journal in virology.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virology (journal) · See more »

Virome

Virome refers to the collection of nucleic acids, both RNA and DNA, that make up the viral community associated with a particular ecosystem or holobiont.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virome · See more »

Virulence

Virulence is a pathogen's or microbe's ability to infect or damage a host.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virulence · See more »

Virulence factor

Virulence factors are molecules produced by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa that add to their effectiveness and enable them to achieve the following.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virulence factor · See more »

Virus

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virus · See more »

Virus classification

Virus classification is the process of naming viruses and placing them into a taxonomic system.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virus classification · See more »

Virus nanotechnology

Viruses consist of a genome and a capsid; and some viruses are enveloped.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virus nanotechnology · See more »

Virus-like particle

Virus-like particles resemble viruses, but are non-infectious because they contain no viral genetic material.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Virus-like particle · See more »

Viunalikevirus

Viunalikevirus is a genus of bacteriophages in the Myoviridae family.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Viunalikevirus · See more »

Vividred Operation

is a Japanese anime television series produced by A-1 Pictures and directed by Kazuhiro Takamura.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Vividred Operation · See more »

Walter Fiers

Walter Fiers (born 1931 in Ypres, West Flanders) is a Belgian molecular biologist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Walter Fiers · See more »

WcaG RNA motif

The wcaG RNA motif is an RNA structure conserved in some bacteria that was detected by bioinformatics.

New!!: Bacteriophage and WcaG RNA motif · See more »

Werner Arber

Werner Arber (born 3 June 1929 in Gränichen, Aargau) is a Swiss microbiologist and geneticist.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Werner Arber · See more »

WO virus

WO virus is bacteriophage virus affecting bacteria of the Wolbachia genus, hence its name.

New!!: Bacteriophage and WO virus · See more »

XanPHol family

The Xanthomonas Phage Holin (XanPHol) Family consists of a single protein (Putative holin) of 64 amino acyl residues (aas) in length with 2 transmembrane segments (TMSs).

New!!: Bacteriophage and XanPHol family · See more »

Yersinia pestis

Yersinia pestis (formerly Pasteurella pestis) is a Gram-negative, non-motile rod-shaped coccobacillus, with no spores.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Yersinia pestis · See more »

Yersinia phage L-413C

Yersinia phage L-413C is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus P2likevirus.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Yersinia phage L-413C · See more »

Zinaida Vissarionovna Ermol'eva

Zinaida Vissarionovna Ermol'eva (Зинаида Виссарионовна Ермольева) (– December 2, 1974) was a microbiologist most notable for independently synthesizing penicillin for the Soviet military during World War II.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Zinaida Vissarionovna Ermol'eva · See more »

Zygotic induction

Zygotic induction occurs when a bacterial cell carrying the silenced DNA of a bacterial virus in its chromosome transfers the viral DNA along with its own DNA to another bacterial cell lacking the virus, causing the recipient of the DNA to break open.

New!!: Bacteriophage and Zygotic induction · See more »

174 (number)

174 (one hundred seventy-four) is the natural number following 173 and preceding 175.

New!!: Bacteriophage and 174 (number) · See more »

1873 in science

The year 1873 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

New!!: Bacteriophage and 1873 in science · See more »

1949 in science

The year 1949 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

New!!: Bacteriophage and 1949 in science · See more »

1952 in science

The year 1952 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

New!!: Bacteriophage and 1952 in science · See more »

2015 in science

A number of significant scientific events occurred in 2015.

New!!: Bacteriophage and 2015 in science · See more »

3-Deoxy-2-octulosonidase

3-Deoxy-2-octulosonidase (2-keto-3-deoxyoctonate hydrolase, octulosylono hydrolase, octulofuranosylono hydrolase, octulopyranosylonohydrolase) is an enzyme with systematic name capsular-polysaccharide 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonohydrolase.

New!!: Bacteriophage and 3-Deoxy-2-octulosonidase · See more »

3-Hol family

The Putative 3 TMS Holin (3-Hol) Family is large, consisting of many members derived from proteobacteria and their phage, all of small size (85-105 amino acyl residues in length) and usually with 3 transmembrane segments (TMSs).

New!!: Bacteriophage and 3-Hol family · See more »

5-Hydroxymethylcytosine

5-Hydroxymethylcytosine is a DNA pyrimidine nitrogen base derived from cytosine.

New!!: Bacteriophage and 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine · See more »

Redirects here:

Bacteria phage, Bacterial virus, Bacteriophage typing, Bacteriophages, Bacteriophagous, Bacterivorous, Headful hypothesis, Phage, Phages, RNA phage.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacteriophage

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »