278 relations: ALFA 24 HP, ALFA 40/60 HP, Alfa Romeo 105/115 Series Coupés, Alfa Romeo 1900, Alfa Romeo 2000, Alfa Romeo Alfasud, Alfa Romeo Disco Volante, Alfa Romeo Giulietta (750/101), Alfa Romeo Gran Sport Quattroruote, Alfa Romeo Matta, Alfa Romeo Montreal, All-terrain vehicle, Allard, AMC Rebel, American automobile industry in the 1950s, Aries Motorsport, Aston Martin DB Mark III, Aston Martin DB4, Aston Martin DB5, Audi 80, Audi Type D, Austin 10 hp, Auto Avio Costruzioni 815, Autobianchi A111, Autocar U8144T 5- to 6-ton 4x4 truck, Automobile handling, Axle, Bedford CA, Bentley Mark V, Benz Patent-Motorwagen, Birkin Cars, BMW 303, BMW 320, BMW 326, BMW 327, BMW 501, BMW 507, Bowler Wildcat, Bricklin SV-1, Bristol 400, Bugatti Type 13, Bugatti Type 35, Buick Riviera, Buick Skyhawk, Bump steer, Carroll Shelby, Caterham 7, Caterham Academy, Caterham Graduates Racing Club, Caterham Racing, ..., Chevrolet C/K, Chevrolet Corvette (C2), Chevrolet G506, Chevrolet Opala, Chevrolet Suburban, Chevrolet Vega, Chrysler 180, Chrysler K platform, Chrysler minivans (S), Citroën Traction Avant, Crosley, Dana 30, Dana 44, Datsun 510, De Dion tube, De Dion-Bouton, Delahaye 134, Delahaye 135, Delaunay-Belleville, Dodge Dakota, Donald Healey Motor Company, Douglas (motorcycles), Dropped axle, Dubonnet suspension, Duesenberg Model A, Dynaflow, Facel Vega, Ferrari 125 S, Ferrari 166 Inter, Ferrari 166 S, Ferrari 212 Inter, Ferrari 250 GT Lusso, Ferrari 365, Ferrari America, Fiat 1100 (1937), Fiat 124 Sport Spider, Fiat 2300, Fiat 518, Fiat Dino, Fiat Panda, Ford 9-inch axle, Ford D2C platform, Ford Escape, Ford Escort (Europe), Ford Expedition, Ford Falcon (BA), Ford Fiesta (first generation), Ford LTD Crown Victoria, Ford Mustang (fifth generation), Ford Pinto, Ford Sierra, Ford Thunderbird (second generation), Ford V platform, Ford VN platform, Frederick W. Lanchester, Full-size Ford, Gasser (car), GAZ-21, Glossary of mechanical engineering, GM GMT platform, GMT K2XX, GMT900, Haynes Roadster, Hillman Avenger, Hillman Super Minx, Holden Commodore, Holden Commodore (VP), Honda Civic (third generation), Honda N360, Honda S800, Independent suspension, Index of mechanical engineering articles, Index of structural engineering articles, Infiniti G-series (Q40/Q60), Innocenti 186 GT, Isuzu Bellett, Isuzu Faster, Isuzu Piazza, Jaguar 420 and Daimler Sovereign (1966–69), Jaguar independent rear suspension, Jaguar S-Type (1963), JCB Fastrac, Jeep CJ, Jeep Commander (XK), Jeep Wrangler, Jeep Wrangler (JK), Jensen 541, Jensen-Healey, Kenworth 10-ton 6x6 heavy wrecking truck, Kessler Motor Company, Kingpin (automotive part), Lada Niva, Lancia, Lancia 1Z, Lancia 3Ro, Lancia Appia, Lancia Artena, Lancia Delta (1911), Lancia Dikappa, Lancia Epsilon, Lancia Fulvia, Lancia Gamma (1910), Lancia Jota, Lancia Kappa (1919), Lancia Trikappa, Lancia Zeta (1912), Leaf spring, Leslie Ballamy, Lexus LX, Limited-slip differential, List of auto parts, Locost, Lotus Elan, Lotus Seven, Lucalia Clubman, M123 and M125 10-ton 6x6 trucks, M151 ¼-ton 4×4 utility truck, M19 Tank Transporter, M54 5-ton 6x6 truck, Mahindra Roxor, Mamod, Marui Big Bear Datsun, Maserati 3500 GT, Maserati 4CL and 4CLT, Maserati A6, Maserati Ghibli, Maserati Indy, Maserati Khamsin, Maserati Quattroporte, MAZ-7917, Mazda Familia, Mazda Luce, Mercedes-Benz 770, Mercedes-Benz W116, Mini chopper, Mitsubishi Cordia, Mitsubishi Galant FTO, Mitsubishi Minica, Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, Morris Marina, Morris Minor, Muntz Jet, Nash-Healey, Naylor TF 1700, Nissan AD, Nissan Bluebird, Nissan Maxima, Nissan Serena, Oldsmobile Cutlass, Oldsmobile Starfire, Oldsmobile Toronado, Opel Kapitän, Outline of automobiles, Panhard rod, Partin Manufacturing Company (automobile company), Personal luxury car, Peugeot 504, Pontiac Astre, Pontiac Grand Prix, Pontiac Sunbird, Prince Sedan, Radius rod, Ram Pickup, Ramp travel index, Range Rover (L322), Range Rover Sport, Rat rod, Ride quality, Rolls-Royce Phantom VI, Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow, Rootes Arrow, Rover SD1, Rumpler Tropfenwagen, S.P.A. (automobile), Saab 900, Saviem Super Galion, Self-levelling suspension, Simca Vedette, Singer Ten, Singer Twelve, Stevens-Duryea, Stout Scarab, Strut, Studebaker US6 2½-ton 6x6 truck, Sunbeam Tiger, Supercars Championship, Suspension (vehicle), Suspension link, Suzuki Fronte, Suzuki Jimny, Suzuki LT 230, Swing axle, Torsion bar suspension, Toyota 4Runner, Toyota Camry, Toyota Corolla (E10), Toyota Crown, Toyota Hilux, Toyota K platform, Toyota Land Cruiser, Toyota Land Cruiser Prado, Toyota Mark II, Toyota SA, Toyota Supra, TPz Fuchs, Tracta, Trailing-arm suspension, Transaxle, Triumph Roadster, Triumph Toledo, Triumph TR, Triumph TR2, Triumph TR4A, TX4, Unsprung mass, Ute (vehicle), Vauxhall Chevette, Vauxhall Firenza, Vauxhall Victor, Volkswagen LT, Volkswagen Passat, Volkswagen Passat (B1), Volvo PV51, Watt's linkage, Wolseley 6/90, ZiS-151, 1955 Dodge, 1:10 radio-controlled off-road buggy. Expand index (228 more) » « Shrink index
The ALFA 24 HP is 4.1-litre four-cylinder passenger car, the first model produced by Italian car manufacturer ALFA (Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili), which in 1919 would become Alfa Romeo.
The ALFA 40/60 HP is a road car and race car made by Italian car manufacturer ALFA (later to become Alfa Romeo).
The Alfa Romeo 105 and 115 series coupés were a range of cars made by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1963 until 1977, based on a shortened floorpan from the Giulia saloon.
The Alfa Romeo 1900 is an automobile produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1950 to 1959.
The Alfa Romeo 2000 (officially known as Tipo 102, Italian for Type 102) is a luxury car produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo between 1958 and 1962, as a successor to the 1900 Super.
The Alfa Romeo Alfasud (Type 901, 902 and 904) was a small family car, manufactured from 1971 to 1989 by Industria Napoletana Costruzioni Autoveicoli Alfa Romeo-Alfasud S.p.A of Italy, a new company owned by Alfa Romeo and Finmeccanica.
The Alfa Romeo 1900 C52 "Disco Volante", commonly known simply as Alfa Romeo Disco Volante (Italian for "Flying Saucer"), is a series of experimental sports racing cars produced between 1952 and 1953 by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo in collaboration with Milanese coachbuilder Carrozzeria Touring.
The Alfa Romeo Giulietta (Tipo 750 and Tipo 101, meaning "Type 750" and "Type 101") was a family of automobiles made by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1954 to 1965 which included a 2+2 coupé, four-door saloon, estate, spider, Sprint, and Sprint Speciale.
The Alfa Romeo Gran Sport Quattroruote Zagato is a two-seater roadster made between 1965 and 1967 by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo and the coachbuilder Zagato.
The Alfa Romeo 1900 M (better known by its nickname Alfa Romeo Matta, meaning "mad") is a four-wheel drive utility vehicle produced by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1951 to 1954.
The Alfa Romeo Montreal is a 2+2 coupé sports car produced by the Italian manufacturer Alfa Romeo from 1970 to 1977.
An all-terrain vehicle (ATV), also known as a quad, quad bike, three-wheeler, four-wheeler or quadricycle as defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a vehicle that travels on low-pressure tires, with a seat that is straddled by the operator, along with handlebars for steering control.
Allard Motor Company Limited was a London-based low-volume car manufacturer founded in 1945 by Sydney AllardThe Times, 13 April 1966, Obituary.
The AMC Rebel (known as the Rambler Rebel in 1967) is a mid-size car produced by American Motors Corporation (AMC) from 1967 to 1970.
The 1950s were pivotal for the American automobile industry.
Aries MotorSport is a British kit car manufacturer based in Cardiff South Wales.
The DB 2/4 Mark III (normally simply called DB Mark III, even at the time of its introduction) is a sports car sold by Aston Martin from 1957 until 1959.
The DB4 is a grand tourer sold by Aston Martin from 1958 until 1963.
The Aston Martin DB5 is a British luxury grand tourer (GT) that was made by Aston Martin and designed by the Italian coachbuilder Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera.
The Audi 80 is a compact executive car produced by the German manufacturer Audi (initially known as Auto Union and Audi NSU Auto Union) from 1966 to 1996.
The Audi Type D was introduced in 1911.
The Austin 10 hp is a small car produced between 1910 and 1915 by the British car manufacturer Austin at their Longbridge, Worcestershire plant near Birmingham.
The Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 was the first car to be fully designed and built by Enzo Ferrari.
The Autobianchi A111 is a 4-door saloon family car produced from 1969 to 1972 by Italian car manufacturer Autobianchi, a subsidiary of the Fiat group.
The Autocar Model U8144T, officially "5- to 6-Ton, 4 x 4, Ponton Tractor Truck", (supply catalog no. '''G511''') was the largest, and most heavy-duty, of a family of heavy four wheel drive trucks developed for, and deployed primarily with, the United States Army in World War II.
Automobile handling and vehicle handling are descriptions of the way a wheeled vehicle responds and reacts to the inputs of a driver, as well as how it moves along a track or road.
An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear.
The Bedford CA was a distinctive pug-nosed light commercial vehicle produced between 1952 and 1969 by Bedford in Luton, United Kingdom.
The Bentley Mark V was Rolls-Royce's second Bentley model.
The Benz Patent-Motorwagen ("patent motorcar"), built in 1885, is sometimes regarded as the world's first 'production' automobile, that is, a vehicle designed to be propelled by an internal combustion engine.
Birkin Cars, Ltd. is a South African-based car manufacturer.
The BMW 303 was a small family saloon produced by BMW in 1933 and 1934.
The BMW 320 was a car manufactured by BMW from 1937 to 1938, replacing the 319-based BMW 329.
The BMW 326 is a medium-sized sedan produced by BMW between 1936 and 1941, and again briefly, under Soviet control, after 1945.
The BMW 327 is a medium-sized touring coupé produced by the Bavarian firm between 1937 and 1941, and again produced after 1945.
The BMW 501 was a luxury car manufactured by BMW from 1952 to 1958.
The BMW 507 is a roadster that was produced by BMW from 1956 to 1959.
The Bowler Wildcat is an off-road vehicle originally made by Bowler Offroad, it is an evolution of the Bowler Tomcat using some components from the Land Rover Defender.
The Bricklin SV-1 is a gull-wing door sports car that was assembled in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.
The Bristol 400 luxury car is the first automotive product of the British Bristol Aeroplane Company.
The Type 13 was the first true Bugatti car.
The Type 35 was the most successful of the Bugatti racing models.
The Buick Riviera is a personal luxury car produced by Buick from 1963 to 1999.
The Buick Skyhawk is an automobile produced by Buick in two generations for the 1975 through 1989 model years.
Bump steer or roll steer is the term for the tendency of the wheel of a car to steer itself as it moves through the suspension stroke.
Carroll Hall Shelby (January 11, 1923 – May 10, 2012) was an American automotive designer, racing driver, and entrepreneur.
The Caterham 7 (or Caterham Seven) is a super-lightweight sports car produced by Caterham Cars in the United Kingdom.
The Caterham Academy is a motor-racing championship exclusively open to novices, as their first foray into motorsport.
Caterham Graduates Racing Club is a British motor-racing club for privateer racing drivers in Caterham Seven type cars.
Caterham Racing is the practice of racing Caterham Seven-type sportscars.
The C/K was Chevrolet and GMC's full-size pickup truck line from 1960 until 2000 in the United States and Canada, from 1964 to 2001 in Brazil, and from 1975 to 1982 in Chile.
The Chevrolet Corvette (C2) (also known as the Chevrolet Corvette Sting Ray) is the second generation of the Chevrolet Corvette sports car, produced by the Chevrolet division of General Motors for the 1963 to 1967 model years.
The Chevrolet G506 trucks were a series of -ton 4x4 trucks produced by Chevrolet and used by the U.S. Army during and after World War II.
The Chevrolet Opala was a Brazilian executive car sold under the Chevrolet brand in South America from 1969 to 1992, by General Motors do Brasil.
The Chevrolet Suburban is a full-size suv from Chevrolet.
The Chevrolet Vega is a subcompact automobile that was manufactured and marketed by GM's Chevrolet subdivision from 1970 to 1977.
The Chrysler 180 was the base name for a series of large saloon cars produced by Chrysler Europe.
The K-car platform was a key automotive design platform introduced by Chrysler Corporation in the early 1980s—featuring a transverse engine, front-wheel drive, independent front and semi-independent rear suspension configuration—a stark departure from the company's previous reliance on solid axle, rear-drive configurations.
The first-generation Chrysler minivans are a series of minivans produced and marketed by the Chrysler Corporation in North American and Europe from 1984 to 1990.
The Citroën Traction Avant is an executive car produced by the French manufacturer Citroën from 1934 to 1957.
Crosley was a small, independent American manufacturer of subcompact cars, bordering on microcars.
The Dana/Spicer Model 30 is an automotive axle manufactured by Dana Holding Corporation, has a history that dates back to the 1930s and can still be seen in Jeep front ends today.
The Dana/Spicer Model 44 is an automotive axle manufactured by Dana Holding Corporation and is used extensively among automobile manufacturers and in the automotive aftermarket area as well.
The Datsun 510 was a series of the Datsun Bluebird sold from 1968 to 1973, and offered outside the U.S. and Canada as the Datsun 1600.
De Dion rear axle A de Dion tube is an automobile suspension technology.
De Dion-Bouton was a French automobile manufacturer and railcar manufacturer operating from 1883 to 1953.
Delahaye 134 is a four-cylinder luxury automobile manufactured by Delahaye.
Delahaye 135 was an automobile manufactured by Delahaye.
Automobiles Delaunay-Belleville was a French luxury automobile manufacturer at Saint-Denis, France, north of Paris.
The Dodge Dakota, known as the Ram Dakota for the final two years of production, is a mid-size pickup truck from Chrysler's Ram (formerly Dodge Truck) division.
Donald Healey Motor Company Limited was a British car manufacturer.
Douglas was a British motorcycle manufacturer from 1907–1957 based in Kingswood, Bristol, owned by the Douglas family, and especially known for its horizontally opposed twin cylinder engined bikes and as manufacturers of speedway machines.
A dropped axle is the axle of a vehicle that is bent upwards towards the ends, i.e. the centre is 'dropped'.
Dubonnet suspension was a system of trailing arm independent front suspension and steering popular mainly in the 1930s and 1940s.
The Duesenberg Model A was the first automobile in series production to have hydraulic brakes and the first automobile in series production in the United States with a straight-eight engine.
Dynaflow was the trademarked name for a type of automatic transmission developed and built by General Motors Buick Motor Division from late 1947 to mid-1963.
Facel S.A. was a French manufacturer of steel furniture and pressed steel components, later complete automobiles to their own design, founded in 1939 to make components for Bronzavia's military aircraft.
The Ferrari 125 S (commonly 125 or 125 Sport) was the first vehicle produced and built by automaker Ferrari of Modena, Italy.
The Ferrari 166 Inter was Ferrari's first true grand tourer.
The Ferrari 166 S was an evolution of Ferrari's 125 S sports race car that became a sports car for the street in the form of the 166 Inter.
The Ferrari 212 Inter replaced Ferrari's successful 166 and 195 Inter grand tourers in 1951.
The Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso is a GT car which was manufactured by Italian automaker Ferrari from 1963 to 1964.
The Ferrari 365 was Ferrari's large front-engine, rear-wheel-drive 2- and 2+2-seater grand tourer line.
Ferrari America is a series of top-end Ferrari models built in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Fiat 1100 is a small family car produced from 1937 to 1953 by the Italian car manufacturer Fiat.
The Fiat 124 Sport Spider is a 2+2 convertible sports car marketed by Fiat for model years 1966-1980.
The Fiat 2300 is a six-cylinder executive car which was produced by Italian automotive manufacturer Fiat between 1961 and 1969.
The Fiat 518, also called Fiat Ardita, was a model of car produced by Italian car manufacturer Fiat between 1933 and 1938.
The Fiat Dino (Type 135) was a front-engine, rear-wheel-drive sports car produced by Fiat from 1966 to 1973.
The Fiat Panda is a city car manufactured and marketed by Fiat, now in its third generation.
The Ford 9 inch rear axle is known as one of the most popular axles in automotive history.
The Ford D2C platform (for "D-class 2-door coupe" and primarily known as S197) is one of Ford's rear-wheel drive automobile platforms.
The Ford Escape is a compact crossover vehicle sold by Ford since 2000 over three generations.
The Ford Escort is a small family car which was manufactured by Ford Europe from 1968 to 2004.
The Ford Expedition is a full-size SUV that is made by Ford Motor Company.
The Ford Falcon (BA) is a full-sized car produced by Ford Australia from 2002 to 2005.
The Ford Fiesta Mk1 is the first generation of the Ford Fiesta supermini.
The Ford LTD Crown Victoria was a line of full-size cars produced by Ford from 1980 to 1991.
The fifth-generation Ford Mustang is a pony car that was manufactured by Ford from 2005 to 2014, at the Flat Rock Assembly Plant in Flat Rock, Michigan.
The Ford Pinto is a subcompact car that was manufactured and marketed by Ford Motor Company in North America, sold from the 1971 to the 1980 model years.
The Ford Sierra is a mid-size car or large family car that was built by Ford Europe from 1982 to 1993.
The second generation Ford Thunderbird was produced by Ford for the 1958 to 1960 model years as a successor to the popular 1955-1957 two-seater.
The Ford V platform is an automobile platform produced by Ford Motor Company for minivans designed in North America.
The Ford VN platform is Ford Motor Company's code designation for North American-designed vans.
Frederick William Lanchester LLD, Hon FRAeS, FRS (23 October 1868 – 8 March 1946), was an English polymath and engineer who made important contributions to Automotive engineering and to Aerodynamics, and co-invented the topic of operations research.
Full-size Ford is the popular term for a long-running line of Ford vehicles which have been produced in North America with a large degree of similarity since the Model T in 1908, up to the Crown Victoria, which ceased production in late 2011.
A gasser is a type of hot rod originating on the dragstrips of the United States in the late 1950s and continued until the early 1970s.
The GAZ M21 Volga is an automobile which was produced in the Soviet Union by GAZ ("Gorkovsky Avtomobilniy Zavod", in English: "Gorky automobile factory") from 1956 to 1970.
Most of the terms listed in Wikipedia glossaries are already defined and explained within Wikipedia itself.
GMT is the designation prefix used for all General Motors truck, sport utility vehicle, and crossover SUV automobile platform applications.
GMT K2XX is an assembly code for a vehicle platform architecture developed by General Motors for its line of full-size trucks and large SUVs that started production with the 2014 model year.
The GMT900 truck platform debuted at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, as basis for the next generation of General Motors full-size pickups and SUVs, and replacements for the GMT800 vehicles.
Haynes Roadster is a replica of Lotus Seven home-built according to a book Build Your Own Sports Car: On a Budget by Chris Gibbs.
The Hillman Avenger is a rear-wheel drive small family car originally manufactured by the former Rootes division of Chrysler Europe from 1970–1978, badged from 1976 onward as the Chrysler Avenger.
The Hillman Super Minx is a family car which was produced by Hillman from 1961 to 1967. It was a slightly larger version of the Hillman Minx, from the period when the long-running Minx nameplate was applied to the "Audax" series of designs. (The Minx underwent many changes throughout its history, and the Super Minx name was not used during production of non-Audax Minx designs.) Announced in October 1961, the Super Minx gave Rootes, and particularly its Hillman marque, an expanded presence in the upper reaches of the family car market. It has been suggested that the Super Minx design was originally intended to replace, and not merely to supplement, the standard Minx, but was found to be too big for that purpose. An estate car joined the range in May 1962, and a two-door convertible in June 1962. The convertible never sold in significant numbers: the last one was made in June 1964, ahead of the introduction, in September 1964, of the Super Minx Mark III. The car was powered by the Rootes unit, which had first appeared late in 1953 with a capacity. The original Super Minx had the cast-iron cylinder head version of the engine, though on later cars the cylinder head was replaced with an aluminium one. Suspension was independent at the front using coil springs with anti-roll bar and at the rear had leaf springs and a live axle. Un-assisted Lockheed drum brakes were fitted. The steering used a recirculating ball system and was as usual at the time not power assisted. Standard seating, trimmed in Vynide, used a bench type at the front with individual seats as an option. A heater was fitted but a radio remained optional. The car could be ordered in single colour or two tone paint. The four-speed manual transmission featured synchromesh on the top three ratios from the start and had a floor lever: "Smiths Easidrive" automatic transmission was option. A car was tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1962 and had a top speed of and could accelerate from 0- in 21.6 seconds. A "touring" fuel consumption of was recorded. The test car cost £854 including taxes, which was then slightly less than the recently upgraded Austin Cambridge A60. The first Super Minxes featured the engine as used in the Hillman Minx, providing in this application a claimed of power.
The Holden Commodore is a medium to large sedan sold by Holden since 1978.
The Holden Commodore (VP) is a full-size car that was produced by the Australian manufacturer Holden from 1991 to 1993.
The third generation Honda Civic is an automobile which was produced by Honda from 1983 to 1987.
The Honda N360 is a small front-engine, front-wheel drive, two-passenger two-box automobile manufactured and marketed by Honda from March 1967 through 1970 in compliance with Japan's kei car regulations.
The S800 is a sports car from Honda.
Independent suspension is a broad term for any automobile suspension system that allows each wheel on the same axle to move vertically (i.e. reacting to a bump in the road) independently of the others.
This is an alphabetical list of articles pertaining specifically to mechanical engineering.
This is an alphabetical list of articles pertaining specifically to structural engineering.
The Infiniti G-series is a line of compact executive/entry-level luxury sports car produced by the Infiniti division of Nissan for the 1991–1996 and 1999–present model years.
The Innocenti 186 GT is a sports car jointly developed by Italian car manufacturers Innocenti and Ferrari in 1963–64, but never put into production.
The Isuzu Bellett is a subcompact car produced by the Japanese Automobile manufacturer Isuzu between 1963 and 1973.
The Isuzu Faster is a pick-up truck that was manufactured and marketed by Isuzu between 1972 and 2002 over three generations.
The Isuzu Piazza is a small, sporty 3-door liftback coupé which was manufactured by Isuzu from 1981 to 1992 in two generations.
The Jaguar 420 (pronounced "four-twenty") and its Daimler Sovereign equivalent were introduced at the October 1966 London Motor Show and produced for two years as the ultimate expression of a series of "compact sporting saloons" offered by Jaguar throughout that decade, all of which shared the same wheelbase.
Jaguar's independent rear suspension (IRS) unit has been a common component of a number of Jaguar production cars since 1961, passing through two major changes of configuration up to 2006 and last used in the Jaguar XK8 and Aston Martin DB7.
The Jaguar S-Type is a saloon car produced by Jaguar Cars in the United Kingdom from 1963 to 1968.
The JCB Fastrac is a high-speed agricultural tractor series manufactured by JCB Landpower, part of the J. C. Bamford group of companies.
The Jeep CJ models are both a series and a range of small, open-bodied off-road vehicles and compact pickup trucks, built and sold by several successive incarnations of the Jeep automobile marque from 1945 to 1986.
The Jeep Commander XK and XH (export diesel) is a mid-size SUV that was manufactured from 2005 to 2010 by the Jeep division of the American manufacturer Chrysler.
The Jeep Wrangler is a series of compact and mid-size (Wrangler Unlimited and Wrangler 4-door JL) four-wheel drive off-road vehicle models, manufactured by Jeep since 1986, and currently migrating from its third into its fourth generation.
The Jeep Wrangler (JK) is the third generation of the Jeep Wrangler off-road vehicle. The Wrangler was unveiled at the 2006 North American International Auto Show, the JK series 2007 Wrangler Unlimited at the 2006 New York Auto Show. The car's body and chassis were completely redesigned during the era when Jeep was part of DaimlerChrysler. Just like the Willys MB, the CJ Jeeps and the Wranglers before it, the JK continues to have a separate body and frame, rigid live axles both front and rear, a fold-flat windshield, and can be driven without doors. Also, with the exception of optional 4x2 models, the Wrangler JK continues to have part-time four-wheel drive systems, with the choice of high and low gearing. In addition to the traditional 2-door Jeep, the JK introduced for the first time a factory standard four-door model, called the Wrangler Unlimited. Contrary to the first, TJ-based Unlimited, and the CJ-8 "Scrambler", its wheelbase is stretched by 20 instead of 10 inches. The Wrangler Unlimited became a big sales success — by mid 2017 three quarters of all new Wranglers listed for sale were four-door models.
The Jensen 541 is an automobile which was produced by Jensen Motors from 1954 to 1959.
The Jensen-Healey (1972–76) is a British two-seater convertible sports car, the best-selling Jensen of all time.
The Kenworth 10-ton 6x6 heavy wrecking truck (G116) (officially Heavy Wrecking Truck M1) was the standard heavy wrecker of the US Army during World War II.
The Kessler Motor Company was a short-lived American manufacturer of aircraft engines and automobiles.
The kingpin, also king-pin and king pin, is the main pivot in the steering mechanism of a car or other vehicle.
The Lada 4x4, formerly called the Lada Niva (Лада Нива; Niva (нива) is the Russian word for "field"), is an off-road vehicle designed and produced by the Russian (former Soviet) manufacturer AvtoVAZ specifically for the rural market.
Lancia is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia as Lancia & C..
The Lancia 1Z was a light military truck produced by Italian manufacturer Lancia between 1912 and 1916.
The Lancia Ro, Lancia Ro-Ro and Lancia 3Ro were 4x2 heavy trucks built by Italian manufacturer Lancia from the 1930s through the 1940s for military and civilian use.
The Lancia Appia was a passenger car introduced in 1953 by Italian car manufacturer Lancia as a replacement for the Ardea, and which remained in production for ten years.
The Lancia Artena (Tipo 228) is a passenger car produced by Italian car manufacturer Lancia from 1931 to 1936, and from 1940 to 1942 chiefly for army and government use.
The Lancia 20-30 HP (Tipo 56), later renamed Lancia Delta, is a passenger car produced by Italian car manufacturer Lancia during 1911.
The Lancia Dikappa is a passenger car produced by Lancia between 1921 and 1922.
The Lancia 20/30 HP (Tipo 58), later known as Lancia Epsilon, is a passenger car produced by Italian car manufacturer Lancia between 1911 and 1912.
The Lancia Fulvia (Tipo 818) is an automobile produced by Lancia between 1963 and 1976.
The Lancia 20 HP (Tipo 55), later renamed Lancia Gamma, is a passenger car produced by the Italian car manufacturer Lancia during 1910.
The Lancia Jota (from the Greek letter iota) is a series of truck and bus chassis produced by Lancia between 1915 and 1935.
The Lancia Kappa is a passenger car produced by Lancia between 1919 and 1922.
The Lancia Trikappa is a passenger car produced by Lancia between 1922 and 1925.
The Lancia 12 HP, later known as Lancia Zeta, is a passenger car produced by Lancia between 1912 and 1914.
A leaf spring is a simple form of spring commonly used for the suspension in wheeled vehicles.
Leslie Ballamy (1904 - 1991) was an inventor and automotive engineer who had a major impact on the British motorsport scene both before the Second World War and in the post-war period.
The Lexus LX (Japanese: レクサス・LX, Rekusasu LX) is a full-size luxury SUV sold by Lexus, a luxury division of Toyota since January 1996 having entered manufacture in November 1995.
A limited-slip differential (LSD) is a type of differential that allows its two output shafts to rotate at different speeds but limits the maximum difference between the two shafts.
This is a list of automotive parts mostly for vehicles using internal combustion engines which are manufactured components of automobiles.
A Locost is a home-built car.
Lotus Elan is the name of two separate ranges of automobiles produced by Lotus Cars.
The Lotus Seven is a small, simple, lightweight two-seater open-top sports car produced by the British manufacturer Lotus Cars (initially called Lotus Engineering) between 1957 and 1972.
The Lucalia Clubman is a Clubman-style sportscar designed by Nick Lockyer in 1966.
The Mack M123 (G792) was a 10-ton 6x6 semi-tractor introduced in 1955; the Mack M125 was a heavy cargo truck version of the M123.
The Truck, Utility, 1/4-Ton, 4×4, M151 or simply M151 was the successor to the Korean War M38 and M38A1 jeep Light Utility Vehicles.
The M19 Tank Transporter (US supply catalog designation G159) was a heavy tank transporter system used in World War II and into the 1950s.
The M54 5-ton 6×6 truck (G744) was the basic cargo model of the M39 Series truck.
The Mahindra Roxor is a 2-seater 4x4 off-road utility vehicle assembled by Mahindra Automotive North America (MANA) since 2018.
Mamod is a British toy manufacturer specialising in manufacturing live steam models.
The Marui Big Bear Datsun (MT-59-RC-4) was an early 1/12-scale electric "monster truck" radio controlled car manufactured and distributed by Japanese hobby and airsoft gun manufacturer Tokyo Marui.
The Maserati 3500 GT (Tipo 101) and the Maserati 3500 GT Convertibile (Tipo 101/C) are 2-door coupé and convertible grand tourers made by Italian car manufacturer Maserati between 1957 and 1964.
The Maserati 4CL and its derived sister model the Maserati 4CLT are single-seat racing cars that were designed and built by Maserati.
Maserati A6 were a series of grand tourers, racing sports cars and single seaters made by Maserati of Italy between 1947 and 1956.
Maserati Ghibli is the name of three different cars produced by Italian manufacturer Maserati: the AM115, a V8 grand tourer from 1966 to 1973; the AM336, a V6 twin-turbo coupé from 1992 to 1997; and the M157, an executive saloon from 2013 on.
The Maserati Indy (Tipo AM 116) is a four-seater fastback grand tourer produced by Italian car manufacturer Maserati from 1969 to 1975.
The Maserati Khamsin (Tipo AM120) is a grand tourer produced by Maserati between 1974 and 1982.
The Maserati Quattroporte is a four-door luxury sports sedan produced by Italian car manufacturer Maserati.
MAZ-7912/MAZ-7917 (МАЗ-7912/МАЗ-7917) is a Soviet and Russian army 14×12 transporter-erector-launcher designed and developed by the Minsk Automobile Plant (MAZ) in Belarus.
The Mazda Familia, also marketed prominently as the Mazda 323 and Mazda Protegé, was a small family car that was manufactured by Mazda between 1963 and 2003.
The Mazda Luce is an executive car that was produced by Mazda in Japan from 1969 until 1991.
The Mercedes-Benz 770, also known as the Großer Mercedes (German for "large Mercedes"), was a large luxury car built by Mercedes-Benz from 1930 to 1943.
The Mercedes-Benz W116 is a series of flagship luxury sedans produced from September 1972 until 1980.
Mini choppers are scaled-down versions of custom-built motorcycles known as choppers and are generally constructed from 1" steel tubing or 3/4" steel black pipe.
The Mitsubishi Cordia is a compact hatchback-coupé manufactured by Mitsubishi Motors between 1982 and 1990.
The Mitsubishi Galant Coupé FTO is a rear-wheel drive coupe produced by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors from November 1971 to March 1975.
The Mitsubishi Minica is a kei car produced by Mitsubishi Motors for the Japanese domestic market from 1962 to 2011.
The Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series (often shortened to the Cup Series) is the top racing series of the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR).
The Morris Marina is a car that was manufactured by Austin-Morris division of British Leyland from 1971 until 1980.
The Morris Minor is a British car that debuted at the Earls Court Motor Show, London, on 20 September 1948.
The Muntz Jet is a two-door hardtop convertible built by the Muntz Car Company in the United States between approximately 1949 and 1954.
The Nash-Healey is a two-seat sports car that was produced for the American market between 1951 and 1954.
The Naylor TF 1700 is a British sports car built in the 1980s by Naylor Cars, Ltd., located in Shipley, West Yorkshire, England.
The Nissan AD is a compact van and wagon built by the automakers Nissan and Nissan Shatai since 1982.
The Nissan Bluebird is a compact car with a model name introduced in 1957.
The Nissan Maxima is a full-size / executive car (previously mid-size) manufactured by Nissan and sold primarily in North America, the Middle East, and China.
The Nissan Serena is a five-door minivan manufactured by Nissan Motor Company, joining the slightly larger Nissan Vanette.
The Oldsmobile Cutlass was a marque of automobiles produced by General Motors' Oldsmobile division between 1961 and 1999.
The Oldsmobile Starfire is an automobile nameplate used by Oldsmobile, produced in three non-contiguous generations beginning in 1954.
The Oldsmobile Toronado is a personal luxury car produced by the Oldsmobile division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992.
The Opel Kapitän is an executive car made in several different generations by the German car manufacturer Opel from 1938 to 1970.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to automobiles: Automobile (or car) – wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor.
A Panhard rod (also called Panhard bar, track bar, or track rod) is a suspension link that provides lateral location of the axle.
The Partin Manufacturing Company was a brass era American automobile manufacturer, headquartered at 29 South La Salle Street, Chicago, Illinois.
A personal luxury car is an American car classification describing a highly styled, mass produced, luxury vehicle with an emphasis on image over practicality.
The Peugeot 504 is a mid-size, front-engine, rear wheel drive automobile manufactured and marketed by Peugeot for model years 1968-1983 over a single generation, primarily in four-door sedan and wagon configurations — but also with two-door coupe, convertible and pickup truck variants.
The Pontiac Astre is a subcompact automobile that was marketed by Pontiac as a rebadged variant of the Chevrolet Vega.
The Grand Prix was a line of all terrain automobiles produced by the Pontiac Division of General Motors from 1962 through 2002 for coupes and 1988-2008 for sedans.
The Pontiac Sunbird is an automobile that was produced by Pontiac, initially as a subcompact for the 1976 to 1980 model years, and later as a compact for the 1982 to 1994 model years.
The Prince Sedan was a Japanese compact executive car made from 1952 until 1957 by the Tama Motor Company (later renamed as the Prince Motor Company in November 1952), which was one of the successors of the Tachikawa Aircraft Company.
A radius rod (also called a radius arm or a torque arm) is a suspension link intended to control wheel motion in the longitudinal (fore-aft) direction.
The Ram pickup (formerly the Dodge Ram pickup) is a full-size pickup truck manufactured by FCA US LLC (formerly Chrysler Group LLC) and marketed as of 2011 onwards under the Ram Trucks brand.
Ramp travel index or RTI, is a way of measuring a vehicle's ability to flex its suspension, a property also known as axle articulation.
The Range Rover (L322) (usually known simply as the "Range Rover") is the third-generation Range Rover model from British car maker Land Rover.
The Land Rover Range Rover Sport is a British luxury mid-size SUV made by Land Rover.
A rat rod is a style of hot rod or custom car that, in most cases, imitates (or exaggerates) the early hot rods of the 1940s, 1950s, and early-1960s.
Ride quality refers to a vehicle's effectiveness in insulating the occupants from undulations in the road surface (eg bumps or corrugations).
The Phantom VI was a British ultra-exclusive rolling chassis made from 1968 to 1990.
The Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow is a luxury car that was produced by British automaker Rolls-Royce in various forms from 1965 to 1980.
Rootes Arrow was the manufacturer's name for a range of cars produced under several badge-engineered marques by the Rootes Group (later Chrysler Europe) from 1966 to 1979.
The Rover SD1 is both the code name and eventual production name given to a series of executive cars built by the Specialist Division (later the Jaguar-Rover-Triumph division) of British Leyland (BL), under the Rover marque.
The Rumpler Tropfenwagen ("Rumpler drop car", named after its raindrop shape) was a car developed by Austrian engineer Edmund Rumpler.
S.P.A. (Società Piemontese Automobili), was an Italian automobile, military vehicle and aero-engine manufacturer founded in Turin by Matteo Ceirano and Michele Ansaldi.
The Saab 900 is a compact luxury automobile which was produced by Saab from 1978 until 1998 in two generations.
The Saviem Super Galion is a truck under 6 tonnes gross vehicle weight (GVW) produced by the French manufacturer Saviem between 1965 and 1982.
Self-levelling refers to an automobile suspension system that maintains a constant ride height of the vehicle above the road, regardless of load.
The Simca Vedette is a large car, manufactured from 1954 to 1961 by the French automaker Simca, at their factory in Poissy, France.
The Singer Ten name was used for several automobiles produced by Singer Motors between 1912 and 1949.
The Singer Twelve name was used by several automobiles produced by Singer Motors.
Stevens-Duryea was an American manufacturer of automobiles in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts, between 1901 and 1915 and from 1919 to 1927.
The Stout Scarab is a 1930–1940s American minivan.
A strut is a structural component commonly found in engineering, aeronautics, architecture and anatomy.
The Studebaker US6 (G630) was a series of 2½-ton 6x6 and 5-ton 6x4 trucks manufactured by the Studebaker Corporation and REO Motor Car Company during World War II.
The Sunbeam Tiger is a high-performance V8 version of the British Rootes Group's Sunbeam Alpine roadster, designed in part by American car designer and racing driver Carroll Shelby and produced from 1964 until 1967.
The Supercars Championship (known as the Virgin Australia Supercars Championship for sponsorship purposes) is a touring car racing category based in Australia and run as an International Series under Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) regulations.
Suspension is the system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion between the two.
5-link live axle suspension In automotive suspensions, a suspension link, control link or link is a suspension member, that attaches at only two points.
The Suzuki Fronte (スズキ・フロンテ) is an automobile that was first introduced in March 1962 as a sedan version of the Suzulight Van.
The Suzuki Jimny is a line of small four-wheel drive off-road cars and mini SUVs made by the Japanese automaker Suzuki produced since April 1970.
The Suzuki Quadsport LT230S (commonly referred to as the LT230 and also the "little brother" to the Lt250r) was the first sport variety all-terrain vehicle to hit the market in 1985.
A swing axle is a simple type of independent (rear wheel) suspension designed and patented by Edmund Rumpler in 1903.
A front VW Beetle suspension cross-section A torsion bar suspension, also known as a torsion spring suspension (not to be confused with a torsion beam rear suspension), is a general term for any vehicle suspension that uses a torsion bar as its main weight-bearing spring.
The is a compact, later mid-size sport utility vehicle produced by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota and sold throughout the world from 1984 to present.
The Toyota Camry (Japanese: トヨタ・カムリ Toyota Kamuri) is an automobile sold internationally by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota since 1982, spanning multiple generations.
The Corolla E10 was the first generation of cars sold by Toyota under the Corolla name.
The Toyota Crown (Japanese: トヨタクラウン Toyota Kuraun) is an automobile which has been produced by Toyota in Japan since 1955.
The Toyota Hilux (also stylized as HiLux and historically as Hi-Lux) is a series of light commercial vehicles produced and marketed by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota.
The Toyota K platform, informally known as the Toyota Camry platform, is a front-wheel drive automobile platform (also adaptable to four-wheel drive) that has underpinned various Toyota and Lexus models from the mid-size category upwards since November 2000, starting with the Highlander (XU20).
The is a series of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota.
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is a mid-size four-wheel drive vehicle in the Toyota Land Cruiser range.
The Toyota Mark II was a mid-size sedan manufactured and marketed in Japan by Toyota between 1968 and 2004.
The SA was Toyota's first new passenger car design (as opposed to updating the AA) after World War II.
The is a sports car/grand tourer that was produced by Toyota Motor Corporation from 1978 to 2002.
The TPz (Transportpanzer) Fuchs ("Fox") is an armoured personnel carrier originally developed by Daimler-Benz but manufactured and further developed by the now Rheinmetall MAN Military Vehicles (RMMV).
Tracta was a French car maker based in Asnières, Seine, that was active between 1926 and 1934.
A trailing-arm suspension, sometimes referred as trailing-link is a vehicle suspension design in which one or more arms (or "links") are connected between (and perpendicular to and forward of) the axle and a pivot point (located on the chassis of a motor vehicle).
A transaxle is a major automotive mechanical component that combines the functionality of the transmission, axle, and differential into one integrated assembly.
The Triumph Roadster is an automobile which was produced by Britain's Standard Motor Company from 1946 to 1949.
The Triumph Toledo is a compact car which was produced by British Leyland in the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1976.
The Triumph TR range of cars was built between 1953 and 1981 by the Triumph Motor Company in the United Kingdom.
The Triumph TR2 is a sports car produced by the Standard Motor Company in the United Kingdom between 1953 and 1955, during which time 8,636 cars were produced.
The Triumph TR4A is a sports car built by the Triumph Motor Company at its Coventry factory in the United Kingdom between 1965 and 1967.
The TX4 is a purpose-built taxicab (hackney carriage) manufactured since 2013 by The London Taxi Company, a subsidiary of Geely Automobile of China.
In a ground vehicle with a suspension, the unsprung mass (or the unsprung weight) is the mass of the suspension, wheels or tracks (as applicable), and other components directly connected to them, rather than supported by the suspension (the mass of the body and other components supported by the suspension is the sprung mass).
A ute – originally an abbreviation for "utility" or "coupé utility" – is a term used in Australia and New Zealand to describe trayback vehicles, that can be driven with a regular driver's license.
The Vauxhall Chevette supermini or compact car was manufactured by Vauxhall in the United Kingdom from 1975 to 1984.
The Firenza is a model of car offered by Vauxhall from May 1971 until 1975.
The Vauxhall Victor is a large family car which was produced by Vauxhall from 1957 to 1976.
The Volkswagen LT was the largest light commercial panel van produced by Volkswagen (and subsequently Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles as of 1996) from 1975 to 2006.
The Volkswagen Passat is a large family car manufactured and marketed by Volkswagen since 1973, and now in its eighth generation.
The Volkswagen Passat (B1) is an automobile produced by Volkswagen in Germany from 1973 to 1981.
The Volvo PV51 is an automobile introduced by Volvo in December 1936.
Watt's linkage (also known as the parallel linkage) is a type of mechanical linkage invented by James Watt (19 January 1736 – 25 August 1819) in which the central moving point of the linkage is constrained to travel on an approximation to a straight line.
The Wolseley 6/90 is a car produced by Wolseley Motors Limited in the United Kingdom from 1954 to 1959.
The ZiS-151 (ЗиС-151) was general-purpose truck produced by the Soviet car manufacturer Automotive Factory No. 2 ''Zavod imeni Stalina'' in 1947–1958.
The 1955 Dodge lineup, consisting of the entry-level Coronet, Royal, and ornate Custom Royal, was a major departure for the company.
The 1:10 radio-controlled off-road buggy is a 1:10 scale radio-controlled dune buggy designed for off-road racing.