163 relations: Abnormal psychology, Acceptance and commitment therapy, Addiction, Adolescent community reinforcement approach, Andrew Salter, Applications of VR, Applied behavior analysis, Architects Sketch, Art therapy, Assertiveness, Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Autism, Autism spectrum, Autism therapies, Bachelor of Arts in Clinical Psychology, Bariatrics, Behavior analysis of child development, Behavior management, Behavior modification, Behavior Therapy (journal), Behavioral activation, Behavioral engineering, Behavioral psychotherapy, Behaviorism, Biological psychiatry, Bipolar II disorder, BodyMedia, Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder, Cameron (wrestler), Carl Erik Grenness, Carson College for Orphan Girls, CEDU, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Circadian rhythm sleep disorder, Clinical behavior analysis, Clinical formulation, Clinical mental health counseling, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (journal), Combat Stress (charitable organisation), Community reinforcement approach and family training, Covert conditioning, Daegu Cyber University, Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire, Depression in childhood and adolescence, Depressive Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, Direct therapeutic exposure, Dissociative identity disorder, Dodo bird verdict, ..., Doubt, Driving phobia, Drug policy, Drug rehabilitation, Eating disorder, Effects of stress on memory, Emma Eccles Jones College of Education and Human Services, Emotionally focused therapy, Experimental analysis of behavior, Exposure therapy, Fairview Press, Family Constellations, Family therapy, Fear of needles, Flooding (psychology), Food addiction, Fortunate Son (The Sopranos), Fragile X syndrome, Functional analysis (psychology), Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Gender dysphoria in children, George Alan Rekers, Glossary of education terms (D–F), H. Narayan Murthy, Hannibal (Harris novel), Hans Eysenck, Hans-Joachim Bohlmann, Heart failure, Heroin, History of clinical psychological services in Singapore, Howard Kassinove, ICD-9-CM Volume 3, Index of philosophy articles (A–C), Index of psychology articles, Integrative behavioral couples therapy, Integrative psychotherapy, Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, Ivan Pavlov, Jack A. Apsche, Jefferson Fish, Jen-Ai Hospital, John Marzillier, Joseph Wolpe, Klinefelter syndrome, Large-group awareness training, Laurie Dann, Lexicor Medical Technology, Licensed behavior analyst, List of cognitive–behavioral therapies, List of MeSH codes (F04), List of psychotherapies, List of Temple University people, Lost Boys: Why Our Sons Turn Violent and How We Can Save Them, Low back pain, Management of chronic headaches, Management of depression, Marsha M. Linehan, Mary Cover Jones, Masters and Johnson Institute, Maxie Clarence Maultsby Jr., Mental disorder, Mental health counselor, Mental health nurse, Mental health professional, Mode deactivation therapy, Mood disorder, Multimodal therapy, Nail biting, National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research, Nocturnal enuresis, Obesity in Germany, Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, Ogden Lindsley, Orval Hobart Mowrer, Ottho Gerhard Heldringstichting, PACS1, Pain management, Paraphrenia, Parent–child interaction therapy, Passive–aggressive personality disorder, Phobophobia, Post-concussion syndrome, Prader–Willi syndrome, Primary polydipsia, Professional practice of behavior analysis, Prolonged exposure therapy, Psychiatric technician, Psychoeducation, Psychological dependence, Psychology, Psychotherapy, Quitline, Reality testing, Richard A. Cohen, Schema therapy, Self-control therapy, Shaping (psychology), Sickle cell disease, Sidney W. Bijou, Spontaneous recovery, Stimulus control, Supportive psychotherapy, Symptom targeted intervention, Telephone phobia, The Stepford Husbands, Therapy, Timeline of psychology, Timeline of psychotherapy, Tourette syndrome, Transtheoretical model, Treatment of mental disorders, Utah State University, Vocal cord dysfunction. Expand index (113 more) » « Shrink index
Abnormal psychology is the branch of psychology that studies unusual patterns of behavior, emotion and thought, which may or may not be understood as precipitating a mental disorder.
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT, typically pronounced as the word "act") is a form of counseling and a branch of clinical behavior analysis.
Addiction is a brain disorder characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences.
The adolescent community reinforcement approach (A-CRA) is a behavioral treatment for alcohol and other substance use disorders that helps youth, young adults, and families improve access to interpersonal and environmental reinforcers to reduce or stop substance use.
Andrew Salter (May 9, 1914 – October 6, 1996) was the founder of conditioned reflex therapy, an early form of behaviour therapy which emphasized assertive and expressive behaviour as the way to combat the inhibitory personality traits which Salter believed were the underlying cause of most neuroses.
Applications of VR (also known as virtual reality) can be found in fields as diverse as entertainment, marketing, education, medicine, and many others.
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a scientific discipline concerned with applying techniques based upon the principles of learning to change behavior of social significance.
The "Architects Sketch" is a Monty Python sketch, first seen in Episode 17 of Monty Python's Flying Circus, 'The Buzz Aldrin Show'.
Art therapy (also known as arts therapy) is a creative method of expression used as a therapeutic technique.
Assertiveness is the quality of being self-assured and confident without being aggressive.
The Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT) was founded in 1966.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders.
for explicitly cited references.
A Bachelor in Clinical Psychology is a type of postgraduate academic bachelor's degree awarded by universities in many countries.
Bariatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity.
The behavioral analysis of child development originates from John B. Watson's behaviorism.
Behavior management is similar to behavior modification.
Behavior modification refers to behavior-change procedures that were employed during the 1970s and early 1980s.
Behavior Therapy is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal covering behavior therapy.
Behavioral activation (BA) is a third generation behavior therapy for treating depression.
Behavioral engineering is intended to identify issues associated with the interface of technology and the human operators in a system and to generate recommended design practices that consider the strengths and limitations of the human operators.
Behavioral psychotherapy is a type of psychotherapy from the behaviourism tradition, and one of two streams of thought (the other being cognitive psychotherapy) that have come together to produce cognitive behavioral therapy.
Behaviorism (or behaviourism) is a systematic approach to understanding the behavior of humans and other animals.
Biological psychiatry or biopsychiatry is an approach to psychiatry that aims to understand mental disorder in terms of the biological function of the nervous system.
Bipolar II disorder (BP-II; pronounced "type two bipolar" or "bipolar type two" disorder) is a bipolar spectrum disorder (see also Bipolar disorder) characterized by at least one episode of hypomania and at least one episode of major depression.
BodyMedia was a medical and consumer technology company headquartered in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder is an anxiety disorder that can be present in people susceptible to panic attacks and anxiety.
Ariane Nicole Andrew (born November 3, 1987) last is an American professional wrestler, actress, singer, model and dancer best known for her time in WWE under the ring name Cameron (shortened from Cameron Lynn).
Carl-Erik Grenness (born 18 November 1939) is a Norwegian professor of psychology.
Carson College for Orphan Girls, also known as Carson Valley School, is a historic school complex and national historic district located in Flourtown, Springfield Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.
CEDU Educational Services, Inc., known simply as CEDU (pronounced see-doo), was founded in 1967 by Mel Wasserman and his wife Brigitta.
Central institute of Psychiatry is an institute that is directly governed by the Government of India.
Circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD) are a family of sleep disorders affecting (among other bodily processes) the timing of sleep.
Clinical behavior analysis (CBA; also called clinical behaviour analysis or third-generation behavior therapy) is a term used to describe the clinical application of behavior analysis (ABA).
A clinical formulation, also known as case formulation and problem formulation, is a theoretically-based explanation or conceptualisation of the information obtained from a clinical assessment.
Clinical mental health counseling is a distinct profession with national standards for education, training, and clinical practice.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice aimed at improving mental health.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy is a quarterly peer-reviewed medical journal covering the application of cognitive science to the psychological study of behavior therapy.
Combat Stress is a registered charity in the United Kingdom offering therapeutic and clinical community and residential treatment to former members of the British Armed Forces who are suffering from a range of mental health conditions; including post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Community reinforcement approach and family training (CRAFT) is a behavior therapy approach for treating addiction.
Covert conditioning is an approach to mental health treatment that uses the principles of applied behavior analysis, or cognitive-behavior therapies (CBTs) to assist people in making improvements in their behavior or inner experience.
Daegu Cyber University is an accredited South Korean online university.
Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire (1985; second edition 2004) is a book by the psychologist Hans Eysenck, in which the author criticizes Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis, which he argues is unscientific.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity.
Depressive Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (DD-NOS) is designated by the code 311 in the DSM-IV for depressive disorders that are impairing but do not fit any of the officially specified diagnoses.
Direct therapeutic exposure (DTE) is a behavior therapy technique pioneered by Patrick A. Boudewyns, where stressors are vividly and safely confronted to help combat veterans, and patients suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), panic disorder, or phobias.
Dissociative identity disorder (DID), also known as multiple personality disorder, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two distinct and relatively enduring personality states.
The Dodo bird verdict (or Dodo bird conjecture) is a controversial topic in psychotherapy, referring to the claim that all psychotherapies, regardless of their specific components, produce equivalent outcomes.
Doubt is a mental state in which the mind remains suspended between two or more contradictory propositions, unable to assent to any of them.
A driving phobia, also called vehophobia or a fear of driving, can be severe enough to be considered an intense, persistent fear or phobia.
A drug policy is the policy, usually of a government, regarding the control and regulation of drugs considered dangerous, particularly those which are addictive.
Drug rehabilitation (often drug rehab or just rehab) is the processes of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines.
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
The effects of stress on memory include interference with a person's capacity to encode memory and the ability to retrieve information.
The Emma Eccles Jones College of Education Human Services is a university in Utah that was founded in 1924.
Emotionally focused therapy and emotion-focused therapy (EFT) are a family of related approaches to psychotherapy with individuals, couples, or families.
The experimental analysis of behavior (EAB) is school of thought in psychology founded on B. F. Skinner's philosophy of radical behaviorism and defines the basic principles used in applied behavior analysis (ABA).
Exposure therapy is a technique in behavior therapy thought to help treat anxiety disorders.
Fairview Press (formerly Deaconess Press) was the publishing former arm of Fairview Health Services, a regional healthcare provider affiliated with the University of Minnesota.
Family Constellations, also known as Systemic Constellations and Systemic Family Constellations, is an alternative therapeutic method which draws on elements of family systems therapy, existential phenomenology and Zulu attitudes to family.
Family therapy, also referred to as couple and family therapy, marriage and family therapy, family systems therapy, and family counseling, is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development.
Fear of needles, known in medical literature as needle phobia, is the extreme fear of medical procedures involving injections or hypodermic needles.
Flooding, sometimes referred to as in vivo exposure therapy, is a form of behavior therapy and desensitization—or exposure therapy—based on the principles of respondent conditioning.
A food addiction or eating addiction is a behavioral addiction that is characterized by the compulsive consumption of palatable (e.g., high fat and high sugar) foods – the types of food which markedly activate the reward system in humans and other animals – despite adverse consequences.
"Fortunate Son" is the 29th episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and the third of the show's third season.
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder.
Functional analysis in behavioral psychology is the application of the laws of operant and respondent conditioning to establish the relationships between stimuli and responses.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging or functional MRI (fMRI) measures brain activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow.
Gender dysphoria in children or gender identity disorder in children (GIDC) is a formal diagnosis used by psychologists and physicians to describe children who experience significant discontent (gender dysphoria) with their biological sex, assigned gender, or both.
George Alan Rekers (born July 11, 1948) is an American psychologist and ordained Southern Baptist minister.
This glossary of education-related terms is based on how they commonly are used in Wikipedia articles.
Hosur Narayan Murthy (H. N. Murthy) (್.) (1924–2011) was an Indian clinical psychologist, writer, philosopher, Sanskrit scholar and teacher who headed the department of clinical psychology at National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) at Bangalore.
Hannibal is a novel by American author Thomas Harris, published in 1999.
Hans Jürgen Eysenck, PhD, DSc (4 March 1916 – 4 September 1997) was a German-born English psychologist who spent his professional career in Great Britain.
Hans-Joachim Bohlmann (20 September 1937 – 19 January 2009) was a German serial vandal who primarily targeted artworks at public exhibitions.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.
This article is about the history of clinical psychological services in Singapore.
Howard Kassinove ABPP is a psychologist who works in the area of anger and anger management.
ICD-9-CM Volume 3 is a system of procedural codes used by health insurers to classify medical procedures for billing purposes.
Psychology (from ψυχή psykhē "breath, spirit, soul"; and -λογία, -logia "study of") is an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of human mental functions and behavior.
Behavioral marital therapy, sometimes called behavioral couples therapy, has its origins in behaviorism and is a form of behavior therapy.
Integrative psychotherapy is the integration of elements from different schools of psychotherapy in the treatment of a client.
Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) or simply social rhythm therapy is a type of behavioral therapy used to treat the disruption in circadian rhythms that is related to bipolar disorder.
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (a; 27 February 1936) was a Russian physiologist known primarily for his work in classical conditioning.
Jack A. Apsche (September 23, 1947 - October 12, 2014) was an American psychologist who has focused his work on adolescents with behavior problems.
Jefferson Morris Fish is a professor emeritus of psychology at St. John's University in New York City, where he previously served as Chair of the Department of Psychology and as Director of the PhD Program in Clinical Psychology.
Jen-Ai Hospital, is a community hospital founded by Dr.
John Marzillier (born 1946) is a retired psychotherapist who was described as 'a significant shaper of the profession of clinical psychology' in which he practiced for 37 years.
Joseph Wolpe (20 April 1915 in Johannesburg, South Africa – 4 December 1997 in Los Angeles) was a South African psychiatrist and one of the most influential figures in behavior therapy.
Klinefelter syndrome (KS) also known as 47,XXY or XXY, is the set of symptoms that result from two or more X chromosomes in males.
Large-group awareness training (LGAT) refers to activities usually offered by groups linked with the human potential movement which claim to increase self-awareness and bring about desirable transformations in individuals' personal lives.
Laurie Dann (née Wasserman; October 18, 1957 – May 20, 1988) was an American murderer who shot and killed one boy, Nick Corwin, and wounded two girls and three boys in a Winnetka, Illinois elementary school.
Michael Hickey and David Joffe founded Lexicor Medical Technology in 1989.
A licensed behavior analyst is a type of behavioral health professional in the United States.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is an umbrella term that encompasses many therapeutical approaches, techniques and systems.
The following is a list of the "F" codes for MeSH.
This is an alphabetical list of psychotherapies.
This is a list of notable faculty and alumni of Temple University, a comprehensive public research university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Lost Boys: Why Our Sons Turn Violent and How We Can Save Them is a 2000 book by James Garbarino, in which the author details the epidemic of violent male youths in America.
Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back.
Chronic headache, or chronic daily headache (CDH), is classified as experiencing fifteen or more days with a headache per month.
Management of depression may involve a number of different therapies: medications, behavior therapy, and medical devices.
Marsha M. Linehan (born May 5, 1943) is an American psychologist and author.
Mary Cover-Jones (September 1, 1897 – July 22, 1987) was born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania and died in Santa Barbara, California.
The Masters and Johnson Institute (1964–1994) was the clinical and research foundation of sexologist duo Masters and Johnson.
Maxie Clarence Maultsby Jr. (April 24, 1932 Pensacola, Florida – August 28, 2016 Alexandria, Virginia) was an American psychiatrist, author of several books on emotional and behavioral self-management, Elected Distinguished Life Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, and recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists.
A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.
A mental health counselor (MHC), or counselor, is a person who uses psychotherapeutic methods to help others.
A Mental Health Nurse (MHN) refers to a psychiatric nurse in the UK, who specialises in the care of patients with mental health issues.
A mental health professional is a health care practitioner or community services provider who offers services for the purpose of improving an individual's mental health or to treat mental disorders.
Mode deactivation therapy (MDT) is a psychotherapeutic approach that addresses dysfunctional emotions, maladaptive behaviors and cognitive processes and contents through a number of goal-oriented, explicit systematic procedures.
Mood disorder, also known as mood (affective) disorders, is a group of conditions where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.
Multimodal therapy (MMT) is an approach to psychotherapy devised by psychologist Arnold Lazarus, who originated the term behavior therapy in psychotherapy.
Nail biting, also known as onychophagy or onychophagia (or even erroneously onchophagia), is an oral compulsive habit.
Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research (S.V. NIRTAR) is an autonomous institute functioning under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment of India.
Nocturnal enuresis, also called bedwetting, is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control usually occurs.
Obesity in Germany has been increasingly cited as a major health issue in recent years.
Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a general pattern of concern with orderliness, perfectionism, excessive attention to details, mental and interpersonal control, and a need for control over one's environment, at the expense of flexibility, openness to experience, and efficiency.
Ogden R. Lindsley (August 11, 1922, in Providence, Rhode Island – October 10, 2004) was an American psychologist.
Orval Hobart Mowrer (January 23, 1907 – June 20, 1982) was an American psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Illinois from 1948 to 1975 known for his research on behaviour therapy.
Ottho Gerhard Heldringstichting (Dutch: Ottho Gerhard Heldring Foundation) is a Dutch orthopaedic institution in Zetten, Netherlands.
Phosphofurin acidic cluster sorting protein 1, also known as PACS-1, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PACS1 gene.
Pain management, pain medicine, pain control or algiatry, is a branch of medicine employing an interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those living with chronic pain The typical pain management team includes medical practitioners, pharmacists, clinical psychologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, physician assistants, nurses.
Paraphrenia (from παρά – beside, near + φρήν – intellect, mind) is a mental disorder characterized by an organized system of paranoid delusions with or without hallucinations (the positive symptoms of schizophrenia) and without deterioration of intellect or personality (its negative symptom).
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an intervention developed by Sheila Eyberg (1988) to treat children between ages 2 and 7 with disruptive behavior problems.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders revision IV (DSM-IV) describes passive–aggressive personality disorder as a "pervasive pattern of negativistic attitudes and passive resistance to demands for adequate performance in social and occupational situations." Passive-aggressive behavior is the obligatory symptom of the passive–aggressive personality disorder.
Phobophobia is the fear of phobia(s) and, more specifically, of the internal sensations associated with that phobia and anxiety, which binds it closely to other anxiety disorders, especially with generalized anxiety disorders (free floating fears) and panic attacks.
Post-concussion syndrome, also known as postconcussive syndrome or PCS, is a set of symptoms that may continue for weeks, months, or a year or more after a concussion – a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder due to loss of function of specific genes.
Primary polydipsia is a form of polydipsia characterised by excessive fluid intake in the absence of physiological stimuli to drink.
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis.
Prolonged exposure therapy (PE) is a form of behavior therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy designed to treat post-traumatic stress disorder, characterized by re-experiencing the traumatic event through remembering it and engaging with, rather than avoiding, reminders of the trauma (triggers).
A psychiatric technician is a mental health professional, normally working under the direction of psychiatrists and psychiatric nurses.
Psychoeducation is an evidence-based therapeutic intervention for patients and their loved ones that provides information and support to better understand and cope with illness.
Psychological dependence is a form of dependence that involves emotional–motivational withdrawal symptoms (e.g., a state of unease or dissatisfaction, a reduced capacity to experience pleasure, or anxiety) upon cessation of drug use or exposure to a stimulus.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.
Quitline is a telephone helpline offering treatment for addiction and behavior change/issues.
Reality testing is the psychotherapeutic function by which the objective or real world and one's relationship to it are reflected on and evaluated by the observer.
Richard A. Cohen (born 1952) is an author and a proponent of conversion therapy.
Schema therapy was developed by Jeffrey E. Young for use in treatment of personality disorders and chronic DSM Axis I disorders, such as when patients fail to respond or relapse after having been through other therapies (for example, traditional cognitive behavioral therapy).
Self-control therapy is a behavioral treatment method based on a self-control model of depression, that was modeled after Frederick Kanfer's behavioral (1971) model of self-control.
Shaping is a conditioning paradigm used primarily in the experimental analysis of behavior.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.
Sidney William Bijou (November 12, 1908 – June 11, 2009) was an American developmental psychologist who developed an approach of treating childhood disorders using behavioral therapy, in which positive actions were rewarded and negative behaviors were largely ignored, rather than punished.
Spontaneous recovery is a phenomenon of learning and memory that was first named and described by Ivan Pavlov in his studies of classical (Pavlovian) conditioning.
In behavioral psychology, stimulus control is a phenomenon that occurs when an organism behaves in one way in the presence of a given stimulus and another way in its absence.
Supportive psychotherapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that integrates psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and interpersonal conceptual models and techniques.
Symptom targeted intervention (STI) is a clinical program being used in medical settings to help patients who struggle with symptoms of depression or anxiety or adherence to treatment plans but who are not interested in receiving outpatient mental health treatment.
Telephone phobia (telephonophobia, telephobia, phone phobia) is reluctance or fear of making or taking phone calls, literally, "fear of telephones".
The Stepford Husbands is a 1996 American made-for-television thriller-drama film inspired by the Ira Levin novel The Stepford Wives.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
This article is a general timeline of psychology.
This article is a compiled timeline of psychotherapy.
Tourette syndrome (TS or simply Tourette's) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple motor tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic.
The transtheoretical model of behavior change is an integrative theory of therapy that assesses an individual's readiness to act on a new healthier behavior, and provides strategies, or processes of change to guide the individual.
Mental disorders are classified as a psychological condition marked primarily by sufficient disorganization of personality, mind, and emotions to seriously impair the normal psychological and often social functioning of the individual. Individuals diagnosed with certain mental disorders can be unable to function normally in society.
Utah State University (also referred to as USU or Utah State) is a public doctorate-granting university in Logan, Utah, United States.
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a pathology affecting the vocal folds, commonly referred to as the vocal cords.