518 relations: Abe Turner, Abstract strategy game, Alekhine's Defence, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Beliavsky, Alexandru Segal, Allen Kaufman, American Chess Quarterly, Amerika (magazine), Anatoly Karpov, Andor Lilienthal, Anish Giri, Anthony Saidy, Anthony Santasiere, Antonio Carrizo, April 1975, April 3, Armstrongism, Arnold Denker, Arthur Bisguier, Arthur Feuerstein, Arthur Koestler, Arturo Pomar, Asa Hoffmann, August 1972, Bare king, Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn, Bent Larsen, Bernard Zuckerman, Bernardo Wexler, Bill Flemming, Bill Hook, Bishop's Opening, Black Box (TV series), Blunder (chess), Bob Fisher, Bobby (given name), Bobby Fischer Against the World, Bobby Fischer Center, Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess, Boris Spassky, Borislav Ivkov, Boys' Life, Brad Darrach, Bruce Pandolfini, Bu Xiangzhi, Burt Hochberg, Canadian Open Chess Championship, Candidates Tournament, Capablanca Memorial, ..., Carlos Bielicki, Carlos Garcia Palermo, Carlos Jauregui, Carmine Nigro, Caro–Kann Defence, Cathy Warwick, César Augusto Blanco-Gramajo, César Muñoz, Cecil Purdy, Charles Ranken, Checkmate, Chess, Chess (musical), Chess 2: The Sequel, Chess annotation symbols, Chess clock, Chess endgame literature, Chess in the arts, Chess Life, Chess opening, Chess piece relative value, Chess prodigy, Chess rating system, Chess tournament, Chess960, Chessmaster, Child prodigy, Ciudad Jardín Lomas del Palomar, Claude Bloodgood, Cleveland, Collectors Club, Collins Kids organization, Comparison of top chess players throughout history, Compensation (chess), Cosby Sweater, Culture of Iceland, Cutty Sark (whisky), Damian Chapa, Damiano Defence, Daniel Yanofsky, David Attie, David Bronstein, David Edmonds (philosopher), David Frost, David Levy (chess player), Deaths in January 2008, December 2004 in the United States, Denis Michael Rohan, Desperado (chess), Development of the World Chess Championship, Dick Schaap, Dieter Keller, Donald Byrne, Doubled pawns, Dragoljub Janošević, Draw (chess), Draw by agreement, Dubrovnik chess set, Duncan Suttles, Ed Edmondson (chess official), Edmar Mednis, Eduardo Iturrizaga, Edward Freeborough, Edwin Bhend, Efim Geller, Eleazar Jiménez, Elisabeth Targ, Emanuel Lasker, Endgame, English Opening, Erasmus Hall High School, Erich Eliskases, Eugenio Torre, Evans Gambit, Extra Ordinary, Fabiano Caruana, Faces in the Crowd (Sports Illustrated), Fame in the 20th Century, Fast chess, Fernando Arrabal, FIDE, FIDE titles, Fiji Chess Federation, First-move advantage in chess, Fischer, Fischer–Spassky (1992 match), Flank opening, Flóahreppur, Florin Gheorghiu, Folke Rogard, Fortress (chess), Frank Anderson (chess player), Frank Brady (writer), Free (OSI album), French Defence, Gabriel Schwartzman, Gambit (novel), Garry Kasparov, George H. D. Gossip, George R. R. Martin, Gerardo Barbero, Glossary of chess, Grünfeld Defence, Handicap (chess), Hans Berliner, Harry Benson, Hastings, Hastings International Chess Congress, Hedgehog (chess), Helgi Ólafsson, Henrique Mecking, Herbert Avram, Hermann Helms, High school dropouts in the United States, Hikaru Nakamura, History of chess, History of games, History of the Jews in Azerbaijan, Holocaust denial, Hotel Tryp Habana Libre, Hou Yifan, Howard Staunton, HTLINGUAL, Hungarian diaspora, I Love the '70s: Volume 2, I've Got a Secret, Icelandic nationality law, Icelandic people of American descent, Index of Iceland-related articles, Indian Defence, Interregnum of World Chess Champions, Interzonal, Isador Samuel Turover, Izak Aloni, Jacqueline Piatigorsky, Jan Hein Donner, January 17, Jaques of London, Jay Richard Bonin, Jean-Louis Rodrigue, Jeff Sarwer, Jeremy Schaap, Jerry Lucas, Jezdimir Vasiljević, Jim Slater (accountant), Joan Rodker, Joan Targ, Joel Benjamin, John Bosnitch, John W. Collins, José Raúl Capablanca, José Rubinstein, Joseph G. Ponterotto, Judit Polgár, July 11, July 1972, Kári Stefánsson, Kevin Macdonald (director), Kevin O'Connell (chess player), Key square, King and pawn versus king endgame, King's Fianchetto Opening, King's Gambit, King's Gambit, Fischer Defense, King's Indian Attack, King's Indian Defence, King's Indian Defence, Sämisch Variation, King's Pawn Game, Lajos Portisch, Larry Evans (chess grandmaster), Larsen's Opening, Laugardalshöll, Laugardælir, León Schorr, Leonard Barden, Leroy Dubeck, Lev Polugaevsky, Lily Rabe, Lisa Lane, List of biographical films, List of books and documentaries by or about Bobby Fischer, List of Brooklyn College alumni, List of chess books (A–F), List of chess books (M–S), List of chess families, List of chess openings named after people, List of chess players, List of chess players by peak FIDE rating, List of chess variants, List of child prodigies, List of covers of Time magazine (1970s), List of Drunk History episodes, List of eponyms (A–K), List of events broadcast on Wide World of Sports (U.S. TV series), List of executive actions by George H. W. Bush, List of FIDE chess world number ones, List of films based on actual events, List of German Americans, List of Hey Arnold! episodes, List of Honoured Masters of Sport of the USSR in chess, List of Icelanders, List of Jewish chess players, List of North European Jews, List of people from Brooklyn, List of people from Illinois, List of people from New York City, List of people granted asylum, List of people named in the Panama Papers, List of people on the postage stamps of Tajikistan, List of recluses, List of sports rivalries, List of strong chess tournaments, List of Swiss Americans, List of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson episodes (1972), List of World Chess Championships, List of world records in chess, Little Annie Fanny, Liz Garbus, Lothar Schmid, Louis Eichborn, Love, Marilyn, Lubomir Kavalek, Luděk Pachman, Luis Augusto Sánchez, Lygarinn: Sönn saga, Magnus Carlsen, Manhattan Chess Club, Mar del Plata chess tournament, Marcel Duchamp, March 1943, March 9, Margret the Adroit, Mark Horton (bridge), Mark Taimanov, Marshall Chess Club, Maurice Fox, Max Euwe, Max Pavey, Maximillian Lu, Me and Bobby Fischer, Mechanics' Institute Chess Club, Mel Haber, Merab Gagunashvili, Metropol Palace Hotel Belgrade, Michael Stuhlbarg, Miguel Illescas, Mike Goodall, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Tal, Milan Matulović, Miyoko Watai, Modern Benoni, Modern Defense, Monte Carlo chess tournament, Morphy number, Morphy versus the Duke of Brunswick and Count Isouard, Moshe Czerniak, My 60 Memorable Games, My Great Predecessors, Narita International Airport, Netanya chess tournament, New In Chess, New York State Chess Association, Nicolas Rossolimo, Nigel Short, Nikolai Krogius, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Norman T. Whitaker, November 1966, October 17, October 1956, Old Pasadena, Open Game, Opposite-colored bishops endgame, Opposition (chess), Ortvin Sarapu, Oscar Panno, Outline of chess, Pal Benko, Pan American Intercollegiate Team Chess Championship, Passed pawn, Paul Hoffman (science writer), Paul Keres, Paul Morphy, Paul Nemenyi, Pawn Sacrifice, Pawn storm, Perpetual check, Peter Biyiasas, Peter Nemenyi, Petrov's Defence, Philidor Rx Services, Piatigorsky Cup, Pirc Defence, Pirc Defence, Austrian Attack, Poisoned Pawn Variation, Politics and sports, Portable Game Notation, Portorož, Power Chess, Programmed learning, Progress Reform, Promotion (chess), Prospect Heights, Brooklyn, Queen sacrifice, Queen versus pawn endgame, Raúl Sanguineti, Raimundo Garcia, Ralph Ginzburg, Ratmir Kholmov, Raymond Weinstein, Reality distortion field, Recluse, Renato Naranja, René Letelier, Reuben Fine, Reykjavík, Richard Greenblatt (programmer), Robert Byrne (chess player), Robert Coveyou, Robert Fischer, Robert Hübner, Robert Hess (chess player), Robert Sobel, Robert Wade (chess player), Rodolfo Tan Cardoso, Rosendo Balinas Jr., Rudolf Pitschak, Russell Targ, Russia (USSR) vs Rest of the World, Ruth Volgl Cardoso, Ruy Lopez, Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation, Sam Sloan, Samuel Reshevsky, Scandinavian Defense, Scholastic chess in the United States, Seamus Davey-Fitzpatrick, Searching for Bobby Fischer, Selfoss (town), Semi-Tarrasch Defense, September 1, September 1972, Serafino Dubois, Shakhmatny Bulletin, Shimon Kagan, Sicilian Defence, Sicilian Defence, Magnus Smith Trap, Sicilian Defence, Najdorf Variation, Sicilian Defence, Scheveningen Variation, Simultaneous exhibition, Sinquefield Cup, Sousse, Staunton–Morphy controversy, Stepan Popel, Stephen L. Carter, Stevan Kragujević, Steven Knight, Stykkishólmur, Sveti Stefan, Svetozar Gligorić, Swindle (chess), Tata Steel Chess Tournament, Tatiana Kosintseva, Tüdeviin Üitümen, Teatro General San Martín, The exchange (chess), The Game of the Century (chess), The Great Chess Movie, The Heel of Achilles: Essays 1968–1973, The Polysyllabic Spree, The Queen's Gambit (novel), Threefold repetition, Tigran Petrosian, Timeline of antisemitism, Timeline of chess, Timeline of events in the Cold War, Timeline of Icelandic history, Tobey Maguire, Tobey Maguire filmography, Touch-move rule, Two Knights Defense, U.S. Open Chess Championship, Uganda Chess Federation, Union Square, Manhattan, United States Chess Federation, Uzi Geller, Vasily Smyslov, Veniamin Sozin, Victor Ciocâltea, Viktor Korchnoi, Viktors Pupols, Vinay Bhat, Vladimir Savon, Vladimir Tukmakov, Vladimir Vysotsky, Vlastimil Hort, Vlatko Kovačević, Vsevolod Rauzer, Walter Browne, Warehouse 13 (season 4), Weaver W. Adams, Wicked Wanda, Wilhelm Steinitz, William John Donaldson, William Lombardy, William Nack, Windmill (chess), Wolfgang Unzicker, World Blitz Chess Championship, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 1960, World Chess Championship 1963, World Chess Championship 1969, World Chess Championship 1972, World Chess Championship 1975, World Chess Championship 1978, World Chess Championship 2006, World Chess Hall of Fame, World Chess960 Championship, World Junior Chess Championship, Wrong rook pawn, X-ray (chess), Yaacov Bernstein, Yair Kraidman, Yuri Balashov, Zadok Domnitz, Zugzwang, 14th Chess Olympiad, 15 puzzle, 15th Chess Olympiad, 17th Chess Olympiad, 1943, 1943 in chess, 1945 in chess, 1956, 1956 in the United States, 1958, 1958 in the United States, 1962 in chess, 1969 in chess, 1970 in chess, 1971 in chess, 1972, 1972 in chess, 1972 in the United States, 1973 in chess, 1974 in chess, 1975, 1975 in chess, 1975 in the United States, 1976 in chess, 1979 World 600, 1981 in chess, 1989 in chess, 1991 in chess, 1992 in chess, 1998 in chess, 1999 in chess, 19th Chess Olympiad, 2005 in Iceland, 2008, 2008 in chess, 2008 in the United States, 20th Chess Olympiad, 21st Chess Olympiad, 22nd Chess Olympiad, 27th Sports Emmy Awards. Expand index (468 more) » « Shrink index
Abe Turner (1924 – October 25, 1962) was an American chess master.
An abstract strategy game is a strategy game that does not rely on a theme.
Alekhine's Defence is a chess opening which begins with the moves: Black tempts White's pawns forward to form a broad pawn centre, with plans to undermine and attack the white structure later in the spirit of hypermodern defence.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Genrikhovich Beliavsky (also Romanized Belyavsky; born December 17, 1953) is a Soviet, Ukrainian and Slovenian chess grandmaster.
Alexandru Sorin Segal (October 4, 1947 in Bucharest – 6 January 2015) was an economist and chess player Jewish and Romanian naturalized Brazilian.
Allen Kaufman (1933) is an American chess master and the former Executive Director of the American Chess Foundation and Chess-in-the-Schools.
The American Chess Quarterly was a chess magazine that was published in the United States from Fall 1961 to 1965 by Nature Food Centres.
Amerika ("Америка") was a Russian-language magazine published by the United States Department of State during the Cold War for distribution in the Soviet Union.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Andor (André, Andre, Andrei) Arnoldovich LilienthalReuben Fine, The World's Great Chess Games, Dover Publications, 1983, p. 216.
Anish Kumar Giri (अनिश कुमार गिरी; born June 28, 1994) is a Russian-born Dutch Grandmaster and former chess prodigy.
Anthony Saidy (born May 16, 1937) is an International Master of chess, a retired physician and author.
Anthony Edward Santasiere (9 December 1904 – 13 January 1977) was an American chess master and chess writer, who also wrote extensively on non-chess topics.
Antonio Carrozzi Abascal, best known as Antonio Carrizo, (September 15, 1926 – January 1, 2016) was an Argentine radio and television presenter.
The following events occurred in April 1975.
Armstrongism is a term, usually considered derisive, used to refer to the teachings and doctrines of Herbert W. Armstrong while leader of the Worldwide Church of God (WCG).
Arnold Sheldon Denker (February 20, 1914 – January 2, 2005) was an American chess player, Grandmaster, and chess author.
Arthur Bernard Bisguier (October 8, 1929April 5, 2017) was an American chess grandmaster, chess promoter, and writer.
Arthur William Feuerstein (born December 20, 1935) is an American chess player and winner of the first U.S. Armed Forces Chess Championship.
Arthur Koestler, (Kösztler Artúr; 5 September 1905 – 1 March 1983) was a Hungarian-British author and journalist.
Arturo Pomar Salamanca (1 September 1931 – 26 May 2016) was a Spanish chess player.
Asa Hoffmann (born February 25, 1943 in New York City) is a FIDE Master in chess, chess teacher and author from the United States of America.
The following events occurred in August 1972.
In chess and chess variants, a bare king (or lone king) is a game position where one player has only the king remaining (i.e. all the player's other pieces have been).
Bedford–Stuyvesant (colloquially known as Bed–Stuy and Bedford-Stuy) is a neighborhood of 153,000 inhabitants in the north central portion of the New York City borough of Brooklyn.
Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.
Bernard Zuckerman (born March 31, 1943 in Brooklyn, New York) is an International Master of chess.
Bernardo Wexler (Bucharest, 1 April 1925 – Buenos Aires, 30 June 1988) was an Argentine chess master.
William Norman "Bill" Flemming (September 3, 1926 – July 20, 2007) was an American television sports journalist who was one of the original announcers for the ABC Sports show Wide World of Sports.
Bill (or William) Hook (May 28, 1925 – May 10, 2010), born in New Rochelle, New York, was a Chess master and the Captain of the British Virgin Islands chess team.
The Bishop's Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White attacks Black's f7-square and prevents Black from advancing his d-pawn to d5.
Black Box is an American drama television series which ran for one season, from April 24 to July 24, 2014, and starred Kelly Reilly and Vanessa Redgrave, on ABC.
In chess, a blunder is a very bad move.
Bob Fisher may refer to.
Bobby or Bobbie is a masculine and feminine hypocorism, given name and occasional nickname.
Bobby Fischer Against the World is a documentary feature film that explores the life of chess Grandmaster and 11th World Champion Bobby Fischer.
The Bobby Fischer Center (Icelandic: Fischersetur) is a small non-profit biographical museum housing memorabilia of the 1972 World Chess Champion, Bobby Fischer.
Bobby Fischer Teaches Chess is a chess puzzle book written by Bobby Fischer and co-authored by Stuart Margulies and Don Mosenfelder.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Borislav Ivkov (born November 12, 1933 in Belgrade) is a Serbian chess Grandmaster.
Boys' Life is the monthly magazine of the Boy Scouts of America (BSA).
Brad Darrach (real name Henry Bradford Darrach Jr.; 1921–1997) was a journalist and film critic.
Bruce Pandolfini (born September 17, 1947) is an American chess author, teacher, and coach.
Bu Xiangzhi (born December 10, 1985) is a Chinese chess grandmaster and Chinese champion in 2004.
Burt Hochberg (1933–May 13, 2006) was an expert on chess and other games and puzzles.
The Canadian Open Chess Championship is Canada's Open chess championship, first held in 1956, and held annually since 1973, usually in mid-summer.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
The Capablanca Memorial is a chess tournament that has been held annually in Cuba since 1962.
Carlos Bielicki (born 15 May 1940) is an Argentine chess master.
Carlos García Palermo (born 2 December 1953) is an Argentine-Italian chess grandmaster.
Carlos Jauregui Andrade (14 September 1932-March 8, 2013) was a Chilean–Canadian chess master.
Carmine Nigro (January 2, 1910 – August 16, 2001) was former World Champion Bobby Fischer's first chess teacher, from 1951–1956.
The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.
Cathy Warwick (née Forbes) (born 6 February 1968) is an English chess player and writer.
César Augusto Blanco-Gramajo is an ICCF chess grandmaster.
César Muñoz Vicuña (Guayaquil 1929– ibid 2000) was an Ecuadorian chess master.
Cecil John Seddon Purdy (27 March 1906, Port Said, Egypt – 6 November 1979, Sydney, Australia) was an Australian chess International Master (IM), writer, and inaugural World Correspondence Chess champion.
Charles Edward Ranken (5 January 1828 – 12 April 1905) was a Church of England clergyman and a minor British chess master.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
Chess is a musical with music by Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus of the pop group ABBA, lyrics by Tim Rice, and a book by Richard Nelson based on an idea by Rice.
Chess 2: The Sequel is a chess variant created by David Sirlin and Zachary Burns of Ludeme Games.
When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols.
A chess clock consists of two adjacent clocks with buttons to stop one clock while starting the other, so that the two clocks never run simultaneously.
Chess endgame literature refers to books and magazines about chess endgames.
Chess became a source of inspiration in the arts in literature soon after the spread of the game to the Arab World and Europe in the Middle Ages.
The monthly Chess Life and bi-monthly Chess Life Kids (formerly School Mates and Chess Life for Kids) are the official magazines published by the United States Chess Federation (US Chess).
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
Chess prodigies are children who can beat experienced adult players and even Masters at chess.
A chess rating system is a system used in chess to calculate an estimate of the strength of the player, based on his or her performance versus other players.
A chess tournament is a series of chess games played competitively to determine a winning individual or team.
Chess960, also called Fischer Random Chess (originally Fischerandom), is a variant of chess invented and advocated by former world chess champion Bobby Fischer, announced publicly on June 19, 1996, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Chessmaster is a chess-playing computer game series which is now owned and developed by Ubisoft.
In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.
Ciudad Jardín Lomas del Palomar is a planned community, part of the partido of Tres de Febrero in Greater Buenos Aires and adjacent to the city of El Palomar.
Claude Frizzel Bloodgood (born Klaus Frizzel Bluttgutt III; July 14, 1937 – August 4, 2001) was a controversial American chess player. As a young man, he got into trouble with the law and was arrested several times. He was sentenced to death in 1970 after having been convicted of murdering his mother, although this sentence was later commuted to life in prison. While in prison, he remained a very active chess player, playing a large number of correspondence games and rated games with other inmates. Over time, he achieved a very high ranking in the United States Chess Federation (USCF) by playing in a closed pool, which the federation alleges was due to rating manipulation. He died in prison in 2001.
Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County.
Collectors Club were an English indie rock band based in Liverpool.
The Collins Kids were a group of young chess players invited by John W. Collins to play chess against teams from other countries.
This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.
In chess, compensation is the typically short-term positional advantages a player has in exchange for typically material disadvantage.
"Cosby Sweater" is a song by Australian hip hop group, Hilltop Hoods.
The culture of Iceland is rich and varied as well as being known for its literary heritage which began in the 12th century.
Cutty Sark is a range of blended Scotch whisky produced by Edrington plc of Glasgow, whose main office is less than 10 miles from the birthplace of the famous clipper ship of the same name.
Damian Robert Chapa (born October 29, 1963) is an American actor, film director and producer.
The Damiano Defence is a chess opening beginning with the moves.
Daniel Abraham Yanofsky, (March 25, 1925 – March 5, 2000) was Canada's first chess grandmaster, an eight-time Canadian Chess Champion, a chess writer, a chess arbiter, and a lawyer.
David Attie was a prominent American commercial and fine art photographer, who was widely published in magazines and books from the late 1950s until his passing in the 1980s, and whose work has been rediscovered and revived with the 2015 publication of his Truman Capote collaboration "Brooklyn: A Personal Memoir, With The Lost Photographs of David Attie,", as well as a 2016-18 exhibit of his early work at the Brooklyn Historical Society.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
David Edmonds (born 1964) is a radio feature maker at the BBC World Service.
Sir David Paradine Frost (7 April 1939 – 31 August 2013) was an English television host, media personality, journalist, comedian, and writer.
David Neil Laurence Levy (born 14 March 1945) is a British International Master of chess, a businessman noted for his involvement with computer chess and artificial intelligence, and the founder of the Computer Olympiads and the Mind Sports Olympiads.
The following is a list of notable deaths in January 2008.
Denis Michael Rohan (1 July 1941 – 1995) was a Christian Australian citizen who, on 21 August 1969, set fire to the pulpit of the Al-Aqsa mosque, in Jerusalem.
In chess, a desperado piece is a piece that is or trapped, but captures an enemy piece before it is itself captured.
The concept of a world chess champion started to emerge in the first half of the 19th century, and the phrase "world champion" appeared in 1845.
Richard Jay Schaap (September 27, 1934 – December 21, 2001) was an American sportswriter, broadcaster, and author.
Dieter René Keller (born 19 July 1936) is a Swiss chess master.
Donald Byrne (June 12, 1930 – April 8, 1976) was one of the strongest American chess players during the 1950s and 1960s.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
Dragoljub Janošević (Janosevic) (8 July 1923 – 20 May 1993) was a Yugoslav chess Grandmaster.
In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.
In chess, a draw by (mutual) agreement is the outcome of a game due to the agreement of both players to a draw.
The Dubrovnik chess set has chess pieces of a particular type influenced by the Staunton chess set and used to play the game of chess.
Duncan Suttles (born 21 December 1945) is a Grandmaster (chess) of chess who was the strongest Canadian player between the eras of Abe Yanofsky and Kevin Spraggett.
Edmund Edmondson (13 August 1920 – 21 October 1982) was President of the United States Chess Federation from 1963 to 1966 and Executive Director of the USCF from 1966 to 1975.
Edmar John Mednis (Edmārs Mednis) (March 22, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American International Grandmaster of chess (awarded in 1980) born in Riga, Latvia.
Eduardo Patricio Iturrizaga Bonelli (born 1 November 1989) is a Venezuelan chess player who achieved the title of Grandmaster in 2008, making him the first and, to date, only Venezuelan chess grandmaster.
Edward Freeborough (18 August 1830 – 14 September 1896) was the co-author, with Charles Ranken, of Chess Openings Ancient and Modern (1889), one of the first important opening treatises in the English language and a precursor of Modern Chess Openings.
Edwin Bhend (born 9 September 1931) is a Swiss chess player and author.
Efim Petrovich Geller (Ефим Петрович Геллер, Юхим Петрович Геллер; 8 March 1925 – 17 November 1998) was a Soviet chess player and world-class grandmaster at his peak.
Eleazar Jiménez Zerquera (25 June 1928 – 6 May 2000) was a Cuban chess master.
Elisabeth Fischer Targ (August 4, 1961 - July 18, 2002) was an American psychiatrist specializing in psychic phenomena and the role of spirituality in health and healing.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
Endgame, Endgames, or End Game may refer to.
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.
Erasmus Hall High School was a four-year public high school located at 899-925 Flatbush Avenue between Church and Snyder Avenues in the Flatbush neighborhood of the New York City borough of Brooklyn.
Erich Gottlieb Eliskases (15 February 1913 – 2 February 1997) was a chess grandmaster of the 1930s and 1940s, who represented Austria, Germany and Argentina in international competition.
Eugenio Torre (born November 4, 1951) is a chess grandmaster (GM).
The Evans Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Evans Gambit is an aggressive line of the Giuoco Piano, which normally continues with the positional moves 4.c3 or 4.d3.
"Extra Ordinary" is a song by American alternative rock group Better Than Ezra.
Fabiano Luigi Caruana (born July 30, 1992) is an Italian-American chess grandmaster.
Faces in the Crowd is a long-running segment from Sports Illustrated.
Fame in the 20th Century is a 1993 BBC documentary television series and book by Clive James.
Fast chess (also known as speed chess) is a variation of chess in which each side is given less time to make their moves than under normal tournament time controls.
Fernando Arrabal Terán (born August 11, 1932) is a Spanish playwright, screenwriter, film director, novelist and poet.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
The Fiji Chess Federation coordinates chess tournaments in Fiji and is affiliated to FIDE (World Chess Federation).
The first-move advantage in chess is the inherent advantage of the player (White) who makes the first move in chess.
Fischer is a German surname, derived from the profession of the fisherman.
The 1992 match between former World Chess Champions Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky was billed as a World Chess Championship, but was unofficial.
A flank opening is a chess opening played by White and typified by play on one or both flanks (the portion of the chess board outside the central d and e files).
Flóahreppur is a municipality located in southern Iceland.
Florin Gheorghiu (born 6 April 1944) is a Romanian chess player and university lecturer in foreign languages.
Bror Axel Folke Per Rogard (6 July 1899 – 11 June 1973) was a Swedish lawyer, chess official, player and arbiter.
In chess, the fortress is an endgame drawing technique in which the side behind in sets up a zone of protection that the opponent cannot penetrate.
Frank Ross Anderson (January 3, 1928 in Edmonton, Alberta – September 18, 1980 in San Diego, California) was a Canadian International Master of chess, and a chess writer.
Frank Brady (born March 15, 1934, Brooklyn, New York), is an American writer, editor, biographer and educator.
Free is the second album by American progressive rock band OSI, released by InsideOut Music on April 21, 2006.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
Gabriel Schwartzman is a Romanian-born American chess Grandmaster.
Gambit is a Nero Wolfe detective novel by Rex Stout, first published by the Viking Press in 1962.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
George Hatfeild Dingley Gossip (December 6, 1841 – May 11, 1907) was a minor American-English chess master and writer.
Gerardo Fabián Barbero (21 August 1961 – 4 March 2001) was an Argentine chess grandmaster.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
A handicap (or "odds") in chess is variant ways to enable a weaker player to have a chance of winning against a stronger one.
Hans Jack Berliner (January 27, 1929 – January 13, 2017) was a Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, and was the World Correspondence Chess Champion, from 1965–1968.
Harry James Benson is a Scottish photographer.
Hastings is a town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England, east of the county town of Lewes and south east of London.
The Hastings International Chess Congress is an annual chess tournament which takes place in Hastings, England, around the turn of the year.
The Hedgehog is a pawn formation in chess adopted usually by Black that can arise from several openings.
Helgi Ólafsson (born 15 August 1956) is an Icelandic chess grandmaster.
Henrique Costa Mecking (born 23 January 1952), also known as Mequinho, is a Brazilian chess grandmaster who reached his zenith in the 1970s and is still one of the strongest players in Brazil.
Herbert Avram (24 January 1913 – 15 January 2006) was an American chess player, and Lieutenant Commander in the U.S. Navy.
Hermann Helms (1870, Hamburg, USA – 1963, Brooklyn) was an American chess player, writer, and promoter.
The United States Department of Education's measurement of the status dropout rate is the percentage of 16 to 24-year-olds who are not enrolled in school and have not earned a high school credential.
is a Japanese-American chess grandmaster.
The history of chess can be traced back nearly 1500 years, although the earliest origins are uncertain.
The history of games dates to the ancient human past.
Today, Jews in Azerbaijan mainly consist of three distinct groups: Mountain Jews, the most sizable and most ancient group; Ashkenazi Jews, who settled in the area during the late 19th-early 20th centuries, and during World War II; and Georgian Jews who settled mainly in Baku during the early part of the 20th century.
Holocaust denial is the act of denying the genocide of Jews in the Holocaust during World War II.
Hotel Tryp Habana Libre is one of the larger hotels in Cuba, situated in Vedado, Havana.
Hou Yifan (born 27 February 1994), China Chess League is a Chinese chess grandmaster and three-time Women's World Chess Champion.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
HTLINGUAL (also HGLINGUAL), a secret project of the United States of America's Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) project to intercept mail destined for the Soviet Union and China, operated from 1952 until 1973.
Hungarian diaspora (Magyar diaszpóra) is a term that encompasses the total ethnic Hungarian population located outside current-day Hungary.
I Love the '70s: Volume 2 is a television mini-series in the I Love the... series presented by VH1.
I've Got a Secret is a panel game show produced by Mark Goodson and Bill Todman for CBS television.
Icelandic nationality law is based upon the principles of jus sanguinis.
Icelandic people of American descent or in Icelandic Íslendingar af bandarískum ættum make up around 1% of Iceland's population.
Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Iceland include.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
The Interregnum of World Chess Champions was the period between March 24, 1946 (the date of Alexander Alekhine's death) and May 17, 1948 (when Mikhail Botvinnik won a special championship tournament).
Interzonal chess tournaments were tournaments organized by the World Chess Federation FIDE from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Isador (Isaac) Samuel Turover (Sochaczew, 8 July 1892 – 16 October 1978) was an American chess master.
Izak (Izhak, Itzchak) Aloni (Schächter) (יצחק אלוני; born 5 April 1905 – died 2 June 1985) was an Israeli chess master.
Jacqueline Piatigorsky (November 6, 1911 – July 15, 2012) was a French-born American chess player, author, sculptor, philanthropist, and arts patron.
Johannes Hendrikus (Hein) Donner (July 6, 1927 – November 27, 1988) was a Dutch chess grandmaster (GM) and writer.
Jaques of London, formerly known as John Jaques of London and Jaques and Son of London is a long-established family company that manufactures sports and game equipment.
Jay Bonin (Born July 7, 1955, in Brooklyn, New York) is an International Master in Chess, Chess teacher, author and lecturer from the United States of America.
Jean-Louis Rodrigue (born May 23, 1951) is an internationally recognized acting coach, movement director, and teacher of the Alexander Technique, and a pioneer in its application to film and theater.
Jeff Sarwer (born May 14, 1978) is a Canadian Finnish (dual citizenship) former child chess prodigy whose charismatic personality and chess talent made him a well-known media figure.
Jeremy Albert Schaap (born August 23, 1969) is an American sportswriter, television reporter, and author.
Jerry Ray Lucas (born March 30, 1940) is an American former basketball player and memory education expert.
Jezdimir Vasiljević (born in Topolovnik, People's Republic of Serbia, Yugoslavia on November 1948), nicknamed Gazda Jezda ("Jezda the Boss"), is a controversial Serbian businessman.
James Derrick Slater (13 March 1929 – 18 November 2015) was a British accountant, investor and business writer.
Joan M Rodker (1 May 1915, Kensington, London – 27 December 2010) was an English political activist and television producer.
Joan Fischer Targ (July 8, 1937 – June 2, 1998) was an American educator who was an early proponent of computer literacy and initiated peer tutoring programs for students of all ages.
Joel Benjamin (born March 11, 1964) is an American chess grandmaster.
John Bosnitch (born February 15, 1961 in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada) is a Canadian journalist, consultant, and political activist of Serbian descent.
John William "Jack" Collins (September 23, 1912 – December 2, 2001) was an American chess master, author, and teacher.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
José Rubinstein (born 22 January 1940) is an Argentine chess master.
Joseph G. Ponterotto is an American psychologist, author and professor.
Judit Polgár (born 23 July 1976) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
The following events occurred in July 1972.
Kári Stefánsson, (b. 1949, Iceland) is an Icelandic neurologist, who is the President, Chairman, CEO and co-founder of deCODE Genetics.
Kevin Macdonald (born 28 October 1967) is a Scottish director.
Kevin John O'Connell (born August 28, 1949 in London, England) is an Irish chess master.
In chess, particularly in endgames, a key square (also known as a critical square) is a square such that if a player's king can occupy it, he can force some gain such as the promotion of a pawn or the capture of an opponent's pawn.
The chess endgame with a king and a pawn versus a king is one of the most important and fundamental endgames, other than the basic checkmates.
The King's Fianchetto Opening or Benko's Opening (also known as the Hungarian Opening, Barcza Opening, or Bilek Opening) is a chess opening characterized by the move: White's 1.g3 ranks as the fifth most popular opening move, but it is far less popular than 1.e4, 1.d4, 1.c4 and 1.Nf3.
The King's Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White offers a pawn to divert the black e-pawn.
The Fischer Defense to the King's Gambit is a chess opening variation that begins with the moves: Although 3...d6 was previously known, it did not become a major variation until Fischer advocated it in a famous 1961 article in the first issue of the American Chess Quarterly.
The King's Indian Attack (or KIA), also known as the Barcza System (after Gedeon Barcza), is a chess opening system for White.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
The Sämisch Variation of the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Sämisch is a subtle blockading system and a critical challenge to the King's Indian.
The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is among the most popular opening moves in chess.
Lajos Portisch (born 4 April 1937) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster, whose positional style earned him the nickname, the "Hungarian Botvinnik".
Larry Melvyn Evans (March 22, 1932 – November 15, 2010) was an American chess grandmaster, author, and journalist.
Larsen's Opening (also called the Nimzo–Larsen Attack or Queen's Fianchetto Opening) is a chess opening starting with the move: It is named after the Danish grandmaster Bent Larsen.
Laugardalshöll is an indoor sporting arena located in Reykjavík, Iceland.
Laugardælir is a small settlement in SW Iceland, near the town of Selfoss.
León Schorr (? – ?) a Venezuelan chess master.
Leonard William Barden (born 20 August 1929, in Croydon, London) is an English chess master, writer, broadcaster, organizer and promoter.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
Lily Rabe (born June 29, 1982) is an American actress.
Marianne Elizabeth Lane Hickey (born April 25, 1938 in Philadelphia) is an American former chess player.
This is a list of biographical films.
This list of books and documentaries by or about Bobby Fischer is a bibliography using APA style citations.
This is a list of alumni of Brooklyn College, a senior college of the City University of New York, located in Brooklyn, New York, United States.
This is a list of chess books that are used as references in articles related to chess.
This is a list of chess books that are used as references in articles related to chess.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
This list of chess players includes people who are primarily known as chess players and have an article on the English Wikipedia.
This is the list of top ranked chess grandmasters, ordered by their peak Elo rating.
A chess variant (or unorthodox chess) is a game "related to, derived from, or inspired by chess".
In psychology research literature, the term child prodigy is defined as a person under the age of ten who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer.
This is a list of people appearing on the cover of ''Time'' magazine in the 1970s.
This is a list of episodes for the Comedy Central series Drunk History hosted by Derek Waters.
An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) from whom something is said to take its name.
On January 3, 1998, long time Wide World of Sports host Jim McKay declared that Wide World of Sports was canceled; the hour-and-a-half of all sorts of sports was replaced by a studio host introducing single event broadcasts such as the Indianapolis 500, horse racing's Triple Crown, and the national and World Championships in figure skating.
Executive Orders numbered 12668–12833 signed by President George H. W. Bush (1989–1993).
A total of seven chess players have been the chess world number one on the official FIDE rating list since it was first published in July 1971.
This is a list of feature films that are based on actual events.
German Americans (Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of German ancestry; they form the largest ethnic ancestry group in the United States, accounting for 17% of U.S. population.
Hey Arnold! is an American animated television series created by Craig Bartlett that aired on Nickelodeon from October 7, 1996 to June 8, 2004.
Honored Master of Sport was a Soviet state honour, introduced on 27 May 1934 by the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union.
This is a list of notable people from Iceland, arranged in categories and ordered alphabetically by first name, following the usual naming conventions of Iceland.
Jewish players and game theoreticians have long been involved in the game of chess and have significantly contributed to the development of chess, which has been described as the "Jewish National game".
Before the Holocaust, Jews were a significant part of the population in Lithuania where they numbered around 240,000, including approximately 100,000 in Vilnius, or about 45% of that city's pre-World War II population (Vilnius was also once known as the "Jerusalem of Lithuania").
This is a list of people who were either born or have lived in Brooklyn, a borough of New York City at some time in their lives.
Many notable people were either born or adopted in New York City.
This is a list of people granted asylum.
This is a partial list of people named in the Panama Papers as shareholders, directors and beneficiaries of offshore companies.
This is a list of people on the postage stamps of Tajikistan.
This is a list of notable recluses.
A sports rivalry is intense competition between athletic teams or athletes, but not directly related to the formal sport and the practice thereof.
This article depicts many of the strongest international chess tournaments in history.
This is a list of notable Swiss Americans, including both original immigrants who obtained American citizenship and their American descendants.
The following is a list of episodes of the television series The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson which aired in 1972.
The following is a list of World Chess Championships including the hosting cities.
This is a list of world records in chess as achieved in organized tournament, match, or simultaneous exhibition play.
Little Annie Fanny is a comics series by Harvey Kurtzman and Will Elder.
Elizabeth "Liz" Freya Garbus (born) is an American documentary film director and producer.
Lothar Maximilian Lorenz Schmid (10 May 1928 – 18 May 2013) was a German chess grandmaster.
Louis Eichborn (1812 - 9 May 1882) was a banker and a strong amateur chess player who played a series of casual games against Adolf Anderssen who was among the best players in the world in the 1850s.
Love, Marilyn is a 2012 American documentary film about Marilyn Monroe's writings produced by Stanley F. Buchthal, Liz Garbus, Amy Hobby, and directed by Garbus.
Lubomir (Lubosh) Kavalek (Lubomír Kaválek, born August 9, 1943) is a Czech-American chess player.
Luděk Pachman (German: Ludek Pachmann, May 11, 1924 in Bělá pod Bezdězem, today Czech Republic – March 6, 2003 in Passau, Germany) was a Czechoslovak-German chess grandmaster, chess writer, and political activist.
Luis Augusto Sánchez (20 July 1917–1981) a Colombian chess master.
Lygarinn: Sönn saga ('The liar: a true story') is the seventh novel published by Óttar M. Norðfjörð.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
The Manhattan Chess Club in Manhattan was the second-oldest chess club in the United States (next to the Mechanics' Institute Chess Club in San Francisco) before it closed.
Mar del Plata has a rich history of chess tournaments, including their international chess tournament and open tournament.
Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, conceptual art, and Dada, although he was careful about his use of the term Dada and was not directly associated with Dada groups.
The following events occurred in March 1943.
Margret the Adroit (Margrét hin Haga) was an Icelandic carver of the early 13th century.
Mark Howard Horton (born 22 February 1950) is a British bridge journalist and expert player, as well as a former lawyer and chess champion.
Mark Evgenievich Taimanov (Марк Евгеньевич Тайманов; 7 February 1926 – 28 November 2016) was one of the leading Soviet and Russian chess players, among the world's top 20 players from 1946 to 1971.
The Marshall Chess Club, in Greenwich Village, New York City, is one of the oldest chess clubs in the United States.
Maurice Fox (14 January 1898 in Russian Empire – 25 June 1988 in Canada) was a Canadian chess master.
Machgielis "Max" Euwe, PhD (May 20, 1901 – November 26, 1981) was a Dutch chess Grandmaster, mathematician, author, and chess administrator.
Max Pavey (March 5, 1918 – September 4, 1957) was an American chess master and medical doctor.
Maximillian Lu is an American chess player.
Me & Bobby Fischer is a documentary about Bobby Fischer's last years as his old friend Saemundur Palsson gets him out of jail in Japan and helps him settle in Iceland.
The Mechanics' Institute Chess Club in San Francisco is the oldest chess club in the United States.
Mel Haber (October 24, 1936 – October 25, 2016) was the owner and proprietor of the Ingleside Inn and Melvyn's Restaurant in Palm Springs, California from 1975 until his death.
Merab Gagunashvili (მერაბ გაგუნაშვილი; born 3 January 1985, Tbilisi) is a Georgian chess grandmaster and Georgian champion in 2004 and 2010.
Hotel Metropol Palace, until 2007 known as Hotel Metropol (Хотел Метропол), is a five-star hotel in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia.
Michael Stuhlbarg (born July 5, 1968) is an American actor.
Miguel Illescas Córdoba (born December 3, 1965 in Barcelona) is a Spanish chess grandmaster.
Kenneth Michael Goodall, better known as Mike Goodall, (born January 13, 1946 in Denver, Colorado; died October 5, 2010 in Marinwood, California) was until his death the most active chess tournament organizer in Northern California.
Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Milan Matulović (10 June 1935 – 9 October 2013) was a chess grandmaster who was the second or third strongest Yugoslav player for much of the 1960s and 1970s behind Svetozar Gligorić and possibly Borislav Ivkov.
is a Japanese women's chess champion, and the general secretary of the Japan Chess Association.
The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.
The Modern Defense (also known as the Robatsch Defence after Karl Robatsch) is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it himself.
The Monte Carlo chess tournament was established in 1901.
The Morphy number is a measure of how closely a chess player is connected to Paul Morphy (1837–1884) by way of playing chess games.
The chess game played in 1858 at an opera house in Paris between the American chess master Paul Morphy and two strong amateurs, the German noble Karl II, Duke of Brunswick and the French aristocrat Comte Isouard de Vauvenargues, is among the most famous of chess games.
Moshe Czerniak (משה צ'רניאק; 3 February 1910 – 31 August 1984) was a Polish-Israeli International Chess Master.
My 60 Memorable Games is a chess book by Bobby Fischer, first published in 1969.
My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.
, also known as Tokyo Narita Airport, formerly and originally known as, is an international airport serving the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan.
The international tournament organised by Netanya Chess Club started in 1961.
New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.
The New York State Chess Association (NYSCA) is the oldest continuously-run chess organization in the United States, having been formed in Auburn, New York in 1878, as the "Western New York and Northern Pennsylvania Chess Association." The NYSCA name has been used since 1886.
Nicolas Rossolimo (Николай Спиридонович Россоли́мо; February 28, 1910, Kiev – July 24, 1975, New York) was an American-French-Greek-Russian chess Grandmaster.
Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.
Nikolai Vladimirovich Krogius (first name sometimes written Nikolay) (born July 22, 1930 in Saratov) is a Russian Chess Grandmaster, International Arbiter (1985), psychologist, chess coach, chess administrator, and author.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
Norman Tweed Whitaker (April 9, 1890 – May 20, 1975) was an American International Master of chess, a lawyer, a civil servant, and a chess author.
The following events occurred in November 1966.
The following events occurred in October 1956.
Old Pasadena, often referred to as Old Town Pasadena or just Old Town, is the original commercial center of Pasadena, a city in California, United States that arose from one of the most prosperous areas of the state, and had a latter day revitalization after a period of decay.
An Open Game (or Double King's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: White has moved the king's pawn two squares and Black has replied in kind.
The opposite-colored bishops endgame is a chess endgame in which each side has a single bishop, but the bishops reside on opposite-colored squares on the chessboard, thus cannot attack or block each other.
In chess, opposition (or direct opposition) is the situation occurring when two kings face each other on a rank or file, with only one square in-between them.
Ortvin Sarapu MBE (Born: Ortvin Sarapuu); 22 January 1924 in Narva, Estonia – 13 April 1999 in Auckland, New Zealand), sometimes known as "Mr Chess", was a New Zealand chess International Master who won or shared the New Zealand Chess Championship 20 times from 1952 to 1990.
Oscar R. Panno (born 17 March 1935 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine chess Grandmaster.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).
Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.
The Pan-American Intercollegiate Team Chess Championship is the foremost intercollegiate team chess championship in the Americas.
In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth; i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on either the same or adjacent files.
Paul Hoffman (born March 30, 1956) is the president and CEO of the Liberty Science Center in Jersey City, New Jersey.
Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Paul Charles Morphy (June 22, 1837 – July 10, 1884) was an American chess player.
Paul Felix Nemenyi (June 5, 1895 – March 1, 1952) was a Hungarian mathematician and physicist who specialized in continuum mechanics.
Pawn Sacrifice is a 2014 American biographical drama film.
A pawn storm is a chess strategy in which several pawns are moved in rapid succession toward the opponent's defenses.
In the game of chess, perpetual check is a situation in which one player can force a draw by an unending series of checks.
Peter Biyiasas (born November 19, 1950) is a Canadian chess grandmaster.
Peter Björn Nemenyi (April 14, 1927 – May 20, 2002) was an American mathematician, who worked in statistics and probability theory.
Petrov's Defence or the Petrov Defence (also called Petroff's Defence, Russian Defence, and Russian Game) is a chess opening characterised by the following moves: Though this symmetrical response has a long history, it was first popularised by Alexander Petrov, a Russian chess player of the mid-19th century.
Philidor Rx Services is a Pennsylvania-licensed specialty online pharmacy, which mainly sold Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc drugs directly to patients and handled insurance claims on the customers' behalf.
The Piatigorsky Cup was a triennial series of double round-robin grandmaster chess tournaments held in the United States in the 1960s.
The Pirc Defence (correctly pronounced "peerts", but often mispronounced "perk"), sometimes known as the Ufimtsev Defence or Yugoslav Defence, is a chess opening characterised by Black responding to 1.e4 with 1...d6 and 2...Nf6, followed by...g6 and...Bg7, while allowing White to establish an impressive-looking centre with pawns on d4 and e4.
The Austrian Attack variation of the Pirc Defence is a chess opening characterised by the following moves: Typical continuations include the main line 5.Nf3 0-0, an immediate kingside attack with 5.e5 Nfd7, or a queenside counterattack with 5.Nf3 c5.
The Poisoned Pawn Variation is any of several series of opening moves in chess in which a pawn is said to be "poisoned" because its capture can result in a positional disadvantage or loss of material.
Politics and sports or sports diplomacy describes the use of sport as a means to influence diplomatic, social, and political relations.
Portable Game Notation (PGN) is a plain text computer-processible format for recording chess games (both the moves and related data), supported by many chess programs.
Portorož (Portorose, literally "Port of Roses") is a Slovenian Adriatic seaside resort and spa town located in the Municipality of Piran in southwestern Slovenia.
Power Chess is a chess-playing video game originally released in September 1996 by Sierra Entertainment for the Microsoft Windows 95 operating system.
Programmed learning (or programmed instruction) is a research-based system which helps learners work successfully.
Progress Reform is an EP by the Leeds-based post-rock group I Like Trains.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
Prospect Heights is a neighborhood in the northwest of the New York City borough of Brooklyn.
In chess, a queen sacrifice is a move giving up a queen in return for tactical or positional compensation.
The chess endgame of a queen versus pawn (with both sides having no other pieces except the kings) is usually an easy win for the side with the queen.
Raúl Carlos Sanguineti (Paraná, 2 February 1933 – Buenos Aires, 6 August 2000) was an Argentine chess Grandmaster.
Raimundo Garcia (born 27 May 1936) is an Argentine chess master.
Ralph Ginzburg (October 28, 1929 – July 6, 2006) was an American author, editor, publisher and photo-journalist.
Ratmir Dmitrievich Kholmov (Russian: Ратмир Дмитриевич Холмов) (13 May 1925 in Shenkursk – 18 February 2006 in Moscow) was a Russian chess Grandmaster.
Raymond A. Weinstein (born April 25, 1941) is an American chess master from Brooklyn, New York, who was awarded the FIDE International Master title in 1962.
Reality distortion field is a term used by Bud Tribble at Apple Computer in 1981, to describe company co-founder Steve Jobs's charisma and its effects on the developers working on the Macintosh project.
A recluse is a person who lives in voluntary seclusion from the public and society.
Renato Naranja (born September 24, 1940) is an International Master of chess from the Philippines.
René Letelier Martner (21 February 1915, San Bernardo, Chile – 2 July 2006, Santiago de Chile) was a Chilean chess player with the title of International Master.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland.
Richard D. Greenblatt (born December 25, 1944) is an American computer programmer.
Robert Eugene Byrne (April 20, 1928 – April 12, 2013) was an American chess grandmaster and chess author.
Robert R. (Bob) Coveyou (February 9, 1915 – February 19, 1996) was an American research mathematician who worked at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Robert Fischer is the name of.
Robert Hübner (born November 6, 1948) is a German chess Grandmaster, chess writer, and papyrologist.
Robert Lee Hess (born December 19, 1991) is an American chess Grandmaster.
Robert Sobel (February 19, 1931 – June 2, 1999) was an American professor of history at Hofstra University and a well-known and prolific writer of business histories.
Robert Graham Wade OBE (10 April 1921 Dunedin, New Zealand – 29 November 2008, London), was a New Zealand and British chess player, writer, arbiter, coach, and promoter.
Rodolfo Tan Cardoso (25 December 1937 – 21 August 2013) was a Filipino chess International Master.
Rosendo Carreon Balinas, Jr. (September 10, 1941 – September 24, 1998) was a chess grandmaster from the Philippines.
Rudolf Pitschak (5 August 1902 – 23 September 1988) was a Czech–German chess master.
Russell Targ (born April 11, 1934) is an American physicist, parapsychologist and author who is best known for his work on remote viewing.
There have been two chess matches featuring USSR vs.
Ruth Volgl Cardoso (February 9, 1934 – February 11, 2000) was a Brazilian chess Woman International Master.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
The Exchange Variation of the Ruy Lopez is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Black may recapture on c6 with either pawn; although 4...bxc6 is playable, 4...dxc6 is almost always chosen at master level.
Samuel Howard Sloan (born September 7, 1944) is an American chess player, publisher and political figure based in New York City.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
The Scandinavian Defense (or Center Counter Defense, or Center Counter Game) is a chess opening characterized by the moves.
Scholastic chess in the United States has progressively grown in recent years, evidenced by the increasing membership numbers of school-aged children in the United States Chess Federation.
Seamus Liam Davey-Fitzpatrick (born December 29, 1998) is an American teen actor.
Searching for Bobby Fischer, released in the United Kingdom as Innocent Moves, is a 1993 American drama film written and directed by Steven Zaillian.
Selfoss is a town in southern Iceland on the banks of the Ölfusá river.
The Semi-Tarrasch Defense is a chess opening characterized by the following moves: The Semi-Tarrasch is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined (ECO codes D40 through D42).
The following events occurred in September 1972.
Serafino Dubois (10 October 1817 – 15 January 1899) was an Italian chess Master and chess writer.
Shakhmatny Bulletin (Шахматный бюллетень; Chess Bulletin) was a Russian chess magazine.
Shimon Kagan (שמעון כגן; born 6 April 1942, Tel Aviv) an Israeli chess master.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
The Magnus Smith Trap is a chess opening trap in the Sicilian Defence, named after three-time Canadian chess champion Magnus Smith (1869–1934).
The Najdorf Variation of the Sicilian Defence is one of the most respected and deeply studied of all chess openings.
In chess, the Scheveningen Variation of the Sicilian Defence is an opening that is a line of the Open Sicilian characterised by Black setting up a "small centre" with pawns on d6 and e6.
A simultaneous exhibition or simultaneous display is a board game exhibition (commonly chess or Go) in which one player (typically of high rank, such as a grandmaster or dan-level player) plays multiple games at a time with a number of other players.
The Sinquefield Cup is an annual, invite-only chess tournament in St. Louis, Missouri, United States, honoring Rex Sinquefield and his wife Jeanne, the founders of the Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis.
Sousse or Soussa (سوسة, Berber: Susa) is a city in Tunisia, capital of the Sousse Governorate.
The Staunton–Morphy controversy concerns the failure of negotiations in 1858 for a chess match between Howard Staunton and Paul Morphy and later interpretations of the actions of the two players.
Stepan (Stefan, Stephan, Stephen) Popel (Popiel) (born 15 August 1909, Komarniki, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Ukraine) – died 27 December 1987, Fargo, North Dakota, USA) was a multiple chess champion of Lviv, Paris and eventually, of the Ukrainians in North America (USA and Canada).
Stephen Lisle Carter (born October 26, 1954), Encyclopedia.com.
Stevan Kragujević (Serbian Cyrillic: Стеван Крагујевић; 4 February 1922 – 17 April 2002) was a renowned Yugoslav and Serbian photojournalist and art photographer.
Steven Knight (born 1959) is an English screenwriter and film director.
Stykkishólmur is a town and municipality situated in the western part of Iceland, in the northern part of the Snæfellsnes peninsula.
Sveti Stefan (lit. "Saint Stephen"; Cyrillic: Свети Стефан, Santo Stefano) is a small islet and 5-star hotel resort on the Adriatic coast of Montenegro, approximately southeast of Budva.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
In chess, a swindle is a ruse by which a player in a losing position tricks his opponent, and thereby achieves a win or draw instead of the expected loss.
The Tata Steel Chess Tournament is an annual chess tournament held in January in Wijk aan Zee, the Netherlands.
Tatiana Anatolyevna Kosintseva (Татьяна Анатольевна Косинцева; born 11 April 1986 in Arkhangelsk) is a Russian chess Grandmaster (GM).
Tüdeviin Üitümen (internationally often Tudev Ujtumen; born 27 August 1939 – died 1993) is a Mongolian chess master.
The Teatro General San Martín (General San Martín Theater) is an important public theater in Buenos Aires, located on Corrientes Avenue and adjacent to the cultural center of the same name.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
In chess, The Game of the Century is a chess game played between 26-year-old Donald Byrne and 13-year-old Bobby Fischer in the Rosenwald Memorial Tournament in New York City on October 17, 1956, which Fischer won.
The Great Chess Movie (original French title Jouer sa vie) is a 1982 Canadian film directed by Gilles Carle and Camille Coudari, starring Bobby Fischer, Viktor Korchnoi, Anatoly Karpov and Ljubomir Ljubojević among other notable chess players.
The Heel of Achilles: Essays 1968–1973 is a book by Arthur Koestler.
The Polysyllabic Tree is a 2004 collection of Nick Hornby's "Stuff I've Been Reading" columns in The Believer.
The Queen's Gambit is an American novel by Walter Tevis, discussing the life of a chess prodigy.
In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule (also known as repetition of position) states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
This timeline of antisemitism chronicles the facts of antisemitism, hostile actions or discrimination against Jews as a religious or ethnic group.
This is a timeline of chess.
This is a timeline of the main events of the Cold War, a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union, its allies in the Warsaw Pact and later the People's Republic of China).
This is a timeline of Icelandic history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Iceland and its predecessor states.
Tobias Vincent Maguire (born June 27, 1975) is an American actor and film producer.
The following is the complete list of filmography by an American actor and producer Tobey Maguire (1975).
The touch-move rule in chess specifies that, if a player deliberately touches a piece on the board when it is his turn to move, then he must move or capture that piece if it is legal to do so.
The Two Knights Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First recorded by Polerio (c. 1550 – c. 1610) in the late 16th century, this line of the Italian Game was extensively developed in the 19th century.
The U.S. Open Championship is an open national chess championship that has been held in the United States annually since 1900.
The Uganda Chess Federation (UCF) is the governing body of chess competition in Uganda and a member of FIDE, the international chess federation.
Union Square is an important and historic intersection and surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City, located where Broadway and the former Bowery Road – now Fourth Avenue – came together in the early 19th century; its name denotes that "here was the union of the two principal thoroughfares of the island" rather than celebrating either the Federal union of the United States or labor unions.
The United States Chess Federation (also known as US Chess or USCF) is the governing body for chess competition in the United States and represents the U.S. in FIDE, the World Chess Federation.
Uzi Geller (עוזי גלר; born 27 January 1931, in kibbutz Givat Chaim) is an Israeli chess master.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Veniamin Innokentevich Sozin (Вениамин Иннокентьевич Созин, 1896–1956) was a Russian chess master, author, and theoretician.
Victor Ciocâltea (January 16, 1932 – September 10, 1983) was a Romanian chess master.
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.
Viktors Pūpols (born July 31, 1934) is an American chess master.
Vinay Bhat (born June 4, 1984) is an American chess Grandmaster.
Vladimir Andreyevich Savon (Влади́мир Андре́евич Саво́н, b. 26 September 1940, Chernihiv – d. 1 June 2005, Kharkiv) was a Ukrainian chess Grandmaster.
Vladimir Borisovich Tukmakov (born March 5, 1946 in Odessa) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster.
Vladimir Semyonovich Vysotsky (p; 25 January 1938 – 25 July 1980) was a Russian singer-songwriter, poet, and actor whose career had an immense and enduring effect on Soviet and Russian culture.
Vlastimil Hort (born 12 January 1944) is a Czechoslovak-born German chess Grandmaster.
Vlatko (Vladimir, Vlado) Kovačević (born 26 March 1942 in Dubrovnik) is a Croatian and Yugoslavian grandmaster of chess.
Vsevolod Alfredovich Rauzer (16 October 1908 – 29 December 1941, Leningrad) was a Soviet Ukrainian chess master known for his great contributions to chess opening theory, especially of the Sicilian Defence.
Walter Shawn Browne (10 January 1949 – 24 June 2015) was an Australian-born American chess Grandmaster and poker player.
The fourth season of the American television series Warehouse 13 premiered on July 23, 2012 on Syfy.
Weaver Warren Adams (April 28, 1901 – January 6, 1963) was an American chess master, author, and opening theoretician.
Oh, Wicked Wanda! was a British full-colour, satirical adult comic strip, written by Frederic Mullally, and drawn by Ron Embleton.
Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.
William John Donaldson (born September 24, 1958, in Los Angeles) is an International Master of chess.
William James Joseph Lombardy (December 4, 1937 – October 13, 2017) was an American chess grandmaster, chess writer, teacher, and former Catholic priest.
William Louis Nack (February 4, 1941 – April 13, 2018)"" - 04.14.18 - Sports Illustrated was an American journalist and author.
In chess, a windmill is a tactic in which a combination of discovered checks and regular checks, usually by a rook and a bishop, often forcing the opposing king to move back and forth between two squares, can win massive amounts of.
Wolfgang Unzicker (26 June 1925 – 20 April 2006) was one of the strongest German chess Grandmasters from 1945 to about 1970.
The World Blitz Chess Championship is a chess tournament held to determine the world champion in chess played under blitz time controls.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The 1960 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Mikhail Tal in Moscow from March 15 to May 7, 1960.
At the World Chess Championship 1963 Tigran Petrosian narrowly qualified to challenge Mikhail Botvinnik for the World Chess Championship, and then won the match to become the ninth World Chess Champion.
The 1969 World Chess Championship was played between Tigran Petrosian and Boris Spassky in Moscow from April 14 to June 17, 1969.
The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
The 1975 World Chess Championship was never played due to a dispute over the match format.
The 1978 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Viktor Korchnoi in Baguio City, Philippines from July 18 to October 18, 1978.
The World Chess Championship 2006 was a match between Classical World Chess Champion Vladimir Kramnik, and FIDE World Chess Champion Veselin Topalov.
The World Chess Hall of Fame (WCHOF) is a nonprofit, collecting institution situated in the Central West End neighborhood of St. Louis, Missouri, United States.
The World Chess960 Championship is a match or tournament held to determine a world champion in Chess960 (also known as Fischer Random chess), a popular chess variant in which the positions of pieces on the players' home ranks are randomized with certain constraints.
The World Junior Chess Championship is an under-20 chess tournament (players must have been under 20 years old on 1 January in the year of competition) organized by the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
In chess endgames with a bishop, a pawn that is a may be the wrong rook pawn.
In chess, the term X-ray or X-ray attack is sometimes used as a synonym for skewer.
Yaacov Bernstein (born 1 June 1939) an Israeli chess master.
Yair Kraidman (born 1 November 1932 in Haifa) is an Israeli chess grandmaster.
Yuri Sergeyevich Balashov (Юрий Серге́евич Балашов; born 12 March 1949 in Shadrinsk) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Zadok Domnitz (born 15 October 1933) is an Israeli chess master, born in Tel Aviv.
Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.
The 14th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 26 and November 9, 1960, in Leipzig, East Germany.
The 15-puzzle (also called Gem Puzzle, Boss Puzzle, Game of Fifteen, Mystic Square and many others) is a sliding puzzle that consists of a frame of numbered square tiles in random order with one tile missing.
The 15th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 15 and October 10, 1962, in Varna, Bulgaria.
The 17th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 23 and November 20, 1966, in Havana, Cuba.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Events in chess in 1943.
Events in chess in 1945.
Events from the year 1956 in the United States.
Events from the year 1958 in the United States.
Events in chess in 1962.
Events in chess in 1969;.
Events in chess in 1970;.
Events in chess in 1971;.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
Events in chess in 1972;.
Events from the year 1972 in the United States.
Events in chess in 1973.
Events in chess in 1974;.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
Events in chess in 1975;.
Events from the year 1975 in the United States.
Events in chess in 1976;.
The 1979 World 600, the 20th running of the event, was a NASCAR Winston Cup Series race that was held on May 27, 1979, at Charlotte Motor Speedway in Concord, North Carolina.
The major chess events of 1981 were the final match of the Candidates Tournament (between Viktor Korchnoi and Robert Hübner) and the second Karpov–Korchnoi World Chess Championship match.
Events in chess in 1989.
Events in chess in 1991;.
Events in chess in 1992;.
Events in chess in 1998.
Events of 1999 in chess include the list of top chess players and news.
The 19th Chess Olympiad, comprising an open team tournament as well as the annual FIDE congress, took place between September 5 and 27, 1970, in Siegen, West Germany.
The following lists events that happened in 2005 in Iceland.
2008 was designated as.
Events in chess during the year 2008.
Events from the year 2008 in the United States.
The 20th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 18 and October 13, 1972, in Skopje, Yugoslavia (present-day Macedonia).
The 21st Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between June 6 and June 30, 1974, in Nice, France.
The 22nd Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE, took place between October 26 and November 10, 1976, in Haifa, Israel.
The 27th Sports Emmy Awards honoring American sports coverage in 2005 were presented on May 1, 2006 at Frederick P. Rose Hall in the Jazz at Lincoln Center, New York City.
Bob Fischer, Bobbie fischer, Bobby Ficsher, Bobby Fischer (Chess career), Bobby Fischer (biography), Bobby Fischer (chess career), Bobby Fischre, Bobby Fisher, Bobby fischer, Fischer's endgame, Fisher's endgame, Regina Wender, Robert J Fischer, Robert J. Fischer, Robert James Fischer.