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Branham, William Milne (missionary), William Moodie, William Paddy, William Perkins (theologian), William Piers, William Prynne, William Purefoy, William Richards (minister), William Screven, William Talbot (1717–1774), William the Silent, William Turner (naturalist), William Twisse, William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, William VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, William Wand, William Williams Pantycelyn, William Windham Sr., William Wood (botanist), William, Duke of Nassau, Willielma Campbell, Winnebago Presbytery, Wirich VI, Count of Daun-Falkenstein, Wisbech Stirs, Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, Witch trials in early modern Scotland, Witley, Witte Corneliszoon de With, Wittenberg Concord, Wodzisław, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Wojciech Bobowski, Wolfgang Capito, Wolfgang Musculus, Wolfstein, Rhineland-Palatinate, Women in Christianity, Women in Hungary, Womrath, Words of Institution, World Alliance of Reformed Churches, World Communion of Reformed Churches, World Council of Churches, World Index of Moral Freedom, World Reformed Fellowship, Worthing Tabernacle, Wrocław, Y Drysorfa, Yankee, Yarmouth, Maine, Yester Parish Church, Young Goodman Brown, Youth organizations in the United States, Yu Jie, Yung-Han Kim, Yuri Nemyrych, Zacharias Ursinus, Zagreb County (former), Zala County, Zala County (former), Zalaegerszeg, Zaslawye, Záhony District, Zánka, Zólyom County, Zürich, Zeeland, Zemplén County, Zephaniah Marryat, Zerbst, Zichyújfalu, Zion Reformed United Church of Christ, Zion Stone Church, Zoar Strict Baptist Chapel, Zoltán Balog (politician), Zoltán Demeter, Zsuzsanna Lorántffy, 1509 in France, 1539, 1540s in music, 1541, 1555 in France, 1561, 1562 Riots of Toulouse, 1564 in France, 1566, 1572, 1583, 1598, 1600–50 in Western European fashion, 1605 in literature, 1608 in Sweden, 1623 in literature, 1629, 1644 Baptist Confession of Faith, 1644 in literature, 1648, 1648 in Sweden, 1660s in South Africa, 1688 Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery, 1689, 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith, 16th century, 1765, 1782 Edict of Tolerance, 1800 in Scotland, 1904–1905 Welsh revival, 19th-century Dutch literature, 2013 New Zealand census, 2016 Australian census. 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's-Hertogenbosch (literally "The Duke's Forest" in English, and historically in French: Bois-le-Duc), colloquially known as Den Bosch (literally "The Forest" in English), is a city and municipality in the Southern Netherlands with a population of 152,968.
A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain is a philosophical pamphlet by Benjamin Franklin, published in London in 1725 in response to The Religion of Nature Delineated.
A Prairie Home Companion is a weekly radio variety show created and hosted by Garrison Keillor that aired live from 1974 to 2016.
A Secular Age is a book written by the philosopher Charles Taylor which was published in 2007 by Harvard University Press on the basis of Taylor's earlier Gifford Lectures (Edinburgh 1998–1999).
A Selection of Hymns for Public Worship is a hymn book compiled by William Gadsby, a minister of the Gospel Standard Strict Baptists in England.
A Thief in the Night is a 1972 evangelical Christian film written by Russell S. Doughten, Jr., directed and produced by Donald W. Thompson, and stars Patty Dunning as the title character, along with Thom Rachford, Colleen Niday and Mike Niday in supporting roles.
A Voyage to Arcturus is a novel by David Lindsay, first published in 1920.
The Right Reverend Doctor A. C. Solomon Raj (born 18 March 1961) is the seventh successor of Frank Whittaker and eighth Bishop in Medak of the Protestant Church of South India Society and shepherds the Diocese from the Cathedra of the Bishop housed in the CSI-Medak Cathedral in Medak Town, Telangana, India.
Sir Alfred Jules "Freddie" Ayer, FBA (29 October 1910 – 27 June 1989), usually cited as A. J. Ayer, was a British philosopher known for his promotion of logical positivism, particularly in his books Language, Truth, and Logic (1936) and The Problem of Knowledge (1956).
Abraham Johannes Muste (January 8, 1885 – February 11, 1967) was a Dutch-born American clergyman and political activist.
Alexander Sutherland Neill (17 October 1883 – 23 September 1973) was a Scottish educator and author known for his school, Summerhill, and its philosophies of freedom from adult coercion and community self-governance.
Aaron Burr Sr. (January 4, 1716 – September 24, 1757) was a notable Presbyterian minister and college educator in colonial America.
Aaron Cleveland (29 October 1715 – 17 August 1757 Philadelphia) was a clergyman.
Abaúj-Torna (Abov-Turňa, Abaujwar-Tornau, comitatus Abaujvar-Tornensis) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
The Abbey of Onze-Lieve-Vrouw ter Nieuwe Plant ("Our Lady of the New Plantation"; Nova Plantatio Beatae Mariae Virginis), formerly also Roesbrugge Abbey (Abdij van Roesbrugge) is a community of Augustinian canonesses belonging to the Congregation of Windesheim.
The Abbey of Saint Gall (Abtei St.) is a dissolved abbey (747–1805) in a Roman Catholic religious complex in the city of St. Gallen in Switzerland.
The Abbey of St.
Abel Seyler (23 August 1730, Liestal – 25 April 1801, Rellingen) was a Swiss-born theatre director and former banker, who was regarded as one of the great theatre principals of 18th century Europe.
The Aberdeen doctors or Doctors of Aberdeen were six divines working at Marischal College and King's College in Aberdeen, Scotland in the seventeenth century.
Abiel Holmes (December 24, 1763 – June 4, 1837) was an American Congregational clergyman and historian.
Abigél (Abigail) is a young adult novel by the Hungarian author Magda Szabó.
Ablon-sur-Seine (listen) is a French commune in the Val-de-Marne department in the southeastern suburbs of Paris.
Abraham Bosse (c. 1602-1604 – 14 February 1676) was a French artist, mainly as a printmaker in etching, but also in watercolour.
Abraham Calovius (also Abraham Calov or Abraham Kalau; 16 April 161225 February 1686) was a Lutheran theologian, and was one of the champions of Lutheran orthodoxy in the 17th century.
The Revd Dr Abraham Capadose or Capadoce (22 August 1795, Amsterdam – 16 December 1874, The Hague) was a Dutch physician and Calvinist writer. A Jewish convert to Christianity from 1822 onwards, he was part of the Dutch Réveil circle that also included da Costa and Willem de Clercq.
Abraham Faure (29 August 1795 – 28 March 1875) was a clergyman and author from Cape Colony, part of what later became South Africa.
Abraham van Heyden or van Heiden (Abraham Heidanus or Heydanus; 1597–1678) was a Dutch Calvinist minister and controversialist, sympathetic to Cartesianism.
Abraham Kuenen (16 September 1828 – 10 December 1891) was a Dutch Protestant theologian, the son of an apothecary.
Abraham Kuijper (29 October 1837 – 8 November 1920), publicly known as Abraham Kuyper, was Prime Minister of the Netherlands between 1901 and 1905, an influential neo-Calvinist theologian and also a journalist.
Abraham Ernst Mendelssohn Bartholdy (born Abraham Mendelssohn; 10 December 1776 – 19 November 1835) was a German banker and philanthropist.
Abraham Taylor (fl. 1727–1740), was an English Independent minister and dissenting academy tutor, known as a controversialist.
Abraham Woyna (Wojna; Abraomas Vaina) (1569–1649) was a Roman Catholic priest and auxiliary bishop of Vilnius (1611–1626), bishop of Samogitia (1626–1631) and then bishop of Vilnius (1631–1649).
Acacius (? – 26 November 489) was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 472 to 489.
The Academy of Classical Christian Studies (often called The Academy) is a private classical Christian school located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
The Academy of Saumur (Académie de Saumur) was a Huguenot university at Saumur in western France.
The Academy of Sedan (Fr.: Académie de Sedan) was a Huguenot academy in Sedan in the Principality of Sedan, founded in 1579 and suppressed in 1681.
Accommodation (or condescension) is the theological principle that God, while being in His nature unknowable and unreachable, has nevertheless communicated with humanity in a way which humans can understand and respond to.
The Act of Abjuration (Plakkaat van Verlatinghe, literally 'placard of abjuration'), is de facto the declaration of independence by many of the provinces of the Netherlands from Spain in 1581, during the Dutch Revolt.
An act of contrition is a Christian prayer genre that expresses sorrow for sins.
In Protestant Christian theology, the active obedience of Jesus Christ (sometimes called his preceptive obedience) comprises the totality of his actions, which Christians believe was in perfect obedience to the law of God.
The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty is an American research and educational institution, or think tank, in Grand Rapids, Michigan (with an office in Rome) whose stated mission is "to promote a free and virtuous society characterized by individual liberty and sustained by religious principles".
Adam Clarke (b. 1760–1762, d. August 28, 1832) was a British Methodist theologian and biblical scholar.
Adam Contzen (17 April 1571, Monschau (Montjoie), Duchy of Jülich—19 June 1635, Munich) was a German Jesuit economist and exegete.
Adam Neuser (c. 15301576) was a Protestant pastor of Heidelberg who held Antitrinitarian views.
Adam Graf von Schwar(t)zenberg (26 August 1583 – 14 March 1641) was a German official who advised George William, Elector of Brandenburg, during the Thirty Years' War and served as the Master of the ''Johanniterorden'', the Bailiwick of Brandenburg of the Order of Saint John (1625−41).
Adenbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Otto Adolf Eichmann (19 March 1906 – 1 June 1962) was a German Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) and one of the major organizers of the Holocaust.
Adoniram Judson Gordon (1836–1895) was an American Baptist preacher, writer, composer, and founder of Gordon College and Gordon–Conwell Theological Seminary.
Adrian Frutiger (pronounced) (24 May 1928 – 10 September 2015) was a Swiss typeface designer who influenced the direction of type design in the second half of the 20th century.
Aduard Abbey (Abdij van Aduard, Abdij Sint-Bernardus in Aduard) is a former Cistercian abbey in the village of Aduard about 8 kilometres to the north-west of Groningen in the Netherlands, founded in 1192 and dissolved in 1580.
Aegidius Hunnius the Elder (21 December 1550 in Winnenden – 4 April 1603 in Wittenberg) was a Lutheran theologian of the Lutheran scholastic tradition and father of Nicolaus Hunnius.
Aegidius Strauch (21 February 1632 – 13 December 1682) was a German mathematician and theologian.
Aelred Carlyle OSB (7 February 1874 - 14 October 1955) founded, around 1895, the first regularised Anglican Benedictine community of monks.
Affinity describes itself as "a growing network of many hundreds of Bible-centred churches and Christian agencies throughout Britain and Ireland".
The Africa Evangelical Presbyterian Church (AEPC) is a growing conservative Presbyterian and Reformed Church which adheres to the Westminster Confession of Faith started in Kenya, later spread to the surrounding countries like Burundi, Tanzania, Congo and as far as Zimbabwe.
The Africa Free Presbyterian Church of Zimbabwe is a Reformed denomination in Zimbabwe.
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
The Afrikaanse Protestantse Kerk (English: Afrikaans Protestant Church), commonly abbreviated APK or AP Kerk is a South African conservative Reformed Church federation with about 35,000 adherents.
The Afrikaner Broederbond (AB) (meaning Afrikaner Brotherhood) or Broederbond was a secret, exclusively male and Afrikaner Calvinist organisation in South Africa dedicated to the advancement of Afrikaner interests.
Afrikaner Calvinism is a theoretical cultural and religious development among Afrikaners that combined elements of seventeenth-century Calvinist doctrine with a "chosen people" ideology similar to that espoused by proponents of the Jewish nation movement.
Afrikaners are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Afterlife (also referred to as life after death or the hereafter) is the belief that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.
The name Agenda (“Things to be Done”; Germ. Agende or Kirchenagende) is given, particularly in the Lutheran Church, to the official books dealing with the forms and ceremonies of divine service.
Agnes of Solms-Laubach (7 January 1578 – 23 November 1602) was a Countess of Solms-Laubach and, by marriage, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel from 1593 until her death.
Agnes von Mansfeld-Eisleben (1551–1637) was Countess of Mansfeld and the daughter of Johann (Hans) Georg I, of Mansfeld Eisleben.
Aire is a French commune in the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region of northern France.
The Akrofi-Christaller Institute of Theology, Mission and Culture (ACI), formerly known as the Akrofi-Christaller Memorial Centre for Mission Research and Applied Theology, is a tertiary, postgraduate research and training institute located in Akropong-Akuapem in Ghana.
Dr Alan Clifford is a pastor in the Norwich Reformed Church, which is associated with the Farthing Trust.
Albert Christian Kruyt (Albertus Christiaan Kruyt; born 10 October 186919 January 1949) was a Dutch Calvinist missionary, ethnographer and theologian.
Johannes Albertus Munnik Hertzog (4 July 1899, Bloemfontein – 5 November 1982, Pretoria) was an Afrikaner politician, cabinet minister, and founding leader of the Herstigte Nasionale Party.
Albert K. Stevens (September 20, 1901 – September 30, 1984) (also known as A.K. Stevens) was a scholar, professor, and early supporter of the student cooperative housing movement in Ann Arbor, Michigan in the 1930s.
Richard Albert Mohler Jr. (born October 19, 1959), is an American historical theologian and the ninth president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky.
Albert Pendarvis is more commonly known as The Old Trailblazer which is the name of a Christian radio broadcast on which he is heard.
Albert Szenczi Molnár (30 August 1574 – 17 January 1634) was a Hungarian Calvinist pastor, linguist, philosopher, poet, religious writer and translator.
Albert Szent-Györgyi von Nagyrápolt (nagyrápolti Szent-Györgyi Albert; September 16, 1893 – October 22, 1986) was a Hungarian biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937.
Albertus Frederik Johannes Klijn (17 April 1923 – 30 May 2012) was a Dutch scholar of the New Testament and early Judaism and Christianity at the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Albessen is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Albert of Hanau-Münzenberg (12 November 1579 – 19 December 1635 in Strasbourg) was the younger son of Philip Louis I of Hanau-Münzenberg (1553-1580) and his wife, Countess Magdalena of Waldeck (1558-1599).
Albrecht von Haller (also known as Albertus de Haller) (16 October 170812 December 1777) was a Swiss anatomist, physiologist, naturalist, encyclopedist, bibliographer and poet.
Albrycht Stanisław Radziwiłł (July 1, 1595 – November 12, 1656) was a Polish nobleman, a Reichfürst and a politician from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, who served as the Lesser Lithuanian Chancellor from 1619, the Grand Chancellor of Lithuania and Governor of Vilnius from 1623.
Aleksander Słuszka (1580–1647) of Ostoja coat of arms was a Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth noble and politician.
Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio Manzoni (7 March 1785 – 22 May 1873) was an Italian poet and novelist.
Jonkheer Alexander Frederik de Savornin Lohman (29 May 1837 – 11 June 1924) was a Dutch politician and leader of the Christian Historical Union during the first quarter of the 20th century.
Alexander Henderson (19 August 1646) was a Scottish theologian, and an important ecclesiastical statesman of his period.
Alexander Mack (c. 27 July 1679 – 19 January 1735) was the leader and first minister of the Schwarzenau Brethren (or German Baptists) in the Schwarzenau, Wittgenstein community of modern-day Bad Berleburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Alexander Moody Stuart (15 June 1809 – 31 July 1898) was a minister of the Free Church of Scotland.
Alexander Morus (or Moir or More) (25 September 1616, Castres - 28 September 1670, Paris) was a Franco-Scottish Calvinist preacher.
Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt, (September 6, 1817 – September 19, 1893), was a politician and a father of Canadian Confederation.
Alexander Worthy Clerk (1820 – 1906) was a Jamaican Moravian pioneer missionary, teacher and clergyman who arrived in 1843 in the Danish Protectorate of Christiansborg, now Osu in Accra, Ghana, then known as the Gold Coast.
Alexandra Feodorovna (p), born Princess Charlotte of Prussia (13 July 1798 – 1 November 1860), was Empress consort of Russia.
Alfonso II d'Este (24 November 1533 – 27 October 1597) was Duke of Ferrara from 1559 to 1597.
Alice Miller, born as Alicija Englard (12 January 1923 – 14 April 2010), was a Swiss psychologist, psychoanalyst and philosopher of Polish-Jewish origin, who is noted for her books on parental child abuse, translated into several languages.
Alice Rivaz (14 August 1901 – 27 February 1998) was a Swiss author and feminist.
CSI-All Saints Church is a church under the auspices of the Church of South India.
All the King's Men is a novel by Robert Penn Warren first published in 1946.
Allan Macdonald Harman, (born 7 June 1936)Douglas J. W. Milne (ed.), Israel and the Church: Essays in Honour of Allan Macdonald Harman (2001).
Allevard, (also known as Allevard-les-Bains) is a commune in the Isère department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of southeastern France.
The Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals is an organization of Christian individuals that believes Evangelicals have largely forgotten the foundations of the Christian Gospel and is dedicated to calling on the Protestant churches, especially those that call themselves Reformed, to return to the principles of the Protestant Reformation.
The Alpha course is an evangelistic course which seeks to introduce the basics of the Christian faith through a series of talks and discussions.
Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
Alsó-Fehér was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the 'Holy table' of post-reformation Anglican churches.
The Alteratie (Eng: Alteration) is the name given to the change of power in Amsterdam on May 26, 1578, when the Catholic city government was deposed in favor of a Protestant one.
Alzenau (until 31 December 2006 officially Alzenau i.UFr.) is a town in the north of the Aschaffenburg district in the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) in Bavaria, Germany.
"Amazing Grace" is a Christian hymn published in 1779, with words written by the English poet and Anglican clergyman John Newton (1725–1807).
Amberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany.
Ambrosius Francken I (1544–1618) was a Flemish painter known for his religious works and historical allegories painted in a late Mannerist style.
American Fascists: The Christian Right and the War on America is a non-fiction book by American Pulitzer Prize journalist Chris Hedges, published in January 2007.
The Hungarian Reformed Church in Allen Park, Michigan, is the only remaining Hungarian Reformed congregation near Detroit, Michigan out of the former four.
American literature is literature written or produced in the United States and its preceding colonies (for specific discussions of poetry and theater, see Poetry of the United States and Theater in the United States).
American philosophy is the activity, corpus, and tradition of philosophers affiliated with the United States.
The American Renaissance period in American literature ran from about 1830 to around the Civil War.
American Samoa (Amerika Sāmoa,; also Amelika Sāmoa or Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa.
The American Solidarity Party (ASP) is a Christian democratic political party in the United States.
The American Unitarian Association (AUA) was a religious denomination in the United States and Canada, formed by associated Unitarian congregations in 1825.
Amherst College is a private liberal arts college located in Amherst, Massachusetts, United States.
Ami Perrin (died 1561) was a Swiss Libertine and one of the most powerful figures in Geneva in the 16th century as chief opponent of religious reformer John Calvin's rule of the city.
Amillennialism (Greek: a- "no" + millennialism), in Christian eschatology, involves the rejection of the belief that Jesus will have a literal, thousand-year-long, physical reign on the earth.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Amsterdam is a city in Montgomery County, New York, United States.
The Amsterdam Entrepôt is the shorthand term that English-language economic historiographers use to refer to the trade system that helped the Dutch Republic achieve primacy in world trade during the 17th century.
Amyraldism (sometimes Amyraldianism) is also known as the School of Saumur, post redemptionism, moderate Calvinism, four-point Calvinism, or hypothetical universalism (though it is in fact one of several hypothetical universalist systems).
An Collins is an English poet, and the otherwise unknown author credited with the authorship of Divine Songs and Meditacions, a collection of poems and prose meditations published in 1653.
Anabaptism (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "re-" and βαπτισμός "baptism", Täufer, earlier also WiedertäuferSince the middle of the 20th century, the German-speaking world no longer uses the term "Wiedertäufer" (translation: "Re-baptizers"), considering it biased. The term Täufer (translation: "Baptizers") is now used, which is considered more impartial. From the perspective of their persecutors, the "Baptizers" baptized for the second time those "who as infants had already been baptized". The denigrative term Anabaptist signifies rebaptizing and is considered a polemical term, so it has been dropped from use in modern German. However, in the English-speaking world, it is still used to distinguish the Baptizers more clearly from the Baptists, a Protestant sect that developed later in England. Cf. their self-designation as "Brethren in Christ" or "Church of God":.) is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation.
Anarchists have traditionally been skeptical of or vehemently opposed to organized religion.
Anatolian Tigers (Anadolu Kaplanları) is a term internationally used in the context of the Turkish economy to refer to and to explain the phenomenon of a number of cities in Turkey which have displayed impressive growth records since the 1980s, as well as to a defined new breed of entrepreneurs rising in prominence and who can often be traced back to the cities in question and who generally rose from the status of SMEs.
The Ancien Régime (French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility were abolished by the.
The former French Catholic diocese of Die existed from the fourth to the thirteenth century, and then again from 1678 to the French Revolution.
Andor Lázár (8 March 1882 – 12 June 1971) was a Hungarian politician and jurist, who served as Minister of Justice between 1932 and 1938.
Andover Newton Theological School (ANTS) is an American graduate school and seminary located in Newton, Massachusetts, United States.
Andover Theological Seminary is located in Newton, Massachusetts and is the oldest graduate school of theology in the United States.
András Pándy (1 June 1927 – 23 December 2013) was a Belgian-Hungarian serial killer, convicted for the murder of six family members in Brussels between 1986 and 1990.
André Rivet (Andreas Rivetus) (August 1572 – January 7, 1651) was a French Huguenot theologian.
Andreas Essenius (February 1618–18 May 1677) was a Dutch Reformed theologian, controversialist and academic.
Andreas Rudolph Bodenstein von Karlstadt (1486 in Karlstadt, Bishopric of Würzburg in the Holy Roman Empire24 December 1541 in Basel, Canton of Basel in the Old Swiss Confederacy), better known as Andreas Karlstadt or Andreas Carlstadt or Karolostadt, or simply as Andreas Bodenstein, was a German Protestant theologian, University of Wittenberg chancellor, a contemporary of Martin Luther and a reformer of the early Reformation.
Andreas Libavius or Andrew Libavius (c. 1555 – 25 July 1616) was a German physician and chemist.
Andreas Osiander (19 December 1498 – 17 October 1552) was a German Lutheran theologian and Protestant reformer.
Andreas Pevernage or Andries Pevernage (1542 or 1543 – 30 July 1591) was a Flemish composer of the late Renaissance.
Andreas Raselius, also known as Andreas Rasel (c. 1563 – 6 January 1602) was a German composer and kapellmeister during the Renaissance.
Andreas Voßkuhle (born 21 December 1963 in Detmold) is a German legal scholar and the president of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany.
Andreas Volanus (Andrius Volanas, Andrzej Wolan, 1530 in Poznań – 1610 in Vilnius) was a secretary to the Grand Duke of Lithuania and an eminent Calvinist theologian.
Andreas Wechelus (fr. André Wechel, died 1581) was a printer and bookseller active in Paris from 1554 to 1573 and in Frankfurt from 1573 to 1581.
Andrew Carnegie (but commonly or;MacKay, p. 29. November 25, 1835August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist, business magnate, and philanthropist.
Sir Andrew Corbet (1580–1637) was an English politician of Shropshire landed gentry background who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1624 and 1629.
Andrew Fuller (6 February 17547 May 1815) was an English Particular Baptist minister and theologian.
Very Rev Prof Andrew Hunter of Barjarg DD FRSE (1743–1809) was a Minister in Edinburgh.
Andrew William Stevenson Marr (born 31 July 1959) is a British political commentator and television presenter.
Andrew Willet (1562 – 4 December 1621) was an English clergyman and controversialist.
Andrews Norton (December 31, 1786 – September 18, 1853) was an American preacher and theologian.
Andries Bicker (1586 – 24 June 1652) was a wealthy merchant on Russia, a member of the vroedschap, the leader of the Arminians, an administrator of the VOC, representative of the States-General of the Netherlands and colonel in the Civic guard.
Andrijaševci is a village and the eponymous municipality in Vukovar-Srijem County in eastern Croatia.
Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski (Andreas Fricius Modrevius) (ca. September 20, 1503 – autumn, 1572) was a Polish Renaissance scholar, humanist and theologian, called "the father of Polish democracy".
Andrzej Leszczyński (1606–1651) was Voivode of Dorpat Voivodeship, Imperial Count and a supporter of Polish Calvinists.
Andrzej Rej (died 1664) was a Polish nobleman.
Andrzej Szczypiorski (3 February 1928 – 16 May 2000) was a Polish novelist and politician.
Andrzej Węgierski (1600–1649) was a Polish Calvinist historian.
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
Anglican chant, also known as English chant, is a way to sing unmetrical texts, including psalms and canticles from the Bible, by matching the natural speech-rhythm of the words to the notes of a simple harmonized melody.
Anglican church music is music that is written for Christian worship in Anglican religious services, forming part of the liturgy.
The Diocese of Sydney is a diocese within the Province of New South Wales of the Anglican Church of Australia.
Anglican doctrine (also called Episcopal doctrine in some countries) is the body of Christian teachings used to guide the religious and moral practices of Anglicans.
The Anglican Episcopal Church of Brazil (Igreja Episcopal Anglicana do Brasil – IEAB) is the 19th province of the Anglican Communion, covering the country of Brazil.
Anglican prayer beads, also known as the Anglican rosary or Anglican chaplet, are a loop of strung beads used chiefly by Anglicans in the Anglican Communion, as well as by communicants in the Anglican Continuum, and by members of the Anglican Ordinariates within the Roman Catholic Church.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
The terms Anglo-Catholicism, Anglican Catholicism, and Catholic Anglicanism refer to people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise the Catholic heritage and identity of the various Anglican churches.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
Anhalt-Harzgerode was a small principality of the Holy Roman Empire, ruled by the House of Ascania with its residence at Harzgerode in present-day Saxony-Anhalt.
Christianity has not generally practised aniconism, or the avoidance or prohibition of types of images, but has had an active tradition of making and venerating images of God and other religious figures.
Aniconism is a proscription in Islam against the creation of images of sentient beings.
Ann Griffiths (née Thomas, 1776–1805) was a Welsh poet and writer of Methodist Christian hymns.
Anna d'Este (16 November 1531 – 17 May 1607) was an important princess with considerable influence at the court of France and a central figure in the French Wars of Religion.
Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici (11 August 1667 – 18 February 1743) was the last lineal descent of the House of Medici.
Annapolis Area Christian School (AACS) is a private, non-denominational Christian school located in Annapolis and Severn, Maryland.
Anne du Bourg (1521, Riom – December 23, 1559, Paris) was a French magistrat, nephew of the chancellor Antoine du Bourg.
Anna Gonzaga (Anna Marie; 1616 – 6 July 1684) was an Italian French noblewoman and salonist.
Anne (Norman) Ley (c. 1599 – 1641) was an English writer, teacher, and polemicist.
Anne of Denmark (Danish and German: Anna; Haderslev, 22 November 1532 - Dresden, 1 October 1585) was a Danish princess from the House of Oldenburg.
Anne Steele (pen name, Theodosia; 171711 November 1778) was an English Baptist and hymn writer and essayist.
Annecy (Arpitan: Èneci or Ènneci) is the largest city of Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France.
Annihilationism (also known as extinctionism or destructionism) is a belief that after the final judgment some human beings and all fallen angels (all of the damned) will be totally destroyed so as to not exist, or that their consciousness will be extinguished, rather than suffer everlasting torment in hell (often synonymized with the lake of fire).
Saint Ansbert, called Ansbert of Rouen or sometimes Ansbert of Chaussy (? – c. 695), is a saint from northern France.
Anselm Casimir Wambold von Umstadt (30 November 1582 – 9 October 1647) was the Archbishop-Elector of Mainz from 1629 to 1647.
Anselmus de Boodt or Anselmus Boëtius de Boodt (Bruges, 1550 - Bruges, 21 June 1632) was a Flemish humanist, mineralogist, physician and naturalist.
Anthimus II (Άνθιμος Β΄) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for a few months in 1623.
Anthony Andrew Hoekema (1913, in Drachten – 17 October 1988) was a Calvinist minister and theologian who served as professor of Systematic theology at Calvin Theological Seminary, Grand Rapids, for twenty-one years.
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, PC (22 July 1621 – 21 January 1683), known as Anthony Ashley Cooper from 1621 to 1630, as Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, 2nd Baronet from 1630 to 1661, and as The Lord Ashley from 1661 to 1672, was a prominent English politician during the Interregnum and during the reign of King Charles II.
Anthony Gilby (c.1510–1585) was an English clergyman, known as a radical Puritan and translator of the Geneva Bible, the first English Bible available to the general public.
Anti-Catholicism is hostility towards Catholics or opposition to the Catholic Church, its clergy and its adherents.
Anti-Catholicism in the United States is historically deeply rooted in the anti-Catholic attitudes brought by British Protestant to the American colonies.
Anti-clericalism is opposition to religious authority, typically in social or political matters.
Anti-Judaism is the "total or partial opposition to Judaism—and to Jews as adherents of it—by persons who accept a competing system of beliefs and practices and consider certain genuine Judaic beliefs and practices as inferior." Anti-Judaism, as a rejection of a particular way of thinking about God, is distinct from antisemitism, which is more akin to a form of racism.
Anti-Protestantism is bias, hatred or distrust against some or all branches of Protestantism and its followers.
The Antinomian Controversy, also known as the Free Grace Controversy, was a religious and political conflict in the Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638.
Antinomianism (from the Greek: ἀντί, "against" + νόμος, "law"), is any view which rejects laws or legalism and is against moral, religious, or social norms (Latin: mores), or is at least considered to do so.
is a manga by Fumi Yoshinaga depicting the lives of four men who work in a small bakery.
Antistes (from Latin Language "anti "before" and sto "stand") was from the 16th to the 19th century the title of the head of the church in the Reformed Churches in Switzerland.
Antoine Arnauld (6 February 16128 August 1694) was a French Roman Catholic theologian, philosopher and mathematician.
Antoine Court (27 March 1696 – 13 June 1760) was a French reformer called the "Restorer of Protestantism in France." He was born in Villeneuve-de-Berg, in Languedoc, on 27 March 1696.
Antoine de la Roche Chandieu (1534 in Castle of Chabot (near Mâcon) – February 23, 1591 in Geneva) was French Reformed theologian, poet, diplomat and nobleman.
Antoine de Mouchy (Antonius Monchiacenus Demochares) (1494 – 8 May 1574) was a French theologian and canonist, at Paris.
Antoine Froment (1508–1581) was a Calvinist Protestant reformer in Geneva.
Antoine (in English, Anthony; 22 April 1518 – 17 November 1562) was the King of Navarre through his marriage (jure uxoris) to Queen Jeanne III, from 1555 until his death.
Anton Praetorius (1560 – 6 December 1613) was a German Calvinist pastor who spoke out against the persecution of witches (witchhunts, witchcraft trials) and against torture.
Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek FRS (24 October 1632 – 26 August 1723) was a Dutch businessman and scientist in the Golden Age of Dutch science and technology.
Antonio Possevino (Antonius Possevinus) (10 July 1533 – 26 February 1611) was a Jesuit protagonist of Counter Reformation as a papal diplomat and a Jesuit controversialist, encyclopedist and bibliographer.
Antonius Thysius (1565–1640) was a Dutch Reformed theologian, professor at the University of Harderwijk and University of Leiden.
Antonius Walaeus (Antoine de Waele, Anton van Wale) (October 1573, Ghent – 3 July 1639, Leiden) was a Dutch Calvinist minister, theologian, and academic.
Antony van der Does (alternate spellings of first name: Anthony and Antonie) (Antwerp, 1609 – Antwerp, 1680) was a Flemish engraver and print maker.
Apostasy (ἀποστασία apostasia, "a defection or revolt") is the formal disaffiliation from, or abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person.
The Apostolic Church is a Christian denomination that came from the Pentecostal movement.
The Apostolic Faith Church, formerly the Apostolic Faith Mission, is a Pentecostal Christian denomination, with headquarters in Portland, Oregon, United States.
The Apostolic Nunciature to Cologne (also Nunziatura di Germania inferiore, i.e. Nunciature of Lower Germany) was an ecclesiastical office of the Roman Catholic Church established in 1584.
Apostolic succession is the method whereby the ministry of the Christian Church is held to be derived from the apostles by a continuous succession, which has usually been associated with a claim that the succession is through a series of bishops.
Throughout history, Christians have used many different approaches to spread Christianity via the practice of evangelism.
Apr. 23 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Apr. 25 All fixed commemorations below are observed on May 7 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Arabic Afrikaans (Arabiese Afrikaans, اَرابيسي اَفريكانس) was a form of Afrikaans that was written in Arabic script.
Arad County was an administrative unit in the Kingdom of Hungary, the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the Principality of Transylvania.
The Arbatel De Magia veterum was a Latin grimoire of renaissance ceremonial magic published in 1575 in Switzerland.
Arbuthnott, Bervie and Kinneff Church is a Christian community in the south of Aberdeenshire.
Arces, commonly identified under the name Arces-sur-Gironde, is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department in southwestern France.
The Archdiocese of Bremen (also Archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen, Erzbistum Bremen, not to be confused with the modern Archdiocese of Hamburg, founded in 1994) is a historical Roman Catholic diocese (787–1566/1648) and formed from 1180 to 1648 an ecclesiastical state (continued under other names until 1823), named Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen (Erzstift Bremen) within the Holy Roman Empire.
The historic Archdiocese of Utrecht (695–1580) was a Roman Catholic diocese and (from 1559) archdiocese in the Low Countries before and during the Protestant Reformation.
Archibald Alexander Hodge (July 18, 1823 – November 12, 1886), an American Presbyterian leader, was the principal of Princeton Seminary between 1878 and 1886.
Archibald Hamilton Charteris (13 December 1835 – 24 April 1908) was a Scottish theologian, a Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, professor of biblical criticism at the University of Edinburgh and a leading voice in Church reforms.
Archibald Cook (1788 - 1865) was a Free Church of Scotland minister whose preaching attracted thousands of people and was later published; his main ministry was in Daviot, Highland Inverness-shire from 1844 until his death.
Archibald Geikie Brown (18 July 1844 – 2 April 1922) was a Calvinistic Baptist minister; a student, friend, and associate of Charles Spurgeon; and from 1908 to 1911, pastor of the Metropolitan Tabernacle in London, the church earlier pastored by Spurgeon.
The architecture of the United Kingdom, or British architecture, consists of an eclectic combination of architectural styles, ranging from those that predate the creation of the United Kingdom, such as Roman, to 21st century contemporary.
Ardameri (Αρδαμέρι) is a village in the regional unit of Thessaloniki of Greece, at the foot of Mount Chortiatis, on the site of the Ancient city of Ardamerium.
Areopagitica; A speech of Mr.
Argile Asa Smith Jr. (born July 9, 1955), is a clergyman and scholar who served as the ninth and interim president of the Southern Baptist-affiliated Louisiana College in Pineville, Louisiana, from August 2014 to April 2015.
An argument from nonbelief is a philosophical argument that asserts an inconsistency between the existence of God and a world in which people fail to recognize him.
Ariana Nozeman (alt: A(d)riana Noseman/Nooseman): born Ariana van den Bergh (1626/1628 in Middelburg – December 7, 1661 in Amsterdam), was the first actress in The Netherlands.
Arianism is a nontrinitarian Christological doctrine which asserts the belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God who was begotten by God the Father at a point in time, a creature distinct from the Father and is therefore subordinate to him, but the Son is also God (i.e. God the Son).
Tenaniʻa Ariʻifaʻaite a Hiro (10 January 1820 – 6 August 1873) was a Prince consort of Tahiti.
ARISE Church is a multi campus church with seven locations in New Zealand.
Arminianism is based on theological ideas of the Dutch Reformed theologian Jacobus Arminius (1560–1609) and his historic supporters known as Remonstrants.
Arminianism in the Church of England was a controversial theological position within the Church of England particularly evident in the second quarter of the 17th century (the reign of Charles I of England).
Arminius (18/17 BC – 19 AD) was a Germanic Cherusci chieftain.
The Army of Flanders (Ejército de Flandes) was a multinational army in the service of the kings of Spain that was based in the Netherlands during the 16th to 18th centuries.
Arnaud d'Ossat (20 July 1537 – 13 March 1604) was a French diplomat and writer, and a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, whose personal tact and diplomatic skill steered the perilous course of French diplomacy with the Papacy in the reign of Henry IV of France.
Arnaud Du Ferrier (c. 15081585) was a French lawyer and diplomat.
Arnold Geulincx (31 January 1624 – November 1669) was a Flemish philosopher.
Arnold Heertje (born 19 February 1934) is a Dutch economist, Emeritus Professor at the University of Amsterdam, writer and columnist.
Arnold Huijgen (born 16 November 1978) is a Dutch theologian and professor systematic theology on the Theological University of Apeldoorn.
The Protestant Reformation during the 16th century in Europe almost entirely rejected the existing tradition of Catholic art, and very often destroyed as much of it as it could reach.
Arthur Walkington Pink (1 April 1886 – 15 July 1952) was an English Bible teacher who sparked a renewed interest in the exposition of Calvinism.
Arthur Tappan (May 22, 1786 – July 23, 1865) was an American abolitionist.
The Articles of Religion are an official doctrinal statement of Methodism.
Articular churches are wooden churches for Evangelical congregations in Slovakia erected under the terms of the Congress of Sopron of 1681.
Arvert is a French commune in the Charente-Maritime department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
Asahel Nettleton (April 21, 1783 – May 16, 1844) was an American theologian and pastor from Connecticut who was highly influential during the Second Great Awakening.
Aschbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Ash Wednesday is a Christian holy day of prayer, fasting and repentance.
Ashmyany (Ашмя́ны; Łacinka: Ašmiany; Ошмя́ны; Ašmena; Oszmiana; אָשמענע, Oshmene) is a town in Grodno Region, Belarus, located at 50 km from Vilnius, capital of the Ashmyany raion.
Asking Jesus into one's heart is a description of personal conversion used in evangelicalism.
The Assemblies of God USA (AG), officially the General Council of the Assemblies of God, is a Pentecostal Christian denomination in the United States founded in 1914 during a meeting of Pentecostal ministers at Hot Springs, Arkansas.
Assistens Cemetery (Danish: Assistens Kirkegård) in Copenhagen, Denmark, is the burial site of a large number of Danish notables as well as an important greenspace in the Nørrebro district.
The Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church (ARPC), as it exists today, is the remnant of a small denomination, which was formed from the Synod of the South, a division of the Associate Reformed Church.
The Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church in Pakistan is a Protestant denomination in Pakistan that forms part of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church.
The Associated Presbyterian Churches (APC) is a Scottish Christian denomination (with a congregation in Canada), formed in 1989 from part of the community of the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland.
The Association of Community Access Broadcasters (ACAB), also known as the Access Radio Network, is a group of twelve New Zealand community radio stations.
The Association of Evangelical Churches in Burkina Faso was founded in 1931 by the Sudan Interior Mission.
The Association of Grace Baptist Churches (South East) (AGBC(SE)) is an association of churches in London and South East England. As of 2016 there are 65 member churches in the association. All the members of the association are independent Baptist churches of an evangelical persuasion. All member churches with income of £100k or less are Excepted Charities. The association is a registered charity. and is a corporate partner of Affinity. As part of its work it provides advice and support for its members. It is also involved in lobbying the government on issues important to its members, through its membership of Churches' Legislation Advisory Service (CLAS).
Most of the thirty-eight conferences of the United Church of Christ are subdivided into associations, which are themselves made of local churches.
Assurance is a Protestant Christian doctrine that states that the inner witness of the Holy Spirit allows the justified disciple to know that he or she is saved.
The Assyrian Evangelical Church is a Presbyterian church in the Middle East that attained a status of ecclesiastical independence from the Presbyterian mission in Iran in 1870.
Aszaló is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Hungary.
Aszód (Aszódi járás) is a district in north-eastern part of Pest County.
Atanasie Anghel Popa, (? - † 19 August 1713, Alba Iulia) was a Romanian Greek-Catholic bishop of Alba Iulia between 1698 and 1713.
Atauro Island (Tetum: Pulau Atauro or Ata'uro, Ilha de Ataúro, Pulau Kambing) is a small island situated 25 km north of Dili, East Timor, on the extinct Wetar segment of the volcanic Inner Banda Arc, between the Indonesian islands of Alor and Wetar.
Athanase Laurent Charles Coquerel (7 August 17951868) was a French Protestant theologian, born in Paris, elected deputy of the Constituent Assembly after the revolution of February 1848.
Athanasius III Patellarios (to the world Alexios Patellarios, Αλέξιος Πατελλάριος, Алексий Пателла́рий; 1597 – 5 April 1654) was the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1634, 1635 and 1652.
Atheism, as defined by the entry in Diderot and D'Alembert's Encyclopédie is "the opinion of those who deny the existence of a God in the world.
In western Christian theology, atonement describes how human beings can be reconciled to God through Christ's sacrificial suffering and death.
Atter is a district in the west of Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, Germany, with a population of 4,135 residents across 2,030 households (as of late 2008).
The attributes of God are specific characteristics of God discussed in Christian theology.
Aude is a department in south-central France named after the river Aude.
Auen is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Augièr Galhard was a 16th-century Occitan language writer from western Languedoc.
August Friedrich Christian Vilmar, German Neo-Lutheran theologian; born at Solz (near Rotenburg, 78 m. NE of Frankfurt) November 21, 1800; died at Marburg July 30, 1868.
August Hahn (27 March 179213 May 1863) was a German Protestant theologian.
Princess Augusta of Denmark (8 April 1580 – 5 February 1639) was the third daughter of King Frederick II of Denmark and Sophia of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, and Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp as the wife of Duke John Adolf.
The Augustana Catholic Church (ACC), formerly the Anglo-Lutheran Catholic Church (ALCC) and the Evangelical Community Church-Lutheran (ECCL), is an American church in the Lutheran Evangelical Catholic tradition.
Louis-Auguste Veillon (29 December 1834, Bex – 5 January 1890, Geneva) was a Swiss painter, noted for his Orientalist works.
Augustin Marlorat du Pasquier (Augustinus Marloratus) (1506-October 31, 1562) was a French Protestant reformer, executed on a treason charge.
Augustine David Crake (1836–1890) was an English cleric and author, known for devotional works, and for juvenile historical fiction that has been compared to the books of John Mason Neale.
Saint Augustine of Hippo (13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was a Roman African, early Christian theologian and philosopher from Numidia whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.
Augustine United Church is a United Reformed Church in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The Augustinian theodicy, named for the 4th- and 5th-century theologian, philosopher and (according to some Christian denominations) Saint Augustine of Hippo, is a type of Christian theodicy designed in response to the evidential problem of evil.
Augustus Montague Toplady (4 November 174011 August 1778) was an Anglican cleric and hymn writer.
Augustus (31 July 152611 February 1586) was Elector of Saxony from 1553 to 1586.
Aurel Vlaicu (November 19, 1882 – September 13, 1913) was a Romanian engineer, inventor, airplane constructor and early pilot.
Australian Baptist Ministries (formerly Baptist Union of Australia) is the oldest and largest national cooperative body of Baptists in Australia.
Australian Free Church is a Presbyterian denomination in Australia.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Auvergne (Auvergnat (occitan): Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha) is a former administrative region of France.
Avrămești (Szentábrahám, Hungarian pronunciation:, meaning "St. Abraham") is a commune in Harghita County, Romania.
Ábrahám Ganz (born as Abraham Ganz, 6 November 1814, Unter-Embrach, Switzerland - 15 December 1867, Pest, Austria-Hungary) was a Swiss-born Hungarian iron manufacturer, machine and technical engineer, entrepreneur, father of Ganz Works.
Ádám Batthyány (1610–1659) was a Hungarian count of the Batthyány family.
Árva County (Árva vármegye, Comitatus Arvensis, Oravská stolica/župa, Komitat Arwa, Komitat Orawa) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary since the 14th century until 1918/1920.
Notre-Dame de l'Assomption is a church situated on the Rue de la Chevre, formerly the Rue de la Chevre, in the city of Metz in Lorraine, France.
L'Église réformée du Québec, or "Reformed Church of Quebec", is a small conservative French-speaking Reformed Christian denomination located primarily within the Canadian province of Quebec.
Élie Diodati (Elia, Elias) (1576–1661) was a Genevan lawyer and jurist from a leading Calvinist family in Geneva, who had moved there from Lucca.
Élisabeth Sophie Chéron (3 October 1648, Paris – 3 September 1711, Paris) is remembered today primarily as a French painter, but she was a renaissance woman - acclaimed in her lifetime as a gifted poet, musician, artist, and academicienne.
Érd (Hanselbeck; Andzabeg) is city and urban county in Pest County, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary.
Érd (Érdi járás) is a district in south-western part of Pest County.
Éric Woerth (born 29 January 1956) is a French politician.
Étaules is a commune in the Charente-Maritime department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.
Étrembières is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
Ózd (Ózdi járás) is a district in western part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.
Újbuda (lit. New Buda) is the 11th district of Budapest (Budapest XI.), Hungary.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Čáslav (Tschaslau, Császló) is a town in eastern part of Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.
Číčov (Csicsó, Hungarian pronunciation) is a village and municipality in the Komárno District in the Nitra Region of south-west Slovakia.
Đorđe Branković (Ђорђе Бранковић, Georgius Brankovich, Gheorghe Brancovici; 1645 – 19 December 1711) was a Transylvanian Serb diplomat, writer, and self-proclaimed descendant of the medieval Serbian Branković dynasty.
Őrbottyán is a town in Pest county, Hungary.
Šarengrad is a village in Croatia.
Šiluva is a small town of less than 700 inhabitants in Lithuania.
Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield (November 5, 1851 – February 16, 1921) was professor of theology at Princeton Seminary from 1887 to 1921.
Backsliding, also known as falling away, is a term used within Christianity to describe a process by which an individual who has converted to Christianity reverts to pre-conversion habits and/or lapses or falls into sin, when a person turns from God to pursue their own desire.
Bad Bentheim is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany in the district of Grafschaft Bentheim on the borders of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Netherlands roughly 15 km south of Nordhorn and 20 km northeast of Enschede.
Bad Camberg is, with 15,000 inhabitants, the second largest town in Limburg-Weilburg district in Hesse, Germany, as well as the southernmost town in the Regierungsbezirk of Gießen.
Bad Kreuznach is a town in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Bad Sobernheim is a town in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France.
Bagnères-de-Bigorre (Banhèras de Bigòrra) is a commune and subprefecture of the Hautes-Pyrénées Department in the Occitanie region of southwestern France.
Bahnsen Theological Seminary was a Reformed Calvinist theological training institution, based in Placentia, California.
Baia Mare (Nagybánya; Frauenbach; Бая-Маре; Rivulus Dominarum; באניע, Banya) is a municipality along the Săsar River, in northwestern Romania; it is the capital of Maramureș County.
Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya, Mittelstadt) is a town in the Maramureş County, northern Romania.
The Bailiwick of Utrecht of the Teutonic Order (Ridderlijke Duitse Orde Balije van Utrecht) is a charity based in Utrecht, Netherlands.
Baillieston St Andrew's Church is a congregation of the Church of Scotland, a member of the Presbyterian Church.
Bairnsdale is a city in East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia.
Baja (Bajai járás; Kreis Baja) is a district in south-western part of Bács-Kiskun County.
Baktalórántháza (Baktalórántházai járás) is a district in central part of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County.
Balassagyarmat (Balassagyarmati járás) is a district in north-western part of Nógrád County.
The Balassi Institute (Balassi Intézet) is a worldwide non-profit cultural organization funded by the ministry of education and culture of Hungary.
Balatonszepezd is a village in Veszprém county, Hungary, on the northern shore of the Lake Balaton.
Ballylinney Presbyterian Church is a Presbyterian church in Ballylinney, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Balmaclellan (Scottish Gaelic: Baile MhicIllFhaolain, meaning town of the MacLellans) is a small hillside village of stone houses with slate roofs in a fold of the Galloway hills in south-west Scotland.
Balmazújváros (Balmazújvárosi járás) is a district in north-western part of Hajdú-Bihar County.
Banchory Ternan East Parish Church is a congregation of the Church of Scotland, a member of the Presbyterian Church.
The Banner of Truth Trust is an evangelical and Reformed Christian non-profit by Iain H. Murray.
Bapska is a village in Croatia.
Baptism (from the Greek noun βάπτισμα baptisma; see below) is a Christian sacrament of admission and adoption, almost invariably with the use of water, into Christianity.
In Christian theology, baptism with the Holy Spirit (also called baptism in the Holy Spirit or Spirit baptism) or baptism with the Holy Ghost, is distinguished from baptism with water.
The Baptist Church of Christ came into separate existence in Tennessee about the beginning of the 19th century as a reaction against certain features of excessive Calvinism.
The Baptist Union of Denmark (Baptistkirken i Danmark) is a national organization of Baptists in Denmark for promoting cooperation in missions, benevolence, and education.
The Baptist Union of New Zealand is an association of Baptist churches in the country of New Zealand.
The Baptist Union of Scotland is the main association of Baptist churches in Scotland.
Baptists are Christians distinguished by baptizing professing believers only (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism), and doing so by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling).
Baptists in Canada have a rich heritage and background.
There are about 50 million self-professed Baptists in the United States who make up a significant portion of evangelicals in the United States and approximately one third of all Protestants in the United States; at the same time this also makes them the second largest religious grouping following Roman Catholics in the United States.
Allegations that Barack Obama secretly practices Islam, or that he is the antichrist of Christian eschatology, have been suggested since he campaigned for the U.S. Senate in 2004 and proliferated after his election as President of the U.S. in 2008.
Baraka Bible Presbyterian Church is a reformed and fundamental Bible Presbyterian church located in Bethlehem and Shepherd's Field.
Baranów Sandomierski is a small town in southern Poland, in the Subcarpathian Voivodship, Tarnobrzeg County on the Vistula River, with 1,440 inhabitants (02.06.2009).
Baranjsko Petrovo Selo (Petárda) is a settlement in the region of Baranja, Croatia.
Baranya (Baranya megye); is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Hungary, in the Baranya region, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary (see: Baranya (former county)).
Baranya (Baranya, Baranja, Барања, Branau) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Barbara Skarga (October 25, 1919 – September 18, 2009) was a Polish philosophy historian and philosopher who worked mainly in ethics and epistemology.
Baroness Barbara Juliane von Krüdener (November 22, 1764December 25, 1824) was a Baltic German religious mystic, author, and Pietist Lutheran theologian that exerted influence on wider European Protestantism, including the Swiss Reformed Church and the Moravian Church, and whose ideas influenced Tsar Alexander I of Russia.
Barend Klaas Kuiper, 1877-1961 was a history professor and author who wrote about Dutch Calvinist church history and the Protestant Reformation.
Bargebur is an urban quarter in the east of the borough of Norden, northwestern Germany, and has a population of around 500 (as at 12/2016), who inhabit an area of just 0.65 km².
The Barmen Declaration or the Theological Declaration of Barmen 1934 (Die Barmer Theologische Erklärung) was a document adopted by Christians in Nazi Germany who opposed the Deutsche Christen (German Christian) movement.
Barnabas Root, born Fahma Yahny, (Sherbro Island, Sierra Leone, West Africa) was the grandson of an American-born slave who had moved to Africa through the efforts of the American Colonization Society.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
Bars (Latin: comitatus Barsiensis, Hungarian: Bars, Slovak: Tekov, German: Barsch) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Bartholomaeus Pitiscus (also Barthélemy, Bartholomeo, August 24, 1561 – July 2, 1613) was a 16th-century German trigonometrist, astronomer and theologian who first coined the word trigonometry.
Bartholomäus Keckermann (c. 1572 – 25 August (or July) 1608) was a German writer, Calvinist theologian and philosopher.
Bartholomew Fair is a Jacobean comedy in five acts by Ben Jonson.
Bartholomew Legate (c. 157518 March 1612) was an English anti-Trinitarian martyr.
Barton Warren Stone (December 24, 1772 – November 9, 1844) was an American preacher during the early 19th-century Second Great Awakening in the United States.
Baruch Spinoza (born Benedito de Espinosa,; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin.
Bastiaan "Bas" de Gaay Fortman (born 6 November 1937) is a Dutch politician and scholar.
Bastiaan Johan Christiaan "Bas Jan" Ader (born 19 April 1942 – disappeared 1975) was a Dutch conceptual artist, performance artist, photographer and filmmaker.
Balthassar Jozef Paul "Bas" van Bavel (born 24 June 1964) is a Dutch historian.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
The Basel Christian Church of Malaysia or BCCM (Gereja Kristian Basel Malaysia) formerly known as Borneo Basel Self Established Church is one of the four Lutheran bodies in Malaysia.
The Basel Mission is a Christian missionary society active from 1815 to 2001, when it transferred the operative work to Mission 21, the successor organization of Kooperation Evangelischer Kirchen und Missione (KEM) founded in 2001.
The Basilica of Our Lady of Scherpenheuvel (Dutch: Basiliek van Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van Scherpenheuvel, French: Basilique de Notre Dame de Montaigu, Spanish Basílica menor de Nuestra Señora de Monteagudo) is a Roman Catholic parish church and minor basilica in Scherpenheuvel-Zichem, Belgium.
The Basilica minor of the Exaltation of the Holly Cross is a Late Gothic three-nave Catholic church located in the town Kežmarok in the Spiš region of eastern Slovakia.
The Basis of Union (often termed the BoU) is the document which formed the basis on which most congregations of the Congregational Union of Australia, Methodist Church of Australasia and Presbyterian Church of Australia united to form the Uniting Church in Australia (UCA) in 1977.
Basmanny District (райо́н Басма́нный) is a district of Central Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia.
The Basters (also known as Baasters, Rehobothers or Rehoboth Basters) are a Namibian ethnic group descended from Afrikaners and indigenous tribes which formerly resided in the Dutch Cape Colony.
The Bastille was a fortress in Paris, known formally as the Bastille Saint-Antoine.
The Bastion of Truth Reformed Churches in the Philippines is a denomination of Christian churches all located in Southern Luzon, the Philippines.
Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of closely related Austronesian ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra, Indonesia who speak Batak languages.
The Huria Kristen Batak Protestan (HKBP), which translates into English as the Batak Christian Protestant Church, is the largest Protestant denomination in Indonesia, with a baptized membership of 4,500,000.
The Battle of Alford was an engagement of the Scottish Civil War.
The Battle of Gembloux took place at Gembloux, near Namur, Low Countries, between the Spanish forces led by Don John of Austria (Spanish: Don Juan de Austria),Morris p. 268 Governor-General of the Spanish Netherlands, and a rebel army composed of Dutch, Flemish, English, Scottish, German, French and Walloon soldiers under Antoine de Goignies, during the Eighty Years' War.
The Battle of Kilsyth was an engagement of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms which took place on 15 August 1645 at Kilsyth.
The Battle of La Marfée took place during Thirty Years' War near Sedan, France, on 6 July 1641, between a Royal army of Louis XIII under Marshall Gaspard III de Coligny, and French malcontents led by Prince Louis de Bourbon, Count of Soissons, and Duke Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, who were supported by an Imperial-Spanish army under general Guillaume de Lamboy sent from the Spanish Netherlands by the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria.
The Battle of Oosterweel took place on 13 March 1567 and is traditionally seen as the beginning of the Eighty Years' War.
The Battle of Werl occurred between 3–8 March 1586, during a month-long campaign in the Duchy of Westphalia by mercenaries fighting for the Protestant (Calvinist) Archbishop-Prince Elector of Cologne, Gebhard Truchsess von Waldburg.
The Baumwollspinnerei Ermen & Engels is a former cotton mill in Engelskirchen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, that has become part of the LVR Industrial Museum.
Bács-Bodrog County (Bács-Bodrog vármegye, Komitat Batsch-Bodrog, Bačko-bodroška županija) was the administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary from the 18th century to 1920.
Bács-Kiskun (Bács-Kiskun megye); is a county (megye in Hungarian) located in southern Hungary.
Bácsalmás (Bácsalmási járás; Kreis Almasch) is a district in southern part of Bács-Kiskun County.
Bátonyterenye (Bátonyterenyei járás) is a district in eastern part of Nógrád County.
Békés, is an administrative division (county or megye) in south-eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania.
Békés was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Békés (Békési járás) is a district in central-northern part of Békés County.
Békéscsaba (see also other alternative names) is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of the county Békés.
Békéscsaba (Békéscsabai járás) is a district in central-southern part of Békés County.
Bélapátfalva (Bélapátfalvai járás) is a district in north-eastern part of Heves County.
The Bío Bío Region (Región del Bío-Bío), is one of Chile's fifteen first-order administrative divisions; it is divided into four provinces: Arauco, Bío Bío, Concepción, and Ñuble.
Börsborn is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Büdingen is a town in the Wetteraukreis, in Hesse, Germany.
Bükkzsérc is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Hungary.
Bülach is historic town and a municipality in Switzerland in the canton of Zürich, located in the district of the same name, and belongs to the Glatt Valley (German: Glattal) to the east of the small river Glatt and about south of the High Rhine and about north of the Airport Zurich.
Bălți (Belz, Bielce, Бельцы,, Бєльці,, בעלץ) is a city in Moldova.
The Beweging vir Christelik-Volkseie Onderwys (BCVO; Movement for Christian-National Education) is an educational organisation in South Africa, committed to providing primary and secondary education (grade 1 through 12) in the Calvinist tradition and Afrikaans language.
Elizabeth (Beb) Vuyk (born Rotterdam, February 11, 1905 – died Blaricum, August 24, 1991) was a Dutch writer of Indo (Eurasian) descent.
Becherbach bei Kirn is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Bedesbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Beeldenstorm in Dutch, roughly translatable to "statue storm", or Bildersturm in German ("image/statue storm"), also the Great Iconoclasm or Iconoclastic Fury, is a term used for outbreaks of destruction of religious images that occurred in Europe in the 16th century.
The Begijnhof is one of the oldest hofjes in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The Belarusian Evangelical Reformed Church was officially registered in 1996 in Minsk.
The Confession of Faith, popularly known as the Belgic Confession, is a doctrinal standard document to which many of the Reformed churches subscribe.
Beli Manastir is a town and municipality in eastern Croatia.
Believer's baptism (occasionally called credobaptism, from the Latin word credo meaning "I believe") is the Christian practice of baptism as this is understood by many evangelical denominations, particularly those that descend from the Anabaptist and English Baptist tradition.
Belleau Abbey, later Belleau Priory (otherwise Belle Eau or Belle-Eau) (Abbaye de Belleau, Prieuré de Belleau; Bella Aqua) was a Cistercian monastery in Villeneuve-la-Lionne, Marne, France, about 15 kilometres south-west of Montmirail.
Beloiannisz (Μπελογιάννης) is a village in Fejér county, Hungary.
Benajah Harvey Carroll, known as B. H. Carroll (December 27, 1843 – November 11, 1914), was a Baptist pastor, theologian, teacher, and author.
Benedict Pictet (1655–1724) was a Genevan Reformed theologian.
Benedict Spinola (1519/20 – 1580), born in Genoa and died in London, also called Benedick Spinola, and in Italian Benedetto Spinola, was a 16th-century Genoese merchant of the Spinola family who lived his whole adult life in the City of London, then the principal seaport of the Kingdom of England.
Benedict Thomas Viviano, O.P. (born January 22, 1940) a New Testament scholar and author, is a member of the Chicago Province of the Dominican Order of the Roman Catholic Church.
Benedictus Buns, Benedictus à sancto Josepho (born Buns; also Buns Gelriensis in Latin; 1642 – 6 December 1716), was a priest and composer.
Benjamin Grosvenor D.D. (also Gravenor or Gravener) (1676–1758) was an English dissenting minister.
Benjamin Randall (February 7, 1749 - October 22, 1808) was the main organizer of the Freewill Baptists (Randall Line) in the northeastern United States.
Bennekom is a village and parish in the Netherlands, which is part of the Municipality of Ede in the south-west of the Veluwe district of the Province of Gelderland.
Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⴻⵏ; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗ) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa, primarily inhabiting Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and a part of western Egypt.
Berchtold Haller (c. 149225 February 1536) was a German Protestant reformer.
In ancient times, the Bereans were the inhabitants of the city of Berea, also known in the Bible as Beroea, and now known as Veria in what is today Greek Macedonia, northern Greece.
Bereg (Береґ) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Berend Tobia Boeyinga (Noord-Scharwoude, 27 March 1886 - Amsterdam, 6 November 1969) was a Dutch architect noted for his Calvinist church buildings and as a practicing member of the Amsterdam School.
Berettyóújfalu (Berettyóújfalui járás) is a district in south-eastern part of Hajdú-Bihar County.
The Bergerac wine-growing region, a subregion of South West France around the town of Bergerac in the Dordogne department, comprises 93 communes.
Berlin Cathedral (Berliner Dom) is the short name for the Evangelical Supreme Parish and Collegiate Church (Oberpfarr- und Domkirche zu Berlin) in Berlin, Germany.
Bernard L. Ramm (1 August 1916 in Butte, Montana - 11 August 1992 in Irvine, California) was a Baptist theologian and apologist within the broad Evangelical tradition.
Bernardino Ochino (1487–1564) was an Italian, who was raised a Roman Catholic and later turned to Protestantism and became a Protestant reformer.
Bernhard (or Bernard) Rothmann (c. 1495 – c. 1535) was a 16th-century reformer and an Anabaptist leader in the city of Münster.
The Bessarabia Germans (Bessarabiendeutsche, Germani basarabeni, Бессарабські німці) were an ethnic group who lived in Bessarabia (today part of the Republic of Moldova and south-western Ukraine) between 1814 and 1940.
Beszterce-Naszód was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Bethel Strict Baptist Chapel (also described as Bethel Calvinist Chapel) is a former place of worship for Reformed Baptists#Strict Baptists in Robertsbridge, a village in the district of Rother in the English county of East Sussex.
Bethel Baptist Chapel is a Strict Baptist place of worship in the village of Wivelsfield in East Sussex, England.
Bethesda Academy (previously known as Bethesda Home for Boys) is a boys' school and former orphanage located in unincorporated Chatham County, Georgia, in the United States, near Savannah.
Bethlehem Chapel, Richmond is an independent Calvinistic chapel on the east side of Church Terrace in Richmond, London.
Elizabeth ("Betje") Wolff-Bekker (24 July 1738 – 5 November 1804) was a Dutch novelist who, with Agatha "Aagje" Deken, wrote several popular epistolary novels such as Sara Burgerhart (1782) and Willem Levend (1784).
The Bible Belt is an informal region in the Southern United States in which socially conservative evangelical Protestantism plays a strong role in society and politics, and Christian church attendance across the denominations is generally higher than the nation's average.
The Bible Belt (De Bijbelgordel in Dutch) is a strip of land in the Netherlands with the highest concentration of conservative orthodox Calvinist Protestants in the country.
The Bible Christian Faith Church is a fundamental Reformed and Presbyterian denomination in Kenya, Africa with ties with the Free Presbyterian Church in Ulster.
The Bible Fellowship Church is a conservative pietistic Christian denomination with Mennonite roots.
The Bible Presbyterian Church is an American Protestant denomination in the Reformed tradition.
The Bible Presbyterian Church in Kenya is a Reformed Presbyterian church in Kenya.
Philips of Marnix, lord of Saint-Aldegonde (1538–1598), who was among the leaders of the Dutch War of Independence wrote one of the earliest Bible translations into Dutch.
After a number of French Bible translations in the Middle Ages, the first printed translation of the Bible into French was the work of the French theologian Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples in 1530 in Antwerp, Belgium.
German language translations of the Bible have existed since the Middle Ages.
While the Old Testament portion of the Bible was written in Hebrew, the New Testament was originally written in Koine Greek.
The first Bible translations into Hungarian dates from the 15-16th century, as does the first Hussite Bible and Vizsoly Bible.
The earliest Bible translations into the Polish language date to the 13th century.
The first Romanian Bible translation is the Calvinist Palia de la Orăștie (Saxopolitan Old Testament) from 1581/1582.
A biblical canon or canon of scripture is a set of texts (or "books") which a particular religious community regards as authoritative scripture.
Biblical Sabbath is a weekly day of rest or time of worship given in the Bible as the seventh day.
Because scholars have tended to use the term in different ways, biblical theology has been notoriously difficult to define.
Bibliolatry (from the Greek βιβλίον biblion, "book" and the suffix -λατρία -latria, "worship") is the worship of a book or the description of a deity found in a book.
Bicker (also: Bicker van Swieten and Bicker Caarten) is a very old Dutch patrician family (since 1390).
Bihar was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary and a county of Partium (in the 17th century, when it was under the rule of the Princes of Transylvania).
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, humanitarian, and principal founder of Microsoft Corporation.
William Ashley Sunday (November 19, 1862 – November 6, 1935) was an American athlete who, after being a popular outfielder in baseball's National League during the 1880s, became the most celebrated and influential American evangelist during the first two decades of the 20th century.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
There have not been bishops in the Church of Scotland since the Restoration Episcopacy of the 17th century, although there have occasionally been attempts to reintroduce episcopalianism.
The Bishops' Bible is an English translation of the Bible which was produced under the authority of the established Church of England in 1568.
The Bjelovar-Križevci County (Bjelovarsko-križevačka županija; Belovár-Kőrös vármegye) was a historic administrative subdivision (županija) of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.
A "black legend" (leyenda negra) is a historiographic phenomenon suffered by either characters, nations or institutions, and characterized by the sustained trend in historical writing of biased reporting, introduction of fabricated, exaggerated and/or decontextualized facts, with the intention of creating a distorted and uniquely inhuman image of it, while hiding from view all its positive contributions to history.
Blaubach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The Protestant Church in Western Indonesia Immanuel Semarang (Gereja Protestan Indonesia Barat Immanuel Semarang), better known as Blenduk Church (Gereja Blenduk) is a Protestant church in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia.
The blessing of same-sex marriages and same-sex unions is an issue about which Christian churches are in ongoing disagreement.
Bloemfontein (Afrikaans and Dutch "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain"; also known as Bloem) is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals (the other two being Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital) and is the seventh largest city in South Africa.
Blois is a city and the capital of Loir-et-Cher department in central France, situated on the banks of the lower river Loire between Orléans and Tours.
Blood Oath is a novel published in 2010 by Christopher Farnsworth.
Robert Reynolds Jones Jr. (October 19, 1911 – November 12, 1997) was the second president and chancellor of Bob Jones University.
Robert Reynolds "Bob" Jones Sr. (October 30, 1883 – January 16, 1968) was an American evangelist, pioneer religious broadcaster and the founder and first president of Bob Jones University.
Robert Maynard Jones (20 May 1929 – 22 November 2017), generally known as Bobi Jones, was a Welsh Christian academic and one of the most prolific writers in the history of the Welsh language.
Boer is the Dutch and Afrikaans noun for "farmer".
The Boer Republics (sometimes also referred to as Boer states) were independent, self-governed republics in the last half of the nineteenth century, created by the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of the Cape Colony and their descendants, variously named Trekboers, Boers and Voortrekkers in mainly the middle, northern and north eastern and eastern parts of what is now the country of South Africa.
Bogusław Radziwiłł (Boguslavas Radvila; Багуслаў Радзівіл.; 3 May 1620 – 31 December 1669) was a Polish princely magnate and a member of the Polish-Lithuanian szlachta, or nobility.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
The Bohemian Revolt (1618–1620) was an uprising of the Bohemian estates against the rule of the Habsburg dynasty that began the Thirty Years' War.
Bokhoven is a village in the Netherlands, in the municipality of 's-Hertogenbosch.
The Bolton massacre, sometimes recorded as the Storming of Bolton, was an event in the English Civil War which happened on 28 May 1644.
Bolton Parish Church is a church in Bolton, East Lothian, Scotland.
Bonaventure des Périers (1544) was a French author.
Bond Street Baptist Church built originally in 1848 represented the first permanently established Baptist congregation in the city of Toronto (then York), Canada.
Bonne-Espérance Abbey was a Premonstratensian abbey that existed from 1130 to the end of the 18th century, located in Vellereille-les-Brayeux in the Walloon municipality of Estinnes, province of Hainaut, Diocese of Tournai, in present-day Belgium.
The Book of Common Order is the name of several directories for public worship, the first originated by John Knox for use on the continent of Europe and in use by the Church of Scotland since the 16th century.
The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, Anglican realignment and other Anglican Christian churches.
The Book of Order is a governing document of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), abbreviated as PC(USA).
Borsod was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary in present-day northeastern Hungary.
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén (Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén megye,; Boršodsko-abovsko-zemplínska) is an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in north-eastern Hungary (commonly called "Northern Hungary"), on the border with Slovakia.
Bosenbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Bossong (Boßong) is a surname common to Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and Alsace in France.
Boston is a town and small port in Lincolnshire, on the east coast of England, approximately 100 miles (160 km) north of London.
The Bovenkerk (English: Upper Church; also known as the Church of St. Nicholas) is a large, Gothic church and the most striking element on the skyline of Kampen, Overijssel, Netherlands.
The Right Reverend B. D. Prasada Rao (born 13.8.1952) is the present (2013 onwards) Bishop - in - Rayalaseema Diocese of the Church of South India and ex officio member of the Church of South India Synod.
Brampford Speke is a small village in Devon, 4 miles to the north of Exeter.
Branch theory is a Protestant ecclesiological proposition that the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church includes various Christian denominations whether in formal communion or not.
Brandan Robertson (born June 24, 1992) is a Christian writer, activist, and speaker, best known for his writing and commentary on millennials, spiritual evolution, contemplative spirituality, and his work as an LGBTQ activist among evangelicals.
Brandenburg-Prussia (Brandenburg-Preußen) is the historiographic denomination for the Early Modern realm of the Brandenburgian Hohenzollerns between 1618 and 1701.
Brassó was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brazil Red() is a 2001 French historical novel by Jean-Christophe Rufin which recounts the unsuccessful French attempt to conquer Brazil in the 16th century, against a background of wars of religion and a rite-of-passage discovery of the charms and secrets of the Amerindian world.
Brücken (Pfalz) is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Brădești (Fenyéd) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania.
Brăduț (Brăduț; Bardóc) is a commune in Covasna County, Romania composed of four villages.
Breaking the Waves is a 1996 film directed by Lars von Trier and starring Emily Watson.
Brechin Cathedral dates from the 13th century.
Breitenbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Bremen Cathedral (Bremer Dom or St.), dedicated to St. Peter, is a church situated in the market square in the center of Bremen, in northern Germany.
Bremen-Verden, formally the Duchies of Bremen and Verden (Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden), were two territories and immediate fiefs of the Holy Roman Empire, which emerged and gained imperial immediacy in 1180. By their original constitution they were prince-bishoprics of the Archdiocese of Bremen and Bishopric of Verden. In 1648, both prince-bishoprics were secularised, meaning that they were transformed into hereditary monarchies by constitution, and from then on both the Duchy of Bremen and the Duchy of Verden were always ruled in personal union, initially by the royal houses of Sweden, the House of Vasa and the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, and later by the House of Hanover. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Bremen-Verden's status as fiefs of imperial immediacy became void; as they had been in personal union with the neighbouring Kingdom of Hanover, they were incorporated into that state.
The Brest Bible (Biblia Brzeska) was the first complete Protestant Bible translation into Polish, published by Bernard Wojewodka in 1563 in Brest and dedicated to King Sigismund II Augustus.
Brethren is a name adopted by a wide range of mainly Christian religious groups throughout history which do share historical roots.
Bridget Bendish (née Ireton) (1650–1726), was a daughter of General Henry Ireton and Bridget, Oliver Cromwell's eldest daughter.
The Brief Statement of Faith is a statement of faith adopted by the Presbyterian Church (USA) in 1991 as part of its Book of Confessions.
Bridget Paget née Masterson (1570–circa 1647) was an English Puritan who acted as her husband John Paget's literary executor and editor.
The Brighton Unitarian Church, previously known as Christ Church, is a Unitarian chapel in Brighton, England.
Britain First is a British fascist political organisation formed in 2011 by former members of the British National Party (BNP).
The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right and fascist political party in the United Kingdom.
Roger Schütz, popularly known as Brother Roger (Frère Roger; May 12, 1915 – August 16, 2005), was a Swiss Christian leader and monastic brother.
The Brothers Halbertsma were three brothers born in the Frisian village of Grou towards the end of the 18th century, who played a role of crucial importance for the development of a written literature in the Western Frisian language.
The New Testament describes James, Joseph (Joses), Judas (Jude), and Simon as brothers of Jesus.
Bruce K. Waltke (born August 30, 1930) is an American Reformed evangelical professor of Old Testament and Hebrew.
Bruges (Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.
Brush Creek Salems Church, now known as Irwin Brush Creek Salem United Church of Christ, is a historic Reformed church building located in Hempfield Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania.
Buß- und Bettag (Day of Repentance and Prayer) was a public holiday in Germany, and is still a public holiday in Saxony.
Budakeszi (Budakeszi járás) is a district in western part of Pest County.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
Bugby Chapel is an 18th-century former chapel in the centre of Epsom, a suburban town in Surrey, England.
Bullard High School is a public secondary school located in Fresno, California.
Buren is a town and municipality in the Betuwe region of the Netherlands.
Münzstraße Burgfreiheit or Schlossfreiheit was a quarter of Königsberg, Germany.
The Burgkirche was a Reformed Protestant church of the Prussian Union in Königsberg, Prussia.
The Burgschule or Oberrealschule auf der Burg was a secondary school (Oberrealschule) located originally in central Königsberg, Germany, and later in the suburban Amalienau quarter.
Burley is a village and civil parish in the New Forest, Hampshire, England, with a cycle hire centre and cycle shop, cider farm, tea rooms, gift shops, art galleries and a pick-your-own farm.
The burning bush is an object described by the Book of Exodus as being located on Mount Horeb.
Bushong is a surname found mostly in the United States, derived from the surname Boschung found mainly in Switzerland, but also in the Palatinate and other regions in Western Europe.
Biaroza (Бяро́за, official Belarusian romanization standard: Biaroza, formerly Бяро́за-Карту́зская; Beryoza; Bereza) is a town of 31 000 inhabitants (1995) in Western Belarus in Brest Region and the administrative center of the Byaroza District.
Bytom Odrzański (Beuthen an der Oder) is a town on the Oder river in western Poland, in Nowa Sól County of Lubusz Voivodeship.
Cyrus Ingerson Scofield (August 19, 1843 – July 24, 1921) was an American theologian, minister, and writer whose best-selling annotated Bible popularized futurism and dispensationalism among fundamentalist Christians.
Charles Joseph Mahaney, commonly known as C.J., is an American Christian minister.
Caleb Fleming, D.D. (4 November 1698 – 21 July 1779) was an English dissenting minister and Polemicist.
Calvary Chapel is an association of evangelical Christian churches.
Calvin may refer to.
The Calvin Auditorium or Calvin Auditory (French Auditoire de Calvin), originally the Notre-Dame-la-Neuve Chapel, is a chapel in Geneva, Switzerland, which played a significant role in the Protestant Reformation.
Calvin Christian Collegiate is a high school in Transcona, Manitoba, Canada.
Calvin Christian School is a private Christian school in Escondido, California.
Calvin College is a liberal arts college located in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
The Calvin Synod is an acting conference of the United Church of Christ, composed entirely of Reformed, or Calvinist congregations of Hungarian descent.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
The Calvinist Cadet Corps (CCC) is a non-denominational, non-profit Reformed Christian organization that equips men to mentor boys.
The Calvinist Church at Hrnčiarska ulica (English: Pottery Street) in Košice, Slovakia was initially an army store-house.
Calvinistic Methodists were born out of the Methodist Revival in 18th-century Wales and survive as a body of Christians now forming the Presbyterian Church of Wales.
The Cambridge Declaration is a statement of faith written in 1996 by the Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals, a group of Reformed and Lutheran Evangelicals who were concerned with the state of the Evangelical movement in America, and throughout the world.
The Cambridge Platform is a statement describing the system of church government in the Congregational churches of colonial New England.
The sequence of the Cambuslang clergy reflects pretty accurately the development of the Christian Church in Cambuslang, Scotland.
The Cambuslang Work, or ‘Wark’ in the Scots language, (February to November 1742) was a period of extraordinary religious activity, in Cambuslang, Scotland.
Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri (10 August 1810 – 6 June 1861), generally known as Cavour, was an Italian statesman and a leading figure in the movement toward Italian unification.
Camisards were Huguenots (French Calvinist Protestants) of the rugged and isolated Cévennes region, and the Vaunage in southern France.
The Canadian and American Reformed Churches (CanRC) are a federation of over fifty Protestant Christian churches in Canada and the USA, with historical roots in the Reformed Churches of the Netherlands, and doctrinal roots in the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation.
Canadian Baptist Ministries (CBM) or Ministères Baptistes Canadiens is a federation of four regional Baptist denominations in Canada - Canadian Baptists of Ontario and Quebec, Canadian Baptists of Western Canada, the Convention of Atlantic Baptist Churches and Union d'Églises baptistes francophones du Canada.
The Canons of Dort, or Canons of Dordrecht, formally titled The Decision of the Synod of Dort on the Five Main Points of Doctrine in Dispute in the Netherlands, is the judgment of the National Synod held in the Dutch city of Dordrecht in 1618–19.
Basel was a canton of Switzerland that was in existence between 1501 and 1833, when it was split into the two half-cantons of Basel-City and Basel-Country.
The Republic and Canton of Geneva (République et canton de Genève; Rèpublica et canton de Geneva; Republik und Kanton Genf; Repubblica e Canton di Ginevra; Republica e chantun Genevra) is the French-speaking westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France.
Cape Dutch, also commonly known as Cape Afrikaners, were a historical class of Afrikaners who lived in the Western Cape during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Capon Chapel, also historically known as Capon Baptist Chapel and Capon Chapel Church, is a mid-19th century United Methodist church located near to the town of Capon Bridge, West Virginia in the United States.
Captivating: Unveiling the Mystery of a Woman's Soul is a book published in 2005 by John Eldredge and his wife Stasi.
Carei (Hungarian: Nagykároly,; German: Grosskarol/Großkarl; קראלי Krole or Krula, Turkish: Karolvar) is a city in Satu Mare County, northwestern Romania, near the border with Hungary.
Doctor Frederik Carel Gerretson (born Kralingen, 9 February 1884 – died Utrecht, 27 October 1958) was a Dutch writer, essayist, historian, and politician.
Carinya Christian school is an independent, Christian day school located five kilometres from the centre of Tamworth, in the suburb of Calala, New South Wales, Australia.
Carl Curtis McIntire, Jr. (May 17, 1906 – March 19, 2002), known as Carl McIntire, was a founder and minister in the Bible Presbyterian Church, founder and long-time president of the International Council of Christian Churches and the American Council of Christian Churches, and a popular religious radio broadcaster, who proudly identified himself as a fundamentalist.
Georg Carl Benjamin Ritschl (1 November 1783 – 18 June 1858) was a German evangelist theologian, bishop and composer in Pomerania.
Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.
Carnival (Carnaval; also called "vastenavond" – eve of the fasting or "vastelaovend") is a festival held throughout the Netherlands, mainly in the Southern regions, with an emphasis on role-reversal and suspension of social norms.
A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing.
Remi-Casimir Oudin (February 14, 1638– September 1719) was a French Premonstratensian monk and bibliographer, who later in life was a Protestant convert, and a librarian in Leyden.
The Casimirianum in Neustadt an der Haardt (currently Neustadt an der Weinstraße, Rheinland-Pfalz) was a Reformed academy, which was founded in 1578 by Count Palatine Johann Casimir and named after him.
Casiodoro de Reina or de Reyna (1520 – 15 March 1594) was a Spanish theologian who (perhaps with several others) translated the Bible into Spanish.
Caskey School of Divinity (active 2010-2015), located in Pineville, Louisiana, was a divinity school affiliated with Louisiana College and the Louisiana Baptist Convention.
Caspar Coolhaes, or Koolhaas, (1536–1615) was a Reformed minister in the Netherlands and a libertine opponent of Calvinistic confessionalism.
Caspar Erasmus (Erich) Schieler (July 14, 1851 – January 13, 1934) was a German theologian, church historian and priest in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Caspar Olevian (or Kaspar Olevianus; 10 August 1536 – 15 March 1587) was a significant German Reformed theologian during the Protestant Reformation and along with Zacharius Ursinus was said to be co-author of the Heidelberg Catechism.
The white or black cassock, or soutane, is an item of Christian clerical clothing used by the clergy of Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, Lutheran, and Reformed churches, among others.
The Castello Estense (‘Este castle’) or castello di San Michele (‘St. Michael's castle’) is a moated medieval castle in the center of Ferrara, northern Italy.
The Castle of Olbreuse is situated in Usseau, Deux-Sèvres, in western France.
Catawba College is a private, coeducational college in Salisbury, North Carolina, United States.
A catechism (from κατηχέω, "to teach orally") is a summary or exposition of doctrine and serves as a learning introduction to the Sacraments traditionally used in catechesis, or Christian religious teaching of children and adult converts.
In ecclesiology, a catechumen (via Latin catechumenus from Greek κατηχούμενος katēkhoumenos, "one being instructed", from κατά kata, "down" and ἦχος ēkhos, "sound") is a person receiving instruction from a catechist in the principles of the Christian religion with a view to baptism.
Catharine Maria Sedgwick (December 28, 1789 – July 31, 1867) was an American novelist of what is sometimes referred to as "domestic fiction".
East Liberty Presbyterian Church, also known as the Cathedral of Hope, is in the East Liberty neighborhood of the East End of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
Catherine de Bourbon (7 February 1559 – 13 February 1604) was the daughter of Queen Joan III and King Anthony of Navarre.
Catherine de Medici (Italian: Caterina de Medici,; French: Catherine de Médicis,; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589), daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was an Italian noblewoman who was queen of France from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II.
The word catholic (with lowercase c; derived via Late Latin catholicus, from the Greek adjective καθολικός (katholikos), meaning "universal") comes from the Greek phrase καθόλου (katholou), meaning "on the whole", "according to the whole" or "in general", and is a combination of the Greek words κατά meaning "about" and ὅλος meaning "whole".
The Catholic Apostolic Church was a religious movement which originated in England around 1831 and later spread to Germany and the United States.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Church in England and Wales is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in full communion with the Pope.
The Catholic Church in France is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope in Rome.
The Catholic Church (Biserica Catolică din România, Romániai Római Katolikus Egyház, Katholische Kirche in Rumänien) in Romania is a Latin Rite Christian church, part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
The Catholic Church in Scotland (An Eaglais Chaitligeach; Catholic Kirk), overseen by the Scottish Bishops' Conference, is part of the worldwide Catholic Church headed by the Pope.
The Catholic Church in South Africa is part of the worldwide Catholic Church composed of the Roman Rite and 22 Eastern Rites, of which the South African church is under the spiritual leadership of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference and the Pope in Rome.
The situation of the Catholic Church in the Thirteen Colonies was characterized by an extensive religious persecution originating from Protestant sects, which would barely allow religious toleration to Catholics living on American territory.
The Catholic League of France (Ligue catholique), sometimes referred to by contemporary (and modern) Catholics as the Holy League (La Sainte Ligue), was a major participant in the French Wars of Religion.
The Catholic League (Liga Catholica, Katholische Liga) was a coalition of Catholic states of the Holy Roman Empire formed 10 July 1609.
Catholic theology is the understanding of Catholic doctrine or teachings, and results from the studies of theologians.
Catholicity (from Greek καθολικότητα της εκκλησίας, "catholicity of the church"), or catholicism (from Greek καθολικισμός, "universal doctrine") is a concept that encompasses the beliefs and practices of numerous Christian denominations, most notably those that describe themselves as Catholic in accordance with the Four Marks of the Church, as expressed in the Nicene Creed of the First Council of Constantinople in 381: " in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church." While catholicism is most commonly associated with the faith and practices of the Catholic Church led by the Pope in Rome, the traits of catholicity, and thus the term catholic, are also claimed and possessed by other denominations such as the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Church, the Assyrian Church of the East.
A causal loop in the context of time travel or the causal structure of spacetime, is a sequence of events (actions, information, objects, people) in which an event is among the causes of another event, which in turn is among the causes of the first-mentioned event.
Caussade is a commune in the district of Montauban, located in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in the south of France.
The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).
Cârța (Csíkkarcfalva or Karcfalva) is a commune in Romania, located in Harghita County.
Căpâlnița (Kápolnásfalu, Hungarian pronunciation:, meaning "Village with a Chapel") is a commune in Harghita County, Romania.
Cegléd (Zieglet) is a city in Pest county, Hungary, approximately southeast of the Hungarian capital, Budapest.
Cegléd (Ceglédi járás) is a district in south-eastern part of Pest County.
Celio Secondo Curione (Cirié, 1 May 1503 – Basel, 24 November 1569) (usual Latin form Caelius Secundus Curio) was an Italian humanist, grammarian, editor and historian, who exercised a considerable influence upon the Italian Reformation.
The Centers for Spiritual Living, or CSL, is a religious denomination promoting Religious Science that was founded by Ernest Holmes in 1926.
Central Europe is the region comprising the central part of Europe.
Central Hungary (Közép-Magyarország) is one of the seven statistical regions in Hungary (NUTS 1 and NUTS 2).
Central Methodist Church is the main Methodist place of worship in Eastbourne, a town and borough in the English county of East Sussex.
The Central Sulawesi Christian Church (Gereja Kristen Sulawesi Tengah) is the largest Christian church in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Centurion (previously known as Verwoerdburg and before that Lyttelton) is an area with 236,580 (2011 Census) inhabitants in Gauteng Province of South Africa, located between Pretoria and Midrand (Johannesburg).
The ceremonial use of lights is found in the practice of many religions.
Cergău (Schergied; Cserged) is a commune located in Alba County, Romania.
Cerrigydrudion, sometimes spelt Cerrig-y-drudion, is a village and community in Conwy, Wales.
The Chalcedon Foundation is an American Christian Reconstructionist organization founded by Rousas John Rushdoony in 1965.
Champlain’s Dream: The European Founding of North America is a biography written by American historian, David Hackett Fischer and published in 2008.
The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche; French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy.
Between 1642 and 1651 the Channel Islands were involved in an eleven-year-long, wide-scale armed conflict known as the English Civil War, between the Parliamentarians (nicknamed pejoratively as the Roundheads) and Royalists (nicknamed the Cavaliers) over, principally, the manner of England's government and the amount of power the monarch should be able to wield.
The Channel Islands Witch Trials were a series of witch trials in the Channel Islands of Jersey and Guernsey between 1562 and 1661.
The Charismatic Movement is the international trend of historically mainstream Christian congregations adopting beliefs and practices similar to Pentecostalism.
Charles d'Angennes de Rambouillet (1530–1587) was a French Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal.
Charles Daubuz or Charles Daubus (1673–1717), was a Church of England clergyman and theologian.
Charles de Brimeu (1524 or 1525 – 1572 in Zwolle), was the last count of Meghem, lord of Humbercourt, of Houdain and Éperlecques.
Charles de Clermont, called la Fontaine, was a Protestant preacher who was active in La Rochelle in 1557.
Charles de Mornay (1514 - 4 September 1574), was a Swedish (originally French) court official, diplomat and royal favorite.
Charles Drelincourt (10 July 1595 in Sedan3 November 1669) was a French Protestant divine.
Charles Drelincourt (-) was a French physician.
Charles Dumoulin (1500–1566) was a French jurist.
Charles Follen (September 6, 1796 – January 13, 1840) was a German poet and patriot, who later moved to the United States and became the first professor of German at Harvard University, a Unitarian minister, and a radical abolitionist.
Charles François d'Abra de Raconis (1580–1646) was a French bishop and theologian.
Charles Grandison Finney (August 29, 1792 – August 16, 1875) was an American Presbyterian minister and leader in the Second Great Awakening in the United States.
Charles Hindelang (March 29, 1810 – February 15, 1839) was a French-born military man who fought for the independence of Lower Canada (present-day Quebec).
Charles Hodge (December 27, 1797 – June 19, 1878) was a Presbyterian theologian and principal of Princeton Theological Seminary between 1851 and 1878.
Charles Louis, (Karl I. Ludwig), Elector Palatine KG (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of German elector Frederick V of the Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, and his wife, Elizabeth of England.
Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649.
Charles of Hesse-Kassel (Karl von Hessen-Kassel; 3 August 1654, Kassel, Landgraviate of Hesse – 23 March 1730, at the same place), of the House of Hesse, was the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1670 to 1730.
Charles II (Karl II.; 10 April 1651, Heidelberg – 26 May 1685, Heidelberg) was Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685.
Charles II, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (born July 24, 1529 in Pforzheim – died March 23, 1577 in Durlach), nicknamed Charles with the bag, governed the Margravate of Durlach from 1552 to 1577.
Charles IX (27 June 1550 – 30 May 1574) was a French monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death from tuberculosis.
Charles IX, also Carl (Karl IX; 4 October 1550 – 30 October 1611), was King of Sweden from 1604 until his death.
Charles Loring Brace (June 19, 1826August 11, 1890) was an American philanthropist who contributed to the field of social reform.
Sir Charles Reed FSA (19 June 1819 – 25 March 1881) was a British politician who served as Member of Parliament for Hackney and St Ives, Chairman of the London School Board, Director and Trustee of the original Abney Park Cemetery Joint Stock Company, Chairman of the Bunhill Fields Preservation Committee, associate of George Peabody, lay Congregationalist, and owner of a successful commercial typefounding business in London.
Charles Simeon (24 September 1759 – 13 November 1836), was an English evangelical clergyman.
Charles Smith Bird (1795–1862) was an English academic, cleric and tutor, known as a theological author and writer of devotional verse, and described as a High Church Evangelical.
Charles Wagner (3 January 1852 Wibersville, Alsace – 12 May 1918)"Author of Popular Book, 'The Simple Life,' Dead" (May 14, 1918) Indianapolis Star was a French reformed pastor whose inspirational writings were influential in shaping the reformed theology of his time.
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel (27 April 1650 – 27 March 1714) was queen-consort of Denmark and Norway, by marriage to King Christian V.
Charlotte Catherine de La Trémoïlle (1568 – 29 August 1629) was a French noblewoman and, by marriage, Princess of Condé.
Charlotte of Bourbon (1546/1547 – 5 May 1582) was a Princess consort of Orange as the third spouse of William the Silent, Prince of Orange, the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish.
Princess Charlotte of Schaumburg-Lippe (10 October 1864–16 July 1946) was the daughter of Prince Wilhelm Karl August of Schaumburg-Lippe, and his wife, Princess Bathildis of Anhalt-Dessau.
Charlotte of the Palatinate (Princess Palatine Charlotte, 19 December 1628 – 14 January 1631), was the fourth daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine (of the House of Wittelsbach), the "Winter King" of Bohemia, by his consort, the English princess Elizabeth Stuart.
Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel (Kassel, 20 November 1627 – Heidelberg, 26 March 1686) was the consort of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and mother of Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate.
The Château de Nérac is a castle in the Lot-et-Garonne département in southwest France.
The Cheshire Mammoth Cheese was a gift from the town of Cheshire, Massachusetts to President Thomas Jefferson in 1802.
Chestnut Ridge and Schellsburg Union Church and Cemetery is a historic church and cemetery in Bedford County, Pennsylvania.
A children's message or children's sermon is a part of a church service dedicated to communicating an abbreviated Christian message that is palatable to small children.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
Chmielnik is a town in Kielce County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland.
The Chodkiewicz (Хадкевіч, Chodkiewiczowie, Chodkevičius, Kadkevičius, Katkevičius, Katkus) family was one of the most influential noble families of Ruthenian descent in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the 16th–17th centuries.
Choir dress is the traditional vesture of the clerics, seminarians and religious of Christian churches worn for public prayer and the administration of the sacraments except when celebrating or concelebrating the Eucharist.
CSI-Christ Church (Hyderabad) is one of the earliest Churches in Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Christ Church is a Reformed and evangelical church in Moscow, Idaho, pastored by Douglas Wilson, and a member of the Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches.
Christ Hamilton United Lutheran Church and Cemetery is a national historic district consisting of a Lutheran / Reformed church and cemetery in Hamilton Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.
The idea of the Christ of Europe, a messianic doctrine based in the New Testament, first became widespread among Poland and other various European nations through the activities of the Reformed Churches in the 16th to the 18th centuries.
Christ The King Presbyterian Church is a Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) church, founded in 1995.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Christian apologetics (ἀπολογία, "verbal defence, speech in defence") is a branch of Christian theology that attempts to defend Christianity against objections.
The Christian Research Ministry is a Protestant organization in the United States, founded in 1995.
"Christian Church" is an ecclesiological term generally used by Protestants to refer to the whole group of people belonging to Christianity throughout the history of Christianity.
The Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States in the Reformed tradition with close ties to the Restoration Movement.
The Christian Church in Luwuk Banggai is a Reformed denomination in Indonesia, a member of the World Communion of Reformed Churches.
Christian Church of Sumba is Calvinist church in Indonesia, a member of World Communion of Reformed Churches.
The Christian Connection was a Christian movement in the United States of America that developed in several places during the late 18th and early 19th centuries; it was made up of secessions from several different religious denominations.
The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus, is the best-known symbol of Christianity.
Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in nineteenth-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching, as well as Neo-Calvinism.
The Christian-Democratic Union (in Dutch: Christelijk-Democratische Unie) was a minor progressive Protestant party in the Netherlands during in the interbellum.
A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organisation, leadership and doctrine.
Christian Ehregott Weinlig (September 30, 1743 – March 14, 1813) was a German composer and cantor of Dresden's Kreuzkirche.
Christian eschatology is the branch of theological study relating to last things, such as concerning death, the end of the world, the judgement of humanity, and the ultimate destiny of humanity.
The Christian Evangelical Church in Minahasa (Gereja Masehi Injii di Minahasa) is a Protestant, Lutheran and Reformed church in Indonesia.
Christian Evangelical Church in Timor is the second largest Protestant church in Indonesia with 2 million members and 2,161 congregations and almost 1,100 ministers.
Prince Christian Everhard of East Frisia (1 October 1665, Esens – 30 June 1708, Aurich) was a Prince of East Frisia from the House of Cirksena from the day he was born in 1665, but remained under guardianship until 1690.
Christian head covering and hair covering is the veiling of the head by women in a variety of Christian traditions.
Christian hedonism is a Christian doctrine found in some evangelical circles, particularly those of the Reformed tradition especially in the circle of John Piper.
Although less common than in the medieval period, formal charges of heresy within Christian churches still occur.
The Christian Heritage Party of New Zealand (CHP, known for a time simply as Christian Heritage New Zealand) was a New Zealand political party espousing Christian values and conservative views on social policy.
Christian I, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg, also known as Christian of Anhalt, (11 May 1568 – 17 April 1630) was a German prince of the House of Ascania.
A Christian mission is an organized effort to spread Christianity.
Christian perfection is the name given to various teachings within Christianity that describe the process of achieving spiritual maturity or perfection.
Christian philosophy is a development in philosophy that is characterised by coming from a Christian tradition.
The Christian Presbyterian Church in Portugal (Igreja Christa Presbiteriana de Portugal or ICPP in Portuguese) is a small Reformed church in Portugal.
Christian reconstructionism is a fundamentalist Reformed theonomic movement that developed under the ideas of Rousas Rushdoony, Greg Bahnsen and Gary North; it has had an important influence on the Christian Right in the United States.
The Christian Reformed Church in Cuba is a Reformed and Presbyterian Church in Cuba.
The Christian Reformed Church in Eastern Africa was born in 1992, when several pastors left the Reformed Church of East Africa who wanted to focus on fields beyond Kenya.
The Christian Reformed Church in Myanmar is a Reformed church of Myanmar, and was founded in 1985 by Pastor Chan Thleng who was former ordained in the Presbyterian Church in Myanmar.
The Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA or CRC) is a Protestant Christian denomination in the United States and Canada.
The Christian Reformed Church in Sierra Leone is a Protestant Reformed denomination in Sierra Leone.
Christian Reformed Church in South Africa is a confessional Reformed Presbyterian denomination in South Africa.
The Christian Reformed Church in Sri Lanka (formerly known as the Dutch Reformed Church in Sri Lanka) is the oldest Protestant church on the island.
The Christian Reformed Church in the Philippines is a Protestant Reformed denomination in the Philippines, founded by American missionaries in the mid-1900.
The Christian Reformed Church of Campo Belo formerly known asSwiss Evangelical Church of São Paulo is a Reformed Protestant church in Sao Paulo.
The Christian Reformed Church in the Dominican Republic (Iglesia Cristiana Reformada en la Republica Dominicana) is a Reformed denomination founded by American missionaries.
The Christian Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (Christelijke Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland) is a Protestant church in the Netherlands.
The Christian Reformed Churches of Australia (CRCA), formerly known as the Reformed Churches of Australia (RCA) is a Christian denomination established in Australia belonging to the Reformed/Presbyterian tradition.
A Christian republic is a governmental system that comprises both Christianity and republicanism.
Christian socialism is a form of religious socialism based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
A Christian state is a country that recognizes a form of Christianity as its official religion and often has a state church, which is a Christian denomination that supports the government and is supported by the government.
Christian theology is the theology of Christian belief and practice.
The Christian Union (ChristenUnie, CU) is a Christian democratic political party in the Netherlands.
Christian universalism is a school of Christian theology focused around the doctrine of universal reconciliation – the view that all human beings will ultimately be "saved" and restored to a right relationship with God.
Christian views on alcohol are varied.
There have been a variety of Christian views on poverty and wealth.
The doctrine of sin is central to Christianity, since its basic message is about redemption in Christ.
The Mosaic covenant or Law of Moses which Christians generally call the "Old Covenant" (in contrast to the New Covenant) has played an important role in the origins of Christianity and has occasioned serious dispute and controversy since the beginnings of Christianity: note for example Jesus' teaching of the Law during his Sermon on the Mount and the circumcision controversy in early Christianity.
Christian worldview (also called Biblical worldview) refers to the framework of ideas and beliefs through which a Christian individual, group or culture interprets the world and interacts with it.
In Christianity, worship is reverent honor and homage paid to God.
Christian, Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg (12 August 1688 at Dillenburg Castle – 28 August 1739 in Straßebersbach, now part of Dietzhölztal) was a the last ruler (i.e. Fürst) of Nassau-Dillenburg from the line that had started in 1606 with George, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
Christianity and other religions documents Christianity's relationship with other world religions, and the differences and similarities.
Christianity and Theosophy, for more than a hundred years, have a difficult and occasionally poor relationship.
Christianity came to North Africa in the Roman era.
Christianity is the largest Australian religion according to the national census.
Christianity is the predominant religion of Denmark, with 75.9% of the Danish population estimated as adherents of the Folkekirken ("the People's Church"), Denmark's national Lutheran church.
Christianity is the largest religion in Europe.
Christianity is India's third most followed religion according to the census of 2011, with approximately 28 million followers, constituting 2.3 percent of India's population. It is traditionally believed that Christianity was introduced to India by Thomas the Apostle, who supposedly landed in Kerala in 52 AD. There is a general scholarly consensus that Christianity was definitely established in India by the 6th century AD. including some communities who used Syriac liturgies, and it is possible that the religion's existence extends as far back as the purported time of St.Thomas's arrival. Christians are found all across India and in all walks of life, with major populations in parts of South India and the south shore, the Konkan Coast, and Northeast India. Indian Christians have contributed significantly to and are well represented in various spheres of national life. They include former and current chief ministers, governors and chief election commissioners. Indian Christians have the highest ratio of women to men among the various religious communities in India. Christians are the second most educated religious group in India after Jains. Christianity in India has different denominations. The state of Kerala is home to the Saint Thomas Christian community, an ancient body of Christians, who are now divided into several different churches and traditions. They are East Syriac Saint Thomas Christian churches: the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church and the Chaldean Syrian Church. The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Church, Mar Thoma Syrian Church, Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, and the Malabar Independent Syrian Church are West Syriac Saint Thomas Christian Churches. Since the 19th century Protestant churches have also been present; major denominations include the Baptists, Church of South India (CSI), Evangelical Church of India (ECI), St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India, Believers Eastern Church, the Church of North India (CNI), the Presbyterian Church of India, Pentecostal Church, Apostolics, Lutherans, Traditional Anglicans and other evangelical groups. The Christian Church runs thousands of educational institutions and hospitals which have contributed significantly to the development of the nation. Roman Catholicism was first introduced to India by Portuguese, Italian and Irish Jesuits in the 16th century to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ among Indians. Most Christian schools, hospitals, primary care centres originated through the Roman Catholic missions brought by the trade of these countries. Evangelical Protestantism was later spread to India by the efforts of British, American, German, Scottish missionaries. These Protestant missions were also responsible for introducing English education in India for the first time and were also accountable in the first early translations of the Holy Bible in various Indian languages (including Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu, Hindi, Urdu and others). Even though Christians are a significant minority, they form a major religious group in three states of India - Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland with plural majority in Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh and other states with significant Christian population include Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Christianity is widespread across India and is present in all states with major populations in South India.
Christianity is and has been the largest religion in Ireland.
Christianity in Italy is characterised by the predominance of the Catholic Church.
Christianity was introduced by Spanish settlers who arrived in Jamaica in 1509.
Christianity in Madagascar is practiced by 41% of Madagascans, according to the US Department of State in 2011, or by 85% of them according to the Pew Research Center in 2010, often in syncretic form with traditional religious practices.
Christianity in New Zealand dates to the arrival of missionaries in the early 19th century and is the country's primary religion.
Christianity is the dominant religion in South Africa, with almost 80% of the population in 2001 professing to be Christian.
In 16th-century Christianity, Protestantism came to the forefront and marked a significant change in the Christian world.
17th Century Missionary activity in Asia and the Americas grew strongly, put down roots, and developed its institutions, though it met with strong resistance in Japan in particular.
Bibliothèque Nationale de France --> Characteristic of Christianity in the 19th century were Evangelical revivals in some largely Protestant countries and later the effects of modern Biblical scholarship on the churches.
Christianity in the 20th century was characterized by an accelerating secularization of Western society, which had begun in the 19th century, and by the spread of Christianity to non-Western regions of the world.
Christianity is the most adhered to religion in the United States, with 75% of polled American adults identifying themselves as Christian in 2015.
Christianity is the largest religion in Wales.
The Christians (Stone Movement) were a group arising during the Second Great Awakening of the early 19th century.
Christine of Hesse-Kassel (19 October 1578 – 19 August 1658) was a German noblewoman member of the House of Hesse and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Eisenach and Saxe-Coburg.
Christmas is a Christian celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ held annually on 25 December.
Christmas Evans (25 December 1766 – 19 July 1838) was a Welsh Nonconformist minister, regarded as one of the greatest preachers in the history of Wales.
A Christmas tree is a decorated tree, usually an evergreen conifer such as spruce, pine, or fir or an artificial tree of similar appearance, associated with the celebration of Christmas.
Christocentric is a doctrinal term within Christianity, describing theological positions that focus on Jesus Christ, the second person of the Christian Trinity, in relation to the Godhead/God the Father (theocentric) or the Holy Spirit (pneumocentric).
Christology (from Greek Χριστός Khristós and -λογία, -logia) is the field of study within Christian theology which is primarily concerned with the ontology and person of Jesus as recorded in the canonical Gospels and the epistles of the New Testament.
Christoph Pezel (5 March 1539 – 24 February 1604) was an influential Reformed Theologian who introduced the Reformed confession to Nassau-Dillenburg and Bremen.
Christopher Fowler (1610–1678) was an English ejected minister.
Christopher Morse (born 1935) is an American Christian theologian.
Christopher Ness (1621–1705) was an English ejected minister and theological author.
The church covenant is a declaration, which some churches draw up and call their members to sign, in which their duties as church members towards God and their fellow believers are outlined.
Church music in Scotland includes all musical composition and performance of music in the context of Christian worship in Scotland, from the beginnings of Christianisation in the fifth century, to the present day.
The Synod of Zambia is one of the five synods of the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian.
The Church of Christ was the original name of the Latter Day Saint church founded by Joseph Smith.
The Church of Christ in China was a coalition of churches in mainland China, established in the early half of the twentieth century.
The Church of Christ in Indonesia, Gereja Kristus, is a Reformed denomination in Indonesia.
The Church of Christ in the Congo or CCC (in French, Église du Christ au Congo or ECC), is a union of 62 Protestant denominations, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The Church of Christ in the Sudan Among the Tiv (Nongo u Kristu u ken Sudan hen tiv, NKST) is a confessional Christian Reformed denomination in Nigeria.
The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark or National Church, sometimes called Church of Denmark (Den Danske Folkekirke or Folkekirken, literally: "the People's Church" or "the National Church"), is the established, state-supported church in Denmark.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) is a Pentecostal-Holiness Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership.
The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: Kirk o Airlann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.
The Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar (Fiangonan'i Jesoa Kristy eto Madagasikara) (FJKM) is the second-largest Christian denomination in Madagascar.
The Church of Lippe (Lippische Landeskirche) is a Reformed member church of the Evangelical Church in Germany that covers what used to be the Principality of Lippe.
The Church of Our Blessed Lady of the Sablon (Église Notre-Dame du Sablon, Onze-Lieve-Vrouw ten Zavel) is a Catholic church from the 15th century located in the Sablon/Zavel district in the historic centre of Brussels, which was patronised by the nobility and wealthy citizens of Brussels.
The Church of Pakistan is a united church in Pakistan, which is part of the Anglican Communion and a member of the World Communion of Reformed ChurchesDatabase (9 February 2006).
The Church of Scotland (The Scots Kirk, Eaglais na h-Alba), known informally by its Scots language name, the Kirk, is the national church of Scotland.
The Church of South India (CSI) is the second largest Christian church in India based on the population of members, and claims to be the largest Protestant denomination in the country.
The Church of St.
The Church of Sweden (Svenska kyrkan) is an Evangelical Lutheran national church in Sweden.
The Church of the Brethren in the Czech Republic was founded by the missionaries of the Free Church of Scotland and congregational missionaries from Boston as the Free Reformed Church in 1880.
The Church of the Nazarene is an evangelical Christian denomination that emerged from the 19th-century Holiness movement in North America.
The Church of the United Brethren in Christ is an evangelical Christian denomination based in Huntington, Indiana.
The Congregational Christian Church of Tuvalu (Tuvaluan: Te Ekalesia Kelisiano Tuvalu, EKT), commonly the Church of Tuvalu, is the state church of Tuvalu, although in practice this merely entitles it to "the privilege of performing special services on major national events".
A church tax is a tax imposed on members of some religious congregations in Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Sweden, some parts of Switzerland and several other countries.
Church union is the name given to a merger of two or more Christian denominations.
Churches of Christ are autonomous Christian congregations associated with one another through distinct beliefs and practices.
The Churches of Christ in Christian Union (CCCU) is a Wesleyan-Holiness and Restorationist Christian denomination.
The Churches of God, General Conference (Winebrenner) (CGGC) is an Evangelical Christian denomination in the United States originating in the revivalism and evangelistic efforts of John Winebrenner.
Cigánd (Cigándi járás) is a district in north-eastern part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.
Ciucsângeorgiu (Csíkszentgyörgy) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania.
Ciumani (Gyergyócsomafalva, Hungarian pronunciation) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania.
The doctrine of the clarity of Scripture (often called the perspicuity of Scripture) is a Protestant Christian position teaching that "...those things which are necessary to be known, believed, and observed, for salvation, are so clearly propounded and opened in some place of Scripture or other, that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of the ordinary means, may attain unto a sufficient understanding of them".
Clark H. Pinnock (February 3, 1937 – August 15, 2010) was a Christian theologian, apologist and author.
The Clarke Street Meeting House (also known as the Second Congregational Church Newport County or Central Baptist Church) is an historic former meeting house and Reformed Christian church building at 13-17 Clarke Street in Newport, Rhode Island.
Claude de La Baume (1534–1584) was a French Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal.
Claude Le Jeune (1528 to 1530 – buried 26 September 1600) was a Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance.
Claude Pajon (1626 – September 27, 1685) was a 17th-century French theologian.
A clerical collar, clergy collar, or Roman collar, is an item of Christian clerical clothing.
Climont, formerly called "Clivemont" in Old French, and "Winberg" in Old Alsatian, is a conical sandstone peak of the Vosges mountains.
Closed communion is the practice of restricting the serving of the elements of Holy Communion (also called Eucharist, The Lord's Supper) to those who are members in good standing of a particular church, denomination, sect, or congregation.
Cluj-Napoca (Klausenburg; Kolozsvár,; Medieval Latin: Castrum Clus, Claudiopolis; and קלויזנבורג, Kloiznburg), commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country.
Ahazueros Jacobus Breman, known as Co (7 December 1865, Zwolle - 18 November 1938, Laren) was a Dutch painter.
Codex Claromontanus, symbolized by Dp or 06 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), δ 1026 (von Soden), is a Greek-Latin diglot uncial manuscript of the New Testament, written in an uncial hand on vellum.
The Coesfeld Cross is a so-called forked cross and is located in the Church of Saint Lambert in Coesfeld.
In Christian history, the Collegiants (Collegiani; Collegianten), also called Collegians, were an association, founded in 1619 among the Arminians and Anabaptists in Holland.
The Collegium Sapientiae (Sapience College; College of Wisdom; Sapienzkolleg; Sapienz; Sapienz-Collegium) was a preparatory academy and later theological seminary in Heidelberg in the early modern period.
Collisionhttp://www.collisionmovie.com/http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2007/mayweb-only/119-12.0.html is an American documentary film released on October 27, 2009.
The Colloquy at Poissy was a religious conference which took place in Poissy, France, in 1561.
The Protestant cemetery (Evangelischer Friedhof Köln-Mülheim) Bergisch Gladbach road (Highway 506) in Mülheim district of Cologne existed since the beginning of the 17th century and is one of the oldest preserved cemeteries in Cologne, Germany.
The colonial history of the United States covers the history of European colonization of the Americas from the start of colonization in the early 16th century until their incorporation into the United States of America.
The history of the colonial period of South Carolina focuses on the English colonization that created one of the original Thirteen Colonies.
Common grace is a theological concept in Protestant Christianity, primarily in Reformed/Calvinistic thought, referring to the grace of God that is either common to all humankind, or common to everyone within a particular sphere of influence (limited only by unnecessary cultural factors).
Common Worship is the name given to the series of services authorised by the General Synod of the Church of England and launched on the first Sunday of Advent in 2000.
Communicatio idiomatum (Latin: communication of properties) is a Christological concept about the interaction of deity and humanity in the person of Jesus Christ.
The Communion of Protestant Christian Church of Nias is a Reformed denomination in Indonesia.
The Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches (CREC), formerly the Confederation of Reformed Evangelical Churches, was founded in 1998 as a body of churches that hold to Reformed (Calvinistic) theology.
Communion table or Lord's table are terms used by many Protestant churches—particularly from Reformed, Baptist and low church Anglican and Methodist bodies—for the table used for preparation of Holy Communion (a sacrament also called the Eucharist).
A communion token is a metal token issued to members of Reformed churches in order to provide them entrance to the Lord's Supper.
The Community of Protestant Churches in Europe (CPCE, also GEKE for Gemeinschaft Evangelischer Kirchen in Europa) is a fellowship of over 100 Protestant churches which have signed the Leuenberg Agreement.
The Community of True Inspiration, also known as the True Inspiration Congregations, Inspirationalists, and the Amana Church Society) were a group of Germans, Swiss and Austrians from a number of backgrounds and socioeconomic areas who settled in West Seneca, New York, after purchasing land from an Indian reservation. They later moved to Amana, Iowa, when they became dissatisfied with the congestion of Erie County and the growth of Buffalo, New York.
Comunhão Reformada Batista do Brasil was founded in June 10, 2004, by individuals from different denominations and subscribes the in Petrolândia, Pernambuco and subscribes the 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith in Brazil.
Concursus dei or concursus divinus (lat., Literally: divine concurrence) is a theological and philosophical teaching that divine activity runs parallel to the activity of people and things.
Condign merit (meritum de condigno) is an aspect of Roman Catholic theology signifying merit with the dignity of Christ.
In Christian theology, conditional election is the belief that God chooses for eternal salvation those whom he foresees will have faith in Christ.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
There are 38 Conferences in the United Church of Christ.
The Confession of 1967 is a confession of faith of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), abbreviated PC(USA).
Confessionalism, in a religious (and particularly Christian) sense, is a belief in the importance of full and unambiguous assent to the whole of a religious teaching.
In Christianity, confirmation is seen as the sealing of Christianity created in baptism.
The Congregatio de Auxiliis (Latin for "Congregation on help (by Divine Grace)") was a commission established by Pope Clement VIII to settle a theological controversy regarding divine grace that had arisen between the Dominicans and the Jesuits towards the close of the sixteenth century.
The monastic Congregation of Savigny (Savigniac Order) started in the abbey of Savigny, situated in northern France, on the confines of Normandy and Brittany, in the Diocese of Coutances.
The Congregational Christian Church of American Samoa (CCAS) or the "Ekalesia Faapotopotoga Kerisiano i Amerika Samoa" (EFKAS) is a theologically Reformed and congregational denomination in American Samoa.
The Congregational Christian Church in Samoa or Ekalesia Faapotopotoga Kerisiano Samoa is a Reformed and congregational denomination in Samoa.
The Congregational Christian Church of Niue (abbreviated CCCN, also known as Ekalesia Niue or the Church of Niue) is a Christian denomination in Niue and New Zealand.
The Congregational Christian Churches were a Protestant Christian denomination that operated in the U.S. from 1931 through 1957.
Congregational churches (also Congregationalist churches; Congregationalism) are Protestant churches in the Reformed tradition practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs.
The Congregational Federation is a small Christian denomination in Great Britain comprising just under 300 congregations.
Congregationalism may refer to.
Congregationalism in the United States consists of Protestant churches in the Reformed tradition that have a congregational form of church government and trace their origins mainly to Puritan settlers of colonial New England.
Congregationalist polity, or congregational polity, often known as congregationalism, is a system of ecclesiastical polity in which every local church congregation is independent, ecclesiastically sovereign, or "autonomous".
The Connecticut Colony or Colony of Connecticut, originally known as the Connecticut River Colony or simply the River Colony, was an English colony in North America that became the U.S. state of Connecticut.
Conrad Grebel (c. 1498–1526), son of a prominent Swiss merchant and councilman, was a co-founder of the Swiss Brethren movement.
Conrad le Despenser Roden Noel (1869–1942) was an English priest of the Church of England.
The Conservative Congregational Christian Conference (CCCC or 4C's) is an evangelical Protestant Christian denomination in the United States.
Conservative evangelicalism is a term used in Britain to describe a theological movement found within evangelical Protestant Christianity, and is sometimes simply synonymous with evangelical within the United Kingdom.
The Conservative Presbyterian Church in Brazil (the Igreja Presbiterianan Conservadora do Brazil) is a confessional Reformed denomination, founded in the mid-1900s.
The Conservative Presbyterian Church in Korea was formed in 1963 when Pastor Kim Oh-Sung gathered 102 congregations to form a new denomination.
Consociationalism is often viewed as synonymous with power-sharing, although it is technically only one form of power-sharing.
Constantia Zierenberg (1605–1653) was a singer and musician from Danzig(Gdańsk) in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Continental Baptist Churches is an association of "Calvinistic" Baptist churches holding New Covenant theology, organized in June 1983.
A Continental Reformed church is a Reformed church that has its origin in the European continent.
The Wesel Convention was a secret gathering of leading church people from Dutch refugee communities, believed to have taken place in November 1568 in the Hanseatic city of Wesel.
A conventicle is a small, unofficial and unofficiated religious meeting of laypeople.
The Convention of Baptist Churches of Northern Circars (CBCNC) is a Christian denomination in north coastal Andhra Pradesh.
Conversion to Christianity is a process of religious conversion in which a previously non-Christian person converts to Christianity.
Convulsionnaires of Saint-Médard was a group of 18th-century French religious pilgrims who exhibited convulsions and later constituted a religious sect and a political movement.
The Cook Islands Christian Church (CICC) is the largest religious denomination in the Cook Islands.
Cornelis Hendrikus Elleboogius (Elleboog) (1603–1701) was a Dutch Reformed theologian.
Cornelis Petrus Tiele, (16 December 1830–11 January 1902) was a Dutch theologian and scholar.
Cornelis Maartenszoon Tromp (3 September 1629 – 29 May 1691) was a Dutch naval officer.
Cornelius Burges or Burgess, DD (1589? – 1665), was an English minister.
Cornelius Hazart (28 October 1617 – 25 October 1690) was a Belgian Jesuit priest, controversialist, orator and writer of polemical history.
Cornelius Jansen (Latinized name Cornelius Jansenius; also Corneille Janssens; 28 October 1585 – 6 May 1638) was the Dutch Catholic bishop of Ypres in Flanders and the father of a theological movement known as Jansenism.
Cornelius Van Til (May 3, 1895 – April 17, 1987) was a Dutch Christian philosopher and Reformed theologian, who is credited as being the originator of modern presuppositional apologetics.
The coronation of Queen Elizabeth I as queen regnant of England took place at Westminster Abbey, London, on 15 January 1559.
Corporate election refers to a Christian soteriological view that understands Christian salvation to be based on "God choosing in Christ a people whom he destines to be holy and blameless in his sight." Put another way, "Election is the corporate choice of the church 'in Christ.'" Paul Marston and Roger Forster are convinced that, "The central idea in the election of the church may be seen from Ephesians 1:4": "For he chose us in him, before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight." William Klein agrees, but would add that Here Paul states that God chose Christians in Christ before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight.
The Feast of Corpus Christi (Latin for "Body of Christ") is a Catholic liturgical solemnity celebrating the real presence of the body and blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, in the Eucharist—known as transubstantiation.
Corpus separatum, a Latin term meaning "separated body", refers to the status of the City of Fiume (modern Rijeka, Croatia) while given a special legal and political status different from its environment under the rule of the Kingdom of Hungary.
The Council for World Mission (CWM) is a worldwide community of mainly protestant Christian churches.
The Second Council of Orange (or Second Synod of Orange) was held in 529 at Orange, which was then part of the Ostrogothic Kingdom.
The Counter-Remonstrance of 1611 was the Dutch Reformed Churches' response to the controversial Remonstrants' Five Articles of Remonstrance, which challenged the Calvinist theology and the Reformed Confessions that the Remonstrants had sworn to uphold.
Counter-reformation in Poland refers to the response (Counter-Reformation) of Catholic Church in Poland (more precisely, the Kingdom of Poland until 1568, and thereafter the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) to the spread of Protestantism in Poland (the Protestant Reformation).
Charlotte, Countess of Hanau-Lichtenberg, full name: Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau-Lichtenberg (2 May 1700, Bouxwiller – 1 July 1726, Darmstadt) was the wife of landgrave Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Countess Emilia of Nassau (10 April 1569 – 16 March 1629) was the third and youngest daughter of William the Silent and his second wife Anna of Saxony.
Countess Magdalena of Waldeck (9 September 1558 – August 1599) was a daughter of Philip IV of Waldeck-Wildungen (1493–1574) and his wife, Jutta of Isenburg (d. 1564).
Countess Maria of Nassau (7 February 1556, Breda – 10 October 1616, Buren) was the second daughter of William the Silent by his first wife Anna of Egmond and Buren.
The Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion is a small society of evangelical churches, founded in 1783 by Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, as a result of the Evangelical Revival.
Countess Palatine Dorothea of Simmern (6 January 1581 – 18 September 1631) was a Countess Palatine of Simmern by birth and Princess of Anhalt-Dessau by marriage.
The County of Bentheim (Grafschaft Bentheim, Low German Benthem) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, located in the south-west corner of today's Lower Saxony, Germany.
The County of East-Frisia (Dutch: Graafschap Oost-Friesland) was a county (though ruled by a prince after 1662) in the region of East Frisia in the northwest of the present-day German state of Lower Saxony.
The County of Hanau was a territory within the Holy Roman Empire, evolved out of the Lordship of Hanau in 1429.
Namur (Namen) was a county of the Carolingian and later Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries.
The County of Saarwerden was a county located in Lorraine, within the Holy Roman Empire.
The County of Tecklenburg (Grafschaft Tecklenburg) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire, located in the present German state of Lower Saxony.
A biblical covenant is a religious covenant that is described in the Bible.
In religion, a covenant is a formal alliance or agreement made by God with a religious community or with humanity in general.
Covenant College is a Christian liberal arts college in Lookout Mountain, Georgia.
Covenant Fellowship Church is a 1500+ member non-denominational "reformed charismatic" church in Glen Mills, Pennsylvania.
Covenant Life Church is a non-denominational church in Gaithersburg, Maryland.
The Covenant of Free Evangelical Congregations in the Netherlands (Dutch: Bond van Vrije Evangelische Gemeenten, abbreviated VEG) is a Reformed denomination in the Netherlands.
The Covenant Presbyterian Church (CPC) is a Presbyterian denomination with 13 member churches in the US.
The former Cathedral of All Saints of the Polish National Catholic Church in Chicago, referred to in Polish as Katedra Wszystkich Świętych is a historic church building located in the Bucktown neighborhood of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois, United States.
In Reformed theology, covenant succession is the idea that the children of believers "are expected to succeed in the faith of their parents, and this is accomplished through the divinely ordained means of covenant nurture." Other terms used are covenant expectation, children in the covenant, and practical covenant theology.
Covenant Theological Seminary, sometimes known as Covenant Seminary, is the denominational seminary of the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA).
Covenant theology (also known as Covenantalism, Federal theology, or Federalism) is a conceptual overview and interpretive framework for understanding the overall structure of the Bible.
The Covenanting Association of Reformed and Presbyterian Churches or CARPC is a Reformed and Presbyterian denomination in mainly California USA.
Cowan Bridge School refers to the Clergy Daughters' School, a school mainly for the daughters of middle class clergy founded in the 1820s.
Cradley Heath Baptist Church, also known as Four-ways Baptist Church, was the first Church of any denomination to build a chapel in Cradley Heath, West Midlands.
Craig G. Bartholomew (MA, Potchefstroom University, PhD, Bristol University) is the Director of the Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics.
Crathie Kirk is a small Church of Scotland parish church in the Scottish village of Crathie, best known for being the regular place of worship of the British Royal Family when they are holidaying at nearby Balmoral Castle.
A creed (also known as a confession, symbol, or statement of faith) is a statement of the shared beliefs of a religious community in the form of a fixed formula summarizing core tenets.
The Château Du Crest is a castle in the municipality of Jussy of the Canton of Geneva in Switzerland.
Criticism of Protestantism covers critiques and questions raised about Protestantism, the movement based on Martin Luther's Reformation principles of 1517.
The Crollalanza theory of Shakespeare's identity posits that Shakespeare was an Italian called Michelangelo Florio a.k.a. "Crollalanza", whose mother's family name is variously given as Crollalanza or Scrollalanza ("shake-speare").
Cronenberg is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The Crooke Baronetcy of Baltimore, County Cork was a title in the Baronetage of Ireland.
Crucifixion with the Virgin and St John by Hendrick ter Brugghen is an oil painting, now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
Crypto-Calvinism is a pejorative term describing a segment of German members of the Lutheran Church accused of secretly subscribing to Calvinist doctrine of the Eucharist in the decades immediately after the death of Martin Luther in 1546.
Csanád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Csanádpalota (in Romanian: Palatul Cenad) is a town in the Makó-region of Csongrád county, in Hungary's Southern Great Plain.
Csík (Hungarian, in Romanian: Ciuc) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Csenger (Csengeri járás) is a district in eastern part of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County.
For the defunct Hungarian automaker see: Csepel (automobile) Csepel (Tschepele) is the 21st district and a neighbourhood in Budapest, Hungary.
CSI-Garrison Wesley Church (built in 1853) located in Trimulgherry is among the oldest churches in Secunderabad under the auspices of the Protestant Church of South India (CSI) within the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Diocese of Medak.
Csongrád (Csongrád megye) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in southern Hungary, on the both sides of the river Tisza, on the border with Serbia and Romania.
Csongrád (Hungarian: Csongrád, Serbian: Čongrad or Чонград) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Csongrád (Csongrádi járás) is a district in north-western part of Csongrád County.
Csorna (Csornai járás) is a district in central part of Győr-Moson-Sopron County.
The cuisine of the Thirteen Colonies includes the foods, eating habits, and cooking methods of the Colonial United States.
Cuius regio, eius religio is a Latin phrase which literally means "Whose realm, his religion", meaning that the religion of the ruler was to dictate the religion of those ruled.
The cultural mandate or creation mandate is the divine injunction found in Genesis 1:28, in which God (YHWH), after having created the world and all in it, ascribes to humankind the tasks of filling, subduing, and ruling over the earth.
Austrian culture has largely been influenced by its past and present neighbours: Italy, Poland, Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia.
The culture of Guernsey in the Bailiwick of Guernsey is a culture which has been shaped by its indigenous Norman language and traditions as well as French (especially Norman) and British (especially English) cultural influences.
The culture of Jersey is the culture of the Bailiwick of Jersey.
The culture of the Netherlands is diverse, reflecting regional differences as well as the foreign influences built up by centuries of the Dutch people's mercantile and explorative spirit.
The Cumberland Presbyterian Church is a Presbyterian Christian denomination spawned by the Second Great Awakening.
In education, a curriculum (plural: curricula or curriculums) is broadly defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process.
The Curtius Baronetcy of Sweden was a title in the Baronetage of England, created on 2 April 1652 for William Curtius, "Resident to the King of Sweden".
CVO Skool Pretoria is a private Afrikaans, Christian school.
Cwmfelinfach is a small village located in the Sirhowy valley of south-east Wales.
Hieromartyr Cyril Lucaris or Loukaris (Κύριλλος Λούκαρις, 13 November 1572 – 27 June 1638), born Constantine Lucaris, was a Greek prelate and theologian, and a native of Candia, Crete (then under the Republic of Venice).
Cyrus Hall McCormick (February 15, 1809 – May 13, 1884) was an American inventor and businessman who founded the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company, which later became part of the International Harvester Company in 1902.
The Czechs (Češi,; singular masculine: Čech, singular feminine: Češka) or the Czech people (Český národ), are a West Slavic ethnic group and a nation native to the Czech Republic in Central Europe, who share a common ancestry, culture, history and Czech language.
Donald Arthur Carson (born December 21, 1946) is a Canadian-born, Reformed Evangelical theologian and professor of the New Testament.
Dirk Hendrik Theodoor Vollenhoven (1 November 1892, Amsterdam – 6 June 1978, Amsterdam) was a Dutch philosopher.
Dennis James Kennedy (November 3, 1930 – September 5, 2007) was an American pastor, evangelist, Christian broadcaster, and author.
Daan Samson (born 1973) is a Dutch artist.
Dabas (Dabasi járás) is a district in southern part of Pest County.
Damaris Cudworth, Lady Masham (18 January 1659 – 20 April 1708) was an English theological writer and advocate for women's education who is characterized as a proto-feminist.
Dandugama (දඬුගම) is a village in Sri Lanka.
Daniël van Vlierden (1651, Hasselt – 1716, Hasselt) was a Flemish sculptor who is mainly known for his Baroque sculpture in churches in the Prince-Bishopric of Liège.
Daniel Angelocrator (1569 – 1635), real surname Engelhardt, was a German Reformed minister.
Daniel Blumenthal (25 January 1860 in Thann, Haut-Rhin – 25 March 1930 in Paris) was the mayor of Colmar from 1905 to 1914 and an elected member of the Reichstag between 1903 and 1907.
Daniel Carleton Gajdusek (September 9, 1923 – December 12, 2008) was an American physician and medical researcher who was the co-recipient (with Baruch S. Blumberg) of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1976 for work on kuru, the second human prion disease demonstrated to be infectious.
Daniel de Superville (Rotterdam, 2 December 1696 – Rotterdam, 16 November 1773) was a Dutch physician who in 1742 founded the University of Erlangen in Germany.
Daniel Dunglas Home (pronounced Hume; 20 March 183321 June 1886) was a Scottish physical medium with the reported ability to levitate to a variety of heights, speak with the dead, and to produce rapping and knocks in houses at will.
Daniel Ernst Jablonski (20 November 1660 Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Poland25 May 1741 Berlin), was a German theologian and reformer of Czech origin, known for his efforts to bring about a union between Lutheran and Calvinist Protestants.
Daniel Featley, also called Fairclough and sometimes called Richard Fairclough/Featley (15 March 158217 April 1645), was an English theologian and controversialist.
Daniel Fisher (1731–1807) was an English dissenting minister.
Daniel Parker (January 29, 1781 – December 3, 1844) was an early American leader in the Primitive Baptist Church in the Southern United States and the founder of numerous churches including Pilgrim Primitive Baptist Church at Elkhart, Texas, the location of the Parker family cemetery.
Daniel Rogers (1573–1652) was an English nonconforming clergyman and religious writer.
Daniël Seghers or Daniel Seghers (3 December 1590 – 2 November 1661) was a Flemish Jesuit brother and painter who specialized in flower still lifes.
Daniel Tilenus (also Tilenius) (1563–1633) was a German-French Protestant theologian.
Daniel Tossanus (Toussain, Toussaint) (1541-1602) was a French Reformed theologian.
Daniel Whitby (1638–1726) was a controversial English theologian and biblical commentator.
Daniel of Waldeck (1 August 1530 – 7 June 1577 in Waldeck) was a ruling count of Waldeck-Wildungen.
Daniel-Paul Chappuzeau de Baugé, born in Lyon – died ca.
Danish Crown Regalia are the symbols of the Danish monarchy.
David Alan Brat (born July 27, 1964) is an American economist and politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Virginia's 7th congressional district since 2014.
David Charles "Dave" Haddon Hunt (September 30, 1926 – April 5, 2013) was an American Christian apologist, speaker, radio commentator and author.
Dave W. Mulder, Ed.D. (born February 17, 1939) was the Iowa State Senator from the 2nd District.
David Adams (1845–1923) of Cardiganshire, Wales was a Congregationalist minister and schoolmaster.
David Bandinel (died 1644–5) was Dean of Jersey.
David Charles (23 July 1812 – 13 December 1878) was a Welsh Calvinistic Methodist cleric and educator, who was one of the men behind the foundation of the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth.
David Harold Chilton (1951–1997) was a Reformed pastor, Christian Reconstructionist, speaker, and author of several books on economics, eschatology and Christian Worldview from Placerville, California.
David Hilbert (23 January 1862 – 14 February 1943) was a German mathematician.
David Hume (or Home; 1558–1629) was a Scottish historian and political theorist, poet and controversialist, a major intellectual figure in Jacobean Scotland.
David Jennings (1691–1762) was an English Dissenting minister and tutor, known also as the author of Jewish Antiquities.
David Jones (1765–1816) was a Welsh barrister.
David Lindsay (3 March 1876 – 16 July 1945) was an author now best remembered for the philosophical science fiction novel A Voyage to Arcturus (1920).
David Naugle is an author and professor.
David Pareus (30 December 1548 – 15 June 1622) was a German Reformed Protestant theologian and reformer.
David Pierre Giottino Humbert de Superville (The Hague, July 18, 1770 - Leiden, January 9, 1849) was a Dutch artist and art scholar.
David Joseph Platt is an American pastor.
The Reverend David Rees (14 November 1801– 31 March 1869) was a Welsh Congregational minister of Capel Als chapel Llanelli, Carmarthenshire, and an editor of a radical Welsh language Nonconformist periodical titled Y Diwygiwr (The Reformer).
Rev David Andrew Robertson (born May 1962) is a Reformed Scottish minister, blogger and podcaster.
David Syme (2 October 1827 – 14 February 1908) was a Scottish-Australian newspaper proprietor of The Age and regarded as "the father of protection in Australia" who had immense influence in the Government of Victoria.
David M. VanDrunen (born December 21, 1971) is the Robert B. Strimple Professor of Systematic Theology and Christian Ethics at Westminster Seminary California.
David's Reformed Church is a historic Reformed church at 80 W. Columbus Street in Canal Winchester, Ohio.
David-Augustin de Brueys (18 September 164125 November 1723) was a French theologian and playwright.
The Düsseldorf Cow War (Düsseldorfer Kuhkrieg) was a military conflict over the status of church property in the duchies Jülich and Berg.
Urdenbach is an urban borough of Düsseldorf.
De Doctrina Christiana (Christian Doctrine) is a Latin manuscript found in 1823 and attributed to John Milton, who died 148 years prior.
Debrecen is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest.
Debrecen (Debreceni járás) is a district in central part of Hajdú-Bihar County.
Dedham is a village within the borough of Colchester in northeast Essex, England, on the River Stour and the border of Essex and Suffolk.
The Defenestrations of Prague (Pražská defenestrace, Prager Fenstersturz, Defenestratio Pragensis) were two incidents in the history of Bohemia in which multiple people were defenestrated (that is, thrown out of a window).
Degory Wheare, also spelt Digory Whear (the first name can be Latinized as Degoreus or Digoreus) (1573 – 1 August 1647) was an historian, the first Camden Professor of Ancient History in the University of Oxford.
Deism (or; derived from Latin "deus" meaning "god") is a philosophical belief that posits that God exists and is ultimately responsible for the creation of the universe, but does not interfere directly with the created world.
In the early 16th century, before Ottoman conquest, Baranja was populated by Croats and Hungarians.
The Poles come from different West Slavic tribes living on territories belonging later to Poland in the early Middle Ages (see: Prehistory of Poland).
Alberta has experienced a relatively high rate of growth in recent years, due in large part to its economy.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of American Samoa, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Austria, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This page gives an overview to the demographics of Bratislava.
Brazil's population is very diverse, comprising many races and ethnic groups.
The population of Budapest was 1,735,041 on 1 January 2013.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Canada, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population, the People of Canada.
This article is about the demographic features of Chile, including population density, ethnicity, economic status and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Hungary, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Moldova, including distribution, ethnicity, languages, religious affiliation and other statistical data.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Slovakia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Suriname, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Zagreb is the largest city in Croatia and the only one whose metropolitan area exceeds one million people.
DeMotte is a town in Keener Township, Jasper County, Indiana, United States.
Denis Godefroy (Dionysius Gothofredus; 17 October 1549 – 7 September 1622) was a French jurist, a member of the noted Godefroy family.
Denis Pétau (August 21, 1583December 11, 1652), also known as Dionysius Petavius, was a French Jesuit theologian.
In moral philosophy, deontological ethics or deontology (from Greek δέον, deon, "obligation, duty") is the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on rules.
Derecske (Derecskei járás) is a district in central-eastern part of Hajdú-Bihar County.
Charles I of England was the second King of the then newly enthroned House of Stuart.
Peter Lenz (1832–1928), afterwards Desiderius Lenz, was a German artist who became a Benedictine monk and together with Gabriel Wüger was a founder of the Beuron Art School.
Determinism is the philosophical theory that all events, including moral choices, are completely determined by previously existing causes.
Detroit Baptist Theological Seminary is an independent Baptist seminary in Allen Park, Michigan, operated in association with the Inter-City Baptist Church in Allen Park.
Deus caritas est ("God is Love"), subtitled De Christiano Amore (Of Christian love), is a 2005 encyclical, the first written by Pope Benedict XVI, in large part derived from writings by his late predecessor, Pope John Paul II.
The deuterocanonical books (from the Greek meaning "belonging to the second canon") is a term adopted in the 16th century by the Roman Catholic Church to denote those books and passages of the Christian Old Testament, as defined in 1546 by the Council of Trent, that were not found in the Hebrew Bible.
The Christian biblical canons are the books Christians regard as divinely inspired and which constitute a Christian Bible.
The canon of the New Testament is the set of books Christians regard as divinely inspired and constituting the New Testament of the Christian Bible.
The Old Testament is the first section of the two-part Christian Biblical canon; the second section is the New Testament.
Devotio Moderna, or Modern Devotion, was a movement for religious reform, calling for apostolic renewal through the rediscovery of genuine pious practices such as humility, obedience, and simplicity of life.
Dharmakkan Dhanaraj (18 December 1950– 16 October 2017) was an Indian Old Testament Scholar who taught at the Karnataka Theological College, Mangalore, a Seminary established in 1965 and affiliated to the nation's first University, the Senate of Serampore College (University).
Diane d'Andoins or d'Andouins (Diane of Andoins) was born in Hagetmau in the fall of 1554, and died there in February 1621.
The Dictionnaire philosophique (Philosophical Dictionary) is an encyclopedic dictionary published by Voltaire in 1764.
Didier Berthet (born on June 11, 1962, in Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine, France) is a French Roman Catholic prelate, bishop of Saint-Dié since June 2016.
Diedenshausen is a small village, since 1975 a constituent community of Bad Berleburg in Siegen-Wittgenstein district and Arnsberg region in North Rhine-Westphalia in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Diederik J.H. van Dijk (born 22 November 1971 in Driebergen-Rijsenburg) is a Dutch non-executive director and a politician of the Reformed Political Party (SGP).
The Dieppe maps are a series of world maps produced in Dieppe, France, in the 1540s, 1550s and 1560s.
The dignity of labour is the philosophy that all types of jobs are respected equally, and no occupation is considered superior.
A diocesan administrator is a provisional ordinary of a Roman Catholic particular church.
The Diocese of Medak is one of the prominent Dioceses in the Church of South India, a Protestant Uniting Church with its headquarters in Medak comprising nearly 200Church of South India Synod - Medak Ministerial Details.
Dionysius IV Mouselimes (? – 23 September 1696) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for five times, in 1671–73, 1676–79, 1682–84, 1686–87, and 1693–94.
Dirck Storm (1630–1716) was an early colonial American who recorded the first official history of the Dutch community at Sleepy Hollow.
The Directory for Family Worship is a book of general directions for private, family worship in the Calvinist tradition.
Dirmstein is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Dispensational theology refers to the unified teachings of dispensationalism that address what other views teach as divergent theologies in the Old Testament and New Testament.
The dissenting academies were schools, colleges and seminaries (often institutions with aspects of all three) run by English Dissenters, that is, those who did not conform to the Church of England.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
Ditchling Unitarian Chapel (formerly Ditchling General Baptist Chapel, and also known as The Old Meeting House) is a Unitarian chapel in Ditchling, a village in the English county of East Sussex.
Dittelsheim-Heßloch (or Dittelsheim-Hessloch) is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Alzey-Worms district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Dittweiler is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Divine filiation is the Christian doctrine that Jesus Christ is the only-begotten Son of God by nature, and when Christians are redeemed by Jesus they become sons (and daughters) of God by adoption.
Divine grace is a theological term present in many religions.
In theology, divine providence, or just providence, is God's intervention in the universe.
The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus, commonly referred to simply as Doctor Faustus, is an Elizabethan tragedy by Christopher Marlowe, based on German stories about the title character Faust, that was first performed sometime between 1588 and Marlowe's death in 1593.
Doctrine (from doctrina, meaning "teaching", "instruction" or "doctrine") is a codification of beliefs or a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the essence of teachings in a given branch of knowledge or in a belief system.
The doctrine of election is the doctrine that the salvation of a person depends on election by God.
Dominicus Baudius, a latinised form of Dominique Baudier, (Lille, 8 April 1561 – Leiden, 22 August 1613) was a French Neo-Latin poet, scholar and historian.
Dominion theology (also known as dominionism) is a group of Christian political ideologies that seek to institute a nation governed by Christians based on their personal understandings of biblical law.
Donald B. Fullerton (July 6, 1892 – April 9, 1985) was a Christian missionary and teacher who founded the Princeton Christian Fellowship, called the Princeton Evangelical Fellowship until 2017, and served with it from 1931 until 1980.
Donald Macpherson Baillie (1887 – 1954) was a Scottish theologian, ecumenist, and parish minister.
Dordrecht, colloquially Dordt, historically in English named Dort, is a city and municipality in the Western Netherlands, located in the province of South Holland.
Dordt College is a private, Christian, liberal arts college located in Sioux Center, Iowa, United States.
Dorog (Drostdorf) is a small town in Komárom-Esztergom, Hungary.
Dositheos II Notaras of Jerusalem (Δοσίθεος Β΄ Ιεροσολύμων; Arachova 31 May 1641 – Constantinople 8 February 1707) was the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem between 1669 and 1707 and a theologian of the Orthodox Church.
Douglas James Wilson (born 18 June 1953) is a conservative Reformed and evangelical theologian, pastor at Christ Church in Moscow, Idaho, faculty member at New Saint Andrews College, and prolific author and speaker.
Dreieich is a town in the Offenbach district in the Regierungsbezirk of Darmstadt in Hessen, Germany.
Drongen (French: Tronchiennes) is a district within the city of Ghent (Arrondissement of Ghent).
Drongen Abbey, or the Old Abbey, Drongen (Abdij van Drongen, Oude Abdij van Drongen), is a monastic complex on the River Leie in Drongen, a part of the city of Ghent in East Flanders, Belgium.
The Du Pont family is an American family descended from Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739–1817).
Dubingiai Castle was a residential castle in Dubingiai, Molėtai district, Lithuania.
Duchess Anna of Prussia and Jülich-Cleves-Berg (3 July 1576 – 30 August 1625) was Electress consort of Brandenburg and Duchess consort of Prussia by marriage to John Sigismund, Elector of Brandenburg.
The Duchy of Anhalt (Herzogtum Anhalt) was a historical German duchy.
The Duchy of Cleves (Herzogtum Kleve; Hertogdom Kleef) was a State of the Holy Roman Empire which emerged from the mediaeval Hettergau (de).
The Duchy of Magdeburg (Herzogtum Magdeburg) was a province of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1680 to 1701 and a province of the German Kingdom of Prussia from 1701 to 1807.
Dudley Fenner (c. 15581587) was an English puritan divine.
The Duitse Huis (Teutonic House) is a complex of buildings in the city of Utrecht, Netherlands, protected as a national monument.
The Dulcken family were Flemish harpsichord makers of German origin.
Dunaújváros (formerly known as Dunapentele and Sztálinváros; Neustadt an der Donau Пантелија/Pantelija) is an industrial city in Fejér County, Central Hungary.
Dunajská Streda (Dunajská Streda,; Dunaszerdahely; Niedermarkt; סרדאהלי) is a town in southern Slovakia (Trnavský kraj).
Dunakeszi (Dunakeszi járás) is a district in central-northern part of Pest County.
Dunapataj is a village in Bács-Kiskun county, Hungary.
Dundee (Dùn Dè) is Scotland's fourth-largest city and the 51st-most-populous built-up area in the United Kingdom.
Dunnottar Parish Church is a parish church of the Church of Scotland, serving Stonehaven in the south of Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Dutch Americans are Americans of Dutch descent whose ancestors came from the Netherlands in the recent or distant past.
In 1600, the Chilean city of Valdivia was conquered by Dutch pirate Sebastian de Cordes.
Dutch civilisation in the seventeenth century (Dutch: Nederland's beschaving in de zeventiende eeuw) is a book published in Dutch by the Dutch historian Johan Huizinga in 1941.
The Dutch German Church (It. Tempio della Congregazione Olandese Alemanna, literally Temple of the Dutch German Congregation) in Livorno, Italy, is on the stretch of the Fosso Reale canal that runs between Piazza della Repubblica and Piazza Cavour.
The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.
Dutch Golden Age painting is the painting of the Dutch Golden Age, a period in Dutch history roughly spanning the 17th century, during and after the later part of the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) for Dutch independence.
The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.
The Dutch Reformed Church (in or NHK) was the largest Christian denomination in the Netherlands from the onset of the Protestant Reformation until 1930.
The Dutch Reformed Church in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, also known as Old Mud Meeting House, is a historic Reformed church.
The Dutch Reformed Church in Botswana was founded by Swiss missionaries led by Rev.
The Dutch Reformed Church in Namibia (DRCN; Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk in Namibië) is a Christian denomination in Namibia.
The Dutch Reformed Church (abbreviated NGK) is a Reformed Christian denomination in South Africa.
The Dutch Reformed Church in Africa (abbreviated NHK) is a Reformed Christian denomination based in South Africa.
The Dutch Reformed Church is located within the Matara fort in Matara and is situated near the entrance to the fort.
Dutch Renaissance and Golden Age literature is the literature written in the Dutch language in the Low Countries from around 1550 to around 1700.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.
Dutch West India Company (Geoctroyeerde Westindische Compagnie, or GWIC; Chartered West India Company) was a chartered company (known as the "WIC") of Dutch merchants as well as foreign investors.
Dutch-language literature comprises all writings of literary merit written through the ages in the Dutch language, a language which currently has around 23 million native speakers.
e (originally subtitled The Novel of Liars, Lunch and Lost Knickers) is a comic novel by Matt Beaumont first published in 2000.
John Milton was born on 9 December 1608 to John and Sara Milton.
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale, better known as the poet Lord Byron, was born 22 January 1788 in Holles Street, London, England, and raised by his mother in Aberdeen, Scotland.
Early Modern English Bible translations are those translations of the Bible which were made between about 1500 and 1800, the period of Early Modern English.
Early modern Europe is the period of European history between the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, roughly the late 15th century to the late 18th century.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
The Early Modern Times in Romania started after the death of Michael the Brave, who ruled in a personal union, Wallachia, Transylvania and Moldaviathree principalities in the lands that now form Romania for three months, in 1600.
Early Netherlandish painting is the work of artists, sometimes known as the Flemish Primitives, active in the Burgundian and Habsburg Netherlands during the 15th- and 16th-century Northern Renaissance; especially in the flourishing cities of Bruges, Ghent, Mechelen, Louvain, Tournai and Brussels, all in contemporary Belgium.
East Freetown is one of two villages in the town of Freetown, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States.
East Frisia or Eastern Friesland (Ostfriesland; East Frisian Low Saxon: Oostfreesland; Oost-Friesland) is a coastal region in the northwest of the German federal state of Lower Saxony.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
East Grinstead is a town and civil parish in the northeastern corner of Mid Sussex district of West Sussex in England near the East Sussex, Surrey, and Kent borders.
The East Java Christian Church (Greja Kristen Jawi Wetan (GKJW) in the Javanese language) is a congregation of Christian and Reformed churches based on Indonesian Javanese ethnicity, located in Java, Indonesia.
Eastern Christianity consists of four main church families: the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox churches, the Eastern Catholic churches (that are in communion with Rome but still maintain Eastern liturgies), and the denominations descended from the Church of the East.
Eastern Orthodox theology is the theology particular to the Eastern Orthodox Church (officially the Orthodox Catholic Church).
Eßweiler (with a short E; also Essweiler) is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Ebenezer Elliott (17 March 1781 – 1 December 1849) was an English poet, known as the Corn Law rhymer for his leading the fight to repeal the Corn Laws which were causing hardship and starvation among the poor.
Ebenezer Fitch (September 26, 1756 – March 21, 1833) was an American Calvinist clergyman and educator.
Eberhard von Danckelmann (23 November 1643 – 31 March 1722) was a German official who served as Prime Minister of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1692-97.
Ecclesia semper reformanda est (Latin for "the church must always be reformed", often – as usual in Latin – shortened to Ecclesia semper reformanda) is a phrase first greatly popularized by Karl Barth in 1947, allegedly deriving from a saying of St.
Ecclesiastical polity is the operational and governance structure of a church or of a Christian denomination.
ECO: A Covenant Order of Evangelical Presbyterians is an evangelical Presbyterian denomination in the United States.
This is a history of the economy of France.
The economic history of the Netherlands (1500–1815) is the history of an economy that scholar Jan de Vries calls the first "modern" economy.
Ecumenical creeds is an umbrella term used in the Western Church to refer to the Nicene Creed, the Apostles' Creed and, less commonly, the Athanasian Creed.
Ecumenism refers to efforts by Christians of different Church traditions to develop closer relationships and better understandings.
Edelény (Edelényi járás) is a district in northern part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.
Edenbridge is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks district of Kent, England.
The Edict of Amboise also known as the Edict of Pacification, was signed at the Château of Amboise on 19 March 1563 by Catherine de' Medici, acting as regent for her son Charles IX of France.
The Edict of Beaulieu (also known at the time as the Peace of Monsieur) was promulgated from Beaulieu-lès-Loches on 6 May 1576 by Henry III of France, who was pressured by Alençon's support of the Protestant army besieging Paris that spring.
The Edict of Compiègne (Édit de Compiègne), issued from his Château de Compiègne by Henry II of France, 24 July 1557, applied the death penalty for all convictions of relapsed and obstinate "sacramentarians", for those who went to Geneva or published books there, for iconoclast blasphemers against images, and even for illegal preaching or participation in religious gatherings, whether public or private.
The Edict of Fontainebleau (22 October 1685) was an edict issued by Louis XIV of France, also known as the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
The Edict of Nantes (French: édit de Nantes), signed in April 1598 by King Henry IV of France, granted the Calvinist Protestants of France (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in the nation, which was still considered essentially Catholic at the time.
The Edict of Torda (tordai ediktum) was a decree that authorized local communities to freely elect their preachers in the "eastern Hungarian Kingdom" of John Sigismund Zápolya.
The Edict of Versailles, commonly known as the Edict of Tolerance, was an official act that gave non-Catholics in France the right to openly practice their religions as well as legal and civil status, which included the right to contract marriages without having to convert to the Catholic faith.
Edmund Bunny (1540–1619) was an Anglican churchman of Calvinist views.
Edmund Clarence Stedman (October 8, 1833 – January 18, 1908) was an American poet, critic, essayist, banker, and scientist.
Edmund Edward Fournier d'Albe (born 1868; died 29 June 1933 at St. Albans, UK) was an Irish physicist, astrophysicist and chemist.
Edmund Hall (1620?–1687) was an English priest of presbyterian and royalist views, an opponent of Oliver Cromwell who was imprisoned for his attacks.
Edmund Hay (1540? – Rome, 4 November 1591) was a Scottish Jesuit, and envoy to Mary, Queen of Scots.
Edmund Ludlow (c. 1617–1692) was an English parliamentarian, best known for his involvement in the execution of Charles I, and for his Memoirs, which were published posthumously in a rewritten form and which have become a major source for historians of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
Education in early modern Scotland includes all forms of education within the modern borders of Scotland, between the end of the Middle Ages in the late fifteenth century and the beginnings of the Enlightenment in the mid-eighteenth century.
Lincolnshire is one of the few counties within the UK that still uses the eleven-plus to decide who may attend grammar school, in common with Buckinghamshire and Kent.
Sir Edward Bromley (1563–1626) was an English lawyer, judge, landowner and politician of the Elizabethan and Jacobean periods.
Edward Fortunatus (or in German Eduard Fortunat) of Baden (17 September 1565 – 8 June 1600) was Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern and Baden-Baden.
Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon (28 November 1661 – 31 March 1723), styled Viscount Cornbury between 1674 and 1709, was propelled into the forefront of English politics when he and part of his army defected from the Catholic King James II to support the newly arrived Protestant contender, William III of Orange.
Edward John Carnell (28 June 1919 – 25 April 1967) was a prominent Christian theologian and apologist, was an ordained Baptist pastor, and served as President of Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California.
Edward Joseph Young (November 29, 1907 – February 14, 1968) was a Reformed theologian and an Old Testament scholar at Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from 1936 until his death.
Edward Sylvester Morse (June 18, 1838 – December 20, 1925) was an American zoologist and orientalist.
Edward Cornelis Florentius Alfonsus Schillebeeckx (12 November 1914 – 23 December 2009) was a Belgian Roman Catholic theologian born in Antwerp.
Edward Stillingfleet (17 April 1635 – 27 March 1699) was a British theologian and scholar.
Edward Welchman (1665–1739) was an English churchman, known as a theological writer.
Edward Williams (1750–1813) was a Welsh nonconformist minister, theological writer, and tutor.
Edward, prince palatine of the Rhine (Eduard, Prinz von der Pfalz) 5 October 1625 – 10 March 1663, was the sixth son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine (of the House of Wittelsbach), the "Winter King" of Bohemia, by his consort, the English princess Elizabeth Stuart.
Edwin Frederick Kagin (November 26, 1940 – March 28, 2014) was an attorney at law in Union, Kentucky, and a founder of Camp Quest, the first secular summer camp in the United States for the children of secularists, atheists, agnostics, brights, skeptics, naturalists and freethinkers.
Edzard II, Count of East Frisia was count of East Frisia, (24 June 1532, in Greetsiel – 1 March 1599, in Aurich) and the son of Enno II of East Frisia and Anna of Oldenburg.
Eeltsje Hiddes Halbertsma (Frisian form: Eeltsje Hiddes Halbertsma, pron. (the r is silent); Dutch form: Eeltje Hiddes Halbertsma, pron.) (Grou, October 8, 1797 – there, March 22, 1858), was a Dutch Frisian writer, poet and physician, and the youngest of the Halbertsma Brothers.
Effectual calling (or effective calling) in Calvinist Christian soteriology is a stage in the ordo salutis in which God calls a person to himself.
Eger (Egri járás) is a district in eastern part of Heves County.
The Egliese Protestante Reformee du Burundi is a young conservative Reformed denomination in Burundi.
Ehweiler is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The surname of Eifert, Eiffert, Eyfert, is German in origin.
In Dutch and English historiography the Dutch struggle for independence from the Spanish Crown in the 16th and 17th century was long known as the Eighty Years' War.
Eikonoklastes (from the Greek εἰκονοκλάστης, "iconoclast") is a book by John Milton, published October 1649.
Einöllen is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a type of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Eindhoven is a municipality and city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.
Eisleben is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Eldorado is a volume of poetry by Dutch poet J. Slauerhoff.
The County Palatine of the Rhine (Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein), later the Electorate of the Palatinate (Kurfürstentum von der Pfalz) or simply Electoral Palatinate (Kurpfalz), was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire (specifically, a palatinate) administered by the Count Palatine of the Rhine.
The Electorate of Cologne (Kurfürstentum Köln), sometimes referred to as Electoral Cologne (Kurköln), was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire that existed from the 10th to the early 19th century.
The Electorate of Hesse (Kurfürstentum Hessen), also known as Hesse-Kassel or Kurhessen) was a state elevated by Napoleon in 1803 from the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel. When the Holy Roman Empire was abolished in 1806, the Prince-Elector of Hesse chose to remain an Elector, even though there was no longer an Emperor to elect. In 1807, with the Treaties of Tilsit the area was annexed to the Kingdom of Westphalia, but in 1814 the Congress of Vienna restored the electorate. The state was the only electorate within the German Confederation, consisting of several detached territories to the north of Frankfurt which survived until it was annexed by Prussia in 1866 following the Austro-Prussian War. It comprised a total land area of, and its population in 1864 was 745,063.
Eleonore Dorothea of Anhalt-Dessau (born 16 February 1602 in Dessau – died: 26 December 1664 in Weimar), was a princess of Anhalt-Dessau by birth and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
Elihu Doty (20 September 1809 – 30 November 1864) was an American missionary to China.
Princess Elisa Radziwill (Elisa Friederike Luise Martha; Eliza Fryderyka Luiza Marta Radziwiłł; 28 October 1803, Berlin – 27 August 1834, Bad Freienwalde) was a member of Polish high nobility of royal ancestry.
Landgravine Elisabeth Henriëtte of Hesse-Kassel (18 November 1661 - 7 July 1683) was the daughter of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia of Brandenburg (1623–1683) a sister of Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg.
Elisabeth of Saxony (born: 18 October 1552 at Wolkenstein Castle in Wolkenstein – died: 2 April 1590 in Heidelberg) was an Saxon princess from the House of Wettin by birth and by marriage Countess Palatine of Simmern.
Elisabeth of the Palatinate (26 December 1618 – 11 February 1680), also known as Elisabeth of Bohemia, Princess Elisabeth of the Palatinate, or Princess-Abbess of Herford Abbey, was the eldest daughter of Frederick V, Elector Palatine (who was briefly King of Bohemia), and Elizabeth Stuart.
Elisha Coles (1608?–1688) was an English college servant and official in the University of Oxford, known as the author of a Calvinist theological work.
Countess Elizabeth Báthory de Ecsed (Báthory Erzsébet, Alžbeta Bátoriová; 7 August 1560 – 21 August 1614) was a Hungarian noblewoman and alleged murderer from the Báthory family of nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary, who owned land in the Kingdom of Hungary (now Hungary and Slovakia) and Transylvania (now Romania), which were areas of Habsburg monarchy.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American suffragist, social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement.
Princess Elisabeth Charlotte (Pfalzprinzessin Elisabeth Charlotte; nicknamed "Lieselotte", 27 May 1652 – 8 December 1722) was a German princess and, as Madame, the second wife of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger brother of Louis XIV of France, and mother of France's ruler during the Regency.
Elizabeth Cromwell (née Bourchier; 1598–1665) was the wife of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Elizabeth de Burgh (c. 1284 – 27 October 1327) was the second wife and the only queen consort of King Robert the Bruce.
Elizabeth Melville, Lady Culross (c.1578–c.1640) was a Scottish poet.
Elizabeth McHutchison Sinclair (26 April 180016 October 1892) was a Scottish homemaker, farmer and plantation owner in New Zealand and Hawaii, best known as the matriarch of the Sinclair family that bought the Hawaiian island of Niokinaihau in 1864.
Elizur Wright (12 February 1804 – 22 November 1885) was an American mathematician and abolitionist.
Ellen Anderson Gholson Glasgow (April 22, 1873 – November 21, 1945) was an American novelist who won the Pulitzer Prize for the Novel in 1942.
Elloughton is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England.
Elmore Harris (b. February 23, 1855 Beamsville, Ontario – d. December 19, 1911 Delhi, India).
Elmyr de Hory (born Elemér Albert Hoffmann; Budapest, April 14, 1906 – Ibiza, December 11, 1976) was a Hungarian-born painter and art forger, who is said to have sold over a thousand forgeries to reputable art galleries all over the world.
The House of Eltz is a noted German noble family of the Uradel.
Elzweiler is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Canon Emani Sambayya (1905–1972) was an Anglican Priest, who was born in Bodipalem in Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh.
Emden is an independent city and seaport in Lower Saxony in the northwest of Germany, on the river Ems.
The Emden Revolution of 18 March 1595 marked the beginning of the status of Emden as a quasi-autonomous city-state.
The emerging church is a Christian movement of the late 20th and early 21st centuries that crosses a number of theological boundaries: participants are variously described as Protestant, post-Protestant, evangelical, post-evangelical, liberal, post-liberal, conservative, post-conservative, anabaptist, reformed, charismatic, neocharismatic, and post-charismatic.
Heinrich Emil Brunner (born December 23, 1889 in Winterthur, Switzerland; died April 6, 1966 in Zurich, Switzerland) was a Swiss Protestant (Reformed) theologian.
Emil Gerbeaud (Émile Gerbeaud, Carouge, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, 22 February 1854 – Budapest, Hungary, 8 November 1919) was a Swiss-born Hungarian confectioner, chocolate producer, industrialist and entrepreneur.
Emma Darwin (née Wedgwood; 2 May 1808 – 2 October 1896) was an English woman who was the wife and first cousin of Charles Darwin.
Emmanuel Christian Seminary (formerly Emmanuel School of Religion) is the graduate theological seminary of Milligan College.
Emmaus is a borough in Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
Encs (Encsi járás) is a district in northern part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.
Endre Ady (Hungarian: diósadi Ady András Endre, archaically English: Andrew Ady, 22 November 1877 – 27 January 1919) was a turn-of-the-century Hungarian poet and journalist.
English Dissenters or English Separatists were Protestant Christians who separated from the Church of England in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries.
The English Fury at Mechelen or the Capture of Mechelen was an event in the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War on April 9, 1580.
Presbyterianism in England is practiced by followers of the Reformed tradition within Protestantism who practise the Presbyterian form of church government in England.
The English Reformed Church is one of the oldest buildings in Amsterdam, situated in the centre of the city.
The English term enlightenment is the western translation of the term bodhi, "awakening", which was popularised in the Western world through the 19th century translations of Max Müller.
Entering Heaven alive (called by various religions "ascension", "assumption", or "translation") is a belief held in various religions.
Ephraim Pagit (Pagitt) (c. 1575 – April 1647) was an English clergyman and heresiographer.
Epiphany, also Theophany, Little Christmas, or Three Kings' Day, is a Christian feast day that celebrates the revelation of God incarnate as Jesus Christ.
The Episcopal Church in South Carolina (TECSC) is a diocese of the Episcopal Church.
The Episcopal Diocese of Alabama is located in Province IV of the Episcopal Church and serves the state of Alabama with the exception of the extreme southern region, including Mobile, which forms part of the Diocese of the Central Gulf Coast.
The Diocese of South Carolina is a diocese of the Anglican Church in North America.
An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance ("ecclesiastical polity") in which the chief local authorities are called bishops.
Erasmus Middleton (1739–1805) was an English clergyman, author and editor.
Erazm Otwinowski (1529–1614) was a Polish Renaissance poet, Calvinist and Socinian activist.
Erbes-Büdesheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Alzey-Worms district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Eric XIV (Erik XIV; 13 December 1533 – 26 February 1577) was King of Sweden from 1560 until he was deposed in 1568.
Erik Gabrielsson Emporagrius (1606 – 14 March 1674) was a Swedish professor and bishop.
William John Ernest (Ern) Baxter (1914–1993) was a Canadian Pentecostal evangelist.
Ernest Frederick of Baden-Durlach (born 17 October 1560 in Durlach – died 14 April 1604 in Remchingen) ruled the northern part of the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach.
Landgrave Ernest of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg (8 December 1623, in Kassel – 2 May 1693, in Cologne), was from 1649 to 1658 his death Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels and from 1658 until his death Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg.
Ernesto Buonaiuti (April 24, 1881 – April 20, 1946) was an Italian historian, philosopher of religion, Catholic priest and anti-fascist.
Ernst Fuchs (11 January 1903 – 15 January 1983) was a German New Testament theologian and a student of Rudolf Bultmann.
Ernst of Schaumburg (September 24, 1569 – January 17, 1622) was the first Count of Schauenburg and Holstein-Pinneberg to earn the title of Prince in 1619.
Ernst Vögelin (August 10, 1529 - 1589, also; records of Europe's printed heritage) was a 16th-century German pioneer book printer.
Ernst Wilhelm Theodor Herrmann Hengstenberg (20 October 1802, in Fröndenberg – 28 May 1869, in Berlin), was a German Lutheran churchman and neo-Lutheran theologian from an old and important Dortmund family.
Hrabia Eryk Kurnatowski (8 October 1883 – 23 February 1975) was a Polish nobleman and politician who served a Member of the Senate from 1922 to 1927.
Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox, 1st Earl of Lennox (1542 – 26 May 1583) was the son of John Stewart, 5th Lord of Aubigny, who was the younger brother of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, and his wife Anne de la Queuille.
Esprit Fléchier (10 June 1632 – 16 February 1710) was a French preacher and author, Bishop of Nîmes from 1687 to 1710.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Esztergom County (comitatus Stringoniensis, Esztergom (vár)megye, Ostrihomský komitát / Ostrihomská stolica / Ostrihomská župa, Graner Gespanschaft / Komitat Gran) was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary.
Esztergom (Esztergomi járás) is a district in north-eastern part of Komárom-Esztergom County.
The Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus (EECMY; also called Mekane Yesus Church) is a Lutheran denomination in Ethiopia.
Etschberg is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The Eucharist (also called Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches and an ordinance in others.
Eucharistic theology is a branch of Christian theology which treats doctrines concerning the Holy Eucharist, also commonly known as the Lord's Supper.
Eugène Ney Terre'Blanche (31 January 1941Terre'Blanche's year of birth is alternately given as 1941 or 1944. The majority of sources indicates 1941; sources that claim 1944 as his year of birth include, and the – 3 April 2010) was a South African white supremacist and Afrikaner nationalist who was the founder and leader of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB).
Eunice Hale Waite Cobb (January 27, 1803 - May 2, 1880) was an American writer, public speaker, and activist.
Europa regina, Latin for Queen Europe, is the map-like depiction of the European continent as a queen.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.<