231 relations: Aaron Alexandre, Abe Turner, Abu Bakr bin Yahya al-Suli, AI War: Fleet Command, Akiba Rubinstein, Alexander Alekhine, Alexey Troitsky, Alfred Kreymborg, Amazon (chess), Anatoly Karpov, André Chéron, Archon Ultra, Artur Yusupov, Arturo Pomar, Atomic chess, Backward chaining, Barbara Liskov, Basic Chess Endings, Benko Gambit, Bernhard Horwitz, Bishop (chess), Bishop and knight checkmate, Blackmar–Diemer Gambit, Blunder (chess), Bobby Fischer, Bughouse chess, Business chess, Caro–Kann Defence, Cecil Purdy, Centaur (chess), Charles Ranken, Check (chess), Checkmate, Chess, Chess (Northwestern University), Chess (poem), Chess annotation symbols, Chess endgame literature, Chess engine, Chess Informant, Chess middlegame, Chess opening, Chess piece relative value, Chess problem, Chess strategy, Chess tactic, Chess theory, ChessBase, Circular chess, Colin McNab, ..., Compensation (chess), Computer chess, Computer Go, Computer shogi, Connected pawns, Corresponding squares, Cross-check, David Bronstein, David Levy (chess player), David Vincent Hooper, Dawid Janowski, Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov, Desperado (chess), Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani, Doubled pawns, Draw by agreement, Edward Lasker, EG (magazine), El Ajedrecista, Emanuel Lasker, Empress (chess), End, Endgame, Endgame study, Endgame tablebase, Ending, Erich Eliskases, EU Individual Open Chess Championship, Eurogame, European Union law, Evergreen Game, Examples of data mining, Exchange (chess), Ferz, Fifty-move rule, First-move advantage in chess, Fork (chess), Fortress (chess), Frank Lamprecht, Frank Marshall (chess player), Friedrich Amelung, Fritz (chess), Géza Maróczy, GBR code, Germanism (linguistics), Giambattista Lolli, Giuoco Piano, Glenn Flear, Glossary of chess, Grigory Levenfish, Harriet Hunt, Herman Claudius van Riemsdijk, Hexagonal chess, History of chess, Howard Staunton, Hugh Blandford, Ilya Rabinovich, Immortal Game, Index of gaming articles, Indian Defence, Initiative (chess), Isaac Kashdan, Isolated pawn, József Szén, Jean-Louis Preti, John Cochrane (chess player), John Nunn, Jon Speelman, Jonathan Hawkins, José Raúl Capablanca, Josef Kling, Karsten Müller, Kasparov versus the World, Kasparov's Gambit, Keith Arkell, Kevin Spraggett, Key square, Killer heuristic, King (chess), King and pawn versus king endgame, King walk, King's Gambit, Knight (chess), La Bourdonnais – McDonnell chess matches, Ladislav Prokeš, Lasker's Manual of Chess, Latvian Gambit, Leopold Mitrofanov, Levitsky versus Marshall, List of chess games, Losing Chess, Lucena position, Luigi Centurini, Magnus Carlsen, Mann (chess), Marcel Duchamp, Mark Dvoretsky, Michael Adams (chess player), Mikhail Chigorin, Mikhail Tal, Mir Sultan Khan, My 60 Memorable Games, New In Chess, Nikolai Krogius, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Opposite-colored bishops endgame, Opposition (chess), Outline of chess, Pal Benko, Passed pawn, Pawn (chess), Pawn structure, Pawnless chess endgame, Philidor position, Philidor Rx Services, Philipp Stamma, Philippe Ambroise Durand, Pietro Carrera, Priyome, Promotion (chess), Proof by exhaustion, Queen (chess), Queen and pawn versus queen endgame, Queen versus pawn endgame, Queen's Gambit Accepted, Rashid Nezhmetdinov, Réti endgame study, Reuben Fine, Rook (chess), Rook and bishop versus rook endgame, Rook and pawn versus rook endgame, Rules of chess, Ruy Lopez, Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation, Saavedra position, Salo Flohr, Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, Yugoslav Attack, 9.Bc4, Simultaneous exhibition, Sissel Kyrkjebø discography, Solved game, Solving chess, St. Petersburg 1914 chess tournament, Stalemate, Stefán Kristjánsson, Swindle (chess), Tarrasch Defense, Tarrasch rule, Tempo (chess), The exchange (chess), The Game of Chess, Three-check chess, Tigran Petrosian, Traité des Amateurs, Triangulation (chess), Two knights, Two knights endgame, U.S. Chess Championship, Ulf Andersson, Vasily Smyslov, Viktor Korchnoi, Viswanathan Anand, Vitaly Chekhover, Vladimir Kramnik, Wang Yue, War termination, Wazir (chess), William Schlumberger, Windmill (chess), Women's World Chess Championship 2015, World Chess Championship 1889, World Chess Championship 1892, World Chess Championship 1972, World Chess Championship 1981, World Chess Championship 2012, World Chess Championship 2013, World Chess Championship 2014, Wrong bishop, Wrong rook pawn, Yuri Averbakh, Zugzwang, 1974 in chess. Expand index (181 more) » « Shrink index
Aaron (Albert) Alexandre (אהרון אלכסנדר, around 1765/68 in Hohenfeld, Franconia – 16 November 1850 in London, England) was a Jewish German–French–English chess player and writer.
Abe Turner (1924 – October 25, 1962) was an American chess master.
Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Yahya al-Suli (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى الصولي) (born: 266–267 A.H/ 880 A.D in Gorgan - died: 334–335 A.H/ 946 A.D in Basra) (aged 68-69. lunar calendar) was a nadim (boon companion) of successive Abbasid caliphs.
AI War: Fleet Command is a real time strategy computer game created by independent developer Arcen Games.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexey Alexeyevich Troitsky, or Alexei, Troitzky, or Troitzki (Алексе́й Алексе́евич Тро́ицкий) (March 14, 1866–August 1942) is considered to have been one of the greatest composers of chess endgame studies.
Alfred Francis Kreymborg (December 10, 1883 – August 14, 1966) was an American poet, novelist, playwright, literary editor and anthologist.
An amazon (also known as a queen+knight compound) is a fairy chess piece that can move like a queen or a knight (or, equivalently, like a rook, bishop, or knight).
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
André Chéron (September 25, 1895 – September 12, 1980) was a French chess player, endgame theorist, and a composer of endgame studies.
Archon Ultra is an action-strategy video game developed by Free Fall Associates and published by Strategic Simulations in 1994 for MS-DOS.
Artur Mayakovich Yusupov (Арту́р Маякович Юсу́пов; Artur Majakowitsch Jussupow; born February 13, 1960 in Moscow, Soviet Union) is a Russian chess grandmaster and a chess writer.
Arturo Pomar Salamanca (1 September 1931 – 26 May 2016) was a Spanish chess player.
Atomic chess is a chess variant.
Backward chaining (or backward reasoning) is an inference method that can be described colloquially as working backward from the goal(s).
Barbara Liskov (born November 7, 1939 as Barbara Jane Huberman) is an American computer scientist who is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Ford Professor of Engineering in its School of Engineering's electrical engineering and computer science department.
Basic Chess Endings (abbreviated BCE) is a book on chess endgames which was written by Grandmaster Reuben Fine and originally published on October 27, 1941.
The Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has three codes for the Benko Gambit.
Bernhard Horwitz (1807 in Neustrelitz – 1885) was a German chess master and chess writer.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
The bishop and knight checkmate in chess is the checkmate of a lone king which can be forced by a bishop, knight, and king.
The Blackmar–Diemer Gambit (or BDG) is a chess opening characterized by the moves: where White intends to follow up with f2–f3, usually on the fourth move.
In chess, a blunder is a very bad move.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Bughouse chess (also known as Exchange chess, Siamese chess, Tandem chess, Transfer chess, Double bughouse, Cross chess, Swap chess or simply bughouse or bug) is a popular chess variant played on two chessboards by four players in teams of two.
Business chess is a variant of chess played in teams.
The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.
Cecil John Seddon Purdy (27 March 1906, Port Said, Egypt – 6 November 1979, Sydney, Australia) was an Australian chess International Master (IM), writer, and inaugural World Correspondence Chess champion.
A centaur is a fairy chess piece that can move like a mann or a knight.
Charles Edward Ranken (5 January 1828 – 12 April 1905) was a Church of England clergyman and a minor British chess master.
A check is a condition in chess, shogi, and xiangqi that occurs when a player's king (or general in xiangqi) is under threat of on their opponent's next turn.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
Chess was a pioneering chess program from the 1970s, written by Larry Atkin and David Slate at Northwestern University.
Chess (Szachy) is a poem written by Jan Kochanowski, first published in 1564 or 1565.
When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols.
Chess endgame literature refers to books and magazines about chess endgames.
In computer chess, a chess engine is a computer program that analyses chess or chess variant positions and makes decisions on the best chess moves.
Chess Informant (Šahovski Informator) is a publishing company from Belgrade (Serbia, former Yugoslavia) that periodically (since 2012, four volumes per year) produces a book entitled Chess Informant, as well as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Encyclopaedia of Chess Endings, Opening Monographs, other print publications, and software (including electronic editions of most print publications).
The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
A chess problem, also called a chess composition, is a puzzle set by somebody using chess pieces on a chess board, that presents the solver with a particular task to be achieved.
Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.
In chess, a tactic refers to a sequence of moves that limits the opponent's options and may result in tangible gain.
The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
Circular chess is a chess variant played using the standard set of pieces on a circular board consisting of four rings, each of sixteen squares.
Dr Colin Anderson McNab (born 3 February 1961) is a Scottish chess player.
In chess, compensation is the typically short-term positional advantages a player has in exchange for typically material disadvantage.
Computer chess is a game of computer architecture encompassing hardware and software capable of playing chess autonomously without human guidance.
Computer Go is the field of artificial intelligence (AI) dedicated to creating a computer program that plays the traditional board game Go.
Computer shogi is a field of artificial intelligence concerned with the creation of computer programs which can play shogi.
In chess, connected pawns are two or more pawns of the same color on adjacent files, as distinct from isolated pawns.
Corresponding squares (also called relative squares, sister squares and coordinate squares) in chess occur in some chess endgames, usually ones that are mostly blocked.
In chess, a cross-check is a tactic in which a check is played in response to a check, especially when the original check is blocked by a piece that itself either delivers check or reveals a discovered check from another piece.
David Ionovich Bronstein (Дави́д Ио́нович Бронште́йн; February 19, 1924 – December 5, 2006) was a Soviet chess grandmaster, who narrowly missed becoming World Chess Champion in 1951.
David Neil Laurence Levy (born 14 March 1945) is a British International Master of chess, a businessman noted for his involvement with computer chess and artificial intelligence, and the founder of the Computer Olympiads and the Mind Sports Olympiads.
David Vincent Hooper (31 August 1915 – May 1998), born in Reigate, was a British chess player and writer.
Dawid Markelowicz Janowski (25 May 1868 – 15 January 1927; often spelled David) was a leading Polish chess master and subsequent French citizen.
Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov was a pair of six-game chess matches between world chess champion Garry Kasparov and an IBM supercomputer called Deep Blue.
In chess, a desperado piece is a piece that is or trapped, but captures an enemy piece before it is itself captured.
Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani (9 November 1719 – 15 July 1796) was an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
In chess, a draw by (mutual) agreement is the outcome of a game due to the agreement of both players to a draw.
Edward Lasker (December 3, 1885 – March 25, 1981) was a German-American chess and Go player.
EG is a magazine which publishes endgame studies and discusses various aspects of the endgame in chess.
El Ajedrecista (The Chess Player) is an automaton built in 1912 by Leonardo Torres y Quevedo, one of the first autonomous machines capable of playing chess.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
An empress is a fairy chess piece that can move like a rook or a knight.
End or Ending may refer to.
Endgame, Endgames, or End Game may refer to.
In the game of chess, an endgame study, or just study, is a composed position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find the essentially unique way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
An endgame tablebase is a computerized database that contains precalculated exhaustive analysis of chess endgame positions.
Ending may refer to.
Erich Gottlieb Eliskases (15 February 1913 – 2 February 1997) was a chess grandmaster of the 1930s and 1940s, who represented Austria, Germany and Argentina in international competition.
The EU Individual Open Championship was first contested in Cork, Ireland in 2005, under the auspices of organising body, the European Chess Union (ECU).
A Eurogame, also called a German-style board game, German game, or Euro-style game, is a class of tabletop games that generally have indirect player interaction and abstract physical components.
European Union law is the system of laws operating within the member states of the European Union.
The Evergreen Game is a famous chess game, won by Adolf Anderssen against Jean Dufresne in 1852.
Data mining, the process of discovering patterns in large data sets, has been used in many applications.
In the tactics and strategy in the board game of chess, an exchange (exchanging) or trade (trading) of chess pieces is series of closely related moves, typically sequential, in which the two players capture each other's pieces.
A ferz (or fers) is a fairy chess piece that moves like a bishop, but can only go one square.
The fifty-move rule in chess states that a player can claim a draw if no has been made and no pawn has been moved in the last fifty moves (for this purpose a "move" consists of a player completing their turn followed by the opponent completing their turn).
The first-move advantage in chess is the inherent advantage of the player (White) who makes the first move in chess.
In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.
In chess, the fortress is an endgame drawing technique in which the side behind in sets up a zone of protection that the opponent cannot penetrate.
Frank Lamprecht (born 21 June 1968) is a German chess International Master and chess trainer.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
Friedrich Ludwig Balthasar Amelung (–) was a Baltic German cultural historian, businessman and chess endgame composer.
Fritz is a German chess program developed by Vasik Rajlich (engine) and ChessBase (user interface).
Géza Maróczy (3 March 1870 – 29 May 1951) was a Hungarian chess master, one of the leading players in the world in his time.
The GBR code (or Guy–Blandford–Roycroft code) is a system of representing the position of chess pieces on a chessboard.
A Germanism is a loan word or other loan element borrowed from German for use in some other language.
Giambattista Lolli (1698 in Nonantola, Italy – 4 June 1769) was an Italian chess player.
The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.
Glenn Curtis Flear (born 12 February 1959 in Leicester, England) is a British chess grandmaster now living in Montpellier, France.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
Grigory Yakovlevich Levenfish (Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Левенфи́ш; in Piotrków – 9 February 1961 in Moscow) was a Russian chess grandmaster who scored his peak competitive results in the 1920s and 1930s.
Harriet Vaughan Hunt (born 4 February 1978 in Oxford) is an English chess player and four times British Ladies' champion.
Herman Claudius van Riemsdijk (born August 26, 1948 Tiel, Gelderland, the Netherlands) is a Brazilian chess player.
Hexagonal chess refers to a group of chess variants played on boards composed of hexagon.
The history of chess can be traced back nearly 1500 years, although the earliest origins are uncertain.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Hugh Francis Blandford (24 January 1917 – 20 September 1981) was a chess endgame composer born in Southampton, England.
Ilya (Elias) Leontievich Rabinovich (Rabinowitsch, Rabinovitch, Rabinovitz, Rabinowicz, Rabinovici) (Илья Рабинович; 11 May 1891, Saint Petersburg – 23 April 1942, Perm) was a Russian / Soviet chess master, among the best Russian and Soviet players for three decades, from 1910 to 1940.
The Immortal Game was a chess game played by Adolf Anderssen and Lionel Kieseritzky on 21 June 1851 in London, during a break of the first international tournament.
Articles pertaining to games and gaming include.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
Initiative in a chess position belongs to the player who can make threats that cannot be ignored.
Isaac Kashdan (19 November 1905 in New York City – 20 February 1985 in Los Angeles) was an American chess grandmaster and chess writer.
In chess, an isolated pawn is a pawn that has no friendly pawn on an adjacent.
József Szén (9 July 1805, Pest, Hungary – 13 January 1857) was a Hungarian chess master.
Jean-Louis Preti (1798 – 27 January 1881) was a musician and chess writer, specializing in the chess endgame.
John Cochrane (1798 – 2 March 1878) was a Scottish chess master and lawyer.
John Denis Martin Nunn (born 25 April 1955 in London) is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician.
Jonathan Simon Speelman (born 2 October 1956) is an English Grandmaster chess player, mathematician and chess writer.
Jonathan Hawkins (born 1 May 1983) is an English chess Grandmaster.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Josef Kling (19 March 1811 – 1 December 1876), also found in English-language sources as Joseph Kling, was a German chess master and chess composer.
Karsten Müller (born November 23, 1970 in Hamburg, West Germany) is a German chess Grandmaster and author.
Kasparov versus the World was a game of chess played in 1999 over the Internet.
Kasparov's Gambit or simply Gambit is a chess playing computer program created by Heuristic Software and published by Electronic Arts in 1993 based on Socrates II, the only winner of the North American Computer Chess Championship running on a common microcomputer.
Keith Charles Arkell (born 8 January 1961 in Birmingham) is an English chess Grandmaster.
Kevin Spraggett (born 10 November 1954) is a Canadian chess grandmaster.
In chess, particularly in endgames, a key square (also known as a critical square) is a square such that if a player's king can occupy it, he can force some gain such as the promotion of a pawn or the capture of an opponent's pawn.
In competitive two-player games, the killer heuristic is a technique for improving the efficiency of alpha-beta pruning, which in turn improves the efficiency of the minimax algorithm.
In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.
The chess endgame with a king and a pawn versus a king is one of the most important and fundamental endgames, other than the basic checkmates.
In chess, a king walk, also known as a king march, steel king (wandelkoning, literally "wanderking") or fighting king, refers to occasions where the king travels up the board, often involved in a against the opposing king.
The King's Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White offers a pawn to divert the black e-pawn.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
The La Bourdonnais – McDonnell chess matches were a series of chess matches in 1834 between Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais of France and Alexander McDonnell of Ireland.
Ladislav Prokeš (7 June 1884 – 9 January 1966) was one of the most prolific composers of endgame studies in chess.
Lasker's Manual of Chess (Lehrbuch des Schachspiels) is a book on the game of chess written in 1925 by former World Chess Champion Emanuel Lasker.
The Latvian Gambit (or Greco Countergambit) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: It is one of the oldest chess openings, having been analysed in the 17th century by Gioachino Greco, after whom it is sometimes named.
Leopold Adamovich Mitrofanov (July 2, 1932November 26, 1992) was a Russian chess composer, an International Judge of Chess Composition (awarded 1971) and an International Master of Chess Composition (awarded 1980).
Levitsky versus Marshall is a famous game of chess played by Stepan Levitsky and Frank Marshall.
This is a list of notable chess games sorted chronologically.
Losing Chess (also known as Antichess, the Losing Game, Giveaway Chess, Suicide Chess, Killer Chess, Must-Kill, Take-All Chess, Capture Chess or Losums) is one of the most popular chess variants.
The Lucena position is one of the most famous and important positions in chess endgame theory, where one side has a rook and a pawn and the defender has a rook.
Luigi Centurini (Genoa, April 24, 1820 – Genoa, November 10, 1900) was an Italian jurist, chess player, and chess composer.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
A man (german: Mann) is a fairy chess piece often used in chess variants.
Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp (28 July 1887 – 2 October 1968) was a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, conceptual art, and Dada, although he was careful about his use of the term Dada and was not directly associated with Dada groups.
Mark Izrailovich Dvoretsky (Марк Израилевич Дворецкий; December 9, 1947 – September 26, 2016) was a Russian chess trainer, writer, and International Master.
Michael Adams (born 17 November 1971) is an English chess grandmaster.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Malik Mir Sultan Khan (1905 – 25 April 1966) was the strongest chess master of his time from Asia.
My 60 Memorable Games is a chess book by Bobby Fischer, first published in 1969.
New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.
Nikolai Vladimirovich Krogius (first name sometimes written Nikolay) (born July 22, 1930 in Saratov) is a Russian Chess Grandmaster, International Arbiter (1985), psychologist, chess coach, chess administrator, and author.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
The opposite-colored bishops endgame is a chess endgame in which each side has a single bishop, but the bishops reside on opposite-colored squares on the chessboard, thus cannot attack or block each other.
In chess, opposition (or direct opposition) is the situation occurring when two kings face each other on a rank or file, with only one square in-between them.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).
Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.
In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth; i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on either the same or adjacent files.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
A pawnless chess endgame is a chess endgame in which only a few pieces remain and none of them is a pawn.
The Philidor position (or Philidor's position) usually refers to an important chess endgame which illustrates a drawing technique when the defender has a king and rook versus a king, rook, and a pawn.
Philidor Rx Services is a Pennsylvania-licensed specialty online pharmacy, which mainly sold Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc drugs directly to patients and handled insurance claims on the customers' behalf.
Philipp Stamma (c. 1705 – c. 1755), a native of Aleppo, Ottoman Syria, later resident of England and France, was a chess master and a pioneer of modern chess.
Philippe Ambroise Durand (1799 – 11 February 1880) was a French abbé and chess writer.
Pietro Carrera, (July 12, 1573 – September 18, 1647) was a chess player, historian, priest and Italian author, born in Sicily, in Militello in Val di Catania (Province of Catania), located in the Valley of Noto; here he grew up in the old colony of San Vito.
Priyome (a) is a Russian noun that is used directly and generically in English to represent some sort of typical maneuver or technique in chess.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
Proof by exhaustion, also known as proof by cases, proof by case analysis, complete induction, or the brute force method, is a method of mathematical proof in which the statement to be proved is split into a finite number of cases or sets of equivalent cases and each type of case is checked to see if the proposition in question holds.
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
The queen and pawn versus queen endgame is a chess endgame in which both sides have a queen and one side has a pawn, which he is trying to promote.
The chess endgame of a queen versus pawn (with both sides having no other pieces except the kings) is usually an easy win for the side with the queen.
The Queen's Gambit Accepted (or QGA) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Queen's Gambit Accepted is the third most popular option on Black's second move, after 2...e6 (the Queen's Gambit Declined) and 2...c6 (the Slav Defense).
Rashid Gibiatovich Nezhmetdinov (Räşit Hibät ulı Näcmetdinov, Рашид Гибятович Нежметдинов; December 15, 1912 – June 3, 1974) was an eminent Soviet chess player, chess writer, and checkers player.
The Réti endgame study is a chess endgame study by Richard Réti.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
The rook and bishop versus rook endgame is a chess endgame where one player has just a rook, bishop and king, and the other player has only a rook and king.
The rook and pawn versus rook endgame is of fundamental importance to chess endgames,,,, and has been widely studied,. Precise play is usually required in these positions.
The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
The Exchange Variation of the Ruy Lopez is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Black may recapture on c6 with either pawn; although 4...bxc6 is playable, 4...dxc6 is almost always chosen at master level.
The Saavedra position is one of the best known chess endgame studies.
Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.
In chess, the move 9.Bc4 is one of the main options in the chess opening called the Yugoslav Attack, which is an attack in the Dragon Variation of the Sicilian Defence.
A simultaneous exhibition or simultaneous display is a board game exhibition (commonly chess or Go) in which one player (typically of high rank, such as a grandmaster or dan-level player) plays multiple games at a time with a number of other players.
Sissel Kyrkjebø, known as Sissel, is a Norwegian soprano.
A solved game is a game whose outcome (win, lose or draw) can be correctly predicted from any position, assuming that both players play perfectly.
Solving chess means finding an optimal strategy for playing chess, i.e. one by which one of the players (White or Black) can always force a victory, or both can force a draw (see Solved game).
Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move.
Stefán Kristjánsson (8 December 1982 – 28 February 2018) was an Icelandic chess grandmaster and professional poker player.
In chess, a swindle is a ruse by which a player in a losing position tricks his opponent, and thereby achieves a win or draw instead of the expected loss.
The Tarrasch Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The Tarrasch is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Tarrasch rule is a general principle that applies in the majority of chess middlegames and endgames.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
The Game of Chess is a book about chess written by Siegbert Tarrasch.
Three-check chess is a chess variant in which the winner is the first player to check their opponent three times.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
Traité des Amateurs is the short name of the celebrated book Traité Théorique et Pratique du jeu des Echecs, par une Société des Amateurs, published in France in 1786 and subsequently translated into German and English.
Triangulation is a tactic used in chess to put one's opponent in zugzwang (a position when it is a disadvantage to move).
Two knights may refer to.
The two knights endgame is a chess endgame with a king and two knights versus a king.
The U.S. Chess Championship is an invitational tournament held to determine the national chess champion of the United States.
Ulf Andersson (born 27 June 1951) is a leading Swedish chess player.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vitaly Alexandrovich Chekhover (also spelled Tschechower or Czechower, pronounced "chekh a VYAIR") (Вита́лий Алекса́ндрович Чехове́р) (December 22, 1908 – February 11, 1965) was a Soviet chess player and chess composer.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Wang Yue (born 31 March 1987) is a Chinese chess grandmaster.
War termination is the study of how wars end, including theories of how wars can and should be ended.
A wazir (or vizir) is a fairy chess piece that moves like a rook, but can go only one square.
William Schlumberger (1800 – April 1838) was a European chess master.
In chess, a windmill is a tactic in which a combination of discovered checks and regular checks, usually by a rook and a bishop, often forcing the opposing king to move back and forth between two squares, can win massive amounts of.
The Women's World Chess Championship was held from 16 March to 7 April 2015 in Sochi, Russia.
The World Chess Championship 1889 was the second official World Chess Championship, and was between Wilhelm Steinitz and Mikhail Chigorin.
The fourth World Chess Championship was held in Havana between January 1 and February 28, 1892.
The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
The 1981 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Viktor Korchnoi in Merano, Italy from October 1 to November 19, 1981.
The World Chess Championship 2012 was a chess match between the defending world champion Viswanathan Anand of India and Boris Gelfand of Israel, winner of the 2011 Candidates Tournament.
The World Chess Championship 2013 was a match between reigning world champion Viswanathan Anand and challenger Magnus Carlsen, to determine the 2013 World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2014 was a match between the world champion Magnus Carlsen and challenger Viswanathan Anand, to determine the World Chess Champion.
The wrong bishop is a situation in chess endgame when a bishop on the other color of square of the chessboard would either win a game instead of draw or salvage a draw from an inferior position; in other words, a bishop is unable to guard squares of the other color.
In chess endgames with a bishop, a pawn that is a may be the wrong rook pawn.
Yuri Lvovich Averbakh (Ю́рий Льво́вич Аверба́х; born February 8, 1922) is a Soviet and Russian chess player and author.
Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.
Events in chess in 1974;.