445 relations: A Game at Chess, Aaron Alexandre, Abu Bakr bin Yahya al-Suli, Adolf Albin, Advanced Chess, AI War: Fleet Command, Akiba Rubinstein, Alapin's Opening, Albin Countergambit, Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Chernin, Alexey Sokolsky, Alexey Suetin, AlphaZero, Amar Opening, Anderssen's Opening, András Adorján, Angus Dunnington, Anti-computer tactics, Armand Blackmar, Artificial castling, Artur Yusupov, Ashot Nadanian, Éric Prié, Back-rank checkmate, Balogh Defense, Baltic Defense, Barnes Opening, Benko Gambit, Benoni Defense, Bent Larsen, Berlin Defence, Bernard Zuckerman, Bird's Opening, Bishop (chess), Bishop's Opening, Black Knights' Tango, Blackmar–Diemer Gambit, Blumenfeld Gambit, Boden's Mate, Bogo-Indian Defence, Boris Spassky, Botvinnik versus Capablanca, AVRO 1938, Budapest Gambit, Bughouse chess, Build order, Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania, Camel (chess), Carl Jaenisch, ..., Carl Schlechter, Carlos Torre Repetto, Caro–Kann Defence, Castling, Catalan Opening, Centaur (chess), Center Game, Charles Ranken, Checkmate, Checkmates in the opening, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess game collection, Chess middlegame, Chess opening book, Chess opening book (computers), Chess opening theory table, Chess piece relative value, Chess Query Language, Chess strategy, Chess theory, Chess960, ChessBase, Chigorin Defense, Clemenz Opening, Closed Game, Colle System, Comparison of top chess players throughout history, Compensation (chess), Damiano Defence, Daniël Noteboom, Danish Gambit, David Norwood, Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1996, Game 1, Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1997, Game 6, Defense, Desprez Opening, Displacement chess, Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani, Doubled pawns, Dražen Marović, Dragoljub Velimirović, Druid of Colchester, Dunst Opening, Durkin Opening, Dutch Defence, East Indian Defence, Edgard Colle, Edward Freeborough, Efim Bogoljubov, Efim Geller, Elephant Gambit, Emanuel Lasker, Empty set, En passant, Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, English Defence, English Opening, Englund Gambit, Erik Kislik, Ernst Grünfeld, Eros Riccio, Eurogame, Evans Gambit, Evergreen Game, Evgeny Sveshnikov, Exchange (chess), Exchange variation, Fianchetto, First-move advantage in chess, Florin Gheorghiu, Four Knights Game, Four Pawns Attack, François-André Danican Philidor, Francis Joseph Lee, Frank Marshall (chess player), French Defence, Friedrich Sämisch, Friso Nijboer, Fritz (chess), Gambit, Garry Kasparov, Göring Attack, Göttingen manuscript, George Botterill, George H. 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A Game at Chess is a comic satirical play by Thomas Middleton, first staged in August 1624 by the King's Men at the Globe Theatre, notable for its political content.
Aaron (Albert) Alexandre (אהרון אלכסנדר, around 1765/68 in Hohenfeld, Franconia – 16 November 1850 in London, England) was a Jewish German–French–English chess player and writer.
Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Yahya al-Suli (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى الصولي) (born: 266–267 A.H/ 880 A.D in Gorgan - died: 334–335 A.H/ 946 A.D in Basra) (aged 68-69. lunar calendar) was a nadim (boon companion) of successive Abbasid caliphs.
Adolf Albin (14 September 1848 – 1 February 1920) was a Romanian chess player.
Advanced Chess is a form of chess where each human player uses a computer chess program to explore the possible results of candidate moves.
AI War: Fleet Command is a real time strategy computer game created by independent developer Arcen Games.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Alapin's Opening is an unusual chess opening that starts with the moves: It is named after the Russo-Lithuanian player and openings analyst Semyon Alapin (1856–1923).
The Albin Countergambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: and the usual continuation is: The opening is an uncommon defense to the Queen's Gambit.
The Lasker Trap is a chess opening trap in the Albin Countergambit, named after Emanuel Lasker, although it was first noted by Serafino Dubois.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Mikhailovich Chernin (Александр Михайлович Чернин; born 6 March 1960) is a Soviet-born Hungarian chess grandmaster and trainer.
Alexey Pavlovich Sokolsky (3 November 1908 – 27 December 1969) was a Ukrainian-Belarusian chess player of International Master strength in chess, a noted correspondence chess player, and an opening theoretician.
Alexey (Aleksei) Stepanovich Suetin (Алексе́й Степа́нович Суэ́тин; November 16, 1926 in Kirovohrad – September 10, 2001 in Moscow) was a Russian International Grandmaster of chess and author.
AlphaZero is a computer program developed by the Alphabet-owned AI research company DeepMind, which uses an approach similar to AlphaGo Zero's to master not just Go, but also chess and shogi.
The Amar Opening (also known as Paris Opening, Drunken Knight Opening, or Ammonia Opening) is a chess opening defined by the move: This opening is sometimes known as the Ammonia Opening, since NH3 is the chemical formula for ammonia.
Anderssen's Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: Anderssen's Opening is named after unofficial World Chess Champion Adolf Anderssen, who played it three times in his 1858 match against Paul Morphy.
András Adorján (born András Jocha, 31 March 1950, Budapest) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster (1973) and author.
Angus Dunnington (born 9 August 1967) is an English poker and online gambling specialist and former professional chess player with the title of International Master (IM).
Anti-computer tactics are methods used by humans to try to beat computer opponents at various games, especially in board games such as chess and Arimaa.
Armand Edward Blackmar, was born in Vermont in 1826, to parents Reuben Harmon and Amanda (Cushman) Blackmar.
In chess, artificial castling (also called castling by hand) refers to a maneuver in which a king which has lost the right to castle achieves a castled position in several normal moves, instead of the one special move.
Artur Mayakovich Yusupov (Арту́р Маякович Юсу́пов; Artur Majakowitsch Jussupow; born February 13, 1960 in Moscow, Soviet Union) is a Russian chess grandmaster and a chess writer.
Ashot Nadanian (sometimes transliterated as Nadanyan; Աշոտ Նադանյան; born September 19, 1972) is an Armenian chess International Master (1997), chess theoretician and chess coach.
Éric Prié, born 14 March 1962 in Paris, is a French chess player, International Grandmaster since 1996, currently playing for Montpellier Échecs.
In chess, a back-rank checkmate (also known as the corridor mate) is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen along a back rank (that is, the row on which the pieces stand at the start of the game) in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because the king is blocked by friendly pieces (usually pawns) on the second rank.
The Balogh Defense (also known as the Balogh Counter Gambit) is an unusual chess opening beginning with the moves: It may also arise by transposition from the Staunton Gambit against the Dutch Defense, 1.d4 f5 2.e4!?, if Black declines the gambit with 2...d6.
The Baltic Defense (also known as the Grau Defense, or the Sahovic Defense) is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The Baltic is an unusual variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined (QGD).
Barnes Opening is a chess opening where White opens with: The opening is named after Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874), an English player who had an impressive eight wins over Paul Morphy, including one game where Barnes answered 1.e4 with 1...f6, known as Barnes Defence.
The Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has three codes for the Benko Gambit.
The Benoni Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: Black can then sacrifice a pawn with 3...b5 (the Benko Gambit), otherwise 3...e6 is the most common move (although 3...d6 or 3...g6 are also seen, typically transposing to main lines).
Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.
The Berlin Defence or Berlin Variation may refer to variations in at least two chess openings.
Bernard Zuckerman (born March 31, 1943 in Brooklyn, New York) is an International Master of chess.
Bird's Opening (or the Dutch Attack) is a chess opening characterised by the move: Bird's is a standard flank opening.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
The Bishop's Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White attacks Black's f7-square and prevents Black from advancing his d-pawn to d5.
The Black Knights' Tango (also known as the Mexican Defense or Kevitz–Trajkovic Defense) is a chess opening beginning with the moves: This position can also be reached by transposition, for example 1.c4 Nf6, 1.d4 Nc6, or 1.c4 Nc6.
The Blackmar–Diemer Gambit (or BDG) is a chess opening characterized by the moves: where White intends to follow up with f2–f3, usually on the fourth move.
The Blumenfeld Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves 3...e6 4.Nf3 b5 in the Benoni Defense arising after: or alternatively: In fact, as many as 30 different move orders are possible.
Boden's Mate is a checkmating pattern in chess characterized by bishops on two criss-crossing diagonals (for example, bishops on a6 and f4 delivering mate to a king on c8), with possible flight squares for the king being occupied by friendly pieces.
The Bogo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The position arising after 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 is common.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
In Rotterdam on 22 November 1938, then future World Chess Champion Mikhail Botvinnik (as white) defeated former World Champion José Raúl Capablanca in round 11 of the AVRO tournament in one of the most famous games in chess history.
The Budapest Gambit (or Budapest Defence) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Despite an early debut in 1896, the Budapest Gambit received attention from leading players only after a win as Black by Grandmaster Milan Vidmar over Akiba Rubinstein in 1918.
Bughouse chess (also known as Exchange chess, Siamese chess, Tandem chess, Transfer chess, Double bughouse, Cross chess, Swap chess or simply bughouse or bug) is a popular chess variant played on two chessboards by four players in teams of two.
In strategy computer games, of both the turn-based and real-time varieties, a build order is a linear pattern of production, research, and resource management aimed at achieving a specific and specialized goal.
Cambridge Springs is a home rule municipality, formerly a borough, in Crawford County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The camel (or long knight) is a fairy chess piece that moves like an elongated knight.
Carl Ferdinand von Jaenisch (Карл Андреевич Яниш; Vyborg, April 11, 1813 – Saint Petersburg, March 7, 1872) was a Finnish and Russian chess player and theorist.
Carl Schlechter (2 March 1874 – 27 December 1918) was a leading Austrian chess master and theoretician at the turn of the 20th century.
Carlos Jesús Torre Repetto (29 November 1904Hooper/Whyld, Gaige say 1905. in Mérida, Yucatán – 19 March 1978 in Mérida, Yucatán) was a chess grandmaster from Mexico.
The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.
Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.
The Catalan is a chess opening where White adopts a combination of the Queen's Gambit and Réti Opening: White plays d4 and c4 and fianchettoes the white bishop on g2.
A centaur is a fairy chess piece that can move like a mann or a knight.
The Center Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The game usually continues 3.Qxd4 Nc6, with a gain of tempo for Black due to the attack on the white queen.
Charles Edward Ranken (5 January 1828 – 12 April 1905) was a Church of England clergyman and a minor British chess master.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
In chess, checkmates in the opening are examples of a player being checkmated during the first few moves of the game (i.e. in the opening).
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
The most common types of chess game collections are collected games of a single player (e.g. My Best Games of Chess 1908-1937 by Alexander Alekhine), annotations of games from a single tournament, collections of chess games covering a certain period of time (e.g. Oxford Encyclopaedia of Chess Games. Vol.1 1485-1866 by Levy and O'Connell), opening move collections, or collections centered on tactical or strategic themes (e.g. games featuring brilliant defense, attacking play, endgame technique, and so on).
The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.
A chess opening book is a book on chess openings.
Opening book is often used to describe the database of chess openings given to computer chess programs (and related games, such as computer shogi).
A chess opening theory table or ECO (Encyclopaedia Of Chess Openings) table presents lines of moves, typically (but not always) from the starting position.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
Chess Query Language (CQL) is a structured query language which is designed to allow chess players and researchers to search for games, positions, problems, and studies in a quick and relatively easy manner.
Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.
The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.
Chess960, also called Fischer Random Chess (originally Fischerandom), is a variant of chess invented and advocated by former world chess champion Bobby Fischer, announced publicly on June 19, 1996, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.
The Chigorin Defense is a chess opening named for 19th century Russian grandmaster Mikhail Chigorin.
The Clemenz Opening is a chess opening beginning with the move: This opening is named after Hermann Clemenz (1846–1908), an Estonian player.
A Closed Game (or Double Queen's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The move 1.d4 offers the same benefits to development and center control as does 1.e4, but unlike with the King Pawn openings where the e4 pawn is undefended after the first move, the d4 pawn is protected by White's queen.
The Colle System, also known as the Colle–Koltanowski system, is a chess opening strategy for White introduced by Belgian Edgard Colle in the 1920s, and further developed by George Koltanowski.
This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.
In chess, compensation is the typically short-term positional advantages a player has in exchange for typically material disadvantage.
The Damiano Defence is a chess opening beginning with the moves.
Daniël Noteboom (26 February 1910 – 12 January 1932) was a Dutch chess player.
The Danish Gambit, known as the Nordisches Gambit (Nordic Gambit) in German, and the Noors Gambiet (Norwegian Gambit) in Dutch, is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White will sacrifice one or two pawns for the sake of rapid and the attack.
David Robert Norwood (born 1968) is an English businessman who runs an investment fund that finances spin-off companies from Oxford University science departments.
Deep Blue–Kasparov, 1996, Game 1 is a famous chess game in which a computer played against a human being.
Game 6 of the Deep Blue–Kasparov rematch, played in New York City on May 11, 1997 and starting at 3:00 p.m. EDT, was the last chess game in the 1997 rematch of Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov.
Defense or defence may refer to.
The Desprez Opening is a chess opening characterized by the opening move: The opening is named after the French player Marcel Desprez.
Displacement chess is a family of chess variants in which a few pieces are transposed in the initial standard chess position.
Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani (9 November 1719 – 15 July 1796) was an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician.
In chess, doubled pawns are two pawns of the same color residing on the same file.
Dražen Marović (born January 14, 1938 in Split) is a Croatian (former Yugoslav) chess player, trainer, journalist, writer and broadcaster.
Dragoljub Velimirović (Serbian Cyrillic: Драгољуб Велимировић; 12 May 1942 – 22 May 2014) was a Serbian (formerly Yugoslav) chess grandmaster, born in Valjevo.
The grave of the "Druid of Colchester" was discovered by archaeologists in 1996.
The Dunst Opening is a chess opening where White opens with the move: This fairly uncommon opening may have more names than any other: it is also called the Heinrichsen Opening, Baltic Opening, van Geet's Opening, Sleipnir Opening, Kotrč's Opening, Meštrović Opening, Romanian Opening, Queen's Knight Attack, Queen's Knight Opening, Millard's Opening, Knight on the Left, and (in German) der Linksspringer.
The Durkin Opening (also known as the Durkin Attack or the Sodium Attack) is a rarely played chess opening beginning with the move: The Durkin Opening is named for Robert James Durkin (1923–?) of New Jersey.
The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.
The East Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves.
Edgard Colle (18 May 1897, in Ghent, Belgium – 20 April 1932) was a Belgian chess master.
Edward Freeborough (18 August 1830 – 14 September 1896) was the co-author, with Charles Ranken, of Chess Openings Ancient and Modern (1889), one of the first important opening treatises in the English language and a precursor of Modern Chess Openings.
Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.
Efim Petrovich Geller (Ефим Петрович Геллер, Юхим Петрович Геллер; 8 March 1925 – 17 November 1998) was a Soviet chess player and world-class grandmaster at his peak.
The Elephant Gambit (also called the Queen's Pawn Counter Gambit or Englund Counterattack) is a rarely played chess opening beginning with the moves: Although the Elephant Gambit is considered unsound, it has been used frequently by the Barbadian master Philip Corbin.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
In mathematics, and more specifically set theory, the empty set or null set is the unique set having no elements; its size or cardinality (count of elements in a set) is zero.
En passant (in passing) is a move in chess.
The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess.
The English Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves.
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.
The Englund Gambit is a rarely played chess opening that starts with the moves: Black's idea is to avoid the traditional closed queen's pawn games and create an open game with tactical chances, but at the cost of a pawn.
Erik Andrew Kislik (born November 14, 1987) is an American chess International Master from Hillsborough, California.
---- Ernst Franz Grünfeld (November 21, 1893 – April 3, 1962) was a leading Austrian chess grandmaster and chess writer, mainly on opening theory.
Eros Riccio (December 1, 1977, Lucca) is an Italian International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster, Advanced Chess Champion and chess opening book author.
A Eurogame, also called a German-style board game, German game, or Euro-style game, is a class of tabletop games that generally have indirect player interaction and abstract physical components.
The Evans Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Evans Gambit is an aggressive line of the Giuoco Piano, which normally continues with the positional moves 4.c3 or 4.d3.
The Evergreen Game is a famous chess game, won by Adolf Anderssen against Jean Dufresne in 1852.
Evgeny Ellinovich Sveshnikov (Евгений Эллинович Све́шников; Latvian: Jevgēņijs Svešņikovs; born 11 February 1950) is a Russian grandmaster of chess and a chess author.
In the tactics and strategy in the board game of chess, an exchange (exchanging) or trade (trading) of chess pieces is series of closely related moves, typically sequential, in which the two players capture each other's pieces.
In chess, an exchange variation is a type of opening in which there is an early, voluntary exchange of pawns or pieces.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
The first-move advantage in chess is the inherent advantage of the player (White) who makes the first move in chess.
Florin Gheorghiu (born 6 April 1944) is a Romanian chess player and university lecturer in foreign languages.
The Four Knights Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This is the most common sequence, but the knights may in any order to reach the same position.
The Four Pawns Attack can refer to a variety of different chess openings, including.
François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795), often referred to as André Danican Philidor during his lifetime, was a French composer and chess player.
Francis Joseph Lee (c. 1857, London – 12 September 1909, London) was an English chess master.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
Friedrich Sämisch (September 20, 1896, Charlottenburg – August 16, 1975, Berlin) was a German chess Grandmaster (1950).
Friso Nijboer (born May 26, 1965) is a Dutch chess player.
Fritz is a German chess program developed by Vasik Rajlich (engine) and ChessBase (user interface).
A gambit (from ancient Italian gambetto, meaning "to trip") is a chess opening in which a player, more often White, sacrifices, usually a pawn, with the hope of achieving a resulting advantageous position.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
The Göring Attack is a line of play which occurs in the Evans Gambit chess opening.
The Göttingen manuscript is the earliest known work devoted entirely to modern chess.
George Steven Botterill (born 8 January 1949) is a Welsh chess player, writer and philosopher.
George Hatfeild Dingley Gossip (December 6, 1841 – May 11, 1907) was a minor American-English chess master and writer.
Giambattista Lolli (1698 in Nonantola, Italy – 4 June 1769) was an Italian chess player.
Gilberto Milos (born October 30, 1963 in São Paulo) is a Brazilian chess grandmaster.
Gioacchino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634) was an Italian chess player and writer.
Giulio Cesare Polerio (c. 1550, Lanciano – c. 1610, Rome; reconstruction of places and dates by Adriano Chicco) was an Italian chess theoretician and player.
The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.
The Jerome Gambit is an unsound chess opening which is an offshoot of the Giuoco Piano.
Glenn Curtis Flear (born 12 February 1959 in Leicester, England) is a British chess grandmaster now living in Montpellier, France.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
Go opening strategy is the strategy applied in Go opening.
Grandmasters is a collaborative album by DJ Muggs and GZA.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
The Nadanian Variation (sometimes called the Nadanian Attack) of the Grünfeld Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Nadanian Variation is classified in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings with the code D85.
The Greco Defence (or McConnell Defense), named after Gioachino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634), is a chess opening beginning with the moves: The opening is categorized as ECO code C40.
Grigory Yakovlevich Levenfish (Григо́рий Я́ковлевич Левенфи́ш; in Piotrków – 9 February 1961 in Moscow) was a Russian chess grandmaster who scored his peak competitive results in the 1920s and 1930s.
Grob's Attack is an unconventional chess opening where White immediately moves the king knight's pawn two squares ahead.
Grzegorz Gajewski (born 19 July 1985 in Skierniewice) is a Polish chess player who became Grandmaster in 2006.
The Gunderam Defense is a rarely played chess opening starting with the moves: It is named after the chess player Gerhard Gunderam.
Győző Victor Forintos (born 30 July 1935 in Budapest) is a Hungarian chess master and by profession, an economist.
In chess, a half-open file (or semi-open file) is a with only pawns of one color.
The Halloween Gambit (also known as the Müller–Schulze Gambit or Leipzig Gambit) is an aggressive chess opening gambit in which White sacrifices a knight early on for a single pawn.
Handbuch des Schachspiels (Handbook of Chess, often simply called the Handbuch) is a chess book, first published in 1843 by Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa.
A handicap (or "odds") in chess is variant ways to enable a weaker player to have a chance of winning against a stronger one.
The Hedgehog is a pawn formation in chess adopted usually by Black that can arise from several openings.
Henry Edward Bird (Portsea in Hampshire, 14 July 1830 – 11 April 1908) was an English chess player, and also an author and accountant.
Henry Charlick (8 July 1845 in London, England – 26 July 1916 in Adelaide, Australia) was a leading Australian chess master in the 1880s.
The Hippopotamus Defence is a name for various irregular chess opening systems in which Black moves a number of his pawns to the sixth rank, often developing his pieces to the seventh rank, and does not move any of his pawns to the fifth rank in the opening.
The history of chess can be traced back nearly 1500 years, although the earliest origins are uncertain.
The history of games dates to the ancient human past.
The Hodgson Attack (also called the Pseudo-Trompowsky, Levitsky Attack after Stepan Levitsky, Queen's Bishop Attack, and Bishop Attack) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Strategically, the bishop on g5 exerts an annoying influence where it pins Black's e-pawn and is ready to meet 2...Nf6 with 3.Bxf6, giving up the bishop pair in exchange for saddling Black with doubled pawns.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Hugh Edward Myers (January 23, 1930 – December 22, 2008) was an American chess master and author.
The Hungarian Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Hungarian Defense is a line in the Italian Game typically chosen as a response to the aggressive 3.Bc4.
Hydra was a chess machine, designed by a team with Dr. Christian "Chrilly" Donninger, Dr.
Hypermodernism is a school of chess that emerged after World War I. It featured challenges to the chess ideas of central European masters, including Wilhelm Steinitz's approach to the centre and the rules established by Siegbert Tarrasch.
Igor Vladimirovich Glek (Игорь Владимирович Глек; born 7 November 1961) is a Russian chess Grandmaster, coach, theorist, writer and organiser.
Igor Arkadyevich Zaitsev (Игорь Аркадьевич Зайцев; born 27 May 1938) is a Russian grandmaster of chess.
The Immortal Draw is a chess game played in 1872 in Vienna by Carl Hamppe and Philipp Meitner.
The Immortal Game was a chess game played by Adolf Anderssen and Lionel Kieseritzky on 21 June 1851 in London, during a break of the first international tournament.
The "Immortal Losing Game" is a chess game between the Soviet grandmaster David Bronstein and the Polish International Master Bogdan Śliwa played in 1957 in Gotha.
The Immortal Zugzwang Game is a chess game between Friedrich Sämisch and Aron Nimzowitsch, played in Copenhagen in March 1923.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
Initiative in a chess position belongs to the player who can make threats that cannot be ignored.
The Inverted Hungarian Opening or Tayler Opening is an uncommon chess opening that starts with the moves: It is so-named because the position of White's bishop on e2 resembles that of Black's bishop on e7 in the Hungarian Defense.
The Irish Gambit, Chicago Gambit, or Razzle Dazzle Gambit, is a weak chess opening that begins: intending 3...Nxe5 4.d4 (see diagram).
In chess, irregular opening is a traditional term for any opening considered unusual or unorthodox.
In chess, an isolated pawn is a pawn that has no friendly pawn on an adjacent.
The Italian Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is often played as an alternative to the quiet and closed lines of the Giuoco Piano or Giuoco Pianissimo openings.
The Italian Game is a family of chess openings beginning with the moves: The Italian Game is part of the large family of Open Games or Double King's Pawn Games.
The Blackburne Shilling Gambit is the name facetiously given to a dubious chess opening, derived from an offshoot of the Italian Game, that begins: It is also sometimes referred to as the Kostić Gambit after the Serbian grandmaster Borislav Kostić, who played it in the early 20th century.
The Rousseau Gambit (or Ponziani Countergambit) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The gambit is named after French chess master Eugène Rousseau.
Jacques Mieses (born Jakob Mieses; 27 February 1865 – 23 February 1954) was a German-born chess Grandmaster and writer.
The Jaenisch Gambit may refer to at least two chess openings.
Major James Moore Hanham (January 4, 1840 Woodville, Mississippi – December 30, 1923 New York, New York) was an American chess master, who played in many American and international chess tournaments between 1884 and 1889.
James Mason (November 19, 1849 – January 12, 1905) was an Irish-born chess player, journalist and writer, who became one of the world's best half-dozen players in the 1880s.
Jan Timman (born 14 December 1951) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster who was one of the world's leading players from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.
Jan Werle (born 15 January 1984) is a Dutch chess grandmaster.
Janus Chess is a chess variant played on a 10×8 board.
John Cochrane (1798 – 2 March 1878) was a Scottish chess master and lawyer.
John Herbert White (22 February 1880 – 18 November 1920, London, England) was co-author with Richard Clewin Griffith of the first three editions of the famous chess opening treatise Modern Chess Openings.
John Owen (8 April 1827 in Marchington – 24 November 1901 in Twickenham) was an English vicar and strong amateur chess master.
John William Schulten (1821–1875), also spelled Johann Wilhelm, was a 19th-century chess master from Germany and the United States.
Jonny Hector (born 13 February 1964) is a Swedish chess grandmaster.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Captain Joseph Bertin (1690s – c. 1736) was one of the first authors to write about the game of chess.
Joseph Gerald Gallagher (born 4 May 1964) is a British-born Swiss chess grandmaster and former British Champion, as well as a chess author.
Jovanka Houska is an English chess player with the titles International Master (IM) and Woman Grandmaster (WGM).
Julian Michael "Jules" Hodgson (born 25 July 1963) is a British International Grandmaster and former British Chess Champion.
Kamran Shirazi (کامران شیرازی; born 21 November 1952) is an International Master of chess.
Karel Hromádka (23 April 1887 in Großweikersdorf, Austria – 16 July 1956) was a Czech chess player, two-time Czech champion, 1913 and 1921 (jointly).
Kasparov versus the World was a game of chess played in 1999 over the Internet.
Kasparov's Gambit or simply Gambit is a chess playing computer program created by Heuristic Software and published by Electronic Arts in 1993 based on Socrates II, the only winner of the North American Computer Chess Championship running on a common microcomputer.
The Keres Defence (also known as the Kangaroo Defence or Franco-Indian Defense) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named for Estonian grandmaster Paul Keres.
In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.
The King's Fianchetto Opening or Benko's Opening (also known as the Hungarian Opening, Barcza Opening, or Bilek Opening) is a chess opening characterized by the move: White's 1.g3 ranks as the fifth most popular opening move, but it is far less popular than 1.e4, 1.d4, 1.c4 and 1.Nf3.
The King's Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White offers a pawn to divert the black e-pawn.
The Falkbeer Countergambit is a chess opening that begins: In this aggressive, Black disdains the pawn offered as a sacrifice, instead opening the centre to exploit White's weakness on the.
The Fischer Defense to the King's Gambit is a chess opening variation that begins with the moves: Although 3...d6 was previously known, it did not become a major variation until Fischer advocated it in a famous 1961 article in the first issue of the American Chess Quarterly.
The McDonnell Gambit is a chess opening gambit in the King's Gambit, Classical Variation that begins with the moves:Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 241.
The Rice Gambit is a chess opening that arises from the King's Gambit Accepted.
The King's Indian Attack (or KIA), also known as the Barcza System (after Gedeon Barcza), is a chess opening system for White.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
The Four Pawns Attack in the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White immediately builds up a large in order to gain a advantage.
The Sämisch Variation of the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Sämisch is a subtle blockading system and a critical challenge to the King's Indian.
The King's Knight Opening is a chess opening consisting of the moves: The opening is likely to continue into one of a number of other named openings, depending mainly on Black's second move.
The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is among the most popular opening moves in chess.
The Konstantinopolsky Opening is a rarely played chess opening that begins with the moves.
The La Bourdonnais – McDonnell chess matches were a series of chess matches in 1834 between Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais of France and Alexander McDonnell of Ireland.
Larry Melvyn Evans (March 22, 1932 – November 15, 2010) was an American chess grandmaster, author, and journalist.
Larsen's Opening (also called the Nimzo–Larsen Attack or Queen's Fianchetto Opening) is a chess opening starting with the move: It is named after the Danish grandmaster Bent Larsen.
The chess game between Emanuel Lasker and Johann Bauer played in Amsterdam in 1889 is one of the most famous on account of Lasker's sacrifice of both bishops to eliminate the pawn cover around his opponent's king, winning material and the game.
Lasker's Manual of Chess (Lehrbuch des Schachspiels) is a book on the game of chess written in 1925 by former World Chess Champion Emanuel Lasker.
The Latvian Gambit (or Greco Countergambit) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: It is one of the oldest chess openings, having been analysed in the 17th century by Gioachino Greco, after whom it is sometimes named.
The Légal Trap or Blackburne Trap (also known as Légal Pseudo-Sacrifice and Légal Mate) is a chess opening, characterized by a queen sacrifice followed by checkmate with minor pieces if Black accepts the sacrifice.
Lev Gutman (born 26 September 1945 in Riga) is a Latvian, Israeli, and German chess grandmaster.
Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.
Levitsky versus Marshall is a famous game of chess played by Stepan Levitsky and Frank Marshall.
Levon Grigori Aronian (Լևոն Գրիգորի Արոնյան Levon Grigori Aronyan; born 6 October 1982) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.
Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez (translation: Book of the liberal invention and art of the game of chess) is one of the first books published about modern chess in Europe, after Pedro Damiano's 1512 book.
The Lisitsin Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves.
This is a list of chess openings that are gambits.
This is a list of chess openings, organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings code.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.
The term chess trap refers to a move which may tempt the opponent to play a losing move.
A chess variant (or unorthodox chess) is a game "related to, derived from, or inspired by chess".
Players of the game of Go often use jargon to describe situations on the board and surrounding the game.
Last Exile is an animated television series created by Gonzo in celebration of the company's 10th anniversary.
This list of Terminator video games includes video games based on the 1984 film The Terminator, a science fiction action film that has been followed by four sequels.
London 1851 was the first international chess tournament.
The London System is a chess opening that usually arises after 1.d4 and 2.Bf4 or 2.Nf3 & 3.Bf4.
The Lopez Opening (or MacLeod Attack) is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The opening was played frequently by 19th century Scottish–Canadian chess master Nicholas MacLeod but has otherwise arisen rarely in tournament play.
Louis Paulsen (15 January 1833 in Gut Nassengrund near Blomberg, Principality of Lippe – 18 August 1891) was a German chess player.
Luděk Pachman (German: Ludek Pachmann, May 11, 1924 in Bělá pod Bezdězem, today Czech Republic – March 6, 2003 in Passau, Germany) was a Czechoslovak-German chess grandmaster, chess writer, and political activist.
Ludvig Collijn (20 November 1878 – 4 October 1939 in Stockholm) was a chess author and chairman of the Swedish Chess Federation from 1917 to 1939.
Luis Ramírez de Lucena (c. 1465 – c. 1530) was a Spanish chess player who published the first still-existing chess book.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
Marcus Kann (1820 in Vienna – February 3, 1886) was an Austrian chess player.
Mario Monticelli (16 March 1902, Venice – 30 June 1995, Milan) was an Italian chess player.
Mariya Olehivna Muzychuk (Марія Олегівна Музичук; born 21 September 1992) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and Women's World Chess Champion from April 2015 to March 2016.
The Marshall Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Marshall Defense is a fairly dubious variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Marshall Gambit may refer to a number of chess openings named after the American chess master Frank Marshall.
Matthias Wahls (born January 25, 1968) is a German chess grandmaster and poker player.
The sixteenth chess game in the fourth match between Alexander McDonnell and Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais played in London in 1834 is famous for demonstrating the power of a mobile central block of pawns.
Michał Krasenkow (born 14 November 1963) is a Polish chess grandmaster, a chess trainer and writer.
Michael John Basman (born 16 March 1946 in St Pancras, London) is an English chess player, chess author and International Master.
Michael Francis Stean (born 4 September 1953) is an English chess grandmaster, an author of chess books and a tax accountant.
Michele Godena (born 30 June 1967 in Valdobbiadene) is an Italian chess grandmaster, a former European Union champion and five-time national champion.
The Mieses Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: The opening is named after the German-British grandmaster Jacques Mieses.
Miguel Najdorf (born Mojsze Mendel Najdorf) (15 April 1910 – 4 July 1997) was a Polish-Argentine chess grandmaster.
Mikhail Ivanovich Chigorin (also Tchigorin; Михаи́л Ива́нович Чиго́рин; –) was a leading Russian chess player.
Malik Mir Sultan Khan (1905 – 25 April 1966) was the strongest chess master of his time from Asia.
The Modenese Masters were three 18th-century chess masters and writers from Modena, Italy.
The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.
* for the chess variant, see Modern Chess (chess variant).
Modern Chess Openings (usually called) is an important reference book on chess openings, first published in 1911 by the British players Richard Clewin Griffith (1872–1955) and John Herbert White (1880–1920).
The Modern Defense (also known as the Robatsch Defence after Karl Robatsch) is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it himself.
The Monkey's Bum is a variation of the Modern Defense, a chess opening.
Moheschunder Bannerjee (Bengali: মহেশচন্দ্র বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায়, fl. 1850) or Mahesh Chandra Banerjee was a strong chess player from Bengal, many hundred of whose games survive through the writings of John Cochrane, who regularly played Bannerjee between 1848 and 1860, during Cochrane's tenure at the Calcutta bar.
The chess game played in 1858 at an opera house in Paris between the American chess master Paul Morphy and two strong amateurs, the German noble Karl II, Duke of Brunswick and the French aristocrat Comte Isouard de Vauvenargues, is among the most famous of chess games.
My 60 Memorable Games is a chess book by Bobby Fischer, first published in 1969.
My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.
The Napoleon Opening is an irregular chess opening starting with the moves: As with the similar Wayward Queen Attack (2.Qh5), White hopes for the Scholar's Mate (2.Qf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5?? 4.Qxf7#), but Black can easily avoid the trap.
The Neo-Indian Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This opening is also known as the Seirawan Attack, after top 1980s player Yasser Seirawan.
New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.
Nicholas Ernest de Firmian (born July 26, 1957 in Fresno, California), is a chess grandmaster and three-time U.S. chess champion, winning in 1987 (with Joel Benjamin), 1995, and 1998.
Nicolas Rossolimo (Николай Спиридонович Россоли́мо; February 28, 1910, Kiev – July 24, 1975, New York) was an American-French-Greek-Russian chess Grandmaster.
Nikolai (Nikolay) Nikolaevich Riumin (Ryumin, Rjumin, Rumin) (Николай Николаевич Рюмин; 5 September 1908, Moscow – 1942, Omsk) was a Russian chess master, one of the strongest Soviet players of the 1930s.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
The Nimzowitsch Defence is a somewhat unusual chess opening characterised by the moves: This opening is an example of a hypermodern opening where Black invites White to occupy the of the board at an early stage with pawns.
The Old Indian Defense is a chess opening defined by the moves: This opening is distinguished from the King's Indian Defense in that Black develops his on e7 rather than by fianchetto on g7.
Oleg Mikhailovich Romanishin (Олег Михайлович Романишин; born 10 January 1952) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and former European junior champion.
An Open Game (or Double King's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: White has moved the king's pawn two squares and Black has replied in kind.
Opening may refer to.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).
Owen's Defence (also known as the Queen's Fianchetto Defence or Greek Defense) is an uncommon chess opening defined by the moves: By playing 1...b6, Black prepares to fianchetto the where it will participate in the battle for the.
Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.
Paleface may refer to.
A pattern language is a method of describing good design practices or patterns of useful organization within a field of expertise.
Paul Rudolf (or Rudolph) von Bilguer (21 September 1815 – 16 September 1840) was a German chess master and chess theoretician from Ludwigslust in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Paul Saladin Leonhardt (13 November 1877 – 14 December 1934) was a German chess master.
Paul Svedenborg (born 24 April 1947) is a Norwegian chess player who won the Norwegian Chess Championship twice, in 1966 and 1967, representing the chess club in Narvik.
Paul van der Sterren (born 17 March 1956 in Venlo, Netherlands) is a Dutch chess grandmaster.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
Pedro Damiano (in Portuguese, Pedro Damião; Damiano is the Italian form, much like the Latin Damianus) was a Portuguese chess player who lived from 1480 to 1544.
The Peruvian Immortal is the name given to a spectacular chess game played by the Peruvian master (later grandmaster) Esteban Canal against an unknown amateur in a simultaneous exhibition he gave at Budapest in 1934.
Peter Millican (born 1 March 1958) is Gilbert Ryle Fellow and Professor of Philosophy at Hertford College, University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Petrov's Defence or the Petrov Defence (also called Petroff's Defence, Russian Defence, and Russian Game) is a chess opening characterised by the following moves: Though this symmetrical response has a long history, it was first popularised by Alexander Petrov, a Russian chess player of the mid-19th century.
The Marshall Trap is a chess opening trap in Petrov's Defence named after Frank Marshall.
The Philidor Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named after the famous 18th-century player François-André Danican Philidor, who advocated it as an alternative to the common 2...Nc6.
Philip Walsingham Sergeant (27 January 1872, Notting Hill, LondonBirths, Marriages and Deaths – 20 October 1952) was a British professional writer on chess and popular historical subjects.
The Pirc Defence (correctly pronounced "peerts", but often mispronounced "perk"), sometimes known as the Ufimtsev Defence or Yugoslav Defence, is a chess opening characterised by Black responding to 1.e4 with 1...d6 and 2...Nf6, followed by...g6 and...Bg7, while allowing White to establish an impressive-looking centre with pawns on d4 and e4.
The Austrian Attack variation of the Pirc Defence is a chess opening characterised by the following moves: Typical continuations include the main line 5.Nf3 0-0, an immediate kingside attack with 5.e5 Nfd7, or a queenside counterattack with 5.Nf3 c5.
The Poisoned Pawn Variation is any of several series of opening moves in chess in which a pawn is said to be "poisoned" because its capture can result in a positional disadvantage or loss of material.
The Polish Defense is the name commonly given to one of several sequences of chess opening moves characterized by an early...b5 by Black.
Polish Immortal is the name given to a chess game between Glinksberg and Miguel Najdorf played in Warsaw.
The Ponziani Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is one of the oldest chess openings, having been discussed in the literature by 1497.
Poole versus HAL 9000 is a fictional chess game in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. Astronaut Dr. Frank Poole is seen playing a recreational game of chess with the HAL 9000 supercomputer.
The Portuguese Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Portuguese is an uncommon opening.
Preston Ware Jr. (August 12, 1821 – January 29, 1890) was a US chess player.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.
The Queen's Gambit Accepted (or QGA) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Queen's Gambit Accepted is the third most popular option on Black's second move, after 2...e6 (the Queen's Gambit Declined) and 2...c6 (the Slav Defense).
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
In chess, the Elephant Trap is a faulty attempt by White to win a pawn in a popular variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
The Rubinstein Trap is a chess opening trap in the Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense.
The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.
The Queen's Knight Defense (also known as the Nimzowitsch Queen Pawn Defence or Bogoljubow–Mikenas Defense) is a chess opening defined by the moves: Unless the game transposes to another opening, the Encyclopedia of Chess Openings code for the Queen's Knight Defense is A40.
The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4.
The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves: White plans to bring the d5-pawn under attack from the, or entice it to advance to d4 and undermine it later.
Repertoire may refer to.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Franz Friedrich Richard Genée (February 7, 1823 – June 15, 1895) was a Prussian born Austrian librettist, playwright, and composer.
Richard Selig Réti (28 May 1889, Bösing, now Pezinok – 6 June 1929, Prague) was an Austro-Hungarian, later Czechoslovak chess grandmaster, chess author, and composer of endgame studies.
The Richter–Veresov Attack (or Veresov Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is also often reached by transposition, for example 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Bg5 (the most common move order), 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 d5 3.Nc3, or 1.Nc3 Nf6 2.d4 d5 3.Bg5.
Robert Graham Wade OBE (10 April 1921 Dunedin, New Zealand – 29 November 2008, London), was a New Zealand and British chess player, writer, arbiter, coach, and promoter.
Rosendo Carreon Balinas, Jr. (September 10, 1941 – September 24, 1998) was a chess grandmaster from the Philippines.
Rotlewi versus Rubinstein is a game of chess played between Gersz Rotlewi and Akiba Rubinstein in Łódź, Poland in 1907.
Roza Lallemand (8 August 1961 – 26 August 2008) was a French chess player of North Korean origin who was raised in the Soviet Union.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
The Exchange Variation of the Ruy Lopez is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Black may recapture on c6 with either pawn; although 4...bxc6 is playable, 4...dxc6 is almost always chosen at master level.
The Mortimer Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez named after James Mortimer.
The Noah's Ark Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez.
Tarrasch Trap refers to two different chess opening traps in the Ruy Lopez that are named for Siegbert Tarrasch.
In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.
Samuel Herman Reshevsky (born Szmul Rzeszewski; November 26, 1911 – April 4, 1992) was a Polish chess prodigy and later a leading American chess grandmaster.
The Saragossa Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: Since White usually plays more aggressively in the opening, the Saragossa is considered an irregular opening, classified as A00 by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings.
Sargon (or SARGON) is a line of chess-playing software for personal computers.
The Scandinavian Defense (or Center Counter Defense, or Center Counter Game) is a chess opening characterized by the moves.
In chess, Scholar's Mate is the checkmate achieved by the following moves, or similar: The same mating pattern may be reached by various move orders.
A school of chess denotes a chess player or group of players that share common ideas about the strategy of the game.
The Scotch Game, or Scotch Opening, is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Ercole del Rio, in his 1750 treatise Sopra il giuoco degli Scacchi, Osservazioni pratiche d’anonimo Autore Modenese ("On the game of Chess, practical Observations by an anonymous Modenese Author"), was the first author to mention what is now called the Scotch Game.
The Classical Variation of the Scotch Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White has several fifth move options, including 5.Be3, 5.Nxc6, 5.Nb3 and 5.Nf5.
A Semi-Closed Game (or Semi-Closed Opening) is a chess opening in which White plays 1.d4 but Black does not make the symmetrical reply 1...d5.
The Semi-Italian Opening (also known as Half Giuoco Piano, Lesser Giuoco Piano, and Paris Defence) is one of Black's responses to the Italian Game.
A Semi-Open Game is a chess opening in which White plays 1.e4 and Black breaks symmetry immediately by replying with a move other than 1...e5.
The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queen's Gambit chess opening defined by the position reached after the moves: The position may readily be reached by a number of different.
The Semi-Tarrasch Defense is a chess opening characterized by the following moves: The Semi-Tarrasch is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined (ECO codes D40 through D42).
Semyon Zinovyevich Alapin (Семён Зиновьевич Алапин; in Saint Petersburg – 15 July 1923 in Heidelberg) was a chess master, openings analyst, and puzzle composer.
Sergio Mariotti (born August 10, 1946 in Florence) is an Italian Grandmaster of chess and former national champion.
Shatranj (شطرنج, from Middle Persian chatrang) is an old form of chess, as played in the Persian Empire.
A shogi opening (戦法) is the sequence of initial moves of a shogi game before the middle game.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
The Accelerated Dragon (or Accelerated Fianchetto) is a chess opening variation of the Sicilian Defence that begins with the moves: The Accelerated Dragon features an early...g6 by Black.
The Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation (also sometimes called the Szily Variation or Hungarian Variation) is a chess opening named after Vitaly Chekhover, from the game Chekhover–Lisitsin, Leningrad 1938.
In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves: In the Dragon, Black fianchettoes their bishop on the h8–a1 diagonal, building a home for the king on g8 while aiming the bishop at the center and.
In chess, the move 9.Bc4 is one of the main options in the chess opening called the Yugoslav Attack, which is an attack in the Dragon Variation of the Sicilian Defence.
The Magnus Smith Trap is a chess opening trap in the Sicilian Defence, named after three-time Canadian chess champion Magnus Smith (1869–1934).
The Najdorf Variation of the Sicilian Defence is one of the most respected and deeply studied of all chess openings.
In chess, the Scheveningen Variation of the Sicilian Defence is an opening that is a line of the Open Sicilian characterised by Black setting up a "small centre" with pawns on d6 and e6.
In chess, the Smith–Morra Gambit (or simply Morra Gambit) is an opening gambit against the Sicilian Defence distinguished by the moves: White sacrifices a pawn to quickly and create attacking chances.
The Siberian Trap is a chess opening trap.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
A simultaneous exhibition or simultaneous display is a board game exhibition (commonly chess or Go) in which one player (typically of high rank, such as a grandmaster or dan-level player) plays multiple games at a time with a number of other players.
The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.
In chess, a smothered mate is a checkmate delivered by a knight in which the mated king is unable to move because he is surrounded (or smothered) by his own pieces.
The Sokolsky Opening (also known as the Orangutan or Polish) is an uncommon chess opening that begins with the move: According to various databases, out of the twenty possible first moves from White, the move 1.b4 ranks ninth in popularity.
The Staunton Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: White sacrifices a pawn for quick development, hoping to launch an attack against Black's, which has been somewhat weakened by 1...f5.
The Staunton–Morphy controversy concerns the failure of negotiations in 1858 for a chess match between Howard Staunton and Paul Morphy and later interpretations of the actions of the two players.
A Steinitz Variation is any of several chess openings introduced and practiced, or adopted and advocated by Wilhelm Steinitz, the first officially recognized World Chess Champion.
Stonewall or Stone wall may refer to.
The Stonewall Attack is a chess opening; more specifically it is a variation of the Queen's Pawn Game.
Strategy video game is a video game that focuses on skillful thinking and planning to achieve victory.
Sir Philip Stuart Milner-Barry (20 September 1906 – 25 March 1995) was a British chess player, chess writer, World War II codebreaker and civil servant.
Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.
In chess, a swindle is a ruse by which a player in a losing position tricks his opponent, and thereby achieves a win or draw instead of the expected loss.
The Swiss Gambit is an chess opening which is an offshoot of Bird's Opening (1.f4) and begins with the moves.
The Symmetrical Defense (or Austrian Defense) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First described in print by Alessandro Salvio in 1604, the opening is often called the Austrian Defense because it was studied by Austrian chess players including Hans Haberditz (c. 1901–57), Hans Müller (1896–1971), and GM Ernst Grünfeld.
Szymon Abramowicz Winawer (Warsaw, March 6, 1838 – Warsaw, November 29, 1919) was a leading chess player who won the German Chess Championship in 1883.
The Taimanov Variation can refer to variations of four different chess openings, all named after Mark Taimanov.
Tamaz Gelashvili (born 8 April 1978) is a chess grandmaster from Georgia.
The Tarrasch Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The Tarrasch is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
The Tennison Gambit is a chess opening in which White gambits a pawn.
“The Bishop’s Gambit” is the seventh episode of the BBC comedy series Yes, Prime Minister and was first broadcast 20 February 1986.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
The Game of Chess is a book about chess written by Siegbert Tarrasch.
In chess, The Game of the Century is a chess game played between 26-year-old Donald Byrne and 13-year-old Bobby Fischer in the Rosenwald Memorial Tournament in New York City on October 17, 1956, which Fischer won.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874) was an English chess master, one of the leading British masters of his time.
The Three Knights Game is a chess opening which most commonly begins with the moves: In the Three Knights Game, Black chooses to break symmetry in order to avoid the main lines of what is often considered the drawish Four Knights Game after the usual 3...Nf6.
Three-check chess is a chess variant in which the winner is the first player to check their opponent three times.
In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule (also known as repetition of position) states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
In chess played with a time control, time trouble, time pressure, or its German translation Zeitnot, is the situation where a player has little time to complete the required moves.
Anthony John Miles (23 April 1955 – 12 November 2001) was an English chess grandmaster, the first Englishman to earn the Grandmaster title in over-the-board play.
Torre (plurals torri and torres) means tower in seven Romance languages (Portuguese, Spanish, Galician, Catalan, Italian, Occitan and Corsican) and may refer to.
The Torre Attack is a chess opening characterized by the moves: or the Tartakower Variation in the Queen's Pawn Game (ECO code D03): or the Torre Attack in the East Indian Defence (ECO code A48): or the Torre Attack in the Indian Defence (ECO code A47).
Traité des Amateurs is the short name of the celebrated book Traité Théorique et Pratique du jeu des Echecs, par une Société des Amateurs, published in France in 1786 and subsequently translated into German and English.
A transposition in chess and other chess-like games is a sequence of moves that results in a position which may also be reached by another, more common sequence of moves.
The Trompowsky Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: With his second move, White intends to exchange his bishop for Black's knight, inflicting doubled pawns upon Black in the process.
Two knights may refer to.
The Two Knights Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: First recorded by Polerio (c. 1550 – c. 1610) in the late 16th century, this line of the Italian Game was extensively developed in the 19th century.
The Fried Liver Attack, also called the Fegatello Attack (named after an Italian idiom meaning "dead as a piece of liver"), is a chess opening.
The Max Lange Attack is a chess opening that can arise from many different opening lines, including the Two Knights Defense, Petroff's Defense, Scotch Gambit, Bishop's Opening, Center Game, and Giuoco Piano.
The Uruguayan Immortal is a game of chess played in the 1943 Uruguayan Chess Championship between B. Molinari and Luis Roux Cabral.
Vadim Zvjaginsev (Vadim Zvyagintsev; born 18 August 1976 in Moscow) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The Van't Kruijs Opening is a chess opening defined by the move: It is named after the Amsterdam player Maarten van 't Kruijs (1813–85) who won the sixth Dutch championship in 1878.
Vasily Nikolayevich Panov (Васи́лий Никола́евич Пано́в, November 1, 1906 – January 13, 1973) was a Soviet chess player, author, and journalist.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Viacheslav Vasilyevich Ragozin (Вячесла́в Васи́льевич Раго́зин, 8 October 1908 – 11 March 1962) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, an International Arbiter of chess, and a World Correspondence Chess Champion.
The Vienna Game is an opening in chess that begins with the moves: White's second move is less common than 2.Nf3, and is also more recent.
The Frankenstein–Dracula Variation is a chess opening variation for Black, usually considered a branch of the Vienna Game, beginning with the moves: or it can be reached by transposition from the Bishop's Opening: The opening involves many complications; however, with accurate play the opening is viable for both sides.
The Würzburger Trap is a chess opening trap in the Vienna Gambit.
Vitaly Valeryevich Tseshkovsky (Виталий Валерьевич Цешковский; 25 September 1944, Omsk – 24 December 2011, Krasnodar) was a Russian chess Grandmaster and a former champion of the USSR.
Vladimir Sergeyevich Antoshin (Владимир Сергеевич Антошин; 14 May 1929 in Moscow – 13 May 1994) was a Soviet chess Grandmaster, a theoretician and a national champion of correspondence chess.
Vladimir Konstantinovich Bagirov (Վլադիմիր Կոնստանտինի Բաղիրյան; Влади́мир Константи́нович Баги́ров) (August 16, 1936 in Baku – July 21, 2000 in Finland) was a Soviet-Latvian grandmaster of chess, chess author, and trainer.
Vladimir Andreevich Makogonov (Влади́мир Андре́евич Макого́нов, August 27, 1904 – January 2, 1993) was a chess player from Azerbaijan.
Vladimir Pavlovich Malaniuk (July 21, 1957 – July 2, 2017) was a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and three-time Ukrainian champion.
Vladimir Ivanovich Nenarokov (January 4, 1880 – December 13, 1953) was a Russian chess master and theoretician.
Vladimir Simagin (June 21, 1919 in Moscow – September 25, 1968 in Kislovodsk) was a Russian Grandmaster of chess.
Vugar Gashimov (Vüqar Həşimov; 24 July 1986 – 11 January 2014) was an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
The Wade Defence is a chess opening characterised by the initial moves: The position can also arise from the move order 1.Nf3 d6 2.d4 Bg4.
Walter Korn (22 May 1908; Prague, Czechoslovakia – July 9, 1997; San Mateo, California, United States) was a Czech-born, naturalised American author of books and magazine articles about chess.
The Ware Opening, also known as Meadow Hay Opening, is an uncommon chess opening for White beginning with the move: It is named after Preston Ware, a U.S. chess player who often played uncommon openings.
Weaver Warren Adams (April 28, 1901 – January 6, 1963) was an American chess master, author, and opening theoretician.
William Henry Krause Pollock (21 February 1859 in Cheltenham – 5 October 1896 in Clifton, England) was an English chess master, and a surgeon.
In chess, Wing Gambit is a generic name given to openings in which White plays an early b4, deflecting an enemy pawn or bishop from c5 so as to regain control of d4, an important central square.
Wolfgang Uhlmann (born 29 March 1935) is a prominent German International Grandmaster of chess.
The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
The World Chess Hall of Fame (WCHOF) is a nonprofit, collecting institution situated in the Central West End neighborhood of St. Louis, Missouri, United States.
In chess, the term X-ray or X-ray attack is sometimes used as a synonym for skewer.
X3D Fritz was a version of the Fritz chess program, which in November 2003 played a four-game Human–computer chess match against world number one Grandmaster Garry Kasparov.
Yuri Lvovich Averbakh (Ю́рий Льво́вич Аверба́х; born February 8, 1922) is a Soviet and Russian chess player and author.
The zebra is a fairy chess piece that moves like a stretched knight.
Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.
The Zukertort Opening is a chess opening named after Johannes Zukertort that begins with the move: Sometimes the term "Réti Opening" is used to describe the opening move 1.Nf3, although most sources define the Réti more narrowly as the sequence 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4.
The 20th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 18 and October 13, 1972, in Skopje, Yugoslavia (present-day Macedonia).