267 relations: Agenda 2000, Agreement on Agriculture, Agricultural and Rural Convention 2020, Agricultural policy, Agriculture, Agriculture and Fisheries Council, Agriculture in Austria, Agriculture in England, Agriculture in Flanders, Agriculture in Germany, Agriculture in Greece, Agriculture in London, Agriculture in Portugal, Agriculture in Romania, Agriculture in Spain, Agriculture in Sweden, Agriculture in the United Kingdom, Agriculture in Wales, Aid, Alan Dukes, Alcoholic beverage industry in Europe, Allan Buckwell, Alun Davies (politician), André Pochon, Antonio Quatraro, Arable crops program, Éxito (EP), Beef hormone controversy, Budget of the European Union, Budgetary treaties of the European Communities, Buffer stock scheme, Bullfighting, Butter mountain, Cairns Group, Campaign to Protect Rural England, Cantabria, CAOBISCO, CAP, Capocollo, CAPRI model, Castilla–La Mancha, Cees Veerman, Charles de Gaulle, Chicken tax, Churches European Rural Network, Civil parishes in Scotland, Comité Régional d'Action Viticole, Common Fisheries Policy, Conseil Européen des Jeunes Agriculteurs, Constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles, ..., Continental union, Continuing United Kingdom relationship with the European Union, Council of the European Union, Crown dependencies, Dacian Cioloș, Dairy farming, Death Domain database, Democratic Party (Romania), Denominación de origen, Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs, DIP, Directive (European Union), Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development, Doha Development Round, Dumping (pricing policy), DWARS, Economic geography of the United Kingdom, Economic history of Greece and the Greek world, Economic history of Portugal, Economic Partnership Agreements, Economy of Africa, Economy of Austria, Economy of England, Economy of Europe, Economy of France, Economy of Gibraltar, Economy of Greece, Economy of Northern Ireland, Economy of the European Union, Economy of the United Kingdom, Elisabeth Köstinger, Emmanuel Macron, Englefield House, English land law, Enlargement of the European Union, Environmental policy of the European Union, Eric Heffer, Esther de Lange, Eton College, European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development, European Agricultural Guarantee Fund, European Business Summit, European Commission, European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development, European Commissioner for Budget and Human Resources, European Commissioner for the Environment, European Commissioner for Trade, European Communities, European Communities Act 1972 (UK), European Democratic Alliance, European Economic Area, European Economic Community, European Parliament Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development, European Progressive Democrats, European Regional Development Fund, European Union, European Union Committee, European Union law, European Union legislative procedure, European Union roaming regulations, European Union wine regulations, European Unit of Account, Euroscepticism in the United Kingdom, Everything but Arms, Export restitution, Farm Structure Survey, Farming Today, Fâstâci Monastery, Financial services in Gibraltar, Food, Foreign relations of the Republic of Ireland, Founding fathers of the European Union, François Mitterrand, France, Fresh Start Project, Friends of the Earth Europe, Future enlargement of the European Union, Geographical indications and traditional specialities in the European Union, George Eustice, German Climate Action Plan 2050, Get Britain Out, Gibraltar, Globalization, Good Food march, Government of Change, Grain trade, Greece, Green Institute Foundation, Green Party of England and Wales, Green pound, Groupe de Bruges, Hallstein Commission, Harold Macmillan, Headage payments, Hedge, Helmut von Verschuer, Henry Plumb, Baron Plumb, Hill farming, History of agriculture in Scotland, History of the European Communities (1958–72), Ian Marshall (farmer), Ilse Aigner, Index of agriculture articles, Index of sociology of food articles, Institute for European Environmental Policy, Intergovernmentalism, Internationale Handelsgesellschaft mbH v Einfuhr- und Vorratsstelle für Getreide und Futtermittel, Ireland, Irish Farmers' Association, Jacques Delors Institute, James Hamilton, 4th Baron Hamilton of Dalzell, James Reynolds (Irish politician), Jan Huitema, Jersey Royal, June 1965, La France Insoumise, Land allocation decision support system, Lega Nord, LEI Wageningen UR, Libertas Institute, Limousin cattle, List of acronyms: C, List of dried foods, List of European Commission portfolios, List of Italian products with protected designation of origin, List of public policy topics by country, Louis-Georges Rabot, Luxembourg compromise, Machair, Mancha Húmeda, Mariann Fischer Boel, Marine Le Pen, Mark Clinton, Matti Vanhanen, Membership of United Kingdom in the European Economic Area, Michał Kamiński, Michael Wills, Michelle O'Neill, Mid-term Review Reforms, Midi-Pyrénées, Milk quota, Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, Multiannual Financial Framework, Natural Capital Committee, Noel Coonan, North/South Ministerial Council, Norway–European Union relations, Oliver Smedley, Open Europe, Ostpolitik, Outline of sustainable agriculture, Outline of the European Union, Overproduction, Paolo De Castro, Paris International Agricultural Show, Paul Dacre, Pádraig MacKernan, Penwith, Phil Hogan, Political positions of Marine Le Pen, Politics of the European Union, Pound (currency), Pravind Jugnauth, Premiership of Tony Blair, President of the European Commission, Production quota, Prosciutto, Protectionism, Protein crop, PROteINSECT, Ray MacSharry, Raymond Crotty, Right to food, Rural Payments Agency, Sabina (oil), Santer Commission, Scottish independence referendum, 2014, Set-aside, Sicco Mansholt, Sindicato Labrego Galego-Comisións Labregas, Single Farm Payment, Single Payment Scheme, Small farm, South Holland and The Deepings (UK Parliament constituency), Spanish general election, 1986, Special Accession Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development, Special member state territories and the European Union, State cartel theory, Stéphane Le Foll, Strada dell'Olio, Stresa, Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund, Sucrose, Tablas de Daimiel National Park, Tariffs in United States history, The Logic of Collective Action, Three pillars of the European Union, Tir Gofal, Trade and development, Trans fat, Treaties of the European Union, Treaty of Rome, UK Co-ordinating Body, UK rebate, United Kingdom, United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, 1975, United Poland, Val de Dagne, Vladimír Chovan, Walter Hallstein, Werner-Cravatte Ministry, Wine law, Wyn Grant, 110 Propositions for France, 1960s in France, 2007–08 world food price crisis, 2013 Italian social protests. Expand index (217 more) » « Shrink index
Agenda 2000 was an action programme of the European Union whose main objectives were to reform the Common Agricultural Policy and Regional policy, and establish a new financial framework for the years 2000–06 with a view to the then upcoming Eastern Enlargement of the European Union.
The Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) is an international treaty of the World Trade Organization.
Agricultural and Rural Convention 2020 (ARC2020) describes itself as "a multi-stakeholder platform of over 150 civil society networks and organisations within 22 EU Member States all pushing for a reform of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)".
Agricultural policy describes a set of laws relating to domestic agriculture and imports of foreign agricultural products.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
The Agriculture and Fisheries Council (AGRIFISH) is one of the configurations of the Council of the European Union and is composed of the agriculture and fisheries ministers of the 28 European Union member states.
The share of agriculture in Austria in the Austrian economy declined steadily after World War II, agriculture continues to represent an important element of the economy because of its social and political significance.
Agriculture in England is today intensive, highly mechanised, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with only 2% of the labour force.
Agriculture and horticulture in Flanders has traditionally a familial character, but just like agriculture in other regions, is increasingly characterised by an increase in scale, modernisation and expansion.
Agriculture in Germany is a small sector of the German economy, and it has declined in importance during the 20th century and by 1989 amounted to only 1.6 percent of the West German GDP.
Agriculture in Greece is based on small-sized, family-owned dispersed units, while the extent of cooperative organization stays at low comparative levels, against all efforts that have been taken in the last 30 years, mainly under European Union supervision.
Agriculture in London is a rather small enterprise, with only 8.6% of the Greater London area being used for commercial farming, nearly all of which is close to Greater London's outer boundaries.
Agriculture in Portugal is based on small to medium-sized family-owned dispersed units, however, the sector also includes larger scale intensive farming export-oriented agrobusinesses backed by companies (like Grupo RAR's Vitacress, Sovena, Lactogal, Vale da Rosa, Companhia das Lezírias and Valouro).
Romania has an agricultural capacity of approximately 14.7 million hectares, of which only 10 are used as arable land.
Agriculture in Spain is important to the national economy.
Agriculture in Sweden differs by region.
Agriculture in the United Kingdom uses 69% of the country's land area, employs 1.5% of its workforce (476,000 people) and contributes 0.62% of its gross value added (£9.9 billion).
Agriculture in Wales has in the past been a major part of the economy of Wales, a largely rural country that forms part of the United Kingdom.
In international relations, aid (also known as international aid, overseas aid, foreign aid or foreign assistance) is – from the perspective of governments – a voluntary transfer of resources from one country to another.
Alan James Dukes (born 20 April 1945) is a former Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Minister for Transport, Energy and Communication from 1996 to 1997, Leader of the Opposition and Leader of Fine Gael from 1987 to 1990, Minister for Justice from 1986 to 1987, Minister for Finance from 1982 to 1986 and Minister for Agriculture from 1981 to 1982.
The alcoholic beverage industry in Europe is the source of a quarter of the world’s alcohol and over half of the world's wine production.
Professor Allan Edgar Buckwell (born 10 April 1947) is British academic and agricultural economist, and a former university professor, mostly involving work on the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), working at the Institute for European Environmental Policy.
Thomas Alun Rhys Davies (born 12 February 1964) is a Welsh Labour Co-operative politician.
André Pochon is a Breton farmer born in 1931 in Saint-Mayeux (Côtes d'Armor).
Antonio Quatraro (1934 – March 30, 1993) was an Italian European Commission official, who fell to his death from an EU office building on Rue de la Loi, Brussels.
The arable crops program is a consolidated support system operated under the EU Common Agricultural Policy for producers of major cereals, oilseeds, and protein crops.
Éxito is a 2014 Korean-language EP by South Korean boy band Teen Top.
The Beef Hormone Dispute is one of the most intractable agricultural controversies since the establishment of the World Trade Organization.
The European Union has a budget to pay for policies carried out at European level (such as agriculture, assistance to poorer regions, trans-European networks, research, some overseas development aid) and for its administration, including a parliament, executive branch, and judiciary that are distinct from those of the member states.
The Budgetary treaties of the European Communities were two treaties in the 1970s amending the Treaty of Rome in respects to powers over the Community budget.
A buffer stock scheme (commonly implemented as intervention storage, the "ever-normal granary") is an attempt to use commodity storage for the purposes of stabilising prices in an entire economy or, more commonly, an individual (commodity) market.
Bullfighting is a physical contest that involves humans and animals attempting to publicly subdue, immobilise, or kill a bull, usually according to a set of rules, guidelines, or cultural expectations.
The Butter mountain refers to the supply surplus of butter produced in the European Economic Community due to government interventionism, beginning in the 1970s.
The Cairns Group (Cairns Group of Fair Trading Nations) is an interest group of 19 agricultural exporting countries, composed of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Uruguay, and Vietnam.
The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) is a registered charity in England with over 40,000 members and supporters.
Cantabria is a historic Spanish community and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city.
CAOBISCO is the Association of Chocolate, Biscuits and Confectionery (Association Communautaire des Industries de la Chocolaterie, Biscuiterie industries of Europe. Created in 1959 in Paris, the association has been based in Brussels since 1985. CAOBISCO’s role is to facilitate the understanding of European decision-makers and stakeholders on the role played by European chocolate, biscuit, and confectionery manufacturers and products in the European economy. It also acts as a platform of dialogue and communication with European institutions in terms of scientific and regulatory matters, as well as economic and sustainability issues. CAOBISCO members include national associations in Europe as well as direct member companies.
CAP may refer to.
Capocollo, coppa, or capicola is a traditional Italian and Corsican pork cold cut (salume) made from the dry-cured muscle running from the neck to the fourth or fifth rib of the pork shoulder or neck.
The CAPRI (Common Agricultural Policy Regionalised Impact) model is a tool for exante impact assessment of agricultural and international trade policies with a focus on the European Union.
Castilla–La Mancha (or Castile–La Mancha) is an autonomous community of Spain.
Cornelis Pieter (Cees) Veerman (born 8 March 1949) is a Dutch politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal.
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.
The Chicken Tax is a 25 percent tariff on light trucks (and originally on potato starch, dextrin, and brandy) imposed in 1964 by the United States under President Lyndon B. Johnson in response to tariffs placed by France and West Germany on importation of U.S. chicken.
The Churches European Rural Network (CERN) is a network of individuals and representatives of churches in Europe advocating the concerns of rural and agricultural communities within the Church and beyond.
Civil parishes, as units of local government in Scotland, were abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929.
Comité Régional d'Action Viticole (CRAV, Regional Committee for Viticultural Action), or sometimes Comité d'action viticole (CAV, Committee for Viticultural Action) is a group of militant French wine producers.
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the fisheries policy of the European Union (EU).
The Conseil Européen des Jeunes Agriculteurs (CEJA) ("European Council of Young Farmers") is an umbrella organisation gathering young farmers from all over Europe and is one of the key advocates for the agricultural sector in Europe.
The constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles has periodically been discussed, for example during the Scottish independence referendum campaign.
A continental union is a regional organization which facilitates pan-continental integration.
The United Kingdom's post-Brexit relationship with the remaining European Union members could take several forms.
The Council of the European Union, referred to in the treaties and other official documents simply as the Council is the third of the seven Institutions of the European Union (EU) as listed in the Treaty on European Union.
Crown dependencies are three island territories off the coast of Britain which are self-governing possessions of the Crown.
Dacian Julien Cioloș (born 27 July 1969) is a Romanian agronomist who was Prime Minister of Romania between November 2015 and January 2017.
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.
The Death Domain database is a secondary database of protein-protein interactions (PPI) of the death domain superfamily.
The Democratic Party (Partidul Democrat, PD) was a social-democratic and, later, a centre-right political party in Romania.
The denominación de origen ('designation of origin')In other languages of Spain.
The Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA) is a government department in the Northern Ireland Executive, the devolved administration for Northern Ireland.
Dip may refer to.
A directive is a legal act of the European Union which requires member states to achieve a particular result without dictating the means of achieving that result.
The Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development or DG AGRI is a Directorate-General of the European Commission.
The Doha Development Round or Doha Development Agenda (DDA) is the trade-negotiation round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) which commenced in November 2001 under then director-general Mike Moore.
Dumping, in economics, is a kind of injuring pricing, especially in the context of international trade.
DWARS, GroenLinkse Jongeren ("Contrary", GreenLeftist Youth, for more information on the name see the name section) is the independent youth wing of GreenLeft, a Dutch green political party.
The economic geography of the United Kingdom reflects its high position in the current economic league tables, as well as reflecting its long history as a trading nation and as an imperial power.
The economic history of the Greek World spans several millennia and encompasses many modern-day nation states.
The economic history of Portugal covers the development of the economy throughout the course of Portuguese history.
Economic Partnership Agreements are a scheme to create a free trade area (FTA) between the European Union and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP).
The economy of Africa consists of the trade, industry, agriculture, and human resources of the continent.
Austria is one of the 14 richest countries in the world in terms of GDP (Gross domestic product) per capita, has a well-developed social market economy, and a high standard of living.
The economy of England is the largest economy of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
The economy of Europe comprises more than 740 million people in 50 different countries.
France has the world's 6th largest economy by 2017 nominal figures and the 10th largest economy by PPP figures.
The economy of Gibraltar consists largely of the services sector.
The economy of Greece is the 48th largest in the world with a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of $192.691 billion per annum.
The economy of Northern Ireland is the smallest of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
The European Union is the second largest economy in the world in nominal terms and according to purchasing power parity (PPP).
The economy of the United Kingdom is highly developed and market-oriented.
Elisabeth Köstinger (born 22 November 1978) is an Austrian politician and since December 2017 Federal Minister for Sustainability and Tourism.
Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron (born 21 December 1977) is a French politician serving as President of France and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra since 14 May 2017.
Englefield House is an Elizabethan country house with surrounding estate at Englefield in the English county of Berkshire, home to the Conservative MP Richard Benyon and his family.
English land law is the law of real property in England and Wales.
The European Union (EU) has expanded a number of times throughout its history by way of the accession of new member states to the Union.
The European Union (EU) is considered by some to have the most extensive environmental laws of any international organisation.
Eric Samuel Heffer (12 January 1922 – 27 May 1991) was a British socialist politician.
Esther de Lange (born 19 February 1975) is a Dutch politician serving as a Member of the European Parliament since 2007.
Eton College is an English independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Berkshire, near Windsor.
The European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) is a European agricultural fund which was set up for the financing of Rural Development Programme (RDP) actions by European Union Council Regulation (EC) No 1290/2005 of 21 June 2005 on the financing of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
The European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) consumes a large part of the general budget of the European Union.
European Business Summit (EBS) is an events and conferences organiser, the creator of one of the largest networking and debating events in Brussels – the annual European Business Summit.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development is a member of the European Commission.
The European Commissioner for Budget and Human Resources is the member of the European Commission who is responsible for negotiating and managing the EU budget.
The Commissioner for the Environment is the member of the European Commission responsible for EU environmental policy.
The European Commissioner for Trade (sometimes referred to as the EU Trade Commissioner) is the member of the European Commission responsible for the European Union's common commercial policy (governing international trade).
The European Communities (EC), sometimes referred to as the European Community,;; were three international organizations that were governed by the same set of institutions.
The European Communities Act 1972 (c. 68) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which made legal provision for the accession of the United Kingdom to the three European Communities, namely the EEC (or "Common Market"), Euratom, and the (now defunct) Coal & Steel Community.
The European Democratic Alliance was a heterogeneous political group in the European Parliament between 1984 and 1995.
The European Economic Area (EEA) is the area in which the Agreement on the EEA provides for the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital within the European Single Market, including the freedom to choose residence in any country within this area.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRI) is a committee of the European Parliament.
The Group of European Progressive Democrats was a heterogeneous political group with seats in the European Parliament between 1973 and 1984.
The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) is a fund allocated by the European Union.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The European Union Committee is a select committee of the House of Lords in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
European Union law is the system of laws operating within the member states of the European Union.
The European Union adopts legislation through a variety of legislative procedures.
The Roaming Regulation 2012 (sometimes called the Eurotariff) regulate the imposition of roaming charges within the European Economic Area (EEA), which consists of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
European Union wine regulations are common legislation related to wine existing within the European Union (EU), the member states of which account for almost two-thirds of the world's wine production.
The European Unit of Account (EUA) was a unit of account used in the European Communities from 1975 to 1979, when it was replaced at parity by the European Currency Unit, in turn replaced at parity in 1999 by the euro.
Euroscepticism, i.e. the opposition to policies of supranational European Union institutions and/or opposition to Britain's membership of the European Union, has been a significant element in the politics of the United Kingdom (UK).
Everything but Arms (EBA) is an initiative of the European Union under which all imports to the EU from the Least Developed Countries are duty-free and quota-free, with the exception of armaments.
Export restitution is a term in the EU for variable export subsidies given to traders to cover the difference between the higher internal Common Agricultural Policy price of a commodity and its lower world price.
The Farm Structure Surveys (L’enquête sur la structure des exploitations agricoles), also known as the Survey on the Structure of Agricultural Holdings, are the methodological basis for censuses of agricultural operations throughout the European Union.
Farming Today is a radio programme about food, farming, and the countryside broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in the United Kingdom.
Fâstâci Monastery (Mănăstirea Fâstâci) is a monastery in Fâstâci Village, Cozmeşti Commune, Vaslui County.
Financial services in Gibraltar refers to the services provided in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar by the finance industry: banks, investment banks, insurance companies, credit card companies, consumer finance companies, government-sponsored enterprises, and stock brokerages.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
The foreign relations of Ireland are substantially influenced by its membership of the European Union, although bilateral relations with the United States and United Kingdom are also important to the state.
The founding fathers of the European Union are 11 men officially recognised as major contributors to European unity and the development of what is now the European Union.
François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman who was President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office of any French president.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Fresh Start Project or Fresh Start Group, also known as EU Fresh Start,http://www.eufreshstart.org/ is a moderate eurosceptic pressure group formed in the UK to examine the options for a new UK-EU relationship.
Friends of the Earth Europe (FoEE) is the European branch of the world's largest grassroots environmental network, Friends of the Earth International (FOEI).
There are five recognised candidates for future membership of the European Union: Turkey (applied in 14 April 1987), Macedonia (applied in 22 March 2004), Montenegro (applied in 2008), Albania (applied in 2009), and Serbia (applied in 2009).
Three European Union schemes of geographical indications and traditional specialties, known as protected designation of origin (PDO), protected geographical indication (PGI), and traditional specialities guaranteed (TSG), promote and protect names of quality agricultural products and foodstuffs.
Charles George Eustice (born 28 September 1971), known as George Eustice, is a British Conservative Party politician, who was first elected at the 2010 general election as the Member of Parliament for Camborne and Redruth, winning by just 66 votes.
The German Climate Action Plan 2050 (Klimaschutzplan 2050) is a climate protection policy document approved by the German government on 14November 2016.
Get Britain Out, formerly the Anti-Common Market League (ACML), is a British Eurosceptic organisation.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Good Food march is a march conceived and promoted by several international organizations, among which the European Coordination Via Campesina, Friends of the Earth Europe, Slow Food, International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), Group PAC 2013, Agricultural and Rural Convention 2020 and many more, that addresses issues related to agriculture and nutrition and with the participation of citizens of the European Union and international organizations of various kinds, including Oxfam, WWF, Greenpeace.
The Government of Change (Governo del Cambiamento) (PDF).
The grain trade refers to the local and international trade in cereals and other food grains such as wheat, maize, and rice.
The Green Institute (Zielony Instytut in Polish) is a think-and-do tank established in Bydgoszcz in 2009 by Beata Maciejewska, Dariusz Szwed and Karol Zamojski with its registered office in Warsaw.
The Green Party of England and Wales (GPEW; Plaid Werdd Cymru a Lloegr) is a green, left-wing political party in England and Wales.
In the United Kingdom, the green pound was the common name for an exchange rate that was used to calculate the value of financial support within the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy until 1999.
This article is about the agricultural policy think-tank.
Term: 1958–1962 Party: CD --> The Hallstein Commission is the European Commission that held office from 7 January 1958 to 30 June 1967.
Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963.
Under the EU Common Agricultural Policy, subsidies known as headage payments are paid to producers based on the number of head of a specific type of livestock.
A hedge or hedgerow is a line of closely spaced shrubs and sometimes trees, planted and trained to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area, such as between neighbouring properties.
Baron Helmut von Verschuer (born 6 December 1926 in Tübingen), sometimes referred to as Helmut van Verschuer in Dutch, was a European civil servant who was a high-ranking official of the European Commission from 1958 til 1987, and one of the most important EU officials in the Common Agricultural Policy field.
Charles Henry Plumb, Baron Plumb,, known as Henry, (born 27 March 1925) is a British farmer who went into politics as a leader of the National Farmers Union.
Hill farming is extensive farming in upland areas, primarily rearing sheep, although historically cattle were often reared extensively in upland areas.
The history of agriculture in Scotland includes all forms of farm production in the modern boundaries of Scotland, from the prehistoric era to the present day.
The history of the European Communities between 1958 and 1972 saw the early development of the European Communities.
Ian Marshall is a farmer and politician from Markethill, County Armagh, in Northern Ireland.
Ilse Aigner (born 7 December 1964) is a German politician and member of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU).
This is an index of agriculture topics.
Sociology of food is the study of food as it relates to the history, progression, and future development of society.
Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) is an independent, not for profit policy studies institute, a green think tank and a leading centre for the analysis and development of environmental policy in Europe and beyond.
In political science, intergovernmentalism treats states, and national governments in particular, as the primary actors in the integration process.
Internationale Handelsgesellschaft mbH v Einfuhr- und Vorratsstelle für Getreide und Futtermittel (1970) is an EU law case and German constitutional law case, also known as "Solange I", concerning the conflict of law between a national legal system and European Union law.
Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.
The Irish Farmers' Association (IFA) (Irish: Feirmeoirí Aontaithe na hÉireann) is a national organisation to represent the interests of all sectors of farming in Ireland.
The Jacques Delors Institute (Institut Jacques Delors), which also uses the name Notre Europe (French for "Our Europe"), is an independent think tank based in Paris.
James Leslie Hamilton, 4th Baron Hamilton of Dalzell (11 February 1938 – 28 September 2006) was a British Conservative Party hereditary peer.
James Reynolds is an Irish farmer, nationalist and far-right politician who has served as vice president of the National Party since 2016.
Jan Huitema (born 5 July 1984) is a Dutch politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from the Netherlands since July 2014.
The Jersey Royal is a type of potato grown in Jersey which has a Protected Designation of Origin.
The following events occurred in June 1965.
La France Insoumise (variously translated as "Unbowed France", "Unsubmissive France", or "Untamed France") is a left-wing populist and democratic socialist political party in France, launched on 10 February 2016 by Jean-Luc Mélenchon, Member of the European Parliament and former co-president of the Left Party (PG).
LADSS, or land allocation decision support system, is an agricultural land-use planning tool developed at The Macaulay Institute.
Lega Nord (LN; italic), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for the Independence of Padania), is a regionalist political party in Italy.
LEI is one of the research institutes of Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR).
The Libertas Institute is a lobby group that along with others successfully campaigned for a "no" vote in the 2008 referendum in Ireland on the Treaty of Lisbon.
Limousin cattle are a breed of highly muscled beef cattle originating from the Limousin and Marche regions of France.
(Main list of acronyms).
This is a list of notable dried foods.
A portfolio in the European Commission is an area of responsibility assigned to a European Commissioner, usually connected to one or several Directorates-General (DGs).
This is a list of Italian Protected Designation of Origin (PDO), Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) as defined in the Council Regulation CE 510/2006..
This is a list of articles on public policy topics, arranged by country.
Louis-Georges Rabot (1913 – June 1978) was a French and European civil servant who served as the first Director-General for Agriculture in the European Commission from 1958 to 1978.
The Luxembourg Compromise (or "Luxembourg Accord") was an agreement reached in January 1966 to resolve the "empty chair crisis" which had caused a stalemate within European Economic Community.
Machair (sometimes machar in English) refers to a fertile low-lying grassy plain found on part of the northwest coastlines of Ireland and Scotland, in particular the Outer Hebrides.
Mancha Húmeda is a Spanish wetland area which was designated a Biosphere reserve in 1980.
Mariann Fischer Boel (born 15 April 1943, Åsum) is a Danish politician, serving as European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development from 2004 to 2009.
Marion Anne Perrine "Marine" Le Pen (born 5 August 1968) is a French politician and lawyer serving as President of the National Rally political party (previously named National Front) since 2011, with a brief interruption in 2017.
Mark Anthony Clinton (7 February 1915 – 23 December 2001) was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Minister for Agriculture from 1973 to 1977.
Matti Taneli Vanhanen (born 4 November 1955) is a Finnish politician who was Prime Minister of Finland from 2003 to 2010.
After Brexit the UK could seek to continue to be a member the European Economic Area (EEA) as a member of EFTA.
Michał Tomasz Kamiński (born 28 March 1972) is a Polish politician and a former Member of the European Parliament for Warsaw with Civic Platform.
Michael David Wills, Baron Wills PC (born 20 May 1952) is a British Labour Party politician, who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Swindon North from 1997 to 2010.
Michelle Mary O'Neill (née Doris; born 10 January 1977) is an Irish politician who has served as Vice President of Sinn Féin since February 2018, and Leader of Sinn Féin in the Northern Ireland Assembly since January 2017.
The Mid-term Review Reforms are a set of reforms of the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy adopted by the EU Council of Ministers on June 26, 2003.
Midi-Pyrénées (Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus or Mieidia-Pirenèus; Mediodía-Pirineos) is a former administrative region of France.
A milk quota (or more accurately dairy produce quota) was one of the measures used by governments in the European Union to intervene in agriculture.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuur en Voedselkwaliteit; LNV) is the Dutch Ministry responsible for Agricultural policy, Food policy, Food safety, Fisheries, Forestry, Natural conservation, and Animal welfare.
The Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) of the European Union, also called the financial perspective, is a seven-year framework regulating its annual budget.
The Natural Capital Committee (NCC) is an independent body set up in 2012, initially for a three-year period, to report to the UK Government and advise on how to value nature and to ensure England’s ‘natural wealth’ is managed efficiently and sustainably.
Noel Coonan (born 6 January 1951) is a former Irish Fine Gael politician who served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Tipperary North constituency from 2007 to 2016.
The North/South Ministerial Council (NSMC) (An Chomhairle Aireachta Thuaidh-Theas, Ulster-Scots: North South Meinisterlie Council) is a body established under the Good Friday Agreement to co-ordinate activity and exercise certain governmental powers across the whole island of Ireland.
Although the Kingdom of Norway is not a member state of the European Union (EU), it is closely associated with the Union through its membership in the European Economic Area (EEA), by virtue of being a founding member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), one of the historically two dominant western European trade blocs.
Major William Oliver Smedley MC (19 February 1911–16 November 1989) was an English businessman involved in classical liberal politics and pirate radio.
Open Europe is a socially and economically liberal pan-European think tank and campaign group with offices in London and Brussels and an independent partner organisation in Berlin operated by staff from a number of EU states.
Neue Ostpolitik (German for "new eastern policy"), or Ostpolitik for short, was the normalization of relations between the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, or West Germany) and Eastern Europe, particularly the German Democratic Republic (GDR, or East Germany) beginning in 1969.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sustainable agriculture: Sustainable agriculture – applied science that integrates three main goals, environmental health, economic profitability, and social and economic equity.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the European Union: The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states, located primarily in Europe.
In economics, overproduction, oversupply, excess of supply or glut refers to excess of supply over demand of products being offered to the market.
Paolo De Castro (born 2 February 1958) is an Italian politician, and former Italian Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies.
The Paris International Agricultural Show (italic, or SIA) is an annual agricultural show and trade fair, that takes place at the end of February or beginning of March at the Paris expo Porte de Versailles in Paris, France.
Paul Michael Dacre (born 14 November 1948) is an English journalist and editor of the British newspaper the Daily Mail.
Pádraig "Paddy" MacKernan (24 April 1940 – 25 January 2010) was an Irish diplomat who served as Secretary General of the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs as well as Irish Ambassador to both France and the United States and as an Irish member of the EEC and EC's Political Committee and later the EC and EU's Committee of Permanent Representatives, and as an Irish negotiator of the Single European Act and the Maastricht Treaty.
Penwith (Pennwydh) is an area of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, located on the peninsula of the same name.
Phil Hogan (born 4 July 1960) is an Irish politician who currently serves as European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development since November 2014.
Marine Le Pen is a French politician, who is the President of the National Front (FN).
The politics of the European Union are different from other organisations and states due to the unique nature of the European Union (EU).
The pound is a unit of currency in some nations.
Pravind Kumar Jugnauth MP Esq. (Creole pronunciation: /pʁavind dʒʌgnət/; born 25 December 1961) is a Mauritian politician who is Prime Minister of Mauritius, in office since 2017, and also holds another portfolio as Minister of Finance.
The premiership of Tony Blair began on 2 May 1997 and ended on 27 June 2007.
The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the:European Union.
A production quota is a goal for the production of a good.
Prosciutto (Pronunciation of "Prosciutto". Cambridge dictionaries online.) is an Italian dry-cured ham that is usually thinly sliced and served uncooked; this style is called prosciutto crudo in Italian (or simply crudo) and is distinguished from cooked ham, prosciutto cotto.
Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.
Protein crops are crops that provide substantial protein, a large class of naturally occurring complex combinations of amino acids.
The PROteINSECT project is a European Union initiative, coordinated by the UK Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA), that would legalize the use of insects as an alternative protein source in feed for industrial farming.
Raymond MacSharry (born 29 April 1938) is a former Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as Tánaiste from March 1982 to December 1982, European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development from 1989 to 1993, Minister for the Public Service in 1987, Minister for Finance from March 1982 to December 1982 and 1987 to 1988, Minister for Agriculture from 1979 to 1981, Minister of State at the Department of the Public Service 1978 to 1979.
Raymond Crotty (22 January 1925 – 1 January 1994) was an Irish farmer, Georgist economist, writer, lecturer and campaigner against Ireland's membership of the European Union.
The right to food, and its non variations, is a human right protecting the right for people to feed themselves in dignity, implying that sufficient food is available, that people have the means to access it, and that it adequately meets the individual's dietary needs.
The Rural Payments Agency (RPA) is an executive agency of the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).
Sabina is a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) that applies to the extra virgin olive oil produced in the Sabina region.
The Santer Commission was the European Commission in office between 23 January 1995 and 15 March 1999.
A referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom took place on Thursday 18 September 2014.
Set-aside was a scheme introduced by the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1988 (Regulation (EEC) 1272/88), to (i) help reduce the large and costly surpluses produced in Europe under the guaranteed price system of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP); and (ii) to deliver some environmental benefits following considerable damage to agricultural ecosystems and wildlife as a result of the intensification of agriculture.
Sicco Leendert Mansholt (13 September 1908 – 29 June 1995) was a Dutch politician who served as the 4th President of the European Commission from 1972 to 1973.
Sindicato Labrego Galego-Comisións Labregas (SLG, Galician Peasant Union – Peasant Commissions in English language) is a Galician farmers and breeders union centered on family farms and small peasants.
The Single Farm Payment is an agricultural subsidy paid to farmers in the EU.
On 26 June 2003, EU farm ministers adopted a fundamental reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and introduced a new Single Payment Scheme (or Single Farm Payment, SPS) for direct subsidy payments to landowners.
The definition of a small farm has varied over time and by country.
South Holland and The Deepings is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1997 creation by John Hayes, a Conservative.
The 1986 Spanish general election was held on Sunday, 22 June 1986, to elect the 3rd Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain.
SAPARD (Special Accession Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development) was established in June 1999 by the Council of the European Union to help countries of Central and Eastern Europe deal with the problems of the structural adjustment in their agricultural sectors and rural areas, as well as in the implementation of the acquis communautaire concerning the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and related legislation.
The special territories of the European Union are 31 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.
State cartel theory is a new concept in the field of international relations theory (IR) and belongs to the group of institutionalist approaches.
Stéphane Le Foll (born 3 February 1960) is a French politician for the Socialist Party.
Strada dell'olio is a kind of gastronomical route in Italy that crosses a territory rich of traditional products, PDOs and PGIs, DOCs and DOCGs in Italy.
Stresa is a town and comune of about 5,000 residents on the shores of Lake Maggiore in the province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola in the Piedmont region of northern Italy, about northwest of Milan.
The Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund are financial tools set up to implement the regional policy of the European Union.
Sucrose is common table sugar.
Tablas de Daimiel National Park (Parque Nacional de las Tablas de Daimiel) is a wetland on the La Mancha plain, a mainly arid area in the province of Ciudad Real.
The tariff history of the United States spans from colonial times to present.
The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups is a book by Mancur Olson, Jr. published in 1965.
Between 1993 and 2009, the European Union (EU) legally comprised three pillars.
Tir Gofal (Welsh Care of the Land) was an agri-environmental scheme in Wales launched by the Welsh Assembly Government in 1999.
Trade can be a key factor in economic development.
Trans fat, also called trans-unsaturated fatty acids or trans fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat that occur in small amounts in nature but became widely produced industrially from vegetable fats starting in the 1950s for use in margarine, snack food, and packaged baked goods and for frying fast food.
The Treaties of the European Union are a set of international treaties between the European Union (EU) member states which sets out the EU's constitutional basis.
The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome) is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht).
The UK Co-ordinating Body is an executive unit of the Government of the United Kingdom that assists other national and regional government bodies in implementing the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy.
The UK rebate (or UK correction) is a financial mechanism that reduces the United Kingdom's contribution to the EU budget in effect since 1985.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Kingdom European Communities membership referendum, also known as the Referendum on the European Community (Common Market), the Common Market referendum and EEC membership referendum took place on 5 June 1975 in the United Kingdom to gauge support for the country's continued membership of the European Communities (EC)—often known at the time as the "European Community” and the "Common Market" which it had entered on 1 January 1973 under the Conservative government of Edward Heath under the provisions of the Referendum Act 1975.
United Poland (Solidarna Polska, abbreviated to SP, alternatively translated as "Solidarity Poland" or "Solidary Poland") is a right-wing, Catholic-nationalist political party in Poland.
The Val de Dagne is a valley to the south east of Carcassonne in the department of Aude in South West France.
Vladimír Chovan (born September 26, 1963) is a Slovak politician (People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia) and used to be Minister of Agriculture of the Slovak Republic.
Walter Hallstein (17 November 1901 – 29 March 1982) was a German academic, diplomat, and politician.
The Werner-Cravatte Ministry was the government of Luxembourg between 15 July 1964 and 6 February 1969.
Wine laws are legislation regulating various aspects of production and sales of wine.
Wyn Grant (born 1947) is a British political scientist and professor of politics at the University of Warwick.
110 Propositions for France (110 Propositions pour la France) was the name of the Socialist Party's program for the 1981 presidential election during which the Socialist Party's candidate, François Mitterrand, was elected by 51.76% of the people.
France emerged from World War II in the 1960s, rebuilding the country physically and the nation's national identity through the French Fifth Republic.
World food prices increased dramatically in 2007 and the first and second quarter of 2008, creating a global crisis and causing political and economic instability and social unrest in both poor and developed nations.
In 2013, protests occurred in many parts of Italy, starting on 15 November and ending on 18 December although several protests continued until February.