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A Heart for Freedom: The Remarkable Journey of A Young Dissident, Her Daring Escape, And Her Quest to Free China’s Daughters is an autobiography by Chai Ling (柴玲), one of the student leaders in the Tiananmen Square protests (also known as the June Fourth Movement) of 1989 in Beijing, China.
A Home Too Far is a 1990 Taiwanese war drama film directed by Kevin Chu, starring Andy Lau, Tou Chung-hua and Ko Chun-hsiung.
A Man for All Seasons is a play by Robert Bolt based on the life of Sir Thomas More.
A Mother's Ordeal: One Woman's Fight Against China's One-child Policy is a book written by Steven W. Mosher, President of Population Research Institute.
Tourist attractions or rated as AAAAA (5A) are the most important and best-maintained tourist attractions in the People's Republic of China, given the highest level of the China National Tourism Administration's rating categories.
Abdul'ahat Abdulrixit (ئابلەت ئابدۇرىشىت; Ablet Abdurishit;; born March 1942), was the chairman of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China from 1993 to 2003.
Abdulkerim Abbas, also Abdul Kerim Abbas, Abdulkerim Abbasoff, 'Abd al-Karīm 'Abbās (1921 – August 27, 1949), was a Uyghur leader in Xinjiang, China during the 20th century.
Academic ranks in China are the titles, relative importance and power of professors, researchers, and administrative personnel held in academia.
The Inner Mongolian Campaign in the period from 1933 to 1936 were part of the ongoing invasion of northern China by the Empire of Japan prior to the official start of hostilities in the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine in which thin needles are inserted into the body.
Adil Nurmemet (born February 1968) is a former Chinese politician of Uighur ethnicity.
Administrative law in the People's Republic of China was virtually non-existent before the economic reform era.
Adolph Abramovich Joffe (Адо́льф Абра́мович Ио́ффе, alternative transliterations Adolf Ioffe or, rarely, Yoffe) (10 October 1883 in Simferopol – 16 November 1927 in Moscow) was a Communist revolutionary, a Bolshevik politician and a Soviet diplomat of Karaite descent.
Bishop Adolph John Paschang (April 16, 1895 – February 3, 1968) was an American Maryknoll Catholic bishop, missionary, relief worker and educator working in southern part of China in the early 20th century.
Lieutenant General Sir Adrian Paul Ghislain Carton de Wiart (5 May 1880 – 5 June 1963) was a British Army officer born of Belgian and Irish parents.
Sino-African relations refers to the historical, political, economic, military, social and cultural connections between China and the African continent.
The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party.
The aftermath of World War I saw drastic political, cultural, economic, and social change across Eurasia (Europe and Asia), Africa, and even in areas outside those that were directly involved.
The Aftermath of World War II was the beginning of an era defined by the decline of all great powers except for the Soviet Union and the United States, and the simultaneous rise of two superpowers: the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States of America (USA).
Agnes Chow Ting (born 3 December 1996) is a Hong Kong social activist.
Agriculture is a vital industry in China, employing over 300 million farmers.
Ai Baojun (born February 1960) is a former Chinese politician.
Ai Husheng (born October 1951) is a retired lieutenant general (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China.
Aì Qīng (born Jiǎng Zhènghán and styled Jiǎng Hǎichéng; March 27, 1910 – May 5, 1996), is regarded as one of the finest modern Chinese poets.
The East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (abbreviated ADIZ) is an Air Defense Identification Zone covering most of the East China Sea where the People's Republic of China announced that it was introducing new air traffic restrictions in November 2013.
After World War II, there were many instances of air-to-air combat between the Soviet Union and the United States.
Alden Ewart Matthews (Chinese: 麻安德; Pinyin: Má Āndé; September 10, 1921 – October 8, 2014) was a Congregationalist missionary to China and Japan.
Alex Chow Yong-kang (born 1990) is a social activist in Hong Kong, a former student of the Faculty of Arts of the University of Hong Kong and former secretary-general of the Hong Kong Federation of Students.
Alex Wu Shu-chih, CBE, LLD, JP (14 September 1920 – 9 January 2005) was a Hong Kong businessman and politician.
Alfred Mossman Landon (September 9, 1887October 12, 1987) was an American politician from the Republican Party.
The All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce (ACFIC) is a non-governmental chamber of commerce, established in 1953 as a successor to the chambers of commerce that were first founded during the Qing Dynasty.
The All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) is the nationalised organisation federation of the People's Republic of China.
All-China Journalists Association (ACJA) (中華全國新聞工作者協會) was established in Shanghai on November 8, 1937.
The All-China Women's Federation (Chinese:中华全国妇女联合会, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Quánguó Fùnǚ Liánhéhuì), also known as the ACWF, is a women's rights organization established in China on 24 March 1949.
The All-China Youth Federation (ACYF) is an organization founded in 1949 that represents many youth groups in China, including the Communist Youth League of China.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Alphonse Gondzia (born 1937?) is a Congolese politician who has served in the Senate of Congo-Brazzaville since 2002.
Always On The Road, sometimes also translated as Never Ending Anti-Corruption Struggle, is an eight part television miniseries produced jointly by the propaganda department of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) and China Central Television (CCTV).
Amazing China (厉害了, 我的国) is a 2018 Chinese documentary film that displays China's achievements in science, technology, industry, and poverty reduction since Xi Jinping took power of General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China held in 2012.
Ambrose Lam San-keung is a Hong Kong solicitor who served as the President of the Law Society of Hong Kong from 2013 until his resignation in 2014.
Amdo (ʔam˥˥.to˥˥) is one of the three traditional regions of Tibet, the other two being Ü-Tsang and Kham; it is also the birthplace of the 14th Dalai Lama.
American Chinese may refer to.
There were estimated to be 60,000 Americans in Hong Kong.
The Amethyst Incident, also known as the Yangtze Incident, was a historic event which involved the Royal Navy ship HMS ''Amethyst'' on the Yangtze River for three months during the Chinese Civil War in the summer of 1949.
An Pingsheng (1917–1999) was a People's Republic of China politician.
An Zhisheng (born 25 February 1941) is a Chinese geographer who specializes in quaternary geology, air particle pollution control, and global change.
An Ziwen (September 1909 – 25 June 1980), born as An Zhihan, was a Chinese politician and member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Anarchism and nationalism both emerged in Europe following the French Revolution of 1789, and have a long and durable relationship going back at least to Mikhail Bakunin (1814-1876) and his involvement with the Pan-Slavic movement prior to his conversion to anarchism.
Anarchism in China was a strong, perhaps predominant, intellectual force in the reform and revolutionary movements in early 20th century China, insisting that the overthrow of the Qing dynasty was not sufficient, but that a true revolution had to overthrow traditional culture and social practices.
Anastasia Lin (born January 1, 1990) is a Chinese-Canadian actress, model, beauty pageant titleholder and human rights advocate.
Anatole Efimoff (1897 - 1981) was an artist from Russia.
Andhra Pradesh Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (APCCCR) was a leftist split from the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Andrea Smith is a New Zealand public servant and current Deputy Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Andrei Sergeyevich Bubnov; 23 March 1883 – 1 August 1938) was a Bolshevik revolutionary leader in Russia, and member of the Left Opposition.
Joshua Andrew Koenig ((August 17, 1968 – c. February 16, 2010), was an American character actor, film director, editor, writer, and human rights activist.
Anhui is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the eastern region of the country.
Anna Louise Strong (November 24, 1885 – March 29, 1970) was a 20th-century American journalist and activist, best known for her reporting on and support for communist movements in the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China.
Anqing Normal University is an institution of higher learning in Anqing, Anhui Province, China.
Ansai is a district of the city of Yan'an, Shaanxi province, China.
"Ant tribe" is a neologism for a group of low-income university graduates who settle for a poverty-level existence in the cities of China.
The Anti-Bolshevik League incident, or AB League Incident (AB tuan shijian, AB 团事件), was a period of political purge in the territory of a Chinese Communist revolutionary bases in Jiangxi province.
Anti-communism is opposition to communism.
Anti-communist mass killings are the political mass murders of communists, alleged communists, or their alleged supporters by people, political organizations or governments opposed to communism.
A far-reaching campaign against corruption began in China following the conclusion of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012.
The Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (ဖက်ဆစ်ဆန့်ကျင်ရေး ပြည်သူ့လွတ်လပ်ရေး အဖွဲ့ချုပ်,; abbreviated AFPFL), or hpa hsa pa la by its Burmese acronym, was the main political alliance in Burma from 1945 until 1958.
Anti-intellectualism is hostility to and mistrust of intellect, intellectuals, and intellectualism commonly expressed as deprecation of education and philosophy, and the dismissal of art, literature, and science as impractical and even contemptible human pursuits.
After the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, and until 1933, large volunteer armies waged war against Japanese and Manchukuo forces over much of Northeast China.
Anti-Japanese banner in Lijiang, Yunnan 2013. The Chinese reads "Japanese people not allowed to enter, disobey at your own risk." Anti-Japanese sentiment in China is among the strongest in the world.
Anti-Korean sentiment involves hatred or dislike that is directed towards Korean people, culture or either of the two states (North Korea or South Korea) on the Korean Peninsula.
Anti-revisionism is a position within Marxism–Leninism which emerged in the 1950s in opposition to the reforms of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev.
The Anti-Rightist Campaign in the People's Republic of China, which lasted from roughly 1957 to 1959, was a campaign to purge alleged "rightists" within the Communist Party of China (CPC) and abroad.
The Anti-Spiritual Pollution Campaign was a political campaign spearheaded by conservative factions within the Communist Party of China that lasted from October 1983 to December 1983.
Anti-Western sentiment, also known as Anti-Atlanticism refers to broad opposition or hostility to the people, culture, values, or policies of the Western World.
Anti-Western sentiment in China has been increasing since the early 1990s, particularly amongst the Chinese youth.
Antonio Riberi (15 June 1897 – 16 December 1967) was a Monacan Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
() is a county of the municipal region of Quanzhou, in southern Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
The following events occurred in April 1927.
The following events occurred in April 1964.
The April 26 Editorial was a front-page article published in People's Daily on April 26, 1989, during the Tiananmen Square protests.
Arab socialism (Al-Ishtirākīya Al-‘Arabīya) is a political ideology based on an amalgamation of Pan-Arabism and socialism.
The Araguaia guerrilla (Guerrilha do Araguaia) was an armed movement in Brazil against its military dictatorship, active between 1967-1974 in the Araguaia river basin.
Archibald Trojan Steele (25 June 1903 Toronto, Ontario - 26 February 1992 Sedona, Arizona) was an American foreign or war correspondent for United Press, the New York Times, the Chicago Daily News and, the New York Herald Tribune.
There are about 800-1000 Armenians currently living in Mainland China and Hong Kong.
Arthur Ernest Ewert (1890-1959) was a German communist political activist and functionary of the Communist International (Comintern).
Arthur Matthews was a Protestant Christian missionary who served with the China Inland Mission in China.
Arthur Reynolds (1909–2001) was a British Protestant Christian missionary in China (1933–1951) and Japan (1952–1970) under the auspices of the China Inland Mission, which later became the Overseas Missionary Fellowship (now OMF International).
Arthur Theodore Mason (October 3, 1902 – August 24, 1980) was an decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of brigadier general.
is a clause in the national Constitution of Japan outlawing war as a means to settle international disputes involving the state.
Ashab Uddin Ahmad (also known as Ashabuddin Ahmad, Ashab Uddin Ahmed or Mohammed Ashabuddin Ahmad; আসহাব উদ্দীন আহমদ; April 1914-28 May 1994) was a Bangladeshi writer, educator and politician.
The Asia First strategy was pushed for in the early 1950s by the powerful 'China Lobby' of the Republican Party in the United States.
The Asian Pacific Post is a weekly Canadian newspaper founded in 1993 in Vancouver, British Columbia.
The, often abbreviated to Chukiren, was an organization formed on 24 September 1957 following the repatriation to Japan of soldiers from the former Imperial Japanese Army who were interned as war criminals in China's Fushun War Criminals Management Centre, where interns were subjected to intensive indoctrination by the Chinese Communist Party.
August 1 Declaration is a declaration made by the Chinese Communist Party under the Seventh World Congress of the Comintern.
The following events occurred in August 1901.
The following events occurred in August 1927.
The following events occurred in August 1935.
The following events occurred in August 1948.
The following events occurred in August 1964.
The Australian Consulate-General in Shanghai represents the Commonwealth of Australia in Shanghai, the most populous city and a global financial centre in the People's Republic of China.
Authoritarian socialism refers to a collection of political-economic systems describing themselves as socialist and rejecting the liberal democratic concepts of multi-party politics, freedom of assembly, habeas corpus and freedom of expression.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
The Autumn Offensive of 1947 in Northeast China was a series of battles initiated by the communists against the nationalists during the Chinese Civil War after World War II.
Đỗ Mười (born 2 February 1917) is a Vietnamese communist politician.
Ba Zhongtan (巴忠倓; born January 1930) is a retired lieutenant general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) and the People's Armed Police (PAP).
The Badain Jaran Desert is a desert in China which spans the provinces of Gansu, Ningxia and Inner Mongolia.
Badiucao (巴丢草) is a Chinese political cartoonist, artist and rights activist who lives in Australia.
Bagatur or Bater (born February 1955) is a Chinese politician of Mongol ancestry, currently serving as the Chairman of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission.
Bai Bing (born October 1968) is a Chinese politician.
Bai Chongxi (18 March 1893 – 1 December 1966;;, Xiao'erjing: ﺑَﻰْ ﭼْﻮ ثِ) was a Chinese general in the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China (ROC) and a prominent Chinese Nationalist leader.
Bai Dongcai (January 3, 1916 – April 1, 2014) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Bai Enpei (born 8 September 1946) is a former Chinese politician convicted of corruption.
Bai Jingfu (Chinese language: 白景富; Hanyu Pinyin: Bái Jǐngfù; July 1945) is a Chinese politician.
Bai Jinian (February 19, 1926 – January 15, 2015) was a Chinese politician.
Bai Keming (born October, 1943 in Jingbian County, Yulin, Shaanxi) graduated from the department of missile engineering at Harbin Institute of Military Engineering.
Bai Lichen (Xiao'erjing: ﺑَﻰْ لِ چٌ; born January 1941) is a retired Chinese politician of Hui ethnicity, and the former chairman of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and the former president of All China Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives.
Bai Rubing (1912–1994) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Bai Wenqi (born October 1955) is a Chinese naval aviator who is a lieutenant general of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and a former vice admiral of the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF).
Bai Xiangguo (June 1918 – 7 August 1991) was a Chinese military officer and politician.
Bai Xiangqun (born September 1962) is a Chinese politician who spent most of his career in north China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Bai Xueshan (born May 1961) is a former Chinese politician.
Bai Yansong (born August 20, 1968) is a Chinese news commentator, anchor and journalist for China Central Television (CCTV).
Bai Yun (born December 1960) is a Chinese regional politician from Shanxi province.
Bai Zhijian (November 1948) is the current chairman of the National People's Congress Overseas Chinese Affairs Committee, and former director of the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Macau Special Administrative Region.
Baicheng is a prefecture-level city in the northwestern part of Jilin province, People's Republic of China, bordering Inner Mongolia to the north and west and Heilongjiang to the east and northeast.
Baidu Baike"." Baidu.
Baise (local pronunciation), or Bose, is the westernmost prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China bordering Vietnam as well as the provinces of Guizhou and Yunnan.
The Baise Uprising (also known as the Youjiang Riots) was a successful military insurrection in late 1929 in Baise, Guangxi, China, instigated by the Communist Party of China using tense relations between warlords Yu Zuobai and Li Mingrui of the New Guangxi clique, that aimed at opposing Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang party and seizing power by force.
Baishan is a prefecture-level city in Jilin province of the People's Republic of China.
Baishui (白水镇, meaning white water) is a town in Jishui County, Ji'an Municipality, Jiangxi.
Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress (Balzac et la petite tailleuse chinoise) is a semi-autobiographical novel written by Dai Sijie, and published in 2000 in French and in English in 2001.
The Bamboo Curtain was the Cold War political demarcation between the Communist states of East Asia, particularly the People's Republic of China, and the capitalist and non-Communist states of East, South and Southeast Asia.
The "Bamboo network" is a term used to conceptualize connections between businesses operated by the Overseas Chinese community in Southeast Asia.
Bangladesh-China relations are the bilateral relations of Bangladesh and China.
Bao Tong (born November 1932 in Haining, Zhejiang) was former Director of the Office of Political Reform of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Policy Secretary of Zhao Ziyang, Chinese Premier from 1980 to 1987 and CPC General Secretary from 1987 to 1989.
Bao Zunxin (September 1937 – 28 October 2007) was a Chinese historian and political dissident who was arrested and jailed for his role in the 1989 Tiananmen Square democracy protests.
A barefoot lawyer (Chinese: 赤脚律师 pinyin: chìjiǎo lǜshī) is a self-taught legal activist in China.
Baren (1901–1972), was a modern Chinese writer, critic and translator.
Buenos Aires' Chinatown, locally known as Barrio chino, is a largely commercial section about five blocks long in the barrio of Belgrano, Buenos Aires.
Basang or Pasang (born March 1937) is a retired Tibetan politician of the People's Republic of China.
Battle Hymn of China, by Agnes Smedley.
The Beitashan Incident or Battle of Baitag Bogd Mountain (Байтаг богдын тулгарал;; alternatively Baitak Bogdo incident) was a border conflict between China, Mongolia, and the Soviet Union.
The Battle of Bamianshan (八面山战斗) was a battle fought between the Nationalists and the Communists during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era and resulted in communist victory.
The Battle of Baoying (宝应战斗) was a part of the Chinese Civil War in the immediate post-World War II era.
The Battle of Dachen Archipelago was a struggle between the Nationalists and the Communists for the control of several archipelagos just off the coast of Zhejiang, China during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era, and it was part of the First Taiwan Strait Crisis.
The Battle of Dalushan (Greater Deer Mountain) Islands (大鹿山等岛战斗) was a battle fought between the nationalists and the communists for several islands and islets just off the coast of Zhejiang, China during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era; it resulted in a communist victory.
The Battle of Dazhongji (大中集战斗) was fought between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War in the immediate post-World War II era in Jiangsu, China and resulted in the communist victory.
The Battle of Dongshan Island was a battle fought between the Nationalists and the Communists during the last days of the Chinese Civil War over the control of the Eastern Mountain (Dongshan, 东山) Island at the southern tip of Fujian, China.
The Battle of Guandu was fought between the warlords Cao Cao and Yuan Shao in 200 AD in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
The Battle of Guangzhou was an internal conflict within the National Revolutionary Army in the aftermath of Chiang Kai-shek's successes in the Northern Expedition.
The Battle of Guanzhong (关中战斗) was a battle fought between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era and resulted in communist victory.
The Battle of Guningtou or Battle of Kuningtou, also known as the Battle of Kinmen, was a battle fought over Kinmen in the Taiwan Strait during the Chinese Civil War in 1949.
The Battle of Houmajia was a battle fought between the nationalists and the communists in the Houmajia region of Lingbi (灵壁) County of Anhui, China during the Chinese Civil War in the immediate post-World War II era, and resulted in a communist victory.
Battle of Huaiyin-Huai'an is also called by the Campaign to Defend Huaiyin-Huai'an (两淮保卫战) by the Communist Party of China, and it was a struggle between the nationalists and the communists for the control of Huaiyin and Huai'an, the two richest cities in China during the Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era, and resulted in the Nationalist victory.
The Battle of Jinan was a critical engagement fought between the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) and the Communist Party of China (CPC) from September 16 to September 24, 1948 during the Chinese Civil War.
Battle of Jinzhou was a battle between the People's Liberation Army and the National Revolutionary Army during the Liaoshen Campaign in the Chinese Civil War.
The Battle of Jiulianshan (Jiulianshan Zhandou, 九连山战斗) was an unsuccessful counter-guerrilla operation launched by the nationalists against the communists during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era in the border region of Guangdong, Jiangxi and Hunan.
The Battle of Kalgan was a battle occurring during the off and on mediation of a cease fire between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China by George Marshall.
The Battle of Kranji was the second stage of the Empire of Japan's plan for the invasion of Singapore during the Second World War.
The Battle of Lingbi (灵璧战斗) was a battle fought at the Lingbi (灵璧) region in Anhui, and it was a clash between the communists and the former nationalists turned Japanese puppet regime force who rejoined the nationalists after World War II.
The Campaign of Wuhe (离石战斗) was a battle fought at the Lishi, Shanxi, China, and it was a clash between the communists and the former nationalists turned Japanese puppet regime force who rejoined the nationalists after World War II.
The Battle of Luding Bridge of 1935 was a controversial crossing of the Luding Bridge by the soldiers of the Fourth Regiment of the Chinese Workers and Peasants' Army during the Long March.
The Battle of Nan'ao island (Nan'ao Dao, 南澳岛) was a battle fought between the nationalists (Kuomintang) and the communists during the Chinese Civil War and communists emerged as the victors.
Battle of Nanpéng Island (南鹏岛战斗) was a battle fought between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War and resulted in the communist victory.
The Battle of Nanpēng Archipelago was a battle fought between the Chinese nationalists and the communists over the islands of the Nanpeng Archipelago off the Cantonese coast during the Chinese Civil War that resulted in communist victory.
The Battle of Niangziguan (Niangziguan Zhandou, 娘子关战斗) was a battle fought between the communists and the nationalists during the Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era and resulted in communist victory.
The Battle of Phoenix Peak (Feng Huang Ding) is also called the Battle to Check Enemy's Advance at Phoenix Peak (Feng Huang Ding Zu Ji Zhan) by the Communist Party of China, and it was a fierce battle fought during Laiyang Campaign between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era.
The Battle of Pingxingguan, commonly called the Great Victory of Pingxingguan in Mainland China, was an engagement fought on September 25, 1937, at the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War, between the Eighth Route Army of the Communist Party of China and the Imperial Japanese Army.
The Battle of Rugao (如皋战斗) was a battle fought between the nationalists and communists for the control of town of Rugao in Jiangsu province during the Chinese Civil War in the immediate post-World War II era, and resulted in the communist victory.
The Battle of Rugao-Huangqiao (Ru Huang Zhangdou, 如黄战斗) was a battle fought between the communists and the nationalists during the Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era and resulted in communist victory.
Battle of Shangcai was a series of clashes fought between the nationalists and the communists during Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era, and resulted in the communist victory.
The Battle of Shanghai was the first of the twenty-two major engagements fought between the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) of the Republic of China (ROC) and the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) of the Empire of Japan during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Battle of Shantou (a treaty port long romanised as Swatow) occurred in SeptemberOctober 1927 during the first phase of the Chinese Civil War in China.
The battle of Shaobo (邵伯战斗) was a battle fought in the Shaobo (邵伯) region in central Jiangsu, and it was a clash between the communists and the former nationalists turned Japanese puppet regime force who rejoined the nationalists after World War II, and it is a prelude to Gaoyou Campaign.
The Battle of Shicun (时村战斗) was a battle fought at the Time Village (Shicun, 时村) of Xiu (宿) County in Anhui, and it was a clash between the communists and the former nationalists turned Japanese puppet regime force who rejoined the nationalists after World War II.
The Battle of Shuangqiaozhen was fought from March 6 to March 12, 1931 between the 34th Division of the Army of the Kuomintang Nationalist Government and the Red Army of the Communist Party of China.
The Battle of Siping (四平战斗), also called the Battle to Liberate Siping (四平解放战) by the communists was a battle fought between the Communist Forces and the Nationalist Forces in Jilin, China for the control of Siping (city) during the Chinese Civil War.
The Battle of South Shanxi, also known as the Battle of Jinnan and Zhongtiao Mountains Campaign by the Chinese and as the Chungyuan Operation by the Japanese, was one of the 22 major engagements between the National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945).
The Battle of Tang'erli (堂二里战斗) was a series of armed conflicts fought between the nationalists and the communists during Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era, and resulted in the communist victory.
The Battle of Tangtou–Guocun (塘头郭村战斗) was a series of clashes between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War in the immediate post-World War II era in Jiangsu, China and resulted in the communist victory.
The Battle of Tashan was a battle during the Chinese Civil War fought in the western part of Northeast China, between forces of the Kuomintang National Revolutionary Army (NRA) and the communist People's Liberation Army (PLA), and resulted in a PLA victory.
The Battle of Tianmen (天门战斗) was a battle between the nationalists and the communists immediately after World War II during the Chinese Civil War in Tianmen, Hubei, China and resulted in communist victory.
The Battle of Tianquan was a battle fought between the communists and the nationalists during the Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era and resulted in communist victory.
The battle of Wuhe (五河战斗) was a battle fought at the Five Rivers (Wuhe, 五河) region in eastern Anhui was a clash between the communists and the former nationalists turned Japanese puppet regime force who rejoined the nationalists after World War II.
Battle of Xiangjiang River is a 2017 Chinese war film directed by Chen Li, written by Liu Jianwei, Bai Tiejun and Xiang Xiaomi, and starring Wang Ying, Xu Jian, Dong Yong, Bao Jianfeng, Sun Weimin and Zhang Yishan.
The Battle of Xiangshuikou (响水口战斗) was a battle fought between the nationalists and the communists in northern Jiangsu during the Chinese Civil War in the immediate post-World War II era, and resulted in a communist victory.
The Battle of Xinkou was a decisive engagement of the Taiyuan Campaign, the second of the 22 major engagements between the National Revolutionary Army and Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Battle of Yijiangshan Islands was a conflict between forces of the National Revolutionary Army (NRA) of the Republic of China and the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China, over one of the last strongholds of Nationalist (ROC) forces near mainland China on the Yijiangshan Islands.
The battle of Yinji (尹集战斗) was a battle fought at the Yin Village (Yinji, 尹集) of Wuyang (舞阳) County in southern Henan, and it was a clash between the communists and the former nationalists turned Japanese puppet regime force who rejoined the nationalists after World War II.
The Battle of Yiwu (伊吾) is also called the Battle to Defend Yiwu (伊吾保卫战) by the Communist Party of China, and resulted in the communist victory.
The Battle of Yongjiazhen (雍家镇战斗) was fought during the aftermath of World War II in the Yongjiazhen (雍家镇) region of central Anhui, China between Communist forces and Kuomintang forces who had allied with the Japanese.
Bayannur or Bayannao'er (style Bayannaɣur qota) is a prefecture-level city in western Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China.
Bayanqolu (born October 1955) is Chinese politician of Mongol heritage.
On 15 October 2014, pro-democratic activist Ken Tsang was beaten by Hong Kong Police officers in Tamar Park, Admiralty, after being arrested in a police clearance operation during the 2014 Hong Kong protests.
Beichuan Qiang Autonomous County (Qiang: Juda Rrmea nyujugvexueaji xae) is a county under the jurisdiction of Mianyang City in northern Sichuan province, China.
Beidaihe District is a popular beach resort and a district of the city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei province on China's Bohai Sea coast.
Beihai is a prefecture-level city in the south of Guangxi, People's Republic of China.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Beijing 101 Middle School (or simply 101, Pinyin: Běijīng shì yī líng yī zhōngxué), also known as Beijing No.101 Middle/High School, is a coeducational public middle school for both boarding and day students in grades 7 to 12 (ages 12 to 18).
The Beijing city fortifications were built between the early 15th century to 1553.
Beijing Daily is the official newspaper of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee.
Beijing Institute of Technology (abbreviated BIT; Simplified Chinese: 北京理工大学; Traditional Chinese: 北京理工大學; pinyin: Běijīng Lǐgōng Dàxué), is a co-educational public university, located in Beijing, China, established in 1940, Yan'an.
The Beijing Legation Quarter was the area in Beijing, China where a number of foreign legations were located between 1861 and 1959.
Beijing No. 4 High School, commonly abbreviated as (Beijing) Sizhong, and sometimes referred to as Beijing High School Four (BHSF), is a public beacon high school in Xicheng District, Beijing, China. It is one of the most prestigious high schools in China. It was established in 1907 by the Shuntian Government (Beijing Government) during the Qing dynasty, known as the Shuntian Secondary School. After the Xinhai Revolution, the school was renamed as Capital Public No. 4 Secondary School (京师公立第四中学), which was not changed into the current name until 1949, when the People's Republic of China was proclaimed. The school was among the first to be accredited as a "Municipal Model High School" by the Beijing Municipal Commission of Education. More than 300 students from the school have won medals in municipal, national and international competitions every year. More than 96 percent of its graduates passed the enrolment line of key universities (Tier 1 schools) in National Higher Education Entrance Examination. In a 2016 ranking of Chinese high schools that send students to study in American universities, Beijing No. 4 High School ranked number one in mainland China in terms of the number of students entering top American universities, and number four internationally for high schools outside of the United States. Many Chinese politicians and their children have attended Beijing No. 4.
Beijing Review is China's only national news magazine in English, published by the China International Publishing Group.
The Beijing Students' Autonomous Federation was a self-governing student organization, representing multiple Beijing universities, and acting as the student protesters' principle decision-making body during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
The Beijing Television Cultural Center fire was a massive blaze on 9 February 2009, in the centre of Beijing, involving the uncompleted Beijing Television Cultural Center (TVCC) building.
The Beijing Workers' Autonomous Federation (BWAF), or Beijing Workers’ Autonomous Union (simplified Chinese: 北京工人自治联合会; pinyin: Běijīng gōngrén zìzhì liánhéhuì; popularly referred to in Chinese as gōngzìlián, meaning "the workers’ federation") was the primary Chinese workers' organization calling for political change during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
The Beijing–Guangzhou railway or Jingguang railway is a major arterial railway that connects Beijing in the north with Guangzhou in the south.
Beisheng Town is a town under the administration of Liuyang, Hunan, China.
The Beiyang Army (Pei-yang Army) was a powerful, Western-style Imperial Chinese Army established by the Qing Dynasty government in the late 19th century.
The Beiyang government (北洋政府), also sometimes spelled Peiyang Government, refers to the government of the Republic of China, which was in place in the capital city Beijing from 1912 to 1928.
Bengbu is a mid-sized city in northern Anhui Province, China.
Benxi is a prefecture-level city located in the east of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, south-southeast of the provincial capital Shenyang.
Benxi Steel Group Corp., Ltd. known as Benxi Steel Group (or Bengang in China) is a Chinese holding company based in Benxi, Liaoning Province, for two steel making group.
Beqir Balluku (February 14, 1917 – November 5, 1974) was an Albanian politician, military leader, and Minister of Defense of Albania.
The Berlin Crisis of 1961 (Berlin-Krise) occurred between 4 June – 9 November 1961, and was the last major politico-military European incident of the Cold War about the occupational status of the German capital city, Berlin, and of post–World War II Germany.
The Beth Aharon Synagogue (Hebrew for "House of Aharon") was a Sephardi synagogue in Shanghai, China, built in 1927 by the prominent businessman Silas Aaron Hardoon in memory of his father Aaron.
Bhadrakali Mishra (भद्रकाली मिश्र; 6 February 1920 – 1 June 2006) was a Nepali politician.
The border between Bhutan and China is a sinuous line of 470 km long, north-south-east direction, which separates Bhutan to the south from Tibet, an autonomous region of China, to the north.
The Kingdom of Bhutan and the People's Republic of China do not maintain official diplomatic relations, and relations are historically tense.
Bi Hao (1927 – 21 May 2014) was a Chinese military commander in the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of China.
Bi Jingquan (born September 1955) is a Chinese politician who served as Director of the China Food and Drug Administration from 2015 to 2018.
Tai Huen Chai (大圈仔), Big Circle Boys, is perhaps the most progressive of the organized Triads formed since the Chinese Communist Revolution of 1949.
The Big Swords Society or Great Knife Society was a traditional peasant group most noted for the massacre of two German Catholic missionaries at the Juye Incident in 1897 at Zhang Jia Village where the missionaries were ambushed in their sleep by about 30 armed men.
Bijan Jazani (بیژن جزنی; 1938, Tehran – April 19, 1975) is a major figure among modern Iranian Socialist intellectuals.
Bikou Town (碧口镇) is a town under Wen County, in Longnan, GS.
Binhai, fully the Binhai New Area, is a sub-provincial district and state-level new area within the jurisdiction of Tianjin Municipality in the People's Republic of China.
The Biyun Chan Temple is a temple in Ershui Township, Changhua County, Taiwan.
Black jails are a network of extralegal detention centers established by Chinese security forces and private security companies across the People's Republic of China in recent years.
Blake and Mortimer is a Belgian comics series created by the Belgian writer and comics artist Edgar P. Jacobs.
The Blekinge Street Gang (Blekingegadebanden) (December 1972 to May 1989) was a group of about a dozen communist political activists who during the 1970s and 80s committed a number of highly professional robberies in Denmark and sent the money to the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
The Blue Shirts Society, also known as the Society of Practice of the Three Principles of the People (commonly abbreviated as SPTPP), the Spirit Encouragement Society (勵志社, SES) and the China Reconstruction Society (中華復興社, CRS), was a secret fascist clique in the Kuomintang (KMT, or the Chinese Nationalist Party).
Bo is a set of several Chinese family names, including 薄 Bó, 柏 Bó/Bǎi, 波 Bō, 伯 Bó, etc.
Qin Bangxian, better known as Bo Gu (May 14, 1907 – April 8, 1946) was a senior leader of the Chinese Communist Party and a member of the 28 Bolsheviks.
Bo Kuangyi(born 17 December 1987), more commonly known as Bo Guagua, is the second son of former Chinese politician Bo Xilai, and the only child of Gu Kailai, his father's second wife.
Bo Xilai (born 3 July 1949) is a former Chinese politician.
Bo Yang (7 March 1920. BBC News Online (Chinese). 29 April 2008. Accessed 30 April 2008. – 29 April 2008), sometimes also erroneously called Bai Yang, was a Chinese poet, essayist and historian based in Taiwan.
Bo Yibo (17 February 1908 – 15 January 2007) (in older texts spelled Po I-po) was a Chinese political and military leader.
Bob Fu is a Chinese American pastor.
The Bobai Campaign (博白战役) was a campaign fought between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era and resulted in communist victory.
Bodybuilding in China dates back to the 1930s.
Bombard The Headquarters – My Big-Character Poster was a short document written by Chairman Mao Zedong on August 5, 1966 during the 11th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and published on the Communist Party's official newspaper People's Daily a year later, on August 5, 1967.
Book censorship in the People's Republic of China (PRC) is implemented or mandated by the PRC's ruling party, the Communist Party of China.
The Born Again Movement (重生派 Zhongshengpai) B.A.M., or Word of Life Church, or All Ranges Church (全范围教会 Quanfanwei jiaohui, "Total Scope Church") of China is a Christian religious movement founded by Peter Xu Yongze in 1968 during the Chinese Cultural Revolution, when all churches were officially closed by the Communist government under Chairman Mao.
The music video for English recording artist M.I.A.'s "Born Free" was directed by Romain Gavras.
Bourgeois liberalization refers to either parliamentary democracy or Western popular culture.
Boxing in China began as a street sport in the 1920s, mainly in the port cities of Shanghai and Guangzhou, where foreign sailors were pitted against local fighters in the ring.
Boycott Chinese products (Boycott Made in China or stop using Chinese products, stop buying Chinese goods) is a slogan used by Internet campaigns that advocate a boycott of Chinese-made products.
Breaking with Old Ideas is a 1975 Chinese film directed by Li Wenhua.
Bride-purchasing or bride-buying is the industry or trade of “purchasing a bride” to become propertyRose, Winifred Hodge.
The British and Irish Communist Organisation (B&ICO) was a small but highly influential group based in London, Belfast, Cork, and Dublin.
British Hong Kong was the period during which Hong Kong was under British Crown rule, from 1841 to 1997 (excluding the Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945).
Broadway Mansions is a nineteen-floor Art Deco five star hotel in Shanghai, China.
Liu Zhenying, known as Brother Yun (literally "Brother Cloud"), born 1958, is an exiled Chinese Christian house church leader, evangelist, and proponent of the Back To Jerusalem movement.
Bu Xiaolin (born August 1958) is a Chinese politician of Mongol descent.
Buhe or Bu He (ᠪᠥᠭᠡ; Бөг; March 1926 – May 5, 2017), also known as Yun Shuguang, was a Chinese politician of Mongol descent.
Burton Dewitt Watson (June 13, 1925April 1, 2017) was an American scholar best known for his numerous translations of Chinese and Japanese literature into English.
Bussiere Garden, also called Jardin Bussière, located in the north of Sujiaguo Town, Haidian District of Beijing, was constructed by Doctor Jean-Augustin Bussière of Peking Union Medical College during the years in the Republic of China.
C-pop is an abbreviation for Chinese popular music, a loosely defined musical genre by artists originating from mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.
Ching Chun Li (李景均; pinyin: Lǐ Jǐngjūn; October 27, 1912 in Tianjin, China; October 20, 2003 in Mt. Lebanon, United States) was a respected American population geneticist and human geneticist.
Cai Chang (14 May 1900 – 11 September 1990) was a Chinese politician and women's rights activist who was the first chair of the All-China Women's Federation, a Chinese women's rights organization.
Cai Guangliao (born 1958) is a Chinese senior police officer who spent most of his career in South China's Guangdong province.
Cai Hesen (March 30, 1895 – August 4, 1931) was an early leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and a friend and comrade of Mao Zedong.
Cai Ming (born February 1957) is a politician of People's Republic of China.
Cai Mingzhao (born June 1955) is a Chinese journalist and politician.
Cai Qi (born December 5, 1955) is a Chinese politician, the current Communist Party Secretary of Beijing, and a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China.
Cai Shenxi (February 12, 1906 – October 9, 1932) was a general officer in the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army during the Chinese Civil War.
Cai Tingkai (1892–1968) was a Chinese general.
Cai Xiao (1919–1990) was a Taiwan-born Chinese military officer and politician.
Cai Xiyou (born August 1961) is a Chinese economist who served as general manager of the Sinochem Group from 2014 to 2016, while he was sacked for graft.
Cai Yingting (born April 1954) is a former general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA).
Cai Yuanpei (11 January 1868 – 5 March 1940) was a Chinese educator, Esperantist, president of Peking University, and founder of the Academia Sinica.
Cairo Declaration is a 2015 Chinese 2D historical film directed by Wen Deguang and Hu Minggang and written by Liu Xing.
Cake theory is a metaphor about economic development and the redistribution of wealth in the political discourse of China.
The Cambodian–Vietnamese War, otherwise known in Vietnam as the "Counter-offensive on the Southwestern border" ("Chiến dịch Phản công Biên giới Tây-Nam) was an armed conflict between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and Democratic Kampuchea.
Campaign along the Southern Section of the Datong-Puzhou Railway (同蒲路南段战役) was a campaign fought between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era and resulted in the communist victory.
The Campaign in the Eastern Foothills of the Funiu Mountains (伏牛山东麓战役) was a series of battles fought between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War after World War II for the control of western Hubei and the border areas of Hubei, Henan and Shaanxi provinces.
The Campaign of the North China Plain Pocket, also called the Breakout on the Central Plains by the Communist Party of China, was a series of battles fought between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War, resulting in a successful communist breakout from the nationalist encirclement.
The Campaign to Defend Siping (四平保卫战) was a struggle between the Nationalists and the communists for the control of Siping during the Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era.
The Campaign to Maintain the Advanced Nature of Communist Party Members is a political rectification campaign launched under the leadership of Hu Jintao.
Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Central and Southern China (中南剿匪) was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the Nationalist guerrillas that mostly consisted of anti-Communist irregular forces and Nationalist regular troops left behind after the Nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Dabieshan was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that was mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist regime withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Eastern China was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that was mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Liuwandashan was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that was mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist regime withdrew from mainland China.
Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Longquan was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that was mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Northeast China (东北剿匪) was a counterinsurgency / counter guerrilla campaign fought between the bandits turned guerrillas allied with nationalists and the communists during Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era, and resulted in the communist victory.
Campaign to Suppress Nationalists in Northeastern Guizhou (黔东北剿匪) was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that was mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist regime withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Northern China was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Northern Guangdong was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that was mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Northwestern China was a counter-guerrilla/counter-insurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla force that mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Shiwandashan was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the Kuomintang guerrilla left behind after the nationalist regime withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Southwestern China was a counterinsurgency campaign waged by the forces of the Communist Party of China against the Chinese Nationalist guerrillas, mostly consisting of bandits and regular nationalist forces not withdrawn from mainland China during the transfer of the nationalist government to Taiwan.
Campaign to Suppress Bandits in the border region of the Hubei-Hunan-Sichuan (湘鄂川边剿匪) was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the Kuomintang guerrilla left behind after the nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Guangxi was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla force that mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Western Hunan was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the Kuomintang guerrilla left behind after the nationalist regime withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Bandits in Wuping (武平剿匪) was a counter-guerrilla / counterinsurgency campaign the communists fought against the nationalist guerrilla that was mostly consisted of bandits and nationalist regular troops left behind after the nationalist government withdrew from mainland China.
The Campaign to Suppress Counterrevolutionaries (or abbreviated as) was the first political campaign launched by the People's Republic of China designed to eradicate opposition elements, especially former Kuomintang (KMT) functionaries accused of trying undermine the new Communist government.
Campaign to the North of Baoding consisted of several battles fought between the Nationalists and the Communists in the region north of Baoding during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era and resulted in a Communist victory.
The Campaign to the North of Daqing River was a series of battles fought between the nationalists and the communists in Hebei, China during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era.
The Campaign to the North of Nanchuan County, Sichuan, was part of the Campaign in Southwestern China launched by the communists against the nationalists in the region to the north of Nanchuan (南川) County during the Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era, and resulted in communist victory.
The Campaign to the South of Baoding consisted of several battles fought in regions south of Baoding between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War after World War II, and resulted in the communist victory.
Canada and the Republic of China (also known as Taiwan) maintain unofficial bilateral relations since 1970.
The Shanghai Culture Plaza precinct is a park and cultural precinct in Shanghai's Luwan District, in the former French Concession of Shanghai, China.
The Canton Coup of 20 March 1926, also known as the or the was a purge of Communist elements of the Nationalist army in Guangzhou (then romanized as "Canton") undertaken by Chiang Kai-shek.
The Canton Merchants' Corps Uprising or Incident was a contest between the Canton Merchants' Volunteer Corps and the Nationalist army in Guangzhou, China, in late 1924.
Cantopop (a contraction of "Cantonese pop music") or HK-pop (short for "Hong Kong pop music") is a genre of Cantonese music made primarily in Hong Kong, and also used to refer to the cultural context of its production and consumption.
Cao Bochun (Chinese: 曹伯纯; November 1941 –) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Cao Cao (– 15 March 220), courtesy name Mengde, was a Chinese warlord and the penultimate Chancellor of the Eastern Han dynasty who rose to great power in the final years of the dynasty.
Cao Diqiu (Wade–Giles Ts'ao Ti-ch'iu) (August 1, 1909 – March 29, 1976) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Cao Gangchuan (born December 1935) was vice chairman of the Central Military Commission and former Minister of National Defense of the People's Republic of China.
Cao Jianfang (born August 1957) was a Chinese politician who served as secretary-general (mishuzhang) of the CPC Yunnan Committee between 2011 and 2015.
Cao Jianliao (born November 1955) is a former Chinese politician from Guangdong province.
Cao Jianming (born September 24, 1955 in Shanghai) was the Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate of the People's Republic of China.
Cao Juru (May 1901 – January 1981) was the 2nd governor of the People's Bank of China (1954–1964).
Cao Keming (November 1934 – 2 September 2014), also known as "Clear Sky Cao" (曹青天) and "Contemporary Bao Zheng" (当代包拯), was a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Cao Mianying (born 19 June 1967) is a Chinese rower.
Cao Shunli (196414 March 2014) was a Chinese lawyer and human rights activist.
Caotang Temple is a Buddhist temple located on the north hillside of Mount Guifeng, in Huyi District of Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the mainland of the People's Republic of China.
In Maoist thought, a capitalist roader or is a person or group who demonstrates a marked tendency to bow to pressure from bourgeois forces and subsequently attempts to pull the Revolution in a capitalist direction.
Caribbean regional relations with China, which is defined as: the People's Republic of China (PRC; "China") or the Republic of China (ROC; "Taiwan"), are mostly based on trade, credits, and investments, which have increased significantly since the 1990s.
Carl Leonard Sitter (December 2, 1922 – April 4, 2000) was a highly decorated United States Marine Corps officer and Korean War Medal of Honor recipient.
Carlson's patrol, also known as The Long Patrol or Carlson's long patrol, was an operation by the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion under the command of Evans Carlson during the Guadalcanal Campaign against the Imperial Japanese Army from 6 November to 4 December 1942.
Cary Woodworth (born 1977) is an American actor and singer-songwriter.
Catholic Church in China (called Tiānzhǔ Jiào, 天主教, literally, "Religion of the Lord of Heaven", after the term for God traditionally used in Chinese by Catholics) has a long and complicated history.
A cause lawyer, also known as a public interest lawyer or social lawyer, is a lawyer dedicated to the usage of law for the promotion of social change to address a cause.
The Church of Christ in China Yenching College, or CCC Yenching College, Yenching College (燕京書院) in short is a co-education secondary school in Nga Ying Chau of Tsing Yi Island, Hong Kong.
CCP may refer to.
Cen Xu (born August 1952) is a vice admiral (zhong jiang) of China's People's Liberation Army Navy.
Censorship in the People's Republic of China (PRC) is implemented or mandated by the PRC's ruling party, the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Censorship in Taiwan (officially the Republic of China) was greatly relaxed when the state moved away from authoritarianism in 1987.
Central Advisory Commission (CAC) was a body of the Communist Party of China that existed during the era of the paramount leadership of Deng Xiaoping.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
The Central Case Examination Group (CCEG) was a special organization established in the People's Republic of China in 1966 under the aegis of the Politburo Standing Committee to persecute those accused of "anti-party activities".
The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) is the highest internal control institution of the Communist Party of China (CPC), tasked with enforcing internal rules and regulations and combating corruption and malfeasance in the Party.
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is a political body that comprises the top leaders of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Central Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Commission, formerly known as the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms is a policy formulation and implementation body set up under the Politburo of the Communist Party of China in charge of "Comprehensively Deepening Reforms".
The Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission, formerly known as the Central Leading Group for Cybersecurity and Informatization is a policy formulation and implementation body set up under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China for the purpose of managing internet-related issues.
The Central Department of Social Affairs (CDSA) (Chinese: 中央社会部) was the intelligence & counter-intelligence organ of the Chinese Communist Party leadership prior to the founding of the PRC in 1949.
The Central Financial Work Commission (CFWC, Zhongyang jinrong gongzuo weiyuanhui (traditional 中央金融工作委員會) (simplified 中央金融工作委员会)) was created in 1998 to supervise the Chinese financial system on behalf of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and to prevent deviations on the part of CCP-appointed managers.
The Central Guidance Commission on Building Spiritual Civilization, also known as the Central Commission for Guiding Cultural and Ethical Progress, is a commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China tasked with educational efforts to build a "spiritual civilization" (Jingshen Wenming) based on socialism and the goal to build a socialist harmonious society, according to the official CPC policy.
The Central Leading Group for Propaganda and Ideological Work is the agency under the Politburo of the Communist Party of China responsible for nationwide propaganda and information.
The Central Military Commission (CMC) refers to the parallel national defense organizations of the Communist Party of China and the People's Republic of China: the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China, a Party organ under the CPC Central Committee, and the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China, a central state organ under the National People's Congress, being the military branch of the national government.
The Central News Agency is the state-owned news agency operated by the Government of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
The Party School of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in Beijing, also known as the Central Party School, is the higher education institution which specifically trains officials for the Communist Party of China.
The Central Plains War of 1930 was a civil war between the Nationalist Kuomintang government in Nanjing led by Chiang Kai-shek and several regional military commanders that were former allies of Chiang during the Northern Expedition.
Central Research Institute of Culture and History (Chinese: 中央文史研究馆) is an institute founded by Communist Party of China and Chinese government for senior intellects with united front and honorary purposes.
Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE), is a research university located in Beijing, China.
The century of humiliation, also known by permutations such as the hundred years of national humiliation, refers to the period of intervention and imperialism by Western powers and Japan in China between 1839 and 1949.
Chai Songyue (Chinese: 柴松岳; November, 1941) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Chai Zemin (October 1916 – June 7, 2010) was a Chinese diplomat, and the first ambassador of the People's Republic of China to the United States after the normalization of the Sino-US relationship in 1979.
Chairman Mao badge is the name given to a type of pin badge displaying an image of Mao Zedong that was ubiquitous in the People's Republic of China during the active phase of the Cultural Revolution, from 1966 to 1971.
The Chairman of the Central Military Commission has overall responsibility for the Central Military Commission, serving as the commander-in-chief of the People's Liberation Army.
The Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was the head of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Brave Chan Yung, BBS, JP (born September 1969) is a Hong Kong pro-Beijing politician.
Chang Baohua (born 1930, Tianjin) is a retired xiangsheng comedian of Manchu ethnicity.
Chang Hsien-yao or Vincent Chang is a Taiwanese politician.
Chang Wanquan (born January 1949) is the former Minister of Defense and State Councilor of the People's Republic of China and a general in the People's Liberation Army.
Chang Xiangyu was a Chinese opera actress who performed renditions of the story of Hua Mulan across China in support of the Korean War and who appeared in a 1956 screen adaption.
Chang Xiaobing (born March 1957) is a Chinese former business executive.
Changchun Film Studio Group Corporation is a Chinese film production company in Changchun, Jilin province, China.
Changde is a prefecture-level city in the northwest of Hunan province, People's Republic of China, with a population of 5,717,218 as of the 2010 census, of which 1,232,182 reside in the urban districts of Dingcheng and Wuling.
Changsha is the capital and most populous city of Hunan province in the south central part of the People's Republic of China.
Changshu (Suzhounese: Zaon去 so平) is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Suzhou, Jiangsu province, and is part of the Yangtze River Delta.
(Hakka: Tshòng-tin), also known as Tingzhou or Tingchow, is a county in western Fujian province, People's Republic of China.
Changzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Jiangsu province of China.
Chaoyang is a prefecture-level city of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China.
Chaozhou, alternatively transliterated as Chiuchow, Chaochow, or Teochew, is a city in the eastern Guangdong province of China.
Chaozhou Nanchun High School (Chinese: 潮州市南春中学) is a high school in Chaozhou, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.
Charles C. Stelle (25 October 1910 – 11 June 1964) was a United States diplomat.
Charles C. Foster is an American immigration attorney and chairman of the Houston-based law firm Foster LLP.
Charter 08 is a manifesto initially signed by 303 Chinese intellectuals and human rights activists.
Chau Chak Wing (p; born 1954), is a Chinese-born Australian property developer and billionaire philanthropist known for his business Kingold Group based in Guangzhou, China.
Che Dalha (born August 1958), also romanized as Che Zala and Qizhala, is an ethnic Tibetan politician of the People's Republic of China, who has been Chairman (Governor) of Tibet Autonomous Region since January 2017.
Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967)The date of birth recorded on was June 14, 1928, although one tertiary source, (Julia Constenla, quoted by Jon Lee Anderson), asserts that he was actually born on May 14 of that year.
Che Jun (born July 1955) is a Chinese politician, serving since 2017 as the Communist Party Secretary of Zhejiang.
Chekiang Province, Republic of China (1912–1955) was abolished after the ROC Forces, ROC government officials and local residents were evacuated from Tachen to Taiwan in 1955 following the military defeat of ROC by People's Republic of China's People's Liberation Army forces during the Battle of Tachen Archipelago.
Chen Anzhong (born January 1954) is a former Chinese politician who served in a variety of positions in Jiangxi province.
Chen Baihuai (born August 1950) is a former Chinese politician from Hubei province.
Chen Bingde (born July 1941 in Nantong, Jiangsu) is a retired general (shang jiang) in the People's Liberation Army (PLA).
Chen Bo'er (1907–1951) was a Chinese actress, director, screenwriter, novelist, animator, educator and revolutionist who advocated the establishment of the People's Republic of China's first national film school.
Chen Boda (1904–1989), was a secretary to Mao Zedong and a prominent member of the radical leadership during the Cultural Revolution, chairing the Cultural Revolution Group.
Chen Bojun (陈伯钧 or 陈国懋; pinyin:Chén Bójūn or Chén Guómào; November 26, 1910 – February 6, 1974)，was a general of the People's Liberation Army from the Sichuan Province, Dachuan District.
Chen Changhao (18 September 1906 - 30 July 1967) was a member of the 28 Bolsheviks 盛岳（盛忠亮）：《莫斯科中山大学和中国革命》，东方出版社2004年版。余笃三：《在“国际列宁学校培训班学生审查委员会1930年4月5日对余笃三清洗会议”上的回答和反驳》，余笃三档案，原苏中央档案馆，1930年。孙耀文：《风雨五载：莫斯科中山大学始末》，中央编译出版社1996年版。曹仲彬、戴茂林：《莫斯科中山大学与王明》，中共党史出版社1988年版。江泽民（克明）《回忆在莫斯科中山大学时期》，载《革命史资料》第17辑，Chinese Literature and History Press.
Chen Chen-hsiang (born 10 October 1942) is a Taiwanese politician and a retired army general.
Chen Chuanping (born February 1962) is a former Chinese politician and businessman.
Chen Deming (born 1949) is a former the President of Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits of the People's Republic of China.
Chen Dong is a lieutenant general (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of China.
Chen Duxiu (October 8, 1879 – May 27, 1942) was a Chinese revolutionary socialist, educator, philosopher, and author, who co-founded the Chinese Communist Party (with Li Dazhao) in 1921, serving from 1921 to 1927 as its first General Secretary.
Chen Feng (born 1953) is a Chinese businessman and founder of business conglomerate HNA Group and Hainan Airlines.
Chen Gang (1906–1967) was a Moscow-trained member of the Chinese Communist Party's security services prior to the founding of the PRC in 1949.
Chen Gang (born April 1965) is a Chinese politician currently serving as the Communist Party Secretary of the Xiong'an New Area, Vice Governor of Hebei, and a member of the Hebei provincial party standing committee.
Chen Geng (February 27, 1903 – March 16, 1961) was a Chinese Communist military leader, one of the ten grand generals of the People's Liberation Army.
Chen Genkai (yale: Chan4 Gan1 Gaai1; born December 1950 in Zhongshan, Guangdong) is the current Party Secretary and Chairman of the Standing Committee of Zhongshan People's Congress.
Chen Gexin (September 19, 1914 — January 25, 1961) was a Chinese popular music songwriter.
Chen Gongbo (Japanese: Chin Kōhaku, October 19, 1892 – June 3, 1946) was a Chinese politician, noted for his role as second (and final) President of the collaborationist pro-Japanese Nanjing Nationalist Government during World War II.
Chen Guangyi (born August 1933) is a Chinese retired politician.
Chen Gui (born October 1956) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in North China's Hebei province.
Chen Guidi (陳桂棣; November 1942-) is a Chinese writer from Huaiyuan county, Anhui.
Chen Guodong (15 September 1911 – 7 June 2005) was a member of the 12th and 13th Central Advisory Commission from Nanchang, Jiangxi.
Chen Hao (born February 1954) is a politician of the People's Republic of China, serving since 2016 as Communist Party Secretary of Yunnan province.
Chen Haosu (born 1942) is a Chinese politician.
Chen Huanyou (born 1934) is a retired Chinese politician who served as Governor and Communist Party Secretary of Jiangsu Province.
Chen Jian (born July 1952) is the Chinese Vice Minister of Commerce.
Chen Jianhua (born March 1956) is the current Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Guangzhou People's Congress in the People's Republic of China.
Chen Jinhua (July 1929 – 2 July 2016) was a Chinese politician.
Chen Jining (born February 1964) is a Chinese academic and politician, and the current Mayor of Beijing.
Chen Jiongming (13 January 187822 September 1933), also romanized as Chan Kwing Ming in Cantonese, was a revolutionary figure in the early period of the Republic of China.
Chen Jiulin was born on October 20, 1961 and is the former Managing Director and CEO of China Aviation Oil (Singapore) Corporation Ltd (CAO).
Chen Jue()， once named Chen Bingxiang，(1903-October 14, 1928) was a martyr who sacrificed his life in the early years of the revolution led by Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Chen Junsheng (June 1927 – 8 August 2002) was a Chinese politician.
Chen Kuiyuan (born January 1941) is a former Chinese politician.
Chen Lei (born June 1954) is a Chinese politician who has served as Minister of Water Resources since 2007.
Chen Liangyu (born October 24, 1946) is a disgraced Chinese politician best known for his tenure as the Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai, the city's top office, from 2002 to his dismissal in 2006, and a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China.
Chen Manyuan (December 1911 – November 22, 1986) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Chen Mengjia (or Ch'en Meng-chia; 20 April 1911, Nanjing – 3 September 1966, Beijing) was a Chinese scholar, poet and archaeologist.
Chen Min'er (born 29 September 1960) is a Chinese politician, currently serving as the Communist Party Secretary of Chongqing, an interior region governed as a municipality.
Chen Mingren (7 April 1903 – 21 May 1974) was a prominent military figure from Liling, Hunan Province.
Chen Muhua (1921 – 12 May 2011) was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and politician who served as Vice Premier, State Councilor, Minister of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade, Commissioner of the National Family Planning Commission, Governor of the People's Bank of China, and Chairwoman of the All-China Women's Federation.
Chen Pixian (March 20, 1916 – August 23, 1995) was a Chinese Communist revolutionary and politician.
Chen Puru (March 1918 – December 11, 1998) was a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Chen Qiang (1918 – 26 June 2012) was a Chinese actor and comedian best known for his performances in The Red Detachment of Women, The White Haired Girl and Devils on the Doorstep.
Chen Qihan (24 August 1897 – 19 June 1981) was a general in the People's Liberation Army of China.
Chen Qiufa (born December 1954) is a Chinese aerospace engineer and politician of Miao ethnic heritage.
Chen Quanguo (born November 1955) is a Chinese politician and current Communist Party Secretary of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.
Chen Run'er (born October 1957) is a Chinese politician who has served as Governor of Henan Province since April 2016.
Chen Shufan (1885 – November 2, 1949) was a Chinese general active during the early Republican period in China.
Chen Shui-bian, former President of the Taiwan, stepped down on May 20, 2008, the same day that Ma Ying-jeou took office as the new President of the Republic of China.
Chen Shulong (born November 1962) is a former Chinese politician, and Executive Vice Governor of Anhui.
Chen Shutong (1876 – 17 February 1966) was a Chinese politician who served in the governments of the Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China.
Chen Sisi (born 28 December 1976) is a Chinese singer, philanthropist, politician.
Chen Tanqiu (Simplified Chinese:陈潭秋, 4 January 1896 – 27 September 1943) was a founding member of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Chen Tiexin (born April 1955) is a former Chinese politician.
Chen Wei (born October 1966) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in East China's Shandong province.
Chen Weida (March 1916 – 1990) was a Chinese politician and educator.
Chen Wu (born November 1954) is a Chinese politician.
Chen Xi (born September 1953) is a Chinese politician currently serving as the head of the Organization Department of the Communist Party of China.
Chen Xiaogong (born August 1949) is a retired lieutenant general (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of China.
Chen Xiaolu (30 July 1946 – 28 February 2018) was a Chinese military officer and businessman.
Chen Xitong (June 10, 1930 – June 2, 2013) was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China and the Mayor of Beijing until he was removed from office on charges of corruption in 1995.
Chen Xiyu (July 1911 – July 2000) was the 4th governor of the People's Bank of China (1973–1978).
Chen Xu (born November 1952) is a former Chinese prosector who served as the Prosecutor General of Shanghai People's Procuratorate from 2008 to 2016.
Chen Xuefeng (born September 1958) is a former Chinese politician and mining executive from Henan province.
Chen Xuezhao (April 17, 1906 – 1991) was a Chinese writer and journalist.
Chen Yaobang (born December 1935) is a retired politician and former Minister of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China.
Chen Yi (courtesy names Gongxia (公俠) and later Gongqia (公洽), sobriquet Tuisu (退素); May 3, 1883 – June 18, 1950) was the chief executive and garrison commander of Taiwan Province after the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Republic of China.
Chen Yi (August 26, 1901 – January 6, 1972) was a Chinese communist military commander and politician.
Chen Yonggui (14 February 1915 – 26 March 1986) was a Chinese politician.
Chen Yonglin is a former Chinese diplomat who sparked fears of a diplomatic incident through his defection to Australia in the summer of 2005.
Chen Yuandao (1902 – April 10, 1933) also called Yuandao, was a member of the 28 Bolsheviks.
Chen Yulu (born November 1966) is a Chinese economist, educator, author, and politician who has been deputy governor of People's Bank of China since October 2015.
Chen Yun (pronounced; 13 June 1905 – 10 April 1995) was one of the most influential leaders of the People's Republic of China during the 1980s and 1990s.
Chen Yunlin (born December 1941) was the chairman of the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS), the body responsible for negotiations with Taiwan in the People's Republic of China in 2008-2013.
Chen Zenmin (Chin Sokumin; 1881 — 1951) was a lawyer and politician in the pre-war Republic of China.
Chen Zhengren (December 1907 – April 6, 1972), original name Chen Lin, was a People's Republic of China politician.
Chen Zhili (born November 1942) is a retired senior female politician of the People's Republic of China, who served as State Councilor and Minister of Education, and a Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress.
Chen Zhimin (born October 1955) is a politician of People's Republic of China.
Chen Zhongshi (3 August 1942 – 29 April 2016) was a Chinese author.
Cheng Jianping also known as Wang Yi is a 46-year-old Chinese political dissident and human rights activist who was sentenced in November 2010 to a year of re-education through labor after she posted comments to her Twitter account saying, "Charge, angry youth!".
Cheng Kejie (13 November 1933 – 14 September 2000) was a Chinese government official who was executed for bribery.
Cheng Qian (31 March 1882 – 5 April 1968) was a Chinese military general.
Cheng Shiqing (April 1918 – April 29, 2008) was a People's Liberation Army major general and People's Republic of China politician.
Cheng Weigao (September 1933 – December 28, 2010) was a Chinese politician, best known for his term as the Communist Party Secretary of Hebei province between 1993 and 1998.
Cheng Wenshan (11 October 1929 – 9 July 2008) was a Chinese educator who served as President of Hunan University between 1982 and 1987.
Cheng Xiaonong (born 1950s) is an officer in People's Republic of China.
Cheng Yonghua (born September 1954) is a Chinese diplomat and currently the Chinese Ambassador to Japan.
Cheng Youshu (born 1924) is a Chinese diplomat and poet.
Cheng Zihua (June 20, 1905 – March 20, 1991) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Chengcing Lake, also known as the Cheng Ching Lake, Dabei Lake (大貝湖), or Toapi Lake in Taiwanese, is an artificial lake located in Niaosong, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Chengdu, formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of China's Sichuan province.
The Chengdu Campaign was a campaign fought between the communists and the nationalists during the Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era and resulted in communist victory and capture of Chengdu, provincial capital of the southwestern Chinese province of Sichuan.
Chengdu Shude High School (Simplified Chinese: 成都市树德中学, Traditional Chinese: 成都樹徳中學, pinyin: Chéngdu Shùdé Zhongxúe)is a high school in Chengdu, China.
Chengxi District is a district of Xining, the capital of Qinghai province, China.
Chenzhou is a prefecture-level city located in the south of Hunan province, China.
Chi Biqing (1917–2007) was a People's Republic of China politician.
General Chi Haotian (born 9 July 1929) is a general of the People's Liberation Army.
Chi Wanchun (born April 1946) is a retired general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA).
Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan.
The Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Song was written to commemorate the late President Chiang Kai-shek of the Republic of China.
The Type Zhongzheng rifle (中正式), also known as the Chiang Kai-shek/Jiang Jieshi Rifle, Generalissimo Rifle, and Type 24 (二四式) after the Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, was a Chinese-made copy of the German Mauser M1924, the forerunner of the Karabiner 98k.
Chiang Kai-shek statues are statues of the late Republic of China (ROC) President Chiang Kai-shek.
Chicken-blood therapy was a form of pseudo-medical therapy popular in China during the Cultural Revolution.
Chifeng, also known as Ulankhad (style (Улаанхад хот) Ulaɣanqada qota, "red cliff"), is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China.
Child-selling is the practice of selling children, usually by parents, legal guardians, or subsequent masters or custodians.
Chin Peng, former OBE, (21 October 1924 – 16 September 2013) born Ong Boon Hua was a long-time leader of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP).
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
China was one of the charter members of the United Nations and is one of five permanent members of its Security Council.
The China Association for Promoting Democracy is one of the eight legally recognised political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and is a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
China Central Television (formerly Beijing Television), commonly abbreviated as CCTV, is the predominant state television broadcaster in the People's Republic of China.
China Daily is an English-language daily newspaper published in the People's Republic of China.
The China Democratic League (abbreviated to 民盟 or Minmeng) is one of the eight legally recognised political parties in the People's Republic of China.
The China Democratic National Construction Association, also known by its Chinese abbreviation Minjian (民建), is one of the eight legally recognised political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and are members of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
The China Earthquake Administration (CEA), is mandated by the Law of the People's Republic of China on Protecting Against and Mitigating Earthquake Disasters of PRC to enforce the earthquake administration in the nation under the administration of State Council of the People's Republic of China.
China Everbright Group is a Chinese state-owned enterprise.
China Executive Leadership Academy in Pudong (CELAP) is a Communist Party of China cadre school located in Pudong, Shanghai.
China Fights Back: An American Woman With the Eighth Route Army was a 1938 book by Agnes Smedley.
The term China Hand originally referred to 19th-century merchants in the treaty ports of China, but came to be used for anyone with expert knowledge of the language, culture, and people of China.
China Medical University is a medical university in the city of Shenyang, Liaoning, China under the provincial and central governments.
The China National Aviation Corporation was a Chinese airline, it was nationalized after the Communist Party of China took control in 1949 (as Civil Aviation Administration of China).
China National Offshore Oil Corporation, or CNOOC Group (Chinese: 中国海洋石油总公司 Pinyin: Zhōngguó Háiyáng Shíyóu Zǒnggōngsī), is a major national oil company in China.
China National Radio (CNR) (中央人民广播电台Pinyin:Zhōngyāng Rénmín Guǎngbō Diàntái IPA) is the national radio station of the People's Republic of China.
The China Railway Engineering Corporation (CRECG) is a state-owned holding company of China, which is under the supervision of the State Council.
China Southern Airlines Company Limited is an airline headquartered in Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Established on 1 July 1988 following the restructuring of the Civil Aviation Administration of China that acquired and merged a number of domestic airlines, the airline became one of China's "Big Three" airlines (alongside Air China and China Eastern Airlines), the world's sixth-largest airline measured by passengers carried and Asia's largest airline in fleet size, revenue and passengers carried. With its main hubs at Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport and Beijing Capital International Airport, the airline operates more than 2,000 flights to 208 destinations daily as a member of SkyTeam. The logo of the airline consists of a kapok flower (which is also the city flower of Guangzhou) on a blue tail fin. The parent company of China Southern Airlines Company Limited is China Southern Air Holding Company, a state-owned enterprise that was supervised by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.
The China Support Network (CSN) is a U.S.-based organization promoting democracy for mainland China.
China Wakes: The Struggle for the Soul of a Rising Power is a 1994 book by husband-and-wife Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn, based on their tour in China as reporters for The New York Times.
China Wu Culture Expo Park is located in Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, China.
The China Zhi Gong Party or China Party for Public Interest is one of the eight legally recognised political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and are represented in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
China's Rural Reform (also called Agricultural Reform) was one of the multiple chinese reforms implemented in China in 1978.
China: The Roots of Madness is a 1967 Cold War era, made-for-TV documentary film produced by David L. Wolper, written by Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Theodore H. White with production cost funded by a donation from John and Paige Curran.
The Republic of the Fiji Islands was the first Pacific Island country to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, in 1975.
China–France relations, also known as Sino-French relations or Franco-Chinese relations, refers to the interstate relations between China and France (Kingdom or later).
Sino–German relations were formally established in 1861, when Prussia and the Qing Empire concluded the first Sino-German treaty during the Eulenburg Expedition.
People's Republic of China – Guinea-Bissau relations refers to the current and historical relationship between the People's Republic of China and Guinea-Bissau.
China–India relations, also called Sino-Indian relations or Indo-China relations, refers to the bilateral relationship between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of India.
China–Indonesia relations refer to the foreign relations between China and Indonesia.
China–Japan relations or Sino-Nippon relations (日中関係; にっちゅうかんけい) refer to the international relations between the People's Republic of China and the State of Japan.
China–Maldives relations refer to foreign relations between China and the Maldives.
The China - New Zealand relations, is the international relationship between the People's Republic of China and New Zealand.
China–North Korea relations (中朝关系, zhōngcháo guānxi 조중 관계, chojung kwangye) are bilateral between China and North Korea.
The bilateral relationship between the People's Republic of China and the State of Palestine has a long history, dating back to the time of Mao.
People's Republic of China – Singapore relations officially started on October 3, 1990.
People's Republic of China – South Africa relations refer to the current and historical relationship between the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of South Africa.
Chinese-United Kingdom relations, more commonly known as British–Chinese relations, Anglo-Chinese relations and Sino-British relations, refers to the interstate relations between China (with its various governments through history) and the United Kingdom.
The bilateral relations between the People's Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (中越关系, Quan hệ Trung Quốc–Việt Nam) have been turbulent, despite their common Sinospheric and socialist background.
Manhattan's Chinatown is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City, bordering the Lower East Side to its east, Little Italy to its north, Civic Center to its south, and Tribeca to its west.
There are multiple Chinatowns in the borough of Queens in New York City.
Chinese art is visual art that, whether ancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in China or by Chinese artists.
The Free China Relief Association is a Non-Governmental Organization headquartered in Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan).
The history of Chinese Canadians in British Columbia began with the first recorded visit by Chinese people to North America in 1788.
The Chinese Canadian community in the Greater Toronto Area was first established around 1877, with an initial population of two laundry owners.
The Chinese Character Simplification Scheme is the standardized simplification of Chinese characters promulgated in the 1950s by the State Council of the People's Republic of China.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC).
The Chinese Civil War generally refers to the Chinese Civil War between Chinese Nationalists (led by Chiang Kai-shek) and the Chinese Communists (led by Mao Zedong) that was waged in two main phases from 1927–36 and 1946–50, but it may also describe any other armed conflict among military forces in China, especially in the 20th century, most of them during the Warlord Era, including.
Chinese clothing is ancient and modern.
The Chinese Communist Revolution started from 1946, after the end of Second Sino-Japanese War, and was the second part of the Chinese Civil War.
The Chinese Cultural Renaissance or the Chinese Cultural Renaissance Movement was a movement promoted in Taiwan in opposition to the cultural destructions caused by the Communist Party of China during the Cultural Revolution.
Chinese Democracy is the sixth studio album by American hard rock band Guns N' Roses.
The Chinese democracy movement, abbreviated as Minyun, refers to a series of loosely organized political movements in the People's Republic of China against the continued one-party rule by the Communist Party.
The Chinese diaspora in France consists of people of Chinese ancestry who were born in (called FBCs or French-born Chinese) or immigrated to France.
The Chinese Dream is a term popularized after 2013 within Chinese society that describes a set of personal and national ethos and ideals in China and the Government of China.
The Chinese economic reform refers to the program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" in the People's Republic of China (PRC) that was started in December 1978 by reformists within the Communist Party of China, led by Deng Xiaoping.
Waves of Chinese emigration (also known as the Chinese diaspora) have happened throughout history.
The Chinese Engineering and Mining Company, Limited, was established with foreign capital around 1879 to mine coal for the steamships of the Chinese Merchants' Steam Navigation Company and the Imperial Chinese Navy.
When a foreign place name, or toponym, occurs in Chinese text, the problem arises of spelling it in Chinese characters, given the limited phonetics and restrictive phonology of Mandarin Chinese, and the possible meaning of those characters when treated as Chinese words.
The Chinese famine of 1942–43 occurred mainly in Henan, most particularly within the western part of the province.
Chinese folklore encompasses the folklore of China, and includes songs, poetry, dances, puppetry, and tales.
Chinese given names are the given names adopted by native speakers of the Chinese language, both in majority-Sinophone countries and among the Chinese diaspora.
Chinese gunboat Minquan (民权) is a gunboat with more than half a century of service life in China, both in the Republic of China Navy (ROCN) and the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).
Chinese Heroes is an online video game, currently in production.
Chinese historiography is the study of the techniques and sources used by historians to develop the recorded history of China.
In baseball, a Chinese home run, also a Chinese homer, Harlem home run, or Pekinese poke, is a derogatory and archaic term for a hit that just barely clears the outfield fence at its closest distance to home plate.
Chinese honorifics are words and phrases that indicate social respect or deference in the spoken or written language.
Chinese Idol is a Chinese reality/singing competition program.
Chinese Indonesians (Indonesian: Orang Tionghoa-Indonesia) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups, primarily the Han Chinese.
Chinese Industrial Cooperatives (CICs) were organisations established by a movement, involving various Western expatriates, to promote grassroots industrial and economic development in China.
The current status of Chinese intellectuals reflects traditions established in the imperial period.
The government of China is engaged in espionage overseas, thought to be directed primarily through the Ministry of State Security (MSS).
Chinese law is one of the oldest legal traditions in the world.
First Legislative Representative Election of the Republic of China, and the preceding 1947 National Assembly Election were the Republic of China's first public direct elections since its founding.
The Chinese Library Classification (CLC), also known as Classification for Chinese Libraries (CCL), is effectively the national library classification scheme in China.
The history of Chinese literature extends thousands of years, from the earliest recorded dynastic court archives to the mature vernacular fiction novels that arose during the Ming Dynasty to entertain the masses of literate Chinese.
Chinese Marxist Philosophy is the philosophy of Dialectical Materialism that was introduced into China in the early 1900s and continues in the Chinese Academy to the current day.
Chinese personal names are names used by those from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and the Chinese diaspora overseas.
The Chinese National Liberation Vanguard, known in its abbreviation as "Minxian", was a youth organization created with the help of the Chinese Communist Party to broaden anti-Japanese alliance in the 1930s.
Chinese nationalism is the form of nationalism in China which asserts that the Chinese people are a nation and promotes the cultural and national unity of the Chinese.
The Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party is one of the eight non-communist, legally recognised political parties in the People's Republic of China that follow the direction of the Communist Party of China and is a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
The Chinese National Peasants' Association, otherwise known as the Chinese Peasants' Association, was a peasant organization created in 1927 with the specific aim of transforming the peasantry via Socialism.
Chinese people in Japan consist of migrants from the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, and the previous imperial dynasties to Japan and their descendants.
There has been a recognisable community of Chinese people in Korea, also known as Chinese Koreans, since the 1880s.
Chinese people in Papua New Guinea form a very diverse community.
Chinese people in Sri Lanka or Sri Lankan Chinese (ශ්රී ලාංකික චීන, இலங்கை சீனர்கள்) are Sri Lankans of full or partial Chinese descent born or raised in Sri Lanka.
The Chinese People's Party is a small political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan that won three seats in the National Assembly election of 2005.
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), also known as the People's PCC (人民政协) or just the PCC (政协), is a political advisory body in the People's Republic of China.
Chinese Peruvians, also known as tusán (a loanword from), but potentially referring to the Cantonese town of Taishan in the Guangdong province of China (where much of the Chinese immigration to North and South America originated), are people of overseas Chinese ancestry born in Peru, or who have made Peru their adopted homeland.
Chinese philosophy originates in the Spring and Autumn period and Warring States period, during a period known as the "Hundred Schools of Thought", which was characterized by significant intellectual and cultural developments.
The Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, renamed Chinese People's Red Army in 1936, commonly known as the Chinese Red Army, or simply the Red Army, was the armed forces of the Communist Party of China from 1928 to 1937.
The Chinese Revolution can refer to.
Chinese rock (also, lit. "Chinese rock and roll music") is a wide variety of rock and roll music made by rock bands and solo artists from native Chinese-speaking regions (including Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, etc.). Typically, Chinese rock is a fusion of forms accompanying the grand presentation of traditional Chinese music.
Chinese Shadows is a book written by Simon Leys, which is the pseudonym for Belgian Sinologist Pierre Ryckmans.
The social structure of China has an extensive history which begins from the feudal society of Imperial China to the contemporary era.
Chinese Soviet or Soviet Chinese may refer to.
The Chinese Soviet Republic (CSR), also known as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, is often referred to in historical sources as the Jiangxi Soviet (after its largest component territory, the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet).
Chinese Soviet Republic National Bank (Traditional Chinese: 中華蘇維埃共和國國家銀行) was a bank established by Chinese Communist Party-controlled "Chinese Soviet Republic" in the Republic of China.
The space program of the People's Republic of China is directed by the China National Space Administration (CNSA).
Chinese tabloid refers to a newspaper format that became extremely popular in the People's Republic of China in the mid-1990s.
"Chinese Taipei" is the name for Taiwan designated in the Nagoya Resolution whereby the Republic of China (ROC) and the People's Republic of China (PRC) recognize each other when it comes to the activities of the International Olympic Committee.
In Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Singapore, and other Chinese-speaking societies around the world, an honorific title is attached after the family name of an individual when addressing that person.
Chinese (re)unification, more specifically Cross-strait (re)unification, is the irredentist concept of Greater China that expresses the goal of unifying the People's Republic of China and Taiwan into a single sovereign state.
The Chinese Wikipedia is the (Standard) Chinese language edition of Wikipedia.
The Young China Party (YCP), also known as the Chinese Youth Party is a minor political party in the Republic of China.
Chinggeltei (12 June 1924 – 27 December 2013; also Činggeltei, Chinggaltai, Chenggeltai, or Chenggeltei) was a professor of linguistics at the Inner Mongolia University in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China, focusing on the Mongolic languages.
Choe Chang-ik (1896 – 1960) was a Korean independence activist from the Japanese colonial era, a communist, and a politician.
Choe Hyon (6 May 1907 – 10 April 1982), also known as Sai Ken (after the Japanese pronunciation of his name), was a North Korean general and politician.
Chongqing, formerly romanized as Chungking, is a major city in southwest China.
The Chongqing gang trials were a series of triad-busting trials in the city of Chongqing that began in October 2009 and concluded in 2011.
The "Chongqing model" refers to a series of social and economic policies adopted in the Chinese megalopolis of Chongqing.
The Chongqing Negotiations were a series of negotiations between the Nationalist government and the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 29 August to 10 October 1945, held in Chongqing, China.
Chongqing University of Technology (abbreviated CQUT and colloquially known in Chinese as 重理工; Chinese: 重庆理工大学) is a public research university in Chongqing.
Chongyi County is a county under the jurisdiction of Ganzhou Municipality, in the southwest of Jiangxi province, China.
Chou Tzu-yu (born June 14, 1999), professionally known by the mononym Tzuyu, is a Taiwanese singer based in South Korea and a member of the K-pop girl group Twice, under JYP Entertainment.
The term Christian left refers to a spectrum of centre-left and left-wing Christian political and social movements that largely embrace viewpoints described as social justice and uphold a social gospel.
Christian socialism is a form of religious socialism based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.
There have been a variety of Christian views on poverty and wealth.
Christianity in China appeared in the 7th century, during the Tang dynasty, but did not take root until it was reintroduced in the 16th century by Jesuit missionaries.
This is a non-exhaustive chronology of colonialism-related events, which may reflect political events, cultural events, and important global events that have influenced colonization and decolonization.
Chu Anping (1909–1966?) was a Chinese scholar, liberal journalist and editor of Guancha (观察, The Observer) in the Civil War era of the late 1940s.
Chu Bo (born October 1944) is a retired Chinese politician.
Bishop Chu Chi Zui (born in 1923 in China - died 1990), he studied for the Priesthood of the Roman Catholic Church after completing university studies in law.
Chu Hai College of Higher Education is a private degree-granting institute in Tuen Mun, Hong Kong.
Chu Qing (March 1923 – 21 February 2016), born Zhan Yongzhu (詹永珠), was a bureaucrat of the People's Republic of China.
Chu Yimin (born July 1953) is a retired general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA).
Chu Zhongzhi (born September 1967) is a Chinese politician from Yunnan province in southwestern China.
Zhongzheng or Chungcheng is a common name for places, roads, schools or organizations in Chinese-speaking areas, though today predominantly in Taiwan.
The Church of Christ in China was a coalition of churches in mainland China, established in the early half of the twentieth century.
The Memorial Wall is a memorial at the Central Intelligence Agency headquarters in Langley, Virginia.
Cihu Mausoleum, officially known as the Mausoleum of Late President Chiang or President Chiang Kai-shek Mausoleum is the temporary resting place of President Chiang Kai-shek.
Cindy Lee is a Canadian businesswoman who is best known for being the founder T & T Supermarket, the largest Canadian grocery retail chain in Canada that sells Asian foodstuffs.
The cinema of China is one of three distinct historical threads of Chinese-language cinema together with the cinema of Hong Kong and the cinema of Taiwan.
The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan.
Civic Passion is a radical, populist, and nativist political party in Hong Kong.
In November 2012 as a result of the rapidly expanding civil aviation there were 182 commercial airports in China.
Civil Force is a district-based pro-Beijing political party in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
The Civil Service of the People's Republic of China is the administrative system of the traditional Chinese government which consists of all levels who run the day-to-day affairs in mainland China.
Civilian control of the military is a doctrine in military and political science that places ultimate responsibility for a country's strategic decision-making in the hands of the civilian political leadership, rather than professional military officers.
Claire Lee Chennault (September 6, 1890 – July 27, 1958) was an American military aviator best known for his leadership of the "Flying Tigers" and the Republic of China Air Force in World War II.
Clarence Stewart Williams (October 7, 1863 – October 24, 1951) was a four-star admiral in the United States Navy who served as commander in chief of the United States Asiatic Fleet from 1925 to 1927.
Attributed to Han Gan, ''Huiyebai (Night-Shining White Steed)'', about 750 CE (Tang Dynasty). Classical Chinese poetry is traditional Chinese poetry written in Classical Chinese and typified by certain traditional forms, or modes; traditional genres; and connections with particular historical periods, such as the poetry of the Tang Dynasty.
Clifford F. Young was a major in the United States Army and was a commanding officer of the Dixie Mission, an American observation mission to Yan'an, China, in 1944 to investigate and establish official relations with the Chinese Communists.
Clive Charles Hamilton AM FRSA (born 12 March 1953) is an Australian public intellectual and Professor of Public Ethics at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE) and the Vice-Chancellor's Chair in Public Ethics at Charles Sturt University.
The Cold War (1947–1953) is the period within the Cold War from the Truman Doctrine in 1947 to the conclusion of the Korean War in 1953.
The Cold War (1953–1962) discusses the period within the Cold War from the death of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in 1953 to the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.
The term Collaborationist Chinese Army refers to the military forces of the puppet governments founded by Imperial Japan in mainland China during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The art collections of the Palace Museum, a national museum housed in the Forbidden City in Beijing, China, are built upon the imperial collection of the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Collective leadership is a distribution of power within an organisational structure.
The College of Teacher Education of Nanjing Normal University (Chinese:南京师范大学教师教育学院)http://news.sina.com.cn/o/2005-06-03/10336069590s.shtml is one of twenty-three colleges of Nanjing Normal University.
Colonization is a trilogy of alternate history books by American writer Harry Turtledove.
The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony that existed from 1946 until 1963, when Singapore became part of Malaysia.
The Commanders of World War II were for the most part career officers.
Commanding heights of the economy refers to existing private industry essential to the economy like public utilities, natural resources, heavy industry, and transport, as well as control over foreign and domestic trade.
Committee to Defeat Revisionism, for Communist Unity was a small British Marxist-Leninist group that left the Communist Party of Great Britain in 1963.
The Communications Clique was a powerful interest group of politicians, bureaucrats, technocrats, businessmen, engineers, and labour unionists in China's Beiyang government (1912-1928).
The Communist movement in Korea emerged as a political movement in the early 20th century.
Communist bandit is an anti-communist insult directed to the Chinese Communist Party.
Communist China may refer to.
A communist era refers to a sustained period of national government by a single party following the philosophy of Marxism–Leninism.
The Communist insurgency in Thailand was a guerrilla war lasting from 1965 until 1983, fought mainly by the Communist Party of Thailand (CPT) and the government of Thailand.
The Communist League of West Germany (Kommunistischer Bund Westdeutschland; KBW) was a Maoist organization in West Germany which existed from 1973 until 1985.
A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy.
A Communist Party is a party that advocates the application of the social principles of communism.
The Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) was a Maoist political party in the United States.
The Communist Party of Brazil (Partido Comunista do Brasil, PCdoB) is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Brazil.
The Communist Party of Britain is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party organised in Great Britain and since 2012 has been the sole British representative at the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties.
The Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist), often abbreviated as CPB-ML, is a British Marxist-Leninist political party.
The Communist Party of Canada (Parti communiste du Canada, CPC/PCC) is a communist political party in Canada founded in 1921 under conditions of illegality.
The Communist Party of Canada (Marxist–Leninist) (CPC (ML)) is a Canadian federal political party founded by Hardial Bains in 1970.
The Communist Party of China 52 code of ethics (中国共产党党员领导干部廉洁从政若干准则) or (廉政准则) was issued on February 23, 2010 to fight widespread corruption within the Communist Party of China.
The Communist Party of Cuba is the political party that rules in Republic of Cuba, although others exist without legal recognition or incorporation.
The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (Czech and Slovak: Komunistická strana Československa, KSČ) was a Communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Czechoslovakia that existed between 1921 and 1992.
The Communist Party of Germany/Marxist–Leninist (German: Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands/Marxisten-Leninisten, KPD/ML), established on December 31, 1968, was an anti-revisionist pro-China party in West Germany that was later supportive of communist leader of Albania Enver Hoxha after the Sino-Albanian Split.
The Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) was a British communist party which was the largest communist party in Great Britain, although it never became a mass party like those in France and Italy.
The Communist Party of India (CPI) (Bhāratīya Kamyunisṭ Pārṭī) is a communist party in India.
The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is a Maoist communist party in India which aims to overthrow the government of India through people's war.
The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbreviated CPI(M)) is a communist party in India.
Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) is a communist political party in India.
The Communist Party of Italy (Marxist–Leninist) (Partito Comunista d'Italia (marxista-leninista), PCd'I (m-l)) was a political party in Italy.
The Communist Party of Korea (조선공산당) was a communist party in Korea.
The Communist Party of New Zealand (CPNZ) was a Communist political party in New Zealand which existed from March 1921 until the early 1990s.
The Communist Party of Nigeria (CPN) was a communist party in Nigeria.
The Communist Party of Poland (Mijal, sometimes called Marxist–Leninist) was an illegal anti-revisionist political party founded in 1965 in Albania by Kazimierz Mijal.
The Communist Party of Portugal (Marxist–Leninist) (Partido Comunista de Portugal (Marxista-Leninista)) was a political party in Portugal.
The Communist Party of Spain (Marxist-Leninist) (in Spanish: Partido Comunista de España (marxista-leninista), PCE (m-l)) was a communist political party in Spain, formed in 1964 through the merger of splinter groups of the Communist Party of Spain (PCE).
The Communist Party of Sri Lanka (Marxist-Leninist) (abbreviated CPSL(M-L)) was a political party in Sri Lanka.
Communist Party of Switzerland/Marxist–Leninists (Kommunistische Partei der Schweiz/Marxisten-Leninisten, Parti Communiste Suisse/Marxistes-Léninistes, Partito Comunista della Svizzera/Marxista-Leninista, KPS/ML) was a Maoist political party in Switzerland.
The Communist Party of Thailand (พรรคคอมมิวนิสต์แห่งประเทศไทย; abbreviated CPT) was a communist party in Thailand active from 1942 until the 1990s.
The Communist Party of the Philippines (Filipino: Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas) is a revolutionary organization and the leading communist party in the Philippines, formed by Jose Maria Sison on December 26, 1968.
The Communist Party of the Republic of China is a non-communist socialist party in the Republic of China (Taiwan).
The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF; Коммунистическая Партия Российской Федерации; КПРФ; Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii, KPRF) is a communist and Marxist–Leninist political party in Russia.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the founding and ruling political party of the Soviet Union.
The Communist Party of Ukraine (Комуністична партія України, Komunistychna Partiya Ukrayiny, KPU) is a political party founded in 1993 as the successor to the Soviet-era Communist Party of Ukraine, which was banned in 1991 and again in 2015.
The Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) is the founding and ruling communist party of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
A communist revolution is a proletarian revolution often, but not necessarily inspired by the ideas of Marxism that aims to replace capitalism with communism, typically with socialism as an intermediate stage.
A Communist state (sometimes referred to as workers' state) is a state that is administered and governed by a single party, guided by Marxist–Leninist philosophy, with the aim of achieving communism.
Communist symbolism represents a variety of themes, including revolution, the proletariat, peasantry, agriculture, or international solidarity.
Communist Workers Organisation (in Dutch: Kommunistische Arbeidersorganisatie (marxistisch-leninistisch), abbreviated KAO(ml)) was a communist group in the Netherlands.
Communist Workers' Party of Sweden (Sveriges Kommunistiska Arbetarparti, SKA), initially called SKP(ml), was a communist party in Sweden, formed in 1980 after a split from the pro-People's Republic of China Communist Party of Sweden (SKP).
The Communist Youth League of China, also known as the Young Communist League of China or simply the Communist Youth League, is a youth movement of the People's Republic of China for youth between the ages of fourteen and twenty-eight, run by the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Communist-controlled China, officially called the Soviet Zone, was the part of the territories of China controlled by the Communist Party of China from 1927 to 1949 during the Republican era and the Chinese Civil War with Nationalist China.
Cybersecurity, computer security or IT security is the protection of computer systems from theft of or damage to their hardware, software or electronic data, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide.
The term comrade is used to mean "friend", "mate", "colleague", or "ally", and derives from the Iberian Romance language term camarada, literally meaning "chamber mate", from Latin camera "chamber" or "room".
Concubinage is an interpersonal and sexual relationship in which the couple are not or cannot be married.
The Confidence Doctrine is a signature political philosophy of Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
Confucius Institute is a non-profit public educational organization affiliated with the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, whose aim is to promote Chinese language and culture, support local Chinese teaching internationally, and facilitate cultural exchanges.
Cong Wenjing (born December 1962) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Jiangxi province.
Congtai District is a district of the city of Handan, Hebei, People's Republic of China, with a population of 330,000 residing in an area of just.
Conservatism has deep roots in Hong Kong politics and society.
Conservatism in Taiwan is a broad political philosophy which espouses the One-China policy as a vital component for the Republic of China (ROC)'s international security and economic development, as opposed to Taiwanization and Taiwanese sovereignty.
The Constitution of the People's Republic of China is nominally the supreme law within the People's Republic of China.
During the National Constituent Assembly session on 25 December 1946 in Nanking, the fifth and current Chinese constitution was officially adopted on 25 December 1947, at a time when the ROC still had nominal control of Mainland China and to which this constitution applied.
The Constitutional history of the People's Republic of China describes the evolution of its Constitutional system.
The Constitutional Protection Movement was a series of movements led by Sun Yat-sen to resist the Beiyang Government between 1917 and 1922, in which Sun established another government in Guangzhou as a result. It was known as the Third Revolution by the Kuomintang. The constitution that it intended to protect refers to the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.
The Consulate General of United States, Guangzhou is one of seven American diplomatic and consular posts set up in the China.
Continental Air Command (ConAC) (1948–1968) was a Major Command of the United States Air Force (USAF) responsible primarily for administering the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve.
There are major controversies surrounding Yasukuni Shrine, a Japanese Shinto shrine to war dead who served the Emperor of Japan during wars from 1867–1951.
The Core Socialist Values is a set of new official interpretations of Chinese socialism promoted at the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012.
Corruption in China post-1949 lies in the "organizational involution" of the ruling party, including the Communist Party of China's policies, institutions, norms, and failure to adapt to a changing environment in the post-Mao era caused by the market liberalization reforms initiated by Deng Xiaoping.
Counter-Japanese Military and Political University, also commonly known as Kàngdà and Kangri Junzheng University, was a comprehensive public university located in Yan'an, Shaanxi, the headquarters of the Communist Party of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
County magistrate (or sometimes called local magistrate, in imperial China was the official in charge of the xian, or county, the lowest level of central government. The magistrate was the official who had face-to-face relations with the people and administered all aspects of government on behalf of the emperor. Because he was expected to rule in a disciplined but caring way and because the people were expected to obey, the county magistrate was informally known as the Fumu Guan, the "Father and Mother" or "parental" official. The emperor appointed magistrates from among those who passed the imperial examinations or had purchased equivalent degrees. Education in the Confucian Classics indoctrinated these officials with a shared ideology that helped to unify the empire, but not with practical training. A magistrate acquired specialized skills only after assuming office. Once in office, the magistrate was caught between the demands of his superiors and the needs and resistance of his often unruly constituents. Promotion depended on the magistrate's ability to maintain peace and lawful order as he supervised tax collection, roads, water control, and the census; handled legal functions as both prosecutor and judge; arranged relief for the poor or afflicted; carried out rituals; encouraged education and schools; and performed any further task the emperor chose to assign. Allowed to serve in any one place for only three years, he was also at the mercy of the local elites for knowledge of the local scene. There was a temptation to postpone difficult problems to the succeeding magistrate's term or to push them into a neighboring magistrate's jurisdiction. The Yongzheng emperor praised the magistrate: "The integrity of one man involves the peace or unhappiness of a myriad." But a recent historian said of the magistrate that "if he had possessed the qualifications for carrying out all his duties, he would have been a genius. Instead, he was an all-around blunderer, a harassed Jack-of-all trades...." The Republic of China (1912 –) made extensive reforms in county government, but the position of magistrate was retained.. Under the People's Republic of China (1949 –) the office of county magistrate, sometimes translated as "mayor," was no longer the lowest level of the central government, which extended its control directly to the village level.
CPC may refer to.
The CPC Central Military Commission Political Department Song and Dance Troupe, formerly known as Chinese People's Liberation Army General Political Department Song and Dance Troupe, is the official army choir of the Central Military Commission.
The Crescent Moon Society was a Chinese literary society founded by the poet Xu Zhimo in 1923, which operated until 1931.
Crime is present in various forms in China.
Violent crime in New York City has been dropping since the mid-1990s and,, is among the lowest of major cities in the United States.
Crimes against humanity have occurred under various Communist regimes.
Criticism of atheism is criticism of the concepts, validity, or impact of atheism, including associated political and social implications.
The actions by governments of communist states have been subject to criticism.
The Confucius Institute (CI) program, which began establishing centers for Chinese language instruction in 2004, has been the subject of criticisms, concerns, and controversies during its international expansion.
Criticism of the government response to Hurricane Katrina consisted primarily of condemnations of mismanagement and lack of preparation in the relief effort in response to Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath.
The multinational Internet corporation Yahoo! has received criticism for a variety of issues.
The cross-strait charters are special flights between Taiwan and Mainland China, across the Taiwan Strait.
Cross-Strait Economic, Trade and Culture Forum, commonly known as the Kuomintang-Communist Party of China Forum, was originally proposed by the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China, jointly organized in order to promote cross-strait economic, trade, cultural exchanges dialogue and integration.
Cross-Strait relations or Taiwan-China relations, Mainland–Taiwan relations are the relations between the following two political entities, which are separated by the Taiwan Strait in the west Pacific Ocean.
Crows and Sparrows is a 1949 Chinese film made by Kunlun Studios on the eve of the Communist victory and directed by Zheng Junli.
Under the rule of Fidel Castro, the nation of Cuba underwent significant economic, political, and social changes.
After the establishment of diplomatic ties with the Soviet Union after the Cuban Revolution of 1959, Cuba became increasingly dependent on Soviet markets and military aid, becoming an ally of the Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Cui Jian (born 2 August 1961) is a Beijing-based Chinese singer-songwriter, trumpeter and guitarist.
Cui Shaopeng (born October 1961) is a Chinese politician and a discipline official of the Communist Party of China.
Cui Tiankai (born October 1952) is a Chinese diplomat and currently the Chinese Ambassador to the United States.
Cui Yuying (born May 1958) is a Chinese politician of Tibetan ethnicity, serving since January 2015 as the deputy head of the Propaganda Department of the Communist Party of China and the deputy director of the State Council Information Office (vice-minister level).
Cultural genocide or cultural cleansing is a concept that lawyer Raphael Lemkin distinguished in 1944 as a component of genocide.
Cultural governance is governance of culture.
In Marxist philosophy, cultural hegemony is the domination of a culturally diverse society by the ruling class who manipulate the culture of that society—the beliefs, explanations, perceptions, values, and mores—so that their imposed, ruling-class worldview becomes the accepted cultural norm; the universally valid dominant ideology, which justifies the social, political, and economic status quo as natural and inevitable, perpetual and beneficial for everyone, rather than as artificial social constructs that benefit only the ruling class.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
The (Central) Cultural Revolution Group (CRG or CCRG) was formed in May 1966 as a replacement organisation to the Central Committee Secretariat and the "Five Man Group", and was initially directly responsible to the Standing Committee of the Politburo.
The culture of the People's Republic of China is a rich and varied blend of traditional Chinese culture with communist and other international modern and post-modern influences.
The Custom House is an eight storey building on the Bund, Shanghai.
The Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC), also known as the Office of the Central Cyberspace Affairs Commission, is the central Internet regulator, censor, oversight, and control agency for the People's Republic of China.
David Fortune "Taffy" Landale, JP (7 November 1905 – 15 December 1970), was a British-Hong Kong entrepreneur and politician who was chairman and managing director of Jardine Matheson & Co. from 1945 to 1951, during which he was appointed by the Hong Kong government as an unofficial member of the Executive Council from 1946 to 1951, as well as the senior unofficial member of the Legislative Council from 1946 to 1950.
The Dachen Islands, Tachen Islands or Tachens are a group of islands off the coast of Taizhou, Zhejiang, China, in the East China Sea.
Dai Bingguo (born March 31, 1941) is a Chinese politician and professional diplomat.
Dai Chunning (born February 1962) is a former Chinese business executive.
Dai County, also known by its Chinese name Daixian, is a county in Xinzhou, Shanxi Province, China.
Dai Jitao or Tai Chi-t'ao (January 6, 1891 – February 21, 1949) was a Chinese journalist, an early Kuomintang member, and the first head of the Examination Yuan of the Republic of China.
Lieutenant General Dai Li (Tai Li;; May 28, 1897 - March 17, 1946) was born Dai Chunfeng (Tai Chun-feng; 戴春風) with the courtesy name of Yunong (Yu-nung; 雨農) in Bao'an, Jiangshan of Qing Dynasty China's Zhejiang province.
Dai Qing (born August 1941, Chinese: 戴晴, Pinyin: Dài Qíng) is a journalist and activist for China-related issues; most significantly against the Three Gorges Dam Project.
Dai Xianglong (born October 1944) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Dalelkhan Sugirbayev, also Dālil Khan, Delilhan, Delilhan Sugurbayoglu, or Talilhan SukurbayeffForbes 1986: (دەلىلقان سۇگۇربايۇف, دالەلحان سۇگىرباەۆ/Дәлелхан Сүгірбаев,; 24 June 1906–27 August 1949) was a Kazakh leader in Xinjiang, China during the first half of the 20th century.
Dalian is a major city and seaport in the south of Liaoning Province, China.
Dandong, formerly known as Andong, is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Liaoning province, People's Republic of China.
Party-State, or Dang Guo, is a version of the one-party state ideology that was formerly the official policy of the Republic of China under Kuomintang.
Joseph Daniel Casolaro (June 16, 1947 – August 10, 1991) was an American freelance writer who came to public attention in 1991 when he was found dead in a bathtub in room 517 of the Sheraton Hotel in Martinsburg, West Virginia, his wrists slashed 10–12 times.
Du Daobin is one of China's first online dissidents.
Daoud Bokhary (داوود بخاري,, also spelled Daud Bokhary; born c. 1919) is a retired Hong Kong businessman.
The Daoxian massacre, or Dao County massacre, was an episode of violence and killing of 4,519 people that took place in Daoxian County, Hunan, China and lasted for 66 days from August 13 to October 17, 1967.
Daqing (formerly romanized as Taching) is a prefecture-level city in the west of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China.
Datong is a prefecture-level city in northern Shanxi Province in the People's Republic of China.
Datong-Jining Campaign (大同集宁战役) was a series of battles fought between the nationalists and the communists mainly in northern Shanxi and the surrounding regions during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era.
Datong-Puzhou Campaign (同蒲战役) is a campaign communists fought against the nationalist during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era in Shanxi, and resulted in communist victory.
Daughter of the Party (党的女儿) is a 1958 Chinese film directed by Lin Nong and produced by Changchun Film Studio.
David Crook (14 August 1910 – 1 November 2000) was a British-born Communist ideologue, activist and spy, long resident in China.
David Dean Barrett (August 6, 1892 – February 3, 1977) was an American soldier, a diplomat, and an old Army China hand.
David Galula (1919–1967) was a French military officer and scholar who was influential in developing the theory and practice of counterinsurgency warfare.
David Hawkes (6 July 1923 – 31 July 2009) was a British sinologist and translator.
David Stephen Gordon Goodman (born 1948) is Vice President Academic Affairs and Professor of China Studies at Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University in Suzhou.
Rear-Admiral Sir David Scott, KBE, CB (5 April 1921 – 20 January 2006) was an officer in the Royal Navy from 1937 to 1980.
David Bambatha Maphangumzana Sibeko (26 August 1938 in Johannesburg, South Africa – 12 June 1979 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania), was known as the "Malcolm X of South Africa" and began his political career as a journalist for the black South African Magazine Drum.
David Z.T. Yui (25 November 1882 Wuhan - 22 January 1936) was a Chinese Protestant Christian leader who led the Chinese National Y.M.C.A. in the 1920s and 1930s.
Daxiong real name Guo Jingxiong (born December 25, 1975) is a comic book artist, editor and publisher.
Dayu is a county in the western of Ganzhou Municipality, in the southwest of Jiangxi Province.
A de facto embassy is an office or organisation that serves de facto as an embassy in the absence of normal or official diplomatic relations among countries, usually to represent nations which lack full diplomatic recognition, regions or dependencies of countries, or territories over which sovereignty is disputed.
De-Sinicization (de + Sinicization) is the elimination of Chinese influence.
Death by China: Confronting the Dragon – A Global Call to Action is a 2011 non-fiction book by economics professor Peter Navarro and Greg Autry that chronicles "from currency manipulation and abusive trade policies, to deadly consumer products," the alleged threats to America's economic dominance in the 21st century posed by China's Communist Party.
Death of a Red Heroine is a mystery novel written by Qiu Xiaolong and was published in English in 2000.
Yu Qiyi, who was a Chinese Communist Party member and the chief engineer of Wenzhou Industry Investment Group, died on 9 April, 2013, during a shuanggui interrogation that involved torture.
The debate on traditional Chinese characters and simplified Chinese characters is an ongoing dispute concerning Chinese orthography among users of Chinese characters.
Decadent Sound of Faye, also translated as Faye Beautiful Music, is a 1995 Mandarin album recorded by Chinese Cantopop singer Faye Wong when she was based in Hong Kong.
The December 9th Movement was a mass protest led by students in Beiping (present-day Beijing) on December 9, 1935 to demand that the Chinese government actively resist Japanese aggression.
Decolonization (American English) or decolonisation (British English) is the undoing of colonialism: where a nation establishes and maintains its domination over one or more other territories.
Defend Tiananmen Square Headquarters was formed on May 24, 1989.
The Defense of Sihang Warehouse took place from October 26 to November 1, 1937, and marked the beginning of the end of the three-month Battle of Shanghai in the opening phase of the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The Degtyaryov machine gun (Russian: Пулемёт Дегтярёвa Пехотный Pulemyot Degtyaryova Pekhotny "Degtyaryov's infantry machine gun") or DP-27 is a light machine gun firing the 7.62×54mmR cartridge that was primarily used by the Soviet Union, with service trials starting in 1927 followed by general deployment in 1928.
Delia Davin (9 June 1944 – 13 October 2016) was a writer and lecturer on Chinese society and particularly Chinese women's stories.
'Democracy' was a major concept introduced to China in the late nineteenth century.
The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the UK-based company the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) that intends to measure the state of democracy in 167 countries, of which 166 are sovereign states and 165 are UN member states.
The Democracy Party of China (DPC) is a political party that started in the People's Republic of China, and was banned by the Communist Party of China (CPC).
During the November 1978 to December 1979, thousands of people put up "big character posters" on a long brick wall of Xidan Street, Xicheng District of Beijing, to protest about the political and social issues of China.
The Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (abbreviated DAB) is a pro-Beijing conservative political party established in 1992 in Hong Kong.
Democratic development in Hong Kong has been a major topic since the transfer of sovereignty to China in 1997.
A Democratic Life Meeting is a periodic gathering of cadres of the Communist Party of China who engage in criticism and self-criticism.
The Democratic Party (DP) is a centre-left liberal political party in Hong Kong established in 1994.
Demosistō is a small pro-democracy political party in Hong Kong established on 10 April 2016.
Deng Changyou (born February 1947) is a retired general of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of China.
Deng Yuanzhao or Deng Fa (March 7, 1906 – April 8, 1946) was an early leader of the Chinese Communist Party.
Deng Hongxun (born January 1931) is a Chinese retired politician and engineer.
Deng Liqun (November 27, 1915 – February 10, 2015) was a Chinese politician and theorist who was one of the leading figures of the Communist Party of China during the 1980s, most well known for his involvement with the party's propaganda work.
Deng Nan (born October 1945 in Guang'an, Sichuan) is a Chinese politician and physicist.
Deng Qilin (born November 1951) is a former Chinese business executive.
Deng Rong is a Chinese politician and the third daughter of Paramount Leader Deng Xiaoping.
Deng Tuo (c. 1911 – May 17, 1966), also known by the pen name Ma Nancun, was a Chinese poet, intellectual and journalist.
Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese politician.
Deng Xiaoping and the Making of Modern China is a book by Sir Richard Evans chronicling the rise of Deng Xiaoping as the leader of the People's Republic of China.
Deng Xiaoping Theory, also known as Dengism, is the series of political and economic ideologies first developed by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping.
Deng Yanda (1 March 1895 – 29 November 1931) was a military officer in the Chinese Nationalist Party.
Deng Yingchao (February 4, 1904 – July 11, 1992) was the Chairwoman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference from 1983 to 1988, a member of the Communist Party of China, and the wife of the first Chinese Premier, Zhou Enlai.
Deng Yuzhi (September 1900–1 October 1996) also known as Cora Deng, was a Chinese social and Christian activist, and a feminist.
Deng Zhongxia (or Teng Chung-hsia; October 5, 1894 – September 21, 1933) was an early member of the Communist Party of China and an important Marxist intellectual and labor movement leader.
Deng Zihui (1896–1972) was one of the most influential leaders of the People's Republic of China during the 1940s and 50's.
Denise Ho Wan-see, also known as HOCC (born 10 May 1977), is a Hong Kong-based Cantopop singer and actor, as well as a pro-democracy and LGBT rights activist.
Groups of working individuals are typically classified based on the colors of their collars worn at work; these can commonly reflect one's occupation or sometimes gender.
DeWitt Peck (May 29, 1894 – January 13, 1973) was a decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of Major general, who served as the 18th Assistant to the Major General Commandant of the Marine Corps during World War II.
Diantong Film Company was a short-lived but important film studio and production company during the 1930s in Shanghai, China.
Diao Guoxin (born October 1958) is a lieutenant general (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China.
Didier Conrad (born 6 May 1959), is a French comics artist and writer.
The Diligent Work-Frugal Study Movement (French: Mouvement Travail-Études) was a series of work-study programs which brought Chinese students to France and Belgium to work in factories as a way to pay for their study of French culture and Western science.
Ding Guangen (September 1929 – July 22, 2012) was a Chinese politician who served in senior leadership roles in the Communist Party of China during the 1990s.
Ding Haichun (born April 1954) is a vice admiral (zhong jiang) of China's People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).
Ding Laihang (born September 1957) is a lieutenant general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).
Ding Ling (October 12, 1904 – March 4, 1986), formerly romanized as Ting Ling, was the pen name of Jiang Bingzhi, also known as Bin Zhi (彬芷 Bīn Zhǐ), one of the most celebrated 20th-century Chinese authors.
Ding Mocun (Hepburn: Tei Mokuson; 1901 - July 5, 1947) was a politician in the early Republic of China.
Ding Sheng (1913–1999) was a Chinese general and politician.
Ding Wenchang; born October 1933) is a retired general in the People's Liberation Army Air Force of the People's Republic of China. Born in Suzhou, Anhui Province, he joined the army in July 1951 and joined Communist Party of China in May 1956. He graduated from PLA 16th infantry school, and also studied in 5th preparatory group of Air Force and the 10th aeronautics school of PLA. In January 1954, he became a mechanist in a division of Air Force, supervisor assistant in organization section of political department of the division and the vice political commissar of airplane group. He was appointed secretary of secretariat of political department of Air Force in March 1966. In October 1970, he was elevated to vice section chief and later section chief of cadres section in political department of Air Force, and vice director of cadre section of political department of Air Force in PLA Shenyang Military Region. In May 1980, he became vice political commissar of air-arm division of Air Force. In July 1981, he was promoted to director of cadre section of political department of Air Force in Shenyang Military Region. He became a vice political commissar of Air Force army corps in May 1983. From September 1983 to January 1984, he was studying at CPC Central Party School. In November 1985, he became vice director of political department of Air Force. He was made director of political department and standing committee member of CPC committee in Air Force. From March to May 1989, he was trained as a senior official at PLA National Defense University. From November 1992 to January 1999, he served as political commissar and Party chief of PLA Air Force. Ding was a delegate to 7th National People's Congress, and was a member of 14th and 15th Central Committees of CPC. He attained the rank of major general of the PLAAF in September 1988, lieutenant general in July 1990, and general in January 1996.
Ding Xuexiang (born September 1962) is an important political aide of Xi Jinping, current General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
Ding Yi (born October 1959) is a naval aviator and vice admiral of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).
Ding Yiping (born February 1951) is a retired vice-admiral (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China.
Ding Zilin (born December 20, 1936 or January 1, 1939) is a retired professor of philosophy and the leader of the political pressure group Tiananmen Mothers.
Dingnan is a county in the municipal region of Ganzhou, in the far south of Jiangxi province, China.
Dingtao Campaign (定陶战役) was a series of battles fought between the nationalists and the communists during Chinese Civil War in the post World War II era, and resulted in the communist victory.
A municipality, also translated as direct-controlled municipality (informally, municipality directly under the central government, or province-level municipality), is the highest level of classification for cities used by the People's Republic of China.
The United States Army Observation Group, commonly known as the Dixie Mission, was the first U.S. effort to establish official relations with the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army, then headquartered in the mountainous city of Yan'an.
Document Number Nine (or Document No. 9), more properly the Communiqué on the Current State of the Ideological Sphere (also translated as the Briefing on the Current Situation in the Ideological Realm), is a confidential internal document widely circulated within the Communist Party of China in 2013 by the General Office of the Communist Party of China.
Domestic violence in China involves violence or abuse by intimate partners or family members against one another.
Donaldson Air Force Base is a former facility of the United States Air Force located south of Greenville, South Carolina.
Dong Biwu (5 March 1886 – 2 April 1975) was a Chinese communist revolutionary and statesman, who served as Acting President of the People's Republic of China between 1972 and 1975.
Dong Cunrui (1929 - May 25, 1948) was a Chinese Communist soldier in the People's Liberation Army during the Chinese Civil War who blew himself up in order to destroy a Kuomintang bunker guarding an approach to an important bridge in Longhua County.
Dong Guishan (born July 1946) is a retired lieutenant general in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China, who served as commander of the PLA Tibet Military District.
Dong Hongyun (born November 1956) is a Chinese politician from Shanxi province.
Dong Junshu (born 1949), is the current Secretary General of the Discipline Inspection Commission for Shanghai Municipality.
Dong Mingxiang (born September 1953) is a Chinese major general in the People's Liberation Army.
Dong Xiwen (1914 – 8 January 1973) was a Chinese painter best known for his 1953 work The Founding Ceremony of the Nation Dong was born in 1914 in the Keqiao district of Shaoxing prefecture in Zhejiang, China.
The Dongcheng District (literally "east city district") of Beijing covers the eastern half of Beijing's urban core, the Old City.
Dongchu (1907–1977) was a Chinese Ch'an Master in Mainland China and later in Taiwan, and also the teacher of respected modern-day Ch'an Master Sheng-yen.
Dongfu is a town in Haicang District, Xiamen, FJ.
Dongguan is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong Province of South China.
() is a county of far southern Fujian Province, People's Republic of China, located along the Taiwan Strait.
The Dongshan Island Campaign was a series of battles fought on Dongshan Island, Fujian between the Nationalists and the Communists during the Chinese Civil War when the nationalists unsuccessfully attempted to retake the island from the Communists.
Dorje Tashi is an entrepreneur in the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, formerly the head of the Tibet Shenhu Group (西藏神湖集团), a real estate company which developed hotels and apartment buildings in Lhasa.
Dou Yupei (born September 1957) is a former Chinese politician, and Vice Minister of Civil Affairs.
Double Happiness is a Chinese brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by the Shanghai Tobacco Corporation.
The Double Tenth Agreement, formally known as the Summary of Conversations Between the Representatives of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China, was an agreement between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC) that was concluded on 10 October 1945 (the Double Ten Day of the Republic of China) after 43 days of negotiations.
The Draft History of Qing is a draft of the official history of the Qing dynasty compiled and written by a team of over 100 historians led by Zhao Erxun who were hired by the Beiyang government of the Republic of China.
Dragon's beard candy (or Chinese cotton candy) is a handmade traditional art of China.
Du Deyin (born July 1951) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Du Hengyan (born July 1951) is a retired general (shang jiang) in the Chinese People's Liberation Army.
Du Hu (born January 1975) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Southwest China's Sichuan province.
Du Jiahao (born July 1955) is a Chinese politician, serving since 2016 as the Communist Party Secretary of Hunan province.
Du Jingchen (born 1952) is a retired vice-admiral (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China.
Du Qinglin (born November 1946 in Panshi, Jilin City, Jilin) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Du Runsheng (July 18, 1913 – October 9, 2015) was a Chinese military officer, revolutionary leader, politician, and economist.
Du Shanxue (born February 1956) is a former Chinese politician from Shanxi province.
Du Xinyuan (1905–1985) birth name Du Chunren, was a People's Republic of China politician.
Du Yuesheng (22 August 188816 August 1951), nicknamed "Big-Eared Du",Lintner, Bertil.
Du Zheheng (1910–1975) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Duan Dechang (August 19, 1904 – May 1, 1933) was a member of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army.
Duan Qirui (6 March 1865 – 2 November 1936) was a Chinese warlord and politician, a commander of the Beiyang Army and the acting Chief Executive of the Republic of China (in Beijing) from 1924–26.
Duan Siying (June 1917 – December 25, 2007) was a People's Liberation Army major general and People's Republic of China politician.
Dzongsar Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö (c. 1893 – 1959) was a Tibetan lama, a master of many lineages, and a teacher of many of the major figures in 20th-century Tibetan Buddhism.
E Jingping (born January 1956) is a Chinese engineer and politician currently serving as Minister of Water Resources.
The early revolutionary activity of Chinese revolutionary and politician Mao Zedong lasted for eight years, from 1919 to 1927.
East and West (subtitled "China, Power, and the Future of Asia") is a 1998 book by the British politician Chris Patten about his experiences as the last Governor of Hong Kong.
The East Rail line is one of eleven railway lines of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) system in Hong Kong.
The Eastern Express was an English-language newspaper published in Hong Kong from February 1994 to June 1996 by the Oriental Press Group.
Eastern Lightning, which prefers to use the name The Church of Almighty God, is a new religious movement established in China in 1991, to which Chinese governmental sources attribute from three to four million members, although scholars regard these figures as somewhat inflated.
Eastern philosophy or Asian philosophy includes the various philosophies that originated in East and South Asia including Chinese philosophy, Japanese philosophy, Korean philosophy which are dominant in East Asia and Vietnam, and Indian philosophy (including Buddhist philosophy) which are dominant in South Asia, Tibet and Southeast Asia.
The EastWest Institute (EWI), originally known as the Institute for East-West Security Studies, is an international not-for-profit, non-partisan "think and do" tank focusing on international conflict resolution through a variety of means, including track 2 diplomacy and track 1.5 diplomacy (conducted with the direct involvement of official actors), hosting international conferences, and authoring publications on international security issues.
Ecological civilization is the final goal of environmental reform within a given society.
China's economic system before the late-1990s, with state ownership of certain industries and central control over planning and the financial system, has enabled the government to mobilize whatever surplus was available and greatly increase the proportion of the national economic output devoted to investment.
Directly after World War II saw many countries adopt policies of economic liberalization in order to stimulate their economies.
The socialist market economy of the People's Republic of China is the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's largest economy by purchasing power parity according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), although China's National Bureau of Statistics denies the latter assessment.
The economy of Chongqing, China, has developed rapidly during the 21st century.
The Taiwanese Economy,which is also known as the economy of Taiwan of the Republic of China, is the 7th largest economy in Asia, and is included in the advanced economies group by the International Monetary Fund and gauged in the high-income economies group by the World Bank, and ranked 15th in the world by the Global Competitiveness Report of World Economic Forum, has a developed capitalist economy that ranks as the 22nd-largest in the world by purchasing power parity (PPP), ranks as 18th in the world by gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity per capita (person), and 24th in nominal GDP of investment and foreign trade by the Republic of China (ROC) government, commonly referred to as Taiwan.
On the eve of the 1921 revolution, Mongolia had an underdeveloped, stagnant economy based on nomadic animal husbandry.
Eddie Ng Hak-kim GBS, JP (born c. 1953) is a former Secretary for Education in the Hong Kong Government.
Edgar Parks Snow (17 July 1905 – 15 February 1972) was an American journalist known for his books and articles on Communism in China and the Chinese Communist revolution.
Education in China is a state-run system of public education run by the Ministry of Education.
Education inequality in China exists on multiple levels, with significant disparities occurring along gender, geographical, and ethnic divides.
Edward Lydston Bliss (December 10, 1865 – January 22, 1960) was a medical missionary who worked in China from 1892 to 1932.
Egg on Mao: The Story of an Ordinary Man Who Defaced an Icon and Unmasked a Dictatorship is the third book by Chinese Canadian author Denise Chong.
Ehmetjan Qasimi (ئەخمەتجان قاسىمى) (احمد جان قاسمي) (15 April 1914–27 August 1949) was a Uyghur political leader in East Turkistan (Xinjiang) province of the Republic of China.
The Eight Great Eminent Officials, abbreviated as the Eight Elders, were a group of elderly members of the Communist Party of China who held substantial power during the 1980s and 1990s.
The Eight honors and Eight Shames also known as the Eight honors and Disgraces, is a set of moral concepts developed by former General Secretary Hu Jintao for the citizens of the People's Republic of China.
The Eight Musts are a policy set by the General Secretary Xi Jinping administration regarding the role of the Communist Party of China in Chinese society.
The eight-legged essay was a style of essay writing that needed to be used to pass the imperial examinations during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
The Eighth Route Army, officially known as the '''18th Army Group''' of the National Revolutionary Army of the Republic of China, was a group army under the command of the Chinese Communist Party, nominally within the structure of the Chinese military headed by the Chinese Nationalist Party during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
El Pueblo ('The People') was a revolutionary newspaper published in Nicaragua.
Elections in China are based on a hierarchical electoral system, whereby local People's Congresses are directly elected, and all higher levels of People's Congresses up to the National People's Congress, the national legislature, are indirectly elected by the People's Congress of the level immediately below.
Elections in Taiwan are held on national and local level.
Elizabeth Fisher Brewster (Chinese: 蒲星氏; 1862 - March 17, 1955) was an American Methodist missionary to China for 65 years, and was known in China as "the Shepherdess Mother of Hinghwa.".
Elsie Tu, GBM, CBE (née Hume;; 2 June 1913 – 8 December 2015), known as Elsie Elliott in her earlier life, was an English-born Hong Kong social activist, elected member of the Urban Council of Hong Kong from 1963 to 1995, and member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong from 1988 to 1995.
Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa (US:; born 15 September 1942) is a Zimbabwean politician serving as the third and current President of Zimbabwe since 24 November 2017.
The Encirclement Campaign against the Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi Soviet was a campaign launched by the Right-Guomindang Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy the communist Soviet in the Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi border region and its army.
The Encirclement Campaign against the Hunan-Jiangxi Soviet was a series of battles in the border region of Hunan and Jiangxi provinces initiated by the Chinese Kuomintang (Nationalist) Party / Government.
The Encirclement Campaign against the Northeastern Jiangxi Soviet was a campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government intended to destroy the communist Chinese Soviet Republic and its local military forces.
The Encirclement Campaign against Hunan-Hubei-Sichuan-Guizhou Soviet was a series of battles launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy communist Hunan-Hubei-Sichuan-Guizhou Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region.
The Encirclement Campaign against the Hunan-Western Hubei Soviet was an encirclement campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy the communist Hunan-Western Hubei Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region.
Encirclement Campaigns were the campaigns launched by forces of the Chinese Nationalist Government against forces of the Communist Party of China during the early stage of the Chinese Civil War.
As of, there are member states of the United Nations (UN), each of which is a member of the United Nations General Assembly.
Enshi is a county-level city in and the seat of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, in western Hubei province, People's Republic of China.
Entryism (also referred to as entrism or enterism, or as infiltration) is a political strategy in which an organisation or state encourages its members or supporters to join another, usually larger, organisation in an attempt to expand influence and expand their ideas and program.
Environmental issues in China are plentiful, severely affecting the country's biophysical environment and human health.
Epoch Times is a multi-language newspaper headquartered in New York City.
Eric Aarons (born 16 March 1919) is a member of the third of four generations of the Aarons family who played leading roles in the Communist Party of Australia (CPA).
Eric Chu Li-lun (born on 7 June 1961) is a Taiwanese politician and the incumbent Mayor of New Taipei.
Ethnic issues in China arise from Chinese history, nationalism, and other factors.
Eu Chooi Yip (1918 - 1995) was a prominent member of the anti-colonial and Communist movements in Malaya and Singapore in the 1950s and 60s.
The Eurasian Land Bridge (Yevraziyskiy sukhoputniy most), sometimes called the New Silk Road (Новый шёлковый путь, Noviy shyolkoviy put'), or Belt and Road Initiative is the rail transport route for moving freight and passengers overland between Pacific seaports in the Russian Far East and China and seaports in Europe.
Eva Sandberg (November 8, 1911 in Breslau - November 29, 2001 in Beijing) was a Jewish German photographer who took Soviet citizenship.
This article is concerned with the events that preceded World War II in Asia.
The expressway network of China, with the national-level expressway system officially known as the National Trunk Highway System (abbreviated as NTHS), is an integrated system of national and provincial-level expressways in China.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
Fake news websites (also referred to as hoax news websites) are Internet websites that deliberately publish fake news—hoaxes, propaganda, and disinformation purporting to be real news—often using social media to drive web traffic and amplify their effect.
Falun Gong or Falun Dafa (Standard Mandarin Chinese:; literally, "Dharma Wheel Practice" or "Law Wheel Practice") is a modern Chinese spiritual practice that combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy centered on the tenets of truthfulness, compassion, and forbearance.
Falun Gong, a qigong practice that combines meditation with the moral philosophy articulated by founder Li Hongzhi, first began spreading widely in China in 1992.
The family planning policy, which is based on the two-child policy and the one-child policy, is a population planning policy of China.
Fan Bingbing (born 16 September 1981) is a Chinese actress, model, television producer, and pop singer.
Fàn Changjiang (6 October 1909 – 23 October 1970), born Fan Xitian (范希天), was a Chinese journalist and writer.
Fan Changlong (born 1947) is a general in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China.
Fan Changmi (born June 1955) is a former lieutenant-general of the People's Liberation Army of China.
Fan Xiaojun (born 1956) is a lieutenant general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF).
Fang Binxing (born July 1960 in Harbin, China)) was the Principal of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications. He is a Chinese Communist Party Member. He is also known for his substantial contribution to China's Internet censorship infrastructure, and has been dubbed "Father of China's Great Fire Wall".
Fang Chengguo (14 December 1943 – 27 January 2009) was a Chinese senior banker, governor/president of the Bank of Communications, and vice-president of the Agricultural Bank of China.
Fang Dianrong (born 1949) is a retired lieutenant general (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) of China.
Fang Fenghui (born April 1951) is a former top general in the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA).
Fang Lizhi (February 12, 1936 – April 6, 2012) was a Chinese astrophysicist, vice-president of the University of Science and Technology of China, and activist whose liberal ideas inspired the pro-democracy student movement of 1986–87 and, finally, the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Fang Wenping (born October 1950) is a general in the People's Liberation Army of China.
Fang Xiping (born October 1958) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Anhui province.
Fang Yi (26 February 1916 – 17 October 1997) was a Chinese Communist revolutionary, diplomat, and high-ranking politician.
Fang Zheng (born October 14, 1966 in Hefei City, Anhui) is a former student protester who was seriously injured during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Fang Zhenwu (1885 – December 1941) was a Chinese military officer in the early 20th century.
Fang Zhichun (September 11, 1905 – July 31, 1993) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Fang Zhimin (Wades-Giles: Fang Chih Min; August 21, 1899 – August 6, 1935) was a Chinese communist military and political leader.
Fang Zhongru (1901–1983) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Fang Ziyi (1917 – 17 March 2015) was a major general in the People's Liberation Army Air Force of China.
Fangcun District was a former district in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
Fanshen: A Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village is a book by William H. Hinton published in 1966 that describes the land-reform campaign during the Chinese Civil War conducted from 1945 to 1948 by the Chinese Communist Party in "Long Bow Village" (the name used in the book for Lucheng Village, Shanxi).
Far Away Love, also translated as Love of Far Away and Remote Love, is a 1947 Chinese film directed by Chen Liting.
Far-left politics in the United Kingdom have existed since at least the late 19th century, with the formation of various organisations following ideologies such as revolutionary socialism, anarchism and syndicalism.
The Farmers Bank of China was a former Taiwanese bank.
The following events occurred in February 1967.
The February 28 Incident or the February 28 Massacre, also known as the 2.28 Incident (from), was an anti-government uprising in Taiwan that was violently suppressed by the Kuomintang-led Republic of China government, which killed thousands of civilians beginning on 28 February 1947.
The February Countercurrent, also known as the February Adverse Current, refers to the joint efforts by a group of Communist Party veterans to oppose the ultra-leftist radicalism at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
Chinese federalism refers to political theories which argue that China's central government should share sovereignty with regional entities, under a form of federalism.
Federation for a Democratic China (FDC) is a political group that advocates the democratization of China through opposition of the Communist Party of China and the support of human rights.
Fei Mu (1906–1951) was a major Chinese film director of the pre-Communist era.
Fei Xiaotong or Fei Hsiao-Tung (November 2, 1910 – April 24, 2005) was a pioneering Chinese researcher and professor of sociology and anthropology; he was also noted for his studies in the study of China's ethnic groups as well as a social activist.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Feng Danyu (born 1962) is a rear admiral (shaojiang) in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).
Feng Jixin (1915–2005) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Feng Lixiang (born August 1957) is a Chinese politician from Shanxi province who served as the Communist Party Secretary of Datong from 2008 to 2014.
Feng Xinzhu (born July 1960) is a former Chinese politician who served as Vice Governor of Shaanxi.
Feng Yidai (1913 – 23 February 2005) was a Chinese author, editor, and translator.
Feng Zikai (November 9, 1898 – September 15, 1975) was an influential Chinese painter, pioneering ''manhua'' (漫画) artist, essayist, and lay Buddhist of twentieth century China.
Fengshun (postal: Fungshun or Pungshan) is a county in Meizhou City, in the east of Guangdong Province, southern China.
Fenqing, or "FQ" (abbreviation), which is itself an abbreviation for Fennu Qingnian, means literally "angry youth".
Feudal fascism, also revolutionary-feudal totalitarianism, were official terms used by the post-Mao Zedong Communist Party of China to designate the ideology and rule of the Gang of Four during the Cultural Revolution.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban communist revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
The Fifth Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet was a series of battles fought during the Chinese Civil War from 25 September 1933, to October 1934 between Chiang Kai-shek's Kuomintang (nationalist) and the Chinese communists.
The Fifth Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet was an encirclement campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy the communist Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region.
Fight for Nanjing, Shanghai and Hangzhou, also known as Great Battle in Ning Hu Hang, is a 1999 Chinese epic war film directed by He Xiaojiang and Shi Wei and written by Lu Zhuguo, and starring Gu Yue, Sun Feihu, Liu Xitian, Xie Weicai, Sun Weimin, and Lu Qi.
In the Philippines, Filipino mestizo, or colloquially tisoy, are people of mixed Filipino and any foreign ancestry.
Film censorship in China involves the banning of local and international films deemed unsuitable for release or the editing of such films to remove objected content by the governments in both Republic of China (ROC) and People's Republic of China (PRC).
Fire and Rain is a 1964 Taiwanese novel by romance novelist Chiung Yao.
The First Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Shaanxi Soviet was a campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government intended to destroy Communist Party of China's Hubei-Henan-Shaanxi Soviet and its local Red Army.
The First Encirclement Campaign against the Honghu Soviet was an encirclement campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy the communist Honghu Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region.
The First Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet was an encirclement campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy communist Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region.
The First Encirclement Campaign against the Shaanxi-Gansu Soviet was an encirclement campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy the communist Shaanxi-Gansu Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region.
The First Field Army of the Chinese Communist Party was a Communist military formation in the last stages of the Chinese Civil War (1949–1950).
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on 19 December 1946, and lasted until 20 July 1954.
The First National Government of New Zealand was the government of New Zealand from 1949 to 1957.
The First Taiwan Strait Crisis (also called the 1954–1955 Taiwan Strait Crisis, the Formosa Crisis, the Offshore Islands Crisis or the 1955 Taiwan Strait Crisis) was a brief armed conflict that took place between the governments of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC), which by then had fled and was based in Taiwan.
The First United Front, also known as the KMT–CPC Alliance, of the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC), was formed in 1923 as an alliance to end warlordism in China.
During the period of the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) in the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong identified groups that he considered enemies of the Revolution.
5 stresses, 4 beauties, 3 loves is a numbered policy in the People's Republic of China.
The Five Man Group (also known as the Group of Five) was an informal committee established in the People's Republic of China in early 1965 to explore the potential for a "cultural revolution" in China.
The Five Poisons (Chinese: 五毒; Pinyin: wǔ dú) can refer to an ancient Chinese set of poisonous or otherwise hazardous animals or five perceived threats the Communist Party of China sees for its rule over Mainland China.
The "Five Red Categories" (红五类) during China's Cultural Revolution (1966–76) were the social classes favoured by the Communist Party of China.
China's Five-Year Plans are a series of social and economic development initiatives.
The flag of China, also known as the Five-star Red Flag, is a red field charged in the canton (upper corner nearest the flagpole) with five golden stars.
The Flag of the Republic of China is a red flag with a navy blue canton bearing a white sun with twelve triangular rays.
The Tibetan flag, also known as the "snow lion flag" (gangs seng dar cha), is the national flag of Tibet, adopted by the 13th Dalai Lama in 1916.
Florentijn Hofman (16 April 1977) is a Dutch artist who creates playful urban installations like the ''Rubber Duck'' and the HippopoThames, a 2014 installation on the River Thames in London.
Flower Lane Church (Chinese: 花巷基督教堂; Pinyin: Huāxiàng Jīdū Jiàotáng; Foochow Romanized: Huă-háe̤ng Gĭ-dók Gáu-dòng) is a Christian church in Fuzhou, China.
Flowers of the Motherland is a 1955 Chinese black-and-white film, which was produced by Changchun Film Group Corporation.
The Forbidden City is a palace complex in central Beijing, China.
Force 136 was the general cover name for a branch of the British World War II organisation, the Special Operations Executive (SOE).
A forced abortion may occur when the perpetrator causes abortion by force, threat or coercion, or by taking advantage of woman's incapability to give her consent, or where she gives her consent under duress.
Forced Abortion Condemnation Act is a bill, introduced at the 105th United States Congress on September 29, 1997 by the Republican sponsor Tillie Fowler.
Forced conversion is adoption of a different religion or irreligion under duress.
Belize maintains 14 embassies to foreign countries, one consulate, and three missions to international organizations.
The foreign relations of the People's Republic of China (PRC), commonly known to most states as China, guides the way in which China interacts with foreign nations and expresses its political, economic and cultural strengths, weaknesses and values.
Pakistan is the second largest Muslim-majority country in terms of population (after Indonesia) and its status as a declared nuclear power, being the only Muslim majority nation to have that status, plays a part in its international role.
The foreign relations of the Russian Federation is the policy of the government of Russia by which it guides the interactions with other nations, their citizens and foreign organizations.
The foreign relations of the Republic of China (ROC), referred to by many states as Taiwan, are the relations between the Republic of China and other countries.
The Holy See, as distinct from the city-state of the Vatican City, over which the Holy See has "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction," has long been recognised as a subject of international law and as an active participant in international relations.
At the time of the founding of the Soviet Union (the USSR) in 1922, most governments internationally regarded the Soviet state as a pariah because of its advocacy of communism, and thus most states did not give it diplomatic recognition.
The Former French Mission Building is a declared monument located on Government Hill at 1, Battery Path, Central, Hong Kong.
The Former Residence of Zhang Xueliang is a museum about Zhang Xueliang in Wufeng Township, Hsinchu County, Taiwan.
The Former Residence of Zhou Enlai in Shanghai (Chinese:上海周恩来故居), or Zhougongguan (Chinese:周公馆) located at 73 (formerly 107) Sinan Road, Huangpu District, in the former French Concession area of Shanghai, China, near Fuxing Park to the northeast, was the residence of Zhou Enlai (1898–1976), the first Premier of the People's Republic of China from 1949 until his death.
Foshan, formerly romanized as Fatshan, is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong Province in southeastern China.
The Four Cardinal Principles were stated by Deng Xiaoping in 1979 and are the four issues for which debate was not allowed within the People's Republic of China.
Four Four West Village, or Forty-Four West Village (sometimes partly transliterated as SiSi West Village due to its vernacular name is) was a resident area in Taipei for the military personnel of the 44th Arsenal of Combined Logistics Command and their dependents, completed in June 1949.
The Four Ifs are a set of preconditions developed by Chen Shui-bian clarifying and tempering the stance of Taiwan's Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) regarding independence for the island.
The Fourteenth Air Force (14 AF; Air Forces Strategic) is a numbered air force of the United States Air Force Space Command (AFSPC).
The Fourth Army was a combat command of the National Revolutionary Army involved in the Northern Expedition of the Chinese Civil War.
The Fourth Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet was an encirclement campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy the communist Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region.
Fragrant Hills Park (Xiangshan Park) is an imperial garden at the foot of the Western Mountains in the Haidian District, in the northwestern part of Beijing, China.
Francis Yuan-hao Tien CBE, LLD, DSoSc, JP (1915–1992) was a Hong Kong entrepreneur and the unofficial member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong.
Francis Xavier Ford, M.M., was an American bishop of the Catholic Church and a Maryknoll missionary in China.
Francisco Sarrión (born ? – died 1996) was a Spanish-born Maoist, mostly known as the leader of a small, short lived Maoist sect in Sweden in 1968.
Francis Bagnall Bessac (pronounced bih-ZAK; January 13, 1922 – December 6, 2010) was an American anthropologist who spent much of his life teaching the subject at the University of Montana, where he was appointed to the faculty in 1965.
Frank Joseph Rawlinson (9 January 1871- 14 August 1937) born in Langham, Rutland County, England, was an American Protestant missionary to China from 1902 to 1937 known for his theologically liberal views, openness to Chinese culture, and support for Chinese nationalism.
Sir Franklin Charles Gimson (Chinese: 詹遜, 10 September 1890 – 13 February 1975) was a British colonial administrator, who served in Ceylon from 1914 to 1941, and later as Colonial Secretary of Hong Kong and Governor of Singapore.
Herbert Franz Schurmann (June 21, 1926 – August 20, 2010) was an American sociologist and historian who was best known for his research and writings about Communist China during the Cold War period.
A fraternal party is a political party officially affiliated with another, often larger or international, political party or governmental party, or several of them, notably when these share a political ideology.
The song "Frère Jacques" often appears in popular culture.
Father Frédéric-Vincent Lebbe (雷鳴遠) (1877-1940) was a Roman Catholic missionary to China whose advocacy led the pope to appoint the first native Chinese bishops.
Winifred Utley (January 23, 1898 – January 21, 1978), commonly known as Freda Utley, was an English scholar, political activist and best-selling author.
Frederick Carle Teiwes (born 1939) is an American-born Australian sinologist.
Frederick Wade "Fritz" Mote (June 2, 1922 – February 10, 2005), was an American Sinologist and a professor of History at Princeton University for nearly 50 years.
The Free area of the Republic of China is a term used by the government of the Republic of China (ROC) to refer to the territories under its actual control.
The term Free China, in the context of the Second Sino-Japanese War, refers to those areas of China not under the control of the Imperial Japanese Army or any of its puppet governments, such as Manchukuo, the Mengjiang government in Suiyuan and Chahar, or the Provisional Government of the Republic of China in Peiping (now Beijing).
Free Tibet is a non-profit, non-governmental organisation, founded in 1987 and based in London, England.
Freedom of movement, mobility rights, or the right to travel is a human rights concept encompassing the right of individuals to travel from place to place within the territory of a country,Jérémiee Gilbert, Nomadic Peoples and Human Rights (2014), p. 73: "Freedom of movement within a country encompasses both the right to travel freely within the territory of the State and the right to relocate oneself and to choose one's place of residence".
Freedom of religion in China is provided for in the Constitution of the People's Republic of China,Constitution of China, Chapter 2, Article 36.
Freedom of speech is the concept of the inherent human right to voice one's opinion publicly without fear of censorship or punishment.
Freegate is a software application developed by Dynamic Internet Technology (DIT) that enables internet users from mainland China, North Korea, Syria, Vietnam, Iran, United Arab Emirates, among others, to view websites blocked by their governments.
This is a general survey on the historical and modern presence of Freemasonry in countries located in Asia.
FreeWeibo (自由微博) is a website that monitors and makes available content from leading Chinese microblogging site Sina Weibo that has been censored and deleted by Chinese authorities under the Great Firewall.
From the Soil, first published in 1947, is a work by Fei Xiaotong, a pioneering Chinese sociologist and anthropologist.
Fu Ching “F.C.” Yen or sometimes Yan Fuqing was a prominent Chinese medical and public health pioneer, civil servant, and educator.
Fu Daqing, alias Fu Dajing, was a Chinese Communist propagandist, translator and organiser who worked for the Communist cause before his capture and execution by the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
Fu Dingyi (12 December 1877 – 3 May 1958) was a Chinese educator and scholar.
Fu Jen Catholic University (FJU, FJCU or Fu Jen) is a top private university in New Taipei, Taiwan.
Fu Qiutao (August 3, 1907 – August 25, 1981) was a People's Liberation Army senior general and a People's Republic of China politician.
Fu Quanyou (b. November 1930) is a general of the People's Republic of China.
Fu Szeto (1916–92) was the commander-in-chief of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Air Force and four-star general from 1974 to 1977, then chairman of the board of directors for China Airlines between 1977 and 1983.
Fu Tinggui (born August 1944) is a general of the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China.
Fu Xiaoguang (born February 1952) is a Chinese politician from Heilongjiang province.
Fu Yi (born November 1953) is a major general in the People's Liberation Army of China.
Fu Zhenghua (born March 1955) is a Chinese public security official.
Fu Zhihuan (born March 1938) is a politician of the People's Republic of China, and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Fu Zhong (23 June 1900 – 28 July 1989) was a general in the People's Liberation Army of the People's Republic of China from Sichuan.
Fu Zuoyi (June 2, 1895 − April 19, 1974) was a Chinese military leader.
(Foochow Romanized: Hók-ăng-chê; sometimes Fu An) is a county-level city of Ningde prefecture level city, in northeast Fujian province, PRC, some away from the provincial capital Fuzhou.
The Fujian People's Government (or spelt as the Fukien People's Government) is the common name for the People's Revolutionary Government of the Republic of China (1933–1934), also known as the Fujian People's Government (Chinese: 福建人民革命政府; pinyin: Fújiàn Rénmín Zhèngfǔ) as a short-lived anti-Kuomintang government in the Republic of China's Fujian Province.
Fujian, formerly romanized as Fukien or Fuchien (see other names below), is a streamlined province of the Republic of China (ROC).
The catalyst for the birth of the Pro-Democracy Movement was the death of Hu Yaobang on April 15, 1989.
Funing County is under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China.
Fushan County is a county in the municipal region of Linfen, in the south of Shanxi province, China.
Fushun (formerly romanised as Fouchouen, using French spelling, also as Fuxi (撫西)) is a prefecture level city in Liaoning province, China, about east of Shenyang, with a population of 2,138,090 inhabitants (2010 census) and a total area of, of which is the city proper.
Fushun Mining Group(FMG) is a large state-owned coal and oil shale company located in Fushun, Liaoning Province, China.
Fuxin is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Liaoning province, People's Republic of China.
() is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Anhui province, China.
() is a district under the jurisdiction of Hangzhou, the provincial capital of Zhejiang.
Fuzhou Tanka (Fuzhou dialect: 曲蹄; Foochow Romanized: Kuóh-dà̤; Simplified Chinese: 福州疍民 Hók-ciŭ Dáng-mìng; 江妹仔 Gĕ̤ng-muói-giāng; 曲蹄婆 Kuóh-dà̤-bò̤), or Fuzhou Boat People, is an ethnic group in Fujian, China.
Fuzhou, Fuzhou dialect (Timtonese): Fú-Diù, also named as Gandong, is a prefecture-level city in the northeastern part of Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China.
The Blessed Gabriele Allegra, O.F.M., (December 26, 1907 – January 26, 1976) was a Franciscan Friar and Biblical scholar.
Gai Ruyin (born March 1953) is a former Chinese official who spent most of his career in Liaoning and Heilongjiang.
Gan Siqi (May 1903 – February 1964), born as Jiang Fengwei, other name Jiang Bingkun, was a general of the People's Liberation Army of China.
The (Hangul: 간도 특설대／Gando Teugseoldae) was an independent battalion within the Manchukuo Imperial Army composed primarily of ethnic Koreans, tasked with suppressing anti-Japanese, anti-Manchukuo, and pro-communist militant groups in the border areas between northern Japanese occupied Korea and Manchukuo.
Gang Bing was a Chinese general and eunuch who served under the Yongle Emperor of the Ming dynasty.
The Gang of Four was a political faction composed of four Chinese Communist Party officials.
Gang of Four are an English post-punk group, formed in 1977 in Leeds.
A gangster is a criminal who is a member of a gang.
Gansu (Tibetan: ཀན་སུའུ་ Kan su'u) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northwest of the country.
The Gansu Provincial Museum is a museum in Lanzhou, China.
Ganxian District is a district in the municipal region of Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province.
Ganzhou, formerly romanized as Kanchow, is a prefecture-level city in southern Jiangxi, China, bordering Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, and Hunan to the west.
Gao Changli (born July 1937 in Yutai County, Jining, Shandong) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Gao Dezhan (born 1932) is a People's Republic of China politician.
Gao Gang (1905 – August 1954) was a Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leader during the Chinese Civil War and the early years of the People's Republic of China (PRC), before becoming the victim of the first major purge within the CCP since before 1949.
Gao Guangbin (born May 1963) is a Chinese politician, the current deputy Communist Party Secretary of Jilin province.
Gao Hucheng (born August 1951) is a retired Chinese politician and business executive.
Gao Jin (born April 1959) is a General (shang jiang) of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA).
Gunter Gao Jingde (also known as Ko King-tak) is a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) of the People's Republic of China.
Gao Jinsong (born August 1963) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Southwest China's Yunnan province.
Gao Junyu (October 22, 1896 – March 5, 1925) was a member of the 2nd Central Executive Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Gao Kang (Simplified Chinese: 高亢; Traditional Chinese: 高亢; Pinyin: Gāo Kàng) (born January 1957) is a politician of the People's Republic of China.
Gao Kelin (March 11, 1907 – June 18, 2001) original name Gao Wenmin, was a People's Republic of China politician.
Gao Qiang (born 1944) is a Chinese politician and a former minister and party secretary of the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China.
Gao Qinrong (born c. 1955) is a Chinese journalist who was imprisoned for eight years after reporting on a fraudulent irrigation project in his home province of Shanxi.
Gao Yang (1909–2009) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Gao Zhisheng (born 20 April 1964) is a Chinese human rights attorney and dissident known for defending activists and religious minorities and documenting human rights abuses in China.
Gaoji Causeway is a 2,212-meter-long causeway in Xiamen, Fujian, China.
Gaoyou-Shaobo Campaign was a campaign fought at the Gaoyou and the region between Gaoyou and Shaobo (邵伯) in Jiangsu, and it was a clash between the communists and the former nationalists turned Japanese puppet regime force who rejoined the nationalists after World War II, and their Japanese ally.
Garrison's Gorillas is an ABC TV series originally broadcast from 1967 to 1968; a total of 26 hour-long episodes were produced.
In its modern form, a gated community (or walled community) is a form of residential community or housing estate containing strictly controlled entrances for pedestrians, bicycles, and automobiles, and often characterized by a closed perimeter of walls and fences.
Ge Hongsheng (Chinese: 葛洪升; pinyin: Gě Hóngshēng; born 1931) is a politician of the People's Republic of China, and the former Governor of Zhejiang.
The Ge is an ethnic group in the People's Republic of China.
Ge Zhenfeng (born October 1944) is a retired general of China's People's Liberation Army.
Gedhun Choekyi Nyima is the 11th Panchen Lama of Tibetan Buddhism as announced by the Dalai Lama, but rejected by the search team led by Lobzang Gyeltsen Sengge Lama (生钦·洛桑坚赞).
The Gejia (Chinese: 家人 or 革家人; Hanyu pinyin: Géjiā Rén; also Gedou) is an ethnic group of Chinese found in Guizhou province, southwestern China.
Until 1978, China was a socialist planned economy that promoted gender equality.
Gene Lau (Chinese: 劉卓輝, Lau Cheuk Fai; born 1960) is a Cantopop lyricist.
A genealogy book or register is used in Asia and Europe to record the family history of ancestors.
The General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, often referred to as the Central Office (中办), is an office directly under the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in charge of the routine administrative affairs of the Central Committee and its Politburo.
General Secretary or First Secretary is the official title of leaders of most Communist political parties.
The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is head of the Communist Party of China and the highest-ranking official within the People's Republic of China.
Since both the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army promote according to seniority, it is possible to discern distinct generations of Chinese leadership.
Geng Biao (August 26, 1909 – June 23, 2000) was a senior official in the Communist Party of China (CPC) and a leader in Chinese politics, foreign relations and military.
Geng Shuang (born April 1973) is a Chinese politician currently serving as deputy director of the Foreign Ministry Information Department of the People's Republic of China.
George Carleton Lacy (Chinese: 力宣德; Pinyin: Lì Xuāndé; Foochow Romanized: Lĭk Sŏng-dáik; December 28, 1888 - December 11, 1951) was an American Methodist missionary and the last Methodist Bishop in Mainland China.
George Babcock Cressey (December 15, 1896 – October 21, 1963) was an American geographer, author, and academic.
George Hardy (26 July 1884 – 4 May 1966) was an English communist.
George Aylwin Hogg (26 January 1915 – 22 July 1945) was a British adventurer.
George Catlett Marshall Jr. (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American statesman and soldier.
Ghost Fleet is a 2015 techno-thriller by P. W. Singer and August Cole.
"Give me liberty, or give me death!" is a quotation attributed to Patrick Henry from a speech he made to the Second Virginia Convention on March 23, 1775, at St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia.
The Global Times is a daily Chinese tabloid newspaper under the auspices of the People's Daily newspaper, focusing on international issues from China's perspective.
The study of the impact of globalization on women in China examines the role and status of Chinese women relative to the political and cultural changes that have taken place in the 20th century as a consequence of globalization.
Globalization in China discusses the history of globalization in China; including the economic, social, cultural influences that have been integrated into Chinese society.
Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent.
The Golden Shield Project, also named National Public Security Work Informational Project, is the Chinese nationwide network-security fundamental constructional project by the e-government of the People's Republic of China.
Goldfinger is a 1964 British spy film and the third installment in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, starring Sean Connery as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond.
Golf in China is a growing industry, with numerous golf courses being established, especially in the province of Hainan.
Gombo Namgye (17991865), also known as Bulungwa (literally 'Blind Man'), was a Tibetan rebel leader from Nyarong who unified Nyarong, then all of Kham in a series of campaigns from the 1840s to the 1860s and warred against the Qing Dynasty and the Ganden Phodrang.
Gong Peng (October 1914 – September 20, 1970), born Gong Cisheng and also known as Gong Weihang, was a Chinese wartime spokeswoman for the Chinese Communist Party.
Gong Qinggai (born June 1958) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in southwest China's Fujian province.
Gong Weiguo (born August 1972) is a Chinese politician who spent most of his career in south China's Hunan province.
Gong Zheng (born March 1960) is a Chinese politician who serves as Governor and Deputy Communist Party Secretary of Shandong Province.
Gong'an County is a county in southern Hubei province, People's Republic of China, bordering Hunan to the south.
Gongzhutun Campaign was a series of battles fought in the regions of Gongzhutun (Princess Village) in Northeast China between the nationalists and the communists during the Chinese Civil War in the post-World War II era and resulted in communist victory.
Google China is a subsidiary of Google.
The central government of the People's Republic of China is divided among several state organs.
The Government of the Republic of China was formally established in 1912 in Nanking, with Sun Yat-sen as President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of China under the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.
A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.
The Grand Alliance for China's Reunification under the Three Principles of the People is a pro-Kuomintang political association in the Republic of China (Taiwan), dedicated to the reunification of the Chinese mainland with Taiwan.
The Great Firewall of China (abbreviated to GFW) is the combination of legislative actions and technologies enforced by the People's Republic of China to regulate the Internet domestically.
The Great Hall of the People is a state building located at the western edge of Tiananmen Square in Beijing.
Great Leap Brewing operates three brewpubs in Beijing, two in the Dongcheng District and one in the Sanlitun neighborhood of the Chaoyang District.
The Great Leap Forward of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign by the Communist Party of China (CPC) from 1958 to 1962.
The Great World is an amusement arcade and entertainment complex located in Shanghai, China.
The Greater Shanghai Plan was a 1927 plan for the city of Shanghai, China, drawn up by the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China in Nanking.
The Green Gang was a Chinese secret society and criminal organization, which was prominent in criminal, social and political activity in Shanghai during the early to mid 20th century.
Grigori Naumovich Voitinsky, born Zarkhin (1893-1953) A Bolshevik Comintern Official.
Gu Chunli (born July 1957) is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in Northeast China's Liaoning province.
Gu Jinchi (February 1932 – March 17, 2009) was a People's Republic of China politician.
Gu Leguan (January 1935-2001) was a Chinese physicist and educator.
Gu Mu (September 1914 – November 6, 2009) was a Chinese revolutionary figure and politician, who served as the Vice-Premier of the People's Republic of China between 1975 and 1982.
Gu Shiwen (born May 1944) is a Chinese educator and physicist.
Gu Shunzhang (1903－1934), also known as Gu Fengming, born in Baoshan, Shanghai, was a leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Gu Wengen (born November 1946) is a retired vice-admiral (zhong jiang) of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China.
Gu Xiulian (born December 1936) is a retired Chinese politician who was the first female provincial governor in the People's Republic of China.
Gu Yi, also known as Sulaiman, is a Chinese student dissident and human rights activist.
Guan Guangfu (December 1931 – 16 April 2016) was a Chinese politician of Manchu ethnicity.
Guan Linzheng (1905–1980) was a highly successful Chinese general in the Kuomintang who fought against both the Communists and the Imperial Japanese Army, and was a recipient of Order of Blue Sky and White Sun, the highest honor for a Chinese Nationalist commander.
Guan Youfei (born 1957) is a rear admiral (shao jiang) of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China.
Guang Weiran (1 November 1913 – 28 January 2002), birth name Zhang Guangnian, was a Chinese poet and military leader.