243 relations: Abstinence, Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition, Acts of the 88th Minnesota Legislature, AL-LAD, Alpha-Ethyltryptamine, Alpha-Methylserotonin, American Veterinary Medical Association, Amfepramone, Amir Mansour, Anabolic steroid, Androgen prohormone, Androstanolone, Androstenedione, Aviation Drug-Trafficking Control Act of 1984, Ayahuasca, Benocyclidine, Benzylpiperazine, Bicalutamide, Boldenone undecylenate, Buprenorphine, California elections, 2000, Cannabidiol, Cathine, Chain of custody, Charlo Greene, Chemical endangerment, Chloral hydrate, Christopher William Smith, Clandestine chemistry, Codeine-N-oxide, Commercial driver's license, Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002, Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act of 1996, Controlled Drug in the United Kingdom, Criminal records in the United States, Cypenamine, DEA number, Dean Faiello, Death of Edith Rodriguez, Derek Boogaard, Designer Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2014, Designer drug, Dexanabinol, Dextroamphetamine, Dextrorphan, Dibenzylpiperazine, Diisopropyltryptamine, Dimethoxyamphetamine, Dipropyltryptamine, ..., Diversion Investigator, Dopamine reuptake inhibitor, Doping at the 1998 Tour de France, Doug LaMalfa, Drostanolone, Drostanolone propionate, Drug diversion, Drug liberalization, Drug policy of California, Drug policy of Maryland, Drug policy of Michigan, Drug policy of Oregon, Drug policy of Virginia, Drug Trafficking Safe Harbor Elimination Act, Drugs and Organised Crime Bureau, Dylann Roof, Ecgonine, El DeBarge, Electronic prescribing, Electronic Prescriptions for Controlled Substances, Ergogenic use of anabolic steroids, Ethylestrenol, Federal Analogue Act, Federal Correctional Institution, Bastrop, Felony murder rule (Alaska), Felony murder rule (Arkansas), Fenproporex, Fetal rights, Firearm Owners Protection Act, Fluoxymesterone, Forensic metrology, Forensic science, Gabapentinoid, Gatewood Galbraith, Gnetophyta, Growth hormone, H. Hugh Fudenberg, Halazepam, HGH controversies, HU-210, HU-243, HU-308, HU-331, I learned it by watching you!, Idaho State Police, Immigration and Naturalization Service v. St. Cyr, Index of law articles, Isomethadone, Jack Kevorkian, Jae Millz, JamesOn Curry, John Michael Montgomery, Jury selection in the United States, Ketamine, Kevin Ellison (American football), Khat, King (T.I. album), Knowles v. Iowa, Kurt Schrader, Legal monopoly, Legal status of Salvia divinorum in the United States, Levorphanol, List of bills in the 113th United States Congress, List of designer drugs, List of drugs known for off-label use, List of Major League Baseball players suspended for performance-enhancing drugs, Machine olfaction, Mallinckrodt, Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 2, Manila Metro Rail Transit System, Maryland State Police, McFadden v. United States, Medical prescription, Medication, Mestanolone, Mesterolone, Meta-Chlorophenylpiperazine, Metandienone, Metenolone, Metenolone acetate, Metenolone enanthate, Methiopropamine, Methoxetamine, Methylecgonidine, Methylenedioxypyrovalerone, Methylepitiostanol, Methylhydroxynandrolone, Methylphenidate, Methyltestosterone, Midazolam, Minnesota Advanced Practice Registered Nursing, Mitchell Report, Mitragyna speciosa, Monoamine reuptake inhibitor, Murder of Brian Stidham, Murder of Hailey Owens, N-Methylserotonin, Nalbuphine, Naloxone, Nandrolone, Nandrolone decanoate, Nandrolone phenylpropionate, National Anti-Narcotics Agency (Indonesia), Noracymethadol, Norethandrolone, Norpipanone, Officer Down Memorial Page, Ohio v. Robinette, Online pharmacy, Opioid, Opioid epidemic, Opioid overdose, Outline of forensic science, Oxandrolone, Oxycodone/aspirin, Oxymetholone, Para-Methoxy-N-methylamphetamine, Para-Methoxyphenylpiperazine, Pennsylvania Mock Trial Competition, Perampanel, Pharmacy, Phendimetrazine, Phenibut, Phentermine, Phenyltoloxamine, Physician assistant, Pluto Water, Political positions of Donald Trump, Pregabalin, Prescription drug, Propofol, Public policy limitation on deduction for business expenses, Recreational drug use, Reducing Americans' Vulnerability to Ecstasy Act, Richard Quest, Robert Chambers (criminal), Robert E. Jones (judge), Salvinorin A, Second Chance for Ex-Offenders Act of 2009, Selegiline, Shannon Charles Thomas, Shep Ginandes, Sibutramine, Sick bay, Smoking, Social desirability bias, Social policy of Donald Trump, Stanozolol, Stimulant, Structuring, Substance control, Suvorexant, Ted Yoho, Terrence Kiel, Terry Tenette, Testosterone (medication), Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone propionate, Testosterone undecanoate, Teva Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients, Third-degree murder, Tianeptine, Tibolone, Tiletamine, Tor (anonymity network), Tramadol, Travel Act, Trenbolone acetate, Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine, Tyramine, United States Federal Sentencing Guidelines, Urban Legend (album), Veterinary Medicine Mobility Act of 2014, W-18, Willy Voet, Zurich (film), 19-Nor-5-androstenediol, 19-Nor-5-androstenedione, 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-chloroamphetamine, 2005 term per curiam opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States, 2014 NFL season, 2014 term United States Supreme Court opinions of Samuel Alito, 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine, 3,4-Methylenedioxypropiophenone, 4-Fluoromethamphetamine, 4-HO-DiPT, 4-Methylaminorex, 5,N,N-TMT, 5-Androstenedione, 5-MeO-DALT, 5-MeO-DMT, 5-MeO-MiPT. Expand index (193 more) » « Shrink index
Abstinence is a self-enforced restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure.
Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition (ARD) is a special pre-trial intervention program in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, United States for non-violent offenders with no prior or limited record.
The acts of the 88th Minnesota Legislature includes all acts by the 88th Minnesota Legislature, which lasts from January 8, 2013 to January 5, 2015.
AL-LAD, also known as 6-allyl-6-nor-LSD, is a psychedelic drug and an analog of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).
α-Ethyltryptamine (αET, AET), also known as etryptamine (INN, BAN, USAN), is a psychedelic, stimulant, and entactogenic drug of the tryptamine class.
α-Methylserotonin (αMS), also known as α-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine (α-methyl-5-HT) or 5-hydroxy-α-methyltryptamine (5-HO-αMT), is a tryptamine derivative closely related to the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT).
The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), founded in 1863, is a not-for-profit association representing more than 91,000 U.S. veterinarians working in private and corporate practice, government, industry, academia, and uniformed services.
Amfepramone is a stimulant drug of the phenethylamine, amphetamine, and cathinone classes that is used as an appetite suppressant.
Amir Mansour (born Lavern Moorer; July 25, 1972) is an American professional boxer who fights at heavyweight.
Anabolic steroids, also known more properly as anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS), are steroidal androgens that include natural androgens like testosterone as well as synthetic androgens that are structurally related and have similar effects to testosterone.
An androgen prohormone, or proandrogen, is a prohormone (or prodrug) of an anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS).
Androstanolone, or stanolone, also known as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and sold under the brand name Andractim among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication and hormone which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.
Androstenedione, or 4-androstenedione (abbreviated as A4 or Δ4-dione), also known as androst-4-ene-3,17-dione, is an endogenous weak androgen steroid hormone and intermediate in the biosynthesis of estrone and of testosterone from dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).
Aviation Drug-Trafficking Control Act of 1984 is a United States Federal law amending the Federal Aviation Act of 1958.
Ayahuasca, iowaska, or yagé, is an entheogenic brew made out of Banisteriopsis caapi vine and other ingredients.
Benocyclidine, also known as benzothiophenylcyclohexylpiperidine (BTCP), is a psychoactive recreational drug of the arylcyclohexylamine class which is related to phencyclidine (PCP).
Benzylpiperazine (BZP) is a recreational drug with euphoriant and stimulant properties. The effects produced by BZP are comparable to those produced by amphetamine. Adverse effects have been reported following its use including acute psychosis, renal toxicity and seizures. No deaths have been reported following a sole ingestion of BZP, although there have been at least two deaths from the combination of BZP and MDMA. Its sale is banned in several countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United States, the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom, Bulgaria, Romania and other parts of Europe.
Bicalutamide, sold under the brand name Casodex among others, is an antiandrogen medication that is primarily used to treat prostate cancer.
Boldenone undecylenate, or boldenone undecenoate, sold under the brand names Equipoise and Parenabol among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in veterinary medicine, mainly in horses.
Buprenorphine, sold under the brand name Subutex, among others, is an opioid used to treat opioid addiction, acute pain, and chronic pain.
California's state elections were held November 7, 2000.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring cannabinoid constituent of cannabis.
Cathine, also known as -norpseudoephedrine and (+)-norpseudoephedrine, is a psychoactive drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes which acts as a stimulant.
Chain of custody (CoC), in legal contexts, refers to the chronological documentation or paper trail that records the sequence of custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of physical or electronic evidence.
Charlo Greene (born Charlene Egbe) is an American businesswoman and former reporter/anchor for KTVA television in Anchorage, Alaska.
Chemical endangerment is the crime of exposing a child to a controlled substance or an environment in which it is produced.
Chloral hydrate is a geminal diol with the formula C2H3Cl3O2.
Christopher William Smith ("Rizler") (born January 28, 1980) was a prolific e-mail spammer, and sold drugs online from his illegal Xpress Pharmacy Direct in Burnsville, Minnesota, United States.
Clandestine chemistry is chemistry carried out in secret, and particularly in illegal drug laboratories.
Codeine-N-oxide (genocodeine) is an active metabolite of codeine.
A commercial driver's license is a driver's license required to operate large or heavy vehicles.
The Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 or Republic Act No.
The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970,, is a United States federal law that, with subsequent modifications, requires the pharmaceutical industry to maintain physical security and strict record keeping for certain types of drugs.
The Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act of 1996 is a bill (S. 1965) enacted into law (PL 104-237) by the 104th Congress of the United States.
The United Kingdom Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 aimed to control the possession and supply of numerous listed drugs and drug-like substances as a controlled substance.
Criminal records in the United States contain records of arrests, criminal charges and the disposition of those charges.
Cypenamine (INN, BAN), or cypenamine hydrochloride (USAN), also known as 2-phenylcyclopentylamine, is a psychostimulant drug which was developed by a group at the William S. Merrell Chemical Company in the 1940s.
A DEA number (DEA Registration Number) is an identifier assigned to a health care provider (such as a physician, optometrist, dentist, or veterinarian) by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration allowing them to write prescriptions for controlled substances.
Dean Faiello (born August 31, 1959) is an American criminal currently imprisoned at Attica Correctional Facility after being found responsible for the April 2003 death of Maria Cruz, to whom he had represented himself as a dermatologist.
Edith Isabel Rodriguez (February 1, 1964 – May 9, 2007) was a woman who died of gastrointestinal perforation at the Martin Luther King Jr.-Harbor Hospital (King-Harbor) in unincorporated Los Angeles County, California, United States, after being refused treatment by hospital staff.
Derek Leendert Boogaard (later; June 23, 1982 – May 13, 2011) was a Canadian professional ice hockey left winger who played for the Minnesota Wild and the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL).
The Designer Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2014 is a bill that expanded the list of anabolic steroids regulated by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to include about two dozen new substances and established new crimes relating to false labeling of steroids.
A designer drug is a structural or functional analog of a controlled substance that has been designed to mimic the pharmacological effects of the original drug, while avoiding classification as illegal and/or detection in standard drug tests.
Dexanabinol (HU-211 or ETS2101) is a synthetic cannabinoid derivative in development by e-Therapeutics plc.
Dextroamphetamine is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant and amphetamine enantiomer that is prescribed for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
Dextrorphan (DXO) is a psychoactive drug of the morphinan class which acts as an antitussive or cough suppressant and dissociative hallucinogen.
Dibenzylpiperazine (DBZP) is a piperazine derivative often found as an impurity in the recreational stimulant drug benzylpiperazine (BZP).
Diisopropyltryptamine (also known as N,N-diisopropyltryptamine or DiPT) is a psychedelic hallucinogenic drug of the tryptamine family that has a unique effect.
DMA, or dimethoxyamphetamine, is a series of six lesser-known psychedelic drugs similar in structure to the three isomers of Methoxyamphetamine and six isomers of trimethoxyamphetamine.
N,N-Dipropyltryptamine (DPT, also known as "The Light") is a psychedelic drug belonging to the tryptamine family, first reported in 1973.
Diversion Investigator (DI) is the title of a specialist position within the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) of the United States Department of Justice.
A dopamine reuptake inhibitor (DRI) is a class of drug which acts as a reuptake inhibitor of the monoamine neurotransmitter dopamine by blocking the action of the dopamine transporter (DAT).
The year in which the 1998 Tour de France took place marked the moment when cycling was fundamentally shattered by doping revelations.
Douglas L. LaMalfa (born July 2, 1960) is an American politician.
Drostanolone, or dromostanolone, is an anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) of the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) group which was never marketed.
Drostanolone propionate, or dromostanolone propionate, sold under the brand names Drolban, Masteril, and Masteron among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which was used to treat breast cancer in women but is now no longer marketed.
Drug diversion is a medical and legal concept involving the transfer of any legally prescribed controlled substance from the individual for whom it was prescribed to another person for any illicit use.
Drug liberalization is the process of eliminating or reducing drug prohibition laws.
Drug policy of California refers to the policy on various classes and kinds of drugs in the U.S. state of California.
The U.S. state of Maryland has various policies restricting the production, sale, and use of different substances.
The U.S. state of Michigan has various policies restricting the production, sale, and use of different controlled substances.
The U.S. state of Oregon has various policies restricting the production, sale, and use of different substances.
The U.S. state of Virginia has various policies restricting the production, sale, and use of several defined controlled substance.
Drug Trafficking is a global issue.
The Garda National Drugs and Organised Crime Bureau (DOCB) is a specialist national unit within the Garda Síochána, Ireland's national police service, responsible for proactively targeting and investigating drug trafficking and serious organised crime both within Ireland and outside the jurisdiction.
Dylann Storm Roof (born April 3, 1994) is an American white supremacist and mass murderer convicted for perpetrating the Charleston church shooting on June 17, 2015.
Ecgonine (tropane derivative) is a tropane alkaloid found naturally in coca leaves.
Eldra Patrick "El" DeBarge (born June 4, 1961) is an American Grammy-nominated singer-songwriter, producer and musician.
Electronic prescribing (e-prescribing or e-Rx) is the computer-based electronic generation, transmission, and filling of a medical prescription, taking the place of paper and faxed prescriptions.
Electronic Prescriptions for Controlled Substances (EPCS) was originally a proposal for the DEA to revise its regulations to provide practitioners with the option of writing electronic prescriptions for controlled substances.
Since their discovery, anabolic steroids (AAS) have been widely used as performance-enhancing drugs to improve performance in sports, to improve one's physical appearance, as self-medication to recover from injury, and as an anti-aging aid.
Ethylestrenol, also known as ethyloestrenol or ethylnandrol and sold under the brand names Maxibolin and Orabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which has been used in the past for a variety of indications such as to promote weight gain and to treat anemia and osteoporosis but has been discontinued for use in humans.
The Federal Analogue Act,, is a section of the United States Controlled Substances Act passed in 1986 which allowed any chemical "substantially similar" to a controlled substance listed in Schedule I or II to be treated as if it were also listed in those schedules, but only if intended for human consumption.
The Federal Correctional Institution, Bastrop (FCI Bastrop) is a low-security United States federal prison for male inmates in Texas.
In the state of Alaska, the common law felony murder rule is codified in Alaska Statutes § 11.41.100(a).
In the state of Arkansas, the felony murder rule is defined as a death that is caused "in the course of", "in the furtherance of" or "in the immediate flight" of a felony.
Fenproporex (Perphoxene) is a stimulant drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes which was developed in the 1960s.
Fetal rights are the moral rights or legal rights of the human fetus under natural and civil law.
The Firearm Owners' Protection Act of 1986 (FOPA) is a United States federal law that revised many provisions of the Gun Control Act of 1968.
Fluoxymesterone, sold under the brand names Halotestin and Ultandren among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men, delayed puberty in boys, breast cancer in women, and anemia. It is taken by mouth. Side effects of fluoxymesterone include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire. It can also cause liver damage and cardiovascular side effects like high blood pressure. The drug is a synthetic androgen and anabolic steroid and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It has strong androgenic effects and moderate anabolic effects, which make it useful for producing masculinization. Fluoxymesterone was first described in 1956 and was introduced for medical use in 1957. In addition to its medical use, fluoxymesterone is used to improve physique and performance. The drug is a controlled substance in many countries and so non-medical use is generally illicit.
Forensic metrology is metrology, the science of measurement, as it applies to forensic sciences.
Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.
Gabapentinoids, also known as α2δ ligands, are a class of drugs that are derivatives of the inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (i.e., GABA analogues) which block α2δ subunit-containing voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs).
Louis Gatewood Galbraith (January 23, 1947 – January 4, 2012) was an American author and attorney from the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky.
Gnetophyta is a division of plants, grouped within the gymnosperms (which also includes conifers, cycads, and ginkgos), that consists of some 70 species across the three relict genera: Gnetum (family Gnetaceae), Welwitschia (family Welwitschiaceae), and Ephedra (family Ephedraceae).
Growth hormone (GH), also known as somatotropin (or as human growth hormone in its human form), is a peptide hormone that stimulates growth, cell reproduction, and cell regeneration in humans and other animals.
Herman Hugh Fudenberg (October 24, 1928March 15, 2014) was a retired clinical immunologist who ran the Neuro Immuno Therapeutics Research Foundation (NITRF) in Spartanburg, South Carolina.
Halazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative that was marketed under the brand names Paxipam in the United States, Alapryl in Spain, and Pacinone in Portugal.
Controversies regarding the use of human growth hormone (HGH) as treatment method have centered on the claims, products, and businesses related to the use of growth hormone as an anti-aging therapy.
HU-210 is a synthetic cannabinoid that was first synthesized in 1988 from (1R,5S)-myrtenol by a group led by Professor Raphael Mechoulam at the Hebrew University.
HU-243 (AM-4056) is a synthetic cannabinoid drug that is a single enantiomer of the hydrogenated derivative of the commonly used reference agonist HU-210.
HU-308 is a drug that acts as a cannabinoid agonist.
HU-331 is a quinone anticarcinogenic drug synthesized from cannabidiol, a cannabinoid in the Cannabis sativa plant.
"Like Father, Like Son" also known as I learned it by watching you! was a large-scale United States anti-narcotics campaign by Partnership for a Drug-Free America.
The Idaho State Police (ISP) is the statewide law enforcement agency for the State of Idaho.
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. St.
This collection of lists of law topics collects the names of topics related to law.
Isomethadone (INN, BAN; Liden), also known as isoamidone, is a synthetic opioid analgesic and antitussive related to methadone that was used formerly as a pharmaceutical drug but is now no longer marketed.
Jacob "Jack" Kevorkian (May 26, 1928 – June 3, 2011) was an American pathologist and euthanasia proponent.
Jarvis Mills (born September 11, 1983), better known by his stage name Jae Millz, is an American rapper from Harlem, New York, who was signed to Lil Wayne's record label Young Money Entertainment and Cash Money Records.
Jameson Curry (born January 7, 1986) is an American professional basketball player.
John Michael Montgomery (born January 20, 1965) is an American country music singer.
Jury selection in the United States is the choosing of members of grand juries and petit juries for the purpose of conducting trial by jury in the United States.
Ketamine, sold under the brand name Ketalar among others, is a medication mainly used for starting and maintaining anesthesia.
Kevin Marcus Ellison (born January 8, 1987 in Inglewood, California) is a former American football safety who last played for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League.
Khat or qat (Catha edulis, qat from القات) is a flowering plant native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula.
King is the fourth studio album by American rapper T.I., released on March 28, 2006 through Grand Hustle Records and Atlantic Records.
Knowles v. Iowa, 525 U.S. 113 (1998), was a decision by the United States Supreme Court which ruled that the Fourth Amendment prohibits a police officer from further searching a vehicle which was stopped for a minor traffic offense once the officer has written a citation for the offense.
Walter Kurt Schrader (born October 19, 1951) is an American politician who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2009.
A legal monopoly, statutory monopoly, or de jure monopoly is a monopoly that is protected by law from competition.
The legal status of Salvia divinorum in the United States varies, with 29 states (and the territory of Guam) having completely banned it and others considering proposals for banning its use.
Levorphanol (INN; brand name Levo-Dromoran) is an opioid medication used to treat moderate to severe pain.
The bills of the 113th United States Congress list includes proposed federal laws that were introduced in the 113th United States Congress.
Designer drugs are structural or functional analogues of controlled substances that are designed to mimic the pharmacological effects of the parent drug while avoiding detection or classification as illegal.
Drugs become known for off-label use when publications begin discussing how they can be used for off-label treatment of medical conditions.
In January 2004, Major League Baseball announced a new drug policy which originally included random, offseason testing and 10-day suspensions for first-time offenders, 30-days for second-time offenders, 60-days for third-time offenders, and one year for fourth-time offenders, all without pay, in an effort to curtail performance-enhancing drug use (PED) in professional baseball.
Machine olfaction is the automated simulation of the sense of smell.
Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, based in Staines-upon-Thames, England, with its U.S. headquarters in St. Louis, Missouri, produces specialty pharmaceutical products, including generic drugs and imaging agents.
The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 2, also known as LRT Line 2, LRT-2, or Megatren, is a rapid transit line in Metro Manila in the Philippines, generally running in an east-west direction along the Radial Road 6 and a portion of the Circumferential Road 1.
The Manila Metro Rail Transit System also known as the MRT Line 3, MRT-3 or Metrostar Express is a rapid transit system of Metro Manila, Philippines.
The Maryland State Police (MDSP), officially the Department of Maryland State Police (MSP), is the official state police force of the U.S. state of Maryland.
McFadden v. United States,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that section 841 of the Controlled Substances Act requires the government to prove that to be in criminal violation, a defendant must be aware that an analogue defined by the Controlled Substance Analogue Enforcement Act with which he was dealing was a controlled substance.
A prescription is a health-care program implemented by a physician or other qualified health care practitioner in the form of instructions that govern the plan of care for an individual patient.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
Mestanolone, also known as methylandrostanolone and sold under the brand names Androstalone and Ermalone among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is mostly no longer used.
Mesterolone, sold under the brand name Proviron among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels.
meta-Chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP) is a psychoactive drug of the phenylpiperazine class.
Metandienone, also known as methandienone or methandrostenolone and sold under the brand name Dianabol among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is mostly no longer used.
Metenolone, or methenolone, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) which is used in the form of esters such as metenolone acetate (brand name Primobolan, Nibal) and metenolone enanthate (brand name Primobolan Depot, Nibal Injection).
Metenolone acetate, or methenolone acetate, sold under the brand names Primobolan and Nibal, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of anemia due to bone marrow failure.
Metenolone enanthate, or methenolone enanthate, sold under the brand names Primobolan Depot and Nibal Injection, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of anemia due to bone marrow failure.
Methiopropamine (MPA) is a thiophene ring-based structural analog of methamphetamine originally reported in 1942.
Methoxetamine, abbreviated as MXE, is a dissociative hallucinogen that has been sold as a designer drug.
Methylecgonidine (anhydromethylecgonine; anhydroecgonine methyl ester; AEME) is a chemical intermediate derived from ecgonine or cocaine.
Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is a stimulant of the cathinone class which acts as a norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor (NDRI).
Methylepitiostanol, known by the nicknames Epistane, Hemapolin, Havoc, and Epi Plex, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) of the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) group which was first described in the literature in 1974 but was never marketed for medical use.
Methylhydroxynandrolone (MOHN, MHN), also known as 4-hydroxy-17α-methyl-19-nortestosterone, as well as 4,17β-dihydroxy-17α-methylestr-4-en-3-one, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was never marketed.
Methylphenidate, sold under various trade names, Ritalin being one of the most commonly known, is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the phenethylamine and piperidine classes that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy.
Methyltestosterone, sold under the brand names Android, Metandren, and Testred among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men, delayed puberty in boys, at low doses as a component of menopausal hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms like hot flashes, osteoporosis, and low sexual desire in women, and to treat breast cancer in women.
Midazolam, marketed under the trade name Versed, among others, is a medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, trouble sleeping, and severe agitation.
Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) refers to a nurse with advanced education, typically at least a master’s degree, and certification by a national certifying program.
The Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal Use of Steroids and Other Performance Enhancing Substances by Players in Major League Baseball, informally known as the "Mitchell Report," is the result of former Democratic United States Senator from Maine George J. Mitchell's 20-month investigation into the use of anabolic steroids and human growth hormone (HGH) in Major League Baseball (MLB).
Mitragyna speciosa (commonly known as kratom also ketum) is a tropical evergreen tree in the coffee family native to Southeast Asia.
A monoamine reuptake inhibitor (MRI) is a drug that acts as a reuptake inhibitor of one or more of the three major monoamine neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine by blocking the action of one or more of the respective monoamine transporters (MATs), which include the serotonin transporter (SERT), norepinephrine transporter (NET), and dopamine transporter (DAT).
David Brian Stidham (August 13, 1967 – October 5, 2004) was a pediatric ophthalmologist stabbed to death in Catalina Foothills, Arizona as the result of a murder-for-hire plot that stemmed from a colleague's professional jealousy.
Hailey Owens (August 18, 2003 – February 18, 2014) was a 10-year-old girl from Springfield, Missouri, who was abducted, sexually assaulted and murdered on February 18, 2014.
N-Methylserotonin is a tryptamine alkaloid.
Nalbuphine, sold under the brand names Nubain and Nalpain among others, is a opioid analgesic which is used in the treatment of pain.
Naloxone, sold under the brandname Narcan among others, is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose.
Nandrolone, also known as 19-nortestosterone, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) which is used in the form of esters such as nandrolone decanoate (brand name Deca-Durabolin) and nandrolone phenylpropionate (brand name Durabolin).
Nandrolone decanoate, sold under the brand name Deca-Durabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used primarily in the treatment of anemias and wasting syndromes, as well as osteoporosis in menopausal women.
Nandrolone phenylpropionate (NPP), or nandrolone phenpropionate, sold under the brand name Durabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which has been used primarily in the treatment of breast cancer and osteoporosis in women.
The National Anti-Narcotics Agency of the Republic of Indonesia (Badan Narkotika Nasional) or BNN is a government agency of Indonesia.
Noracymethadol (INN) is a synthetic opioid analgesic related to methadone that was never marketed.
Norethandrolone, sold under the brand names Nilevar and Pronabol among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which has been used to promote muscle growth and to treat severe burns, physical trauma, and aplastic anemia but has mostly been discontinued.
Norpipanone (INN, BAN; Hexalgon) is an opioid analgesic related to methadone which was developed in Germany and distributed in Hungary, Argentina, and other countries.
The Officer Down Memorial Page, Inc. (ODMP) is a non-profit organization that maintains a website listing American law enforcement officers, prison officers and police dogs who have died in the line of duty.
Ohio v. Robinette,, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that the Fourth Amendment does not require police officers to inform a motorist at the end of a traffic stop that they are free to go before seeking permission to search the motorist's car.
An online pharmacy, Internet pharmacy, or mail-order pharmacy is a pharmacy that operates over the Internet and sends the orders to customers through the mail or shipping companies.
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects.
The opioid epidemic or opioid crisis is the rapid increase in the use of prescription and non-prescription opioid drugs in the United States and Canada beginning in the late 1990s and continuing throughout the next two decades.
An opioid overdose is toxicity due to excessive opioids.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to forensic science: Forensic science – application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to a legal system.
Oxandrolone, sold under the brand names Oxandrin and Anavar among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used to help promote weight gain in various situations, to help offset protein catabolism caused by long-term corticosteroid therapy, to support recovery from severe burns, to treat bone pain associated with osteoporosis, to aid in the development of girls with Turner syndrome, and for other indications.
Oxycodone/aspirin (trade name Percodan) is a combination drug marketed by Endo Pharmaceuticals.
Oxymetholone, sold under the brand names Anadrol and Anapolon among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used primarily in the treatment of anemia.
para-Methoxy-N-methylamphetamine (also known as PMMA, Red Mitsubishi), chemically known as methyl-MA, 4-methoxy-N-methylamphetamine, 4-MMA) or (4-PMDA, as listed to its original physical name.) is a stimulant and psychedelic drug closely related to the amphetamine-class serotonergic drug ''para''-methoxyamphetamine (PMA). PMMA is the 4-methoxy analog of methamphetamine. Little is known about the pharmacological properties, metabolism, and toxicity of PMMA; because of its structural similarity to PMA, which has known toxicity in humans, it is thought to have considerable potential to cause harmful side effects or death in overdose. In the early 2010s, a number of deaths in users of the drug MDMA were linked to misrepresented tablets and capsules of PMMA. Its effects in humans are reputedly similar to those of PMA, but slightly more empathogenic in nature. It has a reduced tendency to produce severe hyperthermia at low dosages, but at higher dosages side effects and risk of death becomes similar to those of PMA. The synthesis and effects of PMMA were described by American experimental chemist Alexander Shulgin in his book PiHKAL, where it is referred to by the name "methyl-MA", as the ''N''-methylated form of 4-MA (PMA). Shulgin reported that PMMA produces an increase in blood pressure and in heart rate, at doses above 100 mg, but causes no psychoactive effects at these levels.
para-Methoxyphenylpiperazine (MeOPP, pMPP, 4-MPP; Paraperazine) is a piperazine derivative with stimulant effects which has been sold as an ingredient in "Party pills", initially in New Zealand and subsequently in other countries around the world.
The Pennsylvania Mock Trial Competition is a high school Mock Trial competition in Pennsylvania sponsored by the Pennsylvania Bar Association Young Lawyers Division.
Perampanel (sold under the trade name Fycompa) is an antiepileptic drug developed by Eisai Co. that is used in addition to other drugs to treat partial seizures and generalized tonic-clonic seizures for people older than 12 years.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing and dispensing drugs.
Phendimetrazine (Bontril, Adipost, Anorex-SR, Appecon, Melfiat, Obezine, Phendiet, Plegine, Prelu-2, Statobex) is a stimulant drug of the morpholine chemical class used as an appetite suppressant.
Phenibut, sold under the brand names Anvifen, Fenibut, and Noofen among others, is a central nervous system depressant with anxiolytic and sedative effects which is used in the treatment of anxiety, insomnia, and for a variety of other indications.
Phentermine (contracted from phenyl-tertiary-butylamine), also known as α,α-dimethylphenethylamine, is a psychostimulant drug of the substituted amphetamine chemical class, with pharmacology similar to amphetamine.
Phenyltoloxamine is an antihistamine with sedative and analgesic effects.
A physician assistant (US/Canada) or physician associate (UK) is a healthcare professional who practices medicine as a part of a healthcare team with collaborating physicians and other providers.
Pluto Water was a trademark for a strongly laxative natural water product which was very popular in the United States in the early 20th century.
The political positions of United States President Donald Trump (sometimes referred to as Trumpism) have elements from across the political spectrum, merging populism with plutocracy and authoritarianism.
Pregabalin, marketed under the brand name Lyrica among others, is a medication used to treat epilepsy, neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and generalized anxiety disorder.
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.
Propofol, marketed as Diprivan among others, is a short-acting medication that results in a decreased level of consciousness and lack of memory for events.
Under the United States taxation system, an enterprise may deduct business expenses from its taxable income, subject to certain conditions.
Recreational drug use is the use of a psychoactive drug to induce an altered state of consciousness for pleasure, by modifying the perceptions, feelings, and emotions of the user.
The Reducing Americans' Vulnerability to Ecstasy Act, commonly known as the RAVE Act, was a bill proposed in the United States Senate during the 107th Congress.
Richard Austin Quest (born 9 March 1962) is an English journalist and a CNN International anchor and reporter, based in New York City.
Robert Emmet Chambers, Jr. (born September 25, 1966), nicknamed the "Preppie Killer" by the media, is an American criminal.
Robert Edward Jones (born July 5, 1927) is an American politician and Judge in Oregon.
Salvinorin A is the main active psychotropic molecule in Salvia divinorum, a Mexican plant which has a long history of use as an entheogen by indigenous Mazatec shamans.
The Second Chance for Ex-Offenders Act of 2009 is a proposed federal law introduced to the United States House of Representatives Charles B. Rangel as H.R. 1529.
Selegiline, also known as L-deprenyl, is a substituted phenethylamine.
Shannon Charles Thomas (July 27, 1971 – November 16, 2005) was a murderer executed by lethal injection by the U.S. state of Texas.
Shepard Coleman "Shep" Ginandes (born June 7, 1928) is an American medical practitioner, folk singer and song collector.
Sibutramine, formerly sold under the brand name Meridia among others, is an appetite suppressant which has been discontinued in many countries.
A sick bay is a compartment in a ship, or a section of another organisation, such as a school or college, used for medical purposes.
Smoking is a practice in which a substance is burned and the resulting smoke breathed in to be tasted and absorbed into the bloodstream.
In social science research, social desirability bias is a type of response bias that is the tendency of survey respondents to answer questions in a manner that will be viewed favorably by others.
President Donald Trump describes himself as pro-life and generally opposes abortion with some exceptions: rape, incest, and circumstances endangering the health of the mother.
Stanozolol, sold under many brand names, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which was derived from dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
Stimulants (also often referred to as psychostimulants or colloquially as uppers) is an overarching term that covers many drugs including those that increase activity of the central nervous system and the body, drugs that are pleasurable and invigorating, or drugs that have sympathomimetic effects.
Structuring, also known as smurfing in banking jargon, is the practice of executing financial transactions such as making bank deposits in a specific pattern, calculated to avoid triggering financial institutions to file reports required by law, such as the United States' Bank Secrecy Act (BSA) and Internal Revenue Code section 6050I (relating to the requirement to file Form 8300).
Substance control may refer to.
Suvorexant, sold under the trade name Belsomra, is a medication for the treatment of insomnia.
Theodore Scott Yoho (born April 13, 1955) is the United States Representative for since 2013.
Terrence Dewayne Kiel (November 24, 1980 – July 4, 2008) was an American safety in the National Football League.
Terry Tenette (born August 10, 1968 in Palo Alto, California U.S.) is a professional "Old/Mid School" Bicycle Motocross (BMX) racer whose prime competitive years were from 1989 to 2006 NBL finals.Tenette also competed and was a team member of the USA olympic velodrome team 2002 to 2004 as an Olympic alternate for the Athens Greece Olympics finish second place at the Olympic trials which wasn't good enough to go to Athens Greece he continued racing World Cups velodrome until 2008 and then switch back to mountain biking, after testing positive for banned substances.
Testosterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.
Testosterone cypionate, sold under the brand name Depo-Testosterone among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.
Testosterone enanthate, sold under the brand name Delatestryl among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.
Testosterone propionate, sold under the brand name Testoviron among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.
Testosterone undecanoate, sold under the brand names Nebido, Aveed, and Andriol among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.
Teva Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (TAPI) is an international pharmaceutical company headquartered in Israel.
Third-degree murder is a name for a category of murder defined in the laws of three states in the United States, specifically Florida, Minnesota, and Pennsylvania.
Tianeptine, sold under the brand names Stablon and Coaxil among others, is an atypical antidepressant which is used mainly in the treatment of major depressive disorder, although it may also be used to treat anxiety, asthma, and irritable bowel syndrome.
Tibolone, sold under the brand names Livial and Tibofem among others, is a medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis and endometriosis.
Tiletamine is a dissociative anesthetic and pharmacologically classified as an NMDA receptor antagonist.
Tor is free software for enabling anonymous communication.
Tramadol, sold under the brand name Ultram among others, is an opioid pain medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain.
Travel Act or International Travel Act of 1961,, is a Federal criminal statute which forbids the use of the U.S. mail, or interstate or foreign travel, for the purpose of engaging in certain specified criminal acts.
Trenbolone acetate, sold under brand names such as Finajet and Finaplix among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in veterinary medicine, specifically to increase the profitability of livestock by promoting muscle growth in cattle.
3-Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP) is a recreational drug of the piperazine chemical class.
Tyramine (also spelled tyramin), also known by several other names is a naturally occurring trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine.
The Federal Sentencing Guidelines are rules that set out a uniform sentencing policy for individuals and organizations convicted of felonies and serious (Class A) misdemeanors in the United States federal courts system.
Urban Legend is the third studio album by American rapper T.I., released on November 30, 2004, through Grand Hustle Records and Atlantic Records.
The Veterinary Medicine Mobility Act of 2014 is a United States public law that amends the Controlled Substances Act to clarify that veterinarians are not required to have separate registrations to dispense controlled substances outside of their principal place of business, such as when treating animals on a farm.
W-18 is a compound in a series of 32 substances (named W-1 to W-32) that were first synthesized in academic research on analgesic drug discovery in the 1980s and appeared as a designer drug in the 2010s.
Willy Voet (born July 4, 1945) is a Belgian sports physiotherapist.
Zurich, original title Und morgen Mittag bin ich tot (And I'll be dead tomorrow noon) is a 2013 German tragicomedy directed by Frederik Steiner and written by Barbara te Kock starring Liv Lisa Fries.
19-Nor-5-androstenediol, also known as estr-5-ene-3β,17β-diol, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) that was never introduced for medical use.
19-Nor-5-androstenedione, also known as estr-5-ene-3,17-dione, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) that was never introduced for medical use.
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-chloroamphetamine (DOC) is a psychedelic drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes.
The Supreme Court of the United States handed down sixteen per curiam opinions during its 2005 term, which lasted from October 3, 2005 until October 1, 2006.
The 2014 NFL season was the 95th season in the history of the National Football League (NFL).
3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), is an empathogen-entactogen, psychostimulant, and psychedelic drug of the amphetamine family that is encountered mainly as a recreational drug.
3,4-Methylenedioxypropiophenone, also known as 3,4-(Methylenedioxy)phenyl-1-propanone (MDP1P), is a phenylpropanoid found in some plants of the genus Piper and is an isomer of 3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-propanone (MDP2P).
4-Fluoromethamphetamine (4-FMA) is a stimulant drug related to methamphetamine and 4-fluoroamphetamine.
4-Hydroxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (4-HO-DiPT or Iprocin) is a synthetic psychedelic drug.
4-Methylaminorex (4-MAR, 4-MAX) is a stimulant drug of the 2-amino-5-aryloxazoline class that was first synthesized in 1960 by McNeil Laboratories.
5,N,N-trimethyltryptamine (5,N,N-TMT; 5-TMT) is a tryptamine derivative that is a psychedelic drug.
5-Androstenedione is a prohormone of testosterone.
5-MeO-DALT or N,N-di allyl-5-methoxy tryptamine is a psychedelic tryptamine first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin.
5-MeO-DMT (5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is a psychedelic of the tryptamine class.
5-MeO-MiPT is a psychedelic and hallucinogenic drug, used by some as an entheogen.