265 relations: ACM/IEEE Supercomputing Conference, Allen R Miller, Alliant Computer Systems, Alpha 21064, Alpha 21164, Amdahl Corporation, Andrew Cray, Appro, Arizona Stock Exchange, Arm Holdings, Batcave, Bisection (software engineering), Bishopdale, North Yorkshire, Blue Waters, Brian Brown (Royal Navy officer), Bright Computing, BUNCH, Burton Smith, Butterfly network, C.E. Unterberg, Towbin, Carl Sassenrath, Catamount (operating system), Cavium, CDC 7600, CDC 8600, CDC STAR-100, Central processing unit, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Chapel (programming language), Charm++, CHARMM, Chippewa Falls High School, Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, Chippewa Operating System, Cielo (supercomputer), Coarray Fortran, Communications Security Establishment, Comparison of debuggers, Comparison of free geophysics software, Comparison of operating system kernels, Control Data Corporation, Convex Computer, Cray (disambiguation), Cray APP, Cray Blitz, Cray C90, Cray CS6400, Cray CX1, Cray CX1000, Cray EL90, ..., Cray J90, Cray MTA-2, Cray Operating System, Cray Plaza, Cray S-MP, Cray SV1, Cray T3D, Cray T3E, Cray T90, Cray Time Sharing System, Cray Urika-GD, Cray Urika-XA, Cray X-MP, Cray X1, Cray X2, Cray XC30, Cray XC40, Cray XC50, Cray XD1, Cray XE6, Cray XK6, Cray XK7, Cray XMS, Cray XMT, Cray XT3, Cray XT4, Cray XT5, Cray XT6, Cray Y-MP, Cray-1, Cray-2, Cray-3, Cray-4, Cry (disambiguation), DAP FORTRAN, David E. Orton, David Slowinski, DEC Alpha, Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Dicomed, Downtown Saint Paul, Economy of Minnesota, Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, Engineering Research Associates, EPCC, ETA Systems, ETA10, Evans & Sutherland ES-1, Floating Point Systems, FLOPS, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Fortran, Fortress (programming language), Fujitsu VP, Gallium arsenide, Gen-Z, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Gnodal, Great Storm of 1987, Hamming weight, HECToR, High Productivity Computing Systems, History of computing hardware (1960s–present), History of Minnesota, History of Norsk Data, History of supercomputing, HYPERchannel, IBM 3090, IBM PCjr, IBM POWER microprocessors, IBM System/370, IBM ViVA, ICL Distributed Array Processor, IMP (programming language), IMSL Numerical Libraries, InfiniBand Trade Association, Influence of the IBM PC on the personal computer market, Integer factorization records, IRIX, Jaguar (supercomputer), L.F. Rothschild, Lee Friedlander, Lehmer random number generator, List of alumni of Villanova University, List of C-family programming languages, List of companies based in Seattle, List of companies named after people, List of companies of the United States, List of company name etymologies, List of compilers, List of computer scientists, List of computer system manufacturers, List of Empowered characters, List of eponyms (A–K), List of fictional computers, List of important publications in computer science, List of Scheduled prehistoric Monuments in Powys (Brecknockshire), List of Scheduled Roman to modern Monuments in Powys (Brecknockshire), List of SPARQL implementations, List of University of Minnesota people, LS-DYNA, Lustre (file system), MADNESS, MBus (SPARC), MDynaMix, Minisupercomputer, Minneapolis–Saint Paul, Minnesota, Mitrionics, Monolith (Space Odyssey), MPICH, Multidimensional DSP with GPU Acceleration, Multithreading (computer architecture), Name mangling, NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division, National Weather Service, NEC SX architecture, NEC SX-6, Network Systems Corporation, Nissan Z-car, NLTSS, NOBUS, NUMAlink, October 5, Olaf Storaasli, Open coopetition, OpenACC, OpenMP, OpenSFS, Outline of computing, Outline of software engineering, Parallel computing, Parallel Virtual Machine, PARAM, PathScale, Patrick K. Kroupa, Paul Gage, Pentago, PERCS, Petascale computing, Peter Coveney, Peter Michael (engineer), Peter Ungaro, Portals network programming application programming interface, Power Architecture, Processor register, Rainer Spurzem, Red Storm (computing), Reduced instruction set computer, Reservoir simulation, ROHR2, Roland Piquepaille, Saudi Aramco, Scalable Coherent Interface, ScaleMP, SchedMD, SCO Group, Inc. v. DaimlerChrysler Corp., September 28, Seymour Cray, Seymour Cray Computer Engineering Award, SGI Challenge, SGI Origin 2000, Shaheen (supercomputer), She's the Boss, Silicon Gorge, Silicon Graphics, SIMD, SISAL, Slurm Workload Manager, Smith–Waterman algorithm, SPARCstation, SPMD, Steve Chen (computer engineer), Steve Scott (computer architect), Sun Enterprise, Sun Microsystems, Sun4d, SUNMOS, Supercomputer, Supercomputer operating systems, Supercomputing in India, Supercomputing in Pakistan, Supertek Computers, Swiss National Supercomputing Centre, TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC, TeleSoft, Tera Computer Company, Texas Advanced Computing Center, The Big Bang Theory (season 4), Thinking Machines Corporation, Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, TI Advanced Scientific Computer, Timeline of programming languages, Titan (supercomputer), TOP500, Torrenza, Torus interconnect, Trilinos, Ultra Network Technologies, Uname, UNICOS, University of Alaska system, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, University of London Computer Centre, Unix filesystem, USS Iowa turret explosion, Vector processor, Word (computer architecture), X-PLOR, Xeon Phi, 1970s in science and technology, 1972 in science, 1976, 1976 in science, 64-bit computing. Expand index (215 more) » « Shrink index
SC (formerly Supercomputing), the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, is the name of the annual conference established in 1988 by the Association for Computing Machinery and the IEEE Computer Society.
Allen R Miller (1942–2010) was an American mathematician.
Alliant Computer Systems was a computer company that designed and manufactured parallel computing systems.
The Alpha 21064 is a microprocessor developed and fabricated by Digital Equipment Corporation that implemented the Alpha (introduced as the Alpha AXP) instruction set architecture (ISA).
The Alpha 21164, also known by its code name, EV5, is a microprocessor developed and fabricated by Digital Equipment Corporation that implemented the Alpha instruction set architecture (ISA).
Amdahl Corporation was an information technology company which specialized in IBM mainframe-compatible computer products, some of which were regarded as supercomputers competing with those from Cray Research.
Andrew S. Cray (June 11, 1986 - August 28, 2014) was an American LGBT rights activist and political figure.
Appro was a developer of supercomputing supporting High Performance Computing (HPC) markets focused on medium to large-scale deployments.
The Arizona Stock Exchange (AZX) was an electronically enabled stock exchange for carrying out eTrading after usual stock market hours.
Arm Holdings (Arm) is a multinational semiconductor and software design company, owned by SoftBank Group and its Vision Fund.
The Batcave is a fictional subterranean location appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.
Bisection is a method used in software development to identify change sets that result in a specific behavior change.
Bishopdale is a dale in the Yorkshire Dales National Park in North Yorkshire, England.
Blue Waters is a petascale supercomputer at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Admiral Sir Brian Thomas Brown KCB CBE (born 31 August 1934) is a senior Royal Navy officer who went on to be Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel.
Bright Computing, Inc.
The BUNCH was the nickname for the group of mainframe computer competitors to IBM in the 1970s.
Burton J. Smith (March 21, 1941 – April 2, 2018) was an American computer architect.
A butterfly network is a technique to link multiple computers into a high-speed network.
C.E. Unterberg, Towbin, was a United States investment bank.
Carl Sassenrath (born 1957 in California) is an architect of operating systems and computer languages.
Catamount is an operating system for supercomputers.
Cavium is a fabless semiconductor company based in San Jose, California, specializing in ARM-based and MIPS-based network, video and security processors and SoCs.
The CDC 7600 was the Seymour Cray-designed successor to the CDC 6600, extending Control Data's dominance of the supercomputer field into the 1970s.
The CDC 8600 was the last of Seymour Cray's supercomputer designs while he worked for Control Data Corporation.
The CDC STAR-100 is a vector supercomputer that was designed, manufactured, and marketed by Control Data Corporation (CDC).
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is an Autonomous Scientific Society of Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India.
Chapel, the Cascade High Productivity Language, is a parallel programming language developed by Cray.
Charm++ is a parallel object-oriented programming language based on C++ and developed in the Parallel Programming Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Chemistry at Harvard Macromolecular Mechanics (CHARMM) is the name of a widely used set of force fields for molecular dynamics, and the name for the molecular dynamics simulation and analysis computer software package associated with them.
Chippewa Falls Senior High School is a public high school located in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin.
Chippewa Falls is a city located on the Chippewa River in Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.
The Chippewa Operating System often called COS is the discontinued operating system for the CDC 6600 supercomputer, generally considered the first super computer in the world.
Cielo was a supercomputer located at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, United States built by Cray Inc.
Coarray Fortran (CAF), formerly known as F--, started as an extension of Fortran 95/2003 for parallel processing created by Robert Numrich and John Reid in the 1990s.
The Communications Security Establishment (CSE; Centre de la sécurité des télécommunications, CST), formerly called the Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC), is the Government of Canada's national cryptologic agency.
This is a comparison of debuggers: computer programs that are used to test and debug other programs.
This is a list of free and open-source software for geophysical data processing and interpretation.
A kernel is the most fundamental component of a computer operating system.
Control Data Corporation (CDC) was a mainframe and supercomputer firm.
Convex Computer Corporation was a company that developed, manufactured and marketed vector minisupercomputers and supercomputers for small-to-medium-sized businesses.
Cray is a supercomputer manufacturer based in Seattle, Washington.
The Cray APP (Attached Parallel Processor) was a parallel computer sold by Cray Research from 1992 onwards.
Cray Blitz was a computer chess program written by Robert Hyatt, Harry L. Nelson, and Albert Gower to run on the Cray supercomputer.
The Cray C90 series (initially named the Y-MP C90) was a vector processor supercomputer launched by Cray Research in 1991.
The Cray Superserver 6400, or CS6400, is a discontinued multiprocessor server computer system produced by Cray Research Superservers, Inc., a subsidiary of Cray Research, and launched in 1993.
The Cray CX1 is a deskside high-performance workstation designed by Cray Inc., based on the x86-64 processor architecture.
The Cray CX1000 is a family of high-performance computers which is manufactured by Cray Inc., and consists of two individual groups of computer systems.
The Cray EL90 series was an air-cooled vector processor supercomputer first sold by Cray Research in 1993.
The Cray J90 series (code-named Jedi during development) was an air-cooled vector processor supercomputer first sold by Cray Research in 1994.
The Cray MTA-2 is a shared-memory MIMD computer marketed by Cray Inc. It is an unusual design based on the Tera computer designed by Tera Computer Company.
The Cray Operating System (COS) succeeded Chippewa Operating System (shipped with earlier computer systems CDC 6000 series and CDC 7600) and is Cray Research's now discontinued proprietary operating system for its Cray-1 (1976) and Cray X-MP supercomputers, and those platforms' main OS until replaced by UNICOS in the late 1980s.
Cray Plaza (formerly Galtier Plaza), located in the Lowertown neighborhood of Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, provides space for working, living, eating, and recreating on one square city block opened in 1986.
The Cray S-MP was a multiprocessor server computer sold by Cray Research from 1992 to 1993.
The Cray SV1 is a vector processor supercomputer from the Cray Research division of Silicon Graphics introduced in 1998.
The T3D (Torus, 3-Dimensional) was Cray Research's first attempt at a massively parallel supercomputer architecture.
The Cray T3E was Cray Research's second-generation massively parallel supercomputer architecture, launched in late November 1995.
The Cray T90 series (code-named Triton during development) was the last of a line of vector processing supercomputers manufactured by Cray Research, Inc, superseding the Cray C90 series.
The Cray Time Sharing System, also known in the Cray user community as CTSS, was developed as an operating system for the Cray-1 or Cray X-MP line of supercomputers.
The Cray Urika-GD graph discovery appliance, made by supercomputer maker Cray Inc., is a system that finds and analyzes relationships and patterns in the data collected by a supercomputer.
The Cray Urika-XA extreme analytics platform, manufactured by supercomputer maker Cray Inc., is an appliance that analyzes the massive amounts of data—usually called big data—that supercomputers collect.
The Cray X-MP is a supercomputer designed, built and sold by Cray Research.
The Cray X1 is a non-uniform memory access, vector processor supercomputer manufactured and sold by Cray Inc. since 2003.
The Cray X2 is a vector processing node for the Cray XT5h supercomputer, developed and sold by Cray Inc. and launched in 2007.
The Cray XC30 is a massively parallel multiprocessor supercomputer manufactured by Cray.
The Cray XC40 is a massively parallel multiprocessor supercomputer manufactured by Cray.
The Cray XC50 is a massively parallel multiprocessor supercomputer manufactured by Cray.
The Cray XD1 was an entry-level supercomputer range, made by Cray Inc. The XD1 uses AMD Opteron 64-bit CPUs, and utilizes the Direct Connect Architecture over HyperTransport to remove the bottleneck at the PCI and contention at the memory.
The Cray XE6 (codenamed Baker during development) is an enhanced version of the Cray XT6 supercomputer, officially announced on 25 May 2010.
The Cray XK6 is an enhanced version of the Cray XE6 supercomputer, announced in May 2011.
XK7 is a supercomputing platform, produced by Cray, launched on October 29, 2012.
The Cray XMS was a vector processor minisupercomputer sold by Cray Research from 1990 to 1991.
The Cray XMT (codenamed Eldorado) is the third generation of the Cray MTA supercomputer architecture originally developed by Tera.
The Cray XT3 is a distributed memory massively parallel MIMD supercomputer designed by Cray Inc. with Sandia National Laboratories under the codename Red Storm.
The Cray XT4 (codenamed Hood during development) is an updated version of the Cray XT3 supercomputer.
The Cray XT5 is an updated version of the Cray XT4 supercomputer, launched on November 6, 2007.
The Cray XT6 is an updated version of the Cray XT5 supercomputer, launched on 16 November 2009.
The Cray Y-MP was a supercomputer sold by Cray Research from 1988, and the successor to the company's X-MP.
The Cray-1 was a supercomputer designed, manufactured and marketed by Cray Research.
The Cray-2 is a supercomputer with four vector processors made by Cray Research starting in 1985.
The Cray-3 was a vector supercomputer, Seymour Cray's designated successor to the Cray-2.
The Cray-4 was intended to be Cray Computer Corporation's successor to the failed Cray-3 supercomputer.
Cry usually refers to crying, the act of shedding tears.
DAP FORTRAN was an extension of the non IO parts of FORTRAN with constructs that supported parallel computing for the ICL Distributed Array Processor (DAP).
David E. Orton is an American engineering executive and the CEO of GEO Semiconductor Inc.
David Slowinski is a mathematician involved in prime numbers.
Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.
The Department of Computer Science (CS) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has consistently been ranked as a top computer science program in the world. As of 2016, U.S. News & World Report rank UIUC's Computer Science as a Top 5 CS Graduate School program in the nation, and one of the Top 5 Undergraduate Schools in Computers, along with being in the Top 20 for the World's Best Universities for Computer Science. Since its reorganization in 1964, the Department of Computer Science has produced a myriad of publications and research that have advanced the field of Computer Science. In addition, many faculty and alumni have been leads with modern-day applications such as Mosaic (web browser), PayPal, and YouTube.
Dicomed (or DICOMED) was founded in 1968 and in the early 1970s became a leading manufacturer of precision color film recorders such as the D47 and D48.
Downtown Saint Paul is an official neighborhood in Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States.
The economy of Minnesota produced US$312 billion of gross domestic product in 2014.
Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach is a residential campus of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.
Engineering Research Associates, commonly known as ERA, was a pioneering computer firm from the 1950s.
EPCC, formerly the Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre, is a supercomputing centre based at the University of Edinburgh.
ETA Systems was a supercomputer company spun off from Control Data Corporation (CDC) in the early 1980s in order to regain a footing in the supercomputer business.
The ETA10 is a line of vector supercomputers designed, manufactured, and marketed by ETA Systems, a spin-off division of Control Data Corporation (CDC).
The ES-1 was Evans & Sutherland's abortive attempt to enter the supercomputer market.
Floating Point Systems Inc. (FPS) was a Beaverton, Oregon vendor of attached array processors and minisupercomputers.
In computing, floating point operations per second (FLOPS, flops or flop/s) is a measure of computer performance, useful in fields of scientific computations that require floating-point calculations.
Forschungszentrum Jülich ("Jülich Research Centre") is a member of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres and is one of the largest interdisciplinary research centres in Europe.
Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.
Fortress is a discontinued experimental programming language for high-performance computing, created by Sun Microsystems with funding from DARPA's High Productivity Computing Systems project.
The Fujitsu FACOM VP is a series of vector supercomputers designed, manufactured, and marketed by Fujitsu.
Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound of the elements gallium and arsenic.
The Gen-Z consortium is a trade group of technology vendors involved in designing CPUs, random access memory, servers, storage, and accelerators.
The Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) is a laboratory in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR).
Gnodal was a computer networking company headquartered in Bristol, UK.
The Great Storm of 1987 was a violent extratropical cyclone that occurred on the night of 15–16 October, with hurricane-force winds causing casualties in England, France and the Channel Islands as a severe depression in the Bay of Biscay moved northeast.
The Hamming weight of a string is the number of symbols that are different from the zero-symbol of the alphabet used.
HECToR (High End Computing Terascale Resource) was a British academic national supercomputer service funded by EPSRC, Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and BBSRC for the UK academic community. The HECToR service was run by partners including EPCC, Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) and Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG). The supercomputer itself (currently a Cray XE6) was located at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. The first phase came on line in October 2007, and, by the time it was decommissioned, it had been upgraded to Phase 3 configuration, with a peak performance of over 800 teraflops. Its successor is called.
High Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) is a DARPA project for developing a new generation of economically viable high productivity computing systems for national security and industry in the 2002–10 timeframe.
The history of computing hardware starting at 1960 is marked by the conversion from vacuum tube to solid-state devices such as the transistor and later the integrated circuit.
The history of the U.S. state of Minnesota is shaped by its original Native American residents, European exploration and settlement, and the emergence of industries made possible by the state's natural resources.
Norsk Data (ND) was a Norwegian manufacturer of minicomputers which operated between 1967 and 1992.
The history of supercomputing goes back to the early 1920s in the United States with the IBM tabulators at Columbia University and a series of computers at Control Data Corporation (CDC), designed by Seymour Cray to use innovative designs and parallelism to achieve superior computational peak performance.
HYPERchannel, sometimes rendered Hyperchannel, was a local area networking system for mainframe computers, especially supercomputers, introduced by Network Systems Corporation in the 1970s.
The IBM 3090 family was a high-end successor, after the IBM System/370, to the sequence begun a quarter of a century before by the IBM System/360.
The IBM PCjr (read "PC junior") was IBM's first attempt to enter the home computer market.
IBM has a series of high performance microprocessors called POWER followed by a number designating generation, i.e. POWER1, POWER2, POWER3 and so forth up to the latest POWER9.
The IBM System/370 (S/370) was a model range of IBM mainframe computers announced on June 30, 1970 as the successors to the System/360 family.
ViVA (Virtual Vector Architecture) is a technology from IBM for coupling together multiple scalar floating point units to act as a single vector processor.
The Distributed Array Processor (DAP) produced by International Computers Limited (ICL) was the world's first commercial massively parallel computer.
IMP is an early systems programming language that was developed by Edgar T. Irons in the late 1960s through early 1970s.
IMSL (International Mathematics and Statistics Library) is a commercial collection of software libraries of numerical analysis functionality that are implemented in the computer programming languages C, Java, C#.NET, and Fortran.
The InfiniBand Trade Association (IBTA) is the standards organization that defines and maintains the InfiniBand specification.
Following the introduction of the IBM Personal Computer, or IBM PC, many other personal computer architectures became extinct within just a few years.
Integer factorization is the process of determining which prime numbers divide a given positive integer.
IRIX is a discontinued operating system developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) to run on their MIPS workstations and servers.
Jaguar or OLCF-2 was a petascale supercomputer built by Cray at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
L.F. Rothschild (later known as L.F. Rothschild, Unterberg, Towbin) was a merchant and investment banking firm based in the United States and founded in 1899.
Lee Friedlander (born July 14, 1934) is an American photographer and artist.
The Lehmer random number generator (named after D. H. Lehmer), sometimes also referred to as the Park–Miller random number generator (after Stephen K. Park and Keith W. Miller), is a type of linear congruential generator (LCG) that operates in multiplicative group of integers modulo n. The general formula is: where the modulus n is a prime number or a power of a prime number, the multiplier g is an element of high multiplicative order modulo n (e.g., a primitive root modulo n), and the seed X is coprime to n.
Various notable individuals in many professions attended Villanova University at some point in their educational careers.
Due to the success of the C programming language and some of its derivatives, C-family programming languages span a large variety of programming paradigms, conceptual models, and run-time environments.
This is a list of large or well-known interstate or international companies headquartered in the Seattle metropolitan area.
This is a list of companies named after people.
This is a list of notable companies based in the United States.
This is a list of company names with their name origins explained.
This page is intended to list all current compilers, compiler generators, interpreters, translators, tool foundations, assemblers, automatable command line interfaces (shells), etc.
This is a list of computer scientists, people who do work in computer science, in particular researchers and authors.
The following is a list of notable computer system manufacturers.
This is a list of Empowered characters.
An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) from whom something is said to take its name.
Computers have often been used as fictional objects in literature, movies and in other forms of media.
This is a list of important publications in computer science, organized by field.
Powys is the largest administrative county in Wales.
Powys is the largest administrative county in Wales.
This list shows triplestore, APIs, and other storages that have implemented the W3C SPARQL standard.
This is a list of notable people associated with the University of Minnesota.
LS-DYNA is an advanced general-purpose multiphysics simulation software package developed by the Livermore Software Technology Corporation (LSTC).
Lustre is a type of parallel distributed file system, generally used for large-scale cluster computing.
MADNESS (Multiresolution Adaptive Numerical Environment for Scientific Simulation) is a high-level software environment for the solution of integral and differential equations in many dimensions using adaptive and fast harmonic analysis methods with guaranteed precision based on multiresolution analysis and separated representations.
MBus is a computer bus designed and implemented by Sun Microsystems for communication between high speed computer system components, such as the central processing unit, motherboard and main memory.
Molecular Dynamics of Mixtures (MDynaMix) is a computer software package for general purpose molecular dynamics to simulate mixtures of molecules, interacting by AMBER- and CHARMM-like force fields in periodic boundary conditions.
Minisupercomputers constituted a short-lived class of computers that emerged in the mid-1980s, characterized by the combination of vector processing and small-scale multiprocessing.
Minneapolis–Saint Paul is a major metropolitan area built around the Mississippi, Minnesota and St. Croix rivers in east central Minnesota.
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.
Mitrionics is a Swedish company manufacturing softcore reconfigurable processors.
In Arthur C. Clarke's Space Odyssey, Monoliths are machines built by an unseen extraterrestrial species.
MPICH, formerly known as MPICH2, is a freely available, portable implementation of MPI, a standard for message-passing for distributed-memory applications used in parallel computing.
Digital signal processing (DSP) is a ubiquitous methodology in scientific and engineering computations.
In computer architecture, multithreading is the ability of a central processing unit (CPU) or a single core in a multi-core processor to execute multiple processes or threads concurrently, appropriately supported by the operating system.
In compiler construction, name mangling (also called name decoration) is a technique used to solve various problems caused by the need to resolve unique names for programming entities in many modern programming languages.
The NASA Advanced Supercomputing (NAS) Division is located at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field in the heart of Silicon Valley in Mountain View, California.
The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States Federal Government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information.
The SX series are vector supercomputers designed, manufactured, and marketed by NEC.
The SX-6 is a supercomputer built by NEC Corporation that debuted in 2001; the SX-6 was sold under license by Cray Inc. in the U.S. Each SX-6 single-node system contains up to eight vector processors, which share up to 64 GB of computer memory.
Network Systems Corporation (NSC) was an early manufacturer of high-performance computer networking products.
The Nissan Z-car is a sports car which has been manufactured by Nissan Motors Ltd, in six generations, since 1969.
NLTSS, the Network Livermore Timesharing System, also sometimes known as the New Livermore Time Sharing System was an operating system that was actively developed at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (now Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) from 1979 until about 1988, though it continued to run production applications until 1995.
NOBUS, short for "NObody But US", are security vulnerabilities which the United States National Security Agency (NSA) believes that only it can exploit.
NUMAlink is a system interconnect developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) for use in its distributed shared memory ccNUMA computer systems.
Olaf O. Storaasli, VP, was a researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Computer Science and Mathematics Division's) and USEC following his NASA career.
be provocative and add open-coopettion to scholars Must be sure this ones from the Linux foundation are included: CAF, Yocto, Xen, Cloud Foundry, Dronecode, OpenDaylight, Node.
OpenACC (for open accelerators) is a programming standard for parallel computing developed by Cray, CAPS, Nvidia and PGI.
OpenMP (Open Multi-Processing) is an application programming interface (API) that supports multi-platform shared memory multiprocessing programming in C, C++, and Fortran, on most platforms, instruction set architectures and operating systems, including Solaris, AIX, HP-UX, Linux, macOS, and Windows.
Open Scalable File Systems, Inc.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computing: Computing – activity of using and improving computer hardware and software.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to software engineering: Software engineering – application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software; that is the application of engineering to software.
Parallel computing is a type of computation in which many calculations or the execution of processes are carried out concurrently.
Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) is a software tool for parallel networking of computers.
PARAM is a series of supercomputers designed and assembled by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in Pune, India.
PathScale Inc. was a company that developed a highly optimizing compiler for the x86-64 microprocessor architectures.
Patrick Karel Kroupa (also known as Lord Digital, born January 20, 1969) is an American writer, hacker and activist.
Paul Gage is a research computer scientist who works at Cray Supercomputers.
Pentago is a two-player abstract strategy game invented by Tomas Flodén.
PERCS (Productive, Easy-to-use, Reliable Computing System) is IBM's answer to DARPA's High Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) initiative.
In computing, petascale refers to a computer system capable of reaching performance in excess of one petaflops, i.e. one quadrillion floating point operations per second.
Peter V. Coveney is a Professor of Physical Chemistry and Director, Centre for Computational Science (CCS) at University College London (UCL).
Sir Peter Colin Michael CBE (born 1938) is a British engineer and businessman whose interests include radio and wine-making.
Peter J. Ungaro (born 1969) is an American businessman and CEO of Cray.
Portals is a low-level network API for high-performance networking on high-performance computing systems developed by Sandia National Laboratories and the University of New Mexico.
Power Architecture is a registered trademark for similar reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction sets for microprocessors developed and manufactured by such companies as IBM, Freescale/NXP, AppliedMicro, LSI, Teledyne e2v and Synopsys.
In computer architecture, a processor register is a quickly accessible location available to a computer's central processing unit (CPU).
Rainer Spurzem is a German astronomer at the Astronomisches Rechen-Institut in Heidelberg, Germany.
Red Storm is a supercomputer architecture designed for the US Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration Advanced Simulation and Computing Program.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
Reservoir simulation is an area of reservoir engineering in which computer models are used to predict the flow of fluids (typically, oil, water, and gas) through porous media.
ROHR2 is a pipe stress analysis CAE system from SIGMA Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH, based in Unna, Germany.
Roland Piquepaille (18 October 1946 – 6 January 2009) was a technology writer, both for ZDNet and for his own blog, Roland Piquepaille's Technology Trends, and a former software engineer at Silicon Graphics and Cray Research.
Saudi Aramco (أرامكو السعودية), officially the Saudi Arabian Oil Company, most popularly known just as Aramco (formerly Arabian-American Oil Company), is a Saudi Arabian national petroleum and natural gas company based in Dhahran.
The Scalable Coherent Interface or Scalable Coherent Interconnect (SCI), was a high-speed interconnect standard for shared memory multiprocessing and message passing used in the 1990s.
ScaleMP is a software vendor of a hypervisor, or virtual machine monitor, for high-performance computing applications.
SchedMD LLC is an American software company that is the main developer of the Slurm Workload Manager (or Slurm), an open-source workload management system.
SCO Group v. DaimlerChrysler was a lawsuit filed in the United States, in the state of Michigan.
Seymour Roger Cray (September 28, 1925 – October 5, 1996) was an American electrical engineer and supercomputer architect who designed a series of computers that were the fastest in the world for decades, and founded Cray Research which built many of these machines.
The Seymour Cray Computer Engineering Award, also known as the Seymour Cray Award, is an award given by the IEEE Computer Society, to recognize significant and innovative contributions in the field of high-performance computing.
The Challenge, code-named Eveready (deskside models) and Terminator (rackmount models), is a family of server computers and supercomputers developed and manufactured by Silicon Graphics in the early to mid-1990s that succeeded the earlier Power (not to be confused with the IBM POWER) series systems.
The SGI Origin 2000 is a family of mid-range and high-end server computers developed and manufactured by Silicon Graphics (SGI).
Shaheen is a supercomputer owned and operated by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).
She's the Boss is the solo album debut by The Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger released in 1985.
The Silicon Gorge refers to the numerous high-tech and research companies, in the triangle of Bristol, Swindon and Gloucester, in England.
Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.
Single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) is a class of parallel computers in Flynn's taxonomy.
SISAL ("Streams and Iteration in a Single Assignment Language") is a general-purpose single assignment functional programming language with strict semantics, implicit parallelism, and efficient array handling.
The Slurm Workload Manager (formerly known as Simple Linux Utility for Resource Management or SLURM), or Slurm, is a free and open-source job scheduler for Linux and Unix-like kernels, used by many of the world's supercomputers and computer clusters.
The Smith–Waterman algorithm performs local sequence alignment; that is, for determining similar regions between two strings of nucleic acid sequences or protein sequences.
The SPARCstation, SPARCserver and SPARCcenter product lines were a series of SPARC-based computer workstations and servers in desktop, desk side (pedestal) and rack-based form factor configurations, developed and sold by Sun Microsystems.
In computing, SPMD (single program, multiple data) is a technique employed to achieve parallelism; it is a subcategory of MIMD.
Steve Chen (pinyin: Chén Shìqīng) (born 1944 in Taiwan) is a Taiwanese computer engineer and internet entrepreneur.
Steve Scott is a computer architect who currently serves as Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer at Cray Inc.
Sun Enterprise is a range of UNIX server computers produced by Sun Microsystems from 1996 to 2001.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Sun4d is a computer architecture introduced by Sun Microsystems in 1992.
SUNMOS (Sandia/UNM Operating System) is an operating system jointly developed by Sandia National Laboratories and the Computer Science Department at the University of New Mexico.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
Since the end of the 20th century, supercomputer operating systems have undergone major transformations, as fundamental changes have occurred in supercomputer architecture.
India's supercomputer program was started in late 1980s because Cray supercomputers were denied for import due to an arms embargo imposed on India, as it was a dual-use technology and could be used for developing nuclear weapons.
The high performance supercomputing program started in mid-to-late 1980s in Pakistan.
Supertek Computers Inc. was a computer company founded in Santa Clara, California in 1985 by Mike Fung, an ex-Hewlett-Packard project manager, with the aim of designing and selling low-cost minisupercomputers compatible with those from Cray Research.
The Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (Centro Svizzero di Calcolo Scientifico; CSCS) is the national high-performance computing centre of Switzerland.
TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC, 581 U.S. ___ (2017), was a United States Supreme Court case concerning the venue in patent infringement lawsuits.
TeleSoft, Inc. (sometimes written Telesoft) was an American software development company founded in 1981 and based in San Diego, California, that specialized in development tools for the Ada programming language.
The Tera Computer Company was a manufacturer of high-performance computing software and hardware, founded in 1987 in Washington, D.C. and moved 1988 to Seattle, Washington by James Rottsolk and Burton Smith.
The Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) at the University of Texas at Austin, United States, is an advanced computing research center that provides comprehensive advanced computing resources and support services to researchers in Texas and across the USA.
The fourth season of the American sitcom The Big Bang Theory, began airing on CBS on September 23, 2010.
Thinking Machines Corporation was a supercomputer manufacturer and Artificial Intelligence company,founded in Waltham, Massachusetts, in 1983 by Sheryl Handler and W. Daniel "Danny" Hillis to turn Hillis's doctoral work at MIT on massively parallel computing architectures into a commercial product known as the Connection Machine.
Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (also known as TJHSST, TJ, or Jefferson) is a Virginia state-chartered magnet school in Fairfax County, Virginia.
The Advanced Scientific Computer (ASC) is a supercomputer designed and manufactured by Texas Instruments (TI) between 1966 and 1973.
This is a record of historically important programming languages, by decade.
Titan or OLCF-3 is a supercomputer built by Cray at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for use in a variety of science projects. Titan is an upgrade of Jaguar, a previous supercomputer at Oak Ridge, that uses graphics processing units (GPUs) in addition to conventional central processing units (CPUs). Titan is the first such hybrid to perform over 10 petaFLOPS. The upgrade began in October 2011, commenced stability testing in October 2012 and it became available to researchers in early 2013. The initial cost of the upgrade was US$60 million, funded primarily by the United States Department of Energy. Titan is due to be eclipsed at Oak Ridge by Summit in 2019, which is being built by IBM and features fewer nodes with much greater GPU capability per node as well as local per-node non-volatile caching of file data from the system's parallel file system. Titan employs AMD Opteron CPUs in conjunction with Nvidia Tesla GPUs to improve energy efficiency while providing an order of magnitude increase in computational power over Jaguar. It uses 18,688 CPUs paired with an equal number of GPUs to perform at a theoretical peak of 27 petaFLOPS; in the LINPACK benchmark used to rank supercomputers' speed, it performed at 17.59 petaFLOPS. This was enough to take first place in the November 2012 list by the TOP500 organization, but Tianhe-2 overtook it on the June 2013 list. Titan is available for any scientific purpose; access depends on the importance of the project and its potential to exploit the hybrid architecture. Any selected programs must also be executable on other supercomputers to avoid sole dependence on Titan. Six vanguard programs were the first selected. They dealt mostly with molecular scale physics or climate models, while 25 others were queued behind them. The inclusion of GPUs compelled authors to alter their programs. The modifications typically increased the degree of parallelism, given that GPUs offer many more simultaneous threads than CPUs. The changes often yield greater performance even on CPU-only machines.
The TOP500 project ranks and details the 500 most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the world.
Torrenza was an initiative announced by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) in 2006 to improve support for the integration of specialized coprocessors in systems based on AMD Opteron microprocessors.
A torus interconnect is a switch-less network topology for connecting processing nodes in a parallel computer system.
Trilinos is a collection of open-source software libraries, called packages, intended to be used as building blocks for the development of scientific applications.
Ultra Network Technologies (previously called Ultra Corporation) is a now defunct networking company.
uname (short for unix name) is a computer program in Unix and Unix-like computer operating systems that prints the name, version and other details about the current machine and the operating system running on it.
UNICOS is the name of a range of Unix-like operating system variants developed by Cray for its supercomputers.
The University of Alaska System is a university system in Alaska.
The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.
The University of London Computer Centre (ULCC) was founded in 1968, and was the first supercomputer facility established in London for the purpose of scientific and educational research by all of the colleges of the University of London.
In Unix and operating systems inspired by it, the file system is considered a central component of the operating system.
The USS Iowa turret explosion occurred in the Number Two 16-inch gun turret of the United States Navy battleship on 19 April 1989.
In computing, a vector processor or array processor is a central processing unit (CPU) that implements an instruction set containing instructions that operate on one-dimensional arrays of data called vectors, compared to scalar processors, whose instructions operate on single data items.
In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.
X-PLOR is a computer software package for computational structural biology originally developed by Axel T. Brunger at Yale University.
Xeon Phi is a series of x86 manycore processors designed and made entirely by Intel.
The 1970s in science and technology reached its height with the ambitious Voyager Program, which sent the Voyager I and Voyager II unmanned expeditions to several of the outer planets in the solar system.
The year 1972 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.
The year 1976 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
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