Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!


Index Cray

Cray Inc. is an American supercomputer manufacturer headquartered in Seattle, Washington. [1]

265 relations: ACM/IEEE Supercomputing Conference, Allen R Miller, Alliant Computer Systems, Alpha 21064, Alpha 21164, Amdahl Corporation, Andrew Cray, Appro, Arizona Stock Exchange, Arm Holdings, Batcave, Bisection (software engineering), Bishopdale, North Yorkshire, Blue Waters, Brian Brown (Royal Navy officer), Bright Computing, BUNCH, Burton Smith, Butterfly network, C.E. Unterberg, Towbin, Carl Sassenrath, Catamount (operating system), Cavium, CDC 7600, CDC 8600, CDC STAR-100, Central processing unit, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Chapel (programming language), Charm++, CHARMM, Chippewa Falls High School, Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, Chippewa Operating System, Cielo (supercomputer), Coarray Fortran, Communications Security Establishment, Comparison of debuggers, Comparison of free geophysics software, Comparison of operating system kernels, Control Data Corporation, Convex Computer, Cray (disambiguation), Cray APP, Cray Blitz, Cray C90, Cray CS6400, Cray CX1, Cray CX1000, Cray EL90, ..., Cray J90, Cray MTA-2, Cray Operating System, Cray Plaza, Cray S-MP, Cray SV1, Cray T3D, Cray T3E, Cray T90, Cray Time Sharing System, Cray Urika-GD, Cray Urika-XA, Cray X-MP, Cray X1, Cray X2, Cray XC30, Cray XC40, Cray XC50, Cray XD1, Cray XE6, Cray XK6, Cray XK7, Cray XMS, Cray XMT, Cray XT3, Cray XT4, Cray XT5, Cray XT6, Cray Y-MP, Cray-1, Cray-2, Cray-3, Cray-4, Cry (disambiguation), DAP FORTRAN, David E. Orton, David Slowinski, DEC Alpha, Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Dicomed, Downtown Saint Paul, Economy of Minnesota, Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, Engineering Research Associates, EPCC, ETA Systems, ETA10, Evans & Sutherland ES-1, Floating Point Systems, FLOPS, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Fortran, Fortress (programming language), Fujitsu VP, Gallium arsenide, Gen-Z, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, Gnodal, Great Storm of 1987, Hamming weight, HECToR, High Productivity Computing Systems, History of computing hardware (1960s–present), History of Minnesota, History of Norsk Data, History of supercomputing, HYPERchannel, IBM 3090, IBM PCjr, IBM POWER microprocessors, IBM System/370, IBM ViVA, ICL Distributed Array Processor, IMP (programming language), IMSL Numerical Libraries, InfiniBand Trade Association, Influence of the IBM PC on the personal computer market, Integer factorization records, IRIX, Jaguar (supercomputer), L.F. Rothschild, Lee Friedlander, Lehmer random number generator, List of alumni of Villanova University, List of C-family programming languages, List of companies based in Seattle, List of companies named after people, List of companies of the United States, List of company name etymologies, List of compilers, List of computer scientists, List of computer system manufacturers, List of Empowered characters, List of eponyms (A–K), List of fictional computers, List of important publications in computer science, List of Scheduled prehistoric Monuments in Powys (Brecknockshire), List of Scheduled Roman to modern Monuments in Powys (Brecknockshire), List of SPARQL implementations, List of University of Minnesota people, LS-DYNA, Lustre (file system), MADNESS, MBus (SPARC), MDynaMix, Minisupercomputer, Minneapolis–Saint Paul, Minnesota, Mitrionics, Monolith (Space Odyssey), MPICH, Multidimensional DSP with GPU Acceleration, Multithreading (computer architecture), Name mangling, NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division, National Weather Service, NEC SX architecture, NEC SX-6, Network Systems Corporation, Nissan Z-car, NLTSS, NOBUS, NUMAlink, October 5, Olaf Storaasli, Open coopetition, OpenACC, OpenMP, OpenSFS, Outline of computing, Outline of software engineering, Parallel computing, Parallel Virtual Machine, PARAM, PathScale, Patrick K. Kroupa, Paul Gage, Pentago, PERCS, Petascale computing, Peter Coveney, Peter Michael (engineer), Peter Ungaro, Portals network programming application programming interface, Power Architecture, Processor register, Rainer Spurzem, Red Storm (computing), Reduced instruction set computer, Reservoir simulation, ROHR2, Roland Piquepaille, Saudi Aramco, Scalable Coherent Interface, ScaleMP, SchedMD, SCO Group, Inc. v. DaimlerChrysler Corp., September 28, Seymour Cray, Seymour Cray Computer Engineering Award, SGI Challenge, SGI Origin 2000, Shaheen (supercomputer), She's the Boss, Silicon Gorge, Silicon Graphics, SIMD, SISAL, Slurm Workload Manager, Smith–Waterman algorithm, SPARCstation, SPMD, Steve Chen (computer engineer), Steve Scott (computer architect), Sun Enterprise, Sun Microsystems, Sun4d, SUNMOS, Supercomputer, Supercomputer operating systems, Supercomputing in India, Supercomputing in Pakistan, Supertek Computers, Swiss National Supercomputing Centre, TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC, TeleSoft, Tera Computer Company, Texas Advanced Computing Center, The Big Bang Theory (season 4), Thinking Machines Corporation, Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, TI Advanced Scientific Computer, Timeline of programming languages, Titan (supercomputer), TOP500, Torrenza, Torus interconnect, Trilinos, Ultra Network Technologies, Uname, UNICOS, University of Alaska system, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, University of London Computer Centre, Unix filesystem, USS Iowa turret explosion, Vector processor, Word (computer architecture), X-PLOR, Xeon Phi, 1970s in science and technology, 1972 in science, 1976, 1976 in science, 64-bit computing. Expand index (215 more) »

ACM/IEEE Supercomputing Conference

SC (formerly Supercomputing), the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, is the name of the annual conference established in 1988 by the Association for Computing Machinery and the IEEE Computer Society.

New!!: Cray and ACM/IEEE Supercomputing Conference · See more »

Allen R Miller

Allen R Miller (1942–2010) was an American mathematician.

New!!: Cray and Allen R Miller · See more »

Alliant Computer Systems

Alliant Computer Systems was a computer company that designed and manufactured parallel computing systems.

New!!: Cray and Alliant Computer Systems · See more »

Alpha 21064

The Alpha 21064 is a microprocessor developed and fabricated by Digital Equipment Corporation that implemented the Alpha (introduced as the Alpha AXP) instruction set architecture (ISA).

New!!: Cray and Alpha 21064 · See more »

Alpha 21164

The Alpha 21164, also known by its code name, EV5, is a microprocessor developed and fabricated by Digital Equipment Corporation that implemented the Alpha instruction set architecture (ISA).

New!!: Cray and Alpha 21164 · See more »

Amdahl Corporation

Amdahl Corporation was an information technology company which specialized in IBM mainframe-compatible computer products, some of which were regarded as supercomputers competing with those from Cray Research.

New!!: Cray and Amdahl Corporation · See more »

Andrew Cray

Andrew S. Cray (June 11, 1986 - August 28, 2014) was an American LGBT rights activist and political figure.

New!!: Cray and Andrew Cray · See more »


Appro was a developer of supercomputing supporting High Performance Computing (HPC) markets focused on medium to large-scale deployments.

New!!: Cray and Appro · See more »

Arizona Stock Exchange

The Arizona Stock Exchange (AZX) was an electronically enabled stock exchange for carrying out eTrading after usual stock market hours.

New!!: Cray and Arizona Stock Exchange · See more »

Arm Holdings

Arm Holdings (Arm) is a multinational semiconductor and software design company, owned by SoftBank Group and its Vision Fund.

New!!: Cray and Arm Holdings · See more »


The Batcave is a fictional subterranean location appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.

New!!: Cray and Batcave · See more »

Bisection (software engineering)

Bisection is a method used in software development to identify change sets that result in a specific behavior change.

New!!: Cray and Bisection (software engineering) · See more »

Bishopdale, North Yorkshire

Bishopdale is a dale in the Yorkshire Dales National Park in North Yorkshire, England.

New!!: Cray and Bishopdale, North Yorkshire · See more »

Blue Waters

Blue Waters is a petascale supercomputer at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

New!!: Cray and Blue Waters · See more »

Brian Brown (Royal Navy officer)

Admiral Sir Brian Thomas Brown KCB CBE (born 31 August 1934) is a senior Royal Navy officer who went on to be Second Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Personnel.

New!!: Cray and Brian Brown (Royal Navy officer) · See more »

Bright Computing

Bright Computing, Inc.

New!!: Cray and Bright Computing · See more »


The BUNCH was the nickname for the group of mainframe computer competitors to IBM in the 1970s.

New!!: Cray and BUNCH · See more »

Burton Smith

Burton J. Smith (March 21, 1941 – April 2, 2018) was an American computer architect.

New!!: Cray and Burton Smith · See more »

Butterfly network

A butterfly network is a technique to link multiple computers into a high-speed network.

New!!: Cray and Butterfly network · See more »

C.E. Unterberg, Towbin

C.E. Unterberg, Towbin, was a United States investment bank.

New!!: Cray and C.E. Unterberg, Towbin · See more »

Carl Sassenrath

Carl Sassenrath (born 1957 in California) is an architect of operating systems and computer languages.

New!!: Cray and Carl Sassenrath · See more »

Catamount (operating system)

Catamount is an operating system for supercomputers.

New!!: Cray and Catamount (operating system) · See more »


Cavium is a fabless semiconductor company based in San Jose, California, specializing in ARM-based and MIPS-based network, video and security processors and SoCs.

New!!: Cray and Cavium · See more »

CDC 7600

The CDC 7600 was the Seymour Cray-designed successor to the CDC 6600, extending Control Data's dominance of the supercomputer field into the 1970s.

New!!: Cray and CDC 7600 · See more »

CDC 8600

The CDC 8600 was the last of Seymour Cray's supercomputer designs while he worked for Control Data Corporation.

New!!: Cray and CDC 8600 · See more »


The CDC STAR-100 is a vector supercomputer that was designed, manufactured, and marketed by Control Data Corporation (CDC).

New!!: Cray and CDC STAR-100 · See more »

Central processing unit

A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.

New!!: Cray and Central processing unit · See more »

Centre for Development of Advanced Computing

The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is an Autonomous Scientific Society of Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India.

New!!: Cray and Centre for Development of Advanced Computing · See more »

Chapel (programming language)

Chapel, the Cascade High Productivity Language, is a parallel programming language developed by Cray.

New!!: Cray and Chapel (programming language) · See more »


Charm++ is a parallel object-oriented programming language based on C++ and developed in the Parallel Programming Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

New!!: Cray and Charm++ · See more »


Chemistry at Harvard Macromolecular Mechanics (CHARMM) is the name of a widely used set of force fields for molecular dynamics, and the name for the molecular dynamics simulation and analysis computer software package associated with them.

New!!: Cray and CHARMM · See more »

Chippewa Falls High School

Chippewa Falls Senior High School is a public high school located in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin.

New!!: Cray and Chippewa Falls High School · See more »

Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin

Chippewa Falls is a city located on the Chippewa River in Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Wisconsin.

New!!: Cray and Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin · See more »

Chippewa Operating System

The Chippewa Operating System often called COS is the discontinued operating system for the CDC 6600 supercomputer, generally considered the first super computer in the world.

New!!: Cray and Chippewa Operating System · See more »

Cielo (supercomputer)

Cielo was a supercomputer located at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, United States built by Cray Inc.

New!!: Cray and Cielo (supercomputer) · See more »

Coarray Fortran

Coarray Fortran (CAF), formerly known as F--, started as an extension of Fortran 95/2003 for parallel processing created by Robert Numrich and John Reid in the 1990s.

New!!: Cray and Coarray Fortran · See more »

Communications Security Establishment

The Communications Security Establishment (CSE; Centre de la sécurité des télécommunications, CST), formerly called the Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC), is the Government of Canada's national cryptologic agency.

New!!: Cray and Communications Security Establishment · See more »

Comparison of debuggers

This is a comparison of debuggers: computer programs that are used to test and debug other programs.

New!!: Cray and Comparison of debuggers · See more »

Comparison of free geophysics software

This is a list of free and open-source software for geophysical data processing and interpretation.

New!!: Cray and Comparison of free geophysics software · See more »

Comparison of operating system kernels

A kernel is the most fundamental component of a computer operating system.

New!!: Cray and Comparison of operating system kernels · See more »

Control Data Corporation

Control Data Corporation (CDC) was a mainframe and supercomputer firm.

New!!: Cray and Control Data Corporation · See more »

Convex Computer

Convex Computer Corporation was a company that developed, manufactured and marketed vector minisupercomputers and supercomputers for small-to-medium-sized businesses.

New!!: Cray and Convex Computer · See more »

Cray (disambiguation)

Cray is a supercomputer manufacturer based in Seattle, Washington.

New!!: Cray and Cray (disambiguation) · See more »

Cray APP

The Cray APP (Attached Parallel Processor) was a parallel computer sold by Cray Research from 1992 onwards.

New!!: Cray and Cray APP · See more »

Cray Blitz

Cray Blitz was a computer chess program written by Robert Hyatt, Harry L. Nelson, and Albert Gower to run on the Cray supercomputer.

New!!: Cray and Cray Blitz · See more »

Cray C90

The Cray C90 series (initially named the Y-MP C90) was a vector processor supercomputer launched by Cray Research in 1991.

New!!: Cray and Cray C90 · See more »

Cray CS6400

The Cray Superserver 6400, or CS6400, is a discontinued multiprocessor server computer system produced by Cray Research Superservers, Inc., a subsidiary of Cray Research, and launched in 1993.

New!!: Cray and Cray CS6400 · See more »

Cray CX1

The Cray CX1 is a deskside high-performance workstation designed by Cray Inc., based on the x86-64 processor architecture.

New!!: Cray and Cray CX1 · See more »

Cray CX1000

The Cray CX1000 is a family of high-performance computers which is manufactured by Cray Inc., and consists of two individual groups of computer systems.

New!!: Cray and Cray CX1000 · See more »

Cray EL90

The Cray EL90 series was an air-cooled vector processor supercomputer first sold by Cray Research in 1993.

New!!: Cray and Cray EL90 · See more »

Cray J90

The Cray J90 series (code-named Jedi during development) was an air-cooled vector processor supercomputer first sold by Cray Research in 1994.

New!!: Cray and Cray J90 · See more »

Cray MTA-2

The Cray MTA-2 is a shared-memory MIMD computer marketed by Cray Inc. It is an unusual design based on the Tera computer designed by Tera Computer Company.

New!!: Cray and Cray MTA-2 · See more »

Cray Operating System

The Cray Operating System (COS) succeeded Chippewa Operating System (shipped with earlier computer systems CDC 6000 series and CDC 7600) and is Cray Research's now discontinued proprietary operating system for its Cray-1 (1976) and Cray X-MP supercomputers, and those platforms' main OS until replaced by UNICOS in the late 1980s.

New!!: Cray and Cray Operating System · See more »

Cray Plaza

Cray Plaza (formerly Galtier Plaza), located in the Lowertown neighborhood of Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States, provides space for working, living, eating, and recreating on one square city block opened in 1986.

New!!: Cray and Cray Plaza · See more »

Cray S-MP

The Cray S-MP was a multiprocessor server computer sold by Cray Research from 1992 to 1993.

New!!: Cray and Cray S-MP · See more »

Cray SV1

The Cray SV1 is a vector processor supercomputer from the Cray Research division of Silicon Graphics introduced in 1998.

New!!: Cray and Cray SV1 · See more »

Cray T3D

The T3D (Torus, 3-Dimensional) was Cray Research's first attempt at a massively parallel supercomputer architecture.

New!!: Cray and Cray T3D · See more »

Cray T3E

The Cray T3E was Cray Research's second-generation massively parallel supercomputer architecture, launched in late November 1995.

New!!: Cray and Cray T3E · See more »

Cray T90

The Cray T90 series (code-named Triton during development) was the last of a line of vector processing supercomputers manufactured by Cray Research, Inc, superseding the Cray C90 series.

New!!: Cray and Cray T90 · See more »

Cray Time Sharing System

The Cray Time Sharing System, also known in the Cray user community as CTSS, was developed as an operating system for the Cray-1 or Cray X-MP line of supercomputers.

New!!: Cray and Cray Time Sharing System · See more »

Cray Urika-GD

The Cray Urika-GD graph discovery appliance, made by supercomputer maker Cray Inc., is a system that finds and analyzes relationships and patterns in the data collected by a supercomputer.

New!!: Cray and Cray Urika-GD · See more »

Cray Urika-XA

The Cray Urika-XA extreme analytics platform, manufactured by supercomputer maker Cray Inc., is an appliance that analyzes the massive amounts of data—usually called big data—that supercomputers collect.

New!!: Cray and Cray Urika-XA · See more »

Cray X-MP

The Cray X-MP is a supercomputer designed, built and sold by Cray Research.

New!!: Cray and Cray X-MP · See more »

Cray X1

The Cray X1 is a non-uniform memory access, vector processor supercomputer manufactured and sold by Cray Inc. since 2003.

New!!: Cray and Cray X1 · See more »

Cray X2

The Cray X2 is a vector processing node for the Cray XT5h supercomputer, developed and sold by Cray Inc. and launched in 2007.

New!!: Cray and Cray X2 · See more »

Cray XC30

The Cray XC30 is a massively parallel multiprocessor supercomputer manufactured by Cray.

New!!: Cray and Cray XC30 · See more »

Cray XC40

The Cray XC40 is a massively parallel multiprocessor supercomputer manufactured by Cray.

New!!: Cray and Cray XC40 · See more »

Cray XC50

The Cray XC50 is a massively parallel multiprocessor supercomputer manufactured by Cray.

New!!: Cray and Cray XC50 · See more »

Cray XD1

The Cray XD1 was an entry-level supercomputer range, made by Cray Inc. The XD1 uses AMD Opteron 64-bit CPUs, and utilizes the Direct Connect Architecture over HyperTransport to remove the bottleneck at the PCI and contention at the memory.

New!!: Cray and Cray XD1 · See more »

Cray XE6

The Cray XE6 (codenamed Baker during development) is an enhanced version of the Cray XT6 supercomputer, officially announced on 25 May 2010.

New!!: Cray and Cray XE6 · See more »

Cray XK6

The Cray XK6 is an enhanced version of the Cray XE6 supercomputer, announced in May 2011.

New!!: Cray and Cray XK6 · See more »

Cray XK7

XK7 is a supercomputing platform, produced by Cray, launched on October 29, 2012.

New!!: Cray and Cray XK7 · See more »

Cray XMS

The Cray XMS was a vector processor minisupercomputer sold by Cray Research from 1990 to 1991.

New!!: Cray and Cray XMS · See more »

Cray XMT

The Cray XMT (codenamed Eldorado) is the third generation of the Cray MTA supercomputer architecture originally developed by Tera.

New!!: Cray and Cray XMT · See more »

Cray XT3

The Cray XT3 is a distributed memory massively parallel MIMD supercomputer designed by Cray Inc. with Sandia National Laboratories under the codename Red Storm.

New!!: Cray and Cray XT3 · See more »

Cray XT4

The Cray XT4 (codenamed Hood during development) is an updated version of the Cray XT3 supercomputer.

New!!: Cray and Cray XT4 · See more »

Cray XT5

The Cray XT5 is an updated version of the Cray XT4 supercomputer, launched on November 6, 2007.

New!!: Cray and Cray XT5 · See more »

Cray XT6

The Cray XT6 is an updated version of the Cray XT5 supercomputer, launched on 16 November 2009.

New!!: Cray and Cray XT6 · See more »

Cray Y-MP

The Cray Y-MP was a supercomputer sold by Cray Research from 1988, and the successor to the company's X-MP.

New!!: Cray and Cray Y-MP · See more »


The Cray-1 was a supercomputer designed, manufactured and marketed by Cray Research.

New!!: Cray and Cray-1 · See more »


The Cray-2 is a supercomputer with four vector processors made by Cray Research starting in 1985.

New!!: Cray and Cray-2 · See more »


The Cray-3 was a vector supercomputer, Seymour Cray's designated successor to the Cray-2.

New!!: Cray and Cray-3 · See more »


The Cray-4 was intended to be Cray Computer Corporation's successor to the failed Cray-3 supercomputer.

New!!: Cray and Cray-4 · See more »

Cry (disambiguation)

Cry usually refers to crying, the act of shedding tears.

New!!: Cray and Cry (disambiguation) · See more »


DAP FORTRAN was an extension of the non IO parts of FORTRAN with constructs that supported parallel computing for the ICL Distributed Array Processor (DAP).

New!!: Cray and DAP FORTRAN · See more »

David E. Orton

David E. Orton is an American engineering executive and the CEO of GEO Semiconductor Inc.

New!!: Cray and David E. Orton · See more »

David Slowinski

David Slowinski is a mathematician involved in prime numbers.

New!!: Cray and David Slowinski · See more »

DEC Alpha

Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.

New!!: Cray and DEC Alpha · See more »

Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

The Department of Computer Science (CS) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has consistently been ranked as a top computer science program in the world. As of 2016, U.S. News & World Report rank UIUC's Computer Science as a Top 5 CS Graduate School program in the nation, and one of the Top 5 Undergraduate Schools in Computers, along with being in the Top 20 for the World's Best Universities for Computer Science. Since its reorganization in 1964, the Department of Computer Science has produced a myriad of publications and research that have advanced the field of Computer Science. In addition, many faculty and alumni have been leads with modern-day applications such as Mosaic (web browser), PayPal, and YouTube.

New!!: Cray and Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign · See more »


Dicomed (or DICOMED) was founded in 1968 and in the early 1970s became a leading manufacturer of precision color film recorders such as the D47 and D48.

New!!: Cray and Dicomed · See more »

Downtown Saint Paul

Downtown Saint Paul is an official neighborhood in Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States.

New!!: Cray and Downtown Saint Paul · See more »

Economy of Minnesota

The economy of Minnesota produced US$312 billion of gross domestic product in 2014.

New!!: Cray and Economy of Minnesota · See more »

Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach

Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach is a residential campus of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University.

New!!: Cray and Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach · See more »

Engineering Research Associates

Engineering Research Associates, commonly known as ERA, was a pioneering computer firm from the 1950s.

New!!: Cray and Engineering Research Associates · See more »


EPCC, formerly the Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre, is a supercomputing centre based at the University of Edinburgh.

New!!: Cray and EPCC · See more »

ETA Systems

ETA Systems was a supercomputer company spun off from Control Data Corporation (CDC) in the early 1980s in order to regain a footing in the supercomputer business.

New!!: Cray and ETA Systems · See more »


The ETA10 is a line of vector supercomputers designed, manufactured, and marketed by ETA Systems, a spin-off division of Control Data Corporation (CDC).

New!!: Cray and ETA10 · See more »

Evans & Sutherland ES-1

The ES-1 was Evans & Sutherland's abortive attempt to enter the supercomputer market.

New!!: Cray and Evans & Sutherland ES-1 · See more »

Floating Point Systems

Floating Point Systems Inc. (FPS) was a Beaverton, Oregon vendor of attached array processors and minisupercomputers.

New!!: Cray and Floating Point Systems · See more »


In computing, floating point operations per second (FLOPS, flops or flop/s) is a measure of computer performance, useful in fields of scientific computations that require floating-point calculations.

New!!: Cray and FLOPS · See more »

Forschungszentrum Jülich

Forschungszentrum Jülich ("Jülich Research Centre") is a member of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres and is one of the largest interdisciplinary research centres in Europe.

New!!: Cray and Forschungszentrum Jülich · See more »


Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

New!!: Cray and Fortran · See more »

Fortress (programming language)

Fortress is a discontinued experimental programming language for high-performance computing, created by Sun Microsystems with funding from DARPA's High Productivity Computing Systems project.

New!!: Cray and Fortress (programming language) · See more »

Fujitsu VP

The Fujitsu FACOM VP is a series of vector supercomputers designed, manufactured, and marketed by Fujitsu.

New!!: Cray and Fujitsu VP · See more »

Gallium arsenide

Gallium arsenide (GaAs) is a compound of the elements gallium and arsenic.

New!!: Cray and Gallium arsenide · See more »


The Gen-Z consortium is a trade group of technology vendors involved in designing CPUs, random access memory, servers, storage, and accelerators.

New!!: Cray and Gen-Z · See more »

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

The Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory (GFDL) is a laboratory in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR).

New!!: Cray and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory · See more »


Gnodal was a computer networking company headquartered in Bristol, UK.

New!!: Cray and Gnodal · See more »

Great Storm of 1987

The Great Storm of 1987 was a violent extratropical cyclone that occurred on the night of 15–16 October, with hurricane-force winds causing casualties in England, France and the Channel Islands as a severe depression in the Bay of Biscay moved northeast.

New!!: Cray and Great Storm of 1987 · See more »

Hamming weight

The Hamming weight of a string is the number of symbols that are different from the zero-symbol of the alphabet used.

New!!: Cray and Hamming weight · See more »


HECToR (High End Computing Terascale Resource) was a British academic national supercomputer service funded by EPSRC, Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) and BBSRC for the UK academic community. The HECToR service was run by partners including EPCC, Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) and Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG). The supercomputer itself (currently a Cray XE6) was located at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. The first phase came on line in October 2007, and, by the time it was decommissioned, it had been upgraded to Phase 3 configuration, with a peak performance of over 800 teraflops. Its successor is called.

New!!: Cray and HECToR · See more »

High Productivity Computing Systems

High Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) is a DARPA project for developing a new generation of economically viable high productivity computing systems for national security and industry in the 2002–10 timeframe.

New!!: Cray and High Productivity Computing Systems · See more »

History of computing hardware (1960s–present)

The history of computing hardware starting at 1960 is marked by the conversion from vacuum tube to solid-state devices such as the transistor and later the integrated circuit.

New!!: Cray and History of computing hardware (1960s–present) · See more »

History of Minnesota

The history of the U.S. state of Minnesota is shaped by its original Native American residents, European exploration and settlement, and the emergence of industries made possible by the state's natural resources.

New!!: Cray and History of Minnesota · See more »

History of Norsk Data

Norsk Data (ND) was a Norwegian manufacturer of minicomputers which operated between 1967 and 1992.

New!!: Cray and History of Norsk Data · See more »

History of supercomputing

The history of supercomputing goes back to the early 1920s in the United States with the IBM tabulators at Columbia University and a series of computers at Control Data Corporation (CDC), designed by Seymour Cray to use innovative designs and parallelism to achieve superior computational peak performance.

New!!: Cray and History of supercomputing · See more »


HYPERchannel, sometimes rendered Hyperchannel, was a local area networking system for mainframe computers, especially supercomputers, introduced by Network Systems Corporation in the 1970s.

New!!: Cray and HYPERchannel · See more »

IBM 3090

The IBM 3090 family was a high-end successor, after the IBM System/370, to the sequence begun a quarter of a century before by the IBM System/360.

New!!: Cray and IBM 3090 · See more »


The IBM PCjr (read "PC junior") was IBM's first attempt to enter the home computer market.

New!!: Cray and IBM PCjr · See more »

IBM POWER microprocessors

IBM has a series of high performance microprocessors called POWER followed by a number designating generation, i.e. POWER1, POWER2, POWER3 and so forth up to the latest POWER9.

New!!: Cray and IBM POWER microprocessors · See more »

IBM System/370

The IBM System/370 (S/370) was a model range of IBM mainframe computers announced on June 30, 1970 as the successors to the System/360 family.

New!!: Cray and IBM System/370 · See more »


ViVA (Virtual Vector Architecture) is a technology from IBM for coupling together multiple scalar floating point units to act as a single vector processor.

New!!: Cray and IBM ViVA · See more »

ICL Distributed Array Processor

The Distributed Array Processor (DAP) produced by International Computers Limited (ICL) was the world's first commercial massively parallel computer.

New!!: Cray and ICL Distributed Array Processor · See more »

IMP (programming language)

IMP is an early systems programming language that was developed by Edgar T. Irons in the late 1960s through early 1970s.

New!!: Cray and IMP (programming language) · See more »

IMSL Numerical Libraries

IMSL (International Mathematics and Statistics Library) is a commercial collection of software libraries of numerical analysis functionality that are implemented in the computer programming languages C, Java, C#.NET, and Fortran.

New!!: Cray and IMSL Numerical Libraries · See more »

InfiniBand Trade Association

The InfiniBand Trade Association (IBTA) is the standards organization that defines and maintains the InfiniBand specification.

New!!: Cray and InfiniBand Trade Association · See more »

Influence of the IBM PC on the personal computer market

Following the introduction of the IBM Personal Computer, or IBM PC, many other personal computer architectures became extinct within just a few years.

New!!: Cray and Influence of the IBM PC on the personal computer market · See more »

Integer factorization records

Integer factorization is the process of determining which prime numbers divide a given positive integer.

New!!: Cray and Integer factorization records · See more »


IRIX is a discontinued operating system developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) to run on their MIPS workstations and servers.

New!!: Cray and IRIX · See more »

Jaguar (supercomputer)

Jaguar or OLCF-2 was a petascale supercomputer built by Cray at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

New!!: Cray and Jaguar (supercomputer) · See more »

L.F. Rothschild

L.F. Rothschild (later known as L.F. Rothschild, Unterberg, Towbin) was a merchant and investment banking firm based in the United States and founded in 1899.

New!!: Cray and L.F. Rothschild · See more »

Lee Friedlander

Lee Friedlander (born July 14, 1934) is an American photographer and artist.

New!!: Cray and Lee Friedlander · See more »

Lehmer random number generator

The Lehmer random number generator (named after D. H. Lehmer), sometimes also referred to as the Park–Miller random number generator (after Stephen K. Park and Keith W. Miller), is a type of linear congruential generator (LCG) that operates in multiplicative group of integers modulo n. The general formula is: where the modulus n is a prime number or a power of a prime number, the multiplier g is an element of high multiplicative order modulo n (e.g., a primitive root modulo n), and the seed X is coprime to n.

New!!: Cray and Lehmer random number generator · See more »

List of alumni of Villanova University

Various notable individuals in many professions attended Villanova University at some point in their educational careers.

New!!: Cray and List of alumni of Villanova University · See more »

List of C-family programming languages

Due to the success of the C programming language and some of its derivatives, C-family programming languages span a large variety of programming paradigms, conceptual models, and run-time environments.

New!!: Cray and List of C-family programming languages · See more »

List of companies based in Seattle

This is a list of large or well-known interstate or international companies headquartered in the Seattle metropolitan area.

New!!: Cray and List of companies based in Seattle · See more »

List of companies named after people

This is a list of companies named after people.

New!!: Cray and List of companies named after people · See more »

List of companies of the United States

This is a list of notable companies based in the United States.

New!!: Cray and List of companies of the United States · See more »

List of company name etymologies

This is a list of company names with their name origins explained.

New!!: Cray and List of company name etymologies · See more »

List of compilers

This page is intended to list all current compilers, compiler generators, interpreters, translators, tool foundations, assemblers, automatable command line interfaces (shells), etc.

New!!: Cray and List of compilers · See more »

List of computer scientists

This is a list of computer scientists, people who do work in computer science, in particular researchers and authors.

New!!: Cray and List of computer scientists · See more »

List of computer system manufacturers

The following is a list of notable computer system manufacturers.

New!!: Cray and List of computer system manufacturers · See more »

List of Empowered characters

This is a list of Empowered characters.

New!!: Cray and List of Empowered characters · See more »

List of eponyms (A–K)

An eponym is a person (real or fictitious) from whom something is said to take its name.

New!!: Cray and List of eponyms (A–K) · See more »

List of fictional computers

Computers have often been used as fictional objects in literature, movies and in other forms of media.

New!!: Cray and List of fictional computers · See more »

List of important publications in computer science

This is a list of important publications in computer science, organized by field.

New!!: Cray and List of important publications in computer science · See more »

List of Scheduled prehistoric Monuments in Powys (Brecknockshire)

Powys is the largest administrative county in Wales.

New!!: Cray and List of Scheduled prehistoric Monuments in Powys (Brecknockshire) · See more »

List of Scheduled Roman to modern Monuments in Powys (Brecknockshire)

Powys is the largest administrative county in Wales.

New!!: Cray and List of Scheduled Roman to modern Monuments in Powys (Brecknockshire) · See more »

List of SPARQL implementations

This list shows triplestore, APIs, and other storages that have implemented the W3C SPARQL standard.

New!!: Cray and List of SPARQL implementations · See more »

List of University of Minnesota people

This is a list of notable people associated with the University of Minnesota.

New!!: Cray and List of University of Minnesota people · See more »


LS-DYNA is an advanced general-purpose multiphysics simulation software package developed by the Livermore Software Technology Corporation (LSTC).

New!!: Cray and LS-DYNA · See more »

Lustre (file system)

Lustre is a type of parallel distributed file system, generally used for large-scale cluster computing.

New!!: Cray and Lustre (file system) · See more »


MADNESS (Multiresolution Adaptive Numerical Environment for Scientific Simulation) is a high-level software environment for the solution of integral and differential equations in many dimensions using adaptive and fast harmonic analysis methods with guaranteed precision based on multiresolution analysis and separated representations.

New!!: Cray and MADNESS · See more »


MBus is a computer bus designed and implemented by Sun Microsystems for communication between high speed computer system components, such as the central processing unit, motherboard and main memory.

New!!: Cray and MBus (SPARC) · See more »


Molecular Dynamics of Mixtures (MDynaMix) is a computer software package for general purpose molecular dynamics to simulate mixtures of molecules, interacting by AMBER- and CHARMM-like force fields in periodic boundary conditions.

New!!: Cray and MDynaMix · See more »


Minisupercomputers constituted a short-lived class of computers that emerged in the mid-1980s, characterized by the combination of vector processing and small-scale multiprocessing.

New!!: Cray and Minisupercomputer · See more »

Minneapolis–Saint Paul

Minneapolis–Saint Paul is a major metropolitan area built around the Mississippi, Minnesota and St. Croix rivers in east central Minnesota.

New!!: Cray and Minneapolis–Saint Paul · See more »


Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States.

New!!: Cray and Minnesota · See more »


Mitrionics is a Swedish company manufacturing softcore reconfigurable processors.

New!!: Cray and Mitrionics · See more »

Monolith (Space Odyssey)

In Arthur C. Clarke's Space Odyssey, Monoliths are machines built by an unseen extraterrestrial species.

New!!: Cray and Monolith (Space Odyssey) · See more »


MPICH, formerly known as MPICH2, is a freely available, portable implementation of MPI, a standard for message-passing for distributed-memory applications used in parallel computing.

New!!: Cray and MPICH · See more »

Multidimensional DSP with GPU Acceleration

Digital signal processing (DSP) is a ubiquitous methodology in scientific and engineering computations.

New!!: Cray and Multidimensional DSP with GPU Acceleration · See more »

Multithreading (computer architecture)

In computer architecture, multithreading is the ability of a central processing unit (CPU) or a single core in a multi-core processor to execute multiple processes or threads concurrently, appropriately supported by the operating system.

New!!: Cray and Multithreading (computer architecture) · See more »

Name mangling

In compiler construction, name mangling (also called name decoration) is a technique used to solve various problems caused by the need to resolve unique names for programming entities in many modern programming languages.

New!!: Cray and Name mangling · See more »

NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division

The NASA Advanced Supercomputing (NAS) Division is located at NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field in the heart of Silicon Valley in Mountain View, California.

New!!: Cray and NASA Advanced Supercomputing Division · See more »

National Weather Service

The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States Federal Government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information.

New!!: Cray and National Weather Service · See more »

NEC SX architecture

The SX series are vector supercomputers designed, manufactured, and marketed by NEC.

New!!: Cray and NEC SX architecture · See more »


The SX-6 is a supercomputer built by NEC Corporation that debuted in 2001; the SX-6 was sold under license by Cray Inc. in the U.S. Each SX-6 single-node system contains up to eight vector processors, which share up to 64 GB of computer memory.

New!!: Cray and NEC SX-6 · See more »

Network Systems Corporation

Network Systems Corporation (NSC) was an early manufacturer of high-performance computer networking products.

New!!: Cray and Network Systems Corporation · See more »

Nissan Z-car

The Nissan Z-car is a sports car which has been manufactured by Nissan Motors Ltd, in six generations, since 1969.

New!!: Cray and Nissan Z-car · See more »


NLTSS, the Network Livermore Timesharing System, also sometimes known as the New Livermore Time Sharing System was an operating system that was actively developed at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (now Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) from 1979 until about 1988, though it continued to run production applications until 1995.

New!!: Cray and NLTSS · See more »


NOBUS, short for "NObody But US", are security vulnerabilities which the United States National Security Agency (NSA) believes that only it can exploit.

New!!: Cray and NOBUS · See more »


NUMAlink is a system interconnect developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) for use in its distributed shared memory ccNUMA computer systems.

New!!: Cray and NUMAlink · See more »

October 5

No description.

New!!: Cray and October 5 · See more »

Olaf Storaasli

Olaf O. Storaasli, VP, was a researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Computer Science and Mathematics Division's) and USEC following his NASA career.

New!!: Cray and Olaf Storaasli · See more »

Open coopetition

be provocative and add open-coopettion to scholars Must be sure this ones from the Linux foundation are included: CAF, Yocto, Xen, Cloud Foundry, Dronecode, OpenDaylight, Node.

New!!: Cray and Open coopetition · See more »


OpenACC (for open accelerators) is a programming standard for parallel computing developed by Cray, CAPS, Nvidia and PGI.

New!!: Cray and OpenACC · See more »


OpenMP (Open Multi-Processing) is an application programming interface (API) that supports multi-platform shared memory multiprocessing programming in C, C++, and Fortran, on most platforms, instruction set architectures and operating systems, including Solaris, AIX, HP-UX, Linux, macOS, and Windows.

New!!: Cray and OpenMP · See more »


Open Scalable File Systems, Inc.

New!!: Cray and OpenSFS · See more »

Outline of computing

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computing: Computing – activity of using and improving computer hardware and software.

New!!: Cray and Outline of computing · See more »

Outline of software engineering

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to software engineering: Software engineering – application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software; that is the application of engineering to software.

New!!: Cray and Outline of software engineering · See more »

Parallel computing

Parallel computing is a type of computation in which many calculations or the execution of processes are carried out concurrently.

New!!: Cray and Parallel computing · See more »

Parallel Virtual Machine

Parallel Virtual Machine (PVM) is a software tool for parallel networking of computers.

New!!: Cray and Parallel Virtual Machine · See more »


PARAM is a series of supercomputers designed and assembled by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in Pune, India.

New!!: Cray and PARAM · See more »


PathScale Inc. was a company that developed a highly optimizing compiler for the x86-64 microprocessor architectures.

New!!: Cray and PathScale · See more »

Patrick K. Kroupa

Patrick Karel Kroupa (also known as Lord Digital, born January 20, 1969) is an American writer, hacker and activist.

New!!: Cray and Patrick K. Kroupa · See more »

Paul Gage

Paul Gage is a research computer scientist who works at Cray Supercomputers.

New!!: Cray and Paul Gage · See more »


Pentago is a two-player abstract strategy game invented by Tomas Flodén.

New!!: Cray and Pentago · See more »


PERCS (Productive, Easy-to-use, Reliable Computing System) is IBM's answer to DARPA's High Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) initiative.

New!!: Cray and PERCS · See more »

Petascale computing

In computing, petascale refers to a computer system capable of reaching performance in excess of one petaflops, i.e. one quadrillion floating point operations per second.

New!!: Cray and Petascale computing · See more »

Peter Coveney

Peter V. Coveney is a Professor of Physical Chemistry and Director, Centre for Computational Science (CCS) at University College London (UCL).

New!!: Cray and Peter Coveney · See more »

Peter Michael (engineer)

Sir Peter Colin Michael CBE (born 1938) is a British engineer and businessman whose interests include radio and wine-making.

New!!: Cray and Peter Michael (engineer) · See more »

Peter Ungaro

Peter J. Ungaro (born 1969) is an American businessman and CEO of Cray.

New!!: Cray and Peter Ungaro · See more »

Portals network programming application programming interface

Portals is a low-level network API for high-performance networking on high-performance computing systems developed by Sandia National Laboratories and the University of New Mexico.

New!!: Cray and Portals network programming application programming interface · See more »

Power Architecture

Power Architecture is a registered trademark for similar reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction sets for microprocessors developed and manufactured by such companies as IBM, Freescale/NXP, AppliedMicro, LSI, Teledyne e2v and Synopsys.

New!!: Cray and Power Architecture · See more »

Processor register

In computer architecture, a processor register is a quickly accessible location available to a computer's central processing unit (CPU).

New!!: Cray and Processor register · See more »

Rainer Spurzem

Rainer Spurzem is a German astronomer at the Astronomisches Rechen-Institut in Heidelberg, Germany.

New!!: Cray and Rainer Spurzem · See more »

Red Storm (computing)

Red Storm is a supercomputer architecture designed for the US Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration Advanced Simulation and Computing Program.

New!!: Cray and Red Storm (computing) · See more »

Reduced instruction set computer

A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).

New!!: Cray and Reduced instruction set computer · See more »

Reservoir simulation

Reservoir simulation is an area of reservoir engineering in which computer models are used to predict the flow of fluids (typically, oil, water, and gas) through porous media.

New!!: Cray and Reservoir simulation · See more »


ROHR2 is a pipe stress analysis CAE system from SIGMA Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH, based in Unna, Germany.

New!!: Cray and ROHR2 · See more »

Roland Piquepaille

Roland Piquepaille (18 October 1946 – 6 January 2009) was a technology writer, both for ZDNet and for his own blog, Roland Piquepaille's Technology Trends, and a former software engineer at Silicon Graphics and Cray Research.

New!!: Cray and Roland Piquepaille · See more »

Saudi Aramco

Saudi Aramco (أرامكو السعودية), officially the Saudi Arabian Oil Company, most popularly known just as Aramco (formerly Arabian-American Oil Company), is a Saudi Arabian national petroleum and natural gas company based in Dhahran.

New!!: Cray and Saudi Aramco · See more »

Scalable Coherent Interface

The Scalable Coherent Interface or Scalable Coherent Interconnect (SCI), was a high-speed interconnect standard for shared memory multiprocessing and message passing used in the 1990s.

New!!: Cray and Scalable Coherent Interface · See more »


ScaleMP is a software vendor of a hypervisor, or virtual machine monitor, for high-performance computing applications.

New!!: Cray and ScaleMP · See more »


SchedMD LLC is an American software company that is the main developer of the Slurm Workload Manager (or Slurm), an open-source workload management system.

New!!: Cray and SchedMD · See more »

SCO Group, Inc. v. DaimlerChrysler Corp.

SCO Group v. DaimlerChrysler was a lawsuit filed in the United States, in the state of Michigan.

New!!: Cray and SCO Group, Inc. v. DaimlerChrysler Corp. · See more »

September 28

No description.

New!!: Cray and September 28 · See more »

Seymour Cray

Seymour Roger Cray (September 28, 1925 – October 5, 1996) was an American electrical engineer and supercomputer architect who designed a series of computers that were the fastest in the world for decades, and founded Cray Research which built many of these machines.

New!!: Cray and Seymour Cray · See more »

Seymour Cray Computer Engineering Award

The Seymour Cray Computer Engineering Award, also known as the Seymour Cray Award, is an award given by the IEEE Computer Society, to recognize significant and innovative contributions in the field of high-performance computing.

New!!: Cray and Seymour Cray Computer Engineering Award · See more »

SGI Challenge

The Challenge, code-named Eveready (deskside models) and Terminator (rackmount models), is a family of server computers and supercomputers developed and manufactured by Silicon Graphics in the early to mid-1990s that succeeded the earlier Power (not to be confused with the IBM POWER) series systems.

New!!: Cray and SGI Challenge · See more »

SGI Origin 2000

The SGI Origin 2000 is a family of mid-range and high-end server computers developed and manufactured by Silicon Graphics (SGI).

New!!: Cray and SGI Origin 2000 · See more »

Shaheen (supercomputer)

Shaheen is a supercomputer owned and operated by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).

New!!: Cray and Shaheen (supercomputer) · See more »

She's the Boss

She's the Boss is the solo album debut by The Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger released in 1985.

New!!: Cray and She's the Boss · See more »

Silicon Gorge

The Silicon Gorge refers to the numerous high-tech and research companies, in the triangle of Bristol, Swindon and Gloucester, in England.

New!!: Cray and Silicon Gorge · See more »

Silicon Graphics

Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.

New!!: Cray and Silicon Graphics · See more »


Single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) is a class of parallel computers in Flynn's taxonomy.

New!!: Cray and SIMD · See more »


SISAL ("Streams and Iteration in a Single Assignment Language") is a general-purpose single assignment functional programming language with strict semantics, implicit parallelism, and efficient array handling.

New!!: Cray and SISAL · See more »

Slurm Workload Manager

The Slurm Workload Manager (formerly known as Simple Linux Utility for Resource Management or SLURM), or Slurm, is a free and open-source job scheduler for Linux and Unix-like kernels, used by many of the world's supercomputers and computer clusters.

New!!: Cray and Slurm Workload Manager · See more »

Smith–Waterman algorithm

The Smith–Waterman algorithm performs local sequence alignment; that is, for determining similar regions between two strings of nucleic acid sequences or protein sequences.

New!!: Cray and Smith–Waterman algorithm · See more »


The SPARCstation, SPARCserver and SPARCcenter product lines were a series of SPARC-based computer workstations and servers in desktop, desk side (pedestal) and rack-based form factor configurations, developed and sold by Sun Microsystems.

New!!: Cray and SPARCstation · See more »


In computing, SPMD (single program, multiple data) is a technique employed to achieve parallelism; it is a subcategory of MIMD.

New!!: Cray and SPMD · See more »

Steve Chen (computer engineer)

Steve Chen (pinyin: Chén Shìqīng) (born 1944 in Taiwan) is a Taiwanese computer engineer and internet entrepreneur.

New!!: Cray and Steve Chen (computer engineer) · See more »

Steve Scott (computer architect)

Steve Scott is a computer architect who currently serves as Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer at Cray Inc.

New!!: Cray and Steve Scott (computer architect) · See more »

Sun Enterprise

Sun Enterprise is a range of UNIX server computers produced by Sun Microsystems from 1996 to 2001.

New!!: Cray and Sun Enterprise · See more »

Sun Microsystems

Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.

New!!: Cray and Sun Microsystems · See more »


Sun4d is a computer architecture introduced by Sun Microsystems in 1992.

New!!: Cray and Sun4d · See more »


SUNMOS (Sandia/UNM Operating System) is an operating system jointly developed by Sandia National Laboratories and the Computer Science Department at the University of New Mexico.

New!!: Cray and SUNMOS · See more »


A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.

New!!: Cray and Supercomputer · See more »

Supercomputer operating systems

Since the end of the 20th century, supercomputer operating systems have undergone major transformations, as fundamental changes have occurred in supercomputer architecture.

New!!: Cray and Supercomputer operating systems · See more »

Supercomputing in India

India's supercomputer program was started in late 1980s because Cray supercomputers were denied for import due to an arms embargo imposed on India, as it was a dual-use technology and could be used for developing nuclear weapons.

New!!: Cray and Supercomputing in India · See more »

Supercomputing in Pakistan

The high performance supercomputing program started in mid-to-late 1980s in Pakistan.

New!!: Cray and Supercomputing in Pakistan · See more »

Supertek Computers

Supertek Computers Inc. was a computer company founded in Santa Clara, California in 1985 by Mike Fung, an ex-Hewlett-Packard project manager, with the aim of designing and selling low-cost minisupercomputers compatible with those from Cray Research.

New!!: Cray and Supertek Computers · See more »

Swiss National Supercomputing Centre

The Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (Centro Svizzero di Calcolo Scientifico; CSCS) is the national high-performance computing centre of Switzerland.

New!!: Cray and Swiss National Supercomputing Centre · See more »

TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC

TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC, 581 U.S. ___ (2017), was a United States Supreme Court case concerning the venue in patent infringement lawsuits.

New!!: Cray and TC Heartland LLC v. Kraft Foods Group Brands LLC · See more »


TeleSoft, Inc. (sometimes written Telesoft) was an American software development company founded in 1981 and based in San Diego, California, that specialized in development tools for the Ada programming language.

New!!: Cray and TeleSoft · See more »

Tera Computer Company

The Tera Computer Company was a manufacturer of high-performance computing software and hardware, founded in 1987 in Washington, D.C. and moved 1988 to Seattle, Washington by James Rottsolk and Burton Smith.

New!!: Cray and Tera Computer Company · See more »

Texas Advanced Computing Center

The Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) at the University of Texas at Austin, United States, is an advanced computing research center that provides comprehensive advanced computing resources and support services to researchers in Texas and across the USA.

New!!: Cray and Texas Advanced Computing Center · See more »

The Big Bang Theory (season 4)

The fourth season of the American sitcom The Big Bang Theory, began airing on CBS on September 23, 2010.

New!!: Cray and The Big Bang Theory (season 4) · See more »

Thinking Machines Corporation

Thinking Machines Corporation was a supercomputer manufacturer and Artificial Intelligence company,founded in Waltham, Massachusetts, in 1983 by Sheryl Handler and W. Daniel "Danny" Hillis to turn Hillis's doctoral work at MIT on massively parallel computing architectures into a commercial product known as the Connection Machine.

New!!: Cray and Thinking Machines Corporation · See more »

Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology

Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology (also known as TJHSST, TJ, or Jefferson) is a Virginia state-chartered magnet school in Fairfax County, Virginia.

New!!: Cray and Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology · See more »

TI Advanced Scientific Computer

The Advanced Scientific Computer (ASC) is a supercomputer designed and manufactured by Texas Instruments (TI) between 1966 and 1973.

New!!: Cray and TI Advanced Scientific Computer · See more »

Timeline of programming languages

This is a record of historically important programming languages, by decade.

New!!: Cray and Timeline of programming languages · See more »

Titan (supercomputer)

Titan or OLCF-3 is a supercomputer built by Cray at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for use in a variety of science projects. Titan is an upgrade of Jaguar, a previous supercomputer at Oak Ridge, that uses graphics processing units (GPUs) in addition to conventional central processing units (CPUs). Titan is the first such hybrid to perform over 10 petaFLOPS. The upgrade began in October 2011, commenced stability testing in October 2012 and it became available to researchers in early 2013. The initial cost of the upgrade was US$60 million, funded primarily by the United States Department of Energy. Titan is due to be eclipsed at Oak Ridge by Summit in 2019, which is being built by IBM and features fewer nodes with much greater GPU capability per node as well as local per-node non-volatile caching of file data from the system's parallel file system. Titan employs AMD Opteron CPUs in conjunction with Nvidia Tesla GPUs to improve energy efficiency while providing an order of magnitude increase in computational power over Jaguar. It uses 18,688 CPUs paired with an equal number of GPUs to perform at a theoretical peak of 27 petaFLOPS; in the LINPACK benchmark used to rank supercomputers' speed, it performed at 17.59 petaFLOPS. This was enough to take first place in the November 2012 list by the TOP500 organization, but Tianhe-2 overtook it on the June 2013 list. Titan is available for any scientific purpose; access depends on the importance of the project and its potential to exploit the hybrid architecture. Any selected programs must also be executable on other supercomputers to avoid sole dependence on Titan. Six vanguard programs were the first selected. They dealt mostly with molecular scale physics or climate models, while 25 others were queued behind them. The inclusion of GPUs compelled authors to alter their programs. The modifications typically increased the degree of parallelism, given that GPUs offer many more simultaneous threads than CPUs. The changes often yield greater performance even on CPU-only machines.

New!!: Cray and Titan (supercomputer) · See more »


The TOP500 project ranks and details the 500 most powerful non-distributed computer systems in the world.

New!!: Cray and TOP500 · See more »


Torrenza was an initiative announced by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) in 2006 to improve support for the integration of specialized coprocessors in systems based on AMD Opteron microprocessors.

New!!: Cray and Torrenza · See more »

Torus interconnect

A torus interconnect is a switch-less network topology for connecting processing nodes in a parallel computer system.

New!!: Cray and Torus interconnect · See more »


Trilinos is a collection of open-source software libraries, called packages, intended to be used as building blocks for the development of scientific applications.

New!!: Cray and Trilinos · See more »

Ultra Network Technologies

Ultra Network Technologies (previously called Ultra Corporation) is a now defunct networking company.

New!!: Cray and Ultra Network Technologies · See more »


uname (short for unix name) is a computer program in Unix and Unix-like computer operating systems that prints the name, version and other details about the current machine and the operating system running on it.

New!!: Cray and Uname · See more »


UNICOS is the name of a range of Unix-like operating system variants developed by Cray for its supercomputers.

New!!: Cray and UNICOS · See more »

University of Alaska system

The University of Alaska System is a university system in Alaska.

New!!: Cray and University of Alaska system · See more »

University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

The University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign (also known as U of I, Illinois, or colloquially as the University of Illinois or UIUC) is a public research university in the U.S. state of Illinois and the flagship institution of the University of Illinois System.

New!!: Cray and University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign · See more »

University of London Computer Centre

The University of London Computer Centre (ULCC) was founded in 1968, and was the first supercomputer facility established in London for the purpose of scientific and educational research by all of the colleges of the University of London.

New!!: Cray and University of London Computer Centre · See more »

Unix filesystem

In Unix and operating systems inspired by it, the file system is considered a central component of the operating system.

New!!: Cray and Unix filesystem · See more »

USS Iowa turret explosion

The USS Iowa turret explosion occurred in the Number Two 16-inch gun turret of the United States Navy battleship on 19 April 1989.

New!!: Cray and USS Iowa turret explosion · See more »

Vector processor

In computing, a vector processor or array processor is a central processing unit (CPU) that implements an instruction set containing instructions that operate on one-dimensional arrays of data called vectors, compared to scalar processors, whose instructions operate on single data items.

New!!: Cray and Vector processor · See more »

Word (computer architecture)

In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.

New!!: Cray and Word (computer architecture) · See more »


X-PLOR is a computer software package for computational structural biology originally developed by Axel T. Brunger at Yale University.

New!!: Cray and X-PLOR · See more »

Xeon Phi

Xeon Phi is a series of x86 manycore processors designed and made entirely by Intel.

New!!: Cray and Xeon Phi · See more »

1970s in science and technology

The 1970s in science and technology reached its height with the ambitious Voyager Program, which sent the Voyager I and Voyager II unmanned expeditions to several of the outer planets in the solar system.

New!!: Cray and 1970s in science and technology · See more »

1972 in science

The year 1972 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

New!!: Cray and 1972 in science · See more »


No description.

New!!: Cray and 1976 · See more »

1976 in science

The year 1976 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

New!!: Cray and 1976 in science · See more »

64-bit computing

In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).

New!!: Cray and 64-bit computing · See more »

Redirects here:

CRAY, Cray (computers), Cray Computer, Cray Computer Corp, Cray Computer Corp., Cray Computers, Cray Inc, Cray Inc., Cray Incorporated, Cray Research, Cray Research, Inc., Cray Supercomputer, Cray supercomputer, Cray, Inc, Cray, Inc., Cray, Incorporated.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cray

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »