27 relations: Beta-Carotene, Beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase, C40H56O, Carotene, Carotenoid, Carotenoid oxygenase, Carotenosis, Chenpi, Diospyros kaki, E number, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Ionone, Juice Plus, List of food additives, List of micronutrients, List of phytochemicals in food, Lobaria pulmonaria, Mashed pumpkin, Orange (fruit), Outline of nutrition, Paprika, Physalis, Pumpkin, Retinal, Vitamer, Vitamin A, Xanthophyll.
β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits.
In enzymology, β-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase is an enzyme with systematic name beta-carotene:oxygen 15,15'-dioxygenase (bond-cleaving).
The molecular formula C40H56O (molar mass: 552.85 g/mol) may refer to.
The term carotene (also carotin, from the Latin carota, "carrot") is used for many related unsaturated hydrocarbon substances having the formula C40Hx, which are synthesized by plants but in general cannot be made by animals (with the exception of some aphids and spider mites which acquired the synthesizing genes from fungi).
Carotenoids, also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are produced by plants and algae, as well as several bacteria and fungi.
Carotenoid oxygenases are a family of enzymes involved in the cleavage of carotenoids to produce, for example, retinol, commonly known as vitamin A. This family includes an enzyme known as RPE65 which is abundantly expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium where it catalyzed the formation of 11-cis-retinol from all-trans-retinyl esters.
An excess of dietary carotenoids may cause a marked orange discoloration of the outermost skin layer.
Chenpi, chen pi, or chimpi is sun-dried tangerine peel used as a traditional seasoning in Chinese cooking and traditional medicine.
Diospyros kaki, also called persimmon, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Diospyros.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
The ionones are a series of closely related chemical substances that are part of a group of compounds known as rose ketones, which also includes damascones and damascenones.
Juice Plus+ is a branded line of dietary supplements containing concentrated fruit and vegetable juice extracts fortified with added vitamins and nutrients.
;Acids: Food acids are added to make flavors "sharper", and also act as preservatives and antioxidants.
The following is a list of micronutrients.
While there is ample evidence to indicate the health benefits of diets rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts, no specific food has been acknowledged by scientists and government regulatory authorities as providing a health benefit.
Lobaria pulmonaria is a large epiphytic lichen consisting of an ascomycete fungus and a green algal partner living together in a symbiotic relationship with a cyanobacterium—a symbiosis involving members of three kingdoms of organisms.
Mashed pumpkin is a vegetable dish made by cooking or macerating the skinless flesh (pulp) of pumpkins and then mashing, straining, grinding, or puréeing until the desired consistency is achieved.
The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.
Paprika (US English more commonly, British English more commonly) is a ground spice made from dried red fruits of the larger and sweeter varieties of the plant Capsicum annuum, called bell pepper or sweet pepper.
Physalis (sometimes, from physalis.
A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round, with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and deep yellow to orange coloration.
Retinal is also known as retinaldehyde.
A vitamer of a particular vitamin is any of a number of chemical compounds, generally having a similar molecular structure, each of which shows vitamin-activity in a vitamin-deficient biological system.
Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids (most notably beta-carotene).
Xanthophylls (originally phylloxanthins) are yellow pigments that occur widely in nature and form one of two major divisions of the carotenoid group; the other division is formed by the carotenes.