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The "And" theory of conservatism is a political neologism that was coined in the 2000s conservativism for the notion of holistic policy, bringing together traditional conservativism with some aspects of liberalism (right-libertarianism), and combining policies like low taxation with traditionally liberal solutions to issues such as poverty and global warming.
Aïchatou Mindaoudou Souleymane (born 1959).
Sayyid Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi, KBE (عبد الرحمن المهدي) (15 July 1885 – 24 March 1959) was one of the leading religious and political figures during the colonial era in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (1898–1955), and continued to exert great authority as leader of the Neo-Mahdists after Sudan became independent.
Abdel Gadir Salim (عبد القادر سالم.) is a folk singer and bandleader from Sudan.
Abdelmahmood Abdelhaleem Mohamad is a Sudanese diplomat.
Academi is an American private military company founded in 1997 by former Navy SEAL officer Erik Prince as Blackwater, renamed as Xe Services in 2009 and now known as Academi since 2011 after the company was acquired by a group of private investors.
Acheikh Ibn-Oumar (born 1951) is a Chadian politician and military leader.
The Acropole is the oldest existing hotel in Khartoum, that has been in service without interruption.
Adam Ahmed is a Darfuri author, born in the village of Dissa in North Darfur; his date of birth in unknown and estimated sometime between the years 1979 and 1981.
Adam Nadel (born 1967) is an American photographer based in New York City.
Adam Shapiro (born 1972) is an American co-founder of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), a pro-Palestinian organization, the stated mission of which is to bring civilians from around the world to resist nonviolently the Israeli occupation of West Bank and previously the Gaza Strip.
Adel bin Ahmed Al-Jubeir (عادل بن أحمد الجبير; born 1 February 1962) is a diplomat who has been Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs since 29 April 2015.
Adré (Arabic: أدري) is the main town of the Assoungha department in the Ouaddaï Region of Chad.
Africa Action is a nonprofit organization that is based in Washington, D.C., working to change U.S.–Africa relations to promote political, economic and social justice in nations of Africa.
In 1994, the Rwandan Genocide unfolded before the world’s eyes and with it, several hundred thousand people were murdered in the heart of Africa.
Sino-African relations refers to the historical, political, economic, military, social and cultural connections between China and the African continent.
African Consensus is an economic paradigm proposed in 2011 for sustainable development in Africa.
The African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA) program, formerly the African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI), is a United States program to train military trainers and equip African national militaries to conduct peace support operations and humanitarian relief.
The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of all 55 countries on the African continent, extending slightly into Asia via the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.
The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was an African Union (AU) peacekeeping force operating primarily in the country's western region of Darfur with the aim of performing peacekeeping operations related to the Darfur conflict.
Kaocen Ag Geda (1880–1919) (also known as Kaocen, Kaosen, Kawen) was a Tuareg noble and clan leader.
ACTED (French: Agence d'Aide à la Coopération Technique Et au Développement), formerly 'Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development', is a French humanitarian NGO established in 1993.
In the early 1990s, agriculture and livestock raising were the main sources of livelihood in Sudan for about 61 percent of the working population.
Aharit Hayamim ("End of Days") is an Israeli reggae fusion band formed in Jerusalem in 2002.
Ahmad Allam-Mi (born 1948, United Nations press release, BIO/4019, 8 September 2008.) is a Chadian diplomat who has been Secretary-General of the Economic Community of Central African States since 2013.
Ahmat Acyl (1944–1982) was a Chadian Arab insurgent leader during the Chadian Civil War.
Ahmed Abdulshafi Yacoub Bassey is a leader of one of the factions of the Darfurian rebel group the Sudan Liberation Movement.
Ahmad Ibrahim Diraige is the former governor of the Sudanese province of Darfur and current head of the National Redemption Front alliance of rebel groups in the Darfur conflict.
Ahmed Mohammed Haroun (or Ahmad Harun أحمد هارون) (born 1964) is one of four Sudanese men wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur.
In international relations, aid (also known as international aid, overseas aid, foreign aid or foreign assistance) is – from the perspective of governments – a voluntary transfer of resources from one country to another.
Ain Farah is an archaeological site in Darfur in western Sudan.
Air West is an airline based in Khartoum, Sudan.
Air West Flight 612 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight operated by Air West between Khartoum, Sudan and Al-Fashir.
Aisling Swaine (Irish pronounced Ashling) is from Ballitore, County Kildare, Ireland and is an Associate Professor of Practice of International Affairs, focusing on women, security and development at the Elliott School of International Affairs of the George Washington University.
Ambassador Akin Fayomi (born 8 November 1955) is a Nigerian career diplomat who was the Minister/Head of Political Affairs at the High Commission of Nigeria, London from July 2004 to March 2007.
Al Fashir, Al-Fashir or El Fasher (الفاشر) is the capital city of North Darfur, Sudan.
Alastair James Stewart OBE (born 22 June 1952) is an English journalist and newscaster, employed by ITN where he is a main newscaster for ITV News.
Alexander William Lowndes "Alex" de Waal (born 22 February 1963), a British writer and researcher on African issues, is the executive director of the World Peace Foundation at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.
Alexandre Emmanuel "Sacha" Trudeau (born December 25, 1973) is a Canadian filmmaker, journalist and author of Barbarian Lost.
Alexandrine Petronella Francina Tinne (alternative spellings: Pieternella, Françoise, Tinné) (17 October 1835 – 1 August 1869) was a Dutch explorer in Africa and the first European woman to attempt to cross the Sahara.
Algeria–South Sudan relations is the relationship between two states, Algeria and South Sudan, both are two African countries.
Algeria-Sudan relations refers to the historical and current relationship between two African Arab countries, Algeria and Sudan.
ELhaj Adam Yousif (also spelled al-Haj Adam Youssef) was the Second Vice President of Sudan from September 13, 2011 to December 7, 2013.
Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-Al-Rahman, commonly known as Ali Kushayb, is a senior Janjaweed commander supporting the Sudanese government against Darfur rebel groups, and currently is sought under an arrest warrant by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for war crimes.
The Alliance of Revolutionary Forces of West Sudan was formed on January 20, 2006, when the Justice and Equality Movement and the Sudan Liberation Movement merged to form a single rebel alliance in the Sudanese region of Darfur.
Amdang (also Biltine; autonym: sìmí amdangtí) is a language closely related to Fur, which together constitute a branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family.
The American Refugee Committee (ARC) is an international nonprofit, nonsectarian organization that has provided humanitarian assistance and training to millions of beneficiaries over the last 30 years.
Amy L. Towers (born 1970) is an American philanthropist and businesswoman who was formerly the Chief Operating Officer of Glenview Capital Management.
André Glucksmann (19 June 1937 – 10 November 2015) was a French philosopher, activist and writer.
Andrew Thomas Cayley, (born 1964), is an English Queens Counsel and currently the United Kingdom's Director of Service Prosecutions.
Andrew S. Natsios (born September 22, 1949) is an American public servant of Greek origin who has served in a number of Massachusetts and high level federal government positions.
Andrew Elliot Bloch (born June 1, 1969 in New Haven, Connecticut) is a professional poker player.
Angélique Kpasseloko Hinto Hounsinou Kandjo Manta Zogbin Kidjo, known as Angélique Kidjo (born July 14, 1960), is a Grammy Award-winning Beninese singer-songwriter, actress and activist, noted for her diverse musical influences and creative music videos.
Angelina Jolie (born Angelina Jolie Voight, June 4, 1975) is an American actress, filmmaker, and humanitarian.
The Anglo-Egyptian Darfur Expedition of 1916 was a military operation by British Empire and the Sultanate of Egypt, launched as a preemptive invasion of the Sultanate of Darfur.
The Anglo-Egyptian invasion of Sudan in 1896–1899 was a reconquest of territory lost by the Khedives of Egypt in 1884 and 1885 during the Mahdist War.
The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (السودان الإنجليزي المصري) was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the eastern Sudan region of northern Africa between 1899 and 1956, but in practice the structure of the condominium ensured full British control over the Sudan.
Angus Cameron(1871–1961) was a British military officer and colonial administrator, the first governor of Mongalla Province in the south of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan between 1906 and 1908 and later governor of Kassala and Sennar provinces.
The Ann Arbor Neutral Zone is a diverse, youth-driven teen center founded in 1998, dedicated to promoting personal growth through artistic expression, community leadership and the exchange of ideas.
Ann Curry (born November 19, 1956) is an American journalist, and photojournalist.
Anoop Swarup (January 10, 1959) is Vice Chancellor Jagran Lakecity University and Chairman Center for Global Nonkilling, Hawaii; having been Vice Chancellor Shobhit University; United Nations Representative with the UNSC; Founder Chairman Global Knowledge Alliance, GEO Reviewer with the IPCCUNEP; as an officer of Indian Revenue Service and Commissioner at the Government of India.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL; formerly known as the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith) is an international Jewish non-governmental organization based in the United States.
Antonio Cassese (1 January 1937 – 21 October 2011) was an Italian jurist who specialized in public international law.
Founded by Rabbi Arthur Schneier in 1965, the Appeal of Conscience Foundation is an interfaith partnership of corporate and spiritual leaders from all faiths who come together to promote “peace, tolerance and ethnic conflict resolution.”.
Arab League–Iran relations refer to political, economic and cultural relations between the mostly Shia Muslim and ethnically Persian country of Iran (Persia) and the mostly Sunni and ethnically Arab organization Arab League.
Arabian Sands is a 1959 book by explorer and travel writer Wilfred Thesiger.
The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) is a non-governmental organization devoted to promoting freedom of expression across the Middle East and North Africa.
Arabization or Arabisation (تعريب) describes either the conquest and/or colonization of a non-Arab area and growing Arab influence on non-Arab populations, causing a language shift by their gradual adoption of the Arabic language and/or their incorporation of Arab culture, Arab identity.
Arawala was a village in West Darfur province of the Darfur region of Sudan.
Ares (also known as Mars) is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
Artsakh national football team (Արցախի ֆուտբոլի հավաքական), is the national representative of the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh) which is internationally unrecognized.
Ashok Gadgil (born November 15, 1950 in India) Is Faculty Senior Scientist and was Director of the Energy and Environmental Technologies Division for 2010-2015 at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
The Assyrian independence movement is a movement guided by the Assyrian people for independence in the Assyrian homeland, notably in Northern Iraq.
The Aswa Dislocation, also called the Aswa mylonite belt, Aswa Lineament or Aswa Shear Zone is a north-west trending ductile shear zone that runs to the east of Lake Victoria in East Africa.
The United States recognizes the right of asylum for individuals as specified by international and federal law.
AsyutMore often spelled Assiout or Assiut.
Humanitarian aid workers belonging to United Nations organisations, PVOs / NGOs or the Red Cross / Red Crescent have traditionally enjoyed both international legal protection, and de facto immunity from attack by belligerent parties.
Australia was a founding member of the United Nations (UN) in 1945 and has been actively engaged in the organisation since its formation.
Australian military involvement in peacekeeping operations has been diverse, and included participation in both United Nations sponsored missions, as well as those as part of ad hoc coalitions.
The AVGP (Armoured Vehicle General Purpose) is a series of three armoured fighting vehicles ordered by the Canadian military in 1977.
Awadeya Mahmoud (Arabic: عوضية محمود) is the founder and chairwoman of the Women’s Food and Tea Sellers’ Cooperative and the Women’s Multi-Purpose Cooperative for Khartoum state, Sudan.
Awjila (Berber: Awilan, Awjila, Awgila; أوجلة; Latin: Augila) is an oasis town in the Al Wahat District in the Cyrenaica region of northeastern Libya.
Awlad Himayd is a group of people who are part of the greater Baggara Arabs fraternity of Kordofan and Darfur (both areas are located in Sudan).
Badi IV (reigned 1724–1762; died 1764), also known as Badi abu Shilluk, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Sennar.
The Baggāra are a grouping of Arab ethnic groups inhabiting the portion of Africa's Sahel mainly between Lake Chad and southern Kordofan, numbering over one million.
Bahr al-Arab (بحر العرب)(also called the Kiir River) is a river which flows approximately through the southwest of Sudan and marks part of its international border with South Sudan.
The Bahr el Ghazal is a historical region of northwestern South Sudan.
The Bahr el Ghazal (بحر الغزال) (also spelled Bahr al Ghazal and Baḩr al Ghazāl) is a river in South Sudan.
Ban Ki-moon (born 13 June 1944) is a South Korean politician and diplomat who was the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 2007 to December 2016.
Band Aid 20 was the 2004 incarnation of the charity group Band Aid.
The Banda people are an ethnic group of the Central African Republic.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
The Bangladesh Police (বাংলাদেশ পুলিশ) is the main law enforcement agency of Bangladesh.
Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is a retired American politician who served as a United States Senator for California from 1993 to 2017.
Barbara Contini (born 22 September 1961) is an Italian politician and an official of international organizations expert on international politics and security.
Barnaby Phillips (born 1968), is Director of Communications for the Elephant Protection Initiative, (EPI), working to shut down the ivory trade and save Africa's elephants.
A barrel bomb is an improvised unguided bomb, sometimes described as a flying IED (improvised explosive device).
Batik Air Flight 7703 was a scheduled domestic flight operated by Lion Air's subsidiary Batik Air from Halim Perdanakusuma Airport in Jakarta to Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport, Makassar.
The Battle of Bani Walid was a military operation in the Libyan Civil War conducted by anti-Gaddafi forces in September and October 2011, in an effort to take control of the desert city of Bani Walid from pro-Gaddafi forces.
The Battle of N'Djamena was a battle between the forces of the revolutionary United Front for Democratic Change (UFCD) and the military of Chad that occurred on 13 April 2006 when rebel forces launched an assault on the capital of Chad in the pre-dawn hours, attempting to overthrow the government of President Idriss Déby Itno from their bases an estimated thousand miles east.
The Battle of N'Djamena began on February 2, 2008 when Chadian rebel forces opposed to Chadian President Idriss Déby entered N'Djamena, the capital of Chad, after a three-day advance through the country.
The Battle of Rejaf, or the Battle of Bedden, was fought on 17 February 1897 between the Belgian-led forces of the Congo Free State and Mahdist rebels in South Sudan.
The Battle of Shaykan was fought between Anglo-Egyptian forces under the command of Hicks Pasha and forces of Muhammad Ahmad, the self-proclaimed Mahdi, in the woods of Shaykan near Kashgil near the town of Al-Ubayyid on 3–5 November 1883.
The Battle of Umm Diwaykarat on November 25, 1899 marked the final defeat of the Mahdist state in Sudan, when Anglo-Egyptian forces under the command of Lord Kitchener defeated what was left of the Mahdist armies under the command of the Abdallahi ibn Muhammad, known as the Khalifa, after the equally disastrous Battle of Omdurman a year earlier.
Bayuda volcanic field (also spelled Bayiuda) is a volcanic field in Sudan, within the Bayuda Desert.
Beida (also transliterated Al Beyda') is a common village name in the Darfur region of Sudan.
The Beni Halba is an Arab group located in the western Sudanese region of Darfur.
Benjamin Lowy (born 1979) World Press Photo.
The Berlin Conference of 1884–85, also known as the Congo Conference (Kongokonferenz) or West Africa Conference (Westafrika-Konferenz), regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period and coincided with Germany's sudden emergence as an imperial power.
Berti is both an Italian surname and a given name.
Berti is an extinct Saharan language formerly spoken in northern Sudan, specifically in the Tagabo Hills, Darfur, and Kurdufan.
William Kenneth Alphin (born November 1, 1963), best known by his stage name Big Kenny, is an American country music singer.
Bikem Ekberzade (born 1971 in Istanbul, Turkey) is a Turkish journalist, photojournalist and documentary photographer.
Bill Bonnar is a founding member of the Scottish Socialist Party.
William Francis Deedes, Baron Deedes, (1 June 1913 – 17 August 2007) was a British Conservative Party politician, army officer and journalist; he was the first person in Britain to have been both a member of the Cabinet and the editor of a major daily newspaper, The Daily Telegraph.
Bill Neely (born 21 May 1959) is a journalist from Northern Ireland and Chief Global Correspondent for NBC News.
William Blaine Richardson III (born November 15, 1947) is an American politician, author, and diplomat who served as the 30th Governor of New Mexico from 2003 to 2011.
The Binga are an ethnic group living in the South Sudanese state of Western Bahr el Ghazal and in Darfur.
Birao is the capital of Vakaga, one of the 14 prefectures of the Central African Republic and was an administrative post in the colony of Ubangui-Shari.
Birgid (also known as Birked, Birguid, Birkit, Birqed, Kajjara, Murgi) is an extinct Nubian language that was spoken in western Sudan, north of the city of Nyala in Darfur.
Bob Drury is an American writer and journalist.
Borku (Borkou) or Borgu (Borgou) is a region of Central Africa, mostly in Northern Chad, forming part of the transitional zone between the arid wastes of the Sahara and the fertile lands of the central Sudan.
"Borrowed Time" is a song from John Lennon and Yoko Ono's last album, Milk and Honey.
Borys Wrzesnewskyj (born November 10, 1960) is a Canadian politician who represented riding of Etobicoke Centre in the House of Commons of Canada from 2004 to 2011.
Boscia senegalensis, commonly known as hanza, is a member of the family Capparaceae.
The Botswana Defence Force (BDF) is the military of Botswana.
Breidjing Camp (مخيم بريجينك) is a refugee camp in Chad created in May 2004 for Sudanese refugees from Darfur.
Brian Higgins (born October 6, 1959) is the U.S. Representative for, serving since 2005.
Bruno Geddo is an Italian national, born in Milan on October 30, 1959, and a United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) official with 25 years’ experience in sub-saharan Africa and over four years in North Africa and the Middle East.
Burton's gerbil (Gerbillus burtoni) is distributed mainly in Darfur, Sudan.
Busted are an English pop rock band from Southend-on-Sea, Essex, consisting of James Bourne, Matt Willis and Charlie Simpson.
Claudia Jean Cregg is a fictional character played by Allison Janney on the television political drama The West Wing.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
The California International Law Center is a research center at the University of California, Davis School of Law (Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall) that focuses on international, comparative, and transnational law.
Carla Garapedian (Քարլա Կարապետեան) (born 27 February 1961) is a filmmaker, director, writer and broadcaster.
Caste systems in Africa are a form of social stratification found in numerous ethnic groups, found in over fifteen countries, particularly in the Sahel, West African and North African region.
Catherine Mary Hicks (born August 6, 1951) is an American television, film, and stage actress.
CCJO RenéCassin is a human rights NGO that works to promote and protect universal human rights, drawing on Jewish experiences and values.
Celina de Sola (born November 5, 1976, El Salvador) is a Salvadoran humanitarian worker and public health expert.
The Center for Global Communication Studies (CGCS) is a research center located within the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania.
The Central African Shear Zone (CASZ) (or Shear System) is a wrench fault system extending in an ENE direction from the Gulf of Guinea through Cameroon into Sudan.
Central Darfur State (Wilāyat Wasaṭ Dārfūr) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
The Chad Basin is the largest endorheic basin in Africa, centered on Lake Chad.
The populations of eastern Chad and western Sudan established social and religious ties long before either nation's independence, and these remained strong despite disputes between governments.
Chad–United States relations are the international relations between Chad and the United States.
Chadian Arabic (also known as Shuwa/Shua/Suwa Arabic; لهجة تشادية, Baggara Arabic, and, most recently, within a small scholarly milieu, Western Sudanic Arabic) is one of the regional colloquial varieties of Arabic.
The most recent Chadian Civil War began in December 2005.
The Chadian–Libyan conflict was a series of sporadic clashes in Chad between 1978 and 1987 between Libyan and Chadian forces.
Charles Henri Joseph Cordier (19 October 1827 - 30 May 1905) was a French sculptor of ethnographic subjects.
Major-General Charles George Gordon CB (28 January 1833 – 26 January 1885), also known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British Army officer and administrator.
Chauncey Hugh Stigand (1877–1919) was a British army officer, colonial administrator and big game hunter.
The chestnut sparrow (Passer eminibey) is a species of passerine bird in the sparrow family Passeridae.
The Child Soldiers Prevention Act (CSPA) is a United States federal statute signed into law by President George W. Bush on December 23, 2008, as part of the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008.
China–Senegal relations refer to the foreign relations between China and Senegal.
Christopher Eric Hitchens (13 April 1949 – 15 December 2011) was an Anglo-American author, columnist, essayist, orator, religious and literary critic, social critic, and journalist.
Sudan has at least two conflicts: the Second Sudanese Civil War, now in a power-sharing agreement between the Northern Sudanese of Khartoum and the semi-autonomous South Sudan, with a capital in Juba, and a second conflict in the Darfur area of western Sudan.
The Cinema for Peace Foundation is a registered, non-profit organization based in Berlin, Germany.
CineVegas was a film festival held annually at the Palms Casino Resort in Paradise, Nevada that ran from 1999 to 2009, typically in early June.
A circle of latitude on Earth is an abstract east–west circle connecting all locations around Earth (ignoring elevation) at a given latitude.
Claudia Anne Winkleman (born 15 January 1972) is an English television presenter, model, film critic, radio personality, and journalist, known for her work with the BBC.
Owing to Africa's position across equatorial and subtropical latitudes in both the northern and southern hemisphere, several different climate types can be found within it.
The CNN/YouTube presidential debates were a series of televised debates in which United States presidential hopefuls field questions submitted through the video sharing site YouTube.
Command responsibility, sometimes referred to as the Yamashita standard or the Medina standard, and also known as superior responsibility, is the legal doctrine of hierarchical accountability for war crimes.
Communal work is a gathering for mutually accomplishing a task or for communal fundraising, for example through a knitting bee.
This article compares the presidential candidates in the United States' 2008 presidential election.
The International Criminal Court's founding treaty, the Rome Statute, provides that individuals or organizations may submit information on crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA, اتفاقية السلام الشامل, Ittifāqiyyah al-salām al-šāmil), also known as the Naivasha Agreement, was an accord signed on January 9, 2005, by the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan.
Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong.
A biomass cook stove is heated by burning wood, charcoal, animal dung or crop residue.
Cord is a peacebuilding charity working with people and communities affected by violent conflict in Africa and Asia.
Corruption in Sudan is substantial, as it is considered one of the most corrupt nations in the world.
Rear Admiral Craig E. Steidle, USN, Ret., served as the first Associate Administrator of the Office of Exploration Systems at NASA (now known as the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate), an organization formed to implement NASA's human exploration of the solar system as announced in the Vision for Space Exploration.
The culture of South Sudan encompasses the religions, languages, ethnic groups, foods, and traditions of peoples of Southern Sudan.
Cyril Alexander Edward Lea was a British colonial officer in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan in the first half of the 20th century.
The Daju kingdom was a Medieval monarchy that existed in Darfur (Sudan) from possibly the 12th–15th century.
The Daju languages are spoken in isolated pockets by the Daju people across a wide area of Sudan and Chad, in parts of the regions of Kordofan, Darfur and Wadai.
Daju Mongo, also Wadai Daju or Dar Daju Daju, is an Eastern Sudanic language, one of three closely related languages in the area called "Daju" (the other two being the Nyala language and the Sila language. It is spoken in Chad by the Dar Daju Daju people near the Darfur border. There are three dialects, Bardangal, Eref, and Gadjira.
The Daju people are a group of seven distinct ethnicities speaking related languages (see Daju languages) living on both sides of the Chad-Sudan border and in the Nuba Mountains.
Daniel W. Bromley (born 1940) is an economist, the former Anderson-Bascom Professor of applied economics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and since 2009, Emeritus Professor.
Daniel Landau (דניאל לנדאו; born in 1973) is a media artist, lecturer and researcher.
Daniel Negreanu (born July 26, 1974) is a Canadian professional poker player who has won six World Series of Poker (WSOP) bracelets and two World Poker Tour (WPT) championship titles.
Danny Lebern Glover (born July 22, 1946) is an American actor, film director, and political activist.
Daoud Hari (aka Suleyman Abakar Moussa) is a Sudanese tribesman from the Darfur region of Sudan.
Dar Sila is the name of the wandering sultanate of the Dar Sila Daju, a multi-tribal ethnic group in Chad and Sudan.
Darfur is a region of western Sudan.
The Darfur genocide refers to the systematic killing of Darfuri men, women, and children which has occurred during the ongoing conflict in Western Sudan.
Darfur is Dying is a flash-based browser game about the crisis in Darfur, western Sudan.
The Darfur representative football team, also called Darfur United, is an association football team representing Darfur, a region in western Sudan.
The Darfur Peace and Accountability Act (H.R. 3127/S. 1462) or DPAA restates the United States government's position that the Darfur conflict constitutes genocide, asks the government to expand the African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur (AMIS) and give the force a stronger mandate, including more generous logistical support.
Darfur Peace and Development Organization is a small Darfurian-run nonprofit organization, based in the United States, that works toward reconciliation in the Darfur region of Sudan.
The Darfur Regional Authority (السلطة الإنتقالية الإقليمية لدارفور, al-slTa al-intqalia al-iqlimia al-darfor) was an interim governing body for the Darfur region of the Republic of Sudan.
Darfur is a city in Watonwan County, Minnesota, United States.
A referendum on the permanent status of the Darfur within Sudan was held on 11–13 April 2016.
Date palms are cultivated in Sudan from the Egyptian border in the North all the way along the Nile south of Khartoum until Sennar.
Daud Yahya Ibrahim Bolad (died January 1992) was a Sudanese politician and rebel leader.
David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016.
Rabbi David Eli Stern (born August 1961) is the senior rabbi at Temple Emanu-El of Dallas, the largest synagogue in the South/Southwest United States and the third-largest in the Union for Reform Judaism.
David Michael Hoffman (born January 18, 1945) is an American author, political commentator, television project director and media activist.
David Nabarro (born 26 August 1949) is a medical doctor, international civil servant and diplomat, who served as Special Adviser to the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Climate Change.
David Malcolm Nott (born 1956) is a Welsh consultant surgeon who works mainly in London hospitals as a general and vascular surgeon, but also volunteers to work in disaster and war zones and also organises training for others in this emergency work.
David Rubenstein (born October 2, 1957) was the founding Executive Director for the Save Darfur Coalition.
David J. Shafer (born April 29, 1965) is an American politician currently serving as a State Senator Georgia State Senate.
Day for Darfur is an international advocacy campaign that works to bring together activists in cities around the globe in calling for action on the crisis in Darfur, western Sudan.
Dār Fertit (also spelled Dar Fartit) is a historical term for the lowlands south of Darfur (Dar Fur) and east of the highlands in the east of the modern-day Central African Republic that contain tributaries of the White Nile River.
The following is a list of notable deaths in December 2011.
Dedengita is a place within Darfur in Sudan.
Deim Zubeir, from the Arabic ديم الزبير, commonly translated as the “Camp of Zubeir”, is the historically established but highly controversial name of Uyujuku town in the Lol State of the Republic of South Sudan, located in the Western Bahr El Ghazal part of the country, some 70 km from the border with the Central African Republic (CAR), near the Biri tributary of the River Chel.
South Sudan is home to around 60 indigenous ethnic groups and 80 linguistic partitions among a population of around million.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Sudan, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Denmark–Sudan relations refers to the current and historical relations between Denmark and Sudan.
Deriba is a Pleistocene or Holocene caldera in Darfur, Sudan.
Dermot Christopher Ahern (born 20 April 1955) is a former Irish Fianna Fáil politician who served as Minister for Justice and Law Reform from 2008 to 2011, Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2004 to 2008, Minister for Communications, Marine and Natural Resources from 2002 to 2004, Minister for Social, Community and Family Affairs from 1997 to 2002 and Government Chief Whip and Minister of State at the Department of Defence from 1991 to 1992.
A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power.
Dickson Beattie "Doc" Hendley (born March 19, 1979) is the founder of Wine to Water, an American charitable organization devoted to providing clean water and sanitation to people around the world.
Documentary practice is the process of creating documentary projects.
Donald Milford Payne (July 16, 1934 – March 6, 2012) was an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for from 1989 to 2012.
Donald Yukio Yamamoto (born 1953) is Acting Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs with a term of appointment starting September 3, 2017.
Dongfeng Motor Corporation is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Wuhan, China.
Dore Gold (דורי גולד, born 1953) is an Israeli diplomat who has served in various positions under several Israeli governments.
Doru Romulus Costea is best known as President of the United Nations Human Rights Council.
The dromedary, also called the Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), is a large, even-toed ungulate with one hump on its back.
Muhammad Salih bin Yusuf, known as Dud Murra or Dudmurrah (the lion of Murra), was the last independent ruler, or kolak, of the Wadai Empire.
Dumbledore's Army (or D.A. for short) is a fictional student organisation in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series that is founded by the main characters, Harry Potter, Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, to stand up against the regime of Hogwarts High Inquisitor Dolores Umbridge, as well as to learn practical Defence Against the Dark Arts.
Earth rainfall climatology Is the study of rainfall, a sub-field of Meteorology.
East Darfur State (Wilāyat Šarq Dārfūr; Sharq Darfur) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
The East Saharan montane xeric woodlands is an ecoregion of central Africa, a number of high mountains in the middle of the huge area of savanna on the edge of the Sahara Desert.
The Eastern Front is a coalition of rebel groups operating in eastern Sudan along the border with Eritrea, particularly the states of Red Sea and Kassala.
El Daein (also spelt Ad Du'ayn, Ad Da'en or Ed Da'ein) (Arabic: الضعين) is a city located in southwestern Sudan.
Ed Roberts (born June 27, 1958 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) is an American poet, writer and publisher currently based in Yukon, Oklahoma.
Edward Randall Royce (born October 12, 1951) is an American politician serving as a member of the United States House of Representatives from California since 1993.
After the neighboring countries of Egypt and Libya both gained independence in the early 1950s, Egypt–Libya relations were initially cooperative.
El-Gadarif (القضارف), also spelt Gedaref or Gedarif, is the capital of the state of Al Qadarif in Sudan.
Eliezer "Elie" Wiesel (’Ēlí‘ézer Vízēl; September 30, 1928 – July 2, 2016) was a Romanian-born American Jewish writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate, and Holocaust survivor.
Elizabeth Lee Wurtzel (born July 31, 1967) is an American writer and journalist, known for publishing her best-selling memoir Prozac Nation, at the age of 26.
Emmanuel Karenzi Karake is a Rwandan Lieutenant-General who is the Secretary General of the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS).
Emmanuel Djelassem Nadingar (born 1951, African Press Agency, 5 March 2010.) is a Chadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Chad from March 2010 to January 2013.
Emtithal "Emi" Mahmoud is a poet and activist who won the 2015 Individual World Poetry Slam championship.
Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.
Ethiopian judicial authority v Swedish journalists 2011 was about the legal proceedings relating to claims that Swedish journalists Johan Persson and Martin Schibbye were supporting terrorism in Ethiopia.
The Ethiopian-Egyptian War was a war between the Ethiopian Empire and the Khedivate of Egypt from 1874 to 1876, resulting in an Ethiopian victory.
The term eunuch (εὐνοῦχος) generally refers to a man who has been castrated, typically early enough in his life for this change to have major hormonal consequences.
Due to its status, the European Union (EU) is not party to the International Criminal Court (ICC), but all the EU's member states are signatories and the EU has been one of the ICC's strongest supporters.
Eyes and Ears of God: Video Surveillance of Sudan is a 2012 documentary film by Tomo Križnar and Maja Weiss.
Eytan Schwartz won the first season of "," a popular Israeli reality TV show that focused on creating better PR for Israel.
Ezzedine Choukri Fishere (عزالدين شكري فشير) (born 1966 in Kuwait City) is an Egyptian novelist, diplomat and academic.
Facing Sudan is a documentary film released in 2007.
A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies.
Famine relief is an organized effort to reduce starvation in a region in which there is famine.
Farouk El-Baz (فاروق الباز, Pronunciation) (born January 2, 1938) is an Egyptian American space scientist who worked with NASA to assist in the planning of scientific exploration of the Moon, including the selection of landing sites for the Apollo missions and the training of astronauts in lunar observations and photography.
Farouk I (فاروق الأول Fārūq al-Awwal; 11 February 1920 – 18 March 1965) was the tenth ruler of Egypt from the Muhammad Ali dynasty and the penultimate King of Egypt and the Sudan, succeeding his father, Fuad I, in 1936.
Fatma Samba Diouf Samoura (born 9 September 1962 in Senegal) is a Senegalese senior executive.
The discography of Feeder, a Cymro-Japanese rock band which formed in 1994, consists of ten studio albums, twelve compilation albums, four extended plays (EP), and forty singles on The Echo Label, their own label Big Teeth Music, Cooking Vinyl and BMG as well as forty-three music videos.
Fehmi Bülent Yıldırım (born 1966 in Erzurum, Turkey) is a Turkish lawyer and the current president of Turkish NGO, İHH (İnsan Hak ve Hürriyetleri, İnsani Yardım Vakfı) which provided humanitarian relief in Libya Pakistan, Russia, China, Kashmir, Darfur, Sri Lanka, Rwanda, Somalia, Mauritania, Chile, the Philippines, Aceh, Myanmar, Greece, Crimea and Haiti.
Felix Darfour or Darfur (c.1740–1822) was a Haitian journalist who founded L'eclaireur Haytien.
In international politics, food power is the use of agriculture as a means of political control whereby one nation or group of nations offers or withholds commodities from another nation or group of nations in order to manipulate behavior.
For Darfur Inc. was a United States based non-profit organization aimed at raising awareness about the ongoing humanitarian conflict in Darfur, Sudan.
There is a significant amount of foreign aid to Sudan, including a large amount of relief aid from international organizations to alleviate the effects of civil wars in the South and in Darfur.
Foreign internal defense (FID) is a term by the militaries of some countries, including the United States, France, and the United Kingdom, to describe an integrated and synchronized, multi-disciplinary (and often joint, interagency, and international as well) approach to combating actual or threatened insurgency in a foreign state.
The foreign policy of Barack Obama was the foreign policy of the United States during his presidency from 2009 to 2017.
The Conservative Party Government of Canada led by Prime Minister Stephen Harper moved away from the multilateral and internationalist policies of the Liberal Party, and reduced Canada's emphasis on the United Nations, which was seen as dominated by corrupt dictatorships.
The foreign relations share the Bangladeshi government's policies in its external relations with the international community.
The foreign relations of Chad are significantly influenced by the desire for oil revenue and investment in Chadian oil industry and support for Chadian President Idriss Déby.
As one of the oldest Euro-Atlantic member states in the region of Southeast Europe, Greece enjoys a prominent geopolitical role as a middle power, due to its political and geographical proximity to Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa.
The Ministry of External Affairs of India (MEA), also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India.
The foreign relations of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1969–2011) underwent much fluctuation and change.
Qatar achieved full independence from the United Kingdom on 3 September 1971.
The foreign relations of the Russian Federation is the policy of the government of Russia by which it guides the interactions with other nations, their citizens and foreign organizations.
The foreign relations of Sudan are generally in line with the Muslim Arab world, but are also based on Sudan's economic ties with the People's Republic of China and Western Europe.
Fouad N. Ibrahim (born 1938 in Damanhur, Egypt), is professor emeritus at the Institute of Geography of University of Bayreuth in Bavaria.
François Bayrou (born 25 May 1951) is a French centrist politician and the president of the Democratic Movement (MoDem), who was a candidate in the 2002, 2007 and 2012 French presidential elections.
Thomas Fredrik Weybye Barth (22 December 1928 – 24 January 2016) was a Norwegian social anthropologist who published several ethnographic books with a clear formalist view.
Although the 2005 Interim National Constitution (INC) provides for freedom of religion throughout the entire country of Sudan, the INC enshrines Shari'a as a source of legislation in the north and the official laws and policies of the government favor Islam in that part of the country.
The Freedom to Create Prize was established in 2008 to foster prosperity in the developing world by investing in the creative foundations of society.
Fuad I (فؤاد الأول Fu’ād al-Awwal, I.; 26 March 1868 – 28 April 1936) was the Sultan and later King of Egypt and Sudan, Sovereign of Nubia, Kordofan, and Darfur.
The Fula people or Fulani or Fulany or Fulɓe (Fulɓe; Peul; Fulani or Hilani; Fula; Pël; Fulaw), numbering between 40 and 50 million people in total, are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region.
The Fur language (Fur: bèle fòòr or fòòraŋ bèle; Fûrâwî; sometimes called Konjara by linguists, after a former ruling clan) is a Nilo-Saharan language spoken by the Fur of Darfur in western Sudan.
The Fur or For languages constitute a small, closely related family which are a proposed member of the Nilo-Saharan family.
The Fur (Fur: fòòrà, Arabic: فور Fūr) are an ethnic group inhabiting western Sudan.
The Fuwa (literally "good-luck dolls", also known as "Friendlies") were the mascots of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.
Gaafar Muhammad an-Nimeiry (otherwise spelled in English as Jaafar Nimeiry, Gaafar Nimeiry or Ga'far Muhammad Numayri; جعفر محمد نميري; 1 January 193030 May 2009) was the President of Sudan from 1969 to 1985.
Gallabat is a village in the Sudanese state of Al Qadarif.
The military of the Gambia is the armed forces of the Gambia.
Gardner Willson Loulan (born January 29, 1982) is an online community manager for (formerly) and former television host at MTV Networks and NBC Universal.
Sudan is a developing nation that faces many challenges in regard to gender inequality.
Geneina Airport is an airport serving Geneina, in the Darfur region of Sudan.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
Genocide is a fictional character owned by DC Comics.
Genocide Intervention Network logo The Genocide Intervention Network (or GI-NET) was a non-profit organization aiming to "empower individuals and communities with the tools to prevent and stop genocide".
Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group.
The terrain of Chad in central Africa is dominated by the low-lying Chad Basin (elevation about 250 m / 820 ft), which rises gradually to mountains and plateaus on the north, east, and south.
George Newhouse is an Australian human rights lawyer and a former local councillor.
Captain Gerard Bruce Crole (7 June 1894 – 31 March 1965) was a Scottish colonial administrator, who represented his country in international rugby union and cricket,Bath (2007), p.104 and was also a World War I flying ace credited with five aerial victories.
The German Armed Forces Deployment Medal (Einsatzmedaille der Bundeswehr) is a decoration of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Giada Trebeschi (born August 8, 1973 in Reggio Emilia, Italy) is an Italian author of historical fiction, thrillers, theater plays and screenplays.
The Gila MBPV is a mine protected vehicle from South Africa developed by private investors and manufactured by IVEMA and similar to the more popular Casspir.
Ginghamsburg Church is a multi-site megachurch located in Tipp City, Ohio, a suburb thirteen miles north of Dayton, Ohio.
Global Business Assist (GBA) is an international non-profit micro-development organization based in Crystal Lake, IL, USA.
The Global Language Monitor (GLM) is an Austin, Texas-based company that collectively documents, analyzes, and tracks trends in language usage worldwide, with a particular emphasis upon the English language.
God of Carnage (originally in French Le Dieu du carnage) is a play by Yasmina Reza.
The Gold Medal presented by the Royal Geographical Society consists of two separate awards: the Founder's Medal 1830 and the Patron's Medal 1838.
Goz Beïda (قوز بيدا) is the main town (chef-lieu) of the Kimiti department and the Sila (or Dar Sila) region in southeastern Chad.
Grace Ross (born June 6, 1961) is a Massachusetts activist.
The Greek diaspora in Sudan is small in the number of its members (estimated at around 150 in 2015), but still a very prominent community in the country.
The Green brothers, '''John''' (born August 24, 1977) and '''Hank''' (born May 5, 1980), are two American brothers, entrepreneurs, social activists, and YouTube vloggers.
GroundReport was a citizen journalism website that enabled contributors to publish news reports and videos.
Guedera is a place within Darfur in Sudan.
Guido Westerwelle (27 December 1961 – 18 March 2016) was a German politician who served as Foreign Minister in the second cabinet of Chancellor Angela Merkel and as Vice Chancellor of Germany from 2009 to 2011, being the first openly gay person to hold any of these positions.
The Habbaniya, or Habbania, (الحبانية) are a Sunni Muslims tribe of the nomadic Bedouin Baggara people in the plains of Sudan's Darfur, North Kurdufan, and South Kurdufan provinces.
Haim Koren (חיים קורן; born 6 June 1953) is the Israeli ambassador to Egypt.
Halima Bashir is a Sudanese doctor and author of Tears of the Desert, a memoir about women's experiences with genocide and war in Darfur.
Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber bin Mohammed bin Thani Al Thani (born 11 January 1959) (Arabic: حمد بن جاسم بن جبر آل ثاني) is a Qatari politician.
Hamid Dawai is an Emir of the Arab Awlad Rashed Tribe, and is a member of the Janjaweed militia in the far Western region of Darfur along the border with Chad.
Hannah Teter (born January 27, 1987) is an American snowboarder.
Haplogroup A is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.
Haplogroup A-L1085, also known as haplogroup A0-T is a human Y-DNA haplogroup.
Haplogroup B (B-M60) is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup common to paternal lineages in Africa.
Haplogroup E-V68, also known as E1b1b1a, is a major human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup found in North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia and Europe.
Harry and the Potters are an American rock band known for spawning the genre of wizard rock.
The Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) is an interfaculty Harvard University initiative dedicated to advancing research, practice, and policy in the field of humanitarian assistance.
Hawazma, part of Sudan's Baggara tribe, are cattle herders who roam the area from the southern parts of North Kurdufan to the southern borders of South Kurdufan, a distance of about 300 kilometers.
Sudan is still one of the largest countries in Africa even after the split of the Northern and Southern parts.
This article provides a brief overview of the health systems of the world, sorted by continent.
Healthy in Paranoid Times is the sixth studio album by Canadian alternative rock band Our Lady Peace, released on August 30, 2005 by Columbia Records.
Heather Raffo (born in Michigan, United States) is a Lucille Lortel Award-winning Iraqi American playwright and actress, best known for her leading role in the one-woman play 9 Parts of Desire.
Hebron Glass (زجاج الخليل, zajaj al-Khalili) refers to glass produced in Hebron as part of a flourishing art industry established in the city during Roman rule in Palestine.
Henry Kwami Anyidoho (born 13 July 1940) is a Ghanaian military officer.
HIAS (founded as the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society) is an American nonprofit organization that provides humanitarian aid and assistance to refugees.
The Hill Nubian languages, also called Kordofan Nubian, are a group or dialect continuum of Nubian languages spoken by the Hill Nubians in the northern Nuba Mountains of Sudan.
Hillel C. Neuer (born 1969/1970) is a Canadian-born international lawyer, writer, and the executive director of UN Watch, a human rights NGO and UN watchdog group based in Geneva, Switzerland.
Hina Jilani (حنا جیلانی.) (born 1953) is an advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan and a human-rights activist from Lahore in Punjab, Pakistan.
The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids, archaic humans and – around 5.6 to 7.5 million years ago.
This article discusses the history of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan during the history of Sudan from 1899 to 1955.
Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in West Africa.
Throughout its history, Darfur has been the home to several cultures and kingdoms, like the mythical Tora or the Daju and Tunjur kingdoms.
Human habitation in the North African region occurred over one million years ago.
Muammar Gaddafi became the de facto leader of Libya on 1 September 1969 after leading a group of young Libyan military officers against King Idris I in a bloodless coup d'état.
The history of Sudan includes that of both the territory that composes Republic of the Sudan as well as that of a larger region known by the term "Sudan".
The History of Sudan under Muhammad Ali and his successors traces the period from Muhammad Ali Pasha's invasion of Sudan in 1820 until the fall of Khartoum in 1885 to Muhammad Ahmad, the self-proclaimed Mahdi.
In June 1986, Sadiq al Mahdi formed a coalition government with the Umma Party, the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), the National Islamic Front (NIF), and four southern parties.
Post Vatican II history of the Catholic Church includes the recent history of the Catholic Church since the Second Vatican Council.
The official history of the University of California, Los Angeles starts in 1919 when Governor William D. Stephens signed Assembly Bill 626 into law, which turned the facilities of the Los Angeles State Normal School into the Southern Branch of the University of California.
The United Nations Peacekeeping began in 1948.
The first use of horses in warfare occurred over 5,000 years ago.
House demolition is primarily a military tactic which has been used in many conflicts for a variety of purposes.
Rear Admiral Hubert Lynes, (27 November 1874 – 10 November 1942) was a British admiral whose First World War service was notable for his direction of the Zeebrugge and Ostend raids designed to neutralise the German-held port of Bruges, which was used as a raiding base against the British coastline by Imperial German Navy surface and submarine raiders.
Colonel Sir John Edmond Hugh Boustead, KBE, CMG, DSO, MC & Bar (14 April 1895 – 3 April 1980), was a British military officer, modern pentathlete, and diplomat who served in numerous posts across several Middle Eastern countries, including ambassador to Abu Dhabi from 1961 to 1965.
Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Human rights in Israel refers to the human rights record of the State of Israel as evaluated by intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and human rights activists, often in the context of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, the wider Arab–Israeli conflict and Israel internal politics.
Some human rights organizations have documented a variety of abuses and atrocities carried out by the Sudanese government over the past several years.
Human rights movement refers to a nongovernmental social movement engaged in activism related to the issues of human rights.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights.
Sudan is a source country for men, women and children trafficked internally for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation.
Humanitarian access is a specific legal term, referred to the ability by neutral humanitarian actors (such as the United Nations, the ICRC, and foreign or local NGOs), to enter an area during a conflict, to provide humanitarian aid as well as monitor and promote human rights.
The Hyborian Age is the fictional period within the artificial mythology created by Robert E. Howard in which the sword and sorcery tales of Conan the Barbarian are set.
Seretse Khama Ian Khama (or Ian a Serêtsê; born 27 February 1953) is a Motswana former military officer and retired politician who was the fourth President of the Republic of Botswana from 2008 to 2018.
The Ibrah River or Wadi Ibrah (also spelt Ibra) is a river in Darfur in Sudan.
Ibrahim Elgarhi (born November 1975) is an Egyptian Journalist and TV and Radio Anchor.
Ibrahim al-Banna is a citizen of Egypt who security officials suspect is a leader in Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).
General Idriss Déby Itno (إدريس ديبي; born June 18, 1952) is a Chadian politician who has been the President of Chad since 1990.
IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation (Turkish: İHH İnsani Yardım Vakfı; full Turkish name: İnsan Hak ve Hürriyetleri ve İnsani Yardım Vakfı, in English: The Foundation for Human Rights and Freedoms and Humanitarian Relief) or İHH is a conservative Turkish NGO, whose members are predominantly Turkish Muslims, active in more than 100 countries.
Illegal immigration from Africa to Israel (often also referred to as infiltration by the Israeli media and by Israeli government organizations; however, the use of the term has been criticized) refers to the act of African nationals entering Israel in violation of Israeli law.
In Teria volcanic field is a volcanic field in Algeria.
India–Sudan relations refers to the international relations that exist between India and Sudan.
The Indonesian National Police (Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia, "POLRI") is the national police force of Indonesia.
Insane Clown Posse (ICP) is an American hip hop duo composed of Violent J (Joseph Bruce) and Shaggy 2 Dope (originally 2 Dope; Joseph Utsler).
Intelligence cycle management refers to the overall activity of guiding the intelligence cycle, which is a set of processes used to provide decision-useful information (intelligence) to leaders.
The following is a summary of a public report.
The International Criminal Court investigation in Darfur or the situation in Darfur is an ongoing investigation by the International Criminal Court (ICC) into criminal acts committed during the War in Darfur.
So far, the International Criminal Court The Court's Pre-Trial Chambers As of September 2010, the Office of the Prosecutor had received 8,874 communications about alleged crimes.
International health, also called geographic medicine, international medicine, or global health, is a field of health care, usually with a public health emphasis, dealing with health across regional or national boundaries.
The International Organization for Peace, Care and Relief (IOPCR) is a non-governmental organization based in Tripoli, Libya.
The International Rescue Committee (IRC) is a global humanitarian aid, relief, and development nongovernmental organization.
While there is a consensus in the international community that ethnic groups have been targeted in Darfur and that crimes against humanity have therefore occurred, there has been debate in some quarters about whether genocide has taken place there.
Ira Reynolds Newble II (born January 20, 1975) is an American former professional basketball player.
Iran–Sudan relations refers to diplomatic, economic and military relations between Sudan and Iran.
Iriba (هريبا) is a small town in the Wadi Fira Region of the African country of Chad.
The Irish Army, known simply as the Army (an tArm), is the land component of the Defence Forces of Ireland.
Islam is the largest religion in Sudan, and Muslims have dominated national government institutions since independence in 1956.
The Islamic Cultural Center Sesto San Giovanni (Centro Culturale Islamico Sesto San Giovanni, also known as Centro Islamico Sesto San Giovanni) was established in Sesto San Giovanni, a commune in the Metropolitan City of Milan, Lombardy, northern Italy.
The Islamic Legion (Arabic: الفيلق الإسلامي al-Faylaq ul-'IslāmiyyuG. Prunier, Darfur: The Ambiguous Genocide, p. 45) (Islamic Pan-African Legion) was a Libyan-sponsored pan-Arabist paramilitary force, created in 1972.
The Islamization of the Sudan region (Sahel) encompasses a prolonged period of religious conversion, through military conquest and trade relations, spanning the 8th to 16th centuries.
Isma'il Pasha (إسماعيل باشا Ismā‘īl Bāshā, Turkish: İsmail Paşa), known as Ismail the Magnificent (31 December 1830 – 2 March 1895), was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879, when he was removed at the behest of the United Kingdom.
Ismail Ahmed Ismail (born 1 November 1984) is a Sudanese runner, who specializes in the 800 metres.
The Italian Army (Italian: Esercito Italiano) is the land defence force of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic.
Jacqueline Y. Collins is a Democratic member of the Illinois Senate, representing the 16th district since 2003.
Jacques Jean Edmond Georges Gaillot (born 11 September 1935;; generally known in French as Monseigneur Gaillot) is a French Catholic clergyman and social activist.
Jacques Pugin (born May 20, 1954 in Riaz, Switzerland) is an artist-photographer.
The Jagdkommando (German for Hunting force) is the Austrian Armed Forces' Special Operations group.
Jalila Khamis Koko (also Jalila Khamis Kuku) is a Sudanese teacher and activist.
Jamal Hussein Ali (جمال حسين علي) is an Iraqi novelist and journalist born in Al Basrah, Iraq.
James F. Moore studies co-evolution in social and economic systems.
Jan Egeland (born 12 September 1957) is a Norwegian diplomat, political scientist, humanitarian leader and former Labour Party politician.
Jan Grarup (born 1968) is a Danish photojournalist who has worked both as a staff photographer and as a freelance, specializing in war and conflict photography.
Johannes Pieter "Jan" Pronk (born 16 March 1940) is a Dutch politician, diplomat, and professor.
Jane Evelyn Atwood (born 1947) is an American photographer born in New York City, who has been living in Paris since 1971.
Janez Drnovšek (17 May 1950 – 23 February 2008) was a Slovenian liberal politician, President of the Presidency of Yugoslavia (1989–1990), Prime Minister of Slovenia (1992–2002) and President of Slovenia (2002–2007).
The Janjaweed (Arabic: جنجويد janjawīd; also transliterated Janjawid) (English: a man with a gun on a horse.") are a militia that operate in western Sudan and eastern Chad.
The following events occurred in January 1910.
Jason Jones (born October 9, 1971, in Chicago, Illinois) is an American film producer, pro-life activist, and human rights worker.
Jean Bosco Kazura is a Rwandan Major General, and former head of the Rwandan Football Federation.
Jean-Pierre Berçot was the French ambassador to Chad until November 2006.
Jean-Pierre Ricard (born 26 September 1944) is a French cardinal of the Roman Catholic church and archbishop of Bordeaux and Bazas.
Jeff Koinange (born 7 January 1966) is a Kenyan journalist and talk show host of Jeff Koinange Live on Citizen TV since February 2017.
Jerome Charles Weintraub (September 26, 1937 – July 6, 2015) was an American film producer, talent agent and actor whose television films won him three Emmys.
The Jewish Council for Public Affairs (JCPA) is an American Jewish non-profit organization that deals with community relations.
James Patrick McGovern (born November 20, 1959) is a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing.
James Patrick Moran Jr. (born May 16, 1945) is a former U.S. Representative for in Northern Virginia, including the cities of Falls Church and Alexandria, all of Arlington County, and a portion of Fairfax County.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Joanne Liu, M.D., C.M. (born November 4, 1965) is a Canadian pediatric doctor, Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Montreal, Professor of Practice of Medicine at McGill University, and the current International President of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF, or Doctors Without Borders).
William Joseph "Joey" Cheek (born June 22, 1979) is an American former speed skater and inline speed skater.
John Ambrose Cope, Baron Cope of Berkeley, PC (born 13 May 1937) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.
John Prendergast (born March 21, 1963) is an American human rights activist, author, and former Director for African Affairs at the National Security Council.
John Vincent D'Alessio Rowley (12 December 1907 – 30 November 1996) was a South African born English cricketer and colonial governor.
John Ukec Lueth Ukec was born in Aweil, Sudan, which lies in the eastern portion of Southern Sudan.
Johny Asadoma (born January 8, 1966 in Denpasar) is a former Indonesian amateur boxer.
Jonathan Kenneth Butler (born 10 October 1961) is a South African singer-songwriter and guitarist.
Josephine Margaret Bakhita, F.D.C.C., (ca. 1869 – 8 February 1947) was a Sudanese-born former slave who became a Canossian Religious Sister in Italy, living and working there for 45 years.
Joscelyn Eve Stoker (born 11 April 1987), better known by her stage name Joss Stone, is an English singer, songwriter and actress.
Journeyman is a 2007 American science-fiction romance television series created by Kevin Falls for 20th Century Fox Television which aired on the NBC television network.
Just a Drop - a charitable organization helping to provide clean water and sanitation in poor countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America.
The Justice and Equality Movement (abbreviated JEM; حركة العدل والمساواة) is a Sudanese opposition group founded by Khalil Ibrahim, the group has been led since January 2012 by his brother Gibril Ibrahim, as Khalil was killed in December 2011.
Kabbabish ("goatherds": James Bruce derives the name from Kabsh, sheep, Arabic: كبش), a tribe of African nomads of Semitic origin.
The Kafia Kingi area is a mineral-rich region on the border between Sudan, South Sudan and the Central African Republic.
Kalma is a relocation camp in the Darfur region of Sudan.
Karam Allāh Muḥammad Kurkusāwī (died 1903) was a Dongolāwī Mahdist emir (amīr).
Kassala (كسلا,; Cassala) is the capital of the state of Kassala in eastern Sudan.
Katherine Mary Peyton (13 December 1965 – 9 February 2005) was a British journalist and senior producer for the BBC Johannesburg bureau from 2002 to 2005.
The Kean University Human Rights Institute, located on the main campus of Kean University in Union, New Jersey, is an educational, advocacy, and research institute whose mission is to raise awareness of human rights violations across the globe and to create initiatives to battle human rights abuses and produce curricula, material, and seminars that promote tolerance.
Keith Maurice Ellison (born August 4, 1963) is an American politician and lawyer who has been the U.S. Representative for since 2007 and Deputy Chair of the Democratic National Committee since 2017.
Kenneth Hogate Bacon (November 21, 1944 – August 15, 2009) was an American journalist who served as a spokesman for the Department of Defense during the Presidency of Bill Clinton, and later as president of Refugees International, an organization advocating for displaced persons and solutions for displacement crises.
Kensington is a neighborhood in the center of the New York City borough of Brooklyn in the zip code 11218.
Kerarish is an ethnic group of Darfur and Kordofan in Sudan.
The Kharga Oasis (الخارجة), (meaning "the outer") is the southernmost of Egypt's five western oases.
Khartoum is the capital and largest city of Sudan.
The kidnapping of Sharon Commins and Hilda Kawuki was an international hostage crisis which lasted from 3 July until 18 October 2009.
Kids for Kids is a British charity (not for profit) that was created in 2001 before the conflict erupted, to help children struggling to survive in remote villages in Darfur, Sudan.
King of Egypt and the Sudan was the title used by the Egyptian monarch from 16 October 1951 until the abolition of the monarchy on 18 June 1953.
Kordofan (كردفان) is a former province of central Sudan.
Kufra is a basinBertarelli (1929), p. 514.
Kufra Airport is an airport in Kufra, southeastern Libya.
The Kujargé language is spoken in seven villages in Chad near Jebel Mirra and in Sudan in villages scattered along the lower Wadi Salih and Wadi Azum.
Lake Ptolemy is a former lake in Sudan.
The Lancet, one of the oldest scientific medical journals in the world, published two peer-reviewed studies on the effect of the 2003 invasion of Iraq and subsequent occupation on the Iraqi mortality rate.
Landing Kinteh is a Gambian lawyer who has been the Inspector General of Police in the Gambia since 2017.
South Sudan is a multilingual country, with over 60 indigenous languages spoken.
Sudan is a multilingual country dominated by Sudanese Arabic.
Las Américas Newcomer School, also Las Américas Middle School, is an alternative middle school in Sharpstown, Houston, Texas.
Lee Bycel is an American Reform rabbi, rabbinic educator and social activist.
Lee Jong-wook (12 April 1945 – 22 May 2006) was a Korean public health doctor.
Left in Dark Times: A Stand Against the New Barbarism is a book by Bernard-Henri Lévy published on September 16, 2008.
Lega Nord (LN; italic), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l'Indipendenza della Padania (Northern League for the Independence of Padania), is a regionalist political party in Italy.
The Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland (also known as The Maryland Legislative Black Caucus) is an American political organization composed of African Americans elected to the Maryland General Assembly.
The Liberal Party (الحزب الليبرالي) is a social liberal political party in Sudan.
The Liberation and Justice Movement is a rebel group in the Darfur conflict in Sudan, led by Dr Tijani Sese.
This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Africa.
The following is a list of adjectival forms of subcontinental regions in English and their demonymic equivalents, which denote the people or the inhabitants of these subcontinental regions.
African Union (AU) member states have various forms of government.
2001 Category:21st-century conflicts.
For safety reasons most converts will not have their names listed here, the Islamic faith forbids apostasy, and the punishment for apostates is a death sentence in some countries.
The following is an incomplete list of notable individuals who converted to the Catholic Church from Islam (including to Eastern Catholic Churches).
This article lists incidents that have been termed ethnic cleansing by some academic or legal experts.
Listed below are executive orders numbered 13198–13488, Presidential memoranda, Presidential proclamations, Presidential determinations, and Presidential notices signed by United States President George W. Bush.
Film directors frequently choose to work with the same actor or actress across several projects and vice versa.
Former Muslims are people who have been Muslims for some part of their lives, but left Islam for another religion or a nonreligious philosophy.
This list of genocides by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by genocide.
This is a partial list of the world's indigenous / aboriginal / native people.
This is a list of international prime ministerial trips made by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the 27th Prime Minister of Turkey, after winning the elections of November 2, 2002 and until he became the 12th President of Turkey on August 28, 2014.
This is a list of international visits undertaken by the United States Secretary of State.
This article is a resource of how to say the native name of most of the major languages in the world.
The European Union (EU) has undertaken a number of overseas missions, drawing on civilian and military capabilities, in several countries in three continents (Europe, Africa and Asia), as part of its Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).
This is a list of missions, operations, and projects.
Monarchs of the Muhammad Ali dynasty reigned over Egypt from 1805 to 1953.
Below is a list of current and historical peacekeeping missions which were not mandated by the United Nations.
The following is a list of George Foster Peabody Award winners and honorable mentions during the decade of the 2000s.
Since 1918, The New York Times daily newspaper has won 125 Pulitzer Prizes, a prize awarded for excellence in journalism in a range of categories.
This is a list of revolutions and rebellions.
This is a list of rivers in Chad.
Scorpion is an American drama television series loosely based on the life of self-proclaimed genius and computer expert Walter O'Brien.
Slavery is a social-economic system under which persons are enslaved: deprived of personal freedom and forced to perform labor or services without compensation.
This is a list of sovereign states in the 1990s, giving an overview of states around the world during the period between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 1999.
The Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy is the senior officer and commander of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
Supernatural is an American television drama series created by writer and producer Eric Kripke, and was initially broadcast by The WB.
This is a list of episodes for The Colbert Report in 2008.
The UK Singles Chart is one of many music charts compiled by the Official Charts Company that calculates the best-selling singles of the week in the United Kingdom.
This is a list of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1501 to 1600 adopted between 26 August 2003 and 4 May 2005.
This is a list of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1601 to 1700 adopted between 31 May 2005 and 10 August 2006.
This is a list of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1701 to 1800 adopted between 11 August 2006 and 20 February 2008.
This is a list of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1901 to 2000 adopted between 16 December 2009 and 27 July 2011.
This is a list of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 2101 to 2200 adopted between 25 April 2013 to 12 February 2015.
This is a list of wars that began between 1900 to 1944. Other wars can be found in the historical lists of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity.
This is a list of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll.
"Living Darfur" (also known as "Living") is the first single from Mattafix's album Rhythm and Hymns, released in 2007.
A low-intensity conflict (LIC) is a military conflict, usually localised, between two or more state or non-state groups which is below the intensity of conventional war.
Luis Gabriel Moreno OcampoMoreno Ocampo's surnames are often hyphenated in English-language media to distinguish Moreno as a surname, rather than a given name.
Lyal S. Sunga is a well-known specialist on international human rights law, international humanitarian law and international criminal law.
Lydia Frances Polgreen (born 1975) is a journalist who is the editor-in-chief of HuffPost.
Lynn C. Woolsey (born November 3, 1937) is a former U.S. Representative for, serving from 1993 to 2013.
Lynsey Addario (born November 13, 1973) is an American photojournalist.
Ma'tan as-Sarra is an oasis in the Kufra District municipality in the southeast corner of Libya.
Maba people are a minority ethnic group found primarily in the mountainous Ouaddaï region of eastern Chad, with some across its border with Sudan and Central African Republic.
The Maban languages are a small family of languages which have been included in the proposed Nilo-Saharan family.
General Mahamat Nouri (born 1947) is a Chadian insurgent leader who currently commands the Union of Forces for Democracy and Development (UFDD).
The Mahamid clan is a sub-category of the greater Sudanese-Arab Rizeigat tribe in Northern Darfur, and is being led by Sheikh Musa Hilal.
The Mahdist State, also known as Mahdist Sudan or the Sudanese Mahdiyya, was a religious and political movement launched in 1881 by Muammad Ahmad bin Abdullah (later Muhammad al-Mahdi) against the Khedivate of Egypt, which had ruled the Sudan since 1821.
The Mahdist War (الثورة المهدية ath-Thawra al-Mahdī; 1881–99) was a British colonial war of the late 19th century which was fought between the Mahdist Sudanese of the religious leader Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah, who had proclaimed himself the "Mahdi" of Islam (the "Guided One"), and the forces of the Khedivate of Egypt, initially, and later the forces of Britain.
Mahmoud Kabil (محمود قابيل, born May 19, 1946) is an award-winning Egyptian actor and political activist.
Make Some Noise is a campaign by Amnesty International using music by John Lennon to promote human rights.
The Kingdom of Makuria (Old Nubian: ⲇⲱⲧⲁⲩⲟ, Dotawo; Greek: Μακογρια, Makouria; مقرة, al-Muqurra) was a Nubian kingdom located in what is today Northern Sudan and Southern Egypt.
Presidential elections were held in Mali on 28 July 2013, with a second round run-off held on 11 August.
Malteser International is an international non-governmental aid agency for humanitarian aid of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
Mani Martin, born Maniraruta Martin, is a Rwandan actor and Afrobeat, gospel, pop music and R&B singer and songwriter.
Mansour Mohammad El Souwaim (Arabic: منصور الصويم) (born 1970) is a Sudanese writer.
Manuel Jorge Aranda da Silva, a national of Mozambique, is a former minister in the Mozambican Government, and a former senior United Nations official with a background in the World Food Programme.
Manute Bol (c. October 16, 1962 – June 19, 2010) was a Sudanese-born American basketball player and political activist.
The Mararit are an ethnic group from Chad and Darfur in Sudan.
Mario Frangoulis (Μάριος Φραγκούλης; born 1967) is a Greek tenor and is best known for his song, "Vincerò, Perderò".
Marion Cotillard (born 30 September 1975) is a French actress, singer-songwriter, musician, environmentalist, and spokesperson for Greenpeace who achieved international fame with the film La Vie en Rose (2007).
Mark Fritz is a war correspondent and author.
Mark McGowan (born 9 June 1964) is a British street artist, performance artist and prominent public protester who has gone by the artist name Chunky Mark and more recently The Artist Taxi Driver.
The Marrah Mountains or Marra Mountains (Fur, Fugo Marra; جبل مرة, Jebel Marra (Sudanese Arabic – “woman mountains” due to the outline of a reclining woman when viewed from the south-east, also known in English as Gimbala) is a range of volcanic peaks in a massif that rises up to. It is the highest mountain in Sudan.
General Martin Luther Agwai CFR GSS psc(+) fwc is a retired Nigerian army officer who served as Chief of Defence Staff and Chief of Army Staff.
Ramón Gerard Antonio Estévez (born August 3, 1940), known professionally as Martin Sheen, is an American actor of Spanish/Irish descent who first became known for his roles in the films The Subject Was Roses (1968) and Badlands (1973), and later achieved wide recognition for his leading role in Apocalypse Now (1979) and as President Josiah Bartlet in the television series The West Wing (1999-2006).
Maryan (pronounced Mariyāņ; The Immortal) is a 2013 Indian Tamil romantic survival film directed by Bharat Bala starring Dhanush alongside Parvathy.
Masalit (autonym Masala/Masara) is a Maban language spoken by the Masalit people in western Darfur, Sudan.
Mass killings occurred under several twentieth-century Communist regimes.
Matthew Frederick Robert Good (born June 29, 1971) is a Canadian rock musician.
Maureen Diane Lipman, CBE (born 10 May 1946) is a British film, theatre and television actress, columnist and comedian.
Maurice Vellacott (born September 29, 1955) is a Canadian politician.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF; pronounced), also known in English as Doctors Without Borders, is an international humanitarian medical non-governmental organisation (NGO) of French origin best known for its projects in conflict zones and in countries affected by endemic diseases.
Medair is an international non-governmental organization NGO of humanitarian aid with a stated mission, "to relieve suffering in some of the world’s most remote and devastated places." Medair provides emergency relief and recovery services including Health and Nutrition; Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene; and Shelter and Infrastructure.
Medical Emergency Relief International (Merlin) is a former British international non-governmental health charity which sends medical experts to global emergencies.
Meg Cabot (born Meggin Patricia Cabot; February 1, 1967) is an American author of romantic and paranormal fiction for teens and adults and used to write under several pen names, but now writes exclusively under her real name.
Meidob volcanic field is a Holocene volcanic field in Darfur, Sudan.
Melissa Fitzgerald is an American actress and the Senior Director of the nonprofit organization Justice For Vets.
The Arab League has 22 member states.
Merrill College is a residential college at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
The Messiria, known also under the name of Misseriya Arabs, are a branch of the Baggara Arabs tribes.
Metemma (also known as Metemma Yohannes) is a town in northwestern Ethiopia, on the border with Sudan.
Meteorite falls, also called observed falls, are meteorites collected after their fall from space was observed by people or automated devices.
María de Lourdes "Mia" Villiers Farrow (born February 9, 1945) is an American actress, activist, and former fashion model.
Michael Asher (born 1953) is an author, historian, deep ecologist, and notable desert explorer who has covered more than 30,000 miles on foot and camel.
Lieutenant General Michael C. Gould (born 1953) was the 18th Superintendent of the United States Air Force Academy.
Michael F. Doyle (born August 5, 1953) is the U.S. Representative for, serving in Congress since 1995, making him the Congressman from Pennsylvania with the most seniority, and the dean of the state's Congressional Delegation.
Michael E. Moran (born May 1962 in Kearny, New Jersey) is an American author and analyst of international affairs, a digital documentarian who has held senior positions at a host of media, financial services, and consulting organizations.
Michael Ray Burch (born February 19, 1958) is an American poet.
Michael Seifert (16 March 1924 – 6 November 2010) was an SS guard in Italy during World War II.
Michael Johannes VanRooyen (born November 19, 1961) is an American humanitarian and physician, best known for his expertise in emergency medicine and aid delivery in humanitarian crises.
The Midob people are an ethnic group from the Meidob Hills region in Darfur, Sudan.
Michael (Mike) McDonagh, a national of Ireland, is a humanitarian, and a senior United Nations official working for the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Микоян МиГ-29; NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union.
The Mil Mi-24 (Миль Ми-24; NATO reporting name: Hind) is a large helicopter gunship, attack helicopter and low-capacity troop transport with room for eight passengers.
The military history of Uganda begins with actions before the conquest of the country by the British Empire.
The Arab League as an organization has no military force, like the United Nations or the European Union, but recently in the 2007 summit, the Leaders decided to reactivate their joint defense and establish a peacekeeping force to deploy in South Lebanon, Darfur, Iraq, Somalia, and other hot spots.
A militia is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
The mining industry of Sudan was mostly driven by extraction fuel minerals, with petroleum accounting for a substantial contribution to the country's economy, until the autonomous region of Southern Sudan became an independent country in July 2011.
Suliman Arcua Minnawi, known as "Minni Minnawi" (born 1968 in Furawiyya, North Darfur), is a Sudanese politician who was the leader of the largest faction of the Sudanese Liberation Army.
Mira Katherine Sorvino (born September 28, 1967) is an American actress.
The African-led International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (MISCA, French acronym for Mission internationale de soutien à la Centrafrique sous conduite africaine) is an African Union peacekeeping mission to the Central African Republic.
Miss International 2009, the 49th Miss International pageant, was held on November 28, 2009 at the Sichuan International Tennis Center in Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
Miss Shanel, born Ruth Nirere, is a Rwandan singer and actress.
Modiba is an artist management and music licensing company dedicated to international artists and social responsibility.
Mohamed Babiker Yagoub (born 2 September 1977) is a Sudanese middle-distance runner.
Mohamed Bechri is a professor of economics at the University of Sousse, Tunisia.
Mohamed Ibn Chambas (born 7 December 1950 in Ghana) is a lawyer, diplomat, politician and academic from Ghana who has served as an international civil servant since 2006.
Mohammed Ahmed Abdallah (born c. 1953) is a Sudanese physician and human rights activist.
Mohammed Osman Hassan Salih Wardi (محمد عثمان حسن وردي) (born 19 July 1932 – 18 February 2012) was a Muslim Nubian Sudanese singer and songwriter.
MohyEldin Abd El Rahman Elzein, محي الدين عبد الرحمن الزين, (June 7, 1943 – August 6, 2007) was the head of Urology and Surgery department in Fujairah Hospital, United Arab Emirates.
The Mongolian Armed Forces (Монгол улсын зэвсэгт хүчин, Mongol ulsyn zevsegt hüchin) is the collective name for the Mongolian army and the joint forces that comprise it.
Morris Berthold Abram (June 19, 1918 – March 16, 2000) was an American lawyer, civil rights activist, and for two years president of Brandeis University.
Mounira Mitchala, also known as Sweet Panther, is a Chadian singer, author, performer, composer and actress.
Mudawi Ibrahim Adam (born 1956) is a Sudanese human rights activist and engineer known for his role in exposing human rights violations in Darfur.
Mukesh Kapila CBE has worked extensively and advised in crisis and conflict management, humanitarian affairs, post-conflict recovery and development, and HIV and AIDS.
Musa Hilal (موسى هلال) is a Sudanese Arab tribal chief and militia leader and adviser to the Sudanese Minister of Internal Affairs.
The Museum of Jewish Heritage, located in Battery Park City in Manhattan, New York City, is a memorial to those who perished in the Holocaust.
The Society of the Muslim Brothers (جماعة الإخوان المسلمين), better known as the Muslim Brotherhood (الإخوان المسلمون), is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna in 1928.
Nadia Plesner is a Danish/Dutch painter who works and lives in the Netherlands.
Nagmeldin Ali Abubakr (born February 22, 1986) is a Sudanese athlete who mainly competes in the 400 metres.
Nathan "Nate" Kleinman is a farmer, plant breeder, human rights activist and political organizer.
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a group of Sudanese political parties that was formed in 1989 to oppose the new regime of Omar Hassan al-Bashir after he seized power in a military coup on June 6, 1989.
The National Islamic Front (الجبهة الإسلامية القومية; transliterated: al-Jabhah al-Islamiyah al-Qawmiyah) was an Islamist political organization founded in 1976 and led by Dr.
The National Movement for Reform and Development (NMRD) is a Sudanese rebel group based in the region of Darfur.
The National Redemption Front (NRF) is an alliance of opposition groups in Darfur, Sudan.
The Ndjamena-Djibouti Highway is Trans-African Highway 6 in the transcontinental road network being developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), the African Development Bank (ADB), and the African Union, connecting the Sahelian region to the Indian Ocean port of Djibouti in the country of Djibouti.
Nic Robertson (born 1962) is the International Diplomatic Editor of CNN.
Nicholas Donabet Kristof (born April 27, 1959) is an American journalist and political commentator.
Nicholas Joseph Clooney (born January 13, 1934) is an American journalist, anchorman, and television host.
Nick Kaufman is a British-born Israeli lawyer specializing in international criminal law and international arbitration.
The Nigerian Armed Forces are the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The Nigerian Army (NA) is the largest component of the Nigerian Armed Forces, and responsible for land warfare operations.
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50–60 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of the Nile meet.
The Nilotic peoples are peoples indigenous to the Nile Valley who speak Nilotic languages, which constitute a large sub-group of the Nilo-Saharan languages spoken in South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, and northern Tanzania.
Nima Elbagir (born July 1978) is a Sudanese journalist and an award-winning international television correspondent.
No Place To Hide is the 264th episode of the NBC television series, ER.
Nobiin, or Mahas, is a Northern Nubian language of the Nilo-Saharan phylum.
The World Series of Poker bracelet is considered to be the most coveted prize a poker player can win, but in most years there have been competitive events that did not award a bracelet to the winner.
North Darfur State (ولاية شمال دارفور Wilāyat Šamāl Dārfūr; Shamal Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan.
Norway – Sudan relations are international relations between Norway and Sudan.
Not On Our Watch: The Mission to End Genocide in Darfur and Beyond is a book co-authored by actor Don Cheadle and human rights activist and co-founder of the Enough Project, John Prendergast.
Not on Our Watch is a nongovernmental, international relief and humanitarian aid organization based in the United States.
The Nuba Mountains, also referred to as the Nuba Hills (جبال النوبة), is an area located in South Kordofan, Sudan.
Nubia is a region along the Nile river encompassing the area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central Sudan.
The Nubian languages (لغات نوبية) are a group of related languages spoken by the Nubians of Nubia, a region along the Nile in southern Egypt and northern Sudan.
The Nubian spitting cobra (Naja nubiae) is a species of spitting cobra native to Africa.
Nyala, also known as Dar Fur, Darfur Daju, Daju Darfur, Beke, Dagu, Daju Ferne and Fininga, is an Eastern Sudanic language of Darfur, Sudan, one of three closely related languages in the area called "Daju" (the other two being the Daju Mongo language and the Sila language).
The Obama Doctrine is a catch-all term frequently used to describe one or several principles of the foreign policy of U.S. President Barack Obama.
Occasional Recuperational Break (ORB) is an entitlement for United Nations staff serving in hardship locations.
Old Dongola (Old Nubian: Tungul; دنقلا العجوز, Dunqulā al-ʿAjūz) is a deserted town in Sudan located on the east bank of the Nile opposite the Wadi Howar.
Olivier Zuchuat is a Swiss film director.
Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (عمر حسن أحمد البشير; pronunciation:; born 1944) is a Sudanese politician who is currently the seventh president of Sudan and head of the National Congress Party.
Omdurman (standard أم درمان Umm Durmān) is the second largest city in Sudan and Khartoum State, lying on the western banks of the River Nile, opposite the capital, Khartoum.
Omer Ismail is a humanitarian and activist working to publicize conditions in Darfur.
The One World Futbol is a soccer ball designed to be very difficult to destroy.
Opération Épervier (Sparrowhawk) was the codename, from 1986 until 2014, for the French military presence in Chad.
Operation Hedgerow is the Australian Defence Force's (ADF) contribution to the United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).
Osama Abdelaziz Mokhtar Ali Maher (born 15 December 1968) is a Swedish conservative politician and Member of Parliament.
Osman Kebir, also known as Osman Mohammad Yusuf, is the governor of the North Darfur province of Sudan.
Our Story Our Voice is a 2007 independent political documentary that looks at the social tension in the world today.
Outlandish was a hip-hop music group based in Denmark.
The Pan-African Parliament (PAP), also known as the African Parliament, is the legislative body of the African Union and held its inaugural session in March 2004.
Patrice Tonda is a Gabonese politician and diplomat.
Patrick Munro (9 October 1883 – 3 May 1942), also known as Pat Munro, was a British Conservative politician and international rugby union player.
Paul Cunningham is an Irish journalist and author.
Paul Hilder is a British-born social entrepreneur, writer and organiser.
Paul Wood is a British journalist.
Pekka Olavi Haavisto (born 23 March 1958 in Helsinki) is a Finnish politician and minister representing the Green League.
Doctor Pellegrino Matteucci (12 October 1850 – 8 August 1881) was an Italian explorer known for his expeditions to Africa.
Chad maintains sizable reserves of crude oil which, alongside agriculture, makes up the largest share of the landlocked former French colony's export revenue.
Philip Akot Akok Kiir (born January 1, 1937) is a South Sudanese pastor, former educator and politician.
This article is about the physical impacts of climate change.
Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) is a US-based not-for-profit human rights NGO that uses medicine and science to document and advocate against mass atrocities and severe human rights violations around the world.
Pieter Cornelis Feith (born 9 February 1945) is a Dutch diplomat, formerly serving as the European Union Special Representative (EUSR) and as the International Civilian Representative in Kosovo.
Platform for Change, Unity and Democracy, abbreviated as S.C.U.D. (Socle pour le Changement, l'Unité et la Démocratie in French), is a Chadian rebel group that was formed in October 2005 by former members of the Military of Chad who deserted and united under founders and current leaders, 30-year-old Yaya Dillo Djérou and his brother.
José Plácido Domingo Embil, (born 21 January 1941), known as Plácido Domingo, is a Spanish tenor, conductor and arts administrator.
Pod People (also known as Body Snatchers) is the colloquial term for a species of plant-like aliens featured in the 1955 novel The Body Snatchers by Jack Finney, the 1956 film Invasion of the Body Snatchers, the 1978 remake of the same name and the 1993 film Body Snatchers.
Poliomyelitis eradication refers to a permanent elimination of all cases of poliomyelitis (polio) infection around the world.
This article concerns the policies, views and voting record of David Cameron, the previous Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 2010 to July 2016.
Joe Biden served as the Vice President of the United States from 2009 to 2017.
U.S. Senator John McCain (R-AZ), a member of the U.S. Congress since 1983, a two-time U.S. presidential candidate, and the nominee of the Republican Party in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, has taken positions on many political issues through his public comments, his presidential campaign statements, and his senatorial voting record.
There are many published theories about the politics of the Harry Potter books by J. K. Rowling, which range from them containing criticism of racism to anti-government sentiments.
Politics in Senegal takes place within the framework of a semi-presidential, democratic republic.
Ireland is a parliamentary, representative democratic republic and a member state of the European Union.
This is a list of national population and housing censuses.
Bill Clinton was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001.
In 1981, following his defeat in 1980 United States presidential election, former U.S. president Jimmy Carter returned to Georgia to his peanut farm, which he had placed into a blind trust during his presidency to avoid even the appearance of a conflict of interest.
Giuseppe Povia (born November 19, 1972), better known just as Povia, is an Italian rock singer-songwriter.
"Practice Date" is the fourth episode of the second season of Parks and Recreation, and the tenth overall episode of the series.
The pre-colonial history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo encompasses the political, economic and social history of the territory of the modern-day Democratic Republic of the Congo before the arrival of European colonial rule in the late 19th century.
Pregnancy is a potential result of rape.
The premiership of Tony Blair began on 2 May 1997 and ended on 27 June 2007.
A private military company (PMC) is a private company providing armed combat or security services.
Protests in Sudan, also nicknamed as the Sudanese Intifada, began in January 2011 as part of the Arab Spring regional protest movement.
Qatar – Sudan relations are the bilateral relations between the State of Qatar and the Republic of the Sudan.
Rabih az-Zubayr ibn Fadl Allah or Rabih Fadlallah (رابح فضل الله,رابح الزبير ابن فضل الله), usually known as Rabah in French (c. 1842 – April 22, 1900), was a Sudanese warlord and slave trader who established a powerful empire east of Lake Chad, in today's Chad.
Kano State in Nigeria Mohammed Rabi'u Musa popularly knows as Rabiu Kwankwaso is a Nigerian politician.
Racism in Africa is multi-faceted and dates back several centuries.
Racism in Sudan is a complex matter due to the racial mixture of various populations.
Racism in the Arab world covers an array of forms of intolerance against non-Muslim groups as well as Black, Hispanic and Asian groups that are Muslim; minorities such as Africans, Latin Americans, Europeans (especially Eastern Europeans), Aramaic and Coptic Christians, and South Asians in Arab countries of the Middle East and North Africa.
Radio Dabanga (also: Radio Darfur) is a shortwave radio station which serves the Darfur area of western Sudan.
Raphael F. J. McGrath (born 5 November 1947), usually known as Rae McGrath, is a British campaigner and specialist in humanitarian response to conflict and natural disaster.
The Chadian village of Dalola was raided on May 1, 2006, by 150 Janjaweed.
Rail transport in South Sudan does not have an extensive rail system and current rail infrastructure, which was constructed between 1959-1962, and what has been left over from the previous Sudan government is in a serious state of disrepair.
Sudan has 4,725 kilometers of narrow-gauge, single-track railroads that serve the northern and central portions of the country.
The Rally for Democracy and Liberty, abbreviated as R.D.L. (Rassemblement pour la Démocratie et la Liberté in French) is a Chadian rebel group that was formed in August 2005 by former members of the Military of Chad who deserted and united under their founder and current leader, Mohammed Nour.
Statistics on rape and other sexual assaults are commonly available in industrialized countries, and are becoming more common throughout the world.
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Red Nose Day 2007 was a fund raising event in England organized by Comic Relief, broadcast live on BBC One and BBC Two from the evening of 16 March 2007 to early the following morning.
RedR (pronounced 'Red R') is an international NGO whose stated mission is to “rebuild lives in times of disaster by training, supporting and providing aid workers to relief programmes across the world.” It was originally an acronym for Register of Engineers for Disaster Relief, although it is no longer used as such.
A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees and people in refugee-like situations.
Nearly half of all refugees are children, and almost one in three children living outside their country of birth is a refugee.
Refugee crisis can refer to movements of large groups of displaced people, who could be either internally displaced persons, refugees or other migrants.
Relief International UK is a humanitarian non-profit agency that provides emergency relief, rehabilitation, development assistance, and programme services to vulnerable communities worldwide.
Religion plays an important role in Sudan, with 97 per cent of the country's population adhering to Islam.
René Lemarchand (born 1932) is a French-American political scientist who is known for his research on ethnic conflict and genocide in Rwanda, Burundi and Darfur.
The Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF) is the armed forces of Sierra Leone, responsible for the territorial security of Sierra Leone's border and defending the national interests of Sierra Leone, within the framework of its international obligations.
Reva Shayne (formerly Lewis, Spaulding, Winslow, and Cooper) is a fictional character on the long-running CBS daytime soap opera Guiding Light played by four-time Daytime Emmy Award winner Kim Zimmer from November 28, 1983 to July 1990 and April 14, 1995 until the show's final episode on September 18, 2009.
Richard Anderson Falk (born November 13, 1930) is an American professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University.
Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is an English business magnate, investor and philanthropist.
Richard "Rick" (Reuben Jacob) Jacobs is a Reform rabbi and the president of the Union for Reform Judaism (URJ), the congregational arm of the Reform movement in North America which represents an estimated 1.5 million Reform Jews in nearly 900 synagogues across the United States and Canada.
Richard Salisbury Williamson (May 9, 1949 – December 8, 2013) was an American lawyer, diplomat and political advisor.
Sir Herbert Richmond Palmer (25 April 1877 – 22 May 1958) was an English barrister, who became a colonial supervisor for Britain during the inter-World War period.
The Rizeigat, or Rizigat, or Rezeigat (Standard Arabic Rizayqat) are a Muslim and Arabic tribe of the nomadic Bedouin Baggara (Standard Arabic Baqqara) people in Sudan's Darfur region.
Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights (formerly the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights, or RFK Center) is a human rights advocacy organization, a nonprofit charitable organization that works to realize Senator Robert F. Kennedy's dream of a peaceful and just world by advancing human rights.
Robert D. "Bob" Hormats (born April 13, 1943, in Baltimore, Maryland)http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid.
Robert Carl "Bud" McFarlane (born July 12, 1937) is a retired Marine Corps officer who served as National Security Advisor to President of the United States Ronald Reagan from 1983 through 1985.
Rodney Glenn Ellis (born April 7, 1954) is an American politician.
Rodolphe Adada (born 24 April 1946) is a Congolese politician and diplomat.
Lieutenant-General Roméo Antonius Dallaire, (born June 25, 1946) is a Canadian humanitarian, author and retired senator and general.
Ron Capps is a writer, US Army and Foreign Service veteran, and founder of the Veterans Writing Project, a nonprofit organization that hosts free writing workshops for veterans and others.
Ron Haviv (1965) is an American photojournalist who covers conflicts.
Ronald Rivera (August 22, 1948 – September 3, 2008) was an American activist of Puerto Rican descent who is best known for promoting an inexpensive ceramic water filter developed in Guatemala by the chemist Fernando Mazariegos and used to treat gray water in impoverished communities and for establishing community-based factories to produce the filters around the world.
Satchel Ronan O'Sullivan Farrow (born December 19, 1987) is an American journalist, lawyer, and former government advisor.
Dame Rosalind Mary Marsden, DCMG (born 1950) is a British diplomat and public servant.
Major Roy Gerard Corcor Brock (22 February 1884 - 1968) was a British army officer and a colonial administrator in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan who was appointed governor of Bahr el Ghazal Province.
Major-General Rudolf Anton Carl Freiherr von Slatin, Geh. Rat, (7 June 1857, Ober Sankt Veit, Hietzing, Vienna – 4 October 1932, Vienna) was an Anglo-Austrian soldier and administrator in the Sudan.
Russia–Sudan relations (Российско-суданские отношения) refers to the bilateral relations between Russia and Sudan.
Ruth Barbara Rendell, Baroness Rendell of Babergh, (17 February 1930 – 2 May 2015), was an English author of thrillers and psychological murder mysteries.
Ryan Thomas Gosling (born November 12, 1980) is a Canadian actor and musician.
Saeed Madibo is the Nazir (paramount chief) of the Baggara Rizeigat of South Darfur.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
Saharan explorers include.
The Saharan languages are a small family of languages spoken across parts of the eastern Sahara, extending from northwestern Darfur to southern Libya, north and central Chad, eastern Niger and northeastern Nigeria.
Salih Mahmoud Osman (born 1957 in Darfur) is a Sudanese human rights lawyer.
Samantha Joan Nutt (born October 1969) is founder and Executive Director of War Child Canada.
Samaritan's Purse is an evangelical Christian humanitarian aid organization that provides aid to people in physical need as a key part of Christian missionary work.
The Samenwerkende Hulporganisaties (Dutch for Cooperating Aid Organizations) is a cooperative effort of aid organizations.
Samuel Totten is an American professor of history noted for his scholarship on genocide.
Saudi Arabia–Sudan relations is the long time historical and current relationship between Saudi Arabia and Sudan.
The Save Darfur Coalition was an advocacy group that called “to raise public awareness and mobilize a massive response to the atrocities in Sudan’s western region of Darfur.” Headquartered in Washington, D.C., it was a coalition of more than 190 religious, political and human rights organizations designed to campaign for a response to the atrocities of the War in Darfur.
A scorched-earth policy is a military strategy that aims to destroy anything that might be useful to the enemy while it is advancing through or withdrawing from a location.
Scott Cameron Pelley (born July 28, 1957) is an American journalist who has been a correspondent and anchor for CBS News for almost 30 years.
Screamers is a 2006 documentary film directed by Carla Garapedian, conceived by Peter McAlevey and Garapedian and produced by McAlevey.
Sebastian Christopher Peter Mallaby (born May 1964) is an English journalist and author, Paul A. Volcker senior fellow for international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), and contributing columnist at the Washington Post.
The Second Sudanese Civil War was a conflict from 1983 to 2005 between the central Sudanese government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army.
The Senussi, or Sanussi (السنوسية), are a Muslim political-religious tariqa (Sufi order) and clan in colonial Libya and the Sudan region founded in Mecca in 1837 by the Grand Senussi (السنوسي الكبير), the Algerian Muhammad ibn Ali as-Senussi.
A common definition of separatism is that it is the advocacy of a state of cultural, ethnic, tribal, religious, racial, governmental or gender separation from the larger group.
Serious Request is a family of annual multi-day, multimedia fundraising events for International Red Cross initiatives, typically hosted by radio stations in the week before Christmas.
The Shaigiya (Arabic: الشايقيّة) are one of the largest tribes in Northern Sudan which consists of a large Arabic speakers This tribe originates from Western Saudi Arabia almost the Hejaz region.
Shake Hands with the Devil is a 2007 Canadian war drama film starring Roy Dupuis as Roméo Dallaire, which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in August 2007.
Shasta High School is an American public high school located in Redding, California.
Shavarsh "Shavo" Odadjian (Շավարշ "Շավո" Օդաջյան; born April 22, 1974) is an Armenian-American songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, music video director/editor, music producer, and artist/painter.
Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970) is an American contemporary street artist, graphic designer, activist, illustrator and founder of OBEY Clothing who emerged from the skateboarding scene.
Shingai Elizabeth Maria Shoniwa (born on 1 September 1981) is an English singer, best known as the vocalist and bassist for the UK indie rock band Noisettes.
The Battle of Khartoum, Siege of Khartoum or Fall of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian-held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad.
The Sila language, also known as Dar Sila, Dar Sila Daju, Bokor, Bokorike, Bokoruge, Dadjo, Dajou, Daju, and Sula, is an Eastern Sudanic language, one of three closely related languages in the area called "Daju" (the other two being the Nyala language and the Daju Mongo language).
The sinking of the ship F174 took place on the night of December 25–26, 1996, off the coast of Sicily, in the Mediterranean Sea.
Shemya is the language of the Sinyar people.
Sirte (سرت,; from Σύρτις), also spelled Sirt, Surt, Sert or Syrte, is a city in Libya.
Slavery in the Ottoman Empire was a legal and significant part of the Ottoman Empire's economy and society.
The Socialist Republican Party (الحزب الجمهوري الاشتراكي) was a political party in Sudan, founded in 1951.
Socially responsible investing (SRI), or social investment, also known as sustainable, socially conscious, "green" or ethical investing, is any investment strategy which seeks to consider both financial return and social/environmental good to bring about a positive change.
Solar Cookers International (SCI) is a U.S.-based non-profit advocacy group in Sacramento, California, founded by a group of people in 1987 and incorporated on January 6, 1988.
South Darfur State (ولاية جنوب دارفور Wilāyat Ǧanūb Dārfūr; Janob Darfor) is one of the wilayat or states of Sudan.
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
The South Sudanese diaspora consists of citizens of South Sudan residing abroad.
A referendum took place in Southern Sudan from 9 to 15 January 2011, on whether the region should remain a part of Sudan or become independent.
The Spanish Armed Forces are in charge of guaranteeing the sovereignty and independence of Spain, defender of its territorial integrity and the constitutional order, according to the functions entrusted in the Constitution of 1978.
The SPLA-Nasir was a splinter faction of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), a rebel group that fought in the Second Sudanese Civil War.
The Stabilisation Unit is an agency of the UK government, governed through the National Security Council.
Stanley Berkeley (1855–1909) was an English painter of animal, sporting and historical subjects, especially military scenes.
Over the past two decades, state-building has developed into becoming an integral part and even a specific approach to peacebuilding by the international community.
Below is a list of the 18 states of Sudan, organized by their original provinces during the period of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
Stéphanie Lapointe (born March 26, 1984 in Brossard, Quebec) is a Quebec singer, song writer, television and movie actress and humanitarian activist.
Rabbi Steve Gutow is a Visiting Scholar at NYU’s Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service and co-director of the Religious Leadership and Civic Engagement initiative.
Stichting Pensioenfonds Zorg en Welzijn (known as PFZW, formerly PGGM, translation: "Pension Fund for Care and Well-Being") is the second largest pension fund in the Netherlands.
Strike Back: Project Dawn, as it is known in the United Kingdom is a ten-part British-American action television serial and is the second series of Strike Back.
Studio Tamassociati is an Italian team of architects based in Venice since 1996.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
The Sudan is the geographic region to the south of the Sahara, stretching from Western to eastern Central Africa.
Sudan sent a delegation to compete at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China.
The Sudan Defence Force (SDF) was a British Army unit formed in 1925, as its name indicates, to maintain the borders of the Sudan under the British administration.
On April 5, 2006 Sudan activist and former slave Simon Deng and a band of supporters completed an arduous 300-mile trek on foot from New York City to Washington, D.C. as part of the historic Sudan Freedom Walk.
The Sudan golden sparrow (Passer luteus) is a small bird in the sparrow family, found to the south of the Sahara Desert in Africa.
The Sudan Liberal Party (SLP) was a social liberal party in Sudan, founded in September 2003 by young Sudanese activists.
The Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (حركة تحرير السودان Ḥarakat Taḥrīr Al-Sūdān; abbreviated SLM, SLA or SLM/A) is a Sudanese rebel group active in Darfur, Sudan.
Sudan Organisation Against Torture (SOAT) is a human rights group based in London, which works to combat human rights violations in Sudan, particularly in the Dafur region.
Logo of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement The Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) (الحركة الشعبية لتحرير السودان, Al-Ḥarakat ash-Shaʿbiyyat liTaḥrīr as-Sūdān) is a political party in South Sudan.
Sudan People's Liberation Movement – North (Harakat Al-Sha'abi Li-Tahrir Al-Sudan-Al-Shamal), or SPLM–N, is a banned political party and militant organisation in the Republic of Sudan.
The Sudan Revolutionary Front (Arabic: الجبهة الثورية السودان Al-Jabhat Al-Thawriyat Al-Sudan), or the Sudanese Revolutionary Front, is an alliance between Sudanese factions opposed to the government led by President Omar al-Bashir.
Sudan Sunrise, Inc. is a 501c3 organization based out of Reston, Virginia.
The Sudan women's national football team is an unofficial, non-Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) recognised team called The Challenge that plays in a domestic competition in Khartoum against teams wearing traditional Muslim garb.
Sudan – United Kingdom relations are foreign relations between Sudan and United Kingdom.
Sudan – United States relations refer to bilateral relations between Sudan and United States.
Sudanese Americans are Americans of Sudanese ancestry, or Sudanese who have American citizenship.
Sudanese Arabs are the majority population of Sudan.
The Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF; القوات المسلحة السودانية) are the Armed Forces of the Republic of Sudan.
The Sudanese Awakening Revolutionary Council (المجلس الثوري الصحوة السوداني; SARC) is an armed militia in Darfur, Sudan, led by Sudanese Arab tribal chief Musa Hilal.
The Sudanese Communist Party (الحزب الشيوعي السوداني, Al-Hizb al-Shuyui al-Sudani, SCP), is a communist party in the Republic of the Sudan.
Sudanese refugees in Israel refers to citizens of Sudan who have sought refuge in Israel due to military conflict at home, and to those who moved there illegally as migrant workers.
Sudanese nomadic conflicts are non-state conflicts between rival nomadic tribes taking place in the territory of Sudan and, since 2011, South Sudan.
The phrase "suicide, it's a suicide" was first used by rapper KRS-One in the song "Moshitup" (Just-Ice feat. KRS-One) in 1987.
The Sukhoi Su-25 Grach (Грач (rook); NATO reporting name: Frogfoot) is a single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft developed in the Soviet Union by Sukhoi.
Sulayman Solong (c. 1550 – c. 1637)Hill 1967, p. 350 was the first historical sultan of Darfur.
Sultan (سلطان) is a position with several historical meanings.
The Sultanate of Darfur was a pre-colonial state in present-day Sudan.
Swedish neutrality refers to Sweden's former policy of neutrality in armed conflicts, which was in effect from the early 19th century, until 2009, when Sweden entered into various mutual defence treaties with the EU, and other Nordic countries.
Ta’isha is one of the Baqqara tribes, these nomads originated from the Guhayna group, a clan of Bedouin Arabs who came across the Sinai Peninsula from Arabia.
The Tagabo Hills is a volcanic field in the region of Darfur in Sudan.
Tama is a non-Arab, African ethnic group of people who live in eastern Chad and western Sudan.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
The Tanzania People’s Defence Force (TPDF) is the armed forces of Tanzania.
Taqali (also spelled Tegali) was a state in the Nuba Hills, in modern-day central Sudan.
Tara Sutton is a Canadian journalist and filmmaker whose work in conflict zones has received many awards.
Tears of the Desert is the autobiography of Halima Bashir (co-authored with English journalist Damien Lewis).
Technical, in professional military parlance often called Non-standard tactical vehicle (NSTV), is a neologism for a light improvised fighting vehicle, typically an open-backed civilian pickup truck or four-wheel drive vehicle mounting a machine gun, anti-aircraft gun, rotary cannon, anti-tank weapon, anti-tank gun, ATGM, mortar, multiple rocket launcher, recoilless rifle or other support weapon, somewhat like a light military gun truck.
Temple Emanuel is a synagogue located in Kensington, Maryland.
The Black Book: Imbalance of Power and Wealth in the Sudan, known commonly as the Black Book (Arabic: الكتاب الأسود al-kitab al-aswad), is a manuscript detailing a pattern of disproportionate political control by the people of northern Sudan and marginalization of the rest of the country.
The Elders is an international non-governmental organisation of public figures noted as elder statesmen, peace activists, and human rights advocates, who were brought together by Nelson Mandela in 2007.
The Enough Moment: Fighting to End Africa's Worst Human Rights Crimes is the second book co-authored by actor Don Cheadle, and co-founder of the Enough Project and human rights activist, John Prendergast.
"The Gallant Hero and the Tragic Victor" is the 266th episode of the NBC television series, ER.
The Muslim Observer (TMO) is a weekly newspaper, founded in 1998, focussing on issues relevant to Muslims and Islam.
The Weather Makers: The History and Future Impact of Climate Change is a 2005 book by Tim Flannery.
There Are No Angels Here is the 265th episode of the NBC television series, ER.
Thomas Prosper Jullien (21 December 1773, Lapalud - 1798, Egypt) was a French army officer of the French Revolutionary Wars.
Mr Thomas W. Bifwoli is a career Customs Officer who works for the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA).
The Tibesti Mountains are a mountain range in the central Sahara, primarily located in the extreme north of Chad, with a small extension into southern Libya.
This is a timeline of Sudanese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Sudan and its predecessor states.
The Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons were first published by Jyllands-Posten in late September 2005; approximately two weeks later, nearly 3,500 people demonstrated peacefully in Copenhagen.
The presidency of George W. Bush began on January 20, 2001 when George W. Bush was inaugurated as President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2009.
Thomas Stuart Price Perriello (born October 9, 1974) is an American attorney, diplomat, and politician.
Tomislav Nikolić (Томислав Николић,; born 15 February 1952) is a Serbian politician who served as the President of Serbia from 2012 to 2017.
Tomo Križnar (born 26 August 1954) is a peace activist, notable for delivering video cameras in Southern Kordofan to the local ethnic Nuba civilians in order to help them collect the evidence of North Sudan military's war crimes against them.
Tony (Anthony Michael) Atkins AM is a medical doctor born on 4 February 1943 in Elwood, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia.
The Tora are a semi-legendary culture that existed in Jebel Marra, Darfur.
Tracy Lamar McGrady Jr. (born May 24, 1979) is an American retired professional basketball player who is best known for his career in the National Basketball Association (NBA), where he played as both a shooting guard and small forward.
Transport in Sudan during the early 1990s included an extensive railroad system that served the more important populated areas except in the far south, a meager road network (very little of which consisted of all-weather roads), a natural inland waterway—the Nile River and its tributaries—and a national airline that provided both international and domestic service.
Trent Keegan (12 August 1974 – 28 May 2008) was a photojournalist from New Zealand who was found dead in a ditch from apparent head injuries in Nairobi, Kenya.
Tribal Gathering was a dance music festival that catered for different types of dance music cultures such as drum and bass, techno and house.
The triband is one of the most common designs of flag, and is the design of some 30% of all current national flags.
Trilogy: An Opera Company (Trilogy: AOC) is a non-profit opera organization in Newark, New Jersey.
The Tripoli Agreement (also known as the Libya Accord or the Tripoli Declaration) was signed on February 8, 2006, by Chadian President Idriss Déby, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, and Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, effectively ending the Chadian-Sudanese conflict that has devastated border towns in eastern Chad and the Darfur region of western Sudan since December 2005.
Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj (Cahiagín Elbegdorj; also referred to as Mongolyin Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj; born 30 March 1963) is a Mongolian politician who served as President of Mongolia from 2009 to 2017.
The Tuareg Rebellion of 2007–2009 was an insurgency that began in February 2007 amongst elements of the Tuareg people living in the Sahara desert regions of northern Mali and Niger.
The Tunjur kingdom was a Sahelian precolonial kingdom in Africa between the 15th and early 17th centuries.
The Type 56 is a Chinese 7.62×39mm assault rifle.
U.N. Me is a documentary film about the United Nations by first-time filmmakers Ami Horowitz and Matthew Groff, which premiered at the International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam in November 2009.
U.Sudan Peace & Development Foundation,(Arabic: المؤسّسة الأمريكية السودانية للسلام والتنمية) is a nonprofit public benefit organization and international aid and relief agency.
UN Watch is a Geneva-based non-governmental organization whose stated mission is "to monitor the performance of the United Nations by the yardstick of its own Charter".
The relationship between the Unification Church and Islam has often been noted, both by scholars and the news media.
The Unitarian Universalist Service Committee (UUSC) is a non-profit, nonsectarian associate member organization of the Unitarian Universalist Association that works to provide disaster relief and promote human rights and social justice around the world.
The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) was a functional commission within the overall framework of the United Nations from 1946 until it was replaced by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2006.
The Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) is a department of the United Nations which is charged with the planning, preparation, management and direction of UN peacekeeping operations.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world.
The United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) was a United Nations peacekeeping mission established by the United Nations Security Council on September 25, 2007 to provide a multidimensional presence of up to 350 police and military personnel to eastern Chad and north-eastern Central African Republic The mission comes as a response to the dire situation of an estimated 230,000 refugees from Darfur who continue to flee into bordering eastern Chad and north-eastern Central African Republic (CAR).
The United Nations Office in Nairobi (UNON) is one of the four major United Nations office sites where several different UN agencies have a joint presence.
The United Nations Police (UNPOL) is an integral part of the United Nations peace operations.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1208, adopted unanimously on 19 November 1998, after recalling Resolution 1170 (1998) on Africa, the Council discussed the treatment and status of refugees on the continent.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1547, adopted unanimously on 11 June 2004, after welcoming the commitment of the Sudanese government and Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) to work towards a full ceasefire and peace agreement to end the Second Sudanese Civil War, the Council established a United Nations Advance Team in Sudan to prepare for a future United Nations operation following the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1556, adopted unanimously on 30 July 2004, after recalling resolutions 1502 (2003) and 1547 (2004) on the situation in Sudan, the Council demanded that the Sudanese government disarm the Janjaweed militia and bring to justice those who had committed violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in Darfur.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1564, adopted on 18 September 2004, after recalling resolutions 1502 (2003), 1547 (2004) and 1556 (2004), the Council threatened the imposition of sanctions against Sudan if it failed to comply with its obligations on Darfur, and an international inquiry was established to investigate violations of human rights in the region.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1569, adopted unanimously on 26 October 2004, after invoking Article 28 of the United Nations Charter, the Council decided to hold a two-day meeting on the situation in Sudan in Nairobi, Kenya.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1574, adopted unanimously at a meeting in Nairobi, Kenya, on 19 November 2004, after recalling resolutions 1547 (2004), 1556 (2004) and 1564 (2004), the Council welcomed political efforts to resolve the conflicts in Sudan and reiterated its readiness to establish a mission to support the implementation of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1590, adopted unanimously on 24 March 2005, after recalling resolutions 1547 (2004), 1556 (2004), 1564 (2004), 1574 (2004), 1585 (2005) and 1588 (2005) on the situation in Sudan, the Council established the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) for an initial period of six months.
United Nations Security Council resolution 1591, adopted on 29 March 2005, after recalling resolutions 1547 (2004), 1556 (2004), 1564 (2004), 1574 (2004), 1585 (2005), 1588 (2005) and 1590 (2005) on the situation in Sudan, the Council placed a travel ban and asset freeze on those "impeding the peace process" in Darfur.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1651, adopted unanimously on 21 December 2005, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly resolutions 1556 (2004) and 1591 (2005), the Council extended the mandate of an expert panel monitoring sanctions against and violations of human rights in the Darfur region until 29 March 2006.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1663, adopted unanimously on March 24, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly 1627 (2005) and 1653 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) for six months until September 24, 2006.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1665, adopted unanimously on March 29, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly resolutions 1556 (2004), 1591 (2005) and 1651 (2005), the Council extended the mandate of an expert panel monitoring sanctions against and violations of human rights in the Darfur region until September 29, 2006.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1672, adopted on April 25, 2006, after recalling resolutions 1556 (2004), 1591 (2005), 1651 (2005) and 1665 (2006) on the situation in Sudan, the Council imposed travel and financial sanctions on four Sudanese individuals over their involvement in the Darfur conflict.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1679, adopted unanimously on May 16, 2006, after recalling resolutions 1556 (2004), 1564 (2004), 1574 (2004), 1590 (2005), 1591 (2005), 1593 (2005), 1663 (2005) and 1665 (2006) on the situation in Sudan, the Council endorsed a decision by the African Union Peace and Security Council to move ahead with a United Nations peacekeeping force in Darfur as soon as possible.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1706, adopted on August 31, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, including resolutions 1556 (2004), 1564 (2005), 1574 (2004), 1590 (2004), 1591 (2005), 1593 (2004), 1663 (2006), 1665 (2006) and 1679 (2006), the Council expanded the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) to include deployments in Darfur to enforce the Darfur Peace Agreement.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1709, adopted unanimously on September 22, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly resolutions 1590 (2005), 1627 (2005), 1653 (2006), 1653 (2006), 1663 (2006), 1679 (2006) and 1706 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) for a period until October 8, 2006.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1713, adopted unanimously on September 29, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly resolutions 1556 (2004), 1591 (2005), 1651 (2005) and 1665 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of an expert panel monitoring sanctions against and violations of human rights in the Darfur region until September 29, 2007 and requested the Secretary-General to add another expert to the team.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1714, adopted unanimously on October 6, 2006, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, particularly resolutions 1590 (2005), 1627 (2005), 1653 (2006), 1653 (2006), 1663 (2006), 1679 (2006), 1706 (2006) and 1709 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) until April 30, 2007.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769, adopted unanimously on July 31, 2007, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation in Sudan, the Council established the joint African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) in an attempt to end the violence in Darfur, for an initial period of twelve months.
UN Security Council Resolution 1834 was adopted unanimously by the 15 member states of the United Nations Security Council, extending the United Nations mission in Chad and the Central African Republic (MINURCAT) until March 15, 2009, which was due to expire on September 25, 2008.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1913, adopted unanimously on March 12, 2010, after recalling resolutions 1769 (2007), 1778 (2007), 1834 (2008) and 1861 (2009), the Council noted that the situation in the region of Darfur, Sudan and Chad and the Central African Republic constituted a threat to international peace and security, and therefore extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) for a further two months, until May 15, 2010.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1922, adopted unanimously on May 12, 2010, after recalling resolutions 1769 (2007), 1778 (2007), 1834 (2008), 1861 (2009) and 1913 (2010), the Council noted that the situation in the region of Darfur in Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic constituted a threat to international peace and security, and therefore extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) for a further two weeks until May 26, 2010, pending further discussions on its future.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1935, adopted unanimously on July 30, 2010, after reaffirming all previous resolutions and statements on the situation in Sudan, the Council extended the mandate of the African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) for a further 12 months until July 31, 2011 and demanded an end to fighting and attacks on United Nations personnel and civilians.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 1945, adopted on October 14, 2010, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in Sudan, the Council extended the mandate of an expert panel monitoring an arms embargo and other sanctions on groups that "impede peace in Sudan" until October 19, 2011.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 2003, adopted unanimously on July 29, 2011, after reaffirming all previous resolutions and statements on the situation in Sudan, the Council extended the mandate of the African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) for a further 12 months until July 31, 2012.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 2063 was unanimously adopted on 31 July 2012.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 2138, adopted on 13 February 2014, extended the mandate of the Sudan Sanctions Committee and requesting the committee's panel of experts provide a final report on its findings by January 2015.
The African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur (known by its acronym UNAMID) is a joint African Union (AU) and United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission formally approved by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1769 on 31 July 2007, to bring stability to the war-torn Darfur region of Sudan while peace talks on a final settlement continue.
United States aid to Sudan has three key objectives: a definitive end to conflict, gross human rights abuses, and genocide in Darfur; implementation of the north-south Comprehensive Peace Agreement that results in a peaceful post-2011 Sudan, or an orderly path toward two separate and viable states at peace with each other; and ensuring that Sudan does not provide a safe haven for international terrorist.
The United States is not a State Party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Rome Statute), which founded the International Criminal Court (ICC) in 2002 as a permanent international criminal court to "bring to justice the perpetrators of the worst crimes known to humankind – war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide", when national courts are unable or unwilling to do so.
The United States of Europe, the European state, the European superstate, the European federation and Federal Europe are names used to refer to several similar hypothetical scenarios of the unification of Europe as a single sovereign federation of states (hence superstate), similar to the United States of America, both as projected by writers of speculative fiction and science fiction and by political scientists, politicians, geographers, historians and futurologists.
The United States presidential election debates were held in the 2004 presidential elections.
In historical linguistics, the term homeland (also Urheimat;; from a German compound of ur- "original" and Heimat "home, homeland") denotes the area of origin of the speakers of a proto-language, the (reconstructed or known) parent language of a group of languages assumed to be genetically related.
The Vaishnava Center for Enlightenment (founded 1994) is an organization based in East Lansing, Michigan.
Vanessa Beecroft (born April 25, 1969) is an Italian contemporary performance artist.
Vanessa Rush Southern (born 1968) is an American Unitarian minister notable for increasing church membership as well as being a progressive liberal advocate of issues such as reproductive health care options for women, diversity and racial tolerance, affordable housing including projects for Habitat for Humanity, human rights, and remembrance of civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King.
VBS.tv was an online television network owned by Vice Media, and later absorbed into VICE.com.
The Vice President of Sudan is the second highest political position obtainable in Sudan.
There were several video and audio recordings released by Osama bin Laden between 2001 and 2011.
Visa requirements for Albanian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other nations placed on citizens of Albania.
Visa requirements for Australian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Australia entering with an Australian passport.
Visa requirements for Austrian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Austria.
Visa requirements for Bahraini citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Bahrain.
Visa requirements for Belgian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Belgium.
Visa requirements for Brazilian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Brazil.
Visa requirements for British citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United Kingdom.
Visa requirements for British Nationals (Overseas) are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states and territories placed on British National (Overseas) passport holders.
British Overseas citizenship is a form of British nationality under the British Nationality Act 1983.
The status of British Overseas Territories citizen relates to persons holding British nationality by virtue of a connection with a British Overseas Territory.
Visa requirements for Bruneian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states which are imposed on citizens of Brunei.
Visa requirements for Bulgarian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Bulgaria.
Visa requirements for Cambodian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Cambodia by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for Chilean citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Chile entering with a Chilean passport.
Visa requirements for Chinese citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of China by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Hong Kong are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on holders of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passports.
Visa requirements for Chinese citizens of Macau are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on Chinese citizens who are permanent residents of Macau.
Visa requirements for Cypriot citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Cyprus.
Visa requirements for Czech citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Czech Republic.
Visa requirements for Danish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Kingdom of Denmark.
Visa requirements for Dominican Republic citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Dominican Republic.
Visa requirements for Dutch citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Netherlands, the joint nationality of the four countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Visa requirements for Estonian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Estonia.
Visa requirements for Finnish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Finland.
Visa requirements for French citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of France.
Visa requirements for German citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Germany.
Visa requirements for Greek citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Greece.
Visa requirements for Grenadian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed by the authorities of other states on citizens of Grenada.
Visa requirements for Hungarian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Hungary by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for Indian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of India.
Visa requirements for Irish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Ireland.
Visa requirements for Japanese citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Japan.
Visa requirements for Jordanian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Jordan.
Visa requirements for Latvian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Latvia.
Visa requirements for citizens of the Republic of Lebanon are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other sovereign countries and territories placed on citizens of the Republic of Lebanon.
Visa requirements for Luxembourgish citizens (also referred to as Luxembourger) are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Luxembourg.
Visa requirements for Malaysian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Malaysia.
Visa requirements for Maltese citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Malta.
Visa requirements for Mexican citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Mexico.
Visa requirements for Moldovan citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Moldova by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for New Zealand citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of New Zealand.
Visa requirements for Philippine citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of the Philippines by the authorities of other territories.
Visa requirements for Polish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Poland.
Visa requirements for Portuguese citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Portugal.
Visa requirements for Russian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Russia.
Visa requirements for Serbian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Republic of Serbia.
Visa requirements for Singaporean citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states which are imposed on citizens of Singapore.
Visa requirements for Slovak citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Slovakia.
Visa requirements for South African citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of South Africa.
Visa requirements for South Korean citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of South Korea.
Visa requirements for Spanish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Spain.
Visa requirements for Republic of China (Taiwan) passport holders are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on nationals of Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan.
Visa requirements for Thai citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Thailand by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for Trinidad and Tobago citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Trinidad and Tobago.
Visa requirements for Turkish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Turkey.
Visa requirements for Ukrainian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Ukraine.
Visa requirements for United States citizens and non-citizen nationals are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United States.
War Child is a non-governmental organisation founded in the UK in 1993 which provides assistance to children in areas experiencing conflict and the aftermath of conflict.
The War in Darfur is a major armed conflict in the Darfur region of Sudan, that began in February 2003 when the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebel groups began fighting the government of Sudan, which they accused of oppressing Darfur's non-Arab population.
Abu Sa'id Uthman Ibn Sa‘id al-Qutbi, better known as Warsh (110-197AH), was a significant figure in the history of the Qira'at, or canonical methods of reciting the Qur'an.
We Have A Dream: Global Summit Against Discrimination and Persecution was an international summit organized by the Geneva-based non-governmental organization UN Watch, and attended by an international collection of non-governmental organizations to discuss issues of discrimination and persecution, particularly those of racism, sexism, homophobia, and discrimination against minorities.
Werner Munzinger (4 April 1832 in Olten, Switzerland – 14 November 1875 in Awsa, Ethiopia) was a Swiss administrator and explorer of the Horn of Africa.
West Darfur State (Wilāyat Ḡarb Dārfūr; Gharb Darfor) is one of the states of Sudan, and one of five comprising the Darfur region.
The Western Sudan pony (also known as the Darfur pony, Gharkawi, and Kordofani) is a breed of pony that is found in southern Darfur and southwestern Kordofan in Sudan.
The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.
Sir Wilfred Patrick Thesiger (3 June 1910 – 24 August 2003),https://www.theguardian.com/travel/2003/aug/27/booksobituaries.obituaries also called Mubarak bin London (Arabic for "the blessed one of London") was an English explorer and travel writer.
William George Browne (25 July 1768 – 1813) was an English traveller, whose journey took him through Egypt and the Near East.
William Anthony Schabas, OC (born 19 November 1950) is a Canadian academic in the field of international criminal and human rights law, and has been called 'the world expert on the law of genocide and international law.' He is professor of international law at Middlesex University in the United Kingdom, professor of international human law and human rights at Leiden University in the Netherlands, and an internationally respected expert on human rights law, genocide and the death penalty.
World Day for International Justice, also referred to as Day of International Criminal Justice or International Justice Day, is an international day celebrated throughout the world on July 17 as part of an effort to recognize the emerging system of international criminal justice.
The World Music Awards is an international awards show founded in 1989 under the high patronage of Albert II, Prince of Monaco and is based in Monte Carlo.
The writing systems of Africa refer to the current and historical practice of writing systems on the African continent, both indigenous and those introduced.
The proportions of various human Y-DNA haplogroups vary signicantly from one ethnic or language group to another in ' Africa.
Yaya Dillo Djérou became a prominent political figure in Chad.
Yemin Orde is a youth village near Haifa in Israel.
Young Judaea is a peer-led Zionist youth movement that runs programs throughout the United States for Jewish youth in grades 2–12.
A youth village (כפר נוער, Kfar No'ar) is a boarding school model first developed in Mandate Palestine in the 1930s to care for groups of children and teenagers fleeing the Nazis.
Youtoo America, formerly known as Youtoo TV, AmericanLife TV Network (ALN), GoodLife TV Network, Nostalgia Good TV, Nostalgia Television, Nostalgia Channel and America One, is an American television network launched on February 1, 1985, as a cable channel.
Yulu (also spelled Youlou, pronounced) is a Central Sudanic language spoken by the Yulu people of South Sudan and the Central African Republic (CAR).
The Zaghawa or Beria alphabet, Beria Giray Erfe ('Zaghawa Writing Marks'), is an indigenous alphabetic script proposed for the Zaghawa also known as Beria language of Darfur and Chad.
Zaghawa is a Saharan language spoken by the Zaghawa people of east-central Chad (in the Sahel) and northwestern Sudan (Darfur).
The Zaghawa people, also called Beri or Zakhawa, are a Central African Muslim ethnic group of eastern Chad and western Sudan, including Darfur.
Zara Anne Elizabeth Tindall (née Phillips; born 15 May 1981) is a British equestrian and Olympian.
Zeynalabdin Shirvani (زینالعابدین شیروانی) (16 August 1780, Shamakhy—1838, near Jeddah), also known as Tamkin, was a Persian geographer, philosopher and poet.
The TV show 1000 Ways to Die airs on the cable channel Spike.
The 1930s (pronounced "nineteen-thirties", commonly abbreviated as the "Thirties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1930, and ended on December 31, 1939.
The King's Birthday Honours 1951 were appointments in many of the Commonwealth realms of King George VI to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of those countries.
The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.
The 2004 Chadian coup d'état attempt was an attempted coup d'état against the Chadian President Idriss Déby that was foiled on the night of May 16, 2004.
The following lists events that happened in 2005 in Libya.
This article is about the particular significance of the year 2006 to Nigeria and its people.
The following lists events that happened during 2006 in Sudan.
The 2006 Zakouma elephant slaughter refers to a series of poaching massacres of African elephants in the vicinity of Zakouma National Park in southeastern Chad.
The 2007 Arab League Summit, also called the 2007 Riyadh Summit, refers to a convention of leaders from 21 members of the Arab League who gathered in Riyadh for the 19th Arab summit in March 2007.
Events from the year 2007 in Chad.
The following lists events that happened during 2007 in Ethiopia.
The following lists events that happened during 2007 in Sudan.
The 2007 State of the Union address was a speech given by United States President George W. Bush on Tuesday, January 23, 2007, at 9:13 P.M. EST.
On 3 July 2007, flash floods started to devastate many parts of Sudan, including some areas in Darfur and Southern Sudan.
The 2007 World Music Awards (19th annual World Music Awards) was held November 4, 2007 in Monaco for the first time in several years.
The 2007 World Series of Poker (WSOP) began on June 1, 2007.
The 2007 Zoé's Ark controversy started when members of a French charity organization, the Zoé's Ark (L'Arche de Zoé), attempted to fly 103 children out of Chad to France.
In May 2008, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), a Darfur ethnic minority rebel group, undertook a raid against the Sudanese government in the cities of Omdurman and Khartoum.
The 2008 Summer Olympics opening ceremony was held at the Beijing National Stadium, also known as the Bird's Nest.
The 2008 Summer Olympics torch relay was run from March 24 until August 8, 2008, prior to the 2008 Summer Olympics, with the theme of "one world, one dream".
2009 was designated as.
Events from the year 2009 in Ireland Taoiseach Brian Cowen described 2009 as the most challenging of his career in politics.
The following lists events that happened during 2009 in Rwanda.
A large-scale, drought-induced famine occurred in Africa's Sahel region and many parts of the neighboring Sénégal River Area from February to August 2010.
The following lists events that happened during 2011 in Libya.
The following lists events that happened during 2011 in Sudan.
The following lists events that happened during 2012 in South Africa.
In late 2012, a yellow fever outbreak occurred in the Darfur region of Sudan that was the largest yellow fever epidemic to strike Africa in two decades.
The 2014 Bentiu massacre occurred on 15 April 2014 in the town of Bentiu, in the north of South Sudan, during the South Sudanese Civil War.
The 21st century is the current century of the Anno Domini era or Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.
The 29th Golden Raspberry Awards, or Razzies, ceremony was held by the Golden Raspberry Award Foundation to honor the worst films the film industry had to offer in 2008.
The 786th Bombardment Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit.
Season eleven of 7th Heaven—an American family-drama television series, created and produced by Brenda Hampton.