87 relations: AppleTalk, ARP spoofing, Asynchronous transfer mode, ATSC-M/H, Bluetooth, Broadcast address, Broadcasting (networking), Bufferbloat, Cab signalling, Computer network, Connection-oriented communication, Connectionless communication, Connectionless-mode Network Service, CYCLADES, Datagram, Datagram Delivery Protocol, Datagram Transport Layer Security, End-to-end principle, Ethernet, Frame (networking), Gateway-to-Gateway Protocol, Generic Stream Encapsulation, Gigapackets, Hierarchical routing, IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.2, IEEE Internet Award, Internet Control Message Protocol, Internet layer, Internet Protocol, Internet protocol suite, Internet Stream Protocol, IP header, IP multicast, IP Payload Compression Protocol, IPoE, IPsec, IPv6, IPv6 packet, Jumbogram, LAN switching, Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol, List of École Polytechnique alumni, List of French inventions and discoveries, List of Internet pioneers, Logica, Loopback, Louis Pouzin, Marabunta (software), Maximum segment size, ..., Maximum transmission unit, MCAPI, Multicast, Multipath TCP, Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM, Multiprotocol Label Switching, Net neutrality, NetBIOS, NetBIOS Frames protocol, NetBIOS over TCP/IP, Network packet, Network topology, OSI model, Packet radio, Packet switching, Point-to-Point Protocol, Port (computer networking), Port Control Protocol, Protocol data unit, Protocol stack, RadSec, Recursive InterNetwork Architecture (RINA), Reliable Datagram Sockets, Serial Line Internet Protocol, SIGTRAN, Statistical time-division multiplexing, Streaming media, Switched fabric, Teredo tunneling, Traffic shaping, Transmission Control Protocol, Transparent Inter-process Communication, Transport layer, Unix domain socket, User Datagram Protocol, Virtual circuit, Wake-on-LAN. Expand index (37 more) » « Shrink index
AppleTalk was a proprietary suite of networking protocols developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh computers.
In computer networking, ARP spoofing, ARP cache poisoning, or ARP poison routing, is a technique by which an attacker sends (spoofed) Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) messages onto a local area network.
Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) is, according to the ATM Forum, "a telecommunications concept defined by ANSI and ITU (formerly CCITT) standards for carriage of a complete range of user traffic, including voice, data, and video signals".
ATSC-M/H (Advanced Television Systems Committee - Mobile/Handheld) is a U.S. standard for mobile digital TV that allows TV broadcasts to be received by mobile devices.
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).
A broadcast address is a network address at which all devices connected to a multiple-access communications network are enabled to receive datagrams.
In computer networking, telecommunication and information theory, broadcasting is a method of transferring a message to all recipients simultaneously.
Bufferbloat is a cause of high latency in packet-switched networks caused by excess buffering of packets. Bufferbloat can also cause packet delay variation (also known as jitter), as well as reduce the overall network throughput.
Cab signalling is a railway safety system that communicates track status and condition information to the cab, crew compartment or driver's compartment of a locomotive, railcar or multiple unit.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
Connection-oriented communication is a network communication mode in telecommunications and computer networking, where a communication session or a semi-permanent connection is established before any useful data can be transferred, and where a stream of data is delivered in the same order as it was sent.
Connectionless communication, often referred to as CL-mode communication,Information Processing Systems - Open Systems Interconnection, "Transport Service Definition - Addendum 1: Connectionless-mode Transmission", International Organization for Standardization, International Standard 8072/AD 1, December 1986.
Connectionless-mode Network Service (CLNS) or simply Connectionless Network Service is an OSI Network Layer datagram service that does not require a circuit to be established before data is transmitted, and routes messages to their destinations independently of any other messages.
The CYCLADES computer network was a French research network created in the early 1970s.
A datagram is a basic transfer unit associated with a packet-switched network.
Datagram Delivery Protocol (DDP) is a member of the AppleTalk networking protocol suite.
Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) is a communications protocol that provides security for datagram-based applications by allowing them to communicate in a way that is designedRFC 4347RFC 6347 to prevent eavesdropping, tampering, or message forgery.
The end-to-end principle is a design framework in computer networking.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
A frame is a digital data transmission unit in computer networking and telecommunication.
The Gateway-to-Gateway Protocol (GGP) is an obsolete protocol defined for routing datagrams between Internet gateways.
Generic Stream Encapsulation, or GSE for short, is a Data link layer protocol defined by DVB.
Gigapackets are billions (109) of packets or datagrams.
Hierarchical routing is a method of routing in networks that is based on hierarchical addressing.
IEEE 802.11 is a set of media access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications for implementing wireless local area network (WLAN) computer communication in the 900 MHz and 2.4, 3.6, 5, and 60 GHz frequency bands.
IEEE 802.2 is the original name of the ISO/IEC 8802-2 standard which defines logical link control (LLC) as the upper portion of the data link layer of the OSI Model.
IEEE Internet Award is a Technical Field Award of the IEEE that was established by the IEEE Board of Directors in June 1999.
The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is a supporting protocol in the Internet protocol suite.
The internet layer is a group of internetworking methods, protocols, and specifications in the Internet protocol suite that are used to transport datagrams (packets) from the originating host across network boundaries, if necessary, to the destination host specified by an IP address.
The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
The Internet Stream Protocol (ST and later ST-II) is a family of experimental protocols first defined in Internet Experiment Note IEN-119 (1979), and later substantially revised in RFC 1190 (ST-II) and RFC 1819 (ST2+).
An IP header is header information at the beginning of an IP packet which contains information about IP version, source IP address, destination IP address, time-to-live, etc.
IP multicast is a method of sending Internet Protocol (IP) datagrams to a group of interested receivers in a single transmission.
In networking IP Payload Compression Protocol, or IPComp, is a low level compression protocol for IP datagrams defined in RFC 3173.
Internet Protocol over Ethernet (IPoE) is a method of delivering an IP payload over an Ethernet-based access network or an access network using bridged Ethernet over Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) without using PPPoE.
In computing, Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is a secure network protocol suite of IPv4 that authenticates and encrypts the packets of data sent over an IPv4 network.
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is the most recent version of the Internet Protocol (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the Internet.
An IPv6 packet is the smallest message entity exchanged via the Internet Protocol across an Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) network.
In packet-switched computer networks, a jumbogram (portmanteau of jumbo and datagram) is an Internet layer packet exceeding the standard maximum transmission unit (MTU) of the underlying network technology.
LAN switching is a form of packet switching used in local area networks (LAN).
In computer networking, Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) is a tunneling protocol used to support virtual private networks (VPNs) or as part of the delivery of services by ISPs.
This is a list of notable people affiliated with the École Polytechnique.
Instead of a single "inventor", the Internet was developed by many people over many years.
Logica was a multinational IT and management consultancy company headquartered in Reading, United Kingdom.
Loopback, or loop-back, refers to the routing of electronic signals, digital data streams, or flows of items back to their source without intentional processing or modification.
Louis Pouzin (born 1931 in Chantenay-Saint-Imbert, Nièvre, France) invented the datagram and designed an early packet communications network, CYCLADES.
Marabunta is a fully distributed software application for anonymous P2P.
The maximum segment size (MSS) is a parameter of the options field of the TCP header that specifies the largest amount of data, specified in bytes, that a computer or communications device can receive in a single TCP segment.
In computer networking, the maximum transmission unit (MTU) is the size of the largest protocol data unit (PDU) that can be communicated in a single network layer transaction.
The Multicore Communications API (MCAPI) is the first specification to be produced by the Multicore Association.
In computer networking, multicast is group communication where data transmission is addressed to a group of destination computers simultaneously.
Multipath TCP (MPTCP) is an ongoing effort of the Internet Engineering Task Force's (IETF) Multipath TCP working group, that aims at allowing a Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) connection to use multiple paths to maximize resource usage and increase redundancy.
Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM is specified in RFC 2684.
Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is a type of data-carrying technique for high-performance telecommunications networks. MPLS directs data from one network node to the next based on short path labels rather than long network addresses, avoiding complex lookups in a routing table.
Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers treat all data on the Internet equally, and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type of attached equipment, or method of communication.
NetBIOS is an acronym for Network Basic Input/Output System.
NetBIOS Frames or NBF protocol is a non-routable network- and transport-level data protocol most commonly used as one of the layers of Microsoft Windows networking in the 1990s.
NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NBT, or sometimes NetBT) is a networking protocol that allows legacy computer applications relying on the NetBIOS API to be used on modern TCP/IP networks.
A network packet is a formatted unit of data carried by a packet-switched network.
Network topology is the arrangement of the elements (links, nodes, etc.) of a communication network.
The Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model) is a conceptual model that characterizes and standardizes the communication functions of a telecommunication or computing system without regard to its underlying internal structure and technology.
Packet radio is a form of packet switching technology used to transmit digital data via wireless communications.
Packet switching is a method of grouping data which is transmitted over a digital network into packets which are made of a header and a payload.
In computer networking, Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) is a data link layer (layer 2) communications protocol used to establish a direct connection between two nodes.
In computer networking, a port is an endpoint of communication in an operating system, which identifies a specific process or a type of network service running on that system.
Port Control Protocol (PCP) is a computer networking protocol that allows hosts on IPv4 or IPv6 networks to control how the incoming IPv4 or IPv6 packets are translated and forwarded by an upstream router that performs network address translation (NAT) or packet filtering.
In telecommunications, a protocol data unit (PDU) is information that is transmitted as a single unit among peer entities of a computer network.
The protocol stack or network stack is an implementation of a computer networking protocol suite or protocol family.
RadSec is a protocol for transporting RADIUS datagrams over TCP and TLS.
The Recursive InterNetwork Architecture (RINA) is a new computer network architecture proposed as an alternative to the currently mainstream TCP/IP model.
Reliable Datagram Sockets (RDS) is a high-performance, low-latency, reliable, connectionless protocol for delivering datagrams.
The Serial Line Internet Protocol (also SLIP) is an encapsulation of the Internet Protocol designed to work over serial ports and router connections.
SIGTRAN is the name, derived from signaling transport, of the former Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) working group that produced specifications for a family of protocols that provide reliable datagram service and user layer adaptations for Signaling System 7 (SS7) and ISDN communications protocols.
Statistical multiplexing is a type of communication link sharing, very similar to dynamic bandwidth allocation (DBA).
Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider.
Switched Fabric or switching fabric is a network topology in which network nodes interconnect via one or more network switches (particularly crossbar switches).
In computer networking, Teredo is a transition technology that gives full IPv6 connectivity for IPv6-capable hosts that are on the IPv4 Internet but have no native connection to an IPv6 network.
Traffic shaping is a bandwidth management technique used on computer networks which delays some or all datagrams to bring them into compliance with a desired traffic profile.
The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite.
Transparent Inter Process Communication (TIPC) is an Inter-process communication (IPC) service designed for cluster wide operation.
In computer networking, the transport layer is a conceptual division of methods in the layered architecture of protocols in the network stack in the Internet Protocol Suite and the OSI model.
A Unix domain socket or IPC socket (inter-process communication socket) is a data communications endpoint for exchanging data between processes executing on the same host operating system.
In computer networking, the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is one of the core members of the Internet protocol suite.
A virtual circuit (VC) is a means of transporting data over a packet switched computer network in such a way that it appears as though there is a dedicated physical layer link between the source and destination end systems of this data.
Wake-on-LAN (WoL) is an Ethernet or token ring computer networking standard that allows a computer to be turned on or awakened by a network message.