130 relations: Advanced Chess, Affiliated Senior High School of National Taiwan Normal University, AI effect, AlphaGo, AlphaGo versus Lee Sedol, Anthology of Interest I, Anti-computer tactics, Artificial intelligence, Artificial intelligence in video games, Association for Computing Machinery, Belle (chess machine), Bent Larsen, Biological naturalism, Blue Gene, Bobby Fischer, Brains in Bahrain, Carl Ebeling, Caro–Kann Defence, Carol Jarecki, Chess, Chess engine, ChessGenius, ChipTest, Chris Sander (scientist), Classical World Chess Championship 2000, Computer Arimaa, Computer chess, Computer Go, Computing Machinery and Intelligence, Cynefin framework, David A. McAllester, David Levy (chess player), Deep Blue, Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov, Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1996, Game 1, Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1997, Game 6, Deep Thought (chess computer), Deepcool, DeepMind, Desperate Measures (film), Douglas Hofstadter, EFF DES cracker, Enrico Bombieri, Entertainment Program for Humans (Second Variety), Eugene Goostman, February 10, February 17, Feng-hsiung Hsu, Fritz (chess), Game Description Language, ..., Game Over: Kasparov and the Machine, Garry Kasparov, Glossary of artificial intelligence, God's algorithm, Hans Berliner, Help Desk (webcomic), History of artificial intelligence, History of computing hardware (1960s–present), History of IBM, HiTech, Human–computer chess matches, Hydra (chess), IBM Deep Thunder, IBM Research, Index of computing articles, Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi, Joel Benjamin, Larry Christiansen, List of artificial intelligence projects, List of Canadian films of 2003, List of Carnegie Mellon University people, List of chess games, List of chess players, List of chess software, List of chess variants, List of Chinese Americans, List of IBM products, List of Mike Tyson Mysteries episodes, List of pioneers in computer science, List of Pure Pwnage characters, List of recurring Futurama characters, List of sports rivalries, List of Taiwanese Americans, Logology (science of science), March of the Machines, Mark Coggins, Mathias Feist, Mieses Opening, Miguel Illescas, Minimax, Murray Campbell, Nick de Firmian, Outline of chess, Peter Fraser (photographer), Ply (game theory), Power Chess, POWER2, Predictions made by Ray Kurzweil, Professional Chess Association, Progress in artificial intelligence, Project Debater, Project Joshua Blue, Q Score, Ray Kurzweil, RS/6000, Ruy Lopez, Science fiction film, Servotron, Sicilian Defence, Alapin Variation, Stephen Hawking in popular culture, Supercomputer, Supercomputer architecture, Synthetic intelligence, The Age of Spiritual Machines, The Turk, Thomas Anantharaman, Threefold repetition, Timeline of artificial intelligence, Timeline of chess, Timeline of computing 1990–99, Timeline of machine learning, University of Bonn, Watson (computer), Zixx, 1996 in chess, 1996 in science, 1996 in the United States, 1997, 1997 in chess, 1997 in science. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
Advanced Chess is a form of chess where each human player uses a computer chess program to explore the possible results of candidate moves.
The Affiliated Senior High School of National Taiwan Normal University (HSNU; Traditional Chinese: 國立臺灣師範大學附屬高級中學, 附中, 師大附中) is a Taiwanese senior high school (or "high school," as opposed to "middle school" in certain usages).
The AI effect occurs when onlookers discount the behavior of an artificial intelligence program by arguing that it is not real intelligence.
AlphaGo is a computer program that plays the board game Go.
AlphaGo versus Lee Sedol, also known as the Google DeepMind Challenge Match, was a five-game Go match between 18-time world champion Lee Sedol and AlphaGo, a computer Go program developed by Google DeepMind, played in Seoul, South Korea between 9 and 15 March 2016.
"Anthology of Interest I" is episode sixteen in season two of Futurama.
Anti-computer tactics are methods used by humans to try to beat computer opponents at various games, especially in board games such as chess and Arimaa.
Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.
In video games, artificial intelligence is used to generate responsive, adaptive or intelligent behaviors primarily in non-player characters (NPCs), similar to human-like intelligence.
The Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) is an international learned society for computing.
Belle was a chess computer developed by Joe Condon (hardware) and Ken Thompson (software) at Bell Labs.
Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.
Biological naturalism is a theory about, among other things, the relationship between consciousness and body (i.e. brain), and hence an approach to the mind–body problem.
Blue Gene is an IBM project aimed at designing supercomputers that can reach operating speeds in the PFLOPS (petaFLOPS) range, with low power consumption.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Brains in Bahrain was an eight-game chess match between World Chess Champion Vladimir Kramnik and the computer program Deep Fritz 7, held in October 2002.
Carl Ebeling is a United States computer scientist, professor.
The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.
Carol Jarecki (born 1935) is an American chess organizer, an International Arbiter, and a chess writer.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In computer chess, a chess engine is a computer program that analyses chess or chess variant positions and makes decisions on the best chess moves.
ChessGenius is the name of a chess-playing computer program written by Richard Lang who has in the past written programs that have won the World Computer Chess Championship on 10 occasions.
ChipTest was a 1985 chess playing computer built by Feng-hsiung Hsu, Thomas Anantharaman and Murray Campbell at Carnegie Mellon University.
Chris Sander is a computational biologist and chair of the Computational Biology Programme at the Memorial Sloan–Kettering Cancer Center in New York City.
The Classical World Chess Championship 2000, known at the time as the Braingames World Chess Championships, was held from 8 October 2000 – 4 November 2000 in London, United Kingdom.
Computer Arimaa refers to the playing of the board game Arimaa by computer programs.
Computer chess is a game of computer architecture encompassing hardware and software capable of playing chess autonomously without human guidance.
Computer Go is the field of artificial intelligence (AI) dedicated to creating a computer program that plays the traditional board game Go.
"Computing Machinery and Intelligence" is a seminal paper written by Alan Turing on the topic of artificial intelligence.
The Cynefin framework is a conceptual framework used to aid decision-making.
David A. McAllester (born May 30, 1956) is an American computer scientist who is Professor and former Chief Academic Officer at the Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago.
David Neil Laurence Levy (born 14 March 1945) is a British International Master of chess, a businessman noted for his involvement with computer chess and artificial intelligence, and the founder of the Computer Olympiads and the Mind Sports Olympiads.
Deep Blue may refer to.
Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov was a pair of six-game chess matches between world chess champion Garry Kasparov and an IBM supercomputer called Deep Blue.
Deep Blue–Kasparov, 1996, Game 1 is a famous chess game in which a computer played against a human being.
Game 6 of the Deep Blue–Kasparov rematch, played in New York City on May 11, 1997 and starting at 3:00 p.m. EDT, was the last chess game in the 1997 rematch of Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov.
Deep Thought was a computer designed to play chess.
Deepcool is a manufacturer and provider of thermal products for desktops, laptops and servers.
DeepMind Technologies Limited is a British artificial intelligence company founded in September 2010.
Desperate Measures is a 1998 American action thriller film starring Michael Keaton, Andy García, Marcia Gay Harden and Brian Cox, directed by Barbet Schroeder.
Douglas Richard Hofstadter (born February 15, 1945) is an American professor of cognitive science whose research focuses on the sense of self in relation to the external world, consciousness, analogy-making, artistic creation, literary translation, and discovery in mathematics and physics.
In cryptography, the EFF DES cracker (nicknamed "Deep Crack") is a machine built by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) in 1998, to perform a brute force search of the Data Encryption Standard (DES) cipher's key space – that is, to decrypt an encrypted message by trying every possible key.
Enrico Bombieri (born 26 November 1940 in Milan) is an Italian mathematician, known for his work in analytic number theory, algebraic geometry, univalent functions, theory of several complex variables, partial differential equations of minimal surfaces, and the theory of finite groups.
Entertainment Program for Humans (Second Variety) is Servotron's second and final album.
Eugene Goostman is a chatterbot.
Feng-hsiung Hsu (nicknamed Crazy Bird) is a computer scientist and the author of the book Behind Deep Blue: Building the Computer that Defeated the World Chess Champion.
Fritz is a German chess program developed by Vasik Rajlich (engine) and ChessBase (user interface).
Game Description Language, or GDL, is a language designed by Michael Genesereth as part of the General Game Playing Project at Stanford University, California.
Game Over: Kasparov and the Machine is a 2003 documentary film by Vikram Jayanti about the match between Garry Kasparov, the highest rated chess player in history (at the time) and the World Champion for 15 years (1985–2000), and Deep Blue, a chess-playing computer created by IBM.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Most of the terms listed in Wikipedia glossaries are already defined and explained within Wikipedia itself.
God's algorithm is a notion originating in discussions of ways to solve the Rubik's Cube puzzle, but which can also be applied to other combinatorial puzzles and mathematical games.
Hans Jack Berliner (January 27, 1929 – January 13, 2017) was a Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, and was the World Correspondence Chess Champion, from 1965–1968.
Help Desk was a webcomic by Christopher B. Wright which debuted on March 31, 1996, making it one of the older webcomics on the Internet.
The history of Artificial Intelligence (AI) began in antiquity, with myths, stories and rumors of artificial beings endowed with intelligence or consciousness by master craftsmen; as Pamela McCorduck writes, AI began with "an ancient wish to forge the gods." The seeds of modern AI were planted by classical philosophers who attempted to describe the process of human thinking as the mechanical manipulation of symbols.
The history of computing hardware starting at 1960 is marked by the conversion from vacuum tube to solid-state devices such as the transistor and later the integrated circuit.
International Business Machines, or IBM, nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational computer technology and IT consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States.
HiTech was a chess machine built at Carnegie Mellon University under the direction of World Correspondence Chess Champion Dr.
This article documents the progress of significant human–computer chess matches.
Hydra was a chess machine, designed by a team with Dr. Christian "Chrilly" Donninger, Dr.
Deep Thunder is a research project by IBM that aims to improve short-term local weather forecasting through the use of high-performance computing.
IBM Research is IBM's research and development division.
Originally, the word computing was synonymous with counting and calculating, and the science and technology of mathematical calculations.
Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi (abbreviated IIT (BHU) Varanasi or simply IIT BHU) is a public engineering institution located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Joel Benjamin (born March 11, 1964) is an American chess grandmaster.
Larry M. Christiansen (born June 27, 1956) is a chess Grandmaster who grew up in Riverside, California, United States, and was the U.S. champion in 1980, 1983, and 2002.
The following is a list of current and past, nonclassified notable artificial intelligence projects.
This is a list of Canadian films which were released in 2003.
This is a list of notable people associated with Carnegie Mellon University in the United States of America.
This is a list of notable chess games sorted chronologically.
This list of chess players includes people who are primarily known as chess players and have an article on the English Wikipedia.
This is a list of notable chess software (engines and/or Graphical User Interface).
A chess variant (or unorthodox chess) is a game "related to, derived from, or inspired by chess".
This is a list of notable Chinese Americans, including both original immigrants who obtained American citizenship and their American descendants who have made exceptional contributions to various facets of American society.
The following is a partial list of products, services, and subsidiaries of International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation and its predecessor corporations, beginning in the 1890s.
The following is a list of episodes from the series Mike Tyson Mysteries.
This article presents a list of individuals who made transformative breakthroughs in the creation, development and imagining of what computers and electronics could do.
The Pure Pwnage web series and TV series feature many of the same characters and actors, but there are also notable differences in the cast and the characters' experiences.
Futurama is an American animated science fiction sitcom created by Matt Groening and developed by Groening and David X. Cohen for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
A sports rivalry is intense competition between athletic teams or athletes, but not directly related to the formal sport and the practice thereof.
This is a list of notable Taiwanese Americans, including both original immigrants who obtained American citizenship and their American descendants.
Logology ("the science of science") is the study of all aspects of science and of its practitioners—aspects philosophical, biological, psychological, societal, historical, political, institutional, financial.
March of the Machines: Why the New Race of Robots Will Rule the World (1997, hardcover), published in paperback as March of the Machines: The Breakthrough in Artificial Intelligence (2004), is a book by Kevin Warwick.
Mark Coggins is the American author of a series of novels featuring private eye protagonist August Riordan.
Mathias Feist (born 1961 in Germany) is a ChessBase and Fritz programmer.
The Mieses Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: The opening is named after the German-British grandmaster Jacques Mieses.
Miguel Illescas Córdoba (born December 3, 1965 in Barcelona) is a Spanish chess grandmaster.
Minimax (sometimes MinMax or MM) is a decision rule used in decision theory, game theory, statistics and philosophy for minimizing the possible loss for a worst case (maximum loss) scenario.
Murray Campbell is a Canadian computer scientist.
Nicholas Ernest de Firmian (born July 26, 1957 in Fresno, California), is a chess grandmaster and three-time U.S. chess champion, winning in 1987 (with Joel Benjamin), 1995, and 1998.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).
Peter Fraser (born 1953) is a British fine art photographer.
In two-player sequential games, a ply refers to one turn taken by one of the players.
Power Chess is a chess-playing video game originally released in September 1996 by Sierra Entertainment for the Microsoft Windows 95 operating system.
The POWER2, originally named RIOS2, is a processor designed by IBM that implemented the POWER instruction set architecture.
~American author, inventor and futurist Raymond Kurzweil has become well known for his predictions about artificial intelligence and the human species, mainly concerning the technological singularity.
The Professional Chess Association (PCA), which existed between 1993 and 1996, was a rival organisation to FIDE, the international chess organization.
Artificial intelligence applications have been used in a wide range of fields including medical diagnosis, stock trading, robot control, law, scientific discovery and toys.
Project Debater is an IBM artifical intelligence project, designed to make coherent arguments.
Joshua Blue is a project under development by IBM that focuses on advancing the artificial intelligence field by designing and programing computers to emulate human mental functions.
The Q Score (popularly known as Q-Rating) is a measurement of the familiarity and appeal of a brand, celebrity, company, or entertainment product (e.g., television show) used in the United States.
Raymond Kurzweil (born February 12, 1948) is an American author, computer scientist, inventor and futurist.
RISC System/6000, or RS/6000 for short, is a family of RISC-based UNIX servers, workstations and supercomputers made by IBM in the 1990s.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
Science fiction film (or sci-fi film) is a genre that uses speculative, fictional science-based depictions of phenomena that are not fully accepted by mainstream science, such as extraterrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, extrasensory perception and time travel, along with futuristic elements such as spacecraft, robots, cyborgs, interstellar travel or other technologies.
Servotron was a science fiction-influenced rock band active from 1995 to 1999.
In chess, the Sicilian Defence, Alapin Variation is a response to the Sicilian Defence characterised by the moves: It is named after the Russian master Semyon Alapin (1856–1923).
Professor Stephen Hawking (1942–2018), known for being a theoretical physicist, appeared in many works of popular culture.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
Approaches to supercomputer architecture have taken dramatic turns since the earliest systems were introduced in the 1960s.
Synthetic intelligence (SI) is an alternative term for artificial intelligence which emphasizes that the intelligence of machines need not be an imitation or in any way artificial; it can be a genuine form of intelligence.
The Age of Spiritual Machines is a non-fiction book by inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil about artificial intelligence and the future course of humanity.
The Turk, also known as the Mechanical Turk or Automaton Chess Player (Schachtürke, "chess Turk"; A Török), was a fake chess-playing machine constructed in the late 18th century.
Thomas S. Anantharaman is a computer statistician specializing in Bayesian inference approaches for NP-complete problems.
In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule (also known as repetition of position) states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move.
This is a timeline of artificial intelligence.
This is a timeline of chess.
This page is a timeline of machine learning.
The University of Bonn (Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn) is a public research university located in Bonn, Germany.
Watson is a question-answering computer system capable of answering questions posed in natural language, developed in IBM's DeepQA project by a research team led by principal investigator David Ferrucci.
Zixx (full title is Zixx: Level One for season one, Zixx: Level Two for season two, and Zixx: Level Three for season three) is a Canadian television series that aired on YTV.
Events in chess in 1996.
The year 1996 in science and technology involved many significant events, listed below.
Events from the year 1996 in the United States.
Events in chess in 1997.
The year 1997 in science and technology involved many significant events, listed below.