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Demographic transition

Index Demographic transition

Demographic transition (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system. [1]

121 relations: Adolphe Landry, Ageing of Europe, AI aftermath scenarios, Andalusia, Ansley J. Coale, Basic education, Birth control in Africa, Birth dearth, Birth rate, Brazil, Cahiers québécois de démographie, Canada, Caring for people with dementia, Cartaya, Chidambara Chandrasekaran, Child mortality, City, Claus-Frenz Claussen, Cognitive city, Croatia, Demographic dividend, Demographic economics, Demographic momentum, Demographic trap, Demographics of Bolivia, Demographics of China, Demographics of Croatia, Demographics of Cuba, Demographics of Mexico, Demographics of Singapore, Demographics of Spain, Demographics of the Gambia, Demography of Wales, Dependency ratio, DTM, Dual inheritance theory, Economic growth, Economic history of Argentina, Electricity sector in India, Elise Brezis, Energy policy of India, Environmental risk transition, Epidemiological transition, European emigration, Family planning in Iran, Fertility factor (demography), Frank W. Notestein, Garrett Hardin, Geography of Croatia, German Confederation, ..., Global issue, Hajnal line, Health in Tajikistan, Healthcare reform in China, Historical demography, History of economic thought, History of German women, History of Germany, History of medicine, History of the People's Republic of China (1976–89), History of Wales, Human extinction, Human population planning, I = PAT, Income and fertility, Index of sociology articles, Indian Rivers Inter-link, Institut national d'études démographiques, Interstate Migrant Workmen Act 1979, Inuit, Iron law of wages, J. Philippe Rushton, John Caldwell (demographer), Judith Hand, Kerala, Kingsley Davis, List of countries by past and future population, List of people with the most children, Malthusian catastrophe, Michael Kremer, Modern history of Wales, Natural fertility, Númenor, Nutrition transition, Obstetric transition, Overurbanization, Pensions crisis, Peter McDonald (demographer), Population, Population ageing, Population growth, Population momentum, Population planning in Singapore, Population pyramid, Portuguese Brazilians, Post-industrial society, Projections of population growth, Rate of natural increase, Sergey Kapitsa, Sex ratio, Social history, Spanish National Health System, Stage One (disambiguation), Tax on childlessness, The Gods of the Copybook Headings, Theory of population, Tragedy of the commons, United States, Urbanization, Uwe Sunde, Victorian era, Virginia Abernethy, Waithood, Wales, Warren Thompson, Wei-Jun Jean Yeung, Welsh people, Western European marriage pattern, World population, Zelinsky Model, Zero population growth. Expand index (71 more) »

Adolphe Landry

Michel Auguste Adolphe Landry (29 September 1874 – 30 August 1956) was a French demographer and politician.

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Ageing of Europe

The ageing of Europe, also known as the greying of Europe, is a demographic phenomenon in Europe characterized by a decrease in fertility, a decrease in mortality rate, and a higher life expectancy among European populations.

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AI aftermath scenarios

Many scholars believe that advances in artificial intelligence will someday lead to a post-scarcity economy where intelligent machines can outperform humans in nearly every domain.

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Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.

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Ansley J. Coale

Ansley Johnson Coale (November 14, 1917 – November 5, 2002), was one of America's foremost demographers.

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Basic education

According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), basic education comprises the two stages primary education and lower secondary education.

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Birth control in Africa

Most of the countries with the lowest rates of contraceptive use; highest maternal, infant, and child mortality rates; and highest fertility rates are in Africa.

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Birth dearth

Birth dearth is a neologism referring to falling fertility rates.

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Birth rate

The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.

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Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.

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Cahiers québécois de démographie

The Cahiers québécois de démographie (English: Quebec Notebooks of Demography) is a peer-reviewed academic journal publishing original research in areas of demography, demographic analysis, and the demographics of Quebec and other populations.

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Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Caring for people with dementia

As populations age, caring for people with dementia has become more common.

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Cartaya is a Spanish locality and municipality in the Province of Huelva (autonomous community of Andalusia).

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Chidambara Chandrasekaran

Chidambara Chandrasekaran (1911–2000) was noted Indian demographer and statistician, was educated in India, UK and the US.

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Child mortality

Child mortality, also known as child death, refers to the death of children under the age of 14 and encompasses neonatal mortality, under-5 mortality, and mortality of children aged 5-14.

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A city is a large human settlement.

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Claus-Frenz Claussen

Claus-Frenz Claussen, (originally: Claußen) (born 28 May 1939) is a German ENT-Medician and University teacher, author, editor, artist and inventor.

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Cognitive city

Cognitive city is a term which expands the concept of the smart cityPortmann, E., Finger, M.: Smart Cities? – Ein Überblick! Meier, A. & E. Portmann eds.

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Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.

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Demographic dividend

Demographic dividend, as defined by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) means, “the economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population (15 to 64) is larger than the non-working-age share of the population (14 and younger, and 65 and older).” http://www.unfpa.org/demographic-dividend In other words, it is “a boost in economic productivity that occurs when there are growing numbers of people in the workforce relative to the number of dependents.” UNFPA stated that, “A country with both increasing numbers of young people and declining fertility has the potential to reap a demographic dividend.

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Demographic economics

Demographic economics or population economics is the application of economic analysis to demography, the study of human populations, including size, growth, density, distribution, and vital statistics.

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Demographic momentum

Demographic momentum is the tendency for growing populations to continue growing after a fertility decline because of their young age distribution.

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Demographic trap

According to the Encyclopedia of International Development, the term demographic trap is used by demographers "to describe the combination of high fertility (birth rates) and declining mortality (death rates) in developing countries, resulting in a period of high population growth rate (PGR)."Forsyth, Tim.

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Demographics of Bolivia

The demographic characteristics of the population of Bolivia are known through censuses, with the first in 1826 and the most recent being in 2012.

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Demographics of China

The demographics of China are identified by a large population with a relatively small youth division, which was partially a result of China's one-child policy, which is now modified to a two-child policy in 2015.

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Demographics of Croatia

The demographic characteristics of the population of Croatia are known through censuses, normally conducted in ten-year intervals and analysed by various statistical bureaus since the 1850s.

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Demographics of Cuba

The demographic characteristics of Cuba are known through census which have been conducted and analyzed by different bureaus since 1774.

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Demographics of Mexico

With a population of over 123 million in 2017, Mexico ranks as the 11th most populated country in the world.

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Demographics of Singapore

The demographics of Singapore include the population statistics of Singapore such as population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other demographic data of the population.

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Demographics of Spain

As of 1 January 2014, Spain had a total population of 46,507,760, which represents a 0.5% decrease since 2013.

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Demographics of the Gambia

The demographic characteristics of the population of The Gambia are known through national censuses, conducted in ten-year intervals and analyzed by The Gambian Bureau of Statistics (GBOS) since 1963.

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Demography of Wales

Demographics of Wales include the numbers in population, place of birth, age, ethnicity, religion, and number of marriages.

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Dependency ratio

In economics, geography, demography and sociology, the dependency ratio is an age-population ratio of those typically not in the labor force (the dependent part ages 0 to 14 and 65+) and those typically in the labor force (the productive part ages 15 to 64).

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DTM may refer to.

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Dual inheritance theory

Dual inheritance theory (DIT), also known as gene–culture coevolution or biocultural evolution, was developed in the 1960s through early 1980s to explain how human behavior is a product of two different and interacting evolutionary processes: genetic evolution and cultural evolution.

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Economic growth

Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.

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Economic history of Argentina

The economic history of Argentina is one of the most studied, owing to the "Argentine paradox", its unique condition as a country that had achieved advanced development in the early 20th century but experienced a reversal, which inspired an enormous wealth of literature and diverse analysis on the causes of this decline.

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Electricity sector in India

The utility electricity sector in India has one National Grid with an installed capacity of 344.00 GW as on 31 May 2018.

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Elise Brezis

Elise Scheiner Brezis, professor of Economics at Bar-Ilan University, is the director of the Azrieli Center for Economic Policy.

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Energy policy of India

The energy policy of India is largely defined by the country's expanding energy deficit and increased focus on developing alternative sources of energy, particularly nuclear, solar and wind energy.

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Environmental risk transition

Environmental risk transition is the process by which traditional communities with associated environmental health issues become more economically developed and experience new health issues.

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Epidemiological transition

In demography and medical geography, epidemiological transition is a phase of development witnessed by a sudden and stark increase in population growth rates brought by improved food security and innovations in public health and medicine, followed by a re-leveling of population growth due to subsequent declines in fertility rates.

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European emigration

European emigration can be defined as subsequent emigration waves from the European continent to other continents.

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Family planning in Iran

Iran had a comprehensive and effective program of family planning since the beginning of the 1990s.

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Fertility factor (demography)

Fertility factors are determinants of the number of children that an individual is likely to have.

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Frank W. Notestein

Frank Wallace Notestein (August 16, 1902 - February 19, 1983) was an American demographer who contributed significantly to the development of the science.

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Garrett Hardin

Garrett James Hardin (April 21, 1915 – September 14, 2003) was an American ecologist and philosopher who warned of the dangers of overpopulation.

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Geography of Croatia

The geography of Croatia is defined by its location— it is described as being a part of southeastern Europe.

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German Confederation

The German Confederation (Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 German-speaking states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to coordinate the economies of separate German-speaking countries and to replace the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806.

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Global issue

Informally, a global issue is issue that any social, economic, political or environmental problem that adversely affects the global community and our environment, possibly in a catastrophic way.

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Hajnal line

The Hajnal line is a border that links Saint Petersburg, Russia and Trieste, Italy.

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Health in Tajikistan

In Tajikistan health indicators such as infant and maternal mortality rates are among the highest of the former Soviet republics.

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Healthcare reform in China

The healthcare reform in China refers to the previous and ongoing healthcare system transition in modern China.

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Historical demography

Historical demography is the quantitative study of human population in the past.

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History of economic thought

The history of economic thought deals with different thinkers and theories in the subject that became political economy and economics, from the ancient world to the present day in the 21st Century.

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History of German women

History of German women covers gender roles, personalities and movements from medieval times to the present in German-speaking lands.

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History of Germany

The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania, thus distinguishing it from Gaul (France), which he had conquered.

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History of medicine

The history of medicine shows how societies have changed in their approach to illness and disease from ancient times to the present.

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History of the People's Republic of China (1976–89)

In September 1976, after Mao Zedong's death, the People's Republic of China was left with no central authority figure, either symbolically or administratively.

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History of Wales

The history of Wales begins with the arrival of human beings in the region thousands of years ago.

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Human extinction

In futures studies, human extinction is the hypothetical end of the human species.

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Human population planning

Human population planning is the practice of intentionally managing the rate of growth of a human population.

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Income and fertility

Income and fertility is the association between monetary gain on one hand, and the tendency to produce offspring on the other.

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Index of sociology articles

This is an index of sociology articles.

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Indian Rivers Inter-link

The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to effectively manage water resources in India by linking Indian rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals and so reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts of India.

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Institut national d'études démographiques

The French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED) is a French research institute specialized in demography and population studies in general.

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Interstate Migrant Workmen Act 1979

The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted to regulate the condition of service of inter-state labourers in Indian labour law.

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The Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.

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Iron law of wages

The iron law of wages is a proposed law of economics that asserts that real wages always tend, in the long run, toward the minimum wage necessary to sustain the life of the worker.

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J. Philippe Rushton

John Philippe Rushton (December 3, 1943 – October 2, 2012) was a Canadian psychologist and author.

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John Caldwell (demographer)

John Charles "Jack" Caldwell (8 December 1928 – 12 March 2016) was a leading demographer, particularly in the fields of fertility transition and health transition.

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Judith Hand

Judith L. Hand is an evolutionary biologist, animal behaviorist (ethologist), novelist, and pioneer in the emerging field of peace ethology.

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Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.

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Kingsley Davis

Kingsley Davis (August 20, 1908 – February 27, 1997) was an internationally recognized American sociologist and demographer.

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List of countries by past and future population

This is a list of countries by past and future population or estimations from the beginning of the second half of the 20th century (cca. 1950) until the second half of the 21st century.

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List of people with the most children

This article lists people who are known to have parented the most number of children.

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Malthusian catastrophe

A Malthusian catastrophe (also known as Malthusian check or Malthusian spectre) is a prediction of a forced return to subsistence-level conditions once population growth has outpaced agricultural production - that there will be too many people and not enough food.

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Michael Kremer

Michael Robert Kremer (born November 12, 1964) is an American development economist, who is currently the Gates Professor of Developing Societies at Harvard University.

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Modern history of Wales

The modern history of Wales starts in the 19th century when South Wales became heavily industrialised with ironworks; this, along with the spread of coal mining to the Cynon and Rhondda valleys from the 1840s, led to an increase in population.

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Natural fertility

Natural fertility is the fertility that exists without birth control.

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Númenor, also called Elenna-nórë or Westernesse, is a fictional place in English author J. R. R. Tolkien's writings.

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Nutrition transition

Nutrition transition is the shift in dietary consumption and energy expenditure that coincides with economic, demographic, and epidemiological changes.

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Obstetric transition

In reproductive health, obstetric transition is a concept around the secular trend of countries gradually shifting from a pattern of high maternal mortality to low maternal mortality, from direct obstetric causes of maternal mortality to indirect causes, aging of maternal population, and moving from the natural history of pregnancy and childbirth to institutionalization of maternity care, medicalization and over medicalization.

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Overurbanization is a thesis originally developed by scholars of demography, geography, ecology, economics, political science, and sociology in the 20th century to describe cities whose rate of urbanization outpaces their industrial growth and economic development.

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Pensions crisis

The pensions crisis or pensions timebomb is the predicted difficulty in paying for corporate, state, and federal pensions in the world, due to a difference between pension obligations and the resources set aside to fund them.

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Peter McDonald (demographer)

Peter McDonald is an Australian demographer, particularly in the fields of fertility transition and migration.

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In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.

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Population ageing

Population ageing is an increasing median age in the population of a region due to declining fertility rates and/or rising life expectancy.

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Population growth

In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.

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Population momentum

Population momentum is a typical consequence of the demographic transition.

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Population planning in Singapore

Population planning in Singapore spans two distinct phases: first to slow and reverse the boom in births that started after World War II; and second, from the 1980s onwards, to encourage parents to have more children because birth numbers had fallen below replacement levels.

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Population pyramid

A population pyramid, also called an "age-sex pyramid", is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.

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Portuguese Brazilians

Portuguese Brazilians (luso-brasileiros) are Brazilian citizens whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in Portugal.

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Post-industrial society

In sociology, the post-industrial society is the stage of society's development when the service sector generates more wealth than the manufacturing sector of the economy.

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Projections of population growth

Projections of population growth established in 2017 predict that the human population is likely to keep growing until 2100, reaching an estimated 8.6 billion in 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100, while the 7 billion milestone was reached in 2011.

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Rate of natural increase

Within the study of demography, the rate of natural increase (RNI) is classified as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.

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Sergey Kapitsa

Sergey Petrovich Kapitsa (Серге́й Петро́вич Капи́ца; 14 February 192814 August 2012) was a Russian physicist and demographer.

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Sex ratio

The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.

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Social history

Social history, often called the new social history, is a field of history that looks at the lived experience of the past.

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Spanish National Health System

The Spanish National Health System (Sistema Nacional de Salud, SNS) is the agglomeration of public health services that has existed in Spain since it was established through and structured by the Ley General de Sanidad (the "General Health Law") of 1986.

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Stage One (disambiguation)

Stage One is a 2000 album by Sean Paul.

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Tax on childlessness

The tax on childlessness (translit) was imposed in the Soviet Union and other Communist countries, starting in the 1940s, as part of their natalist policies.

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The Gods of the Copybook Headings

"The Gods of the Copybook Headings" is a poem published by Rudyard Kipling in 1919, which, editor Andrew Rutherford said, contained "age-old, unfashionable wisdom" that Kipling saw as having been forgotten by society and replaced by "habits of wishful thinking." The "copybook headings" to which the title refers were proverbs or maxims, extolling age old wisdom - virtues such as honesty or fair dealing that were printed at the top of the pages of 19th-century British students' special notebooks, called copybooks.

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Theory of population

Theory of population may refer to.

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Tragedy of the commons

The tragedy of the commons is a term used in social science to describe a situation in a shared-resource system where individual users acting independently according to their own self-interest behave contrary to the common good of all users by depleting or spoiling that resource through their collective action.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.

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Uwe Sunde

Uwe Sunde (born in Garmisch-Partenkirchen on May 29, 1973) is a German economist and currently Professor of Economics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) as well as a Research Professor in the ifo Center for Labour and Demographic Economics.

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Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

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Virginia Abernethy

Virginia Abernethy (born 1934) is a Cuban-born American academic.

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Waithood (a portmanteau of "wait" and "adulthood") is a period of stagnation in the lives of young unemployed college graduates in various industrializing and developing nations or regions, primarily in the Middle East, North Africa (MENA) and India, where their expertise is still not widely needed or applicable.

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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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Warren Thompson

Warren Thompson is the name of.

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Wei-Jun Jean Yeung

Professor Wei-Jun Jean Yeung is a Taiwanese sociologist and demographer, now is the professor of Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore.

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Welsh people

The Welsh (Cymry) are a nation and ethnic group native to, or otherwise associated with, Wales, Welsh culture, Welsh history, and the Welsh language.

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Western European marriage pattern

The Western European marriage pattern is a family and demographic pattern that is marked by comparatively late marriage (in the middle twenties), especially for women, with a generally small age difference between the spouses, a significant proportion of women who remain unmarried, and the establishment of a neolocal household after the couple has married.

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World population

In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7.6 billion people as of May 2018.

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Zelinsky Model

The Zelinsky Model of Migration Transition, also known as the Migration Transition Model, claims that the type of migration that occurs within a country depends on how developed it is or what type of society it is.

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Zero population growth

Zero population growth, sometimes abbreviated ZPG (also called the replacement level of fertility),Zero Population Growth Organizanion.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographic_transition

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