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Derivative (chemistry)

Index Derivative (chemistry)

In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction. [1]

673 relations: AA560, Abiraterone acetate, Acetomepregenol, Acetorphine, Acetoxyketobemidone, Acetylene, Acifluorfen, Acronine, Acrylate, Actinidine, Acyl halide, Acylhydrazine, Adelmidrol, Adrenochrome, Ajmalicine, Alcohol powder, Aldaric acid, Alexander Dianin, Alfaxalone, Algestone, Algestone acetophenide, Allenestrol, Allopregnanolone, Allylestrenol, Almitrine, Alpha-Methylserotonin, Altrenogest, Amanita exitialis, Ameltolide, Amidine, Amiflamine, Amine, Ammeline, Ammi visnaga, Amphenone B, Amphetamine, Amyl chloride, Anabolic steroid, Anagestone acetate, Androisoxazole, Androstanolone, Angelica gigas, Anilide, Aniline, Antrafenine, Aporphine, Aristolochia contorta, Aromatization, Artemisinin, Artesunate, ..., Arvid Carlsson, Ascocoryne sarcoides, Asparagusic acid, Aspergillic acid, Astraeus hygrometricus, Azacosterol, Azasteroid, Becampanel, Benorterone, Benzamil, Benzene, Benzodioxan, Benzothiadiazine, Benzotriazole, Benzoylurea, Beta-Hydroxy beta-methylbutyric acid, Beta-Methylamino-L-alanine, Bicalutamide, Bicyclobutane, Biguanide, Biotin hydrazide, Biotin PEG2 amine, Bis(trimethylsilyl)amine, Bisindolylmaleimide, BNN-20, BNN-27, Bolandiol dipropionate, Bolazine capronate, Boldenone, Boldenone undecylenate, Bolenol, Boletus curtisii, Boletus edulis, BOMT, Borregaard, Botany, BP, Bromantane, Bromopentane, Bruceolide, Budesonide, Buthalital, Cabergoline, Cadaverine, Calcipotriol, Camille Matignon, Camptotheca, Carbon tetraiodide, Carotenoid, Carveol, Cericlamine, Chamazulene, Channelrhodopsin, Chitosan diacetate, Chlormadinone acetate, Chlorodehydromethylandrostenediol, Chlorodehydromethyltestosterone, Chloromethylandrostenediol, Chloroprednisone, Chlorotrianisene, Chlorproethazine, Chrysene, Cidofovir, Cinepazic acid, Citronella oil, Climazolam, Clocental, Clofibric acid, Clometerone, Clomipramine, Clostebol, Clostebol acetate, Clostebol caproate, Clostebol propionate, Collidine, Color reaction, Combretum, Coordination cage, Cordycepin, Corydalis ambigua, Cubane, Curcuminoid, Cyclobarbital, Cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene), Cyclooctatetraene, Cylindrospermopsin, Cymegesolate, Cyproterone, Cyproterone acetate, Cytestrol acetate, D-Fructose-L-histidine, DALT, Danazol, Delmadinone acetate, Demegestone, Deoxyadenosine, Depressant, Derivative (disambiguation), Derivatization, Designer drug, Desogestrel, Desoxymethyltestosterone, Dewar benzene, Dexamethasone, Dialdehyde starch, Dictyophorine, Dienogest, Dihydroetorphine, Dihydrotestosterone, Dimethandrolone, Dimethandrolone buciclate, Dimethandrolone dodecylcarbonate, Dimethandrolone undecanoate, Dimethisterone, Dimethylbenzimidazole, Dimethyltrienolone, Dinitroaniline, Dinitrophenol, Diphenhydramine, Diphenylmethylpiperazine, Diprophylline, Discovery and development of angiotensin receptor blockers, Discovery and development of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, Discovery and development of direct thrombin inhibitors, Discovery and development of non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors, Discovery and development of NS5A inhibitors, Discovery and development of nucleoside and nucleotide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors, Dithiete, DOx, Drostanolone, Drostanolone propionate, Drug policy of India, Dydrogesterone, Echinacea purpurea, Eclanamine, Eclipta prostrata, Enestebol, Enzacamene, Enzalutamide, Epitiostanol, Ergotism, Estazolam, Estetrol, Estetrol (medication), Estramustine phosphate, Estrin (compound), Estriol (medication), Estrone sulfate, Estrone sulfate (medication), Etazolate, Ethinylestradiol, Ethisterone, Ethyl cinnamate, Ethyl eicosapentaenoic acid, Ethyl methyl cellulose, Ethyldienolone, Ethylestrenol, Etonogestrel, Etynodiol diacetate, Eudesmic acid, EVT-201, Fanapanel, Febrifugine, Fenbutrazate, Fenmetramide, Fenoldopam, Flopristin, Fludrocortisone, Flugestone acetate, Flumedroxone acetate, Flunarizine, Fluocortin butyl, Fluorobenzene, Fluoxymesterone, Fulvestrant, Furanochromone, Furazabol, Furfurylamine, Fursultiamine, Fusaric acid, GABA analogue, Gabapentin, Gabapentinoid, Gacyclidine, Ganoderic acid, Gattermann reaction, Geastrum triplex, Gestadienol acetate, Gestodene, Gestonorone caproate, Gestrinone, Glucobrassicin, Glufimet, Glycinamide, Glyphosate, Grifols, Gyromitrin, Haloprogesterone, Harmane, Herniarin, Hexabromobenzene, Hexaiodobenzene, Hexamethylbenzene, Hexanoic acid, Homologous series, Homotaurine, Hordenine, Humulone, Hydantoin, Hydnellum aurantiacum, Hydroquinone, Hydroxyprogesterone acetate, Hydroxyprogesterone caproate, Hydroxystenozole, Hydroxytertatolol, Hygrophoropsis, Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca, Hygrophorus eburneus, Hypericin, ICI-164384, Ilepcimide, Imidocarb, Imipramine, Indorenate, Iodocholesterol, Ipidacrine, Isobutyl chloride, Isocodeine, Isocoumarin, Isosorbide, Isothiazolinone, Β-LGND2, Jimscaline, JNJ-26990990, Kairine, Ketone, Ketorolac, Kukoamines, Kynapcin, Lactarius sanguifluus, Lactarius torminosus, Lactifluus volemus, Lenalidomide, Levonorgestrel, LG-120907, Liquid crystal, List of androgens/anabolic steroids, List of androgens/anabolic steroids (alternate), List of androstanes, List of cocaine analogues, List of corticosteroids, List of estrogens, List of progestogen esters, List of progestogens, Lometraline, Lynestrenol, Malolactic fermentation, MDMAT, Mebolazine, Medrogestone, Medroxyprogesterone, Medroxyprogesterone acetate, Megestrol acetate, Megestrol caproate, Melengestrol acetate, Mepitiostane, Meseclazone, Mestanolone, Mesterolone, Mestranol, Met-enkephalin, Metal carbonyl, Metalloprotease inhibitor, Metandienone, Metenolone, Metenolone acetate, Metenolone enanthate, Methallenestril, Methandriol bisenanthoyl acetate, Methandriol diacetate, Methandriol dipropionate, Methandriol propionate, Methasterone, Methitural, Methoxetamine, Methyl vinyl ketone, Methyl-MMDA-2, Methyldiazinol, Methyldienolone, Methylecgonine cinnamate, Methylene blue, Methylenedioxyallylamphetamine, Methylepitiostanol, Methylestradiol, Methylhydroxynandrolone, Methylphenylpiracetam, Methylstenbolone, Methyltestosterone, Metiapine, Metribolone, Mexedrone, Mibolerone, Mifepristone, Miproxifene, Miproxifene phosphate, Mitotane, Mitragynine, Modified starch, Molecular-weight size marker, Mono-BOC-cystamine, Moronic acid, Morphine methylbromide, Morphine-N-oxide, Moxestrol, MP-2001, Murexide test, Myo-inositol trispyrophosphate, N-2′-Indolylnaltrexamine, N-Acetylmescaline, N-Methyl-L-glutamic acid, N-Methylaniline, N-Methylephedrine, N-Methylpseudoephedrine, N-Methylserotonin, Naloxegol, Naloxone, Nandrolone, Nandrolone acetate, Nandrolone decanoate, Nandrolone formate, Nandrolone phenylpropionate, Naphthylpiperazine, Naproxcinod, Narcotic, Nisterime, Nisterime acetate, Nitroalkene, Nitrosoproline, NM-2-AI, NNC 45-0095, Nomegestrol acetate, Nopaline, Nor-, Norbadione A, Norclostebol acetate, Norelgestromin, Norethandrolone, Norethisterone, Norethisterone acetate, Norethisterone enanthate, Noretynodrel, Norgesterone, Norgestimate, Norgestomet, Norgestrel, Norgestrienone, Normethandrone, Norvinisterone, O6-Benzylguanine, Octopine, Ombrabulin, Opipramol, Oplopanax japonicus, Orphenadrine, Orthosiphon stamineus, Osaterone acetate, Osthol, Oxabolone cipionate, Oxandrolone, Oxathiazolone, Oxendolone, Oxymetholone, Oxypertine, Oxyphenisatine, Panchromatic film, Parent hydride, PDE5 inhibitor, Pegvaliase, Pentacyanocyclopentadiene, Perovskia atriplicifolia, Peroxide (disambiguation), Phallus indusiatus, Phellinus ellipsoideus, Phellodendron amurense, Phellodendron chinense, Phenethylamine, Phenibut, Phenobarbital, Phenol, Phenylisobutylamine, Phenylpiperazine, Phenylpiracetam hydrazide, Phorbol esters, Phosphoramide, Photobiotin, Picoline, PiHKAL, PIM-35, Pirandamine, Piribedil, Plant sources of anti-cancer agents, Platonic hydrocarbon, Polyethylene naphthalate, Polyketide, Polyozellin, Polyozellus, Pomalidomide, Prazepam, Precursor (chemistry), Prednisolone, Prednisone, Pregabalin, Pregnanolone, Pregnenolone, Pregnenolone sulfate, PRL-8-53, Product (chemistry), Profenamine, Progesterone 3-oxime, Progesterone dioxime, Progestin, Progestogen ester, Proligestone, Promegestone, Propetandrol, Propylbarbital, Prostanoic acid, Prosultiamine, Protein (nutrient), Protocol Bringing under International Control Drugs outside the Scope of the Convention of 13 July 1931 for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs, Pseudoisoeugenol, Pseudoproline, Psoralidin, Pulvinone, Pyridinylpiperazine, Pyrimidinylpiperazine, Quifenadine, Quinbolone, Quingestanol acetate, Quingestrone, Quinoline, R7 (drug), Ralaniten, Ralaniten acetate, Raloxifene, Raseglurant, RD-162, Reducing sugar, Repeat unit, Reuptake enhancer, Rhodanine, Rhodia (company), Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides, Ripasudil, Rosmarinic acid, RU-16117, RU-2309, Rudolf Criegee, Russula virescens, S-14671, Salicylamide, Sample preparation in mass spectrometry, Sarcophagine, Saridegib, Scholarine, Segesterone acetate, Selegiline, Semicarbazone, Seminaphtharhodafluor, Serotonin–dopamine releasing agent, Sesquiterpene, SKF-83,959, Spermine, Spironolactone, Stanozolol, Stenbolone, Stenbolone acetate, Stimulant, Strobilurus tenacellus, Structural analog, Substituted amphetamine, Substituted methylenedioxyphenethylamine, Substituted phenethylamine, Substituted phenylmorpholine, Sugar alcohol, Suillellus luridus, Sulfoquinovose, Svensk Etanolkemi, Taurine, TCB-2, Ternary compound, Tesmilifene, Testosterone (medication), Testosterone cypionate, Testosterone enanthate, Testosterone propionate, Testosterone undecanoate, Tetrahedrane, Tetrahydrogestrinone, Tetralin, Tetrazole, Thalidomide, Theaflavin-3-gallate, Thevinone, Thiamine pyrophosphate, Thiamine triphosphate, Thiazine, Thiazolidine, Thiazoline, Thiophenol, Thioxanthene, Thioxanthone, Tibolone, Tiomesterone, Toremifene, Tracazolate, Transgender hormone therapy (male-to-female), Trenbolone, Trenbolone acetate, Trenbolone enanthate, Trenbolone undecanoate, Trengestone, Trestolone, Trestolone acetate, Triamcinolone, Trifluoromescaline, Trimegestone, Trimethyltrienolone, Trimipramine, Triphenylbromoethylene, Triphenylchloroethylene, Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceus, Ugi's amine, Valproate pivoxil, Vinca alkaloid, Vinpocetine, Vitamin K, Withanolide, Zearalanone, Zimelidine, Zonampanel, (+)-Benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide, (E)-Stilbene, (Z)-9-Tricosene, 1,2-Dioxin, 1-Amino-2-propanol, 1-Bromoadamantane, 1-Cyclohexylpiperazine, 1-Naphthyl isothiocyanate, 1-Nonylnaphthalene, 1-Testosterone, 11β-Hydroxyprogesterone, 11β-Methyl-19-nortestosterone, 11β-Methyl-19-nortestosterone dodecylcarbonate, 16-O-Methylcafestol, 17α-Allyl-19-nortestosterone, 17α-Methyl-19-norprogesterone, 18,19-Dehydrobuprenorphine, 18-Methylsegesterone acetate, 18-Norabietane, 18F-EF5, 19-Nor-5-androstenediol, 19-Nor-5-androstenedione, 19-Nordehydroepiandrosterone, 19-Norpregnane, 1P-LSD, 2,3-Methylenedioxyamphetamine, 2,4,6-Trichloroanisole, 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine, 2,N,N-TMT, 2-Aminoindane, 2-Aminotetralin, 2-Bromomescaline, 2-Methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, 2-Pyridone, 2-Pyrrolidone, 25N-NBOMe, 2C-B-BUTTERFLY, 2CB-Ind, 3,14-Diacetyloxymorphone, 3,4-Dimethoxycinnamic acid, 3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine, 3,4-Methylenedioxypropiophenone, 3-Acetyloxymorphone, 3-MeO-PCP, 3β-Methoxypregnenolone, 4-AcO-DALT, 4-Aminophenol, 4-Bromofluorobenzene, 4-Cyano-3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline, 4-HO-MPMI, 4-Hydroxycoumarin, 4-Hydroxytestosterone, 4-MeO-DMT, 4-Phenylazepane, 4-Pyridone, 4-Pyrone, 5,N,N-TMT, 5-(Nonyloxy)tryptamine, 5-Benzyloxytryptamine, 5-Bromo-DMT, 5-Bromouridine, 5-Carboxamidotryptamine, 5-Chloro-αMT, 5-Ethoxy-DMT, 5-Ethyl-DMT, 5-Fluoro-AMT, 5-Fluoroorotic acid, 5-MeO-DMT, 5-MeO-DPT, 5-MeO-MPMI, 5-Methoxy-7,N,N-trimethyltryptamine, 5-Methoxytryptamine, 5α-Androst-2-ene-17-one, 5α-Dihydroethisterone, 5α-Dihydronandrolone, 6,6-Difluoronorethisterone, 6-Chloro-MDMA, 6-Methyl-MDA, 7,N,N-TMT, 7α-Methyl-19-norandrostenedione, 7α-Thioprogesterone, 9-Methyl-β-carboline. Expand index (623 more) »

AA560

AA560 is an orally active nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA) that was developed in Japan and was first described in the literature in 1977 but was never marketed.

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Abiraterone acetate

Abiraterone acetate, sold under the brand name Zytiga among others, is an antiandrogen medication which is used in the treatment of prostate cancer.

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Acetomepregenol

Acetomepregenol (ACM), also known as mepregenol diacetate and sold under the brand name Diamol, is a progestin medication which is used in Russia for the treatment of gynecological conditions and as a method of birth control in combination with an estrogen.

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Acetorphine

Acetorphine is a potent opioid analgesic, up to 8700 times stronger than morphine by weight.

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Acetoxyketobemidone

Acetoxyketobemidone (O-Acetylketobemidone) is an opioid analgesic that is an acetylated derivative of ketobemidone.

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Acetylene

Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.

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Acifluorfen

Acifluorfen is an herbicide.

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Acronine

Acronine is an anti-tumor chemical that has yielded synthetic anti-tumor derivatives.

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Acrylate

Acrylates are the salts, esters, and conjugate bases of acrylic acid and its derivatives.

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Actinidine

Actinidine is a pyridine derivative found in the essential oil of valerian (Valeriana officinalis) root and Actinidia polygama (silver vine).

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Acyl halide

An acyl halide (also known as an acid halide) is a chemical compound derived from an oxoacid by replacing a hydroxyl group with a halide group.

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Acylhydrazine

Acylhydrazines are a class of organic compounds and can be regarded as nitrogen derivatives of carboxylic acids having the general structure R-CO-NR1-NR2R3, where R1, R2 and R3 can be organic radicals or hydrogen.

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Adelmidrol

Adelmidrol is an anti-inflammatory ethanolamide derivative of azelaic acid.

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Adrenochrome

Adrenochrome is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C9H9NO3 produced by the oxidation of adrenaline (epinephrine).

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Ajmalicine

Ajmalicine, also known as δ-yohimbine or raubasine, is an antihypertensive drug used in the treatment of high blood pressure.

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Alcohol powder

Alcohol powder or powdered alcohol or dry alcohol is a product generally made using micro-encapsulation.

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Aldaric acid

Aldaric acids are a group of sugar acids, where the terminal hydroxyl and carbonyl groups of the sugars have been replaced by terminal carboxylic acids, and are characterised by the formula HOOC-(CHOH)n-COOH.

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Alexander Dianin

Alexander Pavlovich Dianin (Александр Павлович Дианин; April 20, 1851 – December 6, 1918) was a Russian chemist from Saint Petersburg.

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Alfaxalone

Alfaxalone, also known as alphaxalone or alphaxolone and sold under the brand name Alfaxan, is a neuroactive steroid and general anesthetic which is used in veterinary practice as an induction agent for anesthesia and as an injectable anesthetic.

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Algestone

Algestone, also known as alphasone or alfasone, is a progestin which was never marketed.

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Algestone acetophenide

Algestone acetophenide, also known as dihydroxyprogesterone acetophenide (DHPA) and sold under the brand name Deladroxate among others, is a progestin medication which is used in combination with an estrogen as a form of long-lasting injectable birth control.

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Allenestrol

Allenestrol, or allenoestrol, also known as α,α-dimethyl-β-ethylallenolic acid or as methallenestrilphenol, is a synthetic, nonsteroidal estrogen and a derivative of allenolic acid that was never marketed.

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Allopregnanolone

Allopregnanolone, also known as 5α-pregnan-3α-ol-20-one or 3α,5α-tetrahydroprogesterone (3α,5α-THP), as well as brexanolone, is an endogenous inhibitory pregnane neurosteroid.

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Allylestrenol

Allylestrenol, sold under the brand names Gestanin and Turinal among others, is a progestin medication which is used to treat recurrent and threatened miscarriage and to prevent premature labor in pregnant women.

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Almitrine

Almitrine (marketed as Duxil by Servier) is a diphenylmethylpiperazine derivative classified as a respiratory stimulant by the ATC.

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Alpha-Methylserotonin

α-Methylserotonin (αMS), also known as α-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine (α-methyl-5-HT) or 5-hydroxy-α-methyltryptamine (5-HO-αMT), is a tryptamine derivative closely related to the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT).

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Altrenogest

Altrenogest, sold under the brand names Regumate and Matrix, is a progestin of the 19-nortestosterone group which is widely used in veterinary medicine to suppress or synchronize estrus in horses and pigs.

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Amanita exitialis

Amanita exitialis, also known as the Guangzhou destroying angel, is a mushroom of the large genus Amanita.

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Ameltolide

Ameltolide, a 4-aminobenzamide derivative, is an experimental anticonvulsant agent, effective at inhibiting seizures in animal models.

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Amidine

Amidines are a class of oxoacid derivatives.

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Amiflamine

Amiflamine (FLA-336) is a reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A), thereby being a RIMA, and, to a lesser extent, semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO), as well as a serotonin releasing agent (SRA).

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Amine

In organic chemistry, amines are compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.

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Ammeline

Ammeline (4,6-diamino-2-hydroxy-1,3,5-triazine) is a triazine derivative.

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Ammi visnaga

Ammi visnaga is a species of flowering plant in the carrot family known by many common names, including toothpick-plant, toothpickweed, bisnaga, khella, or sometimes Bishop's weed.

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Amphenone B

Amphenone B, or simply amphenone, also known as 3,3-bis(p-aminophenyl)butan-2-one, is an inhibitor of steroid hormone and thyroid hormone biosynthesis which was never marketed but has been used as a tool in scientific research to study corticosteroids and the adrenal glands.

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Amphetamine

Amphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity.

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Amyl chloride

Amyl chloride may refer to any of the monochlorinated derivatives of the isomers of pentane.

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Anabolic steroid

Anabolic steroids, also known more properly as anabolic–androgenic steroids (AAS), are steroidal androgens that include natural androgens like testosterone as well as synthetic androgens that are structurally related and have similar effects to testosterone.

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Anagestone acetate

Anagestone acetate, sold under the brand names Anatropin and Neo-Novum, is a progestin medication which was withdrawn from medical use.

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Androisoxazole

Androisoxazole (brand names Androxan, Neo-Ponden, Neo-Pondus), also known as 17α-methyl-5α-androstanoisoxazol-17β-ol, is an orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) that is marketed in Spain and Italy.

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Androstanolone

Androstanolone, or stanolone, also known as dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and sold under the brand name Andractim among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication and hormone which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.

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Angelica gigas

Angelica gigas, also called Korean angelica, giant Angelica, purple parsnip, and dangquai, is a monocarpic biennial or short lived perennial plant from China, Japan and Korea.

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Anilide

Anilides (or phenylamides) are a class of chemical compounds which are acyl derivatives of aniline.

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Aniline

Aniline is an organic compound with the formula C6H5NH2.

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Antrafenine

Antrafenine (Stakane) is a phenylpiperazine derivative drug invented in 1979.

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Aporphine

Aporphine is an alkaloid that forms the core of a class of quinoline alkaloids.

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Aristolochia contorta

Aristolochia contorta, commonly known as northern pipevine, also known as birthwort, is a climbing perennial shrub.

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Aromatization

Aromatization is a chemical reaction in which an aromatic system is formed.

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Artemisinin

Artemisinin and its semi-synthetic derivatives are a group of drugs used against Plasmodium falciparum malaria.

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Artesunate

Artesunate (AS) is a medication used to treat malaria.

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Arvid Carlsson

Arvid Carlsson (25 January 1923 — 29 June 2018) was a Swedish neuropharmacologist who is best known for his work with the neurotransmitter dopamine and its effects in Parkinson's disease.

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Ascocoryne sarcoides

Ascocoryne sarcoides is a species of fungus in the family Helotiaceae.

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Asparagusic acid

Asparagusic acid is an organosulfur compound with the molecular formula C4H6O2S2 and is systematically named 1,2-dithiolane-4-carboxylic acid.

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Aspergillic acid

Aspergillic acid is an organic chemical compound with the molecular formula C12H20N2O2.

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Astraeus hygrometricus

Astraeus hygrometricus, commonly known as the hygroscopic earthstar, the barometer earthstar, or the false earthstar, is a species of fungus in the family Diplocystaceae.

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Azacosterol

Azacosterol (INN), or azacosterol hydrochloride (USAN) (brand name Ornitrol), also known as 20,25-diazacholesterol, is a cholesterol-lowering drug (hypocholesteremic) which was marketed previously but has since been discontinued. It is also an avian chemosterilant used to control the pest pigeon population via inducing sterility. The drug is a sterol and derivative of cholesterol in which two carbon atoms have been replaced with nitrogen atoms. Azacosterol acts as an inhibitor of 24-dehydrocholesterol reductase (24-DHCR), preventing the formation of cholesterol from desmosterol. Although it primarily acts to inhibit 24-DHCR, the drug also inhibits other steps in cholesterol biosynthesis. The anti-fertility effects of the drug in birds are mediated by inhibition of steroid hormone production, steroid hormones being synthesized from cholesterol. Due to prevention of the metabolism of desmosterol, the drug causes it to accumulate, in turn producing side effects such as hyperkeratosis, particularly of the palms and soles.

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Azasteroid

An azasteroid is a type of steroid derivative which has one of the carbon atoms in the steroid ring system replaced by a nitrogen atom.

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Becampanel

Becampanel (INN) (code name AMP397) is a quinoxalinedione derivative drug which acts as a competitive antagonist of the AMPA receptor (IC50.

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Benorterone

Benorterone, also known by its developmental code name SKF-7690 and as 17α-methyl-B-nortestosterone, is an steroidal antiandrogen which was studied for potential medical use but was never marketed.

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Benzamil

Benzamil or benzyl amiloride is a potent blocker of the ENaC channel and also a sodium-calcium exchange blocker.

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Benzene

Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C6H6.

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Benzodioxan

The benzodioxans are a group of isomeric chemical compounds with the molecular formula C8H8O2.

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Benzothiadiazine

Benzothiadiazine is a bicyclic heterocyclic benzene derivative with the heterocycle containing two nitrogens and one sulfur.

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Benzotriazole

Benzotriazole (BTA) is a heterocyclic compound containing three nitrogen atoms, with the chemical formula C6H5N3.

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Benzoylurea

Benzoylureas are chemical derivatives of ''N''-benzoyl-''N′''-phenylurea (benzoylurea).

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Beta-Hydroxy beta-methylbutyric acid

β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyric acid (HMB), otherwise known as its conjugate base,, is a naturally produced substance in humans that is used as a dietary supplement and as an ingredient in certain medical foods that are intended to promote wound healing and provide nutritional support for people with muscle wasting due to cancer or HIV/AIDS.

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Beta-Methylamino-L-alanine

β-Methylamino-L-alanine, or BMAA, is a non-proteinogenic amino acid produced by cyanobacteria.

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Bicalutamide

Bicalutamide, sold under the brand name Casodex among others, is an antiandrogen medication that is primarily used to treat prostate cancer.

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Bicyclobutane

Bicyclobutane is an organic compound with the formula C4H6.

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Biguanide

Biguanide is the organic compound with the formula HN(C(NH)NH2)2.

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Biotin hydrazide

Biotin hydrazide is a biotinyl derivative that can be used as a probe for the determination of protein carbonylation.

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Biotin PEG2 amine

Biotin PEG2 amine (biotine PEG2 amine) is a water-soluble pegylated biotin derivative used as linker in biotechnology and molecular biology applications.

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Bis(trimethylsilyl)amine

Bis(trimethylsilyl)amine (also known as hexamethyldisilazane, or HMDS) is an organosilicon compound with the molecular formula 2NH.

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Bisindolylmaleimide

Bisindolylmaleimide is an organic compound that forms the core chemical structure of a variety of biologically active compounds.

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BNN-20

BNN-20, also known as 17β-spiro-(androst-5-en-17,2'-oxiran)-3β-ol, is a synthetic neurosteroid, "microneurotrophin", and analogue of the endogenous neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).

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BNN-27

BNN-27, also known as 17α,20R-epoxypregn-5-ene-3β,21-diol, is a synthetic neurosteroid and "microneurotrophin" and analogue of the endogenous neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).

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Bolandiol dipropionate

Bolandiol dipropionate (USAN) (brand names Anabiol, Storinal; former developmental code name SC-7525), or bolandiol propionate (JAN), also known as norpropandrolate or 19-nor-4-androstenediol dipropionate, as well as estr-4-ene-3β,17β-diol 3,17-dipropionate, is a synthetic anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone).

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Bolazine capronate

Bolazine capronate (brand name Roxilon Inject), also known as bolazine caproate or bolazine hexanoate, as well as di(drostanolone capronate) azine or 2α-methyl-5α-androstan-17β-ol-3-one 17β-hexanoate azine, is a synthetic, injected androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) and derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT).

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Boldenone

Boldenone (developmental code name RU-18761), also known as Δ1-testosterone, is a naturally occurring anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and the 1(2)-dehydrogenated analogue of testosterone.

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Boldenone undecylenate

Boldenone undecylenate, or boldenone undecenoate, sold under the brand names Equipoise and Parenabol among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in veterinary medicine, mainly in horses.

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Bolenol

Bolenol, also known as 17α-ethyl-19-norandrost-5-en-17β-ol (ethylnorandrostenol), is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) that was never marketed.

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Boletus curtisii

Boletus curtisii is a species of fungus in the Boletaceae family.

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Boletus edulis

Boletus edulis (English: penny bun, cep, porcino or porcini) is a basidiomycete fungus, and the type species of the genus Boletus.

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BOMT

BOMT, also known by its developmental code name Ro 7-2340 and as 6α-bromo-4-oxa-17α-methyl-5α-dihydrotestosterone, is a synthetic steroidal antiandrogen which was first developed in 1970 and was never marketed for medical use.

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Borregaard

Borregaard is a Norwegian company, established in 1889 in the southeastern town of Sarpsborg in Østfold county.

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Botany

Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.

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BP

BP plc (stylised as bp), formerly British Petroleum, is a British multinational oil and gas company headquartered in London, England.

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Bromantane

Bromantane, sold under the brand name Ladasten, is an atypical psychostimulant and anxiolytic drug of the adamantane family related to amantadine and memantine which is used in Russia in the treatment of neurasthenia.

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Bromopentane

Bromopentanes are a group of related chemical compounds which are brominated derivatives of pentane.

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Bruceolide

Bruceolide is a quassinoid that has been isolated from Bischofia javanica.

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Budesonide

Budesonide (BUD), sold under the brand name Pulmicort among others, is a medication of the corticosteroid type.

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Buthalital

Buthalital sodium (INN; Bayinal, Baytinal, Thialbutal, Transithal, Ulbreval), or buthalitone sodium (BAN), is a barbiturate derivative which was under development as a short-acting anesthetic.

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Cabergoline

Cabergoline (brand names Dostinex and others), an ergot derivative, is a potent dopamine receptor agonist on D2 receptors.

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Cadaverine

Cadaverine is a foul-smelling diamine compound produced by the putrefaction of animal tissue.

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Calcipotriol

Calcipotriol (INN) or calcipotriene (USAN) is a synthetic derivative of calcitriol, a form of vitamin D. It is used in the treatment of psoriasis, marketed under the trade name "Dovonex" in the United States, "Daivonex" outside North America, and "Psorcutan" in Germany.

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Camille Matignon

Arthème Camille Matignon (3 January 1867 – 18 March 1934) was a French chemist noted for his work in thermochemistry.

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Camptotheca

Camptotheca (happy tree, cancer tree, or tree of life) is a genus of medium-sized deciduous trees growing to tall, native to southern China and Tibet.

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Carbon tetraiodide

Carbon tetraiodide is a tetrahalomethane with the molecular formula CI4.

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Carotenoid

Carotenoids, also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are produced by plants and algae, as well as several bacteria and fungi.

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Carveol

Carveol is a natural unsaturated, monocyclic monoterpenoid alcohol that is a constituent of spearmint essential oil in the form of cis-(−)-carveol.

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Cericlamine

Cericlamine (INN) (developmental code name JO-1017) is a potent and moderately selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) of the amphetamine family (specifically, a derivative of phentermine, and closely related to chlorphentermine, a highly selective serotonin releasing agent) that was investigated as an antidepressant for the treatment of depression, anxiety disorders, and anorexia nervosa by Jouveinal but did not complete development and was never marketed.

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Chamazulene

Chamazulene is an aromatic chemical compound with the molecular formula C14H16 found in a variety of plants including in chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla), wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), and yarrow (Achillea millefolium).

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Channelrhodopsin

Channelrhodopsins are a subfamily of retinylidene proteins (rhodopsins) that function as light-gated ion channels.

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Chitosan diacetate

Chitosan diacetate (CDA) is a chemical derivative of chitosan that can be synthesized by reaction with iodoacetic acid,.

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Chlormadinone acetate

Chlormadinone acetate (CMA), sold under the brand names Belara, Lutéran, and Prostal among others, is a progestin and antiandrogen medication which is used in birth control pills to prevent pregnancy, as a component of menopausal hormone therapy, and in the treatment of gynecological disorders as well as androgen-dependent conditions like enlarged prostate and prostate cancer in men and acne and hirsutism in women.

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Chlorodehydromethylandrostenediol

Chlorodehydromethylandrostenediol (CDMA), also known as 4-chloro-17α-methylandrost-1,4-diene-3β,17β-diol, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 4-androstenediol that was never marketed.

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Chlorodehydromethyltestosterone

Chlorodehydromethyltestosterone (CDMT; brand name Oral Turinabol) is an anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS).

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Chloromethylandrostenediol

Chloromethylandrostenediol (CMA), also known as 4-chloro-17α-methyl-androst-4-ene-3β,17β-diol, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 4-androstenediol that was never marketed.

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Chloroprednisone

Chloroprednisone is a topical glucocorticoid first reported in 1960.

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Chlorotrianisene

Chlorotrianisene (CTA), also known as tri-p-anisylchloroethylene (TACE) and sold under the brand name Tace among others, is a nonsteroidal estrogen related to diethylstilbestrol (DES) which was previously used in the treatment of menopausal symptoms and estrogen deficiency in women and prostate cancer in men, among other indications, but has since been discontinued and is now no longer available.

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Chlorproethazine

Chlorproethazine, sold under the brand name Neuriplege, is a drug of the phenothiazine group described as a muscle relaxant or tranquilizer which is or has been marketed in Europe as a topical cream for the treatment of muscle pain.

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Chrysene

Chrysene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) with the molecular formula that consists of four fused benzene rings.

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Cidofovir

Cidofovir (brand name Vistide) is an injectable antiviral medication primarily used as a treatment for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis (an infection of the retina of the eye) in people with AIDS.

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Cinepazic acid

Cinepazic acid is a cinnamoyl-piperazine.

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Citronella oil

Citronella oil Citronella oil is an essential oil obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon (lemongrass).

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Climazolam

Climazolam (Ro21-3982) was introduced under licence as a veterinary medicine by the Swiss Pharmaceutical company Gräub under the tradename Climasol.

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Clocental

Clocental (dolcental) is a carbamate-derived sedative hypnotic.

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Clofibric acid

Clofibric acid is a herbicide with the IUPAC name 2-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-methylpropanoic acid and molecular formula C10H11ClO3.

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Clometerone

Clometerone (developmental code name L-38000), or clometherone, also known as 6α-chloro-16α-methylprogesterone, is a synthetic pregnane steroid and derivative of progesterone which was reported in 1962 and is described as an antiestrogen and antiandrogen but was never marketed.

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Clomipramine

Clomipramine, sold under the brand name Anafranil among others, is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA).

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Clostebol

Clostebol, also known as 4-chlorotestosterone, usually as the ester clostebol acetate, is a synthetic anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS).

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Clostebol acetate

Clostebol acetate (BAN) (brand names Macrobin, Steranabol, Alfa-Trofodermin, Megagrisevit), also known as 4-chlorotestosterone 17β-acetate (4-CLTA) or as 4-chloroandrost-4-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-acetate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of testosterone that is marketed in Germany and Italy.

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Clostebol caproate

Clostebol caproate (brand name Macrobin-Depot), also known as clostebol hexanoate or chlorotestosterone caproate (JAN), as well as 4-chlorotestosterone 17β-caproate or as 4-chloroandrost-4-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-caproate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of testosterone.

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Clostebol propionate

Clostebol propionate (brand name Yonchlon), also known as 4-chlorotestosterone 17β-propionate or as 4-chloroandrost-4-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-propionate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of testosterone.

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Collidine

Collidine is the trivial name used to describe the chemical compounds which are trimethyl derivatives of pyridine.

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Color reaction

In chemistry, a color reaction or colour reaction is a chemical reaction that is used to transform colorless chemical compounds into colored derivatives which can be detected visually or with the aid of a colorimeter.

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Combretum

Combretum, the bushwillows or combretums, make up the type genus of the family Combretaceae.

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Coordination cage

Coordination cages are three-dimensional ordered structures in solution that act as hosts in host-guest chemistry.

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Cordycepin

Cordycepin, or 3'-deoxyadenosine, is a derivative of the nucleoside adenosine, differing from the latter by the absence of the hydroxy group in the 3' position of its ribose part.

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Corydalis ambigua

Corydalis ambigua is a tuberous early flowering east Asian flowering plant species.

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Cubane

Cubane (C8H8) is a synthetic hydrocarbon molecule that consists of eight carbon atoms arranged at the corners of a cube, with one hydrogen atom attached to each carbon atom.

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Curcuminoid

A curcuminoid is a linear diarylheptanoid, with molecules such as curcumin or derivatives of curcumin with different chemical groups that have been formed to increase solubility of curcumins and make them suitable for drug formulation.

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Cyclobarbital

Cyclobarbital, also known as cyclobarbitol or cyclobarbitone, is a drug which is a barbiturate derivative.

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Cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene)

Cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (formally a derivative of paraquat) belongs to the class of cyclophanes, and consists of aromatic units connected by methylene bridges.

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Cyclooctatetraene

1,3,5,7-Cyclooctatetraene (COT) is an unsaturated derivative of cyclooctane, with the formula C8H8.

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Cylindrospermopsin

Cylindrospermopsin (abbreviated to CYN, or CYL) is a cyanotoxin produced by a variety of freshwater cyanobacteria.

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Cymegesolate

Cymegesolate (developmental code name Progestin No. 1), also known as cypionyl megestrol acetate or as megestrol acetate 3β-cypionate, is a progestin medication which was never marketed.

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Cyproterone

Cyproterone, also known by its developmental code name SH-80881, is a steroidal antiandrogen which was studied in the 1960s and 1970s but was never introduced for medical use.

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Cyproterone acetate

Cyproterone acetate (CPA), sold alone under the brand name Androcur or with ethinylestradiol (EE) under the brand names Diane or Diane-35 among others, is an antiandrogen and progestogen which is used in the treatment of androgen-dependent conditions like acne, excessive hair growth, early puberty, and prostate cancer, as a component of feminizing hormone therapy for transgender women, and in birth control pills.

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Cytestrol acetate

Cytestrol acetate is a steroidal antiestrogen and an alkylating antineoplastic agent (i.e., chemotherapeutic) which was developed for the treatment of breast cancer but was never marketed.

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D-Fructose-L-histidine

D-Fructose-L-histidine (FruHis) is a ketosamine combining the D-isomer of fructose and the L-isomer of histidine into a functional group.

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DALT

N,N-Diallyltryptamine (DALT) is a tryptamine derivative.

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Danazol

Danazol, sold under the brand name Danocrine among others, is a medication which is used in the treatment of endometriosis, fibrocystic breast disease, hereditary angioedema, and other conditions.

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Delmadinone acetate

Delmadinone acetate (DMA), sold under the brand name Tardak among others, is a progestin and antiandrogen which is used in veterinary medicine to treat androgen-dependent conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia.

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Demegestone

Demegestone, sold under the brand name Lutionex, is a progestin medication which was previously used to treat luteal insufficiency but is now no longer marketed.

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Deoxyadenosine

Deoxyadenosine (symbol dA or dAdo) is a deoxyribonucleoside.

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Depressant

A depressant, or central depressant, is a drug that lowers neurotransmission levels, which is to depress or reduce arousal or stimulation, in various areas of the brain.

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Derivative (disambiguation)

Derivative may refer to.

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Derivatization

Derivatization is a technique used in chemistry which transforms a chemical compound into a product (the reaction's derivate) of similar chemical structure, called a derivative.

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Designer drug

A designer drug is a structural or functional analog of a controlled substance that has been designed to mimic the pharmacological effects of the original drug, while avoiding classification as illegal and/or detection in standard drug tests.

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Desogestrel

Desogestrel, sold under the brand names Cerazette and Mircette among many others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills for women.

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Desoxymethyltestosterone

Desoxymethyltestosterone (DMT), known by the nicknames Madol and Pheraplex, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-methylated derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which was never marketed for medical use.

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Dewar benzene

Dewar benzene or bicyclohexa-2,5-diene is a bicyclic isomer of benzene with the molecular formula C6H6.

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Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone is a type of corticosteroid medication.

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Dialdehyde starch

Dialdehyde starch is a polysaccharide derived by chemical modification from natural starch from wheat or corn.

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Dictyophorine

Dictyophorine A and B are two sesquiterpenes, identified from the fungus Phallus indusiatus.

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Dienogest

Dienogest, sold under the brand names Natazia and Qlaira among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills and in the treatment of endometriosis.

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Dihydroetorphine

Dihydroetorphine was developed by K. W. Bentley at McFarlan-Smith in the 1960s and is a potent opioid analgesic, which is used mainly in China.

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Dihydrotestosterone

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), or 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT), also known as androstanolone or stanolone, is an endogenous androgen sex steroid and hormone.

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Dimethandrolone

Dimethandrolone (DMA), also known by its developmental code name CDB-1321, is an experimental androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) and progestogen medication which is under investigation for potential clinical use.

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Dimethandrolone buciclate

Dimethandrolone buciclate (developmental code name CDB-4386A), or dimethandrolone bucyclate, also known as 7α,11β-dimethyl-19-nortestosterone 17β-buciclate, is a synthetic anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was developed by the Contraceptive Development Branch (CDB) of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and has not been marketed at this time.

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Dimethandrolone dodecylcarbonate

Dimethandrolone dodecylcarbonate (developmental code name CDB-4730), or dimethandrolone dodecanoylcarbonate, also known as 7α,11β-dimethyl-19-nortestosterone 17β-dodecylcarbonate, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was developed by the Contraceptive Development Branch (CDB) of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and has not been marketed at this time.

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Dimethandrolone undecanoate

Dimethandrolone undecanoate (DMAU), also known by its developmental code name CDB-4521, is an experimental androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) and progestogen medication which is under development as a potential birth control pill for men.

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Dimethisterone

Dimethisterone, formerly sold under the brand names Lutagan and Secrosteron among others, is a progestin medication which was used in birth control pills and in the treatment of gynecological disorders but is now no longer available.

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Dimethylbenzimidazole

5,6-Dimethylbenzimidazole is a natural benzimidazole derivative.

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Dimethyltrienolone

Dimethyltrienolone (developmental code name RU-2420) is a synthetic, orally active, and extremely potent anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and 17α-alkylated 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) derivative which was never marketed for medical use.

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Dinitroaniline

Dinitroanilines are a class of chemical compounds with the chemical formula C6H5N3O4.

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Dinitrophenol

Dinitrophenols are chemical compounds which are nitro derivatives of phenol.

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Diphenhydramine

Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine mainly used to treat allergies.

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Diphenylmethylpiperazine

1-(Diphenylmethyl)piperazine, also known as benzhydrylpiperazine, is a chemical compound and piperazine derivative.

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Diprophylline

Diprophylline (INN) or dyphylline (USAN) (trade names Dilor, Lufyllin), is a xanthine derivative with bronchodilator and vasodilator effects.

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Discovery and development of angiotensin receptor blockers

The angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), also called angiotensin (AT1) receptor antagonists or sartans, are a group of antihypertensive drugs that act by blocking the effects of the hormone angiotensin II (Ang II) in the body, thereby lowering blood pressure.

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Discovery and development of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors) are enzyme inhibitors that inhibit the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4).

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Discovery and development of direct thrombin inhibitors

Direct thrombin inhibitors (DTIs) are a class of anticoagulant drugs that can be used to prevent and treat embolisms and blood clots caused by various diseases.

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Discovery and development of non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors

Non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are antiretroviral drugs used in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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Discovery and development of NS5A inhibitors

Nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) inhibitors belong to a class of antiviral drugs called protease inhibitors.

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Discovery and development of nucleoside and nucleotide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors

Discovery and development of nucleoside and nucleotide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs and NtRTIs) began in the 1980s when the AIDS epidemic hit Western societies.

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Dithiete

Dithiete is an unsaturated heterocyclic compound that contains two adjacent sulfur atoms and two sp2-hybridized carbon centers.

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DOx

4-substituted-2,5-Dimethoxyamphetamines (DOx) is a chemical class of substituted amphetamine derivatives featuring methoxy groups at the 2- and 5- positions of the phenyl ring, and a substituent such as alkyl or halogen at the 4- position of the phenyl ring.

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Drostanolone

Drostanolone, or dromostanolone, is an anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) of the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) group which was never marketed.

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Drostanolone propionate

Drostanolone propionate, or dromostanolone propionate, sold under the brand names Drolban, Masteril, and Masteron among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which was used to treat breast cancer in women but is now no longer marketed.

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Drug policy of India

The major drug laws of India are the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985) and the Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (1985).

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Dydrogesterone

Dydrogesterone, sold under the brand name Duphaston among others, is a progestin medication which is used for a variety of indications, including threatened or recurrent miscarriage during pregnancy, dysfunctional bleeding, infertility due to luteal insufficiency, dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, secondary amenorrhea, irregular cycles, premenstrual syndrome, and as a component of menopausal hormone therapy.

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Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower, hedgehog coneflower, or purple coneflower) is a North American species of flowering plant in the sunflower family.

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Eclanamine

Eclanamine (U-48,753) is a drug which was patented as an antidepressant, but was never marketed.

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Eclipta prostrata

Eclipta prostrata commonly known as false daisy, yerba de tago, and bhringraj, is a species of plant in the sunflower family.

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Enestebol

Enestebol, also known as 4-hydroxy-17α-methyl-δ1-testosterone, as well as 4,17β-dihydroxy-17α-methylandrosta-1,4-dien-3-one, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of testosterone which was never marketed.

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Enzacamene

Enzacamene (INN; also known as 4-methylbenzylidene camphor or 4-MBC) is an organic camphor derivative that is used in the cosmetic industry for its ability to protect the skin against UV, specifically UV B radiation.

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Enzalutamide

Enzalutamide, sold under the brand name Xtandi, is a nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA) medication which is used in the treatment of prostate cancer.

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Epitiostanol

Epitiostanol, sold under the brand name Thiodrol, is an injected antiestrogen and anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) of the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) group which was described in the literature in 1965 and has been marketed in Japan as an antineoplastic agent for the treatment of breast cancer since 1977.

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Ergotism

Ergotism (pron.) is the effect of long-term ergot poisoning, traditionally due to the ingestion of the alkaloids produced by the Claviceps purpurea fungus that infects rye and other cereals, and more recently by the action of a number of ergoline-based drugs.

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Estazolam

Estazolam (desmethylalprazolam, marketed under the brand names ProSom, Eurodin, Nuctalon) is a benzodiazepine derivative drug developed by Upjohn in the 1970s.

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Estetrol

Estetrol (E4), or oestetrol, is a weak estrogen steroid hormone which is found in detectable levels only during pregnancy.

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Estetrol (medication)

Estetrol, tentative brand names Donesta (alone) and Estelle (with drospirenone), is an estrogen medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone which is under development for use as a birth control pill in combination with a progestin, in menopausal hormone therapy to treat symptoms such as vaginal atrophy, hot flashes, and bone loss, and for the treatment of breast cancer, prostate cancer, osteoarthritis, and migraine.

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Estramustine phosphate

Estramustine phosphate (EMP), sold under the brand names Emcyt and Estracyt, is a medication which is used in the treatment of prostate cancer in men.

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Estrin (compound)

Estrin (American English), or oestrin (British English), also known as estra-1,3,5(10)-triene, is an estrane steroid.

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Estriol (medication)

Estriol, sold under the brand name Ovestin among others, is an estrogen medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone which is used in menopausal hormone therapy.

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Estrone sulfate

Estrone sulfate (E1S), or estrone 3-sulfate, is a natural, endogenous steroid and an estrogen ester and conjugate.

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Estrone sulfate (medication)

Estrone sulfate (E1S) is an estrogen medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.

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Etazolate

Etazolate (SQ-20,009, EHT-0202) is an anxiolytic drug which is a pyrazolopyridine derivative and has unique pharmacological properties.

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Ethinylestradiol

Ethinylestradiol (EE) is an estrogen medication which is used widely in birth control pills in combination with progestins.

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Ethisterone

Ethisterone, also known as ethinyltestosterone, pregneninolone, and anhydrohydroxyprogesterone and formerly sold under the brand names Proluton C and Pranone among others, is a progestin medication which was used in the treatment of gynecological disorders but is now no longer available.

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Ethyl cinnamate

Ethyl cinnamate is the ester of cinnamic acid and ethanol.

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Ethyl eicosapentaenoic acid

Ethyl eicosapentaenoic acid (E-EPA, icosapent ethyl) is a derivative of the omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) that is used in combination with changes in diet to lower triglyceride levels in adults with severe (≥ 500 mg/dL) hypertriglyceridemia.

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Ethyl methyl cellulose

Ethyl methyl cellulose is a thickener, vegetable gum, foaming agent and emulsifier.

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Ethyldienolone

Ethyldienolone, also known as 17α-methyl-19-nor-δ9-testosterone, as well as 17α-methylestra-4,9-dien-17β-ol-3-one, is synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 19-nortestosterone.

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Ethylestrenol

Ethylestrenol, also known as ethyloestrenol or ethylnandrol and sold under the brand names Maxibolin and Orabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which has been used in the past for a variety of indications such as to promote weight gain and to treat anemia and osteoporosis but has been discontinued for use in humans.

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Etonogestrel

Etonogestrel is a progestin medication which is used as a means of birth control for women.

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Etynodiol diacetate

Etynodiol diacetate, or ethynodiol diacetate, sold under the brand names Demulen and Femulen among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills.

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Eudesmic acid

Eudesmic acid is an O-methylated trihydroxybenzoic acid.

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EVT-201

EVT-201 is a benzodiazepine derivative drug and partial positive allosteric modulator of the benzodiazepine site of the GABAA receptor.

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Fanapanel

Fanapanel (INN, code name ZK-200775), also known as MPQX, is a quinoxalinedione derivative drug which acts as a competitive antagonist of the AMPA receptor.

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Febrifugine

Febrifugine is a quinazolinone alkaloid first isolated from the Chinese herb Dichroa febrifuga, but also found in the garden plant Hydrangea.

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Fenbutrazate

Fenbutrazate (INN), also known as phenbutrazate (BAN), is a psychostimulant used as an appetite suppressant under the trade names Cafilon, Filon, and Sabacid in Europe, Japan, and Hong Kong.

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Fenmetramide

Fenmetramide is a drug which was patented as an antidepressant by McNeil Laboratories in the 1960s.

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Fenoldopam

Fenoldopam mesylate (Corlopam) is a drug and synthetic benzazepine derivative which acts as a selective D1 receptor partial agonist.

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Flopristin

Flopristin is a semi-synthetic antibiotic of the streptogramin A class.

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Fludrocortisone

Fludrocortisone, sold under the brand name Florinef among others, is a corticosteroid which is used to treat adrenogenital syndrome, postural hypotension, and adrenal insufficiency.

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Flugestone acetate

Flugestone acetate (abbreviated as FGA), sold under the brand name Cronolone among others, is a progestin medication which is used in veterinary medicine.

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Flumedroxone acetate

Flumedroxone acetate, sold under the brand names Demigran and Leomigran, is a progestogen medication which is or has been used as an antimigraine agent.

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Flunarizine

Flunarizine, sold under the brand name Sibelium among others, is a drug classified as a calcium antagonist which is used for various indications.

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Fluocortin butyl

Fluocortin butyl (brand names Lenen, Novoderm, Varlane, Vaspit), or fluocortin 21-butylate, is a synthetic glucocorticoid corticosteroid which is marketed in Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, Spain, and Italy.

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Fluorobenzene

Fluorobenzene is the chemical compound with the formula C6H5F, often abbreviated PhF.

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Fluoxymesterone

Fluoxymesterone, sold under the brand names Halotestin and Ultandren among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men, delayed puberty in boys, breast cancer in women, and anemia. It is taken by mouth. Side effects of fluoxymesterone include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire. It can also cause liver damage and cardiovascular side effects like high blood pressure. The drug is a synthetic androgen and anabolic steroid and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR), the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It has strong androgenic effects and moderate anabolic effects, which make it useful for producing masculinization. Fluoxymesterone was first described in 1956 and was introduced for medical use in 1957. In addition to its medical use, fluoxymesterone is used to improve physique and performance. The drug is a controlled substance in many countries and so non-medical use is generally illicit.

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Fulvestrant

Fulvestrant, sold under the brand name Faslodex among others, is a medication used to treat hormone receptor (HR)-positive metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women with disease progression as well as HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer in combination with palbociclib in women with disease progression after endocrine therapy.

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Furanochromone

Furanochromone is a chemical compound which is a derivative of chromone (1,4-benzopyrone) and furan.

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Furazabol

Furazabol (brand names Frazalon, Miotalon, Qu Zhi Shu), also known as androfurazanol, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid which has been marketed in Japan since 1969.

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Furfurylamine

Furfurylamine is an aromatic amine typically formed by the reductive amination of furfural with ammonia.

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Fursultiamine

Fursultiamine (INN; chemical name thiamine tetrahydrofurfuryl disulfide or TTFD; brand names Adventan, Alinamin-F, Benlipoid, Bevitol Lipophil, Judolor, Lipothiamine) is a medication and vitamin used to treat thiamine deficiency.

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Fusaric acid

Fusaric acid is a picolinic acid derivative.

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GABA analogue

A GABA analogue is a compound which is an analogue or derivative of the neurotransmitter gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) (the IUPAC of which is 4-aminobutanoic acid).

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Gabapentin

Gabapentin, sold under the brand name Neurontin among others, is a medication which is used to treat epilepsy (specifically partial seizures), neuropathic pain, hot flashes, and restless legs syndrome.

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Gabapentinoid

Gabapentinoids, also known as α2δ ligands, are a class of drugs that are derivatives of the inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (i.e., GABA analogues) which block α2δ subunit-containing voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs).

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Gacyclidine

Gacyclidine (GK-11) is a psychoactive drug which acts as a dissociative via functioning as a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist.

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Ganoderic acid

Ganoderic acids are a class of closely related triterpenoids (derivatives from lanosterol) found in Ganoderma mushrooms.

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Gattermann reaction

The Gattermann reaction, (also known as the Gattermann formylation and the Gattermann salicylaldehyde synthesis) is a chemical reaction in which aromatic compounds are formylated by hydrogen cyanide in the presence of a Friedel–Crafts catalyst (e.g. AlCl3).

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Geastrum triplex

Geastrum triplex is an inedible fungus which is found in the detritus and leaf litter of hardwood forests in many parts of the world.

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Gestadienol acetate

Gestadienol acetate (developmental code name CIBA-31458-Ba or CIBA-31458) an orally active progestin which was described in the literature in 1967 and was never marketed.

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Gestodene

Gestodene, sold under the brand names Femodene and Minulet among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills for women.

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Gestonorone caproate

Gestonorone caproate, also known as gestronol hexanoate or norhydroxyprogesterone caproate and sold under the brand names Depostat and Primostat, is a progestin medication which is used in the treatment of enlarged prostate and endometrial cancer.

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Gestrinone

Gestrinone, sold under the brand names Dimetrose and Nemestran among others, is a medication which is used in the treatment of endometriosis.

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Glucobrassicin

Glucobrassicin is a type of glucosinolate that can be found in almost all cruciferous plants, such as cabbages, broccoli, mustards, and woad.

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Glufimet

Glufimet (developmental code name RGPU-238), also known as dimethyl 3-phenylglutamate hydrochloride, is a derivative of glutamic acid (glutamate) which was developed in Russia and is related to the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivative phenibut (3-phenyl-GABA).

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Glycinamide

Glycinamide is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C2H6N2O.

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Glyphosate

Glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide and crop desiccant.

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Grifols

Grifols, S.A. is a European multinational pharmaceutical and chemical company from Catalonia, Spain.

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Gyromitrin

Gyromitrin is a toxin and carcinogen present in several members of the fungal genus Gyromitra, like G. esculenta.

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Haloprogesterone

Haloprogesterone, sold under the brand name Prohalone, is a progestin medication which was previously marketed by Ayerst but is now no longer available.

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Harmane

Harmane (harman) is a heterocyclic amine found in a variety of foods including coffee, sauces, and cooked meat.

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Herniarin

Herniarin is a natural chemical compound.

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Hexabromobenzene

Hexabromobenzene is an aromatic compound.

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Hexaiodobenzene

Hexaiodobenzene is a chemical compound with the formula C6I6.

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Hexamethylbenzene

Hexamethylbenzene, also known as mellitene, is a hydrocarbon with the molecular formula C12H18 and the condensed structural formula C6(CH3)6.

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Hexanoic acid

Hexanoic acid (caproic acid) is the carboxylic acid derived from hexane with the chemical formula.

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Homologous series

In organic chemistry, a homologous series is a series of compounds with the same functional group and similar chemical properties.

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Homotaurine

Homotaurine (3-amino-1-propanesulfonic acid (3-APS) or tramiprosate (INN)) is a natural organic compound found in seaweed.

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Hordenine

Hordenine (N,N-dimethyltyramine) is an alkaloid of the phenethylamine class that occurs naturally in a variety of plants, taking its name from one of the most common, barley (Hordeum species).

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Humulone

Humulone (α-lupulic acid), a vinylogous type of organic acid, is a bitter-tasting chemical compound found in the resin of mature hops (Humulus lupulus).

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Hydantoin

Hydantoin, or glycolylurea, is a heterocyclic organic compound with the formula CH2C(O)NHC(O)NH.

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Hydnellum aurantiacum

Hydnellum aurantiacum is an inedible fungus, commonly known as the orange spine or orange Hydnellum for its reddish orange or rusty red colored fruit bodies.

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Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone, also benzene-1,4-diol or quinol, is an aromatic organic compound that is a type of phenol, a derivative of benzene, having the chemical formula C6H4(OH)2.

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Hydroxyprogesterone acetate

Hydroxyprogesterone acetate (OHPA), sold under the brand name Prodox, is an orally active progestin related to hydroxyprogesterone caproate (OHPC) which has been used in clinical and veterinary medicine.

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Hydroxyprogesterone caproate

Hydroxyprogesterone caproate (OHPC), sold under the brand names Proluton and Makena among others, is a progestin medication which is used to prevent preterm birth in pregnant women with a history of the condition and to treat gynecological disorders.

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Hydroxystenozole

Hydroxystenozole, also known as 17α-methylandrost-4-enopyrazol-17β-ol, is an orally active androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of testosterone that was described in the literature in 1967 but was never marketed.

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Hydroxytertatolol

Hydroxytertatolol is a beta blocker.

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Hygrophoropsis

Hygrophoropsis is a genus of gilled fungi in the family Hygrophoropsidaceae.

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Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca

Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca, commonly known as the false chanterelle, is a species of fungus in the family Hygrophoropsidaceae.

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Hygrophorus eburneus

Hygrophorus eburneus, commonly known as the ivory waxy cap or the cowboy's handkerchief, is a species of edible mushroom in the waxgill family of fungi.

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Hypericin

Hypericin is a naphthodianthrone, an anthraquinone derivative which, together with hyperforin, is one of the principal active constituents of Hypericum (Saint John's wort).

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ICI-164384

ICI-164384, also known as N-n-butyl-N-methyl-11-(3,17β-dihydroxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-7α-yl)undecanamide, is a steroidal antiestrogen and a synthetic derivative of estradiol which is closely related to fulvestrant and was never marketed.

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Ilepcimide

Ilepcimide, also known as antiepilepserine, is a anticonvulsant.

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Imidocarb

Imidocarb is a urea derivative used in veterinary medicine as an antiprotozoal agent for the treatment of infection with Babesia (babesiosis) and other parasites.

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Imipramine

Imipramine, sold under the brand name Tofranil among others, is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) which is used mainly in the treatment of depression.

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Indorenate

Indorenate (TR-3369), is a tryptamine derivative which acts as an agonist at the 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B and 5-HT2C serotonin receptors.

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Iodocholesterol

Iodocholesterol, or 19-iodocholesterol, also as iodocholesterol (131I) (INN), is a derivative of cholesterol with an iodine atom in the C19 position and a radiopharmaceutical.

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Ipidacrine

Ipidacrine (Neiromidin) is a drug first synthesized by the National Research Center for Biologically Active Compounds in the Russian Federation.

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Isobutyl chloride

Isobutyl chloride (1-chloro-2-methylpropane) is a compound of chlorine, carbon, and hydrogen.

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Isocodeine

Isocodeine is an opioid research chemical related to codeine.

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Isocoumarin

Isocoumarin (1H-2-benzopyran-1-one; 3,4-benzo-2-pyrone) is a lactone, a type of natural organic compound.

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Isosorbide

Isosorbide is a bicyclic chemical compound from the group of diols and the oxygen-containing heterocycles, containing two fused furan rings.

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Isothiazolinone

Isothiazolinone (sometimes isothiazolone) is a heterocyclic chemical compound related to isothiazole.

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Β-LGND2

β-LGND2, also known as ERβ-selective ligand 2 or as GTx-878, is a synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen and selective ERβ agonist which was under development by GTx for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis, and rheumatoid arthritis but was never marketed.

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Jimscaline

Jimscaline (C-(4,5,6-trimethoxyindan-1-yl)methanamine) is a conformationally-restricted derivative of the cactus-derived hallucinogen mescaline, which was discovered in 2006 by a team at Purdue University led by David E. Nichols.

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JNJ-26990990

JNJ-26990990 is a broad-spectrum anticonvulsant drug currently under development by Janssen Pharmaceutica as a second-generation followup to the marketed drug topiramate.

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Kairine

Kairine is a derivative of tetrahydroquinoline which was first described by Wilhelm Fischer in 1883.

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Ketone

In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.

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Ketorolac

Ketorolac, sold under the brand name Toradol among others, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) in the family of heterocyclic acetic acid derivatives, used as an analgesic.

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Kukoamines

Kukoamines are chemicals that are present in some plants including Lycium chinense, potatoes, and tomatoes.

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Kynapcin

Skeletal formula of kynapcin-24 Kynapcin is a general name for a number of dibenzofuranyl derivatives of the molecule polyozellin, present in the fungus Polyozellus multiplex.

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Lactarius sanguifluus

Lactarius sanguifluus, commonly known as the bloody milk cap, is a species of fungus in the family Russulaceae.

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Lactarius torminosus

Lactarius torminosus, commonly known as the woolly milkcap or the bearded milkcap, is a large agaric fungus.

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Lactifluus volemus

Lactifluus volemus, formerly known as Lactarius volemus, is a species of fungus in the family Russulaceae.

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Lenalidomide

Lenalidomide (trade name Revlimid) is a derivative of thalidomide introduced in 2004.

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Levonorgestrel

Levonorgestrel is a hormonal medication which is used in a number of birth control methods.

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LG-120907

LG-120907 is a nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA) of the quinoline group which was developed by Ligand Pharmaceuticals along with selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) like LG-121071 and was never marketed.

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Liquid crystal

Liquid crystals (LCs) are matter in a state which has properties between those of conventional liquids and those of solid crystals.

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List of androgens/anabolic steroids

This is a list of androgens/anabolic steroids (AAS) or testosterone derivatives.

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List of androgens/anabolic steroids (alternate)

This is a list of androgens/anabolic steroids (AAS) or testosterone derivatives.

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List of androstanes

This is a list of androstanes, or androstane derivatives.

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List of cocaine analogues

This is a list of cocaine analogues.

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List of corticosteroids

This is a list of corticosteroids (glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids) or derivatives of cortisol (hydrocortisone).

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List of estrogens

This is a list of steroidal estrogens or derivatives of estradiol, estrone, and estriol.

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List of progestogen esters

This is a list of progestogen esters, or esters of progestogens.

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List of progestogens

This is a list of progestogens that are or that have been used in clinical or veterinary medicine.

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Lometraline

Lometraline (INN; developmental code name CP-14,368) is a drug and an aminotetralin derivative.

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Lynestrenol

Lynestrenol, sold under the brand names Exluton and Ministat among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills and in the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Malolactic fermentation

Malolactic fermentation (also known as malolactic conversion or MLF) is a process in winemaking in which tart-tasting malic acid, naturally present in grape must, is converted to softer-tasting lactic acid.

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MDMAT

MDMAT (6,7-methylenedioxy-N-methyl-2-aminotetralin) is a putative, non-neurotoxic, selective serotonin releasing agent (SSRA) and entactogen drug.

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Mebolazine

Mebolazine (brand names Dostalon and Roxilon; also known as dimethazine, dymethazine, di(methasterone) azine, or 2α,17α-dimethyl-5α-androstan-17β-ol-3-one azine) is a synthetic, orally active androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which is no longer marketed.

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Medrogestone

Medrogestone, sold under the brand name Colprone among others, is a progestin medication which has been used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Medroxyprogesterone

Medroxyprogesterone (MP), is a progestin which is not used medically.

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Medroxyprogesterone acetate

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), sold under the brand name Depo-Provera among others, is a hormonal medication of the progestin type.

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Megestrol acetate

Megestrol acetate (MGA), sold under the brand name Megace among others, is a progestin medication which is used mainly as an appetite stimulant to treat wasting syndromes such as cachexia.

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Megestrol caproate

Megestrol caproate, abbreviated as MGC, is a progestin medication which was never marketed.

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Melengestrol acetate

Melengestrol acetate (MLGA), sold under the brand names Heifermax and MGA among others, is a progestin medication which is used in veterinary medicine.

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Mepitiostane

Mepitiostane, sold under the brand name Thioderon, is an orally active antiestrogen and anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) of the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) group which is marketed in Japan as an antineoplastic agent for the treatment of breast cancer.

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Meseclazone

Meseclazone (W-2395), also known as 2-methylseclazone, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) developed in the 1970s.

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Mestanolone

Mestanolone, also known as methylandrostanolone and sold under the brand names Androstalone and Ermalone among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is mostly no longer used.

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Mesterolone

Mesterolone, sold under the brand name Proviron among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels.

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Mestranol

Mestranol, sold under the brand names Enovid, Norinyl, and Ortho-Novum among others, is an estrogen medication which has been used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and the treatment of menstrual disorders.

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Met-enkephalin

Met-enkephalin, also known as metenkefalin (INN), sometimes referred to as opioid growth factor (OGF), is a naturally occurring, endogenous opioid peptide that has opioid effects of a relatively short duration.

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Metal carbonyl

Metal carbonyls are coordination complexes of transition metals with carbon monoxide ligands.

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Metalloprotease inhibitor

Metalloprotease inhibitors are cellular inhibitors of the Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs).

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Metandienone

Metandienone, also known as methandienone or methandrostenolone and sold under the brand name Dianabol among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is mostly no longer used.

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Metenolone

Metenolone, or methenolone, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) which is used in the form of esters such as metenolone acetate (brand name Primobolan, Nibal) and metenolone enanthate (brand name Primobolan Depot, Nibal Injection).

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Metenolone acetate

Metenolone acetate, or methenolone acetate, sold under the brand names Primobolan and Nibal, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of anemia due to bone marrow failure.

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Metenolone enanthate

Metenolone enanthate, or methenolone enanthate, sold under the brand names Primobolan Depot and Nibal Injection, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of anemia due to bone marrow failure.

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Methallenestril

Methallenestril (brand names Cur-men, Ercostrol, Geklimon, Novestrine, Vallestril), also known as methallenoestril and as methallenestrol, as well as Horeau's acid, is a synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen and a derivative of allenolic acid and allenestrol (specifically, a methyl ether of it) that was formerly used to treat menstrual issues but is now no longer marketed.

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Methandriol bisenanthoyl acetate

Methandriol bisenanthoyl acetate (brand name Notandron-Depot), or methylandrostenediol bisenanthoyl acetate, also known as 17α-methylandrost-5-ene-3,17β-diol 3,17β-di(3-oxononanoate), is a synthetic, injected anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 5-androstenediol.

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Methandriol diacetate

Methandriol diacetate, or methylandrostenediol diacetate, also known as 17α-methylandrost-5-ene-3,17β-diol 3,17β-diacetate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 5-androstenediol that was never marketed.

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Methandriol dipropionate

Methandriol dipropionate (brand names Arbolic, Durabolic, Or-Bolic, Probolik, Protabolin), or methylandrostenediol dipropionate, also known as 17α-methylandrost-5-ene-3,17-diol 3,17β-dipropionate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 5-androstenediol.

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Methandriol propionate

Methandriol propionate (brand name Metilbisexovis), or methylandrostenediol propionate, also known as 17α-methylandrost-5-ene-3,17β-diol 3-propionate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 5-androstenediol that is or was marketed by Vister in Italy.

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Methasterone

Methasterone, also known as methyldrostanolone and known by the nickname Superdrol, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) which was never marketed for medical use.

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Methitural

Methitural (INN; Neraval, Thiogenal), or methitural sodium, also known as methioturiate, is a barbiturate derivative which was marketed in the 1950s in Europe (in Germany and Italy) as an ultra-short-acting intravenous anesthetic.

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Methoxetamine

Methoxetamine, abbreviated as MXE, is a dissociative hallucinogen that has been sold as a designer drug.

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Methyl vinyl ketone

Methyl vinyl ketone (MVK, IUPAC name: butenone) is the organic compound with the formula CH3C(O)CH.

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Methyl-MMDA-2

N-Methyl-2-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxyamphetamine (methyl-MMDA-2; 6-methoxy-MDMA) is a psychedelic drug of the amphetamine class.

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Methyldiazinol

Methyldiazinol (also known as 3,3-azo-17α-methyl-5α-dihydrotestosterone, 3-azi-17α-methyl-DHT, or 3,3-azo-17α-methyl-5α-androstan-17β-ol) is a synthetic and orally active androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) which was never marketed.

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Methyldienolone

Methyldienolone (developmental code name RU-3467), also known as 17α-methyl-19-nor-δ9-testosterone, as well as 17α-methylestra-4,9-dien-17β-ol-3-one, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 19-nortestosterone.

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Methylecgonine cinnamate

Methylecgonine cinnamate is a natural tropane alkaloid found within the coca plant.

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Methylene blue

Methylene blue, also known as methylthioninium chloride, is a medication and dye.

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Methylenedioxyallylamphetamine

Methylenedioxyallylamphetamine (MDAL or 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-allylamphetamine) is a lesser-known psychedelic drug.

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Methylepitiostanol

Methylepitiostanol, known by the nicknames Epistane, Hemapolin, Havoc, and Epi Plex, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) of the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) group which was first described in the literature in 1974 but was never marketed for medical use.

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Methylestradiol

Methylestradiol, sold under the brand names Ginecosid, Ginecoside, Mediol, and Renodiol, is an estrogen medication which is used in the treatment of menopausal symptoms.

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Methylhydroxynandrolone

Methylhydroxynandrolone (MOHN, MHN), also known as 4-hydroxy-17α-methyl-19-nortestosterone, as well as 4,17β-dihydroxy-17α-methylestr-4-en-3-one, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was never marketed.

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Methylphenylpiracetam

Methylphenylpiracetam is a derivative of piracetam and a positive allosteric modulator of the sigma-1 receptor.

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Methylstenbolone

Methylstenbolone, known by the nicknames M-Sten, Methyl-Sten, and Ultradrol, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-methylated derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which was never introduced for medical use.

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Methyltestosterone

Methyltestosterone, sold under the brand names Android, Metandren, and Testred among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men, delayed puberty in boys, at low doses as a component of menopausal hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms like hot flashes, osteoporosis, and low sexual desire in women, and to treat breast cancer in women.

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Metiapine

Metiapine is a typical antipsychotic medication of the dibenzothiazepine group.

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Metribolone

Metribolone (developmental code name R1881), also known as methyltrienolone, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) derivative which was never marketed for medical use but has been widely used in scientific research as a hot ligand in androgen receptor (AR) ligand binding assays (LBAs) and as a photoaffinity label for the AR.

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Mexedrone

Mexedrone is a stimulant drug of the cathinone class that has been sold online as a designer drug.

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Mibolerone

Mibolerone, also known as dimethylnortestosterone (DMNT) and sold under the brand names Cheque Drops and Matenon, is a synthetic, orally active, and extremely potent anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) derivative which was marketed by Upjohn for use as a veterinary drug.

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Mifepristone

Mifepristone, also known as RU-486, is a medication typically used in combination with misoprostol, to bring about an abortion.

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Miproxifene

Miproxifene (INN) (former developmental code name DP-TAT-59) is a nonsteroidal selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) of the triphenylethylene group that was never marketed.

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Miproxifene phosphate

Miproxifene phosphate (former developmental code name TAT-59) is a nonsteroidal selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) of the triphenylethylene group that was under development in Japan for the treatment of breast cancer but was abandoned and never marketed.

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Mitotane

Mitotane, sold under the brand name Lysodren, is a steroidogenesis inhibitor and cytostatic antineoplastic medication which is used in the treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma and Cushing's syndrome.

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Mitragynine

Mitragynine is an indole-based opioid-receptor agonist and the most abundant active alkaloid in the plant Mitragyna speciosa, commonly known as kratom and biak-biak.

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Modified starch

Modified starch, also called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties.

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Molecular-weight size marker

A molecular-weight size marker, also referred to as a protein ladder, DNA ladder, or RNA ladder, is a set of standards that are used to identify the approximate size of a molecule run on a gel during electrophoresis, using the principle that molecular weight is inversely proportional to migration rate through a gel matrix.

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Mono-BOC-cystamine

Mono-BOC-cystamine (mono BOC protected cystamine) is a ''tert''-butyloxycarbonyl (BOC) derivative of cystamine used as crosslinker in biotechnology and molecular biology applications.

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Moronic acid

Moronic acid (3-oxoolean-18-en-28-oic acid) is a natural triterpene.

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Morphine methylbromide

Morphine methylbromide (Morphine methobromide, Morphine bromomethylate, Morphosan) a derivative of morphine.

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Morphine-N-oxide

Morphine-N-oxide (genomorphine) is an active opioid metabolite of morphine.

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Moxestrol

Moxestrol, sold under the brand name Surestryl, is an estrogen medication which is or was used in Europe for the treatment of menopausal symptoms and menstrual disorders.

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MP-2001

MP-2001, also known as 2,3,4-trimethoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17β-ol or 2,4-dimethoxyestradiol 3-methyl ether, is a steroid and derivative of estradiol that was described in 1966 and is devoid of estrogenic activity but produces potent analgesic effects in animals.

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Murexide test

The murexide test is an analytical technique to identify the presence of caffeine and other purine derivatives in a sample.

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Myo-inositol trispyrophosphate

Myo-inositol trispyrophosphate (ITPP) is an inositol phosphate, a pyrophosphate, a drug candidate, and a putative performance-enhancing substance, which exerts its biological effects by increasing tissue oxygenation.

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N-2′-Indolylnaltrexamine

N-2′-Indolylnaltrexamine (INTA) is an opioid and derivative of β-naltrexamine.

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N-Acetylmescaline

N-Acetylmescaline is a mescaline derivative found in trace quantities in peyote (Lophophora williamsii).

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N-Methyl-L-glutamic acid

N-Methyl-L-glutamic acid (methylglutamate) is a chemical derivative of glutamic acid in which a methyl group has been added to the amino group.

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N-Methylaniline

N-Methylaniline (NMA) is an aniline derivative.

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N-Methylephedrine

N-Methylephedrine is a derivative of ephedrine.

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N-Methylpseudoephedrine

N-Methylpseudoephedrine is a stimulant.

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N-Methylserotonin

N-Methylserotonin is a tryptamine alkaloid.

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Naloxegol

Naloxegol (INN; PEGylated naloxol; trade names Movantik and Moventig) is a peripherally selective opioid antagonist developed by AstraZeneca, licensed from Nektar Therapeutics, for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation.

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Naloxone

Naloxone, sold under the brandname Narcan among others, is a medication used to block the effects of opioids, especially in overdose.

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Nandrolone

Nandrolone, also known as 19-nortestosterone, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) which is used in the form of esters such as nandrolone decanoate (brand name Deca-Durabolin) and nandrolone phenylpropionate (brand name Durabolin).

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Nandrolone acetate

Nandrolone acetate, also known as 19-nortestosterone 17β-acetate or as estr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-acetate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) that was never marketed.

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Nandrolone decanoate

Nandrolone decanoate, sold under the brand name Deca-Durabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used primarily in the treatment of anemias and wasting syndromes, as well as osteoporosis in menopausal women.

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Nandrolone formate

Nandrolone formate, also known as nandrolone carboxylate or nandrolone methanoate, as well as 19-nortestosterone 17β-formate or estr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-formate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) that was never marketed.

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Nandrolone phenylpropionate

Nandrolone phenylpropionate (NPP), or nandrolone phenpropionate, sold under the brand name Durabolin among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which has been used primarily in the treatment of breast cancer and osteoporosis in women.

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Naphthylpiperazine

1-(1-Naphthyl)piperazine (1-NP) is a drug which is a phenylpiperazine derivative.

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Naproxcinod

Naproxcinod (nitronaproxen) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) developed by the French pharmaceutical company NicOx.

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Narcotic

The term narcotic (from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties.

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Nisterime

Nisterime, also known as 2α-chloro-4,5α-dihydrotestosterone 3-O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime or as 2α-chloro-5α-androstan-17β-ol-3-one 3-O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime, is a synthetic anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) that was never marketed.

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Nisterime acetate

Nisterime acetate (USAN) (developmental code name ORF-9326), also known as 2α-chloro-4,5α-dihydrotestosterone O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime 17β-acetate or as 2α-chloro-5α-androstan-17β-ol-3-one O-(p-nitrophenyl)oxime 17β-acetate, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) that was developed as a postcoital contraceptive but was never marketed.

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Nitroalkene

A nitroalkene, or nitro olefin, is a functional group combining the functionality of its constituent parts, an alkene and nitro group, while displaying its own chemical properties through alkene activation, making the functional group useful in specialty reactions such as the Michael reaction or Diels-Alder additions.

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Nitrosoproline

Nitrosoproline is a nitroso derivative of the amino acid proline.

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NM-2-AI

NM-2-AI (N-methyl-2-aminoindane) is a psychoactive drug and research chemical that has been sold online as a designer drug.

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NNC 45-0095

NC 45-0095 is a synthetic nonsteroidal selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) which was under development by Novo Nordisk for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis but was never marketed.

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Nomegestrol acetate

Nomegestrol acetate (NOMAC), sold under the brand names Lutenyl and Zoely among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and for the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Nopaline

Nopaline is a chemical compound derived from the amino acids glutamic acid and arginine.

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Nor-

In chemical nomenclature, nor- is a prefix to name a structural analog that can be derived from a parent compound by the removal of one carbon atom along with the accompanying hydrogen atoms.

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Norbadione A

Norbadione A is a pigment found in the bay bolete mushroom (Boletus badius).

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Norclostebol acetate

Norclostebol acetate (brand name Anabol 4-19), or norchlorotestosterone acetate (NClTA), also known as 4-chloro-19-nortestosterone 17β-acetate or as 4-chloroestr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one, is a synthetic, injectable anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone).

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Norelgestromin

Norelgestromin, or norelgestromine, sold under the brand names Evra and Ortho Evra among others, is a progestin medication which is used as a method of birth control for women.

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Norethandrolone

Norethandrolone, sold under the brand names Nilevar and Pronabol among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which has been used to promote muscle growth and to treat severe burns, physical trauma, and aplastic anemia but has mostly been discontinued.

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Norethisterone

Norethisterone, also known as norethindrone and sold under the brand names Aygestin and Primolut N among many others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and for the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Norethisterone acetate

Norethisterone acetate (NETA), also known as norethindrone acetate and sold under the brand name Primolut-Nor among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills, menopausal hormone therapy, and for the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Norethisterone enanthate

Norethisterone enanthate (NETE), also known as norethindrone enanthate, is a form of progestogen-only injectable birth control.

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Noretynodrel

Noretynodrel, or norethynodrel, sold under the brand name Enovid among others, is a progestin medication which was previously used in birth control pills and in the treatment of gynecological disorders but is now no longer marketed. It was available both alone and in combination with an estrogen. The medication is taken by mouth. Noretynodrel is a progestin, or a synthetic progestogen, and hence is an agonist of the progesterone receptor, the biological target of progestogens like progesterone. It is a relatively weak progestogen. The medication has weak estrogenic activity, no or only very weak androgenic activity, and no other important hormonal activity. It is a prodrug of various active metabolites in the body, such as norethisterone among others. Noretynodrel was introduced for medical use in 1957. It was specifically approved at this time in combination with mestranol for the treatment of gynecological and menstrual disorders. Subsequently, in 1960, this formulation was approved for use as a birth control pill. It was the first birth control pill to be introduced, and was followed by birth control pills containing norethisterone and other progestins shortly thereafter. Due to its nature as a relatively weak progestogen, noretynodrel is no longer used in medicine. As such, it is no longer marketed.

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Norgesterone

Norgesterone, also known as norvinodrel or vinylestrenolone and sold under the brand name Vestalin, is a progestin medication which was formerly used in birth control pills for women but is now no longer marketed.

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Norgestimate

Norgestimate, sold under the brand names Ortho Tri-Cyclen and Previfem among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills for women and in menopausal hormone therapy.

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Norgestomet

Norgestomet, or norgestamet, sold under the brand name Syncro-Mate B and Crestar, is a progestin medication which is used in veterinary medicine to control estrus and ovulation in cattle.

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Norgestrel

Norgestrel, sold under the brand name Ovral among others, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control pills and in menopausal hormone therapy.

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Norgestrienone

Norgestrienone, sold under the brand names Ogyline, Planor, and Miniplanor, is a progestin medication which has been used in birth control pills, sometimes in combination with ethinylestradiol.

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Normethandrone

Normethandrone, also known as methylestrenolone or methylnortestosterone and sold under the brand name Metalutin among others, is a progestin and androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in combination with an estrogen in the treatment of amenorrhea and menopausal symptoms in women.

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Norvinisterone

Norvinisterone, sold under the brand names Neoprogestin and Nor-Progestelea, is a progestin and androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which was used in Europe but is now no longer marketed.

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O6-Benzylguanine

O6-Benzylguanine (O6-BG) is a synthetic derivative of guanine.

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Octopine

Octopine is a derivative of the amino acids arginine and alanine.

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Ombrabulin

Ombrabulin was an experimental drug candidate discovered by Ajinomoto and further developed by Sanofi-Aventis.

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Opipramol

Opipramol, sold under the brand name Insidon among others, is an anxiolytic and antidepressant which is used throughout Europe.

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Oplopanax japonicus

Oplopanax japonicus (Nakai) is deciduous shrub that can grow as high as tall.

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Orphenadrine

Orphenadrine (sold under many brand names worldwide Page accessed Feb 5, 2016) is an anticholinergic drug of the ethanolamine antihistamine class; it is closely related to diphenhydramine.

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Orthosiphon stamineus

Orthosiphon stamineus is a herb that is widely grown in tropical areas.

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Osaterone acetate

Osaterone acetate, sold under the brand name Ypozane, is a medication which is used in veterinary medicine in Europe in the treatment of enlarged prostate in dogs.

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Osthol

Osthol is a chemical compound which is a derivative of coumarin.

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Oxabolone cipionate

Oxabolone cipionate (brand names Steranabol Depo, Steranabol Ritardo; former developmental code name FI-5852), or oxabolone cypionate, also known as 4-hydroxy-19-nortestosterone 17β-cypionate or estr-4-en-4,17β-diol-3-one 17β-cypionate, is synthetic and injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which has been marketed in Europe.

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Oxandrolone

Oxandrolone, sold under the brand names Oxandrin and Anavar among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used to help promote weight gain in various situations, to help offset protein catabolism caused by long-term corticosteroid therapy, to support recovery from severe burns, to treat bone pain associated with osteoporosis, to aid in the development of girls with Turner syndrome, and for other indications.

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Oxathiazolone

The oxathiazolones are a family of heterocyclic compounds in which the parent derivative has the molecular formula C2HNO2S.

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Oxendolone

Oxendolone, sold under the brand names Prostetin and Roxenone, is an antiandrogen and progestin medication which is used in Japan in the treatment of enlarged prostate.

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Oxymetholone

Oxymetholone, sold under the brand names Anadrol and Anapolon among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used primarily in the treatment of anemia.

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Oxypertine

Oxypertine (Equipertine, Forit, Integrin, Lanturil, Lotawin, Opertil) is an antipsychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia.

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Oxyphenisatine

Oxyphenisatine (or oxyphenisatin) is a laxative.

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Panchromatic film

Panchromatic emulsion is a type of black-and-white photographic emulsion that is sensitive to all wavelengths of visible light.

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Parent hydride

In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent hydride is an unbranched acyclic or cyclic structure to which only hydrogen atoms are attached.

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PDE5 inhibitor

A phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5 inhibitor) is a drug used to block the degradative action of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) on cyclic GMP in the smooth muscle cells lining the blood vessels supplying the corpus cavernosum of the penis.

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Pegvaliase

Pegvaliase (trade name Palynziq) is a drug for the treatment of the genetic disease phenylketonuria.

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Pentacyanocyclopentadiene

Pentacyanocyclopentadiene is a derivative of cyclopentadiene with five cyano groups with the molecular formula C5H(CN)5.

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Perovskia atriplicifolia

Perovskia atriplicifolia, commonly called Russian sage, is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant and subshrub.

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Peroxide (disambiguation)

Peroxide may refer to.

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Phallus indusiatus

Phallus indusiatus, commonly called the bamboo fungus, bamboo pith, long net stinkhorn, crinoline stinkhorn or veiled lady, is a fungus in the family Phallaceae, or stinkhorns.

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Phellinus ellipsoideus

Phellinus ellipsoideus (formerly Fomitiporia ellipsoidea) is a species of polypore fungus in the family Hymenochaetaceae, a specimen of which produced the largest fungal fruit body ever recorded.

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Phellodendron amurense

Phellodendron amurense is a species of tree in the family Rutaceae, commonly called the Amur cork tree.

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Phellodendron chinense

Phellodendron chinense is a plant species in the genus Phellodendron.

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Phenethylamine

Phenethylamine (PEA) is an organic compound, natural monoamine alkaloid, and trace amine which acts as a central nervous system stimulant in humans.

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Phenibut

Phenibut, sold under the brand names Anvifen, Fenibut, and Noofen among others, is a central nervous system depressant with anxiolytic and sedative effects which is used in the treatment of anxiety, insomnia, and for a variety of other indications.

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Phenobarbital

Phenobarbital, also known as phenobarbitone or phenobarb, is a medication recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment of certain types of epilepsy in developing countries.

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Phenol

Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.

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Phenylisobutylamine

Phenylisobutylamine, also known as α-ethylphenethylamine, Butanphenamine, B or AEPEA, is a stimulant drug of the phenethylamine class.

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Phenylpiperazine

1-Phenylpiperazine is a simple chemical compound featuring a phenyl group bound to a piperazine ring.

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Phenylpiracetam hydrazide

Phenylpiracetam hydrazide, also known as fonturacetam hydrazide, is a designer drug that is a derivative of phenylpiracetam in which the amide group is replaced with a hydrazide group.

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Phorbol esters

Phorbol esters are a class of chemical compounds found in a variety of plants, particularly in the Euphorbiaceae and Thymelaeaceae families.

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Phosphoramide

Phosphoramide is a chemical compound with the molecular formula P(.

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Photobiotin

Photobiotin is a derivative of biotin used as a biochemical tool.

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Picoline

Picoline refers to three different methylpyridine isomers, all with the chemical formula C6H7N and a molar mass of 93.13 g mol−1.

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PiHKAL

PiHKAL: A Chemical Love Story is a book by Dr.

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PIM-35

PIM-35, also known as 5-methoxyindolyl-2-methylamine, is a drug which is an indole derivative with a similar chemical structure to that of serotonin.

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Pirandamine

Pirandamine (AY-23,713) is a tricyclic derivative which acts as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI).

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Piribedil

Piribedil (trade names Pronoran, Trivastal Retard, Trastal, Trivastan, Clarium and others) is an antiparkinsonian agent and piperazine derivative which acts as a D2 and D3 receptor agonist.

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Plant sources of anti-cancer agents

Plant sources of anti-cancer agents are plants, the derivatives of which have been shown to be usable for the treatment or prevention of cancer in humans.

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Platonic hydrocarbon

A Platonic hydrocarbon is a hydrocarbon (molecule) whose structure matches one of the five Platonic solids, with carbon atoms replacing its vertices, carbon–carbon bonds replacing its edges, and hydrogen atoms as needed.

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Polyethylene naphthalate

Polyethylene naphthalate (poly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalate or PEN) is a polyester derived from naphthalene-2,6-dicarboxylic acid and ethylene glycol. As such it is related to poly(ethylene)terephthalate, but with superior barrier properties.

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Polyketide

Polyketides are a class of secondary metabolites produced by certain living organisms in order to impart to them some survival advantage.

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Polyozellin

Polyozellin is a chemical which occurs in the mushroom Polyozellus multiplex.

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Polyozellus

Polyozellus is a fungal genus in the family Thelephoraceae, a grouping of mushrooms known collectively as the leathery earthfans.

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Pomalidomide

Pomalidomide (INN; marketed as Pomalyst in the U.S. and Imnovid in the EU and Russia) is a derivative of thalidomide marketed by Celgene.

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Prazepam

Prazepam is a benzodiazepine derivative drug developed by Warner-Lambert in the 1960s.

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Precursor (chemistry)

In chemistry, a precursor is a compound that participates in a chemical reaction that produces another compound.

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Prednisolone

Prednisolone is a steroid medication used to treat certain types of allergies, inflammatory conditions, autoimmune disorders, and cancers.

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Prednisone

Prednisone is a synthetic glucocorticoid drug that is mostly used to suppress the immune system.

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Pregabalin

Pregabalin, marketed under the brand name Lyrica among others, is a medication used to treat epilepsy, neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and generalized anxiety disorder.

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Pregnanolone

Pregnanolone, also known as eltanolone, is an endogenous neurosteroid that is biosynthesized from progesterone.

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Pregnenolone

Pregnenolone (P5), or pregn-5-en-3β-ol-20-one, is an endogenous steroid and precursor/metabolic intermediate in the biosynthesis of most of the steroid hormones, including the progestogens, androgens, estrogens, glucocorticoids, and mineralocorticoids.

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Pregnenolone sulfate

Pregnenolone sulfate (PS, PREGS) is an endogenous excitatory neurosteroid that is synthesized from pregnenolone.

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PRL-8-53

PRL-8-53 is a nootropic research chemical derived from benzoic acid and phenylmethylamine (Benzylamine) that has been shown to act as a hypermnesic drug in humans; it was first synthesized by medical chemistry professor Nikolaus Hansl at Creighton University in the 1970s as part of his work on amino ethyl meta benzoic acid esters.

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Product (chemistry)

Products are the species formed from chemical reactions.

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Profenamine

Profenamine (INN; also known as ethopropazine (BAN); trade names Parsidol, Parsidan, Parkin) is a phenothiazine derivative used as an antiparkinsonian agent that has anticholinergic, antihistamine, and antiadrenergic actions.

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Progesterone 3-oxime

Progesterone 3-oxime (P4-3-O), also known as 3-(hydroxyimino)pregn-4-en-3-one, is a progesterone derivative which was never marketed.

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Progesterone dioxime

Progesterone dioxime, or progesterone 3,20-dioxime (P4-3,20-DO), also known as 3,20-di(hydroxyimino)pregn-4-en-3-one, is a progesterone derivative which was never marketed.

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Progestin

A progestin is a type of medication which is used most commonly in hormonal birth control and menopausal hormone therapy.

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Progestogen ester

A progestogen ester is an ester of a progestogen or progestin (a synthetic progestogen).

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Proligestone

Proligestone, sold under the brand names Covinan and Delvosteron, is a progestin medication which is used in veterinary medicine.

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Promegestone

Promegestone, sold under the brand name Surgestone, is a progestin medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the treatment of gynecological disorders.

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Propetandrol

Propetandrol (brand name Solevar; former developmental code name SC-7294), or propethandrol, also known as 17α-ethyl-19-nortestosterone 3β-propionate or 17α-ethyl-19-nor-4-androstenediol 3β-propionate, as well as 17α-ethylestr-4-en-3β,17β-diol 3β-propionate, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and progestogen and a 17α-alkylated derivative of 19-nortestosterone.

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Propylbarbital

Propylbarbital (Propal, Propanal, Proponal), also known as 5,5-dipropylbarbituric acid, is a barbiturate derivative used as a hypnotic drug.

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Prostanoic acid

Prostanoic acid (7-heptanoic acid) is a saturated fatty acid which contains a cyclopentane ring.

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Prosultiamine

Prosultiamine (INN; also known as thiamine propyl disulfide or TPD; brand name Jubedel) is a disulfide thiamine derivative discovered in garlic in Japan in the 1950s, and is a homolog of allithiamine.

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Protein (nutrient)

Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body.

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Protocol Bringing under International Control Drugs outside the Scope of the Convention of 13 July 1931 for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs

The Protocol bringing under International Control Drugs Outside of the Scope of the 1931 Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs, signed in 1948, was a drug control treaty designed to eliminate some of the loopholes associate with its predecessor treaty, the 1931 Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating the Distribution of Narcotic Drugs.

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Pseudoisoeugenol

Pseudoisoeugenol is a naturally occurring phenylpropene and an isomer of eugenol.

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Pseudoproline

Pseudoproline (also pseudo-proline, ψ-Pro) derivatives are artificially created dipeptides to minimize aggregation during FMOC solid-phase synthesis of peptides.

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Psoralidin

Psoralidin is a natural phenolic compound found in the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia.

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Pulvinone

Pulvinone, an organic compound belonging to the esters, lactones, alcohols and butenolides classes, is a yellow crystalline solid.

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Pyridinylpiperazine

1-(2-Pyridinyl)piperazine is a chemical compound and piperazine derivative.

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Pyrimidinylpiperazine

1-(2-Pyrimidinyl)piperazine (1-PP, 1-PmP) is a chemical compound and piperazine derivative.

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Quifenadine

Quifenadine (хифенадин, trade name: Phencarol, Фенкарол) is a 2nd generation antihistamine drug, marketed mainly in post-Soviet countries.

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Quinbolone

Quinbolone, sold under the brand names Anabolicum and Anabolvis, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) which was previously marketed in Italy.

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Quingestanol acetate

Quingestanol acetate, sold under the brand names Demovis and Pilomin among others, is a progestin which was used in birth control pills but is no longer marketed.

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Quingestrone

Quingestrone, also known as progesterone 3-cyclopentyl enol ether (PCPE) and sold under the brand name Enol-Luteovis, is a progestin medication which was previously used in birth control pills in Italy but is now no longer marketed.

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Quinoline

Quinoline is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound with the chemical formula C9H7N.

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R7 (drug)

R7 is a small-molecule flavonoid and orally active, potent, and selective agonist of the tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) – the main signaling receptor for the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) – which is under development for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. It is a structural modification and prodrug of 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) with improved potency and pharmacokinetics, namely oral bioavailability and duration. R7 was synthesized by the same researchers who were involved in the discovery of 7,8-DHF. A patent was filed for R7 in 2013 and was published in 2015. In 2016, it was reported to be in the preclinical stage of development. R7 was superseded by R13 because while R7 had a good drug profile in animals, it showed almost no conversion into 7,8-DHF in human liver microsomes. In 2010, 7,8-DHF, a naturally occurring flavonoid, was found to act as an agonist of the TrkB with nanomolar affinity (Kd ≈ 320 nM). Subsequently, 7,8-DHF demonstrated robust efficacy in animal models of Alzheimer's disease and a variety of other conditions, making it a highly promising potential therapeutic agent. Unfortunately, due to the presence of a vulnerable catechol group on its 2-phenyl-4H-chromene ring, 7,8-DHF is extensively conjugated via glucuronidation, sulfation, and methylation during first-pass metabolism in the liver and has a poor oral bioavailability of only 5% in mice upon oral administration. As such, 7,8-DHF itself is a poor candidate for clinical development as an oral medication. R7 is a derivative of 7,8-DHF with carbamate moieties on its hydroxyl groups, thereby protecting it from metabolism. As R7 is a slightly larger molecule than 7,8-DHF, 72.5 mg R7 is molecularly equivalent to 50 mg 7,8-DHF. Relative to a roughly molecularly equivalent dose of 7,8-DHF, the area-under-curve levels of R7 were found to be 7.2-fold higher upon oral administration to mice, and R7 hence has a greatly improved oral bioavailability in mice of approximately 35%. Moreover, whereas 7,8-DHF itself is mostly metabolized in mice within 30 minutes, 7,8-DHF was still detectable in plasma at 8 hours after administration with R7, indicating that R7 sustainably releases 7,8-DHF into circulation. In accordance, the terminal half-life of R7 is about 195 minutes (3.25 hours) in mice. The Tmax of R7 is about 60 minutes in mice, and its Cmax for a 78 mg/kg dose was 262 ng/mL, whereas that for a 50 mg/kg dose of 7,8-DHF was 70 ng/mL. Like 7,8-DHF, administration of R7 has been found to activate the TrkB in vivo in the mouse brain. Moreover, R7 was found to potently activate the TrkB and the downstream Akt signaling pathway upon oral administration, an action that was tightly correlated with plasma concentrations of 7,8-DHF. As such, R7 has shown in vivo efficacy as an agonist of the TrkB, including central activity, similarly to 7,8-DHF.

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Ralaniten

Ralaniten (developmental code name EPI-002) is an N-terminal domain antiandrogen which was never marketed.

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Ralaniten acetate

Ralaniten acetate (developmental code name EPI-506) is an experimental nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA) which was developed by ESSA Pharmaceuticals and was under investigation for the treatment of prostate cancer.

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Raloxifene

Raloxifene, developed by Eli Lilly in 1997 and sold under the brand name Evista among others, is a medication which is used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women and to reduce the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis or at high risk for breast cancer.

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Raseglurant

Raseglurant (INN) (code name ADX-10059) is a negative allosteric modulator of the mGlu5 receptor and derivative of MPEP which was under development by Addex Therapeutics for the treatment of migraine, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and dental anxiety.

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RD-162

RD-162 is a second-generation nonsteroidal antiandrogen (NSAA) which was developed for the treatment of prostate cancer but was never marketed.

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Reducing sugar

A reducing sugar is any sugar that is capable of acting as a reducing agent because it has a free aldehyde group or a free ketone group.

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Repeat unit

A repeat unit or repeating unit is a part of a polymer whose repetition would produce the complete polymer chain (except for the end-groups) by linking the repeat units together successively along the chain, like the beads of a necklace.

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Reuptake enhancer

A reuptake enhancer (RE), also sometimes referred to as a reuptake activator, is a type of reuptake modulator which enhances the plasmalemmal transporter-mediated reuptake of a neurotransmitter from the synapse into the pre-synaptic neuron, leading to a decrease in the extracellular concentrations of the neurotransmitter and therefore a decrease in neurotransmission.

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Rhodanine

Rhodanine is a 5-membered heterocyclic organic compound possessing a thiazolidine core.

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Rhodia (company)

Rhodia was a group specialized in fine chemistry, synthetic fibers and polymers which was acquired by the belgian Solvay group after a successful tender offer completed in September 2011.

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Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides

Ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs), also known as ribosomal natural products, are a diverse class of natural products of ribosomal origin.

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Ripasudil

Ripasudil (trade name Glanatec), a derivative of fasudil, is a rho kinase inhibitor drug (previously known as K-115) used for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension.

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Rosmarinic acid

Rosmarinic acid is a chemical compound found in a variety of plants.

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RU-16117

RU-16117 is an estrogen medication which was investigated for the potential treatment of symptoms of estrogen deficiency such as hot flashes and osteoporosis in women but was never marketed.

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RU-2309

RU-2309, also known as 18-methylmetribolone, δ9,11-17α,18-dimethyl-19-nortestosterone, or 17α,18-dimethylestr-4,9,11-trien-17β-ol-3-one, is a 17α-alkylated androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) of the 19-nortestosterone group which was never marketed.

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Rudolf Criegee

Rudolf Criegee (* May 23, 1902 in Düsseldorf; † November 7, 1975 in Karlsruhe) was a German organic chemist.

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Russula virescens

Russula virescens is a basidiomycete mushroom of the genus Russula, and is commonly known as the green-cracking russula, the quilted green russula, or the green brittlegill.

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S-14671

S-14671 is a naphthylpiperazine derivative which acts as a 5-HT1A receptor agonist (pKi.

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Salicylamide

Salicylamide (o-hydroxybenzamide or amide of salicyl) is a non-prescription drug with analgesic and antipyretic properties.

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Sample preparation in mass spectrometry

Sample preparation for mass spectrometry is used for the optimization of a sample for analysis in a mass spectrometer (MS).

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Sarcophagine

Sarcophagine (Sar) is a bicyclic cage-like metal chelator molecule.

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Saridegib

Saridegib, also known as IPI-926, is an experimental drug candidate undergoing clinical trials for the treatment of various types of cancer, including hard-to-treat hematologic malignancies such as myelofibrosis and ligand-dependent tumors such as chondrosarcoma.

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Scholarine

Scholarine is an alkaloid isolated initially from Alstonia scholaris by Banerji and Siddhanta.

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Segesterone acetate

Segesterone acetate (SGA), sold under the brand names Nestorone and Elcometrine, is a progestin medication which is used in birth control and in the treatment of endometriosis in Brazil and other South American countries.

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Selegiline

Selegiline, also known as L-deprenyl, is a substituted phenethylamine.

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Semicarbazone

In organic chemistry, a semicarbazone is a derivative of imines formed by a condensation reaction between a ketone or aldehyde and semicarbazide.

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Seminaphtharhodafluor

Seminaphtharhodafluor or SNARF is a fluorescent dye that changes color with pH.

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Serotonin–dopamine releasing agent

A serotonin–dopamine releasing agent (SDRA) is a type of drug which induces the release of serotonin and dopamine in the body and/or brain.

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Sesquiterpene

Sesquiterpenes are a class of terpenes that consist of three isoprene units and often have the molecular formula C15H24.

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SKF-83,959

SKF-83,959 is a synthetic benzazepine derivative used in scientific research which acts as an agonist at the D1-D2 dopamine receptor.

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Spermine

Spermine is a polyamine involved in cellular metabolism found in all eukaryotic cells.

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Spironolactone

Spironolactone, sold under the brand name Aldactone among others, is a medication that is primarily used to treat fluid build-up due to heart failure, liver scarring, or kidney disease.

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Stanozolol

Stanozolol, sold under many brand names, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which was derived from dihydrotestosterone (DHT).

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Stenbolone

Stenbolone is an anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) of the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) group which was never marketed.

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Stenbolone acetate

Stenbolone acetate (brand name Stenobolone, Anatrofin; former developmental code names RS-2106, S-3760), also known as 2-methyl-4,5α-dihydro-δ1-testosterone 17β-acetate (2-methyl-δ1-DHT 17β-acetate) or as 2-methyl-5α-androst-1-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-acetate, is a synthetic, injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which has been marketed in Spain.

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Stimulant

Stimulants (also often referred to as psychostimulants or colloquially as uppers) is an overarching term that covers many drugs including those that increase activity of the central nervous system and the body, drugs that are pleasurable and invigorating, or drugs that have sympathomimetic effects.

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Strobilurus tenacellus

Strobilurus tenacellus, commonly known as the pinecone cap, is a species of agaric fungus in the family Physalacriaceae.

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Structural analog

A structural analog, also known as a chemical analog or simply an analog, is a compound having a structure similar to that of another compound, but differing from it in respect to a certain component.

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Substituted amphetamine

Substituted amphetamines are a class of compounds based upon the amphetamine structure; it includes all derivative compounds which are formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the amphetamine core structure with substituents.

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Substituted methylenedioxyphenethylamine

Substituted methylenedioxy- phenethylamines (MDxx) are a large chemical class of derivatives of the phenethylamines, which includes many psychoactive drugs that act as entactogens, psychedelics, and/or stimulants, as well as entheogens.

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Substituted phenethylamine

Substituted phenethylamines (or simply phenethylamines) are a chemical class of organic compounds that are based upon the phenethylamine structure; the class is composed of all the derivative compounds of phenethylamine which can be formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the phenethylamine core structure with substituents.

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Substituted phenylmorpholine

Substituted phenylmorpholines, or substituted phenmetrazines alternatively, are chemical derivatives of phenylmorpholine or of the psychostimulant drug phenmetrazine.

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Sugar alcohol

Sugar alcohols (also called polyhydric alcohols, polyalcohols, alditols or glycitols) are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols.

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Suillellus luridus

| name.

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Sulfoquinovose

Sulfoquinovose, also known as 6-sulfoquinovose and 6-deoxy-6-sulfo-D-glucopyranose, is a monosaccharide sugar that is found as a building block in the sulfolipid sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (SQDG).

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Svensk Etanolkemi

The company Svensk Etanolkemi AB, or Sekab is a major Nordic producer of ethanol, ethanol derivatives such as acetic acid and ethyl acetate, and ethanol fuels such as E85.

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Taurine

No description.

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TCB-2

TCB-2 is a hallucinogen discovered in 2006 by Thomas McLean working in the lab of David Nichols at Purdue University where it was named 2C-BCB.

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Ternary compound

In inorganic chemistry, a ternary compound is a compound containing three different elements.

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Tesmilifene

Tesmilifene (INN; developmental code names YMB-1002, BMS-217380-01), also known as N,N-diethyl-2-(4-phenylmethyl)ethanamine (DPPE), is a small-molecule antineoplastic drug and chemopotentiator that was under development by YM BioSciences for the treatment of breast cancer in the 2000s but was never marketed.

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Testosterone (medication)

Testosterone is a medication and naturally occurring steroid hormone.

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Testosterone cypionate

Testosterone cypionate, sold under the brand name Depo-Testosterone among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.

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Testosterone enanthate

Testosterone enanthate, sold under the brand name Delatestryl among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.

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Testosterone propionate

Testosterone propionate, sold under the brand name Testoviron among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.

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Testosterone undecanoate

Testosterone undecanoate, sold under the brand names Nebido, Aveed, and Andriol among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used mainly in the treatment of low testosterone levels in men.

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Tetrahedrane

Tetrahedrane is a platonic hydrocarbon with chemical formula and a tetrahedral structure.

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Tetrahydrogestrinone

Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG), known by the nickname The Clear, is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) which was never marketed for medical use.

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Tetralin

Tetralin (1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene) is a hydrocarbon having the chemical formula C10H12.

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Tetrazole

Tetrazoles are a class of synthetic organic heterocyclic compound, consisting of a 5-member ring of four nitrogen atoms and one carbon atom.

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Thalidomide

Thalidomide, sold under the brand name Immunoprin, among others, is an immunomodulatory drug and the prototype of the thalidomide class of drugs.

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Theaflavin-3-gallate

Theaflavin-3-gallate is a theaflavin derivative.

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Thevinone

Thevinone is a derivative of thebaine.

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Thiamine pyrophosphate

Thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP or ThPP), or thiamine diphosphate (ThDP), or cocarboxylase is a thiamine (vitamin B1) derivative which is produced by the enzyme thiamine diphosphokinase.

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Thiamine triphosphate

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is a biomolecule found in most organisms including bacteria, fungi, plants and animals.

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Thiazine

Thiazine is an organic compound containing a ring of four carbon, one nitrogen and one sulfur atom.

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Thiazolidine

Thiazolidine is a heterocyclic organic compound with the formula (CH2)3(NH)S.

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Thiazoline

Thiazolines (or dihydrothiazoles) are a group of isomeric 5-membered heterocyclic compounds containing both sulfur and nitrogen in the ring.

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Thiophenol

Thiophenol is an organosulfur compound with the formula C6H5SH, sometimes abbreviated as PhSH.

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Thioxanthene

Thioxanthene is a chemical compound in which the oxygen atom in xanthene is replaced with a sulfur atom.

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Thioxanthone

Thioxanthone is a heterocyclic compound that is a sulfur analog of xanthone.

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Tibolone

Tibolone, sold under the brand names Livial and Tibofem among others, is a medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis and endometriosis.

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Tiomesterone

Tiomesterone (INN, JAN) (brand names Emdabol, Embadol, Emdabolin, Protabol; former developmental code name StA 307), or thiomesterone (BAN), also known as 1α,7α-bis(acetylthio)-17α-methylandrost-4-en-17β-ol-3-one, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 17α-alkylated derivative of testosterone.

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Toremifene

Toremifene, sold under the brand name Fareston among others, is a medication which is used in the treatment of advanced breast cancer in postmenopausal women.

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Tracazolate

Tracazolate (ICI-136,753) is an anxiolytic drug which is used in scientific research.

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Transgender hormone therapy (male-to-female)

Transgender hormone therapy of the male-to-female (MTF) type, also known as feminizing hormone therapy, is a form of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and sex reassignment therapy which is used to change the secondary sexual characteristics of transgender people from masculine (or androgynous) to feminine.

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Trenbolone

Trenbolone is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) of the nandrolone group which itself was never marketed.

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Trenbolone acetate

Trenbolone acetate, sold under brand names such as Finajet and Finaplix among others, is an androgen and anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in veterinary medicine, specifically to increase the profitability of livestock by promoting muscle growth in cattle.

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Trenbolone enanthate

Trenbolone enanthate, known by the nickname Trenabol, is a synthetic and injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone which was never marketed.

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Trenbolone undecanoate

Trenbolone undecanoate, or trenbolone undecylate, is a synthetic and injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was never marketed.

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Trengestone

Trengestone, sold under the brand names Reteroid, Retroid, and Retrone, is a progestin medication which was formerly used to treat menstrual disorders but is now no longer marketed.

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Trestolone

Trestolone, also known as 7α-methyl-19-nortestosterone (MENT), is an experimental androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) and progestogen medication which has been under development for potential use as a form of hormonal birth control for men and in androgen replacement therapy for low testosterone levels in men but has never been marketed for medical use.

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Trestolone acetate

Trestolone acetate (developmental code names CDB-903, NSC-69948, U-15614; also known as 7α-methyl-19-nortestosterone 17β-acetate and 7α-methylestr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one 17β-acetate) is a synthetic and injected anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was never marketed.

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Triamcinolone

Triamcinolone is an intermediate-acting synthetic glucocorticoid given orally, by injection, by inhalation, or as a topical ointment or cream.

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Trifluoromescaline

Trifluoromescaline (TF-M) is a derivative of the phenethylamine hallucinogen mescaline, which has a trifluoromethoxy group replacing the central methoxy group of mescaline.

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Trimegestone

Trimegestone, sold under the brand names Ondeva and Totelle among others, is a progestin medication which is used in menopausal hormone therapy and in the prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

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Trimethyltrienolone

Trimethyltrienolone (TMT), also known by its developmental code name R-2956 or RU-2956, is an antiandrogen medication which was never introduced for medical use but has been used in scientific research.

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Trimipramine

Trimipramine, sold under the brand name Surmontil among others, is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) which is used to treat depression.

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Triphenylbromoethylene

Triphenylbromoethylene (brand names Bromylene, Eitriphin, Oestronyl, Prostilban, Tribenorm), also known as bromotriphenylethylene or as phenylstilbene bromide, is a synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen of the triphenylethylene group that was marketed in the 1940s similarly to the closely related estrogen triphenylchloroethylene.

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Triphenylchloroethylene

Triphenylchloroethylene (brand names Gynosone, Oestrogyl), or triphenylchlorethylene, also known as chlorotriphenylethylene or as phenylstilbene chloride, is a synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen of the triphenylethylene group that was marketed in the 1940s for the treatment of menopausal symptoms, vaginal atrophy, lactation suppression, and all other estrogen-indicated conditions.

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Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceus

Tylopilus plumbeoviolaceus (formerly Boletus plumbeoviolaceus), commonly known as the violet-grey bolete, is a fungus of the bolete family.

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Ugi's amine

Ugi’s amine is a chemical compound named for the chemist who first reported its synthesis in 1970, Ivar Ugi.

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Valproate pivoxil

Valproate pivoxil (Pivadin, Valproxen) is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of epilepsy.

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Vinca alkaloid

Vinca alkaloids are a set of anti-mitotic and anti-microtubule alkaloid agents originally derived from the periwinkle plant Catharanthus roseus (basionym Vinca rosea) and other vinca plants.

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Vinpocetine

Vinpocetine (brand names: Cavinton, Intelectol; chemical name: ethyl apovincaminate) is a synthetic derivative of the vinca alkaloid vincamine (sometimes described as "a synthetic ethyl ester of apovincamine"), an extract from the lesser periwinkle plant.

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Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a group of structurally similar, fat-soluble vitamins that the human body requires for complete synthesis of certain proteins that are prerequisites for blood coagulation (K from Koagulation, Danish for "coagulation") and which the body also needs for controlling binding of calcium in bones and other tissues.

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Withanolide

Withanolides are a group of at least 300 naturally occurring steroids built on an ergostane skeleton.

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Zearalanone

Zearalanone (ZAN) is a semi-synthetic mycoestrogen that is a derivative of zearalenone (ZEN).

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Zimelidine

Zimelidine (INN, BAN) (brand names Zimeldine, Normud, Zelmid) was one of the first selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants to be marketed.

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Zonampanel

Zonampanel (INN, code name YM872) is a quinoxalinedione derivative drug and competitive antagonist of the AMPA receptor which was being investigated by Yamanouchi/Astellas Pharma as a neuroprotective drug for the treatment of ischemic stroke but never completed clinical trials.

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(+)-Benzo(a)pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide

(+)-Benzopyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide is an organic compound with molecular formula C20H14O3.

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(E)-Stilbene

(E)-Stilbene, commonly known as trans-stilbene, is an organic compound represented by the condensed structural formula C6H5CH.

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(Z)-9-Tricosene

(Z)-9-Tricosene, known as muscalure, is an insect pheromone found in dipteran flies such as the housefly.

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1,2-Dioxin

1,2-Dioxin is a heterocyclic, organic, antiaromatic compound with the chemical formula C4H4O2.

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1-Amino-2-propanol

1-Amino-2-propanol (isopropanolamine) is a chemical compound with the formula C3H9NO.

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1-Bromoadamantane

1-Bromoadamantane is a derivative of adamantane with a bromine atom in the 1-position.

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1-Cyclohexylpiperazine

1-Cyclohexylpiperazine is a derivative of piperazine, and a precursor for PB-28.

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1-Naphthyl isothiocyanate

1-Naphthyl isothiocyanate is a chemical compound which is an isothiocyanate derivative of naphthalene.

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1-Nonylnaphthalene

1-Nonylnaphthalene is a derivative of naphthalene with a nonyl group in the 1-position.

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1-Testosterone

1-Testosterone (abbreviated and nicknamed as 1-Testo, 1-T), also known as δ1-dihydrotestosterone (δ1-DHT), as well as dihydroboldenone, is a synthetic anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which was never marketed.

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11β-Hydroxyprogesterone

11β-Hydroxyprogesterone (11β-OHP), also known as 21-deoxycorticosterone, as well as 11β-hydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione, is a naturally occurring, endogenous steroid and derivative of progesterone.

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11β-Methyl-19-nortestosterone

11β-Methyl-19-nortestosterone (11β-MNT) is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was developed by the Contraceptive Development Branch (CDB) of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and has not been marketed at this time.

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11β-Methyl-19-nortestosterone dodecylcarbonate

11β-Methyl-19-nortestosterone 17β-dodecylcarbonate (11β-MNTDC) (developmental code name CDB-4754) is a synthetic and orally active anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) which was developed by the Contraceptive Development Branch (CDB) of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) and has not been marketed for medical use at this time.

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16-O-Methylcafestol

16-O-Methylcafestol, a derivative of cafestol, is an isolate of green coffee beans.

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17α-Allyl-19-nortestosterone

17α-Allyl-19-nortestosterone, also known as 3-ketoallylestrenol or as 17α-allylestr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one, is a progestin which was never marketed.

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17α-Methyl-19-norprogesterone

17α-Methyl-19-norprogesterone (developmental code name H-3510), also known as 17α-methyl-19-norpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione, is a progestin which was never marketed.

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18,19-Dehydrobuprenorphine

18,19-Dehydrobuprenorphine (HS-599) is a derivative of buprenorphine.

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18-Methylsegesterone acetate

18-Methylsegesterone acetate (18-methyl-SGA; also known as 18-methylnestorone) is a progestin medication of the 19-norprogesterone group which was never marketed.

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18-Norabietane

18-Norabietane is a diterpene perhydrogenated phenanthrene derivative.

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18F-EF5

EF5 is a nitroimidazole derivative used in oncology research.

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19-Nor-5-androstenediol

19-Nor-5-androstenediol, also known as estr-5-ene-3β,17β-diol, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) that was never introduced for medical use.

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19-Nor-5-androstenedione

19-Nor-5-androstenedione, also known as estr-5-ene-3,17-dione, is a synthetic, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone) that was never introduced for medical use.

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19-Nordehydroepiandrosterone

19-Nordehydroepiandrosterone (19-nor-DHEA), or 19-nor-5-dehydroepiandrosterone (19-nor-5-DHEA), is an estrane (19-norandrostane) steroid which was never marketed.

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19-Norpregnane

19-Norpregnane, also known as 13β-methyl-17β-ethylgonane, is a norsteroid and the 19-demethyl analogue of pregnane.

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1P-LSD

1P-LSD or 1-propionyl-lysergic acid diethylamide is a psychedelic drug of the lysergamide class that is a derivative and functional analog of LSD and a homolog of ALD-52.

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2,3-Methylenedioxyamphetamine

2,3-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (2,3-MDA) or ORTHO-MDA is an amphetamine derivative which is mentioned in PIHKAL as a fairly potent and long-lasting stimulant drug, but with little or none of the entactogenic effects associated with its better-known structural isomer MDA.

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2,4,6-Trichloroanisole

2,4,6-Trichloroanisole (TCA) is a chemical compound that is a chlorinated derivative of anisole.

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2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine

2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH, Brady's reagent, Borche's reagent) is the chemical compound C6H3(NO2)2NHNH2.

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2,N,N-TMT

2,N,N-Trimethyltryptamine, 2,N,N-TMT, or 2-Me-DMT is a tryptamine derivative that is a psychedelic drug.

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2-Aminoindane

2-Aminoindane (2-AI) is a research chemical.

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2-Aminotetralin

2-Aminotetralin (2-AT), also known as 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-amine (THN), is a stimulant drug with a chemical structure consisting of a tetralin group combined with an amine.

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2-Bromomescaline

2-Bromomescaline (2-Br-M) is a derivative of the phenethylamine hallucinogen mescaline which has an unusual 2-bromo substitution.

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2-Methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine

2-Methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine (2-Methylserotonin, 2-Methyl-5-HT) is a tryptamine derivative closely related to the neurotransmitter serotonin which acts as a moderately selective full agonist at the 5-HT3 receptor.

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2-Pyridone

2-Pyridone is an organic compound with the formula.

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2-Pyrrolidone

2-Pyrrolidone is an organic compound consisting of a 5-membered lactam, making it the simplest γ-lactam.

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25N-NBOMe

25N-NBOMe (2C-N-NBOMe, NBOMe-2C-N) is a derivative of the hallucinogen 2C-N. The pharmacological properties of 25N-NBOMe have not been described in the scientific literature, but it is believed to act in a similar manner to related compounds such as 25I-NBOMe and 25C-NBOMe, which are potent agonists at the 5HT2A receptor.

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2C-B-BUTTERFLY

2C-B-BUTTERFLY is a conformationally-restricted derivative of the phenethylamine hallucinogen 2C-B, which was discovered in 1999 by Michael S. Whiteside and Aaron Monte.

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2CB-Ind

2CB-Ind is a conformationally-restricted derivative of the phenethylamine hallucinogen 2C-B, discovered in 1974 by Alexander Shulgin.

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3,14-Diacetyloxymorphone

3,14-Diacetyloxymorphone is an opioid analgesic which has never been marketed.

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3,4-Dimethoxycinnamic acid

3,4-Dimethoxycinnamic acid is a cinnamic acid derivative isolated from coffee beans.

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3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine

3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), is an empathogen-entactogen, psychostimulant, and psychedelic drug of the amphetamine family that is encountered mainly as a recreational drug.

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3,4-Methylenedioxypropiophenone

3,4-Methylenedioxypropiophenone, also known as 3,4-(Methylenedioxy)phenyl-1-propanone (MDP1P), is a phenylpropanoid found in some plants of the genus Piper and is an isomer of 3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-propanone (MDP2P).

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3-Acetyloxymorphone

3-Acetyloxymorphone is an opioid analgesic which has never been marketed.

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3-MeO-PCP

3-Methoxyphencyclidine (3-MeO-PCP) is a dissociative hallucinogen of the arylcyclohexylamine class related to phencyclidine (PCP) which has been sold online as a designer drug.

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3β-Methoxypregnenolone

3β-Methoxypregnenolone (developmental code name MAP-4343), or pregnenolone 3β-methyl ether, also known as 3β-methoxypregn-5-en-20-one, is a synthetic neuroactive steroid and derivative of pregnenolone.

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4-AcO-DALT

4-Acetyloxy-N,N-diallyltryptamine (or 4-AcO-DALT) is a tryptamine derivative.

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4-Aminophenol

4-Aminophenol (or para-aminophenol or p-aminophenol) is the organic compound with the formula H2NC6H4OH.

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4-Bromofluorobenzene

4-Bromofluorobenzene is a halogenated aromatic organic compound with the formula C6H4BrF.

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4-Cyano-3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline

4-Cyano-3-(trifluoromethyl)aniline, also known as 4-amino-2-(trifluoromethyl)benzonitrile, is a cyanated and trifluoromethylated derivative of aniline.

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4-HO-MPMI

4-HO-MPMI (also known as 4-Hydroxy-N-methyl-(α,N-trimethylene)-tryptamine or lucigenol) is a tryptamine derivative that is a psychedelic drug.

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4-Hydroxycoumarin

4-Hydroxycoumarin is a coumarin derivative with a hydroxy group at the 4-position.

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4-Hydroxytestosterone

4-Hydroxytestosterone (4-OHT), also known as 4,17β-dihydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one, is a synthetic anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of testosterone that was never marketed.

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4-MeO-DMT

4-MeO-DMT (4-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is a tryptamine derivative which has some central activity in animal tests similar to that of related psychedelic tryptamine drugs, although with significantly lower potency than either 5-MeO-DMT or 4-hydroxy-DMT (psilocin).

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4-Phenylazepane

4-Phenylazepane, also known as phenazepane, is a chemical compound.

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4-Pyridone

4-Pyridone is an organic compound with the formula.

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4-Pyrone

4-Pyrone (γ-pyrone or pyran-4-one) is an unsaturated cyclic chemical compound with the molecular formula C5H4O2.

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5,N,N-TMT

5,N,N-trimethyltryptamine (5,N,N-TMT; 5-TMT) is a tryptamine derivative that is a psychedelic drug.

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5-(Nonyloxy)tryptamine

5-(Nonyloxy)tryptamine is a tryptamine derivative which acts as a selective agonist at the 5-HT1B receptor.

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5-Benzyloxytryptamine

5-Benzyloxytryptamine (5-BT), is a tryptamine derivative which acts as an agonist at the 5-HT1D, 5-HT2 and 5-HT6 serotonin receptors.

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5-Bromo-DMT

5-Bromo-DMT (5-bromo-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is a psychedelic brominated indole alkaloid found in the sponges Smenospongia aurea and Smenospongia echina, as well as in Verongula rigida (0.00142% dry weight) alongside 5,6-Dibromo-DMT (0.35% dry weight) and seven other alkaloids.

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5-Bromouridine

5-Bromouridine (abbreviated BrUrd, 5BrU, br5Urd or rarely the one letter code B) is a uridine derivative with a bromo substituent at the fifth carbon.

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5-Carboxamidotryptamine

5-Carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT) is a tryptamine derivative closely related to the neurotransmitter serotonin.

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5-Chloro-αMT

5-Chloro-α-methyltryptamine (5-Chloro-αMT), also known as PAL-542, is a tryptamine derivative related to α-methyltryptamine (αMT) and one of only a few known specific serotonin-dopamine releasing agents (SDRAs).

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5-Ethoxy-DMT

5-Ethoxy-DMT (5-ethoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine, 5-EtO-DMT, O-ethylbufotenine) is a tryptamine derivative which has been previously synthesized as a chemical intermediate, but has not been studied to determine its pharmacology.

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5-Ethyl-DMT

5-Ethyl-N,N-dimethyltryptamine is a tryptamine derivative which acts as an agonist at the 5-HT1A and 5-HT1D serotonin receptors, with around 3x selectivity for 5-HT1D.

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5-Fluoro-AMT

5-Fluoro-α-methyltryptamine (5-Fluoro-αMT), also known as PAL-544, is a putative stimulant, entactogen, and psychedelic tryptamine derivative related to α-methyltryptamine (αMT).

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5-Fluoroorotic acid

5-Fluoroorotic acid (5FOA) is a fluorinated derivative of the pyrimidine precursor orotic acid.

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5-MeO-DMT

5-MeO-DMT (5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is a psychedelic of the tryptamine class.

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5-MeO-DPT

5-MeO-DPT (also known as 5-methoxy-N,N-Dipropyltryptamine), is a psychedelic and entheogenic drug.

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5-MeO-MPMI

5-MeO-MPMI (also known as 5-Methoxy-N-methyl-(α,N-trimethylene)tryptamine) is a tryptamine derivative that is a psychedelic drug.

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5-Methoxy-7,N,N-trimethyltryptamine

5-Methoxy-7,N,N-trimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-7,N,N-TMT, 5-MeO-7-TMT), is a tryptamine derivative which acts as an agonist at the 5-HT2 serotonin receptors.

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5-Methoxytryptamine

5-Methoxytryptamine (5-MT), also known as mexamine, is a tryptamine derivative closely related to the neurotransmitters serotonin and melatonin.

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5α-Androst-2-ene-17-one

5α-Androst-2-en-17-one is an endogenous, naturally occurring, orally active anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of dihydrotestosterone (DHT).

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5α-Dihydroethisterone

5α-Dihydroethisterone (5α-DHET; developmental code name HE-3562) is an active metabolite of the formerly clinically used but now-discontinued progestin ethisterone and the experimental and never-marketed hormonal antineoplastic agent ethynylandrostanediol (HE-3235).

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5α-Dihydronandrolone

5α-Dihydronandrolone (5α-DHN), or simply dihydronandrolone (DHN), also known as 5α-dihydro-19-nortestosterone or as 5α-estran-17β-ol-3-one, is a naturally occurring anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) and a 5α-reduced derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone).

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6,6-Difluoronorethisterone

6,6-Difluoronorethisterone, also known as 6,6-difluoro-17α-ethynyl-19-nortestosterone or as 6,6-difluoro-17α-ethynylestr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one, is a steroidal progestin of the 19-nortestosterone group that was described in 1971 but was never marketed.

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6-Chloro-MDMA

6-Chloro-MDMA (6-Cl-MDMA, 2-Cl-4,5-MDMA) is a derivative of the amphetamine drug MDMA, which has been identified both in seized "Ecstasy" tablets and in urine samples from drug users.

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6-Methyl-MDA

6-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (6-Methyl-MDA) is an entactogen and psychedelic drug of the amphetamine class.

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7,N,N-TMT

7,N,N-Trimethyltryptamine (7-methyl-DMT, 7-TMT), is a tryptamine derivative which acts as an agonist of 5-HT2 receptors.

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7α-Methyl-19-norandrostenedione

7α-Methyl-19-norandrostenedione (MENT dione), or 7α-methyl-19-norandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione, also known as trestione, as well as 7α-methylestr-4-ene-3,17-dione, is a synthetic anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) and a derivative of 19-nortestosterone (nandrolone).

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7α-Thioprogesterone

7α-Thioprogesterone (7α-TP4; developmental code name SC-8365; also known as 7α-mercaptopregn-4-ene-3,20-dione) is a synthetic, steroidal, and potent antimineralocorticoid (putative) and antiandrogen which was developed by G. D. Searle & Co and was described in the late 1970s and early 1980s but was never developed or introduced for medical use.

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9-Methyl-β-carboline

9-Methyl-β-carboline (9-Me-BC) is a heterocyclic amine of the beta-carboline family, and a research chemical.

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Chemical derivative, Derivative (Chemistry).

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derivative_(chemistry)

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