50 relations: Active Directory, ADTRAN, Advanced Network and Services, Alarm indication signal, Ascend Communications, Bandwidth (computing), BIP-8, BNC connector, Central office multiplexing, CenturyLink, Channel service unit, Crystal oscillator frequencies, Data service unit, Design layout record, Digital Signal 0, Digital Signal 1, Digital Signal Designation, Distributed-queue dual-bus, DS3, DS4/NA, Ethernet over PDH, Ethernet over PDH over SONET/SDH, Fast automatic restoration, Fiber media converter, G.992.5, History of IBM, Information infrastructure, Integrated Services Digital Network, Internet 1996 World Exposition, Internet access, List of interface bit rates, List of playing-card nicknames, Merit Network, Modified AMI code, National Science Foundation Network, Optical mesh network, Packet switching, Remote error indication, SURAnet, Synchronous optical networking, T-carrier, T3, Telarus, Transmux, Verizon SmartPark, Very high-speed Backbone Network Service, Wendell Brown, Wireless broadband, 2010 cyberattacks on Myanmar, 5ESS Switching System.
Active Directory (AD) is a directory service that Microsoft developed for Windows domain networks.
ADTRAN, Inc. is a provider of telecommunications networking equipment and internetworking products.
Advanced Network and Services (ANS) was a United States non-profit organization formed in September 1990 by the NSFNET partners (Merit Network, IBM, and MCI) to run the network infrastructure for the soon to be upgraded NSFNET Backbone Service.
Alarm indication signal (AIS) (also called “all ones” because of the data and framing pattern) is a signal transmitted by an intermediate element of a multi-node transport circuit that is part of a concatenated telecommunications system to alert the receiving end of the circuit that a segment of the end-to-end link has failed at a logical or physical level, even if the system it is directly connected to is still working.
Ascend Communications was an Alameda, California-based manufacturer of communications equipment that was later purchased by Lucent Technologies in 1999.
In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path.
BIP-8 (alternatively, BIP8) is an abbreviation for bit-interleaved parity 8.
The BNC (Bayonet Neill–Concelman) connector is a miniature quick connect/disconnect radio frequency connector used for coaxial cable.
Central office multiplexing (or CO muxing) is telephone exchange (central office) equipment that derives a number of lower speed channels from one high-bandwidth channel.
CenturyLink, Inc. is an American telecommunications company, headquartered in Monroe, Louisiana, that provides communications and data services to residential, business, governmental, and wholesale customers in 37 states.
In telecommunications, a channel service unit (CSU) is a line Bridging device for use with T-carrier that.
Crystal oscillators can be manufactured for oscillation over a wide range of frequencies, from a few kilohertz up to several hundred megahertz.
A data service unit, sometimes called a digital service unit, is a piece of telecommunications circuit terminating equipment that transforms digital data between telephone company lines and local equipment.
A design layout record (DLR) or circuit layout record (CLR) is used in the telecommunication industry to describe the detailed design path of a completed circuit, including all equipment and network components from one end (often referred as A-Loc or A-end) of the circuit to the other (Z-Loc or Z-end).
Digital Signal 0 (DS0) is a basic digital signaling rate of 64 kilobits per second (kbit/s), corresponding to the capacity of one analog voice-frequency-equivalent communication channel.
Digital Signal 1 (DS1, sometimes DS-1) is a T-carrier signaling scheme devised by Bell Labs.
Digital Signal Designation is the classification of digital bit rates in the digital multiplex hierarchy used in transport of signals from one location to another in telecommunications.
In telecommunication, a distributed-queue dual-bus network (DQDB) is a distributed multi-access network that (a) supports integrated communications using a dual bus and distributed queuing, (b) provides access to local or metropolitan area networks, and (c) supports connectionless data transfer, connection-oriented data transfer, and isochronous communications, such as voice communications.
DS3 may refer to.
The Digital Signal 4/NA (DS4/NA) is a 139.264-Mbit/s aggregate-multiplexed signal, equivalent to 3 Digital Signal 3s or 2,016 Digital Signal 0s.
Ethernet over PDH or EoPDH is one of many techniques that provided Ethernet connectivity over non-Ethernet networks.
Ethernet over PDH over SONET/SDH (EoPoS) is one of many techniques that provided Ethernet connectivity over non-Ethernet networks.
Fast automatic restoration (FASTAR) is an automated fast response system developed and deployed by American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) in 1992 for the centralized restoration of its digital transport network.
A fiber media converter is a simple networking device that makes it possible to connect two dissimilar media types such as twisted pair with fiber optic cabling.
ITU G.992.5 (also referred to as ADSL2+, G.dmt.bis+, and G.adslplus) is an International Telecommunication Union standard for asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) broadband Internet access.
International Business Machines, or IBM, nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational computer technology and IT consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States.
An information infrastructure is defined by Ole Hanseth (2002) as "an awesome shared, evolving, open, standardized, and heterogeneous installed base" and by Pironti (2006) as all of the people, processes, procedures, tools, facilities, and technology which supports the creation, use, transport, storage, and destruction of information.
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is a set of communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, video, data, and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network.
The Internet 1996 World Exposition is a web site, distributed on 8 servers around the world in a "public park for the global village," which has received 5 million visitors from 130 countries.
Internet access is the ability of individuals and organizations to connect to the Internet using computer terminals, computers, and other devices; and to access services such as email and the World Wide Web.
This is a list of interface bit rates, is a measure of information transfer rates, or digital bandwidth capacity, at which digital interfaces in a computer or network can communicate over various kinds of buses and channels.
This list of playing card nicknames has the common nicknames for the playing cards in a 52-card deck, as used in some common card games, such as poker.
Merit Network, Inc., is a nonprofit member-governed organization providing high-performance computer networking and related services to educational, government, health care, and nonprofit organizations, primarily in Michigan.
Modified AMI codes are a digital telecommunications technique to maintain system synchronization.
The National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) was a program of coordinated, evolving projects sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) beginning in 1985 to promote advanced research and education networking in the United States.
An Optical mesh network is a type of optical telecommunications network employing wired fiber-optic communication or wireless free-space optical communication in a mesh network architecture.
Packet switching is a method of grouping data which is transmitted over a digital network into packets which are made of a header and a payload.
Remote error indication (REI) or formerly far end block error (FEBE) is an alarm signal used in synchronous optical networking (SONET).
SURAnet was a pioneer in scientific computer networks and one of the regional backbone computer networks that made up the National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET).
Synchronous optical networking (SONET) and synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) are standardized protocols that transfer multiple digital bit streams synchronously over optical fiber using lasers or highly coherent light from light-emitting diodes (LEDs).
The T-carrier is a member of the series of carrier systems developed by AT&T Bell Laboratories for digital transmission of multiplexed telephone calls.
T3 or T-3 may refer to.
Telarus, LLC. is an American sales agency that holds contracts with commercial network, cloud, and cyber security providers, and consolidates the sales volume of a network of independent sales agents.
TRANSMUX (Transcode-Multiplexing) is a signaling format change in telecommunications signaling between synchronous optical network signals SONET and asynchronous DS3 signals.
Verizon SmartPark is an advanced telecommunications system using copper and fiber optic infrastructure to provide communications services typically required in business and industrial parks.
The very high-speed Backbone Network Service (vBNS) came on line in April 1995 as part of a National Science Foundation (NSF) sponsored project to provide high-speed interconnection between NSF-sponsored supercomputing centers and select access points in the United States.
Wendell Brown is an American computer scientist, entrepreneur and inventor best known for his innovations in Telecommunications and Internet Technology, Cybersecurity, Smartphone app development, and the Internet of Things.
Wireless broadband is technology that provides high-speed wireless Internet access or computer networking access over a wide area.
The 2010 cyberattacks on Myanmar (also known as Burma) were distributed denial-of-service attacks (DDoS) that began on 25 October, occurring ahead of the Burmese general election, 2010, which is widely viewed as a sham election.
The 5ESS Switching System is a Class 5 telephone electronic switching system developed by Western Electric for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) and the Bell System in the United States.