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A Presumption of Death is a mystery novel by Jill Paton Walsh, based loosely on The Wimsey Papers by Dorothy L. Sayers.
A Princess for Christmas, billed in the UK as A Christmas Princess (previously known as the Canadian title Christmas at Castlebury Hall and A Princess for Castlebury) is a comedy-drama film by Michael Damian.
A Romance of Mayfair is a 1925 British romance film directed by Thomas Bentley and starring Betty Faire, Henry Victor and Molly Johnson.
"A Royal Flush" is the fifth Christmas special episode of the BBC sitcom, Only Fools and Horses, first screened on 25 December 1986.
"A Touch of Class" is the pilot episode in the first series of the BBC television sitcom Fawlty Towers.
A Trilogia das Barcas (The Trilogy of the Ferries or The Trilogy of Ships, in English) is a series of one-act dramatic plays with allegorical characters by Portuguese playwright and poet Gil Vicente.
The Abh (Japanese:アーヴ, Pronunciation) are space-dwelling people in the fictional universe of Crest of the Stars.
Absolute monarchy in France slowly emerged in the 16th century and became firmly established during the 17th century.
Adefrsew Yenadu(1873 - 1950) was an army commander, a member of the nobility of the Ethiopian Empire, and a patriot.
Adelaide Ristori (29 January 18229 October 1906) was a distinguished Italian tragedienne, who was often referred to as the Marquise.
Adrien-Louis de Bonnières, comte later duc de Guînes (14 April 1735, Lille — 21 December 1806, Paris) was an aristocrat of the Ancien Régime, who served as a French Army general and diplomat; he was also a favourite of Queen Marie-Antoinette.
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (or, in more recent editions, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn) is a novel by Mark Twain, first published in the United Kingdom in December 1884 and in the United States in February 1885.
Affori is a ward of Milan, Italy, part of the Zone 9 administrative division of the city, located north of the city centre.
Agares (also Agarat, Agaros, or Agarus) is a demon described in demonological grimoires.
Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (before 1356 - 1430/1434) was a Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg by birth and, by marriage, Duchess of Pomerania and later Duchess of Mecklenburg.
Aimable-Jean-Jacques Pélissier, 1st Duc de Malakoff (6 November 179422 May 1864), was a Marshal of France.
Alan Feinberg (born in New York City) is an American classical pianist.
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria.
Albrecht VII, the Handsome, Duke of Mecklenburg in Güstrow (25 July 1486 – 5 January 1547), was a minor ruler in North Germany of the 16th century.
Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein (Albrecht Václav Eusebius z Valdštejna; 24 September 158325 February 1634),Schiller, Friedrich.
Alessandro de' Medici (22 July 1510 – 6 January 1537) called "il Moro" ("the Moor") due to his dark complexion, Duke of Penne and also Duke of Florence (from 1532), was ruler of Florence from 1531 to his death in 1537.
Alexander Charles, Duke of Anhalt-Bernburg (2 March 1805 – 19 August 1863) was a German prince of the House of Ascania.
Alexander, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (20 January 1573 – 13 May 1627), was a Danish nobleman.
Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (24 December 1879 – 28 December 1952) was Queen of Denmark as the spouse of King Christian X. She was also Queen of Iceland from 1 December 1918 to 17 June 1944.
Alexius Frederick Christian of Anhalt-Bernburg (12 June 1767 – 24 March 1834), was a German prince of the House of Ascania.
Alfonso de Ceballos-Escalera y Gila (born March 4, 1957 in Madrid) is a Spanish aristocrat, who holds the title of ''Marqués de la Floresta''.
"All the Presidents' Heads" is the twenty-third episode of the sixth season of the animated sitcom Futurama, and originally aired July 28, 2011 on Comedy Central.
Michael Allan Warren (born 26 October 1948) is an English portrait photographer, primarily known for his images of members of high society.
The Almanach de Gotha (Gothaischer Hofkalender) was a directory of Europe's royalty and higher nobility, also including the major governmental, military and diplomatic corps, as well as statistical data by country.
Alvise Cadamosto or Alvide da Ca' da Mosto (also known in Portuguese as Luís Cadamosto; c. 1432 – July 18, 1488) was an Venetian slave trader and explorer, who was hired by the Portuguese prince Henry the Navigator and undertook two known journeys to West Africa in 1455 and 1456, accompanied by the Genoese captain Antoniotto Usodimare.
Amalia of Oldenburg (Αμαλία; 21 December 1818 – 20 May 1875) was queen consort of Greece from 1836 to 1862 as the spouse of King Otto (1815–1867).
Amanda Tanen (born Amanda Sommers) is a fictional character in the American dramedy series Ugly Betty and spin-off web-series Mode After Hours.
Amharic (or; Amharic: አማርኛ) is one of the Ethiopian Semitic languages, which are a subgrouping within the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic languages.
Amtgard is a battle gaming and live-action fantasy roleplaying and boffer combat game with chapters primarily based in the United States and Canada as well as Germany, Croatia, and South Korea.
Ananuri is a castle complex on the Aragvi River in Georgia, about from Tbilisi.
Countess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Torby, CBE (9 September 1892 – 7 December 1977), otherwise styled Lady Zia Wernher, was the elder daughter of Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich of Russia, a grandson of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, by Countess Sophie of Merenberg.
Anastasia of Greater Poland (Anastazja Mieszkówna; b. ca. 1164 – d. aft. 31 May 1240), was Duchess of Pomerania by marriage to Bogislaw I, Duke of Pomerania, and regent from 1187 until 1208.
Several Latin law codes of the Germanic peoples written in the Early Middle Ages (also known as leges barbarorum "laws of the barbarians") survive, dating to between the 5th and 9th centuries.
Andrea Solari (also Solario) (1460–1524) was an Italian Renaissance painter of the Milanese school.
Angelo is a character in Shakespeare's play Measure for Measure.
The Angevin Empire (L'Empire Plantagenêt) is a collective exonym referring to the possessions of the Angevin kings of England, who also held lands in France, during the 12th and 13th centuries.
The Ankh-Morpork City Watch is the police force of the fictional city of Ankh-Morpork in the Discworld series by the English writer Terry Pratchett.
Anna Margaret of Hesse-Homburg, (31 August 1629 in Homburg – 3 August 1686 in Oberkotzau), was a Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg by birth and by marriage Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg.
Anne Boleyn (1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII.
Anne d'Alençon (Italian: Anna d'Alençon) (30 October 1492 – 18 October 1562), Lady of La Guerche, was a French noblewoman and a Marquise of Montferrat as the wife of William IX, Marquis of Montferrat.
Anna Gonzaga (Anna Marie; 1616 – 6 July 1684) was an Italian French noblewoman and salonist.
Anne Emily Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe (née Spencer-Churchill; 14 November 1854 – 20 June 1923) was the daughter of the 7th Duke of Marlborough, who served in Conservative governments as Lord President of the Council and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
Anne Jean Marie René Savary, 1st Duke of Rovigo (26 April 17742 June 1833) was a French general and diplomat.
Anne Murray, Duchess of Atholl (17 June 1814 – 22 May 1897), born Anne Home-Drummond and known as The Lady Glenlyon between 1839 and 1846, as The Duchess of Atholl between 1846 and 1864 and as The Dowager Duchess of Atholl between 1864 and 1897, was a Scottish courtier and close friend of Queen Victoria.
Anne-Adrien-Pierre de Montmorency, duc de Laval (29 October 1768, Paris – 16 June 1837, Paris), was 3rd Duc de Laval and a peer of France.
Annunciade (English: Annunciation), and various alternate spellings, may refer to.
Antenor Patiño Rodríguez (Oruro, Bolivia, 12 October 1896 – New York City, 2 February 1982) was a Bolivian tycoon, heir to his father Simón I. Patiño, called "the King of Tin".
Antoine IX Geneviève Héraclius Agénor de Gramont (17 July 1789 – 3 March 1855), 9th Duke of Gramont, Duke of Guiche, Prince of Bidache, etc. was a 19th-century French aristocratic Army general and courtier.
Antonia Baronin Pilars de Pilar, née Antonia Gabriele Marie Josefa Huberta Elisabeth Maximiliane Freiin von Oer-Egelborg (*10 April 1872 in Birstein; † 7 February 1946 in Störmede) was from 1894 to 1898 court lady of the duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin née Princess Marie of Windisch-Graetz and from 1911 to 1944 courtlady of Marie's daughter, the Duchess Marie Antoinette of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Antonio Canova (1 November 1757 – 13 October 1822) was an Italian Neoclassical sculptor, famous for his marble sculptures.
René d'Herblay, alias Aramis, is a fictional character in the novels The Three Musketeers, Twenty Years After and The Vicomte de Bragelonne by Alexandre Dumas, père.
Archduke (feminine: Archduchess; German: Erzherzog, feminine form: Erzherzogin) was the title borne from 1358 by the Habsburg rulers of the Archduchy of Austria, and later by all senior members of that dynasty.
Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, 10th Earl of Argyll (25 July 1658 – 25 September 1703) was a Scottish peer.
Argyll (archaically Argyle, Earra-Ghàidheal in modern Gaelic), sometimes anglicised as Argyllshire, is a historic county and registration county of western Scotland.
Aristocracy of Norway refers to modern and medieval aristocracy in Norway.
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Arno, Arn or Aquila (c. 750–821) was bishop of Salzburg, and afterwards its first archbishop.
Arnold I was Count of Cleves from 1119 through 1147.
Arnold II was Count of Cleves from 1198 through 1201, possibly as a regent for Dietrich V. The County of Cleves (Grafschaft Kleve; Graafschap Kleef) was a comital polity of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (parts of Limburg, Noord-Brabant and Gelderland).
Arthur Campbell Hamilton, Lord Hamilton, (born Glasgow, 10 June 1942), is a Scottish judge and served as Lord Justice General and Lord President of the Court of Session from November 2005 until 8 June 2012, succeeding Lord Cullen.
As You Like It is a pastoral comedy by William Shakespeare believed to have been written in 1599 and first published in the First Folio in 1623.
Asfawossen Kassa (1913 – 21 December 1936) was an army commander and a member of the Royal family of the Ethiopian Empire.
AT&T Stadium, formerly Cowboys Stadium, is a retractable roof stadium in Arlington, Texas, United States.
August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (11 November 1612 – 6 May 1675) was a Danish-German prince and member of the House of Oldenburg.
Augustus Henry FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, (28 September 173514 March 1811), styled Earl of Euston between 1747 and 1757, was a British Whig statesman of the Georgian era.
The Austrian Crown Jewels (Insignien und Kleinodien) is a term denoting the regalia and vestments worn by the Holy Roman Emperor, and later by the Emperor of Austria, during the coronation ceremony and other state functions.
The Austrian National Library (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek) is the largest library in Austria, with more than 12 million items in its various collections.
The Austrian nobility (österreichischer Adel) is a status group that was officially abolished in 1919 after the fall of Austria-Hungary.
Ayalew Birru, or Ayyalaw Birru, (1892 - May 1945) was an Ethiopian army commander, a patriot, and a cousin of Emperor Haile Selassie I.
The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.
Áed Find (Áed the White), or Áed mac Echdach (before 736–778), was king of Dál Riata (modern western Scotland and County Antrim, Ireland).
Adolphe Édouard Casimir Joseph Mortier, 1st Duc de Trévise (13 February 1768 – 28 July 1835) was a French general and Marshal of France under Napoleon I. He was one of 18 people killed in 1835 during Giuseppe Marco Fieschi's assassination attempt on King Louis Philippe I.
Étienne-Marie-Antoine Champion, comte de Nansouty (30 May 1768 – 12 February 1815) was a French cavalry commander during the French Revolutionary Wars who rose to the rank of General of Division in 1803 and subsequently held important military commands during the Napoleonic Wars.
The House of Ilok (Iločki), in old sources de Illoch, de Wylak, de Voilack etc., Hungarian: Újlaki) was a Croatian noble family, descended in the male line from Gug (in some sources Göge), a member of the lower nobility in the region of Lower Slavonia during the 13th century. The Iločki, meaning "those of Ilok", rose to be a powerful and influential family in the Croato-Hungarian Kingdom during the period in the Late Middle Ages history marked by dynastic struggles for the possession of the throne and the Ottoman wars in Europe that affected the country. Notable members of the family were Bans (viceroys) of Croatia, Voivodes (dukes)Transylvania, Palatines of Hungary, župans (counts), king's chamberlains and king's chief retainers. One of them, Nikola Iločki (English: Nicholas of Ilok, Hungarian: Újlaki Miklós), the most powerful and most famous member of the family, was nominal King of Bosnia from 1471 until 1477.
Český Krumlov Castle is a castle located in the city of Český Krumlov in the Czech Republic.
Łańcut (Polish pronunciation:; Landshut, לאַנצוט-Lantzut), is a town in south-eastern Poland, with 18,004 inhabitants, as of 2 June 2009.
Joaquín Baldomero Fernández-Espartero y Alvarez de Toro, 1st Prince of Vergara, 1st Duke of la Victoria, 1st Duke of Morella, 1st Count of Luchana, 1st Viscount of Banderas (27 February 17938 January 1879) was a Spanish general and politician, who served as the Regent of Spain.
The ball de diables (Catalan for "Devils' dance") is a dance tradition originating from Catalonia, though it is also observed in the Valencian Community and the Balearic Islands.
Ban was a noble title used in several states in Central and Southeastern Europe between the 7th century and the 20th century.
The Banda della Magliana (Magliana Gang) is an Italian criminal organization based in Rome founded in 1975.
Barbara Foley (born 1948), Distinguished Professor of English at Rutgers University-Newark, focuses her research and teaching on U.S. literary radicalism, African American literature, and Marxist criticism.
Barberêche (Bärfischen; Barberêtse) is a former municipality in the district of Lac in the Swiss canton of Fribourg.
Barnim IV of Pomerania (1325 – 22 August 1365) was a Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast-Rügen.
Baron Mowbray is a title in the Peerage of England.
The baronage is the collectively inclusive term denoting all members of the feudal nobility, as observed by the constitutional authority Edward Coke.
The Basilica of Superga is a church in the vicinity of Turin.
Battersea Grammar School was a Voluntary-Controlled Secondary Grammar School in South London.
The Battle of Adwa (Amharic: አድዋ; Amharic translated: Adowa, or sometimes by the Italian name Adua) was fought on 1 March 1896 between the Ethiopian Empire and the Kingdom of Italy near the town of Adwa, Ethiopia, in Tigray.
The Battle of Agincourt (Azincourt) was a major English victory in the Hundred Years' War.
The Battle of Amba Aradam (also known as the Battle of Enderta) was a battle fought on the northern front of what was known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
The Battle of Anchem (also Battle of Anchiem or Battle of Anchim) was a battle fought between two factions of the Royal family in the Ethiopian Empire (Mangista Ityop'p'ya).
The Battle of Brüx was fought on 5 August 1421 in North Bohemia during the Hussite Wars.
The Battle of Caravaggio was fought near Caravaggio, in Lombardy (northern Italy), between the armies of the Ambrosian Republic (Milan's short lived republic) and the Republic of Venice, on 15 September 1448.
The Battle of Dyrrhachium (near present-day Durrës in Albania) took place on October 18, 1081 between the Byzantine Empire, led by the Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118), and the Normans of southern Italy under Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia and Calabria.
The Battle of Ganale Doria (also known as the Battle of Genale Dorya or as the Battle of Genale Wenz) was a battle on the "southern front" fought during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
The Battle of Isly was fought on August 14, 1844 between France and Morocco, near the Isly River.
The Battle of Kapetron or Kapetrou (Pasinler Savaşı) was fought between the Byzantine-Georgian armies and the Seljuq Turks on September 10 or September 18, 1048.
The Battle of Larissa was a military engagement between the armies of the Byzantine Empire and the Italo-Norman County of Apulia and Calabria.
The Battle of Manzikert was fought between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Empire on August 26, 1071 near Manzikert, theme of Iberia (modern Malazgirt in Muş Province, Turkey).
The Battle of Maychew (also known as the Battle of Mai Ceu) was the last major battle fought on the northern front during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
The Battle of Shire (Italian: Battaglia dello Mayatutors) was a battle fought on the northern front of what was known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
Baumber is a village and civil parish in the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England.
Bánk bán is an opera in 3 Acts by composer Ferenc Erkel.
Béatrice of Vermandois (c. 880 – after 26 March 931), a Carolingian aristocrat, queen of Western Francia by marriage to Robert I, King of France, and mother of Hugh the Great.
Beaufort-Spontin is a noble family which held prominent posts under the Holy Roman Emperors in the Austrian Netherlands, their family seat having originally been in Namur.
The Belgian nobility comprises individuals and (some members of) families recognized by the Kingdom of Belgium as members of a certain class of persons.
Following the creation of Belgium as a nation state, Belgian people have sought refuge abroad on several occasions.
Belleperche was a castle, now destroyed, located in the current town of Bagneux (Allier).
Bellinzona (Bellinzone, Bellenz, Blizuna) is the capital of the canton Ticino in Switzerland.
Bishop Benedict, Duke of Finland (Bengt Birgersson; Bengt Birgerinpoika; 1254 - 25 May 1291) was a Swedish prelate bishop and duke.
Berengar, called the Wise (Berenguer el Savi, Berengarius Sapiens), was the count (or duke) of Toulouse (814–835) and duke (or margrave) of Septimania (832–835).
Bernard de Wisk was a mercenary captain and sometime brigand of the Hundred Years War.
Bernard I (died 1020), called Taillefer (Bernat Tallaferro), was the Count of Besalú in Catalonia from 988 until his death.
Bertha (863-8 – March 925 in Lucca) was countess of Arles by marriage to Theobald of Arles, and margravine of Tuccany by marriage to Adalbert II of Tuscany.
Berthold IV, Duke of Zähringen (– 8 December 1186) was a Duke of Zähringen and Rector of Burgundy.
Major-General Dejazmatch Beyene Merid (sometimes rendered as Beine Merid) (1897 - 24 February 1937) was an Ethiopian army commander, a patriot, and the son-in-law of Emperor Haile Selassie I.
Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester, (born Birgitte Eva Henriksen, later van Deurs; 20 June 1946), is the wife of Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.
The House of Biron was a szlachta family in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and a noble family in the Russian Empire.
The Black Lions were a anti-fascist resistance movement formed to fight against Italy during the occupation of the Ethiopian Empire in the Second World War.
Bořivoj I (Borzivogius, c. 852 – c. 889) was the first historically documented Duke of Bohemia and progenitor of the Přemyslid dynasty.
Božidar Vuković (Божидар Вуковић, Dionisio della Vecchia, Dionisius a Vetula; c. 1460 — c. 1539) was one of the first printers of Serbian books in Montenegro.
Bogislaw XIV of Pomerania or Bogislavs XIV (Bogislaus XIV; Bogusław XIV) (31 March 1580 – 10 March 1637) was the last Duke of Pomerania.
Bohemia (Čechy;; Czechy; Bohême; Bohemia; Boemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.
Bolesław I the Tall (Bolesław I Wysoki) (b. 1127 – d. Leśnica, 7 or 8 December 1201) was a Duke of Wroclaw from 1163 until his death in 1201.
Bolesław of Kuyavia (also known as Mieszkowic) (Bolesław kujawski (Mieszkowic)) (1159 – 13 September 1195) was a Duke of Kuyavia from 1186 until his death.
Bolesław the Forgotten or the Cruel (Bolesław Okrutny; before 1016 – 1038/39) was a semi-legendary Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty from 1034 until his death in 1038 or 1039.
Bon-Adrien Jeannot de Moncey (or Jannot de Moncey), 1st Duke of Conegliano, 1st Baron of Conegliano, Peer of France (31 July 1754 – 20 April 1842), Marshal of France, was a prominent soldier in the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
The Book of Saint Albans (or Boke of Seynt Albans) is the common title of a book printed in 1486 that is a compilation of matters relating to the interests of the time of a gentleman.
Boso (c. 841 – January 11, 887) was a Frankish nobleman of the Bosonid family who was related to the Carolingian dynasty and who rose to become King of Lower Burgundy and Provence.
"Botany Bay" is a song that can be traced back to the musical burlesque, Little Jack Sheppard, staged at The Gaiety Theatre, London, England, in 1885 and in Melbourne, Australia, in 1886.
The House of Bourbon-Vendôme referred to two branches of the House of Bourbon.
Bows Against the Barons is a 1934 children's novel by British author Geoffrey Trease, based on the legend of Robin Hood.
The Brazilian nobility refers to the titled aristocrats and fidalgo families recognized by the Kingdom of Brazil and later, by the Empire of Brazil dating back to the early 19th century, when it was a colony of the Kingdom of Portugal.
Brett-Livingstone Strong (born 31 October 1953) is an Australian-born artist, best known for his sculptures of Hollywood celebrities.
Brian Linthicum (born November 28, 1987) is a former American football Tight end.
The British nobility are the Noble Houses and Gentry families of the United Kingdom.
Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a royal title normally granted to sons and grandsons of reigning and past British monarchs.
Brodick Castle is a castle situated outside the port of Brodick on the Isle of Arran, an island in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland.
Bronxville Union Free School District is a public school district serving the Village of Bronxville, Westchester County, New York.
Agnolo di Cosimo (November 17, 1503November 23, 1572), usually known as Bronzino ("Il Bronzino" in Italian), or Agnolo Bronzino, was an Italian Mannerist painter, born in Florence.
Teck was a ducal castle in the kingdom of Württemberg, immediately to the north of the Swabian Jura and south of the town of Kirchheim unter Teck (now in the district of Esslingen).
The Burger King Kingdom is a fantasy world associated with Burger King.
Count Burkhard Christoph von Münnich (9 May 1683 – 16 October 1767) (Христофо́р Анто́нович Миних) was a German soldier-engineer who became a field marshal and political figure in the Russian Empire.
The House of Bylandt is the name of an ancient house of nobility originating in the Lower Rhine region.
The Byzantine–Lombard wars were a protracted series of conflicts which occurred from AD 568 to 750 between the Byzantine Empire and a Germanic tribe known as the Lombards.
Cadore (Cadòr; Cadòr or, rarely, Cadòria; Cadober or Kadober; Sappada German: Kadour; Cjadovri) is a historical region in the Italian region of Veneto, in the northernmost part of the province of Belluno bordering on Austria, the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
Saint Camilla Battista da Varano, O.S.C., (9 April 1458 – 31 May 1524), from Camerino, Italy, was an Italian princess (Feb, 23, 2010).
Can't Buy Me Love (Chinese: 公主嫁到) is a 2010 Hong Kong television series.
Canute or Knud Valdemarsen (1207 – 1260) was a Danish bastard son of King Valdemar II of Denmark, who became Duke of Revelia, Blekinge and Lolland.
Canzo (in the Italian language, Canz or, in the Lombard language, depending on native or Milanese pronunciation) is a commune of the Italian province of Como.
Carantania, also known as Carentania (Karantanija, Karantanien, in Old Slavic *Korǫtanъ), was a Slavic principality that emerged in the second half of the 7th century, in the territory of present-day southern Austria and north-eastern Slovenia.
Carlo de Tocco (11 August 1592 - 14 February 1674), titular Duke of Leucada and Prince of Montemiletto, was an Italian aristocrat, nobleman and military officer.
Carlos Eugénio Corrêa da Silva, 1st Viscount and 1st Count of Paço de Arcos (December 17, 1834 – November 5, 1905), was a Portuguese statesman.
Carnival in Flanders is a musical with a book by Preston Sturges, lyrics by Johnny Burke, and music by Jimmy Van Heusen.
The North Carolina–Duke rivalry refers to the rivalry between the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill Tar Heels (Carolina) and Duke University Blue Devils (Duke).
Casimir I the Restorer (b. Kraków, 25 July 1016 – d. Poznań, 28 November 1058), was Duke of Poland of the Piast dynasty and the de jure monarch of the entire country from 1034 until his death.
Casimir II the Just (Kazimierz II Sprawiedliwy; 1138 – 5 May 1194) was a Lesser Polish Duke at Wiślica during 1166–1173, and at Sandomierz after 1173.
Castle Freak is a 1995 American horror film directed by Stuart Gordon, loosely based upon the short story The Outsider by H. P. Lovecraft.
The Castle of Rivoli is a former Residence of the Royal House of Savoy in Rivoli (Metropolitan City of Turin, Italy).
Castleblayney or Castleblaney is a town in County Monaghan, Ireland.
The Castles of Bellinzona are a group of fortifications located around the town of Bellinzona, the capital of the Swiss canton of Ticino.
Catherine of Lorraine (1407 – 1 March 1439) was Margravine of Baden-Baden by marriage to Margrave Jacob of Baden-Baden.
Catherine Elizabeth von Schindel zu Sasterhausen, Duchess of Bernstadt, known also by her later married names as Catherine von Dyhrn und Schönau and Catherine von Köckritz und Friedland (1559 - 16 May 1601) was a Silesian noblewoman, landowner and heiress.
The Catholic Church in England and Wales is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in full communion with the Pope.
Célestin Lainé (1908–1983) was a Breton nationalist and collaborator during the Second World War who led the SS affiliated Bezen Perrot militia.
César Graña (1919, Peru – August 22, 1986, Spain) was an American sociologist and anthropologist of Peruvian origin.
César Phoebus d'Albret, comte de Miossens (16143 September 1676), was a French soldier, a Marshal of France under Louis XIV (his distant cousin), and a court gallant.
Major Cecil Aylmer Cameron, CBE, DSO (17 September 1883–19 August 1924) was a British Army officer and spymaster and also a central figure of a notable fraud trial of 1911.
"Chapeau" is a French term signifying a hat or other covering for the head.
This is a list of characters from the fictional nation of Ile-Rien, the setting of five of Martha Wells' fantasy novels.
Charles Frederick Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk, 13th Duke of St Albans, OBE (16 August 1915 – 8 October 1988) was a British soldier and peer.
Charles Laure Hugues Théobald, duc de Choiseul-Praslin (29 June 1805 – 24 August 1847) was a French nobleman and politician, who served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies in 1838–1842.
Charles Edward (baptised Leopold Charles Edward George Albert, Leopold Carl Eduard Georg Albert; 19 July 1884 – 6 March 1954) was the last reigning duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 30 July 1900 until 1918.
Charles Eugène de Croÿ (Карл Евгений де Круа) (1651–1702) was a field marshal and duke from the House of Croÿ.
Charles François de Riffardeau, marquis, then duc de Rivière (Ferté-sur-Cher, 17 December 1763 — 1828) was French ambassador to the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire, 1815–1821, for which service he was made duc in 1825.
Charles Frederick II of Württemberg-Oels (7 February 1690 in Merseburg – 14 December 1761 in Oleśnica) was a Duke of Oels-Württemberg and Regent of the Duchy of Württemberg.
Duke Charles Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (30 April 1700 – 18 June 1739) was a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp and an important member of European royalty.
Charles I, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels (also: Charles I of Podebrady, Karel z Minstrberka, Karl I. von Münsterberg.; 2 or 4 May 1476, in Kladsko – 31 May 1536, in Frankenstein) was a member of the House of Poděbrady.
Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf (5 November 1596 – 5 November 1657), was a French nobleman, the son of Charles I, Duke of Elbeuf, by his wife, Marguerite de Chabot.
Charles II (10 October 1741 – 6 November 1816) was ruler of the state of Mecklenburg-Strelitz from 1794 until his death.
Charles XII, also Carl (Karl XII; 17 June 1682 – 30 November 1718 O.S.), Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718.
Charles of France, Duke of Berry, (31 July 1686 – 5 May 1714) was a grandson of Louis XIV of France.
Duke Charles of Württemberg-Bernstadt (11 March 1682 in Dobroszyce – 8 February 1745 in Bierutów) was Duke of Württemberg-Bernstadt.
Charles-François Lebrun, 1st duc de Plaisance (19 March 1739 – 16 June 1824), was a French statesman who served as Third Consul of the French Republic and was later created Arch-Treasurer and Prince of the Empire by Napoleon I.
Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency (11 May 1594 – 2 December 1650) was an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families, and Princess de Condé by her marriage to Henri de Bourbon.
Château de Germolles is situated in Burgundy, not far from Beaune and Chalon-sur-Saône.
The Château de la Faye is a manor house in Villexavier, in the Charente-Maritime region of France.
Château de La Motte-Tilly is a castle in the La Motte-Tilly, south-west of Nogent-sur-Seine, Champagne-Ardenne, France.
The Château de Montcornet is a castle in the commune of Montcornet in the Ardennes département of France.
Chester Aaron (born May 9, 1923) is an American writer.
Chhatrapati (Devanagari: छत्रपति) is an Indian royal title.
The Chigi family is a Roman princely family of Sienese extraction descended from the counts of Ardenghesca, which possessed castles in the Maremma, southern Tuscany.
Child of Light is a platforming role-playing video game developed by Ubisoft Montreal and published by Ubisoft for Microsoft Windows, the PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Wii U, Xbox 360 and Xbox One in April 2014, and was released on PlayStation Vita in July 2014.
In Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Singapore, and other Chinese-speaking societies around the world, an honorific title is attached after the family name of an individual when addressing that person.
The Chor Leoni Men's Choir is a male choir based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Chose Promise (Promised Thing) is a one-man show performed by the French comedian Arnaud Tsamere from 2007 to 2014.
Christian II (1 July 1481 – 25 January 1559) was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union.
Christian IX (8 April 181829 January 1906) was King of Denmark from 1863 to 1906.
Christian Lee McBride (born May 31, 1972) is an American jazz bassist and record producer.
Duke Christian Ulrich I of Württemberg-Oels (born: 9 April 1652 at Oels Castle in Oels; died: 5 April 1704, Oels Castle) was a German nobleman.
Duke Christian Ulrich II of Württemberg-Wilhelminenort (27 January 1691 at Vielguth Castle nearby Oleśnica – 7 February 1734 in Stuttgart) was Duke of Württemberg-Wilhelminenort.
Christian VII (29 January 1749 13 March 1808) was a monarch of the House of Oldenburg who was King of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Schleswig and Holstein from 1766 until his death.
Princess Christiana of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, often referred to as Christiane (22 September 1634 in Copenhagen – 20 May 1701 at Delitzsch Castle) was the consort of Christian I, Duke of Saxe-Merseburg, who was the ruling Duke of Saxe-Merseburg from 1650 until his death.
Christina of Denmark (Christine af Danmark; November 1521 – 10 December 1590) was a Danish princess, the younger surviving daughter of King Christian II of Denmark and Norway and Isabella of Austria.
The Christmas Offensive took place during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.
Christopher Situma Khaemba is a Kenyan educator, former headmaster of Alliance High School, and the former Dean of the African Leadership Academy in South Africa.
The Church of St.
Church of the Holy Cross (Crkva svetog Križa) is a Croatian Pre-Romanesque Catholic church originating from the 9th century in Nin.
Francesco (Cicco) Simonetta (1410 – 30 October 1480) was an Italian Renaissance statesman.
A Cistercian is a member of the Cistercian Order (abbreviated as OCist, SOCist ((Sacer) Ordo Cisterciensis), or ‘’’OCSO’’’ (Ordo Cisterciensis Strictioris Observantiae), which are religious orders of monks and nuns. They are also known as “Trappists”; as Bernardines, after the highly influential St. Bernard of Clairvaux (though that term is also used of the Franciscan Order in Poland and Lithuania); or as White Monks, in reference to the colour of the "cuccula" or white choir robe worn by the Cistercians over their habits, as opposed to the black cuccula worn by Benedictine monks. The original emphasis of Cistercian life was on manual labour and self-sufficiency, and many abbeys have traditionally supported themselves through activities such as agriculture and brewing ales. Over the centuries, however, education and academic pursuits came to dominate the life of many monasteries. A reform movement seeking to restore the simpler lifestyle of the original Cistercians began in 17th-century France at La Trappe Abbey, leading eventually to the Holy See’s reorganization in 1892 of reformed houses into a single order Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance (OCSO), commonly called the Trappists. Cistercians who did not observe these reforms became known as the Cistercians of the Original Observance. The term Cistercian (French Cistercien), derives from Cistercium, the Latin name for the village of Cîteaux, near Dijon in eastern France. It was in this village that a group of Benedictine monks from the monastery of Molesme founded Cîteaux Abbey in 1098, with the goal of following more closely the Rule of Saint Benedict. The best known of them were Robert of Molesme, Alberic of Cîteaux and the English monk Stephen Harding, who were the first three abbots. Bernard of Clairvaux entered the monastery in the early 1110s with 30 companions and helped the rapid proliferation of the order. By the end of the 12th century, the order had spread throughout France and into England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Eastern Europe. The keynote of Cistercian life was a return to literal observance of the Rule of St Benedict. Rejecting the developments the Benedictines had undergone, the monks tried to replicate monastic life exactly as it had been in Saint Benedict's time; indeed in various points they went beyond it in austerity. The most striking feature in the reform was the return to manual labour, especially agricultural work in the fields, a special characteristic of Cistercian life. Cistercian architecture is considered one of the most beautiful styles of medieval architecture. Additionally, in relation to fields such as agriculture, hydraulic engineering and metallurgy, the Cistercians became the main force of technological diffusion in medieval Europe. The Cistercians were adversely affected in England by the Protestant Reformation, the Dissolution of the Monasteries under King Henry VIII, the French Revolution in continental Europe, and the revolutions of the 18th century, but some survived and the order recovered in the 19th century.
City rights are a feature of the medieval history of the Low Countries.
Clan Ostoja (ancient Polish: Ostoya) was a powerful group of knights and lords in late-medieval Europe.
The Clarinet Trio in A minor, Op. 114 is one of four chamber works composed by Johannes Brahms featuring the clarinet as a primary instrument.
The Clermont Set was an exclusive group of rich British gamblers who met at the Clermont Club, originally at 44 Berkeley Square, in London's fashionable Mayfair district.
Coach K College Basketball was the first college basketball video game developed by EA Sports spun off from their NBA Live engine.
The coat of arms of Luxembourg has its origins in the Middle Ages and was derived from the arms of the Duchy of Limburg, in modern-day Belgium and the Netherlands.
The coat of arms of Portugal is the main heraldic insignia of Portugal.
The coat of arms German state Thuringia was introduced in 1990.
The Colonna family, also known as Sciarrillo or Sciarra, is an Italian noble family.
The Comoedia Lydiae (or Lidia) is a medieval Latin elegiac comedy from the late twelfth century.
Research networking (RN) is about using web-based tools to identify, locate, and use research and scholarly information about people and resources.
The Concio (from the Latin contio, "assembly"), in the Republic of Venice, was the general assembly of freemen (citizens and patricians) from which the Doge was elected.
Conducător ("Leader") was the title used officially in two instances by Romanian politicians, and earlier by Carol II.
Conestoga High School, located in Tredyffrin Township, Pennsylvania, United States, is the only upper secondary school in the Tredyffrin/Easttown School District.
Confucius (551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.
Conrad I, Duke of Zähringen (– 8 January 1152 in Constance) was Duke of Zähringen from 1122 until his death and from 1127 also Rector of Burgundy.
Conrad II (4 June 1039), also known as and, was Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 until his death in 1039.
The Conservative and Unionist Women's Franchise Association (CUWFA) was a British women's suffrage organisation open to members of the Conservative and Unionist Party.
Consuelo Vanderbilt Balsan (formerly Consuelo Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough; born Consuelo Vanderbilt; 2 March 1877 – 6 December 1964) was a member of the prominent American Vanderbilt family.
Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the title of one of the chief magistrates of the Roman Republic, and subsequently a somewhat significant title under the Roman Empire.
Contarini is one of the founding families of Venicehttps://archive.org/details/teatroaraldicose02tett, Leone Tettoni.
A coronation is the act of placement or bestowal of a crown upon a monarch's head.
Coronation (foaled 1838) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire.
The coronation of the British monarch is a ceremony (specifically, initiation rite) in which the monarch of the United Kingdom is formally invested with regalia and crowned at Westminster Abbey.
Coronation Park is a park located on Burari Road near Nirankari Sarovar in Delhi, India.
In English, a coronet is a small crown consisting of ornaments fixed on a metal ring.
The Corpo della nobiltà italiana (English: Body of the Italian Nobility), sometimes indicated with the acronym CNI, is a private association established in 1957 in order to protect heraldic and nobility rights of Italian nobles after the republican constitution (in force since 1948) ended the public recognition and safeguard of nobility titles (including the condition of noble without title).
The Seventeenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church was convoked as the Council of Basel by Pope Martin V shortly before his death in February 1431 and took place in the context of the Hussite wars in Bohemia and the rise of the Ottoman Empire.
Count (Male) or Countess (Female) is a title in European countries for a noble of varying status, but historically deemed to convey an approximate rank intermediate between the highest and lowest titles of nobility.
The title Count of Mértola (Portuguese: Conde de Mértola) was granted to Frederick, 1st Duke of Schomberg by Afonso VI of Portugal, in 1663, as a reward for the Duke's service with the Portuguese Army.
Count palatine is a high noble title, used to render several comital (of or relating to a count or earl) styles, in some cases also shortened to Palatine, which can have other meanings as well.
Shield of the Counts of Oldenburg Shield of the Counts of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst This is a list of the counts, dukes, grand dukes, and prime ministers of Oldenburg.
The County of Apulia and Calabria, later the Duchy of Apulia and Calabria, was a Norman country founded by William of Hauteville in 1042 in the territories of Gargano, Capitanata, Apulia, Campania, and Vulture.
The County of Dannenberg (Grafschaft Dannenberg) was a fief in the Duchy of Saxony.
The County of Roussillon (Comtat de Rosselló,, Comitatus Ruscinonensis) was one of the Catalan counties in the Marca Hispanica during the Middle Ages.
The County of Zweibrücken (German:Grafschaft Zweibrücken) was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire named for Zweibrücken in the contemporary Land Rhineland-Palatinate.
In England, a county palatine or palatinate was an area ruled by a hereditary nobleman enjoying special authority and autonomy from the rest of a kingdom or empire.
A courtesy title is a form of address in systems of nobility used for children, former wives and other close relatives of a peer, and by certain officials such as some judges.
Church of San Zaccaria Venice - bas-relief on the facade Cristoforo Solari (c. 1460–1527), also known as il Gobbo (the hunchbacked), was an Italian sculptor and architect.
The Crnojević (Црнојевић, Crnojevići / Црнојевићи) was a medieval noble family that held Zeta, or parts of it; a region north of Lake Skadar corresponding to southern Montenegro and northern Albania, from 1326 to 1362, then 1403 until 1515.
Croatian nobility (lit; la noblesse) was a privileged social class in Croatia during the Antiquity and Medieval periods of the country's history.
A crown is often an emblem of a sovereign state, a monarch's government, or items endorsed by it (see The Crown).
Saskatoon is the most populous city in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.
A crown prince is the male heir apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy.
Cuban nobility encompasses all the individuals and families recognized in Cuba as members of the aristocratic class, hence possessing inheritance privileges.
Cunincpert (also Cunibert or Cunipert) was king of the Lombards from 688 to 700.
Dalsland is a Swedish traditional province, or landskap, situated in Götaland in southern Sweden.
Daniel "Dan" Shulman (born February 9, 1967) is a Canadian sportscaster with the American network ESPN as well as Canadian network Sportsnet.
Danish nobility is a social class and a former estate in the Kingdom of Denmark.
The Danish royal family consists of the dynastic family of the monarch.
The Darkon Wargaming Club is a non-profit battle gaming and live-action role-playing (LARP) club in the United States based in the Baltimore/Washington/Virginia area.
Darmstadt is a city in the state of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area (Frankfurt Metropolitan Region).
Datu is a title which denotes the rulers (variously described in historical accounts as chiefs, sovereign princes, and monarchsFor more information about the social system of the Indigenous Philippine society before the Spanish colonization see Barangay in Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europea-Americana, Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, S. A., 1991, Vol. VII, p.624: Los nobles de un barangay eran los más ricos ó los más fuertes, formándose por este sistema los dattos ó maguinoos, principes á quienes heredaban los hijos mayores, las hijas á falta de éstos, ó los parientes más próximos si no tenían descendencia directa; pero siempre teniendo en cuenta las condiciones de fuerza ó de dinero.) of numerous indigenous peoples throughout the Philippine archipelago.
Daujotas was one of the 5 elder Lithuanian dukes mentioned in the peace treaty with Halych-Volhynia in 1219.
The Dauphin of France (Dauphin de France)—strictly The Dauphin of Viennois (Dauphin de Viennois)—was the dynastic title given to the heir apparent to the throne of France from 1350 to 1791 and 1824 to 1830.
David B. Falk (born 1950)Araton, Harvey.
David Stewart (24 October 1378 – 26 March 1402) was prince and heir to the throne of Scotland from 1390 and the first Duke of Rothesay from 1398.
David August Wallin (7 January 1876 in Östra Husby parish in Östergötland County, Sweden – 27 June 1957 in Stockholm, Sweden) was a Swedish artist.
De Bono's invasion of Abyssinia took place during the opening stages of the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
The De la Roche family was a French noble family named for La Roche-sur-l'Ognon that founded the Duchy of Athens of the early 13th century.
The Dean Family Farm, listed since 1994 as a historic site on the National Register of Historic Places, has its origins with the immigration of Daniel Dean, a native of Tobermore, County Londonderry, Ireland, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1784 when he was aged 18, according to Dean family histories.
Death is a fictional character in Terry Pratchett's Discworld series and a parody of several other personifications of death.
Deauville is a commune in the Calvados département in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Derrick Bernard Favors (born July 15, 1991) is an American professional basketball player for the Utah Jazz of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Derrick Lamont Hamilton (born May 20, 1966) is a former professional basketball player.
''Ras'' Desta Damtew (Amharic: ደስታ ዳምጠው; ca. 1892 - 24 February 1937) was an Ethiopian noble, an army commander, and a son-in-law of Emperor Haile Selassie I.
The (DNT) is a German theatre and musical organisation based in Weimar.
Devil's Cub is a Georgian romance novel written by Georgette Heyer.
Diego Columbus (Diogo Colombo; Diego Colón; also, in Diego Colombo) (1479/1480-1526) was a Portuguese navigator and explorer under the Kings of Castile and Aragón.
Diego Duque de Estrada (August 15, 1589 in Toledo, Spain1647?) was a Spanish memoir writer, soldier and adventurer.
Dies the Fire is a 2004 alternate history and post-apocalyptic novel written by S. M. Stirling.
Dietrich I was the first Count of Cleves.
Dietrich II was Count of Cleves from 1147 through 1172, son of Arnold I, Count of Cleves and Ida, the daughter of Godfrey I, Count of Louvain.
Dietrich III was Count of Cleves from 1172 through 1188.
Dietrich IV was Count of Cleves from 1188 through 1198.
Dietrich V was Count of Cleves from 1201 through 1260.
Dietrich VI (also known as Dietrich of Meissen), was Count of Cleves from 1260 through 1275.
Dietrich VII (1256–1305) was Count of Cleves from 1275 through 1305.
"Digger" is the first episode of the second series of British television sitcom Bottom.
Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus), born Diocles (22 December 244–3 December 311), was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305.
This article contains brief biographies for characters from Terry Pratchett's Discworld series.
Dmitry Timofeyevich (Timofeevich) Troubetzkoy (Troubetskoy) (died 24 May 1625, buried in Troitse-Sergieva Lavra), Prince, was the claimant to the Russian throne 1612, governor of Siberia, "duke of Shenkursk".
Doctor is an academic title that originates from the Latin word of the same spelling and meaning.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
A doctorate (from Latin docere, "to teach") or doctor's degree (from Latin doctor, "teacher") or doctoral degree (from the ancient formalism licentia docendi) is an academic degree awarded by universities that is, in most countries, a research degree that qualifies the holder to teach at the university level in the degree's field, or to work in a specific profession.
The Dogado or Duchy of Venice was the homeland of the Republic of Venice, headed by the Doge.
The Doge of Venice (Doxe de Venexia; Doge di Venezia; all derived from Latin dūx, "military leader"), sometimes translated as Duke (compare the Italian Duca), was the chief magistrate and leader of the Most Serene Republic of Venice for 1,100 years (697–1797).
Domagoj (Domagoi) (died 876) was a duke (knez) of the Duchy of Croatia in 864–876 and the founder of the House of Domagojević.
Domagojević dynasty was a native Croat dynasty that ruled in the Duchy of Croatia, probably from 864 until 892, with interruptions.
Domitian of Carantania or Domitian of Carinthia (Domitian von Kärnten, Domicijan Koroški; died), also known as Domislav and Tuitianus, was a Slavic nobleman in the principality of Carantania (present-day Carinthia, Austria) during the reign of Charlemagne.
Don (Dom, from Latin dominus, roughly 'Lord'), abbreviated as D., is an honorific title used in Spain, Portugal, Italy, Iberoamerica, and the Philippines.
Dora d'Istria, pen-name of duchess Helena Koltsova-Massalskaya born Elena Ghica (Gjika/Xhika) (January 22, 1828, Bucharest – November 17, 1888, Florence) was a Wallachian-born Romantic writer and feminist of Albanian-Romanian descent.
The House of Doria-Pamphili-Landi (also called simply Doria-Pamphili) was a princely Roman family of Genoese extraction.
Dorothea of Denmark (1528 – 11 November 1575), was a Danish princess and a Duchess consort of Mecklenburg.
Doukades (Δουκάδες) is a village and a community in the northwestern part of the island of Corfu.
Drabiv (Драбів) is an urban-type settlement located in Cherkasy Oblast (province) in the central Ukraine.
Dream of Love is a 1928 American silent biographical drama film directed by Fred Niblo, and starring Joan Crawford and Nils Asther.
Duc de Beaumont was a French Duke (though not a peerage) created by Letters Patent in 1765.
Duca can refer to.
Ducal is a Luxembourgish brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by "Landewyck Tobacco".
Several palaces are named Ducal Palace (Italian: Palazzo Ducale) because it was the seat or residence of a duke.
The Lerma Ducal Palace is the palace of the dukes of Lerma in Lerma in Spain, occupying the whole of one side of the city's Plaza.
His/Her Ducal Serene Highness (abbreviation: HDSH) is a style used by members of certain ducal families, such as those of Nassau, Braganza and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (until 1844).
Duce ("leader") is an Italian title, derived from the Latin word dux, and cognate with duke.
Duchess is a rank of nobility, the female equivalent of Duke.
Duchess Louise Frederica of Württemberg (3 February 1722 – 2 August 1791) was a Duchess consort of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
There have been duchesses of Bouillon, in present-day Belgium, since the tenth century.
Duchies in Sweden have been allotted since the 13th century to powerful Swedes, almost always to princes of Sweden (only in some of the dynasties) and wives of the latter.
The Duchies of Gwynedd are the largest feudal estates within the fictional Kingdom of Gwynedd in the Deryni novels of Katherine Kurtz.
A duchy is a country, territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess.
The Duchy of Aragvi (არაგვის საერისთავო) was an important fiefdom in medieval and early modern Georgia, strategically located in the upper Aragvi valley, in the foothills of the eastern Greater Caucasus crest, and ruled by a succession of eristavi ("dukes") from c. 1380 until being transferred to the royal crown in 1747.
The Duchy of Bavaria (German: Herzogtum Bayern) was, from the sixth through the eighth century, a frontier region in the southeastern part of the Merovingian kingdom.
The Duchy of Courland and Semigallia (Ducatus Curlandiæ et Semigalliæ, Księstwo Kurlandii i Semigalii, Herzogtum Kurland und Semgallen, Kurzemes un Zemgales hercogiste) was a duchy in the Baltic region that existed from 1561 to 1569 as a vassal state of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and from 1569 to 1726 to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by Sejm in 1726, On 28 March 1795, it was annexed by the Russian Empire in the Third Partition of Poland.
"Duchy of Croatia" (also "Duchy of the Croats", Kneževina Hrvata; "Dalmatian Croatia", Dalmatinska Hrvatska; "Littoral Croatia", Primorska Hrvatska; Greek: Χρωβατία, Chrovatía), was a medieval Croatian duchy that was established in the former Roman province of Dalmatia.
The Duchy of Gifhorn (Herzogtum Gifhorn) with its residence at Gifhorn Castle was founded in 1539 and lasted only 10 years until the death of its ruler, Duke Francis of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1549.
The Duchy of Jülich (Herzogtum Jülich; Hertogdom Gulik; Duché de Juliers) comprised a state within the Holy Roman Empire from the 11th to the 18th centuries.
Dukes) of Ksani, in Akhalgori. The Duchy of Ksani (ქსნის საერისთავო) was an administrative unit in feudal Georgia.
The Duchy of Limburg or Limbourg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Duchy of Lucca was a small Italian state existing from 1815 to 1847.
The Duchy of Mantua was a duchy in Lombardy, Northern Italy, subject to the Holy Roman Empire.
The Duchy of Montferrat was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in Northern Italy.
The Duchy of Racha (რაჭის საერისთავო, rach'is saerist'avo) was an important fiefdom in medieval and early modern Georgia, located in the western province of Racha, in the upper Rioni Valley in the foothills of the Greater Caucasus crest, and ruled by a succession of eristavi ("dukes") from c. 1050 until being transferred to the royal crown in 1789.
The Duchy of Samogitia (Žemaičių seniūnija, Žemaitėjės seniūnėjė, Księstwo żmudzkie)Grzegorz Błaszczyk, Żmudź w XVII i XVIII wieku: zaludnienie i struktura społeczna, Uniwersytet im.
From 1416 to 1860, the Duchy of Savoy (Duché de Savoie, Ducato di Savoia) was a state in Western Europe.
The Duchy of Schleswig (Hertugdømmet Slesvig; Herzogtum Schleswig; Low German: Sleswig; North Frisian: Slaswik) was a duchy in Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland) covering the area between about 60 km north and 70 km south of the current border between Germany and Denmark.
The Duchy of Styria (Herzogtum Steiermark; Vojvodina Štajerska; Stájer Hercegség) was a duchy located in modern-day southern Austria and northern Slovenia.
The Duchy of Surabaya (Indonesian and Javanese: Kadipaten Surabaya) was a Javanese principality centered in Surabaya, on the northeastern coast of Java (in today's East Java, Indonesia), that existed as an independent polity from to 1625.
The Duchy of the Archipelago (Ducato dell'arcipelago, Δουκάτο του Αρχιπελάγους), or also Duchy of Naxos (Ducato di Nasso, Δουκάτο της Νάξου) or Duchy of the Aegean (Ducato dell'Egeo, Δουκάτο του Αιγαίου), was a maritime state created by Venetian interests in the Cyclades archipelago in the Aegean Sea, in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, centered on the islands of Naxos and Paros.
The Duchy of Württemberg (Herzogtum Württemberg) was a duchy located in the south-western part of the Holy Roman Empire.
A duck call may be either the sound-imitation process by which a hunter lures waterfowl, or the actual tool which the person uses to do so.
Ducové is a municipality (village) situated in western Slovakia, near the spa town of Piešťany.
DUCS or Ducs may refer to.
Duk may refer to.
The Dukagjini family (Ducagini or Ducaginus) was one of the most important feudal families in medieval Albania.
A duke is an aristocrat of very high rank.
Among the Lombards, the duke or dux was the man who acted as political and military commander of a set of "military families" (the Fara), irrespective of any territorial appropriation.
Duke is a surname meaning 'the leader' or 'son of Marmaduke'.
Adolf Friedrich Albrecht Heinrich, Duke of Mecklenburg (German: Adolf Friedrich Albrecht Heinrich, Herzog zu Mecklenburg; 10 October 1873 – 5 August 1969), was a German explorer in Africa, a colonial politician, the elected Duke of the United Baltic Duchy from 5 November to 28 November 1918, and the first president of the National Olympic Committee of West Germany (1949–1951).
Duke of Abrantes is a noble title that was created separately in the peerages of Spain, Portugal and France.
Duke of Almódovar del Río (Ducado de Almodóvar del Río) is a hereditary ducal title in the Spanish nobility which holds a Grandeeship of Spain 2nd Class.
Medieval Amalfi was ruled, in the tenth and eleventh centuries, by a series of dukes (duces), sometimes called dogi (singular doge) corresponding with the republic of Venice, a maritime rival throughout the Middle Ages.
Duke of Arco is a Spanish noble title.
Duke of Atholl, alternatively Duke of Athole, named after Atholl in Scotland, is a title in the Peerage of Scotland held by the head of Clan Murray.
This was a Portuguese Nobility title granted by King Luís I of Portugal to António José de Ávila, 1st Duke of Ávila and Bolama, a remarkable Portuguese politician and ambassador during the liberal period.
Duke of Beaufort (duc de Beaufort) was a title in the French nobility.
The Duke of Carcaci (Duca di Cárcaci) (pron: "Car-catch-ee") is the head of one branch of the Paternò Castello family, an ancient Sicilian noble family.
The Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo (Duque de Ciudad Rodrigo), with accompanying dignity Grandee of Spain 1st Class (Grandeza de España), is a Spanish hereditary ducal title.
The title of Duke of Connaught and Strathearn was granted by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland to her third son, Prince Arthur, on 24 May 1874.
The fictitious title of Duke of Denver was created by Dorothy Sayers for the family of Lord Peter Wimsey.
The Duke of Exeter's daughter was a torture rack in the Tower of London.
Duke of Faial (in Portuguese Duque do Faial) is a Portuguese title of nobility granted by royal decree of Queen Maria II of Portugal, dated from April 4, 1833, to Dom Pedro de Sousa Holstein (1781–1850), a Portuguese politician during the first half of the 19th century.
Duke of Finland (in Finnish Suomen herttua; Swedish hertig av Finland) was an occasional medieval title granted as a tertiogeniture to the relatives of the King of Sweden between the 13th and 16th centuries.
This lists those feudal magnates (counts, dukes, and other sort of princes) who have held Halland (Hallandia) as fief, or its southern or northern part, as a substantive title.
Duke of Hamilton is a title in the Peerage of Scotland, created in 1643.
The title of Duke of Kent has been created several times in the peerages of Great Britain and the United Kingdom, most recently as a royal dukedom for the fourth son of King George V.
Duke of la Torre (Ducado de la Torre) is a hereditary ducal title in the spanish nobility, which holds a grandeeship of Spain 1st Class.
The Duke of Luna is a Spanish ducal title first created in 1495 by King Alfonso II of Aragon and revived in 1895 by King Alfonso XIII.
Duke of Moctezuma de Tultengo (Duque de Moctezuma de Tultengo) is a hereditary title of Spanish nobility held by a line of descendants of Emperor Moctezuma II, the ninth Tlatoani, or ruler, of Tenochtitlan.
Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne is a title which has been created three times.
The Duke of Norfolk is the premier duke in the peerage of England, and also, as Earl of Arundel, the premier earl.
Duke of Otranto (Duc d'Otrante) is a hereditary title in the nobility of the First French Empire which was bestowed in 1809 by Emperor Napoleon I upon Joseph Fouché (1759-1820), a French statesman and Minister of Police.
The Duke of Parma was the ruler of the Duchy of Parma, a small historical state which existed between 1545 and 1802, and again from 1814 to 1859.
Duc de Piney (Duke of Piney) was a title in the Peerage of France.
The title of Duke of Saint-Cloud was created in 1674.
Duke of Saldanha (in Portuguese Duque de Saldanha) is a Portuguese title granted by royal decree of Queen Maria II of Portugal, dated from November 4, 1846, to João Carlos Saldanha de Oliveira Daun (1790-1876), also known as Marshal Saldanha, leader of the liberal armies, during the Liberal Wars in Portugal.
The following list is a list of jarls and dukes, who ruled over Schleswig respectively Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland).
Duke of Suárez (Duque de Suárez) is a hereditary title in the Spanish nobility.
Duke of Suffolk is a title that has been created three times in the Peerage of England.
Duke of Vila Real (in Portuguese Duque de Vila Real) was a Portuguese title of nobility created by royal decree, dated from February 28, 1585, by King Philip I of Portugal (also known as Philip II of Spain), and granted to Dom Manuel de Menezes, 5th Marquis of Vila Real and 7th Count of Vila Real.
The Duke of Villahermosa (in Spanish: Duque de Villahermosa) is a noble and Grandee of Spain.
The Duke of Windsor was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Duke Tour was a concert tour by the British progressive rock band Genesis in presentation of his, at that time, most recent album Duke.
Dukedom may refer to.
The Duke of Segorbe is a Spanish noble title created by King Juan II de Aragón in 1476 for Enrique de Aragón, son of Infante Henry, Duke of Villena and Beatriz de Pimentel, from whom the ducal house of Medinaceli descends.
The highest hereditary title in the Portuguese monarchy.
Duke, in the United Kingdom, is the highest-ranking hereditary title in all four peerages of the British Isles.
Donnchad mac Crinain (Modern Gaelic: Donnchadh mac Crìonain; anglicised as Duncan I, and nicknamed An t-Ilgarach, "the Diseased" or "the Sick"; ca. 1001 – 14 August 1040) was king of Scotland (Alba) from 1034 to 1040.
Duque is a Spanish surname meaning "duke".
The Dutch nobility are a legally recognised group of people who belong to a historically privileged social stratum.
Dutchess may refer to.
Dux (plural: ducēs) is Latin for "leader" (from the noun dux, ducis, "leader, general") and later for duke and its variant forms (doge, duce, etc.). During the Roman Republic, dux could refer to anyone who commanded troops, including foreign leaders, but was not a formal military rank.
A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family,Oxford English Dictionary, "dynasty, n." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1897.
An earl is a member of the nobility.
Earl of Beaconsfield, of Hughenden in the County of Buckingham, was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Earl of Dundee is a title in the Peerage of Scotland.
The East Carolina Pirates are a college football team that represents East Carolina University (variously "East Carolina" or "ECU").
The Edict of Fontainebleau (22 October 1685) was an edict issued by Louis XIV of France, also known as the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
Edmund Cake is the musical solo project of Edmund McWilliams, an alternative rock musician, singer-songwriter, and producer.
Edmund "Ed" Pevensie is a fictional character in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia series.
Eduardo Dato e Iradier (12 August 1856 – 8 March 1921) was a Spanish political leader during the Spanish Restoration period.
Eduardo de Zulueta y Dato (born 4 December 1923) is a Spanish Diplomat.
Edward Horace Fiennes-Clinton, 18th Earl of Lincoln (23 February 1913 – 7 July 2001) was an Australian engineer.
Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death; he is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.
Edward Maria Wingfield, sometimes hyphenated as Edward-Maria Wingfield (1550 in Stonely Priory, near Kimbolton – 1631) was a soldier, Member of Parliament, (1593) and English colonist in America.
Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, (29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era.
Eilrad was a Frisian Duke from the medieval shire Rüstringen.
Eleazar of Worms (אלעזר מוורמייזא) (c. 1176–1238), or Eleazar ben Judah ben Kalonymus, also sometimes known today as Eleazar Rokeach ("Eleazar the Perfumer" אלעזר רקח) from the title of his Book of the Perfumer (Sefer ha rokeah ספר הרקח)—where the numerical value of "Perfumer" (in Hebrew) is equal to Eleazar, was a leading Talmudist and Kabbalist, and the last major member of the Hasidei Ashkenaz, a group of German Jewish pietists.
Elghammar Castle is a castle in Södermanland County, Sweden.
Elisabeth Christine Ulrike of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (Elisabeth Christine Ulrike; 8 November 1746 – 18 February 1840), was a Crown Princess of Prussia as the first wife of Crown Prince Frederick William, her cousin and the future king Frederick William II of Prussia.
Elisabeth of Lorraine (9 October 1574 – 4 January 1635), was a Duchess and an Electress consort of Bavaria.
The Elisabethmarkt is a daily food market in Schwabing, a district of Munich, Germany.
Elisabeth of Görlitz (November 1390 – 2 August 1451) was a Duchess regnant of Luxemburg from 1411 to 1443.
Elizabeth of Nevers (born: after 24 August 1439 in Nevers; died: 21 June 1483) was Duchess of Cleves from 1455 until her death, due to her marriage with John I of Cleves-Mark.
Elizabeth Russell, Duchess of Bedford VA (née Sackville-West; 23 September 1818 – 22 April 1897) was born the daughter of the 5th Earl De La Warr and his wife Lady Elizabeth Sackville.
Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave, Countess Waldegrave (25 March 1760 – 29 January 1816), was a British noblewoman, courtier and society beauty.
Emanuel Cvjetićanin (August 8, 1833 – 1919) was an Austro-Hungarian Feldmarschalleutnant, a rank equivalent to Lieutenant General.
Emma of Italy (Emma d'Italie; born c. 948 - died after 987) was the Queen of Western Francia as the wife of King Lothair, whom she married in 965.
Emma (Hemma) (bef. 950 – 1005/06) was a Bohemian duchess consort as the second wife of Boleslaus II of Bohemia.
The Emperor of Austria (German: Kaiser von Österreich) was the ruler of the Austrian Empire and later the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Enderta or Inderta (Geez: እንደርታ) is a former historical province of Ethiopia; it is located in the eastern edge of the Ethiopian highlands.
An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.
Eparchy of Mileševa is the one of eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church, and is seated in Prijepolje, in the Mileševa monastery.
Duke Erik Birgersson (c. 1250 – 17 December 1275) was a Swedish duke.
Erich Friedrich Wilhelm Ludendorff (9 April 1865 – 20 December 1937) was a German general, the victor of the Battle of Liège and the Battle of Tannenberg.
Eristavi (literally, "head of the nation") was a Georgian feudal office, roughly equivalent to the Byzantine strategos and normally translated into English as "duke".
Erkelenz is a town in the Rhineland in western Germany that lies southwest of Mönchengladbach on the northern edge of the Cologne Lowland, halfway between the Lower Rhine region and the Lower Meuse.
Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (German: Ernst August I; 19 April 1688 – 19 January 1748), was a duke of Saxe-Weimar and, from 1741, of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Ernest Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern (4 March 1682 in Osterholz – 14 April 1746 in Brunswick) was a titular Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg.
Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (Gotha, 30 January 1745 – Gotha, 20 April 1804) was the reigning Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg from 1772 to 1804.
The Ernestine duchies, also known as the Saxon duchies (although the Albertine appanage duchies of Weissenfels, Merseburg and Zeitz were also "Saxon duchies" and adjacent to several Ernestine ones), were a changing number of small states that were largely located in the present-day German state of Thuringia and governed by dukes of the Ernestine line of the House of Wettin.
Eron Riley (born August 5, 1987) is an American football wide receiver.
The estates of the realm, or three estates, were the broad orders of social hierarchy used in Christendom (Christian Europe) from the medieval period to early modern Europe.
Estrid Svendsdatter of Denmark (Estrith, Astrith: 990/997 – 1057/1073), was a Danish princess and titular Queen, a Russian princess and, possibly, Duchess of Normandy by marriage.
Until the end of the Ethiopian monarchy in 1974, there were two categories of nobility in Ethiopia.
The Ethiopian coup d'état of 1928 was an attempt by supporters of Empress Zewditu to rid her of the heir apparent and Crown Prince, Ras Tafari Makonnen.
Eugenia Attendolo Bolognini (1837–1914), styled by marriage as duchessa Litta Visconti Arese, was an Italian noblewoman, philanthropist and hostess of a famous literary salon in Milan.
Saint Evasius (Sant'Evasio; probably third century AD) is believed to have been a missionary and bishop of Asti, in north-west Italy.
Evelyn Emily Mary Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, (née Petty-FitzMaurice; 27 August 1870 – 2 April 1960), was the wife of The 9th Duke of Devonshire.
Falconry is the hunting of wild animals in their natural state and habitat by means of a trained bird of prey.
False titles of nobility are claimed titles of social rank that have been fabricated or assumed by an individual or family without recognition by the current or past government of a country in which titles of nobility exist or once existed.
Fürst (female form Fürstin, plural Fürsten; from Old High German furisto, "the first", a translation of the Latin princeps) is a German word for a ruler and is also a princely title.
Fürstlich Sächsischer Hofbuchdruckerei of Altenburg, Germany, is used generically in this article to denote a succession of book printers (sometimes synonymous with "publishers") based in Altenburg, in the German state of Thuringia (formerly East Germany), that — under various capacities, names, and owners – have endured as one continuous printing operation, without interruption (save and except wars), for years — since 1594, the early modern German period.
Federal prince (Bundesfürsten, "Princes of the Federation") was the generic term for the royal heads of state (monarchs) of the various states making up the German Empire, with the exception of the states that were republics and Alsace-Lorraine which had a special status.
Federico Sforza (20 January 1603 – 24 May 1676) was an Italian Catholic cardinal.
Fedor Vesna (Фёдар Вясна, Фёдор Весна Fedor Wesna, Theodor Wiosna) was a famous 14th century Lithuanian falconer and ruler of Vitebsk from 1392 to 1393.
Fēngjiàn (封建) was a political ideology during the later part of the Zhou dynasty of ancient China, its social structure forming a decentralized system of government based on four occupations, or "four categories of the people." The Zhou kings enfeoffed their fellow warriors and relatives, creating large domains of land.
Ferdinand Marie, Vicomte de Lesseps, GCSI (19 November 1805 – 7 December 1894) was a French diplomat and later developer of the Suez Canal, which in 1869 joined the Mediterranean and Red Seas, substantially reducing sailing distances and times between Europe and East Asia.
Ferdinand I (19 April 1793 – 29 June 1875) was the Emperor of Austria from 1835 until his abdication in 1848.
Prince Ferdinand Philippe of Orléans (3 September 1810 – 13 July 1842) was the eldest son of Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (the future King Louis Philippe I) and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily.
Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga (31 August 1652 – 5 July 1708) was the only child of Duke Charles II of Mantua and Montferrat, and the last ruler of the Duchy of Mantua of the House of Gonzaga.
Feudal is a chess-like board wargame for 2-6 players on two or four opposing sides.
Feudalism in the Holy Roman Empire was a politico-economic system of relationships between liege lords and enfeoffed vassals (or feudatories) that formed the basis of the social structure within the Holy Roman Empire during the High Middle Ages.
In the Philippine languages, the Filipino honorific styles and titles are a complex system of titles and honorifics, which are used extensively during pre-colonial era, mostly the Tagalogs and Visayans borrowed the Malay language systems of honorifics specially the Moro peoples of Mindanao based on the Indianised Sanskritised Indian honorifics system, in addition to the Chinese systems of honorifics in like the Ma-i (Mindoro) and the Pangasinan.
Filippo Antonio Gualterio (24 March 1660 – 21 April 1728) was made a papal nuncio to France (1700–1706) and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church from 1706.
Fils de France (Son of France) was the style and rank held by the sons of the kings and dauphins of France.
The Finnish–Novgorodian wars were a series of conflicts between Finnic tribes in eastern Fennoscandia and the Republic of Novgorod from the 11th or 12th century to the early 13th century.
The First Battle of Tembien was a battle fought on the northern front of what was known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
The First Schleswig War (Schleswig-Holsteinischer Krieg) or Three Years' War (Treårskrigen) was the first round of military conflict in southern Denmark and northern Germany rooted in the Schleswig-Holstein Question, contesting the issue of who should control the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein.
The Five Orders of Periwigs (The Five Orders of Perriwigs as they were Worn at the Late Coronation Measured Architectonically) is a 1761 engraving by William Hogarth.
The national flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina contains a wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow right triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag. The remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven full five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle. The three points of the triangle stand for the three constituent peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs. The triangle represents the approximate shape of the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The stars, representing Europe, are meant to be infinite in number and thus they continue from top to bottom. The flag features colours often associated with neutrality and peace – white, blue, and yellow. They are also colours traditionally associated with Bosnia. The blue background is suggestive of the flag of Europe.
The Flanaess is the eastern part of the continent of Oerik, one of the four continents of the fictional world of Oerth in the World of Greyhawk campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy roleplaying game.
The Flemish Heraldic Council or Vlaamse Heraldische Raad advises the Flemish Government on all matters relating to heraldry.
The Florida State Seminoles men's basketball team represents Florida State University (variously Florida State or FSU) in the intercollegiate sport of basketball.
Forms of address used in Spain are given below.
Forms of address used in the United Kingdom are given below.
Fortún Galíndez (floruit 924–972) was a powerful nobleman in the Kingdom of Navarre in the tenth century.
The Klis Fortress (Tvrđava Klis) is a medieval fortress situated above a village bearing the same name, near the city of Split, in central Dalmatia, Croatia. From its origin as a small stronghold built by the ancient Illyrian tribe Dalmatae, becoming a royal castle that was the seat of many Croatian kings, to its final development as a large fortress during the Ottoman wars in Europe, Klis Fortress has guarded the frontier, being lost and re-conquered several times throughout its more-than-two-thousand-year-long history. Due to its location on a pass that separates the mountains Mosor and Kozjak, the fortress served as a major source of defense in Dalmatia, especially against the Ottoman advance, and has been a key crossroad between the Mediterranean belt and the Balkan rear.
The foundation of Wallachia (Descălecatul Țării Românești), that is the establishment of the first independent Romanian principality, was achieved at the beginning of the 14th century, through the unification of smaller political units that had existed between the Carpathian Mountains, and the Rivers Danube, Siret and Milcov.
The Foundling Hospital in London, England was founded in 1739 by the philanthropic sea captain Thomas Coram.
François Marcellin Certain de Canrobert, born François Certain de Canrobert at Saint-Céré on June 27, 1809, and died in Paris on January 28, 1895, was a French Marshal.
Blessed Françoise d'Amboise (29 May 1427 – 4 November 1485) was a French Roman Catholic saint and a duchess consort of Brittany.
Francoise, Duchess de Choiseul-Praslin (April 14, 1807 - August 17, 1847) was a French duchess and heiress who was found murdered.
The Kingdom of France in the Middle Ages (roughly, from the 9th century to the middle of the 15th century) was marked by the fragmentation of the Carolingian Empire and West Francia (843–987); the expansion of royal control by the House of Capet (987–1328), including their struggles with the virtually independent principalities (duchies and counties, such as the Norman and Angevin regions) that had developed following the Viking invasions and through the piecemeal dismantling of the Carolingian Empire and the creation and extension of administrative/state control (notably under Philip II Augustus and Louis IX) in the 13th century; and the rise of the House of Valois (1328–1589), including the protracted dynastic crisis of the Hundred Years' War with the Kingdom of England (1337–1453) compounded by the catastrophic Black Death epidemic (1348), which laid the seeds for a more centralized and expanded state in the early modern period and the creation of a sense of French identity.
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.
Francis Godolphin Osborne, 1st Baron Godolphin (18 October 1777 – 15 February 1850), styled Lord Francis Osborne from 1789 to 1832, was a British politician.
Franco Giuseppucci (March 3, 1947 – September 13, 1980) was one of the founders and bosses of the Banda della Magliana, an Italian criminal organization based in the city of Rome that was particularly active throughout the late 1970s until the early 1990s.
Francisco Jose "Frank" Martin (born March 23, 1966) is an American basketball coach and the current head coach for the University of South Carolina men's basketball team.
Franziskus von Sales Bauer (January 26, 1841 – November 25, 1915) was an Austro-Hungarian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Frederick Bernard, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen (28 May 1697 in Gelnhausen – 5 August 1739, ibid.) was Count Palatine and Duke of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen.
Frederick Christian I (Friedrich Christian I., Frederik Christian 1.; 6 April 1721 – 13 November 1794) was Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg from 1754 to 1794.
Frederick I (Friedrich I. von Österreich, c. 1175 – 16 April 1198Lechner 1976, pp. 193.), known as Frederick the Catholic (Friedrich der Katholische), was the Duke of Austria from 1195 to 1198.
Frederick I, the Belligerent or the Warlike (Friedrich der Streitbare; 11 April 1370 – 4 January 1428), a member of the House of Wettin, ruled as Margrave of Meissen from 1407 and Elector of Saxony (as Frederick I) from 1423 until his death.
Frederick II (Friedrich II.; 25 April 1211 – 15 June 1246), known as Frederick the Quarrelsome (Friedrich der Streitbare), was Duke of Austria and Styria from 1230 until his death.
Frederick IV, Duke of Legnica (20 April 1552 – 27 March 1596) was Duke of Legnica since 1571 until his death (as a co-ruler of his elder brother during 1571–1576 and 1580–1581).
Frederick VII (Frederik Carl Christian) (6 October 1808 – 15 November 1863) was King of Denmark from 1848 to 1863.
Duke Frederick VIII (Frederik Christian August af Slesvig-Holsten-Sønderborg-Augustenborg; Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg) (July 6, 1829 – January 14, 1880) was the German pretender to the throne of Schleswig-Holstein from 1863, although in reality Prussia took overlordship and real administrative power.
Frederick William II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (18 June 1687 – 11 November 1749) was a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.
Frederick William (Friedrich Wilhelm) (16 February 1620 – 29 April 1688) was Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, from 1640 until his death in 1688.
Frederick of Württemberg-Neuenstadt (19 December 1615 in Stuttgart – 24 March 1682 in Neuenstadt am Kocher) was Duke of Württemberg and founder of the second branch line Duchy of Württemberg-Neuenstadt.
In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (Freie Reichsstadt, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that had a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet.
This article describes the conventions for using people's names in France, including the norms of custom and practice, as well as the legal aspects.
The French nobility (la noblesse) was a privileged social class in France during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period to the revolution in 1790.
The Frisian–Frankish wars were a series of conflicts between the Frankish Empire and the Frisian kingdom in the 7th and 8th centuries.
Fulco di Verdura (20 March 1898 – 15 August 1978), or Fulco Santostefano della Cerda, Duke of Verdura, and Marquis of Murata la Cerda, was an influential Italian jeweller.
Full Intention is a house music duo from England who are best known as prolific remixers, reworking songs for varied artists such as the Sugababes and Whitney Houston.
Prince was a Japanese politician in the Empire of Japan who served as the 34th, 38th and 39th Prime Minister of Japan and founder/leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association.
Gaeta (Caiēta, Ancient Greek: Καιέτα) is a city and comune in the province of Latina, in Lazio, central Italy.
The or Peers School (Gakushūin School Corporation), also known as Gakushūjo, is a Japanese educational institution originally established to educate the children of Japan's nobility.
The Galli-Bibiena family, or Galli da Bibiena (also spelled "Bibbiena"), was a family of Italian artists of the 17th and 18th centuries, including.
Gandzieli (literally meaning "of Gandza") was a noble family of Dukes (Tavadi) and later of Marquesses (Aznauri) in the Kingdom of Georgia, in the period between 1083 and 1727.
Gastão Luís Henrique Robert d'Escragnolle, Baron d'Escragnolle (Rio de Janeiro, April 16, 1821 — Rio de Janeiro, June 16, 1886) was a Brazilian politician, military figure and nobleman.
Count Gavrila (Gavriil) Ivanovich Golovkin (Гаври́ла (Гаврии́л) Ива́нович Голо́вкин) (1660 – 20 January 1734) was a Russian statesman who formally presided over foreign affairs of the Russian Empire from 1706 until his death.
Géraud Christophe Michel Duroc, 1st Duc de Frioul (October 25, 1772 – May 23, 1813) was a French general noted for his association with Napoleon.
Gottfried "Götz" von Berlichingen (1480 – 23 July 1562), also known as Götz of the Iron Hand, was a German (Franconian) Imperial Knight (Reichsritter), mercenary, and poet.
Głogówek, German Oberglogau (earlier Klein Glogau or Kraut Glogau, Czech: Horní Hlohov) is a city in Poland located in Opole Voivodeship in Upper Silesia.
Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.
The gentleman detective is a type of fictional character.
Georg Klindworth, born Johann Georg Heinrich Klindworth on 16 April 1798 in Göttingen, Germany, was a nineteenth-century German diplomat and intelligence agent employed by several European leaders and princes.
George Harry Grey, 5th Earl of Stamford (1 October 1737 – 28 May 1819), styled Lord Grey from 1739 to 1768, was a British nobleman, who additionally became a peer of Great Britain as Earl of Warrington in 1796.
George II of Münsterberg-Oels (also: George II of Poděbrady; Georg II., Jiří II z Minstrberka; 30 April 1512 in Oleśnica – 13 January 1553 in Oleśnica) was a Duke of Münsterberg 1536-1542 and Duke of Oels.
Duke George II of Württemberg-Montbéliard (5 October 1626 in Montbéliard – 1 June 1699 in Montbéliard) was Duke of Württemberg-Montbéliard from 1662 until his death.
George Rudolf of Liegnitz (Georg Rudolf von Liegnitz; Jerzy Rudolf Legnicki) (22 January 1595 – 14 January 1653) was duke of Liegnitz-Wohlau (present-day Legnica-Wołów) from 1602 to 1653.
George of Brandenburg-Ansbach (Georg or Jürgen der Fromme) (4 March 1484 – 27 December 1543), known as George the Pious, was a Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach from the House of Hohenzollern.
Georges d'Aubusson de La Feuillade (1609 – 12 May 1697 Metz) was a 17th century Archbishop of Embrun and bishop of Metz.
Georges-Trevor-Douglas-Bernard d'Harcourt-Olonde (4 November 1808 – 30 November 1883) was a French aristocrat and a 19th-century diplomat.
Georgian society in Jane Austen's novels is the ever-present background of her work, the world in which all her characters are set.
Duke Georgiy Evseevich Eristov (Eristavi) (გეორგი ევეევიჩი ერისტოვი (ერისთავი) Eristavi Георгий Евсеевич Эристов; (1769, – 18 November 1863) was a nobleman of the Georgian Eristavi princerely family and general as well as senator of the Russian Empire.
The German Emperor (Deutscher Kaiser) was the official title of the head of state and hereditary ruler of the German Empire.
The German nobility (deutscher Adel) and royalty were status groups which until 1919 enjoyed certain privileges relative to other people under the laws and customs in the German-speaking area.
A Germanism is a loan word or other loan element borrowed from German for use in some other language.
Getachew Abate (1895–1952) was an army commander and a member of the nobility of the Ethiopian Empire.
Gilbert de Bourbon, Count of Montpensier (1443 – 15 October 1496, Pozzuoli) was the son of Louis de Bourbon and Gabrielle La Tour, Count of Montpensier and Dauphin d'Auvergne.
Giorgi Eristavi (გიორგი ერისთავი) (1813 – September 9, 1864) was a Georgian playwright, poet, journalist, and the founder of modern Georgian theatre.
Girolamo Cattaneo (active 1540–1584) was an Italian military writer who in his lifetime was regarded as one of the foremost masters of military architecture.
Girolamo Mattei (1606 - 1676) was an Italian nobleman of the House of Mattei and Duke of Giove.
Girolamo Verallo (1497–1555) was an Italian Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal.
Girona (Gerona; Gérone) is a city in Catalonia, Spain, at the confluence of the rivers Ter, Onyar, Galligants, and Güell and has an official population of 99,013 as of January 2017.
Gismonda is a Greek melodrama in four acts by Victorien Sardou that premiered in 1894 at the Théâtre de la Renaissance.
Giuseppe Lanza, Duke of Camastra, was a 17th-century Sicilian nobleman who oversaw the reconstruction of many Sicilian towns and cities following the earthquake of 1693.
Glan cattle are a traditional cattle breed particularly found in the Rhineland-Palatinate region of Germany.
Gniazdo (AKA: The Cradle) is a 1974 film about Mieszko I of Poland, was Duke of the Polans from AD 962 until his death in 992.
Godefroy de La Tour d'Auvergne (Godefroy Charles Henri; 26 January 1728, Paris – 3 December 1792) was a member of the House of La Tour d'Auvergne, the Sovereign Dukes of Bouillon.
Duke Gondulf (Gondulphus, Gondulfus, Gundulfus), was also known as Gundulf.
Gong was the highest title of Chinese nobility during the Zhou Dynasty and the second highest title, ranked below Wang, from the Han Dynasty onwards.
Gonzalo Menéndez (or Gonçalo Mendes) (fl. 950–997) was a Count of Portugal in the Kingdom of León.
Goodwood Cricket Club is a Sunday village cricket team that play during the summer in the grounds of Goodwood Park, near Chichester.
The Goritsy Monastery of Resurrection (Воскресенский Горицкий монастырь) is a Russian Orthodox convent (female monastery) in the village of Goritsy, Kirillovsky District, Vologda oblast, Russia.
The are a group of fictional characters and are the antagonists in the 1993 Super Sentai series, Gosei Sentai Dairanger.
Goryeo (918–1392), also spelled as Koryŏ, was a Korean kingdom established in 918 by King Taejo.
The, also called simply, or even, were the most noble three branches of the Tokugawa clan of Japan: Owari House of Tokugawa, Kii House of Tokugawa, and Mito House of Tokugawa, all of which were descended from clan founder Tokugawa Ieyasu's three youngest sons, Yoshinao, Yorinobu, and Yorifusa, and were allowed to provide a shogun in case of need.
Gothic architecture is an architectural style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages.
Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (or; Leibnitz; – 14 November 1716) was a German polymath and philosopher who occupies a prominent place in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy.
Bistumswappen of Passau.Gottfried von Passau also Gottfried I (- 16 April 1285 in Nuremberg) was the 41st bishop of Passau from 1283 to 1285.
The Governor of Les Invalides (Gouverneur des Invalides) is a French military personality and figure, named by the French Government (Le Gouvernement Français) to direct the institution of the Hôtel des Invalides (Hôtel des Invalides) of Paris.
The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.
The Governor-General of India (or, from 1858 to 1947, officially the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, commonly shortened to Viceroy of India) was originally the head of the British administration in India and, later, after Indian independence in 1947, the representative of the Indian head of state.
His Grace or Her Grace is an English style used for various high-ranking personages.
The Grand Ducal Crown of Tuscany (Italian: corona del Granducato di Toscana) was created the Medici Grand Dukes of Tuscany.
The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century up to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and Austria.
The monarchic title of grand duke (feminine: grand duchess) ranked in order of precedence below emperor and king, and above that of sovereign prince and sovereign duke.
Grandee (Grande,; Grande) is an official aristocratic title conferred on some Spanish nobility and, to a lesser extent, Portuguese nobility.
The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known as Gray's Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London.
Grazing rights is the right of a user to allow their livestock to feed (graze) in a given area.
In traditional demonological discourse, Great Duke (also Grand Duke or simply Duke) is a rank, denoting a position of prominence amongst the hierarchy of demons.
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; Velká Morava; Veľká Morava; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), and Hungary.
The Great Saxon Revolt was a civil war between 1077 and 1088 early in the history of the Holy Roman Empire led by a group of opportunistic German princes who elected as their figurehead the duke of Swabia and anti-king Rudolf of Rheinfeld, a two-way brother-in-law of the young Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (Henry was crowned at the age of six and took on his offices when aged sixteen).
Gregorio Antonio Maria Salviati (1722–1794) was an Italian Roman Catholic cardinal.
Grodno Castle (formerly Kynsburg) is a castle located in the southern parts of the Wałbrzych Mountains, on the Choina Mountain (450 metres), standing to the left of the river Bystrzyca.
Grottaglie (Salentino: li Vurtàgghie; Criptalium) is a town and comune in the province of Taranto, Apulia, in southern Italy.
Guardia Lombardi, known as La Uàrdia in the Guardiese dialect or Guardiae Longobardorum in Latin, is a small town and comune in the Province of Avellino in Campania, Italy.
Guelders or Gueldres (Gelre, Geldern) is a historical county, later duchy of the Holy Roman Empire, located in the Low Countries.
The pound is the currency of Guernsey.
Gugsa Araya Selassie (1885 – 28 April 1932) was an army commander and a member of the royal family of the Ethiopian Empire.
Gugsa Wale's rebellion of 1930 was a rebellion raised by ''Ras'' Gugsa Wale and by supporters of Empress Zewditu to rid her of the Crown Prince and heir apparent, Negus Tafari Makonnen.
Gulkhan-Eudokia (გულქან-ევდოკია) (died 2 May 1395) was the first Empress consort of Manuel III of Trebizond.
Gunter Prus was a Bishop of Płock in 1223 and again from 1227-1232.
Gustaf V (Oscar Gustaf Adolf 16 June 1858 – 29 October 1950) was King of Sweden from 1907 until his death in 1950.
Gustaf VI Adolf (Oscar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf; 11 November 1882 – 15 September 1973) was King of Sweden from 29 October 1950 until his death.
Gustav I, born Gustav Eriksson of the Vasa noble family and later known as Gustav Vasa (12 May 1496 – 29 September 1560), was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death in 1560, previously self-recognised Protector of the Realm (Riksföreståndare) from 1521, during the ongoing Swedish War of Liberation against King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
Gustav III (– 29 March 1792) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his assassination in 1792.
Guy (also Guido or Wido; raised Leo; called the Philosopher) (died 3 February 929) was the son of Adalbert II of Tuscany with Bertha, daughter of Lothair II of Lotharingia.
Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, (12 September 1852 – 15 February 1928), generally known as H. H. Asquith, was a British statesman of the Liberal Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.
Haile Selassie I (ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ, qädamawi haylä səllasé,;, born Ras Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and emperor from 1930 to 1974.
Haile Selassie Gugsa (1907–1985) was an army commander and a member of the Imperial family of the Ethiopian Empire.
Hailu Tekle Haymanot, KBE (1868–1950), also named Hailu II of Gojjam, was an army commander and a member of the nobility of the Ethiopian Empire.
The Barony of Halton, in Cheshire, England, comprised a succession of 15 barons who held under the overlordship of the County Palatine of Chester ruled by the Earl of Chester.
Hambirrao Mohite, Born at village Talbid(Karad) dist.
Hamlet, Revenge! is a 1937 novel by Michael Innes (a.k.a. J.I.M. Stewart), his second novel.
Hans Krumpper (c.1570 – between May 7 and May 14, 1634) was a German sculptor, plasterer, architect and intendant of the arts who served the Bavarian dukes William V. and Maximilian I. Krumpper was born in Weilheim in Oberbayern.
Hanyoung Foreign Language High School (Hangeul: 한영외국어고등학교, Hanja: 漢榮外國語高等學校) is one of the most prestigious high schools in South Korea.
A heerlijkheid (a Dutch word; pl. heerlijkheden; also called heerschap; Latin: Dominium) was a landed estate that served as the lowest administrative and judicial unit in rural areas in the Dutch-speaking Low Countries before 1800.
Hel (Kashubian Hél, German Hela) is a town in Puck County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, located on the tip of the Hel Peninsula, some from the Polish mainland.
Hellenstein Castle is located above the city of Heidenheim an der Brenz in eastern Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Heinrich Brucaeus, also Heinrich van den Brock, sometimes falsely Heinrich Brucaeus of Aalst (1530 – 4 January 1593) was a German physician, astronomer and mathematician.
Henry de Vere Vane, 9th Baron Barnard FSA, JP, Hon. DCL (10 May 1854 – 28 December 1918) was a British peer and Senior Freemason.
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (15 June 1519 – 23 July 1536), was the son of King Henry VIII of England and his mistress, Elizabeth Blount, and the only illegitimate offspring whom Henry VIII acknowledged.
Margrave Henry I (nicknamed Henry Lackland; 21 March 1256 – 14 February 1318) was a member of the House of Ascania and Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal and Landsberg.
Henry II of Sonneberg (before 1249 – 1288) was the descendant of the von Sonneberg family and the founder of the Sonnefeld Monastery.
Henry II (– August 1167) was the duke of Limburg from 1139 and count of Arlon from 1147 to his death.
Henry II of Münsterberg-Oels (also known as:Henry II of Poděbrady, Heinrich II. von Münsterberg-Oels. or Heinrich II., Jindřich II.; 29 March 1507 – 2 August 1548, Bierutów) was from 1536 to 1542 Duke of Münsterberg and of Oels (Oleśnica) and from 1542 to 1548 Duke of Bernstadt (Bierutów).
Henry III (– 21 June 1221) was the Duke of Limburg and Count of Arlon from 1165 to his death.
Henry III of Münsterberg-Oels (also: Henry III of Poděbrady, Henry III of Bernstadt; Heinrich III.; Jindřich III-Minstrbersko Olešnický; 29 April 1542, Oleśnica – 10 April 1587, Oleśnica) was Duke of Münsterberg from 1565 to 1574 and Duke of Bernstadt.
Henry III, Duke of Mecklenburg (1337 – 24 April 1383) was Duke of Mecklenburg from 1379 until his death.
Henry IV, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg (1397 – 28 May 1427) was Count of Holstein-Rendsburg and Duke of Schleswig from 1404 until his death.
Henry IV (1195 – 25 February 1247) was the duke of Limburg and count of Berg from 1226 to his death.
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, 4th Earl of Leicester and Lancaster, KG (c. 1310 – 23 March 1361), also Earl of Derby, was a member of the English nobility in the 14th century, and a prominent English diplomat, politician, and soldier.
Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453.
Henry (died 28 August 886) was the leading military commander of the last years of the Carolingian Empire.
Henryk Kietlicz (1150 – March 22, 1219) was Archbishop of Gniezno from 1199 to 1219 was the main architect of the changes that allowed the Polish church to gain independence from the secular authorities.
In heraldry and vexillology, a heraldic flag is any of several types of flags, containing coats of arms, heraldic badges, or other devices used for personal identification.
The Hereditary peers form part of the peerage in the United Kingdom.
Hermann Billung (900 or 912 – 27 March 973) was the Margrave of the Billung March from 936 until his death.
Hermano José Braamcamp de Almeida Castelo-Branco, 5th Lord, 2nd Baron, 1st Viscount and 1st Count of Sobral, 5th Lord of the Majorat of Sobral, 3rd Lord of the Majorat of Luz, ComC (16 September 1775 – 2 February 1846), Chief of the Name and Arms of da Cruz Sobral, was a Portuguese nobleman and politician.
Hermès International S.A., or simply Hermès is a French high fashion luxury goods manufacturer established in 1837.
Herzberg am Harz is a town in the Göttingen district of Lower Saxony, Germany.
Herzog is a German hereditary title held by one who rules a territorial duchy, exercises feudal authority over an estate called a duchy, or possesses a right by law or tradition to be referred to by the ducal title.
Heusden is a municipality and a town in the South of the Netherlands.
A high king is a king who holds a position of seniority over a group of other kings, without the title of Emperor.
The historical provinces (historialliset maakunnat, singular historiallinen maakunta, historiska landskap) of Finland are a legacy of the country's joint history with Sweden.
The history of Bavaria stretches from its earliest settlement and its formation as a stem duchy in the 6th century through its inclusion in the Holy Roman Empire to its status as an independent kingdom and finally as a large Bundesland (state) of the modern Federal Republic of Germany.
The History of Dalmatia concerns the history of the area that covers eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea and its inland regions, from the 2nd century BC up to the present day.
The history of local government in England is one of gradual change and evolution since the Middle Ages.
Materials science has shaped the development of civilizations since the dawn of mankind.
The history of the English county of Rutland, located in the East Midlands.
The history of Schleswig-Holstein consists of the corpus of facts since the pre-history times until the modern establishing of the Schleswig-Holstein state.
In the second half of the 2nd millennium B.C. (late Bronze Age) Silesia belonged to the Lusatian culture.
The history of Taranto dates back to the 8th century BC when it was founded as a Greek colony, known as Taras.
The history of the British peerage, a system of nobility found in the United Kingdom, stretches over the last thousand years.
The Kurds (Kurdish: کورد, Kurd), also the Kurdish people (Kurdish: گەلی کورد, Gelê Kurd), are a Northwestern Iranic ethnic group in the Middle East.
The London suburb of Thornton Heath sits at the base of the southern slopes of the Norwood Hills in a glacial valley which was formed during the last ice age.
The history of Toulouse, in Midi-Pyrénées, southern France, traces back to ancient times.
The history of Vienna has been long and varied, beginning when the Roman Empire created a military camp in the area covered by Vienna's city centre.
Vojvodina (Serbian: Војводина or Vojvodina; Vajdaság; Vojvodina; Voivodina; Vojvodina; Rusyn: Войводина) is the Serbian name for the territory in Northern Serbia, consisting of the southern part of the Pannonian Plain, mostly located north from the Danube and Sava rivers (part of Mačva region that belongs to Vojvodina is located south from Sava).
Zürich has been continuously inhabited since Roman times.
HMS Juno was a Royal Navy 32-gun ''Amazon''-class fifth rate.
Hoboken is a southern district of the arrondissement and city of Antwerp, in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Hochgeboren ("high-born"; illustrissimus)) is a form of address for the titled members of the German and Austrian nobility, ranking just below the sovereign and mediatised dynasties. The actual address is "Euer" Hochgeboren. It is the proper form of address for counts (Grafen) that are neither heirs to mediatised families of the Holy Roman Empire (counts of the Holy Roman Empire or Reichsgrafen) nor families who have been bequeathed higher predicate by the Emperor. By courtesy, barons (Freiherr) belonging to old houses of the Uradel are also addressed in the same way. The correct term for immediate counts (Reichsgrafen) is Erlaucht ("Illustrious Highness"), while the proper form of address for princes (Fürsten) and dukes (Herzöge) is Durchlaucht ("Serene Highness"). In The Netherlands Hooggeboren (High-born) is used to address Dukes, Margraves, Counts or Viscounts.
Hochwohlgeboren ("High Well-born"; magnificus) is a honorific and manner of address for members of the nobility in some parts of Europe.
Hohenzell is a municipality in Upper Austria.
The Holy Cross Church (Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche, more formal also: Kirche zum Heiligen Kreuz) is a church located in the town of Lehre, Germany.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Home is a 1915 British silent drama film directed by Maurice Elvey and starring Elisabeth Risdon, Fred Groves and A.V. Bramble.
Honor Stephanie Alexander-Harrington (née Honor Stephanie Harrington) is a fictional character invented in 1992 by writer David Weber as the heroine of the eponymous "Honorverse", a universe described in a series of best-selling military science fiction books set between 4003 and 4025 AD.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, DL, FRS, RA received numerous honours and awards throughout his career as a British Army officer, statesman and author.
Horace François Bastien Sébastiani de La Porta (Oraziu Francescu Bastianu Sebastiani De A Porta; 11 November 1771 – 20 July 1851) was a French soldier, diplomat, and politician, who served as Naval Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of State under the July Monarchy.
The Hours of Catherine of Cleves (Morgan Library and Museum, now divided in two parts, M. 917 and M. 945, the latter sometimes called the Guennol Hours or, less commonly, the Arenberg Hours) is an ornately illuminated manuscript in the Gothic art style, produced in about 1440 by the anonymous Dutch artist known as the Master of Catherine of Cleves. It is one of the most lavishly illuminated manuscripts to survive from the 15th century and has been described as one of the masterpieces of Northern European illumination.
The Hours of Giangaleazzo Visconti is a Roman-liturgy illuminated Book of Hours that was commissioned by the ruler of Milan, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, in Italy in the late 14th century.
The House of Antelminelli was a noble family from Lucca.
The House of Bourbon-Parma (Casa di Borbone di Parma) is an Italian royal and ducal family and cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, whose members once ruled as King of Etruria and as Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Guastalla, and Lucca.
The House of Croÿ is a family of European mediatized nobility, which held a seat in the Imperial Diet from 1486, and was elevated to the rank of Princes of the Holy Roman Empire in 1594.
Dyhrn is a German noble family originally from Saxony.
The House of Gonzaga was a princely family that ruled Mantua, in northern Italy, from 1328 to 1708; they also ruled Monferrato in Piedmont and Nevers in France, and also many other lesser fiefs throughout Europe.
The House of Grey is an ancient noble English family originating from Creully in Normandy.
The House of Guise was a French noble family, partly responsible for the French Wars of Religion.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The House of Mecklenburg, also known as Nikloting, is a North German dynasty that ruled until 1918 in the Mecklenburg region, being among the longest-ruling families of Europe.
Montmorency, pronounced, is one of the oldest and most distinguished noble families in France.
The was the upper house of the Imperial Diet as mandated under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan (in effect from 11 February 1889 to 3 May 1947).
The House of Rochechouart is an ancient noble family in France.
The House of Rohan (Roc'han) is a Breton family of viscounts, later dukes and princes in the French nobility, coming from the locality of Rohan in Brittany.
The House of Sidamoni (სიდამონი) was a noble family (tavadi) in Georgia, their principal line known as Aragvis Eristavi (არაგვის ერისთავი) by virtue of being eristavi (“dukes”) of Aragvi from 1578 to 1743.
The House of Vigil is a noble family that first began in the Kingdom of Asturias around the 5th to 8th century.
The House of Wettin is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors and kings that once ruled territories in the present-day German states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia.
The House of Windsor is the reigning royal house of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić (ca. 1350–1416) was a Ban of Croatia, Grand Duke of Bosnia and Duke of Split.
Huelgoat (meaning "High Forest") is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in northwestern France.
Hugh Michael Jackman (born 12 October 1968) is an Australian actor, singer, and producer.
Hugo José Jorge O'Neill, 4th Viscount of Santa Mónica (7 June 1874 in Lisbon, Santos-o-Velho – 30 March 1940 in Palmela) was the head of the Clanaboy O'Neill dynasty, whose family has been in Portugal since the 18th century.
Hugo von Montfort (1357 – 4 April 1423) was an Austrian minstrel of the Late Middle Ages.
Hypatos (ὕπατος; plural: ὕπατοι, hypatoi) and the variant apo hypatōn (ἀπὸ ὑπάτων, "former hypatos", literally: "from among the consuls") was a Byzantine court dignity, originally the Greek translation of Latin consul (the literal meaning of hypatos is "the supreme one," which reflects the office, but not the etymology of the Roman consul).
The Nnewi monarchy, like the British monarchy, is a traditional inheritance of the throne based on Patrilineality and sonship heredity.
Ihre Hoheit, die Tänzerin (Her Highness, the Dancer) is an operetta in three acts by Walter Goetze to a libretto by Richard Bars and Oskar Felix.
Immenstaad am Bodensee is a municipality in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, on the north shore of Lake Constance (called the Bodensee in German) near the Austrian and Swiss borders.
The International Imperial Court System (IICS) also known as the International Court System is one of the oldest and largest LGBT organizations in the world.
The Imperial Diet (Dieta Imperii/Comitium Imperiale; Reichstag) was the deliberative body of the Holy Roman Empire.
The imperial election of 1440 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The imperial election of 1486 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The imperial election of 1519 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The imperial election of 1619 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The imperial election of 1636 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The imperial election of 1711 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The imperial election of 1742 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
The imperial election of 1790 was an imperial election held to select the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
An Imperial State or Imperial Estate (Status Imperii; Reichsstand, plural: Reichsstände) was a part of the Holy Roman Empire with representation and the right to vote in the Imperial Diet (Reichstag).
Imperial immediacy (Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit) was a privileged constitutional and political status rooted in German feudal law under which the Imperial estates of the Holy Roman Empire such as Imperial cities, prince-bishoprics and secular principalities, and individuals such as the Imperial knights, were declared free from the authority of any local lord and placed under the direct ("immediate", in the sense of "without an intermediary") authority of the Emperor, and later of the institutions of the Empire such as the Diet (Reichstag), the Imperial Chamber of Justice and the Aulic Council.
Presented below is an alphabetical index of articles related to Cornwall.
Infanta Cristina of Spain (Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de la Santísima Trinidad de Borbón y de Grecia, born 13 June 1965) is the younger daughter of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía.
Innico Caracciolo the Elder (7 March 1607, Airola - 6 September 1685, Naples) was a Roman Catholic priest, cardinal and archbishop.
Inversions is a science fiction novel by Scottish writer Iain M. Banks, first published in 1998.
Ippolito Lante Montefeltro della Rovere (15 June 1618 – 29 June 1688) was an Italian nobleman and Duke of Bomarzo.
Irish for Luck is a 1936 British comedy film directed by Arthur B. Woods and starring Athene Seyler, Margaret Lockwood and Patric Knowles.
Isabella Andreini (Padua, 1562 – 10 June 1604), also known as Isabella Da Padova, was an Italian actress and writer.
Isabella of Austria (18 July 1501 – 19 January 1526), also known as Elizabeth, Archduchess of Austria and Infanta of Castile and Aragon, was Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Christian II.
It Happened in Brooklyn is a 1947 MGM musical romantic comedy film directed by Richard Whorf and starring Frank Sinatra, Kathryn Grayson, Peter Lawford, and Jimmy Durante and featuring Gloria Grahame and Marcy McGuire.
United Italian Provinces or Italian United Provinces (Provincie Unite Italiane, in modern Italian: Province Unite Italiane) was a short-lived state (a republic) that was established in 1831 in some territories of the Papal State (Romagna, Marche and Umbria) and in the Duchies of Parma and Modena.
Italo Balbo (Ferrara, 6 June 1896 – Tobruk, 28 June 1940) was an Italian Blackshirt (Camicie Nere, or CCNN) leader who served as Italy's Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria), Governor-General of Libya, Commander-in-Chief of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI), and the "heir apparent" to Italian dictator Benito Mussolini.
The Italo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1928, also known as the Italo–Ethiopian Treaty of Friendship and Arbitration, was a treaty signed between the Kingdom of Italy (''Regno d'Italia'') and the Ethiopian Empire (Abyssinia) on 2 August 1928.
Ivan Nikolovich Tereshchenko (Иван Никола́евич Тере́щенко; Іва́н Микола́йович Тере́щенко) was a Russian collector, philanthropist, sugar manufacturer and landowner of Ukrainian origin.
Ivane Abazasdze (იოანე აბაზასძე) was an 11th-century Georgian nobleman of the Abazasdze family, who functioned as an eristavi ("duke") of Kartli under King Bagrat IV of Georgia (r. 1027-1072).
Jackson Anderson (born October 5, 1989) is former American football long snapper.
Jacob ben Reuben (יעקב בן ראובן) was a Karaite scholar and Bible exegete of the eleventh century.
Jacob Kettler (Jakob von Kettler) (28 October 1610 – 1 January 1682) was a Baltic German Duke of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia (1642–1682).
After the deposition by the English parliament in February 1689 of King James II and VII from the thrones of England and Ireland (the Scottish Estates followed suit on 11 April 1689), he and his successors continued to create peers and baronets, which they believed was their right.
Jacques Léopold de La Tour d'Auvergne (Jacques Léopold Charles Godefroy; 15 January 1746 – 7 February 1802) was a member of the House of La Tour d'Auvergne, the Sovereign Dukes of Bouillon.
James Graham, 1st Duke and 4th Marquess of Montrose (April 16827 January 1742) was a Scottish aristocratic statesman in the early eighteenth century.
William James Hughes (1894–5 December 1979) was an Anglican bishop in the 20th century.
The James Madison University Dukes (JMU) is the name given to the athletics teams of James Madison University, in Harrisonburg, Virginia.
Jan z Jani (Joannes de Janie in Medieval Latin, Jan von der Jane in German) (1400–1461) - of the Clan of Ostoja was the first Polish Duke of Pomerelia (from 1454 to 1461) and one of the leaders of the Prussian Confederation, serving as a commander in the Thirteen Years' War (1454–66).
Jans der Enikel, i.e. "Jans the Grandson" was a Viennese poet and historian of the late 13th century.
Javin Hunter (born May 9, 1980 in Detroit, Michigan) is a former American football wide receiver from the University of Notre Dame, Baltimore Ravens and the San Francisco 49ers.
Jürgen Wullenwever (c. 1492 – 29 September 1537) was burgomaster of Lübeck from 1533 to 1535, a period of religious, political and trade turmoil.
Jean-Gilbert Victor Fialin, Duc de Persigny (January 11, 1808 – January 12, 1872) was a statesman of the Second French Empire.
Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, duc de Parme (18 October 17538 March 1824), was a French nobleman, lawyer and statesman during the French Revolution and the First Empire.
Jean-Baptiste Bernard Viénot, chevalier de Vaublanc, Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur, was born on 17 September 1761 in Ouanaminthe, Saint-Domingue, and died in Lithuania on 19 December 1812.
Jean-Baptiste Bessières, 1st Duc d' Istria (6 August 17681 May 1813) was a Marshal of France of the Napoleonic Era.
Jean-Baptiste de Nompère de Champagny, 1st Duc de Cadore (4 August 1756 – 3 July 1834) was a French admiral and politician.
Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult, 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (29 March 1769 – 26 November 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult.
Jean-Frédéric Maximilien de Waldeck (March 16, 1766? – April 30, 1875) was a French antiquarian, cartographer, artist and explorer.
Jehanne Wake is a British biographer, historian and archivist.
Jezuicka Street is a street located in Bydgoszcz, Poland.
Jiajak Jaqeli (ჯიაჯაყ ჯაყელი) was the Empress consort of Alexios II of Trebizond.
Jim Knowles (born April 16, 1965) is an American football coach and former player.
Jingo is a fantasy novel by British writer Terry Pratchett, part of his Discworld series.
Lady Joan Holland (ca. 1380–12 April 1434) was the third daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, and Lady Alice FitzAlan.
Dom João Afonso da Costa de Sousa de Macedo (February 11, 1815 – September 24, 1890) was the 2nd Count of Mesquitela and 1st Duke of Albuquerque.
Jody Jaress is an American actress and jazz and blues singer in the Los Angeles, California area.
Johann Christian Kittel (18 February 1732 – 17 April 1809) was a German organist, composer, and teacher.
Prince Johann Ferdinand of Auersperg (29 September 1655 in Vienna – 6 August 1705 in Ziębice in Silesia) was the second Prince of Auersperg and was Duke of Silesia-Münsterberg from 1677 until his death.
Johann II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (Johann Maria Wilhelm) (22 May 1570 in Weimar – 18 July 1605 in Weimar), was a Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Jena.
Prince Johhan Weikhard of Auersperg (also spelled Johann Weichard von Auersperg, 11 March 1615 at Žužemberk Castle – 11 November 1677 in Ljubljana) was a Prime Minister of Austria.
Johannes (Johann) Zick (January 10, 1702 – March 4, 1762) was a German painter of frescoes in southern Germany and active during the Baroque period.
John Victor Aspinall (11 June 1926 – 29 June 2000) was an English zoo owner and gambling club host.
John Casimir of Saxe-Coburg (Gotha, 12 June 1564 – Coburg, 16 July 1633) was the Duke of Saxe-Coburg.
John L. Culliney is an American biologist, working as a professor of biology and marine biology at Hawaii Pacific University.
John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, 8th Baron Mowbray, 9th Baron Segrave KG, Earl Marshal (1392—19 October 1432) was an English nobleman and soldier.
John Ernest (Johann Ernst) (10 May 1521 – 8 February 1553) was a Duke of Saxe-Coburg.
Duke John Frederick of Saxe-Weimar (19 September 1600 in Altenburg – 17 October 1628 in Weimar) was a Duke of Saxe-Weimar.
John I, Duke of Mecklenburg (1326 – 9 August 1392/9 February 1393), Duke of Mecklenburg from 1344 to 1352 and Duke of Mecklenburg-Stargard from 1352 to 1392.
John II, "The Babymaker", Duke of Cleves, Count of Mark, (German: Johann II. "der Kindermacher", Herzog von Kleve, Graf von Mark) (13 April 1458 – 15 March 1521) was a son of John I, Duke of Cleves and Elizabeth of Nevers.
John the Younger or John of Denmark (Hans den yngre; Johann der Jüngere; 25 March 1545 – 9 October 1622) was the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.
John III Palaeologus (c. 1362 – 25 August 1381) was the Margrave of Montferrat from 1378 to his death.
John Maitland, 1st Duke and 2nd Earl of Lauderdale, 3rd Lord Thirlestane KG PC (24 May 1616, Lethington, East Lothian – 24 August 1682), was a Scottish politician, and leader within the Cabal Ministry.
John Murray, 5th Duke of Atholl (1778–1846) was a Duke in the Peerage of Scotland, a British Army officer and a major landowner in Scotland.
John of Wildeshausen, O.P., also called Johannes Teutonicus (c. 1180 – 4 November 1252) was a German Dominican friar, who was made a bishop in Bosnia and later the fourth Master General of the Dominican Order.
Sir John Seymour of Wulfhall in the parish of Great Bedwyn in the Savernake Forest, Wiltshire, Knight banneret (c. 1474 – 21 December 1536) was an English soldier and a courtier who served both Henry VII and Henry VIII.
John Michael Edward Seymour, 19th Duke of Somerset, (born 30 December 1952), styled Lord Seymour between 1954 and 1984, is a British aristocratic landowner in Wiltshire and Devon, and a member of the House of Lords.
John VI, Duke of Mecklenburg (1439–1474) was a Duke of Mecklenburg.
Juan Guillermo, Baron de Ripperdá, 1st Duke of Ripperdá (7 March 1684 in Oldehove5 November 1737 in Tétouan), was a political adventurer and Spanish Prime Minister.
John Younger (1785–1860), of St. Boswells, was a Scottish writer on angling, a shoemaker, and poet.
John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen (24 May 1698 in Gelnhausen – 10 February 1780 in Mannheim) was Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld at Gelnhausen.
John of Münsterberg-Oels (also known as John of Poděbrady; Johann von Münsterberg-Bernstadt.; Hanuš z Minstrberka; 4 November 1509, Oleśnica – 28 February 1565, Oleśnica) was Duke of the Münsterberg from 1542 to 1565, Duke of Oels from 1548 to 1565 and Duke of Bernstadt from 1548 to 1565.
John (Danish, Norwegian and Hans; né Johannes) (2 February 1455 – 20 February 1513) was a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union.
Joseph Fouché, 1st Duc d'Otrante, 1st Comte Fouché (21 May 1759 – 25 December 1820) was a French statesman and Minister of Police under First Consul Bonaparte, who later became Emperor Napoleon.
Josif Rajačić (20 July 1785 – 1 December 1861; Јосиф Рајачић, also known as Josif Rajačić-Brinski) was a metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, Serbian Patriarch, administrator of Serbian Vojvodina and baron.
Jowhar (Jowhaar, جوهر, Giohar, formerly Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi or simply Villabruzzi) is the capital city of Hirshabelle state of Somalia.
A Joyous Entry (Blijde Intrede, Blijde Inkomst, or Blijde Intocht in Dutch, Joyeuse Entrée in French) is the official name used for the ceremonial royal entry — the first official peaceable visit of a reigning monarch, prince, duke or governor into a city — mainly in the Duchy of Brabant or the County of Flanders and occasionally in France, Luxembourg or Hungary, usually coinciding with recognition by the monarch of the rights or privileges to the city, and sometimes accompanied by an extension of them.
Juan de Zúñiga y Pimentel (1465–1504) was a Spanish Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal.
Julian, Count of Ceuta (Don Julián, Conde de Ceuta,, يليان, was, according to some sources a renegade governor, possibly a former comes in Byzantine service in Ceuta and Tangiers who subsequently submitted to the king of Visigothic Spain before joining the Muslims. According to Arab chroniclers, Julian had an important role in the Umayyad conquest of Hispania, a key event in the history of Islam, in which al-Andalus was to play an important part, and in the subsequent history of what were to become Spain and Portugal.
Duke Julius Siegmund of Württemberg-Juliusburg (18 August 1653 in Oleśnica – 15 October 1684 in Dobroszyce) was Duke of Württemberg-Juliusburg.
Antonin Claude Dominique Just de Noailles (22 August 1777 in Paris – 1 August 1846 in Paris), 7th Prince of Poix then (from 1834) 4th Spanish Duke of Mouchy, 3rd French Duke of Mouchy and Duke of Poix, was a French politician.
Justice Hall is the sixth book in the Mary Russell series by Laurie R. King.
Justin Townes Earle (born January 4, 1982) is an American singer-songwriter and musician.
Saint Jutta, T.O.S.F., (Judith) or Jutta of Kulmsee or Jutta of Sangerhausen or Jutta of Thuringia was born ca.
Kamesha Hairston (born August 18, 1985 in Toledo, Ohio) is an American professional women's basketball player.
Karl August, sometimes anglicised as Charles Augustus (3 September 1757 – 14 June 1828), was the sovereign Duke of Saxe-Weimar and of Saxe-Eisenach (in personal union) from 1758, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach from its creation (as a political union) in 1809, and grand duke from 1815 until his death.
Karpinski is one of the Polish families of the heraldic clan that used the Korab coat of arms.
Kate & Leopold is a 2001 romantic-comedy fantasy that tells a story of a duke who travels through time from New York in 1876 to the present and falls in love with a woman in modern New York.
The was the hereditary peerage of the Empire of Japan, which existed between 1869 and 1947.
The Kösseine is a massif in the High Fichtel mountains in Germany, lying in northeast Bavaria south of Wunsiedel.
Kelsey Duryea is a goalie for the lacrosse team at Duke University North Carolina and played as a goalie for four years at her high school, The Governors Academy.
Khanderao Dabhade (Marathi: खंडेराव दाभाडे) is the founding patriarch of the Sarsenapati Dabhade family of Talegaon Dabhade.
A khedda (or Kheddah) or the Khedda system was a stockade trap for the capture of a full herd of elephants that was used in India; other methods were also used to capture single elephants.
Kieselstein Castle, also known as Khislstein, (Grad Kieselstein / Khislstein) is a 13th-century castle in the city of Kranj, in the Upper Carniola region of Slovenia.
King, or King Regnant is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts.
The Kingdom of Albania (Regnum Albaniae) was established by Charles of Anjou in the Albanian territories he conquered from the Byzantine Empire in 1271.
The Kingdom of Galicia (Reino de Galicia, or Galiza; Reino de Galicia; Reino da Galiza; Galliciense Regnum) was a political entity located in southwestern Europe, which at its territorial zenith occupied the entire northwest of the Iberian Peninsula.
The Kingdom of Kongo (Kongo: Kongo dya Ntotila or Wene wa Kongo; Portuguese: Reino do Congo) was an African kingdom located in west central Africa in what is now northern Angola, Cabinda, the Republic of the Congo, the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the southernmost part of Gabon.
In the World of Greyhawk campaign setting for the Dungeons & Dragons roleplaying game, the Knight Protectors of the Great Kingdom (also known as the Order of Knight Protectors of the Great Kingdom) is the most fabled chivalric order in the Flanaess.
Knight-mare Hare is a 1955 animated cartoon short released by Warner Bros. Cartoons in the Merrie Melodies series, directed by Chuck Jones and written by Tedd Pierce.
The Knights of the Redeemer were a Roman Catholic secular community, founded in 1608 by the Duke of Mentone, Vincent Gonzaga, on the occasion of the marriage of his eldest son Francis II Gonzaga with Marguerite of Savoy.
Knut Haakonsson (Knut Håkonsson, Old Norse Knútr Hákonarson) (c. 1208–1261) was a Norwegian nobleman and claimant to the throne during the Civil war era in Norway.
Knyaz or knez is a historical Slavic title, used both as a royal and noble title in different times of history and different ancient Slavic lands.
Koldinghus is a Danish royal castle in the town of Kolding on the south central part of the Jutland peninsula.
Duke was a Japanese politician and journalist of the Meiji era.
Korah or Kórach (Hebrew: קֹרַח, Standard Qóraḥ Tiberian Qōraḥ; "Baldness; ice; hail; frost", Arabic: قارون Qārūn) is a name which is associated with at least two men in the Hebrew Bible.
Korean monarchy existed in Korea until the end of the Japanese occupation.
Kou may refer to.
Kyle A. Sleeth (born December 20, 1981) is a former starting pitcher in the Detroit Tigers organization.
La Roche-Bernard is a commune in the Morbihan department of Brittany in north-western France.
La Tour d'Auvergne was a noble French dynasty.
The House of La Trémoille is an old French family which derives its name from a village (now La Trimouille) in the department of Vienne.
The word lady is a term of respect for a woman, the equivalent of gentleman.
Lady Feodora Georgina Maud Gleichen (20 December 1861 London – 22 February 1922 London) was a British sculptor of figures and portrait busts and designer of decorative objects.
Lady Helena Emily Gleichen, OBE, DStJ (1 February 1873 in London, England – 28 January 1947) was a British painter of landscapes, flowers, and animals, with a particular passion for horses.
The Lamar Cardinals and Lady Cardinals (variously Cardinals or Cards) refers to the college athletics teams of Lamar University, in Beaumont, Texas.
The Lamar Cardinals basketball team represents Lamar University in NCAA Division I men's basketball competition.
A Landesburg or landesherrliche Burg ("sovereign castle", "state castle" or "stately castle") was a castle that a territorial lord, such as a prince-bishop, duke or prince built for the defence or expansion of his sovereign estates.
Landgrave (landgraaf, Landgraf; lantgreve, landgrave; comes magnus, comes patriae, comes provinciae, comes terrae, comes principalis, lantgravius) was a noble title used in the Holy Roman Empire, and later on in its former territories.
In modern scholarship, the "late" period of the Roman army begins with the accession of the Emperor Diocletian in AD 284, and ends in 476 with the deposition of Romulus Augustulus, being roughly coterminous with the Dominate.
After the end of the World War II, Winston Churchill's Conservative Party lost the 1945 election, forcing him to step down as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
Law Codex of Vinodol or Vinodol statute (Vinodolski zakonik) is one of the oldest law texts written in the Chakavian dialect of Croatian language and is among the oldest Slavic codes.
Lawrence C. Katz (December 23, 1956 – November 26, 2005) was an American neurobiologist.
Le Bossu is a French-Italian swashbuckler film starring Jean Marais and directed by André Hunebelle.
Leinster House (Teach Laighean) is the seat of the Oireachtas, the parliament of Ireland.
Leone Caetani (September 12, 1869 – December 25, 1935), Duke of Sermoneta (also known as Prince Caetani), was an Italian scholar, politician and historian of the Middle East.
Leonora Christina, Countess Ulfeldt, born "Countess Leonora Christina Christiansdatter" til Slesvig og Holsten (8 July 1621 – 16 March 1698), was the daughter of King Christian IV of Denmark and wife of Steward of the Realm, traitor Count Corfitz Ulfeldt.
Leopold III Frederick Franz, Duke of Anhalt-Dessau (10 August 1740 – 9 August 1817), known as "Prince Franz" or "Father Franz", was a German prince of the House of Ascania.
Leopold III (1 November 1351 – 9 July 1386), known as the Just, a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria from 1365.
Leopold V (1157 – 31 December 1194), known as the Virtuous (der Tugendhafte), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Duke of Austria from 1177 and Duke of Styria from 1192 until his death.
Leopold VI (Luitpold VI., 1176 – 28 July 1230Beller 2007, pp. 23.), known as Leopold the Glorious (Luitpold der Glorreiche), was the Duke of Styria from 1194 and the Duke of Austria from 1198 to his death in 1230.
Leopold (Luitpold, c. 1108 – 18 October 1141), known as Leopold the Generous (Luitpold der Freigiebige), was Margrave of Austria as Leopold IV from 1136, and Duke of Bavaria as Leopold I from 1139 until his death in 1141.
Les Visiteurs (The Visitors) is a French fantasy comedy film directed by Jean-Marie Poiré and released in 1993.
Lesley-Ann Brandt (born 2 December 1981) is a South African-born actress (of Cape Coloured descent) who is based in Auckland, New Zealand, and Los Angeles, United States.
Leuven or Louvain (Louvain,; Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium.
Li livres de jostice et de plet(z) ("The Book of Justice and of Pleas") is an Old French legal treatise compiled by the postglossators of the school of Orléans in the mid-thirteenth century (c. 1260).
The Liberty of Rufford was an extra-parochial liberty in the County of Nottinghamshire.
Lichtenberg is a town in northeastern Bavaria, lying in the district of Hof in Upper Franconia.
Lilleshall Abbey was an Augustinian abbey in Shropshire, England, today located 6 miles north of Telford.
The Limelight Department was one of the world's first film studios, beginning in 1898, operated by The Salvation Army in Melbourne, Australia.
The Limenitidinae are a subfamily of butterflies that includes the admirals and relatives.
Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, KG (29 November 133817 October 1368) was the third son, but the second son to survive infancy, of the English king Edward III and Philippa of Hainault.
This is a list of 10-meter diving platforms in the United States.
The Countesses and Duchesses of Anjou were the wives of the ruling counts of Anjou and later the nominal French counts and dukes of Anjou.
This is a list of fictional characters appearing in the anime and manga series Ashita no Nadja.
This is a list of the royal consorts of the rulers of Bohemia.
The British title system consists of two, sometimes overlapping entities, the peerage and the gentry.
Numerous castles can be found in the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Here follows a list of college sports team nicknames.
The Duchesses of Schleswig-Holstein were the consorts of the rulers of Schleswig-Holstein and the separate states of Schleswig and Holstein, before that, the two duchies of Schleswig and Holstein.
Grandees of Spain (Grandes de España) are the highest-ranking members of the Spanish nobility.
Lists of dukedoms include.
This page lists all dukedoms, extant, extinct, dormant, abeyant, or forfeit, in the peerages of England, Scotland, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom.
This is a list of the 144 present and extant dukes in the peerages of the Kingdom of Spain.
This is a list of the 31 present and extant dukes in the peerages of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 1927 and after.
This is a list of dukes of Bosnia, containing duke, knez, vlasteličić, and other minor titles of the Medieval Bosnia.
This is a list of the hypati, patricians, consuls, and dukes of Gaeta.
The following is a list of secondary fictional characters from the ''Dune'' franchise created by Frank Herbert.
Dutch nobility is regulated by act of law in the Wet op de adeldom (Law Regarding Nobility, passed into law on May 10, 1994) and is overseen by the (High Council of Nobility), an official state institution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Before 1814, the history of nobility was separate for each of the Dutch provinces.
S. M. Stirling's ''Emberverse'' series of novels features several major and minor characters.
English words of Ukrainian origin are words in the English language that have been borrowed or derived from the Ukrainian language.
This is a list of characters that are featured in the television series Fetch! with Ruff Ruffman.
There are over 100 castles and forts in Georgia, which were constructed between the years 800 and 1700 by various provincial kings.
This is a list of ducal titles created by the monarchs of France.
The following page contains an incomplete list (A-Z) of marquisates (French marquisat) that currently, or once did, exist within France or within its conquered provinces.
The term German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich) commonly refers to Germany, from its foundation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of its last Kaiser, Wilhelm II, on November 9, 1918.
Below is a list of all French heads of state.
These are the Knights (men) and Members (women) of the Royal Order of the Seraphim.
This is a list of prominent Latvians with Wikipedia articles.
This is a list of the 34 present and extant Marquesses in the Peerages of the Kingdom of England, Kingdom of Scotland, Kingdom of Great Britain, Kingdom of Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland which became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in 1922.
The territory of Luxembourg was ruled successively by counts, dukes and grand dukes.
A New Testament Lectionary is a handwritten copy of a lectionary, or book of New Testament Bible readings.
A list of noble families in Modern Belgium with additions of former houses.
List of noble families of Croatia includes the old original ethnic Croatian noble families; families whose titles were granted by the kings of medieval Kingdom of Croatia and their successors; foreign noble families which were granted Croatian citizenship; and Croatian families which were granted their titles by foreign states.
A list of notable people from Oldenburg, Germany.
This page contains a list of people depicted on postage stamps issued by Latvia, along with the dates of issue.
;Political entities in the 8th century – Political entities in the 10th century – Political entities by year This is a list of political entities in the 9th century (801–900) AD.
This is a complete list of settlements in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as recorded by 1991 census, sorted by municipalities.
Futurama is an American animated science fiction sitcom created by Matt Groening and developed by Groening and David X. Cohen for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
The following is a list of rulers during the history of Bavaria.
This is a list of rulers of Bosnia, containing bans and kings of Medieval Bosnia.
Of the first historically verifiable rulers of Frisia, whether they are called dukes or kings, the last royal dynasty below is established by the chronicles of Merovingian kings of the Franks, with whom they were contemporaries.
This list of dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg dates from the origins of the German princely state of Mecklenburg's royal house in the High Middle Ages to the monarchy's abolition at the end of World War I. Strictly speaking, Mecklenburg’s princely dynasty was descended linearly from the princes (or kings) of a Slavic tribe, the Obotrites, and had its original residence in a castle (Mecklenburg) in Dorf Mecklenburg (Mikelenburg) close to Wismar.
The Marquises and Dukes of Montferrat were the rulers of a territory in Piedmont south of the Po and east of Turin called Montferrat.
This is an archontological list of Serbian monarchs, containing monarchs of the medieval principalities, to heads of state of modern Serbia.
This is a list of personal titles arranged in a sortable table.
The current Spanish constitution refers to the monarchy as "the Crown of Spain" and the constitutional title of the monarch is simply rey/reina de España:Constitution, article 56(2) that is, "king/queen of Spain".
This article is a list of viscountcies in the peerages of Britain and Ireland, including the England, the Scotland, the Ireland, the Great Britain and the Peerage of the United Kingdom, listed in order of creation, including extant, extinct and abeyant titles.
This is a list of works by American fantasy author Tamora Pierce.
The Lithuanian nobility was historically a legally privileged class in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania consisting of Lithuanians, from the historical regions of Lithuania Proper and Samogitia, and, following Lithuania's eastern expansion, many Ruthenian noble families (boyars).
Liu Ying (died 71) was a son of Emperor Guangwu of Han, and half-brother of Emperor Ming of Han.
Liudemuhls (or Ljudemisl) was a medieval Slavic duke, vassal to the Franks, who was in power in 823 in parts of Dalmatia known as the Duchy of the Croats.
Ljudevit or Liudewit (Liudewitus, often also Ljudevit Posavski), was the Duke of Lower Pannonia from 810 to 823.
On 8 May 1852, after the First War of Schleswig, an agreement called the London Protocol was signed.
Lord is an appellation for a person or deity who has authority, control, or power over others acting like a master, a chief, or a ruler.
Major General Lord Albert Edward Wilfred Gleichen (15 January 1863 – 14 December 1937) was a British courtier and soldier.
Lord George Graham (26 September 1715 – 2 January 1747) was an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the Wars of the Quadruple Alliance and Austrian Succession.
Lord Herries of Terregles (pronounced "Heh-reez of Ter-regulls'") is a hereditary title in the Peerage of Scotland.
Major General Lord Michael Fitzalan-Howard, (22 October 1917 – 2 November 2007) was a senior officer in the British Army.
Lorenzo Imperiali (21 February 1612 - 21 September 1673) was an Italian Catholic cardinal.
The Los Angeles Lakers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles, California.
Louis Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie, duke de Broglie (or; 15 August 1892 – 19 March 1987) was a French physicist who made groundbreaking contributions to quantum theory.
Louis de Rouvroy, Duke of Saint-Simon (16 January 16752 March 1755), was a French soldier, diplomat and memoirist.
Louis Jean Marie de La Trémoïlle (8 February 1910 – 9 December 1933), prince and 12th duc de La Trémoïlle, 13th duc de Thouars and premier duke of France, 13th prince de Tarente and 17th prince de TalmondAlmanach de Gotha, La Trémoïlle.
Louis-Jules Barbon Mancini-Mazarin, duc de Nevers (16 December 1716 – 25 February 1798) was a French diplomat and writer.
Louis-Marie-Florent de Lomont d'Haraucourt, marquis later duc du Châtelet (20 November 1727, Semur-en-Auxois - 13 December 1793, Paris), was an aristocratic French Army general and diplomat of the Ancien Régime.
Louis VI (c.1081 – 1 August 1137), called the Fat (le Gros) or the Fighter (le Batailleur), was King of the Franks from 1108 until his death (1137).
Louis-Marie-Victor d'Aumont de Rochebaron (1632–1704) was a French Army officer and courtier who served Louis XIV in various capacities, including Premier Gentilhomme de la Chambre du Roi and as Governor of Paris.
Claude-Louis-Raoul de La Châtre, otherwise known as Louis, duc de La Chastre (born 30 September 1745; died 13 July 1824) was an aristocratic French military commander, diplomat and politician of the 18th and 19th centuries.
Louis de Bourbon or Louis II, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686) was a French general and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon.
Louis François de Boufflers, Duke of Boufflers (10 January 1644 – 22 August 1711) was a French soldier.
Louise-Élisabeth de Croÿ de Tourzel (Louise Élisabeth Félicité Françoise Armande Anne Marie Jeanne Joséphine de Croÿ de Tourzel) 11 June 1749 – 15 May 1832), the Marquise de Tourzel (later Duchess) was a French noble and courtier. She was the Governess of the Children of France from 1789 until 1792. Decades after the French Revolution, de Tourzel published widely read memoirs, which presented a unique perspective on the royal family.
Saint Ludmila (c. 860 – 15 September 921) is a Czech saint and martyr venerated by the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics.
Ludovico Maria Sforza (also known as Ludovico il Moro; 27 July 1452 – 27 May 1508), was Duke of Milan from 1494, following the death of his nephew Gian Galeazzo Sforza, until 1499.
Ludwigsburg is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, about north of Stuttgart city centre, near the river Neckar.
Luisa Isabel Alvarez de Toledo y Maura, 21st Duchess of Medina Sidonia, GE (21 August 19367 March 2008) was the holder of the Dukedom of Medina Sidonia in Spain.
The Luitpoldings were a medieval dynasty which ruled the German stem duchy of Bavaria from some time in the late ninth century off and on until 985.
The Luxembourg War Cross (Croix de Guerre, Kriegskreuz) is a military decoration of Luxembourg.
Mack Hollins (born September 16, 1993) is an American football wide receiver for the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League (NFL).
The MacMahon family originated in Ireland and established itself in France, where it gained prominence.
Charlotte de La Motte Houdancourt, Duchess of Ventadour (Charlotte Eléonore Madeleine; 1654–1744) was the governess of King Louis XV of France, great-grandson of King Louis XIV.
Magnate, from the Late Latin magnas, a great man, itself from Latin magnus, 'great', designates a noble or other man in a high social position, by birth, wealth or other qualities.
Magnus Haakonsson (Old Norse: Magnús Hákonarson, Norwegian: Magnus Håkonsson; 1 May 1238 – 9 May 1280) was King of Norway (as Magnus VI) from 1263 to 1280 (junior king from 1257).
Magnus Vasa (25 July 1542 – 26 June 1595), prince of Sweden, Duke of Östergötland from 1555.
The main square (Rynek Główny) of the Old Town of Kraków, Lesser Poland, is the principal urban space located at the center of the city.
''Ras'' Mäkonnen Wäldä-Mika'él (May 8, 1852 – March 21, 1906), or simply Ras Makonnen, was a member of the Solomonic Dynasty, a general and the governor of Harar province in Ethiopia, and the father of Tafari Mäkonnen (later known as Emperor Haile Selassie I).
A mandarin square (traditional Chinese: 補子; simplified Chinese: 补子; pinyin: bŭzi; Wade-Giles: putzŭ; Manchu: sabirgi; Vietnamese: Bổ Tử; hangul: 흉배; hanja: 胸背; romanized: hyungbae), also known as a rank badge, was a large embroidered badge sewn onto the surcoat of an official in Imperial China, Korea and Vietnam.
A mansion is a large dwelling house.
María del Carmen de Barrenechea y Montegui, 1st Duchess of Dato (19 June 1860 – 1 October 1925) was a Spanish noblewoman and wife of the Eduardo Dato e Iradier, Prime Minister of Spain.
Marcantonio V Colonna (1606/10 – 1659) was an Italian nobleman of the Colonna family and Prince of Paliano.
The March of the Iron Will (Marcia della ferrea volontà), or the Iron-Will Column (Colonna della ferrea volontà), was a Fascist propaganda event staged during the final days of the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.
Margaret Leijonhufvud (née Margareta Eriksdotter; 1 January 1516 in Ekeberg Castle, Närke – 26 August 1551 in Tynnelsö Castle, Södermanland) was Queen of Sweden from 1536 to 1551 by marriage to King Gustav I.
Margaret Palaeologa (Margherita Paleologa; 11 August 1510 in Casale Monferrato – 28 December 1566 in Mantua), was an Italian ruler; ruling Marchioness of Montferrat in 1533 - 1536.
Margrave was originally the medieval title for the military commander assigned to maintain the defense of one of the border provinces of the Holy Roman Empire or of a kingdom.
Marguerite de Rohan (1617 – 9 April 1684) was a French noblewoman and suo jure Duchess of Rohan.
Maria Caterina Farnese (18 February 1615 – 25 July 1646) was a member of the Ducal House of Farnese.
Ana Maria Catarina Henriqueta de Lorena, Duchess of Abrantes (2 February 1713 – 1780) was the daughter of Dom Rodrigo de Mello (1688–1713), second child of Nuno Álvares Pereira de Mello, 1st Duke of Cadaval and of Ana Maria Catarina Henriqueta de Lorena, Duchess of Abrantes.
Maria Paleologa (19 September 1508 – 15 September 1530) was an Italian noblewoman.
Donna Marina Torlonia dei Principi di Civitella-Cesi (22 October 1916 – 15 September 1960) was an Italian-American aristocrat best known as the paternal grandmother of the actress and model Brooke Shields.
Marino Torlonia (29 July 1861 – 5 March 1933), 4th Prince of Civitella-Cesi, duke of Poli and Guadagnolo, was an Italian nobleman.
A marquess (marquis) is a nobleman of hereditary rank in various European peerages and in those of some of their former colonies.
Marquess of Pembroke was a title in the Peerage of England created by King Henry VIII for his future spouse Anne Boleyn.
Marquess is a rank of nobility in the peerages of the United Kingdom.
The noble title of Marquis de Arronches was created on 27 April 1674 by D. Afonso VI of Portugal for Henrique de Sousa Tavares, 3º conde de Miranda do Corvo.
Martin-Michel-Charles Gaudin, 1st Duc de Gaete (19 January 1756 – 5 November 1841) was a French statesman, Napoleon I Bonaparte's Minister of Finances from November 1799 to March 1814, including the Cent Jours following Napoleon's return from Elba.
Matilda of Brandenburg (Matylda Brandenburska, Matilda von Brandenburg; b. ca. 1270 – d. bef. 1 June 1298), was a German princess member of House of Ascania and by marriage Duchess of Wrocław and High Duchess of Poland.
Maurice FitzGerald, 9th Duke of Leinster (born 7 April 1948), styled Earl of Offaly before 1976 and Marquess of Kildare between 1976 and 2004, is an Irish nobleman and landscape designer.
Maximilien de Béthune, 1st Duke of Sully, Marquis of Rosny and Nogent, Count of Muret and Villebon, Viscount of Meaux (13 December 156022 December 1641) was a nobleman, soldier, statesman, and faithful right-hand man who assisted king Henry IV of France in the rule of France.
Mélusine is a Belgian comic strip created by artist Clarke and writer Gilson that features short, humorous stories that centre on the life of a young witch who lives as an au pair in a castle and studies at a witches’ school.
The Mōri clan (毛利氏 Mōri-shi) was a Japanese samurai clan descended from Ōe no Hiromoto.
Mecklenburg (locally, Low German: Mękel(n)borg) is a historical region in northern Germany comprising the western and larger part of the federal-state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
The Mediatized Houses (Standesherren) were ruling princely and comital-ranked houses which were mediatized in the Holy Roman Empire during the period of 1803–15 as part of German mediatization, and were later recognised in 1825-29 by the German ruling houses as possessing considerable rights and rank.
Medieval cuisine includes foods, eating habits, and cooking methods of various European cultures during the Middle Ages, which lasted from the fifth to the fifteenth century.
Mehrnbach is a municipality in Upper Austria.
is a series of dating sims by Konami for the Game Boy Advance and PlayStation 2.
The Merovingians were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century.
Michael Bowen (born June 21, 1957) is an American actor.
Michael Jones (born 5 December 1940) is a British historian.
Midnight Ramble is a 1994 documentary about the early history of Black American movies from the period between 1910 and 1950.
Mieszko III the Old (Mieszko III Stary) (c. 1126/27 – 13 March 1202), of the royal Piast dynasty, was Duke of Greater Poland from 1138 and High Duke of Poland, with interruptions, from 1173 until his death.
Mieszko the Younger (also known as of Kalisz) (Mieszko Młodszy (kaliski)) (between 1160 and 1165 – 2 August 1193) was a Duke of Kalisz since 1191 until his death.
Mihailo III Vojislav was the ruler of Duklja, from 1162 to 1186.
Mikael of Wollo (1850 – 8 September 1918), born Imam Mohammed Ali, was an army commander and a member of the nobility of the Ethiopian Empire.
Miliduch (also Miliduh and Miłyduch, Милидух, Miliduoch; d. 806) was a knyaz of the Lusatian Serbs (Sorbs).
A military order (Militaris ordinis) is a chivalric order with military elements.
Miramare Castle (Castello di Miramare; Schloss Miramar; Grad Miramar) is a 19th-century castle on the Gulf of Trieste near Trieste, northeastern Italy.
Miranda Katherine Hart Dyke (born 14 December 1972), known professionally as Miranda Hart, is an English actress, model and comedian.
Mirror, Mirror is an American novel published in 2003.
Mislav (Muisclavo) was the Duke of Croatia in.
The Miss New York Basketball honor recognizes the top high school basketball player in the state of New York.
A missus dominicus (plural missi dominici), Latin for "envoy of the lord " or palace inspector, also known in Dutch as Zendgraaf (German: Sendgraf), meaning "sent Graf", was an official commissioned by the Frankish king or Holy Roman Emperor to supervise the administration, mainly of justice, in parts of his dominions too remote for frequent personal visits.
The Mistress of the Robes is the senior lady in the royal household of the United Kingdom.
Moctezuma II (c. 1466 – 29 June 1520), variant spellings include Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma, Motēuczōmah, and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (Moctezuma the Young),moteːkʷˈsoːma ʃoːkoˈjoːtsin was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520.
Moist von Lipwig is a fictional character from Terry Pratchett's Discworld series.
Mojmir I, Moimir I or Moymir I (Latin: Moimarus, Moymarus, Czech and Slovak: Mojmír I.) was the first known ruler of the Moravian Slavs (820s/830s–846) and eponym of the House of Mojmir.
Momchil (Момчил, Μομτζίλος or Μομιτζίλας, Момчило / Momčilo; c. 1305 – 7 July 1345) was a 14th-century Bulgarian brigand and local ruler.
The Monaco succession crisis of 1918 arose because France objected to the prospect of a German national inheriting the throne of the Principality of Monaco.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.
Monarchy was the prevalent form of government in the history of Europe throughout the Middle Ages, only occasionally competing with communalism, notably in the case of the Maritime republics and the Swiss Confederacy.
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty.
The Monarchy of Denmark, colloquially known as the Danish Monarchy, is a constitutional institution and a historic office of the Kingdom of Denmark.
The Monastery of Saint Anthony is a Coptic Orthodox monastery standing in an oasis in the Eastern Desert of Egypt, in the southern part of the Suez Governorate.
Montechino is a hamlet of forty inhabitants.
The Moymirid dynasty (Latin: Moimarii, Czech and Slovak: Mojmírovci) was a Moravian ruling dynasty that ruled over Moravia in the 9th and early 10th century.
Mtavari was a feudal title in Georgia usually translated into English as Prince or Duke.
Mummolin (Latin: Mummolinus) (b. circa 500 AD) was a Mayor of the Palace of Neustria (?).
The Museum Wiesbaden is a two-branch museum for art and natural history in the Hessian capital of Wiesbaden, Germany.
The Jefferson Muzzle Awards are an award given in the United States by the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression to people who are perceived to undermine freedom of speech.
My Fair Lady is a 1964 American musical film adapted from the Lerner and Loewe eponymous stage musical based on the 1913 stage play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw.
My Old Duchess is a 1934 British comedy film directed by Lupino Lane and starring George Lacy, Betty Ann Davies and Dennis Hoey.
The (also known sometimes as the Kanagawa Incident, and as the Richardson Affair) was a samurai assault on British subjects in Japan on September 14, 1862, which occurred six days after Ernest Satow set foot on Japanese soil for the first time.
A name is a term used for identification.
Daasebre Nana Osei Bonsu II, also known as Saint Oswald Gyimah-Kessie (born 31 December 1939) served as the regent of the Kingdom of Ashanti from 25 February 1999 to 26 April 1999.
Nancy (Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.
Nasibu Zeamanuel, also Nasibu Zamanuael (Amharic: ነሲቡ ዘአማኑኤል; 1893 – 16 October 1936), was an army commander of the Ethiopian Empire.
Natalie Clifford Barney (October 31, 1876 – February 2, 1972) was an American playwright, poet and novelist who lived as an expatriate in Paris.
The National Museum of Ceramics Duca Di Martina (Museo nazionale della ceramica “duca di Martina”) is a historical and artistic site situated inside of the Villa Floridiana Park (Parco di Villa Floridiana) in Naples, Italy.
Netaji Palkar (~1620–1681) (Mr:नेताजी पालकर) was the second Sardar Senapati or Sarnaubat (Commander-in-Chief, Duke) under Shivaji, founder of the Maratha empire.
Neuhofen im Innkreis is a municipality in Upper Austria in the district of Ried im Innkreis.
New Bolanden Castle (Burg Neu-Bolanden or Neubolanden) is a ruined spur castle and, today, a cultural monument.
The New Palace (Neues Schloss) is an 18th-century Baroque palace and is one of the last large city palaces built in Southern Germany.
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora y Torres (6 July 1877 – 18 February 1949) was a Spanish lawyer and politician who served, briefly, as the first prime minister of the Second Spanish Republic, and then—from 1931 to 1936—as its president.
Nicholas Frederic Brady (October 27, 1878 – March 27, 1930) was a New York City businessman and philanthropist who was the first American to receive the Roman Catholic Church honor, the Supreme Order of Christ.
Sir Nicholas Harrington of Hornby, Lancashire (c. 1345/6 – ~1404), was an English Member of Parliament.
Nicholas II of Opava (also: Nicholas II of Troppau, Nicholas II of Ratibór; Mikuláš II.; 1288 – 8 December 1365) was Duke of Opava (Troppau) from 1318 to 1365 and Duke of Ratibór from 1337 to 1365 and Burgrave of Kladsko (Glatz) from 1350 to 1365 and also chamberlain of the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Nicolas Charles Oudinot, 1st Comte Oudinot, 1st Duc de Reggio (25 April 1767 in Bar-le-Duc – 13 September 1847 in Paris), was a Marshal of France.
Nicolò Vito di Gozzi (Nicolai Viti Gozzii, 1549–1610) or Nikola Gučetić (in hr) was a Ragusan statesman, philosopher, science writer and author of one of the first scientific dissertations regarding speleology.
Nnewi is the second largest city in Anambra State in southeastern Nigeria.
"No Country Club for Old Men" is the twenty-second episode and season finale of the eleventh season and the 210th overall episode of the animated comedy series Family Guy.
The Nobility of Italy (Nobiltà italiana) comprises individuals and their families of the Italian peninsula, and the islands linked with it, recognized by sovereigns, such as the Holy Roman Emperor, the Holy See, the Kings of Italy, and certain other Italian kings and sovereigns, as members of a class of persons officially enjoying hereditary privileges which distinguished them from other persons and families.
Noelle Vial (née Sharkey; 1959 – January 19, 2003) was an Irish poet.
Noite na Taverna (in A Night in the Tavern) is a short story collection written by Brazilian Ultra-Romantic author Álvares de Azevedo under the pen name Job Stern.
Some titles of nobility outside Europe may be considered as equivalents of Duke.
North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.
Nottingham High School is an independent, fee-paying day school for boys and girls in Nottingham, England, comprising the Infant and Junior School (for ages 4–11) and Senior School (for ages 11–18).
Nourish International is a social movement run by student leaders on 60 college campuses.
The following events occurred in November 1916.
The Oath More Judaico or Jewish Oath was a special form of oath, rooted in antisemitsm and accompanied by certain ceremonies and often intentionally humiliating, painful or dangerous, that Jews were required to take in European courts of law until the 20th century.
Oh, Kay! is a musical with music by George Gershwin, lyrics by Ira Gershwin, and a book by Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse.
The Oireachtas, sometimes referred to as Oireachtas Éireann, is the legislature of Ireland.
The Old City (Altstadt) is the medieval city center of Bern, Switzerland.
Onorata Rodiani (or Honorata Rodiana) (1403–1452) was a "semi-legendary"Echols and Williams, p. 358 Italian painter and condottiere.
The order of precedence in Scotland was fixed by Royal Warrant in 1905.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Ordo Equestris Sancti Sepulcri Hierosolymitani, OESSH), also called Order of the Holy Sepulchre or Knights of the Holy Sepulchre, is a Roman Catholic order of knighthood under the protection of the Holy See.
The Order of precedence in the United Kingdom is the sequential hierarchy for Peers of the Realm, officers of state, senior members of the clergy, holders of the various Orders of Chivalry and other persons in the three legal jurisdictions within the United Kingdom.
The Sri Lankan national honours system is a fully indigenous honours system of titles, decorations and medals which are awarded to recognize achievements of, or service by, Sri Lankans or others in connection with Sri Lanka.
The orders, decorations, and medals of the Holy See include titles, chivalric orders, distinctions and medals honoured by the Holy See, with the Pope as the fount of honour, for deeds and merits of their recipients to the benefit of the Holy See, the Catholic Church, or their respective communities, societies, nations and the world at large.
The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals' personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom and the British Overseas Territories.
The Oregon Ducks men's basketball team is an intercollegiate basketball program that competes in the NCAA Division I and is a member of the Pac-12 Conference, representing the University of Oregon.
The Orsini family is an Italian noble family; it was one of the most influential princely families in medieval Italy and renaissance Rome.
Osborne de Vere Beauclerk, 12th Duke of St Albans (16 October 1874 – 2 March 1964) was a British peer and Army officer.
Otranto (Salentino: Uṭṛàntu; Griko: Δερεντό, translit. Derentò; translit; Hydruntum) is a town and comune in the province of Lecce (Apulia, Italy), in a fertile region once famous for its breed of horses.
Otterndorf is a town on the coast of the North Sea in the region of Lower Saxony, Germany, and is part of the Samtgemeinde Land Hadeln.
Otto IV (January 3, 1307 – December 14, 1334 in Munich) was a Duke of Lower Bavaria.
Ottokar IV (19 August 1163 – 8 May 1192), a member of the Otakar dynasty, was Margrave of Styria from 1164 and Duke from 1180, when Styria, previously a margraviate subordinated to the stem duchy of Bavaria, was raised to the status of an independent duchy.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cornwall: Cornwall – ceremonial county and unitary authority area of England within the United Kingdom.
The Palace of Aachen was a group of buildings with residential, political and religious purposes chosen by Charlemagne to be the centre of power of the Carolingian Empire.
The Palace of the Dukes and Estates of Burgundy or Palais des ducs et des États de Bourgogne is a remarkably well-preserved architectural assemblage in Dijon.
Palazzo Bianco (White Palace) is one of the main buildings of the center of Genoa, Italy.
The Palliser novels are six novels by Anthony Trollope.
The Palm of Jerusalem is an award of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre, a Roman Catholic Papal order of knighthood of the Holy See.
The papal nobility is the nobility of the Holy See.
The Paratime series written by H. Beam Piper consists of several short stories, one novella, and one novel; they deal with an advanced civilization that is able to travel between parallel universes with alternate histories, and uses that ability to trade for goods and services that their own, exhausted Earth cannot provide.
Paregreg war was the Majapahit civil war that took place in 1404-1406.
The Parliament of Scotland was the legislature of the Kingdom of Scotland.
Parma (Pärma) is a city in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna famous for its prosciutto (ham), cheese, architecture, music and surrounding countryside.
Patricia Sue Summitt (June 14, 1952 – June 28, 2016) was an American women's college basketball head coach who accrued 1,098 career wins, the most in college basketball history upon her retirement.
Patrice de MacMahon, Duke of Magenta, 6th Marquess of MacMahon, 1st Duke of Magenta (born Marie Edme Patrice Maurice; 13 June 1808 – 17 October 1893), was a French general and politician, with the distinction of Marshal of France.
Paul Atreides (later known as Paul Muad'Dib) is a fictional character in the ''Dune'' universe created by Frank Herbert.
Paul Dmitriievich Romanovsky-Ilyinsky (27 January 1928 – 10 February 2004) was a three-time mayor of Palm Beach, Florida, and the only child of Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia and his morganatic wife, Cincinnati heiress Audrey Emery.
Paul-Hippolyte de Beauvilliers, duke of Saint-Aignan (15 November 1684, Paris – 22 January 1776, Paris) was a French diplomat, soldier, chevalier des ordres du Roi and peer of France.
Pearl Ladderbanks (also Hartbourne) is a fictional character from the British ITV soap opera, Emmerdale, played by Meg Johnson.
From the early Middle Ages until early modern times, the nobility was the true basis of power for the English crown.
The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707.
The Peerage of France (Pairie de France) was a hereditary distinction within the French nobility which appeared in 1180 in the Middle Ages, and only a small number of noble individuals were peers.
The Peerage of Great Britain comprises all extant peerages created in the Kingdom of Great Britain after the Acts of Union 1707 but before the Acts of Union 1800.
The Peerage of Ireland consists of those titles of nobility created by the English monarchs in their capacity as Lord or King of Ireland, or later by monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Peerage of Scotland (Moraireachd na h-Alba) is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707.
The Peerage of the United Kingdom comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain.
The peerage is a legal system comprising both hereditary and lifetime titles in the United Kingdom (as elsewhere in Europe), composed of various noble ranks, and forming a constituent part of the British honours system.
Penlop of Trongsa (Dzongkha: ཀྲོང་གསར་དཔོན་སློབ་; Wylie: Krong-gsar dpon-slob), also called Chhoetse Penlop (Dzongkha: ཆོས་རྩེ་དཔོན་སློབ་; Wylie: Chos-rtse dpon-slob; also spelled "Chötse"),The spelling of this title varies widely in sources because transliterations of Tibetan script and transcriptions of Tibetan phonology differ.
Pepin II, called the Younger (823 – after 864 in Senlis), was King of Aquitaine from 838 as the successor upon the death of his father, Pepin I. Pepin II was eldest son of Pepin I and Ingeltrude, daughter of Theodobert, count of Madrie.
Percivall Pott (6 January 1714 in London – 22 December 1788) was an English surgeon, one of the founders of orthopedics, and the first scientist to demonstrate that a cancer may be caused by an environmental carcinogen.
Peter I or Peter Frederick Louis of Holstein-Gottorp (Peter Friedrich Ludwig von Holstein-Gottorp) (17 January 1755 – 21 May 1829) was the Regent of the Duchy of Oldenburg for his incapacitated cousin William I from 1785 to 1823, and then served himself as Duke from 1823-1829.
Count Peter von Lacy, or Pyotr Petrovich Lacy (Пётр Петро́вич Ла́сси), as he was known in Russia (26 September 1678 – 30 April 1751), was one of the most successful Russian imperial commanders before Rumyantsev and Suvorov.
The petty kingdoms of Norway were the entities from which the later Kingdom of Norway was founded.
The Peugeot Type 31 is an early motor vehicle produced between 1900 and 1902 by the French auto-maker Peugeot at their Audincourt plant.
Pewsey is a large village and civil parish at the centre of the Vale of Pewsey in Wiltshire, about south of Marlborough and west of London.
The German ancient noble family of Pfuel (also Pfuhl or Phull) arrived in Brandenburg in the year 926 and later widened their influence to Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Mecklenburg, Pomerania, Württemberg, Westphalia, Eastern Europe and Sweden.
Margrave Philibert of Baden (22 January 1536 in Baden-Baden – 3 October 1569 in Montcontour) ruled the Margraviate of Baden-Baden from 1554 to 1569.
Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery, KG (10 October 1584 – 23 January 1650) was an English courtier, nobleman, and politician active during the reigns of James I and Charles I. Philip and his older brother William were the 'incomparable pair of brethren' to whom the First Folio of Shakespeare's collected works was dedicated in 1623.
Philip Wharton, 1st Duke of Wharton (21 December 1698 – 31 May 1731) was a powerful Jacobite politician, was one of the few people in English history, and the first since the 15th century, to have been raised to a Dukedom whilst still a minor and not closely related to the monarch.
Philip the Contentious (Philipp der Streitbare) (12 November 1503, Heidelberg – 4 July 1548, Heidelberg), a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty, was a titular Count Palatine of the Rhine and ruling Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg from 1505 to 1541.
Philippe-Louis-Marc-Antoine, comte de Noailles, prince-duc de Poix, and 2nd Spanish and 1st French duc de Mouchy (21 November or 21 December 1752 — 17 February 1819), was a French soldier, and politician of the Revolution.
Philippe-Maurice Albert Victor Amédée César, 9th duc de Broglie (born 28 September 1960) is a French aristocrat and duke.
Philosophaster is a Latin satirical comedy by Robert Burton.
As of the 2016-2017 and the 2017-2018 school years, there will be 570 high school football teams competing in the Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association's (PIAA) 12 Districts. Each district is divided into numerous leagues and conferences, with an upgrade of the class rankings. Up until the end of the 2016 school year there were only four class rankings, ranging from Class A to Class AAAA. At the beginning of the PIAA 2016-17 school year there will be 2 more class rankings added, making 6 total class rankings. The rankings will range from Class A (1A) to Class AAAAAA (6A). As of the beginning of the 2016-17 school year the PIAA will have 90 A class, 96 AA class, 96 AAA class, 89 AAAA class, 103 AAAAA class and 96 AAAAAA class ranked schools competing throughout the football season. Every 2 years the PIAA reconfigures the class ranks, due to student population changes throughout the Pennsylvania school districts. Below listed are the PIAA football leagues, conferences and teams as of the beginning of the 2016-17 season. The following list of schools does not include every school in the state of Pennsylvania, only the schools with PIAA recognized football teams.
The Piast dynasty was the first historical ruling dynasty of Poland.
Piekary Śląskie (Deutsch Piekar; Pjekary) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice.
Pietro Zeno (d. 1427), was sovereign lord of Andros and Syros from 1384 until his death in 1427, and a distinguished diplomat in the service of the Republic of Venice.
* Antonia Pilars de Pilar (1872–1946) was a court lady of the duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Pivovar Eggenberg is a brewery in Český Krumlov, Czech Republic.
This is list of geographical places presented in five of Martha Wells' fantasy novels, revolving around the fictional country of Ile-Rien.
Plamenac (Пламенац) is a Montenegrin surname, derived from the word plamen (flame), literally meaning "out of the flame".
Pobóg is a Polish coat of arms that was used by many noble families in medieval Poland and later under the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.
Politian (1835) is the only play known to have been written by Edgar Allan Poe, composed in 1835, but never completed.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
The Polmos Łańcut distillery is one of the oldest producers of liquors and liqueurs in Poland.
Pope Gregory XV (Gregorius XV; 9 January 15548 July 1623), born Alessandro Ludovisi, was Pope from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623.
Portofino is a musical with a book by Richard Ney, lyrics by Ney and Sheldon Harnick, and music by Louis Bellson and Will Irwin.
The Portuguese nobility was the class of legally privileged and titled persons (nobility) recognized by the Kingdom of Portugal.
Pottenstein Castle (Burg Pottenstein) is one of the oldest castles in Franconian Switzerland, a region in the German state of Bavaria.
Potteries is an English dialect of the North Midlands of England, almost exclusively in and around Stoke-on-Trent.
The Archcathedral Basilica of St.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
The premiership of Mariano Rajoy started in December 2011 and spanned until the 1st June 2018.
A prince is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family ranked below a king and above a duke.
Prince étranger (English: "foreign prince") was a high, though somewhat ambiguous, rank at the French royal court of the ancien régime.
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest of four children and the third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Prince Friedrich of Saxe-Meiningen, Duke of Saxony (Full given names: Friedrich Johann Bernhard Hermann Heinrich Moritz; 12 October 1861 – 23 August 1914) was a German soldier and member of the Ducal House of Saxe-Meiningen.
, was third head of the Kuni-no-miya, a collateral branch of the Japanese imperial family and vice admiral in the Japanese Imperial Navy during World War II.
Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi (29 January 1873 – 18 March 1933) was a Spanish mountaineer and explorer, briefly Infante of Spain as son of Amadeo I of Spain, member of the royal House of Savoy and cousin of the Italian King Victor Emmanuel III.
Prince Marco of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 19th Duke of Medinaceli, Grandee of Spain (Marco Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg; Marco de Hohenlohe-Langenburg y Medina; 8 March 1962 – 19 August 2016), was a German-Spanish nobleman who was head of the ducal house of Medinaceli and a dynast of the princely house of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.
Prince of Antioch was the title given during the Middle Ages to Norman rulers of the Principality of Antioch, a region surrounding the city of Antioch, now known as Antakya in Turkey.
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II.
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, (Richard Alexander Walter George; born 26 August 1944) is the youngest grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary.
Prince Sixtus Henry of Bourbon-Parma (Don Sixto Enrique de Borbón-Parma y Borbón-Busset; Sisto Enrico di Borbone Parma; born 22 July 1940) is considered Regent of Spain by some Carlists who accord him the titles Duke of Aranjuez, Infante of Spain, and Standard-bearer of Tradition.
The Prince's Stone (Fürstenstein, knežji kamen) is the reversed base of an ancient Ionic column that played an important role in the ceremony surrounding the installation of the princes of Carantania in the Early Middle Ages.
A prince-bishop is a bishop who is also the civil ruler of some secular principality and sovereignty.
The prince-electors (or simply electors) of the Holy Roman Empire (Kurfürst, pl. Kurfürsten, Kurfiřt, Princeps Elector) were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire.
Prince of Civitella-Cesi is an Italian title of nobility granted to Giovanni Torlonia (1755–1829) of the Torlonia family.
The title Duke and Prince of Paliano is borne by the head of the elder line of the Colonna family.
Princess Adelaide Louise of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (Adelheid Luise; 19 October 1889 – 11 June 1964) was a daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau (Adelheid-Marie; Adélaïde-Marie) (25 December 1833 – 24 November 1916) was a Princess of Anhalt-Dessau and member of the House of Ascania.
Princess Alexandra Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (21 April 1887 – 15 April 1957) was a daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
Princess Arthur of Connaught, 2nd Duchess of Fife, RRC, GCStJ (Alexandra Victoria Alberta Edwina Louise Duff; Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife before marriage; 17 May 1891 – 26 February 1959) was a granddaughter of King Edward VII and great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
Élisabeth Charlotte of Lorraine (Élisabeth Charlotte Gabrièle; 21 October 1700 – 4 May 1711) was a Princess of Lorraine.
Princess Friederike of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (9 October 1811 – 10 July 1902) was a daughter of Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel and an elder sister of Christian IX of Denmark.
Princess Helena Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (Helene Adelheid Viktoria Marie; 1 June 1888 - 30 June 1962) was the third eldest daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (Viktoria-Irene Adelheid Auguste Alberta Feodora Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg; 11 May 1894 – 28 January 1972) was a member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg by birth and a member of the House of Solms Baruth and Countess of Solms Baruth through her marriage to Count Hans of Solms-Baruth.
Princess Maud (born Lady Maud Duff; 3 April 1893 – 14 December 1945), later Countess of Southesk, was a granddaughter of the British king Edward VII.
Princess Patricia of Connaught (Victoria Patricia Helena Elizabeth; later Lady Patricia Ramsay; 17 March 1886 – 12 January 1974) was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria.
Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (Viktoria Adelheid Helene Luise Marie Friederike; 31 December 1885 – 3 October 1970) was the consort of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and is the maternal grandmother of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden.
Princess Victoria Elisabeth of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 20th Duchess of Medinaceli, GE (Málaga, 17 March 1997) is a Spanish-German aristocrat.
Princess Xenia Andreevna Romanoff (10 March 1919 – 22 October 2000) was a direct descendant of the Tsars of Russia.
The Principality of Antioch was one of the crusader states created during the First Crusade which included parts of modern-day Turkey and Syria.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
Property Law in New York during the 17th Century colonial period was based upon manorialism.
On April 19, 1529, six princes and representatives of 14 Imperial Free Cities petitioned the Imperial Diet at Speyer against an imperial ban against Martin Luther, as well as the proscription of his works and teachings, and called for the unhindered spread of the evangelical faith.
The provinces of Sweden (Sveriges landskap) are historical, geographical and cultural regions.
Prozor Fortress (Tvrđava Prozor or Gradina) is a medieval fortress situated in the continental part of Split-Dalmatia County, in inland Dalmatia, just above the town of Vrlika in Croatia. From its origin as a small stronghold built by the ancient Illyrian tribe Dalmatae, it developed into a fortress in the 15th century, during the reign of the Croatian and Bosnian feudal lord Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić.
Przewodziszowice Castle - brick fortress ruins, located on the peripheries of the former village of Przewodziszowice (now part of the town of Żarki), on the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland.
Pugachev's Rebellion (Peasants' War 1773-75, Cossack Rebellion) of 1773-75 was the principal revolt in a series of popular rebellions that took place in the Russian Empire after Catherine II seized power in 1762.
Puplinge is a municipality in the canton of Geneva in Switzerland.
Quacks, created by James Wood, is a BBC character comedy sitcom about four Victorian era doctors.
Queen Paola of Belgium (born '''Donna'''Although attributes the title of "Princess" to Queen Paola prior to marriage, Burke's Peerage 1973, The Descendants of Louis XIII 1999, Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels 2001, La Descendance de Marie-Thérèse de Habsburg 1996, and Le Petit Gotha 2002 among others, accord only the noble prefix of Donna to her and her sisters, reserving the title Principessa for the wife of the head of the family Paola Ruffo di Calabria on 11 September 1937) is the wife of the former King Albert II and was Queen of the Belgians from 1993 until his abdication in 2013 in favour of their son King Philippe.
Radoviš Municipality (Општина Радовиш) is a municipality in eastern Republic of Macedonia.
Radwan is a Polish knights' clan (ród) and a Polish coat of arms.
Rainulf Drengot (also Ranulph, Ranulf, or Rannulf; died June 1045) was a Norman adventurer and mercenary in southern Italy.
Rao Nara (राव नरा), (born in c. 1420 and died 1487).
Ratimir (Ratimarus) was a Slavic prince that ruled the Duchy of Lower Pannonia as a Bulgar vassal between ca.
Ravensburg is a town in Upper Swabia in Southern Germany, capital of the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg.
The Regiment of Horse was a cavalry unit active in Scotland in the late seventeenth century, which played an important role in the events of that period.
Reginar I Longneck (850 – 915), Rainerus or Ragenerus Longicollus, was a leading nobleman in the kingdom of Lotharingia, variously described in contemporary sources with the titles of count, margrave, missus dominicus and duke.
A regnal title is the title held by a monarch while in office.
The ruins of Reifferscheid Castle (Burg Reifferscheid) stand at a height of 450 metres above sea level (NN) near the German-Belgian border between the mountains of the Eifel and the Ardennes in the municipality of Hellenthal.
Reipoltskirchen Castle (Wasserburg Reipoltskirchen) is a water castle in the parish of Reipoltskirchen in the county of Kusel in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
The relations between the Catholic Church and the state have been constantly evolving with various forms of government, some of them controversial in retrospect.
The following is a list of American sports team names and mascots that are based upon or use religious symbolism.
The House of Riario, sometimes called also House of Riario-Sforza was an Italian noble family from Savona, near Genoa.
Richard Wall y Devereux (5 November 1694 – 26 December 1777) was a Spanish-Irish cavalry officer, diplomat and minister who rose in Spanish royal service to become Chief Minister.
Rich People Problems is a 2017 novel by Kevin Kwan.
Richard Fitzgeorge de Stacpoole, 1st Duc de Stacpoole (16 August 1787 – 7 July 1848) was an Anglo-French Catholic aristocrat and member of the French peerage.
Richard, Duke of Burgundy (858–921), also known as Richard of Autun or Richard the Justiciar, was Count of Autun from 880 and the first Margrave and Duke of Burgundy.
Richmondshire is a local government district of North Yorkshire, England.
Rietavas Manor is a former Ogiński residential manor in Rietavas city, Lithuania.
Rina Morelli (6 December 1908 – 17 July 1976) was an Italian film and stage actress.
Rissa is a former municipality in the old Sør-Trøndelag county in Norway in the Fosen region.
Robert Cumming Schenck (October 4, 1809 – March 23, 1890) was a Union Army general in the American Civil War, and American diplomatic representative to Brazil and the United Kingdom.
Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester (24 June 1532 – 4 September 1588) was an English nobleman and the favourite and close friend of Elizabeth I's, from her first year on the throne until his death.
Peerage robes are worn in the United Kingdom by peers and are of two varieties for two occasions: Parliament robes, worn on ceremonial occasions in the House of Lords, and Coronation robes, worn in the House of Lords at coronations of monarchs.
Robin B. Wright (born August 27, 1948) is an American foreign affairs analyst, journalist, and author, who is noted for her foreign tours, having reported from all around the world.
Rock of Love: Charm School, known as Sharon Osbournes Charm School in the UK, and as Charm School: Rock of Love Girls in Germany, is the second season of the VH1 reality television series Charm School.
Rohan is a commune in the Morbihan department in Brittany in north-western France.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Nancy and Toul (Latin: Dioecesis Nanceiensis et Tullensis; French: Diocèse de Nancy et de Toul) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.
The Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch Railway (RH&DR) is a gauge light railway in Kent, England, operating steam and internal combustion locomotives.
Rovigo (Venetian: Rovigo, Emilian: Ruig) is a town and comune in the Veneto region of Northeast Italy, the capital of the eponymous province.
Traditional rank amongst European royalty, peers, and nobility is rooted in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Styles represent the fashion by which monarchs and noblemen are properly addressed.
A royal family is the immediate family of a king or queen regnant, and sometimes his or her extended family.
Royal Highness (abbreviated HRH for His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness) is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses.
Rudolf Tarnow (25 February 1867 in Parchim, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin - 19 May 1933 in Schwerin) was a Low German writer.
Rodolphe Francois Ghislain de Lorraine de Landas Berghes St.
Ruprecht, Count Palatine of the Rhine (Pfalzgraf bei Rhein), (14 May 1481, Heidelberg – 20 August 1504, Landshut) was the third son of Philip, Elector Palatine of the House of Wittelsbach and he was Bishop of Freising from 1495 to 1498.
Saint Rusticus (c. 455 – 25 April 501) was the Archbishop of Lyon, since the year 494, the successor of Saint Lupicinus of Lyon (491-494).
Rutland is a landlocked county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire.
Saint-Fargeau is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France.
Salan, Dux Salanus or Zalan (Bulgarian and Serbian Cyrillic: Салан or Залан; Zalán; Salanus) was, according to the Gesta Hungarorum, a local Bulgarianhttp://keptar.niif.hu/000500/000586/magyaro-honf-terkep_nagykep.jpg voivod (duke) who ruled in the 9th century between Danube and Tisa rivers in the south and Carpathians in the north.
Sally MacKenzie is a USA Today bestselling romance novelist who has currently published eight books, The Naked Duke (2005), The Naked Marquis (2006), The Naked Earl (2007), The Naked Gentleman (2008), The Naked Baron (2009), The Naked Viscount (2010), The Naked King (2011), and Bedding Lord Ned (2012).
Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck was a small County of the Holy Roman Empire.
Salzgitter is an independent city in southeast Lower Saxony, Germany, located between Hildesheim and Braunschweig.
Samuel "Sam" Vimes is a fictional policeman from Terry Pratchett's Discworld series.
Sammy is a popular humour Belgian comics series.
Samuel Korecki (c. 1586 – June 27, 1622), Polish duke, nobleman (szlachcic) of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, famous adventurer and zagończyk. His coat of arms was Pogonia.
Samuel Parr (26 January 1747 – 6 March 1825), was an English schoolmaster, writer, minister and Doctor of Law.
Sara García (8 September 1895 – 21 November 1980) was a Mexican actress who made her biggest mark during the "Golden Age of Mexican cinema".
Sarah, Duchess of York (born Sarah Margaret Ferguson; 15 October 1959), also referred to by the nickname "Fergie", is a British writer, charity patron, public speaker, film producer and television personality.
Sardar (سردار,; "Commander" literally; "Headmaster"), also spelled as Sirdar, Sardaar, Shordar or Serdar, is a title of nobility that was originally used to denote princes, noblemen, and other aristocrats.
Sas or Szász (origin: Slavic for "Saxon", Polish: Sas, Hungarian: Szász, Romanian: Saş, Ukrainian: Сас) is a Central European coat of arms.
Scheßlitz (or Schesslitz) is a town in the Upper Franconian district of Bamberg and lies on the rise to the Franconian Switzerland on the A 70 between Bamberg and Bayreuth, lying 14 km northeast of the former.
Scherpenzeel is a municipality and a town in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
Schloss Oldenburg (Oldenburg palace) is a schloss, or palace, in the city of Oldenburg in the present-day state of Lower Saxony, Germany.
Schwarzman College (also Chinese: 苏世民书院, pinyin: Sūshìmín Shūyuàn) is a new residential college of Tsinghua University (THU), which will host Schwarzman Scholars, an international scholarship program designed to "educate the next generation of global leaders".
Schwarzman Scholars (Chinese: 苏世民学者; Pinyin: Sūshìmín Xuézhě), is an international scholarship program founded by American financier Stephen A. Schwarzman, co-founder and chairman of the asset management firm Blackstone Group and Chair of President Donald Trump's Strategic and Policy Forum.
Scotland in the early modern period refers, for the purposes of this article, to Scotland between the death of James IV in 1513 and the end of the Jacobite risings in the mid-eighteenth century.
Scotland in the Late Middle Ages, between the deaths of Alexander III in 1286 and James IV in 1513, established its independence from England under figures including William Wallace in the late 13th century and Robert Bruce in the 14th century.
Scottish society in the early modern era encompasses the social structure and relations that existed in Scotland between the early sixteenth century and the mid-eighteenth century.
Scottish society in the Middle Ages is the social organisation of what is now Scotland between the departure of the Romans from Britain in the fifth century and the establishment of the Renaissance in the early sixteenth century.
The Second Battle of Tembien was a battle fought on the northern front of what was known as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
The Second Italo-Ethiopian War, also referred to as the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, was a colonial war from 3 October 1935 until 1939, despite the Italian claim to have defeated Ethiopia by 5 May 1936, the date of the capture of Addis Ababa.
When referring to Roman Catholic religious orders, the term Second Order refers to those Orders of cloistered nuns which are a part of the mendicant Orders that developed in the Middle Ages.
Secondotto Palaeologus (also Otho or Ottone; died 16 December 1378) was the Margrave of Montferrat from 1372 to his death, the third of the Greek Palaeologan dynasty.
Sectaurs: Warriors of Symbion was a line of action figures released by Coleco in 1985.
See America First is a comic opera with a book by T. Lawrason Riggs and music and lyrics by Cole Porter.
Seekers of the Sky (Искатели неба) is a series of two novels written by the popular Russian science fiction and fantasy writer Sergey Lukyanenko.
Senapati (Sanskrit: सेनापति sena- meaning "army", -pati meaning "lord"), or also known as parvanda, is a title in ancient India denoting the rank of military commander or general of the army.
Septimania (Septimanie,; Septimània,; Septimània) was the western region of the Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis that passed under the control of the Visigoths in 462, when Septimania was ceded to their king, Theodoric II.
The Serbian Vojvodina (Српска Војводина / Srpska Vojvodina) was a short-lived self-proclaimed Serb autonomous province within the Austrian Empire during the Revolutions of 1848, which existed until 1849 when it was transformed into the new (official) Austrian province named Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar.
The Serbs of Vojvodina are the largest ethnic group in this northern province of Serbia.
His/Her Serene Highness (abbreviation: HSH, oral address: Your Serene Highness) is a style used today by the sovereign families of Liechtenstein and Monaco.
Sermon (Bulgarian and Serbian Cyrillic: Сермон; Σέρμων) was an 11th-century voivode (duke) of Syrmia and a local governor in the First Bulgarian Empire, vassal of Bulgarian emperor Samuil.
Sevdalinka (also known as Sevdah music) is a traditional genre of folk music from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Seyoum Mengesha KBE (Amharic: ሥዩም መንገሻ; 21 June 1887 – 15 December 1960) was an army commander and a member of the Royal family of the Ethiopian Empire.
The Sheep Letter (Faroese: Seyðabrævið, Old Norse: sauðabréfit) is the oldest surviving document of the Faroe Islands.
Shon the Piper is a 1913 American silent short historical romantic drama film directed by Otis Turner and starring Robert Z. Leonard.
The Sicilian nobility was a privileged hereditary class in the Kingdom of Sicily, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Kingdom of Italy, whose origins may be traced to the 11th century AD.
The Siege of Gaeta (26 February - 18 July 1806) saw the fortress city of Gaeta and its Neapolitan garrison under Louis of Hesse-Philippsthal besieged by an Imperial French corps led by André Masséna.
The siege of Thessalonica between 1422 and 1430 saw the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Murad II capture the city of Thessalonica.
Siewierz (Sewerien) is a town in the Silesian Voivodeship in Poland.
Sigebert IV (c. 671 - c. 679) was the son of Dagobert II and a Saxon duchess called Mathildis (also called Mechthilde), and the grandson of Sigebert III of the Merovingian dynasty.
Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.
Duke Silvius II Frederick of Wurttemberg-Oels (21 February 1651 in Oleśnica – 3 June 1697 in Olesnica) was Duke of Württemberg-Oels from 1668 until his death.
Sjaerdemaslot was a Frisian castle, a so-called "state", in Franeker, the Netherlands.
Skule Bårdsson or Duke Skule (Norwegian: Hertug Skule) (Old Norse: Skúli Bárðarson) (– 24 May 1240) was a Norwegian nobleman and claimant to the royal throne against his son-in-law, King Haakon Haakonsson.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Slovenian euro coins were first issued for circulation on 1 January 2007 and a unique feature is designed for each coin.
The social structure of the United Kingdom has historically been highly influenced by the concept of social class, with the concept still affecting British society today.
The Society of Dilettanti (founded 1734) is a society of noblemen and scholars which sponsors the study of ancient Greek and Roman art, and the creation of new work in the style.
Sofia Tereschenko (Ukrainian Софія Терещенко; born 22 October 1984) is a Greek-Ukrainian fashion model, dancer, politician and entrepreneur.
The Solomonic dynasty, also known as the House of Solomon, is the former ruling Imperial House of the Ethiopian Empire.
Sophia Eleonore of Saxony (23 November 1609 – 2 June 1671) was a Duchess (Herzogin) of Saxony by birth and the Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1627 to 1661 through her marriage to Landgrave George II.
Sophia of Wittelsbach (1170–1238) was a daughter of Otto I Wittelsbach, who was Count Palatine and later Duke of Bavaria, and his wife Agnes of Loon.
Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg (Žofie Marie Josefína Albína hraběnka Chotková z Chotkova a Vojnína; Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Gräfin Chotek von Chotkow und Wognin; 1 March 1868 – 28 June 1914), was the wife of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
The Servant of God María Rafaela de los Dolores y del Patrocinio, O.I.C., more commonly known as Sor Patrocinio ("Sister Protection" (of Mary)), also known as "the nun of the wounds" (San Clemente, Cuenca, 1811 - Guadalajara, 1891), was a Spanish nun of the Order of the Immaculate Conception.
Southern Jutland (Sønderjylland) is the name for the region south of the Kongeå in Jutland, Denmark and north of the Eider (river) in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The Spani or Span family was a northern Albanian noble family and clan.
Spanish nobles are persons who possess the legal status of hereditary nobility according to the laws and traditions of the Spanish monarchy and those who hold personal nobility as bestowed by one of the two highest orders of knighthood of the Kingdom, namely the Order of Charles III and the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
Speyergau was a medieval county in the East Frankish (German) stem duchy of Franconia.
Sponheim or Spanheim was a medieval German noble family, which originated in Rhenish Franconia.
Spremberg (Grodk) is a district near the Saxon city of Hoyerswerda and is in the Spree-Neiße district of Brandenburg, Germany.
The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history from approximately 771 to 476 BC (or according to some authorities until 403 BC) which corresponds roughly to the first half of the Eastern Zhou Period.
St Johnston, officially Saint Johnstown (Baile Suingean), is a village, townland, and electoral division in County Donegal in Ulster, Ireland.
The Stiftskirche is a church located in Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
The Church St.
The Staatstheater Braunschweig is a theatre and opera house in Braunschweig, Germany.
Stacey Orlando Augmon (born August 1, 1968) is a retired American professional basketball player in the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Stacy Ann-Marie Keibler (born October 14, 1979) is an American actress, dancer and model, as well as a former cheerleader and professional wrestler, specifically known for her work with World Championship Wrestling (WCW) and World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE).
Stadtlohn is a town in the north-west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, part of the district Borken.
The Stanford Institutes of Medicine Summer Research Program, sometimes referred to as the Stanford Institutes of Medical Research (SIMR), is a highly competitive 8-week research program held annually for approximately 60 students from the United States entering their final year of high school or first year of college.
Stapleton is an area in the northeastern suburbs of the city of Bristol, England.
State funerals in the United States are public funerals held in the nation's capital, Washington, D.C. that are offered to a sitting or former President of the United States, a President-elect, as well as other people designated by the president.
The statue of Winston Churchill in Parliament Square, London, is a bronze sculpture of the former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, created by Ivor Roberts-Jones.
Stegeborg Castle is a ruined castle in St Anna parish, Söderköping, Östergötland, located on an island in a narrow sound at the bay of Slätbaken.
Stephen Držislav (Stjepan Držislav, Dirzislaus) (died 997) was King of Croatia from 969 AD until his death in 997.
Stephen II (Stjepan/Stefan, Стефан/Стјепан) was the Bosnian Ban from 1314, but in reality from 1322 to 1353 together with his brother, Vladislav Kotromanić in 1326–1353.
Stoke-on-Trent (often abbreviated to Stoke) is a city and unitary authority area in Staffordshire, England, with an area of.
Stollen is a fruit bread of nuts, spices, and dried or candied fruit, coated with powdered sugar or icing sugar.
The surname Story (and its variant spelling Storey) originates from the Old Norse personal epithet “Stóri”, a derivative of “Storr” which means “large” or “big”.
Stowe House is a grade I listed country house in Stowe, Buckinghamshire, England.
Strahinja Banović or Strahinjić Ban (Serbian: Бановић Страхиња; died 15 June 1389 according to tradition) is the name of the nobleman and knight depicted in the Serbian epic poem of the same title.
Strathearn or Strath Earn (from Srath Èireann) is the strath of the River Earn, in Scotland.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
A style of office or honorific is an official or legally recognized title.
A substantive title is a ceremonial title held uniquely by an aristocrat or the member of a ruling dynasty.
Sui Cheemian, also spelt Sui Chimian, and less commonly as Sui Cheema, is a Cheema village in Punjab, Pakistan.
Sultan Agung Adi Prabu Hanyakrakusuma (Javanese: ꦯꦸꦭ꧀ꦠꦤ꧀ꦲꦒꦸꦁꦲꦢꦶꦦꦿꦧꦸꦲꦚꦏꦿꦏꦸꦱꦸꦩ, Sultan Agung Adi Prabu Hanyåkråkusumå) was the third Sultan of Mataram in Central Java ruling from 1613 to 1645.
This article contains summaries and commentaries of the 100 stories within Giovanni Boccaccio's The Decameron.
Sunan Kalijaga (1460-1513), born as Raden Mas Said son of a Duke of Tuban in East Java, Indonesia, was one of the "nine saints" of Javanese Islam (Wali Sanga).
Super Robot Monkey Team Hyperforce Go! (commonly known by its initialism, SRMTHFG) is an American/Japanese animated television series created by Ciro Nieli, one of the directors of Teen Titans, and produced by Jetix Animation Concepts with animation being done by The Answer Studio (who would later work on the Cartoon Network original series Transformers: Animated).
Svēte Manor (Svētes muižas pils) is a manor house in Svēte parish in the historical region of Zemgale, in Latvia.
Svetoslav Suronja, was King of Croatia from 997 to 1000.
The Swabian League (Schwäbischer Bund) was a mutual defence and peace keeping association of Imperial Estates – free Imperial cities, prelates, principalities and knights – principally in the territory of the early medieval stem duchy of Swabia, established in 1488 at the behest of Emperor Frederick III of Habsburg and supported as well by Bertold von Henneberg-Römhild, archbishop of Mainz, whose conciliar rather than monarchic view of the Reich often put him at odds with Frederick's successor Maximilian.
In Sweden, members of medieval royal families, such as the House of Stenkil and House of Bjelbo, held the title of jarl before their accession to the throne.
The Swedish royal family (Svenska kungafamiljen) since 1818 has consisted of a number of persons in the Swedish Royal House of Bernadotte, closely related to the King of Sweden.
Sweet Rosie O'Grady is a 1943 Technicolor musical film about an American singer who attempts to better herself by marrying an English duke, but is harassed by a reporter.
A taboret (also spelled tabouret or tabourette) or stool refers to two different pieces of furniture: a cabinet or a stool.
The Taifals or Tayfals (Taifali, Taifalae or Theifali) were a people group of Germanic or Sarmatian origin, first documented north of the lower Danube in the mid third century AD.
Tami Gaines is an accomplished author, marketing and business strategist, and motivational speaker and trainer.
Tangled: Before Ever After is a 2017 American 2D-animated musical fantasy television film produced by Disney Television Animation, that premiered on Disney Channel as a Disney Channel Original Movie.
The Tassilo Chalice is a bronze chalice, gilded with silver and gold, dating from the 8th century.
Tavadi (თავადი, "prince", lit. "head/chief", from თავი tavi, "head", with the prefix of agent -di) was a feudal title in Georgia first applied in the Late Middle Ages usually translated in English as prince or less commonly as duke.
Taymouth Castle is situated to the north-east of the village of Kenmore, Perth and Kinross in the Highlands of Scotland, in an estate which encompasses 450 acres.
TCA Volleyball Club was created by Neil Mason in the year 2000.
Tegal Regency is one of the regencies located in the northwest part of Central Java province, Indonesia which has an area of 876,10 km2.
Tekle Haymanot Tessemma, also Adal Tessemma, Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, and Tekle Haimanot of Gojjam, (1847 – 10 January 1901) was King of Gojjam, a member of the Solomonic dynasty of the Ethiopian Empire.
The territorial changes of Germany include all changes in the borders and territory of Germany from its formation in 1871 to the present.
Poland (Polska) is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north.
The Texas Rose Festival, a three-day event held annually in Tyler, Texas, celebrates the role of the rose-growing industry in the local economy.
Thacholf, Thachulf, Thaculf, or Thakulf (died 1 August 873) was the Duke of Thuringia from 849 until his death.
The Alchemy of Stone is a fantasy novel by Russian writer Ekaterina Sedia.
"The Boy I Love Is Up in the Gallery" is a music hall song written in 1885 by George Ware for music hall star Nelly Power, and made famous by Marie Lloyd.
The Coachman (Il Conduttore del Carro), also known as The Little Man (L'Omino), is a fictional character who appears in Carlo Collodi's 1883 book The Adventures of Pinocchio (Le avventure di Pinocchio).
The Comedy of Errors is one of William Shakespeare's early plays.
"The Curse of the Monolith" is a short story by American writers L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter, featuring the fictional sword and sorcery hero Conan of Cimmeria created by Robert E. Howard.
The Deeds of the Saxons, or Three Books of Annals (Res gestae saxonicae sive annalium libri tres) is a three-volume chronicle of 10th century Germany written by Widukind of Corvey.
The Divided Lady is a 1960 novel by Scottish writer Bruce Marshall.
The Duchess of Dantzic is a comic opera in three acts, set in Paris, with music by Ivan Caryll and a book and lyrics by Henry Hamilton, based on the play Madame Sans-Gêne by Victorien Sardou and Émile Moreau.
The Duchess of Duke Street is a BBC television drama series set in London between 1900 and 1925.
The Dukes are a five-piece rock band from Christchurch, New Zealand.
The Fox and the Cat (Il gatto e la volpe, the names sequence is reversed as gatto means "cat" and volpe means "fox") are a pair of fictional characters who appear in Carlo Collodi's book The Adventures of Pinocchio (Le avventure di Pinocchio).
The Glass Slipper (1955) is a musical film adaptation of Cinderella, made by MGM, directed by Charles Walters and produced by Edwin H. Knopf from a screenplay by Helen Deutsch.
The Heralds is a novel written by Brian Killick in 1973.
The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable (abbreviated to The Hon., Hon. or formerly The Hon'ble—the latter term is still used in South Asia) is a style that is used before the names of certain classes of people.
The Impossible Itself is a 2010 documentary film produced and directed by Jacob Adams to cover the 1957 San Francisco Actor's Workshop production of the Samuel Beckett stage play Waiting For Godot that was taken to San Quentin Prison and performed before its inmates, with an examination of an earlier incarnation of Godot as performed by inmates at the Luttringhausen Prison in Germany in 1953.
The Knight's Ghost is Child ballad 265.
"The Knight's Tale" (The Knightes Tale) is the first tale from Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales.
The Last of Mrs.
The Legend of the Titanic (La leyenda del Titanic, La leggenda del Titanic) is a 1999 Italian animated film directed by Orlando Corradi and Kim J. Ok.
The Magic Thief is the first book in a children's fantasy trilogy published by HarperCollins in June 2008.
The Malcontent is an early Jacobean stage play written by the dramatist and satirist John Marston ca.
The Much Honoured (abbreviated as The Much Hon.) is an honorific prefix that is given to Scottish feudal barons and lairds.
The parks of Genoa are for the most part green areas comprising the gardens of aristocratic villas and some adjoining open land.
Le Rouge et le Noir (French for The Red and the Black), is a historical psychological novel in two volumes by Stendhal, published in 1830.
The Riftwar Saga is a series of fantasy novels by American writer Raymond E. Feist, the first series in The Riftwar Cycle.
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
The Sicilian is a novel by Italian-American author Mario Puzo.
"The Song of La Palice" (in French: La chanson de la Palisse) is a burlesque song attributed to Bernard de la Monnoye (1641–1728) about alleged feats of French nobleman and military leader Jacques de la Palice (1470–1525).
The Suns of Scorpio is a science fiction novel written by Kenneth Bulmer under the pseudonym of Alan Burt Akers, and is volume two in his extensive Dray Prescot series of sword and planet novels, set on the fictional world of Kregen, a planet of the Antares star system in the constellation of Scorpio.
The Sword and the Rose is a 1953 American-British family and adventure film, produced by Perce Pearce and Walt Disney and directed by Ken Annakin.
The Tangled Skein was Baroness Orczy's second novel.
Antonio Canova’s statue The Three Graces is a Neoclassical sculpture, in marble, of the mythological three charites, daughters of Zeus – identified on some engravings of the statue as, from left to right, Euphrosyne, Aglaea and Thalia - who were said to represent youth/beauty (Thalia), mirth (Euphrosyne), and elegance (Aglaea).
The Twelve Abbots of Challant (I dodici abati di Challant) is an historical novel by Laura Mancinelli published in 1981 and winner of the Mondello Prize in the same year.
The Underground Man (1997) is a novel by Mick Jackson.
The Unholy Pilgrim is a historical novel, written by R.F. Tapsell and published in 1968, which is set in turbulent 13th-century Europe during the High Middle Ages, and follows the adventures of Tancred of Varville.
The Voyage of the Dawn Treader is a high fantasy novel for children by C. S. Lewis, published by Geoffrey Bles in 1952.
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt – Blood and Wine is the second and final expansion pack for the 2015 video game The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt.
Theodore Beza (Theodorus Beza; Théodore de Bèze or de Besze; June 24, 1519 – October 13, 1605) was a French Reformed Protestant theologian, reformer and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation.
Theodore II Palaeologus (died 16 April 1418) was the Margrave of Montferrat from 1381.
Thierhaupten is a market town in south-central Germany in the district of Augsburg (district) in the Swabia administrative region of Bavaria, and is located at the Lech Valley.
Thierry de Loos (alternatively, Dietrich von Los) was a Franco-Flemish nobleman who took part in the Fourth Crusade and afterwards became prominent within the Latin Empire.
This Week of Grace is a 1933 British comedy film directed by Maurice Elvey and starring Gracie Fields, Henry Kendall and John Stuart.
Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends is a children's television series about the engines and other characters working on the railways of the Island of Sodor, and is based on The Railway Series books written by the Rev. W. Awdry.
Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1443 – 21 May 1524), styled Earl of Surrey from 1483 to 1485 and again from 1489 to 1514, was an English nobleman and politician.
Thomas II Zaremba, also known as Tomas, was a medieval bishop of Wrocław, Poland from 1270 till 1292.
Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, KG (20 February 1632 – 26 July 1712), English politician who was part of the Immortal Seven group that invited William III, Prince of Orange to depose James II of England as monarch during the Glorious Revolution.
Thomas Robert Bugeaud, marquis de la Piconnerie, duc d'Isly (15 October 178410 June 1849) was a Marshal of France and Governor-General of Algeria.
This is a timeline of Chinese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in China and its predecessor states.
This is a timeline of German history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Germany and its predecessor states.
This is a timeline of Latvian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Latvia and its predecessor states.
This is a timeline of Slovenian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Slovenia and its predecessor states.
This is a timeline of Spanish history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Spain and its predecessor states.
A title is a prefix or suffix added to someone's name in certain contexts.
Titular may refer to.
A toque is a type of hat with a narrow brim or no brim at all.
Torquato Conti (1591–1636) was an Italian military commander who served as a General-Field Marshal of the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
Toszek Castle - a Renaissance styled castle, located in Toszek (23 km away from Gliwice, Silesian Voivodeship in Poland.
Transmission Recordings is a record label owned and operated by the Notting Hill Music group plc.
The Traversari (or domus Traversariorum, according to medieval chroniclers) are a noble Italian family.
Tricking is a method for indicating the tinctures (colours) used in a coat of arms by means of text abbreviations written directly on the illustration.
Trpimirović dynasty (Trpimirovići) was a native Croat dynasty that ruled, with interruptions, from 845 until 1091 in Croatia and was named after Trpimir I, the first member and the founder.
The Trubetskoy family (English), Трубецкой (Russian), Трубяцкі (Belarusian), Trubecki (Polish), Trubetsky (Ruthenian), Трубецький (Ukrainian), Troubetzkoy (French), Trubezkoi or Trubetzkoy (German), is a Ruthenian Gediminid gentry family of Black Ruthenian stock, like many other princely houses of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, later prominent in Russian history, science, and arts.
Tunglo (died 826) was a knyaz of the Lusatian Serbs (Sorbs).
The Tuscan florin (Italian: fiorino) was the currency of Tuscany between 1826 and 1859.
Duke Ulrich of Württemberg (8 February 14876 November 1550) succeeded his kinsman Eberhard II as Duke of Württemberg in 1498.
The University of Duisburg-Essen (Universität Duisburg-Essen) is a public university in Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and a member of the newly founded University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr.
Unno was a duke from the medieval Frisian shire of Rüstringen.
Uradel (German: "ancient nobility"; adjective uradelig or uradlig) is a genealogical term introduced in late 18th-century Germany to distinguish those families whose noble rank can be traced to the 14th century or earlier.
d' Ursel is the name of an important old Belgian noble family of German origin.
The Abbey of Our Lady and of St.
Vadstena Castle (Vadstena slott) is a former Royal Castle in Vadstena, the province of Östergötland, Sweden.
Lahko kolesno oklepno vozilo Valuk (LKOV, "Light wheeled armoured vehicle") is an improved version of Pandur 6X6 APC, manufactured under a license manufacturing agreement with the Austrian company, Steyr Daimler Puch Spezialfahrzeug AG & Co KG (now part of General Dynamics Land Systems - Europe), by Sistemska Tehnika of Slovenia for the Slovenian Army.
A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context of the feudal system in medieval Europe.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Very Blue Beard (Очень синяя борода, Ochen sinjaja boroda) is a 1979 Soviet musical comedy animated film loosely based on the Bluebeard fairy tale by Charles Perrault.
Vicenza is a city in northeastern Italy.
Vicko Bujović (1660 – May 6, 1709) was a Venetian military commander and captain of Perast.
Victor Amadeus II (Vittorio Amedeo Francesco; 14 May 1666 – 31 October 1732) was Duke of Savoy from 1675 to 1730.
Victor I, Duke of Ratibor, Prince of Corvey, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (Viktor Moritz Carl 1.Herzog von Ratibor, 1.Fürst von Corvey, Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst; 10 February 181830 January 1893) was a member of House of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst and later Duke of the Silesian duchy of Ratibor (Ratiboř, Racibórz).
Victor II, Duke of Ratibor, Prince of Corvey, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (Viktor Amadeus 2.Herzog von Ratibor, 2.Fürst von Corvey, Prinz zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst; 6 September 18479 August 1923) was a member of House of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst and Duke of the Silesian duchy of Ratibor (Racibórz).
Doña Victoria Eugenia Fernández de Córdoba y Fernández de Henestrosa, 18th Duchess of Medinaceli, Grandee of Spain (16 April 1917 – 18 August 2013) was 18th Duchess of Medinaceli in her own right and a Grandee of Spain, head of the Spanish noble House of Medinaceli and patron of the Ducal House of Medinaceli Foundation.
Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Västergötland (Victoria Ingrid Alice Désirée; born 14 July 1977) is the heir apparent to the Swedish throne, as the eldest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf.
A victory title is an honorific title adopted by a successful military commander to commemorate his defeat of an enemy nation.
Vikramabahu (1017–1041; known as Kassapa before his coronation) was a medieval king of Sri Lanka.
Vilikaila or Viligaila was one of the 5 elder Lithuanian dukes mentioned in the peace treaty with Halych-Volhynia in 1219.
Vilsegg Castle (Burg Vilsegg) is a former fortification in the Austrian state of Tyrol that stands about a kilometre northwest of the little town of Vils, between Pfronten and Füssen, a few hundred metres away from the Austro-German border.
Virginio Orsini (1615 – 21 August 1676) was an Italian Cardinal.
The Visconti di Modrone are a collateral branch of the Visconti of Milan.
Visvaldis (Latin: Vissewalde rex de Gerzika, Russian: Всеволод) was a Latgalian nobleman, Duke of the Principality of Jersika in the 12th-13th centuries.
VoivodeAlso spelled "voievod", "woiwode", "voivod", "voyvode", "vojvoda", or "woiwod" (Old Slavic, literally "war-leader" or "warlord") is an Eastern European title that originally denoted the principal commander of a military force.
A voivodeship is the area administered by a voivode (Governor) in several countries of central and eastern Europe.
Vukan (Вукан, Βολκάνος; 1050 – 1115) was the Grand Prince of Serbia (Rascia) from 1083 until his death in 1112.
The Vukanović (Вукановић, Vukanovići / Вукановићи), also known as the Urošević (Урошевић, Uroševići / Урошевићи), was a medieval Serbian dynasty that reigned over Rascia and Zachlumia between late-11th century and mid-13th century.
Wakestock was Europe's largest wakeboard music festival, combining the cultures of music and wakeboarding.
Waleran III (or Walram III) (– 2 July 1226) was initially lord of Montjoie, then count of Luxembourg from 1214.
Waleran IV (or Walram IV) (died 1279) was the duke of Limburg from 1247 to his death.
Wallendorfer Porzellan or Wallendorf Porcelain is a porcelain manufacturing company which has been in operation since 1764 in Lichte (Wallendorf) in the Thuringian Highlands.
Wanke nicht, mein Vaterland ("Do not falter, my fatherland"), also known as Schleswig-Holstein, meerumschlungen ("Schleswig-Holstein, embraced by the sea") or Schleswig-Holstein-Lied is the unofficial anthem of Schleswig-Holstein.
Wapno is a village in Wągrowiec County, in the Greater Poland Voivodeship, close to the border with Żnin County.
The War of the Breton Succession was a conflict between the Counts of Blois and the Montforts of Brittany for control of the Duchy of Brittany.
The War of the Euboeote Succession was fought in 1256–1258 between the Prince of Achaea, William II of Villehardouin, and a broad coalition of other rulers from throughout Frankish Greece who felt threatened by William's aspirations.
The War of the Mantuan Succession (1628–31) was a peripheral part of the Thirty Years' War.
Warfare in Medieval Poland covers the military history of Poland during the Piast and Jagiellon dynasties (10th–16th centuries).
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.
Warsong, known as in Japan, is a tactical role-playing game developed by Nippon Computer Systems (NCS).
Wartislaw IV or Vartislav IV (before 1290 – 1 August 1326) was Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1309 until his death.
Władysław I Herman (1044 – 4 June 1102) was a Duke of Poland from 1079 until his death.
Władysław III Spindleshanks (Władysław Laskonogi; b. 1161/67 – 3 November 1231), of the Piast Dynasty, was Duke of Greater Poland (during 1194–1202 over all the land and during 1202–1229 only over the southern part), High Duke of Poland and Duke of Kraków during 1202–1206 and 1228–1231, Duke of Kalisz during 1202–1206, ruler of Lubusz during 1206–1210 and 1218–1225, and ruler over Gniezno during 1216–1217.
The wedding of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, and Daniel Westling took place on 2010 in Stockholm Cathedral.
Weilburg is, with just under 14,000 inhabitants, the third biggest city in Limburg-Weilburg district in Hesse, Germany, after Limburg an der Lahn and Bad Camberg.
Weissenburg Castle (Ruine Weissenburg) is a ruined castle in the municipality of Därstetten of the Canton of Bern in Switzerland.
This is an index of Welsh peers and baronets whose primary peerage, life peerage, and baronetcy titles include a Welsh place-name origin or its territorial qualification is within the historic counties of Wales.
Wierzchoslawa Ludmilla of Greater Poland (Wierzchoslawa Ludmiła Mieszkówna; b. bef. 1153 – d. bef. 1223), was a Polish princess member of the House of Piast, by marriage Lady of Bitsch and during 1205-1206 Duchess of Lorraine.
Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, from 1931 Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (23 August 1891 – 10 February 1965), was the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and Head of the House of Oldenburg from 21 January 1934 until his death on 10 February 1965.
William Amelius Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk, 10th Duke of St Albans, PC DL (15 April 1840 – 10 May 1898), styled Earl of Burford until 1849, was a British Liberal parliamentarian of the Victorian era.
William Beckford (baptised 19 December 1709 – 21 June 1770) was a well-known political figure in 18th-century London, who twice held the office of Lord Mayor of London (1762 and 1769).
General William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, 1st Marquis of Campo Maior, (2 October 1768 – 8 January 1854) was an Anglo-Irish soldier and politician.
William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne KG KB PC (6 December 1592 – 25 December 1676) was an English polymath and aristocrat, having been a poet, equestrian, playwright, swordsman, politician, architect, diplomat and soldier.
William David McCain (March 29, 1907, in Bellefontaine, MS – September 5, 1993) was a recognized leader of the Mississippi political establishment and a leader in its struggle in the 1950s and 1960s to maintain the "southern way of life" including racial segregationism.
William Green (1775–1860) was a player of the Northumbrian smallpipes, and the Piper to the Duchess of Northumberland from 1806 until 1849.
William I, or in German Wilhelm I. (full name: William Frederick Louis of Hohenzollern, Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig von Hohenzollern, 22 March 1797 – 9 March 1888), of the House of Hohenzollern was King of Prussia from 2 January 1861 and the first German Emperor from 18 January 1871 to his death, the first Head of State of a united Germany.
William IV (William Henry; 21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death in 1837.
William Longsword (Guillaume Longue-Épée, Willermus Longa Spata, Vilhjálmr Langaspjót; c. 893 – 17 December 942) was the second ruler of Normandy, from 927 until his assassination in 942.
William (– 15 July 1406), known as William the Courteous (der Freundliche), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria from 1386.
William of Jülich-Cleves-Berge (William I of Cleves, William V of Jülich-Berg) (Wilhelm der Reiche; 28 July 1516 – 5 January 1592) was a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg (1539–1592).
Wincenty of Niałka (Vincent) was the Archbishop of Gniezno in the years 1220–1232.
Winder is a surname originating from England seen primarily in the United Kingdom and the English-speaking nations, but also in some places in mainland Europe, particularly Austria.
Wismar is a port and Hanseatic city in Northern Germany on the Baltic Sea, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.
Wit z Chotela also known as Vitus was a twelfth-century Bishop of Płock in Poland and founder of monasteries.
Witches Abroad is the twelfth Discworld novel by Terry Pratchett, originally published in 1991.
Without a Woman (Italian: Senza una donna) is a 1943 Italian comedy film directed by Alfredo Guarini and starring Giuseppe Lugo, Silvana Jachino and Umberto Melnati.
Woerden is a city and a municipality in the central Netherlands.
Wondosson Kassa, also known as Wond Wossen Kassa (1903 – 19 December 1936), was a member of the royalty of the Ethiopian Empire, an army commander, and a patriot.
Worksop is the largest town in the Bassetlaw district of Nottinghamshire, England, on the River Ryton at the northern edge of Sherwood Forest.
Wouter Berthout van Ranst was a nobleman, living in feudal times, and a vassal of the Duke of Brabant.
Yemelyan Ignatievich Ukraintsev (September 12 or 23, 1641–1708) was a Russian diplomat and statesman.
Yggdrasil (or; from Old Norse Yggdrasill, pronounced) is an immense mythical tree that connects the nine worlds in Norse cosmology.
Yom-Tov Lipmann ben Solomon Muhlhausen (Hebrew: יום טוב ליפמן מילהאוזן) (Yom-Tov was his religious given name, Lipmann was his secular given name, one of the traditional Ashkenazic vernacular equivalents for Yom-Tov, while his last name represents a nickname indicating the origin of either him or his ancestors from the town of Mühlhausen, in Thuringia) was a controversialist, Talmudist, kabalist and philosopher of the 14th and 15th centuries (birth date unknown, died later than 1420).
York Street Recording Studio was a Recording Studio based in Auckland, New Zealand.
Zachlumia or Zachumlia (Zahumlje / Захумље), also Hum, was a medieval principality located in the modern-day regions of Herzegovina and southern Dalmatia (today parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia, respectively).
Zafra is a town situated in the Province of Badajoz (Extremadura, Spain), and the capital of the comarca of Zafra - Río Bodión.
Zürich or Zurich is the largest city in Switzerland and the capital of the canton of Zürich.
Zhu Xi (October 18, 1130 – April 23, 1200), also known by his courtesy name Yuanhui (or Zhonghui), and self-titled Hui'an, was a Chinese philosopher, politician, and writer of the Song dynasty.
Year 1058 (MLVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1191 (MCXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Events from the 1330s in England.
Year 1337 (MCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 1866 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire.
The 1874 Birthday Honours were appointments by Queen Victoria to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire.
The 1874 Dissolution Honours List was issued in February 1874 prior to the general election at the advice of the outgoing Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone.
The 1920 Birthday Honours were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire.
The 1954 Milan High School Indians won the Indiana High School Boys Basketball Tournament championship in 1954.
The 1957 Philadelphia Eagles season was their 25th in the league.
The 1999–2000 NBA season was the Bulls' 34th season in the National Basketball Association.
The 2001 Gator Bowl was a post-season American college football bowl game between the Virginia Tech Hokies and the Clemson Tigers at Alltel Stadium in Jacksonville, Florida on January 1, 2001.
The 2001–02 NBA season was the Grizzlies 7th season in the National Basketball Association, and their first season in Memphis.
The 2003 WNBA season was the 6th for the Detroit Shock.
The 2014 NCAA Division I Outdoor Track and Field Championships were the 73rd NCAA Men's Division I Outdoor Track and Field Championships and the 33rd NCAA Women's Division I Outdoor Track and Field Championships held for the second consecutive year at Hayward Field in Eugene, Oregon on the campus of the University of Oregon.
The 2015 NCAA Division I Outdoor Track and Field Championships was held from June 10 to June 13, 2015.
Year 220 (CCXX) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 291 (CCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment (2e Régiment Étranger d'Infanterie, 2e REI) is an infantry regiment of the French Foreign Legion.
Year 307 (CCCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 390 (CCCXC) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 420 (CDXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 487 (CDLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The year 512 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
The year 532 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
The year 577 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
The year 581 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 636 (DCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 642 (DCXLII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 716 (DCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 717 (DCCXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 726 (DCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 744 (DCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 746 (DCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 753 (DCCLIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 758 (DCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 778 (DCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 787 (DCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 788 (DCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 799 (DCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
is a 2D action platform game developed by Thinking Rabbit for the Nintendo Entertainment System.
Year 806 (DCCCVI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 812 (DCCCXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 832 (DCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 851 (DCCCLI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 856 (DCCCLVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 857 (DCCCLVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 895 (DCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 897 (DCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 964 (CMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 972 (CMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 992 (CMXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Duc, Ducal, Ducem, Duche grand fief, Duche grand fief de l'Empire, Duche grand-fief, Duche grand-fief de l'Empire, Duche grands fief de l'Empire, Duche-grand fief, Duchess, Duchesses, Duché grand fief, Duché grand fief de l'Empire, Duché grand-fief, Duché grand-fief de l'Empire, Duché grands fief de l'Empire, Duché-grand fief, Dukal, Dukedom (rank), Dukes, Dutchesses, Gertsog, Herceg, Herttua, Herzogin, Papal Duke, Royal duchy, Royal duke, Royal dukes, Royale Duke, Titular duke, Titular duke (disambiguation).