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E number

Index E number

E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA. [1]

317 relations: Acesulfame potassium, Acetic acid, Acetylated distarch adipate, Acidity regulator, Adipate, Adipic acid, Alkannin, Allura Red AC, Alpha-Tocopherol, Aluminium, Amaranth (dye), Ammonium adipate, Ammonium carbonate, Ammonium chloride, Ammonium ferric citrate, Ammonium fumarate, Ammonium lactate, Ammonium malate, Ammonium polyphosphate, Ammonium sulfate, Amylase, Annatto, Anoxomer, Anthocyanin, Anticaking agent, Apocarotenal, Argon, Ascorbyl palmitate, Ascorbyl stearate, Aspartame, Aspartame-acesulfame salt, Astaxanthin, Azodicarbonamide, Azorubine, Beeswax, Benzoic acid, Beta-Carotene, Betanin, Biphenyl, Black 7984, Borax, Brilliant Black BN, Brilliant Blue FCF, Brown FK, Brown HT, Butylated hydroxyanisole, Butylated hydroxytoluene, Calcium alginate, Calcium ascorbate, Calcium benzoate, ..., Calcium bisulfite, Calcium bromate, Calcium chloride, Calcium citrate, Calcium diglutamate, Calcium fumarate, Calcium guanylate, Calcium inosinate, Calcium lactate, Calcium malate, Calcium peroxide, Calcium propanoate, Calcium sorbate, Calcium stearate, Candelilla wax, Canthaxanthin, Caramel color, Carbon dioxide, Carboxymethyl cellulose, Carmine, Carnauba wax, Carrageenan, Cassia gum, Cellulose, Chemistry of ascorbic acid, Chlorophyll, Chlorophyllin, Citranaxanthin, Citric acid, Cochineal, Colour retention agent, Curcumin, Cyclamic acid, DATEM, Dehydroacetic acid, Delta-Tocopherol, Dimagnesium phosphate, Dimethyl dicarbonate, Dipotassium guanylate, Disodium guanylate, Disodium pyrophosphate, Disodium ribonucleotides, Disulfite, Dodecyl gallate, E (disambiguation), E number (disambiguation), E-Series, E141, E164, E170, E370, E430, E470, E632, E641, Erythorbic acid, Erythrosine, Ethyl gallate, Ethyl methyl cellulose, Ethylparaben, Fast Green FCF, Fast Yellow AB, Flavin mononucleotide, Flavor, Flavoxanthin, Flour treatment agent, Food additive, Food chemistry, Food coloring, Food grading, Food orange 7, Fumaric acid, Gamma-Tocopherol, Gellan gum, Glucomannan, Glucono delta-lactone, Glutamate flavoring, Glycerol, Glycerol ester of wood rosin, Gold, Gold leaf, Green, Green S, Guaiacum, Guanosine monophosphate, Guar gum, Gum arabic, Gum guaicum, Gum karaya, Heptylparaben, Hexamethylenetetramine, Hydrolyzed protein, Hydroxypropyl cellulose, Hypromellose, Identifier, Indanthrone blue, Indigo carmine, Industrial gas, International Numbering System for Food Additives, Iron oxide, Iron(II) gluconate, Iron(II) lactate, Lactic acid, Lactone, Lecithin, Leucine, Lithol Rubine BK, Locust bean gum, Lutein, Magnesium chloride, Magnesium citrate, Magnesium diglutamate, Magnesium gluconate, Magnesium lactate, Malic acid, Mannitol, Mark Pritchard (music producer), Metatartaric acid, Methyl cellulose, Methylparaben, Microcrystalline cellulose, Mineral ascorbates, Mineral oil, Mixed ammonium salts of phosphorylated glycerides, Modified starch, Molecular sieve, Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids, Monoammonium glutamate, Monomagnesium phosphate, Monopotassium glutamate, Monosodium glutamate, Monosodium tartrate, Muslim Consumer Group, Natamycin, Natural gum, Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, Neotame, Nisin, Nitrogen, Numbering scheme, Octyl gallate, Orange GGN, Orcein, Packaging gas, Paraben, Paraffin wax, Parathion, Patent Blue V, Pectin, Petunidin, Phosphated distarch phosphate, Phosphoric acid, Phytic acid, Polydextrose, Polyglycerol polyricinoleate, Polysorbate 80, Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone, Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Ponceau 4R, Ponceau 6R, Potassium acetate, Potassium adipate, Potassium ascorbate, Potassium benzoate, Potassium bisulfite, Potassium bromate, Potassium citrate, Potassium fumarate, Potassium lactate, Potassium malate, Potassium nitrate, Potassium nitrite, Potassium persulfate, Potassium phosphate, Potassium propanoate, Potassium sorbate, Potassium sulfite, Potassium tartrate, Propionic acid, Propyl gallate, Propylene glycol, Propylene glycol alginate, Propylparaben, Pullulan, Pyrophosphate, Quillaia, Quinoline Yellow WS, Red 2G, Rhodoxanthin, Riboflavin, Rosin, Rubixanthin, Saccharin, Saffron, Scarlet GN, Shellac, Silver, Sodium acetate, Sodium adipate, Sodium aluminium phosphate, Sodium aluminium sulfate, Sodium aluminosilicate, Sodium ascorbate, Sodium benzoate, Sodium bisulfate, Sodium bisulfite, Sodium citrate, Sodium croscarmellose, Sodium dehydroacetate, Sodium diacetate, Sodium erythorbate, Sodium ferrocyanide, Sodium fumarate, Sodium gluconate, Sodium hexametaphosphate, Sodium lactate, Sodium malate, Sodium metabisulfite, Sodium methylparaben, Sodium nitrate, Sodium nitrite, Sodium orthophenyl phenol, Sodium propionate, Sodium sorbate, Sodium tartrate, Sodium triphosphate, Sorbitan, Sorbitan monolaurate, Sorbitan monostearate, Sorbitan tristearate, Sorbitol, Starch, Stearyl palmityl tartrate, Stefan Gates, Sucralose, Sucrose acetate isobutyrate, Sucrose esters, Sulfite, Sulfur dioxide, Sunset Yellow FCF, Tannic acid, Tartaric acid, Tartrate, Tartrazine, Tiabendazole, Tin(II) chloride, Titanium dioxide, Tizer, Tocopherol, Tragacanth, Triacetin, Triethyl citrate, Trisodium citrate, Trisodium phosphate, Turmeric, United Kingdom food labelling regulations, Villejuif leaflet, Violaxanthin, Xanthan gum, Yellow, Yellow 2G, Zeaxanthin, Zinc acetate, 202 (number), 214 (number), 215 (number), 471 (disambiguation). Expand index (267 more) »

Acesulfame potassium

Acesulfame potassium, also known as acesulfame K (K is the symbol for potassium) or Ace K, is a calorie-free sugar substitute (artificial sweetener) often marketed under the trade names Sunett and Sweet One.

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Acetic acid

Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).

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Acetylated distarch adipate

Acetylated distarch adipate (E1422), is a starch that is treated with acetic anhydride and adipic acid anhydride to resist high temperatures.

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Acidity regulator

Acidity regulators, or pH control agents, are food additives used to change or maintain pH (acidity or basicity).

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Adipate

Adipates are the salts and esters of adipic acid.

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Adipic acid

Adipic acid or hexanedioic acid is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)4(COOH)2.

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Alkannin

Alkannin is a natural dye that is obtained from the extracts of plants from the borage family Alkanna tinctoria that are found in the south of France.

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Allura Red AC

Allura Red AC is a red azo dye that goes by several names.

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Alpha-Tocopherol

α-Tocopherol is a type of vitamin E. It has E number "E307".

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Aluminium

Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Amaranth (dye)

Amaranth, FD&C Red No.

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Ammonium adipate

Ammonium adipate is a compound with formula (NH4)2(C4H8(COO)2).

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Ammonium carbonate

Ammonium carbonate is a salt with the chemical formula (NH4)2CO3.

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Ammonium chloride

Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.

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Ammonium ferric citrate

Ammonium ferric citrate has the formula (NH4)5.

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Ammonium fumarate

Ammonium fumarate is a compound with formula (NH4)2(C2H2(COO)2).

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Ammonium lactate

Ammonium lactate is a compound with formula NH4(C2H4(OH)COO).

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Ammonium malate

Ammonium malate is a compound with formula NH4(C2H4O(COO)2).

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Ammonium polyphosphate

Ammonium polyphosphate commercially produced by Clariant, (former business area of Hoechst AG), Budenheim and other sources is an inorganic salt of polyphosphoric acid and ammonia containing both chains and possibly branching.

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Ammonium sulfate

Ammonium sulfate (American English and international scientific usage; ammonium sulphate in British English); (NH4)2SO4, is an inorganic salt with a number of commercial uses.

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Amylase

An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars.

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Annatto

Annatto is an orange-red condiment and food coloring derived from the seeds of the achiote tree (Bixa orellana).

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Anoxomer

Anoxomer is a food additive with E number E323.

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Anthocyanin

Anthocyanins (also anthocyans; from Greek: ἄνθος (anthos) "flower" and κυάνεος/κυανοῦς kyaneos/kyanous "dark blue") are water-soluble vacuolar pigments that, depending on their pH, may appear red, purple, or blue.

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Anticaking agent

An anticaking agent is an additive placed in powdered or granulated materials, such as table salt or confectionaries to prevent the formation of lumps (caking) and for easing packaging, transport, and consumption.

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Apocarotenal

Apocarotenal, or trans-β-apo-8'-carotenal, is a carotenoid found in spinach and citrus fruits.

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Argon

Argon is a chemical element with symbol Ar and atomic number 18.

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Ascorbyl palmitate

Ascorbyl palmitate is an ester formed from ascorbic acid and palmitic acid creating a fat-soluble form of vitamin C. In addition to its use as a source of vitamin C, it is also used as an antioxidant food additive (E number E304).

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Ascorbyl stearate

Ascorbyl stearate (C24H42O7) is an ester formed from ascorbic acid and stearic acid.

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Aspartame

Aspartame (APM) is an artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in some foods and beverages.

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Aspartame-acesulfame salt

Aspartame-acesulfame salt is an artificial sweetener marketed under the name Twinsweet.

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Astaxanthin

Astaxanthin is a keto-carotenoid.

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Azodicarbonamide

Azodicarbonamide, or azo(bis)formamide, is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C2H4O2N4.

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Azorubine

Azorubine is an azo dye produced as a disodium salt.

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Beeswax

Beeswax (cera alba) is a natural wax produced by honey bees of the genus Apis.

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Benzoic acid

Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.

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Beta-Carotene

β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits.

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Betanin

Betanin, or Beetroot Red, is a red glycosidic food dye obtained from beets; its aglycone, obtained by hydrolyzing away the glucose molecule, is betanidin.

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Biphenyl

Biphenyl (or diphenyl or phenylbenzene or 1,1′-biphenyl or lemonene) is an organic compound that forms colorless crystals.

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Black 7984

Black 7984, Food Black 2, or C.I. 27755, is a brown-to-black synthetic diazo dye.

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Borax

Borax, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate, is an important boron compound, a mineral, and a salt of boric acid.

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Brilliant Black BN

Brilliant Black BN, Brilliant Black PN, Brilliant Black A, Black PN, Food Black 1, Naphthol Black, C.I. Food Black 1, or C.I. 28440, is a synthetic black diazo dye.

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Brilliant Blue FCF

Brilliant Blue FCF (Blue 1) is an organic compound classified as a triarylmethane dye and a blue azo dye, reflecting its chemical structure.

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Brown FK

Brown FK, also called Kipper Brown, Chocolate Brown FK, and C.I. Food Brown 1, is a brown mixture of six synthetic azo dyes, with addition of sodium chloride, and/or sodium sulfate.

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Brown HT

Brown HT, also called Chocolate Brown HT, Food Brown 3, and C.I. 20285, is a brown synthetic coal tar diazo dye.

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Butylated hydroxyanisole

Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is an antioxidant consisting of a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds, 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole.

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Butylated hydroxytoluene

Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), also known as dibutylhydroxytoluene, is a lipophilic organic compound, chemically a derivative of phenol, that is useful for its antioxidant properties.

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Calcium alginate

Calcium alginate is a water-insoluble, gelatinous, cream-coloured substance that can be created through the addition of aqueous calcium chloride to aqueous sodium alginate.

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Calcium ascorbate

Calcium ascorbate is a compound with the molecular formula CaC12H14O12.

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Calcium benzoate

Calcium benzoate refers to the calcium salt of benzoic acid.

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Calcium bisulfite

Calcium bisulfite (calcium bisulphite) is an inorganic compound which is the salt of a calcium cation and a bisulfite anion.

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Calcium bromate

Calcium bromate, Ca(BrO3)2, is a calcium salt of bromic acid.

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Calcium chloride

Calcium chloride is an inorganic compound, a salt with the chemical formula CaCl2.

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Calcium citrate

Calcium citrate is the calcium salt of citric acid.

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Calcium diglutamate

Calcium diglutamate, sometimes abbreviated CDG and also called calcium glutamate, is a compound with formula Ca(C5H8NO4)2.

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Calcium fumarate

Calcium fumarate is a compound with formula Ca(C2H2(COO)2) or (OOC-CH.

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Calcium guanylate

Calcium guanylate is a compound with formula Ca(C10H12O4N5PO4).

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Calcium inosinate

Calcium inosinate is a calcium salt of the nucleoside inosine.

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Calcium lactate

Calcium lactate is a white crystalline salt with formula, consisting of two lactate anions (CHOH) for each calcium cation.

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Calcium malate

Calcium malate is a compound with formula Ca(C2H4O(COO)2).

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Calcium peroxide

Calcium peroxide or calcium dioxide is the inorganic compound with the formula CaO2.

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Calcium propanoate

Calcium propanoate or calcium propionate has the formula Ca(C2H5COO)2.

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Calcium sorbate

Calcium sorbate is the calcium salt of sorbic acid.

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Calcium stearate

Calcium stearate is a carboxylate of calcium, classified as a calcium soap.

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Candelilla wax

Candelilla wax is a wax derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia cerifera and Euphorbia antisyphilitica, from the family Euphorbiaceae.

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Canthaxanthin

Canthaxanthin is a keto-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature.

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Caramel color

Caramel color or caramel coloring is a water-soluble food coloring.

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Carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.

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Carboxymethyl cellulose

Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) or cellulose gum or tylose powder is a cellulose derivative with carboxymethyl groups (-CH2-COOH) bound to some of the hydroxyl groups of the glucopyranose monomers that make up the cellulose backbone.

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Carmine

Carmine, also called cochineal, cochineal extract, crimson lake or carmine lake, natural red 4, C.I. 75470, or E120, is a pigment of a bright-red color obtained from the aluminium salt of carminic acid; it is also a general term for a particularly deep-red color.

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Carnauba wax

Carnauba (carnaúba), also called Brazil wax and palm wax, is a wax of the leaves of the palm Copernicia prunifera (Synonym: Copernicia cerifera), a plant native to and grown only in the northeastern Brazilian states of Piauí, Ceará, Maranhão, Bahia, and Rio Grande do Norte.

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Carrageenan

Carrageenans or carrageenins (from Irish, "little rock") are a family of linear sulfated polysaccharides that are extracted from red edible seaweeds.

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Cassia gum

The term cassia gum refers to the flour made from the endosperms of the seeds of Senna obtusifolia and Senna tora (also called Cassia obtusifolia or Cassia tora).

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Cellulose

Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.

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Chemistry of ascorbic acid

Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties.

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Chlorophyll

Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is any of several related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants.

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Chlorophyllin

Chlorophyllin refers to any one of a group of closely related water-soluble salts that are semi-synthetic derivatives of chlorophyll, differing in the identity of the cations associated with the anion.

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Citranaxanthin

Citranaxanthin is a carotenoid pigment used as a food additive under the E number E161i as a food coloring.

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Citric acid

Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.

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Cochineal

The cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) is a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the natural dye carmine is derived.

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Colour retention agent

Colour retention agents are food additives that are added to food to prevent the colour from changing.

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Curcumin

Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by some plants.

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Cyclamic acid

Cyclamic acid is a compound with formula C6H13NO3S.

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DATEM

DATEM (diacetyl tartaric acid ester of mono- and diglycerides, also E472e) is an emulsifier primarily used in baking to create a strong gluten network in dough.

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Dehydroacetic acid

Dehydroacetic acid is an organic compound which has several industrial applications.

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Delta-Tocopherol

δ-Tocopherol is one of the chemical compounds that is considered vitamin E. As a food additive, it has E number E309.

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Dimagnesium phosphate

Dimagnesium phosphate is a compound with formula MgHPO4.

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Dimethyl dicarbonate

Dimethyl dicarbonate (DMDC) is an organic compound which is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor at high concentration at room temperature.

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Dipotassium guanylate

Dipotassium guanylate is a compound with formula K2(C10H12O4N5PO4).

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Disodium guanylate

Disodium guanylate, also known as sodium 5'-guanylate and disodium 5'-guanylate, is a natural sodium salt of the flavor enhancing nucleotide guanosine monophosphate (GMP).

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Disodium pyrophosphate

Disodium pyrophosphate or sodium acid pyrophosphate (SAPP) is an inorganic compound consisting of sodium cations and pyrophosphate anion.

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Disodium ribonucleotides

Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides, E number E635, is a flavor enhancer which is synergistic with glutamates in creating the taste of umami.

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Disulfite

A disulfite, commonly known as metabisulfite or pyrosulfite, is a chemical compound containing the disulfite ion (metabisulfite ion).

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Dodecyl gallate

Dodecyl gallate, or lauryl gallate, is the ester of dodecanol and gallic acid.

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E (disambiguation)

E is the fifth letter of the Latin alphabet.

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E number (disambiguation)

E numbers are food additive codes.

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E-Series

E-Series may refer to.

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E141

E141 may refer to.

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E164

E164 may refer to.

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E170

E170 may refer to.

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E370

E370 may refer to.

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E430

E430 may refer to.

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E470

E470 may refer to.

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E632

E632 may refer to.

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E641

E641 or E-641 may be.

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Erythorbic acid

Erythorbic acid (isoascorbic acid, D-araboascorbic acid, (D-)erythroascorbic acid) is a stereoisomer of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).

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Erythrosine

Erythrosine, also known as Red No.

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Ethyl gallate

Ethyl gallate is a food additive with E number E313.

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Ethyl methyl cellulose

Ethyl methyl cellulose is a thickener, vegetable gum, foaming agent and emulsifier.

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Ethylparaben

Ethylparaben (ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate) is the ethyl ester of ''p''-hydroxybenzoic acid.

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Fast Green FCF

Fast Green FCF, also called Food green 3, FD&C Green No.

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Fast Yellow AB

Fast Yellow AB is an azo dye.

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Flavin mononucleotide

Flavin mononucleotide (FMN), or riboflavin-5′-phosphate, is a biomolecule produced from riboflavin (vitamin B2) by the enzyme riboflavin kinase and functions as prosthetic group of various oxidoreductases including NADH dehydrogenase as well as cofactor in biological blue-light photo receptors.

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Flavor

Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.

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Flavoxanthin

Flavoxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a golden-yellow color found in small quantities in a variety of plants.

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Flour treatment agent

Flour treatment agents (also called improving agents, bread improvers, dough conditioners and dough improvers) are food additives combined with flour to improve baking functionality.

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Food additive

Food additives are substances added to food to preserve flavor or enhance its taste, appearance, or other qualities.

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Food chemistry

Food chemistry is the study of chemical processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of foods.

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Food coloring

Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink.

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Food grading

Food grading involves the inspection, assessment and sorting of various foods regarding quality, freshness, legal conformity and market value.

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Food orange 7

Food orange 7, the ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid, is a carotenoid with an orange-red color.

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Fumaric acid

Fumaric acid or trans-butenedioic acid is the chemical compound with the formula HO2CCH.

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Gamma-Tocopherol

γ-Tocopherol is one of the chemical compounds that is considered vitamin E. As a food additive, it has E number E308.

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Gellan gum

Gellan gum is a water-soluble anionic polysaccharide produced by the bacterium Sphingomonas elodea (formerly Pseudomonas elodea).

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Glucomannan

Glucomannan is a water-soluble polysaccharide that is considered a dietary fiber.

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Glucono delta-lactone

Glucono delta-lactone (GDL), also known as gluconolactone, is a food additive with the E number E575 used as a sequestrant, an acidifier, or a curing, pickling, or leavening agent.

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Glutamate flavoring

Glutamate flavoring is a generic name for flavor-enhancing compounds based on glutamic acid and its salts (glutamates).

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Glycerol

Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.

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Glycerol ester of wood rosin

Glycerol ester of wood rosin, also known as glyceryl abietate or ester gum, is an oil-soluble food additive (E number E445).

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Gold

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.

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Gold leaf

Gold leaf is gold that has been hammered into thin sheets by goldbeating and is often used for gilding.

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Green

Green is the color between blue and yellow on the visible spectrum.

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Green S

Green S is a green synthetic coal tar triarylmethane dye with the molecular formula C27H25N2O7S2Na.

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Guaiacum

Guaiacum (OED 2nd edition, 1989. in, retrieved 2013-04-30.), sometimes spelled Guajacum, is a genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family Zygophyllaceae.

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Guanosine monophosphate

Guanosine monophosphate (GMP), also known as 5'-guanidylic acid or guanylic acid (conjugate base guanylate), is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA.

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Guar gum

Guar gum, also called guaran, is a galactomannan polysaccharide extracted from guar beans that has thickening and stabilizing properties useful in the food and hydraulic fracturing industries.

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Gum arabic

Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, arabic gum, gum acacia, acacia, Senegal gum and Indian gum, and by other names, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.

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Gum guaicum

Gum guaicum, or guaiac resin, is a substance produced from the tree species Guaiacum officinale.

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Gum karaya

Gum karaya or gum sterculia, also known as Indian gum tragacanth, is a vegetable gum produced as an exudate by trees of the genus Sterculia.

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Heptylparaben

Heptylparaben (heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate) is a compound with formula C7H15(C6H4OHCOO).

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Hexamethylenetetramine

Hexamethylenetetramine or methenamine is a heterocyclic organic compound with the formula (CH2)6N4.

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Hydrolyzed protein

Hydrolyzed protein is a protein that has been at least partially hydrolyzed or broken down into its component amino acids.

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Hydroxypropyl cellulose

Hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) is a derivative of cellulose with both water solubility and organic solubility.

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Hypromellose

Hypromellose (INN), short for hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), is a semisynthetic, inert, viscoelastic polymer used as eye drops, as well as an excipient and controlled-delivery component in oral medicaments, found in a variety of commercial products.

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Identifier

An identifier is a name that identifies (that is, labels the identity of) either a unique object or a unique class of objects, where the "object" or class may be an idea, physical object (or class thereof), or physical substance (or class thereof).

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Indanthrone blue

Indanthrone blue, also called indanthrene, is an organic dye made from 2-aminoanthraquinone treated with potassium hydroxide in the presence of a potassium salt.

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Indigo carmine

Indigo carmine, or 5,5′-indigodisulfonic acid sodium salt, is an organic salt derived from indigo by sulfonation, which renders the compound soluble in water.

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Industrial gas

Industrial gases are gaseous materials that are manufactured for use in Industry.

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International Numbering System for Food Additives

The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.

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Iron oxide

Iron oxides are chemical compounds composed of iron and oxygen.

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Iron(II) gluconate

Iron(II) gluconate, or ferrous gluconate, is a black compound often used as an iron supplement.

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Iron(II) lactate

Ferrous lactate, or iron(II) lactate, is a chemical compound consisting of one atom of iron (Fe2+) and two lactate anions.

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Lactic acid

Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.

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Lactone

Lactones are cyclic esters of hydroxycarboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure, or analogues having unsaturation or heteroatoms replacing one or more carbon atoms of the ring.

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Lecithin

Lecithin (from the Greek lekithos, "egg yolk") is a generic term to designate any group of yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues, which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances (and so are both hydrophilic and lipophilic), and are used for smoothing food textures, dissolving powders (emulsifying), homogenizing liquid mixtures, and repelling sticking materials.

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Leucine

Leucine (symbol Leu or L) is an essential amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.

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Lithol Rubine BK

Lithol Rubine BK is a reddish synthetic azo dye.

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Locust bean gum

Locust bean gum (LBG, also known as carob gum, carob bean gum, carobin, E410) is a thickening agent and a gelling agent used in food technology.

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Lutein

Lutein (Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. from Latin luteus meaning "yellow") is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.

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Magnesium chloride

Magnesium chloride is the name for the chemical compound with the formula MgCl2 and its various hydrates MgCl2(H2O)x.

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Magnesium citrate

Magnesium citrate is a magnesium preparation in salt form with citric acid in a 1:1 ratio (1 magnesium atom per citrate molecule).

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Magnesium diglutamate

Magnesium diglutamate is a compound with formula Mg(C5H8NO4)2.

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Magnesium gluconate

Magnesium gluconate is a compound with formula MgC12H22O14.

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Magnesium lactate

Magnesium lactate, the magnesium salt of lactic acid, is a mineral supplement.

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Malic acid

Malic acid is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H6O5.

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Mannitol

Mannitol is a type of sugar alcohol which is also used as a medication.

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Mark Pritchard (music producer)

Mark Pritchard (born 1971) is an English electronic musician, resident in Australia and currently signed to Warp Records.

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Metatartaric acid

Metatartaric acid a polymeric lactone of variable composition obtained by heating tartaric acid.

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Methyl cellulose

Methyl cellulose (or methylcellulose) is a chemical compound derived from cellulose.

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Methylparaben

Methylparaben, also methyl paraben, one of the parabens, is a preservative with the chemical formula CH3(C6H4(OH)COO).

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Microcrystalline cellulose

Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is a term for refined wood pulp and is used as a texturizer, an anti-caking agent, a fat substitute, an emulsifier, an extender, and a bulking agent in food production.

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Mineral ascorbates

Mineral ascorbates are a group of salts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).

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Mineral oil

Mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum.

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Mixed ammonium salts of phosphorylated glycerides

The mix of ammonium salts of phosphorylated glycerides can be either made synthetically or from mixture of glycerol and partially hardened plant (most often used: rapeseed oil) oils.

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Modified starch

Modified starch, also called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties.

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Molecular sieve

A molecular sieve is a material with pores (very small holes) of uniform size.

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Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (E471) refers to a food additive composed of diglycerides and monoglycerides which is used as an emulsifier.

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Monoammonium glutamate

Monoammonium glutamate is a compound with formula NH4C5H8NO4.

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Monomagnesium phosphate

Monomagnesium phosphate is one of the forms of magnesium phosphate.

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Monopotassium glutamate

Monopotassium glutamate (MPG) is a compound with formula KC5H8NO4.

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Monosodium glutamate

Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids.

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Monosodium tartrate

Monosodium tartrate or sodium bitartrate is a sodium acid salt of tartaric acid.

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Muslim Consumer Group

The Muslim Consumer Group (MCG) is a U.S. non-profit organization founded in November 1993 by Syed Rasheeduddin Ahmed, based in Rolling Meadows, Illinois.

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Natamycin

Natamycin, also known as pimaricin, is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections around the eye.

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Natural gum

Natural gums are polysaccharides of natural origin, capable of causing a large increase in a solution’s viscosity, even at small concentrations.

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Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone

Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, sometimes abbreviated to neohesperidin DC or simply NHDC, is an artificial sweetener derived from citrus.

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Neotame

Neotame is an artificial sweetener made by NutraSweet that is between 7,000 and 13,000 times sweeter than sucrose (table sugar).

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Nisin

Nisin is a polycyclic antibacterial peptide produced by the bacterium Lactococcus lactis that is used as a food preservative.

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Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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Numbering scheme

There are many different numbering schemes for assigning nominal numbers to entities.

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Octyl gallate

Octyl gallate is the ester of 1-octanol and gallic acid.

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Orange GGN

Orange GGN, also known as alpha-naphthol orange, is an azo dye formerly used as a food dye.

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Orcein

Orcein, also archil, orchil, lacmus and C.I. Natural Red 28, are names for dyes extracted from several species of lichen, commonly known as "orchella weeds", found in various parts of the world.

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Packaging gas

A packaging gas is used to pack sensitive materials such as food into a modified atmosphere environment.

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Paraben

Parabens are a class of widely used preservatives in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products.

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Paraffin wax

Paraffin wax is a white or colourless soft solid, derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms.

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Parathion

Parathion, also called parathion-ethyl or diethyl parathion and locally known as "Folidol", is an organophosphate insecticide and acaricide.

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Patent Blue V

Patent Blue V, also called Food Blue 5, Sulphan Blue, Acid Blue 3, L-Blau 3, C-Blau 20, Patentblau V, Sky Blue, or C.I. 42051 and is a dark bluish synthetic triphenylmethane dye used as a food coloring.

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Pectin

Pectin (from πηκτικός, "congealed, curdled") is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of terrestrial plants.

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Petunidin

Petunidin (Pt), like Europinidin and Malvidin, is derived from Delphinidin and is an O-methylated anthocyanidin of the 3-hydroxy type.

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Phosphated distarch phosphate

Phosphated distarch phosphate, is a modified resistant starch.

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Phosphoric acid

Phosphoric acid (also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric(V) acid) is a mineral (inorganic) and weak acid having the chemical formula H3PO4.

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Phytic acid

Phytic acid (known as inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), inositol polyphosphate, or phytate when in salt form), discovered in 1903, a saturated cyclic acid, is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially bran and seeds.

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Polydextrose

Polydextrose is a synthetic polymer of glucose.

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Polyglycerol polyricinoleate

Polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR), E476, is an emulsifier made from glycerol and fatty acids (usually from castor bean, but also from soybean oil).

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Polysorbate 80

Polysorbate 80 is a nonionic surfactant and emulsifier often used in foods and cosmetics.

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Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone

Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone (polyvinyl polypyrrolidone, PVPP, crospovidone, crospolividone or E1202) is a highly cross-linked modification of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP).

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Polyvinylpyrrolidone

Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), also commonly called polyvidone or povidone, is a water-soluble polymer made from the monomer ''N''-vinylpyrrolidone.

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Ponceau 4R

Ponceau 4R (known by more than 100 synonyms,Abbey J, et at. Colorants. pp 459-465 in Encyclopedia of Food Safety, Vol 2: Hazards and Diseases. Eds, Motarjemi Y et al. Academic Press, 2013. including as C.I. 16255,FDA. 9 November 2008. p37 Cochineal Red A, C.I. Acid Red 18, Brilliant Scarlet 3R, Brilliant Scarlet 4R, New Coccine, is a synthetic colourant that may be used as a food colouring. It is denoted by E Number E124. Its chemical name is 1-(4-sulpho-1-napthylazo)- 2-napthol- 6,8-disulphonic acid, trisodium salt. Ponceau (17th century French for "poppy-coloured") is the generic name for a family of azo dyes. Ponceau 4R is a strawberry red azo dye which can be used in a variety of food products, and is usually synthesized from aromatic hydrocarbons; it is stable to light, heat, and acid but fades in the presence of ascorbic acid. It is used in Europe, Asia and Australia, but has not been approved by the US FDA.

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Ponceau 6R

Ponceau 6R, or Crystal ponceau 6R, Crystal scarlet, Brilliant crystal scarlet 6R, Acid Red 44, or C.I. 16250, is a red azo dye.

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Potassium acetate

Potassium acetate (KCH3COO) is the potassium salt of acetic acid.

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Potassium adipate

Potassium adipate is a compound with formula K2C6H8O4.

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Potassium ascorbate

Potassium ascorbate is a compound with formula KC6H7O6.

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Potassium benzoate

Potassium benzoate (E212), the potassium salt of benzoic acid, is a food preservative that inhibits the growth of mold, yeast and some bacteria.

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Potassium bisulfite

Potassium hydrogen sulfite or potassium bisulfite is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KHSO3.

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Potassium bromate

Potassium bromate (KBrO3), is a bromate of potassium and takes the form of white crystals or powder.

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Potassium citrate

Potassium citrate (also known as tripotassium citrate) is a potassium salt of citric acid with the molecular formula K3C6H5O7.

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Potassium fumarate

Potassium fumarate is a compound with formula K2C4H2O4.

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Potassium lactate

Potassium lactate is a compound with formula KC3H5O3, or H3C-CHOH-COOK.

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Potassium malate

Potassium malate is a compound with formula K2(C2H4O(COO)2).

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Potassium nitrate

Potassium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KNO3.

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Potassium nitrite

Potassium nitrite (distinct from potassium nitrate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula 2.

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Potassium persulfate

Potassium persulfate is the inorganic compound with the formula K2S2O8.

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Potassium phosphate

Potassium phosphate is a generic term for the salts of potassium and phosphate ions including.

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Potassium propanoate

Potassium propanoate or potassium propionate has formula K(C2H5COO).

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Potassium sorbate

Potassium sorbate is the potassium salt of sorbic acid, chemical formula CH3CH.

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Potassium sulfite

Potassium sulfite (K2SO3) is a chemical compound which is the salt of potassium cation and sulfite anion.

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Potassium tartrate

Potassium tartrate, dipotassium tartrate or argol has formula K2C4H4O6.

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Propionic acid

Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.

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Propyl gallate

Propyl gallate, or propyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate is an ester formed by the condensation of gallic acid and propanol.

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Propylene glycol

Propylene glycol (IUPAC name: propane-1,2-diol) is a synthetic organic compound with the chemical formula C3H8O2.

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Propylene glycol alginate

Propylene glycol alginate (PGA) is an emulsifier, stabilizer, and thickener used in food products.

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Propylparaben

Propylparaben, the n-propyl ester of ''p''-hydroxybenzoic acid, occurs as a natural substance found in many plants and some insects, although it is manufactured synthetically for use in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and foods.

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Pullulan

Pullulan is a polysaccharide polymer consisting of maltotriose units, also known as α-1,4-;α-1,6-glucan'.

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Pyrophosphate

In chemistry, a pyrophosphate is a phosphorus oxyanion.

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Quillaia

Quillaia is the milled inner bark or small stems and branches of the soapbark (''Quillaja saponaria'', Molina).

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Quinoline Yellow WS

Quinoline Yellow WS is a mixture of organic compounds derived from the dye Quinoline Yellow SS (Spirit Soluble).

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Red 2G

Red 2G is a synthetic red azo dye.

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Rhodoxanthin

Rhodoxanthin is a xanthophyll pigment with a purple color that is found in small quantities in a variety of plants including Taxus baccata.

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Riboflavin

Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.

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Rosin

Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch (pix græca), is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components.

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Rubixanthin

Rubixanthin, or natural yellow 27, is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a red-orange color found in rose hips.

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Saccharin

Sodium saccharin (benzoic sulfimide) is an artificial sweetener with effectively no food energy that is about 300–400 times as sweet as sucrose but has a bitter or metallic aftertaste, especially at high concentrations.

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Saffron

Saffron (pronounced or) is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the "saffron crocus".

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Scarlet GN

Scarlet GN, or C.I. Food Red 1, Ponceau SX, FD&C Red No.

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Shellac

Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.

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Silver

Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.

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Sodium acetate

Sodium acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated NaOAc, is the sodium salt of acetic acid.

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Sodium adipate

Sodium adipate is a compound with formula Na2C6H8O4.

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Sodium aluminium phosphate

Sodium aluminium phosphate (SAlP) describes the inorganic compounds consisting of sodium salts of aluminium phosphates.

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Sodium aluminium sulfate

Sodium aluminium sulfate is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaAl(SO4)2·12H2O (sometimes written Na2SO4·Al2(SO4)3·24H2O).

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Sodium aluminosilicate

Sodium aluminosilicate refers to compounds which contain sodium, aluminium, silicon and oxygen, and which may also contain water.

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Sodium ascorbate

Sodium ascorbate is one of a number of mineral salts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).

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Sodium benzoate

Sodium benzoate is a substance which has the chemical formula NaC7H5O2.

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Sodium bisulfate

Sodium bisulfate, also known as sodium hydrogen sulfate, is the sodium salt of the bisulfate anion, with the molecular formula NaHSO4.

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Sodium bisulfite

Sodium bisulfite (or sodium bisulphite) (sodium hydrogen sulfite) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaHSO3.

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Sodium citrate

Sodium citrate may refer to any of the sodium salts of citrate (though most commonly the third).

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Sodium croscarmellose

Sodium croscarmellose, or croscarmellose sodium, is an internally cross-linked sodium carboxymethylcellulose for use as a superdisintegrant in pharmaceutical formulations.

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Sodium dehydroacetate

Sodium dehydroacetate is a compound with the formula Na(CH3C5HO(O2)(CH3)CO).

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Sodium diacetate

Sodium diacetate is a compound with formula.

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Sodium erythorbate

Sodium erythorbate (C6H7NaO6) is a food additive used predominantly in meats, poultry, and soft drinks.

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Sodium ferrocyanide

Sodium ferrocyanide is the sodium salt of the coordination compound of formula 4−.

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Sodium fumarate

Sodium fumarate, also called disodium fumarate, is a compound with the molecular formula Na2C4H2O4.

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Sodium gluconate

Sodium gluconate is a compound with formula NaC6H11O7.

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Sodium hexametaphosphate

Sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) is a hexamer of composition (NaPO3)6.

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Sodium lactate

Sodium lactate is the sodium salt of lactic acid, and has a mild saline taste.

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Sodium malate

Sodium malate is a compound with formula Na2(C2H4O(COO)2).

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Sodium metabisulfite

Sodium metabisulfite or sodium pyrosulfite (IUPAC spelling; Br. E. sodium metabisulphite or sodium pyrosulphite) is an inorganic compound of chemical formula Na2S2O5.

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Sodium methylparaben

Sodium methylparaben (sodium methyl para-hydroxybenzoate) is a compound with formula Na(CH3(C6H4COO)O).

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Sodium nitrate

Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3.

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Sodium nitrite

Sodium nitrite is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaNO2.

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Sodium orthophenyl phenol

Sodium orthophenyl phenol is a compound used as a disinfectant.

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Sodium propionate

Sodium propanoate or sodium propionate is the sodium salt of propionic acid which has the chemical formula Na(C2H5COO).

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Sodium sorbate

Sodium sorbate is the sodium salt of sorbic acid.

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Sodium tartrate

Sodium tartrate (Na2C4H4O6) is used as an emulsifier and a binding agent in food products such as jellies, margarine, and sausage casings.

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Sodium triphosphate

Sodium triphosphate (STP), also sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP), or tripolyphosphate (TPP)) is an inorganic compound with formula Na5P3O10. It is the sodium salt of the polyphosphate penta-anion, which is the conjugate base of triphosphoric acid. It is produced on a large scale as a component of many domestic and industrial products, especially detergents. Environmental problems associated with eutrophication are attributed to its widespread use.

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Sorbitan

Sorbitan is a mixture of isomeric organic compounds derived from the dehydration of sorbitol and is an intermediate in the conversion of sorbitol to isosorbide.

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Sorbitan monolaurate

Sorbitan monolaurate is a mixture of esters formed from the fatty acid lauric acid and polyols derived from sorbitol, including sorbitan and isosorbide.

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Sorbitan monostearate

Sorbitan monostearate is an ester of sorbitan (a sorbitol derivative) and stearic acid and is sometimes referred to as a synthetic wax.

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Sorbitan tristearate

Sorbitan tristearate is a nonionic surfactant.

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Sorbitol

Sorbitol, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly.

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Starch

Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds.

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Stearyl palmityl tartrate

Stearyl palmityl tartrate is a derivative of tartaric acid used as an emulsifier.

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Stefan Gates

Stefan Gates (born 19 September 1967) is a British television presenter, author, broadcaster and live-show performer who writes mostly about food and science.

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Sucralose

Sucralose is an artificial sweetener and sugar substitute.

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Sucrose acetate isobutyrate

Sucrose acetoisobutyrate (SAIB) is an emulsifier and has E number E444.

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Sucrose esters

Sucrose esters or sucrose fatty acid esters are a group of surfactants chemically synthesized from esterification of sucrose and fatty acids (or glycerides).

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Sulfite

Sulfites or sulphites are compounds that contain the sulfite ion (or the sulfate(IV) ion, from its correct systematic name),.

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Sulfur dioxide

Sulfur dioxide (also sulphur dioxide in British English) is the chemical compound with the formula.

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Sunset Yellow FCF

Sunset Yellow FCF (also known as Orange Yellow S, or C.I. 15985) is a petroleum-derived orange azo dye with a pH dependent maximum absorption at about 480 nm at pH 1 and 443 nm at pH 13 with a shoulder at 500 nm.

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Tannic acid

Tannic acid is a specific form of tannin, a type of polyphenol.

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Tartaric acid

Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many fruits, most notably in grapes, but also in bananas, tamarinds and citrus.

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Tartrate

A tartrate is a salt or ester of the organic compound tartaric acid, a dicarboxylic acid.

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Tartrazine

Tartrazine is a synthetic lemon yellow azo dye primarily used as a food coloring.

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Tiabendazole

Tiabendazole (INN, BAN), thiabendazole (AAN, USAN), TBZ (and the trade names Mintezol, Tresaderm, and Arbotect) is a fungicide and parasiticide.

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Tin(II) chloride

Tin(II) chloride, also known as stannous chloride, is a white crystalline solid with the formula 2.

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Titanium dioxide

Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium, chemical formula.

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Tizer

Tizer is a red-coloured, citrus-flavoured soft drink bottled in Cumbernauld and sold in the United Kingdom.

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Tocopherol

Tocopherols (TCP) are a class of organic chemical compounds (more precisely, various methylated phenols), many of which have vitamin E activity.

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Tragacanth

Tragacanth is a natural gum obtained from the dried sap of several species of Middle Eastern legumes of the genus Astragalus, including A. adscendens, A. gummifer, A. brachycalyx, and A. tragacantha.

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Triacetin

The triglyceride 1,2,3-triacetoxypropane is more generally known as triacetin and glycerin triacetate.

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Triethyl citrate

Triethyl citrate is an ester of citric acid.

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Trisodium citrate

Trisodium citrate has the chemical formula of Na3C6H5O7.

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Trisodium phosphate

Trisodium phosphate (TSP) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Na3PO4.

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Turmeric

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial flowering plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.

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United Kingdom food labelling regulations

The law in the UK on food labelling is multifaceted and is spread over many reforms and parliamentary acts, making the subject complex.

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Villejuif leaflet

The Villejuif leaflet, also known as the Villejuif flyer and the Villejuif list, was a pamphlet which enjoyed wide distribution.

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Violaxanthin

Violaxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with an orange color found in a variety of plants including pansies.

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Xanthan gum

Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide with many industrial uses, including as a common food additive.

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Yellow

Yellow is the color between orange and green on the spectrum of visible light.

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Yellow 2G

Yellow 2G is a food coloring denoted by E number E107.

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Zeaxanthin

Zeaxanthin is one of the most common carotenoid alcohols found in nature.

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Zinc acetate

Zinc acetate is a salt with the formula Zn(O2CCH3)2, which commonly occurs as the dihydrate Zn(O2CCH3)2(H2O)2.

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202 (number)

202 (two hundred two) is the natural number following 201 and preceding 203.

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214 (number)

214 (two hundred fourteen) is the natural number following 213 and preceding 215.

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215 (number)

215 (two hundred fifteen) is the natural number following 214 and preceding 216.

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471 (disambiguation)

* For the year, see 471 or 471 BC.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_number

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