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Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings

Index Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings

The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess. [1]

215 relations: A17, A29, A57, Albin Countergambit, Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap, Alekhine's Defence, Aleksandar Matanović, Alexander Kotov, Algebraic notation (chess), Alisa Marić, Amar Opening, Anderssen's Opening, Anna Rudolf, Artificial castling, Artur Yusupov, Éric Prié, B18, B22, B46, B51, B68, B71, B72, B73, B74, B75, B76, B77, B78, B79, Baltic Defense, Barnes Opening, Benko Gambit, Benoni Defense, Bird's Opening, Bishop's Opening, Blumenfeld Gambit, Bogo-Indian Defence, Botvinnik versus Capablanca, AVRO 1938, C30, C31, C42, C49, C52, C74, Caro–Kann Defence, Catalan Opening, Chess, Chess annotation symbols, Chess endgame, ..., Chess Informant, Chess opening, Chess opening book, Chess opening book (computers), Chess opening theory table, Chess strategy, Chess theory, Chessgames.com, ChessGenius, Chigorin Defense, Chinese encyclopedia, Clemenz Opening, Csaba Balogh, Damiano Defence, Danish Gambit, Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1996, Game 1, Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1997, Game 6, Descriptive notation, Desperado (chess), Desprez Opening, Dunst Opening, Dutch Defence, East Indian Defence, Eco, English Opening, Eugenio Torre, Evans Gambit, Evergreen Game, Fischer–Spassky (1992 match), Four Knights Game, French Defence, Gavriil Veresov, Gerald Abrahams, Giuoco Piano, Glossary of chess, Grünfeld Defence, Grünfeld Defence, Nadanian Variation, Greco Defence, Grob's Attack, Gunderam Defense, Hans Berliner, Hodgson Attack, Hugh Myers, Igor-Alexandre Nataf, Immortal Draw, Immortal Game, Immortal Losing Game, Immortal Zugzwang Game, Indian Defence, Irregular chess opening, Italian Game, Jens Enevoldsen, Jiří Pelikán (chess player), Kasparov versus the World, Keres Defence, King's Fianchetto Opening, King's Gambit, King's Gambit, Falkbeer Countergambit, King's Gambit, Fischer Defense, King's Gambit, McDonnell Gambit, King's Gambit, Rice Gambit, King's Indian Defence, King's Indian Defence, Four Pawns Attack, King's Indian Defence, Sämisch Variation, King's Knight Opening, King's Pawn Game, Larry Evans (chess grandmaster), Larsen's Opening, Lasker versus Bauer, Amsterdam, 1889, Latvian Gambit, Levitsky versus Marshall, Levon Aronian, Lisitsin Gambit, List of chess books (M–S), List of chess gambits, List of chess openings, Liu Wenzhe, London System, Marcus Kann, McDonnell versus De La Bourdonnais, Match 4 (16), London 1834, Mieses Opening, Miroslav Filip, Modern Benoni, Modern Defense, Morphy versus the Duke of Brunswick and Count Isouard, Neo-Indian Attack, Nikolay Minev, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Nimzowitsch Defence, Old Indian Defense, Open Game, Outline of chess, Owen's Defence, Paul Keres, Paul Rudolf von Bilguer, Peruvian Immortal, Petrov's Defence, Philidor Defence, Pirc Defence, Polish Defense, Polish Immortal, Poole versus HAL 9000, Queen's Gambit, Queen's Gambit Accepted, Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Gambit Declined, Cambridge Springs Defense, Queen's Indian Defense, Queen's Knight Defense, Queen's Pawn Game, Réti Opening, Richárd Rapport, Richter–Veresov Attack, Rotlewi versus Rubinstein, Russia (USSR) vs Rest of the World, Ruy Lopez, Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation, Ruy Lopez, Mortimer Trap, Sacrifice (chess), Saragossa Opening, Scandinavian Defense, Scotch Game, Semi-Italian Opening, Semi-Slav Defense, Shogi opening, Sicilian Defence, Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation, Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, Yugoslav Attack, 9.Bc4, Sicilian Defence, Smith–Morra Gambit, Sokolsky Opening, St. George Defence, Staunton Gambit, Stepan Levitsky, Stonewall Attack, Stuart Milner-Barry, Svetozar Gligorić, Tarrasch Defense, The Game of the Century (chess), Three Knights Opening, Torre Attack, Two Knights Defense, Fried Liver Attack, Uruguayan Immortal, Van't Kruijs Opening, Veniamin Sozin, Vienna Game, Vienna Game, Würzburger Trap, Viktor Knorre, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Alatortsev, Vlastimil Hort, Vsevolod Rauzer, Vugar Gashimov, Ware Opening, Wolfgang Uhlmann, World Chess Championship 1886, World Chess Championship 1889, World Chess Championship 1972, World Chess Championship 2006, World Chess Championship 2007, World Chess Championship 2008, World Chess Championship 2010, World Chess Championship 2012, World Chess Championship 2013, World Chess Championship 2014, Zukertort Opening. Expand index (165 more) »

A17

A17, A 17, A.17 or A-17 is a three-letter acronym that may refer to.

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A29

A29 or A-29 may refer to.

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A57

A57 could refer to.

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Albin Countergambit

The Albin Countergambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: and the usual continuation is: The opening is an uncommon defense to the Queen's Gambit.

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Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap

The Lasker Trap is a chess opening trap in the Albin Countergambit, named after Emanuel Lasker, although it was first noted by Serafino Dubois.

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Alekhine's Defence

Alekhine's Defence is a chess opening which begins with the moves: Black tempts White's pawns forward to form a broad pawn centre, with plans to undermine and attack the white structure later in the spirit of hypermodern defence.

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Aleksandar Matanović

Aleksandar Matanović (born May 23, 1930) is a Serbian chess Grandmaster.

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Alexander Kotov

Alexander Alexandrovich Kotov (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Ко́тов; – 8 January 1981) was a Soviet chess grandmaster and author.

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Algebraic notation (chess)

Algebraic notation (or AN) is a method for recording and describing the moves in a game of chess.

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Alisa Marić

Alisa Marić, PhD (Serbian Cyrillic: Алиса Марић,; born January 10, 1970) is a Serbian chess player, who holds the FIDE titles of Woman Grandmaster and International Master.

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Amar Opening

The Amar Opening (also known as Paris Opening, Drunken Knight Opening, or Ammonia Opening) is a chess opening defined by the move: This opening is sometimes known as the Ammonia Opening, since NH3 is the chemical formula for ammonia.

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Anderssen's Opening

Anderssen's Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: Anderssen's Opening is named after unofficial World Chess Champion Adolf Anderssen, who played it three times in his 1858 match against Paul Morphy.

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Anna Rudolf

Anna Rudolf (born 12 November 1987 in Miskolc) is a Hungarian chess player holding the FIDE titles of International Master (IM) and Woman Grandmaster (WGM).

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Artificial castling

In chess, artificial castling (also called castling by hand) refers to a maneuver in which a king which has lost the right to castle achieves a castled position in several normal moves, instead of the one special move.

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Artur Yusupov

Artur Mayakovich Yusupov (Арту́р Маякович Юсу́пов; Artur Majakowitsch Jussupow; born February 13, 1960 in Moscow, Soviet Union) is a Russian chess grandmaster and a chess writer.

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Éric Prié

Éric Prié, born 14 March 1962 in Paris, is a French chess player, International Grandmaster since 1996, currently playing for Montpellier Échecs.

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B18

B18 or B-18 may refer to.

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B22

B22 or B-22 may refer to.

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B46

B46 may refer to.

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B51

B51 or B-51 may be.

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B68

B68 or B-68 may be.

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B71

B71, B-71 or B 71 may be.

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B72

B72 or B 72 may be.

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B73

B73 or B-73 may be.

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B74

B74 or B-74 may be.

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B75

B75 or B-75 may be.

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B76

B76 or B-76 may be.

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B77

B77 or B-77 may refer to.

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B78

B78 or B-78 may be.

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B79

B79 or B-79 may be.

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Baltic Defense

The Baltic Defense (also known as the Grau Defense, or the Sahovic Defense) is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The Baltic is an unusual variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined (QGD).

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Barnes Opening

Barnes Opening is a chess opening where White opens with: The opening is named after Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825–1874), an English player who had an impressive eight wins over Paul Morphy, including one game where Barnes answered 1.e4 with 1...f6, known as Barnes Defence.

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Benko Gambit

The Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has three codes for the Benko Gambit.

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Benoni Defense

The Benoni Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: Black can then sacrifice a pawn with 3...b5 (the Benko Gambit), otherwise 3...e6 is the most common move (although 3...d6 or 3...g6 are also seen, typically transposing to main lines).

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Bird's Opening

Bird's Opening (or the Dutch Attack) is a chess opening characterised by the move: Bird's is a standard flank opening.

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Bishop's Opening

The Bishop's Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White attacks Black's f7-square and prevents Black from advancing his d-pawn to d5.

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Blumenfeld Gambit

The Blumenfeld Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves 3...e6 4.Nf3 b5 in the Benoni Defense arising after: or alternatively: In fact, as many as 30 different move orders are possible.

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Bogo-Indian Defence

The Bogo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The position arising after 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 is common.

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Botvinnik versus Capablanca, AVRO 1938

In Rotterdam on 22 November 1938, then future World Chess Champion Mikhail Botvinnik (as white) defeated former World Champion José Raúl Capablanca in round 11 of the AVRO tournament in one of the most famous games in chess history.

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C30

C30, C.30 or C-30 may be.

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C31

C31 or C-31 may be.

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C42

C42 or C-42 may be.

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C49

C49 or C-49 may be.

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C52

C52 or C-52 may be.

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C74

C74 or C-74 may be.

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Caro–Kann Defence

The Caro–Kann Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Caro–Kann is a common defence against the King's Pawn Opening and is classified as a "Semi-Open Game" like the Sicilian Defence and French Defence, although it is thought to be more solid and less dynamic than either of those openings.

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Catalan Opening

The Catalan is a chess opening where White adopts a combination of the Queen's Gambit and Réti Opening: White plays d4 and c4 and fianchettoes the white bishop on g2.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

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Chess annotation symbols

When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols.

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Chess endgame

In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.

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Chess Informant

Chess Informant (Šahovski Informator) is a publishing company from Belgrade (Serbia, former Yugoslavia) that periodically (since 2012, four volumes per year) produces a book entitled Chess Informant, as well as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Encyclopaedia of Chess Endings, Opening Monographs, other print publications, and software (including electronic editions of most print publications).

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Chess opening

A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.

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Chess opening book

A chess opening book is a book on chess openings.

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Chess opening book (computers)

Opening book is often used to describe the database of chess openings given to computer chess programs (and related games, such as computer shogi).

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Chess opening theory table

A chess opening theory table or ECO (Encyclopaedia Of Chess Openings) table presents lines of moves, typically (but not always) from the starting position.

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Chess strategy

Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.

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Chess theory

The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.

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Chessgames.com

Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.

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ChessGenius

ChessGenius is the name of a chess-playing computer program written by Richard Lang who has in the past written programs that have won the World Computer Chess Championship on 10 occasions.

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Chigorin Defense

The Chigorin Defense is a chess opening named for 19th century Russian grandmaster Mikhail Chigorin.

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Chinese encyclopedia

Chinese encyclopedias comprise both Chinese-language encyclopedias and foreign-language ones about China or Chinese topics.

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Clemenz Opening

The Clemenz Opening is a chess opening beginning with the move: This opening is named after Hermann Clemenz (1846–1908), an Estonian player.

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Csaba Balogh

Csaba Balogh (born 10 March 1987 in Budapest) is in a Hungarian chess grandmaster.

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Damiano Defence

The Damiano Defence is a chess opening beginning with the moves.

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Danish Gambit

The Danish Gambit, known as the Nordisches Gambit (Nordic Gambit) in German, and the Noors Gambiet (Norwegian Gambit) in Dutch, is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White will sacrifice one or two pawns for the sake of rapid and the attack.

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Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1996, Game 1

Deep Blue–Kasparov, 1996, Game 1 is a famous chess game in which a computer played against a human being.

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Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1997, Game 6

Game 6 of the Deep Blue–Kasparov rematch, played in New York City on May 11, 1997 and starting at 3:00 p.m. EDT, was the last chess game in the 1997 rematch of Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov.

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Descriptive notation

Descriptive notation is a notation for recording chess games, and at one time was the most popular notation in English- and Spanish-speaking countries.

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Desperado (chess)

In chess, a desperado piece is a piece that is or trapped, but captures an enemy piece before it is itself captured.

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Desprez Opening

The Desprez Opening is a chess opening characterized by the opening move: The opening is named after the French player Marcel Desprez.

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Dunst Opening

The Dunst Opening is a chess opening where White opens with the move: This fairly uncommon opening may have more names than any other: it is also called the Heinrichsen Opening, Baltic Opening, van Geet's Opening, Sleipnir Opening, Kotrč's Opening, Meštrović Opening, Romanian Opening, Queen's Knight Attack, Queen's Knight Opening, Millard's Opening, Knight on the Left, and (in German) der Linksspringer.

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Dutch Defence

The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.

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East Indian Defence

The East Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves.

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Eco

Eco may refer to.

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English Opening

The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.

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Eugenio Torre

Eugenio Torre (born November 4, 1951) is a chess grandmaster (GM).

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Evans Gambit

The Evans Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Evans Gambit is an aggressive line of the Giuoco Piano, which normally continues with the positional moves 4.c3 or 4.d3.

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Evergreen Game

The Evergreen Game is a famous chess game, won by Adolf Anderssen against Jean Dufresne in 1852.

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Fischer–Spassky (1992 match)

The 1992 match between former World Chess Champions Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky was billed as a World Chess Championship, but was unofficial.

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Four Knights Game

The Four Knights Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This is the most common sequence, but the knights may in any order to reach the same position.

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French Defence

The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.

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Gavriil Veresov

Gavriil Nikolayevich Veresov (Гаўрыла Мікалаевіч Верасаў, Гавриил Николаевич Вересов; 28 July 1912 – 12 November 1979) was a Soviet chess player.

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Gerald Abrahams

Gerald Abrahams (15 April 1907 – 15 March 1980) was an English chess player, author, and barrister.

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Giuoco Piano

The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.

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Glossary of chess

This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.

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Grünfeld Defence

The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.

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Grünfeld Defence, Nadanian Variation

The Nadanian Variation (sometimes called the Nadanian Attack) of the Grünfeld Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Nadanian Variation is classified in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings with the code D85.

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Greco Defence

The Greco Defence (or McConnell Defense), named after Gioachino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634), is a chess opening beginning with the moves: The opening is categorized as ECO code C40.

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Grob's Attack

Grob's Attack is an unconventional chess opening where White immediately moves the king knight's pawn two squares ahead.

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Gunderam Defense

The Gunderam Defense is a rarely played chess opening starting with the moves: It is named after the chess player Gerhard Gunderam.

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Hans Berliner

Hans Jack Berliner (January 27, 1929 – January 13, 2017) was a Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, and was the World Correspondence Chess Champion, from 1965–1968.

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Hodgson Attack

The Hodgson Attack (also called the Pseudo-Trompowsky, Levitsky Attack after Stepan Levitsky, Queen's Bishop Attack, and Bishop Attack) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Strategically, the bishop on g5 exerts an annoying influence where it pins Black's e-pawn and is ready to meet 2...Nf6 with 3.Bxf6, giving up the bishop pair in exchange for saddling Black with doubled pawns.

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Hugh Myers

Hugh Edward Myers (January 23, 1930 – December 22, 2008) was an American chess master and author.

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Igor-Alexandre Nataf

Igor-Alexandre Nataf (born 2 May 1978) is a French chess player.

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Immortal Draw

The Immortal Draw is a chess game played in 1872 in Vienna by Carl Hamppe and Philipp Meitner.

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Immortal Game

The Immortal Game was a chess game played by Adolf Anderssen and Lionel Kieseritzky on 21 June 1851 in London, during a break of the first international tournament.

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Immortal Losing Game

The "Immortal Losing Game" is a chess game between the Soviet grandmaster David Bronstein and the Polish International Master Bogdan Śliwa played in 1957 in Gotha.

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Immortal Zugzwang Game

The Immortal Zugzwang Game is a chess game between Friedrich Sämisch and Aron Nimzowitsch, played in Copenhagen in March 1923.

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Indian Defence

In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.

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Irregular chess opening

In chess, irregular opening is a traditional term for any opening considered unusual or unorthodox.

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Italian Game

The Italian Game is a family of chess openings beginning with the moves: The Italian Game is part of the large family of Open Games or Double King's Pawn Games.

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Jens Enevoldsen

Jens Evald Enevoldsen-Elsing (23 September 1907 – 23 May 1980) was a Danish chess master born in Copenhagen.

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Jiří Pelikán (chess player)

Jiří (Jorge) Pelikán (Častolovice, 23 April 1906 – Chacabuco, July 1984) was a Czech–Argentine chess master.

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Kasparov versus the World

Kasparov versus the World was a game of chess played in 1999 over the Internet.

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Keres Defence

The Keres Defence (also known as the Kangaroo Defence or Franco-Indian Defense) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named for Estonian grandmaster Paul Keres.

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King's Fianchetto Opening

The King's Fianchetto Opening or Benko's Opening (also known as the Hungarian Opening, Barcza Opening, or Bilek Opening) is a chess opening characterized by the move: White's 1.g3 ranks as the fifth most popular opening move, but it is far less popular than 1.e4, 1.d4, 1.c4 and 1.Nf3.

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King's Gambit

The King's Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White offers a pawn to divert the black e-pawn.

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King's Gambit, Falkbeer Countergambit

The Falkbeer Countergambit is a chess opening that begins: In this aggressive, Black disdains the pawn offered as a sacrifice, instead opening the centre to exploit White's weakness on the.

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King's Gambit, Fischer Defense

The Fischer Defense to the King's Gambit is a chess opening variation that begins with the moves: Although 3...d6 was previously known, it did not become a major variation until Fischer advocated it in a famous 1961 article in the first issue of the American Chess Quarterly.

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King's Gambit, McDonnell Gambit

The McDonnell Gambit is a chess opening gambit in the King's Gambit, Classical Variation that begins with the moves:Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 241.

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King's Gambit, Rice Gambit

The Rice Gambit is a chess opening that arises from the King's Gambit Accepted.

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King's Indian Defence

The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.

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King's Indian Defence, Four Pawns Attack

The Four Pawns Attack in the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: White immediately builds up a large in order to gain a advantage.

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King's Indian Defence, Sämisch Variation

The Sämisch Variation of the King's Indian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Sämisch is a subtle blockading system and a critical challenge to the King's Indian.

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King's Knight Opening

The King's Knight Opening is a chess opening consisting of the moves: The opening is likely to continue into one of a number of other named openings, depending mainly on Black's second move.

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King's Pawn Game

The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is among the most popular opening moves in chess.

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Larry Evans (chess grandmaster)

Larry Melvyn Evans (March 22, 1932 – November 15, 2010) was an American chess grandmaster, author, and journalist.

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Larsen's Opening

Larsen's Opening (also called the Nimzo–Larsen Attack or Queen's Fianchetto Opening) is a chess opening starting with the move: It is named after the Danish grandmaster Bent Larsen.

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Lasker versus Bauer, Amsterdam, 1889

The chess game between Emanuel Lasker and Johann Bauer played in Amsterdam in 1889 is one of the most famous on account of Lasker's sacrifice of both bishops to eliminate the pawn cover around his opponent's king, winning material and the game.

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Latvian Gambit

The Latvian Gambit (or Greco Countergambit) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: It is one of the oldest chess openings, having been analysed in the 17th century by Gioachino Greco, after whom it is sometimes named.

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Levitsky versus Marshall

Levitsky versus Marshall is a famous game of chess played by Stepan Levitsky and Frank Marshall.

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Levon Aronian

Levon Grigori Aronian (Լևոն Գրիգորի Արոնյան Levon Grigori Aronyan; born 6 October 1982) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.

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Lisitsin Gambit

The Lisitsin Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves.

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List of chess books (M–S)

This is a list of chess books that are used as references in articles related to chess.

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List of chess gambits

This is a list of chess openings that are gambits.

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List of chess openings

This is a list of chess openings, organized by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings code.

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Liu Wenzhe

Liu Wenzhe (October 7, 1940 – September 20, 2011) was an International Master chess player.

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London System

The London System is a chess opening that usually arises after 1.d4 and 2.Bf4 or 2.Nf3 & 3.Bf4.

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Marcus Kann

Marcus Kann (1820 in Vienna – February 3, 1886) was an Austrian chess player.

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McDonnell versus De La Bourdonnais, Match 4 (16), London 1834

The sixteenth chess game in the fourth match between Alexander McDonnell and Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais played in London in 1834 is famous for demonstrating the power of a mobile central block of pawns.

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Mieses Opening

The Mieses Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: The opening is named after the German-British grandmaster Jacques Mieses.

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Miroslav Filip

Miroslav Filip (27 October 1928 – 27 April 2009) was a Czech chess grandmaster.

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Modern Benoni

The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.

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Modern Defense

The Modern Defense (also known as the Robatsch Defence after Karl Robatsch) is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it himself.

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Morphy versus the Duke of Brunswick and Count Isouard

The chess game played in 1858 at an opera house in Paris between the American chess master Paul Morphy and two strong amateurs, the German noble Karl II, Duke of Brunswick and the French aristocrat Comte Isouard de Vauvenargues, is among the most famous of chess games.

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Neo-Indian Attack

The Neo-Indian Attack is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This opening is also known as the Seirawan Attack, after top 1980s player Yasser Seirawan.

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Nikolay Minev

Nikolay (or Nikolai) Nikolaev Minev (Николай Минев, 8 November 1931 – 10 March 2017) was a Bulgarian chess International Master (IM) and noted chess author.

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Nimzo-Indian Defence

The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.

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Nimzowitsch Defence

The Nimzowitsch Defence is a somewhat unusual chess opening characterised by the moves: This opening is an example of a hypermodern opening where Black invites White to occupy the of the board at an early stage with pawns.

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Old Indian Defense

The Old Indian Defense is a chess opening defined by the moves: This opening is distinguished from the King's Indian Defense in that Black develops his on e7 rather than by fianchetto on g7.

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Open Game

An Open Game (or Double King's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: White has moved the king's pawn two squares and Black has replied in kind.

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Outline of chess

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).

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Owen's Defence

Owen's Defence (also known as the Queen's Fianchetto Defence or Greek Defense) is an uncommon chess opening defined by the moves: By playing 1...b6, Black prepares to fianchetto the where it will participate in the battle for the.

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Paul Keres

Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.

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Paul Rudolf von Bilguer

Paul Rudolf (or Rudolph) von Bilguer (21 September 1815 – 16 September 1840) was a German chess master and chess theoretician from Ludwigslust in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

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Peruvian Immortal

The Peruvian Immortal is the name given to a spectacular chess game played by the Peruvian master (later grandmaster) Esteban Canal against an unknown amateur in a simultaneous exhibition he gave at Budapest in 1934.

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Petrov's Defence

Petrov's Defence or the Petrov Defence (also called Petroff's Defence, Russian Defence, and Russian Game) is a chess opening characterised by the following moves: Though this symmetrical response has a long history, it was first popularised by Alexander Petrov, a Russian chess player of the mid-19th century.

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Philidor Defence

The Philidor Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named after the famous 18th-century player François-André Danican Philidor, who advocated it as an alternative to the common 2...Nc6.

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Pirc Defence

The Pirc Defence (correctly pronounced "peerts", but often mispronounced "perk"), sometimes known as the Ufimtsev Defence or Yugoslav Defence, is a chess opening characterised by Black responding to 1.e4 with 1...d6 and 2...Nf6, followed by...g6 and...Bg7, while allowing White to establish an impressive-looking centre with pawns on d4 and e4.

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Polish Defense

The Polish Defense is the name commonly given to one of several sequences of chess opening moves characterized by an early...b5 by Black.

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Polish Immortal

Polish Immortal is the name given to a chess game between Glinksberg and Miguel Najdorf played in Warsaw.

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Poole versus HAL 9000

Poole versus HAL 9000 is a fictional chess game in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. Astronaut Dr. Frank Poole is seen playing a recreational game of chess with the HAL 9000 supercomputer.

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Queen's Gambit

The Queen's Gambit is a chess opening that starts with the moves: The Queen's Gambit is one of the oldest known chess openings.

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Queen's Gambit Accepted

The Queen's Gambit Accepted (or QGA) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Queen's Gambit Accepted is the third most popular option on Black's second move, after 2...e6 (the Queen's Gambit Declined) and 2...c6 (the Slav Defense).

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Queen's Gambit Declined

The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.

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Queen's Gambit Declined, Cambridge Springs Defense

In chess, the Cambridge Springs Defense (or less commonly, the Pillsbury Variation) is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined that begins with the moves: Black breaks the pin on the h4–d8 diagonal and forms a pin of his own on the c3-knight (exploiting the absence of the White's queen bishop from the). If Black later plays dxc4, there may be threats against the g5-bishop.

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Queen's Indian Defense

The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.

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Queen's Knight Defense

The Queen's Knight Defense (also known as the Nimzowitsch Queen Pawn Defence or Bogoljubow–Mikenas Defense) is a chess opening defined by the moves: Unless the game transposes to another opening, the Encyclopedia of Chess Openings code for the Queen's Knight Defense is A40.

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Queen's Pawn Game

The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4.

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Réti Opening

The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves: White plans to bring the d5-pawn under attack from the, or entice it to advance to d4 and undermine it later.

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Richárd Rapport

Richárd Rapport (born 25 March 1996) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.

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Richter–Veresov Attack

The Richter–Veresov Attack (or Veresov Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is also often reached by transposition, for example 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Bg5 (the most common move order), 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 d5 3.Nc3, or 1.Nc3 Nf6 2.d4 d5 3.Bg5.

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Rotlewi versus Rubinstein

Rotlewi versus Rubinstein is a game of chess played between Gersz Rotlewi and Akiba Rubinstein in Łódź, Poland in 1907.

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Russia (USSR) vs Rest of the World

There have been two chess matches featuring USSR vs.

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Ruy Lopez

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.

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Ruy Lopez, Exchange Variation

The Exchange Variation of the Ruy Lopez is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Black may recapture on c6 with either pawn; although 4...bxc6 is playable, 4...dxc6 is almost always chosen at master level.

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Ruy Lopez, Mortimer Trap

The Mortimer Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez named after James Mortimer.

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Sacrifice (chess)

In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.

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Saragossa Opening

The Saragossa Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: Since White usually plays more aggressively in the opening, the Saragossa is considered an irregular opening, classified as A00 by the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings.

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Scandinavian Defense

The Scandinavian Defense (or Center Counter Defense, or Center Counter Game) is a chess opening characterized by the moves.

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Scotch Game

The Scotch Game, or Scotch Opening, is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Ercole del Rio, in his 1750 treatise Sopra il giuoco degli Scacchi, Osservazioni pratiche d’anonimo Autore Modenese ("On the game of Chess, practical Observations by an anonymous Modenese Author"), was the first author to mention what is now called the Scotch Game.

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Semi-Italian Opening

The Semi-Italian Opening (also known as Half Giuoco Piano, Lesser Giuoco Piano, and Paris Defence) is one of Black's responses to the Italian Game.

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Semi-Slav Defense

The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queen's Gambit chess opening defined by the position reached after the moves: The position may readily be reached by a number of different.

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Shogi opening

A shogi opening (戦法) is the sequence of initial moves of a shogi game before the middle game.

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Sicilian Defence

The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.

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Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation

The Sicilian Defence, Chekhover Variation (also sometimes called the Szily Variation or Hungarian Variation) is a chess opening named after Vitaly Chekhover, from the game Chekhover–Lisitsin, Leningrad 1938.

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Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation

In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves: In the Dragon, Black fianchettoes their bishop on the h8–a1 diagonal, building a home for the king on g8 while aiming the bishop at the center and.

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Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, Yugoslav Attack, 9.Bc4

In chess, the move 9.Bc4 is one of the main options in the chess opening called the Yugoslav Attack, which is an attack in the Dragon Variation of the Sicilian Defence.

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Sicilian Defence, Smith–Morra Gambit

In chess, the Smith–Morra Gambit (or simply Morra Gambit) is an opening gambit against the Sicilian Defence distinguished by the moves: White sacrifices a pawn to quickly and create attacking chances.

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Sokolsky Opening

The Sokolsky Opening (also known as the Orangutan or Polish) is an uncommon chess opening that begins with the move: According to various databases, out of the twenty possible first moves from White, the move 1.b4 ranks ninth in popularity.

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St. George Defence

The St.

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Staunton Gambit

The Staunton Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: White sacrifices a pawn for quick development, hoping to launch an attack against Black's, which has been somewhat weakened by 1...f5.

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Stepan Levitsky

Stepan (Stefan) Levitsky (Levitski, Lewitzki) (25 April 1876, Serpukhov – 21 March 1924, Glubokaya) was a Russian chess master and national chess champion.

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Stonewall Attack

The Stonewall Attack is a chess opening; more specifically it is a variation of the Queen's Pawn Game.

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Stuart Milner-Barry

Sir Philip Stuart Milner-Barry (20 September 1906 – 25 March 1995) was a British chess player, chess writer, World War II codebreaker and civil servant.

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Svetozar Gligorić

Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.

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Tarrasch Defense

The Tarrasch Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves: The Tarrasch is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined.

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The Game of the Century (chess)

In chess, The Game of the Century is a chess game played between 26-year-old Donald Byrne and 13-year-old Bobby Fischer in the Rosenwald Memorial Tournament in New York City on October 17, 1956, which Fischer won.

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Three Knights Opening

The Three Knights Game is a chess opening which most commonly begins with the moves: In the Three Knights Game, Black chooses to break symmetry in order to avoid the main lines of what is often considered the drawish Four Knights Game after the usual 3...Nf6.

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Torre Attack

The Torre Attack is a chess opening characterized by the moves: or the Tartakower Variation in the Queen's Pawn Game (ECO code D03): or the Torre Attack in the East Indian Defence (ECO code A48): or the Torre Attack in the Indian Defence (ECO code A47).

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Two Knights Defense, Fried Liver Attack

The Fried Liver Attack, also called the Fegatello Attack (named after an Italian idiom meaning "dead as a piece of liver"), is a chess opening.

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Uruguayan Immortal

The Uruguayan Immortal is a game of chess played in the 1943 Uruguayan Chess Championship between B. Molinari and Luis Roux Cabral.

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Van't Kruijs Opening

The Van't Kruijs Opening is a chess opening defined by the move: It is named after the Amsterdam player Maarten van 't Kruijs (1813–85) who won the sixth Dutch championship in 1878.

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Veniamin Sozin

Veniamin Innokentevich Sozin (Вениамин Иннокентьевич Созин, 1896–1956) was a Russian chess master, author, and theoretician.

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Vienna Game

The Vienna Game is an opening in chess that begins with the moves: White's second move is less common than 2.Nf3, and is also more recent.

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Vienna Game, Würzburger Trap

The Würzburger Trap is a chess opening trap in the Vienna Gambit.

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Viktor Knorre

Viktor Karlovich Knorre Виктор Карлович Кнорре(4 October 1840 – 25 August 1919) was a Russian astronomer of German ethnic origin.

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Viswanathan Anand

Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.

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Vladimir Alatortsev

Vladimir Alexeyevich Alatortsev (Влади́мир Алексе́евич Ала́торцев, pronounced "a LAH tart sev") (May 14, 1909 in Turki, Saratov oblast, Russian Empire – January 13, 1987 in Moscow, Soviet Union), was a Russian chess grandmaster, organizer, teacher, author, and administrator.

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Vlastimil Hort

Vlastimil Hort (born 12 January 1944) is a Czechoslovak-born German chess Grandmaster.

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Vsevolod Rauzer

Vsevolod Alfredovich Rauzer (16 October 1908 – 29 December 1941, Leningrad) was a Soviet Ukrainian chess master known for his great contributions to chess opening theory, especially of the Sicilian Defence.

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Vugar Gashimov

Vugar Gashimov (Vüqar Həşimov; 24 July 1986 – 11 January 2014) was an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.

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Ware Opening

The Ware Opening, also known as Meadow Hay Opening, is an uncommon chess opening for White beginning with the move: It is named after Preston Ware, a U.S. chess player who often played uncommon openings.

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Wolfgang Uhlmann

Wolfgang Uhlmann (born 29 March 1935) is a prominent German International Grandmaster of chess.

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World Chess Championship 1886

The World Chess Championship 1886 was the first official World Chess Championship match contested by Wilhelm Steinitz and Johannes Zukertort.

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World Chess Championship 1889

The World Chess Championship 1889 was the second official World Chess Championship, and was between Wilhelm Steinitz and Mikhail Chigorin.

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World Chess Championship 1972

The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.

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World Chess Championship 2006

The World Chess Championship 2006 was a match between Classical World Chess Champion Vladimir Kramnik, and FIDE World Chess Champion Veselin Topalov.

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World Chess Championship 2007

The World Chess Championship 2007 was held in Mexico City, from 12 September 2007 to 30 September 2007 to decide the world champion in the board game chess.

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World Chess Championship 2008

The World Chess Championship 2008 was a best-of-twelve-games match between the incumbent World Chess Champion, Viswanathan Anand, and the previous World Champion, Vladimir Kramnik.

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World Chess Championship 2010

The World Chess Championship 2010 match pitted the defending world champion, Viswanathan Anand, against challenger Veselin Topalov, for the title of World Chess Champion.

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World Chess Championship 2012

The World Chess Championship 2012 was a chess match between the defending world champion Viswanathan Anand of India and Boris Gelfand of Israel, winner of the 2011 Candidates Tournament.

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World Chess Championship 2013

The World Chess Championship 2013 was a match between reigning world champion Viswanathan Anand and challenger Magnus Carlsen, to determine the 2013 World Chess Champion.

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World Chess Championship 2014

The World Chess Championship 2014 was a match between the world champion Magnus Carlsen and challenger Viswanathan Anand, to determine the World Chess Champion.

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Zukertort Opening

The Zukertort Opening is a chess opening named after Johannes Zukertort that begins with the move: Sometimes the term "Réti Opening" is used to describe the opening move 1.Nf3, although most sources define the Réti more narrowly as the sequence 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4.

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ECO (chess), ECO code, ECO codes, Encyclopaedia of chess openings, Encyclopedia of Chess Openings, Encyclopedia of chess openings, Opening Encyclopedia.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclopaedia_of_Chess_Openings

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