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Epidemiological transition

Index Epidemiological transition

In demography and medical geography, epidemiological transition is a phase of development witnessed by a sudden and stark increase in population growth rates brought by improved food security and innovations in public health and medicine, followed by a re-leveling of population growth due to subsequent declines in fertility rates. [1]

15 relations: Basic reproduction number, Demographic transition, Environmental risk transition, Epidemiology, Health in Guatemala, Health in Tajikistan, International Epidemiological Association, John Hardwig, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, List of countries by past and future population, Medical anthropology, Nutrition transition, Obstetric transition, Public health, Umeå Centre for Global Health Research.

Basic reproduction number

In epidemiology, the basic reproduction number (sometimes called basic reproductive ratio, or incorrectly basic reproductive rate, and denoted R0, r nought) of an infection can be thought of as the number of cases one case generates on average over the course of its infectious period, in an otherwise uninfected population.

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Demographic transition

Demographic transition (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.

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Environmental risk transition

Environmental risk transition is the process by which traditional communities with associated environmental health issues become more economically developed and experience new health issues.

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Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where) and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.

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Health in Guatemala

Health in Guatemala is focused on many different systems of prevention and care.

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Health in Tajikistan

In Tajikistan health indicators such as infant and maternal mortality rates are among the highest of the former Soviet republics.

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International Epidemiological Association

The International Epidemiological Association (IEA) is a worldwide association with more than 2000 members in over 100 different countries, who follow the aims of the association to facilitate communication amongst those engaged in research and teaching of epidemiology throughout the world, and to encourage its use in all fields of health including social, community and preventative medicine.

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John Hardwig

John Hardwig is a retired philosopher who was head of the philosophy department at the University of Tennessee.

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Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

The Journal of Clinical Epidemiology is a peer reviewed journal of Epidemiology that promotes the quality of clinical and patient-oriented health services research through the advancement and application of innovative methods of.

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List of countries by past and future population

This is a list of countries by past and future population or estimations from the beginning of the second half of the 20th century (cca. 1950) until the second half of the 21st century.

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Medical anthropology

Medical anthropology studies "human health and disease, health care systems, and biocultural adaptation".

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Nutrition transition

Nutrition transition is the shift in dietary consumption and energy expenditure that coincides with economic, demographic, and epidemiological changes.

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Obstetric transition

In reproductive health, obstetric transition is a concept around the secular trend of countries gradually shifting from a pattern of high maternal mortality to low maternal mortality, from direct obstetric causes of maternal mortality to indirect causes, aging of maternal population, and moving from the natural history of pregnancy and childbirth to institutionalization of maternity care, medicalization and over medicalization.

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Public health

Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".

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Umeå Centre for Global Health Research

The Umeå Centre for Global Health Research (CGH) is a Centre of Excellence within Umeå University in Northern Sweden.

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Redirects here:

Epidemiologic Transition, Epidemiologic transition, Epidemiological Transition.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epidemiological_transition

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