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Exonym and endonym

Index Exonym and endonym

An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect. [1]

1223 relations: -onym, Aangilam, Abenaki, Acquackanonk Township, New Jersey, Adi people, Adiyan, Adyghe people, Aequi, Aequian language, Aesti, Afrikaans exonyms, Agawam people, Aguaruna people, Ai-Cham language, Akunakuna, Akuntsu, Albania (placename), Albanian exonyms, Albanians, Albanophobia, Aleut, Altenburg (disambiguation), Aluo language, Amami Islands, Amba language (Solomon Islands), Anangu, Anatolian languages, Ancestral Puebloans, Ancient Armenia, Andakerebina, Androscoggin people, Angermünde (disambiguation), Angevin Empire, Anglo-Saxons, Anishinaabe, Ankamuti, Anmatyerre, Antakirinja people, Anthroponymy, Anti-Romanyism, Antun Dalmatin, Apache, Apurinã, Araba people, Arabana people, Arabic exonyms, Arapaho, Araucaria, Araucaria mirabilis, Araucarites sanctaecrucis, ..., Armenia, Armenians, Aromanian language, Aromanians, Arthur de Gobineau, Aryan race, Assiniboine, Assyria and Germany in Anglo-Israelism, Assyrian people, Austro-Tai peoples, Autonym, Auvergnat (language), Avars (Caucasus), Avoyel, Awu language, Aztecs, Östergötland, Ćići, Bactria, Bactrian language, Badimaya, Bai people, Bailgu, Bakanambia, Balearic Sea, Ballardong, Bangkok, Bangladeshis, Barasana, Barbarian, Barindji, Barungguan, Bashkirs, Basque exonyms, Benasquese dialect, Bengal, Bengali Hindus, Bengali language, Berber flag, Berbers, Berbers and Islam, Bessarabia, Bhutan, Big Nambas language, Biloxi people, Biraban, Bisaya (Borneo), Bo people (China), Bolyu, Bolyu language, Bong (term), Boon wurrung, Bouyei language, Budini, Budjak, Bugan language, Bugis, Bulgarian exonyms, Bunuba, Burarra, Burmish languages, Butchulla, Byzantine Greeks, Caer, Cahuilla, Caijia language, Caló language, Caldoche, Cambodia, Canaan, Cartography, Cartography of Ukraine, Catalan exonyms, Catalan language, Caucasian Albania, Central Atlas Tamazight, Chamorro people, Cheyenne, Chi-Raq, Chicano, Chin State, Chocho people, Chuj people, Circassian languages, Circassians, Coat of arms of Triballia, Cofán language, Colonial history of New Jersey, Colville people, Cossacks, Cree, Cree language, Croatian exonyms, Cross-border town naming, Crow language, Cuicatec language, Cuicatecs, Cumania, Cumans, Czech exonyms, Dacians, Dakota people, Dalarna, Danish exonyms, Darklands (video game), Definitions of Tibet, Deg Hit'an, Delaware languages, Demographics of Budapest, Demonym, Dentumoger, Desi, Desi daru, Dharug language, Dhudhuroa people, Dhuwal, Digor people, Ditidaht language, Diyari, Djaberadjabera, Djankun, Djinba people, Dongchuan District, Donghu people, Donor principle, Dritok, Duchies in Sweden, Dutch exonyms, Dutch language, Dutch people, Earthling, East Asia, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edinburg, Eka language, Elam, En language, English exonyms, English Neighborhood, Erawirung, Erromango, Erromintxela language, Estonia, Estonian exonyms, Estonians, Ethnic groups in Chinese history, Ethnologue, Ethnonym, Extremaduran language, Șchei, Falisci, Far West (Taixi), Federated state, Fiji, Filipinos, Finnish exonyms, Five Barbarians, Four Barbarians, Frankish language, Free and Independent Faction, Gadubanud, Galați, Galician-Asturian, Geats, Gelao language, Gelou, Geographical renaming, Georgians in Turkey, Gepo language, German exonyms (Karlovy Vary Region), German exonyms (Moselle), German exonyms (Olsztyn County), German exonyms (Transylvania), German exonyms (Vojvodina), German exonyms (Warmia), German names for Central European towns, German place names in Alsace, Germans, Getae, Geynyon, Ghazala K. Salam, Girramay, God, Honour, Fatherland, Goidelic languages, Gooniyandi, Gorani people, Goryeo, Grand Principality of Serbia, Graphic pejoratives in written Chinese, Greater India, Greater Iran, Greek exonyms, Greeks, Greeks in Georgia, Grivița (disambiguation), Gros Ventre, Guarani language, Guiengola, Guifang, Gungorogone, Gunwinggu, Gurkha, Gutian people, Habei language, Hackensack people, Hadjarai peoples, Halsten Stenkilsson, Hami, Hanlin Academy, Harari language, Hattians, Hausa people, Håkan, Hebrew language, Heliopolis (ancient Egypt), Helvetii, Hezhang Buyi language, Hia C-eḍ O'odham, Hidatsa, Hindustan, Hispanic–Latino naming dispute, History of Montana, History of Romanian, History of slavery in Asia, History of slavery in the Muslim world, History of the Laz people, History of the Netherlands, History of Western Sahara, Hmong people, Hobbit, Hokkaido, Hoklo Americans, Hoklo people, Hopi, Hopi-Tewa, Hu (surname), Huamango, Huamelulpan (archaeological site), Huaning County, Huaorani people, Hungarian prehistory, Hungarians, Hungary, Hupa, Hupa language, Hussar, Hutsuls, Iñupiat, Iban people, Ibanag people, Icelandic exonyms, Igorot people, Igorot society, Ikelan, Index of Cornwall-related articles, Indigenous people of Oaxaca, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast, Ingrid of Sweden (disambiguation), Innu, Inuit, Inuit Circumpolar Council, Inuit culture, Iowa people, Iranian Americans, Iranian Australians, Iranian Canadians, Iranians in the United Kingdom, Ireland, ISO 639-1, Israelites, Isthmus Nahuatl, Isthmus Zapotec, Italian exonyms, Itawes, Itawis language, Itneg people, Ivar Vidfamne, Ivilyuat, Izhma Komi, Jaako, Jadira, Jaitmatang, Janov, Japhug language, Jarijari, Jasz people, Jat of Afghanistan, Jelenia Góra, Jews, Jiaozhi, Jitajita, Judaeo-Spanish, Judea, Kaffir (racial term), Kahnawake, Kahnawake surnames, Kalaako, Kalamaia, Kalto language, Kam language, Kam people, Kambure, Kanak people, Kaneang, Karajarri, Karasahr, Kariera people, Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł (1734–1790), Kartli, Kashmiri Pandit, Kassites, Kathu language, Kaurna, Kaurna language, Kavalan people, Kayan Beauties, Kelp, Khakas language, Khawarij, Khiamniungan language, Khmu people, Khoisan, Kingdom of Iberia, Kiong Nai language, Kirrae, Kituwa, Klallam language, Koara, Kokatha, Kokokulunggur, Kokomini, Kokowalandja, Kokowara, Kombumerri clan, Korea, Korean language, Koryaks, Kpelle language, Kra–Dai languages, Krauatungalung people, Kresh languages, Kukatja (Northern Territory), Kuki people, Kulung language, Kuril Islands, Kurrama people, Kuyani, Lachi language, Ladino people, Lahnda, Lahu people, Laia people, Lalo language, Lambityeco, Languages of South Africa, Languages of the Republic of Macedonia, Lanong, Latin exonyms, Latin peoples, Latino, Latjilatji, Laz people, Leleges, Lemkos, Lenapehoking, Lendians, Lhoba people, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Limbu people, Limi language, Linguistic purism, Lisoish languages, List of Algonquin ethnonyms, List of alternative names for oceans, List of ancient Daco-Thracian peoples and tribes, List of ancient peoples of Italy, List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia, List of Armenian exonyms, List of Asian regions with alternative names, List of Bergen, New Netherland placename etymologies, List of Celtic place names in Galicia, List of chemical element name etymologies, List of counties in Arizona, List of countries and dependencies and their capitals in native languages, List of country names in various languages, List of country-name etymologies, List of Croatian exonyms for places in Hungary, List of crossings of the Hackensack River, List of Czech exonyms for places in Austria, List of Czech exonyms for places in Germany, List of demonyms for Philippine provinces, List of Dutch exonyms for places in Belgium, List of Dutch exonyms for places in Germany, List of English exonyms for Arabic-speaking places, List of English exonyms for German toponyms, List of English exonyms for Italian toponyms, List of English words from indigenous languages of the Americas, List of English words of Russian origin, List of ethnic slurs, List of European exonyms, List of European regions with alternative names, List of European rivers with alternative names, List of former Serbian exonyms in Vojvodina, List of French exonyms for Italian toponyms, List of geographic names of Iranian origin, List of German exonyms, List of German exonyms for places in Belgium, List of German exonyms for places in Croatia, List of German exonyms for places in Denmark, List of German exonyms for places in Estonia, List of German exonyms for places in Latvia, List of Greek and Latin roots in English/O, List of historical German and Czech names for places in the Czech Republic, List of Hudson County, New Jersey placename etymologies, List of Indigenous Australian group names, List of indigenous peoples, List of Irish exonyms, List of Italian exonyms in Dalmatia, List of Italian exonyms in Istria, List of Japanese exonyms, List of Jewish ethnonyms, List of language names, List of Latvian exonyms, List of names of Asian cities in different languages, List of names of European cities in different languages, List of navies, List of New Netherland placename etymologies, List of Nipissing ethnonyms, List of Ojibwa ethnonyms, List of Palestinians, List of Philippine provincial name etymologies, List of placenames of indigenous origin in the Americas, List of Portuguese exonyms, List of Russian exonyms, List of Toho alien races, List of Turkish exonyms, Lithuanian exonyms, Little Wallachia, Ljubljana, Loko people, Lolo-Burmese languages, Lovono language, Lozi language, Lua people, Lycian language, Lydia, Ma Manda language, Maasai language, Machapunga, Mackem, Madawaska Maliseet First Nation, Madoitja, Madona, Maduwongga, Maia people, Maiawali, Maikulan, Mak language, Makah, Makah language, Malankara, Maldivian language, Maliseet, Maltese exonyms, Manahoac, Manbarra, Mandan, Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation, Mandjindja, Manga language (Sino-Tibetan), Mango language (Sino-Tibetan), Manjak people, Manuel Córdova-Rios, Maonan people, Marcel Aurousseau, Marditjali, Mardudunera people, Maridjabin, Marijedi, Maringar, Marrithiyal people, Marsi, Mascouten, Master race, Mathews' Chinese-English Dictionary, Mati Ke, Matuntara people, Mau Mau Uprising, Maung people, Mauphu language, Maza language, Megleno-Romanians, Megyer, Meintangk people, Meitei people, Melungeon, Menominee, Menumorut, Mestizo, Metoac, Mi'kmaq, Miami people, Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, Micha language, Midwestern United States, Milang tribe, Miletus, Millang, Min Kingdom, Mineng, Minyungbal, Mirimanidze, Miriwung people, Mirning, Mississaugas, Miwa people, Mixtec language, Moghulistan, Mohawk language, Mohe people, Mojave Desert, Molise Croats, Molokan, Momogun language, Mongolian shamanism, Monguor people, Moors, Morlachs, Moro people, Motang language, Mount Ararat, Mountains of Ararat, Mozarabic language, Muak Sa-aak language, Muangphe language, Mudburra, Mulam language, Muluridji, Mun (religion), Murcian Spanish, Murngin people, Muscogee, Muthi Muthi, Mutumui, Muzo, Naga nationalism, Naga people, Nakako, Nakota, Name of Armenia, Name of Georgia (country), Name of Greece, Name of Hungary, Name of Iran, Name of Poland, Name of the Czech Republic, Name of Turkey, Names of Bengal, Names of Germany, Names of Japan, Names of Korea, Names of places in Finland in Finnish and in Swedish, Names of Seoul, Names of the Albanians and Albania, Names of the Aromanians, Names of the Celts, Names of the Romani people, Names of the Serbs and Serbia, Nangatadjara, Nanman, Narungga, Naruo language, Nasu language, National symbols of Poland, Native American flute, Native American name controversy, Naualko, Nauo people, Navajo language, Ná-Meo language, Neapolitan language, Negro, Nepali language, New Netherland, Newar people, Nez Perce people, Ngaatjatjarra people, Ngadjunmaia, Ngadjuri, Ngaiawang, Ngalea, Ngalia people, Ngarinman, Ngarla, Ngarti, Ngawait, Nhuwala, Niabali, Nicosia, Niels, King of Denmark, Nimanburu, Nip, Nisu language, Nivkh people, Nokaan, Nootka Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Northern Sami, Northern Thai people, Norwegian exonyms, Nottoway people, Nubian languages, Nukunu, Nyah Kur people, Nyangumarta people, Ohlone, Oji-Cree, Ojibwe, Ojibwe language, Old Pahang Kingdom, Old Tagalog, Onondaga County, New York, Origin of the Albanians, Origin of the Romanians, Orok people, Oroqen people, Ostyak, Other Backward Class, Otomi, Otomi language, Outline of Abkhazia, Outline of Afghanistan, Outline of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Outline of Albania, Outline of Alberta, Outline of Algeria, Outline of American Samoa, Outline of Andorra, Outline of Angola, Outline of Anguilla, Outline of Antigua and Barbuda, Outline of Argentina, Outline of Armenia, Outline of Aruba, Outline of Ascension Island, Outline of Australia, Outline of Austria, Outline of Azerbaijan, Outline of Bahrain, Outline of Bangladesh, Outline of Barbados, Outline of Belarus, Outline of Belgium, Outline of Benin, Outline of Bermuda, Outline of Bhutan, Outline of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Outline of Brazil, Outline of British Columbia, Outline of Brunei, Outline of Bulgaria, Outline of Burkina Faso, Outline of Burundi, Outline of Cambodia, Outline of Cameroon, Outline of Canada, Outline of Catalonia, Outline of Chad, Outline of Chile, Outline of China, Outline of Christmas Island, Outline of Colombia, Outline of Comoros, Outline of Cornwall, Outline of Costa Rica, Outline of Croatia, Outline of Cuba, Outline of Cyprus, Outline of Denmark, Outline of Djibouti, Outline of Dominica, Outline of East Timor, Outline of Ecuador, Outline of Egypt, Outline of El Salvador, Outline of England, Outline of Equatorial Guinea, Outline of Eritrea, Outline of Estonia, Outline of Ethiopia, Outline of Fiji, Outline of Finland, Outline of France, Outline of French Polynesia, Outline of Gabon, Outline of Georgia (country), Outline of Germany, Outline of Ghana, Outline of Gibraltar, Outline of Greece, Outline of Greenland, Outline of Grenada, Outline of Guam, Outline of Guatemala, Outline of Guernsey, Outline of Guinea, Outline of Guinea-Bissau, Outline of Guyana, Outline of Haiti, Outline of Honduras, Outline of Hong Kong, Outline of Hungary, Outline of Iceland, Outline of India, Outline of Indonesia, Outline of Iran, Outline of Iraq, Outline of Israel, Outline of Italy, Outline of Ivory Coast, Outline of Jakarta, Outline of Jamaica, Outline of Japan, Outline of Jersey, Outline of Jordan, Outline of Kenya, Outline of Kiribati, Outline of Kosovo, Outline of Kuwait, Outline of Latvia, Outline of Lebanon, Outline of Lesotho, Outline of Liberia, Outline of Libya, Outline of Liechtenstein, Outline of Lithuania, Outline of Luxembourg, Outline of Macau, Outline of Madagascar, Outline of Malawi, Outline of Malaysia, Outline of Maldives, Outline of Mali, Outline of Malta, Outline of Mauritania, Outline of Mauritius, Outline of Mayotte, Outline of Mexico, Outline of Moldova, Outline of Mongolia, Outline of Montenegro, Outline of Montserrat, Outline of Morocco, Outline of Mozambique, Outline of Myanmar, Outline of Namibia, Outline of Nauru, Outline of Nepal, Outline of New Caledonia, Outline of New Zealand, Outline of Newfoundland and Labrador, Outline of Nicaragua, Outline of Niger, Outline of Nigeria, Outline of Niue, Outline of Norfolk Island, Outline of North Korea, Outline of Northern Cyprus, Outline of Northern Ireland, Outline of Norway, Outline of Nova Scotia, Outline of Oman, Outline of Ontario, Outline of Pakistan, Outline of Palau, Outline of Panama, Outline of Paraguay, Outline of Peru, Outline of Poland, Outline of Portugal, Outline of Prince Edward Island, Outline of Puerto Rico, Outline of Puntland, Outline of Qatar, Outline of Quebec, Outline of Republika Srpska, Outline of Romania, Outline of Russia, Outline of Rwanda, Outline of Saint Barthélemy, Outline of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Outline of Saint Lucia, Outline of Saint Martin, Outline of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Outline of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Outline of Samoa, Outline of San Marino, Outline of Saskatchewan, Outline of São Tomé and Príncipe, Outline of Scotland, Outline of Senegal, Outline of Serbia, Outline of Seychelles, Outline of Sierra Leone, Outline of Singapore, Outline of Slovakia, Outline of Slovenia, Outline of Somalia, Outline of Somaliland, Outline of South Africa, Outline of South Korea, Outline of South Sudan, Outline of Spain, Outline of Sudan, Outline of Suriname, Outline of Svalbard, Outline of Swaziland, Outline of Sweden, Outline of Switzerland, Outline of Syria, Outline of Taiwan, Outline of Tajikistan, Outline of Tanzania, Outline of Thailand, Outline of the Åland Islands, Outline of the Bahamas, Outline of the British Virgin Islands, Outline of the Cayman Islands, Outline of the Central African Republic, Outline of the Cook Islands, Outline of the Czech Republic, Outline of the Dominican Republic, Outline of the Falkland Islands, Outline of the Faroe Islands, Outline of the Federated States of Micronesia, Outline of the Gambia, Outline of the Isle of Man, Outline of the Marshall Islands, Outline of the Netherlands, Outline of the Netherlands Antilles, Outline of the Northern Mariana Islands, Outline of the Pitcairn Islands, Outline of the Republic of Artsakh, Outline of the Republic of Ireland, Outline of the Republic of Macedonia, Outline of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Outline of the Solomon Islands, Outline of the Soviet Union, Outline of the State of Palestine, Outline of the Turks and Caicos Islands, Outline of the United Arab Emirates, Outline of the United Kingdom, Outline of the United States, Outline of the United States Virgin Islands, Outline of Tibet, Outline of Togo, Outline of Tokelau, Outline of Tonga, Outline of Transnistria, Outline of Trinidad and Tobago, Outline of Tristan da Cunha, Outline of Turkmenistan, Outline of Tuvalu, Outline of Uganda, Outline of Ukraine, Outline of Uruguay, Outline of Uzbekistan, Outline of Vanuatu, Outline of Vatican City, Outline of Venezuela, Outline of Vietnam, Outline of Wales, Outline of Wallis and Futuna, Outline of Yemen, Outline of Zambia, Outline of Zimbabwe, Ovamboland, Pa'O language, Paducah, Kentucky, Paha language, Pahang Malay, Pahlavi dynasty, Pakadji, Palawano language, Palestinian refugees, Palu'e language, Pangerang, Pangkalpinang, Panyjima people, Parsi, Pasig River, Pavonia, New Netherland, Páez language, Pennsylvania German language, Peoria people, Persian Gulf naming dispute, Persian language, Physics (Aristotle), Pibelmen, Picentes, Picenum, Pilatapa, Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians, Pimicikamak Cree Nation, Pindiini, Pini people, Pipil people, Pirahã, Place names of Vietnam, Plain people, Plains Cree, Pnar people, Polack, Poles, Polish census of 1921, Polish exonyms, Potaruwutj, Potawatomi, Prehistory of the Armenians, Proto-Loloish language, Protohistory of West Virginia, Provinces of Sweden, Prussian Lithuanians, Puebloans, Purépecha, Putidjara, Pwo Karen languages, Qabiao language, Quapaw, Queer, Quinipissa, Raška (region), Racism in the LGBT community, Rapa language, Rascians, Ravula, Red Crow Community College, Red Ruthenia, Ribagorçan dialect, Ridgefield, New Jersey, Roglai language, Romani people, Romani people in Bulgaria, Romania in the Early Middle Ages, Romanian exonyms, Romanian exonyms (Vojvodina), Romanians, Romanization of Serbian, Românul, Romulan, Rouran Khaganate, Roxolani, Rusyn exonyms (Vojvodina), Rusyns, Rusyns of Romania, Ruthenia, Ruthenians, S'gaw people, Sa'och language, Sabellians, Sabines, Salish peoples, Salishan languages, Salpinx, Sama-Bajau, Sami languages, Sami people, Sami Siida of North America, Samnites, Samnium, San Miguel Ixtapan (archaeological site), San people, Sant Bhasha, Saramaccan language, Sarmatians, Sauk people, Saulteaux, Sawi language (Dardic), Scania, Scientific racism, Sea of Azov, Sequani, Serbian exonyms, Seri language, Seri people, Serrano people, Shadow (Babylon 5), Shan language, Shanqella, Shilha language, Shiping County, Shqiptar, Shuvalov Painter, Siam (disambiguation), Sidamo language, Sigismund III Vasa, Sioux, Slavic Native Faith, Slavs, Slavs (ethnonym), Slovak exonyms (Vojvodina), Slovaks, Snake War, Snoqualmie people, Sogdia, Somkhiti, South Norway, South Ossetian name change referendum, 2017, Spaniards, Spanish exonyms, Stadsfries dialects, Standard Zhuang, Sugbuak, Sui people, Sumerian language, Sumo people, Susu language, Svalbard Treaty, Svevia, Swedish exonyms, Szlachta, Taensa, Tagalog language, Tagalog people, Tahitian language, Tai languages, Taivoan people, Tanush Thopia, Tappan tribe, Tarim mummies, Tarot of Marseilles, Tat people (Caucasus), Tatars, Tehuelche people, Tepehuán, Terminology of the British Isles, Terminology of the Low Countries, Terms for Syriac Christians, Thailand, Theodiscus, Thracians, Throne of a Thousand Years, Thule, Tibet, Timucua, Tjalkadjara, Tlapa de Comonfort, Tongva, Tonto Apache, Toponymy, Toquz Oghuz, Tost, Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, Trinity River (California), Tsardom of Russia, Tuamotus, Tuareg people, Tucano language, Tujia people, Tulua people, Tungusic languages, Turkey, Turrbal, Turu people, Tuscarora people, Tushara Kingdom, Tutelo, Tyrrhenians, Udmurt language, Umiida, Undanbi, Unggumi, Unjadi, Upper Canada, Upper Peninsula English, Urartu, Ureparapara, Ushant, Vainakh peoples, Valencian, Vegetable Lamb of Tartary, Vestinian language, Vietnamese Pot-bellied, Vilela people, Vinzenz Lachner, Vlachs, Vlachs in the history of Croatia, Vlachs of Serbia, Vlah Church, Voisava, Vokil, Voloshin, Wa (Japan), Wailpi, Wakaya people, Wakka Wakka, Walhaz, Waljen, Walmadjari, Walmbaria, Walter Braemer, Wambaya people, Wampanoag, Wanman people, Waorani language, Wardal, Warembori language, Warki, Warlpiri people, Warrwa, Washoe people, Welsh exonyms, Welsh language, Wenamba, Western Apache people, Western Yugur language, White Aethiopians, Widi tribe, Wiilman, Winduwinda, Winnebago language, Winnebago, Nebraska, Wiradjuri, Wirangu people, Wochua people, Wongkanguru, Wongkumara, Wotjobaluk people, Wrangell, Alaska, Wunambal, Wurla, Wyandot people, Xianyun, Xiqi language, Yadhaykenu, Yaghan people, Yamato-damashii, Yaminawá, Yanggal, Yangtze, Yankuntjatjarra, Yanomaman languages, Yanyuwa people, Yao people, Yaroinga, Yawuru, Yehudi, Yem people, Yi people, Yidinji people, Yindjilandji, Yokula, Yokuts, Yolmo language, Yolngu, Yongsheng County, Yoruba people, Yucatecan languages, Yuchi, Yued, Yuezhi, Yugambeh language, Yugambeh people, Yumu, Zaghawa language, Zapotec civilization, Zapotec peoples, Zeeland, Zhuang languages, Zhuang people, Zou language, .eus. Expand index (1173 more) »

-onym

The suffix -onym, in English and other languages, means "word, name", and words ending in -onym refer to a specified kind of name or word, most of which are classical compounds.

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Aangilam

AANGILAM (ஆங்கிலம்) is a bilingual edublog that dedicated to help Tamil-medium English language learners, especially for those who want to learn English grammar through Tamil.

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Abenaki

The Abenaki (Abnaki, Abinaki, Alnôbak) are a Native American tribe and First Nation.

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Acquackanonk Township, New Jersey

Acquackanonk Township was a township that existed in New Jersey, United States, from 1693 until 1917, first in Essex County and then in Passaic County.

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Adi people

The Adi people are one of the most populous groups of indigenous peoples in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.

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Adiyan

Adiyan or Adiya people live in the northern hill districts of Kerala.

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Adyghe people

The ethnonym "Adyghe" (Адыгэ/Adygè, Ады́ги) is used as an endonym by the Caucasian-speaking Circassians of the North Caucasus and as a demonym for the inhabitants of the Republic of Adygea, a federal subject of Russia located in the southwestern part of European Russia, enclaved within Krasnodar Krai, where it is also rendered as Adygeans (Адыгейцы).

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Aequi

Location of the Aequi (Equi) in central Italy, 5th century BC. The Aequi (Αἴκουοι and Αἴκοι) were an Italic tribe on a stretch of the Apennine Mountains to the east Latium in central of Italy who appear in the early history of ancient Rome.

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Aequian language

Aequian is an extinct language presumed spoken by the people the Romans termed Aequi and Aequicoli living in the Alban hills of northeast Latium and the central Apennines east of them during the early and middle Roman Republic; that is, approximately from the 5th to the 3rd century BC, when they were defeated by the armies of Rome and were subsequently Romanized.

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Aesti

The Aesti (also Aestii, Astui or Aests) were an ancient people first described by the Roman historian Tacitus in his treatise Germania (circa 98 AD).

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Afrikaans exonyms

Below is list of Afrikaans exonyms.

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Agawam people

The Agawam were a Native American people in New England at the arrival of the English colonists in the early 17th century.

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Aguaruna people

The Aguaruna (or Awajún, their endonym) are an indigenous people of the Peruvian jungle.

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Ai-Cham language

Ai-Cham (autonym) is a Kam–Sui language spoken mainly in Diwo 地莪 and Boyao 播尧 Townships, Jialiang District, Libo County, Qiannan Prefecture, Guizhou, China.

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Akunakuna

The Akunakuna are an ethnic group of Nigeria and Cameroon, closely related to the Efik and Ibibio peoples, mostly inhabiting the area around the Cross River.

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Akuntsu

The Akuntsu (also known as Akunt'su or Akunsu) are an indigenous people of Rondônia, Brazil.

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Albania (placename)

The toponym Albania may indicate several different geographical regions: a country in the Balkans; an ancient land in the Caucasus; as well as Scotland, Albania being a Latinization of a Gaelic name for Scotland, Alba; and even a city in the U.S. state of New York.

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Albanian exonyms

Many places have exonyms, names for places that differs from that used in the official or well-established language within that place, in the Albanian language.

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Albanians

The Albanians (Shqiptarët) are a European ethnic group that is predominantly native to Albania, Kosovo, western Macedonia, southern Serbia, southeastern Montenegro and northwestern Greece, who share a common ancestry, culture and language.

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Albanophobia

Anti-Albanian sentiment or Albanophobia is discrimination or prejudice towards Albanians as an ethnic group, described in countries with large Albanian population as immigrants, especially Greece and Italy though in Greece the sentiment has existed mainly in the post-communist Albania era where many criminals escaped to Greece.

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Aleut

The Aleuts (Алеу́ты Aleuty), who are usually known in the Aleut language by the endonyms Unangan (eastern dialect), Unangas (western dialect), Alaska Native Language Center.

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Altenburg (disambiguation)

Altenburg is a town in Thuringia, Germany.

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Aluo language

Aluo (autonym: ɑ55 lo33 pho55; Naluo) is a Loloish language spoken by the Yi people of China.

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Amami Islands

The The name Amami-guntō was standardized on February 15, 2010.

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Amba language (Solomon Islands)

Amba (also known as Aba, Nembao or Nebao) is the main language spoken on the island of Utupua, in the easternmost province of the Solomon Islands.

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Anangu

Anangu is the name used by members of several central Australian Aboriginal groups, roughly approximate to the Western Desert cultural bloc, to describe themselves.

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Anatolian languages

The Anatolian languages are an extinct family of Indo-European languages that were spoken in Asia Minor (ancient Anatolia), the best attested of them being the Hittite language.

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Ancestral Puebloans

The Ancestral Puebloans were an ancient Native American culture that spanned the present-day Four Corners region of the United States, comprising southeastern Utah, northeastern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado.

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Ancient Armenia

Ancient Armenia refers the history of Armenia during Antiquity.

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Andakerebina

The Andakerebina were an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Androscoggin people

The Androscoggin were an Abenaki people of what are now the U.S. states of Maine and New Hampshire.

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Angermünde (disambiguation)

Angermünde is a town in Brandenburg, Germany.

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Angevin Empire

The Angevin Empire (L'Empire Plantagenêt) is a collective exonym referring to the possessions of the Angevin kings of England, who also held lands in France, during the 12th and 13th centuries.

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Anglo-Saxons

The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.

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Anishinaabe

Anishinaabe (or Anishinabe, plural: Anishinaabeg) is the autonym for a group of culturally related indigenous peoples in Canada and the United States that are the Odawa, Ojibwe (including Mississaugas), Potawatomi, Oji-Cree, and Algonquin peoples.

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Ankamuti

The Ankamuti were an indigenous Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of Queensland.

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Anmatyerre

The Anmatyerre otherwise written Anmatjera, are an Indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Antakirinja people

The Antakirinja, otherwise spelt Antakarinya, and alternatively spoken of as the Ngonde, are an indigenous Australian people of South Australia.

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Anthroponymy

Anthroponomastics (or anthroponymy) is the study of the names of human beings.

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Anti-Romanyism

Anti-Romanyism (also Antigypsyism, Antiziganism, Romaphobia or anti-Romani sentiment) is the hostility, prejudice, discrimination or racism specifically directed at Romani people (Roma, Sinti, Iberian Kale, Welsh Kale, Finnish Kale and Romanichal).

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Antun Dalmatin

Antun Aleksandrović Dalmatin (Antonius Dalmata ab Alexandro) was 16th century translator and publisher of Protestant liturgical books.

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Apache

The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache.

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Apurinã

The Apurinã, also called TheIpurinã, Ipurinãn, Kangite, Popengare (endonym), are an indigenous people who live near the Purus River in western Brazil and speak Apurinã.

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Araba people

The Araba were an indigenous Australian people of Queensland.

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Arabana people

The Arabana, also known as the Ngarabana, are an indigenous Australian people of South Australia.

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Arabic exonyms

This list of Arabic exonyms includes names which are significantly different from the names of the same places in other languages, as well as names of Arabic origin in countries (especially Spain) where Arabic is no longer spoken.

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Arapaho

The Arapaho (in French: Arapahos, Gens de Vache) are a tribe of Native Americans historically living on the plains of Colorado and Wyoming.

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Araucaria

Araucaria (original pronunciation) is a genus of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Araucariaceae.

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Araucaria mirabilis

Araucaria mirabilis is an extinct species of coniferous tree from Patagonia, Argentina.

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Araucarites sanctaecrucis

Araucarites sanctaecrucis is an extinct coniferous tree from Patagonia, Argentina.

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Armenia

Armenia (translit), officially the Republic of Armenia (translit), is a country in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.

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Armenians

Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.

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Aromanian language

Aromanian (rrãmãneshti, armãneashti, armãneshce., "Aromanian", or limba rrãmãniascã/ armãneascã/ armãneshce, "Aromanian language"), also known as Macedo-Romanian or Vlach, is an Eastern Romance language, similar to Meglenoromanian, or a dialect of the Romanian language.

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Aromanians

The Aromanians (Rrãmãnj, Armãnj; Aromâni) are a Latin European ethnic group native to the Balkans, traditionally living in northern and central Greece, central and southern Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo and south-western Bulgaria.

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Arthur de Gobineau

Count Joseph Arthur de Gobineau (14 July 1816 – 13 October 1882) was a French aristocrat who is best known today for helping to legitimise racism by use of scientific racist theory and "racial demography" and for his developing the theory of the Aryan master race.

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Aryan race

The Aryan race was a racial grouping used in the period of the late 19th century and mid-20th century to describe people of European and Western Asian heritage.

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Assiniboine

The Assiniboine or Assiniboin people (when singular, when plural; Ojibwe: Asiniibwaan, "stone Sioux"; also in plural Assiniboine or Assiniboin), also known as the Hohe and known by the endonym Nakota (or Nakoda or Nakona), are a First Nations/Native American people originally from the Northern Great Plains of North America.

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Assyria and Germany in Anglo-Israelism

In Anglo-Israelism and some currents of U.S. Christian fundamentalism, the idea has been advanced that modern Germans are partly descended from the ancient Assyrians.

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Assyrian people

Assyrian people (ܐܫܘܪܝܐ), or Syriacs (see terms for Syriac Christians), are an ethnic group indigenous to the Middle East.

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Austro-Tai peoples

The Austro-Tai peoples consist of both the Austronesian and Tai peoples.

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Autonym

Autonym may refer to.

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Auvergnat (language)

Auvergnat or Auvergnat language (endonym: auvernhat) is an idiom spoken in France in part of the Massif Central and in particular, in most of Auvergne, province that gives it its name.

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Avars (Caucasus)

The Avars (аварал / магIарулал, awaral / maⱨarulal; "mountaineers" constitute a Caucasus native ethnic group, the most predominant of several ethnic groups living in the Russian republic of Dagestan. The Avars reside in a region known as the North Caucasus between the Black and Caspian Seas. Alongside other ethnic groups in the North Caucasus region, the Caucasian Avars live in ancient villages located approximately 2,000 m above sea level. The Avar language spoken by the Caucasian Avars belongs to the family of Northeast Caucasian languages and is also known as Nakh–Dagestanian. Sunni Islam has been the prevailing religion of the Avars since the 13th century.

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Avoyel

The Avoyel or Avoyelles were a small Native American tribe who at the time of European contact inhabited land near the mouth of the Red River at its confluence with the Atchafalaya River near present-day Marksville, Louisiana.

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Awu language

Awu (Chinese: 阿邬) (autonym), is an unclassified Loloish language of Yunnan, China.

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Aztecs

The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.

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Östergötland

Östergötland (English exonym: East Gothland) is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish) in the south of Sweden.

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Ćići

Ćić (plural Ćići, Čiči, Tschitschen, Cicci, Chicchi, Ciccio, Cici), is an ethnonym and exonym in a broader sense for all the people who live in the mountainous Ćićarija area in Croatia and Slovenia.

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Bactria

Bactria or Bactriana was the name of a historical region in Central Asia.

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Bactrian language

Bactrian (Αριαο, Aryao, arjaːu̯ɔ) is an Iranian language which was spoken in the Central Asian region of Bactria (present-day Afghanistan and Tajikistan) and used as the official language of the Kushan and the Hephthalite empires.

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Badimaya

The Badimaya (Badimia) are an Indigenous Australian people from the Mid west region of Western Australia.

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Bai people

The Bai or Baip (Bai language: Baipho /pɛ̰˦˨xo̰˦/ (白和);; endonym pronounced) are an East Asian ethnic group.

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Bailgu

The Bailgu are an indigenous Australian people of the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

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Bakanambia

The Bakanambia, also known as the Wanbara, are an Aboriginal group of Australia.

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Balearic Sea

The Balearic Sea (endotoponym: Mar Balear in Catalan and Spanish) is a body of water in the Mediterranean Sea near the Balearic Islands.

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Ballardong

Ballardong are an indigenous Australian people of the south western area of Western Australia.

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Bangkok

Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.

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Bangladeshis

No description.

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Barasana

Barasana (alternate names Barazana, Panenua, Pareroa, or Taiwano is an exonym applied to an Amazonian people, considered distinct from the Taiwano, though the dialect of the latter is almost identical to that of the Barasana, and outside observers can detect only minute differences between the two languages. They are a Tucanoan group located in the eastern part of the Amazon Basin in Vaupés Department in Colombia and Amazonas State in Brazil. As of 2000 there were at least 500 Barasanas in Colombia, though some recent estimates place the figure as high as 1950. A further 40 live on the Brazilian side, in the municipalities of Japurá and São Gabriel da Cachoeira. The Barasana refers to themselves as the jebá.~baca, or people of the jaguar (Jebá "jaguar" is their mythical ancestor).

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Barbarian

A barbarian is a human who is perceived to be either uncivilized or primitive.

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Barindji

Barindji people are an Aboriginal group whose traditional lands are located in the Far West of New South Wales, Australia.

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Barungguan

The Barungguan are an indigenous Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of Northern Queensland.

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Bashkirs

The Bashkirs (Башҡорттар, Başqorttar,; Башкиры, Baškiry) are a Turkic ethnic group, indigenous to Bashkortostan and to the historical region of Badzhgard, extending on both sides of the Ural Mountains, in the area where Eastern Europe meets North Asia.

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Basque exonyms

The following is a list of Basque exonyms, that is to say names for towns and cities that do not speak Basque that have been adapted to Basque standard spelling rules, or are simply native names from ancient times.

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Benasquese dialect

Benasquese (autonym: benasqués), often called patués by its speakers, is the native Romance linguistic variety of the Valley of Benasque, in the province of Huesca (Aragon, Spain).

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Bengal

Bengal (Bānglā/Bôngô /) is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent at the apex of the Bay of Bengal.

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Bengali Hindus

Bengali Hindus (বাঙালি হিন্দু) are ethnic Bengali adherents of Hinduism, and are native to the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent.

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Bengali language

Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in South Asia.

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Berber flag

The Berber flag is a flag that has been adopted for the Berbers.

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Berbers

Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⴻⵏ; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗ) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa, primarily inhabiting Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and a part of western Egypt.

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Berbers and Islam

The Berbers (autonym: Imazighen) are an indigenous ethnic group of the Maghreb region of North Africa.

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Bessarabia

Bessarabia (Basarabia; Бессарабия, Bessarabiya; Besarabya; Бессара́бія, Bessarabiya; Бесарабия, Besarabiya) is a historical region in Eastern Europe, bounded by the Dniester river on the east and the Prut river on the west.

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Bhutan

Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia.

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Big Nambas language

Big Nambas (native name V'ənen Taut) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by about 1,800 people in northwest Malekula, Vanuatu.

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Biloxi people

The Biloxi tribe are Native Americans of the Siouan language family.

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Biraban

Users are warned the below content may contain words which may be culturally sensitive.

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Bisaya (Borneo)

The Bisaya are an indigenous people of the north-west and the coast line of Borneo, Malaysia.

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Bo people (China)

The Bo people are a small minority population in Southern China, famous for their hanging coffins.

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Bolyu

Bolyu is one of the Unrecognized ethnic groups in China.

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Bolyu language

The Bolyu language (autonym:;; also known as Paliu, Palyu, or Lai 俫语, 徕语) is an Austroasiatic language of the Pakanic branch (Sidwell 1995).

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Bong (term)

Bong is a neologism that originated in cosmopolitan India in the 1980s as a slightly pejorative exonym for the educated middle-class Bengalis from the Indian state of West Bengal.

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Boon wurrung

The Boon wurrung, commonly written Bunurong, are Indigenous Australians of the Kulin nation, who occupy South-Central Victoria, Australia.

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Bouyei language

The Bouyei language (autonym: Haausqyaix also spelled Buyi, Buyei, or Puyi;, tiếng Bố Y or tiếng Giáy) is a language spoken by the Bouyei ethnic group of southern Guizhou Province in mainland China.

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Budini

The Budini (Ancient Greek: Βουδίνοι; Boudínoi) was a group of people (a tribe) described by Herodotus and several later classical authors.

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Budjak

Budjak or Budzhak (Russian, Ukrainian, and Bulgarian: Буджак; Bugeac; Bucak, historical Cyrillic: Буӂак; Bucak) is a historical region in Ukraine.

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Bugan language

Bugan, Bogan, Pakan, or Bugeng (布甘语, 布干语, or 布赓语) is an Austroasiatic language.

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Bugis

The Buginese people are an ethnic group—the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, in the southwestern province of Sulawesi, third largest island of Indonesia.

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Bulgarian exonyms

This is a list of Bulgarian exonyms for places in Europe.

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Bunuba

The Bunuba (also known as Bunaba, Punapa, Punuba) are a group of Indigenous Australians and are one of the traditional owners of the southern West Kimberley, in Western Australia.

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Burarra

The Burarra, also referred to as the Gidjingali, are an indigenous Australian people in and around Maningrida in the Northern Territory.

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Burmish languages

The Burmish languages are Burmese, including Standard Burmese, Arakanese and other Burmese dialects such as the Tavoyan dialects as well as non-literary languages spoken across Myanmar and South China such as Achang, Lhao Vo, Lashi, and Zaiwa.

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Butchulla

The Butchulla, also written Badjala, Badjula, Badjela, Bajellah, Badtjala and Budjilla are an Indigenous Australian people of Queensland.

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Byzantine Greeks

The Byzantine Greeks (or Byzantines) were the Greek or Hellenized people of the Byzantine Empire (or Eastern Roman Empire) during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages who spoke medieval Greek and were Orthodox Christians.

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Caer

Caer (cair or kair) is a placename element in Welsh meaning "stronghold", "fortress", or "citadel", roughly equivalent to the Old English suffix now variously written as and.

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Cahuilla

The Cahuilla, also known as ʔívil̃uqaletem or Ivilyuqaletem, are a Native American people of the inland areas of southern California.

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Caijia language

Caijia is an endangered Sino-Tibetan language spoken in an area centred on Bijie, in the west of the Chinese province of Guizhou.

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Caló language

Caló is a language spoken by the Spanish and Portuguese Romani.

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Caldoche

Caldoche is the name given to European inhabitants of the French overseas collectivity of New Caledonia, mostly native-born French settlers.

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Cambodia

Cambodia (កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea:, Cambodge), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə,; Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Canaan

Canaan (Northwest Semitic:; Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍 Kenā‘an; Hebrew) was a Semitic-speaking region in the Ancient Near East during the late 2nd millennium BC.

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Cartography

Cartography (from Greek χάρτης chartēs, "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν graphein, "write") is the study and practice of making maps.

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Cartography of Ukraine

Maps of Ukraine have been produced since the late mediaeval period.

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Catalan exonyms

The following is a list of Catalan exonyms, that is to say, names for countries, regions, cities, towns, rivers, etc.

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Catalan language

Catalan (autonym: català) is a Western Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia, in northeastern modern Spain.

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Caucasian Albania

Albania, usually referred to as Caucasian Albania for disambiguation with the modern state of Albania (the endonym is unknownRobert H. Hewsen. "Ethno-History and the Armenian Influence upon the Caucasian Albanians", in: Samuelian, Thomas J. (Ed.), Classical Armenian Culture. Influences and Creativity. Chicago: 1982, pp. 27-40.Bosworth, Clifford E.. Encyclopædia Iranica.), is a name for the historical region of the eastern Caucasus, that existed on the territory of present-day republic of Azerbaijan (where both of its capitals were located) and partially southern Dagestan.

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Central Atlas Tamazight

No description.

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Chamorro people

The Chamorro people (/tʃɑˈmɔroʊ/) are the indigenous people of the Mariana Islands; politically divided between the United States territory of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Micronesia.

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Cheyenne

The Cheyenne are one of the indigenous peoples of the Great Plains and their language is of the Algonquian language family.

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Chi-Raq

Chi-Raq is a 2015 American musical crime drama film, directed and produced by Spike Lee and co-written by Lee and Kevin Willmott.

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Chicano

Chicano or Chicana (also spelled Xicano or Xicana) is a chosen identity of some Mexican Americans in the United States.

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Chin State

Chin State is a state in western Myanmar.

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Chocho people

The Chochos (formerly Chochones; Chocho: Ngiwa) are an indigenous people of the Mexican state of Oaxaca.

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Chuj people

The Chuj or Chuh are a Maya people, whose homeland is in Guatemala and Mexico.

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Circassian languages

Circassian, also known as Cherkess, is a subdivision of the Northwest Caucasian language family.

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Circassians

The Circassians (Черкесы Čerkesy), also known by their endonym Adyghe (Circassian: Адыгэхэр Adygekher, Ады́ги Adýgi), are a Northwest Caucasian nation native to Circassia, many of whom were displaced in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus in the 19th century, especially after the Russian–Circassian War in 1864.

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Coat of arms of Triballia

The Coat of arms of Triballia (Грб Трибалије/Grb Tribalije or Грб Тривалије/Grb Trivalije) is a historical coat of arms attributed to medieval Serbia by various armorials, and is today depicted in several Serbian municipality coat of arms in Šumadija.

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Cofán language

The Cofán language (also Kofan or Kofane; autonym: A'ingae) is the language of the Cofán people, an indigenous group native to the province Sucumbíos in northeast Ecuador and southern Colombia.

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Colonial history of New Jersey

European colonization of New Jersey started soon after the 1609 exploration of its coast and bays by Sir Henry Hudson.

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Colville people

The Colville people are a Native American people of the Pacific Northwest.

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Cossacks

Cossacks (козаки́, translit, kozaky, казакi, kozacy, Czecho-Slovak: kozáci, kozákok Pronunciations.

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Cree

The Cree (script; Cri) are one of the largest groups of First Nations in North America, with over 200,000 members living in Canada.

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Cree language

Cree (also known as Cree–Montagnais–Naskapi) is a dialect continuum of Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 117,000 people across Canada, from the Northwest Territories to Alberta to Labrador.

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Croatian exonyms

The following is a list of Croatian exonyms, that is to say names for towns and cities that do not speak Croatian that have been adapted to Croatian spelling rules, or are simply native names from ancient times.

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Cross-border town naming

Cross-border town naming occurs where towns or villages with the same or equivalent names are divided between two different countries.

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Crow language

Crow (native name: Apsáalooke) is a Missouri Valley Siouan language spoken primarily by the Crow Nation in present-day southeastern Montana.

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Cuicatec language

The Cuicatecs are an indigenous group of the Mexican state of Oaxaca, closely related to the Mixtecs.

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Cuicatecs

The Cuicatecs are an indigenous people of Mexico.

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Cumania

The name Cumania originated as the Latin exonym for the Cuman-Kipchak confederation, which was a Turkic confederation in the western part of the Eurasian Steppe, between the 10th and 13th centuries.

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Cumans

The Cumans (Polovtsi) were a Turkic nomadic people comprising the western branch of the Cuman–Kipchak confederation.

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Czech exonyms

The following is a list of Czech exonyms, that is to say names for places that do not speak Czech that have been adapted to Czech phonological system and spelling rules, or are simply native names from ancient times.

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Dacians

The Dacians (Daci; loc Δάοι, Δάκαι) were an Indo-European people, part of or related to the Thracians.

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Dakota people

The Dakota people are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government in North America.

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Dalarna

Dalarna (English exonym: Dalecarlia), is a historical province or landskap in central Sweden.

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Danish exonyms

Bilingual town sign of Flensburg, Germany Danish language exonyms for non-Danish speaking locations exist, primarily in Europe, but many of these are no longer commonly used, with a few notable exceptions.

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Darklands (video game)

Darklands is a role-playing video game developed and published by MicroProse in 1992 for the PC DOS platform, and re-released on Gog.com with support for Windows, macOS, and Linux.

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Definitions of Tibet

Tibet is the term for the major elevated plateau in Central Asia, north of the Himalayas.

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Deg Hit'an

Deg Hit'an (also Deg Xit'an, Deg Hitan, Degexit'an, Kaiyuhkhotana) is a group of Yupikized Athabaskan peoples in Alaska.

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Delaware languages

The Delaware languages, also known as the Lenape languages, are Munsee and Unami, two closely related languages of the Eastern Algonquian subgroup of the Algonquian language family.

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Demographics of Budapest

The population of Budapest was 1,735,041 on 1 January 2013.

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Demonym

A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.

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Dentumoger

Dentumoger or Dentü-Mogyer is a legendary homeland of the Hungarians before their conquest of the Carpathian Basin around 895.

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Desi

Desi is a loose term for the people, cultures, and products of the Indian subcontinent or South Asia and their diaspora, derived from the Ancient Sanskrit देश (deśá), meaning Land or Country.

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Desi daru

Desi daru (Hindi: देसी दारू) is a country liquor alcoholic drink made in the Indian subcontinent, its variant include Tharra (Hindi: ठर्रा).

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Dharug language

The Sydney language, also referred to as Darug or Iyora (Eora), is an Australian Aboriginal language of the Yuin–Kuric group that is spoken in the region of Sydney, New South Wales.

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Dhudhuroa people

The Dhudhuroa people (or Duduroa) were an Indigenous Australian people of North-eastern Victoria, in the state of Victoria, Australia.

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Dhuwal

The Dhuwal are an indigenous Australian people of Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory.

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Digor people

The Digor (Digor dialect: дигорон - digoron, pl.: дигорæ, дигорæнттæ - digoræ, digorænttæ; Iron dialect: дыгурон - dyguron, pl.: дыгур, дыгурæттæ - dygur, dygurættæ) are a subgroup of the Ossetians.

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Ditidaht language

Ditidaht (also Nitinaht, Nitinat, Southern Nootkan) is a South Wakashan (Nootkan) language spoken on the southern part of Vancouver Island.

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Diyari

The Diyari, alternatively transcribed as Dieri, is an Indigenous Australian group and language of the South Australian desert originating in and around the delta of Cooper Creek to the east of Lake Eyre.

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Djaberadjabera

The Djaberadjabera, also written Jabirrjabirr, were an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Djankun

The Djankun were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland,.

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Djinba people

The Djinba are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Dongchuan District

Dongchuan District is a district of and the northernmost county-level division of Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province, China.

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Donghu people

Donghu (IPA:; literally: "Eastern foreigners" or "Eastern barbarians") was a confederation of nomadic people that was first recorded from the 7th century BCE and was destroyed by the Xiongnu in 150 BCE.

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Donor principle

In linguistics, the donor principle refers primarily to the observance of the original spelling of a loanword from the original ("donor") language.

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Dritok

Dritok is a constructed language (conlang) created by Don Boozer in 2007.

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Duchies in Sweden

Duchies in Sweden have been allotted since the 13th century to powerful Swedes, almost always to princes of Sweden (only in some of the dynasties) and wives of the latter.

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Dutch exonyms

Below is list of Dutch language exonyms for places in non-Dutch-speaking areas of Europe.

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Dutch language

The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.

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Dutch people

The Dutch (Dutch), occasionally referred to as Netherlanders—a term that is cognate to the Dutch word for Dutch people, "Nederlanders"—are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands.

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Earthling

Earthling, a term identifying inhabitants of the planet Earth, is commonly used in science fiction to contrast Earth-born organisms and characters, whose ethnicity or nationality diaspora originated on Earth, with extraterrestrials.

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East Asia

East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or ethno-cultural "The East Asian cultural sphere evolves when Japan, Korea, and what is today Vietnam all share adapted elements of Chinese civilization of this period (that of the Tang dynasty), in particular Buddhism, Confucian social and political values, and literary Chinese and its writing system." terms.

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Eastern Orthodox Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.

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Edinburg

Edinburg may refer.

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Eka language

Eka (autonym: o21 kha24; exonym: Menghua) is a Loloish language of Yunnan, China.

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Elam

Elam (Elamite: haltamti, Sumerian: NIM.MAki) was an ancient Pre-Iranian civilization centered in the far west and southwest of what is now modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of what is now Khuzestan and Ilam Province as well as a small part of southern Iraq.

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En language

En (autonym:; also known as Nùng Vên) is a Kra language spoken in Vietnam.

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English exonyms

An English exonym is a name in the English language for a place (a toponym), or occasionally other terms, which does not follow the local usage (the endonym).

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English Neighborhood

The English Neighborhood was the colonial-era name for the towns in eastern Bergen County, New Jersey, along the Hudson Palisades between the North River (Hudson River) and the Hackensack River, particularly around its main tributary, Overpeck Creek.

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Erawirung

The Erawirung.

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Erromango

Erromango is the fourth largest island in the Vanuatu archipelago.

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Erromintxela language

Erromintxela is the distinctive language of a group of Romani living in the Basque Country, who also go by the name Erromintxela.

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Estonia

Estonia (Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a sovereign state in Northern Europe.

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Estonian exonyms

Below is list of Estonian language exonyms for places in non-Estonian-speaking countries.

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Estonians

Estonians (eestlased) are a Finnic ethnic group native to Estonia who speak the Estonian language.

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Ethnic groups in Chinese history

Ethnic groups in Chinese history refer to various or presumed ethnicities of significance to the history of China, gathered through the study of Classical Chinese literature, Chinese and non-Chinese literary sources and inscriptions, historical linguistics, and archaeological research.

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Ethnologue

Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.

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Ethnonym

An ethnonym (from the ἔθνος, éthnos, "nation" and ὄνομα, ónoma, "name") is a name applied to a given ethnic group.

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Extremaduran language

Extremaduran (autonym: estremeñu, represents a variable vowel -->) is a Romance linguistic variety, spoken by several hundred thousand people in Spain, in an area covering the north-western part of the autonomous community of Extremadura and adjoining areas in the province of Salamanca.

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Șchei

Șchei (шкеи, shkei) was an old Romanian exonym referring to the Bulgarians, especially in Transylvania and northern Wallachia.

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Falisci

Falisci (Φαλίσκοι) is the ancient Roman exonym for an Italic people who lived in what is now northern Lazio, on the Etruscan side of the Tiber River.

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Far West (Taixi)

The Far West is a Chinese and Japanese term that refers to Europe, or more broadly, to the entire Western world.

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Federated state

A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.

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Fiji

Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

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Filipinos

Filipinos (Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the Philippines.

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Finnish exonyms

Below is list of Finnish language exonyms for towns and cities in non-Finnish-speaking areas.

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Five Barbarians

The Five Barbarians or Wu Hu, is a Chinese historical exonym for ancient non-Han Chinese peoples who immigrated to northern China in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and then overthrew the Western Jin Dynasty and established their own kingdoms in the 4th–5th centuries.

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Four Barbarians

Four Barbarians was a derogatory Chinese term for various ancient non-Chinese peoples bordering ancient China, namely, the Dongyi 東夷 "Eastern Barbarians", Nanman 南蠻 "Southern Barbarians", Xirong 西戎 "Western Barbarians", and Beidi 北狄 "Northern Barbarians".

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Frankish language

Frankish (reconstructed Frankish: *italic), Old Franconian or Old Frankish was the West Germanic language spoken by the Franks between the 4th and 8th century.

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Free and Independent Faction

The Free and Independent Faction or Free and Independent Fraction (Fracțiunea Liberă și Independentă, sometimes Fracțiunea Liberală și Independentă, "Independent Liberal Faction","Condeie", in România Liberă, December 6 (18), 1886, p. 2 commonly Fracționiștii, "The F(r)actionalists") was a nationalist and national-liberal party in Romania, regionally centered on Western Moldavia.

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Gadubanud

The Gadubanud (Katubanut) also known as the Pallidurgbarran, were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Victoria.

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Galați

Galați (also known by other alternative names) is the capital city of Galați County, in the historical region of Moldavia, eastern Romania.

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Galician-Asturian

Galician-Asturian or Eonavian (official name by Act 1/1998, March 23 of Principality of Asturias; autonym: eonaviego, gallego-asturiano; eonaviegu, gallego-asturianu; eonaviego, galego-asturiano) is a set of Romance dialects or falas whose linguistic dominion extends into the zone of Asturias between the Eo River and Navia River (or more specifically the Eo and the Frejulfe River).

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Geats

The Geats (gēatas; gautar; götar), sometimes called Goths, were a North Germanic tribe who inhabited italic ("land of the Geats") in modern southern Sweden.

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Gelao language

Gelao (autonym: Kláo, Chinese: 仡佬 Gēlǎo, Vietnamese: Cờ Lao) is a dialect cluster of Kra languages in the Kra–Dai language family.

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Gelou

Gelou (Gelu; Gyalu) was the Vlach ruler of Transylvania at the time of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin around 900 AD, according to the Gesta Hungarorum.

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Geographical renaming

Geographical renaming is the changing of the name of a geographical feature or area.

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Georgians in Turkey

Georgians in Turkey (ქართველები თურქეთში) refers to citizens and denizens of Turkey who are, or descend from, ethnic Georgians who originate in Georgia.

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Gepo language

Gepo (Köpu; autonym: ko33 pho55 or ko55 phu21) is a Loloish language of Yunnan, China spoken by 100,000 people.

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German exonyms (Karlovy Vary Region)

This is a list of German language place names in Bohemia, now exonyms for towns and villages in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic.

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German exonyms (Moselle)

Below is a list of German language exonyms for towns and villages in the French département of Moselle.

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German exonyms (Olsztyn County)

This is a list of German-language exonyms for places in Olsztyn County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland.

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German exonyms (Transylvania)

Below is a list of German language exonyms for towns and villages in Transylvania, Romania.

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German exonyms (Vojvodina)

Below is a list of German language exonyms for towns and villages in the Vojvodina region of Serbia (German names are in parentheses).

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German exonyms (Warmia)

This is a list of German language place names in Poland, now exonyms for towns and villages in the Warmia Region of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.

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German names for Central European towns

This article deals with the historic German language names of towns and cities in Central Europe.

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German place names in Alsace

Below is a list of German language exonyms for towns and village in the Alsace region of France (German: Elsass) used from 1870 to 1918 and from 1940 to 1944, when Alsace was annexed to Germany.

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Germans

Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.

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Getae

The Getae or or Gets (Γέται, singular Γέτης) were several Thracian tribes that once inhabited the regions to either side of the Lower Danube, in what is today northern Bulgaria and southern Romania.

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Geynyon

The Geynyon, also written Keinjan, are an indigenous Australian people of southern Queensland.

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Ghazala K. Salam

Ghazala K. Salam is an Indian born American Muslim activist and philanthropist.

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Girramay

The Girramay were an Australian Aboriginal tribe of northern Queensland.

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God, Honour, Fatherland

God, Honour, Fatherland or Honour and Fatherland (Polish: Bóg, Honor, Ojczyzna or Honor i Ojczyzna) is one of the unofficial mottos of Poland.

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Goidelic languages

The Goidelic or Gaelic languages (teangacha Gaelacha; cànanan Goidhealach; çhengaghyn Gaelgagh) form one of the two groups of Insular Celtic languages, the other being the Brittonic languages.

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Gooniyandi

The Gooniyandi, also known as the Konejandi, are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Gorani people

The Gorani (Горани) or Goranci (Serbian Cyrillic: Горанци) are a Slavic Muslim ethnic group inhabiting the Gora region - the triangle between Kosovo, Albania, and the Republic of Macedonia.

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Goryeo

Goryeo (918–1392), also spelled as Koryŏ, was a Korean kingdom established in 918 by King Taejo.

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Grand Principality of Serbia

Serbia (Србија / Srbija), also known as Raška (Serbian Cyrillic: Рашка, Rascia) was a Serb medieval state that comprised parts of what is today Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and southern Dalmatia, being centred in the region of Raška (hence its exonym).

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Graphic pejoratives in written Chinese

Some historical Chinese characters for non-Chinese peoples were graphically pejorative ethnic slurs, where the racial insult derived not from the Chinese word but from the character used to write it.

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Greater India

The term Greater India is most commonly used to encompass the historical and geographic extent of all political entities of the Indian subcontinent, and the regions which are culturally linked to India or received significant Indian cultural influence.

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Greater Iran

Greater Iran (ایران بزرگ) is a term used to refer to the regions of the Caucasus, West Asia, Central Asia, and parts of South Asia that have significant Iranian cultural influence due to having been either long historically ruled by the various imperial dynasties of Persian Empire (such as those of the Medes, Achaemenids, Parthians, Sassanians, Samanids, Safavids, and Afsharids and the Qajars), having considerable aspects of Persian culture due to extensive contact with the various imperial dynasties of Iran (e.g., those regions and peoples in the North Caucasus that were not under direct Iranian rule), or are simply nowadays still inhabited by a significant amount of Iranic peoples who patronize their respective cultures (as it goes for the western parts of South Asia, Bahrain and Tajikistan).

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Greek exonyms

Below is a list of modern-day Greek language exonyms for mostly European places outside of Greece and Cyprus.

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Greeks

The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.

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Greeks in Georgia

The Greek diaspora in Georgia, which in academic circles is often considered part of the broader, historic community of Pontic Greeks or—more specifically in this region—Caucasus Greeks, is estimated at between 15,000 and 20,000 people to 100,000 (15,166 according to the latest census) down from about 100,000 in 1989.

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Grivița (disambiguation)

Griviţa is the Romanian exonym of Grivitsa, a Bulgarian village that was the site of a battle during the Siege of Plevna in the Romanian War of Independence.

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Gros Ventre

The Gros Ventre (from French: "big belly"), also known as the Aaniiih, A'aninin, Haaninin, and Atsina, are a historically Algonquian-speaking Native American tribe located in north central Montana.

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Guarani language

Guarani, specifically the primary variety known as Paraguayan Guarani (endonym avañe'ẽ 'the people's language'), is an indigenous language of South America that belongs to the Tupi–Guarani family of the Tupian languages.

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Guiengola

Guiengola is a Zapotec archeological site located north of Tehuantepec, and southeast of Oaxaca city on Federal Highway 190.

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Guifang

Guifang was an ancient ethnonym for a northern people that fought against the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 BCE).

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Gungorogone

The Gungorogone are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Gunwinggu

The Gunwinggu people are a tribe of Australian Aboriginal people, forming part of the Bininj Gun-Wok peoples, who live to the east of Darwin, Northern Territory.

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Gurkha

The Gurkhas or Gorkhas with endonym Gorkhali (गोरखाली) are the soldiers of Nepalese nationality and ethnic Indian Gorkhas recruited in the British Army, Nepalese Army, Indian Army, Gurkha Contingent Singapore, Gurkha Reserve Unit Brunei, UN Peace Keeping force, and war zones around the world.

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Gutian people

The Guti or Quti, also known by the derived exonyms Gutians or Guteans, were a nomadic people of the Zagros Mountains (on the border of modern Iran and Iraq) during ancient times.

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Habei language

Habei (also known as Mani 玛尼) is a Southern Loloish language of Yunnan, China.

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Hackensack people

Hackensack was the exonym given by the Dutch colonists to a band of the Lenape, a Native American tribe.

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Hadjarai peoples

The Hadjarai are a group of peoples comprising 6.7% of the population of Chad, or more than 150,000 people.

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Halsten Stenkilsson

Halsten Stenkilsson, English exonym: Alstan (Old Icelandic: Hallstein) was a king of Sweden, son of King Stenkil and a Swedish princess.

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Hami

Hami, also known as Kumul, is a prefecture-level city in eastern Xinjiang, China.

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Hanlin Academy

The Hanlin Academy (Manchu: bithei yamun) was an academic and administrative institution founded in the eighth-century Tang China by Emperor Xuanzong in Chang'an.

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Harari language

Harari is the language of the Harari people of Ethiopia.

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Hattians

The Hattians were an ancient people who inhabited the land of Hatti in central Anatolia.

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Hausa people

The Hausa (autonyms for singular: Bahaushe (m), Bahaushiya (f); plural: Hausawa and general: Hausa; exonyms: Ausa) are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.

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Håkan

Håkan is a common Swedish given name.

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Hebrew language

No description.

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Heliopolis (ancient Egypt)

Heliopolis was a major city of ancient Egypt.

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Helvetii

The Helvetii (anglicized Helvetians) were a Gallic tribe or tribal confederation occupying most of the Swiss plateau at the time of their contact with the Roman Republic in the 1st century BC.

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Hezhang Buyi language

Hezhang Buyi or Shui is an endangered, divergent Northern Tai language spoken in Hezhang County, Guizhou, China.

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Hia C-eḍ O'odham

The Hia C-eḍ O'odham ("Sand Dune People"), also known as Areneños or Sand Papagos are a Native American peoples whose traditional homeland lies between the Ajo Range, the Gila River, the Colorado River, and the Gulf of California.

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Hidatsa

The Hidatsa are a Siouan people.

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Hindustan

Hindustan is the Persian name for India, broadly the Indian subcontinent, which later became an endonym.

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Hispanic–Latino naming dispute

The Hispanic–Latino naming dispute is an ongoing disagreement over the use of the ethnonyms "Hispanic" and "Latino" to refer collectively to the inhabitants of the United States of America who are of Latin American or Spanish origin—that is, Latino or Hispanic Americans.

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History of Montana

This is a broad outline history of the state of Montana in the United States.

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History of Romanian

The history of the Romanian language began in the Roman provinces of Southeast Europe north of the so-called "Jireček Line", but the exact place where its formation started is still debated.

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History of slavery in Asia

Slavery has existed all throughout Asia, and forms of slavery still exist today.

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History of slavery in the Muslim world

Slavery in the Muslim world first developed out of the slavery practices of pre-Islamic Arabia,Lewis 1994, and was at times radically different, depending on social-political factors such as the Arab slave trade.

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History of the Laz people

The Laz people or Lazi (ლაზი, lazi; or ჭანი, ch'ani; Laz) are an indigenous Kartvelian-speaking ethnic group inhabiting the Black Sea coastal regions of Turkey and Georgia.

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History of the Netherlands

The history of the Netherlands is the history of seafaring people thriving on a lowland river delta on the North Sea in northwestern Europe.

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History of Western Sahara

The history of Western Sahara can be traced back to the times of Carthaginian explorer Hanno the Navigator in the 5th century BC.

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Hmong people

The Hmong/Mong (RPA: Hmoob/Moob) are an indigenous people in Asia.

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Hobbit

Hobbits are a fictional, diminutive, humanoid race who inhabit the lands of Middle-earth in J. R. R. Tolkien’s fiction.

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Hokkaido

(), formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture.

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Hoklo Americans

Hokkien, Hoklo (Holo), and Minnan people are found in the United States.

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Hoklo people

The Hoklo people are Han Chinese people whose traditional ancestral homes are in Fujian, South China.

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Hopi

The Hopi are a Native American tribe, who primarily live on the Hopi Reservation in northeastern Arizona.

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Hopi-Tewa

The Hopi-Tewa (also Tano, Southern Tewa, Hano, Thano, or Arizona Tewa) are a Tewa Pueblo group that resides on the eastern part of the Hopi Reservation on or near First Mesa in northeastern Arizona.

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Hu (surname)

Hu (胡) is a Chinese surname.

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Huamango

Huamango is an early Postclassical (Toltec period) archaeological located about 4 kilometers northwest of the modern city of Acambay in the State of Mexico.

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Huamelulpan (archaeological site)

Huamelulpan is an archaeological site of the Mixtec culture, located in the town of San Martín Huamelulpan at an elevation of, about north-west of the city of Oaxaca, the capital of Oaxaca state.

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Huaning County

Huaning County is a county under the administration of Yuxi, in east-central Yunnan Province, China.

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Huaorani people

The Huaorani, Waorani or Waodani, also known as the Waos, are native Amerindians from the Amazonian Region of Ecuador (Napo, Orellana and Pastaza Provinces) who have marked differences from other ethnic groups from Ecuador.

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Hungarian prehistory

Hungarian prehistory (magyar őstörténet) spans the period of history of the Hungarian people, or Magyars, which started with the separation of the Hungarian language from other Finno-Ugric or Ugric languages around, and ended with the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin around.

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Hungarians

Hungarians, also known as Magyars (magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary (Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture, history and speak the Hungarian language.

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Hungary

Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.

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Hupa

Hupa are a Native American people of the Athabaskan-speaking ethnolinguistic group in northwestern California.

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Hupa language

Hupa (native name: Na:tinixwe Mixine:whe, lit. "language of the Hoopa Valley people") is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken along the lower course of the Trinity River in Northwestern California by the Hupa (Na:tinixwe) and, before European contact, by the Chilula and Whilkut peoples, to the west.

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Hussar

A hussar was a member of a class of light cavalry, originating in Eastern and Central Europe during the 15th and 16th centuries, originally Hungarian.

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Hutsuls

Hutsuls (гуцули, hutsuly; Hucuł, plural Huculi, Hucułowie; huțul, plural huțuli) is an ethno-cultural group of Ukrainians,Encyclopedia of Ukraine: Richard T.Schaefer (ed.), 2008, Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society, Volume 1, SAGE Publications, p. 1341.

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Iñupiat

The Iñupiat (or Inupiaq) are a native Alaskan people, whose traditional territory spans Norton Sound on the Bering Sea to the Canada–United States border.

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Iban people

The Ibans or Sea Dayaks are a branch of the Dayak peoples of Borneo.

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Ibanag people

The Ibanag (also Ybanag and Ybanak or Ibanak) are an ethnolinguistic minority numbering a little more than half a million people, who inhabit the provinces of Cagayan, Isabela and Nueva Vizcaya.

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Icelandic exonyms

The following is a list of Icelandic exonyms, that is to say names for places in Icelandic that have been adapted to Icelandic spelling rules, translated into Icelandic or are simply native names from Viking times (i.e. old endonyms surviving in Icelandic).

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Igorot people

Igorot, or Cordillerans, is the collective name of several Austronesian ethnic groups in the Philippines, who inhabit the mountains of Luzon.

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Igorot society

The Igorot Society is the term for the collection of several ethnic groups in the Philippines that come from the Cordillera Administrative Region of Luzon.

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Ikelan

The Ikelan (Éklan/Ikelan or Ibenheren in Tamasheq; Bouzou in Hausa; Bella in Songhai; singular Akli) are a caste within Tuareg society, who were at one time slaves or servile communities.

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Index of Cornwall-related articles

Presented below is an alphabetical index of articles related to Cornwall.

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Indigenous people of Oaxaca

The Indigenous people of Oaxaca are descendants of the inhabitants of what is now the state of Oaxaca, Mexico who were present before the Spanish invasion.

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.

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Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast

The indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast are composed of many nations and tribal affiliations, each with distinctive cultural and political identities, but they share certain beliefs, traditions and practices, such as the centrality of salmon as a resource and spiritual symbol.

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Ingrid of Sweden (disambiguation)

Ingrid of Sweden (English exonym: Ingrith) may refer to.

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Innu

The Innu (or Montagnais) are the Indigenous inhabitants of an area in Canada they refer to as Nitassinan (“Our Land”), which comprises most of the northeastern portion of the present-day province of Quebec and some eastern portions of Labrador.

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Inuit

The Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.

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Inuit Circumpolar Council

The Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) (Inuit Issittormiut Siunnersuisoqatigiifiat), formerly Inuit Circumpolar Conference, is a multinational non-governmental organization (NGO) and Indigenous Peoples' Organization (IPO) representing the 160,000 Inuit (often referred to as Eskimo) people living in Alaska (United States), Canada, Greenland (Denmark), and Chukotka (Russia).

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Inuit culture

Inuit describes the various groups of indigenous peoples who live throughout Inuit Nunangat, that is the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut of Northern Canada, Nunavik in Quebec and Nunatsiavut in Labrador, as well as in Greenland.

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Iowa people

The Iowa or Ioway, known as the Báxoǰe in their own language, are a Native American Siouan people.

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Iranian Americans

Iranian Americans or Persian Americans are U.S. citizens who are of Iranian ancestry or who hold Iranian citizenship.

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Iranian Australians

Iranian Australians or Persian Australians are citizens of Australia whose national background or ancestry is traced from Iran.

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Iranian Canadians

Iranian Canadians or Persian Canadians are citizens of Canada whose national background is traced from Iran or people possessing Iranian and Canadian dual citizenship.

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Iranians in the United Kingdom

Iranians in the United Kingdom, consist of people of Iranian nationality who have settled in the United Kingdom, as well as British residents and citizens of Iranian heritage.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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ISO 639-1

ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes.

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Israelites

The Israelites (בני ישראל Bnei Yisra'el) were a confederation of Iron Age Semitic-speaking tribes of the ancient Near East, who inhabited a part of Canaan during the tribal and monarchic periods.

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Isthmus Nahuatl

Isthmus Nahuatl (Isthmus Nahuat; native name: mela'tájtol) is a Nahuatl dialect cluster spoken by about 30,000 people in Veracruz, Mexico.

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Isthmus Zapotec

Isthmus Zapotec, also known as Juchitán Zapotec (native name diidxazá; Spanish: Zapoteco del Istmo), is a Zapotecan language spoken in Tehuantepec and Juchitán de Zaragoza, in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.

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Italian exonyms

Below is list of Italian language exonyms for places in non-Italian-speaking areas of Europe: In recent years, the use of Italian exonyms for lesser known places has significantly decreased, in favour of the foreign toponym.

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Itawes

The Itawes, Itawis, Hitawit or Itawit (endonym) are a people living in the Philippines.

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Itawis language

Itawis (also Itawit or Tawit as the endonym) is a Northern Philippine language spoken by the Itawis people and is closely related to the Ibanag and Ilocano.

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Itneg people

The Itneg (exonym "Tinguian" or "Tingguian") are an Austronesian ethnic group from the upland province of Abra in northwestern Luzon, in the Philippines.

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Ivar Vidfamne

Ivar Vidfamne (or Ívarr inn víðfaðmi; English exonym Ivar Widefathom; Old Danish Ivar Vidfadme – in Norwegian and Danish the form Ivar Vidfavne is sometimes used as an alternative form) was a legendary Scanian, Danish and Swedish mythological king hailing from Scania.

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Ivilyuat

Ivilyuat (ʔívil̃uʔat or Ivil̃uɂat or Cahuilla), is an endangered Uto-Aztecan language, spoken by the various tribes of the Cahuilla Nation, living in the Coachella Valley, San Gorgonio Pass and San Jacinto Mountains region of Southern California.

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Izhma Komi

Izhma Komi (Russian: Коми-ижемцы (Komi-Izhemtsy), endonym: Изьватас (Iźvatas)) is an ethnic group of Komi people residing primarily in the north of the Komi Republic.

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Jaako

The Jaako were an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Jadira

Jadira refers to a people and territory mentioned by Norman Tindale in his classic ethnographic map of Australian tribes.

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Jaitmatang

The Jaitmatang, otherwise known as the Yaithmathang, were an indigenous Australian people of the State of Victoria.

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Janov

Janov is a Czech and Slovak toponym derived from local variants of personal name Jan (John with meaning "John's" (e.g. farm, etc.). In both languages it is also an exonym for the Italian city of Genoa. It may refer, also in the form Yanov, to.

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Japhug language

Japhug is a Rgyalrong language spoken in Barkam County, Rngaba, Sichuan, China, in the three townships of Gdong-brgyad (Japhug), Gsar-rdzong (Japhug) and Da-tshang (Japhug). The endonym of the Japhug language is.

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Jarijari

Jarijari were an indigenous Australian people whose traditional territory was located in the Mallee region of Victoria.

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Jasz people

Jász is the Hungarian language and English language exonym for an ethnic minority, also known by the endonyms Iasi or Jassy, that has lived in Hungary since the 13th century.

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Jat of Afghanistan

The Jats or sometimes pronounced Jots are members of an ethnic group of itinerant travelers found in Afghanistan.

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Jelenia Góra

Jelenia Góra (Hirschberg im Riesengebirge; Exonym: Deer Mountain) is a city in Lower Silesia, south-western Poland.

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Jews

Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Jiaozhi

Jiaozhi (Tai: kɛɛuA1, Wade-Giles: Chiāo-chǐh), was the name for various provinces, commanderies, prefectures, and counties in northern Vietnam from the era of the Hùng kings to the middle of the Third Chinese domination of Vietnam (–10th centuries) and again during the Fourth Chinese domination (1407–1427).

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Jitajita

The Jitajita, otherwise spelt Yitayita, are an indigenous Australian people of southern New South Wales.

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Judaeo-Spanish

Judaeo-Spanish or Judeo-Spanish (judeo-español, Hebrew script: גֿודֿיאו-איספאנייול, Cyrillic: Ђудео-Еспањол), commonly referred to as Ladino, is a Romance language derived from Old Spanish.

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Judea

Judea or Judæa (from יהודה, Standard Yəhuda, Tiberian Yəhûḏāh, Ἰουδαία,; Iūdaea, يهودا, Yahudia) is the ancient Hebrew and Israelite biblical, the exonymic Roman/English, and the modern-day name of the mountainous southern part of Canaan-Israel.

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Kaffir (racial term)

Kaffir (alternatively kaffer; originally cafri) is an ethnic slur used to refer to a black person.

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Kahnawake

The Kahnawake Mohawk Territory (in Mohawk, Kahnawáˀkye in Tuscarora) is a First Nations reserve of the Mohawks of Kahnawá:ke on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, Canada, across from Montreal.

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Kahnawake surnames

The Mohawk Nation reserve of Kahnawake, south of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, includes residents with surnames of Mohawk, French, Scots and English ancestry, reflecting its multicultural history.

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Kalaako

The Kalaako were an indigenous Australian people of the Goldfields-Esperance region of Western Australia.

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Kalamaia

The Kalamaia are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Kalto language

Kalto, or Nahali, is an Indo-Aryan language of India.

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Kam language

The Kam language, also known as Gam (autonym: lix Gaeml), or in Chinese, Dong or Tung-Chia, is a Kam–Sui language spoken by the Dong people.

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Kam people

The Dong people, also known as Kam people (endonym), a Kam–Sui people of southern China, are one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China.

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Kambure

The Kambure more commonly known now as Gamberre,were an indigenous Australian people of the Kimberley region of Western Australia.

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Kanak people

Kanak (French spelling until 1984: Canaque) are the indigenous Melanesian inhabitants of New Caledonia, an overseas collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific.

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Kaneang

The Kaneang were an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Karajarri

The Karajarri are an Indigenous Australian people, who once lived southwest of the Kimberleys in the northern Pilbara, predominantly between the coastal area and the Great Sandy Desert.

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Karasahr

Karasahr or Karashar (Chinese 焉耆), which was originally known, in the Tocharian languages as Ārśi (or Arshi) and Agni, or the Chinese derivative Yānqí 焉耆 (Wade–Giles Yen-ch’i), is an ancient town on the Silk Road and the capital of Yanqi Hui Autonomous County in the Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, in northwestern China.

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Kariera people

The Karieri people were an Indigenous Australian people of the Pilbara, who once lived around the coastal and inland area around and east of Port Hedland.

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Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł (1734–1790)

Prince Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł (Караль Станіслаў Радзівіл II, Karolis Stanislovas Radvila II, Exonym: Charles Stanislaus: 27 February 1734 – 21 November 1790) was a Polish nobleman, politician, diplomat, prince of the Crown Kingdom of Poland and the Commonwealth, statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Voivode of Vilnius, governor of Lwów and Sejm Marshal between 1767 and 1768.

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Kartli

Kartli (ქართლი) is a historical region in central-to-eastern Georgia traversed by the river Mtkvari (Kura), on which Georgia's capital, Tbilisi, is situated.

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Kashmiri Pandit

The Kashmiri Pandits (also known as Kashmiri Brahmins) are a Saraswat Brahmin community from the Kashmir Valley, a mountainous region in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

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Kassites

The Kassites were people of the ancient Near East, who controlled Babylonia after the fall of the Old Babylonian Empire c. 1531 BC and until c. 1155 BC (short chronology).

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Kathu language

Kathu (Thou) is a Lolo-Burmese language of Balong (坝聋), Nanping Township (南屏镇), Guangnan County, Yunnan, China.

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Kaurna

The Kaurna people are a group of Indigenous Australians whose traditional lands include the Adelaide Plains of South Australia.

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Kaurna language

Kaurna is a Pama-Nyungan language historically spoken by the Kaurna peoples of the Adelaide Plains of South Australia.

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Kavalan people

The Kavalan (endonym "kbaran"; "people living in the plain") or Kuvalan are an indigenous people of Taiwan, part of the larger Taiwanese aborigine ethnic group.

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Kayan Beauties

Kayan Beauties is a 2012 Myanmar film written and directed by Aung Ko Latt.

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Kelp

Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales.

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Khakas language

Khakas (endonym: Хакас тілі, Xakas tili) is a Turkic language spoken by the Khakas people, who mainly live in the southwestern Siberian Khakas Republic, or Khakassia, in Russia.

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Khawarij

The Khawarij (الخوارج, al-Khawārij, singular خارجي, khāriji), Kharijites, or the ash-Shurah (ash-Shurāh "the Exchangers") are members of a school of thought, that appeared in the first century of Islam during the First Fitna, the crisis of leadership after the death of Muhammad.

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Khiamniungan language

Khiamniungan (Khiamngan, Khiamniungan) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the Khiamniungan people in east-central Noklak District of Nagaland in northeastern India and in northwestern Burma.

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Khmu people

The Khmu (Khmu:; ຂະມຸ; ขมุ; Khơ Mú;; ခမူ) are an ethnic group of Southeast Asia.

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Khoisan

Khoisan, or according to the contemporary Khoekhoegowab orthography Khoesān (pronounced), is an artificial catch-all name for the so-called "non-Bantu" indigenous peoples of Southern Africa, combining the Khoekhoen (formerly "Khoikhoi") and the Sān or Sākhoen (also, in Afrikaans: Boesmans, or in English: Bushmen, after Dutch Boschjesmens; and Saake in the Nǁng language).

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Kingdom of Iberia

In Greco-Roman geography, Iberia (Ancient Greek: Ἰβηρία; Hiberia) was an exonym (foreign name) for the Georgian kingdom of Kartli (ქართლი), known after its core province, which during Classical Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages was a significant monarchy in the Caucasus, either as an independent state or as a dependent of larger empires, notably the Sassanid and Roman empires.

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Kiong Nai language

Kiong Nai (or Jiongnai, jiǒngnài) is a divergent Hmongic (Miao) language spoken in Jinxiu County, Guangxi, China.

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Kirrae

The Kirrae, according to Norman Tindale, were an indigenous Australian people of the State of Victoria.

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Kituwa

The Cherokee believe the ancient settlement of Kituwa (also spelled Kituwah, Keetoowah, Kittowa, Kitara and other similar variations) or giduwa (Cherokee:ᎩᏚᏩ), on the Tuckasegee River is their original settlement and is one of the "seven mother towns" in the Southeast.

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Klallam language

Klallam, Clallam, Na'klallam or S'klallam (endonym: Nəxʷsƛ̓ay̓əmúcən), now extinct, was a Straits Salishan language that was traditionally spoken by the Klallam peoples at Becher Bay on Vancouver Island in British Columbia and across the Strait of Juan de Fuca on the north coast of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington.

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Koara

The Koara people, more recently spelt Kuwarra, are an Indigenous Australian people living in the Kuwarra Western Desert region of Western Australia.

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Kokatha

The Kokatha, also known as the Kokatha Mula, are an indigenous Australian people of the state of South Australia.

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Kokokulunggur

The Kokokulunggur are an indigenous Australian people of North Queensland.

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Kokomini

The Kokomini were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.

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Kokowalandja

The Kokowalandja were an indigenous Australian people of northern Queensland.

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Kokowara

The Kokowara were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.

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Kombumerri clan

The Kombumerri clan are one of nine distinct named clan estate groups of the Yugambeh people and the name refers to the Indigenous people of the Nerang area on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

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Korea

Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.

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Korean language

The Korean language (Chosŏn'gŭl/Hangul: 조선말/한국어; Hanja: 朝鮮말/韓國語) is an East Asian language spoken by about 80 million people.

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Koryaks

Koryaks (or Koriak) are an indigenous people of the Russian Far East, who live immediately north of the Kamchatka Peninsula in Kamchatka Krai and inhabit the coastlands of the Bering Sea.

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Kpelle language

The Kpelle language (endonym: "Kpɛlɛɛ") is spoken by the Kpelle people and is part of the Mande family of languages.

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Kra–Dai languages

The Kra–Dai languages (also known as Tai–Kadai, Daic and Kadai) are a language family of tonal languages found in southern China, Northeast India and Southeast Asia.

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Krauatungalung people

The Krauatungalung were an indigenous Australian tribe of East Gippsland, in Victoria.

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Kresh languages

Kresh is a small language group of South Sudan.

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Kukatja (Northern Territory)

The Kukatja, also frequently referred to as Loritja, are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Kuki people

The Kukis constitute one of several hill tribes within the India, Bangladesh, and Burma.

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Kulung language

Kulung (autonym: Kulu rɩŋ, kulu rɪŋ) is a Kiranti language spoken by an estimated 33,000 people.

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Kuril Islands

The Kuril Islands or Kurile Islands (or; p or r; Japanese: or), in Russia's Sakhalin Oblast region, form a volcanic archipelago that stretches approximately northeast from Hokkaido, Japan, to Kamchatka, Russia, separating the Sea of Okhotsk from the north Pacific Ocean.

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Kurrama people

The Kurrama people are an indigenous Australian people from the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

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Kuyani

The Kuyani are an indigenous Australian people of the state of South Australia.

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Lachi language

The Lachi language (Chinese: Laji 拉基, Vietnamese: La Chí; autonym in China:; autonym in Vietnam:, where means "person") is a Kra language spoken in Yunnan, China and in northern Vietnam.

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Ladino people

The Ladino people are a mix of mestizo or hispanicized peoples en el Diccionario de la Real Academia Española (DRAE) in Latin America, principally in Central America.

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Lahnda

Lahnda also known as Lahndi or Western Punjabi (is a group of north-western Indo-Aryan language varieties spoken in Pakistani Punjab and in parts of the neighbouring Azad Kashmir and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. These terms are exonyms and are not used by the speakers themselves. The emerging languages of this dialect area are Saraiki, Hindko and Pothohari. --> The validity of Lahnda as a genetic grouping has not been established.

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Lahu people

The Lahu people (Lahu: Ladhulsi / Kawzhawd; La Hủ) are an ethnic group of China and Mainland Southeast Asia.

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Laia people

The Laia were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.

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Lalo language

Lalo (Western Yi) is a Loloish language cluster spoken in western Yunnan, China by 300,000 speakers.

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Lambityeco

Lambityeco is a small archaeological site just about 3 kilometers west of the Tlacolula city in the Mexican state of Oaxaca.

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Languages of South Africa

There are eleven official languages of South Africa: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, SiSwati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu.

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Languages of the Republic of Macedonia

The official, national and most widespread language in the Republic of Macedonia is Macedonian.

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Lanong

Lanong were large outrigger warships used by the Iranun and the Banguingui people of the Philippines.

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Latin exonyms

Below is list of Latin exonyms for places in Europe and Middle East.

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Latin peoples

Latin peoples, also called Romance peoples, is a term used broadly to refer to those societies heavily influenced by Roman culture that, after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, started to diverge from the spoken Vulgar Latin language, creating localized versions which nowadays make up the Romance languages.

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Latino

Latino is a term often used in the United States to refer to people with cultural ties to Latin America, in contrast to Hispanic which is a demonym that includes Spaniards and other speakers of the Spanish language.

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Latjilatji

The Latjilatji are an indigenous Australian people of the state of Victoria, Australia.

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Laz people

The Laz people or Lazi (ლაზი, lazi; or ჭანი, ch'ani; Laz) are an indigenous Kartvelian-speaking ethnic group inhabiting the Black Sea coastal regions of Turkey and Georgia.

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Leleges

The Leleges (Λέλεγες) were one of the pre-hellenic aboriginal peoples of the Aegean littoral, distinct from the Pelasgians.

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Lemkos

Lemkos (Лeмки, Łemkowie, Lemko: Лeмкы, translit. Lemkŷ; sing. Лeмкo, Lemko) are an ethnic sub-group inhabiting a stretch of the Carpathian Mountains known as Lemkivshchyna.

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Lenapehoking

Lenapehoking is a term for the lands historically inhabited by the Native American people known as the Lenape (named the Delaware people or Delaware Nation by early European settlers) in what is now the Northeastern United States.

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Lendians

The Lendians (Lędzianie) were a West Slavic tribe who lived in the area of East Lesser Poland and Cherven Towns between the 7th and 11th centuries.

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Lhoba people

Lhoba (Lo, Klo, Glo) is any of a diverse amalgamation of Sino-Tibetan-speaking tribespeople living in and around Pemako, a region in southeastern Tibet including Mainling, Medog and Zayü counties of Nyingchi Prefecture and Lhünzê County of Lhoka (Shannan) Prefecture.

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Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture

Liangshan (Yi: ꆃꎭ Niep Sha, pronounced), officially the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, is an autonomous prefecture occupying much of the southern extremity of Sichuan province, People's Republic of China; its seat is Xichang.

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Limbu people

The Limbu (ᤕᤠᤰᤌᤢᤱ) (exonym) or Yakthung (endonym) are Kirati people indigenous and native to their homeland himalayas, hills, mountainous and plains regions of Limbuwan.

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Limi language

Limi (autonym: li33 mi33) is a Loloish language spoken in Yongde, Fengqing, and Yun counties of western Yunnan province, China.

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Linguistic purism

Linguistic purism or linguistic protectionism is the practice of defining or recognizing one variety of a language as being purer or of intrinsically higher quality than other varieties.

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Lisoish languages

The Lisoish languages are a branch of the Loloish languages proposed by Ziwo Lama (2012) that includes Lisu and several of the Yi languages.

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List of Algonquin ethnonyms

This is a list of various names the Algonquins have been recorded.

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List of alternative names for oceans

The world's oceans have different names in different languages.

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List of ancient Daco-Thracian peoples and tribes

This is a list of four ancient peoples and their tribes that were possibly related and formed an extinct Indo-European branch of peoples and languages in the eastern Balcans, low Danube basin.

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List of ancient peoples of Italy

This list of ancient peoples living in Italy summarises groupings existing before the Roman expansion and conquest.

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List of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia

This is a list of ancient tribes in Thrace and Dacia (Θρᾴκη, Δακία) including possibly or partly Thracian or Dacian tribes, and non-Thracian or non-Dacian tribes that inhabited the lands known as Thrace and Dacia.

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List of Armenian exonyms

Below is a list of Armenian language exonyms for places.

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List of Asian regions with alternative names

Many regions and provinces of Asia have alternative names in different languages.

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List of Bergen, New Netherland placename etymologies

Bergen was a part of the 17th-century Dutch colony of New Netherland, in what is now northeastern New Jersey.

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List of Celtic place names in Galicia

The Celtic toponymy of Galicia is the whole of the ancient or modern place, river, or mountain names which were originated inside a Celtic language, and thus have Celtic etymology, and which are or were located inside the limits of modern Galicia.

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List of chemical element name etymologies

This is the list of etymologies for all chemical element names.

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List of counties in Arizona

There are 15 counties in the U.S. state of Arizona.

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List of countries and dependencies and their capitals in native languages

The following chart lists countries and dependencies along with their capital cities, in English as well as any additional official language(s).

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List of country names in various languages

Most countries of the world have different names in different languages.

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List of country-name etymologies

This list covers English language country names with their etymologies.

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List of Croatian exonyms for places in Hungary

This is a list of Croatian language exonyms for cities, towns and villages located in Hungary.

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List of crossings of the Hackensack River

The Hackensack River courses southward for approximately through Rockland County in New York and Bergen and Hudson counties in northeastern New Jersey, forming the border of the latter two for part of its length.

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List of Czech exonyms for places in Austria

This is a list of Czech language exonyms for towns located in Austria.

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List of Czech exonyms for places in Germany

This is a list of Czech language exonyms for towns located in Germany.

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List of demonyms for Philippine provinces

This is a list of terms which are used, or have been used in the past, to designate the residents of specific provinces of the Philippines.

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List of Dutch exonyms for places in Belgium

This is a list of Dutch exonyms for towns located in Belgium.

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List of Dutch exonyms for places in Germany

The following table contains a list of Dutch exonyms for places located in Germany.

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List of English exonyms for Arabic-speaking places

The list includes countries and territories, and their capitals or administrative centres, where at least one official language is Arabic.

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List of English exonyms for German toponyms

This list is a compilation of German toponyms (i.e., names of cities, regions, rivers, mountains and other geographical features situated in a German-speaking area) that have traditional English exonyms.

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List of English exonyms for Italian toponyms

This list of English exonyms for Italian toponyms is a compilation of Italian toponyms, names of cities, regions, rivers, mountains and other geographical features, in an Italian-speaking area (principally in Italy and Switzerland) which have traditional English exonyms.

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List of English words from indigenous languages of the Americas

This is a list of English language words borrowed from indigenous languages of the Americas, either directly or through intermediate European languages such as Spanish or French.

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List of English words of Russian origin

This page transcribes Russian (written in Cyrillic script) using the IPA.

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List of ethnic slurs

The following is a list of ethnic slurs (ethnophaulisms) that are, or have been, used as insinuations or allegations about members of a given ethnicity, or to refer to them in a derogatory (that is, critical or disrespectful), pejorative (disapproving or contemptuous), or otherwise insulting manner.

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List of European exonyms

Below is a list with links to further Wikipedia-pages containing lists of exonyms of various European languages for villages, towns, and cities in Europe.

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List of European regions with alternative names

Most regions and provinces of Europe have alternative names in different languages.

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List of European rivers with alternative names

Many rivers in Europe have alternative names in different languages.

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List of former Serbian exonyms in Vojvodina

This is a list of former (or historical) Serbian language exonyms for towns and villages in the Vojvodina region of Serbia.

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List of French exonyms for Italian toponyms

This list of French exonyms for Italian toponyms is a compilation of Italian toponyms, names of cities, regions, rivers, mountains and other geographical features which are francized in Italy l'Italie, Italian Switzerland and other areas which are Italian-speaking or influenced by the Italian language.

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List of geographic names of Iranian origin

This is a list of geographic names of Iranian origin.

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List of German exonyms

Below is a list of German language exonyms for formerly German places and places in non-German-speaking areas of the world.

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List of German exonyms for places in Belgium

This is a list of German language exonyms for towns in Belgium.

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List of German exonyms for places in Croatia

This is a list of German exonyms for toponyms in Croatia.

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List of German exonyms for places in Denmark

Below is list of German language exonyms for places in Denmark.

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List of German exonyms for places in Estonia

Below is a list of German language exonyms for settlements and other places in Estonia.

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List of German exonyms for places in Latvia

This page contains a list of exonyms in German for geographical places in the current and previous territory of Latvia.

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List of Greek and Latin roots in English/O

Category:Lists of words.

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List of historical German and Czech names for places in the Czech Republic

The names of many places in the Czech lands (Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia) have evolved during their history.

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List of Hudson County, New Jersey placename etymologies

This is a list of locales in Hudson County, New Jersey categorized by origin of their name.

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List of Indigenous Australian group names

Below is a list of names and collective designations which have been applied, either currently or in the past, to groups of Indigenous Australians.

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List of indigenous peoples

This is a partial list of the world's indigenous / aboriginal / native people.

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List of Irish exonyms

This is list of Irish language exonyms for places outside Ireland.

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List of Italian exonyms in Dalmatia

This is a list of Italian exonyms for places in the Croatian region of Dalmatia and the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea (including the shores of Montenegro), up to the city of Rijeka.

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List of Italian exonyms in Istria

The following is a list of Italian language endonyms for towns and villages in Istria.

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List of Japanese exonyms

Japanese exonyms are the names of places in the Japanese language that differ from the name given in the dominant language of the aforementioned region.

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List of Jewish ethnonyms

An ethnonym is the name applied to a given ethnic group.

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List of language names

This article is a resource of how to say the native name of most of the major languages in the world.

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List of Latvian exonyms

Below is list of Latvian language exonyms for places in non-Latvian-speaking areas of Europe.

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List of names of Asian cities in different languages

This is a list of cities in Asia that have several different names in different languages, including former names.

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List of names of European cities in different languages

Many cities in Europe have different names in different languages.

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List of navies

This is a list of navies, present and historical.

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List of New Netherland placename etymologies

Nieuw-Nederland, or New Netherland, was the seventeenth-century colonial province of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands on northeastern coast of North America.

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List of Nipissing ethnonyms

This is a list of various names the Nipissing have been recorded.

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List of Ojibwa ethnonyms

This is a list of various names the Ojibwa have been recorded.

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List of Palestinians

The following Lists of Palestinians are lists of notable people with either a self-designation (endonym) or a foreign appellation (exonym) as "Palestinian", or who were born in the region of Palestine.

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List of Philippine provincial name etymologies

The provinces of the Philippines are mainly named after geographic features like rivers and islands, after abundant flora and fauna, after ethnic groups or individuals, or bear a name of older local origin.

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List of placenames of indigenous origin in the Americas

Many places throughout North, Central, and South America take their names from the languages of the indigenous inhabitants of the area.

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List of Portuguese exonyms

Below is a list of Portuguese language exonyms for places in non-Portuguese-speaking areas of Europe.

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List of Russian exonyms

Below is a list of Russian language exonyms for places, mainly in Europe.

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List of Toho alien races

This is a list of the extraterrestrial races featured in the tokusatsu films and television series produced by Japanese production company Toho, including the various ''Godzilla films''.

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List of Turkish exonyms

An exonym is a place name, used by non-natives of that place, that differs from the official or native name for that place.

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Lithuanian exonyms

This is a list of Lithuanian language exonyms for places in non-Lithuanian-speaking areas of Europe.

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Little Wallachia

Little Wallachia or Lesser Wallachia (Valachia Minor) may refer to places inhabited by Romanians or Aromanians, derived from the exonym Vlach.

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Ljubljana

Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.

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Loko people

The Loko (IPA: Lɔkɔ) are one of the indigenous ethnic groups in Sierra Leone.

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Lolo-Burmese languages

The Lolo-Burmese languages (also Burmic languages) of Burma and Southern China form a coherent branch of the Sino-Tibetan family.

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Lovono language

Lovono (Vano, Alavano, Alavana) is a nearly extinct language of the island of Vanikoro in the easternmost province of the Solomon Islands.

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Lozi language

Lozi, also known as siLozi and Rozi, is a Bantu language of the Niger–Congo language family within the Sotho–Tswana branch of Zone S (S.30), that is spoken by the Lozi people, primarily in southwestern Zambia and in surrounding countries.

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Lua people

The Lua people are a minority ethnic group native to Laos, although there is now a sizable community living in Thailand.

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Lycian language

The Lycian language (𐊗𐊕𐊐𐊎𐊆𐊍𐊆)Bryce (1986) page 30.

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Lydia

Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Λυδία, Lydía; Lidya) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir.

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Ma Manda language

Sauk, or Ma Manda (endonym), is one of the Finisterre languages of Papua New Guinea.

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Maasai language

Maasai (Masai) or Maa (autonym: ɔl Maa) is an Eastern Nilotic language spoken in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania by the Maasai people, numbering about 800,000.

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Machapunga

The Machapunga were a small Native American tribe of the Algonquian language family, one of a number in the territory of North Carolina.

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Mackem

Mackem, Makem or Mak'em is the informal nickname for residents of and people from Sunderland, a city in North East England.

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Madawaska Maliseet First Nation

Madawaska Maliseet First Nation or St.

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Madoitja

The Madoitja were an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Madona

Madona (Modohn) is a town with town rights in the Vidzeme region of Latvia and is the center of the Madona municipality.

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Maduwongga

The Maduwongga are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Maia people

The Maia were an indigenous Australian tribe of Western Australia.

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Maiawali

The Maiawali, other wise known as the Mayuli, are an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.

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Maikulan

The Maikulan were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.

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Mak language

The Mak language (autonym: ’ai3 ma:k8) is a Kam–Sui language spoken in Libo County, Qiannan Prefecture, Guizhou, China.

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Makah

The Makah (Klallam: màq̓áʔa)Renker, Ann M., and Gunther, Erna (1990).

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Makah language

The Makah language is the indigenous language spoken by the Makah.

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Malankara

Malankara is the endonym for historical region which forms present day Kerala in India.

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Maldivian language

Maldivian, also known as Dhivehi or Divehi (ދިވެހި, or ދިވެހިބަސް), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the South Asian island country of Maldives; it is the language of Maldivians, an Indo-Aryan ethnic group native to the country.

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Maliseet

The Wolastoqiyik, or Maliseet (also spelled Malecite), are an Algonquian-speaking First Nation of the Wabanaki Confederacy.

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Maltese exonyms

Below is list of Maltese exonyms for towns, cities and villages outside of Malta.

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Manahoac

The Manahoac, also recorded as Mahock, were a small group of Siouan-language American Indians in northern Virginia at the time of European contact.

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Manbarra

The Manbarra, otherwise known as the Wulgurukaba, were an Indigenous Australian people, and the original inhabitants of Palm Island in Queensland.

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Mandan

The Mandan are a Native American tribe of the Great Plains who have lived for centuries primarily in what is now North Dakota.

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Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation

The Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation (MHA Nation), also known as the Three Affiliated Tribes, is a Native American Nation resulting from the alliance of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara peoples, whose native lands ranged across the Missouri River basin extending from present day North Dakota Through western Montana and Wyoming.

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Mandjindja

The Mandjindja are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Manga language (Sino-Tibetan)

Manga (autonym) is a Lolo-Burmese language spoken by the Yi people of China.

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Mango language (Sino-Tibetan)

Mango (autonym) is a Lolo-Burmese language spoken by just under 50 people in Guangnan County, Yunnan, China.

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Manjak people

The Manjaks or Manjacks (Manjak: Manjaku; Mandjak; Manjaco; Wolof: Njaago) are an ethnic group in Guinea-Bissau.

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Manuel Córdova-Rios

Manuel Córdova-Rios (November 22, 1887 – November 22, 1978) was a vegetalista (herbalist) of the upper Amazon, and the subject of several popular books.

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Maonan people

The Maonan (Maonan: Anan, translates to local people) people are one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China.

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Marcel Aurousseau

Marcel Aurousseau BSc (Syd.) MC C. de G. (19 April 1891 in Woollahra, Sydney – 22 August 1983 in Sydney) was an Australian geographer, geologist, war hero, historian and translator.

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Marditjali

The Marditjali were an Indigenous Australian people, a small tribe, distinct from the Jaadwa whose lands extended from the state of Victoria to South Australia.

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Mardudunera people

The Mardudunera, more accurately, Martuthunira, are an indigenous people in the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

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Maridjabin

The Maridjabin or Marrisjabin, were an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Marijedi

The Marijedi are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Maringar

The Maringar are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Marrithiyal people

The Marrithiyal, also written Marithiel, are an indigenous Australian people whose traditional territory lay 30 to 50 miles south of the Daly River in the Northern Territory.

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Marsi

Marsi is the Latin exonym for an Italic people of ancient Italy, whose chief centre was Marruvium, on the eastern shore of Lake Fucinus (which was drained for agricultural land in the late 19th century).

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Mascouten

The Mascouten (also Mascoutin, Mathkoutench, Muscoden, or Musketoon) were a tribe of Algonquian-speaking Native Americans located in the Midwest.

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Master race

The master race (die Herrenrasse) is a concept in Nazi and Neo-Nazi ideology in which the Nordic or Aryan races, predominant among Germans and other northern European peoples, are deemed the highest in racial hierarchy.

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Mathews' Chinese-English Dictionary

A Chinese-English Dictionary: Compiled for the China Inland Mission by R. H. Mathews (1931) or Mathews' Chinese-English Dictionary (1943), edited by the Australian Congregationalist missionary Robert Henry Mathews (1877-1970), was the standard Chinese-English dictionary for decades.

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Mati Ke

The Mati Ke otherwise known as the Magatige, are an indigenous Australian people, whose traditional lands are located in the Wadeye area in the Northern Territory, Their language is in danger of extinction.

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Matuntara people

The Matuntara are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Mau Mau Uprising

The Mau Mau Uprising (1952–1964), also known as the Mau Mau Rebellion, the Kenya Emergency, and the Mau Mau Revolt, was a war in the British Kenya Colony (1920–63).

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Maung people

The Maung, or Warruwi are the indigenous Australian people living on the Goulburn Islands in the Arafura sea off the coast of the Northern Territory.

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Mauphu language

Mauphu (autonym) is a highly endangered Lolo-Burmese language spoken by about 20 people in Dagulu 大咕噜 village, Guangnan County, Yunnan, China.

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Maza language

Maza (autonym) is a Lolo-Burmese language spoken by the Yi people of China.

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Megleno-Romanians

The Megleno-Romanians (Meglenoromâni), Moglenite Vlachs (Βλαχομογλενίτες, Vlachomoglenítes) or simply Meglenites (Megleniţi, Megleno-Romanian: Miglinits) or Vlachs (Megleno-Romanian: Vlaș; Vlaşi. Власи) are a small Eastern Romance people, originally inhabiting seven villages in the Moglena region spanning the Pella and Kilkis regional units of Central Macedonia, Greece, and one village, Huma, across the border in the Republic of Macedonia.

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Megyer

Megyer is an old Hungarian male given name, derived from Mogyer, the name of the leading Hungarian tribe and has of Finno-Ugric or Turkic origin.

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Meintangk people

The Meintangk are an indigenous Australian people, often classified as a subgroup of the Ngarrindjeri.

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Meitei people

The Meitei (also Meetei, Meithei, Manipuri) people are the majority ethnic group of Manipur, a northeastern state of India.

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Melungeon

Melungeon is a term traditionally applied to one of numerous "tri-racial isolate" groups of the Southeastern United States.

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Menominee

The Menominee (also spelled Menomini, derived from the Ojibwe language word for "Wild Rice People;" known as Mamaceqtaw, "the people," in the Menominee language) are a federally recognized nation of Native Americans, with a reservation in Wisconsin.

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Menumorut

Menumorut or Menumorout (Меноморут; Ménmarót) was the ruler of the lands between the rivers Mureș, Someș and Tisza at the time of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin around 900, according to the Gesta Hungarorum, a Hungarian chronicle written after 1150 by an unidentified author, referred to as Anonymus.

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Mestizo

Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.

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Metoac

Metoac was a term erroneously used to describe Native Americans on Long Island in New York state, in the belief that various bands on the island comprised distinct tribes.

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Mi'kmaq

The Mi'kmaq or Mi'gmaq (also Micmac, L'nu, Mi'kmaw or Mi'gmaw) are a First Nations people indigenous to Canada's Atlantic Provinces and the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec as well as the northeastern region of Maine.

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Miami people

The Miami (Miami-Illinois: Myaamiaki) are a Native American nation originally speaking one of the Algonquian languages.

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Miami Tribe of Oklahoma

The Miami Tribe of Oklahoma is the only federally recognized Native American tribe of Miami Indians in the United States.

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Micha language

Micha, or Miqie (autonym: mi55 tɕhe21 pho21), is a Loloish language of Yunnan.

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Midwestern United States

The Midwestern United States, also referred to as the American Midwest, Middle West, or simply the Midwest, is one of four census regions of the United States Census Bureau (also known as "Region 2").

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Milang tribe

The Milang tribe (alternately Millang, Malaa, or Holon) are a tribe of the Adi people of Arunachal Pradesh and nearby Jonai, in Assam, India.

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Miletus

Miletus (Milētos; Hittite transcription Millawanda or Milawata (exonyms); Miletus; Milet) was an ancient Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia, near the mouth of the Maeander River in ancient Caria.

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Millang

The Milang tribe (alternately Millang, Malaa, or Holon) are a sub-group of the Adi people found in Arunachal Pradesh and nearby Rigbi, Jonai,in Assam, India.

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Min Kingdom

Min was one of the Ten Kingdoms which was in existence between the years of 909 and 945.

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Mineng

Mineng, also called Minang or Menang are an indigenous Australian people of southern Western Australia.

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Minyungbal

The Minyungbal, also written Minjungbal, are an indigenous Australian people of New South Wales.

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Mirimanidze

The Mirimanidze ("sons of Miriman") were a Georgian noble family of Armenian ethnicity whose members rose in prominence in the service of Iran’s Safavid dynasty.

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Miriwung people

The Miriwung are an indigenous Australian people of the Kimberley region of northern Western Australia.

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Mirning

The Mirning, also known as the Ngandatha, are an Indigenous Australian people whose traditional lands lay on the coastal region of the Great Australian Bight extending from Western Australia into south-west South Australia.

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Mississaugas

The Mississauga are a subtribe of the Anishinaabe-speaking First Nations people located in southern Ontario, Canada.

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Miwa people

The Miwa are an indigenous Australian people of the Kimberley region of Western Australia.

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Mixtec language

The Mixtec, languages belong to the Otomanguean language family of Mexico, and are closely related to the Trique and Cuicatec languages.

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Moghulistan

Moghulistan (Mughalistan, Moghul Khanate) (from مغولستان, Moqulestân/Moġūlistān), also called the Eastern Chagatai Khanate, was a Mongol breakaway khanate of the Chagatai Khanate and a historical geographic area north of the Tian Shan mountain range, on the border of Central Asia and East Asia.

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Mohawk language

Mohawk (Kanien’kéha, " of the Flint Place") is a threatened Iroquoian language currently spoken by around 3,500 people of the Mohawk nation, located primarily in Canada (southern Ontario and Quebec) and to a lesser extent in the United States (western and northern New York).

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Mohe people

The Mohe, Malgal, or Mogher were a Tungusic people who lived primarily in modern Northeast Asia.

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Mojave Desert

The Mojave Desert is an arid rain-shadow desert and the driest desert in North America.

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Molise Croats

Molise Croats (Moliški Hrvati) or Molise Slavs (Slavo-molisani, Slavi del Molise) are a Croat community in the Molise province of Campobasso of Italy, which constitutes the majority in the three villages of Acquaviva Collecroce (Kruč), San Felice del Molise (Štifilić) and Montemitro (Mundimitar).

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Molokan

A Molokan (p or молоканин, "dairy-eater") is a member of various Spiritual Christian sects that evolved from Eastern Christianity in the East Slavic lands.

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Momogun language

Kimaragang (Marigang), Tobilung, and Rungus are varieties of a single Austronesian language of Sabah, Malaysia.

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Mongolian shamanism

Mongolian shamanism, more broadly called the Mongolian folk religion, or occasionally Tengerism, refers to the animistic and shamanic ethnic religion that has been practiced in Mongolia and its surrounding areas (including Buryatia and Inner Mongolia) at least since the age of recorded history.

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Monguor people

The Monguor or Tu people, White Mongol or Tsagaan Mongol are one of the 56 officially recognized ethnic groups in China.

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Moors

The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.

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Morlachs

Morlachs (Morlaci, Vlaji, Морлаци) has been an exonym used for a rural Christian community in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Lika and the Dalmatian Hinterland.

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Moro people

The Moro, also called the Bangsamoro or Bangsa Moro, are the Muslim population of the Philippines, forming the largest non-Catholic group in the country and comprising about 11% (as of the year 2012) of the total Philippine population.

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Motang language

Motang (autonym) is a highly endangered Lolo-Burmese language with 6 speakers in Longtan 龙潭 village, Guangnan County, Yunnan, China.

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Mount Ararat

Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı; Մասիս, Masis and Արարատ, Ararat) is a snow-capped and dormant compound volcano in the extreme east of Turkey.

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Mountains of Ararat

In the Book of Genesis, the mountains of Ararat (Biblical Hebrew, Tiberian hārēy Ǎrārāṭ, Septuagint: ὄρη τὰ Ἀραράτ) is the term used to designate the region in which Noah's Ark comes to rest after the Great Flood.

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Mozarabic language

Mozarabic, more accurately Andalusi Romance, was a continuum of closely related Romance dialects spoken in the Muslim-controlled areas of the Iberian Peninsula, known as Al-Andalus.

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Muak Sa-aak language

Muak Sa-aak (autonym: mùak sɤ́ʔàak, meaning 'mountain slope') is an Angkuic language spoken in the Burma-China border region by over 4,000 people.

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Muangphe language

Muangphe (autonym) is a Lolo-Burmese language spoken by about 300 people in Guangnan County, Yunnan, China.

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Mudburra

The Mudburra are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern territory.

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Mulam language

No description.

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Muluridji

The Muluridji were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.

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Mun (religion)

Mun or Munism (also called Bongthingism) is the traditional polytheistic, animist, shamanistic, and syncretic religion of the Lepcha people.

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Murcian Spanish

Murcian (endonym: murciano) is a variant of Peninsular Spanish, spoken mainly in the autonomous community of Murcia and the adjacent comarcas of Vega Baja del Segura and Alto Vinalopó in the province of Alicante (Valencia), the corridor of Almansa in Albacete (Castile-La Mancha).

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Murngin people

Murnginis a term formerly used to denote a number of tribes of Arnhem Land.

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Muscogee

The Muscogee, also known as the Mvskoke, Creek and the Muscogee Creek Confederacy, are a related group of Indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.

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Muthi Muthi

The Matimati people, also written Muthimuthi are an Indigenous Australians people whose traditional lands are located in the Northern Riverina and Far West regions of New South Wales.

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Mutumui

The Mutumui were an indigenous Australian people of northern Queensland.

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Muzo

Muzo is a town and municipality in the Western Boyacá Province, part of the department of Boyacá, Colombia.

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Naga nationalism

Naga nationalism is an ideology that supports the self-determination of the Naga people in India and Myanmar, and the furtherance of Naga culture.

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Naga people

The Naga people are an ethnic group conglomerating of several tribes native to the North Eastern part of India and north-western Myanmar (Burma).

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Nakako

The Nakako are an indigenous Australian people of Western and Southern Australia.

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Nakota

The term Nakota (or Nakoda or also Nakona) is the endonym used by those native peoples of North America who usually go by the name of Assiniboine (or Hohe), in the United States, and of Stoney, in Canada.

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Name of Armenia

The name Armenia enters English via Latin, from Ancient Greek Ἀρμενία.

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Name of Georgia (country)

Georgia is the Western exonym for the nation in the Caucasus natively known as Sakartvelo (საქართველო). The Russian exonym is Gruziya (Грузия).

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Name of Greece

The name of Greece differs in Greek compared with the names used for the country in other languages and cultures, just like the names of the Greeks.

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Name of Hungary

Hungary, the name in English for the country of the same name, is an exonym derived from the Medieval Latin Hungaria.

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Name of Iran

In the Western world, Persia (or one of its cognates) was historically the common name for Iran.

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Name of Poland

The ethnonyms for the Poles (people) and Poland (their country) include endonyms (the way Polish people refer to themselves and their country) and exonyms (the way other peoples refer to the Poles and their country).

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Name of the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic's official formal and short names at the United Nations are Česká republika and Česko in Czech, and the Czech Republic and Czechia in English.

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Name of Turkey

The English name Turkey, now applied to the modern Republic of Turkey, is historically derived (via Old French Turquie) from the Medieval Latin Turchia, Turquia; and Greek Τουρκία.

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Names of Bengal

Bengal is a region in South Asia, politically split between Bangladesh and the India.

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Names of Germany

Because of Germany's geographic position in the centre of Europe, as well as its long history as a non-united region of distinct tribes and states, there are many widely varying names of Germany in different languages, perhaps more so than for any other European nation.

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Names of Japan

The word Japan is an exonym, and is used (in one form or another) by a large number of languages.

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Names of Korea

There are various names of Korea in use today, derived from ancient kingdoms and dynasties.

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Names of places in Finland in Finnish and in Swedish

Finland has two official languages, Finnish and Swedish.

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Names of Seoul

Seoul has been known in the past by the successive names Wiryeseong (위례성; 慰禮城, Baekje era), Namgyeong (남경; 南京, Goryeo era), Hanseong (한성; 漢城, Joseon era) or Hanyang (한양; 漢陽).

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Names of the Albanians and Albania

The Albanians (Shqiptarët) and their country Albania (Shqipëria) have been identified by many ethnonyms.

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Names of the Aromanians

There are several names of the Aromanians used throughout the Balkans, both autonyms (like armân) and exonyms (like Vlach).

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Names of the Celts

The various names used since classical times for the people known today as the Celts are of disparate origins.

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Names of the Romani people

The Romani people are also known by a variety of other names; in English as gypsies or gipsies (seen by some as a slur, as discussed below) and Roma, in Greek as γύφτοι (gíftoi) or τσιγγάνοι (tsingánoi), in Central and Eastern Europe as Tsingani (and variants), in France as gitans besides the dated bohémiens, manouches, in Italy as zingari and gitani, in Spain as gitanos, and in Portugal as ciganos.

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Names of the Serbs and Serbia

The Serbs (Срби/Srbi) have been referred to with several names by other peoples, although the endonym is and has always been Srbi.

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Nangatadjara

The Nangatadjara are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Nanman

The Man, commonly called the Nanman or Southern Man, were the ancient indigenous peoples who lived in inland South and Southwest China, mainly the Yangtze River valley.

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Narungga

The Narungga, otherwise known as the Narangga, are a group of Indigenous Australians whose traditional lands are located throughout Yorke Peninsula, South Australia.

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Naruo language

Naruo 纳若 (Naluo 纳罗, Laluo; also Alu, Gan Yi) is a Loloish language cluster spoken by the Yi people of Yunnan, China.

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Nasu language

Nasu (Naisu, Eastern Yi), or Nasu proper, is a Loloish language spoken by a quarter million Yi people of China.

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National symbols of Poland

National symbols of Poland are the symbols that are used in Poland to represent what is unique about the nation, reflecting different aspects of its cultural life and history.

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Native American flute

The Native American flute is a flute that is held in front of the player, has open finger holes, and has two chambers: one for collecting the breath of the player and a second chamber which creates sound.

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Native American name controversy

The Native American name controversy is an ongoing discussion about the changing terminology used by indigenous peoples of the Americas to describe themselves, as well as how they prefer to be referred to by others.

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Naualko

The Naualko were an indigenous Australian people of New South Wales.

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Nauo people

The Nauo were an indigenous Australian people of South Australia.

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Navajo language

Navajo or Navaho (Navajo: Diné bizaad or Naabeehó bizaad) is a Southern Athabaskan language of the Na-Dené family, by which it is related to languages spoken across the western areas of North America.

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Ná-Meo language

Ná-Meo (Vietnamese: Na Miểu; autonym) is a language of northern Vietnam, spoken by the Mieu people.

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Neapolitan language

Neapolitan (autonym: (’o n)napulitano; napoletano) is a Romance language of the Italo-Dalmatian group spoken across much of southern Italy, except for southern Calabria and Sicily.

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Negro

Negro (plural Negroes) is an archaic term traditionally used to denote persons considered to be of Negroid heritage.

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Nepali language

Nepali known by endonym Khas-kura (खस कुरा) is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari.

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New Netherland

New Netherland (Dutch: Nieuw Nederland; Latin: Nova Belgica or Novum Belgium) was a 17th-century colony of the Dutch Republic that was located on the east coast of North America.

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Newar people

Newar (नेवार; endonym: Newa:; नेवा), or Nepami, are the historical inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its surrounding areas in Nepal and the creators of its historic heritage and civilisation.

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Nez Perce people

The Nez Perce (autonym: Niimíipuu in their own language, meaning "the walking people" or "we, the people") are an Indigenous people of the Plateau who have lived on the Columbia River Plateau in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States for a long time.

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Ngaatjatjarra people

The Ngaatjatjarra, otherwise spelt Ngadadjara, are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Ngadjunmaia

The Ngadjunmaia are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Ngadjuri

The Ngadjuri people are a group of Indigenous Australian people whose traditional lands lie in the mid north of South Australia with a territory extending from Gawler in the south to Orroroo in the north.

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Ngaiawang

The Ngaiawang were an indigenous Australian people of South Australia.

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Ngalea

The Ngalea were an indigenous Australian people resident in land extending from Western Australia to the west of South Australia.

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Ngalia people

The Ngalia are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Ngarinman

The Ngarinman or Ngarinyman, were an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Ngarla

The Ngarla are an indigenous Australian people of the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

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Ngarti

The Ngarti, otherwise spelled Ngardi, are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory and Western Australia.

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Ngawait

The Ngawait were an indigenous Australian people of South Australia.

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Nhuwala

The Nhuwala are an indigenous Australian people of the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

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Niabali

The Niabali, otherwise written Nyiyaparli, are an indigenous Australia tribe of the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

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Nicosia

Nicosia (Λευκωσία; Lefkoşa) is the largest city on the island of Cyprus.

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Niels, King of Denmark

Niels (Nicolaus, Engish exonym Nicholas; – 25 June 1134) was the King of Denmark from 1104 to 1134.

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Nimanburu

The Nimanburu were an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Nip

Nip is an ethnic slur against people of Japanese descent and origin.

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Nisu language

Nisu (Southern Yi) is a language cluster spoken by half a million Yi people of China.

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Nivkh people

The Nivkh (also Nivkhs, Nivkhi, or Gilyak; ethnonym: Nivxi; language, нивхгу - Nivxgu) are an indigenous ethnic group inhabiting the northern half of Sakhalin Island and the region of the Amur River estuary in Russia's Khabarovsk Krai.

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Nokaan

The Nokaan were an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Nootka Island

Nootka Island (île Nootka) is an island adjacent to Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada.

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Northern Mariana Islands

The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI; Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas; Refaluwasch or Carolinian: Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas), is an insular area and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 15 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Northern Sami

Northern or North Sami (davvisámegiella; disapproved exonym Lappish or Lapp), sometimes also simply referred to as Sami, is the most widely spoken of all Sami languages.

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Northern Thai people

The Northern Thai people or Tai Yuan (ไทยวน), self-designation khon mu(e)ang (ฅนเมือง,, meaning "people of the (cultivated) land" or "people of our community") are the majority population of eight provinces in northern Thailand, principally in the area of the former kingdom of Lan Na.

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Norwegian exonyms

As a general rule, modern Norwegian does not use exonyms for names with endonyms in Latin script.

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Nottoway people

The Nottoway (Nottoway) are a Native American tribe in Virginia.

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Nubian languages

The Nubian languages (لغات نوبية) are a group of related languages spoken by the Nubians of Nubia, a region along the Nile in southern Egypt and northern Sudan.

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Nukunu

Nukunu are an indigenous Australian people of South Australia, living around the Spencer Gulf which since British settlement has developed to contain the cities of Port Pirie and Port Augusta.

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Nyah Kur people

The Nyah Kur (known in Thai as ชาวบน, Chao Bon) are an ethnic group native to Thailand in Southeast Asia.

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Nyangumarta people

The Nyangumarta People, also written Njaŋumada, are a nation of Australian Aborigines from the northwestern coast of Western Australia.

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Ohlone

The Ohlone, named Costanoan by early Spanish colonists (the Spanish word costa means "coast"), are a Native American people of the Northern California coast.

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Oji-Cree

The Oji-Cree, Anishinaabe (plural Anishinaabeg) or, less correctly, Severn Ojibwa or Northern Ojibwa, are a First Nation in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba, residing in a narrow band extending from the Missinaibi River region in Northeastern Ontario at the east to Lake Winnipeg at the west.

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Ojibwe

The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, or Chippewa are an Anishinaabeg group of Indigenous Peoples in North America, which is referred to by many of its Indigenous peoples as Turtle Island.

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Ojibwe language

Ojibwe, also known as Ojibwa, Ojibway, Chippewa, or Otchipwe,R.

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Old Pahang Kingdom

Old Pahang Kingdom (Malay: Kerajaan Pahang Tua) was a historical polity centred in the Pahang region in the east coast of Malay Peninsula.

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Old Tagalog

Old Tagalog (Filipino: Lumang Tagalog; Baybayin:, Pre-Kudlit) is the earliest form of the Tagalog language and was the language of Central and Southern Luzon during the Classical period in Luzon.

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Onondaga County, New York

Onondaga County is a county in the U.S. state of New York.

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Origin of the Albanians

The origin of the Albanians has long been a matter of dispute among historians.

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Origin of the Romanians

Several well-supported theories address the issue of the origin of the Romanians.

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Orok people

Oroks (Ороки in Russian; self-designation: Ulta, Ulcha), sometimes called Uilta, are a people in the Sakhalin Oblast (mainly the eastern part of the island) in Russia.

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Oroqen people

The Oroqen people (Mongolian:; also spelt Orochen or Orochon) are an ethnic group in northern China.

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Ostyak

Ostyak (Остя́к) is a name formerly used to refer to several indigenous peoples and languages in Siberia, Russia.

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Other Backward Class

Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are socially or educationally or economically disadvantaged.

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Otomi

The Otomi (Otomí) are an indigenous people of Mexico inhabiting the central Mexican Plateau (Altiplano) region.

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Otomi language

Otomi (Spanish: Otomí) is a group of closely related indigenous languages of Mexico, spoken by approximately 240,000 indigenous Otomi people in the central ''altiplano'' region of Mexico.

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Outline of Abkhazia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Abkhazia: Abkhazia – de facto independent state located in Eurasia whose de jure sovereignty is only recognized by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru and the disputed states of South Ossetia and Transnistria.

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Outline of Afghanistan

The location of Afghanistan An enlargeable map of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Afghanistan: Afghanistan – landlocked sovereign country located in Central Asia.

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Outline of Akrotiri and Dhekelia

The location of Akrotiri and Dhekelia An enlargeable map of the Island of Cyprus showing Akrotiri and Dhekelia An enlargeable map of Akrotiri An enlargeable map of Dhekelia The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Akrotiri and Dhekelia: Akrotiri and Dhekelia – British Overseas Territory on the island of Cyprus, administered as a Sovereign Base Area.

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Outline of Albania

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Albania: Republic of Albania – sovereign country located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.

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Outline of Alberta

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Alberta: Alberta – province of Canada.

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Outline of Algeria

The location of Algeria An enlargeable relief map of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Algeria: Algeria – former French colony and the largest country in Africa, located in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa with Algiers as its capital.

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Outline of American Samoa

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to American Samoa: American Samoa – unincorporated territory located in the South Pacific Ocean southeast of the Independent State of Samoa.

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Outline of Andorra

The location of Andorra An enlargeable map of the Principality of Andorra The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Andorra: Principality of Andorra – small landlocked sovereign country located in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains of Southern Europe and bordered by Spain and France.

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Outline of Angola

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Angola: Angola – country in southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city.

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Outline of Anguilla

The location of Anguilla An enlargeable map of the British Overseas Territory of Anguilla The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Anguilla: Anguilla – one of the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles, lying east of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and directly north of Saint Martin.

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Outline of Antigua and Barbuda

The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua and Barbuda – twin-island nation lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

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Outline of Argentina

The following outline is provided as an overview of, and introduction to Argentina: Argentina – country in South America, the continent's second largest by land area, after Brazil.

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Outline of Armenia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Armenia: Armenia – landlocked mountainous country, located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.

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Outline of Aruba

The location of Aruba An enlargeable map of Aruba of the Kingdom of the Netherlands The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Aruba: Aruba – Caribbean island nation that is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

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Outline of Ascension Island

The location of Ascension Island An enlargeable map of Ascension Island The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ascension Island: Ascension Island – island in the South Atlantic Ocean, around 966 miles (1,600 km) from the coast of Africa.

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Outline of Australia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Australia: Australia refers to both the continent of Australia and to the Commonwealth of Australia, the sovereign country.

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Outline of Austria

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Austria: Austria – landlocked sovereign country located in Central Europe.

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Outline of Azerbaijan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Azerbaijan: Azerbaijan – largest country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, and one of the most progressive and secular Islamic societies.

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Outline of Bahrain

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bahrain: Bahrain – Islamic sovereign island nation located in the Persian Gulf.

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Outline of Bangladesh

The location of Bangladesh An enlargeable map of the People's Republic of Bangladesh The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bangladesh: Bangladesh – sovereign country located in South Asia.

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Outline of Barbados

The location of Barbados An enlargeable relief map of Barbados The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Barbados: Barbados – sovereign island country in the Lesser Antilles.

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Outline of Belarus

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Belarus: Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe.

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Outline of Belgium

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Belgium: Belgium – sovereign country located in northwest Europe.

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Outline of Benin

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Benin: Benin – country in West Africa.

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Outline of Bermuda

The location of Bermuda An enlargeable map of the British Overseas Territory of the Bermuda Islands The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bermuda: Bermuda – a British overseas territory located in the North Atlantic Ocean.

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Outline of Bhutan

The location of Bhutan An enlargeable map of the Kingdom of Bhutan The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bhutan: Bhutan – landlocked sovereign country located in South Asia.

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Outline of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The location of Bosnia and Herzegovina An enlargeable map of the Bosnia and Herzegovina The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosnia and Herzegovina – country in Southwestern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula.

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Outline of Brazil

188px An enlargeable relief map of the Federative Republic of Brazil The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Brazil: Brazil – largest country in both South America and the Latin America region.

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Outline of British Columbia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to British Columbia: British Columbia – westernmost of Canada's provinces.

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Outline of Brunei

The location of Brunei An enlargeable map of the State of Brunei, Abode of Peace The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to Brunei: Brunei is a sovereign country located on the north coast of the Island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

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Outline of Bulgaria

The location of Bulgaria An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Bulgaria The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bulgaria: Bulgaria – country located in Southeastern Europe, and a member of the European Union.

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Outline of Burkina Faso

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Burkina Faso: Burkina Faso – landlocked sovereign country located in West Africa.

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Outline of Burundi

The location of Burundi An enlargeable map of the Republic of Burundi The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Burundi: The Republic of Burundi is a small sovereign country located in the Great Lakes region of Africa.

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Outline of Cambodia

The location of Cambodia An enlargeable map of the Kingdom of Cambodia The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cambodia: Cambodia – a sovereign country located in Southeast Asia with a population of over 13 million people.

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Outline of Cameroon

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cameroon: The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic located in Middle Africa.

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Outline of Canada

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Canada: Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories.

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Outline of Catalonia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Catalonia: Catalonia – nationality and one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain, located on the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula.

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Outline of Chad

The location of Chad An enlargeable map of the Republic of Chad The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Chad: Chad – landlocked country in Central Africa.

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Outline of Chile

188px An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Chile The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Chile: Chile – country in South America occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Outline of China

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to China: The People's Republic of China is the most extensive country in East Asia and the third or fourth most extensive country in the world.

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Outline of Christmas Island

The location of Christmas Island An enlargeable relief map of the Australian Territory of Christmas Island The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Christmas Island: Christmas Island is a small territory of Australia located in the Indian Ocean, 2600 kilometres (1600 mi) northwest of Perth in Western Australia, 500 kilometres (300 mi) south of Jakarta, Indonesia, and 975 km ENE of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

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Outline of Colombia

188px An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Colombia The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Colombia: Colombia – tropical equatorial country located in northern South America.

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Outline of Comoros

The location of the Comoros An enlargeable map of the Union of the Comoros The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Comoros: Comoros – sovereign island nation located in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of Africa on the northern end of the Mozambique Channel between northern Madagascar and northeastern Mozambique.

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Outline of Cornwall

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cornwall: Cornwall – ceremonial county and unitary authority area of England within the United Kingdom.

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Outline of Costa Rica

The location of Costa Rica An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Costa Rica The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Costa Rica: Costa Rica – sovereign country located in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the east-southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east.

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Outline of Croatia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Croatia: Croatia – unitary democratic parliamentary republic in Europe at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean.

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Outline of Cuba

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cuba: Cuba – island country in the Caribbean.

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Outline of Cyprus

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cyprus: Cyprus – Eurasian island country located in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, east of Greece, south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel and north of Egypt.

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Outline of Denmark

The following outline is provided as an overview, and topical guide to Denmark.

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Outline of Djibouti

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Djibouti: Djibouti – country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Outline of Dominica

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Dominica: Dominica – sovereign island nation located in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of East Timor

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to East Timor: East Timor – sovereign island nation located in Southeast Asia.

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Outline of Ecuador

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ecuador: Ecuador – representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Outline of Egypt

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Egypt: Egypt (مصر) is a sovereign country located in eastern North Africa that includes the Sinai Peninsula, a land bridge to Asia.

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Outline of El Salvador

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to El Salvador: El Salvador – sovereign country located on the Pacific Coast of Central America.

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Outline of England

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to England: England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Outline of Equatorial Guinea

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Equatorial Guinea: Equatorial Guinea – sovereign country located on the Gulf of Guinea in Middle Africa.

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Outline of Eritrea

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Eritrea: Eritrea – country in the Horn of Africa.

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Outline of Estonia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Estonia: Estonia – state of 1.29 million people in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

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Outline of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is a landlocked sovereign country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Outline of Fiji

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Fiji: Republic of Fiji – sovereign island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean east of Vanuatu, west of Tonga and south of Tuvalu.

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Outline of Finland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Finland.

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Outline of France

The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide of France: France – country in Western Europe with several overseas regions and territories.

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Outline of French Polynesia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to French Polynesia: French Polynesia – French overseas collectivity located in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Gabon

The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide to Gabon (the Gabonese Republic): Gabon – country in west central Africa sharing borders with the Gulf of Guinea to the west, Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, and Cameroon to the north, with the Republic of the Congo curving around the east and south.

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Outline of Georgia (country)

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Georgia: Georgia (country) – country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia, located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe.

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Outline of Germany

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Germany: Germany – federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe consisting of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty.

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Outline of Ghana

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ghana: Ghana – sovereign country in West Africa in Africa.

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Outline of Gibraltar

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Gibraltar: Gibraltar – British Overseas Territory located near the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula of Southeastern Europe overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar between the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean.

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Outline of Greece

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Greece: Greece – sovereign country located on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.

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Outline of Greenland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Greenland: Greenland – autonomous Nordic nation that is a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark.

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Outline of Grenada

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Grenada: Grenada – sovereign island nation that comprises the Island of Grenada and the southern Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Guam

The location of Guam Guam The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Guam: Guam – organized, unincorporated territory of the United States of America that comprises the island of Guam in the western North Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Guatemala

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Guatemala: Guatemala – sovereign country located in Central America bordering Mexico to the northwest, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, and Honduras and El Salvador to the southeast.

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Outline of Guernsey

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Guernsey: The Bailiwick of Guernsey – British Crown dependency located in the Channel Islands off the coast of Normandy.

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Outline of Guinea

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Guinea: Guinea – country located in West Africa, that was formerly known as French Guinea.

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Outline of Guinea-Bissau

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Guinea-Bissau: Guinea-Bissau – country located in West Africa.

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Outline of Guyana

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Guyana: Guyana – previously known as British Guiana, is the only nation state of the Commonwealth of Nations on the mainland of South America.

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Outline of Haiti

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Haiti: The Haiti – sovereign country located on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago.

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Outline of Honduras

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Honduras: Honduras – sovereign country located in Central America.

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Outline of Hong Kong

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Hong Kong: Hong Kong – one of two special administrative regions of China, the other being Macau.

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Outline of Hungary

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Hungary: Hungary – landlocked sovereign country located in the Carpathian Basin of Central Europe, bordering Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia.

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Outline of Iceland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iceland: Iceland – sovereign island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean between continental Europe and Greenland.

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Outline of India

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to India: India – seventh-largest country by area, located on the Indian subcontinent in South Asia.

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Outline of Indonesia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Indonesia: Indonesia – sovereign island nation located in Southeast Asia comprising more than 17,000 islands of the Maritime Southeast Asia.

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Outline of Iran

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iran: Iran – sovereign country located in Southwest Asia and the Middle East.

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Outline of Iraq

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iraq: Iraq – sovereign country located in Western Asia.

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Outline of Israel

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Israel: Israel – country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

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Outline of Italy

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Italy: Italy – unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe, located primarily upon the Italian Peninsula.

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Outline of Ivory Coast

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ivory Coast: Ivory Coast – country in West Africa.

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Outline of Jakarta

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Jakarta: Jakarta – capital and largest city of Indonesia.

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Outline of Jamaica

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Jamaica: Jamaica – sovereign island nation located on the Island of Jamaica of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Japan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Japan: Japan – an island nation in East Asia, located in the Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Jersey

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Jersey: Jersey – British Crown dependency located in the Channel Islands off the coast of Normandy.

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Outline of Jordan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Jordan: Jordan – country located in Southwest Asia, bordering Syria to the north, Iraq to the north-east, Israel and the Palestinian territories to the west, and Saudi Arabia to the east and south.

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Outline of Kenya

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Kenya: Kenya is a country in East Africa.

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Outline of Kiribati

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Kiribati: Kiribati – sovereign island nation located in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Kosovo

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Kosovo, a territory in the Balkans.

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Outline of Kuwait

Kuwait is a sovereign emirate located on the coast of the Persian Gulf in Southwest Asia and the Middle East.

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Outline of Latvia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Latvia: Latvia – sovereign country located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

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Outline of Lebanon

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Lebanon: Lebanon – sovereign country located along the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea in Southwest Asia and the Middle East.

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Outline of Lesotho

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Lesotho: Lesotho – sovereign country located in Southern Africa.

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Outline of Liberia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Liberia: Liberia – country in West Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, and the Atlantic Ocean.

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Outline of Libya

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Libya: Libya – country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.

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Outline of Liechtenstein

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Liechtenstein: Liechtenstein – tiny, doubly landlocked alpine country located in Western Europe, bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east.

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Outline of Lithuania

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Lithuania: Lithuania – sovereign country located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.

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Outline of Luxembourg

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Luxembourg: Luxembourg – small sovereign country located in Western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany.

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Outline of Macau

The location of Macau The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Macau: The Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China – one of the two special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, the other being Hong Kong.

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Outline of Madagascar

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Madagascar: Madagascar – sovereign island nation located in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa.

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Outline of Malawi

Republic of Malawi – sovereign country located in southeastern Africa.

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Outline of Malaysia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Malaysia: Malaysia is a sovereign country located on the Malay Peninsula and a northern portion of the Island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.

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Outline of Maldives

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Maldives: The Maldives – island nation comprising a group of atolls in the Indian Ocean.

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Outline of Mali

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mali: Mali – landlocked sovereign country located in West Africa.

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Outline of Malta

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Malta: Malta is a small and densely populated sovereign island nation located in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Outline of Mauritania

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mauritania: Mauritania – sovereign country located in West Africa.

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Outline of Mauritius

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mauritius: Mauritius – sovereign island nation located in the southwest Indian Ocean about east of Madagascar.

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Outline of Mayotte

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mayotte: The Mayotte – overseas department of France located in the Comoros Archipelago in the Indian Ocean.

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Outline of Mexico

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mexico: The United Mexican States, commonly known as Mexico, is a federal constitutional republic located in North America.

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Outline of Moldova

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Moldova: Moldova (officially the Republic of Moldova) – landlocked country in Eastern Europe, located between Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east and south.

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Outline of Mongolia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mongolia: Mongolia – landlocked sovereign country located in East-Central Asia.

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Outline of Montenegro

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Montenegro: Montenegro – sovereign country located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.

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Outline of Montserrat

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Montserrat: Montserrat – British overseas territory located in the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Morocco

Morocco – sovereign country located in western North Africa.

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Outline of Mozambique

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Mozambique: Mozambique – sovereign country located in southeastern Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest.

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Outline of Myanmar

The location of Myanmar. An enlargeable map of Myanmar. The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Myanmar: Myanmar, also known as Burma, is the most extensive country in mainland Southeast Asia.

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Outline of Namibia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Namibia: Namibia – sovereign country located along the Atlantic Coast of Southern Africa.

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Outline of Nauru

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nauru: Nauru – sovereign island nation located in the Micronesian South Pacific.

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Outline of Nepal

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nepal: Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state in South Asia.

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Outline of New Caledonia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to New Caledonia: New Caledonia – "sui generis collectivity" (in practice an overseas territory) of France, comprising a main island (Grande Terre), the Loyalty Islands, and several smaller islands.

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Outline of New Zealand

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to New Zealand: New Zealand is an island nation located in the western South Pacific Ocean comprising two large islands, the North Island and the South Island, and numerous smaller islands, most notably Stewart Island/Rakiura and the Chatham Islands.

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Outline of Newfoundland and Labrador

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Newfoundland and Labrador.

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Outline of Nicaragua

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nicaragua: Nicaragua – sovereign, representative democratic republic and the most extensive nation in Central America.

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Outline of Niger

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Niger: Niger – landlocked sovereign country located in West Africa.

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Outline of Nigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria – sovereign country located in West Africa.

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Outline of Niue

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Niue: Niue – an island nation in free association with New Zealand located in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Norfolk Island

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Norfolk Island: The Australian Territory of Norfolk Island comprises Norfolk Island and two uninhabited neighboring islands located in the South Pacific Ocean amidst Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia.

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Outline of North Korea

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to North Korea: North Korea – sovereign country located on the northern half of the Korean Peninsula in East Asia.

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Outline of Northern Cyprus

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Northern Cyprus: Northern Cyprus – de facto independent republicAntiwar.com.

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Outline of Northern Ireland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Northern Ireland.

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Outline of Norway

The following outline provides an overview of, and topical guide to, the Kingdom of Norway. Norway is a sovereign constitutional monarchy, located principally in the western part of Scandinavia in Northern Europe.

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Outline of Nova Scotia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nova Scotia: Nova Scotia – meaning New Scotland in Latin, is the second-smallest province in Canada.

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Outline of Oman

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Oman: Oman – sovereign country located in Southwest Asia along the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Outline of Ontario

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ontario: Ontario – one of the provinces of Canada, located in east-central Canada.

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Outline of Pakistan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Pakistan: Pakistan – sovereign country located in South Asia.

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Outline of Palau

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Palau: Palau – island country and a United States Associated State located in the western Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Panama

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Panama: Panama – sovereign country located on the Isthmus of Panama in Central America.

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Outline of Paraguay

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Paraguay: Paraguay – one of the two landlocked countries in South America.

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Outline of Peru

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Peru: Peru – country located in western South America, on the Pacific Coast, north of Chile.

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Outline of Poland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Poland: The Republic of Poland is a sovereign country located in Central Europe.

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Outline of Portugal

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Portugal: The Portuguese Republic, commonly known as Portugal, is a sovereign country principally located on the Iberian Peninsula in Southern Europe.

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Outline of Prince Edward Island

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Prince Edward Island: Prince Edward Island – Canadian province consisting of an island of the same name, as well as other islands.

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Outline of Puerto Rico

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Puerto Rico: The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is a self-governing unincorporated territory of the United States of America located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands.

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Outline of Puntland

Puntland (Buntlaand, أرض البنط), officially the Puntland State of Somalia (Maamul Goboleedka Buntlaand ee Soomaaliya), is a region in northeastern Somalia, centered on Garowe in the Nugaal province.

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Outline of Qatar

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Qatar: The State of Qatar is a sovereign Arab emirate located in Southwest Asia on the Qatari Peninsula protruding from the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula.

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Outline of Quebec

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Quebec: Quebec – province in the eastern part of Canada situated between Hudson Bay and the Gulf of St.

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Outline of Republika Srpska

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Republika Srpska: Republika Srpska – unitary democratic parliamentary entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Western Balkans.

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Outline of Romania

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Romania: Romania – unitary semi-presidential republic located in Central-Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine.

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Outline of Russia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Russia.

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Outline of Rwanda

The Republic of Rwanda is a small landlocked sovereign country located in the Great Lakes region of east-central Africa, bordered by Uganda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania.

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Outline of Saint Barthélemy

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saint Barthelemy: The Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy is an overseas collectivity of France located in the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Saint Kitts and Nevis

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saint Kitts and Nevis: The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, also known as Saint Christopher and Nevis, is a sovereign federal two-island nation located in the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Saint Lucia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saint Lucia: Saint Lucia is a sovereign island nation located in the Lesser Antilles archipelago in the eastern Caribbean Sea adjacent to the North Atlantic Ocean.

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Outline of Saint Martin

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saint Martin: The Collectivity of Saint Martin (Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France located in the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saint Pierre and Miquelon: The Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Collectivité territoriale de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon) is an overseas collectivity of France located in the North Atlantic Ocean about south of the Canadian Island of Newfoundland.

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Outline of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a sovereign island nation located in the Lesser Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Samoa

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Samoa: Samoa – sovereign island nation located in the western Samoan Islands archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of San Marino

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to San Marino: San Marino – small sovereign country located in the Apennine Mountains on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe.

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Outline of Saskatchewan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Saskatchewan: Saskatchewan – central prairie province in Canada, with an area of, bounded on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, and on the south by the U.S. states of Montana and North Dakota.

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Outline of São Tomé and Príncipe

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to São Tomé and Príncipe: São Tomé and Príncipe – island nation located in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Africa.

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Outline of Scotland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Scotland: Scotland – country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Outline of Senegal

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Senegal: Senegal – sovereign country located south of the Sénégal River in West Africa.

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Outline of Serbia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Serbia: Serbia – landlocked sovereign country located in Southeastern Europe and comprising the southern portion of the Pannonian Plain and a central portion of the Balkan Peninsula.

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Outline of Seychelles

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Seychelles: Seychelles – sovereign island nation located in the Indian Ocean and comprising 115 islands of the Seychelles Archipelago, some east of mainland Africa and northeast of the Island of Madagascar.

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Outline of Sierra Leone

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Sierra Leone: Sierra Leone – sovereign country located in West Africa.

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Outline of Singapore

The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide to Singapore: Singapore – sovereign republic comprising the main island of Singapore and smaller outlying islands which are located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Outline of Slovakia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Slovakia: Slovakia – landlocked sovereign country located in Central Europe.

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Outline of Slovenia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Slovenia: Slovenia – sovereign country located in southern Central Europe bordering Italy to the west, the Adriatic Sea to the southwest, Croatia to the south and east, Hungary to the northeast, and Austria to the north.

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Outline of Somalia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Somalia: Somalia – country located in the Horn of Africa.

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Outline of Somaliland

The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide to Somaliland: Somaliland – unrecognised self-declared sovereign state that is internationally recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia.

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Outline of South Africa

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to South Africa: South Africa – A sovereign country located at the southern tip of Africa.

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Outline of South Korea

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to South Korea: South Korea – densely populated sovereign presidential republic located on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula in East Asia.

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Outline of South Sudan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to South Sudan: South Sudan – landlocked country in east-central Africa that is part of the United Nations subregion of Eastern Africa.

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Outline of Spain

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Spain: Spain – sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe.

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Outline of Sudan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Sudan: Sudan – Arab state in North Africa and the Middle East bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest.

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Outline of Suriname

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Suriname: Suriname – sovereign state on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America, and the smallest country on that continent.

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Outline of Svalbard

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Svalbard: Svalbard – incorporated territory of the Kingdom of Norway comprising the Svalbard Archipelago in the Arctic Ocean about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole.

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Outline of Swaziland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Swaziland: Swaziland – small, landlocked, sovereign country located in Southern Africa, bordered by South Africa on three sides except to the east, where it borders Mozambique.

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Outline of Sweden

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Sweden: Sweden – Scandinavian country in Northern Europe, situated between Norway and Finland.

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Outline of Switzerland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Switzerland: Switzerland – alpine country in Central Europe, located mostly in the Alps.

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Outline of Syria

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Syria: Syria – country in Western Asia, that borders Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south and Israel to the southwest.

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Outline of Taiwan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Taiwan: Taiwan – state in East Asia, officially named the Republic of China (ROC).

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Outline of Tajikistan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tajikistan: Tajikistan – mountainous, landlocked, sovereign country located in Central Asia.

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Outline of Tanzania

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tanzania: Tanzania – sovereign country located in East Africa.

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Outline of Thailand

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Thailand: Thailand – country at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Outline of the Åland Islands

The location of Åland An enlargeable map of the Autonomous State of Åland The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Åland Islands: Åland Islands – autonomous, demilitarized, monolingually Swedish-speaking administrative province, region and historical province of the Republic of Finland.

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Outline of the Bahamas

The location of the Bahamas An enlargeable relief map of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Bahamas: Commonwealth of the Bahamas – sovereign island nation comprising an archipelago of seven hundred islands and two thousand cays.

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Outline of the British Virgin Islands

The location of the British Virgin Islands An enlargeable map of the British Virgin Islands The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the British Virgin Islands: British Virgin Islands (BVI) – British overseas territory located in the eastern portion of the Virgin Islands Archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of the Cayman Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Cayman Islands: Cayman Islands – British overseas territory located in the western Caribbean Sea, comprising the islands of Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, and Little Cayman.

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Outline of the Central African Republic

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Central African Republic: Central African Republic – landlocked sovereign country located in Central Africa.

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Outline of the Cook Islands

The location of the Cook Islands An enlargeable map of the Cook Islands The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Cook Islands: Cook Islands – self-governing parliamentary democracy in free association with New Zealand.

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Outline of the Czech Republic

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Czech Republic: The Czech Republic (also known as Czechia) is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

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Outline of the Dominican Republic

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Dominican Republic: Dominican Republic – sovereign state occupying the eastern five-eighths of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region.

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Outline of the Falkland Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Falkland Islands: The Falkland Islands (or; Islas Malvinas) are an archipelago located in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.

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Outline of the Faroe Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Faroe Islands: Faroe Islands – autonomous province of the Kingdom of Denmark comprising the Faroe archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean.

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Outline of the Federated States of Micronesia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Micronesia: The Federated States of Micronesia – island nation located in the North Pacific Ocean, north of Papua New Guinea.

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Outline of the Gambia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Gambia: The Gambia – country in West Africa, officially named the Republic of the Gambia.

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Outline of the Isle of Man

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Isle of Man: The Isle of Man is a self-governing British Crown dependency located in the Irish Sea near the geographic centre of the British Isles.

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Outline of the Marshall Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Marshall Islands: The Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) is a sovereign Micronesian island nation located in the western North Pacific Ocean, north of Nauru and Kiribati, east of the Federated States of Micronesia, and south of the U.S. territory of Wake Island, to which it lays claim.

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Outline of the Netherlands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Netherlands.

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Outline of the Netherlands Antilles

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Netherlands Antilles: The Netherlands Antilles (Dutch:, Papiamento: Antia Hulandes) was an autonomous Caribbean country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, consisting of two groups of islands in the Lesser Antilles: Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire, in Leeward Antilles just off the Venezuelan coast; and Sint Eustatius, Saba and Sint Maarten, in the Leeward Islands southeast of the Virgin Islands.

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Outline of the Northern Mariana Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Northern Mariana Islands: The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) is an island country in the western North Pacific Ocean that maintains a political union with the United States.

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Outline of the Pitcairn Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Pitcairn Islands: The Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, commonly known as the Pitcairn Islands or just Pitcairn, are a group of four volcanic islands in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of the Republic of Artsakh

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nagorno-Karabakh: Nagorno-Karabakh is a disputed region in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.

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Outline of the Republic of Ireland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ireland: Ireland (Irish language: Éire) is a sovereign island nation located in Northern Europe.

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Outline of the Republic of Macedonia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Macedonia: The Republic of Macedonia is a landlocked sovereign country located on the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe.

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Outline of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic: Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) – partially recognised state that claims sovereignty over the entire territory of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony.

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Outline of the Solomon Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Solomon Islands: Solomon Islands is a sovereign Melanesian island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean south-east of Papua New Guinea.

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Outline of the Soviet Union

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Soviet Union: Soviet Union – was a socialist state on the Eurasian continent that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Outline of the State of Palestine

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the State of Palestine: Palestine is politically under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian government and the Hamas Government in Gaza.

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Outline of the Turks and Caicos Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Turks and Caicos Islands: The Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI) are a British Overseas Territory comprising two groups of tropical islands north of the Caribbean Sea in the North Atlantic Ocean.

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Outline of the United Arab Emirates

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United Arab Emirates: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a sovereign federation of seven states located southeast of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, bordering Oman and Saudi Arabia.

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Outline of the United Kingdom

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; a sovereign state in Europe, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK), or Britain.

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Outline of the United States

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United States of America.

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Outline of the United States Virgin Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the United States Virgin Islands: The Territory of the United States Virgin Islands is an unincorporated organized territory of the United States of America located in the western portion of the Virgin Islands Archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Tibet

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tibet: Tibet is a plateau region in Asia and the home to the indigenous Tibetan people.

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Outline of Togo

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Togo: Togo – sovereign country located in West Africa bordering Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.

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Outline of Tokelau

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tokelau: Tokelau is a territory of New Zealand comprising three tropical coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Tonga

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tonga: Tonga – sovereign island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Transnistria

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Transnistria: Transnistria – breakaway state located mostly on a strip of land between the River Dniester and the eastern Moldovan border with Ukraine.

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Outline of Trinidad and Tobago

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Trinidad and Tobago: Trinidad and Tobago – sovereign island nationArchipelagic Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone Act No 24 of 1986 located in the Lesser Antilles Archipelago in the southeastern Caribbean Sea.

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Outline of Tristan da Cunha

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tristan da Cunha: Tristan da Cunha – group of remote volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean, from South Africa and from South America.

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Outline of Turkmenistan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Turkmenistan: Turkmenistan is a sovereign Turkic country located in Central Asia.

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Outline of Tuvalu

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tuvalu: Tuvalu (formerly known as the Ellice Islands) – sovereign Polynesian island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean midway between Hawaiokinai and Australia.

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Outline of Uganda

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Uganda: Uganda –commonly referred to as the Pearl by Churchill is a land-locked sovereign country located in East Africa, bordered on the east by Kenya, the north by South Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania.

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Outline of Ukraine

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Ukraine: Ukraine – country in Eastern Europe.

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Outline of Uruguay

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Uruguay: Uruguay – sovereign country located in southeastern South America.

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Outline of Uzbekistan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Uzbekistan: The Uzbekistan – doubly landlockedUzbekistan and Liechtenstein are the only two doubly landlocked countries.

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Outline of Vanuatu

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Vanuatu: Vanuatu – sovereign island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.

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Outline of Vatican City

The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Vatican City: Vatican City – an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state, being the sovereign territory of the Holy See and ruled by the Bishop of Rome—the Pope, the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.

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Outline of Venezuela

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Venezuela: Venezuela – sovereign country located in northern South America.

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Outline of Vietnam

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Vietnam: Vietnam – sovereign country located on the eastern extent of the Indochinese Peninsula in Southeast Asia.

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Outline of Wales

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Wales: Wales – country that is part of the United Kingdom, bordered by England to its east and the Atlantic Ocean and Irish Sea to its west.

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Outline of Wallis and Futuna

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Wallis and Futuna: Wallis and Futuna – French island territory in Polynesia (but not part of, or even contiguous with, French Polynesia) in the South Pacific Ocean between Fiji and Samoa.

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Outline of Yemen

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Yemen: Yemen – sovereign country located on the southern portion of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia.

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Outline of Zambia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Zambia: Zambia – landlocked sovereign country located in Southern Africa.

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Outline of Zimbabwe

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe – landlocked sovereign country located in Southern Africa, between the Zambezi River and Limpopo River.

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Ovamboland

Ovamboland (also: Owamboland) is a region of Namibia.

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Pa'O language

Pa'o is a Karen language spoken by a million Pa'o in Burma.

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Paducah, Kentucky

Paducah is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of McCracken County, Kentucky, United States.

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Paha language

Paha or Baha (autonym) is a Kra language spoken in northern Guangnan County, Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan.

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Pahang Malay

Pahang Malay (Standard Malay: Bahasa Melayu Pahang; Jawi: بهاس ملايو ڤهڠ) is a dialect of Malay language spoken in the Malaysian state of Pahang.

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Pahlavi dynasty

The Pahlavi dynasty (دودمان پهلوی) was the ruling house of the imperial state of Iran from 1925 until 1979, when the 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy was overthrown and abolished as a result of the Iranian Revolution.

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Pakadji

The Pakadji people, also known by the southern tribal exonym as the Koko Yao, were an Indigenous Australian group of Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland.

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Palawano language

The Palawano languages are spoken on the province of Palawan in the Philippines.

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Palestinian refugees

The term "Palestine refugees" originally referred to both Arabs and Jews whose normal place of residence had been in Mandatory Palestine but were displaced and lost their livelihoods as a result of the 1948 Palestine war.

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Palu'e language

Palu'e (also spelled Palue and Paluqe; native name Lu'a) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken on Palu'e Island, Indonesia.

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Pangerang

The Pangerang or Bangerang are the indigenous Australians who traditionally occupied much of what is now north-eastern Victoria stretching along the Murray River to Echuca and into the areas of the southern Riverina in New South Wales.

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Pangkalpinang

Pangkalpinang (official writing style) (or Pîn-kóng (槟港) in Hakka), is the largest city on the Indonesian island of Bangka and the capital of the province of the Bangka Belitung Islands.

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Panyjima people

The Panyjima are an indigenous people of the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

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Parsi

A Parsi (or Parsee) means "Persian" in the "Persian Language", which today mainly refers to a member of a Zoroastrian community, one of two (the other being Iranis) mainly located in India, with a few in Pakistan.

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Pasig River

The Pasig River (Ilog Pasig and Río Pásig) is a river in the Philippines that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay.

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Pavonia, New Netherland

Pavonia was the first European settlement on the west bank of the North River (Hudson River) that was part of the seventeenth-century province of New Netherland in what would become the present Hudson County, New Jersey.

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Páez language

Páez (also Paez, Paes; the autonym Nasa Yuwe 'Nasa language' is becoming increasingly used) is a language of Colombia, spoken by the Páez people.

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Pennsylvania German language

Pennsylvania German (Deitsch, Pennsylvania italic, Pennsilfaanisch Deitsch,; often called Pennsylvania Dutch) is a variety of West Central German spoken by the Old Order Amish, Old Order Mennonites and other descendants of German immigrants in the United States and Canada, closely related to the Palatine dialects.

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Peoria people

The Peoria (or Peouaroua) are a Native American people.

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Persian Gulf naming dispute

The Persian Gulf naming dispute is concerned with the name of the body of water known historically and internationally as the Persian Gulf (خلیج فارس), after the land of Persia (the traditional name of Iran).

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Persian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi (فارسی), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family.

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Physics (Aristotle)

The Physics (Greek: Φυσικὴ ἀκρόασις Phusike akroasis; Latin: Physica, or Naturalis Auscultationes, possibly meaning "lectures on nature") is a named text, written in ancient Greek, collated from a collection of surviving manuscripts known as the Corpus Aristotelicum because attributed to the 4th-century BC philosopher, teacher, and mentor of Macedonian rulers, Aristotle.

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Pibelmen

The Pibelmen were an indigenous Australian people of the southwestern region of Western Australia.

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Picentes

The name Picentes or Picentini (Πίκεντες, Πικεντῖνοι) refers to the population of Picenum, on the northern Adriatic coastal plain of ancient Italy.

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Picenum

Picenum (Πικηνόν, Πικεντίνη) was a region of ancient Italy.

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Pilatapa

The Pilatapa are an indigenous people of South Australia.

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Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians

Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians (or simply the Pillagers; Makandwewininiwag in the Ojibwe language) are a historical band of Chippewa (Ojibwe) who settled at the headwaters of the Mississippi River in present-day Minnesota.

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Pimicikamak Cree Nation

Pimicikamak Cree Nation is sometimes used as a name for Pimicikamak, one of the more populous Cree indigenous peoples in Canada.

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Pindiini

The Pindiini are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Pini people

The Pini are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Pipil people

The Pipils or Cuzcatlecs are an indigenous people who live in western El Salvador, which they call Cuzcatlan.

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Pirahã

The Pirahã (pronounced) are an indigenous people of the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil.

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Place names of Vietnam

Place names of Vietnam primarily deals with Vietnamese place names meaning endonyms for places in Vietnam.

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Plain people

Plain people are Christian groups characterized by separation from the world and by simple living, including plain dressing.

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Plains Cree

Plains Cree (native name: ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ nēhiyawēwin) is a dialect of the Algonquian language, Cree, which is the most populous Canadian indigenous language.

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Pnar people

The Pnar, also known as Jaintia, are a tribal group in Meghalaya, India.

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Polack

In the contemporary English language, the nouns Polack (and) or Polak are ethnic slurs and derogatory references to a person of Polish descent.

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Poles

The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.

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Polish census of 1921

The Polish census of 1921 or First General Census in Poland (Pierwszy Powszechny Spis Ludności) was the first census in the Second Polish Republic, performed on September 30, 1921 by the Main Bureau of Statistics (Główny Urząd Statystyczny).

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Polish exonyms

Below is list of Polish language exonyms for places in non-Polish-speaking areas of Europe.

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Potaruwutj

The Potaruwutj were an indigenous Australian people of the state of South Australia, now believed to be extinct.

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Potawatomi

ThePottawatomi, also spelled Pottawatomie and Potawatomi (among many variations), are a Native American people of the Great Plains, upper Mississippi River, and western Great Lakes region. They traditionally speak the Potawatomi language, a member of the Algonquian family. The Potawatomi called themselves Neshnabé, a cognate of the word Anishinaabe. The Potawatomi were part of a long-term alliance, called the Council of Three Fires, with the Ojibwe and Odawa (Ottawa). In the Council of Three Fires, the Potawatomi were considered the "youngest brother" and were referred to in this context as Bodéwadmi, a name that means "keepers of the fire" and refers to the council fire of three peoples. In the 19th century, they were pushed to the west by European/American encroachment in the late 18th century and removed from their lands in the Great Lakes region to reservations in Oklahoma. Under Indian Removal, they eventually ceded many of their lands, and most of the Potawatomi relocated to Nebraska, Kansas, and Indian Territory, now in Oklahoma. Some bands survived in the Great Lakes region and today are federally recognized as tribes. In Canada, there are over 20 First Nation bands.

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Prehistory of the Armenians

The history of Armenia dates back to the 6th century BC Orontid Dynasty The country's name "Armenia" is a creation of the 6th century BC.

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Proto-Loloish language

The Proto-Loloish language is the reconstructed ancestor of the Loloish languages.

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Protohistory of West Virginia

The protohistoric period of the state of West Virginia in the United States began in the mid-sixteenth century with the arrival of European trade goods.

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Provinces of Sweden

The provinces of Sweden (Sveriges landskap) are historical, geographical and cultural regions.

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Prussian Lithuanians

The Prussian Lithuanians, or Lietuvininkai (singular: Lietuvininkas, plural: Lietuvininkai), are Lithuanians, originally Lithuanian language speakers, who formerly inhabited a territory in northeastern East Prussia called Prussian Lithuania, or Lithuania Minor (Prūsų Lietuva, Mažoji Lietuva, Preußisch-Litauen, Kleinlitauen), instead of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and, later, the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuania Major, or Lithuania proper).

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Puebloans

The Puebloans or Pueblo peoples are Native Americans in the Southwestern United States who share common agricultural, material and religious practices.

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Purépecha

The Purépecha or Tarascans (endonym P'urhépecha) are a group of indigenous people centered in the northwestern region of Michoacán, Mexico, mainly in the area of the cities of Cherán and Pátzcuaro.

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Putidjara

The Putidjara are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Pwo Karen languages

The Pwo Karen languages are the second largest group of the Karen languages.

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Qabiao language

Qabiao, or sometimes Laqua (autonym:; Chinese: Pubiao 普标, Vietnamese: Pu Péo) is a Kra language spoken by the Qabiao people in northern Vietnam and Yunnan, China.

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Quapaw

The Quapaw (or Arkansas and Ugahxpa) people are a tribe of Native Americans that coalesced in the Midwest and Ohio Valley.

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Queer

Queer is an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual or cisgender.

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Quinipissa

The Quinipissa (sometimes spelled Kinipissa in French sources) were an indigenous group living on the lower Mississippi River, in present-day Louisiana, as reported by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle in 1682.

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Raška (region)

Raška (Рашка) or Old Raška (Стара Рашка/Stara Raška) is a region in south-western Serbia, Kosovo and northern Montenegro.

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Racism in the LGBT community

Racism is a concern in lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) communities.

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Rapa language

Rapa (or Rapan, autonym Reo Rapa or Reo Oparo) is the language of Rapa, in the Austral Islands of French Polynesia.

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Rascians

Rascians (Rasciani, Natio Rasciana) was an exonym in the early modern period that designated Serbs of the Habsburg Monarchy, and in a wider perspective other related South Slavic ethnic groups of the Monarchy, such as the Catholic Bunjevci and Šokci (designated "Catholic Rascians").

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Ravula

Ravula is the endonym by which the kindred Adiyan people of Kerala and Yerava people of Karnataka want to be self identified.

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Red Crow Community College

Red Crow Community College is a college located on the Kainai Nation reserve in southern Alberta, Canada with a campus in Lethbridge.

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Red Ruthenia

Red Ruthenia or Red Rus' (Ruthenia Rubra; Russia Rubra; Chervona Rus'; Ruś Czerwona, Ruś Halicka; Chervonnaya Rus') is a term used since the Middle Ages for a region now comprising south-eastern Poland and adjoining parts of western Ukraine.

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Ribagorçan dialect

Ribagorçan (autonym: ribagorsano, or ribagorzano,; ribagorzano,; Standard Catalan: ribagorçà) is a number of Romance dialects spoken in the modern territories of the medieval County of Ribagorza, in northern Spain.

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Ridgefield, New Jersey

Ridgefield is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States.

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Roglai language

The Roglai language is a Chamic language of southern Vietnam.

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Romani people

The Romani (also spelled Romany), or Roma, are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent, from the Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Sindh regions of modern-day India and Pakistan.

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Romani people in Bulgaria

Romani people (tsiɡɐni, роми) in Bulgaria constitute one of the country's largest ethnic minorities.

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Romania in the Early Middle Ages

The Early Middle Ages in Romania started with the withdrawal of the Roman troops and administration from Dacia province in the 270s.

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Romanian exonyms

Below is list of exonyms of Romanian language, or exonym-words for places outside Romania and Republic of Moldova.

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Romanian exonyms (Vojvodina)

Below is a list of Romanian language exonyms for towns and villages in the Vojvodina region of Serbia (Romanian names are in parentheses).

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Romanians

The Romanians (români or—historically, but now a seldom-used regionalism—rumâni; dated exonym: Vlachs) are a Latin European ethnic group and nation native to Romania, that share a common Romanian culture, ancestry, and speak the Romanian language, the most widespread spoken Eastern Romance language which is descended from the Latin language. According to the 2011 Romanian census, just under 89% of Romania's citizens identified themselves as ethnic Romanians. In one interpretation of the census results in Moldova, the Moldovans are counted as Romanians, which would mean that the latter form part of the majority in that country as well.Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook By David Levinson, Published 1998 – Greenwood Publishing Group.At the time of the 1989 census, Moldova's total population was 4,335,400. The largest nationality in the republic, ethnic Romanians, numbered 2,795,000 persons, accounting for 64.5 percent of the population. Source:: "however it is one interpretation of census data results. The subject of Moldovan vs Romanian ethnicity touches upon the sensitive topic of", page 108 sqq. Romanians are also an ethnic minority in several nearby countries situated in Central, respectively Eastern Europe, particularly in Hungary, Czech Republic, Ukraine (including Moldovans), Serbia, and Bulgaria. Today, estimates of the number of Romanian people worldwide vary from 26 to 30 million according to various sources, evidently depending on the definition of the term 'Romanian', Romanians native to Romania and Republic of Moldova and their afferent diasporas, native speakers of Romanian, as well as other Eastern Romance-speaking groups considered by most scholars as a constituent part of the broader Romanian people, specifically Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians, Istro-Romanians, and Vlachs in Serbia (including medieval Vlachs), in Croatia, in Bulgaria, or in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Romanization of Serbian

The romanization or latinization of Serbian is the representation of the Serbian language using Latin letters.

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Românul

Românul (meaning "The Romanian"; originally spelled Romanulu or Românulŭ, also known as Romînul, Concordia, Libertatea and Consciinti'a Nationala), was a political and literary newspaper published in Bucharest, Romania, from 1857 to 1905.

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Romulan

The Romulans are an extraterrestrial humanoid species in the science fiction franchise Star Trek.

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Rouran Khaganate

The Rouran Khaganate, Ruanruan, Ruru, or Tantan was the name of a state established by proto-Mongols, from the late 4th century until the middle 6th century.

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Roxolani

The Roxolani were a Sarmatian people, who are believed to be an offshoot of the Alans, although according to Strabo they were the most remote of Scythian peoples.

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Rusyn exonyms (Vojvodina)

Below is a list of Rusyn language exonyms for towns and villages in the Vojvodina region of Serbia (Rusyn names are in parentheses).

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Rusyns

Rusyns, also known as Ruthenes (Rusyn: Русины Rusynŷ; also sometimes referred to as Руснакы Rusnakŷ – Rusnaks), are a primarily diasporic ethnic group who speak an East Slavic language known as Rusyn.

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Rusyns of Romania

The Rusyns (Rusíni in Rusyn, Ruteni in Romanian) are an ethnic minority in Romania.

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Ruthenia

Ruthenia (Рѹ́сь (Rus) and Рѹ́сьскаѧ землѧ (Rus'kaya zemlya), Ῥωσία, Rus(s)ia, Ruscia, Ruzzia, Rut(h)enia, Roxolania, Garðaríki) is a proper geographical exonym for Kievan Rus' and other, more local, historical states.

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Ruthenians

Ruthenians and Ruthenes are Latin exonyms which were used in Western Europe for the ancestors of modern East Slavic peoples, Rus' people with Ruthenian Greek Catholic religious background and Orthodox believers which lived outside the Rus'.

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S'gaw people

The S'gaw,(or) also known as Skaw, S'gaw, S'gau, White Karen, Paganyaw, Pgaz Cgauz and Pakayo, are an ethnic group of Burma and Thailand.

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Sa'och language

Sa'och (also, "Sauch") is an endangered, nearly extinct Pearic language of Cambodia and Thailand spoken only occasionally by a decreasing number of older adults.

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Sabellians

Sabellians is a collective ethnonym for a group of Italic peoples or tribes inhabiting central and southern Italy at the time of the rise of Rome.

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Sabines

The Sabines (Sabini; Σαβῖνοι Sabĩnoi; Sabini, all exonyms) were an Italic tribe which lived in the central Apennines of ancient Italy, also inhabiting Latium north of the Anio before the founding of Rome.

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Salish peoples

The Salish peoples are an ethno-linguistic group of the Pacific Northwest, identified by their use of the Salish languages which diversified out of Proto-Salish between 3,000 and 6,000 years ago.

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Salishan languages

The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest in North America (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana).

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Salpinx

A salpinx (plural salpinges; Greek σαλπιγξ) was a trumpet-like instrument of the ancient Greeks.

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Sama-Bajau

The Sama-Bajau refers to several Austronesian ethnic groups of Maritime Southeast Asia with their origins from the southern Philippines.

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Sami languages

Sami languages is a group of Uralic languages spoken by the Sami people in Northern Europe (in parts of northern Finland, Norway, Sweden and extreme northwestern Russia).

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Sami people

The Sami people (also known as the Sámi or the Saami) are a Finno-Ugric people inhabiting Sápmi, which today encompasses large parts of Norway and Sweden, northern parts of Finland, and the Murmansk Oblast of Russia.

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Sami Siida of North America

The Sami Siida of North America is a loosely organized group of regional communities, primarily in Canada and the United States, who share the Sami (Saami) culture and heritage from the arctic and sub-arctic regions of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Kola Peninsula of Russia.

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Samnites

The Samnites were an ancient Italic people who lived in Samnium in south-central Italy.

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Samnium

Samnium (Sannio) is a Latin exonym for a region of Southern Italy anciently inhabited by the Samnites.

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San Miguel Ixtapan (archaeological site)

San Miguel Ixtapan is an archaeological site located in the municipality of Tejupilco (Nahuatl "Texopilco" or "Texopilli"), in the State of Mexico.

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San people

No description.

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Sant Bhasha

Sant Bhasha (Sant Bhāṣā), also known by its endonym Gurmukhi, is a language composed of common vocabulary from South Asian and Middle Eastern languages, which was extensively used by saints and poets to compose hymns.

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Saramaccan language

Saramaccan (autonym: Saamáka) is a creole language spoken by about 58,000 ethnic African people near the Saramacca and upper Suriname River, as well as in the capital Paramaribo, in Suriname (formerly also known as Dutch Guiana), 25,000 in French Guiana, and 8,000 in the Netherlands.

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Sarmatians

The Sarmatians (Sarmatae, Sauromatae; Greek: Σαρμάται, Σαυρομάται) were a large Iranian confederation that existed in classical antiquity, flourishing from about the 5th century BC to the 4th century AD.

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Sauk people

The Sac or Sauk are a group of Native Americans of the Eastern Woodlands culture group, who lived primarily in the region of what is now Green Bay, Wisconsin, when first encountered by the French in 1667.

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Saulteaux

The Saulteaux (pronounced,; also written Salteaux and many other variants) are a First Nations band government in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, Canada.

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Sawi language (Dardic)

Sawi, Savi, or Sauji, is an endangered Indo-Aryan language of northeastern Afghanistan.

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Scania

Scania, also known as Skåne, is the southernmost province (landskap) of Sweden.

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Scientific racism

Scientific racism (sometimes referred to as race biology, racial biology, or race realism) is the pseudoscientific belief that empirical evidence exists to support or justify racism (racial discrimination), racial inferiority, or racial superiority.

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Sea of Azov

The Sea of Azov (Азо́вское мо́ре, Azóvskoje móre; Азо́вське мо́ре, Azóvśke móre; Azaq deñizi, Азакъ денъизи, ازاق دﻩﯕىزى) is a sea in Eastern Europe.

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Sequani

Sequani, in ancient geography, were a Gallic people who occupied the upper river basin of the Arar (Saône), the valley of the Doubs and the Jura Mountains, their territory corresponding to Franche-Comté and part of Burgundy.

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Serbian exonyms

Below is list of exonyms for places which have a different name in the Serbian language.

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Seri language

Seri (Seri: cmiique iitom) is an indigenous language spoken by between 716La situación sociolingüística de la lengua seri en 2006.

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Seri people

The Seri are an indigenous group of the Mexican state of Sonora.

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Serrano people

The Serrano are an indigenous people of California.

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Shadow (Babylon 5)

The Shadows are a fictional alien species in the science fiction television series Babylon 5.

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Shan language

The Shan language (Shan written: လိၵ်ႈတႆး), Shan spoken: ၵႂၢမ်းတႆး), or ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး,; ရှမ်းဘာသာ,; ภาษาไทใหญ่) is the native language of the Shan people and is mostly spoken in Shan State, Burma. It is also spoken in pockets of Kachin State in Burma, in northern Thailand, and decreasingly in Assam. Shan is a member of the Tai–Kadai language family, and is related to Thai. It has five tones, which do not correspond exactly to Thai tones, plus a "sixth tone" used for emphasis. It is called Tai Yai, or Tai Long in the Tai languages. The number of Shan speakers is not known in part because the Shan population is unknown. Estimates of Shan people range from four million to 30 million, though the true number is somewhere around six million, with about half speaking the Shan language. In 2001 Patrick Johnstone and Jason Mandryk estimated 3.2 million Shan speakers in Myanmar; the Mahidol University Institute for Language and Culture gave the number of Shan speakers in Thailand as 95,000 in 2006.http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code.

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Shanqella

Shanqella (Ge'ez: ሻንቅላ šānḳillā sometimes spelled Shankella, Shangella, Shánkala, Shankalla or Shangalla) is an exonym for a number of ethnic groups that today reside primarily in the westernmost part of Ethiopia near South Sudan (especially Benishangul-Gumuz Region), but are known to have also inhabited more northerly areas until the late nineteenth century.

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Shilha language

Shilha is a Berber language native to Shilha people.

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Shiping County

Shiping County is a county in the Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture in the southern part of the Yunnan province of China.

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Shqiptar

Shqip(ë)tar (plural: Shqiptarët; Shqyptar), is an Albanian language ethnonym (endonym), by which Albanians call themselves.

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Shuvalov Painter

The Shuvalov Painter was an Attic vase painter of the red-figure style, active between 440 and 410 BC, i.e. in the High Classical period (Parthenon period).

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Siam (disambiguation)

The name Siam is a formerly used exonym for Thailand, especially Central, Eastern, Western, and Southern.

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Sidamo language

Sidaama or Sidaamu Afoo is an Afro-Asiatic language, belonging to the Highland East Cushitic branch of the Cushitic family.

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Sigismund III Vasa

Sigismund III Vasa (also known as Sigismund III of Poland, Zygmunt III Waza, Sigismund, Žygimantas Vaza, English exonym: Sigmund; 20 June 1566 – 30 April 1632 N.S.) was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, monarch of the united Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632, and King of Sweden (where he is known simply as Sigismund) from 1592 as a composite monarchy until he was deposed in 1599.

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Sioux

The Sioux also known as Očhéthi Šakówiŋ, are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America.

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Slavic Native Faith

The Slavic Native Faith, also known as Rodnovery, is a modern Pagan religion.

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Slavs

Slavs are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group.

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Slavs (ethnonym)

The Slavic ethnonym (and autonym), Slavs, is reconstructed in Proto-Slavic as *Slověninъ, plural Slověně.

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Slovak exonyms (Vojvodina)

Below is a list of Slovak language exonyms for towns and villages in the Vojvodina region of Serbia (Slovak names are in parentheses).

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Slovaks

The Slovaks or Slovak people (Slováci, singular Slovák, feminine Slovenka, plural Slovenky) are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Slovakia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak the Slovak language.

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Snake War

The Snake War (1864–1868) was a war fought by the United States of America against the "Snake Indians," the settlers' term for Northern Paiute, Bannock and Western Shoshone bands who lived along the Snake River.

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Snoqualmie people

The Snoqualmie people (S·dukʷalbixʷ) are a southern Coast Salish indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest Coast.

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Sogdia

Sogdia or Sogdiana was an ancient Iranian civilization that at different times included territory located in present-day Tajikistan and Uzbekistan such as: Samarkand, Bukhara, Khujand, Panjikent and Shahrisabz.

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Somkhiti

Somkhiti (სომხითი) was an ambiguous geographic term used in medieval and early modern Georgian historical sources to refer to Armenia on one hand and to the Armeno-Georgian marchlands along the river valleys of Debed and Khrami on the other hand.

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South Norway

South Norway (Norwegian: Sør-Norge, Northern Sami: Lulli-Norga) is the southern and by far most populous half of Norway, consisting of the regions of Western Norway, Eastern Norway, Southern Norway (Agder) and Trøndelag (Central Norway).

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South Ossetian name change referendum, 2017

A referendum on changing the territory's name was held in South Ossetia on 9 April 2017, alongside presidential elections.

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Spaniards

Spaniards are a Latin European ethnic group and nation.

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Spanish exonyms

The following is a list of Spanish exonyms, that is to say names for places that do not speak Spanish that have been adapted to Spanish spelling rules, or are historic Spanish names for places even if they do not directly reflect a place's current or native name.

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Stadsfries dialects

Stadsfries, Stadfries, Stedfrysk or Town Frisian is a set of dialects spoken in certain cities in the province of Friesland in the northern Netherlands, namely Leeuwarden, Sneek, Bolsward, Franeker, Dokkum, Harlingen, Stavoren, and to some extent in Heerenveen.

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Standard Zhuang

Standard Zhuang (autonym) is the official standardized form of the Zhuang languages, which are a branch of the Northern Tai languages.

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Sugbuak

The Sugbuak refers to the controversial, failed proposed partition of the island province of Cebu in the Philippines into four separate provinces.

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Sui people

The Sui people (autonym: ai33 sui33), also spelled as Shui people, are an ethnic group living mostly in Guizhou Province, China.

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Sumerian language

Sumerian (𒅴𒂠 "native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer and a language isolate that was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq).

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Sumo people

The Mayangna (also known as Sumu or Sumo) are a people who live on the eastern coasts of Nicaragua and Honduras, an area commonly known as the Mosquito Coast.

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Susu language

The Susu language (endonym Sosoxui; Soussou) is the language of the Susu or ''Soso'' people of Guinea and Sierra Leone, West Africa.

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Svalbard Treaty

The Svalbard Treaty (originally the Spitsbergen Treaty) recognises the sovereignty of Norway over the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, at the time called Spitsbergen.

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Svevia

Svevia is an independent public company which builds and operates roads and infrastructure in Sweden.

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Swedish exonyms

Below is list of Swedish language exonyms for places in non-Swedish-speaking areas of the world.

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Szlachta

The szlachta (exonym: Nobility) was a legally privileged noble class in the Kingdom of Poland, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Ruthenia, Samogitia (both after Union of Lublin became a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth) and the Zaporozhian Host.

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Taensa

The Taensa (also Taënsas, Tensas, Tensaw, and Grands Taensas in French) were a Native American people whose settlements at the time of European contact in the late 17th century were located in present-day Tensas Parish, Louisiana.

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Tagalog language

Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.

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Tagalog people

The Tagalog people (Baybayin) are a major ethnolingustic group in the Philippines.

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Tahitian language

Tahitian (autonym Reo Tahiti, part of Reo Mā'ohi, languages of French Polynesia)Reo Mā'ohi correspond to “languages of natives from French Polynesia”, and may in principle designate any of the seven indigenous languages spoken in French Polynesia.

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Tai languages

The Tai or Zhuang–Tai languages (ภาษาไท or ภาษาไต, transliteration: or) are a branch of the Kra–Dai language family.

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Taivoan people

The Taivoan or Tevorangh people, or Shisha, also written Taivuan and Tevorang, Tivorang, Tivorangh, are an indigenous people in Taiwan.

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Tanush Thopia

Tanush Thopia (Tanusas Thopius, d. 1467) was an Albanian nobleman and one of the closest collaborators of George Kastrioti Skanderbeg.

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Tappan tribe

The Tappan were a Lenape people who inhabited the region radiating from Hudson Palisades and New York – New Jersey Highlands in at the time of European colonialization in the 17th century.

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Tarim mummies

The Tarim mummies are a series of mummies discovered in the Tarim Basin in present-day Xinjiang, China, which date from 1800 BCE to the first centuries BCE.

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Tarot of Marseilles

The Tarot of Marseilles or Tarot of Marseille, also widely known by the French designation Tarot de Marseille, is one of the standard patterns for the design of tarot cards.

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Tat people (Caucasus)

The Tat people (also: Tati, Parsi, Daghli, Lohijon, Caucasian Persians, Transcaucasian Persians) are an Iranian people, presently living within Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Russia (mainly Southern Dagestan).

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Tatars

The Tatars (татарлар, татары) are a Turkic-speaking peoples living mainly in Russia and other Post-Soviet countries.

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Tehuelche people

The Aónikenk people, better known by the exonym Tehuelche, are a group of indigenous peoples of Patagonia and the southern pampas regions of Argentina and Chile.

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Tepehuán

The Tepehuán are an indigenous people of Mexico.

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Terminology of the British Isles

The terminology of the British Isles refers to the various words and phrases that are used to describe the different (and sometimes overlapping) geographical and political areas of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, and the smaller islands which surround them.

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Terminology of the Low Countries

The Low Countries (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays-Bas) is the coastal Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta region in Western Europe whose definition usually includes the modern countries of Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands.

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Terms for Syriac Christians

Syriac Christians are an ethnoreligious grouping of various ethnic communities of indigenous pre-Arab Semitic and often Neo-Aramaic-speaking Christian people of Iraq, Syria, Iran, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine and Israel.

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Thailand

Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.

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Theodiscus

Theodiscus is a Medieval Latin term literally meaning "popular" or "of the people".

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Thracians

The Thracians (Θρᾷκες Thrāikes; Thraci) were a group of Indo-European tribes inhabiting a large area in Eastern and Southeastern Europe.

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Throne of a Thousand Years

Throne of a Thousand Years is a non-fiction book, written by Jacob Truedson Demitz and published in 1996, and is the first English-language historical account solely about all the kings and queens of Sweden.

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Thule

Thule (Θούλη, Thoúlē; Thule, Tile) was the place located furthest north, which was mentioned in ancient Greek and Roman literature and cartography.

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Tibet

Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia.

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Timucua

The Timucua were a Native American people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia.

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Tjalkadjara

The Tjalkadjara were an indigenous Australian tribe of Western Australia.

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Tlapa de Comonfort

Tlapa de Comonfort, often shortened to Tlapa and known as Tinda'i in Mixtec, is a city in the mountain region of the Mexican state of Guerrero.

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Tongva

The Tongva are Native Americans who inhabited the Los Angeles Basin and the Southern Channel Islands, an area covering approximately.

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Tonto Apache

The Tonto Apache (Dilzhę́’é, also Dilzhe'e, Dilzhe’eh Apache) is one of the groups of Western Apache people.

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Toponymy

Toponymy is the study of place names (toponyms), their origins, meanings, use, and typology.

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Toquz Oghuz

Toquz Oghuz (Old Turkic: Toquz Oγuz) was a political alliance of nine Turkic tribes in Inner Asia, during the early Middle Ages.

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Tost

Tost may refer to.

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Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle

There were three Treaties of Aix-la-Chapelle.

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Trinity River (California)

The Trinity River (originally called the Hoopa or Hupa by the Yurok, and hun' by the Natinixwe/Hupa people) is a major river in northwestern California in the United States, and is the principal tributary of the Klamath River.

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Tsardom of Russia

The Tsardom of Russia (Русское царство, Russkoye tsarstvo or Российское царство, Rossiyskoye tsarstvo), also known as the Tsardom of Muscovy, was the name of the centralized Russian state from assumption of the title of Tsar by Ivan IV in 1547 until the foundation of the Russian Empire by Peter the Great in 1721.

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Tuamotus

The Tuamotus, also referred to in English as the Tuamotu Archipelago or the Tuamotu Islands (Îles Tuamotu, officially Archipel des Tuamotu), are a French Polynesian chain of almost 80 islands and atolls forming the largest chain of atolls in the world.

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Tuareg people

The Tuareg people (also spelt Twareg or Touareg; endonym: Kel Tamasheq, Kel Tagelmust) are a large Berber ethnic confederation.

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Tucano language

Tucano, also Tukano or Tucana, endonym Dahseyé (Dasea), is a Tucanoan language spoken in Amazonas, Brazil and Colombia.

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Tujia people

The Tujia (Northern Tujia: Bifzivkar, IPA:pi˧˥ ʦi˥ kʰa˨˩; Southern Tujia: Mongrzzir, IPA: /mõ˨˩ ʣi˨˩/; Chinese: 土家族, pinyin: Tǔjiāzú), with a total population of over 8 million, is the 8th largest ethnic minority in the People's Republic of China.

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Tulua people

The Tulua were an indigenous Australian tribe of Queensland.

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Tungusic languages

The Tungusic languages (also known as Manchu-Tungus, Tungus) form a language family spoken in Eastern Siberia and northeast China by Tungusic peoples.

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Turkey

Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Turrbal

The Turrbal are an Australian Aboriginal nation, descendants of the original owners and custodians of the region of present-day Brisbane, Queensland.

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Turu people

The Turu (Arimi, Wanyaturu) are an ethnic and linguistic group based in the Singida Region of north-central Tanzania who speak the Bantu Kinyaturu.

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Tuscarora people

The Tuscarora (in Tuscarora Skarù:ręˀ, "hemp gatherers" or "Shirt-Wearing People") are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government of the Iroquoian-language family, with members today in North Carolina, New York, and Ontario.

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Tushara Kingdom

The Tushara Kingdom according to Ancient Indian literature, such as the epic Mahabharata was a land located beyond north-west India.

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Tutelo

The Tutelo (also Totero, Totteroy, Tutera; Yesan in Tutelo) were Native American people living above the Fall Line in present-day Virginia and West Virginia.

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Tyrrhenians

The Tyrrhenians (Attic Greek: Τυρρηνοί Turrhēnoi) or Tyrsenians (Ionic: Τυρσηνοί Tursēnoi; Doric: Τυρσανοί Tursānoi) is an exonym used by Greek authors to refer to a non-Greek people.

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Udmurt language

Udmurt (удмурт кыл, udmurt kyl) is a Uralic language, part of the Permic subgroup, spoken by the Udmurt natives of the Russian constituent republic of Udmurtia, where it is co-official with Russian.

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Umiida

The Umiida, also written Umede, were an indigenous Australian people of the Kimberley region of north Western Australia.

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Undanbi

The Undanbi were an indigenous Australian tribe of southern Queensland.

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Unggumi

The Unggumi, also written Ongkomi, are an indigenous Australian people of the Kimberley region of Western Australian.

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Unjadi

The Unjadi were an indigenous Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of northern Queensland.

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Upper Canada

The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution.

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Upper Peninsula English

Upper Peninsula (U.P.) English, also known as Yooper English, or colloquially as Yoopanese, is a variety of American English native to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan (locally abbreviated as "U.P." and the basis for the endonym "Yooper").

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Urartu

Urartu, which corresponds to the biblical mountains of Ararat, is the name of a geographical region commonly used as the exonym for the Iron Age kingdom also known by the modern rendition of its endonym, the Kingdom of Van, centered around Lake Van in the Armenian Highlands.

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Ureparapara

Ureparapara (also known as Parapara for short; once known as Bligh Island) is the third largest island in the Banks group of northern Vanuatu, after Gaua and Vanua Lava.

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Ushant

Ushant (Eusa,; Ouessant) is a French island at the south-western end of the English Channel which marks the north-westernmost point of metropolitan France.

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Vainakh peoples

The Vainakh peoples (Russian: Вайнахи, apparently derived from Chechen вайн нах, Ingush вейн нах "our people"; also Chechen-Ingush) are the speakers of the Vainakh languages, chiefly the Chechen, Ingush and Kist peoples of the North Caucasus, including closely related minor or historical groups The term Nakh peoples (Нахские народы) was coined in the Soviet period to accommodate the wider linguistic family of Nakh languages, connecting the Chechen-Ingush group to the Bats people, an ethnic minority in northeastern Georgia.

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Valencian

Valencian (or; endonym: valencià, llengua valenciana, or idioma valencià) is a linguistic variety spoken in the Valencian Community, Spain. In the Valencian Community, Valencian is the traditional language and is co-official with Spanish. It is considered different from Catalan by a slight majority of the people of the Valencian Community (including non-speakers), but this is at odds with the broad academic view, which considers it a dialect of Catalan. A standardized form exists, based on the Southern Valencian dialect. Valencian belongs to the Western group of Catalan dialects. Under the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, the Valencian Academy of the Language (Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua, AVL) has been established as its regulator. The AVL considers Catalan and Valencian to be simply two names for the same language. Some of the most important works of Valencian literature experienced a golden age during the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Important works include Joanot Martorell's chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch, and Ausiàs March's poetry. The first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in the Valencian variety. The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor (1475).

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Vegetable Lamb of Tartary

The Vegetable Lamb of Tartary (Latin: Agnus scythicus or Planta Tartarica Barometz) is a legendary zoophyte of Central Asia, once believed to grow sheep as its fruit.

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Vestinian language

Vestinian is an extinct Indo-European language documented only in two surviving inscriptions of the Roman Republic.

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Vietnamese Pot-bellied

Vietnamese Pot-bellied is the exonym for the Lon I (italic) or I pig, an endangered traditional Vietnamese breed of small domestic pig.

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Vilela people

The Vilela people, or Vilelas, are an indigenous people in Argentina.

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Vinzenz Lachner

Vinzenz Lachner (also spelled Vincenz) (19 July 1811 – 22 January 1893)"Vinzenz Lachner", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians.

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Vlachs

Vlachs (or, or rarely), also Wallachians (and many other variants), is a historical term from the Middle Ages which designates an exonym (a name given by foreigners) used mostly for the Romanians who lived north and south of the Danube.

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Vlachs in the history of Croatia

The term Vlachs (Vlasi) was initially used in medieval Croatian and Venetian history for a Romance-speaking pastoralist community, called "Vlachs" and "Morlachs", inhabiting the mountains and lands of the Croatian Kingdom and the Republic of Venice (Venetian Dalmatia) from the early 14th century.

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Vlachs of Serbia

The Vlachs (endonym: Rumînji or Rumâni, Власи/Vlasi) are an ethnic minority in eastern Serbia, culturally and linguistically related to Romanians.

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Vlah Church

The Vlah Church (Влашка Црква) is a Serbian Orthodox church built in 1450 in the village, Donji Kraj (on Cetinje field), Zeta, Serbian Despotate (modern day Montenegro).

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Voisava

Voisava (1402–05) was the wife of Gjon Kastrioti (1386–d. 1437), an Albanian nobleman with whom she had nine children, one of whom was the most powerful Albanian nobleman in history, regarded a national hero, George Kastrioti "Skanderbeg" (1405–1468).

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Vokil

The Vokil, Ukil or Uokil were a dynastic clan of 1st millennium Danube Bulgaria.

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Voloshin

Voloshin, or Voloshyn, feminine forms: Voloshina / Voloshyna (Волошин, Волошина), is a Russian and Ukrainian surname, meaning "Romanian" (from the dated exonym Vlach).

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Wa (Japan)

Japanese is the oldest recorded name of Japan.

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Wailpi

The Wailpi are an indigenous people of South Australia They are also known as the Adnyamathanha, which however now refers to a larger group.

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Wakaya people

The Wakaya are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Wakka Wakka

The Wakka Wakka are an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.

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Walhaz

*Walhaz is a reconstructed Proto-Germanic word meaning "foreigner", "stranger", "Roman", "Romance-speaker", or "Celtic-speaker".

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Waljen

The Waljen were an indigenous people of Western Australia, in the Goldfields-Esperance area.

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Walmadjari

The Walmadjari, also known as Tjiwaling, are an indigenous Australian people of the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

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Walmbaria

The Walmbaria are an indigenous Australian people of Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland.

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Walter Braemer

Walter Braemer (7 January 1883 13 June 1955) was a general in the Reichswehr and the Wehrmacht and a high-ranking SS commander during the Nazi era.

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Wambaya people

The Wambaya are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Wampanoag

The Wampanoag, also rendered Wôpanâak, are an American Indian people in North America.

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Wanman people

The Wanman are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia's Pilbara region.

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Waorani language

The Waorani (Huaorani) language, commonly known as Sabela (also Wao, Huao, Auishiri, Aushiri, Ssabela; autonym: Wao Terero; pejorative: Auka, Auca) is a vulnerable language isolate spoken by the Huaorani people, an indigenous group living in the Amazon Rainforest between the Napo and Curaray Rivers in Ecuador.

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Wardal

The Wardal were an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Warembori language

Warembori (native name Waremboivoro) is a moribund language spoken by about 600 people in river mouths on the north coast of Papua, Indonesia.

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Warki

The Warki are a lakalinyeri (tribe) of the Ngarrindjeri Australian Aboriginal people of southern Australia.

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Warlpiri people

The Warlpiri are a group of Indigenous Australians, many of whom speak the Warlpiri language.

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Warrwa

The Warrwa are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Washoe people

The Washoe are a Great Basin tribe of Native Americans, living near Lake Tahoe at the border between California and Nevada.

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Welsh exonyms

The modern Welsh language contains names for many towns and other geographical features in Great Britain and elsewhere.

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Welsh language

Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.

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Wenamba

The Wenamba are an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Western Apache people

The Western Apache live primarily in east central Arizona, in the United States.

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Western Yugur language

Western Yugur (Western Yugur: yoɣïr lar (Yugur speech) or yoɣïr śoz (Yugur word)) is the Turkic language spoken by the Yugur people.

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White Aethiopians

White Aethiopians (Λευκαιθίοπες; Leucæthiopes) is a term found in ancient Roman literature, which may have referred to various non-"Negro" and light-complexioned populations inhabiting the Aethiopia region of antiquity.

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Widi tribe

The Widi were an indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Wiilman

Wiilman is the endonym of a Noongar Aboriginal tribe, from the Wheatbelt, Great Southern and South West regions of Western Australia.

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Winduwinda

The Winduwinda were an indigenous Australian people of Queensland.

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Winnebago language

The Ho-Chunk language (Hoocąk, Hocąk), also known as Winnebago, is the traditional language of the Ho-Chunk (or Winnebago) nation of Native Americans in the United States.

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Winnebago, Nebraska

Winnebago is a village in Thurston County, Nebraska, United States.

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Wiradjuri

The Wiradjuri people) are a group of indigenous Australian Aboriginal people that were united by a common language, strong ties of kinship and survived as skilled hunter–fisher–gatherers in family groups or clans scattered throughout central New South Wales. In the 21st century, major Wiradjuri groups live in Condobolin, Peak Hill, Narrandera and Griffith. There are significant populations at Wagga Wagga and Leeton and smaller groups at West Wyalong, Parkes, Dubbo, Forbes, Cootamundra, Cowra and Young.

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Wirangu people

The Wirangu are an indigenous Australian people of the Western coastal region of South Australia.

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Wochua people

The Wochua (singular Achua) was the endonym of a pygmy people of the forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, south of the Welle River.

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Wongkanguru

The Wongkanguru were an indigenous Australian people of the state of South Australia.

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Wongkumara

The Wongkumara were an indigenous people of the state of Queensland.

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Wotjobaluk people

The Wotjobaluk were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Victoria.

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Wrangell, Alaska

The City and Borough of Wrangell (Tlingit: Ḵaachx̱aana.áakʼw) is a borough in the U.S. state of Alaska.

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Wunambal

The Wunambal are an indigenous Australian people of the northern Kimberley region of Western Australia.

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Wurla

The Wurla, also written Ola, are an indigenous Australian people of the Kimberley region of Western Australia.

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Wyandot people

The Wyandot people or Wendat, also called the Huron Nation and Huron people, in most historic references are believed to have been the most populous confederacy of Iroquoian cultured indigenous peoples of North America.

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Xianyun

The Xianyun was an ancient nomadic tribe that invaded China during the Zhou Dynasty.

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Xiqi language

Xiqi (autonym: ɕi33 tɕhi33 pho21) is an unclassified Loloish language of Huaning County, Yunnan, China.

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Yadhaykenu

The Yadhaykenu, otherwise known as the Jathaikana or Yadhaigana, are an Australian aboriginal tribe of northern Queensland.

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Yaghan people

The Yaghan, also called Yagán, Yahgan, Yámana, Yamana, or Tequenica, are one of the indigenous peoples of the Southern Cone, who are regarded as the southernmost peoples in the world.

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Yamato-damashii

or is a Japanese language term that refers to the cultural values and characteristics of the Japanese people.

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Yaminawá

The Yaminawá (Iaminaua, Jaminawa, Yawanawa) are an indigenous people who live in Acre (Brazil), Madre de Dios (Peru), and Bolivia.

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Yanggal

The Yanggal are an indigenous Australian people of area of the Gulf of Carpentaria in the state of Queensland.

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Yangtze

The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.

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Yankuntjatjarra

The Yankuntjatjarra, otherwise written Jangkundjara, are an indigenous Australian people of the state of South Australia.

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Yanomaman languages

Yanomaman (also Yanomam, Yanomáman, Yamomámi, Yanomamana, Shamatari, Shirianan) is a language spoken by about 20,000 Yanomami people in southern Venezuela and northwestern Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas).

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Yanyuwa people

The Yanyuwa people are an Indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory who live in the coastal region inclusive of and opposite to the Sir Edward Pellew Group of Islands in the southern Gulf of Carpentaria.

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Yao people

The Yao people (its majority branch is also known as Mien;; người Dao) is a government classification for various minorities in China and Vietnam.

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Yaroinga

The Yaroinga are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Yawuru

The Yawuru, also spelt Jawuru, are an Indigenous Australian people of Western Australia.

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Yehudi

Yehudi or Jehudi (Hebrew יהודי, endonym for Jew) is a common Hebrew name.

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Yem people

The Yem are an ethnic group living in south-western Ethiopia.

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Yi people

The Yi or Nuosuo people (historically known as Lolo) are an ethnic group in China, Vietnam, and Thailand.

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Yidinji people

The Yidinji people, otherwise known as the Yidiñ, are an indigenous Australian tribal group in Far North Queensland.

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Yindjilandji

The Yindjilandji are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Yokula

The Yokula were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.

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Yokuts

The Yokuts (previously known as MariposasPowell, 1891:90–91.) are an ethnic group of Native Americans native to central California.

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Yolmo language

Yolmo (Hyolmo),or Helambu Sherpa, is the native Tibeto-Burman language of the Hyolmo of south-central Nepal.

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Yolngu

The Yolngu or Yolŋu are an aggregation of indigenous Australian people inhabiting north-eastern Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia.

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Yongsheng County

Yongsheng County (永胜县; Pinyin: Yǒngshèng Xiàn) is located in Lijiang City Prefecture, Yunnan, China.

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Yoruba people

The Yoruba people (name spelled also: Ioruba or Joruba;, lit. 'Yoruba lineage'; also known as Àwon omo Yorùbá, lit. 'Children of Yoruba', or simply as the Yoruba) are an ethnic group of southwestern and north-central Nigeria, as well as southern and central Benin.

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Yucatecan languages

The Yucatecan languages are a branch of the Mayan family of Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala.

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Yuchi

The Yuchi people, spelled Euchee and Uchee, are people of a Native American tribe who historically lived in the eastern Tennessee River valley in Tennessee in the 16th century.

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Yued

Yued, also called Juat is the name of the Noongar dialectical group which is located north of Perth.

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Yuezhi

The Yuezhi or Rouzhi were an ancient people first reported in Chinese histories as nomadic pastoralists living in an arid grassland area in the western part of the modern Chinese province of Gansu, during the 1st millennium BC.

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Yugambeh language

Yugambeh (Mibanah from Mibanah gulgun literally: "Language of men" or "Sound of eagles) also known as Ngarangwal, Nganduwal, or Tweed-Albert Bandjalang is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken by the Yugambeh living in South-East Queensland between and within the Logan River basin and the Tweed River basin, bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean (including South Stradbroke Island) and in the west by the Teviot Ranges and Teviot Creek basin.

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Yugambeh people

The Yugambeh (Yugambeh: Miban) are a group of Australian Aboriginal clans whose ancestors all spoke one or more dialects of the Yugambeh Language.

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Yumu

The Yumu, also written Jumu, were an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.

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Zaghawa language

Zaghawa is a Saharan language spoken by the Zaghawa people of east-central Chad (in the Sahel) and northwestern Sudan (Darfur).

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Zapotec civilization

The Zapotec civilization was an indigenous pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca in Mesoamerica.

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Zapotec peoples

The Zapotecs (Zoogocho Zapotec: Didxažoŋ) are an indigenous people of Mexico.

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Zeeland

Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.

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Zhuang languages

The Zhuang languages (autonym:, pre-1982:, Sawndip: 話僮, from vah 'language' and Cuengh 'Zhuang') are any of more than a dozen Tai languages spoken by the Zhuang people of southern China in the province of Guangxi and adjacent parts of Yunnan and Guangdong.

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Zhuang people

The Zhuang people are an ethnic group who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China.

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Zou language

Zou or Zokam (literally "of the hills"), or Zo, Zomi, Yo, Yaw, or Jo, is a Northern Kuki-Chin language originating in northwestern Burma and spoken also in Manipur in northeastern India, where the name is spelled Zo.

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.eus

.eus is the top-level domain for the Basque language.

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Conventional name, Endonym, Endonym and exonym, Endonyms, English endonyms, Exonym, Exonym/endonym, Exonyms, Exonyms and endonyms, Exonymy, Local name, Orthographic exonymy, Self-appellation, Xenonym, Xenonymy.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exonym_and_endonym

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