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An abandoned village is a village that has, for some reason, been deserted.
Abaskiron (Ἀπα Ἰσχυρίων) was a Byzantine topoteretes and/or tribune, active in the Diocese of Egypt during the 6th century.
Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi or Abdallatif al-Baghdadi (عبداللطيف البغدادي, 1162 in Baghdad–1231), short for Muwaffaq al-Din Muhammad Abd al-Latif ibn Yusuf al-Baghdadi (موفق الدين محمد عبد اللطيف بن يوسف البغدادي), was a physician, historian, Egyptologist and traveler, and one of the most voluminous writers of the Near East in his time.
ʿAbdallāh ibn ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Marwān (in Greek sources Ἀβδελᾶς, Abdelas) was an Umayyad prince, the son of Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (r. 685–705), a general and governor of Egypt.
Abebech Gobena (Amharic: አበበች ጎበና; Afan Oromo: Abbabachi Goobanaa) (born 1938) is an Ethiopian humanitarian, and the founder and general manager of AGOHELMA, one of the oldest orphanages in Ethiopia.
The Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Bologna (Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna) is an academic society in Bologna, Italy, that was founded in 1714 and prospered in the Age of Enlightenment.
AD 14 (XIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
In 1994, the Rwandan Genocide unfolded before the world’s eyes and with it, several hundred thousand people were murdered in the heart of Africa.
Aftermath is a four-part 2010 documentary television series created by History Television Canadian station, airing in the United States on the National Geographic Channel, and produced by Cream Productions.
Agabus (Ἄγαβος) was an early follower of Christianity mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles as a prophet.
Agnese del Maino (c. 1411 – 13 December 1465) was a Milanese noblewoman and the mistress of Filippo Maria Visconti, the last legitimate Duke of Milan of the Visconti dynasty.
Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs.
Agriculture is the traditional mainstay of the Cambodian economy.
Agriculture in Lithuania dates to the Neolithic period, about 3,000 to 1,000 BC.
In 2004, agriculture and forestry accounted for 21.8 percent of Vietnam's gross domestic product (GDP), and between 1994 and 2004, the sector grew at an annual rate of 4.1 percent.
Ahmad Ibrahim Diraige is the former governor of the Sudanese province of Darfur and current head of the National Redemption Front alliance of rebel groups in the Darfur conflict.
The Akkadian Empire was the first ancient Semitic-speaking empire of Mesopotamia, centered in the city of Akkad and its surrounding region, also called Akkad in ancient Mesopotamia in the Bible.
Aktion Deutschland Hilft e.V. – Bündnis deutscher Hilfsorganisationen (ADH) (Campaign Germany helps association - alliance of German aid organisations) with headquarter in Bonn is a connection of German Aid agencies for Humanitarian aid, with the target to help faster and more efficient through coordination and combination of efforts in case of a disaster and to raise Donations together.
Abū Tamīm Ma‘ad al-Mustanṣir bi-llāh (أبو تميم معد المستنصر بالله.‎; July 5, 1029 – January 10, 1094) was the eighth caliph of the Fatimid Caliphate from 1036 until 1094.
Aleppo (ﺣﻠﺐ / ALA-LC) is a city in Syria, serving as the capital of the Aleppo Governorate, the most-populous Syrian governorate.
Father Alex Zanotelli born August 26, 1938, Livo, Trentino (Italy) is a member of the Combonian missionaries in Verona.
Alexandra Feodorovna (6 June 1872 – 17 July 1918) was Empress of Russia as the spouse of Nicholas II—the last ruler of the Russian Empire—from their marriage on 26 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.
Almolya del Río is a town and municipality located in the State of Mexico 26 km from the state capital of Toluca.
Alpocalypse is the thirteenth studio album by "Weird Al" Yankovic, released on June 21, 2011.
Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in India, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The American Colony was a colony established in Jerusalem in 1881 by members of a Christian utopian society led by Anna and Horatio Spafford.
The American Women's Hospitals Service (AWHS) is a charitable organization that promotes the relief of suffering worldwide by supporting independent clinics to provide care to high risk populations and by providing travel grants to medical students and residents to perform clinical projects abroad in under-served areas.
Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
The book An Essay on the Principle of Population was first published anonymously in 1798, but the author was soon identified as Thomas Robert Malthus.
Nasir-ad-Din Faraj (Urdu; Arabic; Persian:; r. 1399–1411 CE) was born in 1386 and succeeded his father Sayf-ad-Din Barquq as the second Sultan of the Burji dynasty of the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt in July 1399 with the title Al-Nasir.
Ancient Rome played a pivotal role in the history of wine.
Anderson Hays Cooper (born June 3, 1967) is an American journalist, television personality, and author.
The arms race between the United Kingdom and the German Empire that occurred from the last decade of the nineteenth century until the advent of World War I in 1914 was one of the intertwined causes of that conflict.
The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran, also known as Anglo-Soviet invasion of Persia, was the invasion of the Imperial State of Iran during the Second World War by Soviet, British and other Commonwealth armed forces.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
Aniruddha's Academy of Disaster Management (AADM) is a non-profit organization incorporated in Mumbai, India with 'disaster management' as its principal objective.
Anne Caroline Jenkin, Baroness Jenkin of Kennington (born 8 December 1955) is a Conservative member of the House of Lords.
Anno: Create a New World, also known as Dawn of Discovery in North America, is a real-time strategy and city-building game for Nintendo DS and Wii.
António Bernardo da Costa Cabral, 1st Count and 1st Marquis of Tomar (9 May 1803 – 1 September 1889) was a Portuguese 19th century statesman.
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (ɐnˈton ˈpavɫəvʲɪtɕ ˈtɕɛxəf; 29 January 1860 – 15 July 1904) was a Russian playwright and short-story writer, who is considered to be among the greatest writers of short fiction in history.
The Arauco War was a long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía.
Araunah (Hebrew: ’Ǎrawnāh) was a Jebusite who was mentioned in the Second Book of Samuel who owned the threshing floor on Mount Moriah that David purchased and used as the site for assembling an altar to God.
Arbeiter-Illustrierte-Zeitung or AIZ (in English, The Workers Pictorial Newspaper) was a German illustrated magazine published between 1924 and March 1933 in Berlin, and afterward in Prague and finally Paris until 1938.
The architecture of the Republic of Ireland is one of the most visible features in the Irish countryside – with remains from all eras since the Stone Age abounding.
Areva NC, formerly COGEMA (Compagnie générale des matières nucléaires) is a French company, created in 1976 from the production division of the French government's CEA (English: Atomic Energy Commission).
Arisaema flavum (Konso litota or panshalla) is a species of flowering plant widespread across eastern Africa and southern Asia.
Aristion (died 1 March 86 BC in Athens) was a philosopher and tyrant of Athens from 88 BC to 86.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966, which is headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines.
Order of Assassins or simply Assassins (أساسين asāsīn, حشاشین Hashâshīn) is the common name used to refer to an Islamic sect formally known as the Nizari Ismailis.
The Association of European Parliamentarians with Africa (AWEPA) is an international parliamentary association that is strictly non-partisan, founded by European parliamentarians in 1984.
The Aswan Dam, or more specifically since the 1960s, the Aswan High Dam, is an embankment dam built across the Nile in Aswan, Egypt, between 1960 and 1970.
The Atlantic campaign of May 1794 was a series of operations conducted by the British Royal Navy's Channel Fleet against the French Navy's Atlantic Fleet, with the aim of preventing the passage of a strategically important French grain convoy travelling from the United States to France.
Atmit is a nutritional supplement used to fight famine in impoverished countries.
"Attack of the Alligators!" is the 23rd episode of Thunderbirds, a British 1960s Supermarionation television series co-created by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson.
Aubencheul-aux-Bois is a commune in the department of Aisne in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The August Uprising (აგვისტოს აჯანყება, agvistos adjanq’eba) was an unsuccessful insurrection against Soviet rule in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic from late August to early September 1924.
Aurora is a 2015 novel by American science fiction author Kim Stanley Robinson.
Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.
Azawad (Tuareg: ⴰⵣⴰⵓⴷ, Azawad; أزواد, ʾĀzawād) is the name given to northern Mali by Berbers Touareg rebels, as well as a former short-lived unrecognised proto-state.
The Łódź Ghetto (Ghetto Litzmannstadt) was a World War II ghetto established by the Nazi German authorities for Polish Jews and Roma following the 1939 invasion of Poland.
Bachir Boumaaza (born June 9, 1980), mostly known by the online pseudonym Athene, is a YouTube personality.
Bad Berneck is a spa town in the district of Bayreuth, in Bavaria, Germany.
The Badayev warehouses are a complex of wooden warehouses, originally built in St. Petersburg in 1914 by Igor Rasteryaev, a merchant of the 1st Guild.
Bāgalkot district is an administrative district in the Indian state of Karnataka.
Bagaya is a settlement in Senegal in the department Bignona, in the region Ziguinchor Region, in the Casamance area.
The Bagelkhand Agency was a British political unit which managed the relations of the British with a number of autonomous princely states existing outside British India, namely Rewa and eleven minor states, of which the more important were Maihar, Nagod —with its capital at Uuchahara— and Sohawal.
The Baghdad Zoo is a zoo originally opened in 1971 and located in Baghdad, Iraq, in the Al Zawra’a Gardens area along with the Al Zawra’a Dream Park (amusement park) and Zawra'a Tower.
The Baligham, also called the Nepgayidbi ("people of the palace") are an ethnic group in Cameroon.
The bamboos are evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.
Bamboo blossom is a natural phenomenon in which the bamboos in a location blossom and become hung with bamboo seeds.
"Bangla Desh" is a song by English musician George Harrison.
The Bangladesh famine of 1974 refers to a period of mass starvation beginning in March 1974 and ending in about December of the same year.
The Banqiao Reservoir Dam is a dam on the River Ru in Zhumadian City, Henan province, China.
The Bantu mythology is the system of myths and legends of the Bantu peoples of Africa.
Bao Zheng (包拯; 11 April 999 – 20 May 1062), commonly known as Bao Gong (包公, "Lord Bao"), was a government officer during the reign of Emperor Renzong in China's Song Dynasty.
Bartella or Bard Allah (برطلّة) is an Assyrianhttp://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-iraq-bartella-20161022-snap-story.html town that is located in northern Iraq about east of Mosul.
Bartholomew Steer (baptised 1568, died 1597) led the unsuccessful Oxfordshire Rising of 1596.
The Basmachi movement (Басмачество, Basmachestvo) or Basmachi Revolt was an uprising against Russian Imperial and Soviet rule by the Muslim peoples of Central Asia.
The Battle of Île Ronde was a minor naval engagement between small French Navy and British Royal Navy squadrons off Île de France, now named Mauritius, in the early stages of the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Battle of Suiyang (睢陽之戰) was a battle in Suiyang during the An Shi Rebellion, between the rebel An Lushan's Yan army and the loyalist forces of the Chinese Tang army.
Batu Lintang camp (also known as Lintang Barracks and Kuching POW camp) at Kuching, Sarawak on the island of Borneo was a Japanese internment camp during the Second World War.
Bayt al-mal (بيت المال) is an Arabic term that is translated as "House of money" or "House of Wealth." Historically, it was a financial institution responsible for the administration of taxes in Islamic states, particularly in the early Islamic Caliphate.
Begi is a town in south-western Ethiopia.
Benedetto Santapaola (born June 4, 1938), better known as Nitto is a prominent mafioso from Catania, the main city and industrial centre on Sicily's east coast.
Benefits Street is a British documentary series broadcast on Channel 4.
There have been several significant famines in the history of Bengal (now independent Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal) including: Bengal famine may refer to.
The Bengal famine of 1943 (Bengali: pañcāśēra manvantara) was a major famine in the Bengal province in British India during World War II.
The Berkeley Mafia was the term given to a group of U.S.-educated Indonesian economists who were given technocratic positions under the new government established by Suharto in Indonesia in the late 1960s.
Bernard Lugan is a contemporary French historian and Associate Professor of African history at Jean Moulin University Lyon 3, in France.
The Bessarabia Germans (Bessarabiendeutsche, Germani basarabeni, Бессарабські німці) were an ethnic group who lived in Bessarabia (today part of the Republic of Moldova and south-western Ukraine) between 1814 and 1940.
Betula pubescens (syn. Betula alba), commonly known as downy birch and also as moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch, is a species of deciduous tree, native and abundant throughout northern Europe and northern Asia, growing farther north than any other broadleaf tree.
The Biafran Airlift was an international humanitarian relief effort that transported food and medicine to Biafra during the 1967-70 secession war from Nigeria (Nigerian Civil War).
Biblical literalist chronology is the attempt to correlate the theological dates used in the Bible with the real chronology of actual events.
The Bideford witch trial resulted in hangings for witchcraft in England.
Big Bear, also known as Mistahi-maskwa (ᒥᐢᑕᐦᐃᒪᐢᑿ; c.1825 – 17 January 1888, Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online), was a powerful and popular Cree chief who played many pivotal roles in Canadian history.
The big push model is a concept in development economics or welfare economics that emphasizes that a firm's decision whether to industrialize or not depends on its expectation of what other firms will do.
The Bihar famine of 1873–1874 (also the Bengal famine of 1873–1874) was a famine in British India that followed a drought in the province of Bihar, the neighboring provinces of Bengal, the North-Western Provinces and Oudh.
The Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust (BEHT) is a strategic grain reserve of commodities and cash held in trust to supplement food aid made available under P.L. 480 programs.
A "choice-based, marketable, birth license plan" or "birth credits" for population control has been promoted by urban designer and environmental activist Michael E. Arth since the 1990s.
The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 75 to 200 million people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1346 to 1353.
Blackbirding is the coercion of people through trickery and kidnapping to work as labourers.
Blake: Prophet Against Empire: A Poet's Interpretation of the History of His Own Times is a 1954 biography by David V. Erdman whose subject is the life and work of English poet and painter William Blake.
Robert Frederick Zenon Geldof, (born 5 October 1951) is an Irish singer-songwriter, author, political activist and occasional actor.
The Bor massacre was a massacre of an estimated 2,000 civilians in Bor on November 15, 1991 during the Second Sudanese Civil War.
Borbeck-Mitte is the central borough of Borbeck, the fourth suburban district of Essen, Germany.
Boy George (born George Alan O'Dowd; 14 June 1961) is an English singer, songwriter, DJ and fashion designer.
Boycott is a novel by Irish author Colin C. Murphy, published in 2012.
Breastfeeding difficulties refers to problems that arise from breastfeeding, the feeding of an infant or young child with milk from a woman's breasts.
Broederlijk Delen is a Flemish aid and development agency, which specializes in trying to improve the living conditions of rural communities in Africa and Latin America.
Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.
The Buddhas of Bamiyan (Persian:بت های باميان. – bott-hâye Bāmiyān) were 4th- and 5th-century monumental statues of Gautam Buddha carved into the side of a cliff in the Bamyan valley in the Hazarajat region of central Afghanistan, northwest of Kabul at an elevation of.
Theravada Buddhism is the religion of 70.2% of the population of Sri Lanka.
The Bukusu are one of the seventeen Kenyan tribes of the Luhya Bantu people of East Africa.
Bully-les-Mines is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais département in northern France.
The Bundelkhand Agency was a political agency of the British Raj, managing the relations of the British government with the protected princely states of the Bundelkhand region.
Burkina Faso–United States relations are the international relations between Burkina Faso and the United States.
Burma Center Prague (BCP) is a non-profit Non Governmental Organization (NGO) based in Prague, Czech Republic.
Busted are an English pop rock band from Southend-on-Sea, Essex, consisting of James Bourne, Matt Willis and Charlie Simpson.
The Bwa or Bwaba (plural),Roy & Wheelock, p.50 or Bobo-Wule (Bobo-Oule), are an ethnic group indigenous to central Burkina Faso and Mali.
The Byzantine Papacy was a period of Byzantine (Roman) domination of the Roman papacy from 537 to 752, when popes required the approval of the Byzantine (Roman) Emperor for episcopal consecration, and many popes were chosen from the apocrisiarii (liaisons from the pope to the emperor) or the inhabitants of Byzantine Greece, Byzantine Syria, or Byzantine Sicily.
Saint Cadoc or Cadog (Cadocus; also Cattwg; born or before) was a 5th–6th-century Abbot of Llancarfan, near Cowbridge in Glamorganshire, Wales, a monastery famous from the era of the British church as a centre of learning, where Illtud spent the first period of his religious life under Cadoc's tutelage.
is a 1998 novel, written by Japanese author Kaoru Ohno about a group of Japanese holdouts on the island of Anatahan in the Pacific Ocean.
Calvià is a municipality on the island of Majorca, part of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands.
The Cambodian genocide (របបប្រល័យពូជសាសន៍) was carried out by the Khmer Rouge regime under the leadership of Pol Pot, killing approximately 1.5 to 3 million Cambodian people from 1975 to 1979.
The Canadian Eskimo Dog is an Arctic breed of working dog, which is often considered to be one of North America's oldest and rarest remaining purebred indigenous domestic canines.
The Cardassians are an extraterrestrial species in the Star Trek science fiction franchise.
African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV), East African cassava mosaic virus (EACMV), and South African cassava mosaic virus (SACMV) are distinct species of circular single-stranded DNA viruses that are whitefly-transmitted and primarily infect cassava plants.
The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) is a research unit of the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL).
Ceratonia siliqua, known as the carob tree or carob bush, St John's-bread, locust bean (not African locust bean), or simply locust-tree, is a flowering evergreen tree or shrub in the pea family, Fabaceae.
CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food-secured future.
Chaim Yehuda Leib Auerbach (1883 – 26 September 1954) was a Haredi rabbi and roshei yeshiva of Shaar Hashamayim Yeshiva, a landmark Jerusalem institution specializing in Talmudic and kabbalah studies for Ashkenazi scholars that he helped found in 1906.
Charie Van Dyke (born December 10, 1965) is a former actor and model, the current president and co-owner of New Image College of Fine Arts, and a producer, known for The Clean-Up (2014), Famine (2011), and Star Vehicle (film) (2010).
A charity record (also known as a charity single) is a release of a song for a specific charitable cause.
A charity supergroup is a music group comprising famous musicians or other celebrities which is formed to raise funds or awareness for charities or causes.
Charles Emory Smith (February 18, 1842 – January 19, 1908) was an American journalist and political leader.
Charles Hall (1740–1825) was a British physician, social critic and Ricardian socialist who published The Effects of Civilization on the People in European States in 1805, condemning capitalism for its inability to provide for the poor.
Childbirth practices in India are shaped by the prevalence of Hinduism and joint-family living, India's young average population, the lower national average age at marriage, and disparities in social status and literacy between men and women.
The Chinatown in Victoria, British Columbia is the oldest Chinatown in Canada and the second oldest in North America after San Francisco's.
The Chinese famine of 1942–43 occurred mainly in Henan, most particularly within the western part of the province.
Christie Cleek (or -Cleek or of-the-Cleek), is a legendary Scottish cannibal, somewhat in the vein of the better-known Sawney Bean.
The Chronology of the Great Famine (An Gorta Mór or An Drochshaol, litt: The Bad Life) documents a period of Irish history between 1845 and 1852 during which time the population of Ireland was reduced by 20 to 25 percent.
Cibotium menziesii, the hāpuu ii or Hawaiian tree fern, is a species of tree fern that is endemic to the islands of Hawaiokinai.
Cilician pirates dominated the Mediterranean Sea from the 2nd century BC until their speedy suppression by Pompey in 67-66 BC.
Cirebon (formerly referred to as Cheribon in English) is a port city on the north coast of the Indonesian island of Java.
Cirebon Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia.
In armed conflicts, the civilian casualty ratio (also civilian death ratio, civilian-combatant ratio, etc.) is the ratio of civilian casualties to combatant casualties, or total casualties.
Civilization is a board game designed by Francis Tresham, published in the United Kingdom in 1980 by Hartland Trefoil (later by Gibsons Games), and in the US in 1981 by Avalon Hill.
Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October 54 AD) was Roman emperor from 41 to 54.
Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale.
Cluster sampling is a sampling plan used when mutually homogeneous yet internally heterogeneous groupings are evident in a statistical population.
The Codex en Cruz is a pictorial Aztec codex consisting of a single piece of amatl paper.
A cold wave (known in some regions as a cold snap or cold spell) is a weather phenomenon that is distinguished by a cooling of the air.
In Karl Marx's critique of political economy, commodity fetishism is the perception of the social relationships involved in production, not as relationships among people, but as economic relationships among the money and commodities exchanged in market trade.
The Common Wealth Awards of Distinguished Service (or Common Wealth Awards) were created under the will of the late Ralph Hayes, an influential American business executive and philanthropist.
Communism in Vietnam has played a key role in the politics of Vietnam since independence.
Confederate Ireland or the Union of the Irish (Hiberni Unanimes) refers to the period of Irish self-government between 1642 and 1649, during the Eleven Years' War.
Conscience is an aptitude, faculty, intuition or judgment that assists in distinguishing right from wrong.
Nazism and the acts of the Nazi German state profoundly affected many countries, communities, and people before, during and after World War II.
The consequences of the Black Death are the short-term and long-term effects of the Black Death on human populations across the world.
Consequences of War, also known as Horror of war, was executed between 1638-1639 by Peter Paul Rubens in oil paint on canvas.
Constantina (c. 560 – c. 605) was the Empress consort of Maurice of the Byzantine Empire.
Cordia subcordata is a species of flowering tree in the borage family, Boraginaceae, that occurs in eastern Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, northern Australia and the Pacific Islands.
Cormac Ó Gráda or Cormac O'Grada (born 1945) is an Irish economic historian and professor emeritus of economics at University College Dublin.
Cossacks: European Wars is a real-time strategy video game for Microsoft Windows made by the Ukrainian developer GSC Game World.
The Council of Troubles (usual English translation of '''Raad van Beroerten'''., or '''Tribunal de los Tumultos'''., or '''Conseil des Troubles'''.) was the special tribunal instituted on 9 September 1567 by Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, governor-general of the Habsburg Netherlands on the orders of Philip II of Spain to punish the ringleaders of the recent political and religious troubles in the Netherlands.
The Council on African Affairs (CAA), until 1941 called the International Committee on African Affairs (ICAA), was a volunteer organization founded in 1937 in the United States.
Courtship Rite is a science fiction novel by American writer Donald Kingsbury, originally serialized in Analog magazine in 1982.
Cremation is the combustion, vaporization, and oxidation of cadavers to basic chemical compounds, such as gases, ashes and mineral fragments retaining the appearance of dry bone.
Today, cremation is an increasingly popular form of disposing of the deceased.
Crisis in the Kremlin is a 1991 strategy video game with managerial aspects in which the player acts as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 2017.
In 926 a battle was fought in the Bosnian highlands between the armies the Bulgarian Empire, under the rule of Bulgarian Tsar Simeon I, who at the time also fought a war with the Byzantine Empire, and the Kingdom of Croatia under Tomislav, the first king of the Croatian state.
The Cromwellian conquest of Ireland or Cromwellian war in Ireland (1649–53) refers to the conquest of Ireland by the forces of the English Parliament, led by Oliver Cromwell, during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
Cronenberg is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
The cuisine of Corsica is the traditional cuisine of the island of Corsica.
The Song dynasty (960–1279 AD) was a culturally rich and sophisticated age for China.
The Cutch Agency was one of the agencies of British India.
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Nargis (نرگس) caused the worst natural disaster in the recorded history of Myanmar during early May 2008.
Cyperus rotundus (coco-grass, Java grass, nut grass, purple nut sedge or purple nutsedge, red nut sedge, Khmer kravanh chrukMARTIN, Robert & POL Chanthy, 2009, Weeds of Upland Cambodia, ACIAR Monagraph 141, Canberra) is a species of sedge (Cyperaceae) native to Africa, southern and central Europe (north to France and Austria), and southern Asia.
Dag Hareide (born 24 February 1949) is an organizational leader and author.
The Dakota War of 1862, also known as the Sioux Uprising, Dakota Uprising, the Sioux Outbreak of 1862, the Dakota Conflict, the U.S.–Dakota War of 1862 or Little Crow's War, was an armed conflict between the United States and several bands of Dakota (also known as the eastern 'Sioux').
The Danse Macabre (from the French language), also called the Dance of Death, is an artistic genre of allegory of the Late Middle Ages on the universality of death: no matter one's station in life, the Dance Macabre unites all.
Dapeng Peninsula or Dapengbandao (大鹏半岛) is a peninsula in the east of Longgang district, that lies in theeasternmost extremity of Shenzhen area of Guangdong Province in China, to the north-east of Hong Kong.
Darfur (دار فور, Fur) is a region in western Sudan.
Daryn A. Kagan (born January 26, 1963) is an American broadcast journalist, formerly a news anchor for CNN.
Davros is a Big Finish Productions audio drama based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who.
The Deccan famine of 1630–1632 was a famine in the Deccan Plateau and Gujarat.
Rates and causes of deforestation vary from region to region around the world.
Deforestation in Ethiopia is due to locals clearing forests for their personal needs, such as for fuel, hunting, agriculture, and at times for religious reasons.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa.
Demographic transition (DT) is the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.
Denial of the Holodomor (Заперечення Голодомору, Отрицание Голодомора) is the assertion that the 1932–1933 Holodomor, a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine, did not occur or diminishing the scale and significance of the famine.
The Denshawai incident is the name given to a dispute which occurred in 1906 between British military officers and locals in Denshawai, Egypt.
The Derg, Common Derg or Dergue (Ge'ez: ደርግ, meaning "committee" or "council") is the short name of the Coordinating Committee of the Armed Forces, Police and Territorial Army that ruled Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987.
The Desmond Rebellions occurred in 1569–1573 and 1579–1583 in the Irish province of Munster.
Dewi Sri, or Shridevi (Dewi literally means goddess) (Javanese: ꦢꦺꦮꦶꦱꦿꦶ), Nyai Pohaci Sanghyang Asri (Sundanese) is the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese pre-Hindu and pre-Islam era goddess of rice and fertility, still widely worshipped on the islands of Bali and Java.
Theodore Richard "Dick" Milford (10 June 1895 – 19 January 1987) was an English clergyman, educator and philanthropist, who was involved in the founding of Oxfam.
The Didinga (diDinga) occupy the Didinga Mountains region in Budi County, Eastern Equatoria State in South Sudan.
The dingo (Canis familiaris or Canis familiaris dingo or Canis lupus dingo or Canis dingo) is a type of feral dog native to Australia.
The Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) is an umbrella group of UK charities which coordinates and launches collective appeals to raise funds to provide emergency aid and rapid relief to people caught up in disasters and humanitarian crises around the world.
This article contains brief biographies for characters from Terry Pratchett's Discworld series.
The disposable soma theory of aging states that organisms age due to an evolutionary trade-off between growth, reproduction, and DNA repair maintenance.
Dobera glabra is an evergreen shrub or tree native to southern Ethiopia.
Doenjang ("thick sauce") or soybean paste is a type of fermented bean paste made entirely of soybean and brine.
Dog Eat Dog is the 12th studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell, released in 1985.
Domitian of Huy (Domitianus; also, of Maestricht) was a Gaulish bishop of the sixth century who is noted for both his generosity and writings against heresy.
A doomer is a researcher of current and near future trends who believes that global problems of ecological exhaustion—such as overpopulation, climate change, pollution, and especially peak oil—will cause the collapse of industrial civilization, and a significant human population die-off.
Dimitrije "Dositej" Obradović (Димитрије Обрадовић,; 17 February 1739 – 7 April 1811) was a Serbian writer, philosopher, dramatist, librettist, linguist, traveler, polyglot and the first minister of education of Serbia.
Dove's dung is named as a commodity (possibly a food) whose price had escalated during a famine in Samaria reported in 2 Kings 6:25, when the city was besieged by the Syrian (Aram-Damascus) armies.
The "drifty gene hypothesis" was proposed by the British biologist John Speakman as an alternative to the thrifty gene hypothesis originally proposed by James V Neel in 1962.
A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.
Throughout Russian history famines and droughts have been a common feature, often resulting in humanitarian crises traceable to political or economic instability, poor policy, environmental issues and war.
The Dutch famine of 1944–45, known in the Netherlands as the Hongerwinter (literal translation: hunger winter), was a famine that took place in the German-occupied Netherlands, especially in the densely populated western provinces north of the great rivers, during the winter of 1944–45, near the end of World War II.
The Early Muslim-Meccan Conflict refer to a series of raids in which the Islamic prophet Muhammed and his companions participated.
East Karelian concentration camps were special internment camps in the areas of the Soviet Union occupied by the Finnish military administration during the Continuation War.
East Prussia (Ostpreußen,; Prusy Wschodnie; Rytų Prūsija; Borussia orientalis; Восточная Пруссия) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1773 to 1829 and again from 1878 (with the Kingdom itself being part of the German Empire from 1871); following World War I it formed part of the Weimar Republic's Free State of Prussia, until 1945.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
Eating (also known as consuming) is the ingestion of food, typically to provide a heterotrophic organism with energy and to allow for growth.
Eßweiler (with a short E; also Essweiler) is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Kusel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Eco-socialism, green socialism or socialist ecology is an ideology merging aspects of socialism with that of green politics, ecology and alter-globalization or anti-globalization.
The economy of Niger is based largely upon internal markets, subsistence agriculture, and the export of raw commodities: foodstuffs to neighbors and raw minerals to world markets.
Sparsely populated in relation to its area, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is home to a vast potential of natural resources and mineral wealth.
Edgar Parks Snow (17 July 1905 – 15 February 1972) was an American journalist known for his books and articles on Communism in China and the Chinese Communist revolution.
Edmund Wright Brooks (29 September 1834 – 22 June 1928) was an English Quaker philanthropist and cement maker.
Sir Edward Lovett Pearce (1699 – 7 December 1733) was an Irish architect, and the chief exponent of palladianism in Ireland.
The effects of global warming include its effects on human health.
The North American Free Trade Agreement of 1994's effects on Mexico have long been overshadowed by the debate on the Agreement's effects on the economy of the United States.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Eibenstock is a town in the western Ore Mountains, in the Erzgebirgskreis, Saxony, Germany.
El Niño is the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (commonly called ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (between approximately the International Date Line and 120°W), including off the Pacific coast of South America.
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
Elias Lönnrot (9 April 1802 – 19 March 1884) was a Finnish physician, philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry.
Eliyahu Chaim Rosen (1899–1984) was a respected rabbi and leader of the Breslov Hasidim in Uman, Ukraine before World War II.
Elizabeth of Aragon, also known as Elizabeth of Portugal, T.O.S.F. (1271 – 4 July 1336; Elisabet in Catalan, Isabel in Aragonese, Portuguese and Spanish), was queen consort of Portugal, a tertiary of the Franciscan Order and is venerated as a saint of the Catholic Church.
Elztal is a municipality in the Neckar-Odenwald district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Emaciation is defined as extreme weight loss and unnatural thinness due to a loss of subcutaneous fat (the fatty, or adipose tissue beneath the skin) and muscle throughout the body.
Emergency management or disaster management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, and recovery).
An emerging infectious disease (EID) is an infectious disease whose incidence has increased in the past 20 years and could increase in the near future.
Emigration is the act of leaving a resident country or place of residence with the intent to settle elsewhere.
Emperor Go-Kashiwabara (後柏原天皇 Go-Kashiwabara-tennō) (November 19, 1462 – May 19, 1526) was the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (8 September 685 – 3 May 762), also commonly known as Emperor Ming of Tang or Illustrious August, personal name Li Longji, also known as Wu Longji from 690 to 705, was the seventh emperor of the Tang dynasty in China, reigning from 713 to 756 C.E. His reign of 43 years was the longest during the Tang dynasty.
Empires of the Middle Ages is a board game for two to six players which simulates grand strategy and diplomacy in the Middle Ages.
An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.
The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.
Enlil and Ninlil or the Myth of Enlil and Ninlil or Enlil and Ninlil: The begetting of Nanna is a Sumerian creation myth, written on clay tablets in the mid to late 3rd millennium BC.
Enver Halil Hoxha (16 October 190811 April 1985) was an Albanian communist politician who served as the head of state of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania.
Environmental issues in Africa are caused by anthropogenic effects on the African natural environment and have major impacts on humans and nearly all forms of endemic life.
Environmental policy is the commitment of an organization to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues.
Epidemic typhus is a form of typhus so named because the disease often causes epidemics following wars and natural disasters.
In demography and medical geography, epidemiological transition is a phase of development witnessed by a sudden and stark increase in population growth rates brought by improved food security and innovations in public health and medicine, followed by a re-leveling of population growth due to subsequent declines in fertility rates.
The European Potato Failure was a food crisis caused by potato blight that struck Northern Europe in the mid-1840s.
The European wars of religion were a series of religious wars waged mainly in central and western, but also northern Europe (especially Ireland) in the 16th and 17th century.
Every Red Heart Shines Toward the Red Sun is the second studio album by post-rock band Red Sparowes, released in September 2006.
Many developing nations have developed national drug policies, a concept that has been actively promoted by the WHO.
Expedition of Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah, also known as the Expedition of Fish and Invasion of al-Khabt, took place in October 629 AD, 8AH, 7th month, of the Islamic Calendar, or according to some scholars in 7AH, 4th Month.
The Expulsion of Poles by Germany was a prolonged anti-Polish campaign of ethnic cleansing by violent and terror-inspiring means lasting nearly half a century.
The Expulsion of Poles by Nazi Germany during World War II was a massive Nazi German operation consisting of the forced resettlement of over 1.7 million Poles from all territories of occupied Poland with the aim of their geopolitical Germanization (see Lebensraum) between 1939–1944.
Extreme weather includes unexpected, unusual, unpredictable, severe or unseasonal weather; weather at the extremes of the historical distribution—the range that has been seen in the past.
The extreme weather events of 535–536 were the most severe and protracted short-term episodes of cooling in the Northern Hemisphere in the last 2000 years.
Ştefăniţă Lupu, nicknamed Papură-Vodă (Bullrush Voivode; 1641–1661 in Tighina), son of Vasile Lupu, was Voivode (Prince) of Moldavia between 1659 and 1661, and again in 1661.
Fables and Parables (Bajki i przypowieści, 1779), by Ignacy Krasicki (1735–1801), is a work in a long international tradition of fable-writing that reaches back to antiquity.
The Falklands Expedition occurred in late 1831 when the United States Navy warship USS ''Lexington'' was dispatched to investigate the plunder of two whalers at the small Argentine colony of Puerto Soledad.
A famine is a widespread shortage of food that may apply to any faunal species.
Famine is a 1981 horror novel written by Scottish writer Graham Masterton.
Famine 1975! America's Decision: Who Will Survive? is a best-selling 1967 book by William and Paul Paddock.
Famine had been a recurrent feature of life the Indian sub-continental countries of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
The Famine of 1866–1868 was the last famine in Finland and Sweden, and the last major naturally caused famine in Europe.
Famine relief is an organized effort to reduce starvation in a region in which there is famine.
Famine scales are the ways in which degrees of food security are measured, from situations in which an entire population has adequate food to full-scale famine.
This article discusses historical famines that have occurred in the area of today's Czech Republic.
Famous, Rich and Hungry is a British factual television series that was first broadcast on BBC One on 12 March 2014.
The FAO Country Profiles is a multilingual web portal which repackages the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) vast archive of information on its global activities in agriculture and food security in a single area and catalogues it exclusively by country and thematic areas.
Fatima Begum (11 February 1890 – 1958) is a revered woman of the Pakistan Movement.
In Irish mythology, the fear gorta (Irish: Man of hunger / Man of famine; also known as the fear gortach) is a phantom of hunger resembling an emaciated human.
The February 28 Incident or the February 28 Massacre, also known as the 2.28 Incident (from), was an anti-government uprising in Taiwan that was violently suppressed by the Kuomintang-led Republic of China government, which killed thousands of civilians beginning on 28 February 1947.
Federico Borromeo (18 August 1564 – 21 September 1631) was an Italian cardinal and archbishop of Milan.
The discography of Feeder, a Cymro-Japanese rock band which formed in 1994, consists of ten studio albums, twelve compilation albums, four extended plays (EP), and forty singles on The Echo Label, their own label Big Teeth Music, Cooking Vinyl and BMG as well as forty-three music videos.
Feeding Everyone No Matter What: Managing Food Security After Global Catastrophe is a book written by David Denkenberger and Joshua M. Pearce and published by Elsevier under their Academic Press.
The Fernhurst Research Station was a plant protection (weed killer) research institute in West Sussex, mainly run by ICI, for the fruit industry.
Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
Finnmark (italic; Finnmark; Фи́ннмарк, Fínnmark) is a county ("fylke") in the extreme northeastern part of Norway.
The First Intermediate Period, often described as a "dark period" in ancient Egyptian history, spanned approximately one hundred and twenty-five years, from c. 2181–2055 BC, after the end of the Old Kingdom. It comprises the seventh (although it is mostly considered spurious by Egyptologists), eighth, ninth, tenth, and part of the eleventh dynasties. Very little monumental evidence survives from this period, especially towards the beginning of the era. The First Intermediate Period was a dynamic time in history where rule of Egypt was roughly divided between two competing power bases. One of those bases resided at Heracleopolis in Lower Egypt, a city just south of the Faiyum region. The other resided at Thebes in Upper Egypt. It is believed that during this time, the temples were pillaged and violated, their existing artwork was vandalized, and the statues of kings were broken or destroyed as a result of this alleged political chaos. These two kingdoms would eventually come into conflict, with the Theban kings conquering the north, resulting in reunification of Egypt under a single ruler during the second part of the eleventh dynasty.
A floodplain or flood plain is an area of land adjacent to a stream or river which stretches from the banks of its channel to the base of the enclosing valley walls, and which experiences flooding during periods of high discharge.
A flower war or flowery war (xōchiyāōyōtl, guerra florida) was a ritual war fought intermittently between the Aztec Triple Alliance and its enemies from the "mid-1450s to the arrival of the Spaniards in 1519." Enemies included the city-states of Tlaxcala, Huejotzingo, and Cholula in the Tlaxcala-Pueblan Valley in central Mexico.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
Food Force is an educational game published by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) in 2005.
In international politics, food power is the use of agriculture as a means of political control whereby one nation or group of nations offers or withholds commodities from another nation or group of nations in order to manipulate behavior.
Food prices refer to the (averaged) price level for food in particular countries or regions or on a global scale.
Food riots may occur when there is a shortage and/or unequal distribution of food.
Food security is a condition related to the availability of food supply, group of people such as (ethnicities, racial, cultural and religious groups) as well as individuals' access to it.
Food shortage may refer to.
"Food sovereignty", a term coined by members of Via Campesina in 1996,"Global Small-Scale Farmers' Movement Developing New Trade Regimes", Food First News & Views, Volume 28, Number 97 Spring/Summer 2005, p.2.
Food versus fuel is the dilemma regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the detriment of the food supply.
The Forced Labour Convention, the full title of which is the Convention Concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour, 1930 (No.29), is one of eight ILO fundamental conventions of the International Labour Organization.
The Four Horsemen are a fictional group from Highlander: The Series based on the Biblical Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse are described in the last book of the New Testament of the Bible, called the Book of Revelation of Jesus Christ to John of Patmos, at 6:1-8.
Four Horsemen, at Their Leisure is a fantasy short story by Richard Parks.
Fram (Norwegian for Forward) is a 2008 play by Tony Harrison.
Frederick William Baller (21 November 1852 – 12 August 1922) was a British Protestant Christian missionary to China, Chinese linguist, translator, educator and sinologist.
The first Freedom from Hunger Day was held on September 28, 2006 to increase awareness about global hunger and promote Freedom from Hunger's empowerment of women around the world.
Freedom of movement, mobility rights, or the right to travel is a human rights concept encompassing the right of individuals to travel from place to place within the territory of a country,Jérémiee Gilbert, Nomadic Peoples and Human Rights (2014), p. 73: "Freedom of movement within a country encompasses both the right to travel freely within the territory of the State and the right to relocate oneself and to choose one's place of residence".
Freedom of the press in East Timor is protected by section 41 of the Constitution of East Timor.
Major Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon (12 September 1866 – 12 August 1941), was a British Liberal politician and administrator who served as Governor General of Canada, the 13th since Canadian Confederation, and as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the country's 22nd.
French Algeria (Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards; unofficially Algérie française, االجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.
French Somaliland (officially the Côte française des Somalis, "French Somali Coast"), with its capital at Djibouti, was the scene of only minor skirmishing during World War II, principally between June and July 1940.
() is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Anhui province, China.
Feodor Mikhailovich Rtishchev (Фёдор Миха́йлович Рти́щев; April 16, 1625, Chekalinsky uyezd – July 1, 1673, Moscow) was a boyar and an intimate friend of Alexis I of Russia who was renowned for his piety and alms-deeds.
The Galician Slaughter, also known as the Peasant Uprising of 1846 or the Szela uprising (Galizischer Bauernaufstand; Rzeź galicyjska or Rabacja galicyjska), was a two-month uprising of Galician peasants that led to the suppression of the szlachta uprising (Kraków Uprising) and the massacre of szlachta in Galicia in the Austrian partition in early 1846.
Gao Mobo (chin. 高默波, also: Mobo C. F. Gao, born 1952 as Gao Changfan 高常范 in Gao village, Jiangxi, China) is a Chinese-Australian professor of Chinese studies.
Moroccan genetics encompasses the genetic history of the people of Morocco, and the genetic influence of this ancestry on world populations.
Like many other medical conditions, obesity is the result of an interplay between environmental and genetic factors.
Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group.
The geography of food is a field of human geography.
The geology of Iceland is unique and of particular interest to geologists.
George William Mundelein (July 2, 1872 – October 2, 1939) was an American Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Admiral Sir George Somers (1554–1610) was an English naval hero, knighted for his achievements and the Admiral of the Virginia Company.
Georges d'Amboise (1460 – May 25, 1510) was a French Roman Catholic cardinal and minister of state.
Saint Gerardo dei Tintori or Tintore (1134(?) – 6 June 1207) is a saint of the Catholic Church, joint patron saint (with Saint John the Baptist) of Monza in Italy, where he is particularly noted as the founder of a hospital.
The German occupation of Belgium (Occupation allemande, Duitse bezetting) of World War I was a military occupation of Belgium by the forces of the German Empire between 1914 and 1918.
The German occupation of Luxembourg in World War I was the first of two military occupations of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg by Germany in the twentieth century.
The German Palatines were early 18th century emigrants from the Middle Rhine region of the Holy Roman Empire, including a minority from the Palatinate which gave its name to the entire group.
Germans from Russia (German: Deutsche aus Russland or Russlanddeutsche; Russian: Российские немцы, rossiyskiye nemtsy) refers to the large numbers of ethnic Germans who emigrated from the Russian Empire, peaking in the late 19th century.
The German-speaking states in the early modern period (1500–1800) were divided politically and religiously.
Sir Gilbert Thomas Walker, CSI, FRS (14 June 1868 – 4 November 1958) was an English physicist and statistician of the 20th century.
Giovanni Villani (1276 or 1280 – 1348)Bartlett (1992), 35.
Giuseppe Fava (September 15, 1925 in Palazzolo Acreide – January 5, 1984 in Catania), also known as Pippo, was an Italian writer, investigative journalist, playwright and Antimafia activist who was killed by the Mafia.
A global catastrophic risk is a hypothetical future event which could damage human well-being on a global scale, even crippling or destroying modern civilization.
The Global Change Game is a large-scale boardgame devised in Winnipeg in December 1991 by a group of students from the University of Manitoba, including Rob Altemeyer.
Global dimming is the gradual reduction in the amount of global direct irradiance at the Earth's surface that was observed for several decades after the start of systematic measurements in the 1950s.
The global storm activity of 2010 includes major meteorological events in the Earth's atmosphere during the year, including winter storms (blizzards, ice storms, European windstorms), hailstorms, out of season monsoon rain storms, extratropical cyclones, gales, microbursts, flooding, rainstorms, tropical cyclones, and other severe weather events.
"Gloomy Sunday", also known as the "Hungarian Suicide Song", is a popular song composed by Hungarian pianist and composer Rezső Seress and published in 1933.
This is a list of terminology used in the fictional ''Dune'' universe created by Frank Herbert, the primary source being "Terminology of the Imperium", the glossary contained in the novel Dune (1965).
Gondershausen is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Grasshoppers are insects of the suborder Caelifera within the order Orthoptera, which includes crickets and their allies in the other suborder Ensifera.
The Great Bengal Famine of 1770 (৭৬-এর মন্বন্তর, Chhiattōrer monnōntór; lit The Famine of '76) was a famine between 1769 and 1773 (1176 to 1180 in the Bengali calendar) that affected the lower Gangetic plain of India from Bihar to the Bengal region.
The Great Chinese Famine was a period in the People's Republic of China between the years 1959 and 1961 characterized by widespread famine.
The Great Famine (Μεγάλος Λιμός) was a period of mass starvation during the Axis occupation of Greece, during World War II (1941–44).
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
The Great Famine of 1695–97, or simply the Great Famine, was a catastrophic famine that affected present Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Norway and Sweden: at the time, all of these areas belonged to the Swedish Empire with the exception of Norway, which was a Danish province.
The Great Famine of 1876–78 (also the Southern India famine of 1876–78 or the Madras famine of 1877) was a famine in India under the British Raj.
The Great Famine of Estonia (also The great starvation) killed about a fifth of Estonian and Livonian population (70,000–75,000 people) in two years.
The Great Famine of Mount Lebanon (1915–1918) was a period of mass starvation during World War I. The Allies' blockade was made worse by another introduced by Jamal Pasha, the commander of the Fourth Army of the Ottoman Empire in Syria region, where crops were barred from entering from the neighboring Syrian hinterland to Mount Lebanon, and by the arrival of a swarm of locusts to the region in 1915 that, for three continuous months, devoured the remaining crops.
The Great fire of Tirschenreuth took place on 30 July 1814 and destroyed nearly all of Tirschenreuth, a small town and regional centre in the east of Bavaria, close to the frontier with Bohemia.
During the Great Northern War (1700–1721), many towns and areas of the Circum-Baltic and East-Central Europe suffered from a severe outbreak of the plague with a peak from 1708 to 1712.
The Great Tenmei famine (天明の大飢饉, Tenmei no daikikin) was a famine which affected Japan during the Edo period.
Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi is an 1826 oil painting by French painter Eugène Delacroix, and now preserved at the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux.
Green famine is the term used for a condition in which a country or area is suffering famine even though the fields are green in the absence of drought—it was described as "suffering amongst the plenty".
The Green Revolution, or Third Agricultural Revolution, refers to a set of research and the development of technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s (with prequels in the work of the agrarian geneticist Nazareno Strampelli in the 1920s and 1930s), that increased agricultural production worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.
The Green Revolution in India refers to a period of time when agriculture in India changed to an industrial system due to the adoption of modern methods and technology such as high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, tractors, pump sets, etc.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Saint Gregory Mary Grassi, O.F.M., (in Italian language Gregorio Maria Grassi) (13 December 1833 – 9 July 1900) was an Italian Franciscan friar and bishop who is honored as a Roman Catholic martyr and saint.
Habitat destruction is the process in which natural habitat is rendered unable to support the species present.
Haile Selassie I (ቀዳማዊ ኃይለ ሥላሴ, qädamawi haylä səllasé,;, born Ras Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia's regent from 1916 to 1930 and emperor from 1930 to 1974.
The Hajnal line is a border that links Saint Petersburg, Russia and Trieste, Italy.
Haldwani is the third most populous city in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
Hamani Diori (6 June 1916 – 23 April 1989) was the first President of the Republic of Niger.
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields.
A hazard is an agent which has the potential to cause harm to a vulnerable target.
North Korea has a life expectancy of 71.66 years.
This article provides a brief overview of the health systems of the world, sorted by continent.
The Heckler is a fictional character, a superhero parody published by DC Comics.
Hedi was an economic policy of the imperial China.
In Norse mythology, Hel is a being who presides over a realm of the same name, where she receives a portion of the dead.
Henriette Roosenburg (26 May 1916 – 1972) was a Dutch journalist and political prisoner, perhaps best known for her memoir The Walls Came Tumbling Down, about her attempts to return to the Netherlands from Germany after being released from prison at the end of World War II.
Henry Ireton (1611 – 26 November 1651) was an English general in the Parliamentary army during the English Civil War, the son-in-law of Oliver Cromwell.
Hermann Zapf (November 8, 1918 – June 4, 2015) was a German type designer and calligrapher who lived in Darmstadt, Germany.
Heroes for Hope: Starring the X-Men is a 1985 Marvel comic book designed to raise awareness about hunger in Africa.
Hewlett Johnson (25 January 1874 – 22 October 1966) was an English priest of the Church of England.
HIAS (founded as the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society) is an American nonprofit organization that provides humanitarian aid and assistance to refugees.
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 AD and lasted until around 1250 AD.
The Himba (singular: OmuHimba, plural: OvaHimba) are indigenous peoples with an estimated population of about 50,000 people living in northern Namibia, in the Kunene Region (formerly Kaokoland) and on the other side of the Kunene River in Angola.
Hispanics in the United States Marine Corps, such as Private France Silva who during the Boxer Rebellion became the first Marine of the thirteen Marines of Hispanic descent to be awarded the Medal of Honor, and Private First Class Guy Gabaldon who is credited with capturing over 1,000 enemy soldiers and civilians during World War II, have distinguished themselves in combat.
The causes and mechanisms of the Fall of the Western Roman Empire are a historical theme that was introduced by historian Edward Gibbon in his 1776 book The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
The practice of abortion—the termination of a pregnancy—has been known since ancient times.
Athlone is a town on the River Shannon near the southern shore of Lough Ree in Ireland.
The history of Bangladesh after independence begins in 1971 with the independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan.
The history of Bengal includes modern-day Bangladesh and West Bengal in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, at the apex of the Bay of Bengal and dominated by the fertile Ganges delta.
The region of Bikaner, stretching across northern Rajasthan State in India, was earlier known as Jangladesh.
Biotechnology is the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological agents to provide goods and services.
The history of Bucharest covers the time from the early settlements on the locality's territory (and that of the surrounding area in Ilfov County) until its modern existence as a city, capital of Wallachia, and present-day capital of Romania.
Although the name Buckinghamshire is Anglo Saxon in origin meaning The district (scire) of Bucca's home (referring to Buckingham in the north of the county) the name has only been recorded since about the 12th century.
Geologically one of the youngest inhabited territories on Earth, Easter Island, located in the mid-Pacific Ocean, was, for most of its history, one of the most isolated.
The history of Egypt has been long and rich, due to the flow of the Nile River with its fertile banks and delta, as well as the accomplishments of Egypt's native inhabitants and outside influence.
This article delineates the history of industrialisation.
The history of Iran, commonly also known as Persia in the Western world, is intertwined with the history of a larger region, also to an extent known as Greater Iran, comprising the area from Anatolia, the Bosphorus, and Egypt in the west to the borders of Ancient India and the Syr Darya in the east, and from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe in the north to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south.
Between the 9th and 14th centuries, the Muslim world developed many concepts and techniques in economics such as Hawala, an early informal value transfer system, Islamic trusts known as waqf, and mufawada.
The city of Jacksonville, Florida began to grow in the late 18th century as Cow Ford, settled by British colonists.
The history of Kumamoto Prefecture has been documented from paleolithic times to the present.
The history of Lithuania dates back to settlements founded many thousands of years ago, but the first written record of the name for the country dates back to 1009 AD.
The History of Mangalorean Catholics comprises three major eras.
The history of Maputo, the capital of Mozambique, traces its origins back over 500 years, when a fishing village developed on Maputo Bay on the site where the modern city of Maputo now stands.
This is the history of Niger.
The history of Poland from 1939 to 1945 encompasses primarily the period from the Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany to the end of World War II.
The History of Russia begins with that of the East Slavs.
For more than a century China's leaders have called for rapid development of science and technology, and science policy has played a greater role in national politics in China than in many other countries.
The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day.
Slavery has existed all throughout Asia, and forms of slavery still exist today.
Spain in the 19th century was a country in turmoil.
The history of the Jews in Laupheim began in the first half of the 18th century.
The history of the People's Republic of China details the history of mainland China since October 1, 1949, when, after a near complete victory by the Communist Party of China (CPC) in the Chinese Civil War, Mao Zedong proclaimed the People's Republic of China (PRC) from atop Tiananmen.
The history of the People's Republic of China is often divided distinctly by historians into the "Mao era" and the "post-Mao era".
The history of the world is the history of humanity (or human history), as determined from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, linguistics, and other disciplines; and, for periods since the invention of writing, from recorded history and from secondary sources and studies.
The history of Tibet from 1950 to the present started with the Chinese People's Liberation Army Invading Tibet in 1950.
The history of West Africa began with the first human settlements around 4,000 BCE.
HMCS Winnipeg is a that has served in the Royal Canadian Navy since 1996.
The Ho-Chunk, also known as Hoocąągra or Winnebago, are a Siouan-speaking Native American people whose historic territory includes parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois.
was a town located in Date District, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan.
The Holodomor (Голодомо́р); (derived from морити голодом, "to kill by starvation"), also known as the Terror-Famine and Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, and—before the widespread use of the term "Holodomor", and sometimes currently—also referred to as the Great Famine, and The Ukrainian Genocide of 1932–33—was a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 and 1933 that killed millions of Ukrainians that was part of the wider Soviet famine of 1932–33, which affected the major grain-producing areas of the country.
The Holodomor genocide question consists of the attempts to determine whether the Holodomor, the catastrophic man-made famine of 1933 that killed 7 to 10 million people in Ukraine, was an ethnic genocide or an unintended result of the "Soviet regime's re-direction of already drought-reducedRobert William Davies, Stephen G. Wheatcroft, Challenging Traditional Views of Russian History Palgrave Macmillan (2002), chapter The Soviet Famine of 1932–33 and the Crisis in Agriculture p. 69 et seq.
The Holodomor (Голодомор, literal translation Death by hunger) was a man-made famine in the Ukrainian SSR and adjacent Cossack territories between 1932 and 1933 that caused the deaths of millions of Ukrainians due to starvation.
Homowo is a festival celebrated by the Ga people of Ghana.
Honor Flaherty, Famine victim, fl.
The Horsemen of Apocalypse are a team of fictional supervillain characters that appear in comic books published by Marvel Comics.
was a Japanese samurai daimyō of the Edo period.
The Hospital General of Grenoble was established in the late 16th century in Grenoble, France as a house of confinement and relief for paupers, beggars, the diseased, etc.
Hotel Dieu Hospital is a hospital in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Hudjefa I is the cartouche name and pseudonym of a king (pharaoh) who is said to have ruled during the Ancient Egyptian 2nd dynasty.
Human cannibalism is the act or practice of humans eating the flesh or internal organs of other human beings.
Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.
Human population planning is the practice of intentionally managing the rate of growth of a human population.
Human rights in North Korea are severely limited.
Human sacrifice is the act of killing one or more humans, usually as an offering to a deity, as part of a ritual.
A humanitarian crisis (or "humanitarian disaster") is defined as a singular event or a series of events that are threatening in terms of health, safety or well being of a community or large group of people.
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France.
In politics, humanitarian aid, and social science, hunger is a condition in which a person, for a sustained period, is unable to eat sufficient food to meet basic nutritional needs.
Chronic hunger has affected a sizable proportion of the UK's population throughout its history.
The Hunger Plan (der Hungerplan; der Backe-Plan) was a plan developed by Nazi Germany during World War II to seize food from the Soviet Union and give it to German soldiers and civilians; the plan entailed the death by starvation of millions of so-called "racially inferior" Slavs following Operation Barbarossa, the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union.
Hyacinthus (Ancient Greek: Ὑάκινθος) was a Lacedaemonian who is said to have moved to Athens, and in compliance with an oracle, to have caused his four daughters to be sacrificed on the tomb of the Cyclops Geraestus, for the purpose of delivering the city from famine and the plague, under which it was suffering during the war with Minos over the death of the latter's son Androgeos.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
Icelanders (Íslendingar) are a Germanic ethnic group and nation, native to Iceland, mostly speaking the Germanic language Icelandic.
The Icelandic census of 1703 was the first census (manntal) of Iceland and the first complete census of any country.
Idar State or Edar, was a princely state of India during the time of the British Raj.
Hergé started drawing his comics series The Adventures of Tintin in 1929 for Le Petit Vingtième, the children's section of the Belgian newspaper Le Vingtième Siècle, run by the Abbé Norbert Wallez, an avid supporter of social Catholicism, a right-wing movement.
Idiocracy is a 2006 American science fiction comedy film directed by Mike Judge and starring Luke Wilson, Maya Rudolph, and Dax Shepard.
The Ik people (sometimes called Teuso, though this term is explicitly derogatory) are an ethnic group numbering about 10,000 people living in the mountains of northeastern Uganda near the border with Kenya, next to the more populous Karamojong and Turkana peoples.
The Imatra Society was a society of Finnish immigrants located in Brooklyn, New York.
Felipe Andres Coronel (born February 19, 1978), better known by the stage name Immortal Technique, is a Peruvian-American hip hop recording artist and activist.
Health can affect intelligence in various ways.
An impact winter is a hypothesized period of prolonged cold weather due to the impact of a large asteroid or comet on the Earth's surface.
Health is the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.
Sociology of food is the study of food as it relates to the history, progression, and future development of society.
This page is an index of sustainability articles.
India was among the original members of the United Nations that signed the Declaration by United Nations at Washington, D.C. on 1944 October and also participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD), also referred to as the Met Department, is an agency of the Ministry of Earth Sciences of the Government of India.
The Indian Famine Codes, developed by the colonial British in the 1880s, were one of the earliest famine scales.
The Indian famine of 1896–1897 was a famine that began in Bundelkhand, India, early in 1896 and spread to many parts of the country, including the United Provinces, the Central Provinces and Berar, Bihar, parts of the Bombay and Madras presidencies, and the Hissar district of the Punjab; in addition, the princely states of Rajputana, Central India Agency, and Hyderabad were affected by the famine.
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. Although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping and cultivating the flora indigenous to the Americas. Although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming, hunting and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms, states and empires. Many parts of the Americas are still populated by indigenous peoples; some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Greenland, Guatemala, Guyana, Mexico, Panama and Peru. At least a thousand different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Aymara, Guaraní, Mayan languages and Nahuatl, count their speakers in millions. Many also maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects but also cater to modern needs. Some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture, and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples.
The Indus Waters Treaty (English) or सिंधु जल संधि (Hindi) or "سندھ طاس معاہدہ" (Urdu) is a water-shareing treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank (then the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) The Guardian, Monday 3 June 2002 01.06 BST The treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 by the first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and then President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is an international agricultural research and training organization with headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna in the Philippines and offices in seventeen countries with ~1,300 staff.
The International Small Group and Tree Planting Program, or TIST, is a comprehensive sustainable development program for developing-world locations.
The Inuit (ᐃᓄᐃᑦ, "the people") are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska.
Ioannis Rallis (Ιωάννης Δ. Ράλλης; 1878 – 26 October 1946) was the third and last collaborationist prime minister of Greece during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II, holding office from 7 April 1943 to 12 October 1944, succeeding Konstantinos Logothetopoulos in the Nazi-controlled Greek puppet government in Athens.
Ion Antonescu (– June 1, 1946) was a Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician who, as the Prime Minister and Conducător during most of World War II, presided over two successive wartime dictatorships.
Iris tectorum (also known as roof iris, Japanese roof iris and wall iris) is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Limniris.
The Irish Confederate Wars, also called the Eleven Years' War (derived from the Irish language name Cogadh na hAon Bhliana Déag), took place in Ireland between 1641 and 1653.
The Irish diaspora (Diaspóra na nGael) refers to Irish people and their descendants who live outside Ireland.
The Irish famine of 1879 was the last main Irish famine.
Food shortages in Ireland occurred in 1925.
Irish literature comprises writings in the Irish, Latin, and English (including Ulster Scots) languages on the island of Ireland.
The Irish Lumper is a varietal white potato of historic interest.
Bangladesh is a Muslim majority nation.
Islamic ethics (أخلاق إسلامية), defined as "good character," historically took shape gradually from the 7th century and was finally established by the 11th century.
Islamic socialism is a term coined by various Muslim leaders to describe a more spiritual form of socialism.
The Italian Renaissance (Rinascimento) was the earliest manifestation of the general European Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement that began in Italy during the 14th century (Trecento) and lasted until the 17th century (Seicento), marking the transition between Medieval and Modern Europe.
Italian Scots or Scots-Italians are people of Italian descent living in Scotland.
Fra Jacopone da Todi, O.F.M. (ca. 1230 – 25 December 1306) was an Italian Franciscan friar from Umbria in the 13th century.
Jafet Lindeberg (September 12, 1874 – November 5, 1962) was a gold prospector and co-founder of the city of Nome, Alaska.
Jaisalmer State is the popular name of the kingdom established in the area of present-day Rajasthan by Rawal Jaisal when he moved the capital of reminiscent of the Bhati dynasty from Ludarva to Jaisalmer (1156) because the old capital Ludarva was vulnerable.
Jalal-ud-din Khalji (r. 1290-1296; died 19 July 1296) was the founder and first Sultan of the Khalji dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1290 to 1320.
James Hack Tuke (13 September 1819 – 13 January 1896) was born at York, England, the son of Samuel Tuke.
James E. Mace (February 18, 1952 – May 3, 2004) was an American historian, professor, and researcher of the Holodomor.
James Wesley, Rawles (born 1960) is a best-selling American author, best known for his survivalist-genre Patriots novel series.
Jan Žižka z Trocnova a Kalicha (Johann Ziska; John Zizka of Trocnov and the Chalice) was a Czech general, a contemporary and follower of Jan Hus, Hussite military leader, and later also a Radical Hussite who led the Taborites.
Jan Gotlib (Bogumił) Bloch (Иван Станиславович Блиох or Блох) (July 24, 1836, Radom – December 25, 1901/1902, Warsaw) was a Polish banker and railway financier who devoted his private life to the study of modern industrial warfare.
The following events occurred in January 1900.
Javier Pereira (allegedly born 1789, date of death unknown but most commonly given as March 30, 1958) was a Zenú Indian from Colombia who was reputedly over 160 years old at the time of his death.
, also known as Jōdo Buddhism, is a branch of Pure Land Buddhism derived from the teachings of the Japanese ex-Tendai monk Hōnen.
Jean de Venette, or Jean Fillons (&ndash) was a French Carmelite friar, from Venette, Oise, who became the Prior of the Carmelite monastery in the Place Maubert, Paris, and was a Provincial Superior of France from 1341 to 1366.
Jean Drèze (born 1959) is a Belgian-born Indian development economist and activist.
Jean-Pierre Jeunet (born 3 September 1953) is a French film director and screenwriter known for the films Delicatessen, The City of Lost Children, Alien Resurrection and Amélie.
Jeûne genevois (meaning Genevan fast) is a public holiday in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland which occurs on the Thursday following the first Sunday of September.
Jharokha Darshan was a daily practice of addressing the public audience (darshan) at the balcony (jharokha) at the forts and palaces of medieval kings in India.
Jimmy Yu (born 1968), also known as Guo Gu (果谷), is a Chan teacher and a scholar of Buddhism.
Jodhpur Group-Malani Igneous Suite Contact is a geological feature representing the last phase of igneous activity of Precambrian age in the Indian Subcontinent at the foot of the picturesque Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur city, the second largest city in Rajasthan after Jaipur.
Joh (pronounced jooh) is a village located in Una district, in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh.
Johann Friedrich Krummnow (or Krumnow) (1811 – 3 October 1880) was a German-born settler in Australia.
Johanngeorgenstadt is a mining town in Saxony’s Ore Mountains, 17 km south of Aue, and 27 km northwest of Karlovy Vary.
John D. Hamaker (1914–1994), was an American mechanical engineer, ecologist, agronomist and science writer in the fields of soil regeneration, rock dusting, mineral cycles, climate cycles and glaciology.
John Jebb (7 September 1775 – 9 December 1833) was an Irish churchman and writer.
John Patrick Riley (also known as John Patrick O'Riley), (c. 1817 – August 1850?) was an Irish soldier in the British Army who emigrated to the United States and subsequently enlisted in the United States Army.
Jonathan Apphus (Hebrew: יונתן אפפוס Yōnāṯān 'Apefūs, Ancient Greek: Ἰωνάθαν Ἀπφοῦς Iōnáthan Apphoûs) was leader of the Hasmonean dynasty of Judea from 161 to 143 BCE.
Professor Jonathan Kydd (born 1951 in Hemel Hempstead), was educated at Kimbolton School, is a leading expert in Agricultural Development Economics, has examined the demand and supply constraints affecting poor farmers in sub-Saharan Africa, and has argued for dramatic policy reform and increased attention to governance issues in the region.
Jonathan Trumbull Taplin (born July 18, 1947) is an American writer, film producer and scholar.
Joseph-François Foullon de Doué, or Foulon de Doué (25 June 1715 – 22 July 1789), was a French politician and a Controller-General of Finances under Louis XVI.
Saint Joseph Mary Pignatelli, S.J. (José María Pignatelli), was a Spanish priest who was the unofficial leader of the Jesuits in exile in Sardinia, after the suppression of the Society of Jesus.
Mormonism, or the Latter Day Saint movement, teaches that its adherents are either direct descendants of the House of Israel or adopted into it.
Judge Bao (or Justice Bao (包青天)) stories in literature and performing arts are some of the most popular in traditional Chinese crime fiction (''gong'an'' fiction).
Juliette is a novel written by the Marquis de Sade and published 1797–1801, accompanying Sade's Nouvelle Justine.
K-B-D (Hebrew כבד; East Semitic K-B-T) is a triliteral Semitic root with the common meaning of to "be heavy", and thence "be important; honour, majesty, glory".
In Inuit mythology, Ka-Ha-Si was a lazy Inuit boy who was shunned by his tribe for his constant sleeping.
Kang Youwei (Cantonese: Hōng Yáuh-wàih; 19March 185831March 1927) was a Chinese scholar, noted calligrapher and prominent political thinker and reformer of the late Qing dynasty.
Kanu Gandhi (1917 – 20 February 1986) was an Indian photographer.
The Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the transcontinental constituent republics of the Soviet Union from 1936-1991 in northern Central Asia.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
Keidelheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Khety I was an ancient Egyptian nomarch of the 13th nomos of Upper Egypt ("the Upper Sycamore") during the 10th dynasty (c. 21st century BCE, during the First Intermediate Period).
The Khmer Rouge ("Red Khmers"; ខ្មែរក្រហម Khmer Kror-Horm) was the name popularly given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea and by extension to the regime through which the CPK ruled Cambodia between 1975 and 1979.
The Khmer Rouge period (1975–1979) refers to the rule of Pol Pot, Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Son Sen, Khieu Samphan and the Communist Party of Kampuchea over Cambodia, which the Khmer Rouge renamed Democratic Kampuchea.
Kidepo Valley National Park is a national park in the Karamoja region in northeast Uganda.
King William's War (1688–97, also known as the Second Indian War, Father Baudoin's War,Alan F. Williams, Father Baudoin's War: D'Iberville's Campaigns in Acadia and Newfoundland 1696, 1697, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1987. Castin's War,Herbert Milton Sylvester. Indian Wars of New England: The land of the Abenake. The French occupation. King Philip's war. St. Castin's war. 1910. or the First Intercolonial War in French) was the North American theater of the Nine Years' War (1688–97, also known as the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg).
In August 1814, after a loss in the Swedish–Norwegian War, Kingdom of Norway was forced to join in a personal union with Kingdom of Sweden, thereby becoming subject to a naval blockade by the British Empire, but remaining largely autonomous within the union.
The kingdom of the South Saxons (Suþseaxna rice), today referred to as the Kingdom of Sussex, was one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy.
Kleptoparasitism (literally, parasitism by theft) is a form of feeding in which one animal takes prey or other food from another that has caught, collected, or otherwise prepared the food, including stored food (as in the case of cuckoo bees, which lay their eggs on the pollen masses made by other bees; food resources could also be in the form of hosts of parasitic or parasitoid wasps).
Kropyvnytskyi (Kropyvnyc'kyj) is a city in central Ukraine on the Inhul river, and is the administrative center of the Kirovohrad Oblast.
Krupki (Krupkos) is a small city in Krupki Raion, near Mogilev, Belarus.
The Kutenai, also known as the Ktunaxa, Ksanka, Kootenay (in Canada) and Kootenai (in the United States), are an indigenous people of Canada and the United States.
Kyrylo Hryhorovych Stetsenko (Кирило Григорович Стеценко) (May 12, 1882 – April 29, 1922) was a prolific Ukrainian composer, conductor, critic, and teacher.
L'Autre Afrique was a monthly news magazine published in Paris, France.
La Salette of Quezon is a private Catholic school managed by the Salettinian religious order in Quezon, Isabela.
La Salette of Roxas College, Inc. is a Marian Institution school located in Vira, Roxas, Isabela, Philippines.
Laeta was the second Empress consort of Gratian of the Western Roman Empire.
Lake Foy Sagar is an artificial lake situated near Ajmer in the state of Rajasthan, India.
Laki or Lakagígar (Craters of Laki) is a volcanic fissure in the south of Iceland, not far from the canyon of Eldgjá and the small village of Kirkjubæjarklaustur.
Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land.
Laogai (勞改/劳改), the abbreviation for Láodòng Gǎizào (勞動改造/劳动改造), which means "reform through labor", is a slogan of the Chinese criminal justice system and has been used to refer to the use of penal labour and prison farms in the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
Lathyrus sativus, also known as grass pea, blue sweet pea, chickling pea, chickling vetch, Indian pea, white pea and white vetch,Kew Gardens is a legume (family Fabaceae) commonly grown for human consumption and livestock feed in Asia and East Africa.
Latter Day Saints and Mormons have been portrayed in popular media many times.
Leaf vegetables, also called leafy greens, salad greens, pot herbs, vegetable greens, or simply greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots.
Lech-Lecha, Lekh-Lekha, or Lech-L'cha (leḵ-ləḵā — Hebrew for "go!" or "leave!", literally "go for you" — the fifth and sixth words in the parashah) is the third weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
Leontia (fl. 610), was the Empress consort of Phocas of the Byzantine Empire.
"Let them eat cake" is the traditional translation of the French phrase "Qu'ils mangent de la brioche", supposedly spoken by "a great princess" upon learning that the peasants had no bread.
This article is about lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) history in Italy.
The Liber Eliensis is a 12th-century English chronicle and history, written in Latin.
Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.
Liberty in North Korea (LiNK) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization based out of Long Beach, California, United States, and Seoul, South Korea.
Linda Mason is an American charity executive and is the chairwoman and co-founder of Bright Horizons Family Solutions, a global provider of employer-sponsored child care, emergency back-up care for children and adults/elders, educational advising, and global work/life consulting.
Lindenholzhausen (in local dialect "Hollesse") has been a district of the Town of Limburg an der Lahn since 1972.
This page lists mortalities from battles and individual military operations or acts of violence, sorted by death toll.
List of characters appearing in the animated television series ''Drawn Together''.
This is a selective list of known major famines, ordered by date.
This is a list of famines in China.
Food riots may occur when there is a shortage or unequal distribution of food.
This is a list of significant characters from the television programs Hercules: The Legendary Journeys, its prequel Young Hercules, and Xena: Warrior Princess.
This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages).
Individual contributors to classical liberalism and political liberalism are associated with philosophers of the Enlightenment.
This list of United States natural disasters is a list of notable natural disasters which occurred in the United States from 1816 to 2017.
This article contains a list of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, from the Early Dynastic Period before 3100 BC through to the end of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, when Egypt became a province of Rome under Augustus Caesar in 30 BC.
This is a list of plantations and/or plantation houses in the U.S. state of Louisiana that are National Historic Landmarks, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, listed on a heritage register; or are otherwise significant for their history, their association with significant events or people, or their architecture and design.
Poisonous plants are those plants that produce toxins that deter herbivores from consuming them.
This is a list of episodes for The Colbert Report in 2008.
This list of University of Iowa faculty includes past and present instructors, researchers, and administrators at the University of Iowa.
The characters within the Warrior Nun Areala comic series are well developed.
This is a list of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll.
This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war.
This is a list of wars involving the Kingdom of England prior to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain via the Acts of Union 1707.
This is a list of wars fought by the Kingdom of Spain or on Spanish territory.
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe.
The Little Ice Age (LIA) was a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period.
Locusts are certain species of short-horned grasshoppers in the family Acrididae that have a swarming phase.
Louis-Antoine de Noailles (27 May 1651 – 4 May 1729), second son of Anne, 1st duc de Noailles, was a French bishop and cardinal.
Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Luciana Clare Goldsmith (Berger; born 13 May 1981), known as Luciana Berger, is a British Labour Co-operative politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Liverpool Wavertree since 2010.
Lucrețiu Pătrășcanu (November 4, 1900 – April 17, 1954) was a Romanian communist politician and leading member of the Communist Party of Romania (PCR), also noted for his activities as a lawyer, sociologist and economist.
Lunavada (also transliterated as Lunawada) is a town in the Mahisagar, former Panchmahal District, in the Northern part of Gujarat state of India.
Lunavada State, also known as Lunawada State, was a princely state in India during the time of the British Raj.
Lute Song is a 1946 American musical with a book by Sidney Howard and Will Irwin, music by Raymond Scott, and lyrics by Bernard Hanighen.
Magnum Photos is an international photographic cooperative owned by its photographer-members, with offices in New York City, Paris, London and Tokyo.
Mahila Milan, meaning "women together," is a credit scheme designed to assist women pavement dwellers in Bombay.
Mahmoud Ahmed (born May 18, 1941) (Amharic: መሀሙድ አህመድ) is an Ethiopian singer of Gurage ancestry.
Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays, from maíz after Taíno mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
The Maji Maji Rebellion (Maji-Maji-Aufstand), sometimes called the Maji Maji War (Vita vya Maji Maji, Maji-Maji-Krieg), was an armed rebellion against German colonial rule in German East Africa (modern-day Tanzania).
Makrai State was a princely state in India during the time of the British Raj.
Malagasy cuisine encompasses the many diverse culinary traditions of the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar.
Malawi is one of the world’s least developed countries and is ranked 170 out of 187 countries according to the 2010 Human Development Index.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
A Malthusian catastrophe (also known as Malthusian check or Malthusian spectre) is a prediction of a forced return to subsistence-level conditions once population growth has outpaced agricultural production - that there will be too many people and not enough food.
Mandela Chhota is a small village 6km from Fatehpur, Shekhawati (District: Sikar) on Fatehpur-Salasar road.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Maoism, known in China as Mao Zedong Thought, is a political theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong, whose followers are known as Maoists.
The Mapuche people of southern Chile and Argentina have a long history dating back as an archaeological culture to 600–500 BC.
The following events occurred in March 1900.
Maria Rosetti (born Marie Grant; 1819 &ndash) was a Guernsey born Wallachian and Romanian political activist, journalist, essayist, philanthropist and socialite.
Martin Seemungal is a journalist and foreign correspondent who has reported for the ABC News, ABC News website CBS News, CBC National News, and Worldfocus television programs.
A mass grave is a grave containing multiple human corpses, which may or may not be identified prior to burial.
Mass killings occurred under several twentieth-century Communist regimes.
Mautam (Mizo for "bamboo death") is a cyclic ecological phenomenon that occurs every 48 years in the northeastern Indian states of Mizoram and Manipur, which are 30% covered by wild bamboo forests, as well as Chin State in Burma, particularly Hakha, Thantlang, Falam, Paletwa, and Matupi Townships.
The Bengal famine of 1943-44 (Bengali: Pañcāśēra manwantara) was a major famine in the Bengal province in British India during World War II.
The media of North Korea is amongst the most strictly controlled in the world.
Medieval cuisine includes foods, eating habits, and cooking methods of various European cultures during the Middle Ages, which lasted from the fifth to the fifteenth century.
Medieval demography is the study of human demography in Europe and the Mediterranean during the Middle Ages.
Meju is a brick of dried fermented soybeans.
Melocanna is a genus of Asian clumping bamboo in the grass family.
Mikołów (Nikolai, Mikołůw) is a town in Silesia, in southern Poland, near the city of Katowice.
The Maliseet militia were made up of warriors from the Maliseet people of northeastern North America.
A miller is a person who operates a mill, a machine to grind a cereal crop to make flour.
The Ming Great Wall (明長城; Ming changcheng), built by the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), forms the most visible parts of the Great Wall of China today.
The Minnesota Starvation Experiment, also known as the Minnesota Semi-Starvation Experiment, the Minnesota Starvation-Recovery Experiment and the Starvation Study, was a clinical study performed at the University of Minnesota between November 19, 1944 and December 20, 1945.
Mizo Zirlai Pawl (lit. Mizo students' Association) is a Mizo multinational student organization and apex students body in Mizoram state.
or "fetus memorial service", is a Japanese ceremony for those who have had a miscarriage, stillbirth, or abortion.
Mlada (Млада) is an opera-ballet in four acts, composed between 1889 and 1890 by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, to a libretto by Viktor Krylov that was originally employed for an aborted project of the same name from 1872.
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (shortly: Moldavian SSR, abbr.: MSSR; Republica Sovietică Socialistă Moldovenească, in Cyrillic alphabet: Република Советикэ Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ; Молда́вская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика Moldavskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known to as Soviet Moldavia or Soviet Moldova, was one of the fifteen republics of the Soviet Union existed from 1940 to 1991.
Molo (Meu) is a neighbourhood in the old town of the Italian city of Genoa.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
The monsoon of South Asia is among several geographically distributed global monsoons.
Montbrison is a commune in the Loire department in central France.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
Mortality displacement denotes a temporal or temporary increase in the mortality rate (number of deaths) in a given population, also known as excess mortality or excess mortality rate.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
Eliza Maria Gillespie, in religion Mother Mary of St.
Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro.
Mount Tambora (or Tomboro) is an active stratovolcano on Sumbawa, one of the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia.
Most of the peaks on Mount Kenya have been summited.
The Mouse Tower (Mäuseturm) is a stone tower on a small island in the Rhine, outside Bingen am Rhein, Germany.
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr.; January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016) was an American professional boxer, activist, and philanthropist.
Mularaja, also known as Bala Mularaja ("Child Mularaja"), was an Indian king from the Chaulukya dynasty of Gujarat.
The Muslim conquest of Sicily began in June 827 and lasted until 902, when the last major Byzantine stronghold on the island, Taormina, fell.
Mutara III Rudahigwa (March 1911 – 25 July 1959) was King (mwami) of Rwanda between 1931 and 1959.
Myrmecocystus is a North American genus of ants in the subfamily Formicinae.
There have been many accounts of the origin of language in the world's mythologies and other stories pertaining to the origin of language, the development of language and the reasons behind the diversity in languages today.
Nandi (c. 1760 – October 10, 1827) was a daughter of Bhebhe, a past chief of the Langeni tribe and the mother of the famous Shaka, King of the Zulus.
The Narkatiaganj Bikhnathori line is a rail line in eastern India that connects Narkatiaganj and Bikhnathori near the India-Nepal border.
Neferkara I (also Neferka and, alternatively, Aaka) is the cartouche name of a king (pharaoh) who is said to have ruled during the 2nd dynasty of Ancient Egypt.
Neferkasokar (Ancient Egyptian Nefer-Ka-Seker; which means “beautiful soul of Sokar” or “the soul of Sokar is complete”) is the name of an Ancient Egyptian king (pharaoh) who may have ruled in Egypt during the 2nd dynasty.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The New Order (Orde Baru) is the term coined by the second Indonesian President Suharto to characterise his regime as he came to power in 1966.
The term "new world order" has been used to refer to any new period of history evidencing a dramatic change in world political thought and the balance of power.
Ngāi Tūhoe, often known simply as Tūhoe, is a Māori iwi ("tribe") of New Zealand.
Nicholas Mavrogenes (or Mavrogenous; Νικόλαος Μαυρογένης Nikolaos Mavrogenis (Greek: "Blackbeard"), Nicolae Mavrogheni; died 1790) was a Phanariote Prince of Wallachia (reigned 1786–1789).
Father Nicholas Sheehy (1728–1766) was an 18th-century Irish Roman Catholic priest who was executed on charge of accessory to murder.
Nieder Kostenz is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Night on Bald Mountain (Ночь на лысой горе, Noch′ na lysoy gore), also known as Night on the Bare Mountain, is a series of compositions by Modest Mussorgsky (1839–1881).
Nikephoritzes (Νικηφορίτζης) was an influential Byzantine eunuch official, who served as chief minister and virtual ruler of the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Emperor Michael VII Doukas (r. 1071–1078).
Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (a) (– January 26, 1943) was a prominent Russian and Soviet agronomist, botanist and geneticist best known for having identified the centres of origin of cultivated plants.
A nilometer was a structure for measuring the Nile River's clarity and water level during the annual flood season.
The Nine Years' War or Tyrone's Rebellion took place in Ireland from 1593 to 1603.
No Blade of Grass is a 1970 British-American apocalyptic science fiction film directed and produced by Cornel Wilde and starring Nigel Davenport, Jean Wallace, and John Hamill.
Nordreisa (Ráissa suohkan, Raisin komuuni) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway.
North Korea (Chosŏn'gŭl:조선; Hanja:朝鮮; Chosŏn), officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula.
The North Korean famine, which together with the accompanying general economic crisis are known as the Arduous March or The March of Suffering (고난의 행군) in North Korea, occurred in North Korea from 1994 to 1998.
The Northwest Passage (abbreviated as NWP) is, from the European and northern Atlantic point of view, the sea route to the Pacific Ocean through the Arctic Ocean, along the northern coast of North America via waterways through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Nuclear famine is a hypothesized famine considered a potential threat following global or regional nuclear exchange.
Nuclear winter is the severe and prolonged global climatic cooling effect hypothesized to occur after widespread firestorms following a nuclear war.
Blessed Nunzio Sulprizio (13 April 1817 – 5 May 1836) was an Italian Roman Catholic from Pescara who worked as an apprentice blacksmith.
Nynetjer (also known as Ninetjer and Banetjer) is the Horus name of the third pharaoh of the Second Dynasty of Egypt.
Nyokum is a festival celebrated by the Nyishi tribe of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Odessa (Оде́са; Оде́сса; אַדעס) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.
Odiongan is a first-class, partially urban municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines.It is a major port, commercial center and the largest municipality of Romblon in terms of population and income.
Old Prussian is an extinct Baltic language once spoken by the Old Prussians, the Baltic peoples of Prussia (not to be confused with the later and much larger German state of the same name)—after 1945 northeastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia and southernmost part of Lithuania.
The Olivet Discourse or Olivet prophecy is a biblical passage found in the Synoptic Gospels in Matthew 24 and 25, Mark 13, and Luke 21.
Olivier De Schutter (born 20 July 1968) is a Belgian legal scholar specialising in economic and social rights.
Once Was Not is the fifth album by Canadian technical death metal band Cryptopsy.
Ong Seok Kim (21 November 1884 - 31 May 1964) was an educationist, social worker, philanthropist and entrepreneur.
In traditional beliefs of Japan and in literature, onryō (怨霊, literally "vengeful spirit", sometimes rendered "wrathful spirit") refers to a ghost (yūrei) believed capable of causing harm in the world of the living, harming or killing enemies, or even causing natural disasters to exact vengeance to redress the wrongs it received while alive then takes their spirits from their dying bodies.
Operation Gothic Serpent was a military operation conducted by United States special operations forces during the Somali Civil War with the primary mission of capturing faction leader Mohamed Farrah Aidid.
Operation United Shield was the codename of a military operation, conducted 9 January to 3 March 1995, bringing a conclusion to the United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II).
Orano (previously Areva) is a French multinational group specializing in nuclear power and renewable energy headquartered in Paris La Défense.
Orăștie (Broos, Szászváros) is a city in Hunedoara County, south-western Transylvania, Romania.
Organisation of the Commissioner for Philately and Scripophily (Организация Уполномоченного по филателии и бонам в СССР (ОУФБ)) was established in Moscow in 1922 by the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) for matters concerned with philately and bonds.
Ostdorf is a Swabian village within the city limits of Balingen, Germany.
Osteolathyrism is a collagen cross-linking deficiency brought on by dietary over-reliance on the seeds of Lathyrus sativus or grass pea, a legume often grown as a famine crop in Asia and East Africa.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
The Ouled Naïl (أولاد نايل) are a tribe and a tribal confederation living in the Ouled Naïl Range, Algeria.
Our Lady of Piat (formally: Nuestra Señora de Piat) is a 16th-century Roman Catholic icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary enshrined in Piat, in the province of Cagayan, Philippines.
Our Lady of the Plentiful Catch Monastery, Osornoe, Kazakhstan, is a Benedictine monastery of the Congregation of Missionary Benedictines of Saint Ottilien.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.
Pabna District (পাবনা জেলা Pabna Zila) is a district in north-central Bangladesh.
Pabna Peasant Uprising (1873-76) was a resistance movement by the peasants ("Ryots") against the lords of the lands in Bengal ("zamindars") in the Yusufshahi pargana (now the Sirajganj District, Bangladesh) in Pabna.It was led by Ishan Chandra Roy.
Palagummi Sainath (born 1957) is an Indian journalist and photojournalist who focuses on social & economic inequality, rural affairs, poverty and the aftermath of globalization in India.
The Palatinate Forest (Pfälzerwald), sometimes also called the Palatine Forest, is a low-mountain region in southwestern Germany, located in the Palatinate in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
Panteón de Belén (also Santa Paula Cemetery) is a historical cemetery located in Guadalajara, Mexico.
The Parable of the Prodigal Son (also known as the Two Brothers, Lost Son, Loving Father, or Lovesick Father) is one of the parables of Jesus and appears in.
Parbati Sankar Roy Choudhury (Rai Parvatisankara Chaudhuri), (c. 1850-1918) was the zamindar of Teota (now in Manikganj District, Bangladesh) and a philanthropic landholder.
Patiens of Lyon was bishop of Lyon in the 5th century and recognized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.
Paul (died 593) was the father of Maurice, Byzantine Emperor.
Pavement dwellers refers to dwellings built on the footpaths/pavements of city streets, which use the walls or fences which separate building compounds from the pavement and street outside.
Paxton Pattison Hibben (December 5, 1880 - December 5, 1928) had a short but eventful career as a diplomat, journalist, author and humanitarian.
In ancient Mesopotamian religion, Pazuzu (Akkadian: Dpà.zu.zu; also called Fazuzu or Pazuza) was the king of the demons of the wind, brother of Humbaba and son of the god Hanbi.
The pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum.
In many Commonwealth jurisdictions, the phrase "peace, order, and good government" is an expression used in law to express the legitimate objects of legislative powers conferred by statute.
Peak oil is the theorized point in time when the maximum rate of extraction of petroleum is reached, after which it is expected to enter terminal decline.
People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the RSFSR, known shortly as the Narkompochtel, was the central organ of government of the RSFSR that was in charge of the organisation and development of the different forms of communication, including postal service.
The People's Crusade was a popular crusade and a prelude to the First Crusade that lasted roughly six months from April to October 1096.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia, Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the People's Socialist Republic of Albania (Republika Popullore Socialiste e Shqipërisë), was a Marxist-Leninist government that ruled Albania from 1946 to 1992.
Pepin, or Pippin, the Hunchback (French: Pépin le Bossu, German: Pippin der Buckelige; c. 769 – 811) was the eldest son of Charlemagne.
Per Axel Ahlmark (15 January 1939 – 8 June 2018) was a Swedish politician and writer.
Pericles, Prince of Tyre is a Jacobean play written at least in part by William Shakespeare and included in modern editions of his collected works despite questions over its authorship, as it was not included in the First Folio.
The Petén Basin is a geographical subregion of Mesoamerica, primarily located in northern Guatemala within the Department of El Petén, and into Campeche state in southeastern Mexico.
The Peterloo Massacre occurred at St Peter's Field, Manchester, England, on 16 August 1819, when cavalry charged into a crowd of 60,000–80,000 who had gathered to demand the reform of parliamentary representation.
Philip III (Felipe; 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) was King of Spain.
In vascular plants, phloem is the living tissue that transports the soluble organic compounds made during photosynthesis and known as photosynthates, in particular the sugar sucrose, to parts of the plant where needed.
Phytophthora infestans is an oomycete or water mold, a microorganism which causes the serious potato and tomato disease known as late blight or potato blight.
Pierre Cureau de la Chambre (20 December 1640, Paris – 15 April 1693, Paris) was a French churchman.
Pierre de Vallombreuse (born 1962 in Bayonne), made a photographic collection of 41 indigenous peoples over 25 years of travel to all continents, with more than 130,000 photographs, paying tribute to their diversity.
Pikmin 3 is a puzzle strategy video game developed and published by Nintendo for the Wii U video game console.
The Pima (or Akimel O'odham, also spelled Akimel O'otham, "River People", formerly known as Pima) are a group of Native Americans living in an area consisting of what is now central and southern Arizona.
The era of piracy in the Caribbean began in the 1500s and phased out in the 1830s after the navies of the nations of Western Europe and North America with colonies in the Caribbean began combating pirates.
Piyusti or Piyušti was a king of Hattusa during the 17th century BC (short chronology).
Planet Earth is a seven-episode 1986 PBS television documentary series focusing on the Earth, narrated by Richard Kiley.
Plantations in 16th- and 17th-century Ireland involved the confiscation of land by the English crown and the colonisation of this land with settlers from the island of Great Britain.
Plumpy'Nut is a peanut-based paste in a plastic wrapper for treatment of severe acute malnutrition manufactured by Nutriset, a French company.
Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain.
The political history of the world is the history of the various political entities created by the human race throughout their existence and the way these states define their borders.
Pope Benedict XV (Latin: Benedictus; Benedetto), born Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa (21 November 1854 – 22 January 1922), was head of the Catholic Church from 3 September 1914 until his death in 1922.
Pope Michael IV of Alexandria, also known as Khail IV, 68th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark.
Popular beliefs are studied as a sub-field of social sciences, like history and anthropology, which examines spiritual beliefs that develop not independently from religion, but still outside of established religious institutions.
A population decline (or depopulation) in humans is any great reduction in a human population caused by events such as long-term demographic trends, as in sub-replacement fertility, urban decay, white flight or rural flight, or due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes.
Population transfer or resettlement is the movement of a large group of people from one region to another, often a form of forced migration imposed by state policy or international authority and most frequently on the basis of ethnicity or religion but also due to economic development.
Porsanger (Norwegian) or Porsáŋgu (Northern Sami) or Porsanki (Kven/Finnish) is a municipality in Finnmark county, Norway.
Poverty in Africa refers to the lack of basic human needs faced by certain people in African society.
Poverty reduction, or poverty alleviation, is a set of measures, both economic and humanitarian, that are intended to permanently lift people out of poverty.
Praedecessores nostros was a papal encyclical written by Pope Pius IX on March 25, 1847 to address the crisis of the Great Irish Famine that occurred approximately between 1845 and 1850.
Prehistoric Alaska begins with Paleolithic people moving into northwestern North America sometime between 40,000 and 15,000 years ago across the Bering Land Bridge in western Alaska; a date less than 20,000 years ago is most likely.
Progress: Ten Reasons to Look Forward to the Future is a 2016 book by Swedish writer Johan Norberg (a Senior Fellow of the libertarian Cato Institute), which promotes globalization, free trade and the notion of progress.
Prometheism or Prometheanism (Polish: Prometeizm) was a political project initiated by Poland's Józef Piłsudski.
Protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS) is a method of evaluating the quality of a protein based on both the amino acid requirements of humans and their ability to digest it.
Publius Minucius Augurinus (Latin, Publius Minucius Augurinus) was a Roman Republican politician of the patrician gens Minucia during the beginning of the 5th century BC.
Purnia division is an administrative geographical unit of Bihar state of India.
Rābiʿa al-ʿAdawiyya al-Qaysiyya (رابعة العدوية القيسية) (714/717/718 — 801 CE) was a Muslim saint and Sufi mystic.
The Raid on Oyster River (also known as the Oyster River Massacre) happened during King William's War, on July 18, 1694, at present-day Durham, New Hampshire.
Randeep Hooda (born 20 August 1976) is an Indian film actor who appears in Hindi films.
The Rashidun Caliphate (اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلرَّاشِدَةُ) (632–661) was the first of the four major caliphates established after the death of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.
A ratchet effect is an instance of the restrained ability of human processes to be reversed once a specific thing has happened, analogous with the mechanical ratchet that holds the spring tight as a clock is wound up.
Ravishankar Shukla (2 August 1877, Sagar – 31 December 1956, Delhi) was a leader of the Indian National Congress, Indian independence movement activist, the Premier of the Central Provinces and Berar from 27 April 1946 to 25 January 1950, first chief minister of the reorganised Madhya Pradesh state from 1 November 1956 until his death on 31 December 1956, he was elected from Saraipali, Madhyapradesh now part of Chhattisgarh He became Chief Minister after being nominated by Shri Ram Prasad Deshmukh, who was first nominated but refused and nominated him.
Raymond F. Hopkins (born c. 1938) is an American political science professor and expert on food politics and food policy.
Rüdesheim an der Nahe, or simply Rüdesheim, is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Rebecca appears in the Hebrew Bible as the wife of Isaac and the mother of Jacob and Esau.
Sarah Rebecca Parish (November 1, 1869 – August 22, 1952) known as Rebecca Parrish, was an American medical missionary and physician in the Philippines.
Red hair (or ginger hair) occurs naturally in 1–2% of the human population.
Umar was the second muslim Caliph and reigned during 634 to 644 CE.
Regality theory describes how war and other collective dangers have a profound influence on the psychological disposition of people, and how this in turn influences the structure and cultural values of a society.
Regulamentul Organic (Organic Regulation; Règlement Organique; r)The name also has plural versions in all languages concerned, referring to the dual nature of the document; however, the singular version is usually preferred.
Relevance is the concept of one topic being connected to another topic in a way that makes it useful to consider the second topic when considering the first.
The Religious Hospitallers of Saint Joseph (also known as Réligieuses hospitalières de Saint-Joseph) is a religious order founded in La Fleche, France by the Venerable Jerome le Royer de la Dauversiere and Venerable Marie de la Ferre.
René Hérault, Seigneur de Fontaine-l'Abbé et de Vaucresson (23 April 1691 – 2 August 1740), simply known as René Hérault, and sometimes as René Hérault de Vaucresson, was a French magistrate and administrator who served as Lieutenant General of Police of Paris from 1725 to 1739.
The Republic of San Marco (Repubblica di San Marco), an Italian revolutionary state, existed for 17 months in 1848–1849.
Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann is a Canadian social scientist who specializes in international human rights.
Richard of Evesham (occasionally of Eynsham) was Abbot of Vale Royal from 1316 to 1342.
Riesweiler is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Right for Education is Africa’s largest independent online destination of timeless, relevant content that informs, inspires and empowers.
The right to food, and its non variations, is a human right protecting the right for people to feed themselves in dignity, implying that sufficient food is available, that people have the means to access it, and that it adequately meets the individual's dietary needs.
Dravidian parties rose to power and prominence in the political stage of Tamil Nadu, a state in India, in the 1960s.
Robert David Kaplan (born June 23, 1952 in New York City) is an American author.
Robert_de_Lenoncourt.Robert I de Lenoncourt, le père des pauvres, died September 25, 1532, was a French prelate of the turn of the 16th century, known in his day for his works of charity among the poor of Reims.
The Trappist Abbey of Rochefort or Abbey of Notre-Dame de Saint-Rémy, which belongs to the Cistercians of Strict Observance, is located in Rochefort in the province of Namur (Wallonia, Belgium).
General elections were held in Romania on 19 November 1946, in the aftermath of World War II.
Romesh Chunder Dutt, CIE (রমেশচন্দ্র দত্ত) (August 13, 1848 – November 30, 1909) was an Indian civil servant, economic historian, writer, and translator of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Ronan Browne is an Irish musician and composer who plays the uilleann pipes.
Roscommon is the county town of County Roscommon in Ireland.
Rostislav Mikhailovich (Rosztyiszláv, Bulgarian and Russian: Ростислав Михайлович) (after 1210 / c. 1225 – 1262) was a Rus' prince (a member of the Rurik dynasty), and a dignitary in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Of all the landowners in the home counties, particularly the Buckinghamshire area, none has had more impact on the landscape than the Rothschild family.
Round Eyes in the Middle Kingdom is a 1995 documentary directed by Ronald Levaco, an American filmmaker who journeyed back to China, the nation of his boyhood days, to discover what became of an old friend of his family, Israel Epstein.
Rowan Fergus Meredith Gillespie (born 1953) is an Irish bronze casting sculptor of international renown.
Royton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, Greater Manchester, England, with a population of 21,284 in 2011.
Rudolph Joseph Rummel (October 21, 1932 – March 2, 2014) was professor of political science who taught at the Indiana University, Yale University, and University of Hawaii.
Rusadir (Rusadir or Russader, Rhyssádeiron) was an ancient Romano-Berber city in Mauretania Tingitana.
The Russian famine of 1601–1603 was Russia's worst famine in terms of proportional effect on the population, killing perhaps two million people, a third of the Russian people.
The Russian famine of 1921–22, also known as Povolzhye famine, was a severe famine in Russia which began in early spring of 1921 and lasted through 1922.
Sadashiv Rao Bhau (4 August 1730 – 14 January 1761) was son of Chimaji Appa and Rakhmabai and the nephew of Peshwa Bajirao I. He served as the Sardar Senapati (Commander-in-Chief) of the Maratha army at the third battle of Panipat.
Sadayappa Vallal was a wealthy 12th-century velir (chief) who had his residence at both Puduvai (Puducherry) and Thiruvenainallur in India.
Sadza in Shona (isitshwala in isiNdebele, or pap, vuswa or bogobe in South Africa, or nsima in Chichewa language, or Ugali in East Africa) or phaletšhe in Botswana, is a cooked maize meal that is the staple food in Zimbabwe and other parts of Southern Africa.
The Sahel has long experienced a series of historic droughts, dating back to at least the 17th century.
Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars) is a commune in France.
Samuel Gridley Howe (November 10, 1801 – January 9, 1876) was a nineteenth century United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind.
UN sanctions against the Taliban-controlled government of Afghanistan were enforced in November 1999.
During the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s and early 2000s, several rounds of international sanctions were imposed against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which from 1992 consisted only of the Yugoslav republics of Serbia and Montenegro.
"Sanctuary" is the 30th episode of the American science fiction television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, the tenth episode of the second season.
Santa Paravia en Fiumaccio is a video game in which each player becomes the ruler of a fledgling Italian city-state around the year 1400.
Satpula is a remarkable ancient water harvesting dam or weir located about east of the Khirki Masjid that is integral to the compound wall of the medieval fourth city of the Jahanpanah in Delhi, with its construction credited to the reign of Sultan Muhammad Shah Tughlaq (Muhammad bin Tughluq) (1325–1351) of the Tughlaq Dynasty.
The Save the Children Fund, commonly known as Save the Children, is an international non-governmental organisation that promotes children's rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries.
The Saxons (Saxones, Sachsen, Seaxe, Sahson, Sassen, Saksen) were a Germanic people whose name was given in the early Middle Ages to a large country (Old Saxony, Saxonia) near the North Sea coast of what is now Germany.
Schönbach (Eifel dialect: Schimich) is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Vulkaneifel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
A school meal or school lunch (also known as hot lunch, a school dinner, or school breakfast) is a meal provided to students at school, typically in the middle or beginning of the school day.
Schutz is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Vulkaneifel district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Scolpaig Tower (also known as Dùn Scolpaig or MacLeod’s Folly) is a Georgian folly located near the village of Scolpaig on the Isle of North Uist in the Outer Hebrides.
The Second Barons' War (1264–1267) was a civil war in England between the forces of a number of barons led by Simon de Montfort against the royalist forces of King Henry III, led initially by the king himself and later by his son Prince Edward, the future King Edward I. The war featured a series of massacres of Jews by Montfort's supporters including his sons Henry and Simon, in attacks aimed at seizing and destroying evidence of Baronial debts.
Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints believe that there will be a Second Coming of Jesus Christ to the earth sometime in the future.
The Second Desmond rebellion (1579–1583) was the more widespread and bloody of the two Desmond Rebellions launched by the FitzGerald dynasty of Desmond in Munster, Ireland, against English rule in Ireland.
The Second Intermediate Period marks a period when Ancient Egypt fell into disarray for a second time, between the end of the Middle Kingdom and the start of the New Kingdom.
"Secret Invasion" is a comic book crossover storyline that ran through a self-titled eight issue limited series and several tie-in books published by Marvel Comics from April through December 2008.
Seemanchal is a subregion of Mithila region in the Northeastern part of Bihar consisting of four districts - Araria, Purnea, Kishanganj and Katihar.
Sekhemib-Perenma´at (or simply Sekhemib), is the horus name of an early Egyptian king who ruled during the 2nd dynasty.
Selma Rainio (until 1905 Lilius, 21 March 1873, Saarijärvi, Finland – 5 January 1939, Onandjokwe, South West Africa) was a Finnish missionary with the Finnish Missionary Society, the first Finnish medical missionary, who founded the Onandjokwe Hospital in Ondonga, Ovamboland.
Senedj (also known as Sened and Sethenes) is the name of an early Egyptian king (pharaoh), who may have ruled during the 2nd dynasty.
The is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict.
The following events occurred in September 1946.
The Serbian Campaign of World War I was fought from late July 1914, when Austria-Hungary invaded the Kingdom of Serbia at the outset of World War I, until the war's conclusion in November 1918.
Serer maternal clans or Serer matriclans (Serer: Tim or Tiim; Ndut: Ciiɗim) are the maternal clans of the Serer people of Senegal, the Gambia and Mauritania.
Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism.
SERVE Afghanistan (Serving Emergency Relief and Vocational Enterprise) is a Christian charity registered in UK which works in Afghanistan carrying out community development, education and training projects, particularly for Afghans with disabilities.
Seth-Peribsen (also known as Ash-Peribsen, Peribsen and Perabsen) is the serekh name of an early Egyptian monarch (pharaoh), who ruled during the Second Dynasty of Egypt (c. 2890 – c. 2686 BC).
The seven deadly sins, also known as the capital vices or cardinal sins, is a grouping and classification of vices within Christian teachings.
The seven ill years was a period of national famine in Scotland in the 1690s.
Seveso (in Lombard dialect: Séves) is a town and comune in the Province of Monza and Brianza, in the Region of Lombardy.
Shadow Children is a series of seven books by Margaret Peterson Haddix about a dystopian country which suffers food shortages due to a drought and the effects of the government's totalitarian attempts to control resources as a way to solidify its power.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান);; (17 March 1920 – 15 August 1975), shortened as Sheikh Mujib or just Mujib, was a Bengali politician and statesman.
Shortages in Venezuela have been prevalent following the enactment of price controls and other policies during the economic policy of the Hugo Chávez government.
Agriculture in Siberia started many millennia ago by peoples indigenous to the region.
The Siege of Angers was a siege of the French town of Angers on 3 December 1793 in the War in the Vendée.
The Second Arab siege of Constantinople in 717–718 was a combined land and sea offensive by the Muslim Arabs of the Umayyad Caliphate against the capital city of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople.
The Siege of Eastern Ghouta was a siege that was laid by Syrian Government forces in April 2013, to the area in eastern Ghouta held by anti-government forces since November 2012, during the Syrian Civil War.
Sima Yi's Liaodong campaign occurred in 238 during the Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history.
Sin and Punishment is a rail shooter and shooting gallery video game co-developed by Treasure and Nintendo.
The Sixteenth Dynasty of ancient Egypt (notated Dynasty XVI) was a dynasty of pharaohs that ruled the Theban region in Upper Egypt for 70 years.
Skye, or the Isle of Skye (An t-Eilean Sgitheanach or Eilean a' Cheò), is the largest and northernmost of the major islands in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.
Sláine is a comic hero published for the first time in British magazine 2000 AD.
The first recordings of the surname Sludden exists in Ireland.
Social cycle theories are among the earliest social theories in sociology.
Social security is "any government system that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income." Social security is enshrined in Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) is an American environmental research satellite launched on 31 January 2015.
Solomon and Sheba is a 1959 American epic historical romance film directed by King Vidor, shot in Technirama (color by Technicolor), and distributed by United Artists.
Sons is the sequel to the novel The Good Earth, and the second book in The House of Earth trilogy by Pearl S. Buck.
Guk-ganjang (국간장) or soup soy sauce is a type of Korean soy sauce (ganjang) made entirely of fermented soybean (meju) and brine.
South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The SovRoms (plural of SovRom) were economic enterprises established in Romania following the Communist takeover at the end of World War II, in place until 1954–1956 (when they were dissolved by the Romanian authorities).
Soy sauce (also called soya sauce in British English) is a liquid condiment of Chinese origin, made from a fermented paste of soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds.
In the People's Republic of China, square dancing or plaza dancing, is an exercise routine performed to music in squares, plazas or parks of the nation's cities.
SS Edenton was a steel-hulled cargo ship built in 1918 for the United States Shipping Board as part of the Boards World War I emergency shipbuilding program.
SS West Cressey was a steel-hulled cargo ship that saw a brief period of service as an auxiliary with the U.S. Navy in the aftermath of World War I. West Cressey was built in 1918 for the United States Shipping Boards emergency wartime shipbuilding program.
SS West Elcajon (often misspelled West El Cajon) was a steel-hulled cargo ship built in 1918 for the United States Shipping Boards World War I emergency wartime shipbuilding program.
SS West Mahomet was a steel–hulled cargo ship which saw service as an auxiliary with the U.S. Navy in 1918-19.
Standing Bear (c. 1829 – 1908) (Ponca official orthography: Maⁿchú-Naⁿzhíⁿ/Macunajin;U.S. Indian Census Rolls, 1885 Ponca Indians of Dakota other spellings: Ma-chú-nu-zhe, Ma-chú-na-zhe or Mantcunanjin pronounced) was a Ponca Native American chief, who successfully argued in U.S. District Court in 1879 in Omaha that Native Americans are "persons within the meaning of the law" and have the right of habeas corpus.
Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.
Stefano Franscini (23 October 1796, Bodio – 19 July 1857) was a Swiss politician and statistician.
Stephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author of horror, supernatural fiction, suspense, science fiction, and fantasy.
Sticky & Sweet Tour was the eighth concert tour by American singer Madonna to promote her eleventh studio album, Hard Candy.
The Stiglitz Report: Reforming the International Monetary and Financial Systems in the Wake of the Global Crisis is a book on economics written by Nobel Laureate economist Joseph Stiglitz, documenting the necessary changes and reforms of the international financial institutions in the wake of the Financial Crisis of 2008, and the subsequent Great Recession arisen from it.
Stigmata (singular stigma) is a term used by members of the Catholic faith to describe body marks, sores, or sensations of pain in locations corresponding to the crucifixion wounds of Jesus Christ, such as the hands, wrists, and feet.
Stupidity is a lack of intelligence, understanding, reason, wit, or common sense.
Stuttgart (Swabian: italics,; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.
Subsistence crisis can be defined as an extreme situation where the basic means of livelihood are endangered.
A subsistence economy is a non-monetary economy which relies on natural resources to provide for basic needs, through hunting, gathering, and subsistence agriculture.
The Sudan or Sudan (السودان as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudan since South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (جمهورية السودان Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Sun Mu is a Korean painter.
Super Bowl XXXVIII – which was broadcast live on February 1, 2004 from Houston, Texas on the CBS television network in the United States – was noted for a controversial halftime show in which Janet Jackson's breast, adorned with a nipple shield, was exposed by Justin Timberlake for about half a second, in what was later referred to as a "wardrobe malfunction".
Survivalism is a primarily American movement of individuals or groups (called survivalists or preppers) who are actively preparing for emergencies, including possible disruptions in social or political order, on scales from local to international.
Svea hund, complete title Svea Hund på Göta Lejon (Svea Dog at Göta Lejon), was a Swedish variety show produced by AB Svenska Ord.
Svetozar Delić (August 31, 1885 – October 25, 1967) was the first communist mayor of Zagreb, Croatia.
Swami Keshwanand (12/03/1883–1972) was an Indian freedom fighter and social reformer.
Swami Vivekananda (12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), born Narendranath Datta, was an Indian Hindu monk, a chief disciple of the 19th-century Indian mystic Ramakrishna.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Swedes (svenskar) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Sweden.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
The Taiping Rebellion, also known as the Taiping Civil War or the Taiping Revolution, was a massive rebellion or total civil war in China that was waged from 1850 to 1864 between the established Manchu-led Qing dynasty and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom under Hong Xiuquan.
Tajikistan (or; Тоҷикистон), officially the Republic of Tajikistan (Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Jumhuriyi Tojikiston), is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia with an estimated population of million people as of, and an area of.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
The Taras Shevchenko Memorial is a bronze statue and stone relief-adorned wall located on the 2200 block of P Street NW in the Dupont Circle neighborhood of Washington, D.C., United States.
The Tenpō famine (天保の飢饉, Tenpō no kikin), also known as the Great Tenpō famine (天保の大飢饉, Tenpō no daikikin) was a famine which affected Japan during the Edo period.
Rao Shri Bhojraj Singh Ji Saheb, was born in 1567 (Bhadwa Sudi 11, samwat 1624), Rao Bhojraj Ji was the ruler of Udaipurwati 1621/1640.
Thathawata (Hindi: ठठावता, IAST: Ṭhaṭhāwatā) is a village located in Churu District of Rajasthan state in India.
The Ancient Ship is a Chinese novel by Zhang Wei, first published in 1987.
The Awakening Land trilogy by Conrad Richter is a series of three novels that explore the lives of a white American frontier family in the Ohio Valley from the late 18th century to the middle of the 19th.
The Beyoncé Experience was the third concert tour by American recording artist Beyoncé.
The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression is a 1997 book by Stéphane Courtois, Nicolas Werth, Andrzej Paczkowski and several other European academics documenting a history of political repressions by Communist states, including genocides, extrajudicial executions, deportations, killing population in labor camps and artificially created famines.
The Book with Seven Seals (Das Buch mit sieben Siegeln) is an oratorio in German by the Austrian composer Franz Schmidt, on themes from the biblical Book of Revelation of Saint John.
The Dead and the Gone is a young adult science fiction dystopian novel by Susan Beth Pfeffer.
The Earth Sings Mi Fa Mi is the second and final studio album by Boston experimental rock band The Receiving End of Sirens.
The End of History and the Last Man is a 1992 book by Francis Fukuyama, expanding on his 1989 essay "The End of History?", published in the international affairs journal The National Interest.
The Fair at Sorochyntsi (Сорочинская ярмарка, Sorochinskaya yarmarka, Sorochyntsi Fair) is a comic opera in three acts by Modest Mussorgsky, composed between 1874 and 1880 in St. Petersburg, Russia.
The Fields is a 1946 novel by Conrad Richter and the second work in his trilogy The Awakening Land.
The Fifth Horseman Is Fear (A pátý jezdec je strach) is a 1965 Czechoslovak New Wave film about the Holocaust that was directed by Zbyněk Brynych.
The Food Wars is a 2009 book by Walden Bello which examines the food crisis and issues relating to food security.
The Great Merchant (lit. Merchant Kim Man-deok) is a 2010 South Korean historical drama starring Lee Mi-yeon, Han Jae-suk, Park Sol-mi, Ha Seok-jin, and Go Doo-shim.
The Guide is a 1958 novel written in English by the Indian author R. K. Narayan.
The Holocaust in Russia refers to the Nazi crimes during the occupation of Russia (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) by Nazi Germany.
The Hrsmn (styled The HRSMN and pronounced The Horsemen) is an American hip hop supergroup that has released one album entitled The Horsemen Project.
The Incredible True Story is the second studio album by American rapper Logic.
The Land Before Time is a 1988 animated adventure drama film directed and produced by Don Bluth and executive produced by Steven Spielberg, George Lucas, Kathleen Kennedy, and Frank Marshall.
The Late, Great Planet Earth is a best-selling 1970 book by Hal Lindsey with Carole C. Carlson, and first published by Zondervan.
The Love Suicides at Amijima (Shinjū Ten no Amijima or Shinjūten no Amijima 心中天網島) is a domestic play (sewamono) by Japanese playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon.
The Rochdale Pioneers is a British biographical feature film, released in 2012, that tells the story of the foundation of the first successful cooperative retail store by working class members of the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, in 1844.
The Story of B is a 1996 philosophical novel written by Daniel Quinn and published by Bantam Publishing.
The Timeless Land (1941) is a work of historical fiction by Eleanor Dark (1901–1985).
The Trees, the first novel of Conrad Richter's trilogy The Awakening Land, is set in the wilderness of central Ohio (c. 1795).
The vulture and the little girl, also known as "Struggling Girl", is a photograph by Kevin Carter which first appeared in The New York Times on 26 March 1993.
"The Winnowing" is a science fiction short story by Isaac Asimov.
The Years of Rice and Salt is an alternate history novel written by science fiction author Kim Stanley Robinson and published in 2002.
The conventional explanation until 1951 for the cause of famines was the decline of food availability (abbreviated as FAD for food availability decline).
Thiamine deficiency is a medical condition of low levels of thiamine (vitamin B1).
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Thomas Greenhill (1611/12 – 4 January 1658) was an English colonial administrator, one of the early pioneers of the East India Company and the Agent of Madras for two terms from 1648 to 1652 and 1655 to 1658.
Thomas M'Crie (November 1772 – 5 August 1835) was a Scottish historian, writer, and preacher born in the town of Duns in November 1772.
Thomas Robert Malthus (13 February 1766 – 23 December 1834) was an English cleric and scholar, influential in the fields of political economy and demography.
Thomas Rowe Edmonds (1803–1889) was an English actuary and political economist.
The thrifty gene hypothesis, or Gianfranco's hypothesis is an attempt by geneticist James V. Neel to explain why certain populations and subpopulations in the modern day are prone to diabetes mellitus type 2.
Tidiani Tall, also commonly referred to as Jeff Tall (born May 25, 1969 in Bamako, Mali) is the author of Fixing Africa: Once and for All and is a recognized African business leader, public speaker and entrepreneur.
Professor Tilman Alfred Ruff AM (born 1955) is an Australian public health and infectious diseases physician who has focused his efforts on immunization and "the global health imperative to eradicate nuclear weapons.".
The timbuwarra, or timbuwara (tentatively translated as "spirit of the flesh which guards the doors" at the Collection Barbier-Mueller), is a type of ritual figure produced by the Wiru people of the Southern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea.
This article is intended to show a timeline of the history of Glasgow, Scotland, up to the present day.
This is a timeline of healthcare in Kenya, focusing especially on modern science-based medicine healthcare.
This is a timeline of Lebanese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Lebanon and its predecessor states.
The following is a timeline of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) history.
This is a timeline of the 19th century.
Following are timelines of the history of Ottoman Syria, taken as the parts of either modern-day Syria or of Greater Syria as they were subjected to Ottoman rule.
A climate tipping point is a somewhat ill-defined concept of a point when global climate changes from one stable state to another stable state, in a similar manner to a wine glass tipping over.
Titus Geganius Macerinus was a Roman statesman who served as Consul in 492 BC with Publius Minucius Augurinus.
"To Serve Man" is episode 89 of the anthology series The Twilight Zone.
Tol'dot, Toldos, or Tol'doth (— Hebrew for "generations" or "descendants," the second word and the first distinctive word in the parashah) is the sixth weekly Torah portion (parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.
According to Mesoamerican historiography, the Toltec Empire, Toltec Kingdom or Altepetl TollanCe-Acatl: Revista de la cultura Anáhuac (1991) was a political entity in Mexico.
Too cheap to meter describes a commodity so inexpensive that it is cheaper and less bureaucratic to simply provide it for a flat fee or even free and make a profit from associated services.
Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.
Total war is warfare that includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets, mobilizes all of the resources of society to fight the war, and gives priority to warfare over non-combatant needs.
Tourism in Pakistan is a growing industry.
Indonesia's transition to the "New Order" in the mid-1960s, ousted the country's first president, Sukarno, after 22 years in the position.
Treaty 6 is the sixth of seven numbered treaties that were signed by the Canadian Crown and various First Nations between 1871 to 1877.
Troms (italic; Tromssa) is a county in Northern Norway.
The Turnip Winter (German: Steckrübenwinter) of 1916 to 1917 was a period of profound civilian hardship in Germany during World War I.
The Twain–Ament indemnities controversy was a major cause célèbre in the United States of America in 1901 as a consequence of the published reactions of American humorist Mark Twain to reports of Rev.
Typhoon Rita, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Gloring, is tied as the second longest-lived Western Pacific tropical cyclone on record with Typhoon Noru of 2017, behind Typhoon Wayne of 1986.
Uelsen is a community in the district of Grafschaft Bentheim in Lower Saxony.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Ukrainians (українці, ukrayintsi) are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine, which is by total population the sixth-largest nation in Europe.
Ulas Samchuk (Улас Олексійович Самчук) (20 February 1905 Derman (now in Rivne Oblast) - 9 July 1987 Toronto, Ontario, Canada) was a Ukrainian writer, publicist and journalist.
United Nations Water (UN-Water) coordinates the efforts of United Nations entities and international organizations working on water and sanitation issues.
Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for those work relations, especially in modern or early modern history, in which people are employed against their will with the threat of destitution, detention, violence (including death), compulsion, or other forms of extreme hardship to themselves or members of their families.
United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) was the second phase of the United Nations intervention in Somalia, from March 1993 until March 1995.
United Nations Security Council resolution 925, adopted unanimously on 8 June 1994, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation in Rwanda, particularly resolutions 912 (1994) and 918 (1994), and Resolution 868 (1993) on the safety of United Nations peacekeepers, the Council deployed additional battalions and extended the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) until 9 December 1994.
The Universal Declaration on the Eradication of Hunger and Malnutrition was adopted on 16 November 1974, by governments who attended the 1974 World Food Conference that was convened under General Assembly resolution 3180 (XXVIII) of 17 December 1973.
The University of Hohenheim (Universität Hohenheim) is a campus university located in the south of Stuttgart, Germany.
Vadsø (Čáhcesuolu; Vesisaari) is a municipality in Finnmark County, Norway.
Vadsø (Čáhcesuolu; Vesisaari) is a town in Vadsø Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway.
Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae, Valincyinne) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950), popularly known as Sardar Patel, was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India.
Vasudev Balwant Phadke (4 November 1845 – 17 February 1883) was an Indian independence activist and revolutionary who sought India's independence from British.
Veluri Venkata Krishna Sastry (23 October 1934 – 21 August 2012) was an archaeologist and historian in Andhra Pradesh, India.
Vicia ervilia, known as ervil or bitter vetch, is an ancient grain legume crop of the Mediterranean region.
The Vietnamese Famine of 1945 (Nạn đói Ất Dậu - Famine of the Yiyou Year) was a famine that occurred in northern Vietnam in French Indochina during World War II from October 1944 to late 1945, which at the time was under Japanese occupation.
Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (Ві́ктор Фе́дорович Януко́вич,; born 9 July 1950) is a Ukrainian politician who was elected as the fourth President of Ukraine on 7 February 2010.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
Saint Vitalian(us) of Capua (San Vitaliano di Capua) was a 7th-century bishop of that city.
Vladimir Mikhaylovich Petrov (Влади́мир Миха́йлович Петро́в; 15 February 1907 – 14 June 1991) was a member of the Soviet Union's clandestine services who became famous in 1954 for his defection to Australia.
A volcanic winter is a reduction in global temperatures caused by volcanic ash and droplets of sulfuric acid and water obscuring the Sun and raising Earth's albedo (increasing the reflection of solar radiation) after a large, particularly explosive volcanic eruption.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (né Skryabin; 9 March 1890 – 8 November 1986) was a Soviet politician and diplomat, an Old Bolshevik, and a leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s, when he rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin.
Ernst Waldemar Jungner (June 19, 1869 – August 30, 1924) was a Swedish inventor and engineer.
The Walker circulation, also known as the Walker cell, is a conceptual model of the air flow in the tropics in the lower atmosphere (troposphere).
Walking with Beasts (Walking with Prehistoric Beasts in North American releases) is a 2001 six-part television documentary miniseries, produced by the BBC Natural History Unit.
Wang Lung is the protagonist of The Good Earth, a Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Pearl S. Buck and the first volume of her House of Earth trilogy.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
Warday is a novel by Whitley Strieber and James Kunetka, first published in 1984.
Wascana Centre (formally established in 1962) is a 9.3 square kilometre (2,300 acre) park built around Wascana Lake in Regina, Saskatchewan.
In medicine, wasting, also known as wasting syndrome, refers to the process by which a debilitating disease causes muscle and fat tissue to "waste" away.
We the Invisible was a report based on a 1985 census of about 6000 households, funded and carried out by the Society for the Promotion of Area Resource Centers, to ascertain the scale and nature of Mumbai's pavement dwellers.
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy.
Wei Jingsheng (born 20 May 1950, Beijing) is a Chinese human rights activist known for his involvement in the Chinese democracy movement.
Weld is a town in Franklin County, Maine, United States.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
In Algonquian folklore, the wendigo or windigo is a mythical cannibal monster or evil spirit native to the northern forests of the Atlantic Coast and Great Lakes Region of both the United States and Canada.
The Kingdom of West Breifne (Irish Breifne Ua Ruairc) or Breifne O'Rourke was an historic kingdom of Ireland that existed from 1256 to 1605, located in the area that is now County Leitrim.
The Western European marriage pattern is a family and demographic pattern that is marked by comparatively late marriage (in the middle twenties), especially for women, with a generally small age difference between the spouses, a significant proportion of women who remain unmarried, and the establishment of a neolocal household after the couple has married.
White Fang is a novel by American author Jack London (1876–1916) — and the name of the book's eponymous character, a wild wolfdog.
The White Guard or Civil Guard (lit. protection corps) was a voluntary militia that emerged victorious over the socialist Red Guard as a part of the Whites in the Finnish Civil War of 1918.
There are three wife-sister narratives in Genesis, part of the Torah, all of which are strikingly similar.
The wild boar (Sus scrofa), also known as the wild swine,Heptner, V. G.; Nasimovich, A. A.; Bannikov, A. G.; Hoffman, R. S. (1988), Volume I, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Libraries and National Science Foundation, pp.
Wiley B. Glass (1874 - November 14, 1967) was a Southern Baptist missionary in China with the North China Mission with his primary ministry being established in then Hwanghsien, China.
Will Cotton (born 1965 in Melrose, Massachusetts, U.S.) is an American painter.
William Henry Sheppard (March 8, 1865 – November 25, 1927) was one of the earliest African Americans to become a missionary for the Presbyterian Church.
Saint Guillaume Pinchon (c. 1175 - 29 July 1234) was a French Roman Catholic prelate who served as the Bishop of Saint-Brieuc from his appointment in 1220 until his death.
The winter solstice (or hibernal solstice), also known as midwinter, is an astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year.
A witch-hunt or witch purge is a search for people labelled "witches" or evidence of witchcraft, often involving moral panic or mass hysteria.
The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) is the "umbrella" organisation for the world zoo and aquarium community.
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.
In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7.6 billion people as of May 2018.
The vote for Press Photo of the Year is taken during the World Press Photo Awards, hosted by the Dutch foundation World Press Photo.
World War II was the deadliest military conflict in history in absolute terms of total casualties.
Xenohormesis explains how certain molecules such as plant polyphenols, which indicate stress in the plants, can have a longevity-conferring effect in consumers of plant (i.e. mammals).
The Xhosa people are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa mainly found in the Eastern and Western Cape, South Africa, and in the last two centuries throughout the southern and central-southern parts of the country.
Xperedon is an initiative started in 2010, intended to revolutionise the way people make charitable donations.
Xu Guangqi or Hsü Kuang-ch'i (April 24, 1562– November 8, 1633), also known by his baptismal name Paul, was a Chinese scholar-bureaucrat, Catholic convert, agricultural scientist, astronomer, and mathematician under the Ming dynasty.
was a after Jishō and before Juei. This period spanned the years from July 1181 through May 1182.
The year 1816 is known as the Year Without a Summer (also the Poverty Year and Eighteen Hundred and Froze To Death) because of severe climate abnormalities that caused average global temperatures to decrease by 0.4–0.7 °C (0.7–1.3 °F).
Yegor Timurovich Gaidar (Его́р Тиму́рович Гайда́р;; 19 March 1956 – 16 December 2009) was a Soviet and Russian economist, politician, and author, and was the Acting Prime Minister of Russia from 15 June 1992 to 14 December 1992.
Yennayer is the first month of the Berber Year (script, ⴰⵙⴻⴳⴳⵯⴰⵙ ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗ) or the agrarian Berber year used since antiquity by the Berbers in North Africa.
Yerawada is a neighbourhood of the city of Pune in the state of Maharashtra, India.
Yousif Kuwa Mekki (1945–2001) was a Sudanese revolutionary, rebel commander and politician.
Yuan Longping (born September 7, 1930) is a Chinese agronomist and educator, known for developing the first hybrid rice varieties in the 1970s.
Zelimkhan (also spelled Zelim-Khan and Zelimxan) (January 1872; Kharachoy, Terek Oblast – 26 September 1913) is a Chechen and Ingush hero, who is viewed today as a version of a Chechen Robin Hood.
Zlatan Ibrahimović (born 3 October 1981) is a Swedish professional footballer who plays as a forward for LA Galaxy.
Zuleika Alambert (Santos, 23 December 1922 - Rio de Janeiro, 27 December 2012) was a Brazilian writer, feminist, and politician.
Year 1004 (MIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1005 (MV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1196 (MCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Events from the 1200s in England.
The 1257 Samalas eruption was a major eruption of the Samalas volcano, next to Mount Rinjani on Lombok Island in Indonesia.
Events from the 1310s in England.
Year 1321 (MCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 133 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 1333 (MCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 1383–1385 Portuguese interregnum was a time of civil war in Portuguese history when no crowned king reigned.
The 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (15th MEU) is one of seven Marine Expeditionary Units currently in existence in the United States Marine Corps.
The 16th century begins with the Julian year 1501 and ends with either the Julian or the Gregorian year 1600 (depending on the reckoning used; the Gregorian calendar introduced a lapse of 10 days in October 1582).
Events from the year 1756 in Canada.
Events from the year 1771 in Sweden.
Events from the year 1773 in Sweden.
The following lists events that happened during 1790 in Australia.
The 17th century was the century that lasted from January 1, 1601, to December 31, 1700, in the Gregorian calendar.
The Year 1812, festival overture in flat major, Op.
The 1840s was a decade that ran from January 1, 1840, to December 31, 1849.
The 1931 China floods or the 1931 Yangzi-Huai River floods were a series of devastating floods that occurred in the Republic of China.
The 1970s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies", commonly abbreviated as the "Seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970, and ended on December 31, 1979.
The 1973 Afghan coup d'etat took place on July 17, 1973 in Kabul, Afghanistan when forces led by then-army commander Lieutenant General Mohammed Daoud Khan and then-Chief of Staff General Abdul Karim Mustaghni overthrew the monarchy in a somewhat bloodless coup.
The following lists events that happened during 1973 in Afghanistan.
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1984.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1985.
Events from the year 1985 in the United States.
The famine in Sudan in 1998 was a humanitarian disaster caused mainly by human rights abuses, as well as drought and the failure of the international community to react to the famine risk with adequate speed.
The 2005–06 Niger food crisis was a severe but localized food security crisis in the regions of northern Maradi, Tahoua, Tillabéri, and Zinder of Niger from 2005 to 2006.
In 2006, an acute shortage of food affected the countries in the Horn of Africa (Somalia, Djibouti and Ethiopia), as well as northeastern Kenya.
World food prices increased dramatically in 2007 and the first and second quarter of 2008, creating a global crisis and causing political and economic instability and social unrest in both poor and developed nations.
The 2008 Central Asia energy crisis was an energy shortage in Central Asia, which, combined with the severe weather of the 2007-08 winter (the coldest since 1969) and high prices for food and fuel, caused considerable hardship for many.
The 2010 Northern Hemisphere summer heat waves included severe heat waves that impacted most of the United States, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China, Hong Kong, North Africa and the European continent as a whole, along with parts of Canada, Russia, Indochina, South Korea and Japan during May, June, July, and August 2010.
A large-scale, drought-induced famine occurred in Africa's Sahel region and many parts of the neighboring Sénégal River Area from February to August 2010.
The 2010 Nigerien floods were floods across Niger which left over 111,000 people homeless.
Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East Africa region.
The 2013 drought in Maharashtra in India came about after the region received lower rainfall during the monsoon season June to September 2012.
As of February 2017 a drought ravages Somalia that has left more than 6 million people, or half the country's population, facing food shortages with several water supplies becoming undrinkable due to the possibility of infection.
Since the early months of 2017, parts of South Sudan have been experiencing a famine following several years of instability in the country's food supply caused by war and drought.
The 20th century was a century that began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000.
The 20th-century events include many notable events which occurred throughout the 20th century, which began on January 1, 1901, and ended on December 31, 2000, according to the Gregorian calendar.
Year 210 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 211 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
The 21st century is the current century of the Anno Domini era or Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar.
Year 238 (CCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 32 Demands were a list of proposals for governmental reform issued by the Committee to Settle the Monopoly Bureau Incident (also known as Settlement Committee, 228事件處理委員會 or People's Purge Committee) during the February 28 Incident which occurred in Taiwan in 1947.
Year 359 (CCCLIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 377 (CCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 409 (CDIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 439 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 440 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
Year 460 (CDLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 490 (CDXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 537 (DXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 538 (DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 539 (DXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 543 (DXLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 579 (DLXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 585 (DLXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 5th century BC started the first day of 500 BC and ended the last day of 401 BC.
Year 645 (DCXLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 669 (DCLXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 682 (DCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 6th century is the period from 501 to 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era.
Year 704 (DCCIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 761 (DCCLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 789 (DCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 848 (DCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 873 (DCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 914 (CMXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 946 eruption of Paektu Mountain, also known as the Millennium eruption or Tianchi eruption, was one of the most powerful in recorded history and is classified as a VEI 7 event.
Year 971 (CMLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
2005 Sub-Saharan African Food Crisis, Causes of famines, Chronic hunger, Famine in Africa, Famine stricken, Famine-stricken, Famines, Famines in Africa, Famines in Europe, Faminestricken, Food Crisis, Food crises, Food crisis, Food poverty, Food scarcity, Mass Starvation, Mass starvation, Socialism and famine, State-sponsored famine, Sub-Saharan African Food Crisis.