1303 relations: +D, A Big Piece of Garbage, A Glitch Is a Glitch, A Grande Arte, Abandonware, ABC 800, Abort, Retry, Fail?, Acer TravelMate, Acorn Archimedes, Acorn Atom, Acorn Business Computer, Acorn Computers, Acorn Electron, Actrix (computer), Adam (Buffy the Vampire Slayer), Advanced Disc Filing System, Adventure Game Interpreter, Advertising in video games, Agat (computer), Agent.AWF, Agrippa (A Book of the Dead), Ah! My Goddess (season 1), AIDA interactive educational freeware diabetes simulator, AIM-65, Akai, Akai MPC, Akai S3000XL, Alan Shugart, Alexander Graham Bell, ALF Products, Alfa DiskFax, Alone in the Dark 2 (video game), Altos 586, Amazing Animation, American and British English spelling differences, Amerzone, Amiga 1000, Amiga 1200, Amiga 2000, Amiga 3000, Amiga 4000, Amiga 4000T, Amiga 500, Amiga 600, Amiga Advanced Architecture chipset, Amiga CD32, Amiga custom chips, Amiga demos, Amiga Disk File, Amiga Forever, ..., Amiga Format, Amiga Old File System, Amiga Power, Amiga software, Amiga support and maintenance software, Amish Paradise, Amkette, Amnesia (video game), Amok Entertainment, AMSDOS, Amstrad, Amstrad CPC, Amstrad Mega PC, Amstrad NC100, Amstrad PCW, Ancestry.com, ANTI (computer virus), AntiCMOS, Antivirus software, Any key, AOL, Apollo/Domain, Apple Disk Image, Apple DOS, Apple File Exchange, Apple FileWare, Apple II, Apple II graphics, Apple II peripheral cards, Apple II series, Apple IIe Card, Apple IIGS, Apple III, Apple Inc., Apple Lisa, Apple Modem, Apple Pascal, Apple Pippin, Apple ProDOS, AppleWin, Application directory, Applix 1616, Apricot PC, Apricot Portable, Arcade Game Construction Kit, ARJ, Aster CT-80, AT&T Unix PC, ATA Packet Interface, Atari 8-bit computer peripherals, Atari 8-bit family, Atari Assembler Editor, Atari DOS, Atari MEGA STE, Atari Microsoft BASIC, Atari SIO, Atari ST, Atari STacy, Atari TT030, Autodata, Automatix, Auxiliary memory, B-17 Flying Fortress (video game), Backup, Bad sector, Bally Astrocade, Barenaked Ladies, BASIC 8, BASIC A+, Battle Circuit, BBC Master, BBC Micro, BBC Micro expansion unit, BDS C, Be File System, Beatmania III, Begging You, Bell Labs Digital Synthesizer, Beneath a Steel Sky, Berg connector, Berkeley Macintosh Users Group, Bernoulli Box, Beta Disk Interface, Better Living Through Chemistry (album), Big Girls Don't Cry (The Sopranos), Big Top (video game), Bill Budge, Billy Quan, Binary prefix, BIOS, BIOS parameter block, Bit nibbler, Block (data storage), Block availability map, Blue Monday (New Order song), Blue Ribbon (software house), Boiler Room (film), Bojinka plot, Bondwell, Boom! (novel), Boot disk, Boot image, Boot image control, Boot sector, Bootable business card, Booting, Bootmanager, Bootstrap Protocol, BoPET, Borland Turbo C, Brain (computer virus), Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards, Brute Force (album), Bubble System, Budget Day, Business Operating System (software), BusyBox, Buzz Aldrin's Race Into Space, By Fair Means or Foul, Caddie (CAD system), Caddy (hardware), Calculator, Caleb UHD144, Cambridge Systems Technology, Camputers Lynx, Canon Cat, Cardiaxx, Carl Sassenrath, Case Closed (season 5), Caverns of Mars, CD single, CD-ROM, Cemetech, Central Point Software, Charlie Strapp and Froggy Ball Flying High, Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers: The Adventures in Nimnul's Castle, Chromatics (graphics), Chyron Corporation, Citibank, Civilization (video game), Classic Mac OS, CLOAD, CMD FD series, Coating, Coherent (operating system), Cold case, Coleco Adam, Colour Genie, Columbia Data Products, Commander Keen in Keen Dreams, Commercial software, Commodore 1540, Commodore 1541, Commodore 1551, Commodore 1570, Commodore 1571, Commodore 1581, Commodore 2031, Commodore 4040, Commodore 64, Commodore 64 peripherals, Commodore 65, Commodore 8050, Commodore 8060, Commodore 8280, Commodore BASIC, Commodore CDTV, Commodore Datasette, Commodore PC compatible systems, Commodore Plus/4, Commodore SX-64, Compact Cassette, Compact Pro, ComPAN 8, Companions of Xanth, Compaq Evo, Compaq LTE, Compaq Portable, Compaq Portable 386, Compaq Portable 486, Compaq Portable II, Compaq Portable III, Compaq Portable series, Comparison of boot loaders, Comparison of disc image software, Compucolor II, Computation of cyclic redundancy checks, Compute!'s Gazette, Computer, Computer and network surveillance, Computer case, Computer case screws, Computer data storage, Computer magazine, Computer memory, Computer virus, Computist, Con Brio, Inc., Control Panel (Windows), Copy protection, Cordata CS40, Core International, Cornerstone (software), Corvus Systems, Cosmic Osmo and the Worlds Beyond the Mackerel, Covermount, CP/M, CPT Corporation, Crack intro, Crazee Rider, Crazy Boot, Creative Computing (magazine), Creative NOMAD, Cris Thomas (Space Rogue), Criticism of Linux, Cromemco 4FDC, Cromemco Dazzler, Cromemco Z-2, CrossDOS, CRUX, CST Thor, CURSOR, Cyberpunk (album), Cylinder-head-sector, D-subminiature, Dandy (video game), Dangerous Dave in the Haunted Mansion, Dark Sun: Shattered Lands, Dark Sun: Wake of the Ravager, Darkmere, Das Boot (video game), Data degradation, Data erasure, Data General-One, Data I/O, Data Recall Diamond, Datacard, Datamax UV-1, Datapoint, Datapoint 2200, Datasheet, Datel, Dave Marsh (game developer), Day of the Tentacle, Day of the Viper, Dd (Unix), DEC Professional (computer), DECmate, DECtape, Degaussing, Dell Latitude, Dell XPS 730x, Dennis Rader, Deseret News, Design of the FAT file system, DeskMate, Desktop computer, Desktop metaphor, Desktop replacement computer, Device driver, Device file, DexDrive, Dick Smith Super-80 Computer, Didaktik, Differential Manchester encoding, Digital camera, Digital Compact Cassette, Digital dark age, Digital library, Digital permanence, Digital photography, Digital poetry, Direct drive mechanism, Direct memory access, Disc, Disc Filing System, Disc spanning, DISCiPLE, Discworld (video game), Disk cartridge, Disk controller, Disk Copy, Disk Defragmenter (Windows), Disk density, Disk editor, Disk enclosure, Disk failure, Disk formatting, Disk II, Disk image, Disk magazine, Disk Masher System, Disk operating system, Disk pack, Disk storage, Disk swapping, Diskcopy, Diskless node, Disney's Pop Century Resort, Distribution Media Format, Ditto (drive), Don't Copy That Floppy, Dongle, Door Door, DOS, DOS XL, Double Tools for DoubleSpace, Double-sided disk, Dragon's Lair (1983 video game), DreamWeb, Drive, Drive bay, Drive Image (software), Drive Letter Access, Drive letter assignment, DriveSpace, Dulmont Magnum, Dune (video game), DVD-RAM, Dyne:bolic, Dysan, E-book, E-mu Emulator, Echo (The Americans), EcoQuest, Eddy Willems, Edge connector, Edward C. Raymund, El Torito (CD-ROM standard), Electrician (video game), Electronic keyboard, Electronics Today International, Electronika BK, Elephant Memory Systems, Elixir (video game), Elk Cloner, Embedded operating system, Emissary (Internet Software), Emulation on the Amiga, ENER 1000, English in computing, Ensoniq ASR-10, Ensoniq EPS, Ensoniq MR61, Ensoniq SQ-80, Ensoniq TS 10, Enterprise (computer), Enterprise content management, EOne, Epson Equity, Epyx, Epyx Fast Load, Error message, Escape from the Dungeons of the Gods, ET-188, Executable compression, Exidy Sorcerer, Extended Industry Standard Architecture, External storage, F6 disk, Family Computer Disk System, Fan translation of video games, Fast loader, FASTOPEN, Fate: Gates of Dawn, FDD, Fdformat, Felix and the Fruit Monsters, Ferguson Big Board, Fifth generation of video game consoles, File Allocation Table, File spanning, File system, File system fragmentation, Final Fantasy Adventure, Firebug (video game), Flashback (1992 video game), FlashPath, Fli4l, Flight of the Amazon Queen, Flimbo's Quest, Floppy (disambiguation), Floppy disk format, Floppy disk hardware emulator, Floppy disk variants, Floppy-disk controller, Floppyfw, Floptical, Florian Brody, Florida Public Safety Information Act, FM Towns, FM Towns Marty, FM-7, Form (computer virus), Format (command), Format Publications, Franklin Electronic Publishers, Fred Cohen, Freddy Pharkas: Frontier Pharmacist, FreeDOS, FreeTrack, Front Page Sports Football, Frontier: Elite II, Fujifilm, G-616, Gabriel Knight, Game backup device, Game demo, Game of Thrones Theme, Gary Kildall, Gavilan SC, Göttinger Miszellen, GBBS, General Computer Corporation, Gesundheit radio, Ghost (disk utility), Gilson Graphics, Glassbridge Enterprises, Glen Bredon, Glossary of computer hardware terms, Gobliiins, Good Omens, Goodbyeee, GPXE, Graeme Devine, Grand Comics Database, Grandmaster Chess, Grapevine (disk magazine), Graphics BASIC, Group coded recording, Guardian (video game), Gumball (video game), Halcyon Days (book), Hard copy, Hard disk drive, Hard disk drive failure, Hard disk drive performance characteristics, Hard disk drive platter, Hard sectoring, Hare (computer virus), Harry and the Potters discography, HDCopy, Heathkit, Heathkit H11, Heathkit H8, Helix (database), Henn Tan, Hex editor, Hierarchical File System, History of computing hardware, History of computing hardware (1960s–present), History of Digital Equipment Corporation, History of IBM, History of IBM magnetic disk drives, History of laptops, History of Microsoft Office, History of Mozilla Application Suite, History of numerical control, History of operating systems, History of personal computers, History of science and technology in Japan, History of software, History of the floppy disk, History of the Internet, History of the Nintendo Entertainment System, History of the World Wide Web, History of video games, Hobbit (computer), Hobby ZR-84, Hollingsworth & Vose, Holographic data storage, Home computer, How Hermes Requisitioned His Groove Back, HP 2640, HP 300, HP Integral PC, HP-41C, HP-71B, Hugo (video game), Hyperdrive (disambiguation), Hyperion (computer), I Am the Movie, I Love the '70s (U.S. TV series), I Love the '70s: Volume 2, IBM, IBM 3705 Communications Controller, IBM 3790, IBM 5110, IBM 5120, IBM AIX, IBM BASIC, IBM BladeCenter, IBM cassette tape, IBM CP-40, IBM Displaywriter System, IBM Extended Density Format, IBM JX, IBM MT/ST, IBM PC Convertible, IBM PC DOS, IBM PCPG, IBM Personal Computer, IBM Personal Computer XT, IBM Personal Computer/AT, IBM Personal System/2, IBM Portable Personal Computer, IBM Research, IBM Series/1, IBM System/23, IBM System/32, IBM System/36, IBM ThinkPad 310, IBM ThinkPad 380, IBM ThinkPad 760, IBM ThinkPad 770, IEEE-488, IMac, IMac G3, Image-Line, Imagineering Australia, IMG (file format), IMKO-1, Imputor?, IMSAI 8080, Inca (video game), InCD, Independence Day (1996 film), Independence Day (franchise), Independent video game development, Index of computing articles, Index of Internet-related articles, Indexed color, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis, Individual Computers, Indus GT, Industry Standard Architecture, Information Age, Information Society (album), Inside Mac Games, Installation (computer programs), Instant film, INT 13H, Integrated software, Intel 8088, Intel 8255, Intel LANSpool, Interleaving (disk storage), International Reference Ionosphere, Interrupt request (PC architecture), Invade-a-Load, ISIS (operating system), Iskra Delta Partner, ISO 9529, Isopropyl alcohol, IWoz, Iyonix PC, Jaime Levy, Jan Brandt, Japanese street fashion, JavaStation, Jay Stay Paid, Jaz drive, Jerusalem (computer virus), John Zarnecki, Johnny Castaway, Jon Rubinstein, Josef H. Neumann, Journey to Silius, JT Storage, Jukka Tapanimäki, Jumpman (video game), June 1972, Jurassic Park Interactive, JVC, Kansas City standard, Karateka (video game), Kaypro, KC 85, Kermit (protocol), Kickstart (Amiga), Kid Icarus, Kilobyte, KindWords, Kinemage, King's Quest VI, Knopperdisk, Kodak Picture Kiosk, KolibriOS, Komputer 2086, Konix Multisystem, Korg i3, KryoFlux, KSAS-TV, Kurzweil Music Systems, Label (command), Laptop, Laser 128, LaserActive, LaserWriter, Last Armageddon, Launch control (automotive), Laurence Spitters, Leading Edge Model D, League for Programming Freedom, Legacy of Gene Roddenberry, Legacy-free PC, Lineo, LINK 480Z, Linux distribution, Linux on embedded systems, Lira 512, Lisa Nowak, List of acronyms: H, List of acronyms: S, List of Atari XEGS games, List of BASIC dialects, List of Beverly Hills Teens characters, List of Bomberman video games, List of Canon products, List of Case Closed volumes (1–20), List of commercial failures in video gaming, List of commercial software with available source code, List of computers running CP/M, List of computing and IT abbreviations, List of diminutives by language, List of disk drive form factors, List of disk magazines, List of DOS commands, List of Ecma standards, List of Emojis, List of file formats, List of floppy disk formats, List of formerly proprietary software, List of Hamtaro episodes, List of home computers, List of IBM products, List of Invader Zim episodes, List of Linux distributions that run from RAM, List of live CDs, List of Macross video games, List of Mario educational games, List of minor Apogee Software video games, List of National Inventors Hall of Fame inductees, List of Oh My Goddess! characters, List of patent claim types, List of PC booter games, List of pioneers in computer science, List of retronyms, List of RISC OS bundled applications, List of Sega arcade system boards, List of SRI International spin-offs, List of The Profit episodes, List of Transformers comics characters, List of used book conditions, Little Big Adventure, Live CD, Live USB, Loadstar, Locomotive BASIC, Logical block addressing, Logical disk, Loki (computer), Loom (video game), Lords of Karma, Lost in Time (video game), Lotus Jazz, Lotus Magellan, M-Systems, M0n0wall, MacBinary, MacCharlie, MacFormat, Macintosh, Macintosh 128K, Macintosh Classic, Macintosh Classic II, Macintosh conversion, Macintosh External Disk Drive, Macintosh File System, Macintosh II Repair and Upgrade Secrets, Macintosh IIx, Macintosh Plus, Macintosh SE/30, Macintosh startup, MacWeb, Mad Professor Mariarti, Magnasee, Magnet, Magnetic storage, Magnetic tape data storage, Magneto-optical drive, Mail Order Monsters, Malware, MAME, Mana (series), Maniac Mansion, Mario Is Missing!, Mass Storage Control Protocol, Master boot record, Matched, MCC Interim Linux, McCollough effect, MD Data, Media preservation, Medicare cost report, Megabyte, Megatech Software, MegaTraveller 1: The Zhodani Conspiracy, MegaTraveller 2: Quest for the Ancients, Memory card reader, Memory tester, Memotech MTX, Memtest86, MenuetOS, Merlin M4000, Metal Gear (video game), Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, METEO System, Metrication in the United States, Metroid (video game), Mi PC, Michelangelo (computer virus), Micral, MicroBee, Microcomputer, Microcomputer Club Nederland, Microcosm Ltd, Micropolis (company), Microprofessor II, Microprofessor III, Microsoft BASIC, Microsoft Sort, Microsoft Word, MIDI, MikroMikko, Miles Gordon Technology, Mindset (computer), Mines of Titan, Mini Office II, MiniDisc, Minidisk, Minimalism (computing), MINIX, MiNT, MIPS Magnum, Miracle Systems, Mitsubishi Kagaku Media, Mitsumi Electric, Mixed Mode CD, Mixlink, Mks vir, Modified Frequency Modulation, Module file, Molex connector, MONECS, Monkey Island 2: LeChuck's Revenge, Monster (R.E.M. album), MOS Technology 6502, MOS Technology 6507, MOS Technology SID, Moser Baer, Motherboard, Motion City Soundtrack, Motorola StarMax, Mount (computing), Mount Rainier (packet writing), MS-DOS, MSD Super Disk, MSX, MSX-DOS, Mtools, MuLinux, Multi-image, Multipartite virus, Muse Software, Mystery House, Nando, Nashua, New Hampshire, NASLite, Natas (computer virus), National Library of Sweden, National Offensive, Neodymium magnet, Network booting, New World ROM, New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, NewDos/80, NeXTcube, NeXTstation, NeXTSTEP, NIAT, Nick Gentry, Nintendo Entertainment System, NMS-8250, No symbol, Nomaï, Nominal size, Non-maskable interrupt, Non-volatile memory, North Star Computers, NorthStar Horizon, NTBackup, NYLAC Computers, Oberon (operating system), Odyssey: The Compleat Apventure, Ohio Scientific, OK Computer, Olivetti, Olivetti M20, Olivetti P6040, Olivetti P6060, OLPC XO, Once Upon a Forest, One Per Desk, Open Desktop Workstation, Operation Sabotage, Operation Sundevil, Optical disc, Optical disc authoring, Optical disc drive, Optical disc recording technologies, Optical storage, Orao (computer), Orders of magnitude (data), Oric, Original Chip Set, OS/8, OS2000, Osborne 1, Osborne Executive, Osborne Vixen, Outline of computers, OverDrive, Inc., Packet writing, Palm Products GmbH, Panasonic JR-200, Pandora International, Paper clip, Parallel ATA, Parallels Desktop for Mac, Parallels Workstation, Parrot Corporation, Password, Patch (computing), Paws (film), PC Exchange, PC Fútbol, PC Format, PC Globe, PC Life, PC Magazine, PC Zone, PC-6000 series, PC-6600 series, PC-8000 series, PC-9800 series, PC-File, PC12 minicomputer, PC1512, PC², PDP-10, PDP-11, PDP-8, Pegasos, Percom, Perfect Writer, Peripheral Interchange Program, Perpendicular recording, PERQ, Personal computer, Pertec Computer, Perverse (album), Peter MacDonald (computer programmer), Phil Karn, Philips CD-i, Philips Computers, Phoebe (computer), Phototypesetting, PicoBSD, Pinball Construction Set, Pinball Dreams, Ping-Pong virus, Plaga Zombie (film series), Planning for Burial, Player piano, PlayStation (console), Plextor, Pocket computer, PocketZip, Polka Party!, Pop (U.S. TV network), Portable application, Power supply unit (computer), PowerBook 100, PowerBook 140, PowerBook 150, PowerBook 170, PowerBook 180, PowerBook Duo, PowerBook G3, Presentation program, Prince (musician), Print Magic, Printer-friendly, PS/2E, Publish and Subscribe (Mac OS), Q40 (motherboard), QEMU, QNX, Quarter-inch cartridge, Queers in History, Quest 1, QuickBASIC, QuickLOAD, Quill (software), Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, Racing Destruction Set, Rainbow 100, Rajiv Bapna, Ralf Brown's Interrupt List, Ranish Partition Manager, Rashida Jones, Razor 1911, Reading (computer), Red Sparrow, Regency Systems R2C, Registration (organ), Religion in Futurama, Remote data transmission, Removable media, Replay Professional, Research Machines 380Z, Reunion (video game), Revolutions per minute, Ribbon cable, RISC iX, RM Nimbus, Robert Bardwell, Robert Temple Booksellers, Robot Battle (Macintosh game), RobotWar, Roland Corporation, Roland DJ-70, Roland S-50, Roland XP-50, Roland XP-80, ROM cartridge, ROM image, RT-11, Ruth Lingford, Saboteur (1985 video game), Sabrent, Sam & Max Hit the Road, SAM Coupé, SAPI-1, Saved game, Scene World Magazine, Scientific enterprise, ScummVM, SD Snatcher, Seattle FilmWorks, Secret Agent (video game), Secret Service (magazine), Secure Digital, Sega TeraDrive, Self-modifying code, Sentry Firewall, Sex'n'Crime, SG-1000, Shareware, Sharp MZ, Sharp PC-1350, Sharp PC-5000, Sheep dip (computing), Sheldon Cooper, Shovelware, Shugart Associates, Shugart bus, Sideways address space, Silicon Dreams, Simmons (electronic drum company), Simons' BASIC, Sinclair QL, Sinclair Research, Sirjang Lal Tandon, SkyTrain (Vancouver), Slackware, Slow Life, SmartMedia, Snatcher (video game), Sneakernet, Sneakers (1992 film), Social engineering (security), SoftSide, Software deployment, Solar eclipse, Solid-state drive, Solid-state storage, Sonoton, Sony, Sony HiFD, Sony Vaio 700 series, Sony Vaio 800 series, Sord M5, Space Mutiny, Space Quest, Space Quest IV, SPARCstation 10, SPARCstation 2, SPARCstation 20, Spatial file manager, Spectravideo, Spectrofon, Spelling of disc, Spiradisc, Spycat, ST BOOK, ST-506, ST/Amiga Format, Standard (warez), Star Saga, Star Trek: 25th Anniversary (computer game), Star Wars: TIE Fighter, Star Wars: X-Wing, Starflight 2: Trade Routes of the Cloud Nebula, Stepper motor, Steve Jackson Games, Inc. v. United States Secret Service, Stiffy, Stoned (computer virus), Stonekeep, Storybook Weaver, Strange Brew, Strategic Automated Command and Control System, Street Fighter II: The World Warrior, Stryker's Run, Summer Games (video game), Sun386i, Supaplex, Super Mario Bros., SuperDisk, SuperDrive, Superformatting, Superhero League of Hoboken, SV-318, SVI-738, Sword of Fargoal, SYS (command), Syskey, System 7, System Shock, Tandon Corporation, Tandy 10 Business Computer System, Tandy Corporation, Tape drive, Tape library, Tape recorder, Tarbell Cassette Interface, Tatung Einstein, Tektronix 4050, Terminal Velocity (video game), Tetrahedron Computer Methodology, Texas Instruments TI-99/4A, The 7th Guest, The Chaos Engine, The Dungeon (1993 video game), The Emperor of Ocean Park, The Feminine Touch (1995 film), The First $20 Million Is Always the Hardest, The Godfather (1991 video game), The Legend of Kyrandia, The Mercury News, The Net (1995 film), The Promised Land (New York Undercover), The Rainbow (magazine), The Random House Encyclopedia, The Robotic Workshop, The Secret of Monkey Island, The Simpsons: Cartoon Studio, The Transformers (Marvel Comics), The World Factbook, Third generation of video game consoles, Thomas M. Disch, Thomson computers, Through the Looking Glass (video game), TI BASIC (TI 99/4A), Tiki 100, TIM-011, TIM-100, TIM-600, Timeline of communication technology, Timeline of computer viruses and worms, Timeline of computing 1950–79, Timeline of computing 1980–89, Timeline of DOS operating systems, Timeline of United States inventions (1946–91), Timex FDD3000, Timex Sinclair, Tiny C Compiler, ToBoS-FP, Tom Proulx, Tomsrtbt, Tony Tebby, TopoR, Torch Computers, Torch Triple X, Toshiba Satellite, Toshiba T1000LE, Toshiba T1100, Toshiba T1200, Toshiba Tecra, TR-DOS, Track0, Transformers: The Headmasters, Trash (computing), Trek 2000 International, Triton disk drive, Trouble with the Curve, TRS-80, TRSDOS, Tsukihime, Turbo-Basic XL, TurboCAD, Twin Famicom, Type-in program, Typewriter, UAE (emulator), UFI (disambiguation), UFO: Enemy Unknown, UFX, Ultra 60, UltraISO, Ulysses (novel), Unified Emulator Format, Uniscope, Unisys ICON, UNIVAC 1100/60, Universal Disk Format, Universal Media Disc, Uri Geller, USB flash drive, USB flash drive security, V.Flash, Valhalla: Before the War, Valley of the Minotaur, Vari-Lite, Vault Corp. v. Quaid Software Ltd., VAXmate, VEB Robotron, Vector Graphic, VENOM (security vulnerability), VGA-Copy, VHD (file format), Video Floppy, Video game console, Video game crash of 1983, Video game monetization, Video game music, Video game packaging, Video Genie, Virtual disk, VirtualBox, Visual 1050, Vizastar, VMac, Vol (command), Volume (computing), Volume boot record, VT180, VTech CreatiVision, Vuk (computer), W ABC, Waco siege, Ward Christensen, Warez, Wave Mate Bullet, Wearable computer, Webdings, Welsh Development Agency v Export Finance Co Ltd, Western Digital, WHDLoad, Wheels (operating system), William Gibson, William Goddard (engineer), Windows 1.0, Windows 10, Windows Easy Transfer, Windows ME, Windows NT 3.51, Windows Virtual PC, Windows Vista, Wing Commander III: Heart of the Tiger, Wingdings, Wintel, Wizard and the Princess, Word processor (electronic device), Workbench (AmigaOS), Working directory, WPS-8, Write precompensation, Write protection, WriteNow, X10 accelerated floppy drive, X68000, Xanadu (video game), Xerox 820, Xerox Daybreak, Xerox NoteTaker, Xerox Star, XMODEM, XPL, Yamaha EX5, Yamaha MDR-1, Yamaha PSR-550, Yamaha SY85, Yamaha TX16W, Yamaha V50, Yoshiro Nakamatsu, YU-NO: A Girl Who Chants Love at the Bound of this World, Zenith Data Systems, Zenith Minisport, Zenith Z-100, Zero seek, Zip (file format), Zip drive, Zone bit recording, Zorba (computer), Zork, ZX Microdrive, ZX Spectrum, ZX Spectrum demos, ZX80, 007: Licence to Kill, 1000 (number), 1541 Ultimate, 1970s, 1982, 1982 in science, 1990s in science and technology, 1994 in literature, 1994 in science, 1chipMSX, 2000s (decade), 2000s in science and technology, 20th-century events, 2M (DOS), 3Station, 40-track mode, 4K (computer virus), 64DD, 8.3 filename, 80 Micro, 86-DOS. Expand index (1253 more) » « Shrink index
The +D (or Plus D) was a floppy disk and printer interface for the Sinclair ZX Spectrum home computer, developed as a successor to Miles Gordon Technology's earlier product, the DISCiPLE.
"A Big Piece of Garbage" is episode eight in season one of Futurama.
"A Glitch Is a Glitch" is the fifteenth episode of the fifth season of the American animated television series Adventure Time.
A Grande Arte (in English, The Great Art; US title: Exposure), is a 1991 Brazilian movie directed by Walter Salles Jr. and starring Peter Coyote.
Abandonware is a product, typically software, ignored by its owner and manufacturer, and for which no support is available.
The Luxor ABC 800 series are office-versions of the ABC 80 home computer.
"Abort, Retry, Fail?" is a computer error message found in the DOS operating systems, which prompts the end-user for a course of action to follow.
TravelMate is a series of computer notebooks manufactured by Acer.
The Acorn Archimedes is a family of personal computers designed by Acorn Computers Ltd in Cambridge (England) and sold in the late-1980s to mid-1990s, Acorn's first general-purpose home computer based on its own ARM architecture (initially the CPU and architecture was known as Acorn RISC Machine, or ARM; it later became one of the most widely used CPU architectures in the world, used in most smartphones among many other uses).
The Acorn Atom is a home computer made by Acorn Computers Ltd from 1980 to 1982, when it was replaced by the BBC Micro.
The Acorn Business Computer (ABC) was a series of microcomputers announced at the end of 1983 by the British company Acorn Computers.
Acorn Computers Ltd. was a British computer company established in Cambridge, England, in 1978.
The Acorn Electron is a budget version of the BBC Micro educational/home computer made by Acorn Computers Ltd.
The Actrix computer, released in 1983 by Actrix Computer Corporation, was a Zilog Z80-based transportable personal computer running CP/M-80 V2.2.
Adam is a fictional character in the fourth season of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
The Advanced Disc Filing System (ADFS) is a computing file system particular to the Acorn computer range and RISC OS-based successors.
The Adventure Game Interpreter (AGI) is a game engine developed by Sierra On-Line.
Advertising using games is a long-standing practice in the video game industry.
The Agat (Агат) was a series of 8-bit computers produced in the Soviet Union.
AWF (or Agent.AWF) is a malicious Trojan downloader affecting the Microsoft Windows operating system.
Agrippa (A Book of the Dead) is a work of art created by science fiction novelist William Gibson, artist Dennis Ashbaugh and publisher Kevin Begos Jr.
Ah! My Goddess is an anime television series directed by Hiroaki Gōda, animated by Anime International Company, and produced by Tokyo Broadcasting System (TBS).
AIDA is a freeware computer program that permits the interactive simulation of plasma insulin and blood glucose profiles for demonstration, teaching, self-learning, and research purposes.
The Rockwell AIM-65 computer was a development computer introduced in 1978 based on the MOS Technology 6502 microprocessor.
Akai (アカイ) is a consumer electronics brand name.
The Akai MPC (originally MIDI Production Center, now Music Production Controller) is an integrated digital sampling drum machine and MIDI sequencer designed by Roger Linn and produced by Akai from 1988 onwards.
Alan Field Shugart (September 27, 1930 – December 12, 2006) was an American engineer, entrepreneur and business executive whose career defined the modern computer disk drive industry.
Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born scientist, inventor, engineer, and innovator who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone.
ALF Products Inc., or ALF (named after an assembly language instruction for "rotate the A register Left Four bits"), was a Colorado company primarily known for its computer-controlled music synthesizers and floppy disk supplies and duplicators.
The Alfa DiskFax was a communication device created by Alfa Systems of the United Kingdom.
Alone in the Dark 2 is the 1993 sequel to 1992's survival horror video game Alone in the Dark developed and published by Infogrames as the second installment in the series.
The Altos 586 was a multi-user microcomputer intended for the business market.
Amazing Animation was a program published by Claris for the Apple Macintosh in 1994.
Many of the differences between American and British English date back to a time when spelling standards had not yet developed.
Amerzone (also known as Amerzone: The Explorer's Legacy) is a first-person fantasy graphic adventure game published by Microïds and designed by Benoît Sokal, who based it on his 1986 Inspector Canardo comic strip L'Amerzone.
The Commodore Amiga 1000, also known as the A1000 and originally simply as the Amiga, is the first personal computer released by Commodore International in the Amiga line.
The Amiga 1200, or A1200 (code-named "Channel Z"), is Commodore International's third-generation Amiga computer, aimed at the home computer market.
The Amiga 2000, or A2000, is a personal computer released by Commodore in March 1987.
The Commodore Amiga 3000, or A3000, is the third major release in the Amiga computer family.
The Commodore Amiga 4000, or A4000, is the successor of the A2000 and A3000 computers.
The Amiga 4000T, also known as A4000T, is a tower version of Commodore's A4000 personal computer.
The Amiga 500, also known as the A500, is the first low-end Commodore Amiga 16/32-bit multimedia home/personal computer.
The Amiga 600, also known as the A600 (codenamed "June Bug" after a B-52s song), is a home computer that was introduced at the CeBIT show in March 1992.
The AAA chipset (Advanced Amiga Architecture) was intended to be the next-generation Amiga multimedia system designed by Commodore International.
The Amiga CD32, styled "CD32" and code-named "Spellbound", was the first 32-bit home video game console released in western Europe, Australia, Canada and Brazil.
In addition to the Amiga chipsets, various specially designed chips have been used in Commodore Amiga computers that do not belong to the 'Amiga chipset' in a tight sense.
Amiga demos are demos created for the Commodore Amiga home computer.
Amiga Disk File (ADF) is a file format used by Amiga computers and emulators to store images of disks.
Amiga Forever is an Amiga preservation, emulation and support package published by Cloanto, which allows Amiga software to run on non-Amiga hardware legally and without complex configuration.
Amiga Format was a British computer magazine for Amiga computers, published by Future plc.
On the Amiga, the Old File System was the filesystem for AmigaOS before the Amiga Fast File System.
Amiga Power (AP) was a monthly magazine about Amiga video games.
Amiga software is computer software engineered to run on the Amiga personal computer.
Amiga support and maintenance software performs service functions such as formatting media for a specific filesystem, diagnosing failures that occur on formatted media, data recovery after media failure, and installation of new software for the Amiga family of personal computers—as opposed to application software, which performs business, education, and recreation functions.
"Amish Paradise" is a 1996 single by parodist "Weird Al" Yankovic.
Amkette is a computer hardware and electronics manufacturer headquartered in New Delhi, India.
Amnesia is a text adventure by Cognetics Corporation.
Amok Entertainment is a publisher of video and computer games based in New York City.
AMSDOS is a disk operating system for the 8-bit Amstrad CPC Computer (and various clones).
Amstrad is a British electronics company.
The Amstrad CPC (short for Colour Personal Computer) is a series of 8-bit home computers produced by Amstrad between 1984 and 1990.
The Mega PC is a computer manufactured and released by Amstrad in 1993 under licence from Sega.
The Amstrad NC100 Notepad was an A4-size, portable Z80-based computer, released by Amstrad in 1992. It featured 64 KB of RAM, the Protext word processor, various organiser-like facilities (diary, address book and time manager), a simple calculator, and a version of the BBC BASIC interpreter. Its screen was 80 character columns by eight rows, and not backlit, but this let the NC100 run for up to 20 hours on four standard AA cell batteries. There was an RS232 serial port, a parallel port for connecting a printer, and a PC card socket, by means of which the computer's memory could be expanded up to 1 MB.
The Amstrad PCW series is a range of personal computers produced by British company Amstrad from 1985 to 1998, and also sold under licence in Europe as the "Joyce" by the German electronics company Schneider in the early years of the series' life.
Ancestry.com LLC is a privately held online company based in Lehi, Utah.
ANTI is a computer virus affecting Apple Macintosh computers running classic Mac OS versions up to System 6.
AntiCMOS is a boot virus.
Antivirus software, or anti-virus software (abbreviated to AV software), also known as anti-malware, is a computer program used to prevent, detect, and remove malware.
Computer programmers historically used "Press any key to continue" (or a similar text) as a prompt to the user when it was necessary to pause processing.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
Apollo/Domain was a range of workstations developed and produced by Apollo Computer from circa 1980 to 1989.
An Apple Disk Image is a disk image commonly used by the macOS operating system.
Apple DOS is the family of disk operating systems for the Apple II series of microcomputers from late 1978 through early 1983.
Apple File Exchange (AFE) is a utility program for Apple Macintosh computers.
FileWare floppy disk drives and diskettes were designed by Apple Computer as a higher-performance alternative to the Disk II and Disk III floppy systems used on the Apple II and Apple III personal computers.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
The Apple II graphics were composed of idiosyncratic modes and settings that could be exploited.
The Apple II line of computers supported a number of Apple II peripheral cards, expansion cards which plugged into slots on the motherboard, and added to and extended the functionality of the base system.
The Apple II series (trademarked with square brackets as "Apple.
The Apple IIe Card is a compatibility card which allows compatible Macintosh computers to run software designed for Apple II computers (except the IIGS).
The Apple IIGS (styled as II), the fifth and most powerful model of the Apple II family, is a 16-bit personal computer produced by Apple Computer, Inc.
The Apple III (often styled as apple ///) is a business-oriented personal computer produced and released by Apple Computer in 1980.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The Apple Lisa is a desktop computer developed by Apple, released on January 19, 1983.
The Apple USB Modem is a combined 56 kbit/s data modem and 14.4 kbit/s fax external USB modem introduced by Apple Inc. after the internal 56k modem was dropped on the October 12, 2005 iMac G5 revision.
Apple Pascal is a language and operating system based on the UCSD Pascal system.
The Apple Pippin is an open multimedia technology platform, designed by Apple Computer, and marketed as PiPP!N.
ProDOS is the name of two similar operating systems for the Apple II series of personal computers.
AppleWin (also known as Apple //e Emulator for Windows) is an open source software emulator for running Apple II programs in Microsoft Windows.
An application directory is a grouping of software code, help files and resources that together comprise a complete software package but are presented to the user as a single object.
The Applix 1616 was a kit computer with a Motorola 68000 CPU, produced by a small company called Applix in Sydney, Australia, from 1986 to the early 1990s.
The Apricot PC was a personal computer produced by Apricot Computers.
The Apricot Portable was a computing device manufactured by Apricot Computers, and was released to the public in November 1984.
Arcade Game Construction Kit is a 1988 game creation system that allows users to design arcade-style games.
ARJ (Archived by Robert Jung) is a software tool designed by Robert K. Jung for creating high-efficiency compressed file archives.
The Aster CT-80, an early (1982) home/personal computer developed by the small Dutch company MCP (later renamed to Aster Computers), was sold in its first incarnation as a kit for hobbyists.
The 3B1 (also known as the PC7300, or Unix PC) was a Unix workstation computer originally developed by Convergent Technologies (later acquired by Unisys), and marketed by AT&T in the mid- to late-1980s.
ATA Packet Interface (ATAPI) is a protocol that has been added to Parallel ATA and Serial ATA so that a greater variety of devices can be connected to a computer than with ATA alone.
This article covers the range of peripherals available for Atari's 8-bit home computer range (including the 400/800, XL and XE series machines).
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
Atari Assembler Editor (sometimes written as Atari Assembler/Editor) is a cartridge-based development system used to edit, assemble, and debug 6502 programs for the Atari 8-bit family of home computers.
Atari DOS is the disk operating system used with the Atari 8-bit family of computers.
The Atari Mega STE was Atari Corporation's last ST series personal computer, released in 1991.
The Atari Microsoft BASIC and Atari Microsoft BASIC II variants of the BASIC programming language were ROM cartridge or floppy disk packaged versions of the Microsoft BASIC dialect ported to the Atari 8-bit machines.
The Serial Input/Output system, universally known as SIO, was a proprietary peripheral bus and related software protocol stacks used on the Atari 8-bit family to provide most input/output duties for those computers.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
The STacy was a portable version of the Atari ST.
The Atari TT030 is a member of the Atari ST family, released in 1990.
Autodata Limited is a British multinational that specialises in automotive data and software.
Automatix Inc., founded in January 1980, was the first company to market industrial robots with built-in machine vision.
Auxiliary memory, also known as auxiliary storage, secondary storage, secondary memory or external memory, is a non-volatile memory (does not lose stored data when the device is powered down) that is not directly accessible by the CPU, because it is not accessed via the input/output channels (it is an external device).
B-17 Flying Fortress: World War II Bombers in Action is a combat flight simulator video game developed by Vektor Grafix and published by MicroProse for the PC MS-DOS in 1992 and for the Amiga and Atari ST in 1993.
In information technology, a backup, or the process of backing up, refers to the copying into an archive file of computer data so it may be used to restore the original after a data loss event.
A bad sector is a sector on a computer's disk drive or flash memory that is either inaccessible or unwriteable due to permanent damage, such as physical damage to the disk surface or failed flash memory transistors.
The Astrocade is a second generation home video game console and simple computer system designed by a team at Midway, at that time the videogame division of Bally.
Barenaked Ladies is a Canadian rock band.
BASIC 8 (or BASIC 8.0) — "The Enhanced Graphics System For The C128" — developed by Walrusoft of Gainesville, Florida and published in 1986 by Patech Software of Somerset, New Jersey, USA, was an extension of Commodore's BASIC 7.0 for the C128 home/personal computer.
BASIC A+ was developed by Optimized Systems Software of Cupertino, California, United States, to provide the Atari 8-bit family with an extended BASIC compatible with, but faster than, the simpler ROM-based Atari BASIC.
is an action "beat 'em up" game developed and published by Capcom for the CPS-2 arcade hardware for Japan and Europe in 1997.
The BBC Master is a home computer released by Acorn Computers in early 1986.
The British Broadcasting Corporation Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, is a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation.
A BBC Micro expansion unit, for the BBC Micro is one of a number of peripherals in a box with the same profile and styling as the main computer.
BDS C (or the BD Software C Compiler) is a compiler for a sizeable subset of the C programming language, that ran on and generated code for the Intel 8080 and Zilog Z80 processors.
The Be File System (BFS) is the native file system for the BeOS.
Beatmania III the Final beatmania III is a rhythm video game created by Konami.
"Begging You" is a song by The Stone Roses, released as the final single before their break-up a year later, and was the third single from the album Second Coming.
The Bell Labs Digital Synthesizer, better known as the Alles Machine or Alice, was an experimental additive synthesizer designed by Hal Alles at Bell Labs during the 1970s.
Beneath a Steel Sky is a cyberpunk science-fiction point-and-click adventure game developed by Revolution Software and published by Virgin Interactive Entertainment for MS-DOS and Amiga home computers.
Berg connector is a brand of electrical connector used in computer hardware.
Berkeley Macintosh Users Group (BMUG) is a Macintosh User Group, founded in September 1984 by U.C. Berkeley students including Reese Jones, Raines Cohen and Bernt Wahl to share knowledge of graphical computing, primarily the Apple Macintosh.
The Bernoulli Box (or simply Bernoulli, named after Daniel Bernoulli) is a high-capacity (for the time) removable floppy disk storage system that is Iomega's first widely known product.
Beta Disk Interface is a disk interface for ZX Spectrum computers.
Better Living Through Chemistry is the debut studio album by English electronic music producer Fatboy Slim.
"Big Girls Don't Cry" is the eighteenth episode of the HBO original series The Sopranos and is the fifth of the show's second season.
Big Top is a 1983 ladder-climbing platform game for the IBM PC family of computers, written by Michael Abrash and published by Funtastic.
Bill Budge (born August 11, 1954) is an American video game programmer and designer.
Billy Quan was a fictional television character who originated in the Seattle TV comedy series Almost Live! in the 1990s.
A binary prefix is a unit prefix for multiples of units in data processing, data transmission, and digital information, notably the bit and the byte, to indicate multiplication by a power of 2.
BIOS (an acronym for Basic Input/Output System and also known as the System BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS) is non-volatile firmware used to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs.
In computing, the BIOS parameter block, often shortened to BPB, is a data structure in the volume boot record describing the physical layout of a data storage volume.
A bit nibbler, or nibbler, is a computer software program designed to copy data from a floppy disk one bit at a time.
In computing (specifically data transmission and data storage), a block, sometimes called a physical record, is a sequence of bytes or bits, usually containing some whole number of records, having a maximum length, a block size.
In computer file systems, a block availability map (BAM) is a data structure used to track disk blocks that are considered free (available for new data).
"Blue Monday" is a song by the British rock band New Order.
Blue Ribbon was the budget computer software publishing label of CDS Micro Systems.
Boiler Room is a 2000 American crime drama film written and directed by Ben Younger, and starring Giovanni Ribisi, Vin Diesel, Nia Long, Ben Affleck, Nicky Katt, Scott Caan, Tom Everett Scott, Ron Rifkin and Jamie Kennedy.
The Bojinka plot (بوجينكا; Oplan Bojinka) was a large-scale, three-phase attack planned by terrorists Ramzi Yousef and Khalid Sheikh Mohammed for January 1995.
Bondwell was a US and Hong Kong manufacturer of personal computers during the 1980s (1981-1993).
Boom! is a children's science fiction novel by Mark Haddon published in 2009.
A boot disk is a removable digital data storage medium from which a computer can load and run (boot) an operating system or utility program.
A boot image is a type of disk image (a computer file containing the complete contents and structure of a Computer storage media).
A boot image control strategy is a common way to reduce total cost of ownership in organizations with large numbers of similar computers being used by users with common needs, e.g. a large corporation or government agency.
A boot sector is a region of a hard disk, floppy disk, optical disc, or other data storage device that contains machine code to be loaded into random-access memory (RAM) by a computer system's built-in firmware.
A bootable business card (BBC) is a CD-ROM that has been cut, pressed, or molded to the size and shape of a business card (designed to fit in a wallet or pocket).
In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.
BootManager, formerly known as BootMan, is the Haiku and BeOS boot loader on x86 systems.
The Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) is a computer networking protocol used in Internet Protocol networks to automatically assign an IP address to network devices from a configuration server.
BoPET (biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate) is a polyester film made from stretched polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and is used for its high tensile strength, chemical and dimensional stability, transparency, reflectivity, gas and aroma barrier properties, and electrical insulation.
Turbo C is a discontinued Integrated Development Environment and compiler for the C programming language from Borland.
Brain is the industry standard name for a computer virus that was released in its first form in January 1986, and is considered to be the first computer virus for MS-DOS.
Bretherick’s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards is a well-established source of information on chemical safety, often known by its author’s name, and often cited in the chemical and chemical engineering literature.
Brute Force is the third studio album by French guitarist Rémi Gallego under musical moniker The Algorithm.
The Bubble System is an arcade system board designed by Konami and used across many arcade games across 1985.
Budget Day is the day that a government presents its budget to a legislature for approval, typically in a ceremonial fashion.
The Business Operating System, or BOS, was initially developed as an early cross-platform operating system, originally produced for Intel 8080 and Motorola 6800 computers, then redeveloped for actual businesses and business models.
BusyBox is software that provides several stripped-down Unix tools in a single executable file.
Buzz Aldrin's Race Into Space, frequently abbreviated BARIS, is a space simulation strategy game for MS-DOS.
By Fair Means or Foul (later also released as Pro Boxing Simulator) is a boxing video game first published for a range of 8-bit home computers in 1988 by Superior Software.
Caddie is a mid-range computer-assisted draughting (CAD) software package for 2D and 3D design.
In computer hardware, a caddy refers to a container used to hold some medium, such as a CD-ROM.
An electronic calculator is typically a portable electronic device used to perform calculations, ranging from basic arithmetic to complex mathematics.
The Caleb Technology UHD144 (Ultra High Density) is a floptical-based 144 MB floppy disk system introduced in early 1998, marketed as the it drive.
Cambridge Systems Technology (CST) was a company formed in the early 1980s by ex-Torch Computers engineers David Oliver and Martin Baines, to produce peripherals for the BBC Micro, and later, with Graham Priestley, Sinclair QL microcomputers.
The Lynx was an 8-bit British home computer that was first released in early 1983 as a 48 kB model.
The Canon Cat is a task-dedicated, desktop computer released by Canon Inc. in 1987 at a price of.
Cardiaxx is a science-fiction scrolling shooter video game for the Commodore Amiga.
Carl Sassenrath (born 1957 in California) is an architect of operating systems and computer languages.
The fifth season of the Case Closed anime was directed by Kenji Kodama and Yasuichiro Yamamoto and produced by TMS Entertainment and Yomiuri Telecasting Corporation.
Caverns of Mars is a vertically scrolling shooter for the Atari 8-bit computers, programmed by Greg Christensen and published by the Atari Program Exchange (APX) in.
A CD single (sometimes abbreviated to CDS) is a music single in the form of a compact disc.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
Cemetech is a programming and hardware development group and developer community founded in 2000.
Central Point Software, Inc. (CP, CPS, Central Point) was a leading software utilities maker for the PC market, supplying utilities software for the DOS and Microsoft Windows markets.
Charlie Strapp and Froggy Ball Flying High (Kalle Stropp och Grodan Boll på svindlande äventyr) is a 1991 Swedish animated feature film directed by Jan Gissberg after an original script by Thomas Funck, using Funck's already well-established characters.
Chip 'n Dale Rescue Rangers: The Adventures in Nimnul's Castle (also spelled without an "s" as "Adventure in Nimnul's Castle" on the title screen) is an action video game developed by Riedel Software Productions and co-published by Hi Tech Expressions and Walt Disney Computer Software based on the Disney animated series of the same name.
Chromatics Inc. was a color graphics display manufacturer based in Tucker, Georgia.
The ChyronHego Corporation, formerly Chyron Corporation, headquartered in Melville, New York, is a company that specializes in broadcast graphics creation, playout, and real-time data visualization for live television, news, weather, and sports production.
Citibank is the consumer division of financial services multinational Citigroup.
Sid Meier's Civilization is the first in a series of turn-based "4X"-type strategy video game created by Sid Meier and Bruce Shelley for MicroProse in 1991.
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
CLOAD was a magazine on cassette for the TRS-80 Model I computer, and was a forerunner of the later concept of disk magazines.
The CMD FD series was Creative Micro Designs (CMD)'s range of third-party floppy disk drives for the Commodore 8-bit line of home computers.
A coating is a covering that is applied to the surface of an object, usually referred to as the substrate.
Coherent is a clone of the Unix operating system for IBM PC compatibles and other microcomputers, developed and sold by the now-defunct Mark Williams Company (MWC).
A cold case is a crime or an accident that has not yet been fully solved and is not the subject of a recent criminal investigation, but for which new information could emerge from new witness testimony, re-examined archives, new or retained material evidence, as well as fresh activities of the suspect.
The Coleco Adam is a home computer, and expansion for the ColecoVision (port 3), released in 1983 by American toy and video game manufacturer Coleco Industries, Inc..
The EACA EG2000 Colour Genie was a computer produced by Hong Kong-based manufacturer EACA and introduced in Germany in August 1982.
Columbia Data Products (CDP) was a company which produced some of the first IBM PC clones.
Commander Keen in Keen Dreams is a side-scrolling platform video game developed by id Software and published by Softdisk in 1991 for DOS.
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
The Commodore 1540 (also known as the VIC-1540) introduced in 1982 is the companion floppy disk drive for the Commodore VIC-20 home computer.
The Commodore 1541 (also known as the CBM 1541 and VIC-1541) is a floppy disk drive which was made by Commodore International for the Commodore 64 (C64), Commodore's most popular home computer.
The Commodore 1551 (originally introduced as the SFS 481) is a floppy disk drive for the Commodore Plus/4 home computer.
The Commodore 1570 is a 5¼" floppy disk drive for the Commodore 128 home/personal computer.
The Commodore 1571 is Commodore's high-end 5¼" floppy disk drive.
The Commodore 1581 is a 3½-inch double-sided double-density floppy disk drive that was released by Commodore Business Machines (CBM) in 1987, primarily for its C64 and C128 home/personal computers.
The Commodore 2031 and Commodore 4031 are single-unit 5¼" floppy disk drives for Commodore International computers.
The Commodore 4040 is the replacement for the previous models 2040 (USA) and 3040 (Europe).
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
This article is about the various external peripherals of the Commodore 64 home computer.
The Commodore 65 (also known as the C64DX) is a prototype computer created at Commodore Business Machines in 1990-1991.
The Commodore 8050, Commodore 8250, and Commodore SFD-1001 are 5¼-inch floppy disk drives manufactured by Commodore International, primarily for its 8-bit CBM and PET series of computers.
The Commodore 8060, 8061, and 8062 are a series of 8" floppy disk drives developed by Commodore Business Machines.
The Commodore 8280 were dual unit 8" floppy disk drives for Commodore International computers.
Commodore BASIC, also known as PET BASIC, is the dialect of the BASIC programming language used in Commodore International's 8-bit home computer line, stretching from the PET of 1977 to the C128 of 1985.
The CDTV (from Commodore Dynamic Total Vision, later treated as a backronym for Compact Disc Television) is a home multimedia entertainment and video game console – convertible into a full-fledged personal computer by the addition of optional peripherals – developed by Commodore International and launched in March 1991.
The Commodore 1530 (C2N) Datasette, later also Datassette (a portmanteau of data and cassette) is Commodore's dedicated magnetic tape data storage device.
The Commodore PC compatible systems are a range of IBM PC compatible personal computers introduced in 1984 by home computer manufacturer Commodore Business Machines.
The Commodore Plus/4 is a home computer released by Commodore International in 1984.
The Commodore SX-64, also known as the Executive 64, or VIP-64 in Europe, is a portable, briefcase/suitcase-size "luggable" version of the popular Commodore 64 home computer and the first full-color portable computer.
The Compact Audio Cassette (CAC) or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback.
Compact Pro is a software data compression utility for archiving and compressing files on the Apple Macintosh platform.
ComPAN 8 is an 8-bit polish microcomputer produced in 1980s in MERA-ELZAB factory in Zabrze, Poland.
Companions of Xanth is an adventure game published in 1993 by Legend Entertainment.
The Compaq Evo was a series of business desktop and laptop PCs and thin clients made by Compaq and Hewlett-Packard (following the 2002 merger).
The Compaq LTE was a line of laptop computers made by Compaq, introduced in 1989.
The Compaq Portable is an early portable computer which was one of the first 100% IBM PC compatible systems.
The Compaq Portable 386 was a computer released by Compaq Computer Corporation in 1987.
The Compaq Portable 486 is a computer released by Compaq Computer Corporation in 1992.
The Compaq Portable II was the third product in the Compaq portable series to be brought out by Compaq Computer Corporation.
The Compaq Portable III is a PC/AT-compatible computer released by Compaq Computer Corporation in 1987.
Compaq's first computers were portable 'lunchbox' or 'luggable' computers, and as such belong to the Compaq Portable series.
The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of available boot loaders.
This article is a comparison of notable software applications that can access or manipulate disk image files.
The Compucolor was an early color home computer product introduced in 1977 by Compucolor Corporation of Norcross, Georgia.
Computation of a cyclic redundancy check is derived from the mathematics of polynomial division, modulo two.
Compute!'s Gazette, styled as COMPUTE!'s Gazette, was a computer magazine of the 1980s, directed at users of Commodore's 8-bit home computers.
A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.
Computer and network surveillance is the monitoring of computer activity and data stored on a hard drive, or data being transferred over computer networks such as the Internet.
A computer case, also known as a computer chassis, tower, system unit or cabinet, is the enclosure that contains most of the components of a computer (usually excluding the display, keyboard and mouse).
Computer case screws are the hardware used to secure parts of a PC to the case.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
Computer magazines are about computers and related subjects, such as networking and the Internet.
In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".
A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code.
Computist was a magazine devoted to the Apple II personal computer that was published by Charles R. Haight under the SoftKey Publishing name, between 1981 and 1993, for a total of 89 issues.
Con Brio, Inc. (alternatively spelled Conbrio or ConBrio) was a short-lived but influential synthesizer manufacturing company which, from 1978 to 1982, produced its most famous (and only) product, the ADS (an acronym for Advanced Digital Synthesizer).
The Control Panel is a component of Microsoft Windows that provides the ability to view and change system settings.
Copy protection, also known as content protection, copy prevention and copy restriction, is any effort designed to prevent the reproduction of software, films, music, and other media, usually for copyright reasons.
The Cordata CS40 was a model of IBM PC Compatible computer made by Cordata.
Core International, Inc.
Cornerstone is a relational database for MS-DOS by Infocom.
Corvus Systems was a technology company founded by Michael D'Addio and Mark Hahn in 1979 and located in San Jose, Silicon Valley, in the United States.
Cosmic Osmo and the Worlds Beyond the Mackerel is a graphic adventure computer game for the Macintosh computer line (Plus, SE, SE/30, II Series, Classic, LC) created by Cyan, Inc (now Cyan Worlds).
Covermount (sometimes written cover mount) is the name given to storage media (containing software and or audiovisual media) or other products (ranging from toys to flip-flops) packaged as part of a magazine or newspaper.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
CPT Corporation was founded in 1971 by Dean Scheff in Minneapolis, Minnesota, with co-founders James Wienhold and Richard Eichhorn.
A crack intro, also known as a cracktro, loader, or just intro, is a small introduction sequence added to cracked software.
Crazee Rider is a motorbike racing video game created by Kevin Edwards and published by Superior Software in 1987.
Crazy Boot is a computer virus that infects the Microsoft Windows operating systems causing no physical damage nor direct loss of information; it would be known as a hoax to some.
Creative Computing was one of the earliest magazines covering the microcomputer revolution.
The NOMAD was a range of digital audio players designed and sold by Creative Technology Limited, and later discontinued in 2004.
Cris Thomas (also known as Space Rogue) is an American Cyber Security Researcher and White Hat hacker.
The criticism of Linux focuses on issues concerning use of operating systems which use the Linux kernel.
The Cromemco 4FDC Floppy Disk Controller is designed to interface both 5.25- and 8.0-inch floppy disk drives to the S-100 computer bus used in Cromemco and other IEEE 696 computers.
Cromemco's Dazzler (or TV DAZZLER) was a graphics card for S-100 bus computers.
Z-2 is the name of a series of microcomputers made by Cromemco, Inc.
CrossDOS is a file system handler for accessing FAT formatted media on Amiga computers.
CRUX is a lightweight, x86-64-optimized Linux distribution targeted at experienced Linux users and delivered by a tar.gz-based package system with BSD-style initscripts.
The CST Thor series of personal computers were Sinclair QL-compatible systems designed and produced by Cambridge Systems Technology during the late 1980s.
CURSOR: Programs for PET Computers was the name of an early computer-based "magazine" that was distributed on cassette from 1978 and into the early 1980s.
Cyberpunk is the fifth studio album by English rock vocalist Billy Idol.
Cylinder-head-sector (CHS) is an early method for giving addresses to each physical block of data on a hard disk drive.
The D-subminiature or D-sub is a common type of electrical connector.
Dandy (later Dandy Dungeon) is a dungeon crawl for the Atari 8-bit family published by the Atari Program Exchange in 1983.
Dangerous Dave in the Haunted Mansion (also known as Dangerous Dave 2 and under the Froggman title, Rooms of Doom) is a 1991 sequel of the computer game Dangerous Dave.
Dark Sun: Shattered Lands is a turn-based role-playing video game that takes place in the Dungeons and Dragons campaign setting of Dark Sun.
Dark Sun: Wake of the Ravager is a role-playing video game developed and published by Strategic Simulations in 1994 for the MS-DOS operating system.
Darkmere - The Nightmare's Begun is an action-adventure game developed by Zero Hour Software and published by Core Design in.
Das Boot: German U-Boat Simulation is a submarine simulator game designed by Paul Butler & Rick Banks and published in 1990 for Amiga and MS-DOS systems by Three-Sixty Pacific.
Data degradation is the gradual corruption of computer data due to an accumulation of non-critical failures in a data storage device.
Data erasure (sometimes referred to as data clearing or data wiping) is a software-based method of overwriting the data that aims to completely destroy all electronic data residing on a hard disk drive or other digital media by using zeros and ones to overwrite data onto all sectors of the device.
The Data General-One (DG-1) was a portable personal computer introduced in 1984 by minicomputer company Data General.
Data I/O Corporation is a manufacturer of programming and automated device handling systems for programmable integrated circuits.
The Data Recall Diamond One was a word processing typewriter, designed and built by Data Recall Ltd at Dorking, Surrey, England in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
A datacard is an electronic card for data operations (storage, transfer, transformation, input, output).
The Datamax UV-1 was a pioneering computer designed by a group of computer graphics artists working at the University of Illinois at Chicago, known as the Circle Graphics Habitat.
Datapoint Corporation, originally known as Computer Terminal Corporation (CTC), was a computer company based in San Antonio, Texas, United States.
The Datapoint 2200 was a mass-produced programmable terminal, designed by Computer Terminal Corporation (CTC) founders Phil Ray and Gus RocheLamont Wood,, Computerworld, 8 August 2008 and announced by CTC in June 1970 (with units shipping in 1971).
A floppy disk controller datasheet. A datasheet, data sheet, or spec sheet is a document that summarizes the performance and other technical characteristics of a product, machine, component (e.g., an electronic component), material, a subsystem (e.g., a power supply) or software in sufficient detail to be used by a design engineer to integrate the component into a system.
Datel (previously Datel Electronics) is a UK-based electronics and game console peripherals manufacturer.
David R. Marsh (born November 5, 1964) is an American video game designer known for his work supporting the intellectual properties that used to belong to ICOM Simulations, and creating the MacVenture game Shadowgate.
Day of the Tentacle, also known as Maniac Mansion II: Day of the Tentacle, is a 1993 graphic adventure game developed and published by LucasArts.
Day of the Viper is a first-person adventure video game published by Accolade in 1989.
dd is a command-line utility for Unix and Unix-like operating systems whose primary purpose is to convert and copy files.
The Professional 325 (PRO-325) and Professional 350 (PRO-350) were PDP-11 compatible microcomputers introduced in 1982 by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) as high-end competitors to the IBM PC.
DECmate was the name of a series of PDP-8-compatible computers produced by the Digital Equipment Corporation in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
DECtape (originally called Microtape) is a magnetic tape data storage medium used with many Digital Equipment Corporation computers, including the PDP-6, PDP-8, LINC-8, PDP-9, PDP-10, PDP-11, PDP-12, and the PDP-15.
Degaussing is the process of decreasing or eliminating a remnant magnetic field.
Latitude is Dell's business laptop brand, designed and manufactured mainly by Compal and Quanta.
The Dell XPS 730x is an eXtreme Performance System for gaming and high-performance computingAs stated through Dell, Inc.
Dennis Lynn Rader (born March 9, 1945) is an American serial killer known as the BTK Killer or the BTK Strangler.
The Deseret News is a newspaper published in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.
A FAT file system is a specific type of computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
DeskMate was a software application that provided an operating environment that competed with early versions of Microsoft Windows.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
In computing, the desktop metaphor is an interface metaphor which is a set of unifying concepts used by graphical user interfaces to help users interact more easily with the computer.
A desktop replacement computer (DTR) is a personal computer that provides the full capabilities of a desktop computer while remaining mobile.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
In Unix-like operating systems, a device file or special file is an interface to a device driver that appears in a file system as if it were an ordinary file.
DexDrive is a brand of game console memory card readers that allowed data to be accessed by a PC.
The Dick Smith Super-80 was a Zilog Z80 based kit computer developed as a joint venture between Electronics Australia magazine and Dick Smith Electronics.
The Didaktik was a series of home computers based on the clones of Intel 8080 and Zilog Z80 processors produced in former Czechoslovakia.
Differential Manchester encoding is a line code in which data and clock signals are combined to form a single 2-level self-synchronizing data stream.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
The Digital Compact Cassette (DCC) is a magnetic tape sound recording format introduced by Philips and Matsushita in late 1992 and marketed as the successor to the standard analog Compact Cassette.
The digital dark age is a lack of historical information in the digital age as a direct result of outdated file formats, software, or hardware that becomes corrupt, scarce, or inaccessible as technologies evolve and data decays.
A digital library, digital repository, or digital collection, is an online database of digital objects that can include text, still images, audio, video, or other digital media formats.
Digital permanence addresses the history and development of digital storage techniques, specifically quantifying the expected lifetime of data stored on various digital media and the factors which influence the permanence of digital data.
Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic photodetectors to capture images focused by a lens, as opposed to an exposure on photographic film.
Digital poetry is a form of electronic literature, displaying a wide range of approaches to poetry, with a prominent and crucial use of computers.
A direct drive mechanism is one that takes the power coming from a motor without any reductions (such as a gearbox).
Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of computer systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory (Random-access memory), independent of the central processing unit (CPU).
Disc or disk (computing and American English) may refer to.
The Disc Filing System (DFS) is a computer file system developed by Acorn Computers, initially as an add-on to the Eurocard-based Acorn System 2.
Disc spanning is a feature of CD and DVD burning software that automatically spreads a large amount of data across many data discs if the data set's size exceeds the storage capacity of an individual blank disc.
The DISCiPLE was a floppy disk interface for the Sinclair ZX Spectrum home computer.
Discworld is a 1995 point-and-click adventure game developed by Teeny Weeny Games and Perfect 10 Productions for MS-DOS, Macintosh, and the Sony PlayStation.
Disk cartridge or Optical disk cartridge may refer to.
The disk controller is the controller circuit which enables the CPU to communicate with a hard disk, floppy disk or other kind of disk drive.
Disk Copy was the default utility for handling logical volume images in System 7 through Mac OS X 10.2 (usable in System Software 6 as well).
Disk Defragmenter is a utility in Microsoft Windows designed to increase access speed by rearranging files stored on a disk to occupy contiguous storage locations, a technique called defragmentation.
Disk density is a capacity designation on magnetic storage, usually floppy disks.
A disk editor is a computer program that allows its user to read, edit, and write raw data (at character or hexadecimal, byte-levels) on disk drives (e.g., hard disks, USB flash disks or removable media such as a floppy disks); as such, they are sometimes called sector editors, since the read/write routines built into the electronics of most disk drives require to read/write data in chunks of sectors (usually 512 bytes).
A disk enclosure is a specialized casing designed to hold and power disk drives while providing a mechanism to allow them to communicate to one or more separate computers.
In computing, disk failure usually refers to the failure of a disk-based storage device, including.
Disk formatting is the process of preparing a data storage device such as a hard disk drive, solid-state drive, floppy disk or USB flash drive for initial use.
The Disk II Floppy Disk Subsystem, often rendered as Disk.
A disk image, in computing, is a computer file containing the contents and structure of a disk volume or of an entire data storage device, such as a hard disk drive, tape drive, floppy disk, optical disc or USB flash drive.
Source: Jurassic Pack, Issue 13. --> A disk magazine, colloquially known as a diskmag or diskzine, is a magazine that is distributed in electronic form to be read using computers.
The Disk Masher System (.dms) is an often used method on the Amiga, to create a compressed image of a disk (usually floppy).
A disk operating system (abbreviated DOS) is a computer operating system that can use a disk storage device, such as a floppy disk, hard disk drive, or optical disc.
Disk packs and disk cartridges were early forms of removable media for computer data storage, introduced in the 1960s.
Disk storage (also sometimes called drive storage) is a general category of storage mechanisms where data is recorded by various electronic, magnetic, optical, or mechanical changes to a surface layer of one or more rotating disks.
Disk swapping refers to the practice of inserting and removing, or swapping, floppy disks in a floppy disk drive-based computer system.
In computing, diskcopy is a command used on MS-DOS and PC DOS, OS/2, and Microsoft Windows for copying the complete contents of a diskette to another diskette.
A diskless node (or diskless workstation) is a workstation or personal computer without disk drives, which employs network booting to load its operating system from a server.
Disney's Pop Century Resort is a resort located at the Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, opened on December 14, 2003.
Distribution Media Format (DMF) is a format for floppy disks that Microsoft used to distribute software.
The Ditto drive series was a proprietary magnetic tape data storage system released by Iomega during the 1990s.
Don't Copy That Floppy was an anti–copyright infringement campaign run by the Software Publishers Association (SPA) beginning in 1992.
A dongle is a small piece of hardware that connects to another device to provide it with additional functionality.
is a puzzle-platform video game designed by Koichi Nakamura and published by Enix.
DOS is a family of disk operating systems.
DOS XL is a discontinued Disk Operating System (DOS) written by Paul Laughton, Mark Rose, Bill Wilkinson and Mike Peters and produced by Optimized Systems Software (OSS) for Atari 8-bit microcomputers.
Double Tools for DoubleSpace is a software utility released in 1993 by the Menlo Park-based company Addstor, Inc.
In computer science, a double-sided disk is a disk of which both sides are used to store data.
Dragon's Lair is a laserdisc video game published by Cinematronics in 1983 as the first game in the Dragon's Lair series.
Dreamweb is an MS-DOS and Amiga point-and-click cyberpunk top-down adventure game released in 1994, developed by Creative Reality and published by Empire Interactive Entertainment.
Drive or The Drive may refer to.
A drive bay is a standard-sized area for adding hardware to a computer.
Drive Image (PQDI) is a software disk cloning package for Intel-based computers.
Drive Letter Access (DLA) is a discontinued commercial packet writing application for the Microsoft Windows operating system that allows optical disc data storage devices to be used in a manner similar to floppy disks.
In computer data storage, drive letter assignment is the process of assigning alphabetical identifiers to volumes.
DriveSpace (initially known as DoubleSpace) is a disk compression utility supplied with MS-DOS starting from version 6.0.
The Dulmont Magnum is an early laptop computer designed and marketed by Dulmont Pty Ltd in Australia in the early 1980s.
Dune is a 1992 adventure strategy video game, based upon Frank Herbert's science fiction novel of the same name.
DVD-RAM (DVD Random Access Memory) is a disc specification presented in 1996 by the DVD Forum, which specifies rewritable DVD-RAM media and the appropriate DVD writers.
dyne:bolic GNU/Linux is a Live CD/DVD distribution based on the Linux kernel.
Dysan was a storage media manufacturing corporation, formed in 1973 in San Jose, California, by CEO and former president C. Norman Dion of San Jose, California.
An electronic book (or e-book or eBook) is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices.
The Emulator is the name given the series of digital sampling synthesizers using floppy disk storage, manufactured by E-mu Systems from 1981 until the 1990s.
"Echo" is the thirteenth episode and the season finale of the second season of the American television drama series The Americans, and the 26th overall episode of the series.
EcoQuest is a series of two educational adventure games developed by Sierra On-Line.
Eddy Willems is a Belgian computer security expert and author of security blogs and books, active in international computer security organizations and as a speaker at information security-related events.
An edge connector is the portion of a printed circuit board (PCB) consisting of traces leading to the edge of the board that are intended to plug into a matching socket.
Edward C. Raymund (August 26, 1928 – December 9, 2008) was an American businessman and the founder of Tech Data Corp. December 23, 2008 December 24, 2008.
The El Torito Bootable CD Specification is an extension to the ISO 9660 CD-ROM specification.
Electrician is a platform game written by David Bunch for the Atari 8-bit family and published by Synapse Software in 1984.
An electronic keyboard or digital keyboard is an electronic musical instrument, an electronic or digital derivative of keyboard instruments.
Electronics Today International or ETI was a magazine for electronics hobbyists and professionals.
The Electronika BK is a series of 16-bit PDP-11-compatible Soviet home computers developed under the Electronika brand by NPO Scientific Center, the leading Soviet microcomputer design team at the time.
Elephant Memory Systems (EMS) was a popular brand of floppy disk media produced by Leading Edge in the 1980s.
Elixir is a computer game for the Acorn Electron and BBC Micro released in 1987 by Superior Software.
Elk Cloner is one of the first known microcomputer viruses that spread "in the wild", i.e., outside the computer system or laboratory in which it was written.
An embedded operating system is an operating system for embedded computer systems.
Emissary was a popular early commercial internet suite from Attachmate for Windows.
The Amiga computer can be used to emulate several other computer platforms, including legacy platforms such as the Commodore 64, and its contemporary rivals such as the IBM PC and the Apple Macintosh.
The ENER 1000 was a Portuguese computer released in 1982.
The English language is sometimes described as the lingua franca of computing.
The Ensoniq ASR-10 was a sampling keyboard produced by Ensoniq between 1992 and 1998.
The EPS (Ensoniq Performance Sampler) was one of the first few affordable samplers on the market.
The Ensoniq MR61 is a 61-key music workstation synthesizer that Ensoniq released in 1996.
The Ensoniq SQ-80 is a synthesizer released in 1987-1989 and from Ensoniq.
The Ensoniq TS-10 was a synthesizer / music workstation introduced by Ensoniq in 1993.
The Enterprise is a Zilog Z80-based home computer first produced in 1985.
Enterprise content management (ECM) extends the concept of content management by adding a time line for each content item and possibly enforcing processes for the creation, approval and distribution of them.
eOne is an all-in-one desktop computer produced by eMachines in 1999 that bore a clear resemblance to the design of Apple's iMac.
The Epson Equity series of IBM Compatible Personal Computers was manufactured from 1985 until the early '90s by Epson Inc.
Epyx, Inc. was a video game developer and publisher active in the late 1970s and 1980s.
The Epyx Fast Load is a floppy disk fast loader cartridge made by American software company Epyx in 1984 for the Commodore 64 home computer.
An error message is information displayed when an unexpected condition occurs, usually on a computer or other device.
Escape from the Dungeons of the Gods is a single-player text adventure game for the Atari 800, Apple II and TRS-80 computer families.
ET-188 was a IBM PC XT compatible computer made by the Yugoslav company Novkabel (Novosadska fabrika kabela - Novi Sad Cable Factory) from Novi Sad (now Serbia) in the 1980s.
Executable compression is any means of compressing an executable file and combining the compressed data with decompression code into a single executable.
The Sorcerer is one of the early home computer systems, released in 1978 by the videogame company Exidy.
The Extended Industry Standard Architecture (in practice almost always shortened to EISA and frequently pronounced "eee-suh") is a bus standard for IBM PC compatible computers.
In computing, external storage comprises devices that store information outside a computer.
F6 disk is a colloquial name for a floppy disk containing a Microsoft Windows NT device driver for a SCSI or RAID system.
The, sometimes shortened as the or simply the, and abbreviated as the FDS or FCD, is a peripheral for Nintendo's Family Computer home video game console, released only in Japan on February 21, 1986.
In video gaming, a fan translation is an unofficial translation of a computer game or video game made by fans.
A fast loader is a software program for a home computer, such as the Commodore 64 or ZX Spectrum, that accelerates the speed of file loading from floppy disk or compact cassette.
In computing, FASTOPEN was an MS-DOS TSR command, introduced in version 3.3, that provided accelerated access to frequently-used files and directories.
Fate: Gates of Dawn is a role-playing video game released by reLINE Software in 1991 for the Commodore Amiga and in 1992 for the Atari ST.
FDD may refer to.
Fdformat is the name of two unrelated programs.
Felix and the Fruit Monsters is a video game released by Micro Power for the BBC Micro and Acorn Electron in 1983.
The Big Board (1980) and Big Board II (1982) were Z80 based single-board computers designed by Jim Ferguson.
The fifth-generation era (also known as the 32-bit era, the 64-bit era and the 3D era) refers to computer and video games, video game consoles and video game handhelds from approximately 1993 to 2001.
File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
File Spanning is the ability to package a single file or data stream into separate files of a specified size.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
In computing, file system fragmentation, sometimes called file system aging, is the tendency of a file system to lay out the contents of files non-continuously to allow in-place modification of their contents.
Final Fantasy Adventure, originally released in Japan as, and later released in Europe as Mystic Quest, is a Final Fantasy spinoff and the first game in the Mana series.
Firebug is an Apple II game written by Silas Warner and published by Muse Software in.
Flashback, released as Flashback: The Quest for Identity in the United States, is a 1992 science fiction cinematic platform game developed by Delphine Software of France and published by U.S. Gold in United States and Europe, and Sunsoft in Japan.
FlashPath (FlashPath Floppy Disk Adapter) were a series of devices produced by SmartDisk that allowed a variety of memory cards to be used in a 3.5" Floppy disk drive.
fli4l (flexible internet router for linux, before floppy isdn for linux) is a Linux distribution, actively developed by German developers since 2000.
Flight of the Amazon Queen is a graphical point-and-click adventure game by Interactive Binary Illusions originally released in 1995 for Amiga (using AMOS) and MS-DOS (using C), and re-released as freeware in 2004 for use with ScummVM.
Flimbo's Quest is a 2D platform game published by British publishing house System 3 (later renamed to Studio 3 Interactive) for the Commodore 64, Amiga, Atari ST and Amstrad CPC.
Floppy may refer to.
Floppy disk format and density refer to the logical and physical layout of data stored on a floppy disk.
A floppy disk hardware emulator is a device that emulates a mechanical floppy disk drive with a solid state or network storage device that is plug compatible with the drive it replaces, similar to how solid-state drives replace mechanical hard disk drives.
The floppy disk is a ubiquitous data storage and transfer device from the mid-1970s well into the 2000s.
A floppy-disk controller (FDC) is a special-purpose chip and associated disk controller circuitry that directs and controls reading from and writing to a computer's floppy disk drive (FDD).
floppyfw was a Linux distribution running BusyBox to provide a firewall/gateway/router on a single bootable floppy disk, but was later available in CD format.
Floptical refers to a type of floppy disk drive that combines magnetic and optical technologies to store data on media similar to standard 3½-inch floppy disks.
Florian Brody is an Austrian/American digital media creator, inventor, writer, public speaker, academic, and global business consultant.
Florida Public Safety Information Act was passed in 1997 in Florida to list sexual predators and sexual offenders on the internet and to make the same information available through a 24-hour/day hotline.
system is a Japanese PC variant, built by Fujitsu from February 1989 to the summer of 1997.
The is a fifth-generation home video game console released in 1993 by Fujitsu, exclusively for the Japanese market.
The FM-7 ("Fujitsu Micro 7") is a home computer created by Fujitsu, first released in 1982, sold in Japan and Spain.
Form was a boot sector virus isolated in Switzerland in the summer of 1990 which became very common worldwide.
In computing, format, a command-line utility included in 86-DOS, MS-DOS, IBM PC DOS and OS/2 and Microsoft Windows operating systems, carries out disk formatting.
Format Publications published Format magazine, a newsletter for Sinclair ZX Spectrum and SAM Coupé users.
Franklin Electronic Publishers, Incorporated (formerly Franklin Computer Corporation) is an American consumer electronics manufacturer based in Burlington, New Jersey, founded in 1981.
Frederick B. Cohen (born 1956) is an American computer scientist and best known as the inventor of computer virus defense techniques.
Freddy Pharkas: Frontier Pharmacist is a comic Old West adventure computer game created by Al Lowe (of Leisure Suit Larry fame) and Josh Mandel (of Callahan's Crosstime Saloon fame) and published by Sierra On-Line in 1993.
FreeDOS (formerly Free-DOS and PD-DOS) is a free operating system for IBM PC compatible computers.
FreeTrack is a general-purpose optical motion tracking application for Microsoft Windows, released under the GNU General Public License, that can be used with common inexpensive cameras.
Front Page Sports Football (or FPS Football), first released in 1992, was the first in a series of American football simulations released by Sierra Online.
Frontier: Elite II is a space trading and combat simulator video game written by David Braben and published by GameTek in 1993 and released on the Amiga, Atari ST and DOS.
, trading as Fujifilm (stylized as FUJiFILM), or simply Fuji, is a Japanese multinational photography and imaging company headquartered in Tokyo.
G-616, more formally known as GAS canister # G-616: The Effect of Cosmic Radiation on Static Computer Media & Plant Seeds Exposure to Microgravity was an experiment flown on the Space Shuttle as a self-contained experiment.
Gabriel Knight is a series of point-and-click adventure games developed and released by Sierra On-Line in the 1990s.
A game backup device, formerly usually called a copier and more recently a flash cartridge, is a device for backing up ROM information from a video game cartridge to a computer file called a ROM image and playing them back on the real hardware.
A game demo is a freely distributed piece of an upcoming or recently released video game.
"Game of Thrones Theme", also referred to as "Game of Thrones Main Title Theme", is the theme music of the television series Game of Thrones.
Gary Arlen Kildall (May 19, 1942 – July 11, 1994) was an American computer scientist and microcomputer entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system and founded Digital Research, Inc. (DRI).
The Gavilan SC was a laptop computer, and was the first ever to be marketed as a "laptop".
Göttinger Miszellen (often abbreviated as GM) is a scientific journal published by the Seminar für Ägyptologie und Koptologie (Göttingen, Germany) which contains short scholarly articles on Egyptological, Coptological, and other related subjects.
GBBS is a bulletin board system (BBS) program for the Apple II.
The General Computer Corporation (GCC) is a printer company formed in 1981 by Doug Macrae, John Tylko, and Kevin Curran.
The Gesundheit Radio was an art project exhibited in MOMA, the "back-story" of the piece was reported in the press without clear indication that the work was an art exhibit and back-story complete fiction.
Ghost (an acronym for general hardware-oriented system transfer) is a disk cloning and backup tool originally developed by Murray Haszard in 1995 for Binary Research.
Gilson Graphics, Inc. is a commercial printing company in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Glassbridge Enterprises, known as Imation Corporation prior to 2017, is an American holding company. Through the company's two subsidiaries, Glassbridge focuses primarily on investment, asset management and global enterprise data storage. Prior to the name change, Glassbridge had three core elements – traditional storage (magnetic tape and optical products), secure and scalable storage (data backup, data archive and data security for small and medium businesses) and what the company calls “audio and video information” products.
Glen Eugene Bredon (August 24, 1932 in Fresno, California – May 8, 2000) was an American mathematician who worked in the area of topology.
This is a glossary of terms relating to computer hardware – physical computer hardware, architectural issues, and peripherals.
Gobliiins is a puzzle adventure video game series, consisting of four entries, released by Coktel Vision (and later Sierra On-Line) for the Amiga, Atari ST, MS-DOS, and Macintosh (and later iOS and Windows) platforms.
Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch (1990) is a World Fantasy Award-nominated novel, written as a collaboration between the English authors Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman.
"Goodbyeee", or "Plan F: Goodbyeee", is the sixth and final episode of the British historical sitcom Blackadders fourth series, entitled Blackadder Goes Forth.
gPXE is an open-source Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) client firmware implementation and bootloader derived from Etherboot.
Graeme Devine is a computer game designer and programmer who co-founded Trilobyte, created bestselling games The 7th Guest and The 11th Hour, and helped design id Software's Quake III Arena.
The Grand Comics Database (GCD) is an Internet-based project to build a database of comic book information through user contributions.
Grandmaster Chess is a 1992 video game to play chess for PC DOS platform develop by IntraCorp and its subsidiary Capstone that was focused on neural network technology and an artificial intelligence (AI) able to learn from mistakes.
Grapevine was a disk magazine for the Commodore Amiga published by the demo scene group LSD.
Graphics BASIC is a third-party extension to the Commodore BASIC V2.0 programming language of the Commodore 64 computer.
In computer science, group coded recording or group code recording (GCR) refers to several distinct but related encoding methods for magnetic media.
Guardian is a 3D shoot 'em up video game.
Gumball is a 1983 video game by Veda Hlubinka-Cook (born Robert Cook) and Broderbund in which the player controls the valves of a maze-like machine to sort gumballs by their color.
Halcyon Days: Interviews with Classic Computer and Video Game Programmers is a digital book edited by James Hague and published in 1997.
In information handling, the U.S. Federal Standard 1037C (Glossary of Telecommunication Terms) defines a hard copy as a permanent reproduction, or copy, in the form of a physical object, of any media suitable for direct use by a person (in particular paper), of displayed or transmitted data.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
A hard disk drive failure occurs when a hard disk drive malfunctions and the stored information cannot be accessed with a properly configured computer.
Higher performance in hard disk drives comes from devices which have better performance characteristics.
A hard disk drive platter (or disk) is the circular disk on which magnetic data is stored in a hard disk drive.
Hard sectoring in a magnetic or optical data storage device is a form of sectoring which uses a physical mark or hole in the recording medium to reference sector locations.
The Hare Virus was a destructive computer virus which infected DOS and Windows 95 machines in August 1996.
Harry and the Potters are an American wizard rock band formed in Norwood, Massachusetts in 2002 by brothers Joe and Paul DeGeorge.
HDCopy is a disk image application for floppy disks that runs in MS-DOS.
Heathkit is the brand name of kits and other electronic products produced and marketed by the Heath Company.
The Heathkit H11 Computer was an early kit-format personal computer introduced in 1978.
Heathkit's H8 is an Intel 8080-based microcomputer sold in kit form starting in 1977.
Helix is a database management system for the Apple Macintosh platform, created in 1983.
Henn Tan, is the Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and Executive Director of Trek 2000 International, the company which invented the ThumbDrive, a USB flash drive, which phased out the floppy disk and revolutionised the portable media storage industry.
A hex editor (or binary file editor or byte editor) is a type of computer program that allows for manipulation of the fundamental binary data that constitutes a computer file.
Hierarchical File System (HFS) is a proprietary file system developed by Apple Inc. for use in computer systems running Mac OS.
The history of computing hardware covers the developments from early simple devices to aid calculation to modern day computers.
The history of computing hardware starting at 1960 is marked by the conversion from vacuum tube to solid-state devices such as the transistor and later the integrated circuit.
Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), was a major American company in the computer industry.
International Business Machines, or IBM, nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational computer technology and IT consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States.
IBM manufactured magnetic disk storage devices from 1956 to 2003, when it sold its hard disk drive business to Hitachi.
The history of laptops describes the efforts in the 1970 s and 1980 s to build small, portable personal computers that combine the components, inputs, outputs and capabilities of a desktop computer in a small chassis.
This is a history of Microsoft Office and its versions.
The history of the Mozilla Application Suite began with the release of the source code of the Netscape suite as an open source project.
The history of numerical control (NC) began when the automation of machine tools first incorporated concepts of abstractly programmable logic, and it continues today with the ongoing evolution of computer numerical control (CNC) technology.
Computer operating systems (OSes) provide a set of functions needed and used by most application programs on a computer, and the links needed to control and synchronize computer hardware.
The history of the personal computer as a mass-market consumer electronic device began with the microcomputer revolution of the 1980s.
This is the history of science and technology in Japan.
Software can be defined as programmed instructions stored in the memory of stored-program digital computers for execution by the processor.
A floppy disk is a disk storage medium composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium encased in a rectangular plastic carrier.
The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the 1950s.
Nintendo's 8-bit video game console, the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), known in Japan as the or, was introduced after the video game crash of 1983, and was instrumental in revitalizing the industry.
The World Wide Web ("WWW" or simply the "Web") is a global information medium which users can read and write via computers connected to the Internet.
The history of video games goes as far back as the early 1950s, when academic computer scientists began designing simple games and simulations as part of their research.
Hobbit (Хоббит) is a Soviet/Russian 8-bit home computer, based on the Sinclair ZX Spectrum hardware architecture.
Hobby ZR-84 was an educational and home computer developed by MICROSYS Beočin in SFRY (now Serbia) in 1984.
Hollingsworth & Vose Company (H&V) is a global manufacturer of nonwoven materials and engineered papers used in filtration, energy, and industrial applications.
Holographic data storage is a potential technology in the area of high-capacity data storage currently dominated by magnetic data storage and conventional optical data storage.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
"How Hermes Requisitioned His Groove Back" is the eleventh episode in the second season of the American animated television series Futurama.
The HP 2640A and other HP 264X models were block-mode "smart" and intelligent ASCII standard serial terminals produced by Hewlett-Packard using the Intel 8008 and 8080 microprocessors.
The HP 300 "Amigo" was a computer produced by Hewlett-Packard (HP) in the late 1970s based loosely on the stack-based HP 3000, but with virtual memory for both code and data.
The HP Integral PC (or HP 9807A) was a portable UNIX workstation computer system produced by Hewlett-Packard, launched in 1985.
The HP-41C series are programmable, expandable, continuous memory handheld RPN calculators made by Hewlett-Packard from 1979 to 1990.
The HP-71B was a hand-held computer or calculator programmable in BASIC, made by Hewlett-Packard from 1984 to 1989.
There are several Hugo video games based on early episodes of ITE's television show ''Hugo'' and are a part of the international ''Hugo'' franchise.
Hyperdrive may refer to.
The Hyperion is an early portable computer that vied with the Compaq Portable to be the first portable IBM PC compatible.
I Am the Movie is the debut studio album by American rock band Motion City Soundtrack, released on June 23, 2003 through Epitaph Records.
I Love the '70s is a decade nostalgia television mini-series produced by VH1.
I Love the '70s: Volume 2 is a television mini-series in the I Love the... series presented by VH1.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The IBM 3705 Communications Controller is a simple computer which attaches to an IBM System/360 or System/370.
The IBM 3790 Communications System, developed by IBM's Data Processing Division (DPD), was announced in 1975.
The IBM 5110 Computing System was the successor of the IBM 5100 Portable Computer.
The IBM 5120 Computing System (sometimes referred to as the IBM 5110 Model 3) was announced in February 1980 as the desktop follow-on to the IBM 5110 Computing System.
AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive, pronounced) is a series of proprietary Unix operating systems developed and sold by IBM for several of its computer platforms.
The IBM Personal Computer Basic, commonly shortened to IBM BASIC, is a programming language first released by IBM with the IBM Personal Computer (model 5150) in 1981.
The IBM BladeCenter was IBM's blade server architecture, until it was replaced by Flex System.
On the original IBM Personal Computer, and the IBM PCjr, an interface was provided to allow the use of a compact cassette tape recorder to load and save data and programs.
CP-40 was a research precursor to CP-67, which in turn was part of IBM's then-revolutionary CP-67/CMS – a virtual machine/virtual memory time-sharing operating system for the IBM System/360 Model 67, and the parent of IBM's VM family.
The IBM Displaywriter System 6580 was a dedicated microcomputer-based word processing machine that IBM's Office Products Division introduced in June 1980.
The IBM eXtended Density Format (XDF) is a way of formatting standard high-density 3½-inch and 5¼-inch floppy disks to larger-than-standard capacities.
The IBM JX (or JXPC) was a personal computer released in 1984 into the Japanese, Australian and New Zealand markets.
The IBM MT/ST (Magnetic Tape/Selectric Typewriter, and known in Europe as MT72) was a model of the IBM Selectric typewriter, built into its own desk, integrated with magnetic tape recording and playback facilities, located in an attached enclosure, with controls and a bank of relays.
The IBM PC Convertible is the first laptop computer released by IBM.
IBM PC DOS (an acronym for IBM personal computer disk operating system) is a discontinued operating system for the IBM Personal Computer, manufactured and sold by IBM from the early 1980s into the 2000s.
IBM Personal Computer Picture Graphics (PCPG) is a software developed in BASIC by Eugene Ying in the 1980s, for the IBM PC operating system.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
The IBM Personal Computer XT, often shortened to the IBM XT, PC XT, or simply XT, is a version of the IBM PC with a built-in hard drive.
The IBM Personal Computer AT, more commonly known as the IBM AT and also sometimes called the PC AT or PC/AT, was IBM's second-generation PC, designed around the 6 MHz Intel 80286 microprocessor and released in 1984 as System Unit 5170.
The Personal System/2 or PS/2 was IBM's third generation of personal computers.
The IBM Portable Personal Computer 5155 model 68 was an early portable computer developed by IBM after the success of the suitcase-size Compaq Portable.
IBM Research is IBM's research and development division.
The IBM Series/1 is a 16-bit minicomputer, introduced in 1976, that in many respects competed with other minicomputers of the time, such as the PDP-11 from Digital Equipment Corporation and similar offerings from Data General and HP.
The System/23 Datamaster (Model 5322 desk-top model and Model 5324 floor model) was announced by IBM in July 1981.
The IBM System/32 (IBM 5320) introduced in January 1975 was a low-end business computer with builtin display screen, disk drives, printer, and database report software.
The IBM System/36 (often abbreviated as S/36) was a small computer system marketed by IBM from 1983 to 2000 - a multi-user, multi-tasking successor to the System/34.
IBM ThinkPad 310 was a notebook computer manufactured in 1997 by the IBM corporation as part of the ThinkPad laptop 300 series.
IBM ThinkPad 380 was a notebook computer manufactured in 1997 by IBM as part of their ThinkPad laptop series.
IBM ThinkPad 760 was a notebook computer introduced in 1995 by the IBM corporation into the market as part of the ThinkPad 700-series.
IBM ThinkPad 770 was a laptop designed and manufactured by IBM targeted for the business, enterprise and professional user.
IEEE 488 is a short-range digital communications 8-bit parallel multi-master interface bus specification.
iMac is a family of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc. It has been the primary part of Apple's consumer desktop offerings since its debut in August 1998, and has evolved through seven distinct forms.
The iMac G3 is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1998 to 2003.
Image-Line is a Belgian software company best known for its digital audio workstation program FL Studio and related audio plugins such as Sytrus and Harmor Founded in 1994, in 2007 Image-Line introduced Deckadance, a virtual DJ console application.
Imagineering was a software distribution company founded by Jodee Rich in the early 1980s.
IMG, in computing, refers to binary files with the.img filename extension that store raw disk images of floppy disks, hard drives, and optical discs or a vector image –.img.
The IMKO-1 (Индивидуален микро компютър (ИМКО-1),, Individual micro computer) was the first Bulgarian personal computer, built in 1979 in Pravetz, Bulgaria.
The IMSAI 8080 was an early microcomputer released in late 1975, based on the Intel 8080 and later 8085 and S-100 bus.
Inca is a 1992 computer game developed by Coktel Vision and published by Sierra On-Line.
Independence Day (also known as ID4) is a 1996 American science fiction action film directed and co-written by Roland Emmerich.
Independence Day (also known as ID and ID4) is a franchise of American science fiction action horror films that started with Independence Day in 1996, which was eventually followed by the sequel, Independence Day: Resurgence in 2016, with a planned third and fourth installment on the way.
Independent video game development, or indie game development, is the video game development process of creating indie games; these are video games, commonly created by individual or small teams of video game developers and usually without significant financial support of a video game publisher or other outside source.
Originally, the word computing was synonymous with counting and calculating, and the science and technology of mathematical calculations.
This page provides an index of articles thought to be Internet or Web related topics.
In computing, indexed color is a technique to manage digital images' colors in a limited fashion, in order to save computer memory and file storage, while speeding up display refresh and file transfers.
The Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) is an autonomous organization acting as a nodal agency for basic, strategic, anticipatory and applied research on various aspects of horticulture such as fruits, vegetable, ornamental, medicinal and aromatic plants and mushrooms in India.
Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis is a point-and-click adventure game by LucasArts originally released in 1992.
Individual Computers is a German computer hardware company specializing in retrocomputing accessories for the Commodore 64, Amiga, and PC platforms.
The Indus GT is a floppy disk drive that was made by Indus Systems of California, USA during the early 1980s for Apple II and Atari 8-bit family and later for the Commodore platforms of the day.
Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) is a retronym term for the 16-bit internal bus of IBM PC/AT and similar computers based on the Intel 80286 and its immediate successors during the 1980s.
The Information Age (also known as the Computer Age, Digital Age, or New Media Age) is a 21st century period in human history characterized by the rapid shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on information technology.
Information Society is an album by the American synthpop/techno/freestyle band Information Society.
Inside Mac Games, or IMG for short, is a website dedicated to Apple Macintosh computer gaming.
Installation (or setup) of a computer program (including device drivers and plugins), is the act of making the program ready for execution.
Instant film is a type of photographic film introduced by Polaroid to be used in an instant camera (and, with accessory hardware, many other professional film cameras).
INT 13h is shorthand for BIOS interrupt call 13hex, the 20th interrupt vector in an x86-based computer system.
Integrated software is a software for personal computers that combines the most commonly used functions of many productivity software programs into one application.
The Intel 8088 ("eighty-eighty-eight", also called iAPX 88) microprocessor is a variant of the Intel 8086.
The Intel 8255 (or i8255) Programmable Peripheral Interface (PPI) chip was developed and manufactured by Intel in the first half of the 1970s for the Intel 8080 microprocessor.
LANSPool was network printer administration software developed by Intel.
In disk storage and drum memory, interleaving is a technique used to improve access performance to storage by putting data accessed sequentially into non-sequential sectors.
International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) is a common permanent scientific project of the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR) and the International Union of Radio Science (URSI) started 1968/69.
In a computer, an interrupt request (or IRQ) is a hardware signal sent to the processor that temporarily stops a running program and allows a special program, an interrupt handler, to run instead.
Invade-a-Load was a fast loader routine used in software for Commodore 64 computer.
ISIS (Intel System Implementation Supervisor) is an operating system, originally developed by Ken Burgett under the new management of Bill Davidow for Intel's Intel Microprocessor Development System starting 1975, and later adopted as ISIS-II for systems with floppy drives.
Iskra Delta Partner was a computer developed by Iskra Delta in 1983.
ISO 9529 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization which defines the data format used on 3.5 inch floppy disks.
Isopropyl alcohol (IUPAC name propan-2-ol; commonly called isopropanol) is a compound with the chemical formula C3H8O.
iWoz: From Computer Geek to Cult Icon: How I Invented the Personal Computer, Co-Founded Apple, and Had Fun Doing It is a 2006 autobiography by computer engineer and programmer Steve Wozniak.
The Iyonix PC was an Acorn-clone personal computer sold by Castle Technology and Iyonix Ltd between 2002 and 2008.
Jaime Levy is an American author, lecturer, interface designer, and user experience strategist.
Janice "Jan" Brandt is an American businesswoman and vice chair emeritus of America Online/Time Warner.
There are many styles of street fashion in Japan, created from a mix of both local and foreign labels.
The JavaStation was a Network Computer (NC) developed by Sun Microsystems between 1996 and 2000, intended to run only Java applications.
Jay Stay Paid is the fifth studio album by album by American hip hop recording artist J Dilla.
The Jaz drive is a removable hard disk storage system sold by the Iomega company from 1996 to 2002.
Jerusalem is a DOS virus first detected in Jerusalem, in October 1987.
Jan Charles "John" Zarnecki, (born 6 November 1949 in Finchley, Middlesex, England) is an English space science professor and researcher.
Johnny Castaway is a screensaver released in 1992 by Sierra On-Line/Dynamix, and marketed under the Screen Antics brand as "the world's first story-telling screen saver".
Jonathan J. "Jon" Rubinstein (born October 1956) is an American computer scientist and electrical engineer who played an instrumental role in the development of the iMac and iPod, the portable music and video device first sold by Apple Computer Inc. in 2001.
Josef H. Neumann (born May 27, 1953) is a German photographer, photo and media designer, photographic artist, specialized photo journalist und art historian.
Journey to Silius, known in Japan as, is a side-scrolling run and gun video game developed and published by Sunsoft for the Nintendo Entertainment System in 1990.
JT Storage (also known as JTS Corporation, JTS Corp and JTS) was a maker of inexpensive IDE hard drives for personal computers based in San Jose, California.
Jukka Tapanimäki (11 August 1961 – 1 May 2000) was a Finnish game programmer.
Jumpman is a platform game written by Randy Glover and published by Epyx in 1983.
The following events occurred in June 1972.
Jurassic Park Interactive is an action video game based on the 1993 movie Jurassic Park.
,, usually referred to as JVC or The Japan Victor Company, is a Japanese international professional and consumer electronics corporation based in Yokohama.
The Kansas City standard (KCS), or Byte standard, is a way of storing digital data on standard audio cassettes at data rates between 300 and 2400 baud that was first defined in 1976.
Karateka is a 1984 martial arts action game by Jordan Mechner, and was his first published game, created while attending Yale University.
Kaypro Corporation was an American home/personal computer manufacturer of the 1980s.
The KC 85 ('KC' meaning "Kleincomputer", or "small computer") were models of microcomputers built in East Germany, first in 1984 by VEB Robotron (the KC 85/1) and later by VEB Mikroelektronik "Wilhelm Pieck" Mühlhausen (KC 85/2, KC 85/3 and KC 85/4).
Kermit is a computer file transfer/management protocol and a set of communications software tools primarily used in the early years of personal computing in the 1980s.
Kickstart is the bootstrap firmware of the Amiga computers developed by Commodore.
Kid Icarus, known in Japan as Light Mythology: Palutena's Mirror, is an action platform video game for the Family Computer Disk System in Japan and the Nintendo Entertainment System in Europe and North America.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
KindWords is a word processor for the Amiga computer.
A kinemage (short for kinetic image) is an interactive graphic scientific illustration.
King's Quest VI: Heir Today, Gone Tomorrow is an adventure game, first released in 1992 as the sixth installment in the King's Quest series produced by Sierra On-Line.
Knopperdisk is an operating system specifically designed for a USB pen drive and floppy disks.
Kodak Picture Kiosk (previously known as Kodak Picture Maker) is a line of self service photo printing kiosks manufactured by the Eastman Kodak company.
Kolibri or KolibriOS is a small open source x86 operating system written completely in assembly.
The Unipolbrit Komputer 2086 was a Polish version of the home computer Timex Sinclair 2068, produced by a joint venture of the Polish Unimor and Timex Computer of Portugal.
The Konix Multisystem was a cancelled video game system under development by Konix, a British manufacturer of computer peripherals.
The Korg i3 is a keyboard instrument introduced by Korg in 1993.
KryoFlux is a hardware and software solution for preserving software on floppy disks.
KSAS-TV, virtual channel 24 (UHF digital channel 26), is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Wichita, Kansas, United States.
Kurzweil Music Systems is an American company that produces electronic musical instruments.
In computing, label is a command included with some operating systems (e.g., DOS, OS/2 and Microsoft Windows).
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
The Laser 128 is a clone of the Apple II series of personal computers, released by VTech in 1984.
The is a converged device and fourth-generation home video game console capable of playing Laserdiscs, Compact Discs, console games, and LD-G karaoke discs.
The LaserWriter is a laser printer with built-in PostScript interpreter sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1985 to 1988.
is a 1988 post-apocalyptic role-playing video game for the NEC PC-8801, MSX, Sharp X68000, MS-DOS, PC Engine CD-ROM², and Nintendo Family Computer.
Launch control is an electronic aid to assist drivers of both racing and street cars to accelerate rapidly from a standing start.
Laurence "Larry" Spitters is an American industrialist and investor who co-founded Memorex.
The Leading Edge Model D was an IBM clone computer first released by Leading Edge Hardware in July 1985.
League for Programming Freedom (LPF) was founded in 1989 by Richard Stallman to unite free software developers as well as developers of proprietary software to fight against software patents and the extension of the scope of copyright.
Eugene Wesley "Gene" Roddenberry (August 19, 1921 – October 24, 1991) was an American television screenwriter, producer and futurist best remembered for creating the original ''Star Trek'' television series.
A legacy-free PC is a type of personal computer that lacks a floppy drive, legacy ports, and an Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) bus (or sometimes, any internal expansion bus at all).
Lineo was a thin client and embedded systems company spun out of Caldera Thin Clients, on 20 July 1999.
The LINK 480Z was an 8-bit microcomputer produced by Research Machines Limited in Oxford, England, during the early 1980s.
A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.
Operating systems based on the Linux kernel are used in embedded systems such as consumer electronics (i.e. set-top boxes, smart TVs, personal video recorders (PVRs), in-vehicle infotainment (IVI), networking equipment (such as routers, switches, wireless access points (WAPs) or wireless routers), machine control, industrial automation, navigation equipment, spacecraft flight software, and medical instruments in general).
Lira 512 (also known as Lira XT) was an IBM PC XT compatible computer made by the Yugoslav (now Serbian) company EI Niš in the late 1980s.
Lisa Marie Nowak (née Caputo, born May 10, 1963) is an American former naval flight officer and NASA astronaut.
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The following is a list of Atari XEGS games, organized alphabetically by name.
This is an alphabetical list of BASIC dialectsinterpreted and compiled variants of the BASIC programming language.
This is a list of the characters from the animated television series Beverly Hills Teens.
This is a list of Bomberman video games.
The following provides a partial list of products manufactured under the Canon brand.
Tankōbon volume 1 to volume 20 encapsulates chapters 1 to 200.
As a hit-driven business, the great majority of the video game industry's software releases have been commercial failures.
This is a list of notable software which were originally developed as commercial (and/or proprietary) software product with the source now available (in contrast to software which is developed from the beginning as free and open source software).
Many microcomputer makes and models could run some version or derivation of the CP/M disk operating system.
This is a list of computing and IT acronyms and abbreviations.
The following is a list of diminutives by language.
Since the invention of the floppy disk drive, various standardized form factors have been used in computing systems.
This article contains a list of magazines distributed on cassette, floppy disk, CD-ROM, or DVD-ROM — collectively referred to as disk magazines (or diskmags).
This article presents a list of commands used by DOS operating systems, especially as used on x86-based IBM PC compatibles (PCs).
This is a list of standards published by Ecma International, formerly the European Computer Manufacturers Association.
This page is a list of emojis.
This is a list of file formats used by computers, organized by type.
This is a list of different floppy disk formats.
This is a list of notable software packages which were published under a proprietary software license but later released as free software or open source software, or into the public domain.
This is a list of episodes from the anime series Hamtaro, based on the children's book series by Ritsuko Kawai.
The home computers between 1977 and about 1990 were different from today's uniform and predictable machines.
The following is a partial list of products, services, and subsidiaries of International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation and its predecessor corporations, beginning in the 1890s.
Invader Zim is an American animated television series that was produced by and aired on Nickelodeon.
This is a list of Linux distributions that can be run entirely from the computer's RAM.
This is a list of live CDs.
This is a list of Macross video games.
The popularity of the ''Super Mario'' series led to the release of several spin-off Mario educational games from 1988 to 1996.
The following is a list of the earliest, lesser-known video games published by Apogee Software.
The National Inventors Hall of Fame (NIHF) inductees includes over 500 inventors spanning three centuries of lifetimes.
is a student of the Nekomi Institute of Technology and a member of the NIT Motor Club.
This is a list of special types of claims that may be found in a patent or patent application.
Many early IBM PC compatible games between 1981 and 1988 were known as PC booters.
This article presents a list of individuals who made transformative breakthroughs in the creation, development and imagining of what computers and electronics could do.
This is a list of retronyms used in the English language – terms renamed after something similar but newer has come into being.
A number of bundled applications are delivered with purchased versions of the operating system.
The following is a list of arcade system boards released by Sega.
This is a list of spin-offs from SRI International.
The Profit is an American reality television show broadcast on CNBC.
This is a list of characters in the Transformers Generation 1 comics series.
Booksellers use standard terms to describe the condition of the used books that they sell.
Little Big Adventure is an action-adventure game developed by Adeline Software International and first released at the end of 1994.
A live CD (also live DVD, live disc, or live operating system) is a complete bootable computer installation including operating system which runs directly from a CD-ROM or similar storage device into a computer's memory, rather than loading from a hard disk drive.
A live USB is a USB flash drive or external hard disk drive containing a full operating system that can be booted.
Loadstar was a disk magazine for the Commodore 64 computer, published starting in 1984 and ceasing publication in 2007 with its unreleased (until 2010) 250th issue.
Locomotive Basic is a proprietary dialect of the BASIC programming language written by Locomotive Software used only on the Amstrad CPC (where it was built-in on ROM).
Logical block addressing (LBA) is a common scheme used for specifying the location of blocks of data stored on computer storage devices, generally secondary storage systems such as hard disk drives.
A logical disk, logical volume or virtual disk (VD or vdisk for short) is a virtual device that provides an area of usable storage capacity on one or more physical disk drive(s) in a computer system.
Loki was the codename for a home computer under development at Sinclair Research during the mid-1980s.
Loom is a 1990 fantasy-themed graphic adventure game by Lucasfilm Games.
Lords of Karma is a text adventure computer game that was produced by Avalon Hill (a company primarily known for board games) in 1980.
Lost in Time is a computer adventure game developed and published by Coktel Vision in 1993.
Lotus Jazz Release 1 was an integrated suite of word processor, spreadsheet, database, graphics, and communication software designed for the Macintosh 512K.
Lotus Magellan is an MS-DOS desktop search package, conceived and developed by Bill Gross and released in the 1989 by Lotus Development Corporation, most famous for Lotus 1-2-3.
M-Systems Ltd., (sometimes spelled msystems) was a Nasdaq-listed Israeli producer of flash memory storage products founded in 1989 by Dov Moran and based in Kfar Saba, Israel.
m0n0wall is an embedded firewall distribution of FreeBSD, one of the BSD operating system descendants.
MacBinary is a file format that combines the two forks of a classic Mac OS file into a single file, along with HFS's extended metadata.
The MacCharlie was a hardware add-on for the Apple Macintosh that was made by Dayna Communications.
MacFormat is the UK's biggest computer magazine aimed at Macintosh users.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The Macintosh 128K, originally released as the Apple Macintosh, is the original Apple Macintosh personal computer.
The Macintosh Classic is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to September 1992.
The Macintosh Classic II (also sold as the Performa 200) is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1991 to September 1993.
To date, two methods have been used to make a personal computer, not offered by Apple, but able to run the Mac operating system: either create a Macintosh Conversion or build a Macintosh clone.
The Macintosh External Disk Drive is the original of a series of external 3.5" floppy disk drives manufactured and sold by Apple Computer exclusively for the Macintosh series of computers introduced in January 1984.
Macintosh File System (MFS) is a volume format (or disk file system) created by Apple Computer for storing files on 400K floppy disks.
Macintosh II Repair and Upgrade Secrets is a 264-page hardcover do-it-yourself book written by Larry Pina that describes how to repair and upgrade a Macintosh II personal computer.
The Macintosh IIx is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1988 to October 1990.
The Macintosh Plus computer is the third model in the Macintosh line, introduced on January 16, 1986, two years after the original Macintosh and a little more than a year after the Macintosh 512K, with a price tag of US$2599.
The Macintosh SE/30 is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from January 1989 to October 1991.
The classic Macintosh startup sequence included the startup chime, Happy Mac, Sad Mac, and Chimes of Death.
MacWeb in an early, now discontinued classic Mac OS-only web browser for 68k and PowerPC Apple Macintosh computers, developed by TradeWave (formerly EINet) between 1994 and 1996.
Mad Professor Mariarti is a puzzle platform video game developed and published by Krisalis Software in 1990.
Magnasee is a product used to visualize the magnetic fields recorded onto magnetic recording media such as magnetic tape, diskettes, and the like.
A magnet is a material or object that produces a magnetic field.
Magnetic storage or magnetic recording is the storage of data on a magnetized medium.
Magnetic tape data storage is a system for storing digital information on magnetic tape using digital recording.
A magneto-optical drive is a kind of optical disc drive capable of writing and rewriting data upon a magneto-optical disc.
Mail Order Monsters is a 1985 action-strategy computer game created by Paul Reiche III, Evan Robinson, and Nicky Robinson.
Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.
MAME (originally an acronym of Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator) is a free and open source emulator designed to recreate the hardware of arcade game systems in software on modern personal computers and other platforms.
The Mana series, known in Japan as, is a medieval-fantasy action role-playing game series created by Koichi Ishii, with development formerly from Square, and is currently owned by Square Enix.
Maniac Mansion is a 1987 graphic adventure video game developed and published by Lucasfilm Games.
Mario is Missing! is a 1993 educational video game developed and published by The Software Toolworks for MS-DOS, the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), and the Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES).
The Mass Storage Control Protocol (MSCP) is a protocol that was designed by Digital Equipment Corporation of Maynard, Massachusetts for the purposes of controlling their high-end mass storage options.
A master boot record (MBR) is a special type of boot sector at the very beginning of partitioned computer mass storage devices like fixed disks or removable drives intended for use with IBM PC-compatible systems and beyond.
Matched, by Ally Condie, is the first novel in the Matched trilogy.
MCC Interim Linux was a Linux distribution first released in February 1992 by Owen Le Blanc of the Manchester Computing Centre (MCC), part of the University of Manchester.
The McCollough effect is a phenomenon of human visual perception in which colorless gratings appear colored contingent on the orientation of the gratings.
MD Data (standing for MiniDisc Data) is a magneto-optical medium for storing computer data.
Preservation of documents, pictures, recordings, digital content, etc., is a major aspect of archival science.
Medicare cost reports are used to report expenses for different types of Medicare reimbursable facilities, such as Skilled Nursing Homes (SNFs), Home Health Agencies (HHAs), Home Offices, Hospices, Rural Health Clinics (RHCs), Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), and hospitals.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Megatech Software was the first licensor of anime games in the United States, and the first licensor of hentai games or eroge in English.
MegaTraveller 1: The Zhodani Conspiracy is a 1990 space science fiction role-playing video game based on the Traveller series and was produced by Game Designers' Workshop licensee Paragon Software for Amiga, Atari ST and MS-DOS operating environments.
MegaTraveller 2: Quest for the Ancients is a space science fiction role-playing video game produced by Game Designers Workshop licensee Paragon Software and distributed by MicroProse and Empire Software.
A memory card reader is a device for accessing the data on a memory card such as a CompactFlash (CF), Secure Digital (SD) or MultiMediaCard (MMC).
Memory testers are specialized test equipment used to test and verify memory modules.
The Memotech MTX500, MTX512 and RS128 were a series of Zilog Z80A processor-based home computers released by Memotech in 1983 and 1984.
MemTest86 and Memtest86+ are memory test software programs designed to test and stress test an x86 architecture computer's random access memory (RAM) for errors, by writing test patterns to most memory addresses, reading back the data, and comparing for errors.
MenuetOS is an operating system with a monolithic preemptive, real-time kernel, including video drivers, all written in FASM assembly language, for 64-bit and 32-bit x86 architecture computers, by Ville M. Turjanmaa.
The BT Merlin M4000 was a Personal computer sold by British Telecom during the 1980s as part of the Merlin range of electronic machinery for businesses.
Metal Gear is an overhead military action-adventure stealth video game originally released in by Konami for the MSX2 computer in Japan and parts of Europe.
Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake is an overhead action-adventure stealth video game, with the tagline "Tactical Espionage Game", that was originally released by Konami in for the MSX2 computer platform.
The METEO System is a machine translation system specifically designed for the translation of the weather forecasts issued daily by Environment Canada.
Metrication (or metrification) is the process of introducing the International System of Units, also known as SI units or the metric system, to replace a jurisdiction's traditional measuring units.
Metroid is an action-adventure video game developed and published by Nintendo.
Mi PC (English: My PC) is a song written and performed by Dominican singer-songwriter Juan Luis Guerra and his group, 4-40.
The Michelangelo virus is a computer virus first discovered on 4 February 1991 in Australia.
Micral is a series of microcomputers produced by the French company Réalisation d'Études Électroniques (R2E), beginning with the Micral N in early 1973.
MicroBee (Micro Bee) was a series of home computers by Applied Technology, later known as MicroBee Systems.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
The Microcomputer Club Nederland (MCN) was a Dutch computer club which was founded by Vendex in the mid-1980s.
Microcosm Ltd is a UK company established in 1979.
Micropolis Corporation (styled as MICROPΩLIS) was a disk drive company located in Chatsworth, California and founded in 1976.
Microprofessor II (MPF II), introduced in 1982, was Multitech's (later renamed Acer) second branded computer product and also one of the earliest Apple II clones.
Microprofessor III (MPF III), introduced in 1983, was Multitech's (later renamed Acer) third branded computer product and also (arguably) one of the first Apple IIe clones.
Microsoft BASIC is the foundation product of the Microsoft company.
Microsoft Sort is a software utility developed by the Microsoft Corporation in 1982-83.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.
MikroMikko was a Finnish line of microcomputers released by Nokia Corporation's computer division Nokia Data from 1981 through 1987.
Miles Gordon Technology, known as MGT, was a small British company, initially specialising in high-quality add-ons for the Sinclair ZX Spectrum home computer.
The Mindset, released in spring 1984, was an Intel 80186-based MS-DOS personal computer.
Mines of Titan is a single-player role-playing video game, developed by Westwood Associates (later Westwood Studios), and released by Infocom in 1989 for MS-DOS and Apple II.
Mini Office II, published by Database Software in 1986, was an office suite available for several home computers, among which were the Amstrad CPC, the Atari 8-bit family, the BBC Micro, the Commodore 64, and others.
MiniDisc (MD) is a magneto-optical disc-based data storage format offering a capacity of 74 minutes and, later, 80 minutes, of digitized audio or 1 gigabyte of Hi-MD data.
Minidisk or Mini-disk may refer to.
In computing, minimalism refers to the application of minimalist philosophies and principles in the design and use of hardware and software.
MINIX (from "mini-Unix") is a POSIX-compliant (since version 2.0), Unix-like operating system based on a microkernel architecture.
MiNT is Now TOS (MiNT) is a free software alternative operating system kernel for the Atari ST system and its successors.
The MIPS Magnum was a line of computer workstations designed by MIPS Computer Systems, Inc. and based on the MIPS series of RISC microprocessors.
Miracle Systems Ltd.
is a Japanese company that markets storage media and flash memory products mostly under the brand name.
is a Japanese manufacturer of consumer electronic components, founded in 1954.
A mixed mode CD is a Compact Disc which contains both data and audio in one session.
Mixlink (Mixlink II) is a computer used with Agfa scales.
mks_vir (formerly: MkS_Vir) – Polish antivirus program, created by Marek Sell in 1987.
Modified Frequency Modulation, commonly MFM, is a run-length limited (RLL) coding scheme used to encode the actual data-bits on most floppy disks.
Module files (MOD music, tracker music) are a family of music file formats originating from the MOD file format on Amiga systems used in the late 1980s.
Molex connector is the vernacular term for a two-piece pin and socket interconnection.
MONECS ('''Mon'''ash University Educational Computing System) was a computer operating system with BASIC, COBOL, FORTRAN, Pascal interpreters, plus machine language facility.
Monkey Island 2: LeChuck's Revenge is an adventure game developed and published by LucasArts in 1991.
Monster is the ninth studio album by American rock band R.E.M., and was released on September 27, 1994 by Warner Bros. Records.
The MOS Technology 6502 (typically "sixty-five-oh-two" or "six-five-oh-two") William Mensch and the moderator both pronounce the 6502 microprocessor as "sixty-five-oh-two".
The 6507 is an 8-bit microprocessor from MOS Technology, Inc. It is essentially a 6502 chip in a smaller, cheaper 28-pin package.
The MOS Technology 6581/8580 SID (Sound Interface Device) is the built-in Programmable Sound Generator chip of Commodore's CBM-II, Commodore 64, Commodore 128 and Commodore MAX Machine home computers.
Moser Baer India Limited is an Indian manufacturer of digital data storage devices.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Motion City Soundtrack was an American rock band that formed in Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1997.
The Motorola StarMax was a line of Macintosh clones produced by Motorola in 1996 and 1997.
Mounting is a process by which the operating system makes files and directories on a storage device (such as hard drive, CD-ROM, or network share) available for user to access via the computer's file system.
Mount Rainier (MRW) is a format for writable optical discs which provides the packet writing and defect management.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
The MSD Super Disk were a series of 5¼-inch floppy disk drives compatible to some degree with the Commodore 1541 disk drive.
MSX is a standardized home computer architecture, first announced by Microsoft on June 16, 1983, and marketed by Kazuhiko Nishi, then Vice-president at Microsoft Japan and Director at ASCII Corporation.
MSX-DOS is a discontinued disk operating system developed by Microsoft for the 8-bit home computer standard MSX, and is a cross between MS-DOS 1.25 and CP/M-80 2.
Mtools is an open source collection of tools to allow a Unix operating system to manipulate files on an MS-DOS file system, typically a floppy disk or floppy disk image.
muLinux was an Italian, English-language lightweight Linux distribution maintained by mathematics and physics professor Michele Andreoli, meant to allow very old and obsolete computers (80386, 80486 and Pentium Pro hardware dating from 1986 through 1998) to be used as basic intranet/Internet servers or text-based workstations with a UNIX-like operating system.
Multi-image is the now largely obsolete practice and business of using 35mm slides (diapositives) projected by single or multiple slide projectors onto one or more screens in synchronization with an audio voice-over or music track.
A multipartite virus is a computer virus that infects and spreads in multiple ways.
Micro Users Software Exchange, Inc., doing business as Muse Software, was an American video game developer based in Baltimore, Maryland, focusing on the development of games for the first generation of home computers.
Mystery House is an adventure game released by On-Line Systems in.
Nando (from "News and Observer") was an American internet news service and Internet service provider (ISP), founded in 1993 by the publishers of The News & Observer newspaper in Raleigh, North Carolina.
Nashua is a city in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States.
NASLite is a free commercial Linux distribution designed to turn conventional x86-based computers with PCI interface into a simple network-attached storage device.
Natas (Satan spelled backwards) is a computer virus written by James Gentile, a then-18-year-old hacker from San Diego, California who went by the alias of "Little Loc" and later "Priest".
The National Library of Sweden (Kungliga biblioteket, KB, meaning "the Royal Library") is the national library of Sweden.
The National Offensive (Nationale Offensive; abbreviated NO) was a German neo-Nazi party, which existed from 3 July 1990 to 22 December 1992.
A neodymium magnet (also known as NdFeB, NIB or Neo magnet), the most widely used type of rare-earth magnet, is a permanent magnet made from an alloy of neodymium, iron and boron to form the Nd2Fe14B tetragonal crystalline structure.
Network booting, shortened netboot, is the process of booting a computer from a network rather than a local drive.
New World ROM computers are Macintosh models that do not use a Macintosh Toolbox ROM on the logic board.
The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (NWT) is a translation of the Bible published by the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society.
NewDos/80 is a third-party operating system for the Radio Shack TRS-80 line of microcomputers released in 1980.
The NeXTcube was a high-end workstation computer developed, manufactured, and sold by NeXT from 1990 until 1993.
NeXTstation is a high-end workstation computer developed, manufactured and sold by NeXT from 1990 until 1993.
NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX.
The NIAT (Nielsen Intelligent Auditing Terminal) was an hand-held personal computer with one Mbyte of SSD memory, a six-line display and an alphanumeric keyboard.
Nicholas James Gentry (born 29 May 1980) is a British artist from London.
The Nintendo Entertainment System (commonly abbreviated as NES) is an 8-bit home video game console that was developed and manufactured by Nintendo.
The Philips NMS-8250, (NMS is short for "New Media Systems") was a professional MSX 2 home computer for the high end market, with two built in floppy disk drives in a "pizza box" configuration.
The international prohibition sign (official name), also known as a no symbol, no sign, circle-backslash symbol, nay, interdictory circle or universal no, is a red circle with a red diagonal line through it (running from top left to bottom right), completely enclosing a pictogram to indicate something is not permitted.
Nomaï, S.A. was a computer storage products manufacturer, based in Avranches, France.
In manufacturing, a nominal size or trade size is a size "in name only" used for identification.
In computing, a non-maskable interrupt (NMI) is a hardware interrupt that standard interrupt-masking techniques in the system cannot ignore.
Non-volatile memory (NVM) or non-volatile storage is a type of computer memory that can retrieve stored information even after having been power cycled.
North Star Computers Inc. (later styled as NorthStar™) was an American computer company based in Berkeley, California existing between June 1976 (when according to popular rumor it was formed as "Kentucky Fried Computers") and 1984.
The NorthStar Horizon was a popular 8-bit S-100 bus computer introduced in October 1977.
NTBackup is the built-in backup application introduced in Windows NT around 1997 and part of all subsequent versions up to and including Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.
NYLAC Computers refer to any computer built by the NYLAC computer company.
The Oberon SystemNiklaus Wirth & Jürg Gutknecht: (1988) The Oberon System.
Odyssey: The Compleat Apventure was a videogame written by Robert Clardy and released by Synergistic Software in 1980.
Ohio Scientific Inc. (also known as Ohio Scientific Instruments) was an Ohio-based computer company that built and marketed microcomputers from 1975 to 1981.
OK Computer is the third studio album by English rock band Radiohead, released on 16 June 1997 on EMI subsidiaries Parlophone and Capitol Records.
Olivetti S.p.A. is an Italian manufacturer of typewriters, computers, tablets, smartphones, printers and other such business products as calculators and fax machines.
The Olivetti M20 is a Zilog Z8000 based computer from Olivetti introduced in 1982.
The Olivetti P6040 was a microprocessor-based personal computer (8080) that have floppy disk drive of da 2.5 inches, programmable in Mini BASIC.
The Olivetti P6060 was the first personal computer with a built-in floppy disk.
The OLPC XO, previously known as the $100 Laptop, Children's Machine, and 2B1, is an inexpensive laptop computer intended to be distributed to children in developing countries around the world, to provide them with access to knowledge, and opportunities to "explore, experiment and express themselves" (constructionist learning).
Once Upon a Forest is a 1993 British-American animated children's film based on the Furlings characters created by Rae Lambert. A Hanna-Barbera/HTV Cymru/Wales production released by 20th Century Fox, the film was directed by Charles Grosvenor and produced by David Kirschner. The film is about three "Furlings" – the story's term for animal children – who go on an expedition to cure a friend that has been poisoned by chemical fumes. The film's environmental theme divided critics at the time of its release, along with the animation and story. The film was a box office bomb, grossing US$6.6 million against a budget of $13 million. It was filmed in 1992.
The One Per Desk, or OPD, was an innovative hybrid personal computer/telecommunications terminal based on the hardware of the Sinclair QL.
The Open Desktop Workstation, also referred to as ODW is a PowerPC based computer, by San Antonio-based Genesi.
Operation Sabotage is a text adventure game by Ray Sato for the TRS-80 and published by SoftSide Magazine in 1982.
Operation Sundevil was a 1990 nationwide United States Secret Service crackdown on "illegal computer hacking activities." It involved raids in approximately fifteen different cities and resulted in three arrests and the confiscation of computers, the contents of electronic bulletin board systems (BBSes), and floppy disks.
In computing and optical disc recording technologies, an optical disc (OD) is a flat, usually circular disc which encodes binary data (bits) in the form of pits (binary value of 0 or off, due to lack of reflection when read) and lands (binary value of 1 or on, due to a reflection when read) on a special material (often aluminium) on one of its flat surfaces.
Optical disc authoring, including DVD and Blu-ray Disc authoring is the process of assembling source material—video, audio or other data—into the proper logical volume format to then be recorded ("burned") onto an optical disc (typically a compact disc or DVD).
In computing, an optical disc drive (ODD) is a disc drive that uses laser light or electromagnetic waves within or near the visible light spectrum as part of the process of reading or writing data to or from optical discs.
Optical disc authoring requires a number of different optical disc recorder technologies working in tandem, from the optical disc media to the firmware to the control electronics of the optical disc drive.
Optical storage is the storage of data on an optically readable medium.
Orao (en. Eagle) was an 8-bit computer developed by PEL Varaždin in 1984.
An order of magnitude is a factor of ten.
Oric was the name used by Tangerine Computer Systems for a series of home computers, including the original Oric-1, its successor the Oric Atmos and the later Oric Stratos/IQ164 and Oric Telestrat models (model names stylized in upper case).
The Original Chip Set (OCS) is a chipset used in the earliest Commodore Amiga computers and defined the Amiga's graphics and sound capabilities.
OS/8 was the primary operating system used on the Digital Equipment Corporation's PDP-8 minicomputer.
Baget RTOS (rus. ОСРВ Багет) is a real-time operating system developed by the Scientific Research Institute of System Development of the Russian Academy of Sciences for a MIPS (Baget-MIPS variant) and Intel BSPs (x86 architecture).
The Osborne 1 was the first commercially successful portable microcomputer, released on April 3, 1981, by Osborne Computer Corporation.
The Osborne Executive was the planned successor of the already commercially successful Osborne 1 portable computer by Osborne Computer Corporation.
The Osborne Vixen was a "luggable" portable computer announced by the Osborne Computer Corporation in November 1984, as a follow up to their Osborne 1 and Osborne Executive system.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computers: Computers – programmable machines designed to automatically carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations.
Rakuten OverDrive, Inc. is an American digital distributor of eBooks, audiobooks, music, and video titles.
Packet writing (or incremental packet writing, IPW) is an optical disc recording technology used to allow write-once and rewritable CD and DVD media to be used in a similar manner to a floppy disk from within the operating system.
Palm Products GmbH (commonly abbreviated to PPG) was a highly regarded manufacturer of audio synthesizers.
The Panasonic JR-200U (Panasonic Personal Computer (PPC)) was a simple, relatively early (1983), 8-bit home computer with a chiclet keyboard somewhat similar to the VTech Laser 200.
Pandora International is a maker of hardware and software systems for video editing, Telecine Control and Colour Correction.
A paper clip (or sometimes paperclip) is a device used to hold sheets of paper together, usually made of steel wire bent to a looped shape.
Parallel ATA (PATA), originally, is an interface standard for the connection of storage devices such as hard disk drives, floppy disk drives, and optical disc drives in computers.
Parallels Desktop for Mac, by Parallels, is software providing hardware virtualization for Macintosh computers with Intel processors.
Parallels Workstation is the first commercial software product released by Parallels, Inc., a developer of desktop and server virtualization software.
Parrot Corporation Limited was a British floppy diskette manufacturer formed in 1983, that operated from Llantarnam Industrial Park in Cwmbran, south Wales.
A password is a word or string of characters used for user authentication to prove identity or access approval to gain access to a resource (example: an access code is a type of password), which is to be kept secret from those not allowed access.
A patch is a set of changes to a computer program or its supporting data designed to update, fix, or improve it.
Paws is an independent 1997 Australian family comedy film that was released on 25 September 1997 in Australia and filmed in Sydney, New South Wales.
PC Exchange was a utility program for Apple Macintosh computers.
PC Fútbol was a series of football management simulation games developed by Spanish developers Dinamic Multimedia.
PC Format was a computer magazine published in the United Kingdom by Future plc, and licensed to other publishers in countries around the world.
PC Globe is an atlas for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows, first released in 1989.
PC Life was a disk magazine for the IBM PC published starting in 1986 in Syracuse, New York by publisher and editor Mike Sullivan.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
PC Zone, founded in 1993, was the first magazine dedicated to games for IBM-compatible personal computers to be published in the United Kingdom.
The NEC PC-6000 Series was a series of 8-bit home computers introduced in November 1981 by NEC Home Electronics (NEC-HE).
The NEC PC-6600 Series were a lineup of personal computers produced by the NEC Corporation in 1985.
The PC-8000 series was a line of personal computers developed for the Japanese market by NEC.
The, commonly shortened to PC-98, is a lineup of Japanese 16-bit and 32-bit personal computers manufactured by NEC from 1982 through 2000.
PC-File was a flat file database computer application most often run on DOS.
PC12 by Artronix was a minicomputer built with TTL7400 technology and ferrite core memory.
The Amstrad PC1512 was Amstrad's mostly IBM PC-compatible computer system, first manufactured in 1986.
PC² is the Programming Contest Control System developed at California State University, Sacramento in support of Computer Programming Contest activities of the ACM, and in particular the ACM International Collegiate Programming Contest.
The PDP-10 is a mainframe computer family manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1966 into the 1980s.
The PDP-11 is a series of 16-bit minicomputers sold by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1970 into the 1990s, one of a succession of products in the PDP series.
The PDP-8 was a 12-bit minicomputer produced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
Pegasos is a MicroATX motherboard powered by a PowerPC 750CXe or PowerPC 7447 microprocessor, featuring three PCI slots, one AGP slot, two Ethernet ports (10/100/1000 & 10/100), USB, DDR, AC'97 sound, and FireWire.
Percom Data was an early microcomputer company formed in 1976 to sell peripherals into the emerging microcomputer market.
Perfect Writer is a word processor computer program published by Perfect Software for CP/M and by Thorn EMI Computer Software for IBM PC compatible computers.
Peripheral Interchange Program (PIP) was a utility to transfer files on and between devices on Digital Equipment Corporation's computers.
Perpendicular recording (or perpendicular magnetic recording, PMR) is a technology for data recording on hard disks.
The PERQ, also referred to as the Three Rivers PERQ or ICL PERQ, was a pioneering workstation computer produced in the late 1970s through the early 1980s.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Pertec Computer Corporation (PCC), formerly Peripheral Equipment Corporation (PEC), was a computer company based in Chatsworth, California which originally designed and manufactured peripherals such as floppy drives, tape drives, instrumentation control and other hardware for computers.
Perverse is the third studio album by British rock band Jesus Jones, released in 1993 on Food Records.
Peter MacDonald is a Canadian software engineer, best known as the creator of Softlanding Linux System (SLS), widely regarded as the first complete Linux distribution.
Phil Karn, born October 4, 1956, is an engineer from Baltimore, Maryland.
The Philips CD-i (an abbreviation of Compact Disc Interactive) is an interactive multimedia CD player developed and marketed by Royal Philips Electronics N.V., who supported it from December 1991 into the late 1990s.
Philips Telecommunicatie en Informatie Systemen (Philips Computers) was a subsidiary of Philips that designed and manufactured personal computers.
The Phoebe 2100 was to be Acorn Computers' successor to the Risc PC, slated for release in late 1998.
Phototypesetting is a method of setting type, rendered obsolete with the popularity of the personal computer and desktop publishing software, that uses a photographic process to generate columns of type on a scroll of photographic paper.
PicoBSD was a single-floppy disk version of FreeBSD, one of the BSD operating system descendants.
Pinball Construction Set (PCS) is a video game by Bill Budge published by Electronic Arts.
Pinball Dreams is a pinball simulation video game developed by Digital Illusions and originally released for the Amiga in 1992.
The Ping-Pong virus (also called Boot, Bouncing Ball, Bouncing Dot, Italian, Italian-A or VeraCruz) is a boot sector virus discovered on March 1, 1988 at the Politecnico di Torino (Turin Polytechnic University) in Italy.
Plaga Zombie is an Argentine comedy horror film series created by Pablo Parés, Berta Muñiz, and Hernán Sáez.
Planning for Burial is the musical project of American musician and singer-songwriter Thom Wasluck.
A player piano (also known as pianola) is a self-playing piano, containing a pneumatic or electro-mechanical mechanism that operates the piano action via pre-programmed music recorded on perforated paper, or in rare instances, metallic rolls, with more modern implementations using MIDI.
The PlayStation (officially abbreviated to PS, and commonly known as the PS1 or its codename, PSX) is a home video game console developed and marketed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
Plextor (プレクスター) is a Taiwanese brand (however, a Japanese one before 2010) best known for its optical disc recorders and SSDs.
A pocket computer was a 1980s-era user programmable calculator-sized computer that had fewer screen lines, and often fewer characters per line, than the Pocket-sized computers introduced beginning in 1989.
The PocketZip is a medium-capacity floppy disk storage system that was made by Iomega in 1999 that uses proprietary, small, very thin, 40 MB disks.
Polka Party! is the fourth studio album by "Weird Al" Yankovic, released on October 21, 1986.
Pop is an American basic cable and satellite television network that is operated as a joint venture between CBS Corporation and Lionsgate Entertainment.
A portable application (portable app), sometimes also called standalone, is a program designed to read and write its configuration settings into an accessible folder in the computer, usually the folder where the portable application can be found.
A power supply unit (or PSU) converts mains AC to low-voltage regulated DC power for the internal components of a computer.
The PowerBook 100 is a portable subnotebook personal computer that was designed and manufactured by Sony for Apple Computer and introduced on October 21, 1991, at the COMDEX computer expo in Las Vegas, Nevada.
The PowerBook 140 was released in the first line of PowerBooks.
The PowerBook 150 is a laptop personal computer created by Apple Computer, Inc. which was introduced on July 13, 1994, and released on July 18, 1994.
The PowerBook 170 was released by Apple Inc. in 1991 along with the PowerBook 100 and the PowerBook 140.
The PowerBook 180 is a portable computer released by Apple Computer, Inc. along with the PowerBook 160 in October 1992.
The PowerBook Duo is a line of small subnotebooks manufactured and sold by Apple Computer from 1992 until 1997 as a more compact companion to the PowerBook line.
The PowerBook G3 is a series of laptop Macintosh personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1997 to 2001.
A presentation program is a software package used to display information in the form of a slide show.
Prince Rogers Nelson (June 7, 1958 – April 21, 2016) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer and filmmaker.
Print Magic is a personal publishing program by Epyx.
Printer-friendly is a term used on the Internet to describe a version of a web page formatted for printing.
The IBM Energy or PS/2E (IBM 9533) is an IBM Personal System/2 computer.
Publish and Subscribe was a document linking model introduced by Apple Computer in System 7.
The Q40 and Q60 (sometimes known generically as the Qx0 series) are computer motherboards designed in the late 1990s, based on the Motorola 68040 and 68060 microprocessors respectively and intended to be partially compatible with the Sinclair QL microcomputer.
QEMU (short for Quick Emulator) is a free and open-source emulator that performs hardware virtualization.
QNX is a commercial Unix-like real-time operating system, aimed primarily at the embedded systems market.
Quarter inch cartridge tape (abbreviated QIC, commonly pronounced "quick") is a magnetic tape data storage format introduced by 3M in 1972, with derivatives still in use as of 2016.
Queers in History is an encyclopedia written by Keith Stern of historically prominent people who were lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT).
Quest 1 is a single-player text adventure game originally written for the TRS-80 and translated for the Apple II and Atari 8-bit family.
Microsoft QuickBASIC (also QB) is an Integrated Development Environment (or IDE) and compiler for the BASIC programming language that was developed by Microsoft.
QuickLOAD is an internal ballistics predictor computer program for firearms.
Quill is a suite of software tools.
Racing Destruction Set is a car racing and motocross computer game published in 1985 by Electronic Arts.
The Rainbow 100 was a microcomputer introduced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in 1982.
Rajiv Kumar Bapna is an alumnus of IIT Delhi and BITS Pilani, and is most famous for being the founder of Amkette in 1986.
Ralf Brown's Interrupt List (aka RBIL, x86 Interrupt List, MS-DOS Interrupt List or INTER) is a comprehensive list of interrupts, calls, hooks, interfaces, data structures, CMOS settings, memory and port addresses, as well as processor opcodes and special function registers for x86 machines (including many clones) from the very start of the PC era in 1981 up into the year 2000, most of it still applying to PCs today.
Ranish Partition Manager is a freeware hard disk partition editor, disk cloning tool, and boot manager, that gives a high level of control for creating multi-boot systems.
Rashida Leah Jones (born February 25, 1976) is an American actress.
Razor 1911 (RZR) is a warez and demogroup founded in Norway, 1985.
Reading is an action performed by computers, to acquire data from a source and place it into their volatile memory for processing.
Red Sparrow is a 2018 American spy thriller film directed by Francis Lawrence and written by Justin Haythe, based on the 2013 novel of the same name by Jason Matthews.
The R2C was the color version of the 2nd Z80-based microcomputer produced by Regency Systems of Champaign, Illinois, the first being the RC1.
Registration is the technique of choosing and combining the stops of a pipe organ in order to produce a particular sound.
The animated science fiction television program Futurama makes a number of satirical and humorous references to religion, including inventing several fictional religions which are explored in certain episodes of the series.
Remote data transmission (RDT) was a term used in the 1980s, primarily in Germany, for the transmission of data between computers over a medium using a communications protocol.
In computer storage, some types of removable media are designed to be read to or written to by removable readers, writers and drives.
Replay Professional was a sound sampling product for the Atari ST.
The Research Machines 380Z (often called the RML 380Z or RM 380Z) was an early 8-bit microcomputer produced by Research Machines in Oxford, England, from 1977 to 1985.
Reunion, also known as Merit's Galactic Reunion, is a space strategy video game.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
A ribbon cable (also known as multi-wire planar cable) is a cable with many conducting wires running parallel to each other on the same flat plane.
RISC iX is a discontinued Unix operating system designed to run on the Acorn Archimedes.
RM Nimbus was a range of personal computers from British company Research Machines (now RM Education) sold from 1985 until the early 1990s, after which the designation Nimbus was discontinued.
Robert Bardwell, also known as "The Phantom of Jacobs Field," is the former organist for the Cleveland Indians.
Robert Temple Booksellers is a British business that specialises in the sale of old and rare books by mail-order.
Robot Battle is a programming game developed in 1991 by Blue Cow Software for the Apple Macintosh where players design and code adaptable battling robots.
RobotWar is a programming game written by Silas Warner.
is a Japanese manufacturer of electronic musical instruments, electronic equipment and software.
The Roland DJ-70 is a 16 Bit sampling workstation and was released in 1992 by Roland Italy. It had 37 keys, 24 note polyphony and featured a 3.5" floppy disk drive. It also had a large back-lit LCD screen.
The Roland S-50 is a 61 key 12-bit sampler produced by the Roland Corporation in 1986.
The Roland XP-50 is a music workstation that combines the synthesizer engine of Roland's JV-1080 sound module with the sequencing capabilities of their MRC-Pro sequencer and a 61-note keyboard.
The Roland XP-80 is a music workstation that uses digital PCM subtractive synthesis and combines an updated version of the JV-1080 synthesizer engine with the sequencer capabilities of the Roland MRC-Pro sequencer.
A ROM cartridge, sometimes referred to simply as a cartridge or cart, is a removable enclosure containing ROM designed to be connected to a consumer electronics device such as a home computer, video game console and to a lesser extent, electronic musical instruments.
A ROM image, or ROM file, is a computer file which contains a copy of the data from a read-only memory chip, often from a video game cartridge, a computer's firmware, or from an arcade game's main board.
RT-11 ("RT" for real-time) is a discontinued small, single-user real-time operating system for the Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-11 family of 16-bit computers.
Ruth Lingford is an Independent animator.
Saboteur! is a stealth action-adventure game created by Clive Townsend and published by Durell Software in 1985 for several 8-bit home computer formats.
Sabrent (pronounced /seɪ-brnt) is an American company that manufactures and markets technology products, including computer accessories and consumer electronics.
Sam & Max Hit the Road is a graphic adventure video game released by LucasArts during the company's adventure games era.
The SAM Coupé (pronounced /sæm ku:peɪ/ from its original British English branding) is an 8-bit British home computer that was first released in late 1989.
The SAPI-1 was a computer produced in the former Czechoslovakia by Tesla since 1980.
A saved game (also sometimes called a game save, savegame, savefile, save point, or simply save) is a piece of digitally stored information about the progress of a player in a video game.
Scene World Magazine (abbreviated SWO) is a disk magazine for the Commodore 64 home computer.
Scientific enterprise refers to science-based projects developed by, or in cooperation with, private entrepreneurs.
Script Creation Utility for Maniac Mansion Virtual Machine (ScummVM) is a set of game engine recreations.
is a role-playing video game by Konami for the MSX2 computer platform released in exclusively in Japan.
Seattle FilmWorks, Inc., was a mail order photographic film processing company that sold re-spooled 35mm motion picture film.
Secret Agent (Also known as "Secret Agent Man"Apogee Software 1991 Catalog) is a game series of three side-scrolling platform games, developed and published by Apogee Software.
Secret Service was a Polish monthly magazine for gaming and consoles published from 1993-2001 by the ProScript publishing house.
Secure Digital (SD) is a non-volatile memory card format developed by the SD Card Association (SDA) for use in portable devices.
The is an IBM PC compatible system with an integrated Mega Drive, developed by Sega and manufactured by IBM in 1991.
In computer science, self-modifying code is code that alters its own instructions while it is executing – usually to reduce the instruction path length and improve performance or simply to reduce otherwise repetitively similar code, thus simplifying maintenance.
Sentry Firewall is a free open-source network firewall Linux distribution that was first published in 2001 and has been the subject of multiple magazine reviews.
Sex'n'Crime was the first computer scene magazine (also known as scene mags or disk mags) to be published on floppy disc.
The also known as the Sega Computer Video Game SG-1000, is a home video game console manufactured by Sega and released in Japan, Australia, and other regions.
Shareware is a type of proprietary software which is initially provided free of charge to users, who are allowed and encouraged to make and share copies of the program.
The Sharp MZ is a series of personal computers sold in Japan and Europe (particularly Germany and Great Britain) by Sharp beginning in 1978.
The Sharp PC-1350 is a small pocket computer manufactured by Sharp.
The Sharp PC-5000 was a pioneering laptop computer, announced by Sharp Corporation of Japan in 1983.
Sheep dip (computing) is a dedicated computer which is used to test files on removable media for viruses before they are allowed to be used with other computers.
Sheldon Lee Cooper, Ph.D., Sc.D., is a fictional character in the CBS television series The Big Bang Theory and Young Sheldon, portrayed by actors Jim Parsons in The Big Bang Theory and Iain Armitage in Young Sheldon.
Shovelware is derogatory computer jargon for software bundles noted more for the quantity of what is included than for the quality or usefulness.
Shugart Associates (later Shugart Corporation) was a computer peripheral manufacturer that dominated the floppy disk drive market in the late 1970s and is famous for introducing the 5-inch minifloppy floppy disk drive.
Shugart is the de facto standard for floppy disk drive interfaces created by Shugart Associates.
The "Sideways" address space on the Acorn BBC Microcomputer, Electron and Master-series microcomputer was Acorn's bank switching implementation, providing for permanent system expansion in the days before hard disk drives or even floppy disk drives were commonplace.
Silicon Dreams is a trilogy of interactive fiction games developed by Level 9 Computing during the 1980s.
Simmons is an electronic drum brand, which originally was a pioneering British manufacturer of electronic drums.
Simons' BASIC was an extension to BASIC 2.0 for the Commodore 64 home computer.
The Sinclair QL (for Quantum leap), is a personal computer launched by Sinclair Research in 1984, as an upper-end counterpart to the Sinclair ZX Spectrum.
Sinclair Research Ltd is a British consumer electronics company founded by Clive Sinclair in Cambridge.
Sirjang Lal Tandon also known as "Jugi" Tandon, was born in India in 1942.
SkyTrain is the metropolitan rail system of the Metro Vancouver Regional District, serving Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and surrounding municipalities.
Slackware is a Linux distribution created by Patrick Volkerding in 1993.
Slow Life is an EP by the Welsh alternative rock band Super Furry Animals, released in 2004.
SmartMedia is a flash memory card standard owned by Toshiba, with capacities ranging from 2 MB to 128 MB.
Snatcher is a cyberpunk-themed graphic adventure game written by Hideo Kojima and produced by Konami.
Sneakernet is an informal term for the transfer of electronic information by physically moving media such as magnetic tape, floppy disks, compact discs, USB flash drives or external hard drives from one computer to another; rather than transmitting the information over a computer network.
Sneakers is a 1992 American comedy caper film directed by Phil Alden Robinson, written by Robinson, Walter Parkes, and Lawrence Lasker, and starring Robert Redford, Dan Aykroyd, Ben Kingsley, Mary McDonnell, River Phoenix, Sidney Poitier and David Strathairn.
Social engineering, in the context of information security, refers to psychological manipulation of people into performing actions or divulging confidential information.
SoftSide Magazine is a defunct computer magazine, begun in October 1978 by Roger Robitaille and published by SoftSide Publications of Milford, New Hampshire.
Software deployment is all of the activities that make a software system available for use.
A solar eclipse (as seen from the planet Earth) is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and when the Moon fully or partially blocks ("occults") the Sun.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
Solid-state storage (sometimes abbreviated as SSS) is a type of non-volatile computer storage that stores and retrieves digital information using only electronic circuits, without any involvement of moving mechanical parts.
Sonoton claims to be the world's largest independently owned Production Music Library.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
The Sony HiFD (High capacity Floppy Disk) was an attempt by Sony to replace their own aging 3.5 inch floppy disk, which had proven successful in the late-1980s war to replace the 5.25 inch floppy disk.
The Sony Vaio 700 series were Sony's first Vaio branded laptops, starting with the 705 and 707 models, launched in Japan on July 1, 1997, and subsequently in the United States.
The Sony Vaio 800 series was a range of Vaio laptops launched in 1998.
The Sord M5 is a home computer launched by Sord Computer Corporation in 1982.
Space Mutiny (also known as Mutiny in Space) is a 1988 South African space opera action film about a mutiny aboard the generation ship known as the Southern Sun.
Space Quest is a series of six comic science fiction computer adventure games released between 1986 and 1995.
Space Quest IV: Roger Wilco and the Time Rippers is a 1991 graphic adventure game by Sierra On-Line.
The SPARCstation 10 (codenamed Campus-2) is a workstation computer made by Sun Microsystems.
The SPARCstation 2, or SS2 (code named Calvin, Sun 4/75) is a SPARC workstation computer sold by Sun Microsystems.
The SPARCstation 20 (a.k.a. SS20, codename Kodiak) is a discontinued Sun Microsystems workstation based on the SuperSPARC or hyperSPARC CPU.
In computing, a spatial file manager is a file manager that uses a spatial metaphor to represent files and folders as if they are real physical objects.
Spectravideo, or SVI (Spectravideo International), was an American computer company founded in 1981 as "SpectraVision" by Harry Fox.
Spectrofon was an electronic magazine for ZX Spectrum produced in Russia by the developer group STEP Interactive from Moscow.
Disc and disk are two variants of the English word for objects of a generally thin and cylindrical geometry.
Spiradisc (often misspelled as "Spiradisk") was a copy protection scheme used by Sierra On-Line on their floppy disk releases for the Apple II.
Spycat: An Interactive Exposé of M.I.4 is an arcade adventure video game for the BBC Micro and Acorn Electron, written by Peter Scott (under the pseudonym Dylan) and published by Superior Software in 1988.
The ST BOOK is a portable computer released in 1991 by Atari.
ST-506 is the designation for two related items: the ST-506 hard disk drive (HDD) and more generally the ST-412 interface, a connection to a computer system that evolved out of the original ST-506 interface.
ST Amiga Format was a computer magazine that covered the Atari ST and Amiga computers.
Standards in the warez scene are defined by groups of people who have been involved in its activities for several years and have established connections to large groups.
Star Saga is a series of floppy-based video games which combine a computerized game arbiter with hefty sections of printed text.
Star Trek: 25th Anniversary is an adventure video game developed and published by Interplay Productions, based on the Star Trek universe.
Star Wars: TIE Fighter is a 1994 Star Wars space flight simulator and space combat video game, a sequel in the Star Wars: X-Wing series.
Star Wars: X-Wing is a space simulation video game, the first of the ''X-Wing'' combat flight simulator game series.
Starflight 2: Trade Routes of the Cloud Nebula is a 1989 science fiction video game developed by Binary Systems and published by Electronic Arts as the sequel to the successful Starflight.
A stepper motor or step motor or stepping motor is a brushless DC electric motor that divides a full rotation into a number of equal steps.
Steve Jackson Games, Inc.
Stiffy may refer to.
Stoned is the name of a boot sector computer virus created in 1987.
Stonekeep is a role-playing video game developed and released by Interplay Productions for the PC in 1995.
Storybook Weaver is a 1994 educational game released on floppy disk for the Apple Macintosh, aimed at children aged 6–12.
Strange Brew (also known as The Adventures of Bob & Doug McKenzie: Strange Brew) is a 1983 Canadian comedy film starring the popular SCTV characters Bob and Doug McKenzie, portrayed by Dave Thomas and Rick Moranis, who also served as co-directors.
The Strategic Automated Command and Control System (SACCS) is a United States Strategic Command command and control system to coordinate the operational functions of United States nuclear forces (ICBMs, nuclear bombers, and SLBMs).
Street Fighter II: The World Warrior is a competitive fighting game developed by Capcom and released for arcades in.
Stryker's Run is a video game designed by Chris Roberts and Philip Meller for the BBC Micro and BBC Master which was published by Superior Software in 1986.
Summer Games is a sports video game developed by Epyx and released by U.S. Gold based on sports featured in the Summer Olympic Games.
The Sun386i (codenamed Roadrunner) is a discontinued hybrid UNIX workstation/PC compatible computer system produced by Sun Microsystems, launched in 1988.
Supaplex is a video game created by Philip Jespersen and Michael Stopp, two Swiss students, and published by Digital Integration in 1991.
Super Mario Bros. is a platform video game developed and published by Nintendo.
The SuperDisk LS-120 is a high-speed, high-capacity alternative to the 90 mm (3.5 in), 1.44 MB floppy disk.
SuperDrive is a trademark used by Apple Inc. for two different storage drives: from 1988 to 1999 to refer to a high-density floppy disk drive capable of reading all major 3.5″ disk formats; and from 2001 onwards to refer to a CD/DVD reader/writer.
Superformatting is the process of formatting a floppy disk at a capacity that the disk is not designed for.
Superhero League of Hoboken is an adventure and role-playing video game developed and published by Legend Entertainment.
The SV-318 is the basic model of the Spectravideo range.
The Spectravideo SVI-738 X'Press is an MSX1 compatible home computer manufactured by Spectravideo from 1985.
Sword of Fargoal is a 1982 video game by Jeff McCord, published by Epyx.
SYS is a command in Microsoft BASIC used to execute a machine language program in memory.
The SAM Lock Tool, better known as Syskey (the name of its executable file) was a discontinued component of Microsoft Windows that encrypted the Security Account Manager (SAM) database using a 128-bit RC4 encryption key.
System 7 (codenamed "Big Bang" and sometimes retrospectively called Mac OS 7) is a graphical user interface-based operating system for Macintosh computers and is part of the classic Mac OS series of operating systems.
System Shock is a 1994 first-person action-adventure video game developed by Looking Glass Technologies and published by Origin Systems.
Tandon Corporation was a disk drive and PC manufacturer founded in 1975 (incorporated in 1976 as Tandon Magnetics Corp.) by Sirjang Lal Tandon a former mechanical engineer.
The Tandy 10 Business Computer System was a short-lived product developed by Radio Shack in the late 1970s as a business-oriented complement to their TRS-80 Model I desktop computer.
Tandy Corporation was an American family-owned leather goods company based in Fort Worth, Texas.
A tape drive is a data storage device that reads and writes data on a magnetic tape.
In computer storage, a tape library, sometimes called a tape silo, tape robot or tape jukebox, is a storage device that contains one or more tape drives, a number of slots to hold tape cartridges, a barcode reader to identify tape cartridges and an automated method for loading tapes (a robot).
An audio tape recorder, tape deck, or tape machine is an audio storage device that records and plays back sounds, including articulated voices, usually using magnetic tape, either wound on a reel or in a cassette, for storage.
The Tarbell Cassette Interface is an expansion card for use with the Altair 8800 early personal computer, or other systems using the Altair's S-100 bus.
The Tatung Einstein was an eight-bit home/personal computer produced by Taiwanese corporation Tatung, designed in Bradford, England at Tatung's research laboratories and assembled in Bridgnorth and Telford, England.
The Tektronix 4050 was a series of three computer graphics microcomputers produced by Tektronix in the late 1970s through the early 1980s.
Terminal Velocity is a simulation video game originally developed by Terminal Reality and published by 3D Realms for DOS and Windows 95 and MacSoft for Mac OS.
The Tetrahedron Computer Methodology was a short lived journal that was published by Pergamon Press (now Elsevier) to experiment with electronic submission of articles in the ChemText format, and the sharing source code to enable reproducibility.
The Texas Instruments TI-99/4A is a home computer, released June 1981 in the United States at a price of $525 ($ adjusted for inflation).
The 7th Guest, produced by Trilobyte and originally released by Virgin Interactive Entertainment in, is an interactive movie puzzle adventure game.
The Chaos Engine is a top-down run and gun video game developed by The Bitmap Brothers and published by Renegade Software in March 1993.
The Dungeon is a single player real-time role-playing video game featuring a 3D first-person perspective with texture mapping.
The Emperor of Ocean Park is a 2002 novel by American author and law professor Stephen L. Carter.
The Feminine Touch (also called The November Conspiracy) is a 1995 direct-to-video thriller film directed by Conrad Janis.
The First $20 Million Is Always the Hardest is a 2002 film based on a novel by technology-culture writer Po Bronson.
The Godfather is a side scrolling shoot 'em up game released by U.S. Gold in 1991.
The Legend of Kyrandia (formerly Fables & Fiends) is a point-and-click graphic adventure game series, developed by Westwood Studios and published by Virgin Games.
The Mercury News (formerly San Jose Mercury News, often locally known as The Merc) is a morning daily newspaper published in San Jose, California, United States.
The Net is a 1995 American cyber mystery thriller film directed by Irwin Winkler and starring Sandra Bullock, Jeremy Northam and Dennis Miller.
"The Promised Land" is an episode from the police drama television series New York Undercover, and was first broadcast on February 20, 1997 on Fox.
The Rainbow was a monthly magazine for the TRS-80 Color Computer by the Tandy Corporation (now RadioShack).
The Random House Encyclopedia is an English language one-volume encyclopaedia published by Random House.
The Robotic Workshop was a toy kit, much like Lego Mindstorms, that allowed users to build and program robots using a home computer.
The Secret of Monkey Island is a point-and-click graphic adventure game developed and published by Lucasfilm Games.
The Simpsons: Cartoon Studio is a computer program based on the animated television series The Simpsons that was released for PC and Mac computers in 1996 by Fox Interactive.
The Transformers was an 80-issue American comic book series published by Marvel Comics telling the story of the Transformers.
The World Factbook, also known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) with almanac-style information about the countries of the world.
In the history of computer and video games, the third generation (sometimes referred to as the 8-bit era) began on July 15, 1983, with the Japanese release of both the Family Computer (referred to in Japan in the abbreviated form "Famicom", and later known as the Nintendo Entertainment System, or NES, in the rest of the world) and SG-1000.
Thomas Michael Disch (February 2, 1940 – July 4, 2008) was an American science fiction author and poet.
In the 1980s the French Thomson company produced a range of 8-bit computers based on the 6809E CPU.
Through the Looking Glass, also known as Alice, was a video game written for the Apple Lisa and Apple Macintosh computers.
TI BASIC is a now discontinued ANSI-compliant implementation of the BASIC programming language interpreter for the Texas Instruments TI-99/4 Home Computer (1979), developed at Microsoft by Bob Wallace and Bob Greenberg.
Tiki-100 was a desktop home/personal computer manufactured by Tiki Data of Oslo, Norway.
TIM 011 was an educational or Personal computer for school microcomputer developed by Mihajlo Pupin Institute of Serbia in 1987.
The TIM-100 was a PTT teller microcomputer developed by Mihajlo Pupin Institute (Serbia) in 1985 (Ref.lit. #1).
TIM-600 was an important PC computer system of the series of the TIM microcomputers, from Mihajlo Pupin Institute-Belgrade, developed 1987-1988 (see ref.Lit. #1, #2 and #6).
Timeline of communication technology.
This timeline of computer viruses and worms presents a chronological timeline of noteworthy computer viruses, computer worms, Trojan horses, similar malware, related research and events.
This article presents a timeline of events in the history of x86 DOS operating systems from 1973 to 2016.
A timeline of United States inventions (1946–1991) encompasses the ingenuity and innovative advancements of the United States within a historical context, dating from the era of the Cold War, which have been achieved by inventors who are either native-born or naturalized citizens of the United States.
The Timex FDD 3000 was a nearly complete computer by Timex of Portugal.
Timex Sinclair was a joint venture between the British company Sinclair Research and Timex Corporation in an effort to gain an entry into the rapidly growing early-1980s home computer market in North America.
The Tiny C Compiler (a.k.a. TCC, tCc, or TinyCC) is an x86, X86-64 and ARM processor C compiler created by Fabrice Bellard.
ToBoS-FP is a floating point compiler for the Sinclair BASIC on ZX Spectrum.
Thomas Proulx, better known as Tom Proulx, is an American computer programmer and entrepreneur.
tomsrtbt (pronounced: Tom's Root Boot) is a very small Linux distribution.
Tony Tebby is probably most famous for designing Qdos, the computer operating system used in the Sinclair QL personal computer, whilst working as an engineer at Sinclair Research in the early 1980s.
TopoR (Topological Router) is an EDA program developed and maintained by the Russian company Eremex.
Torch Computers Ltd was a computer hardware company formed in 1982 in Great Shelford, near Cambridge, UK and became well known for its computer peripherals for the Commodore VIC-20 and BBC Micro.
The Torch Triple X (or XXX) was a UNIX workstation computer produced by the British company Torch Computers, and launched in 1985.
The Toshiba Satellite (dynabook Satellite in Japan) was a line of consumer-grade notebook computers marketed by Toshiba, and were some of the earliest laptops, introduced in the early-1990s, to compete with the IBM Thinkpad line.
The Toshiba T1000LE was a laptop made by Toshiba in 1990.
The T1100 was a laptop manufactured by Toshiba in 1985, and has subsequently been described by Toshiba as "the world's first mass-market laptop computer".
The Toshiba T1200 was a laptop manufactured by the Toshiba Corporation, first made in 1987.
The Toshiba Tecra (dynabook TECRA in Japan) is a series of business laptops manufactured by Toshiba.
TR-DOS is a disk operating system for the ZX Spectrum with Beta Disc and Beta 128 disc interfaces.
Track0 (pronounced 'track zero') is the area located at the start of a computer disk and is predominantly used to store information regarding the layout of the disk (the partition table) and executable code needed to boot an operating system.
is a Japanese anime television series that is a part of the Transformers robot superhero franchise.
In computing, the Trash (also known as the Recycle Bin in Windows and by other names in other operating systems) is temporary storage for files that have been deleted in a file manager by the user, but not yet permanently erased from the file system.
Trek 2000 International Limited is a Singaporean technology company that is listed on the Singapore Exchange (SGX:TREK).
The Triton Quick Disk Drive is a product that allows 2.8-inch floppy disks to be read on the Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum, MSX, Mattel Aquarius and Dragon 64 home computers.
Trouble with the Curve is a 2012 sports-drama film directed by Robert Lorenz, and starring Clint Eastwood, Amy Adams, Justin Timberlake, Matthew Lillard, and John Goodman.
The TRS-80 Micro Computer System (TRS-80, later renamed the Model I to distinguish it from successors) is a desktop microcomputer launched in 1977 and sold by Tandy Corporation through their Radio Shack stores.
TRSDOS (which stood for the Tandy Radio Shack Disk Operating System) was the operating system for the Tandy TRS-80 line of 8-bit Zilog Z80 microcomputers that were sold through Radio Shack through the late 1970s and early 1980s.
is a Japanese adult dōjin visual novel created by Type-Moon, who first released it at the Winter Comiket in December 2000.
Turbo-Basic XL is an advanced version of BASIC for the Atari 8-bit family of home computers.
TurboCAD is a CAD software application for 2D and 3D design and drafting which runs on Macintosh and Microsoft Windows operating systems.
The is a video game console system that was produced by Sharp Corporation in 1986 and was only released in Japan.
A type-in program, type-in listing, or sometimes just type-in, is a listing of source code printed in a computer magazine or book, meant to be entered on the computer's keyboard by the reader and then saved to cassette or disk.
A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type.
UAE is a computer emulator which emulates the hardware of the Commodore Amiga range of computers.
UFI may refer to.
UFO: Enemy Unknown (marketed as X-COM: UFO Defense in North America) is a science fiction strategy video game developed by Mythos Games and MicroProse.
UFX are an Alternative Rock band formed in Blackpool, Lancashire in 2000.
The Ultra 60 is a fairly large and heavy computer workstation in a tower enclosure from Sun Microsystems.
UltraISO is an application for Microsoft Windows for creating, modifying and converting ISO image files used for optical disc authoring, currently being produced by EZB Systems.
Ulysses is a modernist novel by Irish writer James Joyce.
Unified Emulator Format (UEF) is a container format for the compressed storage of audio tapes, ROMs, floppy discs and machine state snapshots for the 8-bit range of computers manufactured by Acorn Computers.
A Uniscope was a class of computer terminals made by Sperry Rand Corporation, Univac Division, and successors since 1964 that were normally used to communicate with Univac mainframes.
The ICON was a computer built specifically for use in schools, to fill a standard created by the Ontario Ministry of Education.
The UNIVAC 1100/60, introduced in 1979, continued the venerable UNIVAC 1100 series first introduced in 1962 with the UNIVAC 1107.
Universal Disk Format (UDF) is a profile of the specification known as ISO/IEC 13346 and ECMA-167 and is an open vendor-neutral file system for computer data storage for a broad range of media.
The Universal Media Disc (UMD) is a discontinued optical disc medium developed by Sony for use on their PlayStation Portable handheld gaming and multimedia platform.
Uri Geller (אורי גלר; born 20 December 1946) is an Israeli illusionist, magician, television personality, and self-proclaimed psychic.
A USB flash drive, also variously known as a thumb drive, pen drive, gig stick, flash stick, jump drive, disk key, disk on key (after the original M-Systems DiskOnKey drive from 2000), flash-drive, memory stick (not to be confused with the Sony Memory Stick), USB stick or USB memory, is a data storage device that includes flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
Secure USB flash drives protect the data stored on them from access by unauthorized users.
V.Flash (also known as V.Smile Pro in Europe) is a spinoff from the Vtech V.Smile series of educational game consoles.
Valhalla: Before the War is an adventure game developed and published by Vulcan Software for the Amiga in 1995.
Valley of the Minotaur is a computer game for the Apple II, Commodore 64, Commodore PET, VIC-20 home computers.
VARI*LITE is the brand name of one of the first automated, variable-colour stage lighting systems to be created.
Vault Corporation v Quaid Software Ltd. 847 F.2d 255 (5th Cir. 1988) is a case heard by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit that tested the extent of software copyright.
VAXmate was an IBM PC/AT compatible personal computer introduced by Digital Equipment Corporation in September, 1986.
VEB Kombinat Robotron was the biggest East German electronics manufacturer.
Vector Graphic was an early microcomputer company founded in 1976, the same year as Apple Computer, during the pre-IBM PC era, along with the NorthStar Horizon, IMSAI, and MITS Altair.
VENOM (Virtualized Environment Neglected Operations Manipulation) is a security vulnerability publicly disclosed in 2015.
VGA-Copy was a MS-DOS software to copy floppy disks.
VHD (Virtual Hard Disk) is a file format which represents a virtual hard disk drive (HDD).
A Video Floppy is an analog recording storage medium in the form of a 2-inch magnetic floppy disk used to store still frames of composite analog video.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
The video game crash of 1983 (known as the Atari shock in Japan) was a large-scale recession in the video game industry that occurred from 1983 to 1985, primarily in North America, because of market saturation.
Video game monetization is the process by which a video game product returns money for those involved in its creation or copyright ownership.
Video game music is the soundtrack that accompanies video games.
Video game packaging refers to the physical storage of the contents of a PC or console game, both for safekeeping and shop display.
Video Genie (or simply Genie) was a series of computers produced by Hong Kong-based manufacturer EACA during the early 1980s.
Virtual disk and virtual drive are software components that emulate an actual disk storage device.
Oracle VM VirtualBox (formerly Sun VirtualBox, Sun xVM VirtualBox and Innotek VirtualBox) is a free and open-source hypervisor for x86 computers currently being developed by Oracle Corporation.
The Visual 1050 was an 8-bit desktop computer sold by Visual Technology in the early 1980s.
Vizastar was the first integrated software package for the Commodore 64 home computer.
vMac was an open source emulator for Mac OS on Windows, DOS, OS/2, NeXTSTEP, Linux-Unix, and other platforms.
In some operating systems (e.g., DOS, OS/2 and Microsoft Windows) vol is a command within the command line interpreters (shells) such as COMMAND.COM and cmd.exe.
In computer data storage, a volume or logical drive is a single accessible storage area with a single file system, typically (though not necessarily) resident on a single partition of a hard disk.
A volume boot record (VBR) (also known as a volume boot sector, a partition boot record or a partition boot sector) is a type of boot sector introduced by the IBM Personal Computer.
The VT180 is a personal computer produced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) of Maynard, Massachusetts.
The Video Technology CreatiVision is a hybrid computer and home video game console introduced by VTech in 1981 and released in 1982.
Vuk was a computer prototype designed by a group of students from Leskovac in SFRY (now Serbia).
W ABC was a program that converted files from Luxor ABC 80 and ABC 800 to PC compatible computers.
The Waco siege was the siege of a compound belonging to the Branch Davidians, carried out by American federal and Texas state law enforcement, as well as the U.S. military, between February 28 and April 19, 1993.
Ward Christensen (born 1945 in West Bend, Wisconsin, United States) is the co-founder of the CBBS bulletin board, the first bulletin board system (BBS) ever brought online.
Warez is a common computing and broader cultural term referring to pirated software (i.e. illegally copied, often after deactivation of anti-piracy measures) that is distributed via the Internet.
The Wave Mate Bullet was a Z80 single-board computer from the late 1970s and early 1980s which used the CP/M operating system.
Wearable computers, also known as wearables or body-borne computers, are small computing devices (nowadays usually electronic) that are worn under, with, or on top of clothing.
Webdings is a TrueType dingbat typeface developed in 1997.
Welsh Development Agency v Export Finance Co Ltd BCLC 148 (often abbreviated to WDA v Exfinco) is a judicial decision of the English Court of Appeal.
Western Digital Corporation (abbreviated WDC, commonly shortened to Western Digital or WD) is an American computer data storage company and one of the largest computer hard disk drive manufacturers in the world, along with its main competitor Seagate Technology.
WHDLoad is a software package for the Amiga platform to make installation of software to a hard disk easier, for such things as demos or games.
Wheels is a defunct operating system for the Commodore 64 and Commodore 128 home computers partially based on and an upgrade from (plus generally backwards compatible with) GEOS.
William Ford Gibson (born March 17, 1948) is an American-Canadian speculative fiction writer and essayist widely credited with pioneering the science fiction subgenre known as cyberpunk.
William A. Goddard (July 10, 1913 in St. Joseph, Missouri – September 29, 1997 in Chico, California) was an engineer for IBM and an American inventor.
Windows 1.0 is a graphical personal computer operating environment developed by Microsoft.
Windows 10 (codenamed Redstone, formerly Threshold) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows Easy Transfer is a specialized file transfer program developed by Microsoft which allows users of the Windows operating system to transfer personal files and settings from a computer running an earlier version of Windows to a computer running a newer version.
Windows Millennium Edition, or Windows ME (marketed with the pronunciation of the pronoun "me", commonly pronounced as an initialism, "M-E (Codenamed Millennium)", is a graphical operating system from Microsoft released to manufacturing in June 2000, and launched in September 2000.
Windows NT 3.51 is the third release of Microsoft's Windows NT line of operating systems.
Windows Virtual PC (successor to Microsoft Virtual PC 2007, Microsoft Virtual PC 2004, and Connectix Virtual PC) is a virtualization program for Microsoft Windows.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Wing Commander III: Heart of the Tiger is the third main game in Chris Roberts' Wing Commander science fiction space combat simulation video game series, developed and released by Origin Systems.
Wingdings are a series of dingbat fonts which render letters as a variety of symbols.
Wintel is a portmanteau of Windows and Intel, referring to personal computers using Intel x86-compatible processors running Microsoft Windows.
Wizard and the Princess (1980), also known as Adventure in Serenia (1982), is an adventure game by On-Line Systems for the Apple II, Atari 8-bit family, and Commodore 64.
A word processor is an electronic device or computer software application that performs the task of composing, editing, formatting, and printing of documents.
Workbench is the graphical file manager of AmigaOS developed by Commodore International for their Amiga line of computers.
In computing, the working directory of a process is a directory of a hierarchical file system, if any, dynamically associated with each process.
WPS-8 is a Word Processing System sold by Digital Equipment Corporation for use with their PDP-8 processors (including the VT78, VT278 DECmate, and PC238 DECmate II and PC24P DECmate III microcomputer systems).
Write precompensation (abbreviated WPcom in the literature) is a technical aspect of the design of hard disks, floppy disks and other digital magnetic recording devices.
Write protection is any physical mechanism that prevents modification or erasure of valuable data on a device.
WriteNow was one of the two original word processor applications developed for the launch of the Apple Macintosh in 1984, and was the primary word processor for computers manufactured by NeXT.
The X-10 Fastcache Floppy Drive was a 1996 floppy disk drive that read 3.5" floppies at ten times the speed of a standard floppy drive.
The is a home computer created by Sharp Corporation, first released in 1987, sold only in Japan.
, also known as Xanadu: Dragon Slayer II, is an action role-playing game developed by Nihon Falcom and released in for the PC-8801, X1, PC-8001, PC-9801, FM-7 and MSX computers.
The Xerox 820 was an 8-bit desktop computer sold by Xerox in the early 1980s.
Xerox Daybreak (also Xerox 6085 PCS, Xerox 1186) is a workstation computer marketed by Xerox from 1985 to 1989.
The Xerox NoteTaker is an early portable computer.
The Star workstation, officially named Xerox 8010 Information System, was the first commercial system to incorporate various technologies that have since become standard in personal computers, including a bitmapped display, a window-based graphical user interface, icons, folders, mouse (two-button), Ethernet networking, file servers, print servers, and e-mail.
XMODEM is a simple file transfer protocol developed as a quick hack by Ward Christensen for use in his 1977 MODEM.ASM terminal program.
XPL is a programming language based on PL/I, a portable one-pass compiler written in its own language, and a parser generator tool for easily implementing similar compilers for other languages.
The Yamaha EX5 is a synthesizer/workstation produced by Yamaha from 1998 to 2000.
The Yamaha Music Disc Recorder MDR-1 was a floppy disk unit which could be attached to the FX/FS organs and digitally record and play back Electone and Clavinova performances.
The Yamaha PSR-550 is a portable arranger workstation keyboard produced in 2001.
The Yamaha SY85 is a digital music workstation introduced in 1992.
The Yamaha TX16W is a rack-mount sampler sound module made by Yamaha.
The Yamaha V50 is a digital music workstation introduced in 1989.
, also known as, is a Japanese inventor.
, is a Japanese visual novel / graphic adventure game developed and published by ELF Corporation, originally as an adult game for the PC-98 in 1996.
Zenith Data Systems (ZDS) was a division of Zenith Electronics founded in 1979 after Zenith acquired Heathkit, which had, in 1977, entered the personal computer market.
The Zenith Minisport (styled as minisPORT) is a subnotebook based on an 80C88 CMOS CPU running at two software selectable speeds: 4.77 MHz or 8 MHz.
The Z-100 computer is an early personal computer made by Zenith Data Systems (ZDS).
Zero seek is a mechanical engineering design component of most computer-controlled data storage devices, including floppy disk drives, tape drives, and early hard drives.
ZIP is an archive file format that supports lossless data compression.
The Zip drive is a removable floppy disk storage system that was introduced by Iomega in late 1994.
In computer storage, zone bit recording (ZBR) is a method used by disk drives to optimise the tracks for increased data capacity.
The Zorba was a portable computer running the CP/M operating system manufactured in 1983 and 1984.
Zork is one of the earliest interactive fiction computer games, with roots drawn from the original genre game Colossal Cave Adventure.
The ZX Microdrive is a magnetic tape data storage system launched in July 1983 by Sinclair Research for its ZX Spectrum home computer.
The ZX Spectrum is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research.
ZX Spectrum demos are demos made for the ZX Spectrum and compatible computers.
The Sinclair ZX80 is a home computer brought to market in 1980 by Science of Cambridge Ltd.
007: Licence to Kill is a 1989 video game based on the James Bond film of the same name, developed by Quixel and published by Domark in 1989.
1000 or one thousand is the natural number following 999 and preceding 1001.
1541 Ultimate (often abbreviated 1541U) is a peripheral, primarily an emulated floppy disk and cartridge emulator based on the FPGA Xilinx XC3S250E, for the Commodore 64 home computer.
The 1970s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies", commonly abbreviated as the "Seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970, and ended on December 31, 1979.
The year 1982 in science and technology involved many significant events, listed below.
This page contains the scientific and technological developments of the 1990s.
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1994.
The year 1994 in science and technology involved many significant events, listed below.
The One chip MSX, or 1chipMSX as the D4 Enterprise distributional name for the ESE MSX System 3, is a re-implementation of an MSX-2 home computer that uses a single FPGA to implement all the electronics (except the RAM) of an MSX-2, including the MSX-MUSIC and SCC+ audio extensions.
The 2000s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 2000, and ended on December 31, 2009.
This page contains major developments and trends in Science and Technology for the 2000s.
The 20th-century events include many notable events which occurred throughout the 20th century, which began on January 1, 1901, and ended on December 31, 2000, according to the Gregorian calendar.
2M is a DOS program by the Spanish programmer Ciriaco García de Celis.
The 3Station was a diskless workstation, developed by Bob Metcalfe at 3Com and first available in 1986.
40-track mode is a well known steganographic technique that allows for hidden data on a 3.5 inch floppy diskette.
4k is a computer virus which infects COM files and EXE files.
The 64DD, colloquially referred to as the Nintendo 64DD, is a magnetic disk drive peripheral for the Nintendo 64 game console developed by Nintendo.
An 8.3 filename (also called a short filename or SFN) is a filename convention used by old versions of DOS and versions of Microsoft Windows prior to Windows 95 and Windows NT 3.5.
80 Micro was a computer magazine, published between 1980 and 1988, that featured program listings, products and reviews for the TRS-80.
86-DOS is a discontinued operating system developed and marketed by Seattle Computer Products (SCP) for its Intel 8086-based computer kit.
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