448 relations: Acceptable daily intake, Acesulfame potassium, Acetanisole, Acetone, Acetylated distarch adipate, Acidity regulator, Acidulant, Additive, Adelle Davis, Adulterant, Adulterated food, Age of Discovery, Alkannin, Allyl propyl disulfide, Almond, Aluminium, Amaranth (dye), Ammonium acetate, Ammonium adipate, Ammonium chloride, Ammonium ferric citrate, Ammonium fumarate, Ammonium malate, Amylase, Animal testing, Anoxomer, Anthocyanin, Anthoxanthin, Anticaking agent, Antidiarrhoeal, Antioxidant, Apple cider vinegar, Arabinose, Ascorbyl palmitate, Ascorbyl stearate, Attack of the Alligators!, Azodicarbonamide, Azotobacter, Bacterial cellulose, Baking, BBC Box, Beecher's Handmade Cheese, Beeturia, Benzethonium chloride, Bernard L. Oser, Betanin, BioAmber, Bioceramic, Bionade, Borax, ..., Bornyl acetate, Brominated vegetable oil, Butylated hydroxyanisole, Butylated hydroxytoluene, Calcium acetate, Calcium aluminosilicate, Calcium benzoate, Calcium bisulfite, Calcium carbonate, Calcium citrate, Calcium formate, Calcium inosinate, Calcium lactate, Calcium peroxide, Calcium silicate, Calcium stearate, Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate, California Green Chemistry Initiative, Candelilla wax, Candy, Carbon dioxide, Carthamin, Castoreum, CC's, Cellulose, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Chamba Chukh, Cheese soup, Cheese spread, Chemical industry, Chemistry of ascorbic acid, Cherry ice cream, Chicory, Chlorophyllin, Chrysoine resorcinol, Citizen and consumer movements in Japan, Citranaxanthin, Clouding agent, Codex Alimentarius, Coeliac disease, Colour retention agent, Commission Directive 91/71/EEC, Compendium ferculorum, albo Zebranie potraw, Convenience food, Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology, Cosmeceutical, Crème fraîche, Cream, Crimson, Cultured dextrose, Curculin, Curcumin, Danisco, Debarment, Dextrin, Dicalcium phosphate, Diet food, Dietary fiber, Dietary supplement, Diketone, Dipotassium phosphate, Disodium guanylate, Disodium inosinate, Dodecanol, Dodecyl gallate, Dough, DrugBank, Dye, Dyno Nobel, E number, E175, Early history of food regulation in the United States, Egg as food, Electrolyte, Entomophagy, Ergosterol, Ethulose, Ethyl gallate, Ethyl lactate, Ethyl pentanoate, Ethylparaben, Fast food restaurant, Fat substitute, Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Feingold diet, Firming agent, Flavor, Flavoxanthin, Flour bleaching agent, Flour treatment agent, Food Additives Amendment of 1958, Food and Drug Administration, Food Chemicals Codex, Food chemistry, Food coloring, Food contact materials, Food fortification, Food grading, Food intolerance, Food irradiation, Food labelling in Canada, Food policy, Food processing, Food safety, Food safety in Australia, Food safety in China, Food safety-risk analysis, Food sampling, Food science, Food Technology (magazine), FooDB, Frederick C. Kulow, Fumaric acid, Gamma-Decalactone, Gelatin, Gellan gum, Glucin, Glucomannan, Gluconic acid, Glucono delta-lactone, Glutamic acid, Gluten, Gluten-free diet, Glycerol, Glycerol ester of wood rosin, Gnocchi, Gold, Goldwasser, Graham bread, Green S, Ground turkey, Guaiacum, Guanosine monophosphate, Guarana, Gum karaya, Handroanthus, Hangover, Hannah Banana Bread Company, Health Education Exhibition and Resource Centre, Hexamethylenetetramine, High-maltose corn syrup, History of propaganda, Household chemicals, Human Metabolome Database, Humectant, Huntingdon Life Sciences, Hydrochloric acid, Hydrophobic silica, Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate, Hypromellose, Ice cream, Iced tea, Index of health articles, Index of organic food articles, Index of sociology of food articles, Ingredient, International Numbering System for Food Additives, International Olive Council, Ipomoea, Iron(II) gluconate, Ital, James F. Boyce, James J. Delaney, Japan Offspring Fund, John Warner (chemist), Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, Juice, Kashrut, Lactic acid, Lactobionic acid, Lactose intolerance, Lactulose, Lactylate, Lecithin, Leucine, Liquid smoke, List of additives in cigarettes, List of alternative therapies for developmental and learning disabilities, List of American breads, List of culinary herbs and spices, List of diets, List of Dutch inventions and discoveries, List of food additives, List of hoaxes, List of hot sauces, List of MeSH codes (D16), List of MeSH codes (J02), List of reagents, List of vegetable oils, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria phage P100, Lists of foods, Lizzie Vann, Lutein, Magnesium citrate, Magnesium trisilicate, Malic acid, Maltodextrin, Management of Parkinson's disease, Massan, Meat, Melatonin, Menthyl isovalerate, Metabolome, Michael R. Taylor, Microcrystalline cellulose, Milbenkäse, Mineral ascorbates, Miracle Mineral Supplement, Miraculin, Modified starch, Molecular gastronomy, Molecular sieve, Monellin, Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids, Monolaurin, Monopotassium phosphate, Monosodium glutamate, Nano spray dryer, Natamycin, Natural foods, Nectar (drink), Neem Gum, New Pioneer Food Co-op, Nisin, Nitrous oxide, Non-celiac gluten sensitivity, Nonivamide, Nonpoint source water pollution regulations in the United States, Numbering scheme, Nutraceutical, Nutritional neuroscience, Octyl gallate, Olestra, Open Food Facts, Ordinaire (wine bar), Organic certification, Organic fertilizer, Organic food, Ortho-Vanillin, Osteoblast milk protein, Outline of agriculture, Outline of nutrition, Oxide, Ozone, Pamela Stephenson, Pan Desuyo!, Paraben, Paraffin wax, Parkinson's disease, Pascalization, Patch test, Patent Blue V, Peanut butter, Perillaldehyde, Petrochemical, Pharmacokinetics, Phenols, Phosphated distarch phosphate, Phospholipid, Phosphoric acids and phosphates, Phytic acid, Phytoestrogens, Pink slime, Pizza cheese, Planta Margarine, Plasticine, Plasticizer, Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Potassium acetate, Potassium ascorbate, Potassium bisulfite, Potassium citrate, Potassium nitrite, Potassium sulfite, Potassium tartrate, Potato chip, Preservative, Processed cheese, Propionic acid, Propyl benzoate, Propylene glycol, Propylene glycol alginate, Protein adulteration in China, Public analyst, Pullulan, Pulse (confectionery), Punjabi cuisine, Pyrophosphate, Qimiq, Quadratini, Quantum satis, Quillaia, Quillaja saponaria, Quinoline Yellow WS, Raw foodism, Reclaimed water, Red algae, Regulation of food and dietary supplements by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Rheology, Rhodoxanthin, Rubixanthin, Rusk, Salatrim, Samuel Epstein, Scarlet GN, Scientific Committee on Food, Seed, Senegalia senegal, Senomyx, Sequestrant, Shellac, Shneior Lifson, Sodium aluminium phosphate, Sodium aluminosilicate, Sodium ascorbate, Sodium bisulfate, Sodium bisulfite, Sodium erythorbate, Sodium hexametaphosphate, Sodium lactate, Sodium nitrate, Sodium nitrite, Sodium propionate, Sodium stearoyl lactylate, Sodium tartrate, Soil Association, Solanone, Sorbitan monolaurate, Sorbitan tristearate, Special Herbs, Vol. 2, Speciality chemicals, Stabiliser (food), Stabilizer, Stefan Gates, Stevia, Substituted phenethylamine, Succinic acid, Sucrose octaacetate, Sugar substitute, Sulfite, Sulfur, Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma, Superfood, Surimi, Sustainable living, Sustainable products, Sweetened beverage, Symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy, Synsepalum dulcificum, Synthetic magnesium silicate, Talc, Tamara Awerbuch-Friedlander, Tannic acid, Tartaric acid, Tartrate, Tert-Butylhydroquinone, Tetrasodium pyrophosphate, The Hundred Year Lie, Thickening agent, Tiabendazole, Tin(II) chloride, Tocopherol, Tolerable daily intake, Tolerable weekly intake, Toxicology testing, Triacetin, Triethyl citrate, Trisodium citrate, Turkish delight, Turmeric, Tyrosine, United Kingdom food labelling regulations, Ustilaginaceae, V (drink), Vegemite, Veggie burger, Villejuif leaflet, Vinegar, Violaxanthin, Vitamin D, Willies Ice Cream, Wine fault, Wonder Bread, Xanthan gum, Xenobiotic, Yeast, Youri Dolgoruki Vodka, Zeaxanthin, Zinc acetate, Zombies: A Record of the Year of Infection, 1-Octen-3-ol, 2-Phenylphenol, 2008 Chinese milk scandal, 3-Hexanol, 363 (number). Expand index (398 more) » « Shrink index
Acceptable daily intake or ADI is a measure of the amount of a specific substance (originally applied for a food additive, later also for a residue of a veterinary drug or pesticide) in food or drinking water that can be ingested (orally) on a daily basis over a lifetime without an appreciable health risk.
Acesulfame potassium, also known as acesulfame K (K is the symbol for potassium) or Ace K, is a calorie-free sugar substitute (artificial sweetener) often marketed under the trade names Sunett and Sweet One.
Acetanisole is an aromatic chemical compound with an aroma described as sweet, fruity, nutty, and similar to vanilla.
Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.
Acetylated distarch adipate (E1422), is a starch that is treated with acetic anhydride and adipic acid anhydride to resist high temperatures.
Acidity regulators, or pH control agents, are food additives used to change or maintain pH (acidity or basicity).
Acidulants are chemical compounds that confer a tart, sour, or acidic flavor to foods.
Additive may refer to.
Adelle Davis (25 February 1904 – 31 May 1974), was an American author and nutritionist, considered "the most famous nutritionist in the early to mid-20th century." She was as an advocate for improved health through better nutrition.
An adulterant is a pejorative term for a substance found within other substances such as food, fuels or chemicals even though it is not allowed for legal or other reasons.
Adulteration is a legal term meaning that a food product fails to meet legal standards.
The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.
Alkannin is a natural dye that is obtained from the extracts of plants from the borage family Alkanna tinctoria that are found in the south of France.
Allyl propyl disulfide is an organosulfur compound with the chemical formula C3H5S2C3H7.
The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Mediterranean climate regions of the Middle East, from Syria and Turkey to India and Pakistan, although it has been introduced elsewhere.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
Amaranth, FD&C Red No.
Ammonium acetate, also known as spirit of Mindererus in aqueous solution, is a chemical compound with the formula NH4CH3CO2.
Ammonium adipate is a compound with formula (NH4)2(C4H8(COO)2).
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water.
Ammonium ferric citrate has the formula (NH4)5.
Ammonium fumarate is a compound with formula (NH4)2(C2H2(COO)2).
Ammonium malate is a compound with formula NH4(C2H4O(COO)2).
An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars.
Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.
Anoxomer is a food additive with E number E323.
Anthocyanins (also anthocyans; from Greek: ἄνθος (anthos) "flower" and κυάνεος/κυανοῦς kyaneos/kyanous "dark blue") are water-soluble vacuolar pigments that, depending on their pH, may appear red, purple, or blue.
Anthoxanthins (flavones and flavonols) are a type of flavonoid pigments in plants.
An anticaking agent is an additive placed in powdered or granulated materials, such as table salt or confectionaries to prevent the formation of lumps (caking) and for easing packaging, transport, and consumption.
An anti-diarrhoeal drug (or anti-diarrheal drug in American English) is any medication which provides symptomatic relief for diarrhoea.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
Apple cider vinegar is a vinegar made from apples, sugar and yeast.
Arabinose is an aldopentose – a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde (CHO) functional group.
Ascorbyl palmitate is an ester formed from ascorbic acid and palmitic acid creating a fat-soluble form of vitamin C. In addition to its use as a source of vitamin C, it is also used as an antioxidant food additive (E number E304).
Ascorbyl stearate (C24H42O7) is an ester formed from ascorbic acid and stearic acid.
"Attack of the Alligators!" is the 23rd episode of Thunderbirds, a British 1960s Supermarionation television series co-created by Gerry and Sylvia Anderson.
Azodicarbonamide, or azo(bis)formamide, is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C2H4O2N4.
Azotobacter is a genus of usually motile, oval or spherical bacteria that form thick-walled cysts and may produce large quantities of capsular slime.
Bacterial cellulose is an organic compound with the formula produced by certain types of bacteria.
Baking is a method of cooking food that uses prolonged dry heat, normally in an oven, but also in hot ashes, or on hot stones.
The Box or BBC Box (BIC code: NYKU8210506) is a single ISO intermodal container that started to be tracked by BBC News in September 2008.
Beecher's Handmade Cheese is an artisan cheesemaker and retail shop with locations in the Pike Place Market, Seattle, Washington and New York City's Flatiron District.
Beeturia is the passing of red or pink urine after eating beetroots or foods colored with beetroot extract or beetroot pigments.
Benzethonium chloride, also known as hyamine is a synthetic quaternary ammonium salt.
Bernard L. Oser (1899–1995) was an American biochemist and food scientist who was involved in vitamin analysis.
Betanin, or Beetroot Red, is a red glycosidic food dye obtained from beets; its aglycone, obtained by hydrolyzing away the glucose molecule, is betanidin.
BioAmber Inc. is a sustainable chemicals company.
Bioceramics and bioglasses are ceramic materials that are biocompatible.
Bionade is a German range of organic fermented and carbonated beverages.
Borax, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate, is an important boron compound, a mineral, and a salt of boric acid.
Bornyl acetate is a chemical compound.
Brominated vegetable oil (BVO) is a complex mixture of plant-derived triglycerides that have been reacted to contain atoms of the element bromine bonded to the molecules.
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is an antioxidant consisting of a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds, 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole.
Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), also known as dibutylhydroxytoluene, is a lipophilic organic compound, chemically a derivative of phenol, that is useful for its antioxidant properties.
Calcium acetate is a chemical compound which is a calcium salt of acetic acid.
Calcium aluminosilicate, an aluminosilicate compound with calcium cations, most typically has formula CaAl2Si2O8.
Calcium benzoate refers to the calcium salt of benzoic acid.
Calcium bisulfite (calcium bisulphite) is an inorganic compound which is the salt of a calcium cation and a bisulfite anion.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
Calcium citrate is the calcium salt of citric acid.
Calcium formate, Ca(HCO2)2 (or. Ca(HCOO)2), is the calcium salt of formic acid, HCOOH.
Calcium inosinate is a calcium salt of the nucleoside inosine.
Calcium lactate is a white crystalline salt with formula, consisting of two lactate anions (CHOH) for each calcium cation.
Calcium peroxide or calcium dioxide is the inorganic compound with the formula CaO2.
Calcium silicate is the chemical compound Ca2SiO4, also known as calcium orthosilicate and is sometimes formulated as 2CaO·SiO2.
Calcium stearate is a carboxylate of calcium, classified as a calcium soap.
Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate (calcium stearoyl lactylate or CSL) or E482 is a versatile, FDA approved food additive.
The California Green Chemistry Initiative (CGCI) is a six-part initiative to reduce public and environmental exposure to toxins through improved knowledge and regulation of chemicals; two parts became statute in 2008.
Candelilla wax is a wax derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia cerifera and Euphorbia antisyphilitica, from the family Euphorbiaceae.
Candy, also called sweets or lollies, is a confection that features sugar as a principal ingredient.
Carbon dioxide (chemical formula) is a colorless gas with a density about 60% higher than that of dry air.
Carthamin is a natural red pigment derived from safflower (Carthamus tinctorius), earlier known as carthamine.
Castoreum is the exudate from the castor sacs of the mature North American beaver (Castor canadensis) and the European beaver (Castor fiber).
CC's (pronounced c'ccs) is a brand of flavoured tortilla chips produced since the early 1980s, originally by The Smith's Snackfood Company, and currently by Snack Brands Australia.
Cellulose is an organic compound with the formula, a polysaccharide consisting of a linear chain of several hundred to many thousands of β(1→4) linked D-glucose units.
The Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN, pronounced sif'-san) is the branch of the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that regulates food, dietary supplements, and cosmetics.
The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) is a Washington, D.C.-based non-profit watchdog and consumer advocacy group that advocates for safer and healthier foods.
Chamba Chukh is a recipe prepared from locally grown chillies a Capsicum cultivar in the Chamba Valley of the Northern Indian State of Himachal Pradesh.
Cheese soup is a type of soup prepared using cheese as a primary ingredient, along with milk, broth and/or stock to form its basis.
Cheese spread is a soft spreadable cheese or processed cheese product.
The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals.
Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties.
Cherry ice cream is a common ice cream flavor, prepared using typical ice cream ingredients and cherries.
Common chicory, Cichorium intybus, is a somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant of the dandelion family Asteraceae, usually with bright blue flowers, rarely white or pink.
Chlorophyllin refers to any one of a group of closely related water-soluble salts that are semi-synthetic derivatives of chlorophyll, differing in the identity of the cations associated with the anion.
Chrysoine resorcinol is a synthetic azo dye which was formerly used as a food additive.
Japanese citizen and consumer movements, which became prominent during the 1960s and 1970s, were organized around issues relating to the quality of life, the protection of the environment from industrial pollution, and the safety of consumer goods.
Citranaxanthin is a carotenoid pigment used as a food additive under the E number E161i as a food coloring.
Clouding agents or Cloudy Agent/Cloudifier are a type of food additive used to make beverages such as fruit juices to look more cloudy, and thus more natural-looking and visually appealing, typically by creating an emulsion of oil droplets.
The Codex Alimentarius is a collection of internationally recognized standards, codes of practice, guidelines, and other recommendations relating to foods, food production, and food safety.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.
Colour retention agents are food additives that are added to food to prevent the colour from changing.
The Commission Directive 91/71/EEC was an EU Directive passed by the European Commission in 1991 regarding the level of sweeteners, flavourings and additives used in foods by states within the European Union and banning foods that did not comply.
Compendium ferculorum, albo Zebranie potraw (A Collection of Dishes) is a cookbook by Stanisław Czerniecki.
Convenience food, or tertiary processed food, is food that is commercially prepared (often through processing) to optimise ease of consumption.
The Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology, proposed in 1984 by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy and finalized in 1986, spells out the basic federal policy for regulating the development and introduction of products derived from biotechnology.
Cosmeceuticals are cosmetic products with bioactive ingredients purported to have medical benefits.
Crème fraîche (English pronunciation:,, lit. "fresh cream") is a dairy product, a soured cream containing 10–45% butterfat, with a pH of around 4.5.
Cream is a dairy product composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization.
Crimson is a strong, red color, inclining to purple.
Cultured dextrose is a food additive used to inhibit the growth of undesirable bacteria and mold in food.
Curculin is a sweet protein that was discovered and isolated in 1990 from the fruit of Curculigo latifolia (Hypoxidaceae), a plant from Malaysia.
Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by some plants.
Danisco A/S is a Danish bio-based company with activities in food production, enzymes and other bioproducts as well as a wide variety of pharmaceutical grade excipients.
Debarment is the state of being excluded from enjoying certain possessions, rights, privileges, or practices and the act of prevention by legal means.
Dextrins are a group of low-molecular-weight carbohydrates produced by the hydrolysis of starch or glycogen.
Dicalcium phosphate is the calcium phosphate with the formula CaHPO4 and its dihydrate. The "di" prefix in the common name arises because the formation of the HPO42– anion involves the removal of two protons from phosphoric acid, H3PO4. It is also known as dibasic calcium phosphate or calcium monohydrogen phosphate. Dicalcium phosphate is used as a food additive, it is found in some toothpastes as a polishing agent and is a biomaterial.
Diet food (or dietetic food) refers to any food or beverage whose recipe is altered to reduce fat, carbohydrates, and/or sugar in order to make it part of a weight loss program or diet. Such foods are usually intended to assist in weight loss or a change in body type, although bodybuilding supplements are designed to aid in gaining weight or muscle.
Dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants.
A dietary supplement is a manufactured product intended to supplement the diet when taken by mouth as a pill, capsule, tablet, or liquid.
A diketone or dione is a molecule containing two ketone groups.
Dipotassium phosphate (K2HPO4) (also dipotassium hydrogen orthophosphate; potassium phosphate dibasic) is a highly water-soluble salt which is often used as a fertilizer, food additive and buffering agent.
Disodium guanylate, also known as sodium 5'-guanylate and disodium 5'-guanylate, is a natural sodium salt of the flavor enhancing nucleotide guanosine monophosphate (GMP).
Disodium inosinate (E631) is the disodium salt of inosinic acid with the chemical formula C10H11N4Na2O8P.
Dodecanol, or lauryl alcohol, is an organic compound produced industrially from palm kernel oil or coconut oil.
Dodecyl gallate, or lauryl gallate, is the ester of dodecanol and gallic acid.
Dough is a thick, malleable, sometimes elastic, paste made out of any grains, leguminous or chestnut crops.
The DrugBank database is a comprehensive, freely accessible, online database containing information on drugs and drug targets.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied.
Dyno Nobel is a manufacturer of explosives.
E numbers are codes for substances that are permitted to be used as food additives for use within the European Union and EFTA.
E175 may refer to.
The history of early food regulation in the United States started with the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act, when the United States federal government began to intervene in the food and drug businesses.
Eggs are laid by female animals of many different species, including birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and fish, and have been eaten by humans for thousands of years.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
Entomophagy (from Greek ἔντομον éntomon, "insect", and φᾰγεῖν phagein, "to eat") is the human use of insects as food.
Ergosterol (ergosta-5,7,22-trien-3β-ol) is a sterol found in cell membranes of fungi and protozoa, serving many of the same functions that cholesterol serves in animal cells.
Ethulose is a laxative.
Ethyl gallate is a food additive with E number E313.
Ethyl lactate, also known as lactic acid ethyl ester, is a monobasic ester formed from lactic acid and ethanol, commonly used as a solvent.
Ethyl pentanoate, also commonly known as ethyl valerate, is an organic compound used in flavors.
Ethylparaben (ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate) is the ethyl ester of ''p''-hydroxybenzoic acid.
A fast food restaurant, also known as a quick service restaurant (QSR) within the industry, is a specific type of restaurant that serves fast food cuisine and has minimal table service.
A fat substitute is a food product with the same functions, stability, physical, and chemical characteristics as regular fat, with fewer Calories per gram than fat.
The United States Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (abbreviated as FFDCA, FDCA, or FD&C), is a set of laws passed by Congress in 1938 giving authority to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to oversee the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics.
The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (German: Bundesinstitut für Risikobewertung), abbreviated BfR, is a body under public law of the German federal government with full legal capacity.
The Feingold diet is an elimination diet initially devised by Dr.
Firming agents are food additives added in order to precipitate residual pectin, thus strengthening the structure of the food and preventing its collapse during processing.
Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.
Flavoxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a golden-yellow color found in small quantities in a variety of plants.
Flour bleaching agent is a food additive added to flour in order to make it appear whiter (freshly milled flour has a yellowish tint) and to oxidize the surfaces of the flour grains and help with developing of gluten.
Flour treatment agents (also called improving agents, bread improvers, dough conditioners and dough improvers) are food additives combined with flour to improve baking functionality.
The Food Additives Amendment of 1958 is a 1958 amendment to the United States' Food, Drugs, and Cosmetic Act of 1938.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
The Food Chemicals Codex (FCC) is a collection of internationally recognized standards for the purity and identity of food ingredients.
Food chemistry is the study of chemical processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of foods.
Food coloring, or color additive, is any dye, pigment or substance that imparts color when it is added to food or drink.
Food contact materials are materials that are intended to be in contact with food.
Food fortification or enrichment is the process of adding micronutrients (essential trace elements and vitamins) to food.
Food grading involves the inspection, assessment and sorting of various foods regarding quality, freshness, legal conformity and market value.
Food intolerance is a detrimental reaction, often delayed, to a food, beverage, food additive, or compound found in foods that produces symptoms in one or more body organs and systems, but generally refers to reactions other than food allergy.
Food irradiation is the process of exposing food and food packaging to ionizing radiation.
Federal responsibility for Canadian food labelling requirements is shared between two departments, Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA).
Food policy is the area of public policy concerning how food is produced, processed, distributed, and purchased.
Food processing is the transformation of cooked ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.
Food safety is a scientific discipline describing handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent food-borne illness.
Food safety in Australia concerns the production, distribution, preparation, and storage of food in Australia to prevent foodborne illness.
Food safety in China is a growing concern relating to agriculture.
A food safety-risk analysis is essential not only to produce or manufacture high quality goods and products to ensure safety and protect public health, but also to comply with international and national standards and market regulations.
Food sampling is a process used to check that a food is safe and that it does not contain harmful contaminants, or that it contains only permitted additives at acceptable levels, or that it contains the right levels of key ingredients and its label declarations are correct, or to know the levels of nutrients present.
Food science is the applied science devoted to the study of food.
Food Technology is a monthly food science and technology magazine published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) in Chicago, Illinois.
FooDB (The Food Database) is a freely available, open-access database containing chemical (micronutrient and macronutrient) composition data on common, unprocessed foods.
Frederick C. Kulow (born in 1925, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; died December 2, 2004 in New London, New Hampshire) was an independent U.S. businessman who founded several businesses focusing primarily on nutrition and natural food products.
Fumaric acid or trans-butenedioic acid is the chemical compound with the formula HO2CCH.
gamma-Decalactone is a lactone and aroma compound with the chemical formula C10H18O2.
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
Gellan gum is a water-soluble anionic polysaccharide produced by the bacterium Sphingomonas elodea (formerly Pseudomonas elodea).
Glucin is the name of an artificial sweetening agent similar to saccharin that was used in the early 20th century.
Glucomannan is a water-soluble polysaccharide that is considered a dietary fiber.
Gluconic acid is an organic compound with molecular formula C6H12O7 and condensed structural formula HOCH2(CHOH)4COOH.
Glucono delta-lactone (GDL), also known as gluconolactone, is a food additive with the E number E575 used as a sequestrant, an acidifier, or a curing, pickling, or leavening agent.
Glutamic acid (symbol Glu or E) is an α-amino acid with formula.
Gluten (from Latin gluten, "glue") is a composite of storage proteins termed prolamins and glutelins and stored together with starch in the endosperm (which nourishes the embryonic plant during germination) of various cereal (grass) grains.
A gluten-free diet (GFD) is a diet that strictly excludes gluten, a mixture of proteins found in wheat and related grains, including barley, rye, oat, and all their species and hybrids (such as spelt, kamut, and triticale).
Glycerol (also called glycerine or glycerin; see spelling differences) is a simple polyol compound.
Glycerol ester of wood rosin, also known as glyceryl abietate or ester gum, is an oil-soluble food additive (E number E445).
Gnocchi (singular gnocco) are various thick, small, and soft dough dumplings that may be made from semolina, ordinary wheat flour, egg, cheese, potato, breadcrumbs, cornmeal, or similar ingredients, with or without flavourings of herbs, vegetables, cocoa, or prunes.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Danziger Goldwasser (Gdańska wódka, "vodka of Gdańsk"), with Goldwasser as the registered tradename, is a strong (40% ABV) root and herbal liqueur which was produced from 1598 to 2009 in Danzig (Gdańsk).
Graham bread was inspired by Sylvester Graham, a 19th-century reformer who argued that a vegetarian diet, anchored by bread that was baked at home from flour that was coarsely milled at home, was part of a healthy lifestyle that could prevent disease.
Green S is a green synthetic coal tar triarylmethane dye with the molecular formula C27H25N2O7S2Na.
Ground turkey, or minced turkey, is a mixture of dark and light turkey meat with remaining skin and visible fat processed together until a "ground" form emerges.
Guaiacum (OED 2nd edition, 1989. in, retrieved 2013-04-30.), sometimes spelled Guajacum, is a genus of flowering plants in the caltrop family Zygophyllaceae.
Guanosine monophosphate (GMP), also known as 5'-guanidylic acid or guanylic acid (conjugate base guanylate), is a nucleotide that is used as a monomer in RNA.
Guarana (from the Portuguese guaraná), Paullinia cupana, syns. P. crysan, P. sorbilis) is a climbing plant in the maple family, Sapindaceae, native to the Amazon basin and especially common in Brazil. Guarana has large leaves and clusters of flowers, and is best known for the seeds from its fruit, which are about the size of a coffee bean. As a dietary supplement or herb, guarana seed is an effective stimulant: it contains about twice the concentration of caffeine found in coffee seeds (about 2–4.5% caffeine in guarana seeds, compared to 1–2% for coffee seeds). The additive has gained notoriety for being used in energy drinks. As with other plants producing caffeine, the high concentration of caffeine is a defensive toxin that repels herbivores from the berry and its seeds. The colour of the fruit ranges from brown to red and they contain black seeds that are partly covered by white arils. The colour contrast when the fruit is split open has been compared with the appearance of eyeballs, and has become the basis of an origin myth among the Sateré-Mawé people.
Gum karaya or gum sterculia, also known as Indian gum tragacanth, is a vegetable gum produced as an exudate by trees of the genus Sterculia.
Handroanthus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae.
A hangover is the experience of various unpleasant physiological and psychological effects following the consumption of alcohol, such as wine, beer and distilled spirits.
Hannah Banana Bread Company is an American baked goods company founded in 2000 to provide stuff to specialty food retailers and consumers.
The Health Education Exhibition and Resources Centre opened on 17May 1997 in Kowloon Park, Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong.
Hexamethylenetetramine or methenamine is a heterocyclic organic compound with the formula (CH2)6N4.
High-maltose corn syrup is a food additive used as a sweetener and preservative.
Propaganda is information that is not impartial and used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively (perhaps lying by omission) to encourage a particular synthesis, or using loaded messages to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information presented.
Household chemicals are non-food chemicals that are commonly found and used in and around the average household.
The Human Metabolome Database (HMDB) is a comprehensive, high-quality, freely accessible, online database of small molecule metabolites found in the human body.
A humectant is a hygroscopic substance used to keep things moist; it is the opposite of a desiccant because it is wet.
Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) is a contract research organisation (CRO) founded in 1951 in Cambridgeshire, England.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Hydrophobic silica is a form of silicon dioxide (commonly known as silica) that has hydrophobic groups chemically bonded to the surface.
Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (HDP) is a modified resistant starch.
Hypromellose (INN), short for hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), is a semisynthetic, inert, viscoelastic polymer used as eye drops, as well as an excipient and controlled-delivery component in oral medicaments, found in a variety of commercial products.
Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert.
Iced tea (or ice tea; thé glacé in French) is a form of cold tea.
Health is the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.
This is a list of organic food topics.
Sociology of food is the study of food as it relates to the history, progression, and future development of society.
An ingredient is a substance that forms part of a mixture (in a general sense).
The International Numbering System for Food Additives (INS) is a European-based naming system for food additives, aimed at providing a short designation of what may be a lengthy actual name.
The International Olive Council (IOC) (formerly the International Olive Oil Council (IOOC)) is an intergovernmental organisation of states that produce olives or products derived from olives, such as olive oil.
Ipomoea is the largest genus in the flowering plant family Convolvulaceae, with over 500 species.
Iron(II) gluconate, or ferrous gluconate, is a black compound often used as an iron supplement.
Ital, also spelled I-tal, is food often celebrated by those in the Rastafari movement.
James F. Boyce (November 15, 1868 – June 2, 1935) was an American chemist who contributed to the manufacture of soaps and detergents.
James Joseph Delaney (March 19, 1901 – May 24, 1987) was an American politician from New York.
Japan Offspring Fund was established in 1984 and is registered as a Non-Political Organization (NPO).
John C. Warner (born October 25, 1962) is an American chemist, educator, and entrepreneur, best known as one of the founders of the field of Green Chemistry.
The Joint FAO-WHO Expert Committee Report on Food Additives was an international report of the World Health Organization.
Juice is a drink made from the extraction or pressing of the natural liquid contained in fruit and vegetables.
Kashrut (also kashruth or kashrus) is a set of Jewish religious dietary laws.
Lactic acid is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH(OH)COOH.
Lactobionic acid (4-O-β-galactopyranosyl-D-gluconic acid) is a sugar acid.
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.
Lactulose is a non-absorbable sugar used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy.
Lactylates are organic compounds that are FDA approved for use as food additives and cosmetic ingredients (i.e. lactylates are food grade emulsifiers).
Lecithin (from the Greek lekithos, "egg yolk") is a generic term to designate any group of yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues, which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances (and so are both hydrophilic and lipophilic), and are used for smoothing food textures, dissolving powders (emulsifying), homogenizing liquid mixtures, and repelling sticking materials.
Leucine (symbol Leu or L) is an essential amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Liquid smoke is a water-soluble yellow to red liquid used for flavoring.
This is the list of 599 additives in cigarettes submitted to the United States Department of Health and Human Services in April 1994.
This list covers alternative therapies for developmental and learning disabilities.
This is a list of American breads.
This is a list of culinary herbs and spices.
An individual's diet is the sum of food and drink that he or she habitually consumes.
The Netherlands had a considerable part in the making of modern society.
;Acids: Food acids are added to make flavors "sharper", and also act as preservatives and antioxidants.
The following are lists of hoaxes.
This is a list of commercial hot sauces.
This is the fourth part of the list of the "D" codes for MeSH.
The following is a list of the "J" codes for MeSH.
This is a list of inorganic and organic reagents commonly used in chemistry.
Vegetable oils are triglycerides extracted from plants.
Listeria monocytogenes is the species of pathogenic bacteria that causes the infection listeriosis.
Listeria phage P100 is a virus of the family Myoviridae, genus Twortlikevirus.
This is a categorically-organized list of foods.
Lizzie Vann MBE is the founder of Organix, an organic children’s food company, based in Christchurch, Dorset.
Lutein (Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. from Latin luteus meaning "yellow") is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.
Magnesium citrate is a magnesium preparation in salt form with citric acid in a 1:1 ratio (1 magnesium atom per citrate molecule).
Magnesium trisilicate is an inorganic compound that is used as a food additive.
Malic acid is an organic compound with the molecular formula C4H6O5.
Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide that is used as a food additive.
Management of Parkinson's disease (PD), due to its chronic nature, requires a broad-based program including patient and family education, support group services, general wellness maintenance, exercise, and nutrition.
is a Japanese television drama series, the 91st Asadora (morning drama) broadcast daily on NHK from September 29, 2014, until March 28, 2015.
Meat is animal flesh that is eaten as food.
Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl-5-methoxy tryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness.
Menthyl isovalerate, also known as validolum, is the menthyl ester of isovaleric acid.
The metabolome refers to the complete set of small-molecule chemicals found within a biological sample.
Michael R. Taylor is an American lawyer.
Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is a term for refined wood pulp and is used as a texturizer, an anti-caking agent, a fat substitute, an emulsifier, an extender, and a bulking agent in food production.
Milbenkäse ("mite cheese"), called Mellnkase in the local dialect and often known (erroneously) as Spinnenkäse ("spider cheese"), is a German speciality cheese.
Mineral ascorbates are a group of salts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
Miracle Mineral Supplement, often referred to as Miracle Mineral Solution, Master Mineral Solution, MMS or the CD protocol, is chlorine dioxide, an industrial bleach.
Miraculin is a taste modifier, a glycoprotein extracted from the fruit of Synsepalum dulcificum.
Modified starch, also called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties.
Molecular gastronomy is a subdiscipline of food science that seeks to investigate the physical and chemical transformations of ingredients that occur in cooking.
A molecular sieve is a material with pores (very small holes) of uniform size.
Monellin, a sweet protein, was discovered in 1969 in the fruit of the West African shrub known as serendipity berry (Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii); it was first reported as a carbohydrate.
Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (E471) refers to a food additive composed of diglycerides and monoglycerides which is used as an emulsifier.
Monolaurin, also known as glycerol monolaurate, glyceryl laurate or 1-lauroyl-glycerol, is a monoglyceride.
Monopotassium phosphate, MKP, (also potassium dihydrogenphosphate, KDP, or monobasic potassium phosphate),, is a soluble salt of potassium and the dihydrogen phosphate ion which is used as a fertilizer, a food additive and a fungicide.
Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids.
Nano spray dryers refer to using spray drying to create particles in the nanometer range.
Natamycin, also known as pimaricin, is an antifungal medication used to treat fungal infections around the eye.
Natural foods and all natural foods are widely used terms in food labeling and marketing with a variety of definitions, most of which are vague.
Nectars are a type of non-carbonated soft drink made by muddling the flesh of fruits.
Neem Gum is a natural extracted from Neem Tree by induced or natural injury.
New Pioneer Food Co-op, commonly shortened to New Pi, is a locally owned food cooperative based in Iowa City, Iowa.
Nisin is a polycyclic antibacterial peptide produced by the bacterium Lactococcus lactis that is used as a food preservative.
Nitrous oxide, commonly known as laughing gas or nitrous, is a chemical compound, an oxide of nitrogen with the formula.
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or gluten sensitivity is defined as "a clinical entity induced by the ingestion of gluten leading to intestinal and/or extraintestinal symptoms that improve once the gluten-containing foodstuff is removed from the diet, and celiac disease and wheat allergy have been excluded".
Nonivamide, also called pelargonic acid vanillylamide or PAVA, is an organic compound and a capsaicinoid.
Nonpoint source (NPS) water pollution regulations are environmental regulations that restrict or limit water pollution from diffuse or nonpoint effluent sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas in a river catchments or wind-borne debris blowing out to sea.
There are many different numbering schemes for assigning nominal numbers to entities.
A Nutraceutical is a pharmaceutical-grade and standardized nutrient.
Nutritional neuroscience is the scientific discipline that studies the effects various components of the diet such as minerals, vitamins, protein, carbohydrates, fats, dietary supplements, synthetic hormones, and food additives have on neurochemistry, neurobiology, behavior, and cognition.
Octyl gallate is the ester of 1-octanol and gallic acid.
Olestra (also known by its brand name Olean) is a fat substitute that adds no fat, calories, or cholesterol to products.
Open Food Facts is a free, online and crowdsourced database of food products from around the world licensed under the Open Database License (ODBL) while its artwork —uploaded by contributors— is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution–Share Alike license.
Ordinaire is a wine bar, wine shop, and bistro-style restaurant in Oakland, California.
Organic certification is a certification process for producers of organic food and other organic agricultural products.
Organic fertilizers are fertilizers derived from animal matter, animal excreta (manure), human excreta, and vegetable matter (e.g. compost and crop residues).
Organic food is food produced by methods that comply with the standards of organic farming.
ortho-Vanillin (2-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde) is an organic solid present in the extracts and essential oils of many plants.
Osteoblast milk protein (OMP) is the name used by Mengniu, a Chinese dairy company, for a milk protein used as a food additive in their Milk Deluxe since 2005.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to agriculture: Agriculture – cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.
An oxide is a chemical compound that contains at least one oxygen atom and one other element in its chemical formula.
Ozone, or trioxygen, is an inorganic molecule with the chemical formula.
Pamela Helen Stephenson, Lady Connolly (born 4 December 1949) is a New Zealand-born Australian.
Pan Desuyo! ("Its Bread!") is a bread product sold in a can.
Parabens are a class of widely used preservatives in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products.
Paraffin wax is a white or colourless soft solid, derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Pascalization, bridgmanization, high pressure processing (HPP) or high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) processing is a method of preserving and sterilizing food, in which a product is processed under very high pressure, leading to the inactivation of certain microorganisms and enzymes in the food.
A patch test is a method used to determine whether a specific substance causes allergic inflammation of a patient's skin.
Patent Blue V, also called Food Blue 5, Sulphan Blue, Acid Blue 3, L-Blau 3, C-Blau 20, Patentblau V, Sky Blue, or C.I. 42051 and is a dark bluish synthetic triphenylmethane dye used as a food coloring.
Peanut butter is a food paste or spread made from ground dry roasted peanuts.
Perillaldehyde, or perilla aldehyde, is a natural organic compound found most abundantly in the annual herb perilla, but also in a wide variety of other plants and essential oils.
Petrochemicals (also known as petroleum distillates) are chemical products derived from petroleum.
Pharmacokinetics (from Ancient Greek pharmakon "drug" and kinetikos "moving, putting in motion"; see chemical kinetics), sometimes abbreviated as PK, is a branch of pharmacology dedicated to determining the fate of substances administered to a living organism.
In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (—OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group.
Phosphated distarch phosphate, is a modified resistant starch.
Phospholipids are a class of lipids that are a major component of all cell membranes.
There are various kinds of phosphoric acids and phosphates.
Phytic acid (known as inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), inositol polyphosphate, or phytate when in salt form), discovered in 1903, a saturated cyclic acid, is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially bran and seeds.
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived xenoestrogens (see estrogen) not generated within the endocrine system, but consumed by eating phytoestrogenic plants.
"Pink slime" (a derogatory term for lean finely textured beef or LFTB, finely textured beef, and boneless lean beef trimmings or BLBT) is a meat by-product used as a food additive to ground beef and beef-based processed meats, as a filler, or to reduce the overall fat content of ground beef.
Pizza cheese encompasses several varieties and types of cheeses and dairy products that are designed and manufactured for use specifically on pizza.
Planta is a brand of margarine produced by Unilever for Belgium, France, Malaysia and Portugal.
Plasticine, a brand of modelling clay, is a putty-like modelling material made from calcium salts, petroleum jelly and aliphatic acids.
Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material.
Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), also commonly called polyvidone or povidone, is a water-soluble polymer made from the monomer ''N''-vinylpyrrolidone.
Potassium acetate (KCH3COO) is the potassium salt of acetic acid.
Potassium ascorbate is a compound with formula KC6H7O6.
Potassium hydrogen sulfite or potassium bisulfite is a chemical compound with the chemical formula KHSO3.
Potassium citrate (also known as tripotassium citrate) is a potassium salt of citric acid with the molecular formula K3C6H5O7.
Potassium nitrite (distinct from potassium nitrate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula 2.
Potassium sulfite (K2SO3) is a chemical compound which is the salt of potassium cation and sulfite anion.
Potassium tartrate, dipotassium tartrate or argol has formula K2C4H4O6.
Potato chips or crisps are thin slices of potato that have been deep fried or baked until crunchy.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Processed cheese (also known as prepared cheese, cheese product, or cheese singles) is a food product made from cheese (and sometimes other, unfermented, dairy by-product ingredients), plus emulsifiers, saturated vegetable oils, extra salt, food colorings, whey or sugar.
Propionic acid (from the Greek words protos, meaning "first", and pion, meaning "fat"; also known as propanoic acid) is a naturally occurring carboxylic acid with chemical formula C2H5COOH.
Propyl benzoate is an organic chemical compound used as a food additive.
Propylene glycol (IUPAC name: propane-1,2-diol) is a synthetic organic compound with the chemical formula C3H8O2.
Propylene glycol alginate (PGA) is an emulsifier, stabilizer, and thickener used in food products.
In the People's Republic of China, the adulteration and contamination of several food and feed ingredients with inexpensive melamine and other compounds, such as cyanuric acid, ammeline and ammelide, are common practice.
Public Analysts are scientists in the United Kingdom and Ireland whose principal task is to ensure the safety and correct description of food by testing for compliance with legislation.
Pullulan is a polysaccharide polymer consisting of maltotriose units, also known as α-1,4-;α-1,6-glucan'.
Pulse (Pulse Candy), officially known as Pass Pass Pulse, is a hard candy manufactured by Noida-based DS Group and marketed under its umbrella brand 'Pass Pass'.
Punjabi cuisine is associated with food from the Punjab region of India and Pakistan.
In chemistry, a pyrophosphate is a phosphorus oxyanion.
QimiQ is a dairy product consisting of 99% light cream and 1% gelatine, patented by Hama Foodservice GmbH.
Quadratini is an Italian brand of cube wafer biscuits with layered sheets.
Quantum satis (abbreviation q.s. or Q.S.) is a Latin term meaning the amount which is enough.
Quillaia is the milled inner bark or small stems and branches of the soapbark (''Quillaja saponaria'', Molina).
Quillaja saponaria, the soap bark tree or soapbark, is an evergreen tree in the family Quillajaceae, native to warm temperate central Chile.
Quinoline Yellow WS is a mixture of organic compounds derived from the dye Quinoline Yellow SS (Spirit Soluble).
Raw foodism, also known as following a raw food diet, is the dietary practice of eating only (or mostly) food that is uncooked and unprocessed.
Reclaimed or recycled water (also called wastewater reuse or water reclamation) is the process of converting wastewater into water that can be reused for other purposes.
The red algae, or Rhodophyta, are one of the oldest groups of eukaryotic algae.
The regulation of food and dietary supplements by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is a process governed by various statutes enacted by the United States Congress and interpreted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration ("FDA").
Rheology (from Greek ῥέω rhéō, "flow" and -λoγία, -logia, "study of") is the study of the flow of matter, primarily in a liquid state, but also as "soft solids" or solids under conditions in which they respond with plastic flow rather than deforming elastically in response to an applied force.
Rhodoxanthin is a xanthophyll pigment with a purple color that is found in small quantities in a variety of plants including Taxus baccata.
Rubixanthin, or natural yellow 27, is a natural xanthophyll pigment with a red-orange color found in rose hips.
A rusk is a hard, dry biscuit or a twice-baked bread.
Salatrim is the abbreviation for "Short and long chain '''a'''cyl '''tri'''glyceride molecule".
Samuel Seymour Epstein (April 13, 1926 – March 18, 2018) was a physician and, at the time of his death, professor emeritus of environmental and occupational health at the School of Public Health of the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Scarlet GN, or C.I. Food Red 1, Ponceau SX, FD&C Red No.
The Scientific Committee on Food (SCF), established in 1974, was the main committee providing the European Commission with scientific advice on food safety.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
Senegalia senegal (until recently known as Acacia senegal) is a small thorny deciduous tree from the genus Senegalia, which is known by several common names, including Gum acacia, Gum arabic tree, Sudan gum and Sudan gum arabic.
Senomyx is an American biotechnology company working toward developing additives to amplify certain flavors and smells in foods.
A sequestrant is a food additive which improves the quality and stability of foods.
Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.
Shneior Lifson (שניאור ליפסון; born 18 March 1914 in Tel Aviv – died 22 January 2001 in Rehovot), was an Israeli chemical physicist, scientific director of the Weizmann Institute of Science, a founder of the Open University of Israel, laureate of the 1969 Israel Prize in the life sciences.
Sodium aluminium phosphate (SAlP) describes the inorganic compounds consisting of sodium salts of aluminium phosphates.
Sodium aluminosilicate refers to compounds which contain sodium, aluminium, silicon and oxygen, and which may also contain water.
Sodium ascorbate is one of a number of mineral salts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
Sodium bisulfate, also known as sodium hydrogen sulfate, is the sodium salt of the bisulfate anion, with the molecular formula NaHSO4.
Sodium bisulfite (or sodium bisulphite) (sodium hydrogen sulfite) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NaHSO3.
Sodium erythorbate (C6H7NaO6) is a food additive used predominantly in meats, poultry, and soft drinks.
Sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) is a hexamer of composition (NaPO3)6.
Sodium lactate is the sodium salt of lactic acid, and has a mild saline taste.
Sodium nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula NaNO3.
Sodium nitrite is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula NaNO2.
Sodium propanoate or sodium propionate is the sodium salt of propionic acid which has the chemical formula Na(C2H5COO).
Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate (sodium stearoyl lactylate or SSL) is a versatile, FDA approved food additive used to improve the mix tolerance and volume of processed foods.
Sodium tartrate (Na2C4H4O6) is used as an emulsifier and a binding agent in food products such as jellies, margarine, and sausage casings.
The Soil Association is a charity based in the United Kingdom.
Solanone is an unsaturated ketone, an organic chemical used as a fragrance.
Sorbitan monolaurate is a mixture of esters formed from the fatty acid lauric acid and polyols derived from sorbitol, including sorbitan and isosorbide.
Sorbitan tristearate is a nonionic surfactant.
Special Herbs, Vol.
Speciality chemicals (also called specialties or effect chemicals) are particular chemical products which provide a wide variety of effects on which many other industry sectors rely.
A stabiliser is an additive to food which helps to preserve its structure.
Stabilizer, stabiliser, stabilisation or stabilization may refer to.
Stefan Gates (born 19 September 1967) is a British television presenter, author, broadcaster and live-show performer who writes mostly about food and science.
Stevia is a sweetener and sugar substitute extracted from the leaves of the plant species Stevia rebaudiana.
Substituted phenethylamines (or simply phenethylamines) are a chemical class of organic compounds that are based upon the phenethylamine structure; the class is composed of all the derivative compounds of phenethylamine which can be formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the phenethylamine core structure with substituents.
Succinic acid is a dicarboxylic acid with the chemical formula (CH2)2(CO2H)2.
Sucrose octaacetate is an acetylated derivative of sucrose.
A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy.
Sulfites or sulphites are compounds that contain the sulfite ion (or the sulfate(IV) ion, from its correct systematic name),.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
is a pharmaceutical company based in Japan.
Superfood is a marketing term for food with supposed health benefits.
refers to a paste made from fish or other meat.
Sustainable living is a lifestyle that attempts to reduce an individual's or society's use of the Earth's natural resources and personal resources.
Sustainable products are those products that provide environmental, social and economic benefits while protecting public health and environment over their whole life cycle, from the extraction of raw materials until the final disposal.
A sweetened beverage is any beverage with added sugar.
Symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy are those presentations and conditions that result from pregnancy but do not significantly interfere with activities of daily living or pose any significant threat to the health of the mother or baby, in contrast to pregnancy complications.
Synsepalum dulcificum is a plant known for its berry that, when eaten, causes sour foods (such as lemons and limes) subsequently consumed to taste sweet.
Synthetic magnesium silicates are white, odorless, finely divided powders formed by the precipitation reaction of water-soluble sodium silicate (water glass) and a water-soluble magnesium salt such as magnesium chloride, magnesium nitrate or magnesium sulfate.
Talc or talcum is a clay mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2.
Tamara Eugenia Awerbuch-Friedlander is a biomathematician and public health scientist at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) in Boston, Massachusetts.
Tannic acid is a specific form of tannin, a type of polyphenol.
Tartaric acid is a white crystalline organic acid that occurs naturally in many fruits, most notably in grapes, but also in bananas, tamarinds and citrus.
A tartrate is a salt or ester of the organic compound tartaric acid, a dicarboxylic acid.
tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ, tertiary butylhydroquinone) is a synthetic aromatic organic compound which is a type of phenol.
Tetrasodium pyrophosphate, also called sodium pyrophosphate, tetrasodium phosphate or TSPP, is a colorless transparent crystalline chemical compound with the formula Na4P2O7.
''The Hundred Year Lie'', hardback edition The Hundred Year Lie: How Food And Medicine Are Destroying Your Health (2006) is a book by investigative journalist Randall Fitzgerald that examines the rise of the local and global influence of the United States food and chemical industries, and argues that they have, over the last century, altered, affected and damaged the lives of millions of people in the United States by introducing synthetic chemicals into the mainstream food chain.
A thickening agent or thickener is a substance which can increase the viscosity of a liquid without substantially changing its other properties.
Tiabendazole (INN, BAN), thiabendazole (AAN, USAN), TBZ (and the trade names Mintezol, Tresaderm, and Arbotect) is a fungicide and parasiticide.
Tin(II) chloride, also known as stannous chloride, is a white crystalline solid with the formula 2.
Tocopherols (TCP) are a class of organic chemical compounds (more precisely, various methylated phenols), many of which have vitamin E activity.
Tolerable daily intake (TDI) refers to the daily amount of a chemical that has been assessed safe for human being on long-term basis (usually whole lifetime).
Tolerable weekly intake (TWI) estimates the amount per unit body weight of a potentially harmful substance or contaminant in food or water that can be ingested over a lifetime without risk of adverse health effects.
Toxicology testing, also known as safety assessment, or toxicity testing, is conducted to determine the degree to which a substance can damage a living or non-living organisms.
The triglyceride 1,2,3-triacetoxypropane is more generally known as triacetin and glycerin triacetate.
Triethyl citrate is an ester of citric acid.
Trisodium citrate has the chemical formula of Na3C6H5O7.
Turkish delight, lokum or rahat lokum and many other transliterations (رَاحَة الْحُلْقُوم rāḥat al-ḥulqūm, Lokum or rahat lokum, from colloquial راحة الحلقوم rāḥat al-ḥalqūm, Azerbaijani) is a family of confections based on a gel of starch and sugar.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial flowering plant of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.
Tyrosine (symbol Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine is one of the 20 standard amino acids that are used by cells to synthesize proteins.
The law in the UK on food labelling is multifaceted and is spread over many reforms and parliamentary acts, making the subject complex.
The Ustilaginaceae are a family of smut fungi in the order Ustilaginomycetes.
V is an energy drink brand produced by Frucor, a New Zealand-based beverage manufacturer.
Vegemite is a thick, black Australian food spread made from leftover brewers' yeast extract with various vegetable and spice additives.
A veggie burger does not contain meat.
The Villejuif leaflet, also known as the Villejuif flyer and the Villejuif list, was a pamphlet which enjoyed wide distribution.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.
Violaxanthin is a natural xanthophyll pigment with an orange color found in a variety of plants including pansies.
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.
Willies Ice Cream is a homemade ice cream company in central Trinidad and Tobago.
A wine fault or defect is an unpleasant characteristic of a wine often resulting from poor winemaking practices or storage conditions, and leading to wine spoilage.
Wonder Bread is the name of a brand of bread.
Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide with many industrial uses, including as a common food additive.
A xenobiotic is a chemical substance found within an organism that is not naturally produced or expected to be present within the organism.
Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom.
Youri Dolgoruki Vodka is a Russian vodka, named after Duke Dolgoruki, the founder of Moscow.
Zeaxanthin is one of the most common carotenoid alcohols found in nature.
Zinc acetate is a salt with the formula Zn(O2CCH3)2, which commonly occurs as the dihydrate Zn(O2CCH3)2(H2O)2.
Zombies: A Record of the Year of Infection is a 2009 apocalyptic horror illustrated novel written by Don Roff and illustrated by Chris Lane.
1-Octen-3-ol, octenol for short and also known as mushroom alcohol, is a chemical that attracts biting insects such as mosquitoes.
2-Phenylphenol, or o-phenylphenol, is an organic compound that consists of two linked benzene rings and a phenolic hydroxyl group.
The 2008 Chinese milk scandal was a widespread food safety incident in China.
3-Hexanol (IUPAC name: hexan-3-ol; also called ethyl propyl carbinol) is an organic chemical compound.
363 (three hundred sixty-three) is the natural number following 362 and preceding 364.