647 relations: Abid Qaiyum Suleri, Abu-Bakr al-Mansouri, Adaptation to climate change in Jordan, Adaptive participatory integrated approach, Advocates of Science and Technology for the People, Africa Renewal, African Studies Center, Michigan State University, Africare, Afrique verte, Agrarian reform, Agrarian system, Agreement on Agriculture, Agri-Energy Roundtable, Agricultural attaché, Agricultural biodiversity, Agricultural economics, Agricultural expansion, Agricultural literacy, Agricultural marketing, Agricultural policy, Agricultural productivity, Agricultural subsidy, Agriculture, Agriculture in Brazil, Agriculture in China, Agriculture in Costa Rica, Agriculture in England, Agriculture in Indonesia, Agriculture in Iran, Agriculture in Liberia, Agriculture in Mozambique, Agriculture in Saudi Arabia, Agriculture in Taiwan, Agro-terrorism, Agroecology, Agroforestry, Allotment (gardening), Alpha Gamma Delta, Amanita zambiana, Amaranth, American Refugee Committee, Ancient Israelite cuisine, Andrew Simms, Angola, Animal (De)liberation, Ankara University, Annona senegalensis, Anthony Pratt (businessman), Anthropology, APEC Peru 2008, ..., Arturo Goetz, Association of International Research and Development Centers for Agriculture, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Astana Economic Forum, Överkalix, Överkalix study, Balangiga massacre, Bali Package, Banana, Bangladesh, Bangladesh–Uganda relations, Bay of Bengal, Béni Abbès, BC Healthy Living Alliance, Belize–India relations, Belo Horizonte, Below Poverty Line (India), Bengal famine of 1943, Bill Leeson, Bingu wa Mutharika, Biochar, Biodiversity, Biodiversity loss, Biofuel, Biofuels Center of North Carolina, Biofuelwatch, Biotic stress, Bioversity International, Black Panther Party, Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense, Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD), Borlaug Dialogue, Botany, Buffer stock scheme, Built environment, Bukola Saraki, Burkina Faso, C4 carbon fixation, Cambodia–Denmark relations, Canadian Feed the Children, Canadian Voices, CARE (relief agency), Carolyn Baylies, Carrying capacity, Carter Center, Cassava, Center for Climate and Life, Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International, CGIAR, Chenopodium pallidicaule, Children at Risk, China Water Risk, Christian Commission for Development in Bangladesh, Class conflict, Climarice, Climate change and agriculture, Climate change and poverty, Climate change in Africa, Climate change in Bangladesh, Climate change, industry and society, Climate risk management, Climate security, Coalition of Progressive Electors, Colin Butler, Colombia, Colombian peace process, Committee of 19, Committee on World Food Security, Community Agroecology Network Alternative Spring Break, Community food security, Community gardening, Community gardening in the United States, Conservation communities, Conservation International, Contemporary history, Coral Triangle Initiative, Cornucopian, Crop diversity, Crop Trust, Crop wild relative, Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources, Crystal Quade, Cuisine of East Timor, Cuisine of Jharkhand, Curing (food preservation), Dacian Cioloș, Dairy Science Park, Daniel Chamovitz, Daniel Oerther, David Fig, David Lee Hoffman, Deforestation by region, Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Desert farming, Desert locust, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Developing country, Development Fund (Norway), Diet for a Small Planet, Dodji, Doha Development Round, Drought, DuPont Central Research, Earth Charter Initiative, East Asia Climate Partnership, East Asian cultural sphere, Eating culture of the Navajo Nation, Eco-cities, Ecojesuit, Economic development in India, Economic Survey of India 2011, Economics of Land Degradation Initiative, Economy of Puerto Rico, Economy of Saudi Arabia, Effects of global warming, Effects of global warming on human health, Effects of global warming on humans, Electricity sector in India, Elements of national security, Emerge85, Energy policy of India, Energy policy of the United States, Entomophagy, Environment of Saudi Arabia, Environmental health policy, Environmental issues in Haiti, Environmental issues in Sri Lanka, Environmental security, EOS International, Epidemiological transition, Eric Holt Giménez, Erosion, Ester Boserup, European colonization of the Americas, Expo 2015, Extreme poverty, Famine, Famine relief, Famine scales, FAO Country Profiles, FAO Goodwill Ambassador, Farm Radio International, Farm stay, Farm water, Farmer Research Committee, Farmer to Farmer, Farmer-managed natural regeneration, Fatima Denton, Feed the Future Initiative, Feeding Everyone No Matter What, Feinstein International Center, Feminization of agriculture, Fertilizer subsidies in Sub-Saharan Africa, Fish wheel, Fisheries and climate change, Fishing industry in Laos, Floods in Bangladesh, Food, Food and Agriculture Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database, Food and Agriculture Policy Decision Analysis, Food Balance Sheet, Food defense, Food dehydrator, Food desert, Food deserts by country, Food distribution, Food industry, Food Justice Movement, Food Not Lawns, Food policy, Food politics, Food power, Food prices, Food safety in China, Food security in Ethiopia, Food security in India, Food security in Madagascar, Food security in Mexico, Food security in Mozambique, Food security in the Central Valley, California, Food sovereignty, Food storage, Food vs. fuel, Foreign Agricultural Service, Forest gardening, Forest genetic resources, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute, Fossil fuel phase-out, Fruit Tree Planting Foundation, Fuller Park, Chicago, Fungus, Fusarium venenatum, Garden-based learning, Gardening, Gateway Greening, General debate of the sixty-eighth session of the United Nations General Assembly, Genetic engineering, Genetically modified food controversies, Genetically modified organism, Geography of food, Geography of Nepal, Geography of Niger, Global Environment Facility, Global Gardener, Global Hunger Index, Global issue, Global Open Data for Agriculture and Nutrition, Glossary of environmental science, Good agricultural practice, Good Food march, Government cheese, Grain trade, Grameen Foundation, Great Green Wall, Greater Chicago Food Depository, Green Monday (organization), Green Revolution, Green-collar worker, Group of Eight, Guerrilla gardening, Health in Ethiopia, Health in Mozambique, Health systems by country, Healthy Food Financing Initiative, Heirloom plant, History of botany, Howard Griffiths (scientist), Hubbert peak theory, Human impact on the environment, Human nutrition, Human overpopulation, Human Rights and Climate Change, Human security, Hunger, Hunger in the United States, Hydroelectric power in India, IBSA Dialogue Forum, IFAD Vietnam, Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, IMARK, Immaculate Conception Cathedral, Apia, Index of agriculture articles, Index of climate change articles, Index of sociology of food articles, Index of sustainability articles, India State Hunger Index, India–Malaysia relations, Indian Famine Codes, Indian Rivers Inter-link, Indigenous food security in Canada, Indonesia–Tanzania relations, Institute of Food Security, Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, Integrated landscape management, International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development, International Association for Food Protection, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, International Center for Biosaline Agriculture, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, International Day for Biological Diversity, International Day of Forests, International Fertilizer Industry Association, International Food Policy Research Institute, International Food Safety Network, International Fund for Agricultural Development, International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, International Growth Centre, International Hydrological Programme, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, International Potato Center, International Rice Research Institute, International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, International Water Management Institute, International Year of Soil, International Year of the Potato, Inuit culture, Irrigated Rice Research Consortium, Irrigation, Irrigation in India, Isaac Mulindwa (politician), Isotopic analysis by nuclear magnetic resonance, Issues relating to biofuels, Jackfruit, Jacques Diouf, James Hutton Institute, Jamestown supply missions, Janadesh 2007, João Meirelles Filho, John D. Hamaker, Joseph J. Romm, Kamla Nath Sharma, Kamrun Nahar, Kathleen Musante DeWalt, Keita Integrated Development Project, Kenya, Kerala Soil Museum, Kerala State Civil Supplies Corporation, Kokopelli Seed Foundation, Koreans in the Philippines, Kwesi Amoako Atta, Land degradation, Land grabbing, Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgenossenschaft, Latvian Auxiliary Police, Lawrence Akugizibwe, Legume, Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health, Li Keqiang, List of agriculture ministries, List of central government schemes in India, List of famines, List of food days, List of food labeling regulations, List of international presidential trips made by Barack Obama, List of MeSH codes (J01), List of Non-Summit episodes (2017), List of presidential trips made by Barack Obama during 2013, List of sweet potato cultivars, Livestock, Local Food Plus, Longitude Prize 2014, Louvain Coopération, Low-carbon economy, Lucie Edwards, Lutheran World Relief, M. S. Swaminathan, M.C. Nandeesha, Malawi–United States relations, Malaysia–United States Free Trade Agreement, Malnutrition in Peru, Malthusian catastrophe, Malthusianism, Mandela MarketPlace, Mar Roxas presidential campaign, 2016, March Against Monsanto, Mashav, Mauritania–United States relations, Max Wallace, Mesopotamia, Middle East Council of Churches, Ministry of Agriculture (Brazil), Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry (Malaysia), Ministry of Commerce (Iran), Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Ghana), Mission Vuelta al Campo, Mission Zamora, Money for Madagascar, Monga (Bangladesh), Monoculture, MS Swaminathan Research Foundation, Multipurpose tree, Naegleria fowleri, Nancy Stetson, National Agricultural and Fisheries Policy, National Agricultural Policy Center, National Biodiesel Board, National Famine Commemoration Day, National Food Chain Safety Office, National Food Security Act, 2013, National security, Nature-based solutions, Navdanya, Neglected and underutilized crop, Nepal–European Union relations, Nested association mapping, Ninth Malaysia Plan, Norman Borlaug, Nuclear winter, Nutrition transition, Nutritional anthropology, Nutritional challenges of HIV/AIDS, Occupy the Farm, Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, Okra, Omnivore, OREC, Organic farming, Organopónicos, Our World 2.0, Outline of nutrition, Outline of sustainability, Oxfam, Patrick Webb, Paul Donovan (economist), Peak debt, Peak farmland, Peak gas, Peak phosphorus, Peak water, Peak wheat, People's Climate March, Peri-urban agriculture, Permaculture Institute of El Salvador, Permanent Interstate Committee for drought control in the Sahel, Pest Infestation Control Laboratory, Peter Smith (biologist), Petrograd Soviet, Phat Beets Produce, Pictou Landing First Nation, Plant breeding, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Policy Coherence for Development, Political corruption, Polli:Nation, Population, health, and the environment, Porto Alegre Manifesto, Potato, Potato production in China, Poverty in China, Poverty in Niger, Poverty in Ontario, Poverty in the Arctic, Praxis Ethiopia, Presidential Assistant for Food Security and Agricultural Modernization, Pteropus, Public distribution system, Public health, Queen Máxima of the Netherlands, Quinoa, Ralph Gretzmacher, RapidEye, Raymond F. Hopkins, Reclaimed water, Refugee women, Regional effects of global warming, Regulating factors, Regulatory agency, Renewable energy debate, Reserve army of labour, Reuse of excreta, Rhea-Simone Auguste, Rice, Rice production in Japan, Richard L. Lackey, Right to food, Robert Cekuta, Robert Mugabe, Robert Swift, Robyn Alders, Rome Declaration on World Food Security, Rooted in Community, Rosamond L. Naylor, Ruhama Avraham, Ruler Rebel, Rural poverty, Sada Cumber, Sadomba Women Cattle Project, Safe Planet, Samuel Chu, San Joaquin Valley, Santosh Mehrotra, Sara Goldrick-Rab, School feeding in low-income countries, School meal programs in the United States, Science and technology in Colombia, Scientific opinion on climate change, Second Green Revolution, Second Harvest North Florida, Second-generation biofuels, Security, Security (disambiguation), Silent Valley National Park, Sitakunda Upazila, Skoll Foundation, Social determinants of health, Social determinants of health in poverty, Social protection floor, Social reproduction, Societal Benefit Areas, Soil Association, Soil biodiversity, Soil compaction (agriculture), Soil erosion, Soil governance, Soil Science Society of America, Solar Electric Light Fund, Solar energy use in rural Africa, Solidarités international, Sombath Somphone, South Central Farm, Southern Africa, Spirulina (dietary supplement), Squab, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, Starvation, Starving Time, Statistics Without Borders, Stockholm Environment Institute, Stuffed and Starved, Stunted growth, Subsistence agriculture, Subsistence hunting of the bowhead whale, Sugianto Sabran, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Suresh Kumar, Surplus killing, Sustainability, Sustainability and environmental management, Sustainable agriculture, Sustainable biofuel, Sustainable Development Goals, Sustainable diet, Sustainable Sanitation Alliance, Sylvain Charlebois, Tajikistan, Tamil Nadu Forest Department, Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA), TechnoServe, Texas Hunger Initiative, The Food Wars, The Hunger Project, The Improving State of the World, The International Council on Security and Development, The International Monetary Fund and Malawi, The Jaffa Institute, The People's Produce Project, The Population Bomb, The Rodale Institute, Theories of famines, ThinkProgress, Tiger Brands, Tom Arnold (economist), Tom Rand (venture capitalist), Toronto Food Policy Council, Trade and development, Treaty of Chaguaramas, Trickle Up, Tropical agriculture, UBC Faculty of Land and Food Systems, Ug99, Ulrich Schiefer, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Ocean Conference, United States African Development Foundation, United States Mission to the UN Agencies in Rome, University of Hohenheim, University of Massachusetts Amherst Department of Food Science, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Urban agriculture, Urban agriculture in West Oakland, Urban horticulture, US Food Sovereignty Alliance, Vanuatu, Via Campesina, Vilnius Declaration, Virtual water, Visionaries: Small Solutions to Enormously Large Problems, Visy Industries, Water crisis in Honduras, Water in Africa, Water resources in India, Water scarcity in Africa, Water security, Water, energy and food security nexus, Water, Land and Ecosystems, Wayne Roberts (activist), Welthungerhilfe, Will Allen (urban farmer), Wings of Hope (charity), Women and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa, Women's property rights, World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters, World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, World Food Day, World Food Prize, World Food Programme, World Food Summit, World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fish Workers, World Health Organization, World Neighbors, World Ocean Conference, World population, World Summit on Food Security 2009, World Water Assessment Programme, Worldchanging, X Club, Yonnette Fleming, Zud, 1915 Ottoman Syria locust infestation, 1st BRIC summit, 2004 Africa locust infestation, 2005 in Canada, 2005–06 Niger food crisis, 2006 Horn of Africa food crisis, 2007–08 world food price crisis, 2008 global rice crisis, 2010 G20 Toronto summit, 2010 Sahel famine, 2011 East Africa drought, 2011 G20 Cannes summit, 2011 in Afghanistan, 2017 Somalian drought, 2020 Vision Initiative, 27th G8 summit. 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Abid Qaiyum Suleri (born 9 September 1969) is a Pakistani social policy analyst and development practitioner with a PhD in Food Security from University of Greenwich, UK.
Adaptation to climate change in Jordan describes measures with the objective to prepare the country for the impacts of climate change.
The adaptive participatory integrated approach (APIA) is a method of developing and managing water irrigation in developing regions.
Advocates of Science and Technology for the People (Filipino: Samahan ng Nagtataguyod ng Agham at Teknolohiya Para sa Sambayanan) or simply Agham is a non-governmental science advocacy organization based in the Philippines.
Africa Renewal is a magazine published by the United Nations.
Founded in 1960,, Africa Today 18.1 (1971): 83–84.
Africare is a non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C. which provides development aid for Africa.
Afrique verte ("Green Africa") is a French NGO engaged in the Sahel region of Africa, specifically Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso.
Agrarian reform can refer either, narrowly, to government-initiated or government-backed redistribution of agricultural land (see land reform) or, broadly, to an overall redirection of the agrarian system of the country, which often includes land reform measures.
An agrarian system is the dynamic set of economic and technological factors that affect agricultural practices.
The Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) is an international treaty of the World Trade Organization.
Agri-Energy Roundtable (AER) is a nonprofit and non-governmental organization accredited by the United Nations and established in 1980 as a forum for encouraging dialogue on cooperative energy and agricultural development between industrialized and developing nations.
An agricultural attaché is a diplomat who collects, analyzes, and acts on information on agriculture, agribusiness, food, and other related spheres in a foreign country or countries.
Agricultural biodiversity is a sub-set of general biodiversity.
Agricultural economics is an applied field of economics concerned with the application of economic theory in optimizing the production and distribution of food and fibre—a discipline known as agricultural economics.
Agricultural expansion describes the growth of agricultural land (arable land, pastures, etc.) in the 21st century as a direct consequence of human overpopulation with an estimated 10 to 11 billion humans by end of this century and the required food and energy security.
Agricultural literacy is a phrase being used by several universities (e.g., Texas Tech, the University of Arizona, Colorado State University, and California Polytechnic State University) to describe programs to promote the understanding and knowledge necessary to synthesize, analyze, and communicate basic information about agriculture with students, producers, consumers, and the public.
Agricultural marketing is inferred to cover the services involved in moving an agricultural product from the farm to the consumer.
Agricultural policy describes a set of laws relating to domestic agriculture and imports of foreign agricultural products.
Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs.
An agricultural subsidy is a governmental subsidy paid to agribusinesses, agricultural organizations and farms to supplement their income, manage the supply of agricultural commodities, and influence the cost and supply of such commodities.
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
The agriculture of Brazil is historically one of the principal bases of Brazil's economy.
Agriculture is a vital industry in China, employing over 300 million farmers.
Costa Rican agriculture plays a profound part in that country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
Agriculture in England is today intensive, highly mechanised, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with only 2% of the labour force.
Agriculture is one of the key sectors within the Indonesian economy.
Roughly one-third of Iran's total surface area is suited for farmland, but because of poor soil and lack of adequate water distribution in many areas, most of it is not under cultivation.
Agriculture in Liberia is a major sector of the country's economy worth 38.8% of GDP, employing more than 70% of the population and providing a valuable export for one of the world’s least developed countries (as defined by the UN).
Mozambique has a variety of regional cropping patterns; agro-climatic zones range from arid and semi-aCFVrid DDXCD(mostly in the south and south-west) to the sub-humid zones (mostly in the centre and the north) to the humid highlands (mostly the central provinces).
Agriculture in Saudi Arabia is focused on the export of dates, dairy products, eggs, fish, poultry, fruits, vegetables, and flowers to markets around the world.
Agriculture in Taiwan is one of the main industries in Taiwan.
Agroterrorism, also known as agriterrorism, is a malicious attempt to disrupt or destroy the agricultural industry and/or food supply system of a population through "the malicious use of plant or animal pathogens to cause devastating disease in the agricultural sectors".
Agroecology is the study of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems.
Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland.
An allotment garden (British English), often called simply an allotment, or a community garden (North America) is a plot of land made available for individual, non-commercial gardening or growing food plants.
Alpha Gamma Delta (ΑΓΔ), also known as Alpha Gam, is an international women's fraternity and social organization.
Amanita zambiana, commonly known as the Zambian slender Caesar, is a basidiomycete fungus in the genus Amanita.
Amaranthus, collectively known as amaranth, is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants.
The American Refugee Committee (ARC) is an international nonprofit, nonsectarian organization that has provided humanitarian assistance and training to millions of beneficiaries over the last 30 years.
Ancient Israelite cuisine refers to the food eaten by the ancient Israelites during a period of over a thousand years, from the beginning of the Israelite presence in the Land of Israel at the beginning of the Iron Age until the Roman period.
Andrew Simms is an author, analyst and co-director of the New Weather Institute.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
Animal (De)liberation: Should the Consumption of Animal Products Be Banned? is a 2016 book, written by Jan Deckers and published by Ubiquity Press.
Ankara University (Ankara Üniversitesi) is a public university in Ankara, the capital city of Turkey.
Annona senegalensis, commonly known as African custard-apple, wild custard apple, and wild soursop, is a species of flowering plant in the custard apple family, Annonaceae.
Anthony Joseph Pratt (born 11 April 1960 in Melbourne, Victoria), an Australian businessman and billionaire, is the Executive Chairman of Visy Industries and Pratt Industries in America, which is the world’s largest privately owned packaging and paper company.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
APEC Peru 2008 was a series of political meetings held around Peru between the 21 member economies of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation during 2008.
Arturo L. Goetz (24 June 1944 – 28 July 2014) was an Argentine film actor.
The Association of International Research and Development Centers for Agriculture (AIRCA) is an international, non-profit alliance focused on increasing food security by supporting smallholder agriculture and rural enterprise within healthy, sustainable and climate-smart landscapes.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries that promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration amongst its members, other Asian countries, and globally.
The Astana Economic Forum (AEF) is an international and regional platform for dialogue and a non-profit organization headquartered in Astana, Kazakhstan.
Överkalix (Ylikainuu) is a locality and the seat of Överkalix Municipality in Norrbotten County, Sweden with 975 inhabitants in 2010.
The Överkalix study (Överkalixstudien) was a study conducted on the physiological effects of various environmental factors on transgenerational epigenetic inheritance.
The Balangiga massacre was an incident in 1901 in the town of the same name during the Philippine–American War.
The Bali Package is a trade agreement resulting from the Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Bali, Indonesia on 3–7 December 2013.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Bangladesh–Uganda relations refer to bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Uganda.
The Bay of Bengal (Bengali: বঙ্গোপসাগর) is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean, bounded on the west and north by India and Bangladesh, and on the east by Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India).
Béni Abbès (بني عباس), also known as the Pearl of the Saoura, and also as the White Oasis, is a town and commune located in western Algeria in Béchar Province, far from the provincial capital Béchar, and from Algiers.
The BC Healthy Living Alliance (BCHLA), formed in 2003, is the largest coalition of health leaders in British Columbia’s history.
Belize–India relations are bilateral relations between Belize and India.
Belo Horizonte ("Beautiful Horizon") is the sixth-largest city in Brazil, the thirteenth-largest in South America and the eighteenth-largest in the Americas.
Below Poverty Line is an economic benchmark used by the government of India to indicate economic disadvantage and to identify individuals and households in need of government assistance and aid.
The Bengal famine of 1943 (Bengali: pañcāśēra manvantara) was a major famine in the Bengal province in British India during World War II.
William "Bill" Edward Gregory-Leeson (born 13 October 1943 in Salford) is an English filmmaker who was one of the founders of the charity War Child, which particularly focuses on help for children in war situations.
Bingu wa Mutharika (born Brightson Webster Ryson Thom; 24 February 1934 – 5 April 2012) was a Malawian politician and economist who was President of Malawi from May 2004 until his death in April 2012.
Biochar is charcoal used as a soil amendment.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Loss of biodiversity or biodiversity loss is the extinction of species (human, plant or animal) worldwide, and also the local reduction or loss of species in a certain habitat.
A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter.
The Biofuels Center of North Carolina is a private, nonprofit corporate facility located on a Biofuels Campus in Oxford, North Carolina.
Biofuelwatch is a non-governmental environmental organization based in the United Kingdom and the United States, which works to raise awareness of the negative impacts of industrial biofuels and bioenergy, on biodiversity, human rights, food sovereignty and climate change, human rights abuses, the impoverishment and dispossession of local populations, water and soil degradation, loss of food sovereignty and loss of food security.
Biotic stress is stress that occurs as a result of damage done to an organism by other living organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, beneficial and harmful insects, weeds, and cultivated or native plants.
Bioversity International is a global research-for-development organization with a vision – that agricultural biodiversity nourishes people and sustains the planet.
The Black Panther Party or the BPP (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was a political organization founded by Bobby Seale and Huey Newton in October 1966.
The Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense (BRSPB) is a panel of former high-ranking government officials and academic experts that analyzes the United States' defense capabilities against biological threats.
The Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD) advises the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) on issues concerning agriculture, Higher Education in developing countries, and food insecurity.
The Norman E. Borlaug International Symposium, commonly known as the Borlaug Dialogue, is an annual international symposium tackling the topic of "global food security" organized by The World Food Prize Foundation.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
A buffer stock scheme (commonly implemented as intervention storage, the "ever-normal granary") is an attempt to use commodity storage for the purposes of stabilising prices in an entire economy or, more commonly, an individual (commodity) market.
In social science, the term built environment, or built world, refers to the human-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from buildings to parks.
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa.
C4 carbon fixation or the Hatch-Slack pathway is a photosynthetic process in some plants.
Cambodia–Denmark relations refers to the historical and current relationship of Cambodia and Denmark.
Canadian Feed The Children is a Canadian charity, based in Toronto, Ontario.
Canadian Voices is a public affairs radio series produced by CJLY-FM (Kootenay Cooperative Radio), a volunteer-run non-profit community radio station in Nelson, British Columbia, Canada.
CARE (Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere, formerly Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe) is a major international humanitarian agency delivering emergency relief and long-term international development projects.
Carolyn Louise Baylies (2 June 1947 – 11 November 2003), was an academic and activist.
The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.
The Carter Center is a nongovernmental, not-for-profit organization founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
The Center for Climate and Life is a multidisciplinary climate science research initiative based at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO), a research unit of Columbia University.
The Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International (CABI, sometimes also referred to as CAB International) is a not-for-profit inter-governmental development and information organisation focusing primarily on agricultural and environmental issues in the developing world.
CGIAR (formerly the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research) is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food-secured future.
Chenopodium pallidicaule, known as cañihua, canihua or cañahua (from Quechua qañiwa, qañawa or qañawi) and also kaniwa, is a species of goosefoot, similar in character and uses to the closely related quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa).
CHILDREN AT RISK is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization that drives change for children through research, education, and influencing public policy.
China Water Risk is a non-profit initiative based in Hong Kong dedicated to highlighting and addressing business and environmental risk arising from the country’s water crisis.
Christian Commission for Development in Bangladesh (CCDB) founded in 1972, immediately after the Bangladesh Liberation War, by the World Council of Churches (WCC) to succeed the Bangladesh Ecumenical Relief and Rehabilitation Services (BERRS).
Class conflict, frequently referred to as class warfare or class struggle, is the tension or antagonism which exists in society due to competing socioeconomic interests and desires between people of different classes.
Climarice is a research project, carried out by The Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research (Bioforsk, Norway), Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU, India), International Water Management Institute (IWMI, India) and International Pacific Research Center (IPRC, United States); which is trying to assess the impact of climate variability on water availability and rice production in the Cauvery river basin of Tamil Nadu, India.
Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale.
In an ever-progressing world with an increasing demand for energy and technology, it is difficult to avoid climate change and its impacts on societies both locally and globally.
Climate change in Africa pertains to aspects of climate change within the continent of Africa.
Climate change in Bangladesh is a pressing issue.
This article is about climate change, industry and society.
Climate Risk Management (CRM) is a term is used for a large and growing body of work, bridging the climate change adaptation, disaster management and development sectors, amongst many others.
Climate security describes serious threats to the security and prosperity of countries, due to climate warming, and climate actions to adapt and mitigate impacts.
The Coalition of Progressive Electors (COPE) is a municipal political party in the Canadian city of Vancouver, British Columbia.
Colin David Butler is a co-founder of the non-governmental organization BODHI (Benevolent Organisation for Development, Health and Insight), which has autonomous branches in the United States and Australia.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
The Colombian peace process refers to the peace process between the Colombian government of President Juan Manuel Santos and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC–EP) to bring an end to the Colombian conflict.
The Committee of 19 is a committee of students at Auburn University that direct the War on Hunger efforts on campus and in the local community.
The Committee on World Food Security (CFS) was established in 1974 as an intergovernmental body to serve as a forum in the United Nations System for review and follow-up of policies concerning world food security including production and physical and economic access to food.
Alternative Spring Break (ASB) is a program based in UC Santa Cruz that provides a cultural exchange for students and contemporary Maya communities in Tzucacab, Yucatán, Mexico.
Community food security (CFS) is a relatively new concept that captures emerging ideas about the central place of food in communities.
A community garden is a single piece of land gardened collectively by a group of people.
Community gardening in the United States encompasses a wide variety of approaches.
A conservation community is a group of individuals and families living in a community who are committed to saving large parcels of land from ecological degradation.
Conservation International (CI) is an American nonprofit environmental organization headquartered in Arlington, Virginia.
Contemporary history, in English-language historiography, is a subset of modern history which describes the historical period from approximately 1945 to the present.
The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF), also shortly known as the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI), is a multilateral partnership of six countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste) working together to sustain extraordinary marine and coastal resources by addressing crucial issues such as food security, climate change, and marine biodiversity.
A cornucopian is a futurist who believes that continued progress and provision of material items for mankind can be met by similarly continued advances in technology.
Crop diversity is the variance in genetic and phenotypic characteristics of plants used in agriculture.
The Crop Trust, officially known as the Global Crop Diversity Trust, is an international nonprofit organization which works to preserve crop diversity in order to protect global food security.
A crop wild relative (CWR) is a wild plant closely related to a domesticated plant, whose geographic origins can be traced to regions known as Vavilov Centers (named for the pioneering botanist Nikolai Vavilov).
Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources is a strategy wherein samples of animal genetic materials are preserved cryogenically.
Crystal Quade is an American politician in Missouri who is an elected member of the Missouri House of Representatives, representing the 132nd Missouri state house district, which contains parts of Springfield, as a Democrat.
The Cuisine of East Timor consists of regional popular foods such as pork, fish, basil, tamarind, legumes, corn, rice, root vegetables, and tropical fruit.
Jharkhand cuisine encompasses the cuisine of the Indian state of Jharkhand.
Curing is any of various food preservation and flavoring processes of foods such as meat, fish and vegetables, by the addition of combinations of salt, nitrates, nitrites,.
Dacian Julien Cioloș (born 27 July 1969) is a Romanian agronomist who was Prime Minister of Romania between November 2015 and January 2017.
Dairy Science Park (DSP; ڈیری سائنس پارک; د شيدو پوهنيز پارک) is a scientific organization initiated in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan as a mission for the economic revival of northern Pakistan and the adjoining areas of Afghanistan.
Daniel Chamovitz is an American-born biologist and Dean of the George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences at Tel Aviv University, Israel, and the founder of the multidisciplinary.
Daniel Barton Oerther (born October 11, 1972) is an American social entrepreneur, diplomat, and Professor of Environmental Health Engineering.
David Fig is a South African environmental sociologist, political economist, and activist.
David Lee Hoffman is an American tea importer and inventor who founded and directs The Last Resort, an ecology research center, and The Phoenix Collection, an archive of fine teas.
Rates and causes of deforestation vary from region to region around the world.
Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a significant transnational issue.
The Department of Plant Sciences is a department of the University of Cambridge that conducts research and teaching in plant sciences.
Desert farming is the practice of developing agriculture in deserts.
The desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) is a species of locust.
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH or GIZ in short (English: German Corporation for International Cooperation GmbH) is a German development agency headquartered in Bonn and Eschborn that provides services in the field of international development cooperation.
A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
The Development Fund (Utviklingsfondet) is a Norwegian non-governmental organization (NGO) founded in 1978 by Norwegian author, Erik Dammann.
Diet for a Small Planet is a 1971 bestselling book by Frances Moore Lappé, the first major book to note the environmental impact of meat production as wasteful and a contributor to global food scarcity.
Dodji is a town in north central Senegal.
The Doha Development Round or Doha Development Agenda (DDA) is the trade-negotiation round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) which commenced in November 2001 under then director-general Mike Moore.
A drought is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water.
In 1957, the research organization of the Chemicals Department of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company was renamed Central Research Department, beginning the history of the premier scientific organization within DuPont and one of the foremost industrial laboratories devoted to basic science.
The Earth Charter Initiative is the collective name for the global network of people, organizations, and institutions who participate in promoting the Earth Charter, and in implementing its principles in practice.
The East Asia Climate Partnership (EACP) is Korea’s international initiative for global cooperative development.
The "Sinosphere", or "East Asian cultural sphere", refers to a grouping of countries and regions in East Asia that were historically influenced by the Chinese culture.
The eating culture of the Navajo Nation is heavily influenced by the history of its people.
An eco-city is a city built from the principles of living within environment means.
Ecojesuit is an international online communication platform supported by Global Ignatian Advocacy Network-Ecology (GIAN-Ecology) of the Society of Jesus.
The Economic Development in India followed socialist-inspired people for most of its independent history, including state-ownership of many sectors; India's per capita income increased at only around 1% annualised rate in the three decades after its independence.
The Economic survey of India 2011 tells that the Indian economy in the year 2010-11 has showed a healthy growth and a stable fiscal consolidation.
The Economics of Land Degradation (ELD) Initiative is a global initiative which aims to increase awareness of the economic consequences of land degradation and promote sustainable land management.
The economy of Puerto Rico is classified as a high income economy by the World Bank and as the most competitive economy in Latin America by the World Economic Forum.
The economy of Saudi Arabia is dependent on oil and has strong government control over major economic activities.
The effects of global warming are the environmental and social changes caused (directly or indirectly) by human emissions of greenhouse gases.
The effects of global warming include its effects on human health.
Climate change has brought about possibly permanent alterations to Earth's geological, biological and ecological systems.
The utility electricity sector in India has one National Grid with an installed capacity of 344.00 GW as on 31 May 2018.
National security has a number of component elements which, when individually satisfied, provide a nation with security of its values, interests and freedom to choose policy.
emerge85, originally known as The Johns Hopkins SAIS-Delma Institute Partnership on Geo-Economic Multiplicity, is a research partnership between the Foreign Policy Institute at Johns Hopkins Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and the UAE-based Delma Institute.
The energy policy of India is largely defined by the country's expanding energy deficit and increased focus on developing alternative sources of energy, particularly nuclear, solar and wind energy.
The energy policy of the United States is determined by federal, state, and local entities in the United States, which address issues of energy production, distribution, and consumption, such as building codes and gas mileage standards.
Entomophagy (from Greek ἔντομον éntomon, "insect", and φᾰγεῖν phagein, "to eat") is the human use of insects as food.
The desert-covered Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the geographically largest country in the Middle East.
Environmental health policy is the interplay between the environment and health, and how the environment can affect human health.
Environmental issues in Haiti include a severe deforestation problem, overpopulation, a lack of sanitation, natural disasters, and food insecurity.
Environmental issues in Sri Lanka include large-scale logging of forests and degradation of mangroves, coral reefs and soil.
Environmental security examines threats posed by environmental events and trends to individuals, communities or nations.
EOS (Emerging Opportunities for Sustainability) International is a 501c3 not-profit organization founded in 2008 and dedicated to promoting appropriate technology in the developing world.
In demography and medical geography, epidemiological transition is a phase of development witnessed by a sudden and stark increase in population growth rates brought by improved food security and innovations in public health and medicine, followed by a re-leveling of population growth due to subsequent declines in fertility rates.
Eric Holt Giménez is an agroecologist, political economist, lecturer and author.
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, and then transport it to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement).
Ester Boserup (18 May 1910 – 24 September 1999) was a Danish and French economist.
The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.
Expo 2015 was a universal exposition hosted by Milan, Italy.
Extreme poverty, abject poverty, absolute poverty, destitution, or penury, was originally defined by the United Nations in 1995 as "a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information.
A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, inflation, crop failure, population imbalance, or government policies.
Famine relief is an organized effort to reduce starvation in a region in which there is famine.
Famine scales are the ways in which degrees of food security are measured, from situations in which an entire population has adequate food to full-scale famine.
The FAO Country Profiles is a multilingual web portal which repackages the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) vast archive of information on its global activities in agriculture and food security in a single area and catalogues it exclusively by country and thematic areas.
The FAO Goodwill Ambassadors Programme was initiated in 1999.
Farm Radio International, or Radios Rurales Internationales (official French name), is a Canadian non-profit organization based in Ottawa, Ontario.
A farm stay (or farmstay) is any type of accommodation on a working farm.
Farm water, also known as agricultural water, is water committed for use in the production of food and fiber.
Farmer Research Committees (also known in Latin America as Comites de Investigacion Agropecuario Local or CIALs) are an approach to community organizing and agricultural extension that provides rural communities and farmer organizations in developing countries with an adaptive research and technology testing service run by volunteer farmers.
The Farmer-to-Farmer (F2F) Program promotes sustainable economic growth, food security and agricultural development worldwide.
Farmer-managed natural regeneration (FMNR) is a low-cost, sustainable land restoration technique used to combat poverty and hunger amongst poor subsistence farmers in developing countries by increasing food and timber production, and resilience to climate extremes.
Fatima Denton is the Co-ordinator for the African Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
The Feed the Future Initiative (FTF) was launched in 2010 by the United States government and the Obama Administration to address global hunger and food insecurity.
Feeding Everyone No Matter What: Managing Food Security After Global Catastrophe is a book written by David Denkenberger and Joshua M. Pearce and published by Elsevier under their Academic Press.
The Feinstein International Center (FIC) is a research and teaching center based at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.
In feminist economics, the feminization of agriculture refers to the measurable increase of women's participation in the agricultural sector, particularly in the developing world.
Opinions about the role of fertilizer subsidies in spurring agricultural development in Sub-Saharan Africa have fluctuated significantly over the past five decades.
A fish wheel, also known as a salmon wheel, is a device situated in rivers for catching fish which looks and operates like a watermill.
Rising ocean temperatures and ocean acidification are radically altering aquatic ecosystems.
The fishing industry in the land-locked country of Laos is a major source of sustenance and food security to its people dwelling near rivers, reservoirs and ponds.
Bangladesh is prone to flooding due to being situated on the Ganges Delta and the many distributaries flowing into the Bay of Bengal.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
The Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT) website disseminates statistical data collected and maintained by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
The Food and Agriculture Policy Decision Analysis (FAPDA) initiative, led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation's Agricultural Development Economics Division, aims at promoting evidence-based decision making.
Food balance sheet shows the a brief picture of the pattern of the food supply of a country.
Food defense is the protection of food products from intentional contamination or adulteration by biological, chemical, physical, or radiological agents introduced for the purpose of causing harm.
Tomato slices ready to be dried in a food dehydrator. In this model, multiple trays can be stacked on top of each other and warm air flows around the food. A food dehydrator is a device that removes moisture from food to aid in its preservation.
A food desert is an area, especially one with low-income residents, that has limited access to affordable and nutritious food.
This is a list of food desert issues and solutions by country.
Food distribution is a process in which a general population is supplied with food.
The food industry is a complex, global collective of diverse businesses that supplies most of the food consumed by the world population.
The Food Justice Movement is a grassroots initiative emerging from many communities in response to food insecurity and economic pressures that prevent access to healthy, nutritious, and culturally appropriate foods.
Food Not Lawns is a de-centralized social movement focused on replacing urban lawns with food-producing organic gardens.
Food policy is the area of public policy concerning how food is produced, processed, distributed, and purchased.
Food politics are the political aspects of the production, control, regulation, inspection, distribution and consumption of food.
In international politics, food power is the use of agriculture as a means of political control whereby one nation or group of nations offers or withholds commodities from another nation or group of nations in order to manipulate behavior.
Food prices refer to the (averaged) price level for food in particular countries or regions or on a global scale.
Food safety in China is a growing concern relating to agriculture.
Food security is defined, according to the World Food Summit of 199, as existing "when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life".
Food security entails ensuring adequate food supply to people, especially those who are deprived of basic nutrition.
The island country of Madagascar remains plagued by political and economic instability, poverty, and food insecurity.
Mexico has sought to ensure food security through its history.
It is estimated that 64 percent of the Mozambique population is food insecure.
Food insecurity is a widespread issue in the Central Valley of California, where most of the state's and the nation's agriculture is produced.
"Food sovereignty", a term coined by members of Via Campesina in 1996,"Global Small-Scale Farmers' Movement Developing New Trade Regimes", Food First News & Views, Volume 28, Number 97 Spring/Summer 2005, p.2.
Food storage allows food to be eaten for some time (typically weeks to months) after harvest rather than solely immediately.
Food versus fuel is the dilemma regarding the risk of diverting farmland or crops for biofuels production to the detriment of the food supply.
The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) is the foreign affairs agency with primary responsibility for the United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) overseas programs—market development, international trade agreements and negotiations, and the collection of statistics and market information.
Forest gardening is a low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems, incorporating fruit and nut trees, shrubs, herbs, vines and perennial vegetables which have yields directly useful to humans.
Forest genetic resources or tree genetic resources are genetic material of shrub and tree species of actual or future value.
The Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI) (Pretoria) was established in 1997 and is located on the University of Pretoria campus.
Fossil fuel phase out refers to the discontinuation of the use of fossil fuels, through the decommissioning of operating fossil fuel-fired power plants, the prevention of the construction of new ones, and the use of alternative energy to replace the role of fossil fuels.
The Fruit Tree Planting Foundation is a Pennsylvania-based nonprofit that received its IRS certification in 2002.
Fuller Park, located on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Fusarium venenatum is a microfungus of the genus Fusarium that has a high protein content.
Garden-based learning (GBL) encompasses programs, activities and projects in which the garden is the foundation for integrated learning, in and across disciplines, through active, engaging, real-world experiences that have personal meaning for children, youth, adults and communities in an informal outside learning setting.
Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants as part of horticulture.
Gateway Greening is non-profit organization based in St. Louis, Missouri that works to educate and empower the community through gardening and urban agriculture.
The General Debate of the sixty-eighth session of the United Nations General Assembly commenced on 24 September 2013 and ended on 4 October 2013.
Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genes using biotechnology.
Genetically modified food controversies are disputes over the use of foods and other goods derived from genetically modified crops instead of conventional crops, and other uses of genetic engineering in food production.
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is any organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques (i.e., a genetically engineered organism).
The geography of food is a field of human geography.
Nepal measures about along its Himalayan axis by across.
Niger is a landlocked nation in West Africa located along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions.
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems.
Global Gardener is a documentary film series about the permaculture approach to sustainable agriculture.
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation.
Informally, a global issue is issue that any social, economic, political or environmental problem that adversely affects the global community and our environment, possibly in a catastrophic way.
Global Open Data for Agriculture and Nutrition (GODAN) is an initiative that seeks to "support global efforts to make agricultural and nutritionally relevant data available, accessible, and usable for unrestricted use worldwide.
This is a glossary of environmental science.
Good agricultural practice (GAP) are specific methods which, when applied to agriculture, create food for consumers or further processing that is safe and wholesome.
Good Food march is a march conceived and promoted by several international organizations, among which the European Coordination Via Campesina, Friends of the Earth Europe, Slow Food, International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), Group PAC 2013, Agricultural and Rural Convention 2020 and many more, that addresses issues related to agriculture and nutrition and with the participation of citizens of the European Union and international organizations of various kinds, including Oxfam, WWF, Greenpeace.
Government cheese is processed cheese provided to welfare beneficiaries, Food Stamp recipients and the elderly receiving Social Security in the United States, and is still provided to food charities.
The grain trade refers to the local and international trade in cereals and other food grains such as wheat, maize, and rice.
Grameen Foundation, founded as Grameen Foundation USA, is a global 501(c)(3) non-profit organization based in Washington DC that works to help poor families increase their income, build their financial security, and protect their health using innovative, technology-based approaches and local partner networks.
The Great Green Wall, or Great Green Wall of the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative (French: Grande Muraille Verte pour le Sahara et le Sahel), is Africa's flagship initiative to combat the effects of climate change and desertification.
The Greater Chicago Food Depository (GCFD) is a nonprofit organization that fights hunger throughout Cook County, Illinois.
Green Monday (GM) is a startup that makes low-carbon and sustainable living simple.
The Green Revolution, or Third Agricultural Revolution, refers to a set of research and the development of technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s (with prequels in the work of the agrarian geneticist Nazareno Strampelli in the 1920s and 1930s), that increased agricultural production worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly in the late 1960s.
A green-collar worker is a worker who is employed in the environmental sectors of the economy.
The G8, reformatted as G7 from 2014 due to the suspension of Russia's participation, was an inter-governmental political forum from 1997 until 2014, with the participation of some major industrialized countries in the world, that viewed themselves as democracies.
Guerrilla gardening is the act of gardening on land that the gardeners do not have the legal rights to cultivate, such as abandoned sites, areas that are not being cared for, or private property.
Health in Ethiopia has improved markedly in the last decade, with government leadership playing a key role in mobilizing resources and ensuring that they are used effectively.
Health in Mozambique has a complex history, influenced by the social, economic, and political changes that the country has experienced.
This article provides a brief overview of the health systems of the world, sorted by continent.
The Healthy Food Financing Initiative (HFFI) is a program created in 2010 by the Obama Administration as part of the Let's Move! public health campaign.
An heirloom plant, heirloom variety, heritage fruit (Australia and New Zealand), or heirloom vegetable (especially in Ireland and the UK) is an old cultivar of a plant used for food that is grown and maintained by gardeners and farmers, particularly in isolated or ethnic minority communities of Western Countries.
The history of botany examines the human effort to understand life on Earth by tracing the historical development of the discipline of botany—that part of natural science dealing with organisms traditionally treated as plants.
Howard Griffiths is Professor of Plant Ecology in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge.
The Hubbert peak theory says that for any given geographical area, from an individual oil-producing region to the planet as a whole, the rate of petroleum production tends to follow a bell-shaped curve.
Human impact on the environment or anthropogenic impact on the environment includes changes to biophysical environments and ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources caused directly or indirectly by humans, including global warming, environmental degradation (such as ocean acidification), mass extinction and biodiversity loss, ecological crises, and ecological collapse.
Human nutrition deals with the provision of essential nutrients in food that are necessary to support human life and health.
Human overpopulation (or population overshoot) occurs when the ecological footprint of a human population in a specific geographical location exceeds the carrying capacity of the place occupied by that group.
Human Rights and Climate Change is a conceptual and legal framework under which international human rights and their relationship to global warming are studied, analyzed, and addressed.
Human security is an emerging paradigm for understanding global vulnerabilities whose proponents challenge the traditional notion of national security by arguing that the proper referent for security should be the individual rather than the state.
In politics, humanitarian aid, and social science, hunger is a condition in which a person, for a sustained period, is unable to eat sufficient food to meet basic nutritional needs.
Hunger in the United States is an issue that affects millions of Americans, including some who are middle class, or who are in households where all adults are in work.
India is the 7th largest producer of hydroelectric power in the world.
The IBSA Dialogue Forum ('''I'''ndia, '''B'''razil, '''S'''outh '''A'''frica) is an international tripartite grouping for promoting international cooperation among these countries.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is an international financial institution and a specialized agency of the United Nations dedicated to eradicating rural poverty in Vietnam and other developing countries.
Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) is an international issue around the world.
The Information Management Resource Kit (IMARK) is a partnership-based e-learning initiative developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and partner organizations to support individuals, institutions and networks world-wide in the effective management of information and agricultural development.
The Immaculate Conception Cathedral, also called Cathedral of Apia or Mulivai Cathedral, is a cathedral affiliated with the Catholic Church and located in Apia, the capital of Samoa, a insular country in Oceania.
This is an index of agriculture topics.
This is a list of climate change topics.
Sociology of food is the study of food as it relates to the history, progression, and future development of society.
This page is an index of sustainability articles.
The India State Hunger Index (ISHI) is a tool to calculate hunger and malnutrition at the regional level in India.
India–Malaysia relations refer to bilateral foreign relations between the India and Malaysia.
The Indian Famine Codes, developed by the colonial British in the 1880s, were one of the earliest famine scales.
The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to effectively manage water resources in India by linking Indian rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals and so reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts of India.
The 1996 World Food Summit stated that food security "exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life" For many Indigenous communities in Canada there is an issue with one or more of aspects of food security.
Indonesia–Tanzania relations refers to the bilateral relations of Indonesia and Tanzania.
The Institute of Food Security, (acronym IFS), is a Government of India autonomous body, formed by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) under the Ministry of Food.
The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), also known as IPC scale, is a tool for improving food security analysis and decision-making.
Integrated landscape management is a way of managing a landscape that brings together multiple stakeholders, who collaborate to integrate policy and practice for their different land use objectives, with the purpose of achieving sustainable landscapes.
The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) was a three-year international collaborative effort (2005–2007) initiated by the World Bank in 2002, which evaluated the relevance, quality and effectiveness of agricultural knowledge, science, and technology, and the effectiveness of public and private sector policies and institutional arrangements.
The International Association for Food Protection (IAFP), founded in 1911, is a non-profit association of food safety professionals based in Des Moines, Iowa.
The International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), a member of the CGIAR, supported by the CGIAR Fund, is a non-profit agricultural research institute that aims to improve the livelihoods of the resource-poor across the world’s dry areas.
ICBA (International Center for Biosaline Agriculture) is an international, non-profit agricultural research and development center which focuses on the closely linked issues of water, environment, income, and food security.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966, and came in force from 3 January 1976.
The International Day for Biological Diversity (or World Biodiversity Day) is a United Nations–sanctioned international day for the promotion of biodiversity issues.
The International Day of Forests was established on the 21st day of March, by resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on November 28, 2012.
The International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA) is a nonprofit organization that represents the global fertilizer industry, on issues related to the promotion of plant nutrients, improvement of the operating environment of the member companies and the collection and compilation of industry information.
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) is an international agricultural research center founded in the early 1970s to improve the understanding of national agricultural and food policies to promote the adoption of innovations in agricultural technology.
The International Food Safety Network (iFSN) at Kansas State University imparts the opportunity of improving the overall safety of the food supply by connecting all those in the agriculture and food industry.
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) (French: Fonds international de développement agricole; FIDA) (Italian: Fondo Internazionale per lo Sviluppo Agricolo) is an international financial institution and a specialised agency of the United Nations dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries.
The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) was a research programme that studies the phenomenon of global change.
The International Growth Centre (IGC) is a research centre based at the London School of Economics operated in partnership with the Blavatnik School of Government at the University of Oxford.
The International Hydrological Programme (IHP) is UNESCO’s international scientific cooperative program in water research, water resource management,, and capacity- building, and the only broadly based science program of the UN system in this area.
The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (known by its Spanish acronym CIMMYT for Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo) is a non-profit research and training institution dedicated to both the development of improved varieties of wheat and maize with the aim of contributing to food security, and the introduction of improved agricultural practices to smallholder farmers to help boost production, prevent crop disease and improve their livelihoods.
The International Potato Center (known as CIP from its Spanish-language name Centro Internacional de la Papa) is a research facility based in Lima, Peru, that seeks to reduce poverty and achieve food security on a sustained basis in developing countries through scientific research and related activities on potato, sweet potato, other root and tuber crops, and on the improved management of natural resources in the Andes and other mountain areas.
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is an international agricultural research and training organization with headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna in the Philippines and offices in seventeen countries with ~1,300 staff.
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (IT PGRFA), popularly known as the International Seed Treaty, is a comprehensive international agreement in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity, which aims at guaranteeing food security through the conservation, exchange and sustainable use of the world's plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), as well as the fair and equitable benefit sharing arising from its use.
The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) is a non-profit research organisation with headquarters in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and offices across Africa and Asia.
The International Year of Soils, 2015 (IYS 2015) was declared by the Sixty-eighth session of the United Nations General Assembly on December 20th, 2013 after recognizing December 5th as World Soil Day.
The year 2008 was declared the International Year of the Potato by the United Nations, noting that the potato is a staple food in the diet of the world’s population, and affirming the need to focus world attention on the role that the potato can play in providing food security and eradicating poverty.
Inuit describes the various groups of indigenous peoples who live throughout Inuit Nunangat, that is the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut of Northern Canada, Nunavik in Quebec and Nunatsiavut in Labrador, as well as in Greenland.
The Irrigated Rice Research Consortium (IRRC) focuses on agricultural research and extension in irrigated rice-based ecosystems.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
Irrigation in India includes a network of major and minor canals from Indian rivers, groundwater well based systems, tanks, and other rainwater harvesting projects for agricultural activities.
Isaac Mulindwa Ssozi (born 26 January 1983) is a Ugandan procurement specialist, logistician and politician.
Isotopic analysis is one of the most difficult scientific processes in the history of man.
There are various social, economic, environmental and technical issues with biofuel production and use, which have been discussed in the popular media and scientific journals.
The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, fenne, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae) native to southwest India.
Jacques Diouf (born 1 August 1938) is a Senegalese diplomat who was Director-General of the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) from January 1994 to 31 December 2011.
The James Hutton Institute is an interdisciplinary scientific research institute in Scotland established in 2011, through the merger of Scottish Crop Research Institute (SCRI) and the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute.
The Jamestown supply missions were a series of fleets (or sometimes individual ships) from 1607 to around 1611 that were dispatched from England by the London Company (also known as the Virginia Company of London) with the specific goal of initially establishing the Company's presence and later specifically maintaining the English settlement of "James Fort" on present-day Jamestown Island.
Janadesh is the name of a national campaign on land rights in India launched by the movement Ekta Parishad.
João Carlos de Souza Meirelles Filho (São Paulo, Brazil, March 7, 1960) is a writer and a social entrepreneur, considered to be a reference in studies on the Amazon Basin.
John D. Hamaker (1914–1994), was an American mechanical engineer, ecologist, agronomist and science writer in the fields of soil regeneration, rock dusting, mineral cycles, climate cycles and glaciology.
Joseph J. Romm (born June 27, 1960) is an American author, blogger, physicist and climate expert who advocates reducing greenhouse gas emissions and global warming and increasing energy security through energy efficiency, green energy technologies and green transportation technologies.
Kamla Nath Sharma (Also K.N.Sharma, Hindi: कमलानाथ शर्मा, born March 1946) is a civil engineer from Rajasthan, India and an international expert in Hydrology, Water Resources, Irrigation & Drainage and Hydropower Engineering.
Kamrun Nahar is a Bangladeshi soil scientist and environmentalist.
Kathleen Musante DeWalt is an American academic who serves as director of the Center for Latin American Studies – University of Pittsburgh (CLAS) and a Professor of Anthropology.
The Ader Doutchi Maggia Rural Development Project (PDR-ADM), better known as Keita Project, is a development project in Keita Department in central Niger.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Kerala Soil Museum is a museum on the premises of Central Soil Analytical Laboratory at Parottukonam, Thiruvananthapuram District, in the Indian state of Kerala.
The Kerala State Civil Supplies Corporation Limited, abbreviated as and known better by its brand name Supplyco, is a Government of Kerala-owned company headquartered at Kochi, India.
Kokopelli Seed Foundation was created in December 2003 by Dominique Guillet to build a link from Europe's Association Kokopelli to North America, the purpose of Association Kokopelli being to provide access to open-pollinated seeds, as a way to alleviate hunger and promote sustainable food security.
Koreans in the Philippines, largely consisting of expatriates from South Korea, form the largest Korean diaspora community in Southeast Asia and the ninth-largest in the world, after Koreans in Kazakhstan and before Koreans in Vietnam.
Kwesi Amoako Atta (born 5 August 1951) is a Ghanaian lawyer, management consultant and politician.
Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by a combination of human-induced processes acting upon the land.
Land grabbing is the contentious issue of large-scale land acquisitions: the buying or leasing of large pieces of land by domestic and transnational companies, governments, and individuals.
The German expression Landwirtschaftliche Produktionsgenossenschaft (English: Agricultural Production Cooperative), or — more commonly — its acronym LPG was the official designation for large, collectivised farms in East Germany, corresponding to Soviet kolkhoz.
Latvian Auxiliary Police was a paramilitary force created from Latvian volunteers by the Nazi German authorities who occupied the country in June 1941.
Lawrence Akugizibwe (born 02 November 1985) is a Ugandan horticulturist, agropreneur, author, conservationist and politician.
A legume is a plant or its fruit or seed in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae).
Leveraging Agriculture for Improving Nutrition and Health is the title of a global policy consultation and international conference to be held in New Delhi, India from 10–12 February 2011, which will examine the linkages between work undertaken in the agriculture, nutrition and health sectors.
Li Keqiang (Mandarin:; born 1 July 1955) is the current Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.
An agriculture ministry (also called an agriculture department, agriculture board, agriculture council, or agriculture agency, or ministry of rural development) is a ministry charged with agriculture.
The ministries of the Government of India have come up with various useful schemes from time to time.
This is a selective list of known major famines, ordered by date.
This is a list of food days by country.
The packaging and labeling of food is subject to regulation in most regions/jurisdictions, both to prevent false advertising and to promote food safety.
This is a list of international presidential trips made by Barack Obama, the 44th president of the United States.
The following is a list of the "J" codes for MeSH.
Non-Summit (Korean: 비정상회담) is a South Korean talk-variety show, part of JTBC's Monday night lineup.
This is a list of presidential trips made by Barack Obama during 2013, the fifth year of his presidency as the 44th President of the United States.
This list of sweet potato cultivars provides some information about varieties and cultivars of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas).
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Local Food Plus (LFP) was a Toronto-based non-profit organization that brought farmers and consumers together to build regional food economies.
The Longitude Prize 2014 is an inducement prize contest offered by Nesta, a British lottery funded charity, in the spirit of the 18th-century Longitude prize.
Louvain Coopération is a Belgian International non-governmental organization (INGO) located in the university campus of Louvain-la-Neuve.
A low-carbon economy (LCE), low-fossil-fuel economy (LFFE), or decarbonised economy is an economy based on low carbon power sources that therefore has a minimal output of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions into the biosphere, but specifically refers to the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.
Lucie Edwards is a Canadian diplomat, who worked in the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development from 1976 to 2009, as the high commissioner to India, South Africa, Kenya and permanent representative to the United Nations Environmental program.
Lutheran World Relief (LWR) is an international non-governmental organization that focuses on sustainable development projects and disaster relief and recovery.
Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan.(born 7 August 1925) is an Indian geneticist and international administrator, renowned for his leading role in India's Green Revolution, a program under which high-yield varieties of wheat and rice seedlings were planted in the fields of poor farmers.
Mudnakudu Channabasappa Nandeesha (1 July 1957 – 27 December 2012) was a development researcher, innovative aquaculture development worker and educator.
The transition from a one-party state to a multi-party democracy significantly strengthened the already cordial U.S. relationship with Malawi.
The Malaysia-US Free Trade Agreement is a proposed treaty between Malaysia and the United States of America.
Malnutrition is a condition that affects bodily capacities of an individual, including growth, pregnancy, lactation, resistance to illness, and cognitive and physical development.
A Malthusian catastrophe (also known as Malthusian check or Malthusian spectre) is a prediction of a forced return to subsistence-level conditions once population growth has outpaced agricultural production - that there will be too many people and not enough food.
Malthusianism is the idea that population growth is potentially exponential while the growth of the food supply is linear.
Mandela MarketPlace is a non-profit organization in Oakland, California that works to aid low-income people and communities in improving access to food and health care resources.
The 2016 presidential campaign of Manuel "Mar" Roxas II, former Senator of the Philippines and former Secretary of the Interior and Local Government was announced on July 31, 2015.
The March Against Monsanto is an international grassroots movement and protest against Monsanto corporation, a producer of genetically modified organism (GMOs) and Roundup, a glyphosate-based herbicide.
Mashav is Israel's Agency for International Development Cooperation in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Mauritania – United States relations are bilateral relations between Mauritania and the United States.
Max Wallace is a Canadian journalist and historian specializing in the Holocaust, human rights in sport, and popular culture.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
The Middle East Council of Churches was inaugurated in May 1974 at its First General Assembly in Nicosia, Cyprus, and is now headquartered in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply (Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento, abbreviated MAPA) is a federal department in Brazil.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry (Kementerian Pertanian dan Industri Asas Tani), abbreviated MOA, is a ministry of the Government of Malaysia that is responsible for agriculture, agro-based industry, agritourism, livestock, veterinary services, fisheries, quarantine, inspection, agricultural research, agricultural development, agricultural marketing, pineapple industry, agribusiness, botanical garden, food security, food sovereignty.
The Ministry of Commerce of Iran was the main organ of the Government in charge of the regulation and implementation of policies applicable to domestic and foreign trade.
The Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution is a government ministry of India.
Ghana's Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA) is the government agency responsible for the development and growth of agriculture in the country.
Mission Vuelta al Campo ("Return to the Countryside"; implementation announced in mid-2005) is one of the Bolivarian Missions (a series of anti-poverty and social welfare programs) implemented by former Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez.
Mission Zamora is an integrated land reform and land redistribution program in Venezuela, created in law by the Ley de Tierras ("Law of Land"), part of a package of 49 decrees made by Hugo Chávez in November 2001.
Money for Madagascar is a UK registered charity (number 1001420) based in Lancaster, Lancashire.
Monga is a Bengali term referring to the yearly cyclical phenomenon of poverty and hunger in Bangladesh.
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.
The M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) is a nonprofit NGO trust based in Chennai, India.
Multipurpose trees are trees that are deliberately grown and managed for more than one output.
Naegleria fowleri, colloquially known as the "brain-eating amoeba", is a species of the genus Naegleria, belonging to the phylum Percolozoa.
Nancy Stetson is the United States Special Representative for Global Food Security, responsible for leading all aspects of U.S. diplomacy related to food security and nutrition, appointed by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry on June 23, 2014.
The National Agricultural and Fisheries Policy was an act of Seychellois law passed in 2002 which was intended to set out the boundaries of fishing policy in the country between 2002 and 2013.
The National Agricultural Policy Center (NAPC) (المركز الوطني للسياسات الزراعية), was established in 2000 through the work of the Project GCP/SYR/006/ITAhttp://www.fao.org/world/syria/gcpita/ of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, funded by the Government of Italy, to be part of the Syrian Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform.
The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) is an American commercial trade association representing the biodiesel industry as the unifying and coordinating body for research and development in the United States.
The National Famine Commemoration Day (Lá Cuimhneacháin Náisiúnta an Ghorta Mhóir) is an annual observance in Ireland commemorating the Great Famine.
National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO) is the integrated food safety authority of Hungary, established on 15 March 2012.
The National Food Security Act, 2013 (also Right to Food Act) is an Act of the Parliament of India which aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India's 1.2 billion people.
National security refers to the security of a nation state, including its citizens, economy, and institutions, and is regarded as a duty of government.
Nature-based solutions (NBS or NbS) refers to the sustainable management and use of nature for tackling environmental and societal challenges.
Navdanya is an Indian-based non-governmental organisation which promotes biodiversity conservation, biodiversity, organic farming, the rights of farmers, and the process of seed saving.
Neglected and underused crops are also known as orphan, abandoned, lost, underutilized, local, minor, traditional, alternative, niche, or underdeveloped crops and more lately often referred to as forgotten or smart food.
The European Union to Nepal relations is the relations between Nepal and the European Union (EU).
Nested association mapping (NAM) is a technique designed by the labs of,, and for identifying and dissecting the genetic architecture of complex traits in corn (Zea mays).
The Ninth Malaysian Plan (Rancangan Malaysia ke-9), abbreviated as '9MP', is a comprehensive blueprint prepared by the Economic Planning Unit (EPU) of the Prime Minister's Department and the Finance Ministry of Malaysia with approval by the Cabinet of Malaysia.
Norman Ernest Borlaug (March 25, 1914September 12, 2009) was an American agronomist and humanitarian who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green Revolution.
Nuclear winter is the severe and prolonged global climatic cooling effect hypothesized to occur after widespread firestorms following a nuclear war.
Nutrition transition is the shift in dietary consumption and energy expenditure that coincides with economic, demographic, and epidemiological changes.
Nutritional anthropology is the interplay between human biology, economic systems, nutritional status and food security, and how changes in the former affect the latter.
People living with HIV/AIDS face increased challenges in maintaining proper nutrition.
Occupy the Farm is an ongoing social movement that started with the 2012 occupation of the Gill Tract in Albany, California, in protest of planned commercial development of public land and in support of preserving the land for the creation of an open center for urban agroecology and food sovereignty.
The Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA) is an organizational unit within the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) that is charged by the President of the United States with directing and coordinating international United States government disaster assistance.
Okra or okro, known in many English-speaking countries as ladies' fingers or ochro, is a flowering plant in the mallow family.
Omnivore is a consumption classification for animals that have the capability to obtain chemical energy and nutrients from materials originating from plant and animal origin.
The Organisation of Rice Exporting Countries (OREC) describes a project of a small group of South-East Asian countries to create a homonymous organisation.
Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.
Organopónicos or organoponics is a system of urban agriculture using organic gardens.
Our World 2.0 is an online magazine created by the United Nations University Media Centre, located in Tokyo, Japan.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sustainability: Sustainability – capacity to endure.
Oxfam is a confederation of 20 independent charitable organizations focusing on the alleviation of global poverty, founded in 1942 and led by Oxfam International.
Patrick Webb (born 10 March 1959) is the Alexander McFarlane Professor of Nutrition at the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.
Paul Donovan is a British economist and author.
Peak debt is a term meaning borrowing limit, in the same way peak water is a term meaning water limit.
Peak farmland is the maximum usable amount of land needed for crop cultivation (agricultural land) for a given region (country or an entire world).
According to M. King Hubbert's Hubbert peak theory, peak gas is the point in time at which the maximum global natural gas (fossil gas) production rate will be reached, after which the rate of production will enter its terminal decline.
Peak phosphorus is a concept to describe the point in time when humanity reaches the maximum global production rate of phosphorus as an industrial and commercial raw material.
Peak water is a concept that underlines the growing constraints on the availability, quality, and use of freshwater resources.
Peak wheat is the concept that agricultural production, due to its high use of water and energy inputs, is subject to the same profile as oil and other fossil fuel production.
The People's Climate March (PCM) was a large-scale activist event to advocate global action against climate change, which took place on Sunday, September 21, 2014, in New York City, along with a series of companion actions worldwide, many of which also took the name People's Climate March.
Peri-urban agriculture is generally defined as agriculture undertaken in places on the fringes of urban areas.
The Permaculture Institute of El Salvador (IPES) is a grassroots organization of subsistence farmers, which registered as a Not for Profit Foundation with the government of El Salvador in 2002.
The Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (French: Comité permanent inter-État de lutte contre la sécheresse au Sahel, abbreviated as CILSS) is an international organization consisting of countries in the Sahel region of Africa.
The Pest Infestation Control Laboratory was a government-run laboratory in Slough during the war investigating food security.
Pete Smith is Professor of Soils and Global change at the University of Aberdeen where he directs the Scottish Climate Change Centre of Expertise, ClimateXChange.
The Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies (Петроградский Совет рабочих и солдатских депутатов, Petrogradskiy soviet rabochikh i soldatskikh deputatov) was a city council of Petrograd (Saint Petersburg), the capital of the Russian Empire.
Phat Beets Produce is an American non-profit food justice collective focusing on food justice in North Oakland, California, started by Max Cadji and Bret Brenner in 2007.
Pictou Landing First Nations is a Mi'kmaq First Nation band government in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics.
Plant Protection and Quarantine (PPQ) is one of six operational program units within the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Policy Coherence for Development (PCD) is an approach and policy tool for integrating the economic, social, environmental and governance dimensions of sustainable development at all stages of domestic and international policy making.
Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain.
Polli:Nation is a UK social movement which aims to help protect the future of pollinators.
Population, Health and Environment('PHE') is an approach to human development that integrates family planning and health with conservation efforts to seek synergistic successes for greater conservation and human welfare outcomes than single sector approaches.There is a deep relationship between population, health and environment.
The Porto Alegre Manifesto is a proposal for social change produced at the 2005 World Social Forum.
The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum.
China is the world's largest producer of potatoes, generating more than 22 percent of global potato production.
In China today, poverty refers mainly to the rural poor, as decades of economic growth has largely eradicated urban poverty.
Poverty in Niger is widespread and enduring in one of the world's most impoverished countries.
Poverty in Ontario refers to people living in Ontario deprived of or facing serious challenges in meeting basic needs such shelter, food, clothing and other essential needs.
The Arctic is a vast polar region comprising the northern most parts of Canada, Norway, Greenland (Denmark), Sweden, Finland, the United States (Alaska), Iceland and Russia.
Praxis Ethiopia is an international organisation whose goal is to apply professional expertise to the problems of extreme poverty in Ethiopia.
The Presidential Assistant for Food Security and Agricultural Modernization (PAFSAM) is a Cabinet-level position under the Office of the President of the Philippines.
Bats of the genus Pteropus (suborder Yinpterochiroptera) are among the largest bats in the world.
Indian food security system, established by the Government of India under Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution is to distribute subsidized food and non-food items to India's poor.
Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting human health through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals".
Queen Máxima of the Netherlands (born Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti; 17 May 1971) is the wife of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands.
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa; (or, from Quechua kinwa or kinuwa) is a flowering plant in the amaranth family. It is a herbaceous annual plant grown as a grain crop primarily for its edible seeds. Quinoa is not a grass, but rather a pseudocereal botanically related to spinach and amaranth (Amaranthus spp.). Quinoa provides protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and dietary minerals in rich amounts above those of wheat, corn, rice or oats. It is gluten-free. After harvest, the seeds are processed to remove the bitter-tasting outer seed coat. Quinoa originated in the Andean region of northwestern South America, and was domesticated 3,000 to 4,000 years ago for human consumption in the Lake Titicaca basin of Peru and Bolivia, though archaeological evidence shows livestock uses 5,200 to 7,000 years ago.
Ralph Gretzmacher is an Austrian scientist, professor of botany, zoology and an expert on tropical and subtropic agronomy.
RapidEye AG was a German geospatial information provider focused on assisting in management decision-making through services based on their own Earth observation imagery.
Raymond F. Hopkins (born c. 1938) is an American political science professor and expert on food politics and food policy.
Reclaimed or recycled water (also called wastewater reuse or water reclamation) is the process of converting wastewater into water that can be reused for other purposes.
Refugee women face gender-specific challenges in navigating daily life at every stage of their migration experience.
Regional effects of global warming are long-term significant changes in the expected patterns of average weather of a specific region due to global warming.
In population ecology, a regulating factor is something that keeps a population at equilibrium (neither increasing nor decreasing in size over time).
A regulatory agency (also regulatory authority, regulatory body or regulator) is a public authority or government agency responsible for exercising autonomous authority over some area of human activity in a regulatory or supervisory capacity.
There is a renewable energy debate about the constraints and opportunities associated with the use of renewable energy.
Reserve army of labour is a concept in Karl Marx's critique of political economy.
Reuse of excreta (or re-use or use of excreta) refers to the safe, beneficial use of animal or human excreta, i.e. feces (or faeces in British English) and urine.
Rhea-Simone Auguste (born July 30, 1984) also known as Simmy, is an award-winning print journalist and stand-up comedian in Trinidad and Tobago.
Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice).
Rice production in Japan is important to the food supply in Japan, with rice being a staple part of the Japanese diet.
Richard L. Lackey founded the World Food Bank and the Global Food Exchange, he also serves a chair of the Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD).
The right to food, and its non variations, is a human right protecting the right for people to feed themselves in dignity, implying that sufficient food is available, that people have the means to access it, and that it adequately meets the individual's dietary needs.
Robert Francis Cekuta (born 1954) is a career Foreign Service Officer and the current U.S. Ambassador to Azerbaijan.
Robert Gabriel Mugabe (born 21 February 1924) is a former Zimbabwean politician and revolutionary who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President from 1987 to 2017.
Robert Swift (born December 3, 1985) is an American professional basketball player who plays for Spanish club Círculo Gijón Baloncesto y Conocimiento.
Robyn Gwen Alders AO is the first female veterinary scientist to be made an Officer of the Order of Australia.
The Rome Declaration on World Food Security is a document adopted at the 1996 World Food Summit took place in Rome, Italy between 13 and 17 November 1996.
Rooted in Community National Network also referred to as R.I.C or Rooted in Community, a project of Earth Island Institute, is a non-profit organization that was founded in Boston.
Rosamond (Roz) Lee Naylor (born Feb 24, 1958) is an American economist focused on global food security and sustainable agriculture.
Ruhama Avraham Balila (רוחמה אברהם בלילא, born 29 January 1964) is an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Likud and Kadima between 2003 and 2013.
Ruler Rebel is a studio album by American jazz trumpeter Christian Scott released on March 31, 2017 by Ropeadope Records.
Rural poverty refers to poverty found in rural areas, including factors of rural society, rural economy, and rural political systems that give rise to the poverty found there.
Sada Cumber is a Pakistani-American businessman and diplomat.
Sadomba cattle project is a project started by the Sadomba (women) community with the Ministry of Women Affairs Gender and Community Development in its Women empowerment and Community Development Programmes.
Safe Planet: the United Nations Campaign for Responsibility on Hazardous Chemicals and Wastes is the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and UN Food and Agricultural Organization-led global public awareness and outreach campaign for ensuring the safety of human health and the environment against hazardous chemicals and wastes.
Samuel M. Chu currently directs the national advocacy and community organizing for MAZON: A Jewish Response to Hunger., leading local and regional campaigns around issues of food insecurity and access in various states.
The San Joaquin Valley is the area of the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California that lies south of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta and is drained by the San Joaquin River.
Santosh Mehrotra (Lucknow, present-day Delhi, India, 30 July 1955) is a human development economist, whose research and writings have had most influence in the areas of labour, employment, skill development, child poverty, and the economics of education.
Sara Youcha Goldrick-Rab is Professor of Higher Education Policy and Sociology at Temple University.
School feeding programs have been defined by the World Bank as "targeted social safety nets that provide both educational and health benefits to the most vulnerable children, thereby increasing enrollment rates, reducing absenteeism, and improving food security at the household level".
School meal programs in the United States provide school meals free of charge, or at a government-subsidized price, to U.S. students from low-income families.
Science and technology in Colombia refers to the development of scientific research and technological innovation in Colombia, and how these in turn affect Colombian society, politics, and culture.
The scientific opinion on climate change is the overall judgment among scientists regarding the extent to which global warming is occurring, its likely causes, and its probable consequences.
The Second Green Revolution is a change in agricultural production widely thought necessary to feed and sustain the growing population on Earth These calls have precipitated in part, as a response to rising food commodity prices, and fears of peak oil among other factors.
Second Harvest North Florida (SHNF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization located in Jacksonville, Florida that performs food rescue and redistribution to partner agencies in one quarter of Florida's 67 counties.
Second-generation biofuels, also known as advanced biofuels, are fuels that can be manufactured from various types of non-food biomass.
Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential harm (or other unwanted coercive change) from external forces.
Security is the degree of protection against danger, damage, loss, and crime.
Silent Valley National Park (Malayalam: സൈലന്റ് വാലീ നാഷണല് പാര്ക്ക്), is a national park with a core zone of (making it the second largest national park in Kerala).
Sitakunda (সীতাকুণ্ড Shitakunḍo) is an upazila, or administrative unit, in the Chittagong District of Bangladesh.
The Skoll Foundation is a private foundation based in Palo Alto, California, with a mission to drive large-scale change by investing in, connecting, and celebrating social entrepreneurs and other innovators dedicated to solving the world's most pressing problems.
The social determinants of health are linked to the economic and social conditions and their distribution among the population that influence individual and group differences in health status.
The social determinants of health in poverty describe the factors that affect impoverished populations' health and health inequality.
The Social Protection Floor (SPF), is the first level of social protection in a national social protection system.
Social reproduction is a concept originally proposed by Karl Marx in Das Kapital, and is a variety of his broader idea of reproduction.
The Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs) are eight environmental fields of interest, all of which relate to climate, around which the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) project is exerting its efforts.
The Soil Association is a charity based in the United Kingdom.
Soil biodiversity refers to the relationship of soil to biodiversity and to aspects of the soil that can be managed in relation to biodiversity.
Soil compaction, also known as soil structure degradation, is the increase of bulk density or decrease in porosity of soil due to externally or internally applied loads.
Soil erosion is the displacement of the upper layer of soil, one form of soil degradation.
Soil governance refers to the policies, strategies, and the processes of decision-making employed by nation states and local governments regarding the use of soil.
The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), is the largest soil-specific society in the United States.
The Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF) is a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit whose mission is to design and implement solar energy solutions to assist those living in energy poverty with their economic, educational, health care, and agricultural development.
The use of solar energy in rural areas across sub-Saharan Africa has increased over the years.
Solidarités International is a non-profit organization working in areas of conflict and natural disasters.
Sombath Somphone (ສົມບັດ ສົມພອນ, born 17 February 1952 in Khammouane Province, Laos) is an internationally acclaimed community development worker and prominent member of Lao civil society.
The South Central Farm, also known as the South Central Community Garden, was an urban farm and community garden located at East 41st and South Alameda Streets, in an industrial area of South Los Angeles, California (known as South Central Los Angeles) which was in operation between 1994 and 2006.
Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, and including several countries.
Spirulina represents a biomass of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that can be consumed by humans and other animals.
In culinary terminology, squab is a young domestic pigeon, typically under four weeks old, or its meat.
The Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment serves as Stanford University’s hub for faculty for environmental studies.
Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.
Starving Time at Jamestown in the Colony of Virginia was a period of starvation during the winter of 1609–1610.
Statistics Without Borders (SWB) is an organization of volunteer statisticians that provides pro bono statistical consulting and assistance to organizations or governments to help deal with health issues.
The Stockholm Environment Institute, or SEI, is a non-profit, independent research and policy institute specialising in sustainable development and environmental issues.
Stuffed and Starved: The Hidden Battle for the World Food System is a non-fiction book written by Raj Patel.
Stunted growth, also known as stunting and nutritional stunting, is a reduced growth rate in human development.
Subsistence agriculture is a self-sufficiency farming system in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their entire families.
Subsistence hunting of the bowhead whale is permitted by the International Whaling Commission, under limited conditions.
Sugianto Sabran is an Indonesian politician and the current governor of Central Kalimantan.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as the Food Stamp Program, provides food-purchasing assistance for low- and no-income people living in the United States.
Suresh Kumar (born February 1955) was appointed the Assistant Commerce Secretary for Trade Promotion and Director-General of the U.S. Foreign Commercial Service by President Barack Obama on February 12, 2010.
Surplus killing, also known as excessive killing and henhouse syndrome, is a common behavior exhibited by predators, in which they kill more prey than they can immediately eat and then they either cache or they abandon the remainder.
Sustainability is the process of change, in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and institutional change are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations.
At the global scale sustainability and environmental management involves managing the oceans, freshwater systems, land and atmosphere, according to sustainability principles.
Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways based on an understanding of ecosystem services, the study of relationships between organisms and their environment.
Sustainable biofuel is biofuel produced in a sustainable manner.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a good collection of 17 global goals set by the United Nations in 2015.
Sustainable diets are defined as "those diets with low environmental impacts that contribute to food and nutritional security and to healthy lives for present and future generations.
The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) is a loose network of organizations who are "working along the same lines towards achieving sustainable sanitation".
Tajikistan (or; Тоҷикистон), officially the Republic of Tajikistan (Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Jumhuriyi Tojikiston), is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia with an estimated population of million people as of, and an area of.
The Tamil Nadu Forest Department was established as the Madras Forest Department in 1855 by Dr Hugh Francis Cleghorn, "the father of scientific forestry in India".
The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) was established in 1983 under the Lomé Convention between the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States and EU member states.
TechnoServe is an international nonprofit that promotes business solutions to poverty in the developing world by linking people to information, capital and markets.
The Texas Hunger Initiative (THI) is a capacity-building, collaborative project dedicated to developing and implementing strategies to end hunger through policy, education, research, community organizing and community development.
The Food Wars is a 2009 book by Walden Bello which examines the food crisis and issues relating to food security.
The Hunger Project (THP) is an organization committed to the sustainable end of world hunger.
The Improving State of the World: Why We're Living Longer, Healthier, More Comfortable Lives On a Cleaner Planet is a 2007 book by Indur M. Goklany, published by the Cato Institute.
The International Council on Security and Development (ICOS) is an international think tank that focuses on Afghanistan and other conflict zones such as Iraq and Somalia.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has operated in Malawi since 1965.
The Institute for the Advancement of Education in Jaffa (“The Jaffa Institute”) is a non-profit, multi-service social agency located in Jaffa, Israel.
The People's Produce Project (PPP) was created in 2008, located in San Diego, CA, in response to the growing need for food and health advocacy in the city’s 4th District, locally known as Southeastern San Diego (SESD).
The Population Bomb is a best-selling book written by Stanford University Professor Paul R. Ehrlich and his wife, Anne Ehrlich (who was uncredited), in 1968.
Rodale Institute is an American 501(c)(3) nonprofit that supports research into organic farming.
The conventional explanation until 1951 for the cause of famines was the decline of food availability (abbreviated as FAD for food availability decline).
ThinkProgress is an American news website.
Tiger Brands Limited is a South African packaged goods company.
Tom Arnold is an Irish agricultural economist and public policy advisor who has worked in the Irish civil service and served on various non-governmental organisations and public forums, mainly in the area of food security.
Tom Rand (born 1967) is a Canadian climate change expert and clean-technology venture capitalist.
The Toronto Food Policy Council (TFPC) is a citizen body of food activists and experts responsible for generating food policy for the City of Toronto.
Trade can be a key factor in economic development.
The Treaty of Chaguaramas established the Caribbean Community and Common Market, later known as CARICOM.
Trickle Up is a nonprofit international development organization that empowers people living in extreme poverty, defined as less than $1.90 a day.
Worldwide more human beings gain their livelihood from agriculture than any other endeavor; the majority are self-employed subsistence farmers living in the tropics.
The Faculty of Land and Food Systems (LFS) (formerly Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, formerly Faculty of Agriculture) is one of the three founding Faculties at the University of British Columbia (UBC) in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Ug99 is a lineage of wheat stem rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici), which is present in wheat fields in several countries in Africa and the Middle East and is predicted to spread rapidly through these regions and possibly further afield, potentially causing a wheat production disaster that would affect food security worldwide.
Ulrich Schiefer (* September 10, 1952, in Lauffen am Neckar) is a German rural and development sociologist and anthropologist.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty adopted on 9 May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.
The 2017 United Nations Ocean Conference was a United Nations conference that took place on June 5th-9th 2017 which sought to mobilize action for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas and marine resources.
The United States African Development Foundation (USADF) is an independent United States government agency that provides grants of up to $250,000 for operational assistance, enterprise expansion and market linkage to early stage agriculture, energy, and youth-led enterprises that benefit underserved communities in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The United States Mission to the UN Agencies in Rome serves as a link between the Rome-based international organizations and the U.S. government.
The University of Hohenheim (Universität Hohenheim) is a campus university located in the south of Stuttgart, Germany.
The Department of Food Science at the University of Massachusetts Amherst was officially started, preceding all other Food Science departments in the United States by over a year, on April 27, 1918.
The University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore (initials:UVAS), is a public, research university located in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Urban agriculture, urban farming, or urban gardening is the practice of cultivating, processing and distributing food in or around a village, town, or city.
Urban agriculture in West Oakland involves the implementation of Urban agriculture in Oakland.
Horticulture is the science and art of growing fruits and vegetables and also flowers or ornamental plants.
The United States Food Sovereignty Alliance is a group of food producers and labor, environmental, faith-based, social justice and anti-hunger advocacy organizations, including the,, the, and the.
Vanuatu (or; Bislama, French), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is a Pacific island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.
La Vía Campesina (from Spanish la vía campesina, the campesino way, or the peasants' way) was founded in 1993 by farmers organizations from Europe, Latin America, Asia, North America, Central America and Africa.
The Vilnius Declaration was a declaration adopted by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) during the 18th annual session of its parliamentary assembly, that took place in Vilnius from 29 June to 3 July 2009.
Virtual water trade (also known as trade in embedded or embodied water) refers to the hidden flow of water if food or other commodities are traded from one place to another.
Visionaries: Small Solutions to Enormously Large Problems is an Australian television series of documentary films written and directed by Tony Gailey and Julian Russell.
Visy Industries was established in Melbourne, Australia in 1948 and has since grown to become one of the world’s largest privately owned paper, packaging and recycling companies.
The water crisis in Honduras is the problem of physical and economic water scarcity in Honduras.
Overall, Africa has about 9% of the world's fresh water resources and 11% of the world's population.
India experiences an average precipitation of per year, or about of rains annually or about of fresh water per person every year.
Water scarcity or lack of safe drinking water is one of the world's leading problems affecting more than 1.1 billion people globally, meaning that one in every six people lacks access to safe drinking water.
Water security has been defined as "the reliable availability of an acceptable quantity and quality of water for health, livelihoods and production, coupled with an acceptable level of water-related risks".
The water, energy and food security nexus means that water security, energy security and food security are inextricably linked and that actions in any one area usually have impacts in one or both of the others.
Water, Land and Ecosystems is one of several new research programmes approved by the CGIAR during 2011 after an extensive period of consultation that began in 2009.
Wayne Roberts (born September 30, 1944) is a Canadian food policy analyst and writer.
Deutsche Welthungerhilfe e. V. – or Welthungerhilfe (German for World Hunger Aid) for short – is a German non-denominational and politically independent non-profit and non-governmental aid agency working in the fields of development cooperation and emergency aid.
Will Allen (born February 8, 1949) is an American urban farmer based in Milwaukee and a retired professional basketball player.
Wings of Hope is an aviation nonprofit organization which helps communities worldwide become more self-sufficient through improved health, education, economic opportunity, and food security.
Women and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa refers to the agricultural system in Sub-Saharan Africa that is predominantly small-scale farming system with more than 50% of the agricultural activity performed by women, producing about 60-70% of the food in this region.
Women's property rights are property and inheritance rights enjoyed by women as a category within society at any point in time.
The World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (Association Mondiale Des Radiodiffuseurs Communautaires, AMARC) is the international umbrella organization of community radio broadcasters founded in 1983, with nearly 3,000 members in 110 countries.
The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is a United Nations observance each June 17.
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.
The World Food Prize is an international award recognizing the achievements of individuals who have advanced human development by improving the quality, quantity, or availability of food in the world.
The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security.
World Food Summits are convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
The World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fishworkers (WFF) is an international non-governmental organization that works towards the establishment and upholding of fundamental human rights, social justice and culture of fish harvesters and fish workers, affirming the sea as the source of all life and committing themselves to sustain fisheries and aquatic resources from the present and future generations in order to protect their livelihood.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
World Neighbors is a non-profit international development organization that works with people who are struggling to overcome the consequences of underdevelopment in some of the poorest places in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
The World Ocean Conference 2009 (WOC) is an international conference to develop a common understanding and firm commitment to address the adverse impact of climate change on the state of the world’s oceans, and increase understanding on the role of the oceans as ‘climate moderator’.
In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have reached 7.6 billion people as of May 2018.
The World Summit on Food Security took place in Rome, Italy between 16 and 18 November 2009.
The United Nations World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) hosted and led by UNESCO, is a Programme Office on Global Water Assessment.
Worldchanging was a nonprofit online publisher that operated from 2003 to 2010.
The X Club was a dining club of nine men who supported the theories of natural selection and academic liberalism in late 19th-century England.
Yonnette Fleming is an Urban Farmer and Community earth steward based in Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn.
A zud or dzud (зуд) is a Mongolian term for a severe winter in which large number of livestock die, primarily due to starvation due to being unable to graze, in other cases directly from the cold.
From March to October 1915, swarms of locusts stripped areas in and around Palestine, Mount Lebanon and Syria of almost all vegetation.
The inaugural BRIC summit took place in Yekaterinburg, Russia on June 16, 2009.
In 2004, West and North Africa experienced their largest infestation of locusts in more than 15 years.
Events from the year 2005 in Canada.
The 2005–06 Niger food crisis was a severe but localized food security crisis in the regions of northern Maradi, Tahoua, Tillabéri, and Zinder of Niger from 2005 to 2006.
In 2006, an acute shortage of food affected the countries in the Horn of Africa (Somalia, Djibouti and Ethiopia), as well as northeastern Kenya.
World food prices increased dramatically in 2007 and the first and second quarter of 2008, creating a global crisis and causing political and economic instability and social unrest in both poor and developed nations.
The 2008 Global Rice Crisis occurred between January and May 2008, the international trading price of rice jumped dramatically, increasing more than 300% (from USD $300 to $1,200 per ton) in just four months.
The 2010 G20 Toronto summit was the fourth meeting of the G20 heads of state/government, to discuss the global financial system and the world economy, which took place at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, during June 26–27, 2010.
A large-scale, drought-induced famine occurred in Africa's Sahel region and many parts of the neighboring Sénégal River Area from February to August 2010.
Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East Africa region.
The 2011 G20 Cannes Summit was the sixth meeting of the G20 heads of government/heads of state in a series of on-going discussions about financial markets and the world economy.
Events from the year 2011 in Afghanistan.
As of February 2017 a drought ravages Somalia that has left more than 6 million people, or half the country's population, facing food shortages with several water supplies becoming undrinkable due to the possibility of infection.
The 2020 Vision Initiative in an initiative of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
The 27th G8 summit was held in Genoa, Italy, on July 21–22, 2001 and is remembered as the peak of the worldwide antiglobalization movement as well as for human rights crimes against demonstrators.