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in literature, 1704 in science, 1708 in science, 1709 in science, 1716 in science, 1717 in science, 1738 in science, 1742, 1754 in science, 1755 Lisbon earthquake, 1757, 1758 in science, 1770 in science, 1782, 179, 1796 in science, 18 til I Die, 1817 in science, 1820s, 1823 in science, 1824 Constitution of Mexico, 1828, 1828 in science, 1829 in science, 1830s, 1831 in science, 1834 in science, 1836 in science, 1848 in science, 1850s, 1856 in science, 1858 in Canada, 1858 in science, 1860s, 1861 in science, 1863 in science, 1866 in science, 1869 in architecture, 187, 187 (slang), 1870s, 1873 in architecture, 1874 in music, 1875 in architecture, 1877 in music, 1878 in science, 1880s, 1881 in science, 1882 in science, 1884 in science, 1885 in music, 1885 in science, 1886 in science, 1889 in science, 1890 in science, 1895, 1895 in science, 1899 in science, 18XX, 1901 in aviation, 1901 in science, 1902 in architecture, 1902 in aviation, 1902 in science, 1904 in aviation, 1904 in science, 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aviation, 1939 in Canada, 1940 in aviation, 1940 in science, 1941, 1941 in science, 1942 in science, 1943 in aviation, 1944 in aviation, 1944 in science, 1945 in aviation, 1946 in aviation, 1948 Summer Olympics, 1948 Winter Olympics, 1950 in aviation, 1950s, 1951, 1951 in Canada, 1952 in aviation, 1952 Summer Olympics, 1955 in science, 1956 in aviation, 1958 in science, 196, 1960 Summer Olympics, 1961 in architecture, 1964 in architecture, 1968 in architecture, 1969, 1969 in architecture, 1970 in sports, 1971 in sports, 1972 in architecture, 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1974 in science, 1977 in architecture, 1979 in architecture, 1981 in architecture, 1984 in science, 1984 Winter Paralympics, 1985 Helsinki Protocol on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions, 1985 in aviation, 1985 in sports, 1986 in architecture, 1989, 1989 in sports, 1990 in aviation, 1991 in aviation, 1991 in film, 1991: The Year Punk Broke, 1992, 1992 in architecture, 1992 in aviation, 1992 in sports, 1993 World Championships in Athletics, 1994 in LGBT rights, 1994 in science, 1995 in sports, 1996, 1996 in aviation, 1996 in sports, 1997 in aviation, 1997 in sports, 1998 in sports, 1999 in aviation, 1st Extreme Ironing World Championships, 2-10-0, 2-8-8-4, 2000 in aviation, 2000s (decade), 2000s in music, 2001 in Afghanistan, 2001 U.S. Embassy Paris attack plot, 2002, 2002 in aviation, 2003 European Grand Prix, 2003 in sports, 2003 United States Grand Prix, 2004 in aviation, 2004 in Iraq, 2004 in music, 2004 in politics, 2004 San Marino Grand Prix, 2004 Summer Paralympics, 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2007, 2007 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2010, 2010s, 2015, 2019, 2022, 2028, 214, 2300 AD, 259, 260, 27th G8 summit, 293, 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 2nd Infantry Division (United States), 2nd millennium, 304, 375, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 3T, 4-6-2, 4-8-4, 430, 451, 477, 480 BC, 49 (number), 496, 4th Canadian Armoured Brigade, 4th millennium, 530, 55 BC, 553, 556, 560 BC, 562, 570, 57P/du Toit–Neujmin–Delporte, 5th Infantry Division (United States), 60 Minutes, 600, 603, 613, 620, 65 (number), 66 (number), 664, 695, 6th Division (Norway), 70-centimeter band, 700, 702, 714, 716, 722, 732, 734, 736, 742, 744, 762, 764, 769, 77 (number), 770, 774, 783, 788, 789, 794, 797, 799, 8-track tape, 804, 805, 829, 82nd United States Congress, 830, 831, 836, 838, 839, 843, 850, 852, 86 Semele, 877, 885, 888, 892, 894, 895, 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot, 913, 918, 921, 929, 955, 960, 973, 974, 978, 985. 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The 'Ndràngheta is an organized crime group centered in Calabria, Italy.
A Hard Day's Night is a 1964 British musical comedy film directed by Richard Lester and starring the Beatles—John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr—during the height of Beatlemania.
A Matter of Life and Death is a 1946 British fantasy-romance film written, produced and directed by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, and set in England during the Second World War.
Abraham Grace Merritt (January 20, 1884 – August 21, 1943) – known by his byline, A. Merritt – was an American Sunday magazine editor and a writer of fantastic fiction.
The AA-1 class was a class of three experimental submarines of the United States Navy, built toward the end of World War I, between 1916 and 1919, intended to produce a high-speed fleet submarine.
Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.
The district of Aachen (Städteregion Aachen) is a district in the west of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Aachen Cathedral (German: Aachener Dom), traditionally called in English the Cathedral of Aix-la-Chapelle, is a Roman Catholic church in Aachen, western Germany, and the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Aachen.
The is Germany's biggest karst spring, producing an average of 8,500 litres per second.
Aalten is a municipality and a village in the eastern Netherlands.
Amir Ageeb or Aamir Ageeb (c. 1969 – May 28, 1999) was a Sudanese who was killed while resisting deportation from Germany, leading to a lawsuit against the involved officers.
The aardwolf (Proteles cristata) is a small, insectivorous mammal, native to East and Southern Africa.
Shāh Abbās the Great or Shāh Abbās I of Persia (شاه عباس بزرگ; 27 January 157119 January 1629) was the 5th Safavid Shah (king) of Iran, and is generally considered the strongest ruler of the Safavid dynasty.
ABC World News Tonight (titled as ABC World News Tonight with David Muir for its weeknight broadcasts since September 2014 and simply ABC World News Tonight for its weekend broadcasts) is the flagship daily evening television news program of ABC News, the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) television network in the United States.
Abdul Ahad Mohmand (born January 1, 1959) is a former Afghan Air Force aviator who became the first Afghan citizen and fourth Muslim to journey to outer space.
Abdul Qadeer Khan, NI, HI, FPAS (ڈاکٹر عبد القدیر خان; born 1935 or 1936), known as A. Q. Khan, is a Pakistani former nuclear physicist and a metallurgical engineer, who founded the uranium enrichment program for Pakistan's atomic bomb project.
Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (عبد الله الثاني بن الحسين., ʿAbdullāh ath-thānī ibn Al-Ḥusayn, born 30 January 1962) has been King of Jordan since 1999.
Abdur Rahman Khan (عبد رحمان خان) (between 1840 and 1844October 1, 1901) was Emir of Afghanistan from 1880 to 1901.
Abdurrahman Wahid, born Abdurrahman ad-Dakhil (September 1940 – 30 December 2009), colloquially known as, was an Indonesian Muslim religious and political leader who served as the President of Indonesia from 1999 to 2001.
Abebe Bikila (አበበ ቢቂላ; August 7, 1932 – October 25, 1973) was an Ethiopian double Olympic marathon champion.
Abel Servien, marquis de Sablé et de Boisdauphin and comte de La Roche des Aubiers (1 November 159317 February 1659) was a French diplomat who served Cardinal Mazarin and signed for the French the Treaty of Westphalia.
Abensberg is a town in the Lower Bavarian district of Kelheim, in Bavaria, Germany, lying around 30 km southwest of Regensburg, 40 km east of Ingolstadt, 50 northwest of Landshut and 100 km north of Munich.
Abercrombie is a city in Richland County, North Dakota, United States.
Aberdeenshire (Siorrachd Obar Dheathain) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland.
Aberystwyth University (Prifysgol Aberystwyth) is a public research university in Aberystwyth, Wales.
Abitur is a qualification granted by university-preparatory schools in Germany, Lithuania, and Estonia.
Abkhaz (sometimes spelled Abxaz; Аԥсуа бызшәа //), also known as Abkhazian, is a Northwest Caucasian language most closely related to Abaza.
Abnoba is a name with theological and geographical meanings: It is the name of a Gaulish goddess who was worshiped in the Black Forest and surrounding areas.
The abolition of monarchy involves the ending of monarchical elements in the government of a country.
Abortion in Germany is permitted in the first trimester upon condition of mandatory counseling, and is also permitted later in pregnancy in cases of medical necessity.
Abortion law permits, prohibits, restricts, or otherwise regulates the availability of abortion.
Abraham Jacobi (6 May 1830 – 10 July 1919) was a German physician and pioneer of pediatrics, opening the first children's clinic in the United States.
Abraham "Abe" Sinkov (August 22, 1907 – January 19, 1998) was a US cryptanalyst.
Absalom or Avshalom according to the Hebrew Bible was the third son of David, King of Israel with Maacah, daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur.
In sociolinguistics, an abstand language is a language variety or cluster of varieties with significant linguistic distance from all others, while an ausbau language is a standard variety, possibly with related dependent varieties.
Academia Sinica (Han characters: 中央研究院, literally "central research academy"; abbreviated AS), headquartered in Nangang District, Taipei, is the national academy of Taiwan.
Academic fencing (German akademisches Fechten) or Mensur is the traditional kind of fencing practiced by some student corporations (Studentenverbindungen) in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Latvia, Estonia, and, to a minor extent, in Flanders, Lithuania, and Poland.
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
The Academy of Arts (Akademie der Künste) is a state arts institution in Berlin, Germany.
Accept are a German heavy metal band from the town of Solingen, originally assembled by former vocalist Udo Dirkschneider, guitarist Wolf Hoffmann and bassist Peter Baltes.
Access © or Access Copyright is the operating name of a Canada Business Corporations Act corporation whose official registration name is The Canadian Copyright Licensing Agency (formerly Cancopy).
Accessory is a German synthpop/electro-industrial group consisting of Dirk Steyer and Ivo Lottig.
Financial statements prepared and presented by a company typically follow an external standard that specifically guides their preparation.
An accrual bond is a fixed-interest bond that is issued at its face value and repaid at the end of the maturity period together with the accrued interest.
Acer Inc. (lit. Hongji Corporation Ltd.) is a Taiwanese multinational hardware and electronics corporation, specializing in advanced electronics technology, headquartered in Xizhi, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
Achernar is the name of the primary (or 'A') component of the binary system designated Alpha Eridani (α Eridani, abbreviated Alf Eri, α Eri), which is the brightest 'star' or point of light in, and lying at the southern tip of, the constellation of Eridanus, and the tenth-brightest in the night sky.
Achill Island (Acaill, Oileán Acla) in County Mayo is the largest of the Irish isles, and is situated off the west coast of Ireland.
Achterwehr is a municipality, located in the district of Rendsburg-Eckernförde in the German Bundesland of Schleswig-Holstein.
Achtrup (Agtrup; North Frisian: Åktoorp) is a municipality in Nordfriesland district, in Schleswig-Holstein in northern Germany.
Act were a short-lived synthpop group signed to ZTT Records in the late 1980s, and comprising British musician Thomas Leer and German ex-Propaganda vocalist Claudia Brücken.
Action Directe is a famously difficult sport climb in the Frankenjura, Germany.
AD 12 (XII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 14 (XIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 39 (XXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 47 (XLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
AD 86 (LXXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Adalbert of Magdeburg, sometimes incorrectly shortened to "Albert" (c. 910 - 20 June 981), and known as the Apostle of the Slavs, was the first Archbishop of Magdeburg (from 968) and a successful missionary to the Polabian Slavs to the east of what is contemporarily Germany.
Adalbert of Prague (Adalbertus / Wojciech Sławnikowic); 95623 April 997), known in Czech by his birth name Vojtěch (Voitecus), was a Bohemian missionary and Christian saint. He was the Bishop of Prague and a missionary to the Hungarians, Poles, and Prussians, who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians to Christianity. He is said to be the composer of the oldest Czech hymn Hospodine, pomiluj ny and Bogurodzica, the oldest known Polish hymn, but the authorship has not confirmed. St. Adalbert (or St.
Adam Friedrich Oeser (17 February 1717 in Pressburg – 18 March 1799 in Leipzig) was a German etcher, painter and sculptor.
Adam of Bremen (Adamus Bremensis; Adam von Bremen) was a German medieval chronicler.
Adam Ries (January 17, 1492 – March 30, 1559) was a German mathematician.
Adam Stegerwald (14 December 1874, Greußenheim, Lower Franconia – 3 December 1945) was a German Catholic politician and a leader of the left wing of the Centre Party.
Friedrich Adam von Trott zu Solz (9 August 1909 – 26 August 1944) was a German lawyer and diplomat who was involved in the conservative resistance to Nazism.
"Adam's Song" is a song recorded by the American rock band Blink-182 for its third studio album, Enema of the State (1999).
Adams is a city in Walsh County, North Dakota, United States.
Puss is a character in the fairy tale "The Master Cat, or Puss in Boots" by Charles Perrault.
Adel bin Ahmed Al-Jubeir (عادل بن أحمد الجبير; born 1 February 1962) is a diplomat who has been Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs since 29 April 2015.
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (Adelaide Louise Theresa Caroline Amelia;; 13 August 1792 – 2 December 1849) was the queen consort of the United Kingdom and of Hanover as spouse of William IV of the United Kingdom.
Adelbert von Chamisso (30 January 178121 August 1838) was a German poet and botanist, author of Peter Schlemihl, a famous story about a man who sold his shadow.
Adele, Lady Charles Cavendish (born Adele Marie Austerlitz; September 10, 1896 – January 25, 1981) was an American dancer, stage actress and singer.
Adelzhausen is a municipality in Aichach-Friedberg district, in Bavaria, southern Germany.
In cryptography, the ADFGVX cipher was a field cipher used by the German Army on the Western Front during World War I. ADFGVX was in fact an extension of an earlier cipher called ADFGX.
Adidas AG (stylized as ɑdidɑs since 1949) is a multinational corporation, founded and headquartered in Herzogenaurach, Germany, that designs and manufactures shoes, clothing and accessories.
A variable-rate mortgage, adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), or tracker mortgage is a mortgage loan with the interest rate on the note periodically adjusted based on an index which reflects the cost to the lender of borrowing on the credit markets.
Admiralty law or maritime law is a body of law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes.
Adobe Creative Suite (CS) was a software suite of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications developed by Adobe Systems.
Adolf Georg Wilhelm Busch (8 August 1891 – 9 June 1952) was a German-Swiss violinist, conductor, and composer.
Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt (24 March 1903 – 18 January 1995) was a German biochemist.
Adolf Eugen Fick (3 September 1829 – 21 August 1901) was a German-born physician and physiologist.
Adolf Furtwängler (30 June 1853 – 10 October 1907) was a German archaeologist, teacher, art historian and museum director.
Adolf Joseph Ferdinand Galland (19 March 1912 – 9 February 1996) was a German Luftwaffe general and flying ace who served throughout the Second World War in Europe.
Adolf Hurwitz (26 March 1859 – 18 November 1919) was a German mathematician who worked on algebra, analysis, geometry and number theory.
Adolf Wallenberg (10 November 1862 – 10 April 1949) was a German internist and neurologist.
Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus (25 December 1876 – 9 June 1959) was a German chemist who won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1928 for his work on sterols and their relation to vitamins.
Adolph "Spike" Dubs (August 4, 1920 – February 14, 1979) was the United States Ambassador to Afghanistan from May 13, 1978, until his death in 1979.
Freiherr Adolph Franz Friedrich Ludwig Knigge (16 October 17526 May 1796) was a German writer, Freemason, and a leading member of the Order of the Illuminati.
Adolph Abramovich Joffe (Адо́льф Абра́мович Ио́ффе, alternative transliterations Adolf Ioffe or, rarely, Yoffe) (10 October 1883 in Simferopol – 16 November 1927 in Moscow) was a Communist revolutionary, a Bolshevik politician and a Soviet diplomat of Karaite descent.
Adolphus Busch (10 July 1839 – 10 October 1913) was the German-born co-founder of Anheuser-Busch with his father-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser.
Sir Adolphus William Ward, FBA (2 December 1837 in Hampstead, London19 June 1924) was an English historian and man of letters.
Adrenalize is the fifth studio album by English rock band Def Leppard, released on 31 March 1992 through Mercury Records.
Adria Airways d.o.o., (formerly Inex-Adria Aviopromet and later Inex-Adria Airways) is the largest airline in Slovenia.
Saint Adrian (also known as Hadrian) or Adrian of Nicomedia (died 4 March 306) was a Herculian Guard of the Roman Emperor Galerius Maximian.
Advanced Squad Leader (ASL) is a tactical-level board wargame, originally marketed by Avalon Hill Games, that simulates actions of squad sized units in World War II.
Allgemeine Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft AG (AEG) (German: "General electricity company") was a German producer of electrical equipment founded as the Deutsche Edison-Gesellschaft für angewandte Elektricität in 1883 in Berlin by Emil Rathenau.
Aegean civilization is a general term for the Bronze Age civilizations of Greece around the Aegean Sea.
Aegidienberg is a district of Bad Honnef in the Rhein-Sieg-Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), and tanking, is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft (the tanker) to another (the receiver) during flight.
An aerial tramway, sky tram, cable car, ropeway or aerial tram is a type of aerial lift which uses one or two stationary ropes for support while a third moving rope provides propulsion.
The Aero L-39 Albatros is a high-performance jet trainer developed in Czechoslovakia by Aero Vodochody.
An aerophone is any musical instrument that produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound.
Aestivation or æstivation (from aestas, summer, but also spelled estivation in American English) is a state of animal dormancy, similar to hibernation, characterized by inactivity and a lowered metabolic rate, that is entered in response to high temperatures and arid conditions.
The Affenpinscher, also known as the Monkey Terrier, is a terrier-like toy Pinscher breed of dog.
Affton is a census-designated place (CDP) in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States, near St. Louis.
The afghani (sign: Afs; code: AFN; Pashto: افغانۍ; Dari افغانی) is the currency of Afghanistan, issued by the central bank Da Afghanistan Bank.
The Afghan Museum (German: Afghanisches Museum) was private museum of culture and cultural history of Afghanistan, situated in the historic and picturesque Speicherstadt (warehouse district) of Hamburg, Germany.
The Afghanistan Meteorological Authority is located in Kabul, Afghanistan.
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
Hip hop music has been popular in Africa since the early 1980s due to widespread American influence.
An afterglow is a broad arch of whitish or pinkish sunlight in the sky that is scattered by fine particulates like dust suspended in the atmosphere.
The September 11 attacks transformed the first term of President George W. Bush and led to what he has called the Global War on Terrorism.
Afula (עֲפוּלָה, العفولة) is a city in the Northern District of Israel, often known as the "Capital of the Valley" due to its strategic location in the Jezreel Valley.
Afyonkarahisar (afyon "poppy, opium", kara "black", hisar "fortress") is a city in western Turkey, the capital of Afyon Province.
Aktien-Gesellschaft „Weser" (abbreviated A.G. „Weser”) was one of the major German shipbuilding companies, located at the Weser River in Bremen.
Agathocles is a Belgian political grindcore band that began in 1985.
The age of consent is the age below which a minor is considered to be legally incompetent to consent to sexual acts.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency headquartered in Paris, France.
Agfa-Gevaert N.V. (Agfa) is a Belgian-German multinational corporation that develops, manufactures, and distributes analogue and digital imaging products and systems, as well as IT solutions.
Agilent Technologies is an American public research, development and manufacturing company established in 1999 as a spin-off from Hewlett-Packard.
Agnes of Rome is a virgin–martyr, venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, the Anglican Communion, and Lutheranism.
Agrippina the Younger (Latin: Julia Agrippina; 6 November AD 15 – 23 March AD 59), also referred to as Agrippina Minor (Minor, which is Latin for "the Younger") was a Roman empress and one of the more prominent women in the Julio-Claudian dynasty.
Ahmed Abdel Hadi Chalabi (أحمد عبد الهادي الجلبي; 30 October 1944 – 3 November 2015) was an Iraqi politician, a founder of the Iraqi National Congress (INC) and the President of the Governing Council of Iraq (37th Prime Minister of Iraq) He was interim Minister of Oil in Iraq in April–May 2005 and December 2005 – January 2006 and Deputy Prime Minister from May 2005 to May 2006.
Ahneby (Åneby) is a municipality in Schleswig-Flensburg district, in northern Germany.
The Ahnenerbe (ancestral heritage) was a think tank that operated in Nazi Germany between 1935 and 1945.
Ahrem is a little village in Germany near Cologne.
Ahrensburg is a town in the district of Stormarn, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Ahrenshöft (North Frisian: Oornshaud; Arnshøft, Arenshøft or Arenshoved) is a municipality in Nordfriesland district, in northern Germany.
Ahrenviöl (Arenfjolde, North Frisian: Årnfjål) is a municipality in Nordfriesland district, in northern Germany.
Ahrenviölfeld (Arenfjoldemark) is a municipality in Nordfriesland district, in northern Germany.
Ahrweiler is a district in the north of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Aichach is a town in Germany, located in the Bundesland of Bavaria and situated just northeast of Augsburg.
Aichach-Friedberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
AIESEC is the world's largest non-profit youth-run organization.
is a female Japanese given name.
Aimee Mann (born September 8, 1960) is a Grammy Award-winning American rock singer-songwriter, bassist and guitarist who has been called a "lyric genius" and named one of the world's top 10 greatest living songwriters by NPR.
Aimee Semple McPherson (Aimée, in the original French; October 9, 1890 – September 27, 1944), also known as Sister Aimee or simply Sister, was a Canadian-American Pentecostal evangelist and media celebrity in the 1920s and 1930s,Obituary Variety, October 4, 1944.
Air Algérie SpA (الخطوط الجوية الجزائرية,; Aeriverdan idzayriyen) is the national airline of Algeria, with its head office in the Immeuble El-Djazair in Algiers.
Air China Limited is the flag carrier and one of the major airlines of the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing.
Air Europe was a wholly privately owned, independentindependent from government-owned corporations British airline, established in 1978 under the working title Inter European Airways.
Air Force One is a 1997 American political action-thriller film written by Andrew W. Marlowe, and directed and co-produced by Wolfgang Petersen.
Air guitar is a form of dance and movement in which the performer pretends to play an imaginary rock or heavy metal-style electric guitar, including riffs, solos, etc.
Air raid shelters, also known as bomb shelters, are structures for the protection of non-combatants as well as combatants against enemy attacks from the air.
An air show, (or airshow, air fair, air tattoo) is a public event where aircraft are exhibited.
The Air Training Corps (ATC) is a British volunteer-military youth organisation, sponsored by the Ministry of Defence and the Royal Air Force.
An airbag is a type of vehicle safety device and is an occupant restraint system.
The Airbus A319 is a member of the Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A320 family consists of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A321 is a member of the Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range, narrow-body, commercial passenger twin-engine jet airliners manufactured by Airbus.
The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner manufactured by multi-national manufacturer Airbus.
Aircraft hijacking (also air piracy or aircraft piracy, especially within the special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States and in the US state of Mississippi, and as skyjacking in some nations) is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by an individual or a group.
Airey Middleton Sheffield Neave, (23 January 1916 – 30 March 1979) was a British Army officer, barrister and politician.
An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight.
Airmail (or air mail) is a mail transport service branded and sold on the basis of at least one leg of its journey being by air.
The Airspeed AS.57 Ambassador was a British twin piston-engined airliner that first flew on 10 July 1947 and served in small numbers through the 1950s and 1960s.
An aisle is, in general (common), a space for walking with rows of seats on both sides or with rows of seats on one side and a wall on the other.
Aken (Elbe) is a town in the district of Anhalt-Bitterfeld in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Akhmed Halidovich Zakayev (Заки Хьалид кlант Ахьмад, Zaki Halid-khant Ahmad, Ахмед Халидович Закаев, Akhmed Khalidovich Zakayev; born 26 April 1959) is a former Deputy Prime Minister and Prime Minister of the unrecognised Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (ChRI).
Alan Stuart Franken (born May 21, 1951) is an American comedian, writer, producer, author, and politician who served as a United States Senator from Minnesota from 2009 to 2018.
Alfred Earl "Al" Hansen (5 October 1927 – 22 June 1995) was an American artist.
Alfred Emanuel Smith (December 30, 1873 – October 4, 1944) was an American politician who was elected Governor of New York four times and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928.
Alain Lipietz (born September 19, 1947 as Alain Guy Lipiec) is a French engineer, economist and politician, a former Member of the European Parliament, and a member of the French Green Party.
Alain Marie Pascal Prost (born 24 February 1955) is a retired French racing driver.
Alamance County, from the North Carolina Collection's website at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alan Curtis Kay (born May 17, 1940 published by the Association for Computing Machinery 2012) is an American computer scientist.
Alan White (born 14 June 1949) is an English drummer and songwriter best known for his tenure in the progressive rock band Yes, which he joined in 1972.
Alanis Nadine Morissette (born June 1, 1974) is an American-Canadian singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, and actress.
Alaunus or Alaunius was a Gaulish god of healing and prophecy.
Alb-Donau-Kreis is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Alba Iulia (Karlsburg or Carlsburg, formerly Weißenburg, Gyulafehérvár, Apulum, Ottoman Turkish: Erdel Belgradı or Belgrad-ı Erdel) is a city located on the Mureş River in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania, with a population of 63,536.
Albanactus, according to Geoffrey of Monmouth, was the founding king of Albania or Albany.
Albani Bryggerierne A/S (Eng.: Albani Breweries) is a brewery located in Odense, Denmark, and the vast majority of its customers live on the island of Funen.
Albania (Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Shqipni/Shqipnia or Shqypni/Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeastern Europe.
The Albanian Armed Forces (Forcat e Armatosura të Republikës së Shqipërisë (FARSH)) are the military of Albania and were formed after the declaration of independence in 1912.
Albanifriedhof is a cemetery in Göttingen, Germany just outside the city wall to the southeast.
Albert Abraham Michelson FFRS HFRSE (December 19, 1852 – May 9, 1931) was an American physicist known for his work on measuring the speed of light and especially for the Michelson–Morley experiment.
Albert Clifton Ammons (March 1, 1907 – December 3, 1949) was an American pianist and player of boogie-woogie, a bluesy jazz style popular from the late 1930s to the mid-1940s.
Albert Brudzewski, also Albert Blar (of Brudzewo), Albert of Brudzewo or Wojciech Brudzewski (in Latin, Albertus de Brudzewo; c.1445–c.1497) was a Polish astronomer, mathematician, philosopher and diplomat.
The Albert Einstein World Award for Science is an annual award given by the World Cultural Council "as a means of recognition and encouragement for scientific and technological research and development", with special consideration for researches which "have brought true benefit and well being to mankind".
Albert I (8 April 1875 – 17 February 1934) reigned as the third King of the Belgians from 1909 to 1934.
Albert I (13 November 1848 – 26 June 1922) was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois from 10 September 1889 until his death.
Albert Jay Nock (October 13, 1870 – August 19, 1945) was an American libertarian author, editor first of The Freeman and then The Nation, educational theorist, Georgist, and social critic of the early and middle 20th century.
Albert Kahn (March 21, 1869 – December 8, 1942) was the foremost American industrial architect of his day.
Albert Marth (May 5, 1828 – August 6, 1897) was a German astronomer who worked in England and Ireland.
Albert Eberhard Friedrich Schäffle (24 February 183125 December 1903) was a German sociologist, political economist, and newspaper editor.
Albert Schwegler (10 February 18195 January 1857) was a German philosopher and Protestant theologian.
Albert Sorel (13 August 184229 June 1906) was a French historian.
Albert von Keller (27 April 184414 July 1920) was a German historical and genre painter.
Albert von Le Coq (8 September 1860 – 21 April 1930) was a German brewery owner and wine merchant, who at the age of 40 began to study archaeology.
Albert of Prussia (Albrecht von Preussen, 17 May 149020 March 1568) was the 37th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, who after converting to Lutheranism, became the first ruler of the Duchy of Prussia, the secularized state that emerged from the former Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights.
Albertus Magnus, O.P. (c. 1200 – November 15, 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great and Albert of Cologne, was a German Catholic Dominican friar and bishop.
Albion Woodbury Small (May 11, 1854 – March 24, 1926) founded the first independent Department of Sociology in the United States at the University of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois in 1892.
Albrecht Altdorfer (c. 1480 – February 12, 1538) was a German painter, engraver and architect of the Renaissance working in Regensburg.
Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel (16 September 1853 – 5 July 1927) was a German biochemist and pioneer in the study of genetics.
Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein (Albrecht Václav Eusebius z Valdštejna; 24 September 158325 February 1634),Schiller, Friedrich.
Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg (Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph von Württemberg, 23 December 1865 – 31 October 1939) was the last Württemberger crown prince, German military commander of the First World War, and head of the Royal House of Württemberg from 1921 to his death in 1939.
An alcopop (or cooler, spirit cooler in South African English, or malternative in American slang) is a term describing certain flavored alcoholic beverages with relatively low alcohol content (e.g., 3–7% alcohol by volume), including.
Ale Municipality (Ale kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden.
Aleksander Zawadzki (16 December 1899 – 7 August 1964) was a Polish Communist political figure and President of Poland from 1952 to 1964.
Alemannic (German) is a group of dialects of the Upper German branch of the Germanic language family.
Alexander Charles Vasa (Aleksander Karol Waza; 4 November 1614 – 19 November 1634) was the fifth son of King Sigismund III of Poland and his wife Constance of Austria.
Alexander Gottfried Friedrich Gode-von Aesch, or simply Alexander Gode (October 30, 1906 – August 10, 1970), was a German-American linguist, translator and the driving force behind the creation of the auxiliary language Interlingua.
Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (17 JulyJan Lekschas, 1714 – 27 May 1762) was a German philosopher.
Alexander Huber (born December 1968 in Trostberg, Bavaria), is a German climber and mountaineer.
Alexander I or Aleksandar Obrenović (Александар Обреновић; 14 August 187611 June 1903) was king of Serbia from 1889 to 1903 when he and his wife, Queen Draga, were assassinated by a group of Army officers, led by Captain Dragutin Dimitrijević.
Alexander Mitscherlich (28 May 1836 in Berlin – 31 May 1918 in Oberstdorf) was a German chemist and son of Eilhard Mitscherlich.
Alexander Mitscherlich (September 20, 1908 in Munich – June 26, 1982 in Frankfurt am Main) was a German psychoanalyst.
Alexander Rüstow (April 8, 1885 – June 30, 1963) was a German sociologist and economist.
Alexander Schleicher (May 22, 1901 – April 26, 1968) was a German pioneer of sailplane design.
Alexander Schleicher GmbH & Co is a major manufacturer of sailplanes located in Poppenhausen, near Fulda in Germany.
Alexander Heinrich Rudolph von Kluck (20 May 1846 – 19 October 1934) was a German general during World War I.
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott (January 19, 1887 – January 23, 1943) was an American critic and commentator for The New Yorker magazine and a member of the Algonquin Round Table.
Alexander is a city in McKenzie County, North Dakota, United States.
Alexandre Kojève (28 April 1902 – 4 June 1968) was a Russian-born French philosopher and statesman whose philosophical seminars had an immense influence on 20th-century French philosophy, particularly via his integration of Hegelian concepts into twentieth century continental philosophy.
Alexandre Emile Jean Yersin (22 September 1863 – 1 March 1943) was a Swiss and naturalized French physician and bacteriologist.
The Alexandrine parakeet (Psittacula eupatria), also known as the Alexandrine parrot, is a medium-sized parrot in the genus Psittacula of the family Psittacidae.
Alexej Georgewitsch von Jawlensky (Алексей Георгиевич Явленский) (13 March 1864 – 15 March 1941) was a Russian expressionist painter active in Germany.
Alfeld is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Alfons Vilhelm Robert Rebane, known simply as Alfons Rebane (June 24, 1908 – March 8, 1976) was an Estonian military commander.
Alfred Bohrmann (February 28, 1904 – January 4, 2000) was a German astronomer and discoverer of minor planets.
Alfred Delp, S.J. (Mannheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, 15 September 1907 – Berlin, 2 February 1945), was a German Jesuit priest and philosopher of the German Resistance.
Alfred Dreyfus (9 October 1859 – 12 July 1935) was a French Jewish artillery officer whose trial and conviction in 1894 on charges of treason became one of the most tense political dramas in modern French history with a wide echo in all Europe.
Alfred Eisenstaedt (December 6, 1898 – August 23, 1995) was a German-born American photographer and photojournalist.
Alfred Habdank Skarbek Korzybski (July 3, 1879 – March 1, 1950) was a Polish-American independent scholar who developed a field called general semantics, which he viewed as both distinct from, and more encompassing than, the field of semantics.
The Alfred McCune Home is one of the mansions on Capitol Hill in Salt Lake City, Utah, from around the turn of the 20th century.
Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (12 January 1893 – 16 October 1946) was a German theorist and an influential ideologue of the Nazi Party.
Alfred Stock (July 16, 1876 – August 12, 1946) was a German inorganic chemist.
Alfred Ludwig Heinrich Karl Graf von Waldersee (8 April 1832 in Potsdam5 March 1904 in Hanover) was a German field marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) who became Chief of the Imperial German General Staff.
Alger Hiss (November 11, 1904 – November 15, 1996) was an American government official who was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948 and convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950.
Algeria (الجزائر, familary Algerian Arabic الدزاير; ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; Dzayer; Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
Ali Hassan Salameh (علي حسن سلامة) (1940 – 22 January 1979) was the chief of operations—code name Abu Hassan—for Black September, the organization responsible for the 1972 Munich massacre and other terror attacks.
Alicante, or Alacant, both the Spanish and Valencian being official names, is a city and port in Spain on the Costa Blanca, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community.
Alice Herz (May 25, 1882 – March 16, 1965) was longtime Quaker peace activist who was the first activist in the United States known to have immolated herself in protest of the escalating Vietnam War, following the example of Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức who immolated himself in protest of the oppression of Buddhists under the South Vietnamese government.
Alinghi is the syndicate set up by Ernesto Bertarelli, racing under the colors of the Société Nautique de Genève, to challenge for the America's Cup, as well as other competitions.
Aliyah (עֲלִיָּה aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew).
Alizarin or 1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone (also known as Mordant Red 11 and Turkey Red) is an organic compound with formula that has been used throughout history as a prominent red dye, principally for dyeing textile fabrics.
Alkersum (Fering: Aalkersem, Alkersum) is a municipality in the Nordfriesland district, in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany.
Alkmaar is a city and municipality in the Netherlands, located in the province of North Holland.
All About Eve is a 1950 American drama film written and directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz, and produced by Darryl F. Zanuck.
All Things Considered (ATC) is the flagship news program on the American network National Public Radio (NPR).
"All You Zombies" is a song by The Hooters.
An alley or alleyway is a narrow lane, path, or passageway, often reserved for pedestrians, which usually runs between, behind, or within buildings in the older parts of towns and cities.
Alliance 90/The Greens, often simply Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen or Grüne), is a green political party in Germany that was formed from the merger of the German Green Party (founded in West Germany in 1980 and merged with the East Greens in 1990) and Alliance 90 (founded during the Revolution of 1989–1990 in East Germany) in 1993.
Alliance Healthcare, formerly Alliance UniChem, wholesales, distributes, and retails pharmaceutical, surgical, medical, and healthcare products throughout Europe.
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe.
Following the termination of hostilities in World War II, the Allied Powers were in control of the defeated Axis countries.
The Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation High Readiness Force (Land) Headquarters ready for deployment worldwide.
An alligator is a crocodilian in the genus Alligator of the family Alligatoridae.
The Allison V-1710 aircraft engine designed and produced by the Allison Engine Company was the only US-developed V-12 liquid-cooled engine to see service during World War II.
An allotment garden (British English), often called simply an allotment, or a community garden (North America) is a plot of land made available for individual, non-commercial gardening or growing food plants.
Allspice, also called pimenta, Jamaica pimenta, or myrtle pepper, is the dried unripe fruit (berries, used as a spice) of Pimenta dioica, a midcanopy tree native to the Greater Antilles, southern Mexico, and Central America, now cultivated in many warm parts of the world.
Alma is a city in Harlan County, Nebraska, United States.
Almelo is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands.
Almere is a planned city and municipality in the province of Flevoland, Netherlands, bordering Lelystad and Zeewolde.
Nikolaus Alois Maria Vinzenz Negrelli, Ritter von Moldelbe (also: Louis Negrelli) (January 23, 1799 - October 1, 1858), was a Tyrolean civil engineer and railroad pioneer mostly active in parts of the Austrian Empire, Switzerland, Germany and Italy.
Alphaville is a German synthpop/new wave band which gained popularity in the 1980s.
The alphorn or alpenhorn or alpine horn is a labrophone, consisting of a straight several-meter-long wooden natural horn of conical bore, with a wooden cup-shaped mouthpiece.
The term Alpine states or Alpine countries refers to the territory of eight countries associated with the Alpine region, as defined by the Alpine Convention of 1991: Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.
Alprazolam, available under the trade name Xanax, is a potent, short-acting benzodiazepine anxiolytic—a minor tranquilizer.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Alsace (Alsatian: ’s Elsass; German: Elsass; Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland.
Alsou Ralifovna Abramova (Алсу́ Рали́фовна Абра́мова; Алсу Рәлиф кызы Абрамова; née Safina), better known as just Alsou (Алсу́; born June 27, 1983), is a Russian singer.
Alt Bennebek (Gammel Bennebæk) is a municipality in Schleswig-Flensburg district, in Schleswig-Holstein, northern Germany.
Altötting is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
Altenburg is a city in Thuringia, Germany, located south of Leipzig, west of Dresden and east of Erfurt.
Altenburger Land is a district in Thuringia, Germany.
Altenkirchen is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Altenstadt is a municipality in the district Wetteraukreis, in Hesse, Germany.
Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction.
Alternative 3 is a television programme, broadcast once only in the United Kingdom in 1977, and later broadcast in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, as a fictional hoax, an heir to Orson Welles' radio production of ''The War of the Worlds''.
The Altmark (English: Old MarchHansard, The Parliamentary Debates from the Year 1803 to the Present Time..., Volume 32. 1 February to 6 March 1816, T.C. Hansard, 1816.. Article XXIII of the Final Act of the Congress of Vienna) is a historic region in Germany, comprising the northern third of Saxony-Anhalt.
Altmarkkreis Salzwedel is a district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is bounded by (from the west and clockwise) the districts Gifhorn, Uelzen, Lüchow-Dannenberg in Lower Saxony, and the districts of Stendal and Börde (district).
The Altmühl is a river in Bavaria, Germany.
Altmühltal is a Verwaltungsgemeinschaft (federation of municipalities) in the district of Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen in Bavaria in Germany.
Alton is a city on the Mississippi River in Madison County, Illinois, United States, about north of St. Louis, Missouri.
Altona is the westernmost urban borough (Bezirk) of the German city state of Hamburg, on the right bank of the Elbe river.
Altona is a town in Clinton County, New York, United States.
Alvaro Pascual-Leone (born 7 August 1961 in Valencia, Spain) is a spanish Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School, with which he has been affiliated since 1997.
Alzey is a Verband-free town – one belonging to no Verbandsgemeinde – in the Alzey-Worms district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Alzey-Worms is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Amanda Sefton (real name Jimaine Szardos) (also known as Daytripper and the second Magik) is a fictional character, a witch in the Marvel Universe.
Amandus Augustus Abendroth (16 October 1767 in Hamburg – 17 December 1842) was a German jurist and mayor of Hamburg.
Amānullāh Khān (امان الله خان) was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929, first as Emir and after 1926 as Malik (King).
The Amarna letters (sometimes referred to as the Amarna correspondence or Amarna tablets, and cited with the abbreviation EA) are an archive, written on clay tablets, primarily consisting of diplomatic correspondence between the Egyptian administration and its representatives in Canaan and Amurru during the New Kingdom.
This is a list of all the current ambassadors to Burkina Faso.
The Amber Room (r, Bernsteinzimmer, Bursztynowa komnata) is a reconstructed chamber decorated in amber panels backed with gold leaf and mirrors, located in the Catherine Palace of Tsarskoye Selo near Saint Petersburg.
Amberg is a town in Bavaria, Germany.
Amberg-Sulzbach is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
Amboise is a commune in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.
Ambrosius Holbein (c. 1494 – c. 1519) was a German and Swiss artist in painting, drawing and printmaking.
An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation, from or between places of treatment, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient.
The AMC Javelin is an American front-engine, rear-wheel-drive, two-door hardtop manufactured and marketed by AMC across two generations, 1968–70 and 1971–74.
The AMC Pacer is a two-door compact car produced in the United States by the American Motors Corporation from 1975 to 1979, sold out in 1980.
America's Funniest Home Videos (often simply abbreviated to AFHV or its on-air abbreviation AFV) is an American video clip television series on ABC, which features humorous homemade videos that are submitted by viewers.
The American Dream is a national ethos of the United States, the set of ideals (democracy, rights, liberty, opportunity and equality) in which freedom includes the opportunity for prosperity and success, as well as an upward social mobility for the family and children, achieved through hard work in a society with few barriers.
The American Eskimo Dog is a breed of companion dog, originating in Germany.
American Flyer is a brand of toy train and model railroad manufactured in the United States.
American Psycho is a novel by Bret Easton Ellis, published in 1991.
Amiel Muki Daemion (born 13 August 1979 in New York City, United States), also known as just Amiel, is an American-Australian pop singer, songwriter and actress.
Amiga demos are demos created for the Commodore Amiga home computer.
Ammerland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Amol (آمل –;; also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran.
Amory Bloch Lovins (born November 13, 1947) is an American physicist, environmental scientist, writer, and Chairman/Chief Scientist of the Rocky Mountain Institute.
Amrum (''Öömrang'' North Frisian: Oomram) is one of the North Frisian Islands on the German North Sea coast, south of Sylt and west of Föhr.
Amstelveen is a municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands with a population of 89,918 (2017).
The Amsterdam Admirals were a professional American football team in NFL Europe who played in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Amt is a type of administrative division governing a group of municipalities, today only in Germany, but formerly also common in other countries of Northern Europe.
Amtgard is a battle gaming and live-action fantasy roleplaying and boffer combat game with chapters primarily based in the United States and Canada as well as Germany, Croatia, and South Korea.
The Char Leclerc is a main battle tank (MBT) built by GIAT, now Nexter of France.
Anacamptis pyramidalis, the pyramidal orchid, is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the genus Anacamptis of the family Orchidaceae.
Analog Devices, Inc., also known as ADI or Analog, is an American multinational semiconductor company specializing in data conversion and signal processing technology, headquartered in Norwood, Massachusetts.
Anamoose is a city in McHenry County, North Dakota, United States.
Ananda Mahidol (พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาอานันทมหิดล;; 20 September 1925 – 9 June 1946) was the eighth monarch of Thailand from the Chakri dynasty as Rama VIII.
The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System is used for the classification of active ingredients of drugs according to the organ or system on which they act and their therapeutic, pharmacological and chemical properties.
Anchor is a brand of dairy products that was founded in New Zealand in 1886 and is one of the key brands owned by the New Zealand-based international exporter Fonterra Co−operative Group.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Ancient history is the aggregate of past events, "History" from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the post-classical history.
The Ancient and Mystical Order Rosæ Crucis (AMORC), also known as the Rosicrucian Order, is the largest Rosicrucian organization in the world.
Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but differed from Greek buildings, becoming a new architectural style.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Anders Fogh Rasmussen (born 26 January 1953) is a Danish politician who was the 24th Prime Minister of Denmark from November 2001 to April 2009 and the 12th Secretary General of NATO from August 2009 to October 2014.
Anders Johan Lexell (24 December 1740 &ndash) was a Finnish-Swedish astronomer, mathematician, and physicist who spent most of his life in Imperial Russia, where he was known as Andrei Ivanovich Leksel (Андрей Иванович Лексель).
The Andorra national football team (Selecció de futbol d'Andorra) represents Andorra in association football and is controlled by the Andorran Football Federation, the governing body for football in Andorra.
André Franquin (3 January 1924 – 5 January 1997) was an influential Belgian comics artist, whose best known creations are Gaston and Marsupilami.
André René Roussimoff (May 19, 1946 – January 27, 1993), best known as André the Giant, was a French professional wrestler and actor.
André-Marie Ampère (20 January 177510 June 1836) was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as "electrodynamics".
Andrea Fischer (born January 14, 1960 in Arnsberg/Westfalen) was a member of the German Bundestag for the German Green Party and from 1998 until 2001 Federal Minister for Health.
Andrea Gabrieli (1532/1533Bryant, Grove online – August 30, 1585) was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance.
Berndt Andreas Baader (6 May 1943 – 18 October 1977) was one of the first leaders of the German left-wing militant organization Red Army Faction, also commonly known as the Baader-Meinhof Group.
Andreas Libavius or Andrew Libavius (c. 1555 – 25 July 1616) was a German physician and chemist.
Andreas Osiander (19 December 1498 – 17 October 1552) was a German Lutheran theologian and Protestant reformer.
Andrew William Mellon (March 24, 1855 – August 26, 1937), sometimes A.W., was an American banker, businessman, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector, and politician.
Andrew Newell Wyeth (July 12, 1917 – January 16, 2009) was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist style.
Andrychów (list, list, hist. also Andrychau) is the largest town in Wadowice County in southern Poland, in Little Beskids, in historical region Lesser Poland, with 22,257 inhabitants.
Andrzej Badenski (10 May 1943 – 28 September 2008) was a Polish sprinter who specialized in the 400 metres.
Andy Müller-Maguhn (born 3 October 1971) is a member of the German hacker association Chaos Computer Club.
Aneta is a city in Nelson County, North Dakota, United States.
Angel Dust is the fourth studio album by American rock band Faith No More.
Angela Gheorghiu (née Burlacu; born 7 September 1965) is a Romanian soprano.
Angela Dorothea Merkel (Kasner, born 17 July 1954) is a German politician serving as Chancellor of Germany since 2005 and leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2000.
Angeln (English and Latin: Anglia, German and Low Saxon: Angeln, Danish: Angel) is a small peninsula within the larger Jutland (Cimbric) Peninsula in the region of Southern Schleswig, which constitutes the Northern part of the northernmost German federal state of Schleswig-Holstein, protruding into the Bay of Kiel of the Baltic Sea.
Anger or wrath is an intense negative emotion.
The Anglo-German Fellowship was a membership organisation which existed from 1935 to 1939, and which aimed to build up friendship between the United Kingdom and Germany.
Angoulême (Poitevin-Saintongeais: Engoulaeme; Engoleime) is a commune, the capital of the Charente department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.
Anhalt-Zerbst was a district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Animacy is a grammatical and semantic principle expressed in language based on how sentient or alive the referent of a noun is.
An animal shelter or pound is a place where stray, lost, abandoned or surrendered animals, mostly dogs and cats, and sometimes sick or wounded wildlife are kept and rehabilitated.
Anita Wachter (born February 12, 1967) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer and Olympic gold medalist from Austria.
Anklam, formerly known as Tanglim and Wendenburg, is a town in the Western Pomerania region of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Dame Florence Marjorie Wilcox, (née Robertson; 20 October 1904 – 3 June 1986), known professionally as Anna Neagle, was a popular English stage and film actress, singer and dancer.
Annaberg is a former district in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Anne Claude de Tubières-Grimoard de Pestels de Lévis, comte de Caylus, marquis d'Esternay, baron de Bransac (Anne Claude Philippe; October 31, 1692September 5, 1765), French antiquarian, proto-archaeologist and man of letters, was born in Paris.
Anne Will (born 18 March 1966) is a television journalist from Germany.
Annea Lockwood (born July 29, 1939, Christchurch, New Zealand) is a New Zealand born American composer.
Annegret Richter (born 13 October 1950) is a German (former West German) athlete and the 1976 Olympic 100 m champion.
Annemarie Schimmel (7 April 1922 – 26 January 2003) was an influential German Orientalist and scholar who wrote extensively on Islam and Sufism.
Professor Annette Mairi Nelson Ferguson FRSE is a Scottish observational astronomer who specializes in the area of galaxy evolution.
Annie is a Broadway musical based upon the popular Harold Gray comic strip Little Orphan Annie, with music by Charles Strouse, lyrics by Martin Charnin, and book by Thomas Meehan.
The IMF and World Bank meet each autumn in what is officially known as the Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group and each spring in the Spring Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group.
Anopheles (Greek anofelís: "useless") is a genus of mosquito first described and named by J. W. Meigen in 1818.
An anorectic or anorexic is a drug which reduces appetite, resulting in lower food consumption, leading to weight loss.
"Another One Bites the Dust" is a 1980 song by British rock band Queen.
Ansar al-Islam (أنصار الإسلام) or Ansar al-Islam fi Kurdistan (أنصار الإسلام في كردستان), also referred to as AAIChalk, Peter, Encyclopedia of Terrorism Volume 1, 2012, ABC-CLIO is a Sunni Muslim insurgent group in Iraq and Syria.
Ansbach is a city in the German state of Bavaria.
Ansbach is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
Anselm Feuerbach (12 September 1829 – 4 January 1880) was a German painter.
Anselm Leonard Strauss (December 18, 1916 – September 5, 1996) was an American sociologist professor at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) internationally known as a medical sociologist (especially for his pioneering attention to chronic illness and dying) and as the developer (with Barney Glaser) of grounded theory, an innovative method of qualitative analysis widely used in sociology, nursing, education, social work, and organizational studies.
Ant-Zen Audio and Visual Arts is a German independent record label founded in 1994 by Stefan Alt (aka recording artist S.Alt), who serves as the art director.
Antakya (انطاكيا, Anṭākyā, previously أنطاكيّة (Anṭākīyyah) from ܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ, Anṭiokia; Ἀντιόχεια, Antiócheia) is the seat of the Hatay Province in southern Turkey.
António Lobo Antunes, GCSE, MD (born 1 September 1942) is a Portuguese novelist and medical doctor.
An anthem is a musical composition of celebration, usually used as a symbol for a distinct group, particularly the national anthems of countries.
Anton Herman Gerard "Anthony" Fokker (6 April 1890 – 23 December 1939) was a Dutch aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer.
Anthroposophy is the philosophy founded by Rudolf Steiner that postulates the existence of an objective, intellectually comprehensible spiritual world, accessible to human experience through inner development.
Anti-French sentiment in the United States is the manifestation of Francophobia by Americans.
Anti-German (Antideutsch) is the generic name applied to a variety of theoretical and political tendencies within the radical left mainly in Germany and Austria.
Anti-Monopoly is a board game made by San Francisco State University Professor Ralph Anspach, in response to Monopoly.
Anti-ship missiles are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats.
Antibes (Provençal Occitan: Antíbol) is a Mediterranean resort in the Alpes-Maritimes department of southeastern France, on the Côte d'Azur between Cannes and Nice.
Anticosti Island (French, Île d'Anticosti) is an island in the province of Quebec, Canada at the outlet of the Saint Lawrence River into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, between 49° and 50° N., and between 61° 40' and 64° 30' W.
Antidepressants are drugs used for the treatment of major depressive disorder and other conditions, including dysthymia, anxiety disorders, obsessive–compulsive disorder, eating disorders, chronic pain, neuropathic pain and, in some cases, dysmenorrhoea, snoring, migraine, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, dependence, and sleep disorders.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe.
Antiochus I Theos Dikaios Epiphanes Philorhomaios Philhellen (Անտիոքոս Երվանդունի, Ἀντίοχος ὁ Θεὸς Δίκαιος Ἐπιφανὴς Φιλορωμαῖος Φιλέλλην, meaning Antiochos, a just, eminent god, friend of Romans and friend of Greeks, c. 86 BC – 38 BC, ruled 70 BC – 38 BC) was an Armenian king from the Kingdom of Commagene and the most famous king of that kingdom.
An antiphon (Greek ἀντίφωνον, ἀντί "opposite" and φωνή "voice") is a short chant in Christian ritual, sung as a refrain.
John XVI (945 – 1001; born Ιωάννης Φιλάγαθος, Ioannis Philagathos; Giovanni Filagato; Johannes Philagathus) was an antipope from 997 to 998.
An antiquarian or antiquary (from the Latin: antiquarius, meaning pertaining to ancient times) is an aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Antje Vollmer (born May 31, 1943) is a German politician of the German Green Party.
Antler is a city in Bottineau County in the State of North Dakota.
Anton Drexler (13 June 1884 – 24 February 1942) was a German far-right political leader of the 1920s who was instrumental in the formation of the pan-German and anti-Semitic German Workers' Party (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – DAP), the antecedent of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – NSDAP).
Anton Kutter (born 13 June 1903 in Biberach an der Riß, died 1 February 1985 in Biberach) was a German film director and screenwriter.
Anton Staus (September 5, 1872 – July 21, 1955) was a German astronomer.
Adolf Anton Wilhelm Wohlbrück (19 November 18969 August 1967) was an Austrian actor who settled in the United Kingdom under the name Anton Walbrook.
Antonia Minor (PIR2 A 885), also known as Julia Antonia Minor, Antonia the Younger or simply Antonia (31 January 36 BC - 1 May AD 37) was the younger of two daughters of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor.
Antonie (Anton) Pannekoek (2 January 1873 – 28 April 1960) was a Dutch astronomer, Marxist theorist, and social revolutionary.
The antoninianus, or radiate, was a coin used during the Roman Empire thought to have been valued at 2 denarii.
Antonio de Cabezón (30 March 1510 – 26 March 1566) was a Spanish Renaissance composer and organist.
Antonio Mario Taguba (born October 31, 1950), is a retired major general in the United States Army.
Sir Antony Mark David Gormley, (born 30 August 1950) is a British sculptor.
Anusim (אֲנוּסִים,; singular male, Anús, אָנוּס; singular female, Anusáh,, meaning "Coerced") is a legal category of Jews in halakha (Jewish law) who were forced to abandon Judaism against their will, typically while forcibly converted to another religion.
An apiary (also known as a bee yard) is a location where beehives of honey bees are kept.
APL (named after the book A Programming Language) is a programming language developed in the 1960s by Kenneth E. Iverson.
Apoptygma Berzerk (commonly abbreviated to APB or APOP) is a Norwegian musical group.
The Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents, the Apostille Convention, or the Apostille Treaty, is an international treaty drafted by the Hague Conference on Private International Law.
The Appeal of 18 June (L'Appel du 18 juin) was a famous speech by Charles de Gaulle, the leader of the Free French Forces, in 1940.
Applause (Latin applaudere, to strike upon, clap) is primarily a form of ovation by the act of clapping, or striking the palms of the hands together, in order to create noise.
Apple juice is a fruit juice made by the maceration and pressing of an apple.
Apple sauce or applesauce is a sauce made of apples.
Apple Store is a chain of retail stores owned and operated by Apple Inc. The stores sell Mac personal computers, iPhone smartphones, iPad tablet computers, iPod portable media players, Apple Watch smartwatches, Apple TV digital media players, software, and select third-party accessories.
An appliance plug is a three-conductor power connector originally developed for kettles, toasters and similar small appliances.
The April Theses (Russian: апрельские тезисы, transliteration) were a series of ten directives issued by the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin upon his return to Petrograd from his exile in Switzerland via Germany and Finland.
The AquaDom in Berlin, Germany, is a tall cylindrical acrylic glass aquarium with built-in transparent elevator.
ARA San Luis (S-32) is a Type 209 diesel-powered submarine of the Argentine Navy.
Arab Christians (مسيحيون عرب Masīḥiyyūn ʿArab) are Arabs of the Christian faith.
The Arab world (العالم العربي; formally: Arab homeland, الوطن العربي), also known as the Arab nation (الأمة العربية) or the Arab states, currently consists of the 22 Arab countries of the Arab League.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
Arad (עֲרָד; عِرَادَ) is a city in the Southern District of Israel.
The Arado Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance low-wing monoplane aircraft built by the German firm of Arado starting in 1936.
The Arado Ar 231 was a lightweight floatplane, developed during World War II in Germany as a scout plane for submarines by Arado.
The Arado Ar 232 Tausendfüßler (German: "Millipede"), sometimes also called Tatzelwurm, was one of the first truly modern cargo aircraft, designed and built in small numbers by the German firm Arado Flugzeugwerke during World War II.
The Arado Ar 68 was a single-seat biplane fighter developed in the mid-1930s.
The Arado Ar 80 was a pre-World War II fighter aircraft, designed by Arado Flugzeugwerke to compete for the Luftwaffes first major fighter contract.
The La Araucanía, La Araucanía Region (Región de La Araucanía) is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions and comprises two provinces: Malleco in the north and Cautín in the south.
The Arbëreshë (Arbëreshët e Italisë or Shqiptrarët e Italisë), also known as Albanians of Italy or Italo-Albanians, are an Albanian ethnic and linguistic group in Southern Italy, mostly concentrated in scattered villages in the region of Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Molise and Sicily.
Arc welding is a process that is used to join metal to metal by using electricity to create enough heat to melt metal, and the melted metals when cool result in a binding of the metals.
The Arch of Constantine (Arco di Costantino) is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill.
The Archbishop of Cologne is an archbishop representing the Archdiocese of Cologne of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and was ex officio one of the electors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Elector of Cologne, from 1356 to 1801.
The Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg (Fürsterzbistum Salzburg) was an ecclesiastical principality and state of the Holy Roman Empire.
An archdeacon is a senior clergy position in the Syriac Orthodox Church, Church of the East, Chaldean Catholic Church, Anglican Communion, St Thomas Christians, Eastern Orthodox churches and some other Christian denominations, above that of most clergy and below a bishop.
Archduke Joseph August Viktor Klemens Maria of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia (9 August 1872 – 6 July 1962) was a Feldmarschall (Field Marshal) of the Austro-Hungarian Army and for a short period head of state of Hungary.
Archie Moore (born Archibald Lee Wright; December 13, 1916 – December 9, 1998) was an American professional boxer and the longest reigning World Light Heavyweight Champion of all time (December 1952 – May 1962).
The Archpoet (1130 – c. 1165), or Archipoeta (in Latin and German),Jeep 2001: 21.
An arcjet rocket or arcjet thruster is a form of electrically powered spacecraft propulsion, in which an electrical discharge (arc) is created in a flow of propellant (typically hydrazine or ammonia).
Arco is a city in Butte County, Idaho, United States.
Ardbraccan House (known sometimes historically as Ardbraccan Palace) is a large Palladian country house in County Meath, Ireland.
The Ardeatine massacre, or Fosse Ardeatine massacre (Eccidio delle Fosse Ardeatine) was a mass killing carried out in Rome on 24 March 1944 by German occupation troops during the Second World War as a reprisal for a partisan attack conducted on the previous day in central Rome against the SS Police Regiment Bozen.
The Ardennes (L'Ardenne; Ardennen; L'Årdene; Ardennen; also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes) is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges formed by the geological features of the Ardennes mountain range and the Moselle and Meuse River basins.
The Whitcomb area rule, also called the transonic area rule, is a design technique used to reduce an aircraft's drag at transonic and supersonic speeds, particularly between Mach 0.75 and 1.2.
The Navy of the Argentine Republic or Argentine Navy (Armada de la República Argentina — ARA, also Armada Argentina) is the navy of Argentina.
Argus Motoren was a German manufacturing firm known for their series of small inverted-V engines and the Argus As 014 pulsejet for the V-1 flying bomb.
Ariana Afghan Airlines Co.
Ariane 1 was the first rocket in the Ariane family of expendable launch systems.
The Ariane 4 was an expendable launch system, designed by the Centre national d'études spatiales while being manufactured and marketed by its subsidiary Arianespace.
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
The Ark of the Covenant, also known as the Ark of the Testimony, is a gold-covered wooden chest with lid cover described in the Book of Exodus as containing the two stone tablets of the Ten Commandments.
Arkhangelsk (p), also known in English as Archangel and Archangelsk, is a city and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, in the north of European Russia.
Arlington County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia, often referred to simply as Arlington or Arlington, Virginia.
Armed and Dangerous is the first EP by American heavy metal band Anthrax, released in February 1985 through Megaforce Records.
The Armed Forces of Armenia (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության զինված ուժեր) comprise two services: the Army, and the Air Force and Air Defense (a unified branch).
The Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (OSBiH; Serbo-Croat-Bosnian: Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine/Оружане снаге Босне и Херцеговине, ОСБИХ) is the official military force of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The Guatemalan Armed Forces consists of the National Army of Guatemala (Ejercito Nacional de Guatemala, ENG), the Guatemalan National Defense Navy (Marina de la Defensa Nacional, includes Marines), the Guatemalan Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Guatemalteca, FAG), and the Presidential Honor Guard (Guardia de Honor Presidencial).
The Republican Forces of Côte d'Ivoire (Forces Republicaines de Cote d'Ivoire; "FRCI") is the current name of the armed forces of Ivory Coast.
The Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Қазақстанның Қарулы күштері, Qazaqstannyń qarýly kúshteri), is the name of the unified armed forces of Kazakhstan.
Armin Mueller-Stahl (born 17 December 1930) is a German film actor, painter and author.
Armin Otto Leuschner (January 16, 1868 – April 22, 1953) was an American astronomer and educator.
An armistice is a formal agreement of warring parties to stop fighting.
Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918.
Armstrong Township is a township in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Armstrong Whitworth A.W.38 Whitley was one of three British twin-engined, front line medium bomber types that were in service with the Royal Air Force (RAF) at the outbreak of the Second World War.
The Army Air Corps (AAC) is a component of the British Army, first formed in 1942 during the Second World War by grouping the various airborne units of the British Army (which are no longer part of the AAC).
The Army of the Republic of Macedonia (Армија на Република Македонија) is the name of the armed forces of the Republic of Macedonia.
Arncliffe is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
Arne Næss Jr. (born Arne Rudolf Ludvig Raab; 8 December 1937 – 13 January 2004) was a Norwegian businessman, shipping magnate, mountaineer, and an ex-husband of Diana Ross.
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Arno Allan Penzias (born 26 April 1933) is an American physicist, radio astronomer and Nobel laureate in physics who is co-discoverer of the cosmic microwave background radiation along with Robert Woodrow Wilson, which helped establish the Big Bang theory of cosmology.
Arno Arthur Wachmann (March 8, 1902 – July 24, 1990) was a German astronomer and discoverer of comets and minor planets, who worked for many years at the Bergedorf Observatory in Hamburg.
Arnold Dreyblatt (b. New York City, 1953) is an American composer and visual artist.
Arnold Hermann Ludwig Heeren (25 October 1760, Arbergen6 March 1842, Göttingen) was a German historian.
Saint Arnold Janssen, S.V.D. (5 November 1837 – 15 January 1909), was a German-Dutch Roman Catholic priest and missionary who is venerated as a saint.
Arnold Zweig (10 November 1887 – 26 November 1968) was a German writer and anti-war and antifascist activist.
Arnolt Schlick (July 18?,Keyl 1989, 110–11. c. 1455–1460 – after 1521) was a German organist, lutenist and composer of the Renaissance.
Arnsberg is a town in the Hochsauerland district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Arnsberg is one of the five Regierungsbezirks of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, located in the south-east of the country.
Arnulf of Carinthia (850 – December 8, 899) was the duke of Carinthia who overthrew his uncle, Emperor Charles the Fat, became the Carolingian king of East Francia from 887, the disputed King of Italy from 894 and the disputed Holy Roman Emperor from February 22, 896 until his death at Regensburg, Bavaria.
The Aromanians (Rrãmãnj, Armãnj; Aromâni) are a Latin European ethnic group native to the Balkans, traditionally living in northern and central Greece, central and southern Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo and south-western Bulgaria.
Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps.
Georg Friedrich Julius Arthur von Auwers (September 12, 1838 – January 24, 1915) was a German astronomer.
Arthur Dee (13 July 1579 – September or October 1651) was a physician and alchemist.
Arthur Eichengrün (13 August 1867 – 23 December 1949) was a German Jewish chemist, materials scientist, and inventor.
Arthur Karl Greiser (22 January 1897 – 21 July 1946) was a Nazi German politician, SS-Obergruppenführer and Reichsstatthalter (Reich Governor) of the German-occupied territory of Wartheland.
Arthur LeRoy Bristol, Jr. (July 15, 1886 – April 27, 1942), was a Vice Admiral in the United States Navy, who held important commands during World War I and World War II, and was an early aircraft carrier commander.
Arthur Moritz Schoenflies (17 April 1853 – 27 May 1928), sometimes written as Schönflies, was a German mathematician, known for his contributions to the application of group theory to crystallography, and for work in topology.
Arthur Louis Hugo Rudolph (November 9, 1906 – January 1, 1996) was a German rocket engineer who was a leader of the effort to develop the V-2 rocket for Nazi Germany.
Arthur is a city in Cass County, North Dakota, United States.
Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse.
The term artistamp (a portmanteau of the words "artist" and "stamp") or artist's stamp refers to a postage stamp-like art form used to depict or commemorate any subject its creator chooses.
Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics in which athletes perform short routines (ranging from approximately 30 to 90 seconds) on different apparatuses, with less time for vaulting.
Artur Axmann (18 February 1913 – 24 October 1996) was the German Nazi national leader (Reichsjugendführer) of the Hitler Youth (Hitlerjugend) from 1940 to the war's end in 1945.
Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli (5 January 1920 – 12 June 1995) was an Italian classical pianist.
The Aryan race was a racial grouping used in the period of the late 19th century and mid-20th century to describe people of European and Western Asian heritage.
Aschaffenburg is a town in northwest Bavaria, Germany.
Aschaffenburg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
Aschersleben-Staßfurt was a district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany until 2007.
Ashdod (help; أَشْدُود or إِسْدُود) is the sixth-largest city and the largest port in Israel accounting for 60% of the country's imported goods.
Ashkenaz (אשכנז) may refer to.
Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.
Sir Ernest Ashley Bramall (6 January 1916 – 10 February 1999) was a British Labour Party politician, Member of Parliament for Bexley from 1946 to 1950 and Leader of the Inner London Education Authority (ILEA) for 11 years.
Ashley is a city in and the county seat of McIntosh County, North Dakota, United States.
Asia are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1981.
The Asian black bear (Ursus thibetanus, previously known as Selenarctos thibetanus), also known as the moon bear and the white-chested bear, is a medium-sized bear species native to Asia and largely adapted to arboreal life.
Asian Dub Foundation (ADF) is an English electronica band that combines the musical styles rapcore, dub, dancehall and ragga.
The Asian golden cat (Catopuma temminckii, syn. Pardofelis temminckii), also called the Asiatic golden cat and Temminck's cat, is a medium-sized wild cat of the northeastern Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The Asian long-horned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis), also known as the starry sky, sky beetle, or ALB, is native to eastern China, Japan, and Korea.
In Norse mythology, Ask and Embla (from Askr ok Embla)—male and female respectively—were the first two humans, created by the gods.
An askari was a local soldier serving in the armies of the European colonial powers in Africa, particularly in the African Great Lakes, Northeast Africa and Central Africa.
Askja is a caldera situated in a remote part of the central highlands of Iceland.
Asparagus, or garden asparagus, folk name sparrow grass, scientific name Asparagus officinalis, is a spring vegetable, a flowering perennial plant species in the genus Asparagus.
Asplenium platyneuron (syn. Asplenium ebeneum), commonly known as ebony spleenwort or brownstem spleenwort, is a fern native to North America east of the Rocky Mountains and to South Africa.
The Assa Abloy Group is a Swedish lock manufacturer, and is the world's largest lock manufacturer by sales volume.
The Association pour la Taxation des Transactions financières et pour l'Action Citoyenne (Association for the Taxation of financial Transactions and Citizen's Action, ATTAC) is an activist organisation originally created for promoting the establishment of a tax on foreign exchange transactions.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries that promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration amongst its members, other Asian countries, and globally.
The Assyrian Church of the East (ܥܕܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ܕܐܬܘܖ̈ܝܐ ʻĒdtā d-Madenḥā d-Ātorāyē), officially the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East (ʻEdtā Qaddīštā wa-Šlīḥāitā Qātolīqī d-Madenḥā d-Ātorāyē), is an Eastern Christian Church that follows the traditional christology and ecclesiology of the historical Church of the East.
Asta Nielsen (11 September 1881 – 24 May 1972) was a Danish silent film actress who was one of the most popular leading ladies of the 1910s and one of the first international movie stars.
Asterix or The Adventures of Asterix (Astérix or Astérix le Gaulois) is a series of French comics.
Astro-Creep: 2000 – Songs of Love, Destruction and Other Synthetic Delusions of the Electric Head (or simply Astro-Creep: 2000) is the fourth and final studio album by White Zombie, released on April 11, 1995 by Geffen Records.
Astrosniks, called Sniks for short, are fictional characters created in 1975 by the German company Bullyland.
At Last the 1948 Show is a satirical TV show made by David Frost's company, Paradine Productions (although it was not credited on the programmes), in association with Rediffusion London.
Atahualpa, also Atahuallpa, Atabalipa (in Hispanicized spellings) or Atawallpa (Quechua) (c. 1502–26 July 1533) was the last Inca Emperor.
The Atari 8-bit family is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced by Atari, Inc. in 1979 and manufactured until 1992.
The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family.
Atari Teenage Riot (abbreviated ATR) is a German band formed in Berlin in 1992.
Atef Muhammad Ebeid (عاطف محمد عبيد) (14 April 1932 – 12 September 2014) was an Egyptian politician who served in various capacities in the governments of Egypt.
Atef Mohamed Naguib Sedky (29 August 1930 – 25 February 2005) (عاطف محمد نجيب صدقى) was the Prime Minister of Egypt from 1986 until 1996.
Athanasius Kircher, S.J. (sometimes erroneously spelled Kirchner; Athanasius Kircherus, 2 May 1602 – 28 November 1680) was a German Jesuit scholar and polymath who published around 40 major works, most notably in the fields of comparative religion, geology, and medicine.
Athens International Airport "Eleftherios Venizelos" (Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Αθηνών «Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος», Diethnís Aeroliménas Athinón "Elefthérios Venizélos"), commonly initialized as "AIA", began operation on 28 March 2001 and is the primary international airport that serves the city of Athens and the region of Attica.
Athis-Mons is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
The Athletic Model Guild, or AMG, was founded by Bob Mizer in December 1945.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
Atlantic City is a 1980 French-Canadian romantic crime film directed by Louis Malle.
The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans.
Atlantic Europe is a geographical and anthropological term for the western portion of Europe which borders the Atlantic Ocean.
Atlanticism, also known as Transatlanticism, is the belief in or support for a close relationship between the United States, Canada and Europe regarding political, economic and defence issues, with the belief that it would maintain security and prosperity of the participating countries and protect perceived values that unite them.
Ato Jabari Boldon (born 30 December 1973) is a former athlete from Trinidad and Tobago and four-time Olympic medal winner.
Atom Heart Mother is the fifth studio album by the English progressive rock band Pink Floyd.
The ATR 42 is a twin-turboprop, short-haul regional airliner developed and manufactured in France and Italy by ATR (Aerei da Trasporto Regionale or Avions de transport régional), a joint venture formed by French aerospace company Aérospatiale (now Airbus) and Italian aviation conglomerate Aeritalia (now Leonardo S.p.A.). The number "42" in its name is derived from the aircraft's standard seating configuration in a passenger-carrying configuration, which typically varies between 40 and 52 passengers.
Atropine is a medication to treat certain types of nerve agent and pesticide poisonings as well as some types of slow heart rate and to decrease saliva production during surgery.
The municipality of Au in der Hallertau is located in the north of the district of Freising and in the southern part of the Hallertau, in Bavaria, Germany.
Aubange (German: Ibingen, Luxembourgish: Éibeng, Walloon: Åbindje) is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the Province of Luxembourg.
Aubenas is a commune in the southern part of the Ardèche department in the Rhône Valley in southern France.
The Audi A2 (internally designated Typ 8Z) is a compact MPV-styled supermini car, with a five-door hatchback body style and four or five seats,ETKA official factory data produced by the German manufacturer Audi from November 1999 to August 2005.
The Audi A5 is a series of executive coupe cars produced by the German automobile manufacturer Audi since March 2007.
The Audi A8 is a four-door, full-size, luxury sedan manufactured and marketed by the German automaker Audi since 1994.
Audi alteram partem (or audiatur et altera pars) is a Latin phrase meaning "listen to the other side", or "let the other side be heard as well".
Aue-Schwarzenberg is a former district in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.
Auf Wiedersehen, Pet is a British comedy-drama series about seven English migrant construction workers who leave the UK to search for employment overseas.
Auggen is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.
Augsburg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.
Augsburg University of Applied Sciences (Hochschule Augsburg – University of Applied Sciences or simply Hochschule Augsburg) is a German university located in Augsburg.
August Böckh or Boeckh (24 November 1785 – 3 August 1867) was a German classical scholar and antiquarian.
August Beer (31 July 1825 – 18 November 1863) was a German physicist, chemist, and mathematician of Jewish descent.
Christian Friedrich August Dillmann (25 April 18237 July 1894) was a German orientalist and biblical scholar.
*Not to be confused with Isaak August Dorner (1809-1884) August Johannes Dorner (13 May 1846 in Schiltach, Württemberg – 17 April 1920 in Hannover) was a German Protestant theologian.
August Ferdinand Möbius (17 November 1790 – 26 September 1868) was a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer.
August Hermann Francke (22 March 1663, Lübeck8 June 1727, Halle) was a German Lutheran clergyman, philanthropist, and Biblical scholar.
August Horch (12 October 1868 – 3 February 1951) was a German engineer and automobile pioneer, the founder of the manufacturing giant which would eventually become Audi.
August Immanuel Bekker (21 May 17857 June 1871) was a German philologist and critic.
Friedrich August Kekulé, later Friedrich August Kekule von Stradonitz (7 September 1829 – 13 July 1896), was a German organic chemist.
August Kopff (February 5, 1882 – April 25, 1960) was a German astronomer and discoverer of several comets and asteroids.
August Kopisch (26 May 1799 – 6 February 1853) was a German poet and painter.
August Ludwig von Schlözer (5 July 1735, Gaggstatt9 September 1809, Göttingen) was a German historian who laid foundations for the critical study of Russian history.
August Macke (3 January 1887 – 26 September 1914) was a German Expressionist painter.
Johann Albrecht Friedrich August Meineke (also Augustus Meineke;; 8 December 179012 December 1870), German classical scholar, was born at Soest in the Duchy of Westphalia.
August Wilhelm Antonius Graf Neidhardt von Gneisenau (27 October 176023 August 1831) was a Prussian field marshal.
August Potthast (13 August 1824, Höxter, Province of Westphalia13 February 1898, Leobschütz), was a German historian, was born at Höxter, and was educated at Paderborn, Münster and Berlin.
August Schleicher (19 February 1821 – 6 December 1868) was a German linguist.
August Vincent Theodore Spies (December 10, 1855 – November 11, 1887) was an American upholsterer, radical labor activist, and newspaper editor.
Friedrich August Gottreu Tholuck (30 March 1799 – 10 June 1877), known as August Tholuck, was a German Protestant theologian and church leader.
August "Gus" Vollmer (March 7, 1876 – November 4, 1955) was the first police chief of Berkeley, California and a leading figure in the development of the field of criminal justice in the United States in the early 20th century.
Karl August Georg Maximilian Graf von Platen-Hallermünde (24 October 17965 December 1835) was a German poet and dramatist.
August Bodo Wilhelm Clemens Paul von Trott zu Solz (29 December 1855 – 27 October 1938) was a German politician.
August Paul von Wassermann (21 February 1866 – 16 March 1925) was a German bacteriologist and hygienist.
August Friedrich Leopold Weismann (17 January 1834 – 5 November 1914) was a German evolutionary biologist.
August-Wilhelm Scheer (born July 27, 1941) is a German Professor of business administration and business information at the Saarland University, and founder and director of IDS Scheer AG, a major IT service and software company.
Auguste Antoine Piccard (28 January 1884 – 24 March 1962) was a Swiss physicist, inventor and explorer, known for his record-breaking helium-filled balloon flights, with which he studied Earth's upper atmosphere and cosmic rays, and for his invention of the first bathyscaphe, FNRS-2, with which he made a number of unmanned dives in 1948 to explore the ocean's depths.
Augustinas Voldemaras (16 April 1883 – 16 May 1942) was a Lithuanian nationalist political figure.
The term Augustinians, named after Augustine of Hippo (354–430), applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders, dating back to the first millennium but formally created in the 13th century, and some Anglican religious orders, created in the 19th century, though technically there is no "Order of St.
Aurich (Low German: Auerk, West Frisian: Auwerk) is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Aurich is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Aurora, a suburb of Chicago, is a city predominantly in Kane County and DuPage County, with portions extending into Kendall and Will counties.
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
From 1949 to 1959, the state of Israel was, to a varying extent, under a regime of austerity (Tzena), during which rationing and similar measures were enforced.
The Australian Shepherd, often known simply as the "Aussie", is a medium-sized breed of dog that was, despite its name, developed on ranches in the Western United States during the 19th century.
Austrasia was a territory which formed the northeastern section of the Merovingian Kingdom of the Franks during the 6th to 8th centuries.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
The Austrian Federal Railways (German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen or ÖBB, formerly the Bundesbahn Österreich or BBÖ) is the national railway system of Austria, and the administrator of Liechtenstein's railways.
Austrian German (Österreichisches Deutsch), Austrian Standard German, Standard Austrian German (Österreichisches Standarddeutsch) or Austrian High German (Österreichisches Hochdeutsch), is the variety of Standard German written and spoken in Austria.
The Austrian State Treaty (German) or Austrian Independence Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state.
Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic nation and ethnic group, native to modern Austria and South Tyrol that share a common Austrian culture, Austrian descent and Austrian history.
The Auto & Technik Museum Sinsheim is a technology museum in Sinsheim, Germany.
Autofahrer-Rundfunk-Informationssystem (ARI, German for: Automotive-Driver's-Broadcasting-Information) was a system for indicating the presence of traffic information in FM broadcasts used by the German ARD network of FM radio stations from 1974.
Autogenic training is a desensitization-relaxation technique developed by the German psychiatrist Johannes Heinrich Schultz by which a psychophysiologically determined relaxation response is obtained.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
The Automated Transfer Vehicle, originally Ariane Transfer Vehicle or ATV, was an expendable cargo spacecraft developed by the European Space Agency (ESA).
An automatic rifle is a type of self-loading rifle that is capable of automatic fire.
An automatic transmission, also called auto, self-shifting transmission, n-speed automatic (where n is its number of forward gear ratios), or AT, is a type of motor vehicle transmission that can automatically change gear ratios as the vehicle moves, freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually.
Automobile safety is the study and practice of design, construction, equipment and regulation to minimize the occurrence and consequences of traffic collisions.
The automotive industry in the United Kingdom is now best known for premium and sports car marques including Aston Martin, Bentley, Caterham Cars, Daimler, Jaguar, Lagonda, Land Rover, Lister Cars, Lotus, McLaren, MG, Mini, Morgan and Rolls-Royce.
Autosuggestion is a psychological technique related to the placebo effect, developed by apothecary Émile Coué at the beginning of the 20th century.
Autumn, also known as fall in American and Canadian English, is one of the four temperate seasons.
Available in All Colours is the debut album of One Minute Silence, released in 1998.
Avantasia is a German supergroup rock opera project created by Tobias Sammet, vocalist of the band Edguy.
In Gallo-Roman religion, Dea Aveta was a mother goddess, also associated with the fresh-water spring at Trier in what is now Germany.
Avianca S.A. (acronym in Spanish for "Aerovías del Continente Americano S.A.", Airways of the American Continent) is a Colombian airline that has been the national airline and flag carrier of Colombia since 5 December 1919, when it was initially registered under the name SCADTA.
The Avignon Papacy was the period from 1309 to 1376 during which seven successive popes resided in Avignon (then in the Kingdom of Arles, part of the Holy Roman Empire, now in France) rather than in Rome.
Avoyelles (Paroisse des Avoyelles) is a parish located in central eastern Louisiana near the Mississippi and Atchafalaya rivers.
The Automobil-Verkehrs- und Übungsstraße ('Automobile traffic and training road'), known as AVUS, is a public road in Berlin, Germany.
Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna af Södermöre (1583–1654), Count of Södermöre, was a Swedish statesman.
Axim is a coastal town and the capital of Nzema East Municipal district, a district in Western Region of South Ghana.
Axis & Allies is a series of World War II strategy board games.
The Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region (Región de Aysén,, XI Región Aysén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo), often shortened to Aysén Region or Aisén,Examples of name usage:, official regional government site refers to the region as "Región de Aysén".
Azad Jammu and Kashmir (آزاد جموں و کشمیر Āzād Jammū̃ o Kaśmīr, translation: Free Jammu and Kashmir), abbreviated as AJK and commonly known as Azad Kashmir, is a nominally self-governing polity administered by Pakistan.
Azem Shpend Hajdari (March 11, 1963 – September 12, 1998) was the leader of the student movement in 1990–1991 that led to the fall of communism in Albania.
The Azerbaijan national football team (Azərbaycan milli futbol komandası) is the national football team of Azerbaijan and is controlled by Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan.
And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead (often abbreviated as Trail of Dead) are an American alternative rock band from Austin, Texas.
Älvsbyn Municipality is a municipality in Norrbotten County in northern Sweden.
Ängelholm Municipality (Ängelholms kommun) is a municipality in Skåne County in southern Sweden.
The Åland Islands dispute was one of the first issues put up for arbitration by the League of Nations on its formation.
The Ålesund fire happened in the Norwegian city of Ålesund on 23 January 1904.
Åmål Municipality (Åmåls kommun) is a municipality in Västra Götaland County in western Sweden.
The École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM, literally the "Special Military School of Saint-Cyr") is the foremost French military academy.
Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov (Илья́ Ильи́ч Ме́чников, also written as Élie Metchnikoff; 15 July 1916) was a Russian zoologist best known for his pioneering research in immunology.
Élise Rivet, also known as Mère Marie Élisabeth de l'Eucharistie (January 19, 1890, Draria, Algeria – March 30, 1945, Ravensbrück concentration camp, Germany) was a Roman Catholic nun and World War II heroine.
The Élysée Palace (Palais de l'Élysée) is the official residence of the President of France.
Étaples or Étaples-sur-Mer (Dutch: Stapel) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France.
Étienne Bonnot de Condillac (30 September 1714 – 3 August 1780) was a French philosopher and epistemologist, who studied in such areas as psychology and the philosophy of the mind.
Ernst Louis Étienne Laspeyres (28 November 1834 – 4 August 1913) was a German economist.
Örnsköldsvik Municipality (Örnsköldsviks kommun) is one of Sweden's 290 municipalities, in Västernorrland County in northern Sweden.
Ústí nad Labem, formerly known by its German name Aussig, is the 7th-most populous city of the Czech Republic.
Über (sometimes written uber in English-language publications) is a German language word meaning "over", "above" or "across." It is an etymological twin with German ober, and is cognate (through Proto-Germanic) with English over, Dutch over, Swedish över and Icelandic yfir, among other Germanic languages.
Čakovec (Csáktornya; Aquama; Tschakathurn) is a city in northern Croatia, located around north of Zagreb, the Croatian capital.
İstiklal Avenue or Istiklal Street (Turkish: İstiklâl Caddesi, Greek: Μεγάλη Οδός του Πέραν, French: Grande Rue de Péra, English: Independence Avenue) is one of the most famous avenues in Istanbul, Turkey, visited by nearly 3 million people in a single day over the course of weekends.
İzmir is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia and the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.
Łańcut (Polish pronunciation:; Landshut, לאַנצוט-Lantzut), is a town in south-eastern Poland, with 18,004 inhabitants, as of 2 June 2009.
Łódź (לאדזש, Lodzh; also written as Lodz) is the third-largest city in Poland and an industrial hub.
The Łyna (- Lava), is a river in northern Poland's Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship as well as in Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast.
Środa Wielkopolska (Schroda) is a town in central Poland, about southeast of Poznań, with 22,001 inhabitants (2009).
Świdnica (Schweidnitz; Svídnice) is a city in southwestern Poland in the region of Silesia.
Świdwin (Schivelbein; Skwilbëno) is a town in West Pomeranian Voivodeship of northwestern Poland.
Świebodzice (Freiburg) is a town in south-western Poland with 23,175 inhabitants.
Świebodzin (Schwiebus) is a town in western Poland with 21,757 inhabitants (2004).
Šiauliai is the fourth largest city in Lithuania, with a population of 107,086.
Żagań (French and Sagan, Zahań, Zaháň, Saganum) is a town on the Bóbr river in western Poland, with 26,253 inhabitants (2010).
Żary (Sorau, Žarow) is a town in western Poland with about 39,900 inhabitants (2006), situated in the Lubusz Voivodeship (since 1999, previously in Zielona Góra Voivodeship (1975–1998)).
Żary County (powiat żarski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Lubusz Voivodeship, western Poland, on the German border.
Not to be confused with the similarly-named town Żary (German: Sorau) in Silesian Voivodeship Żory (Sohrau) is a town and city county in Silesian Voivodeship, Poland with 58,672 inhabitants (2018).
Żywiec (Saybusch) is a town in south-central Poland with 32,242 inhabitants (as of November 2007).
Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield (November 5, 1851 – February 16, 1921) was professor of theology at Princeton Seminary from 1887 to 1921.
Benjamin Everett Jordan (September 8, 1896 – March 15, 1974) was an American businessman and politician.
Babenberg was a noble dynasty of Austrian margraves and dukes.
Babesiosis is a malaria-like parasitic disease caused by infection with Babesia, a genus of Apicomplexa.
Bacharach (also known as Bacharach am Rhein) is a town in the Mainz-Bingen district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
A bachelor is a man who is socially regarded as able to marry, but has not yet.
The Bachelor of Engineering, abbreviated as B.E., B.Eng., or B.A.I. (in Latin form) is a first professional undergraduate academic degree awarded to a student after four to five years of studying engineering at an accredited university.
The Bachelor of Laws (Legum Baccalaureus; LL.B. or B.L.) is an undergraduate degree in law (or a first professional degree in law, depending on jurisdiction) originating in England and offered in Japan and most common law jurisdictionsexcept the United States and Canadaas the degree which allows a person to become a lawyer.
The Bachem Ba 349 Natter (Colubrid, grass-snake) was a World War II German point-defence rocket-powered interceptor, which was to be used in a very similar way to a manned surface-to-air missile.
In Westminster parliamentary systems, a backbencher is a Member of Parliament (MP) or a legislator who holds no governmental office and is not a frontbench spokesperson in the Opposition, being instead simply a member of the "rank and file".
Backnang is a town in Germany in the Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, roughly northeast of Stuttgart.
In computer science, Backus–Naur form or Backus normal form (BNF) is a notation technique for context-free grammars, often used to describe the syntax of languages used in computing, such as computer programming languages, document formats, instruction sets and communication protocols.
Backwardness is a lack of progress by a person or group to some perceived cultural norm of advancement, such as for example traditional societies relative to modern scientific and technologically advanced industrialized societies.
Bad Blankenburg is a spa town in the district of Saalfeld-Rudolstadt, in Thuringia, Germany.
Bad Cannstatt, formerly just "Cannstatt" or "Kannstadt" (until 1900), is one of the outer stadtbezirke, or city districts, of Stuttgart in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Bad Dürkheim is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Bad Doberan is a former district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Bad Gandersheim is a town in southern Lower Saxony, Germany, located in the district of Northeim.
Bad Godesberg is a municipal district of Bonn, southern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The festival and spa town of Bad Hersfeld (Bad is "spa" in German; the Old High German name of the city was Herolfisfeld) is the district seat of the Hersfeld-Rotenburg district in northeastern Hesse, Germany, roughly 50 km southeast of Kassel.
Bad Homburg vor der Höhe is the district town of the Hochtaunuskreis, Hesse, Germany, on the southern slope of the Taunus, bordering among others Frankfurt am Main and Oberursel.
Bad Kissingen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
Bad Kreuznach is a district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Bad Kreuznach is a Verbandsgemeinde ("collective municipality") in the district of Bad Kreuznach, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.
Bad Nieuweschans is a village with a population 1,510, located in the north-eastern Netherlands on the border with Germany.
Bad Oldesloe is a town located in the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Bad Schussenried is a spa town in Upper Swabia in the district of Biberach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
Baden is a town near Bremen, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Baden is a borough in Beaver County, Pennsylvania, along the Ohio River.
Baden-Baden is a spa town located in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.
Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border with France.
Badenweiler is a health resort and spa in the Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, historically in the Markgräflerland.
Bag people (мешочники, meshochniks, or "people with bags") is a term in Russian and other Slavic languages that refers to people doing small trade for personal profit, recognizable by their large sacks.
A Bahá'í House of Worship, sometimes referred to by the name of mašriqu-l-'aḏkār (مشرق اﻻذكار), an Arabic phrase meaning "Dawning-place of the remembrances of God", is the designation of a place of worship, or temple, of the Bahá'í Faith.
Baiersbronn is a municipality in the district of Freudenstadt in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.
The Baikal teal (Sibirionetta formosa), also called the bimaculate duck or squawk duck, is a dabbling duck that breeds in eastern Russia and winters in East Asia.
The Baillon's crake (Porzana pusilla) is a very small waterbird of the family Rallidae.
The Balfour Declaration was a public statement issued by the British government during World War I announcing support for the establishment of a "national home for the Jewish people" in Palestine, then an Ottoman region with a minority Jewish population (around 3–5% of the total).
Balinese Hinduism (Agama Hindu Dharma; Agama Tirtha; Agama Air Suci; Agama Hindu Bali) is the form of monotheistic Hinduism practiced by the majority of the population of Bali.
The Balkan Campaign of World War II began with the Italian invasion of Greece on 28 October 1940.
"The Ballad of the Green Berets" is a patriotic song in the ballad style about the Green Berets, an elite special force in the U.S. Army.
Balliol College, founded in 1263,: Graduate Studies Prospectus - Last updated 17 Sep 08 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Johann Balthasar Neumann (27 January 1687 (?)– 19 August 1753), usually known as Balthasar Neumann, was a German architect and military artillery engineer who developed a refined brand of Baroque architecture, fusing Austrian, Bohemian, Italian, and French elements to design some of the most impressive buildings of the period, including the Würzburg Residence and the Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers (called Vierzehnheiligen in German).
The terms Baltic region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countries refer to slightly different combinations of countries in the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe.
The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.
The Baltic states, also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations or simply the Baltics (Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Baltijas valstis, Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
"Baltija" Shipbuilding Yard JSC (Baltijos laivų statykla) is a shipyard in Lithuania.
Balve is a town in the Märkischer Kreis district, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali, with a population of 1.8 million (2009 census, provisional).
Bamberg is a town in Upper Franconia, Germany, on the river Regnitz close to its confluence with the river Main.
Bamberg is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
Bambrzy (Poznańskie Bambry, German: Posener Bamberger) are Poles who are partly descended from Germans who moved from the area of Bamberg (Upper Franconia, Germany) to villages surrounding Poznań, Poland.
Banausos (Ancient Greek βάναυσος, plural βάναυσοι, banausoi) is a pejorative applied to the class of manual laborers or artisans in Ancient Greece.
Banco Popular Español, S.A. was the sixth largest banking group in Spain before it was bought by Banco Santander as part of a rescue package in June 2017.
The Bandidos Motorcycle Club, also known as the Bandido Nation, is a "one-percenter" motorcycle club with a worldwide membership.
Banff National Park is Canada's oldest national park and was established in 1885.
Bangor is a city in Gwynedd, northwest Wales.
Bank of America Corporation (abbreviated as BofA) is an American multinational financial services company headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Bank of America Plaza is a skyscraper located in between Midtown Atlanta and Downtown Atlanta.
Banking in Switzerland began in the early 18th century through Switzerland's merchant trade and has, over the centuries, grown into a complex, regulated, and international industry.
The banns of marriage, commonly known simply as the "banns" or "bans" /bænz/ (from a Middle English word meaning "proclamation", rooted in Frankish and from there to Old French), are the public announcement in a Christian parish church or in the town council of an impending marriage between two specified persons.
Bapaume is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
A bar (also known as a saloon or a tavern or sometimes a pub or club, referring to the actual establishment, as in pub bar or savage club etc.) is a retail business establishment that serves alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, liquor, cocktails, and other beverages such as mineral water and soft drinks and often sell snack foods such as crisps (potato chips) or peanuts, for consumption on premises.
Bar (Montenegrin Cyrillic: Бар) is a coastal town and seaport in southern Montenegro.
Mehmet Barış Manço (born Tosun Yusuf Mehmet Barış Manço; (2 January 1943 – 31 January 1999), known by his stage name Barış Manço, was a Turkish rock musician, singer, songwriter, composer, actor, television producer and show host. Beginning his musical career while attending Galatasaray High School, he was a pioneer of rock music in Turkey and one of the founders of the Anatolian rock genre. Manço composed around 200 songs and is among the best-selling and most awarded Turkish artists to date. Many of his songs were translated into a variety of languages including English, French, Japanese, Greek, Italian, Bulgarian, Romanian, Persian, Hebrew, Urdu, Arabic, and German, among others. Through his TV program, 7'den 77'ye ("From 7 to 77"), Manço traveled the world and visited most countries on the globe. He remains one of the most popular public figures of Turkey.
The Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus), also known as Barbary ape or magot, is a species of macaque unique for its distribution outside Asia.
The Barbershop Harmony Society, legally and historically named the Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barber Shop Quartet Singing in America, Inc. (SPEBSQSA), is the first of several organizations to promote and preserve barbershop music as an art form.
Barbershop vocal harmony, as codified during the barbershop revival era (1930s–present), is a style of a cappella close harmony, or unaccompanied vocal music, characterized by consonant four-part chords for every melody note in a predominantly homophonic texture.
Barbet Schroeder (born 26 August 1941) is an Iranian-born Swiss film director and producer who started his career in French cinema in the 1960s, working together with directors such as Jean-Luc Godard and Jacques Rivette.
The Barcelona Pavilion (Pavelló alemany; Pabellón alemán; "German Pavilion"), designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was the German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona, Spain.
Barco NV is a technology company that develops visualization and collaboration solutions to help professionals work together, share information, and project images in cinemas and elsewhere.
Bard College is a private liberal arts college in Annandale-on-Hudson, a hamlet in New York, United States.
A barge is a flat-bottomed ship, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods.
Bargteheide is a town in the district of Stormarn, Schleswig-Holstein state, Germany.
Barings Bank was a British merchant bank based in London, and the world's second oldest merchant bank (after Berenberg Bank).
Barium sulfate (or sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula BaSO4.
Barker Fairley, OC (May 21, 1887 – October 11, 1986) was a British-Canadian painter, and scholar who made a significant contribution to the study of German literature, particularly for the work of Goethe.
Barnaby Evans (born 1953) is an American artist who works in many media including site-specific sculpture installations, photography, film, garden design, architectural projects, writing and conceptual works.
Barnim is a district in Brandenburg, Germany.
Barnsley (locally) is a town in South Yorkshire, England, located halfway between Leeds and Sheffield.
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
Baron Aberconway, of Bodnant in the County of Denbigh, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Franz von der Trenck (German: Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Croatian: Barun Franjo Trenk) (Reggio di Calabria. January 1, 1711 – Brno. October 4, 1749) was an Austrian soldier.
Baron Keyes, of Zeebrugge, and Dover in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Baron Northbrook, of Stratton in the County of Southampton, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
The barred warbler (Sylvia nisoria) is a typical warbler which breeds across temperate regions of central and eastern Europe and western and central Asia.
Admiral Sir Barry Edward Domvile KBE CB CMG (5 September 1878 – 13 August 1971) was a Royal Navy officer.
Barry Steven Frank Sheene (11 September 1950 – 10 March 2003) was a British professional motorcycle racer.
Bart Berman (ברט ברמן; born December 29, 1938) is a Dutch-Israeli pianist and composer, best known as an interpreter of Franz Schubert and 20th-century music.
Bartel Leendert van der Waerden (February 2, 1903 – January 12, 1996) was a Dutch mathematician and historian of mathematics.
Barthold Heinrich Brockes (September 22, 1680 – January 16, 1747) was a German poet.
Bartholomew I (Πατριάρχης Βαρθολομαῖος Αʹ, Patriarchis Bartholomaios A', Patrik I. Bartholomeos; born 29 February 1940) is the 270th and current Archbishop of Constantinople and Ecumenical Patriarch, since 2 November 1991.
Barton is a town in Allegany County, Maryland, United States, located along the Georges Creek Valley.
Bartoszyce (German: Bartenstein; Barštynas) is a town on the Łyna River in northeastern Poland with 25,621 inhabitants.
Barysaw (officially transliterated as Barysaŭ, Бары́саў; Бори́сов, Borisov, Borysów) is a city in Belarus situated near the Berezina River in the Minsk Region.
Baryte or barite (BaSO4) is a mineral consisting of barium sulfate.
Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
Basel (also Basle; Basel; Bâle; Basilea) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine.
BASF SE is a German chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.
The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Basic life support (BLS) is a level of medical care which is used for victims of life-threatening illnesses or injuries until they can be given full medical care at a hospital.
Basil L. Plumley (January 1, 1920 – October 10, 2012) was a career soldier and airborne combat infantryman in the United States Army who rose to the rank of Command Sergeant Major.
Basil Valentine is the Anglicised version of the name Basilius Valentinus, ostensibly a 15th-century alchemist, possibly Canon of the Benedictine Priory of Saint Peter in Erfurt, Germany but more likely a pseudonym used by one or several 16th-century German authors.
Basil Zaharoff, GCB, GBE (Βασίλειος Zαχαρίας Ζαχάρωφ; October 6, 1849 – November 27, 1936), was a Greek arms dealer and industrialist.
Basildon is the largest town in the borough of Basildon in the county of Essex, England.
A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.
The Basilica of Saint Denis (Basilique royale de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is a large medieval abbey church in the city of Saint-Denis, now a northern suburb of Paris.
Basketball at the 1936 Summer Olympics was the first appearance of the sport as an official medal event.
The bass trumpet is a type of low trumpet which was first developed during the 1820s in Germany.
Bassam Tibi (بسام طيبي), is a German political scientist and Professor of International Relations.
Bastogne (Dutch: Bastenaken, German: Bastnach or Bastenach, Luxembourgish: Baaschtnech) is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg in the Ardennes.
Bat Yam (בַּת יָם, بات يام) is a city located on Israel's Mediterranean Sea coast, on the central coastal strip, just south of Tel Aviv.
The Batavi were an ancient Germanic tribe that lived around the modern Dutch Rhine delta in the area that the Romans called Batavia, from the second half of the first century BC to the third century AD.
Baton Rouge Magnet High School (BRMHS or Baton Rouge High) is a public magnet school in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, founded in 1880.
Bats (also Batsi, Batsbi, Batsb, Batsaw, Tsova-Tush) is the endangered language of the Bats people, a Caucasian minority group, and is part of the Nakh family of Caucasian languages.
The Battenberg family was formally a morganatic branch of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt, rulers of the Grand Duchy of Hesse in Germany.
The Battle of Aachen was a major combat action of World War II, fought by American and German forces in and around Aachen, Germany, between 2-21 October 1944.
The Battle of Aldenhoven or Battle of the Roer (2 October 1794) saw a Republican French army commanded by Jean Baptiste Jourdan attack a Habsburg Austrian army under François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt which was defending the line of the Roer River.
The Battle of Breitenfeld (Schlacht bei Breitenfeld; Slaget vid Breitenfeld) or First Battle of Breitenfeld (in older texts sometimes known as Battle of Leipzig), was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately five miles north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on September 17 (Gregorian calendar), or September 7 (Julian calendar, in wide use at the time), 1631.
The Second Battle of Breitenfeld, also known as the First Battle of Leipzig, took place on 23 October 1642 at Breitenfeld, some north-east of Leipzig, Germany, during the Thirty Years' War.
Battle of Britain is a 1969 British Second World War film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S. Benjamin Fisz.
The Battle of Crete (Luftlandeschlacht um Kreta, also Unternehmen Merkur, "Operation Mercury," Μάχη της Κρήτης) was fought during the Second World War on the Greek island of Crete.
The Battle of Diersheim (20–21 April 1797) saw a First French Republic army led by Jean Victor Marie Moreau clash with a Habsburg Austrian army commanded by Anton Count Sztáray de Nagy-Mihaly.
The Battle of Dresden (26–27 August 1813) was a major engagement of the Napoleonic Wars.
The Battle of Engen was fought between France and Austria on 3 May 1800 as a part of the 1800 campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Battle of Freiburg, also called the Three Day Battle, took place on 3, 5 and 9 August 1644 as part of the Thirty Years' War.
The Battle of Gravelotte (or Gravelotte–St. Privat) on 18 August 1870 was the largest battle during the Franco-Prussian War, named after Gravelotte, a village in Lorraine between Metz and the former French–German frontier.
The Battle of Guadalajara (March 8–23, 1937) saw the People's Republican Army (Ejército Popular Republicano, or EPR) defeat Italian and Nationalist forces attempting to encircle Madrid during the Spanish Civil War.
The Battle of Hemmingstedt took place on February 17, 1500 south of the village of Hemmingstedt, near the present village of Epenwöhrden, in the western part of present-day Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
The Battle of Maldon took place on 11 August 991 CE near Maldon beside the River Blackwater in Essex, England, during the reign of Æthelred the Unready.
The Battle of Maxen (20 November 1759) was a battle at Maxen, Saxony in present-day Germany during the Third Silesian War (part of the Seven Years' War).
The Battle of Mühlberg was a large battle at Mühlberg in the Electorate of Saxony in 1547, as part of the Schmalkaldic War.
The Battle of Meissen (4 December 1759) was an Austrian victory over a larger Prussian army during the Third Silesian War (part of the Seven Years' War).
The Battle of Minden—or Tho(r)nhausen—was a decisive engagement during the Seven Years' War, fought on 1 August 1759.
The Battle of Mingolsheim (Schlacht bei Mingolsheim) was fought on 27 April 1622, near the German village of Wiesloch, south of Heidelberg (and south of Wiesloch), between a Protestant army under General von Mansfeld and the Margrave of Baden-Durlach against a Roman Catholic army under Count Tilly.
The second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on August 3, 1645 southeast of Nördlingen near the village of Alerheim.
The Battle of Neresheim (11 August 1796) saw a victory of Republican French army under Jean Victor Marie Moreau over the Habsburg Austrian army of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen.
The Battle of Neuwied (18 April 1797) saw Lazare Hoche lead part of the French Army of Sambre-et-Meuse against Franz von Werneck's Austrian army.
The Battle of Pavia, fought on the morning of 24 February 1525, was the decisive engagement of the Italian War of 1521–26.
The Battle of Płowce took place on 27 September 1331 between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order.
The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, sometimes known as the Battle of Pinkie, took place on 10 September 1547 on the banks of the River Esk near Musselburgh, Scotland.
The Battle of Rain (also called the Battle of the River Lech or Battle of Lech) was fought on 15 April 1632 as part of the Thirty Years' War.
The Battle of Rastatt (5 July 1796) saw part of a Republican French army under Jean Victor Marie Moreau clash with elements of a Habsburg Austrian army under Maximilian Anton Karl, Count Baillet de Latour which were defending the line of the Murg River.
The Battle of Saint-Mihiel was a major World War I battle fought from 12–15 September 1918, involving the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and 110,000 French troops under the command of General John J. Pershing of the United States against German positions.
The Battle of the Ardennes was a battle of the First World War fought on the frontiers of France, Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg from 21 to 23 August 1914.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
Battle of the Year, commonly referred to as BOTY, is an annual international breakdancing competition that began in 1990.
The Battle of Tolbiac was fought between the Franks, who were fighting under Clovis I, and the Alamanni, whose leader is not known.
The Battle of Tsushima (Цусимское сражение, Tsusimskoye srazheniye), also known as the Battle of Tsushima Strait and the Naval Battle of the Sea of Japan (Japanese: 日本海海戦, Nihonkai-Kaisen) in Japan, was a major naval battle fought between Russia and Japan during the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of Vyšehrad was a series of engagements at the start of the Hussite War between Hussite forces and Catholic crusaders sent by Emperor Sigismund.
The Battle of Wörth, also known as the Battle of Reichshoffen or as the Battle of Frœschwiller, refers to the second battle of Wörth, which took place on 6 August 1870 in the opening stages of the Franco-Prussian War (the first Battle of Wörth occurred on 23 December 1793 during the French Revolutionary Wars).
The Battle of White Mountain (Czech: Bitva na Bílé hoře, German: Schlacht am Weißen Berg) was an important battle in the early stages of the Thirty Years' War.
The Battle of Whitney's Lane (also known as the Action at Whitney's Lane) was a small, but psychologically important, land battle of the American Civil War fought on May 19, 1862, in north-central Arkansas.
The Battle of Wimpfen was a battle in the Bohemian Revolt period of the Thirty Years' War on 6 May 1622 near Wimpfen.
The Battle of Wittstock took place during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648).
is a 2000 Japanese dystopian thriller film adapted from the 1999 novel of the same name by Koushun Takami.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.
Bauhaus were an English post-punk band, formed in Northampton, England in 1978.
Bautzen (Upper Sorbian: Budyšin; Lower Sorbian: Budyšyn, Budyšín, Budziszyn) is a hill-top town in eastern Saxony, Germany, and administrative centre of the eponymous district.
The district of Bautzen ('Landkreis Bautzen', 'Wokrjes Budyšin') is a district in the state of Saxony in Germany.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Bavarian Alps (Bayerische Alpen) is a summarizing term of several mountain ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps in the German state of Bavaria.
The village of Zell in the Bavarian Forest The Bavarian Forest (German: or Bayerwald) is a wooded, low-mountain region in Bavaria, Germany that is about 100 kilometres long.
The Bavarian Forest National Park (Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald) is a national park in the Eastern Bavarian Forest immediately on Germany's border with the Czech Republic.
Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), is a rapid transit public transportation system serving the San Francisco Bay Area in California.
The Bay of Greifswald by Jürgen Utrata (2014).
The Bay of Kiel or Kiel Bay is a bay in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany and the islands of Denmark.
The Bay of Lübeck is a basin in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Schleswig-Holstein.
The Bay of Mecklenburg (or Mecklenburgische Bucht), also known as the Mecklenburg Bay or Mecklenburg Bight, is a long narrow basin making up the southwestern finger-like arm of the Baltic Sea, between the shores of Germany to the south and the Danish islands of Lolland, Falster, and Møn to the north, the shores of Jutland to the west, and joining the largest part of the Baltic to the east.
The Bay of Pomerania or Pomeranian Bay (Polish: Zatoka Pomorska; German: Pommersche Bucht; Kashubian: Pòmòrskô Hôwinga) is a basin in the southwestern Baltic Sea, off the shores of Poland and Germany.
The Bayer process is the principal industrial means of refining bauxite to produce alumina (aluminium oxide).
Bayreuth is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in Bavaria, Germany.
The Bayreuth Festspielhaus or Bayreuth Festival Theatre (Bayreuther Festspielhaus) is an opera house north of Bayreuth, Germany, dedicated solely to the performance of stage works by the 19th-century German composer Richard Wagner.
Béthune (archaic and Bethwyn historically in English) is a city in northern France, sub-prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais department.
Böblingen is a ''Landkreis'' (district) in the middle of Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
The Bördekreis was a district (Kreis) in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Bücker-Flugzeugbau GmbH was a German aircraft manufacturer founded in 1932.
Büllingen (Bullange) is a largely German-speaking municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège.
The Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, abbreviated BGB, is the civil code of Germany.
Büsingen am Hochrhein ("Buesingen on the High Rhine"), commonly known as Büsingen, is a German town entirely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen and, south across the High Rhine, by the Swiss cantons of Zürich and Thurgau.
Bütgenbach (Butgenbach) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège.
Beangrowers are a Maltese three-piece indie rock band consisting of Alison Galea (vocals and guitar), Mark Sansone (bass guitar) and Ian Schranz (drums and noise).
The bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus), also called the square flipper seal, is a medium-sized pinniped that is found in and near to the Arctic Ocean.
Beaupre (originally Beaupré) is a primarily Catholic family that lives mostly in northern New England and Michigan.
Beaverton is a city in Washington County, in the U.S. state of Oregon.
Bełżec (in Belzec) was a Nazi German extermination camp built by the SS for the purpose of implementing the secretive Operation Reinhard, the plan to eradicate Polish Jewry, a key part of the "Final Solution" which entailed the murder of some 6 million Jews in the Holocaust.
Bedřich (Friedrich) Hrozný (May 6, 1879 – December 12, 1952) was a Czech orientalist and linguist.
Bedburg is a town in the Rhein-Erft-Kreis, North Rhine-Westphalia of Germany with 25,000 residents.
Beekeeping (or apiculture) is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives, by humans.
Beer in China has become increasingly popular in the last century due to the popularity of local and imported brands.
Beer in Sweden has a history that can be traced to the late Iron Age.