279 relations: Adjournment (games), Adolf Anderssen, Albin Countergambit, Lasker Trap, Alexander Grischuk, Amazon (chess), Anatoly Karpov, Anderssen's Opening, Andrei Sokolov, Andrei Volokitin, Anna Ushenina, Artificial castling, Back-rank checkmate, Barca (board game), Basic Chess Endings, Bilbao Chess Masters Final, Bind, Bishop (chess), Block (chess), Board representation (chess), Bobby Fischer, Boden's Mate, Botvinnik versus Capablanca, AVRO 1938, Brains in Bahrain, Bu Xiangzhi, Budapest Gambit, Camel (chess), Candidates Tournament 2016, Capablanca Memorial, Capture, Catalan Opening, Cheating in chess, Checkmate, Checkmate pattern, Chess, Chess (disambiguation), Chess 2: The Sequel, Chess endgame, Chess middlegame, Chess notation, Chess opening, Chess piece relative value, Chess puzzle, Chess strategy, Chess tactic, Chess World Cup 2013, Chess World Cup 2017, Chess World Cup 2019, Chess960 starting position, Claude Bloodgood, Claude Shannon, ..., Colle System, Combination (chess), Compensation (chess), Computer chess, Concatenation, Connected pawns, Corresponding squares, Courier chess, Curt von Bardeleben, Dan (rank), Dawid Janowski, Decoy (chess), Deep Blue versus Kasparov, 1996, Game 1, Desprez Opening, Develop, Dmitry Svetushkin, Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani, Draw by agreement, Edward Lasker, Emanuel Lasker, Emil Sutovsky, En passant, Endgame tablebase, Exchange (chess), Fabiano Caruana, Fianchetto, FIDE Grand Prix 2012–13, FIDE Grand Prix 2014–15, FIDE Grand Prix 2017, FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2013–14, FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2015–16, FIDE World Chess Championship 2004, Fifty-move rule, File, Forfeit, Fork (chess), Fortress (chess), Frank Marshall (chess player), Frederick Yates (chess player), G. H. Diggle, George H. D. Gossip, Geri's Game, Glossary of board games, Glossary of chess, Glossary of chess problems, Glossary of computer chess terms, Gong Qianyun, Grünfeld Defence, Nadanian Variation, Greco Defence, Grzegorz Gajewski, Gunderam Defense, Harriet Hunt, Hastings 1895 chess tournament, Hikaru Nakamura, Hodgson Attack, Horizon effect, Hou Yifan, Houdini (chess), Howard Staunton, Hydra (chess), Hypermodernism (chess), Ian Nepomniachtchi, ICCF numeric notation, Immortal Game, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, International Arbiter, International Braille Chess Association, Ioannis Papadopoulos, Isaac Kashdan, Isan Reynaldo Ortiz Suárez, Italian Game, Rousseau Gambit, James Hanham, Jan Hein Donner, János Flesch, Jeremy Silman, Jon Ludvig Hammer, Judit Polgár, Karl Robatsch, Kasparov versus the World, King and pawn versus king endgame, Lasker versus Bauer, Amsterdam, 1889, Levente Lengyel, Levon Aronian, Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez, Lichess, Linares International Chess Tournament, List of chess games, List of chess variants, List of Last Exile episodes, List of world records in chess, London Chess Classic, London System, Lone Pine International, Lucena position, Luigi Centurini, Magnus Carlsen, Manuel Luis Martinez, Marisa Zuriel, Marmaduke Wyvill (chess player), Material (disambiguation), McDonnell versus De La Bourdonnais, Match 4 (16), London 1834, Mikhail Tal, Minimax, Mobility, Modenese Masters, Monika Soćko, Napoleon Opening, Nguyễn Ngọc Trường Sơn, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Norway Chess, Novelty (disambiguation), Open event at the 42nd Chess Olympiad, Opposite-colored bishops endgame, Opposition (chess), Outline of chess, Outpost (chess), Passed pawn, Paul Morphy, Pawn structure, Pawnless chess endgame, Peter Svidler, Philidor Defence, Philipp Stamma, Pin (chess), PlunderChess, Poisoned Pawn Variation, Ponziani Opening, Poole versus HAL 9000, Portable Game Notation, Premove, Priyome, Promotion (chess), Prophylaxis (chess), Queen and pawn versus queen endgame, Queen sacrifice, Queen versus pawn endgame, Rank, Rank and file, Rashid Nezhmetdinov, Réti Opening, Reflexmate, Resignation (disambiguation), Richter–Veresov Attack, Romanticism, Rook (chess), Rosendo Balinas Jr., Rotlewi versus Rubinstein, Rules of chess, Rustam Kasimdzhanov, Ruy Lopez, Noah's Ark Trap, Ruy Lopez, Tarrasch Trap, Sabina-Francesca Foisor, Sacrifice (chess), School of chess, Second (disambiguation), Serafino Dubois, Siegbert Tarrasch, Silvia Collas, Sinquefield Cup, Skewer (chess), Skittles, Slovenski glasnik, Smothered mate, Sonneborn–Berger score, Stalemate, Stuart Conquest, Svetlana Matveeva, Tamerlane chess, Tarrasch rule, Tatev Abrahamyan, TD, Teimour Radjabov, Tempo (chess), The Duke (board game), The exchange (chess), The Luzhin Defence, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Threefold repetition, Tigran Petrosian, Time trouble, Touch-move rule, Tournament director, Triangulation (chess), Two knights endgame, Vereslav Eingorn, Veselin Topalov, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Kramnik, Wang Yue, Wei Yi, William Winter (chess player), Women's event at the 42nd Chess Olympiad, Women's World Chess Championship 2010, Women's World Chess Championship 2012, World Chess Championship 1972, World Chess Championship 1981, World Chess Championship 1985, World Chess Championship 2010, World Chess Championship 2012, World Chess Championship 2013, Wrong bishop, X-FEN, X3D Fritz, Yaniet Marrero Lopez, Yu Yangyi, Yuri Balashov, Zebra (chess), Zhao Xue, Zugzwang, Zwischenzug, 19th Chess Olympiad, 2016 US Chess Championship, 26th Chess Olympiad, 27th Chess Olympiad, 28th Chess Olympiad, 29th Chess Olympiad, 30th Chess Olympiad, 31st Chess Olympiad, 32nd Chess Olympiad, 33rd Chess Olympiad, 34th Chess Olympiad, 35th Chess Olympiad, 36th Chess Olympiad, 37th Chess Olympiad, 38th Chess Olympiad, 39th Chess Olympiad, 40th Chess Olympiad, 41st Chess Olympiad, 42nd Chess Olympiad. 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Some board games, such as chess and Go, use an adjournment mechanism to suspend the game in progress so it can be continued at another time, typically the following day.
Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen (July 6, 1818 – March 13, 1879)"Anderssen, Adolf" in The New Encyclopædia Britannica.
The Lasker Trap is a chess opening trap in the Albin Countergambit, named after Emanuel Lasker, although it was first noted by Serafino Dubois.
Alexander Igorevich Grischuk (Алекса́ндр И́горевич Грищу́к; born October 31, 1983) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
An amazon (also known as a queen+knight compound) is a fairy chess piece that can move like a queen or a knight (or, equivalently, like a rook, bishop, or knight).
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Anderssen's Opening is a chess opening defined by the opening move: Anderssen's Opening is named after unofficial World Chess Champion Adolf Anderssen, who played it three times in his 1858 match against Paul Morphy.
Andrei Yurievich Sokolov (Андре́й Ю́рьевич Соколо́в; born 20 March 1963, in Vorkuta, Komi ASSR, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union) is a chess Grandmaster of Russian origin, now living in France.
Andrei Volokitin (Андрій Волокітін, Andriy Volokitin; born 18 June 1986 in Lviv) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster.
Anna Yuriyivna Ushenina (Анна Юріївна Ушеніна; born 30 August 1985) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster who was Women's World Chess Champion from November 2012 to September 2013.
In chess, artificial castling (also called castling by hand) refers to a maneuver in which a king which has lost the right to castle achieves a castled position in several normal moves, instead of the one special move.
In chess, a back-rank checkmate (also known as the corridor mate) is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen along a back rank (that is, the row on which the pieces stand at the start of the game) in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because the king is blocked by friendly pieces (usually pawns) on the second rank.
Barca is a two-player strategy board game invented by Andrew Caldwell.
Basic Chess Endings (abbreviated BCE) is a book on chess endgames which was written by Grandmaster Reuben Fine and originally published on October 27, 1941.
The Bilbao Chess Masters Final (previously called the Grand Slam Chess Final) is an annual chess tournament which between 2008-12 brought together the strongest players from the previous year's "Grand Slam" events.
Things known as BIND or Bind include.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
A block is a defensive tactic in chess in response to an attack, consisting of interposing a piece between the opponent's attacking piece and the piece being attacked.
In computer chess, software developers must choose a data structure to represent chess positions on the chessboard.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boden's Mate is a checkmating pattern in chess characterized by bishops on two criss-crossing diagonals (for example, bishops on a6 and f4 delivering mate to a king on c8), with possible flight squares for the king being occupied by friendly pieces.
In Rotterdam on 22 November 1938, then future World Chess Champion Mikhail Botvinnik (as white) defeated former World Champion José Raúl Capablanca in round 11 of the AVRO tournament in one of the most famous games in chess history.
Brains in Bahrain was an eight-game chess match between World Chess Champion Vladimir Kramnik and the computer program Deep Fritz 7, held in October 2002.
Bu Xiangzhi (born December 10, 1985) is a Chinese chess grandmaster and Chinese champion in 2004.
The Budapest Gambit (or Budapest Defence) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Despite an early debut in 1896, the Budapest Gambit received attention from leading players only after a win as Black by Grandmaster Milan Vidmar over Akiba Rubinstein in 1918.
The camel (or long knight) is a fairy chess piece that moves like an elongated knight.
The Candidates Tournament 2016 was an eight-player double round-robin chess tournament, held in Moscow, Russia, from 11–30 March 2016.
The Capablanca Memorial is a chess tournament that has been held annually in Cuba since 1962.
Capture may refer to.
The Catalan is a chess opening where White adopts a combination of the Queen's Gambit and Réti Opening: White plays d4 and c4 and fianchettoes the white bishop on g2.
Cheating in chess refers to a deliberate violation of the rules of chess or other unethical behaviour that is intended to give an unfair advantage to a player or team.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
In chess, several checkmate patterns occur frequently, or are otherwise of such interest to scholars, so as to have acquired specific names in chess commentary.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
Chess is a two-player board game.
Chess 2: The Sequel is a chess variant created by David Sirlin and Zachary Burns of Ludeme Games.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.
Chess notations are various systems that have developed to record either the moves made in a game of chess or the position of pieces on a chessboard.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
In chess, the chess piece relative value system conventionally assigns a point value to each piece when assessing its relative strength in potential exchanges.
A chess puzzle is a puzzle in which knowledge of the pieces and rules of chess is used to solve logically a chess-related problem.
Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.
In chess, a tactic refers to a sequence of moves that limits the opponent's options and may result in tangible gain.
The Chess World Cup 2013 was a 128-player single-elimination chess tournament, played between 11 August and 2 September 2013, in the hotel Scandic Tromsø in Tromsø, Norway.
The Chess World Cup 2017 was a 128-player single-elimination chess tournament, held in Tbilisi, Georgia, from 2 to 27 September 2017.
The Chess World Cup 2019 is a 128-player single-elimination chess tournament to be held in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia in 2019.
A Chess960 starting position is one of 960 possible initial game positions in the chess variant Chess960.
Claude Frizzel Bloodgood (born Klaus Frizzel Bluttgutt III; July 14, 1937 – August 4, 2001) was a controversial American chess player. As a young man, he got into trouble with the law and was arrested several times. He was sentenced to death in 1970 after having been convicted of murdering his mother, although this sentence was later commuted to life in prison. While in prison, he remained a very active chess player, playing a large number of correspondence games and rated games with other inmates. Over time, he achieved a very high ranking in the United States Chess Federation (USCF) by playing in a closed pool, which the federation alleges was due to rating manipulation. He died in prison in 2001.
Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory".
The Colle System, also known as the Colle–Koltanowski system, is a chess opening strategy for White introduced by Belgian Edgard Colle in the 1920s, and further developed by George Koltanowski.
In chess, a combination is a sequence of moves, often initiated by a sacrifice, which leaves the opponent few options and results in tangible gain.
In chess, compensation is the typically short-term positional advantages a player has in exchange for typically material disadvantage.
Computer chess is a game of computer architecture encompassing hardware and software capable of playing chess autonomously without human guidance.
In formal language theory and computer programming, string concatenation is the operation of joining character strings end-to-end.
In chess, connected pawns are two or more pawns of the same color on adjacent files, as distinct from isolated pawns.
Corresponding squares (also called relative squares, sister squares and coordinate squares) in chess occur in some chess endgames, usually ones that are mostly blocked.
Courier Chess (or The Courier Game or simply courier) is a strategy board game in the chess family.
Curt von Bardeleben (4 March 1861 in Berlin – in Berlin) was a German chess master, journalist, and member of the German nobility.
The ranking system is used by many Japanese organizations and Korean martial arts to indicate the level of one's ability within a certain subject matter.
Dawid Markelowicz Janowski (25 May 1868 – 15 January 1927; often spelled David) was a leading Polish chess master and subsequent French citizen.
In chess, decoying is the tactic of ensnaring a piece, usually the king or queen, by forcing it to move to a poisoned square with a sacrifice on that square.
Deep Blue–Kasparov, 1996, Game 1 is a famous chess game in which a computer played against a human being.
The Desprez Opening is a chess opening characterized by the opening move: The opening is named after the French player Marcel Desprez.
Develop or DEVELOP may refer to.
Dmitry Svetushkin (Дмитрий Светушкин; Dumitru Svetuşchin; born 25 July 1980) is a Moldovan chess grandmaster (2002).
Domenico Lorenzo Ponziani (9 November 1719 – 15 July 1796) was an 18th-century Italian law professor, priest, chess player, composer and theoretician.
In chess, a draw by (mutual) agreement is the outcome of a game due to the agreement of both players to a draw.
Edward Lasker (December 3, 1885 – March 25, 1981) was a German-American chess and Go player.
Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).
Emil Sutovsky (born 19 September 1977) is an Israeli chess grandmaster and the president of the Association of Chess Professionals since 2012.
En passant (in passing) is a move in chess.
An endgame tablebase is a computerized database that contains precalculated exhaustive analysis of chess endgame positions.
In the tactics and strategy in the board game of chess, an exchange (exchanging) or trade (trading) of chess pieces is series of closely related moves, typically sequential, in which the two players capture each other's pieces.
Fabiano Luigi Caruana (born July 30, 1992) is an Italian-American chess grandmaster.
In chess, the fianchetto ("little flank") is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
The FIDE Grand Prix 2012–13 was a series of six chess tournaments that formed part of the qualification cycle for the World Chess Championship 2014.
The FIDE Grand Prix 2014–15 was a series of four chess tournaments that formed part of the qualification cycle for the World Chess Championship 2016.
The FIDE Grand Prix 2017 was a series of four chess tournaments that formed part of the qualification cycle for the World Chess Championship 2018.
The FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2013–14 is a series of six chess tournaments exclusively for women, which formed part of the qualification cycle for the Women's World Chess Championship 2015.
The FIDE Women's Grand Prix 2015–16 was a series of five chess tournaments exclusively for women, which determined one player to play in the Women's World Chess Championship 2018, a 10-game match against the knockout world champion.
The FIDE World Chess Championship 2004 was held at the Almahary Hotel in Tripoli, Libya, from June 18 to July 13.
The fifty-move rule in chess states that a player can claim a draw if no has been made and no pawn has been moved in the last fifty moves (for this purpose a "move" consists of a player completing their turn followed by the opponent completing their turn).
File or filing may refer to.
Forfeit or forfeiture may refer to.
In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.
In chess, the fortress is an endgame drawing technique in which the side behind in sets up a zone of protection that the opponent cannot penetrate.
Frank James Marshall (August 10, 1877 – November 9, 1944) was the U.S. Chess Champion from 1909 to 1936, and one of the world's strongest chess players in the early part of the 20th century.
Frederick Dewhurst Yates (16 January 1884, Birstall – 11 November 1932, London) was an English chess master who won the British Chess Championship on six occasions.
Geoffrey Harber Diggle (6 December 1902 – 13 February 1993)Edward Winter,, quoting Winter, CHESS magazine, June 1993, p. 46.
George Hatfeild Dingley Gossip (December 6, 1841 – May 11, 1907) was a minor American-English chess master and writer.
Geri's Game is a 1997 American computer-animated short film written and directed by Jan Pinkava and produced by Pixar.
This page explains commonly used terms in board games in alphabetical order.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess problems in alphabetical order.
This is a list of terms used in computer chess.
Gong Qianyun (11 born March 1985) is a Chinese-Singaporean chess player who holds the FIDE title of Woman International Master (WIM).
The Nadanian Variation (sometimes called the Nadanian Attack) of the Grünfeld Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Nadanian Variation is classified in the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings with the code D85.
The Greco Defence (or McConnell Defense), named after Gioachino Greco (c. 1600 – c. 1634), is a chess opening beginning with the moves: The opening is categorized as ECO code C40.
Grzegorz Gajewski (born 19 July 1985 in Skierniewice) is a Polish chess player who became Grandmaster in 2006.
The Gunderam Defense is a rarely played chess opening starting with the moves: It is named after the chess player Gerhard Gunderam.
Harriet Vaughan Hunt (born 4 February 1978 in Oxford) is an English chess player and four times British Ladies' champion.
The Hastings 1895 chess tournament was a round-robin tournament of chess conducted in Hastings, England from August 5 to September 2, 1895.
is a Japanese-American chess grandmaster.
The Hodgson Attack (also called the Pseudo-Trompowsky, Levitsky Attack after Stepan Levitsky, Queen's Bishop Attack, and Bishop Attack) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: Strategically, the bishop on g5 exerts an annoying influence where it pins Black's e-pawn and is ready to meet 2...Nf6 with 3.Bxf6, giving up the bishop pair in exchange for saddling Black with doubled pawns.
The horizon effect, also known as the horizon problem, is a problem in artificial intelligence where, in many games, the number of possible states or positions is immense and computers can only feasibly search a small portion of it, typically a few plies down the game tree.
Hou Yifan (born 27 February 1994), China Chess League is a Chinese chess grandmaster and three-time Women's World Chess Champion.
Houdini is a UCI chess engine developed by Belgian programmer Robert Houdart.
Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.
Hydra was a chess machine, designed by a team with Dr. Christian "Chrilly" Donninger, Dr.
Hypermodernism is a school of chess that emerged after World War I. It featured challenges to the chess ideas of central European masters, including Wilhelm Steinitz's approach to the centre and the rules established by Siegbert Tarrasch.
Ian Alexandrovich Nepomniachtchi (Yan Aleksandrovich Nepomnyashchiy; born 14 July 1990) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
ICCF numeric notation is the official chess game notation for all International Correspondence Chess Federation games.
The Immortal Game was a chess game played by Adolf Anderssen and Lionel Kieseritzky on 21 June 1851 in London, during a break of the first international tournament.
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 American action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, from a story co-written by executive producer George Lucas.
In chess, International Arbiter is a title awarded by FIDE to individuals deemed capable of acting as arbiter in important chess matches.
The International Braille Chess Association (IBCA) is organization for blind and visually impaired chess players.
Ioannis Papadopoulos (born 1988) is a Greek chess player holding the title of Grandmaster.
Isaac Kashdan (19 November 1905 in New York City – 20 February 1985 in Los Angeles) was an American chess grandmaster and chess writer.
Isan Reynaldo Ortiz Suárez (born 30 March 1985 in Guantánamo) is a Cuban chess grandmaster.
The Rousseau Gambit (or Ponziani Countergambit) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The gambit is named after French chess master Eugène Rousseau.
Major James Moore Hanham (January 4, 1840 Woodville, Mississippi – December 30, 1923 New York, New York) was an American chess master, who played in many American and international chess tournaments between 1884 and 1889.
Johannes Hendrikus (Hein) Donner (July 6, 1927 – November 27, 1988) was a Dutch chess grandmaster (GM) and writer.
János Flesch (30 September 1933 – 9 December 1983) was a chess Grandmaster, chess writer and coach, born in Budapest, Hungary.
Jeremy Silman (born August 28, 1954) is an American International Master of chess and writer.
Jon Ludvig Nilssen Hammer (born 2 June 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster.
Judit Polgár (born 23 July 1976) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
Karl Robatsch (October 14, 1929 in Klagenfurt – September 19, 2000) was a leading Austrian chess player and a noted botanist.
Kasparov versus the World was a game of chess played in 1999 over the Internet.
The chess endgame with a king and a pawn versus a king is one of the most important and fundamental endgames, other than the basic checkmates.
The chess game between Emanuel Lasker and Johann Bauer played in Amsterdam in 1889 is one of the most famous on account of Lasker's sacrifice of both bishops to eliminate the pawn cover around his opponent's king, winning material and the game.
Levente Lengyel (13 June 1933 – 18 August 2014) was a Hungarian chess player, who gained the Grandmaster title in 1964.
Levon Grigori Aronian (Լևոն Գրիգորի Արոնյան Levon Grigori Aronyan; born 6 October 1982) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.
Libro de la invencion liberal y arte del juego del axedrez (translation: Book of the liberal invention and art of the game of chess) is one of the first books published about modern chess in Europe, after Pedro Damiano's 1512 book.
Lichess is an Internet chess server.
The Linares International Chess Tournament (Spanish: Torneo Internacional de Ajedrez Ciudad de Linares) was an annual chess tournament, usually played around the end of February, which takes its name from the city of Linares in the Jaén province of Andalusia, Spain, in which it is held.
This is a list of notable chess games sorted chronologically.
A chess variant (or unorthodox chess) is a game "related to, derived from, or inspired by chess".
Last Exile is an animated television series created by Gonzo in celebration of the company's 10th anniversary.
This is a list of world records in chess as achieved in organized tournament, match, or simultaneous exhibition play.
The London Chess Classic is a chess festival held at the Olympia Conference Centre, West Kensington, London.
The London System is a chess opening that usually arises after 1.d4 and 2.Bf4 or 2.Nf3 & 3.Bf4.
Lone Pine International was a series of chess tournaments held annually in March or April from 1971 through 1981 in Lone Pine, California.
The Lucena position is one of the most famous and important positions in chess endgame theory, where one side has a rook and a pawn and the defender has a rook.
Luigi Centurini (Genoa, April 24, 1820 – Genoa, November 10, 1900) was an Italian jurist, chess player, and chess composer.
Sven Magnus Øen Carlsen (born 30 November 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster and the current World Chess Champion.
Manuel Luis Martinez (June 26, 1966) is an American novelist and literary critic.
Marisa Zuriel (born August 19 1982 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine chess player who holds the FIDE title of Woman International Master.
Marmaduke Wyvill (22 December 1815 in Constable Burton – 25 June 1896 in Bournemouth) was a leading English chess master and Liberal Party politician.
A material is a physical substance.
The sixteenth chess game in the fourth match between Alexander McDonnell and Louis-Charles Mahé de La Bourdonnais played in London in 1834 is famous for demonstrating the power of a mobile central block of pawns.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Minimax (sometimes MinMax or MM) is a decision rule used in decision theory, game theory, statistics and philosophy for minimizing the possible loss for a worst case (maximum loss) scenario.
Mobility may refer to.
The Modenese Masters were three 18th-century chess masters and writers from Modena, Italy.
The Napoleon Opening is an irregular chess opening starting with the moves: As with the similar Wayward Queen Attack (2.Qh5), White hopes for the Scholar's Mate (2.Qf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5?? 4.Qxf7#), but Black can easily avoid the trap.
Nguyễn Ngọc Trường Sơn (born 23 February 1990) is a Vietnamese chess player.
The Nimzo-Indian Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Other move orders, such as 1.c4 e6 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.d4 Bb4, are also feasible.
Norway Chess is an annual closed chess tournament, typically taking place in the May to June time period every year.
Novelty is the characteristic of being new or heretofore unseen.
The open event at the 42nd Chess Olympiad was held from 2–13 September 2016.
The opposite-colored bishops endgame is a chess endgame in which each side has a single bishop, but the bishops reside on opposite-colored squares on the chessboard, thus cannot attack or block each other.
In chess, opposition (or direct opposition) is the situation occurring when two kings face each other on a rank or file, with only one square in-between them.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard (a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid).
An outpost is a square on the fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh which is protected by a pawn and which cannot be attacked by an opponent's pawn.
In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth; i.e. there are no opposing pawns in front of it on either the same or adjacent files.
Paul Charles Morphy (June 22, 1837 – July 10, 1884) was an American chess player.
In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.
A pawnless chess endgame is a chess endgame in which only a few pieces remain and none of them is a pawn.
Pyotr Veniaminovich Svidler (Пётр Вениами́нович Сви́длер; born 17 June 1976) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The Philidor Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The opening is named after the famous 18th-century player François-André Danican Philidor, who advocated it as an alternative to the common 2...Nc6.
Philipp Stamma (c. 1705 – c. 1755), a native of Aleppo, Ottoman Syria, later resident of England and France, was a chess master and a pioneer of modern chess.
In chess, a pin is a situation brought on by an attacking piece in which a defending piece cannot move without exposing a more valuable defending piece on its other side to capture by the attacking piece.
PlunderChess is a chess variant in which the capturing piece is allowed to temporarily take the moving abilities of the piece taken.
The Poisoned Pawn Variation is any of several series of opening moves in chess in which a pawn is said to be "poisoned" because its capture can result in a positional disadvantage or loss of material.
The Ponziani Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is one of the oldest chess openings, having been discussed in the literature by 1497.
Poole versus HAL 9000 is a fictional chess game in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. Astronaut Dr. Frank Poole is seen playing a recreational game of chess with the HAL 9000 supercomputer.
Portable Game Notation (PGN) is a plain text computer-processible format for recording chess games (both the moves and related data), supported by many chess programs.
Premove, in internet chess, refers to the act of a player making a move before it is their turn to move.
Priyome (a) is a Russian noun that is used directly and generically in English to represent some sort of typical maneuver or technique in chess.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.
In the game of chess, prophylaxis (Greek προφυλαξις, "prophylaxis," guarding or preventing beforehand) or a prophylactic move is a move that stops the opponent from taking action in a certain area for fear of some type of reprisal.
The queen and pawn versus queen endgame is a chess endgame in which both sides have a queen and one side has a pawn, which he is trying to promote.
In chess, a queen sacrifice is a move giving up a queen in return for tactical or positional compensation.
The chess endgame of a queen versus pawn (with both sides having no other pieces except the kings) is usually an easy win for the side with the queen.
Rank is the relative position, value, worth, complexity, power, importance, authority, level, etc.
Rank and file may refer to.
Rashid Gibiatovich Nezhmetdinov (Räşit Hibät ulı Näcmetdinov, Рашид Гибятович Нежметдинов; December 15, 1912 – June 3, 1974) was an eminent Soviet chess player, chess writer, and checkers player.
The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves: White plans to bring the d5-pawn under attack from the, or entice it to advance to d4 and undermine it later.
A reflexmate is a chess problem in which white, moving first, must force black to deliver checkmate within a specified number of moves against his will - with the added condition that if either player can give checkmate, they must.
A resignation is the formal act of giving up or quitting one's office or position.
The Richter–Veresov Attack (or Veresov Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the moves: It is also often reached by transposition, for example 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nc3 d5 3.Bg5 (the most common move order), 1.d4 Nf6 2.Bg5 d5 3.Nc3, or 1.Nc3 Nf6 2.d4 d5 3.Bg5.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.
Rosendo Carreon Balinas, Jr. (September 10, 1941 – September 24, 1998) was a chess grandmaster from the Philippines.
Rotlewi versus Rubinstein is a game of chess played between Gersz Rotlewi and Akiba Rubinstein in Łódź, Poland in 1907.
The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess.
Rustam Kasimdzhanov (Rustam Qosimjonov; Рустам Касымджанов; born 5 December 1979, Tashkent, Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic) is an Uzbek chess Grandmaster and former FIDE World Champion (2004-05).
The Noah's Ark Trap is a chess opening trap in the Ruy Lopez.
Tarrasch Trap refers to two different chess opening traps in the Ruy Lopez that are named for Siegbert Tarrasch.
Sabina-Francesca Foişor (born August 30, 1989) is a Romanian and American chess player holding the title of Woman Grandmaster (WGM).
In chess, a sacrifice is a move giving up a piece with the objective of gaining tactical or positional compensation in other forms.
A school of chess denotes a chess player or group of players that share common ideas about the strategy of the game.
A second is a unit of time.
Serafino Dubois (10 October 1817 – 15 January 1899) was an Italian chess Master and chess writer.
Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.
Silvia Collas (née Aleksieva; born 4 May 1974) is a Bulgarian-French chess player who holds the titles of International Master (IM) and Woman Grandmaster (WGM).
The Sinquefield Cup is an annual, invite-only chess tournament in St. Louis, Missouri, United States, honoring Rex Sinquefield and his wife Jeanne, the founders of the Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis.
In chess, a skewer is an attack upon two pieces in a line and is similar to a pin.
Skittles may refer to.
Slovenski glasnik (English: The Slovene Herald) was a Slovene-language magazine published monthly from 1858 till 1869.
In chess, a smothered mate is a checkmate delivered by a knight in which the mated king is unable to move because he is surrounded (or smothered) by his own pieces.
The Sonneborn–Berger score (or the Neustadtl score) is a scoring system often used to break ties in chess tournaments.
Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move.
Stuart Conquest (born 1 March 1967 in Ilford, England) is an English chess Grandmaster, commentator and tournament director.
Svetlana Vladislavovna Matveeva (Светлана Владиславовна Матвеева; born 4 July 1969 in Frunze) is a Russian chess player holding the titles of International Master and Woman Grandmaster.
Tamerlane Chess is a strategy board game related to chess and derived from chaturanga.
The Tarrasch rule is a general principle that applies in the majority of chess middlegames and endgames.
Tatev Abrahamyan (Տաթև Աբրահամյան; born January 13, 1988) is an Armenian-born American chess player holding the title of Woman Grandmaster (WGM).
TD, Td, or td may refer to.
Teimour Radjabov (also spelled Teymur Rajabov; Teymur Rəcəbov; born 12 March 1987) is an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
The Luzhin Defence is a 2000 film directed by Marleen Gorris, starring John Turturro and Emily Watson.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule (also known as repetition of position) states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move.
Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.
In chess played with a time control, time trouble, time pressure, or its German translation Zeitnot, is the situation where a player has little time to complete the required moves.
The touch-move rule in chess specifies that, if a player deliberately touches a piece on the board when it is his turn to move, then he must move or capture that piece if it is legal to do so.
A tournament director (TD) is an official at a competitive sporting or gaming event, who typically perform a number of key functions.
Triangulation is a tactic used in chess to put one's opponent in zugzwang (a position when it is a disadvantage to move).
The two knights endgame is a chess endgame with a king and two knights versus a king.
Vereslav (Viacheslav) Eingorn (born 23 November 1956, Odessa) is a Soviet and Ukrainian chess grandmaster, coach and author.
Veselin Aleksandrov Topalov (pronounced; Весели́н Александров Топа́лов; born 15 March 1975) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and former FIDE World Chess Champion.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Wang Yue (born 31 March 1987) is a Chinese chess grandmaster.
Wei Yi (born 2 June 1999) is a Chinese chess grandmaster and chess prodigy.
William Winter (11 September 1898 – 18 December 1955) was a British chess player.
The women's event at the 42nd Chess Olympiad was held from 2–13 September 2016.
The Women's World Chess Championship 2010 took place in Hatay, Turkey from December 2 through 24, 2010.
The Women's World Chess Championship 2012 was a knockout tournament, to decide the women's world champion.
The World Chess Championship 1972 was a match for the World Chess Championship between challenger Bobby Fischer of the United States and defending champion Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
The 1981 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Viktor Korchnoi in Merano, Italy from October 1 to November 19, 1981.
The 1985 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov in Moscow from September 3 to November 9, 1985.
The World Chess Championship 2010 match pitted the defending world champion, Viswanathan Anand, against challenger Veselin Topalov, for the title of World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2012 was a chess match between the defending world champion Viswanathan Anand of India and Boris Gelfand of Israel, winner of the 2011 Candidates Tournament.
The World Chess Championship 2013 was a match between reigning world champion Viswanathan Anand and challenger Magnus Carlsen, to determine the 2013 World Chess Champion.
The wrong bishop is a situation in chess endgame when a bishop on the other color of square of the chessboard would either win a game instead of draw or salvage a draw from an inferior position; in other words, a bishop is unable to guard squares of the other color.
X-FEN is an extension of Forsyth-Edwards Notation (FEN).
X3D Fritz was a version of the Fritz chess program, which in November 2003 played a four-game Human–computer chess match against world number one Grandmaster Garry Kasparov.
Yaniet Marrero López (born 4 April 1983) is a Cuban chess player who holds the FIDE title of Woman Grandmaster (WGM).
Yu Yangyi (born 8 June 1994) is a Chinese chess grandmaster.
Yuri Sergeyevich Balashov (Юрий Серге́евич Балашов; born 12 March 1949 in Shadrinsk) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
The zebra is a fairy chess piece that moves like a stretched knight.
Zhao Xue (born 6 April 1985) is a Chinese chess grandmaster.
Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.
The zwischenzug (German: "intermediate move") is a chess tactic in which a player, instead of playing the expected move (commonly a), first interposes another move posing an immediate threat that the opponent must answer, and only then plays the expected move.
The 19th Chess Olympiad, comprising an open team tournament as well as the annual FIDE congress, took place between September 5 and 27, 1970, in Siegen, West Germany.
The 2016 US Chess Championship was played between April 13 and 30, 2016 in the Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis in Saint Louis, Missouri.
The 26th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 18 and December 5, 1984, in Thessaloniki, Greece.
The 27th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 14 and December 2, 1986, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
The 28th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 12 and November 30, 1988, in Thessaloniki, Greece.
The 29th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between November 16 and December 4, 1990, in Novi Sad, Yugoslavia (present-day Serbia).
The 30th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between June 7 and June 25, 1992, at the Philippine International Convention Center in Manila, Philippines.
The 31st Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, took place between November 30 and December 17, 1994, in Moscow, Russia.
The 32nd Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, took place between September 15 and October 2, 1996, in Yerevan, Armenia.
The 33rd Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, took place between September 26 and October 13, 1998, in Elista, Kalmykia, Russia.
The 34th Chess Olympiad, organized by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs and comprising an open and women's tournament, took place between October 28 and November 12, 2000, in Istanbul, Turkey.
The 35th Chess Olympiad, organized by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs and comprising an open and women's tournament, took place between October 25 and November 11, 2002, in Bled, Slovenia.
The 36th Chess Olympiad, organized by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between October 14 and October 31, 2004, in Calvià on the Spanish island of Majorca.
The 37th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between May 20 and June 4, 2006, in Turin, Italy.
The 38th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between 12–25 November 2008 in Dresden, Germany.
The 39th Chess Olympiad, organised by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place from September 19 to October 4, 2010 in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia.
The 40th Chess Olympiad, organised by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs and comprising an open and women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place in Istanbul, Turkey,, Chessdom.com.
The 41st Chess Olympiad, organised by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) and comprising an open and women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place in Tromsø, Norway, between 1–14 August 2014.
The 42nd Chess Olympiad, organised by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) and comprising an Open and Women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, was held in Baku, Azerbaijan, from 1–14 September 2016.
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