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The A4 highway is a highway in Lithuania (Magistralinis kelias).
Aaron ben Hayyim was an exegete who lived in the first half of the nineteenth century at Grodno, Russia.
Adam Ignacy Koc (31 August 1891 – 3 February 1969) was a Polish politician, MP, soldier, journalist and freemasoner.
Adam Stanisław Grabowski (Adamus Stanislaus Grabowski; Gr. Butzig (Wielki Buczek), near Pr. Friedland (now Debrzno), 3 September 1698 – 15 December 1766, Heilsberg (now Lidzbark Warmiński)), of the Zbiświcz coat-of-arms, was Bishop of Chełmno 1736–39, Bishop of Kujawy 1739–41, Prince-Bishop of Warmia 1741–66.
Administrative division of Polish territories during World War II can be divided into several phases, when territories of the Second Polish Republic were administered first by Nazi Germany (in the west) and Soviet Union (in the east), then (following German invasion of the Soviet Union) in their entirety by Nazi Germany and finally (following Soviet push westwards) by the Soviet Union again.
This article is about the administrative divisions of Lithuania.
Adolf Dymsza (born Adolf Bagiński; 7 April 1900 – 20 August 1975) was a very popular and remarkable Polish comedy actor of both the pre-World War II and post-war eras.
Aksana Papko (born 16 November 1988 in Grodno) is a Belarusian track cyclist.
Alan Stuart Franken (born May 21, 1951) is an American comedian, writer, producer, author, and politician who served as a United States Senator from Minnesota from 2009 to 2018.
Alaksandar Dubko (January 14, 1938 – February 4, 2001, Аляксандар Дубко; Александр Иосифович Дубко) was the former chairman of the Hrodna Regional Executive Committee.
Alaksandar Uładzimieravič Milinkievič (Аляксандар Уладзімеравіч Мілінкевіч or Аляксандр Уладзіміравіч Мілінкевіч, Alaksandar Uładzimiravič Milinkievič (in Belarusian Łacinka), Александр Владимирович Милинкевич Aleksandr Vładimirovich Milinkievich, born 25 July 1947 in Grodno) is a Belarusian politician.
Alekna Sudimantaitis (Алехна Судзімонтавіч, Olechno Sudymuntowicz; died in 1490/1491) was an influential Lithuanian noble of Trąby coat of arms, Grand Chancellor of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1478–1490) and Voivode of Vilnius (1477–1490).
Aleksander Kaszkiewicz (also Alyaksandr Kashkevіch, Аляксандр Кашкевіч, Aleksandras Kaškevičius; born on September 23, 1949) is the Bishop of the Diocese of Grodno, a Catholic diocese centered in the city of Grodno (Belarus).
Aleksandr Anatolyevich Butko (Александр Анатольевич Бутько; born 18 March 1986) is a Russian volleyball player, a member of Russia men's national volleyball team and Russian club Zenit Kazan, 2012 Olympic Games.
Aleksandr Nikolaevich Kurlovich (Александр Николаевич Курлович, English Alternate: Alexander Kurlovich, 28 July 1961 – 6 April 2018) was a Belarusian weightlifter.
Aleksandr Syrei (Александр Сырей) (born 26 August 1988 in Grodno, Byelorussian SSR, Soviet Union) is a Belarusian professional ice hockey defenceman.
Aleksandra Nikolaevna Bortich (Александра Николаевна Бортич; born 24 September 1994) is a Russian actress known for her roles in Dukhless 2 (2015), Viking (2016) and I am Losing Weight (2018).
Aleksei Innokentievich Antonov (Алексе́й Инноке́нтьевич Анто́нов) (9 September 1896 – 16 June 1962) was a General of the Soviet Army, awarded the Order of Victory for his efforts in World War II.
Aleksey Belevich (Аляксей Бялевіч; Алексей Белевич; born 26 January 1995) is a Belarusian professional footballer.
Aleksey Nosko (Аляксей Наско; Алексей Носко; born 15 August 1996) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Energetik-BGU Minsk on loan from Neman Grodno.
Alena Holubeva (born April 4, 1994) is a Belarusian basketball player for Olimpia Grodno and the Belarusian national team.
Alexander Pavlovich (born 12 July 1988 in Grodno) is a Belarusian professional ice hockey player who is currently playing for HC Dinamo Minsk in the Kontinental Hockey League.
Alexander Susskind ben Moses of Grodno was a kabbalist of the eighteenth century.
Alexei Alexandrovich Kudin (Аляксей Кудзін;born December 20, 1984 in Minsk, Belarus SSR, USSR) is a professional Belarusian kickboxer, nicknamed Brick.
Aliaksandr Tryputs (Аляксандар Трыпуць, born 21 May 1982) is a wheelchair athlete from Belarus who specializes in throwing events.
Aliaksandra Tarasava (born June 23, 1988) is a Belarusian basketball player for TSV 1880 Wasserburg and the Belarusian national team, where she participated at the 2014 FIBA World Championship.
Aliaksei Karpiuk (Аляксей Карпюк, Алексей Карпюк; 14 April 1920 in Straszewo, a village close to Gródek, Białystok County, Poland – 14 August 1992 in Hrodna, Belarus) was a Belarusian writer and public figure.
Aliaksei Shynkel (born 6 July 1994) is a Belarusian handball player for SKA Minsk and the Belarusian national team.
Alyaksandr Antonavich Anyukevich (Аляксандр Антонавiч Анюкевіч; Александр Антонович Анюкевич; born 10 April 1992) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Neman Grodno.
Alyaksandr Rychardavich Sulima (Аляксандр Рычардавіч Суліма, Александр Ричардович Сулима; born 1 August 1979) is a retired football goalkeeper from Belarus.
Alyaksandr Yadeshka (Аляксандр Ядэшка; Александр Едешко; born 28 January 1993) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Neman Grodno.
Alyaksey Dzmitryyevich Lyahchylin (Аляксей Дзмітрыевіч Лягчылін; Алексей Дмитриевич Легчилин; born 11 April 1992) is a Belarusian professional football player who most recently played for Dinamo Brest.
Alyaksey Tarabanaw (Аляксей Тарабанаў; Алексей Тарабанов; born 3 May 1984) is a retired Belarusian professional footballer.
Alytus is a city with municipal rights in southern Lithuania.
The Andorra national football team represents the Andorra in association football and is controlled by the Andorran Football Federation, the governing body of the sport there.
Andrei Heorhievich Kazak (Андрэй Георгіевіч Казак; born 13 March 1980 in Hrodna) is a Belarusian sport shooter.
Andrei Kunitski (Андрэй Куніцкі; born July 2, 1984 in Grodno) is a Belarusian professional road bicycle racer.
Andrey Ashyhmin (Андрэй Ашыхмін; Андрей Ашихмин; born 2 December 1974) is a retired Belarusian professional footballer and currently a coach.
Andrey Misyuk (Андрэй Місюк; Андрей Мисюк; born 20 March 1981) is a retired Belarusian professional footballer.
Andrey Shtygel (Андрэй Штыгель; Андрей Штыгель; born 22 June 1994) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Gomel.
Andrzej Poczobut (Андрэй (Анджэй) Пачобут Andrej (Andzhej) Pačobut, born 16 April 1973 in Vyalikaya Byerastavitsa) is a Belarusian and Polish journalist and activist of the Polish minority in Belarus.
Anna Jagiellon (12 March 1476 – 12 August 1503), was a Polish princess member of the Jagiellonian dynasty and by marriage Duchess of Pomerania.
Anna (Ona Vytautienė; died on 31 July 1418 in Trakai) was Grand Duchess of Lithuania (1392–1418).
Anton Lukashin (Антон Лукашын; Антон Лукашин; born 21 February 1995) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Granit Mikashevichi on loan from Neman Grodno.
Antoni Tyzenhaus (1733 – March 31, 1785 in Warsaw) was a noble from the Tyzenhaus family, son of Benedykt Tyzenhaus.
Antony Barry Polonsky (born 23 September 1940, Johannesburg, South Africa) is Albert Abramson Professor of Holocaust Studies at Brandeis University.
The following events occurred in April 1926.
The Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Узброеныя сілы Рэспублікі Беларусь – УС РБ, Uzbrojenyja sily Respubliki Bielaruś, Russian: Boopyжённыe cилы Pecпyблики Бeлapycь, Vooruzhennye sily Respubliki Belarus) consist of the Ground Forces and the Air and Air Defence Forces, all under the command of the Republic of Belarus Ministry of Defence.
Armia Krajowa Obywatelska (AKO, Citizens' Home Army) was a Polish military anticommunist organization, and a successor of the disbanded Polish anti-Nazi resistance Home Army (Armia Krajowa, AK).
Artsem Karalek (born 20 February 1996) is a Belarusian handball player who plays for Saint-Raphaël and the Belarusian national team.
Artur Bombel (born 14 December 1992) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Lida.
Artyom Kisly (born April 28, 1989) is a Belarusian ice hockey player who is currently playing for HK Neman Grodno of the Belarusian Extraliga.
Aryeh Löb ben Mordecai Ha-Levi Epstein (Ba'al ha-Pardes) (1708 – June 26, 1775) was a Polish rabbi born in Grodno.
Aryeh Leib Malin (1906–1962) was an Orthodox rabbi, Talmudist, and Mussarist in both Europe and the United States.
Ashkelon (also spelled Ashqelon and Ascalon; help; عَسْقَلَان) is a coastal city in the Southern District of Israel on the Mediterranean coast, south of Tel Aviv, and north of the border with the Gaza Strip.
Aslan Farhad oglu Vazirov (13 December 1910 – 18 May 1987) was an Azerbaijani Red Army colonel and Hero of the Soviet Union.
Astryna (Астрына) or Ostrino (in; in) is a town in Grodno Region in Belarus.
Augustów (Polish:; Augustavas), formerly known in English as Augustovo or Augustowo," is a city in north-eastern Poland with 30,802 inhabitants (2011).
Augustinas Voldemaras (16 April 1883 – 16 May 1942) was a Lithuanian nationalist political figure.
Augustinus Rotundus (Augustyn Rotundus, Augustinas Rotundas, 1520–1582) was a Christian and Renaissance humanist, erudite, jurist, political writer, first historian and apologist of Lithuania.
Avraham Krinitzi (אברהם קריניצי; December 26, 1886 – November 13, 1969) was an Israeli politician who served as the first mayor of Ramat Gan between 1926 and 1969.
Česukai is a village in Varėna district municipality, in Alytus County, southeastern Lithuania.
Švitrigaila (before 1370 – 10 February 1452) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1430 to 1432.
Žilina (Sillein, or; Zsolna; Żylina, names in other languages) is a city in north-western Slovakia, around from the capital Bratislava, close to both the Czech and Polish borders.
The Bahá'í Faith in Poland begins in the 1870s when Polish writer Walerian Jablonowski wrote several articles covering its early history in Persia.
The history of the Bahá'í Faith (Вера Бахаи) in Russia began soon after the founding in 1844 of the Bábí religion, viewed by Bahá'ís as the direct predecessor of the Bahá'í Faith, with Russian diplomats to Qajar Persia observing, reacting to, and sending updates about the Bábís.
Barbara "Basia" Piasecka Johnson (born Barbara Piasecka; February 25, 1937 – April 1, 2013) was a Polish humanitarian, philanthropist, art connoisseur and collector.
Baroque architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical and theatrical fashion, often to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
The Bartians (also Barthi, Barthoni, Bartens, or Barti) were an Old Prussian tribe who were among the last pagans of Europe before the Northern Crusades forced their conversion to Christianity.
Baruch or Boruch Steinberg (17 December 1897–after 9 April 1940) was a Polish rabbi and military officer.
Barys Hrynkevich (Барыс Грынкевіч; born April 26, 1981 in Grodno) is a retired amateur Belarusian freestyle wrestler, who competed in the men's super heavyweight category.
Batory Square is the historical name (during the Polish period in 1921 - 1939) of Soviet (Savyetskaya) Square - the central square for the city of Hrodna in Belarus.
The Battle of Białystok–Minsk was a German strategic operation conducted by the Army Group Centre during the penetration of the Soviet border region in the opening stage of Operation Barbarossa lasting from 22 June to 3 July 1941.
The Battle of Brest (referred to by Polish historians as "Bitwa pod Terespolem" (Battle near Terespol)) was a battle between Russian imperial forces and Polish rebels south-west of Brest (near the village of Terespol), present-day Belarus, on 19 September 1794.
The Battle of Głębokie took place during the Polish–Soviet War (1919–21).
The Battle of Grodno (1706) refers to the battle during the Great Northern War.
Battle of Grodno (1708) refers to the short battle on January 26, 1708, during the Great Northern War.
The Battle of Grodno took place between 21 September and 24 September 1939, during the Soviet invasion of Poland.
The Battle of Grunwald, First Battle of Tannenberg or Battle of Žalgiris, was fought on 15 July 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War.
The Battle of Holowczyn or Holofzin or Golovchin was fought between the Russian forces, and the Swedish army, led by Charles XII of Sweden, only 26 years of age at the time.
The Battle of Kletsk took place on 30 April 1706 (Gregorian calendar), in- and outside the city of Kletsk, Belarus during Charles XII's Polish campaign of 1701–1706, in the Great Northern War.
The Battle of Krwawy Bor took place on September 27 and 28, 1920, during the Polish-Soviet War.
The Battle of Lida took place on 16 and 17 April 1919 around the city of Lida during the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–20.
Battle of Mir was one of the first battles of the Polish–Russian War of 1792.
In the Battle of Mohrungen on 25 January 1807, most of a First French Empire corps under the leadership of Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte fought a strong Russian Empire advance guard led by Major General Yevgeni Ivanovich Markov.
The Battle of Obuchowo took place on September 26, 1920, during the Polish–Soviet War.
The Battle of Olkieniki (Valkininkų mūšis, Bitwa pod Olkienikami) took place on November 18, 1700, during the Lithuanian Civil War, between forces of the Sapieha family, led by Michał Franciszek Sapieha, and an anti-Sapieha coalition of Wiśniowiecki, Ogiński, Radziwiłł and Pac families and their supporters (including a pospolite ruszenie of Lithuanian and Samogitian szlachta), led by Michał Serwacy Wiśniowiecki.
The Battle of Poltava (Slaget vid Poltava; Полта́вская би́тва; Полта́вська би́тва) on 27 June 1709 (8 July, N.S.) was the decisive victory of Peter I of Russia, also known as "the Great," over the Swedish forces under Field Marshal Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld, in one of the battles of the Great Northern War.
The Battle of Pułtusk took place on 26 December 1806 during the War of the Fourth Coalition near Pułtusk, Poland.
The Battle of Radzymin (Bitwa pod Radzyminem) took place during the Polish–Soviet War (1919–21).
The Battle of Sejdziejowice, one of many clashes of the January Uprising, took place on September 6, 1863, near the village of Sedziejowice, which at that time belonged to Russian-controlled Congress Poland.
The Battle of Sejny took place in September 1920 during the Polish–Soviet War and Polish–Lithuanian War.
The Battle of Surkonty took place on 21 August 1944.
The Battle of the Niemen River was the second-greatest battle of the Polish–Soviet War.
The Battle of Warsaw (also known as the Battle of Rakowitz or Rakowiec)Rakowiec later became part of the Ochota district of Warsaw.
The Battle of Warsaw refers to the decisive Polish victory in 1920 during the Polish–Soviet War.
The Battle of Wilkomierz (see other names) took place on September 1, 1435, near Ukmergė in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
The Battle of Wilno was fought by the Polish Army against the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, which accompanied the German Invasion of Poland in accordance with Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Belarus national football team (Нацыянальная зборная Беларусі па футболе, Natsyyanalnaya zbornaya Bielarusi pa futbolie) represents Belarus in association football and is controlled by the Football Federation of Belarus, the governing body for football in Belarus.
Belarus Red, also known as Byelorussian Red, Krasnaya belorusskaya, and Krasnobelorusskaya, is a Belarusan dairy cattle breed.
Belarus and Israel established diplomatic relations in 1992.
The Belarus–Lithuania border is an international border almost 679 km in length between Republic of Belarus (CIS member) and Republic of Lithuania (EU member) and also serves as an outer border of the European Union and the eastern border of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Belarusian-Lithuanian relations are foreign relations between Belarus and Lithuania.
The Republic of Poland and the Republic of Belarus established diplomatic relations on 2 March 1992.
The Russian-Belarusian border is the state border between Russia and Belarus.
The Belarusian Association of Military People (Беларускае згуртаваньне вайскоўцаў, Łacinka: Biełaruskaje Zhurtavańnie Vajskoŭcaŭ, BZV) was an organisation of Belarusian military personnel of the late Soviet army and in the early years of the independence of Belarus.
The Belarusian Cup is an annual association football knock-out cup competition for men's football clubs in Belarus.
The Belarusian Extraleague (abbreviated BXL, also known as the Belarusian Open Championship), officially formed in 2006, is the top ice hockey league in Belarus.
The Belarusian Greek Catholic Church (Беларуская грэка-каталіцкая царква, BHKC), sometimes called, in reference to its Byzantine Rite, the Belarusian Byzantine Catholic Church, is the heir within Belarus of the Union of Brest.
The Belarusian Men's Handball Championship is the national league for team handball in Belarus.
The Belarusian Peasants' and Workers' Union or the Hramada (Беларуская Сялянска-Работніцкая Грамада (Lacinka: Biełaruskaja Sialanska-Rabotnickaja Hramada), Białoruska Włościańsko-Robotnicza Hromada was a socialist agrarian political party created in 1925 by a group of Belarusian deputies to the Sejm of the Second Polish Republic that included Branislaw Tarashkyevich, Symon Rak-Michajłoŭski (be), Piotra Miatła (be), and the founder of Hramada Pavieł Vałošyn (be). The group received logistical help from the Soviet Union, and financial aid from the Comintern.
The Belarusian People's Republic (Белару́ская Наро́дная Рэспу́бліка,, transliterated as Bielarúskaja Naródnaja Respúblika, BNR), (Белорусская народная республика) (transliterated as Belorusskaya narodnaya respublika), historically referred to as the White Ruthenian Democratic Republic (Weißruthenische Volksrepublik) was a failed attempt to create a Belarusian state on the territory controlled by the German Imperial Army during World War I. The BNR existed from 1918 to 1919.
The Belarusian Premier League or the Vysheyshaya Liga (Вышэйшая ліга, Высшая лига, "Top League") is the top division of professional football in Belarus, and is organized by the Belarusian Football Federation.
The Belarusian Premier League is the top level women's football league of Belarus.
Belarusian Railway (BCh) (Беларуская чыгунка, Белорусская железная дорога) is the national state-owned railway company of Belarus.
The following are the national records in Olympic weightlifting in Belarus.
The Belarusian Ridge (Белорусская гряда, Belaruskaya gryada) is a line of terminal moraines in the northwest of Belarus.
The Belarusian Scout Association (ABS, Аб`яднанне Беларускiх Скаўтаў, transliterated Ab'yadnannye Belaruskikh Skaǔtaǔ) is one of the nationwide Scouting organizations in Belarus.
The Belarusian Universal Commodity Exchange (BUCE) (full name: Open Joint-Stock Company Belarusian Universal Commodity Exchange) is the only commodity exchange in the Republic of Belarus and one of the largest in Eastern Europe.
Belomorkanal (Беломорканал) is a Russian brand of cigarettes, originally made by the Uritsky Tobacco Factory in Leningrad, Soviet Union.
The Byelorussian Military District (Белорусский военный округ, Belarusskiy Voyenyi Okrug; alternative spelling Belorussian) was a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces.
The Belostok Offensive (Белостокская наступательная операция) was part of the third and final phase of the Belorussian Strategic Offensive of the Red Army in summer 1944, commonly known as Operation Bagration.
Benzion Yadler (1871–1962) was a prominent Maggid in Jerusalem and in the Moshavot of Israel.
Bessie Abramowitz Hillman (born Bas Sheva Abramowitz, May 15, 1889 – December 23, 1970) was a labor activist and founder of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America.
Bezirk Bialystok (German for District or Region of Białystok, also Belostok) was an administrative unit of Nazi Germany created during the World War II invasion of the Soviet Union.
Białystok (Bielastok, Balstogė, Belostok, Byalistok) is the largest city in northeastern Poland and the capital of the Podlaskie Voivodeship.
Białystok railway station is the most important railway station in the city of Białystok, Poland.
BK Grodno-93 is a basketball club based in Grodno, Belarus that plays in the Premier League.
Black Ruthenia (Ruthenia Nigra), Black Rus' (Чорная Русь / Čornaja Ruś, Ruś Czarna, Juodoji Rusia) identified a historic region around Navahrudak (Novgorodok), in the western part of contemporary Belarus on the upper reaches of the Neman River.
The Blue Division (División Azul, Blaue Division), officially designated as División Española de Voluntarios by the Spanish Army and 250.
Bogusław Korwin Gosiewski ''de armis'' Ślepowron (born in November 1660, died 23 June 1744) – Bishop of Smolensk on 29 January 1725, Lithuanian Great (Clergyman) Quartermaster in 1720, Preceptor and Curator of Vilnius Cathedral, Vicar of Onikszty.
Bolesław III Wrymouth (also known as Boleslaus III the Wry-mouthed, Bolesław III Krzywousty) (20 August 1086 – 28 October 1138), was a Duke of Lesser Poland, Silesia and Sandomierz between 1102 and 1107 and over the whole Poland between 1107 and 1138.
Bolesław Talago (Balys Talago) (15 April 1886 in Wadowice - 3 September 1960 in Warsaw) - Polish surveyor, publisher of one of the first radio journals in Poland.
The Border Protection Corps (Korpus Ochrony Pogranicza, KOP) was a Polish military formation that was created in 1924 to defend the country's eastern borders against armed Soviet incursions and local bandits.
The Order of the Most Holy Savior, abbreviated as O.Ss.S., and informally known as the Brigittine or Bridgettine Order is a monastic religious order of Augustinian nuns, Religious Sisters, and monks founded by Saint Bridget of Sweden (Birgitta) in 1344, and approved by Pope Urban V in 1370.
Bronisław Bohatyrewicz of Ostoja (1870–1940) was a Polish military commander and a general of the Polish Army.
Brown's Department Store was a chain of department stores in the United States, based in Dania Beach, Florida.
The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR, or Byelorussian SSR; Bielaruskaja Savieckaja Sacyjalistyčnaja Respublika; Belorusskaya SSR.), also commonly referred to in English as Byelorussia, was a federal unit of the Soviet Union (USSR).
The Bystry Canal (Kanał Bystry), is a feeder canal for the Augustów Canal which was built during the 19th century in the present-day Podlaskie Voivodeship of northeastern Poland (then the Augustów Voivodeship of the Kingdom of Poland).
The Campaign of Grodno was a plan developed by Johann Patkul and Otto Arnold von Paykull during the Swedish invasion of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, a part of the Great Northern War.
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception of the Holy Virgin Mary is a neo-Gothic Roman Catholic Church at Moscow's center, that serves as the cathedral of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Moscow.
Catherine of Austria (Katarzyna Habsburżanka; Kotryna Habsburgaitė; 15 September 1533 – 28 February 1572) was one of the fifteen children of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary.
Chaim Leib Halevi Shmuelevitz, (חיים לייב שמואלביץ;1902–1979), -- also spelled Shmulevitz, in Hebrew שמולביץ -- was a member of the faculty of the Mirrer Yeshiva for more than 40 years, in Poland, Shanghai and Jerusalem, serving as Rosh yeshiva during its sojourn in Shanghai from 1941 to 1947, and again in the Mirrer Yeshiva in Jerusalem from 1965 to 1979.
Chaim Ozer Grodzinski (חיים עוזר גראדזענסקי; August 24, 1863 – August 9, 1940) was a pre-eminent Av beis din (rabbinical chief justice), posek (halakhic authority), and Talmudic scholar in Vilnius, Lithuania in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Charles Adam Marie Wroblewski (1855 – 24 July 1936) was an Australian analytical chemist, importer and newspaper owner.
Chodko Jurewicz (Chodka (Katkus) Jurgaitis) (fl. 1422–1447) was a noble from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and is considered to be the founder of the Chodkiewicz family.
Chorągiew (literally: "banner") was the basic administrative unit of the Polish cavalry from the 14th century.
Belarusian Liberal Youth Organization "Civil Forum" (Рэспубліканская грамадская моладзевая арганізацыя "Гpaмадзянскі форум"., Республиканская молодежная организация "Гpaжданский форум".) is the only Belarusian liberal youth organization and the only democratic youth organization with the legal status on national level (it was registered by the Ministry of Justice of Belarus in 1996).
The civil war in Poland (1704–1706) was a part of a larger European conflict, the Great Northern War.
Patricia Claire Blume CBE (born 15 February 1931), better known by her stage name Claire Bloom, is an English film and stage actress whose career has spanned over six decades.
Continental climates are defined in the Köppen climate classification as having the coldest month with the temperature never rising above 0.0° C (32°F) all month long.
Szkoła Rycerska (School of Chivalry) or Akademia Szlachecka Korpusu Kadetów Jego Królewskiej Mości i Rzeczypospolitej (English: Nobles' Academy of the Corps of Cadets of His Royal Majesty and the Commonwealth) was the first state school in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The Crimean-Nogai raids were slave raids carried out by the Khanate of Crimea and by the Nogai Horde into the region of Rus' then controlled by the Grand Duchy of Moscow (until 1547), by the Tsardom of Russia (1547-1721), by the Russian Empire (1721 onwards) and by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569).
Crown land, also known as royal domain or demesne, is a territorial area belonging to the monarch, who personifies the Crown.
Crown rabbi (t) was a position in the Russian Empire given to a member of a Jewish community appointed to act as an intermediary between his community and the Imperial government, to perform certain civil duties such as registering births, marriages, and divorces.
The culture of Belarus is the product of a millennium of development under the impact of a number of diverse factors.
The history of the Curzon Line, with minor variations, goes back to the period following World War I. It was drawn for the first time by the Supreme War Council as the demarcation line between the newly emerging states, the Second Polish Republic, and the Soviet Union.
The following is a list of Czech exonyms, that is to say names for places that do not speak Czech that have been adapted to Czech phonological system and spelling rules, or are simply native names from ancient times.
Czetwertyński or Chetvertynsky (also Sviatopolk-Chetvertynsky or Czetwertyński-Światopełk) is a Ukrainian (or Polish) princely family that originated from Volhynia in the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.
A Dancehall Queen is a female dancer known in the Dancehall scene for her charisma, latest dance moves, and sexy fashion sense.
Darya Pchelnik (Дар'я Пчэльнік; born 20 December 1981 in Hrodna) is a female hammer thrower from Belarus.
Darya Romenskaya (Дар'я Роменская; born March 10, 1983 in Hrodna) is a female Belarusian springboard diver.
David Blis (originally Blissnianski, Bliznianski) (1872–1942), was a Polish-born Jew, who emigrated to the Americas.
David (Давыд Гарадзенскі, Dovydas Gardiniškis, killed in 1326) was a castellan of Hrodna and one of the most famous military commanders of Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania.
David Rubinoff, also known as Dave Rubinoff (September 3, 1897, Grodno, Russian Empire, now Belarus – October 6, 1986), was a popular violinist who was heard during the 1930s and 1940s on various radio programs playing his $100,000 Stradivarius violin.
Deathbringer is a Belarusian progressive technical death metal band formed in 2002 by guitarist Artyom Serdyuk.
Districts of Belarus (raion) are second-level administrative territorial entities of Belarus.
Dzmitry Dudar (Дзмітрый Дудар; Дмитрий Дударь; born 8 November 1991) is a Belarusian professional footballer.
Dmitry Mikhaylovich Karbyshev (Дмитрий Михайлович Карбышев) (Omsk — February 18, 1945, Mauthausen, Austria) was an officer of the Russian Imperial Army, a Red Army general, professor of the Soviet General Staff Academy (Doctor of Military Sciences), and Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously).
Dojlidy Brewery (Browar Dojlidy) is a brewery located in Białystok, Poland, and owned by Kompania Piwowarska SA, the Polish subsidiary of SABMiller.
DOTYK (Belarusian: Дотык – The Touch), is an international annual festival of queer culture.
Dovid Lifshitz (1906–1993) was a distinguished Rosh yeshiva in the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary (RIETS) for almost fifty years.
A Dowództwo Okręgu Korpusu (DOK, English: Corps District Command) was a military district of the Ministry of Military Affairs of the Second Polish Republic.
Druskininkai (Druskieniki, Друскенiкi, דרוזגעניק Druzgenik, Друскеники) is a spa town on the Nemunas River in southern Lithuania, close to the borders of Belarus and Poland.
Dzieciuki (Дзецюкі) — Belarusian folk punk group from Hrodna.
Dzmitry Hintaw (Дзмітрый Гінтаў; Дмитрий Гинтов; born 14 September 1984) is a Belarusian former professional footballer.
Dzmitry Vasilevich Rawneyka (Дзмітрый Васiлевiч Раўнейка; Дмитрий Васильевич Ровнейко; born 13 May 1980 in Grodno) is a retired Belarusian professional footballer.
Dzmitry Vyarstak (Дзмітрый Вярстак; Дмитрий Верстак; born 29 August 1980) is a retired Belarusian professional football player.
Dziatlava (Дзятлава, Zietela, Zdzięcioł, Дятлово, זשעטל Zhetl) is a town in Belarus in the Hrodna voblast, about 165 km southeast of Hrodna.
The economy of Belarus is world's 72nd largest economy by GDP based on purchasing power parity (PPP), which in 2017 stood at $175.9 billion, or $18,600 per capita.
Edward Alkśnin (born 2 October 1954) is a Polish judoka.
Eišiškės (Ejszyszki, Эйши́шки/Eishishki, Эйшы́шкі/Eishyshki, אײשישאׇק/Eyshishok) is a city in southeastern Lithuania on the border with Belarus.
During World War II, the Nazi German Einsatzkommandos were a sub-group of five Einsatzgruppen mobile killing squads (term used by Holocaust historians) – up to 3,000 men total – usually composed of 500–1,000 functionaries of the SS and Gestapo, whose mission was to exterminate Jews, Polish intellectuals, Romani, homosexuals, communists and the NKVD collaborators in the captured territories often far behind the advancing German front.
Yeruham "Eitan" Livni (ירוחם "איתן" לבני; 1 April 1919 – 27 December 1991) was a Revisionist Zionist activist, Irgun commander and Israeli politician, father of Israeli politician Tzipi Livni.
Elżbieta Szydłowska, married surname Grabowska (1748 – 1 June 1810) was a member of the Polish gentry, a mistress and possibly the morganatic wife of the last King of Poland, Stanisław August Poniatowski.
Elections to the People's Assemblies of Western Ukraine and Western Belorussia, which took place on October 22, 1939, were an attempt to legitimize the annexation of the Second Polish Republic by the Soviet Union following the September 17 Soviet invasion of Poland in accordance with the secret protocol of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact.
According to the 1935 Polish Constitution, the country was divided into 104 electoral districts, and the Sejm consisted of 208 members.
Eliza Orzeszkowa (June 6, 1841 – May 18, 1910) was a Polish novelist and a leading writer, Britannica, Retrieved June 5, 2016 of the Positivism movement during foreign Partitions of Poland.
Enoch Zundel ben Joseph (died 1867) was a Russian Talmudist best known as author of a commentary on Midrash Rabbah.
This is the list of the metropolitanates and eparchies (dioceses) of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Conference of Catholic Bishops of Belarus is the collective body of the national church and the administration of the Catholic Church in Belarus.
Erdvilas (Erdywił, Ердивил, Erdiwił, Erdwil) was one of the 21 early dukes of Lithuania who signed a treaty with Galicia–Volhynia in 1219.
Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski (1 March 1899 – 8 March 1972) was a high-ranking SS commander of Nazi Germany.
Ernst Lubitsch (January 29, 1892November 30, 1947) was a German American film director, producer, writer, and actor.
Europa Europa (Hitlerjunge Salomon, lit. "Hitler Youth Salomon") is a 1990 historical war drama film directed by Agnieszka Holland.
Ex nihilo is a Latin phrase meaning "out of nothing".
Prince Fabian Gottlieb von der Osten-Sacken (Фабиан Вильгельмович Остен-Сакен) (20 October 1752 – 7 September 1837) was a Baltic-German Field Marshal who led the Russian army against the Duchy of Warsaw and later governed Paris during the city's brief occupation by the anti-French coalition.
Farrukh-agha Mammad Kerim-agha oglu Gayibov Fərrux ağa Məmmədkərim ağa oğlu Qayıbov (2 October 1891 — 12 September 1916) was a Russian pilot of Azerbaijani ancestry, and participant in World War I. He is considered to be the first Azerbaijani pilot.
Belcard Grodno is a football club based in Grodno.
FC Khimvolokno Grodno was a Belarusian football club based in Grodno.
FC Neman Grodno (ФК Нёман Гродна, FK Nyoman Hrodna; ФК Неман Гродно) is a Belarusian football club from the city of Grodno, named after the Neman River and founded in 1964.
Fedor von Bock (3 December 1880 – 4 May 1945) was a German field marshal who served in the German army during the Second World War.
Felix Zandman (Feliks Zandman; May 7, 1928 – June 4, 2011) was a Polish-born entrepreneur and founder of Vishay Intertechnology – one of the world's largest manufacturers of electronic components.
The First Battle of Grodno took place between July 19 and July 20, 1920, during the Polish-Soviet War.
The flight and uprooting of Poles from all territories east of the boundary of modern-day Poland, pertains to the dramatic decrease of Polish presence in the former Soviet Union in the first half of the 20th century.
The Byelorussian SSR was one of only two Soviet republics to be separate members of the United Nations (the other being the Ukrainian SSR).
Lithuania is a country on the south-eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, a member of the United Nations Organisation, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the European Union, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the World Trade Organisation.
The Republic of Poland is a Central European country and member of the European Union and NATO, among others.
The former eastern territories of Germany (Ehemalige deutsche Ostgebiete) are those provinces or regions east of the current eastern border of Germany (the Oder–Neisse line) which were lost by Germany after World War I and then World War II.
Prince Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki (Francis Xavier Drucki-Lubecki; 4 January 1778–10 May 1846) was an important Polish politician and diplomat of the first half of the 19th century.
Francesca Ursula Radziwill (February 13, 1705, Chartorysk – May 23, 1753, Navahrudak), was a Polish writer and playwright, the first female writer on the territory of modern Poland and Belarus.
Frankenberg an der Eder is a town in Waldeck-Frankenberg district, Hesse, Germany.
The French invasion of Russia, known in Russia as the Patriotic War of 1812 (Отечественная война 1812 года Otechestvennaya Voyna 1812 Goda) and in France as the Russian Campaign (Campagne de Russie), began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army.
Fyodor Dmitrievich Batyushkov (Фёдор Дмитриевич Батюшков, September 7, 1857, Kosma village, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire, - March 19, 1920, Petrograd, Soviet Russia) was a Russian philologist, editor (Kosmopolis, 1897-1898; Mir Bozhy, 1902-1906), literary critic, theatre and literary historian.
Saint Gabriel of Białystok (St., Гавриил Белостокский - St. Gavriil Belostoksky or St. Gabriel of Zabłudów, Gabriel Zabłudowski, alternatively Gavrila or Gavriil; April 2 O.S. 1684 - April 20, 1690) is a child saint in the Russian Orthodox Church.
Gau East Prussia was formed in 1933 in Nazi Germany initially as a district within the Free State of Prussia.
Rabbi Gavriel ("Reb Velvele") Zev Margolis (1847, Vilna - 1935, New York City) was an Orthodox Rabbi in the United States known for being an uncompromising traditionalist.
Gáspár Bekes de Kornyát (also Gáspár de Corniath Bekes, Kornyáti Bekes Gáspár, or Kaspar Bekes, Caspar Bekesh; 1520 – 7 November 1579) was a Hungarian nobleman who fought Stephen Báthory for the throne of Transylvania after the death of John II Sigismund Zápolya in 1571.
Günzburg is a surname of Bavarian origin.
Gedaliah Bublick (1875—1948) was a Yiddish writer and Zionist leader.
The GdNA (Oberkommando des Heeres/General der Nachrichtenaufklärung) was the signals intelligence agency of the Wehrmacht, before and during World War II.
The General Jewish Labour Bund in Lithuania, Poland and Russia (אַלגעמײַנער ײדישער אַרבעטער בּונד אין ליטע פוילין און רוסלאַנד, Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Litah, Poyln un Rusland), generally called The Bund (בונד, cognate to Bund, meaning federation or union) or the Jewish Labour Bund, was a secular Jewish socialist party in the Russian Empire, active between 1897 and 1920.
The General Jewish Labour Bund in Poland (אַלגעמײַנער ײדישער אַרבעטער בּונד אין פוילין tr: Algemeyner yidisher arbeter bund in poyln, Ogólno-Żydowski Związek Robotniczy "Bund" w Polsce) was a Jewish socialist party in Poland which promoted the political, cultural and social autonomy of Jewish workers, sought to combat antisemitism and was generally opposed to Zionism.
Gennadiy Petrovich Bliznyuk (Генадзь Блізьнюк, Henadz Bliznyuk, Геннадий Близнюк; born 30 July 1980 in Svietlahorsk) is a Belarusian footballer (forward).
German–Soviet military parade in Brest-Litovsk (Deutsch-sowjetische Siegesparade in Brest-Litowsk, Совместный парад вермахта и РККА в Бресте) refers to an official ceremony held by the troops of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union on September 22, 1939, during the invasion of Poland in the city of Brest-Litovsk (Brześć nad Bugiem or Brześć Litewski, then in the Second Polish Republic, now Brest in Belarus).
Gienek Loska or Henadzi Loska (Генадзій Лоска, born 8 January 1975) is a Polish singer-songwriter and guitarist born in Byelaazyorsk in Belarus who rose to fame after winning the first series of X Factor in 2011.
Gleb Yevgenyevich Botkin (Глеб Евге́ньевич Бо́ткин; 30 July 1900 – 15 December 1969) was the son of Dr. Yevgeny Botkin, the court physician who was murdered at Yekaterinburg by the Bolsheviks with Tsar Nicholas II and his family on 17 July 1918.
The Glinski rebellion was a revolt in 1508 in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by a group of aristocrats led by Prince Mikhail Glinski in 1508.
Gomel Airport is an airport located 3 km north-east from Gomel, the second-largest city in Belarus.
The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century up to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and Austria.
The Great Lithuanian Route (Polish: Wielki Gosciniec Litewski) was one of the most important roads of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The Great Synagogue of Hrodna, (Харальная сінагога, Горадня, Большая Хоральная синагога, Гродно) located in Hrodna, Belarus, dates from the 16th century and is a 2007 candidate for UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Grigory Bogdanovich Volovich (born in 1535 – died in 1577) was a statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, diplomat of the Lord's gentleman (from 1548), the Mayor of Grodno (1558–1566), Marshal of Dvorny (1560–1563), of the Lord's Stalker (1567–1574), governor of Smolensk Voivodeship (1571–1577), the elder of Mstsislaw (1548–1567), sovereign of Varniany and Zel’va (1558–1569).
Grodna can refer to.
Grodner Sztyme was a Yiddish-language weekly newspaper in interbellum Poland, published from Grodno.
Grodno (Hrodna), a city in Belarus.
Grodno District or Hrodna District (Гродзенскі раён, Гарадзенскі раён; Гродненский район) is a district (raion) of Grodno Region of Belarus.
Grodno Drugie is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowe Ostrowy, within Kutno County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland.
The free economic zone Grodnoinvest is situated in the north-western part of Belarus in the city of Grodno in immediate proximity to the borders of the European Union (15 km to the border of the Republic of Poland, 30 km to the border of the Lithuanian Republic) and CIS countries.
The Grodno Ghetto (getto w Grodnie, עברית) was a World War II ghetto established in November 1941 by Nazi Germany in the city of Grodno for the purpose of persecution and exploitation of Polish Jews in German-occupied eastern Poland.
The Grodno Governorate, (translit, Gubernia grodzieńska, translit, Gardino gubernija) was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire.
Grodno Hydroelectric Power Station is a run-of-the-river hydroelectric power station on the Neman River, about east of Grodno in Belarus.
Grodno/Hrodna Region (Гродзенская вобласць, Hrodzienskaja vobłasć; Гродненская область, Grodnenskaya oblast) is one of the regions of Belarus.
Grodno Sejm (Sejm grodzieński; Гарадзенскі сойм; Gardino seimas) was the last Sejm (session of parliament) of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Grodno State Medical University (educational establishment “Grodno State Medical University” – GrSMU; установа адукацыi Гродзенскі дзяржаўны медыцынскі універсітэт — ГрДМУ) is a university in Grodno, Belarus.
Grodno TV Tower is a 254 metre tall lattice tower at Grodno, Belarus, built in 1984 from unique design.
Grodno Voivodeship (1793) was created during the Grodno Sejm in November 23 1793.
Grodno Zoo, is a zoo, located in Grodno in Belarus.
Gustaw Herling-Grudziński (May 20, 1919 − July 4, 2000) was a Polish writer, journalist, essayist, World War II underground fighter, and political dissident abroad during the communist system in Poland.
Hai ben Sherira (or Hai b. Sherira (Gaon), Hebrew: האי בר שרירא; better known as Hai Gaon, Hebrew: האיי גאון), was a medieval Jewish theologian, rabbi and scholar who served as Gaon of the Talmudic academy of Pumbedita during the early 11th century.
Haim-Moshe Shapira (חיים משה שפירא, 26 March 1902 – 16 July 1970) was a key Israeli politician in the early days of the state's existence.
The hammer throw is one of the four throwing events in regular track and field competitions, along with the discus throw, shot put and javelin.
Hana Meisel (חנה מייזל, born 25 December 1883, died 1972) was a Jewish agronomist, feminist and Zionist.
Hanna Dudzenkova (Ганна Дудзянкова; born 7 May 1994) is a Belarusian female rhythmic gymnast.
The Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award is given annually to honor individuals who have dedicated their lives to public service.
The Haradnichanka, Haradnitsa (Гараднічанка, Гарадніца; Городничанка, Gorodnichanka; Gardinėlė) is a river in Hrodna and Hrodna district, Belarus.
Hayk Bzhishkyan (Հայկ Բժշկյան, Persian هایک پزشکیان, Russian: Гайк Бжишкян, also known as Guy Dmitrievich Guy, Gai Dmitrievich Gai (Гай Дмитриевич Гай), Gaya Gai (Гая Гай), or Bzhishkyan, – 11 December 1937), was a Soviet military commander of the Russian Civil War and Polish-Soviet War.
Galychanka – women's handball club from Lviv, Ukraine.
Shakhtyor Soligorsk is an ice hockey club, based in Soligorsk, Belarus.
Helena Wladimirna Antipoff (25 March 1892 – 9 August 1974) was a Russian-born Brazilian psychologist.
Henry Ephron (May 26, 1911 – September 6, 1992) was an American playwright, screenwriter and film producer who often worked with his wife, Phoebe (née Wolkind).
Henry XI of Legnica (Henryk XI Legnicki; Schloss Liegnitz, 23 February 1539 – Krakow, 3 March 1588), was a thrice Duke of Legnica: 1551-1556 (under regency), 1559–1576 and 1580-1581.
Major Henryk Dobrzański aka "Hubal" (22 June 1897 - 30 April 1940) was a Polish soldier, sportsman and partisan.
Henryk Hlebowicz (1904 – November 9, 1941) was a Polish and Roman Catholic priest.
Herman Yablokoff (August 11, 1903 – April 3, 1981, הערמאַן יאַבלאָקאָף, Герман Яблоков., born Chaim Yablonik, Хаим Яблоник), sometimes written Herman Yablokov, Herman Yablokow, etc., was a Belarusian-born Jewish American actor, singer, composer, poet, playwright, director and producer who became one of the biggest stars in Yiddish theatre.
Hermann Emil Gottfried von Eichhorn (13 February 1848 – 30 July 1918) was a Prussian officer, later Generalfeldmarschall during World War I. He was a recipient of Pour le Mérite with Oak Leaves, one of the highest orders of merit in the Kingdom of Prussia and, subsequently, Imperial Germany.
Highways in Poland are public roads designed to carry large amounts of traffic.
Hinduism in Belarus has a very small following.
This article describes the history of Belarus.
The history of Lithuania dates back to settlements founded many thousands of years ago, but the first written record of the name for the country dates back to 1009 AD.
The culture of Lithuania, dating back to 200 BC, with the settlement of the Balts and has been independent of the presence of a sovereign Lithuanian state.
The history of Poland has its roots in the migrations of Slavs, who established permanent settlements in the Polish lands during the Early Middle Ages.
The history of Poland from 1939 to 1945 encompasses primarily the period from the Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany to the end of World War II.
The period of rule by the Piast dynasty between the 10th and 14th centuries is the first major stage of the history of the Polish nation.
Following the re-emergence of sovereign Poland after World War I and during the interwar period the number of Jews in the country grew rapidly.
The Jews in Belarus were the third largest ethnic group in the country in the first half of the 20th century.
Jews in the Russian Empire have historically constituted a large religious diaspora; the vast territories of the Russian Empire at one time hosted the largest population of Jews in the world.
History of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1648–1764) covers a period in the history of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, from the time their joint state became the theater of wars and invasions fought on a great scale in the middle of the 17th century, to the time just before the election of Stanisław August Poniatowski, the last king of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Wrocław (Vratislav, Breslau) has long been the largest and culturally dominant city in Silesia, and is today the capital of Poland's Lower Silesian Voivodeship.
HK Kremenchuk (ХК Кременчук) is an ice hockey team based in Kremenchuk, Ukraine, playing in the Ukrainian Hockey Extra League that was formed prior to the 2016–17 season.
HK Lida (Belar. ХК Лида) is a Belarusian ice hockey team that plays in the Belarusian Extraleague.
HK Mogliev is an ice hockey team in Mogilev, Belarus.
HK Neman Grodno is a professional ice hockey team from Grodno, Belarus that plays in the Belarusian Extraleague.
Hrehory Chodkiewicz (Grigorijus Chodkevičius, Рыгор Аляксандравіч Хадкевіч; – November 9, 1572) was a nobleman and military officer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Hrod or Gord (archaeology) is a version of the Slavic word meaning town, city or castle, and is preserved in the toponymy of numerous Slavic countries.
Hrodna Airport is an airport that serves Grodno, Belarus.
Human rights in Belarus have been described as "poor".
Isaac Max Rubinow (1875–September 1, 1936) was a leading theorist on social insurance and one of the most influential writers on the subject.
Prince Ignacy Massalski (Ignotas Jokūbas Masalskis) (1726–1794) was a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman.
Ignacy Oziewicz (pseudonyms: Czesław, Czesławski, Netta, Jenczewski;7 May 1887 – 10 January 1966) was a Polish military colonel.
Igor Pavlovich Belov (Игорь Павлович Белов; born 21 October 1954) is a former Belarusian and Russian professional football player and coach.
Ihar Basinski (born April 11, 1963), also spelled Igor Basinsky, is a Belarusian sports shooter and Olympic medalist.
Ildefons Lima Solà (born 10 December 1979) is an Andorran professional footballer who plays for FC Santa Coloma as a central defender.
Ilia Koshevoy (born 20 March 1991) is a Belarusian professional cyclist who rides for Italian UCI ProTeam.
This article lists Imperial Russian Army formations and units in 1914 prior to World War I mobilisation for the Russian invasion of Prussia and liberation Austro-Hungarian province of Galicia.
The International Bible Contest (חידון התנ"ך; Hidon HaTanakh also spelled Chidon HaTanach) is a worldwide competition on the Tanakh (Jewish Bible) for middle school and high school students.
The Subotica International Festival of Children's Theatres is an international festival dedicated to children's theatre.
The InterRegio is a train service seen in some European countries.
Irina Nikolaevna Laricheva (Ирина Николаевна Ларичева; born 1963) is a retired Soviet swimmer who won a bronze medals in the 400 m freestyle at the 1983 European Aquatics Championships.
Irredentism is any political or popular movement that seeks to reclaim and reoccupy a land that the movement's members consider to be a "lost" (or "unredeemed") territory from their nation's past.
Iryna Vaskouskaya (born 2 April 1991) is a Belarusian athlete who specialises in the triple jump.
Iryna Gennadyevna Zhuk (Belarusian: Ірына Генадзеўна Якалцэвіч; née Yakaltsevich; born 26 January 1993) is a Belarusian athlete specialising in the pole vault.
Isaac David Broydé (23 February 1867, Grodno Governorate, Russian Empire – 15 April 1922, New York City) was a Jewish Orientalist and librarian.
Isabella Grinevskaya (1864–1944) was the pen name of Beyle (Berta) Friedberg, daughter of the Hebrew-language author Abraham Shalom Friedberg and the first wife of Mordechai Spector.
Israel Isaac Kahanovitch (ישראל יצחק הכהן כהנאוויטש, Yisrael Yitzchak Hakohen Kahanovitch) (8 October 1872 – 22 June 1945) was a Polish Canadian Orthodox Jewish rabbi who served as Chief Rabbi of Winnipeg and Western Canada for nearly 40 years.
Ivan Vasilievich Boldin (Иван Васильевич Болдин;, Vysokaya – March 28, 1965, Kiev) was a senior Red Army general during the Second World War.
Ivan Danilovich Chernyakhovsky, also Cherniakhovsky, (Ива́н Дани́лович Черняхо́вский; Oksanyna, Uman, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (today Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine)), (– Mehlsack, today Pieniężno, Poland, 18 February 1945) was the youngest ever Soviet general of the army, twice Hero of the Soviet Union and commander of the 3rd Belorussian Front.
Ivan Ivanavich Dzenisevich (Іван Iванавiч Дзенісевіч; Иван Иванович Денисевич; born 9 November 1984) is a Belarusian professional footballer who is currently playing for Isloch Minsk Raion.
Ivan Mikalayevich Sadownichy (Iван Мiкалаевiч Садоўнiчы; Иван Николаевич Садовничий; born 11 May 1987) is a Belarusian professional footballer who plays for Zhetysu.
Ivan Trotski (Іван Троцкі, Иван Троцкий; born 27 May 1976 in Hrodna) is a Belarusian race walker.
Ivan Ryhoravich Tsikhan (born 24 July 1976) is a Belarusian hammer thrower.
Iŭje (Іўе; Ивье; Iwje; אייוויע Eyvye) is a city and former shtetl in Belarus in the Hrodna Province, 158 km east of Hrodna.
Jacob ben Abraham Kahana (יעקב בן אברהם כהנא; died 1826 in Vilna), a rabbinical author.
The Jagiellonian tapestries are a collection of tapestries woven in the Netherlands and Flanders, which originally consisted of 365 pieces assembled by the Jagiellons to decorate the interiors of the royal residence Wawel Castle.
Jaime de Borbón y de Borbón-Parma, known as Duke of Madrid and as Jacques de Bourbon, Duke of Anjou in France (27 June 1870 – 2 October 1931), was the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain under the name Jaime III and the Legitimist claimant to the throne of France as Jacques I.
Jan and Anna Puchalski were the Polish husband and wife who lived in the village of Łosośna in north-eastern Poland on the outskirts of Grodno (now 20 km into Belarus) during the Nazi German occupation of Poland.
Jan Brunon Bułhak (1876–1950) was a pioneer of photography in Poland and present-day Belarus and Lithuania, and one of the best-known Polish photographers of the early 20th century.
Jan Piotr Sapieha (English: John Peter Sapieha, 1569–1611) was a Polish nobleman, general, politician, diplomat, governor of Uświat county, member of the Parliament and a skilled commander of the Polish troops stationing in the Moscow Kremlin.
Jan Wojciech Kiwerski (nom de guerre Oliwa, also Dyrektor, Kalinowski, Lipinski, Rudzki, Ziomek was a colonel of the Polish Army and commandant of the 27th Home Army Infantry Division. Kiwerski was killed in action on April 18, 1944, during Operation Tempest during World War II. Kiwerski was born on May 23, 1910 in Kraków. His father was Wladyslaw Kiwerski, a physician, and his mother was Maria Jadwiga née Rogalska. By the age of 14, Kiwerski was an orphan, and in September 1923, he was accepted into Military Cadet School Nr. 2, graduating with honors in June 1928. Since he was among top graduates, Kiwerski had the right to make a choice about his further military career: he decided to join the sappers. In June 1928, Kiwerski entered the School of Military Engineers in Warsaw. In August 1931 he graduated, and as a podporucznik (Second Lieutenant) he began service as platoon commandant at 3rd Sapper Battalion in Wilno. On March 19, 1933, Kiwerski was promoted to the rank of Poruchik (Lieutenant). In November 1934, Kiwerski was transferred to Bridge Battalion at the Modlin Fortress. In July 1937, he was called to Wyzsza Szkola Wojenna (Higher War School). On March 19, 1939 he was promoted to the rank of Captain, and on August 18, two weeks before German Invasion of Poland, Kiwerski graduated from Higher War School. On August 20, 1939, Kiwerski was sent to Grodno, where he was named operating officer of the 33rd Infantry Division. Later, as an officer of the Independent Operational Group Polesie, he fought in the region of Polesie. After the Battle of Kock, General Franciszek Kleeberg allowed those soldiers who wanted to escape German captivity to disappear. Kiwerski took advantage of this, reaching Warsaw in November 1939. Soon afterwards, he became one of key members of Service for Poland's Victory. Since 1942, he commanded a sabotage unit of the Kedyw, using noms de guerre Ziomek, Rudzki, Kalinowski, Lipinski and Dyrektor. In November 1942 he was promoted a major. In December 1943, the Home Army headquarters sent him to Volhynia, where Ukrainian nationalists had been murdering Polish civilians (see Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia). Kiwerski was named chief of staff of Volhynian Home Army. In February 1944, he was named commandant of the Home Army in the province, and commandant of the 27th Home Army Infantry Division. Kiwerski was killed in unspecified circumstances on April 18, 1944, near the hamlet of Stezarzyce among Volhynian forests. In September 1989, his body was exhumed and temporarily placed at Field Cathedral of the Polish Army. On April 21, 1990, Kiwerski was laid to rest at Powazki Cemetery, together with two of his Volhynian soldiers. A day before the funeral, the President of Poland promoted Kiwerski to the rank of Brigadier general. Kiwerski was also awarded the Virtuti Militari and the Cross of Valour (Poland). “Oliwa” had a wife Izabela née Dorozynska, and daughter Barbara. Streets in Lublin and Kraków are named after him. His bust can be found at Warsaw’s Volhynian Square, near the monument of Volhynian Home Army.
Jan Jurjewicz Zabrzeziński or Zaberezhsky (murdered on February 2, 1508) was a noble of Leliwa coat of arms from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, who achieved the height of his influence during the reign of Alexander I Jagiellon (1492–1506).
Janów Lubelski is a town in eastern Poland.
Janina Susczewska-Siwy (born February 14, 1936 in Brzozówka near Grodno) is a Polish luger who competed in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Janka (Yanka) Bryl (Янка Брыль, August 4, 1917 – July 25, 2006) was a Belarusian writer best known for his short stories.
January Suchodolski (September 19, 1797 – March 20, 1875) was a Polish painter and Army officer.
The January Uprising (Polish: powstanie styczniowe, Lithuanian: 1863 m. sukilimas, Belarusian: Паўстанне 1863-1864 гадоў, Польське повстання) was an insurrection instigated principally in the Russian Partition of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against its occupation by the Russian Empire.
Podpułkownik Janusz Bokszczanin (1894, Grodno – 1973) was a colonel of the Polish Army and one of the first Polish commanders of the motorized troops in the reborn Second Polish Republic.
Janusz Skumin Tyszkiewicz (Jonušas Skuminas Tiškevičius) (1570–1642) was a noble of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, a politician, a sponsor of Baroque music and a writer (1610+).
Józef Achilles Puchała (18 March 1911, Kosina – 19 July 1943, Borowikowszczyzna) was a Polish Franciscan monk from the Iwieniec (Ivyanets) monastery, tortured and killed by the Nazis during World War II and beatified by Pope John Paul II on June 13, 1999.
Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (28 July 1812 – 19 March 1887) was a Polish writer, publisher, historian, journalist, scholar, painter and author who produced more than 200 novels and 150 novellas, short stories, and art reviews.
Józef Konstanty Olszyna-Wilczyński (27 November 1890 – 22 September 1939) was a Polish general and one of the high-ranking commanders of the Polish Army.
Józef Piotrowski (September 7, 1887? – September 8, 2005) claimed to be the oldest living Pole.
Jeronimas Plečkaitis (10 December 1887 in Keturvalakiai, Russian Empire – 29 October 1963 in Pilviškiai, Lithuanian SSR) was a Lithuanian politician.
Jerzy Kłoczowski (29 December 1924, Bogdany, Poland – 2 December 2017) was a Polish historian, professor at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, and former member of the Polish Senate.
Jerzy Maksymiuk (born 9 April 1936, Grodno, Poland) is a Polish composer, pianist and orchestra conductor.
Jerzy Radziwiłł (Jurgis Radvila) (1480 – April 1541) was a Polish–Lithuanian noble.
Jerzy Rusiło-Wołkowicki (1883–1983) was a General of the Polish Army and officer of the Imperial Russian Navy, awarded one of the highest Russian military orders.
The Jesuit Pharmacy in Grodno (Гродзенская аптэка Езуітаў, Apteka jezuicka w Grodnie) is a pharmacy built in the market square in Grodno, then in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, between 1700–09.
Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Poland were established during World War II in hundreds of locations across occupied Poland.
Jewish surnames are family names of Jews that are not pseudonyms.
Johan Christian Jacob Kemper (1670–1716), formerly Moshe ben Aharon of Kraków, was a Polish Sabbatean Jew who converted from Judaism to Lutheran Christianity.
Jonas Jablonskis (30 December 1860, Kubilėliai, Šakiai district – 23 February 1930, Kaunas) was a distinguished Lithuanian linguist and one of the founders of the standard Lithuanian language.
Jonas Steponavičius (10 March 1880 – 8 December 1947) was a Lithuanian Roman Catholic priest active in Lithuanian cultural and political life.
Jonathan ben Joseph was a Lithuanian rabbi and astronomer who lived in Risenoi, Grodno in the late 17th century and early 18th century.
Joseph Rumshinsky (1881–1956) was a Jewish composer born near Vilna, Lithuania (then part of Russian Poland).
Joshua Höschel ben Joseph (died 16 August 1648) was a Polish rabbi born in Vilnius, Lithuania about 1578 and died in Cracow on August 16, 1648.
Joy of all who Sorrow Church is an Eastern Orthodox church in Druskininkai, Lithuania.
Juliusz Karol Wilhelm Rómmel (3 June 1881 – 8 September 1967) was a Polish military commander, a general of the Polish Army and a member of the civil rights movement.
The following events occurred in July 1944.
Kaliningrad (p; former German name: Königsberg; Yiddish: קעניגסבערג, Kenigsberg; r; Old Prussian: Twangste, Kunnegsgarbs, Knigsberg; Polish: Królewiec) is a city in the administrative centre of Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.
The Kalozha church of Sts.
Kampfgeschwader 2 " Holzhammer " (KG 2) (Battle Wing 2) was a Luftwaffe bomber unit during the Second World War.
Kanstantsin Leonidovich Lukashyk (Канстанцін Леонідовіч Лукашык, Kanstancin Leonidovič Łukašyk, born September 18, 1975 in Hrodna) is a Belarusian pistol shooter, most famous for winning the 50 metre pistol event at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, at the age of 16, shocking the world of competitive shooting.
Karol Rómmel (Карл Альфонсович Руммель, Karol von Rummel; 1888–1967) was a Polish and Russian military officer, sportsman and horse rider.
Prince Karol Stanisław Radziwiłł (Караль Станіслаў Радзівіл II, Karolis Stanislovas Radvila II, Exonym: Charles Stanislaus: 27 February 1734 – 21 November 1790) was a Polish nobleman, politician, diplomat, prince of the Crown Kingdom of Poland and the Commonwealth, statesman of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Voivode of Vilnius, governor of Lwów and Sejm Marshal between 1767 and 1768.
Karol Turno (1788–1860) was a Polish military officer and a Brigadier General of the Army of Congress Poland.
Karta Polaka, literally meaning Pole's Card, but also translated as Polish Charter or Polish Card, is a document confirming belonging to the Polish nation, which may be given to individuals who cannot obtain dual citizenship in their own countries while belonging to the Polish nation according to conditions defined by law; and, who do not have prior Polish citizenship or permission to reside in Poland.
Katsiaryna Netsviatayeva (born 28 June 1989) is a Belarusian athlete who specialises in the heptathlon.
Kaunas railway station (Kauno geležinkelio stotis) is a Lithuanian Railways central passenger railway station in Kaunas.
Kazimierz Jelski (1782 – March 1867 in Vilnius, Lithuania) was a Polish Classicist architect and sculptor active in Lithuania.
Kaziuko mugė or Saint Casimir's Fair is a large annual folk arts and crafts fair in Vilnius, Lithuania, dating to the beginning of the 17th century.
Kęstutis (born ca. 1297, died on 3 August or 15 August 1382 in Kreva) was a ruler of medieval Lithuania.
Khimki (p) is a city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, 30 kilometres northwest of central Moscow.
Archbishop Kiprian (secular name Boris Pavlovich Borisevich, Борис Павлович Борисевич, Borys Borisewicz; August 15, 1903 - December 14, 1980) was bishop of the Orthodox Church in America, archbishop of Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania since 1964.
Kirill Pavlyuchek, (Кирыл Паўлючак; Кирилл Павлючек; born 27 June 1984) is a Belarusian professional footballer who currently plays for Gorodeya.
Kolonja Izaaka (Kolonia Isaaka, Isakowa, קולוניה איזאקה) was a small Jewish farming village in what is now Belarus, founded in 1849 through government land grants to 26 poor Jewish families for the purpose of engaging in agriculture.
Konrad von Wallenrode (c. 1330s – 23 July 1393) was the 24th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1391 to 1393.
Konstantin Päts (– 18 January 1956) was the most influential politician of interwar Estonia, and served five times as the country's head of state.
Konstanty Antoni Gorski (Lida, June 13, 1859 – May 31, 1924, Poznań) was a Polish composer, violinist, organist and music teacher.
Wincenty Konstanty Kalinowski, also known as Kastuś Kalinoŭski (Касту́сь Каліно́ўскі), Konstanty Kalinowski (Polish) and Konstantinas Kalinauskas (Lithuanian) (21 January or 2 February 1838 – 22 March 1864), was a 19th-century writer, journalist, lawyer and revolutionary.
Kordian Józef Zamorski (Rzepiennik, near Gorlice, April 1, 1890 – December 19, 1983, London) was a Polish military officer and (1935–39) chief of the Polish State Police (Policja Państwowa).
Kravet Inc. is a home fashion brand that distributes fabrics, furniture, wall coverings, trimmings, carpets and accessories.
Kresy Wschodnie or Kresy (Eastern Borderlands, or Borderlands) was the Eastern part of the Second Polish Republic during the interwar period constituting nearly half of the territory of the state.
Krupski (Крупскі, Krupski, Крупский, Крупський, Krupskis) - Belorussian is a noble (szlachta) family from Eastern Europe and a common surname in modern Poland.
Krynki (translit) is a town in northeastern Poland, located in Podlaskie Voivodeship along the border with Belarus.
Krystyna Waleria Sienkiewicz (14 February 1935, Ostrów Mazowiecka – 12 February 2017, Warsaw) was a Polish actress and singer.
Krzysztof Zygmunt Pac (Kristupas Zigmantas Pacas) (1621–1684) was a nobleman and statesman of Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Chancellor (1658–1684) of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Ksenija Voishal (born 18 October 1994) is a Belarusian basketball player for Olimpia Grodno and the Belarusian national team, where she participated at the 2014 FIBA World Championship.
Kurier Wileński (literally: Vilnian Courier) is the main Polish-language newspaper in Lithuania.
Kurt Katch (January 28, 1893 – August 14, 1958) was a Polish film and television actor.
Kurt Löwenstein (18 May 1885 in Bleckede – 8 May 1939 in Paris) was a German USPD/SPD politician, Socialist reform pedagogue and one of the founders of Socialist Youth of Germany - Falcons.
The Lasosna, Lasasyanka (Ласосна, Ласасянка), Łosośna is a river in Poland (Sokółka County) and Belarus (Hrodna and Hrodna district).
Latający Wilnianin (Flying Wilnianin) was the popular name of a passenger train which in the interbellum period linked Warsaw with Wilno (now Vilnius in Lithuania).
Léon Bakst (Леон (Лев) Николаевич Бакст, Leon (Lev) Nikolaevich Bakst) – born as Leyb-Khaim Izrailevich (later Samoylovich) Rosenberg, Лейб-Хаим Израилевич (Самойлович) Розенберг (27 January (8 February) 1866 – 28 December 1924) was a Russian painter and scene and costume designer.
Lentvaris (is a town, (formerly known as 'Landwarów' in Polish), in eastern Lithuania, 9 km east of Trakai. It is a transportation hub, as several road and rail routes cross here. Lake Lentvaris is nearby.
Lev Samuilovich Kleyn (born 1 July 1927), better known in English as Leo Klejn, is a Russian archaeologist, anthropologist and philologist.
Leokadija Počikovska-Janušauskienė (Leokadia Poczykowska; born on September 24, 1955 near Hrodna in Belarus) is a Lithuanian politician of Polish nationality and a public activist.
Leonid Nikolayevich Rabichev (30 June 1923 – 20 September 2017) was a Soviet and Russian writer, graphic artist and World War II veteran.
General Leopold Okulicki (noms de guerre Kobra, Niedźwiadek; 1898 – 1946) was a General of the Polish Army and the last commander of the anti-German underground Home Army during World War II.
The Lesser Polish Way of Saint James or Little Polish Way of Saint James is one of the Polish routes of the Way of St. James, the medieval pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela in Spain.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons in Belarus face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents.
The liberum veto (Latin for "free veto") was a parliamentary device in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Limoges (Occitan: Lemòtges or Limòtges) is a city and commune, the capital of the Haute-Vienne department and was the administrative capital of the former Limousin region in west-central France.
Linux Vacation / Eastern Europe (LVEE) is an annual international conference of developers and users of free and open source software.
The Lipka Tatars (also known as Lithuanian Tatars, Polish Tatars, Lipkowie, Lipcani or Muślimi) are a group of Tatars who originally settled in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania at the beginning of the 14th century.
At least 20 Separate Air Assault Battalions were formed in the Soviet Army between 1979 and 1981.
The DST column shows the months in which Daylight Saving Time, a.k.a. Summer Time, begins and ends.
This is a list of airports in Belarus, grouped by type and sorted by location.
The following tables list the banners of the forces participating in the Battle of Grunwald, (1410).
This is a list of Baroque palaces built in the late 17th and 18th centuries.
The location of Belarus An enlargeable map of the Republic of Belarus This is a list of topics related to Belarus.
As of April 2017, Belavia serves the following destinations.
This is a complete list of the currently existing buildings created in the Kievan Rus before the Mongol invasions of the 1230s.
This is the list of cathedrals in Belarus sorted by denomination.
This is a complete list of basilicas of the Roman Catholic Church.
This is a list of the largest cities and towns in Belarus, including cities with population of over 5000, as assembled by the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus.
The following is a list of the largest cities in the Russian Empire according to the 1897 Russian Imperial Census.
This page lists diplomatic missions resident in and accredited to the Belarus.
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Poland, excluding honorary consulates.
This is a list of all tornadoes that were confirmed throughout Europe by the European Severe Storms Laboratory and local meteorological agencies during 2012.
The following is a list of football stadiums in Belarus, ordered by capacity.
Below is a list of German language exonyms for formerly German places and places in non-German-speaking areas of the world.
List of HVDC links in Lithuania than 330 kV and/or the 400 kV-grid in Lithuania.
This is a list of international airports by country.
Not all territorial disputes are irredentist, although they are often couched in irredentist rhetoric to justify and legitimise such claims both internationally and within the country.
This is a list of events held and scheduled by the M-1 Global, a mixed martial arts promotion based in Russia.
In Belarus, there are both privately held and state-owned newspapers.
This is a list of places in Belarus.
This is a list of places which are located all around the world named or renamed in honor of famous Russian revolution leader Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the pen name Lenin.
This is a list of Polish divisions in World War II.
This is a list of the Princes of Transylvania.
This article is a list of prisoner-of-war camps in Germany (and in German occupied territory) during any conflict.
The following is the list of cities in Belarus that underwent a name change in the past.
Rivers of Lithuania are typical lowland rivers: they are slow, they make meanders, the valleys are wide.
This list of shtetls and shtots (larger towns with significant pre-World War II Jewish populations) is organized by their country.
This article is an (incomplete) listing of Soviet Ground Forces divisions in 1990, and corresponding information about their later status in 2006.
This article is a list of known monuments dedicated to Vladimir Lenin.
This is a list of online mapping services that provide 360-degrees panorama around the world, it is grouped by region.
This is a list of synagogues around the world.
This is an incomplete list of the tallest structures that are situated on the territories of the former Soviet Union.
The following is a list of toll roads.
The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) is the administrative and controlling body for European football.
This is a list of towns and cities in the world believed to have 100,000 or more inhabitants, as of 2006.
This is a list of towns and cities in the world in alphabetical order beginning with the letters A and B, by country believed to have 100,000 or more inhabitants.
A list of towns in Europe with German town law.
This is a list of cities where trolleybuses operate, or operated in the past, as part of the public transport system.
This is a list of places in Belarus having standing links to local communities in other countries.
This is a list of places in Poland having standing links to local communities in other countries.
This list of modern universities in Europe since 1945 comprises all universities which have been founded in Europe since the end of World War II.
This is a list of counties of the Russian Empire ---- ∑ 670 items.
This is a list of victims of Nazism who were noted for their achievements.
Below is a partial list of selected villages and towns (shtetls) depopulated of Jews during the Holocaust.
This is a list of World Heritage Sites in Belarus with properties of cultural and natural heritage in Belarus.
This is a complete list of Zeppelins constructed by the German Zeppelin companies from 1900 until 1938.
This is a list of zoological gardens (zoos) around the world.
The Lithuanian Civil War of 1381–1384 was the first struggle for power between the cousins Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania and later King of Poland, and Vytautas the Great.
The Lithuanian Civil War of 1389–92 was the second civil conflict between Jogaila, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his cousin Vytautas.
The Lithuanian conferences during World War I refer to ten conferences held by Lithuanian activists during World War I in Switzerland and Sweden.
This is a list of Lithuanian language exonyms for places in non-Lithuanian-speaking areas of Europe.
The Ministry for Belarusian Affairs was a short-lived interwar Lithuanian ministry.
The Lithuanian Wars of Independence, also known as the Freedom Struggles (Laisvės kovos), refer to three wars Lithuania fought defending its independence at the end of World War I: with Bolshevik forces (December 1918 – August 1919), Bermontians (June 1919 – December 1919), and Poland (August 1920 – November 1920).
The Lithuanian–Soviet War or Lithuanian–Bolshevik War (karas su bolševikais) was fought between newly independent Republic of Lithuania and the proto-Soviet Union (Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic and Lithuanian–Belorussian SSR) in the aftermath of World War I. It was part of the larger Soviet westward offensive of 1918–1919.
The Louis G. Redstone Residential Historic District consists of three houses located at 19303, 19309 and 19315 Appoline Street in the Greenwich Park neighborhood in northwest Detroit.
Louis Leon Ribak (3 December 1902 – 1979) was an American social realist and abstract painter who was a member of the "Taos Moderns" group of artists.
Louis Littlepage or Lewis Littlepage (1762–1802) was an American diplomat, who most notably served in the royal court of the last Polish King, Stanisław August Poniatowski.
In the Second Polish Republic, there was not a national, Second Division, as we know it today, although the creation of the second division was proposed on several occasions.
Maciej Kalenkiewicz (1906–1944; nom de guerre Kotwicz) was a Polish engineer and military officer, a podpułkownik of the Polish Army.
Magdeburg rights (Magdeburger Recht; also called Magdeburg Law) were a set of town privileges first developed by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (936–973) and based on the Flemish law, which regulated the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages, granted by the local ruler.
Maksim Adamavič Bahdanovič (Belarusian language: Максім Адамавіч Багдановіч) (December 9, 1891 – May 25, 1917) was a Belarusian poet, journalist, translator, literary critic and historian of literature.
Maksim Myakish (Максім Мякіш; Максим Мякиш; born 3 March 2000) is a Belarusian professional footballer.
Malaya Berestovitsa (Малая Бераставіца, Малая Берестовица, Brzostowica Mała, Mažoji Berestovitsa) is a village in Belarus, Grodno Region, Byerastavitsa District.
A mandolin (mandolino; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".
Marcin Odlanicki Poczobutt (Марцін Адляніцкі-Пачобут.; Martynas Počobutas) (30 October 1728 near Hrodna – 7 February 1810 in Daugavpils) was a Polish–Lithuanian jesuit, astronomer and mathematician.
Maria Gażycz, née Maria Nowina-Chrzanowska (20 March 1860, Vishera, Kursk Governorate – 13 September 1935, Grodno) was a Belarusian-born Polish figure painter, art restorer, and nun in the order of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth.
Marianna Malińska, also called Malewiczówna (1767-fl.1797), was a Polish ballerina.
Marina Vasilieva Starostenkova Osman (born 1965 in Polotsk, Belarus), is a Belarusian classical and jazz concert pianist.
Mariusz Maszkiewicz (born May 31, 1959 in Iława), is a doctor of human sciences, a diplomat, publicist, sociologist and economist.
Mark Zamenhof (was born January 27, 1837 in Suwałki, died November 29, 1907 in Warsaw) is Esperanto form of Markus Fabianoviĉ Samenhof, "Christian" or goja name of Mordeĥaj Zamenhof, son of Fabian Zamenhof and father of L. L. Zamenhof (the creator of Esperanto); teacher of languages French and German. Knight of many orders.
Matthias Zündt (sometimes Zynndt; 1498–1586) was a German engraver, born at Nuremberg.
Maksym Bursak (born 3 July 1984) is a Ukrainian professional boxer.
Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe (Maksymilian Maria Kolbe; 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941) was a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War II.
The media of Belarus are mass-media outlets based in Belarus.
Melech Epstein (1889–1979) was an American journalist and historian.
Meyer Lansky (born Meier Suchowlański; July 4, 1902 – January 15, 1983), known as the "Mob's Accountant", was a major organized crime figure who, along with his associate Charles "Lucky" Luciano, was instrumental in the development of the National Crime Syndicate in the United States.
Ayat Rudny Mini-Football Club is a futsal club based in Rudny, a city of Kostanay Province.
Michał Grabowski of the Oksza coat of arms (1773 – 17 August 1812) was a brigadier general of the Army of Duchy of Warsaw.
General Michał Tadeusz Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski, Coat of arms of Trąby pseudonym Doktor, Stolarski, TorwidJozef Garlinski Poland in the Second World War, Page 40 (b. 5 January 1893 in Lwów - 22 May 1964 in Casablanca, Morocco) was a Polish general, founder of the resistance movement "Polish Victory Service".
Blessed Michał Kozal (27 September 1893 – 26 January 1943) was a Polish Roman Catholic bishop.
The Romantic painter Michał Kulesza (26 November 1799 – 6 November 1863) was among the first lithographers in the area of the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, ruled by Russia for almost all of his life.
Michael Glinsky (Mykolas Glinskis, Mikhail Lvovich Glinsky, Michał Gliński; 1460s – 24 September 1534) was a noble from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania of distant Tatar extraction who was also a tutor of his nephew, Ivan the Terrible.
Dayan Michoel Fisher (c. 1910 – January 7, 2004) was a distinguished Orthodox rabbi, orator and exceptional Talmudic scholar, with complete mental mastery of the entire Talmud.
Brigadier General Mieczysław Makary Smorawiński (1893–1940), was a Polish military commander and officer of the Polish Army.
Miervaldis Birze (born Augusts Miervaldis Bērziņš; 21 March 1921 – 6 July 2000) was a Latvian writer, publicist, physician.
Mikhail Safarbekovich Gutseriev (Михаи́л Сафарбе́кович Гуцери́ев; born 9 March 1958 in Akmolinsk, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union) is a Russian business magnat, poet, composer, philanthropist, notable for his unique combination of outstanding entrepreneurial skills and poetic talent.
Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov (p; –) was a Russian Romantic writer, poet and painter, sometimes called "the poet of the Caucasus", the most important Russian poet after Alexander Pushkin's death in 1837 and the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism.
Count Mikhail Nikolayevich Muravyov (Михаи́л Никола́евич Муравьёв; 12 October 1796 in Moscow – 12 September 1866 in Saint Petersburg) was a Russian imperial statesman of the 19th century, most known for his putting down Polish-Lithuanian uprisings, and subsequent cultural and social depolonization of Northwestern Krai (today's Belarus and Lithuania).
Count Mikhail Nikolayevich Muravyov or Muraviev (Михаи́л Никола́евич Муравьёв) (Saint Petersburg &ndash) was a Russian statesman who advocated transferring the attention of Russian foreign policy from Europe to the Far East.
Mikhail Nikolayevich Ostrovsky (Михаил Николаевич Островский) (1827–1901) was a Russian statesman who served as Minister of State Property (a post roughly equivalent to the American position of Secretary of the Interior) under the reign of Alexander III.
Mikhail Shemetau (born) is a Belarusian track cyclist, representing Belarus at international competitions.
Mikołaj Hussowczyk (Мікола Гусоўскі/Mikola Husoŭski, Mikalojus Husovianas, Nicolaus Hussovianus).
Mikołaj Sapieha (Mikalojus Sapiega) (1588–1638) was a voivode (Voivode of Mińsk (1611–1618), Voivode of Nowogródek (1618–1638)) in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Mikołaj Stefan Pac (c. 1626 – 1684) was a Polish nobleman, voivode of Troki since 1651, castellan of Wilno since 1670 and the bishop of Wilno since 1671.
Military districts (also called military regions) are formations of a state's armed forces (often of the Army) which are responsible for a certain area of territory.
Military districts of Poland were created in the aftermath of World War I, at a time when Poland regained its independence.
The military history of the Russian Empire encompasses the history of armed conflict in which the Russian Empire participated.
Mindaugas (Myndowen, Mindowe, Мендог, Міндоўг, c. 1203 – autumn 1263) was the first known Grand Duke of Lithuania and the only King of Lithuania.
Minden is a town of about 83,000 inhabitants in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Minsk Voivodeship (Менскае ваяводзтва, Menskaje vajavodztva, Województwo mińskie, Palatinatus Minscensis) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Grand Duchy of Lithuania since 1566 and later in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, until the partitions of the Commonwealth in 1793.
Miss Belarus (Міс Беларусь) is a national Beauty pageant in Belarus.
Miss World 2010, the 60th anniversary of the Miss World pageant, was held on 30 October 2010 at the Crown of Beauty Theatre in Sanya, China after Vietnam backed out of the hosting contract.
Mister X are a Belarusian street punk band formed in Grodno, West Belarus, in 2003 by Igor Bantser (Игорь Банцер) and Boris (Борис) of Oi! Bombers.
Mitrofan Viktorovich Dovnar-Zapol'skiy (Мітрафан Віктаравіч Доўнар-Запольскі, Митрофан Викторович Довнар-Запольский;, Rechytsa, Minsk Governorate — 30 September 1934, Moscow) was a historian, ethnographer, and diplomat of Belarusian origin.
Moisey Yakovlevich Ostrogorski (also Ostrogorsky; Моисе́й Я́ковлевич Острого́рский; Майсе́й Я́каўлевiч Aстрaго́рскi; Grodno Governorate, Russian Empire, now in Belarus, 1854 – Petrograd, USSR, February 10, 1921) was a politician, political scientist, historian, jurist and sociologist.
The so-called Molotov Line (Liniya Molotova) was a system of border fortified regions built by the Soviet Union in the years 1940–1941 along its new western borders.
Mordecai ben Avraham Yoffe (or Jaffe or Joffe) (1530 – 7 March 1612; Hebrew: מרדכי בן אברהם יפה) was a Rabbi, Rosh yeshiva and posek.
Belorussky railway terminal (Белору́сский вокза́л) is a passenger terminal at the Moscow–Passenger–Smolenskaya railway station (Москва́-Пассажирская-Смоле́нская, also known as Moskva-Smolenskaya) of the Moscow Railway.
Moshe Shatzkes (משה שאצקס; 1881–1958) was a renowned rabbi, Talmudic scholar and noted genius, commonly known as the "Lomzhe/Łomża Rov".
Mount Hebron is a Jewish cemetery located in the Flushing neighborhood of the borough of Queens, in New York City.
Mova Nanova (Мова Нанова, Mova Nanova, literally, “language anew”) is a Belarusian course that has taken place in Minsk, the capital of Belarus, since January 13, 2014.
Mykolas Sleževičius (21 February 1882 – 11 November 1939) was a Lithuanian lawyer, political and cultural figure, and journalist.
Myron Cohen (July 1, 1902 – March 10, 1986) was an American comedian and raconteur.
Reb Menachem Nachum ben Uzziel Kaplan (1811 in Baisogala – October 25, 1879) was a Lithuanian Talmudist, philanthropist,Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography.
Nad Niemnem is a Positivist novel written by Eliza Orzeszkowa in 1888 during the foreign Partitions of Poland.
Nadzeya Ostapchuk (Надзея Мікалаеўна Астапчук, Nadzeya Mikalayeuna Astapchuk; Надежда Остапчук, Nadezhda Ostapchuk; born October 28, 1980) is a Belarusian shot putter.
Rabbi Naftoli Trop (1871 – September 24, 1928) was a renowned Talmudist and Talmid Chacham.
This page lists some names of places in Belarus, as they are called in Belarusian and in other languages spoken by ethnic groups which are or have been represented within Belarusian territory.
Napoleon Mateusz Tadeusz Orda (Напалео́н О́рда; February 11, 1807 – April 26, 1883) was a Polish-Lithuanian musician, pianist, composer and artist, best known for numerous sketches of historical sites of present-day Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, and Poland.
Natalija Eder (born 6 August 1980) is a visually impaired Paralympian athlete from Austria competing mainly in F12 classification throwing events.
Nataliya Kotsina (born Наталля Коціна; September 7, 1991) is a Belarusian handballer playing in the Turkish Women's Handball Super League for Kastamonu Bld. GSK and the Belarısian national team.
Natallia Mikhnevich (Наталля Міхневіч, née Харанэка, Kharaneka; born May 25, 1982 in Nevinnomyssk, Russian SFSR) is a Belarusian shot putter.
Nathan Nata Spira (נתן נטע שפירא; 1585 – July 20, 1633) was a Polish rabbi and kabbalist.
Nathan Yellin-Mor (נתן ילין-מור, Nathan Friedman-Yellin; 1913 – 19 February 1980) was a Revisionist Zionist activist, Lehi leader and Israeli politician.
The National Library of Poland (Biblioteka Narodowa) is the central Polish library, subject directly to the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland.
The National State TV and Radio Company of the Republic of Belarus (Нацыянальная дзяржаўная тэлерадыёкампанія Рэспублікі Беларусь, Национальная государственная телерадиокомпания Республики Беларусь) (Belteleradio) is the state television and radio broadcasting service in Belarus.
Naumovichi (Belarussian: Navumavičy, russian.: Наумовичи) is a village located a few kilometers North of Grodno in Belarus.
Naviband (also called NAVI) is a Belarusian band from Minsk.
The Neman, Nemunas, Nyoman, Niemen or Memel, a major Eastern European river.
Neman Stadium (Стадыён "Нёман", Стадион "Неман") is a multi-purpose stadium in Grodno, Belarus.
The New Castle in Hrodna, Belarus is a royal palace of Augustus III of Poland and Stanisław August Poniatowski where the famous Grodno Sejm took place in 1793.
Nikodem Sulik-Sarnowski, who used the noms de guerre "Jodko", "Jod", "Karol", and "Sarnowski" (August 15, 1893 - January 14, 1954), was an officer of the Russian Imperial Army, and Generał brygady of the Polish Army.
Nikolai Semyonovich Leskov (Никола́й Семёнович Леско́в; –) was a Russian novelist, short-story writer, playwright, and journalist, who also wrote under the pseudonym M. Stebnitsky.
Academician Nikolai Andreev Stojanov, (Николай Андреев Стоянов.) was a botanist who was among the founders of botany in Bulgaria.
Nikolai Sidorovich Vlasik (Никола́й Си́дорович Вла́сик) (May 22, 1896 – June 18, 1967) was a Soviet security official and general, best known as head of Joseph Stalin's personal security from 1931 to 1952.
Nikolay Pavlovich Pukhov (–March 28, 1958) was a Soviet Army colonel general and a Hero of the Soviet Union who commanded troops during World War II.
The NKVD prisoner massacres were a series of mass executions carried out by the Soviet NKVD secret police during World War II against political prisoners across Eastern Europe, primarily Poland, Ukraine, the Baltic states, Bessarabia and other parts of the Soviet Union from which the Red Army was retreating following the Nazi German attack on the Soviet positions in occupied Poland, known as Operation Barbarossa.
Nosson Meir Wachtfogel (נתן מאיר וכטפוגל) (18 February 1910 in Kuliai, Lithuania – 21 November 1998 in Lakewood, New Jersey, USA), known as the Lakewood Mashgiach, was an Orthodox rabbi and long-time mashgiach ruchani (spiritual supervisor) of Beth Medrash Govoha (the Lakewood Yeshiva) in Lakewood, New Jersey.
Novosokolnichesky District (Новосо́кольнический райо́н) is an administrativeLaw #833-oz and municipalLaw #420-oz district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia.
Novosokolniki (Новосоко́льники) is a town and the administrative center of Novosokolnichesky District in Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on the Maly Udray River at the junction of the St. Petersburg–Kiev and Moscow–Riga railways, southeast of Pskov, the administrative center of the oblast.
Nyírbátor is a town in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary.
Ober Ost is short for Oberbefehlshaber der gesamten Deutschen Streitkräfte im Osten, German for "Supreme Commander of All German Forces in the East" during World War I. It also has an implied double meaning, as in its own right, "Ober Ost" translates into "Upper East," which describes its geographic region in reference to the German Empire.
The Ogiński, feminine form: Ogińska, plural: Ogińscy (Oginskiai, Агінскія, Ahinskija) was a noble family of Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Poland (later, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth), member of the Princely Houses of Poland.
The Old Grodno Castle (also known as the Grodno Upper Castle and Bathory's Castle) originated in the 11th century as the seat of a dynasty of Black Ruthenian rulers, descended from a younger son of Yaroslav the Wise of Kiev.
Oleg Goroshko (born November 19, 1989) is a Belarusian professional ice hockey player who is currently playing for HC Dinamo Minsk in the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL).
Olga Valentinovna Korbut (born 16 May 1955) is a Belarusian former gymnast.
Olga Sanfirova (2 May 1917 – 13 December 1944) was a Guard Captain in the 46th Taman Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment, 325th Night Bomber Aviation Division, 4th Air and Air Defence Forces Army, 2nd Belorussian Front during World War II.
Olgierd Ciepły (28 March 1936 – 5 January 2007) was a Polish athlete.
Olieg Achrem (born as Aleh Akhrem on 12 March 1983) is a Belarusian volleyball player, who has Polish citizenship, a member of Belarus men's national volleyball team and Polish club Aluron Virtu Warta Zawiercie, Polish Champion (2012, 2013, 2015), Turkish Champion (2017).
SBK Olimpia Grodno is a Belarusian women's basketball club from Grodno.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Operation Ostra Brama (lit. Operation Sharp Gate, English: Operation Gate of Dawn) was an armed conflict during World War II between the Polish Home Army and the Nazi German occupiers of Vilnius (Polish: Wilno).
Operation Tempest (akcja „Burza”, sometimes referred in English as Operation Storm) was a series of anti-Nazi uprisings conducted during World War II by the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa, AK), the dominant force in the Polish resistance.
Operational Group (Grupa Operacyjna, abbreviated GO) was the highest level of tactical division of the Polish Army before and during World War II and the invasion of Poland.
In late 1936, the Do 17 E-1 began to be mass-produced.
This is the order of battle for Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.
The order of precedence for members of the Sejm (parliament) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was created at the same time as the Commonwealth itself – at the Lublin Sejm in 1569.
Osadniks (osadnik/osadnicy, "settler/settlers, colonist/colonists") were veterans of the Polish Army and civilians who were given or sold state land in the Kresy (current Western Belarus and western Ukraine) territory ceded to Poland by Polish-Soviet Riga Peace Treaty of 1921 (and occupied by the Soviet Union in 1939 and ceded to it after World War II).
The Osovets Offensive (Осовецкая наступательная операция) was part of the third and final phase of Operation Bagration, the Belorussian Strategic Offensive of the Red Army in summer 1944.
The Ossolineum or the National Ossoliński Institute (Zakład Narodowy im., ZNiO) is a non-profit foundation located in Wrocław, Poland since 1947, and subsidized from the state budget.
The Ostrów or Astrava Agreement (Astravos sutartis, Востраўскае пагадненне, Ugoda w Ostrowie) was a treaty between Jogaila (Władysław II Jagiełło), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his cousin Vytautas the Great, signed on 4 August 1392.
Pacowie (Pacowie, Pacai, Па́цы) was one of the most influential noble families in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania during the era of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
The Pact of Vilnius and Radom (Unia wileńsko-radomska, Vilniaus-Radomo sutartis) was a set of three acts passed in Vilnius, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and confirmed by the Crown Council in Radom, Kingdom of Poland in 1401.
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.
Pas kontuszowy ("kontusz sash" or the Slutsk sash) was a cloth sash used for girding a kontusz (a robe-like garment).
Paul Baran (April 29, 1926 – March 26, 2011) was a Polish-born Jewish American engineer who was a pioneer in the development of computer networks.
Paul Tremo (1733/34–1810) was the head chef at the court of King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski of Poland.
Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg, known generally as Paul von Hindenburg (2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934) was a Generalfeldmarschall and statesman who commanded the German military during the second half of World War I before later being elected President of the Weimar republic in 1925.
Pavel Alyaksandravich Rybak (Павел Аляксандравіч Рыбак; Павел Александрович Рыбак; born 11 September 1983) is a Belarusian professional footballer.
Pavel Paulavich Sankovich (Павел Паўлавіч Санковіч; born 29 June 1990) is a Belarusian swimmer, who specialized in sprint backstroke and butterfly events.
Pavel Alehavich Savitski (Павел Алегавiч Савiцкi; Павел Олегович Савицкий; born 12 July 1994) is a Belarusian football midfielder.
Pavel Tseslyukevich (Павел Цеслюкевіч; Павел Цеслюкевич; born 11 May 1995) is a Belarusian professional footballer.
Pavel Zabelin (Павел Забелiн; Павел Забелин; born 30 June 1995) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Neman Grodno.
Paweł Jasienica was the pen name of Leon Lech Beynar (10 November 1909 – 19 August 1970), a Polish historian, journalist, essayist and soldier.
Peace of Raciąż was a treaty signed on 22 May 1404 between Kingdom of Poland, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Teutonic Knights, regarding the control of the Dobrzyń Land and Samogitia.
Penny Wolin (born June 5, 1953), also known as Penny Diane Wolin and Penny Wolin-Semple, is an American portrait photographer and a visual anthropologist.
Perloja is a village in Varėna district, Lithuania.
Prince Peter Petrovich Dolgorukov (Russian - Пётр Петрович Долгоруков; 19 December 1777 - 8 December 1806 was a Russian officer and nobleman.
Petro Herkulan Malchuk, O.F.M. (Петро Геркулан Мальчук; 7 July 1965 – 27 May 2016) was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Kyiv-Zhytomyr.
Piotrków Trybunalski (also known by alternative names) is a city in central Poland with 74,694 inhabitants (2016).
Plan East (Plan Wschód) was a Polish defensive military plan, created in the 1920s and 1930s in case of war with the Soviet Union.
The plečkaitininkai ("plečkaitists"), named after Jeronimas Plečkaitis, was a group of Lithuanian political opponents of the authoritarian regime of Antanas Smetona active abroad in 1927–1935.
The Podlaskie Voivodeship was formed in 1513 by Sigismund I the Old as a voivodeship in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, from a split off part of the Trakai Voivodeship.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
Following the Invasion of Poland at the beginning of World War II, nearly a quarter of the entire territory of the Second Polish Republic was annexed by Nazi Germany and placed directly under the German civil administration.
Polish OOB during the invasion of Poland.
The Polish cavalry (jazda, kawaleria, konnica) can trace its origins back to the days of medieval mounted knights.
Below is list of Polish language exonyms for places in non-Polish-speaking areas of Europe.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
As a result of the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, hundreds of thousands of Polish soldiers became prisoners of war in the Soviet Union.
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, formally the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after 1791 the Commonwealth of Poland, was a dualistic state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both the King of Poland and the Grand Duke of Lithuania.
The issue of Polish and Lithuanian relations during World War II is a controversial one, and some modern Lithuanian and Polish historians still differ in their interpretations of the related events, many of which are related to the Lithuanian collaboration with Nazi Germany and the operations of Polish resistance organization of Armia Krajowa on territories inhabited by Lithuanians and Poles.
In early 1700, King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania and Elector of Saxony, Augustus II the Strong began the Great Northern War by attacking Swedish Livonia.
The Polish–Lithuanian War was an armed conflict between newly independent Lithuania and Poland in the aftermath of World War I. The conflict primarily concerned territorial control of the Vilnius Region, including Vilnius, and the Suwałki Region, including the towns of Suwałki, Augustów, and Sejny.
The Polish–Russian War of 1792 (also, War of the Second Partition, and in Polish sources, War in Defence of the Constitution (wojna w obronie Konstytucji 3 maja)) was fought between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth on one side, and the Targowica Confederation (conservative nobility of the Commonwealth opposed to the new Constitution of 3 May 1791) and the Russian Empire under Catherine the Great on the other.
The Polish–Soviet War (February 1919 – March 1921) was fought by the Second Polish Republic, Ukrainian People's Republic and the proto-Soviet Union (Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine) for control of an area equivalent to today's western Ukraine and parts of modern Belarus.
In 1918, the German Army in the east was the most powerful force in the region.
The Polish–Soviet war erupted in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I. The root causes were twofold: a territorial dispute dating back to Polish-Russian wars in the 17–18th centuries; and a clash of ideology due to USSR's goal of spreading communist rule further west, to Europe (Soviet westward offensive of 1918–19).
Poniatowski (plural: Poniatowscy) is a prominent Polish family that was part of the nobility of Poland.
Poznan University of Medical Sciences (Uniwersytet Medyczny im.) is a prominent Polish medical university, located in the city of Poznań in western Poland.
Prienai is a city in Lithuania situated on the Nemunas River, south of Kaunas.
The Prince George Cougars are a Canadian major junior ice hockey team currently members of the B.C. Division of the Western Conference in the Western Hockey League (WHL).
The Prussian Crusade was a series of 13th-century campaigns of Roman Catholic crusaders, primarily led by the Teutonic Knights, to Christianize the pagan Old Prussians.
The Prussian uprisings were two major and three smaller uprisings by the Prussians, one of the Baltic tribes, against the Teutonic Knights that took place in the 13th century during the Prussian Crusade.
Przewozy Regionalne, trading as POLREGIO, formerly PKP Przewozy Regionalne, is a train operator in Poland, responsible for local and interregional passenger transportation (przewozy regionalne means regional transport in Polish).
Przysposobienie Wojskowe Kobiet (Female Military Training) was a Polish organization for women, which existed in the interbellum period as well as during World War II.
Pskov Oblast (Пско́вская о́бласть) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the west of the country.
Prince Pyotr Dmitrievich Svyatopolk-Mirsky (князь Пётр Дми́триевич Святопо́лк-Ми́рский) (Vladikavkaz –, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire) was a Russian noble, politician and police official.
Pyotr Timofeyevich Mstislavets (Timofeyev) (Пётр Цімафеевіч Мсціславец; Пётр Тимофеевич Мстиславец (Тимофеев)) was a Belarusian printer and Ivan Fedorov's associate in Moscow.
Pyotr Ivanovich Pochynchuk (Пётар Іванавіч Пачынчук; Пётр Иванович Починчук) (July 26, 1954 – December 1, 1991) was a Soviet athlete who mainly competed in the men's 20 kilometer walk during his career.
Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin (p; –) was the 3rd Prime Minister of Russia, and Minister of Internal Affairs of the Russian Empire from 1906 to 1911.
Rada (Council) of the Belarusian Democratic Republic (Рада Беларускай Народнай Рэспублікі, Рада БНР, Rada BNR) (Рада Белорусской Народной Республики, Рада БНР, Rada BNR) is the supreme governing body of the Belarusian People's Republic.
Radik Kuliev aka Radik Kuliyeu (Радик Кулиев; Dagestan) is a Russian-Belarussian greco-roman wrestler of Lezgin heritage, who competed for the 2017 European Wrestling Championships and won silver medal at 80 kilos.
Radio "Belarus" (Belarusian: Радыё "Беларусь") is the official international broadcasting station of Belarus.
The Radziwiłł family (Radvila; Радзівіл, Radzivił; Radziwill) was a powerful magnate family originating from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and later the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland.
Coat of Arms of the Radziwiłł family Castle in Nieśwież, residence of the ordynats of the "Nieśwież Fee Tail" Castle in Ołyka Radziwiłł Family Fee Tail (Polish: Ordynacja Radziwiłłów) was a fee tail established in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and owned by the Radziwiłł family.
The Polish railways network consists of around of track as of 2015, of which the vast majority is electrified at 3 kV DC overhead.
Różanystok is a village and former monastery in northeastern Poland, known regionally for both its ornate 18th-century minor basilica and its agricultural magnet school.
At the top level of administration, Belarus is divided into six regions and the city of Minsk, which has a special status being the capital of Belarus.
Renald Ivanovich Knish (Ренальд Иванович Кныш, Рэнальд Іванавіч Кныш; born September 10, 1931, Kapyl, Minsk Region) is a Soviet and Belarusian coach in artistic gymnastics.
Richeza of Poland (Ryksa Bolesławówna, Rikissa Burislevsdotter; 12 April 1116 – after 25 December 1156), a member of the House of Piast, was queen of Sweden and princess of Minsk through her three marriages.
Automobile roads in Belarus are classified into several categories.
Robert Wartenberg (June 19, 1887 – November 16, 1956) was an American neurologist and professor.
The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Vilnius (Archidioecesis Vilnensis; Vilniaus arkivyskupija) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Lithuania.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Grodno (Grodnen(sis) Latinorum, Гродзенская дыяцэзія) is an diocese located in the city of Hrodna in the Ecclesiastical province of Minsk-Mohilev in Belarus.
The Romm publishing house was a famous publisher of Jewish religious literature, especially known for its 1886 Vilna Talmud, which still serves as a definitive edition.
In the history of Poland, a royal city or royal town (miasto królewskie) was an urban settlement within the crown lands (królewszczyzna).
The Russo-Polish War of 1654–1667, also called Thirteen Years' War, First Northern War, War for Ukraine or Russian Deluge (Potop rosyjski, Российский потоп), was a major conflict between Tsardom of Russia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Rycerz Niepokalanej (English: Knight of The Immaculate) is a Polish Roman-Catholic monthly magazine.
Saint Casimir Jagiellon (Kazimierz, Kazimieras; October 3, 1458 – March 4, 1484) was a prince of the Kingdom of Poland and of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
The Saint Petersburg–Warsaw Railway, Russian "Санкт-Петербурго-Варшавская железная дорога" (transcription: Sankt-Peterburgo–Varshavskaya zheleznaya doroga) is a long railway, built in the 19th century by the Russian Empire to connect Russia with Central Europe.
Samogitian uprisings refer to two uprisings by the Samogitians against the Teutonic Knights in 1401–1404 and 1409.
Sapieha (Сапега, Sapeha; Lithuanian: Sapiega) is a princely (magnate) family of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania of Ruthenian origin, descending from the medieval boyars of Smolensk or Polack.
Sapotskin (Сапоцкін, Sapackinė, Сопоцкин, Sopoćkinie, Sopetkin) is a small town in Belarus, north-west of Hrodna with circa 2,000 inhabitants.
A satellite town or satellite city is a concept in urban planning that refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas which are located somewhat near to, but are mostly independent of larger metropolitan areas.
Saul Lowenstam (1717 – 19 June 1790) was a renowned Dutch rabbi and talmudist.
Schlachtgeschwader 2 (SG 2) Immelmann was a Luftwaffe Dive bomber-wing of World War II.
The Scrolls of Abraham (صحف إبراهيم, Ṣuḥuf ʾIbrāhīm) are part of the religious scriptures of Islam.
The Second Department of Polish General Staff (Polish: Oddział II Sztabu Generalnego Wojska Polskiego, also called Dwojka) was a department of the Polish General Staff in the Second Polish Republic.
Sefer Yetzirah (Sēpher Yəṣîrâh, Book of Formation, or Book of Creation) is the title of the earliest extant book on Jewish esotericism, although some early commentators treated it as a treatise on mathematical and linguistic theory as opposed to Kabbalah.
The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublikos Seimas), or simply the Seimas, is the unicameral parliament of Lithuania.
Seimas (Sejm, Sojm, Сойм) was an early parliament in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
The general sejm (sejm walny, also translated as the full or ordinary sejm) was the bicameral parliament of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
A sejmik (diminutive of sejm, occasionally translated as a dietine; seimelis) was one of various local parliaments in the history of Poland.
Sejny (Seinai) is a town in north-eastern Poland and the capital of Sejny County, in Podlaskie Voivodeship, close to the northern border with Lithuania and Belarus.
Selichot or slichot (סליחות; singular סליחה, selichah) are Jewish penitential poems and prayers, especially those said in the period leading up to the High Holidays, and on Fast Days.
Sergei Gurenko (Сяргей Віталевіч Гурэнка,, sʲɪrˈɡʲej vʲɪˈtalʲɪvʲɪtɕ ɡʊˈrʲɛnkə; born 30 September 1972) is a Belarusian football coach and a former player.
Sergei Konstantinovich Gershelman (Серге́й Константинович Гершельман, Sergey Konstantinovich Gershelman; 26 June 1854 – 17 October 1910), last name also spelled Hershelman, was a Imperial Russian Army general, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and served as the Governor-General of Moscow.
Sergei Aleksandrovich Kornilenko (Сяргей Аляксандравіч Карніленка; Russian: Сергей Александрович Корниленко; born 14 June 1983) is a Belarusian professional footballer who plays as a striker for FC Krylia Sovetov Samara of the Russian Premier League.
Sergey Khomitsky (Siarhei Khamitski; born 13 September 1974) is a Belarusian professional boxer who has challenged once for the WBA interim middleweight title in 2015.
Sergey Vyacheslavovich Krivets (Сяргей Вячаслававіч Крывец, Серге́й Вячеславович Кривец; born 8 June 1986) is a Belarusian midfielder who plays for Dinamo Brest.
Sergey Rabchenko (birth name: Siarhei Rabchanka, born 23 February 1986 in Minsk) is a Belarusian professional boxer.
Rabbi Shemuel Shelomo ben Moshe Meir Boyarski (שמואל שלמה בוירסקי; around 1820 – after 1894), known as "Rashash Boyarski" (רש"ש בויארסקי), after the initials of his personal names, was a Lithuanian rabbinical scholar and ritual scribe who lived in Jerusalem, as part of the Old Yishuv.
Shimon Yehuda Hakohen Shkop (שמעון שקופ; 1860 – October 22, 1939) was a rosh yeshiva ("dean") of the Yeshiva of Telshe and then of Yeshiva Shaar Hatorah of Grodno, and a renowned Talmudic scholar.
Shlomo Polachek (שלמה פוליצ'ק; 1877 – July 9, 1928) was born in Sinichinitz, near Meitchet, Grodna.
Shmaryahu Levin (Шмарьяху Левин; born 1867 in Svislach, Minsk Governorate; died 9 June 1935, Haifa), was a Jewish Zionist activist.
Rabbi Shmuel Rozovsky (1913–1979) was known as a Talmudic lecturer at the Ponevezh Yeshiva located in Bnei Brak, Israel, and was counted amongst the great rabbis of his generation.
Siarhei Mikalaievich Borchanka (Сяргей Мікалаевіч Борчанка; born January 30, 1976 in Grodno) is a retired amateur Belarusian freestyle wrestler, who competed in the men's light heavyweight category.
Siarhei Viktaravich Kalamoyets (Сяргей Віктаравіч Каламоец; born 11 August 1989) is a Belarusian athlete specialising in the hammer throw.
Siarhei Prytytski (Сяргей Прытыцкі, Siarhiej Prytycki Серге́й Притыцкий, Sergey Pritytsky, Sergiusz Prytycki; February 1, 1913, Harkavichy - June 13, 1971, Minsk) was a Belarusian Soviet statesman.
Sidney "Sid" Gordon (August 13, 1917 – June 17, 1975), was an American right-handed Major League Baseball two-time All-Star outfielder, third baseman, and first baseman.
Siemowit II of Rawa (pl: Siemowit II rawski; 1283 – 18 February 1345), was a Polish prince member of the House of Piast, Duke of Warsaw and Liw during 1310-1313, after a new division with his brothers since 1313 ruler over Rawa Mazowiecka, Sochaczew, Zakroczym, Gostynin, Ciechanów and Wizna, regent of Płock during 1336–1340.
The Signal Intelligence Regiment (Kommandeur der Nachrichtenaufklärung) (abbr. KONA) was the basic element of the field organisation of the German Army (Wehrmacht) signal intelligence organization during World War II.
Simcha Zissel Halevi Levovitz (1908–2001) was a rabbi and founder of the first Mesivta (Jewish High School) in Boro Park, Brooklyn, and a teacher of thousands of students.
Simon Dubnow (alternatively spelled Dubnov, sʲɪˈmʲɵn ˈmarkəvʲɪtɕ ˈdubnəf; שמעון דובנאָװ, Shimen Dubnov; 10 September 1860 – 8 December 1941) was a Jewish-born Russian historian, writer and activist.
Skidzieĺ (Скідзель, also Скідаль, Skidal’; Skidlius; Skidel; Скидель) is a town in the Grodno Region of Belarus located 31 kilometers from Grodno.
Slonim (Сло́нім, Сло́ним, Slanimas, Słonim, סלאָנים, Slonim) is a city in Grodno Region, Belarus, capital of the Slonim district.
The Slutsk defence action or the Slutsk uprising (Слуцкі збройны чын or Слуцкае паўстанне) was an unsuccessful armed attempt to establish an independent Belarus.
Sokółka (Sokulka, Sakala, Sakalinė, Саку́лка Sakúlka) is a town in Podlaskie Voivodeship in northeastern Poland.
Solomon Perel (also Shlomo Perel or Sally Perel; born 21 April 1925) is an Israeli author and motivational speaker.
Sophia of Halshany or Sonka Olshanskaya (translit; Sofija Alšėniškė; Zofia Holszańska; – September 21, 1461 in Kraków) was a Grand Duchy of Lithuania princess of Halshany.
Sophia of Minsk or Sophia of Polotsk (c. 1140 – 5 May 1198) was a Danish queen consort by marriage to King Valdemar I of Denmark, and a landgravine of Thuringia by marriage to Louis III, Landgrave of Thuringia.
The Soviet invasion of Poland was a Soviet Union military operation that started without a formal declaration of war on 17 September 1939.
The Soviet westward offensive of 1918–1919 was part of the campaign by the proto-Soviet Union into areas abandoned by the Ober Ost garrisons that were being withdrawn to Germany following that country's defeat in World War I. The initially successful offensive against the Republic of Estonia ignited the Estonian War of Independence which ended with the Soviet recognition of Estonia.
The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty, also known as the Moscow Peace Treaty, was signed between Lithuania and Soviet Russia on July 12, 1920.
Stanisław II Augustus (also Stanisław August Poniatowski; born Stanisław Antoni Poniatowski; 17 January 1732 – 12 February 1798), who reigned as King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1764 to 1795, was the last monarch of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Stanisław Bóbr-Tylingo (1919–2001) was a Polish-born historian who specialized in 19th-century Polish history, a Polish resistance fighter who after 1945 had to live his life in exile in Britain and Canada, and a decorated veteran of the Polish Warsaw Uprising in August–September 1944.
Stanisław Jackowski (1881–1929) was one of the early pioneers of armoured warfare during the Polish-Soviet war of 1919-1921.
Stanisław Piotrowicz Kiszka (Stanislovas Kiška; died in 1513 or 1514) was a noble, diplomat and military commander from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Stanisław Kuryłłowicz (6 June 1909 – 2 February 1945) was a Polish rower.
General Stanisław Maczek (31 March 1892 – 11 December 1994) was a Polish tank commander of World War II, whose division was instrumental in the Allied liberation of France, closing the Falaise pocket, resulting in the destruction of 14 German Wehrmacht and SS divisions.
Stanisław Radziwon (29 August 1907 in Dolistowo–10 July 1973 in Edinburgh) was a Polish administrator, soldier, and active member of the Polish émigré community in Scotland.
Stanisław Szostak (14 January 1898 – 11 February 1961) was a colonel of the Polish Armoured Corps.
Stanislav Czupurna (died in 1411; Stanislovas Čiupurna) was a Lithuanian noble, Court (1395–1407) and Grand Marshal of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1407–1411).
Stanislav Yulianovich Zhukovsky (Polish: Stanisław Żukowski, Станислав Юлианович Жуковский) (1873–1944) was a Polish-Russian painter, and a member of Mir iskusstva.
Stephen Báthory (Báthory István; Stefan Batory; Steponas Batoras; 27 September 1533 – 12 December 1586) was Voivode of Transylvania (1571–76), Prince of Transylvania (1576–86), from 1576 Queen Anna Jagiellon's husband and jure uxoris King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (1576-1586).
STS Sanok is an ice hockey team in Sanok, Poland.
Students' Ethnographic Association (SEA) (Belarusian: Студэ́нцкае этнаграфі́чнае тавары́ства (СЭТ)) is a Belarusian non-governmental youth organisation, founded in August 1998.
Stutthof was a Nazi German concentration camp established in a secluded, wet, and wooded area near the small town of Sztutowo (Stutthof) 34 km (21 mi) east of the city of Gdańsk in the former territory of the Free City of Danzig.
Sudovian (also known as Yotvingian, Yatvingian, or Jatvingian) is an extinct western Baltic language of Northeastern Europe.
Suwałki (Suvalkai, סואוואַלק) is a city in northeastern Poland with 69,210 inhabitants (2011).
The Suwałki Agreement, Treaty of Suvalkai, or Suwalki Treaty (Umowa suwalska, Suvalkų sutartis) was an agreement signed in the town of Suwałki between Poland and Lithuania on October 7, 1920.
Suwalska Cavalry Brigade (Polish: Suwalska Brygada Kawalerii) was a cavalry unit of the Polish Army in the interbellum period.
Sviatlana Sudak (Сьвятлана Судак; born 20 March 1971) is a Turkish female hammer thrower of Belarusian origin.
Svislach (Свiслач, pronounced; Свислочь, Svisloch, Świsłocz, סיסלעוויטש, Svisločius) is a city in the South-West of Grodno Region, Belarus, an administrative center of the Svislach district.
Svislach (Свíслач), Świsłocz or Svisloch (Свислочь) is a river in Grodno Oblast, Belarus, a left tributary of Neman.
The invasion of Russia by Charles XII of Sweden was a campaign undertaken during the Great Northern War between Sweden and the allied states of Russia, Poland, and Denmark.
Syarhey Chernik (Сяргей Чэрнік; Серге́й Черник; born 20 July 1988) is a Belarusian professional footballer who plays for AS Nancy.
Syarhey Irkha (Сяргей Ірха; Серге́й Ирха; born 25 March 1984) is a Belarusian former professional footballer.
Syarhey Kurhanski (Сяргей Курганскі; Серге́й Курганский; born 15 May 1986) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Neman Grodno.
Syarhey Vyachaslavavich Lyavitski (Сяргей Вячаслававіч Лявіцкі; Сергей Вячеславович Левицкий; born 27 May 1990) is a Belarusian professional footballer.
Sztafeta (English: Relay Race) is a 1939 compendium of literary reportage written by Melchior Wańkowicz.
Prince Tadas Pranciškus Andrius Oginskis (Tadeusz Franciszek Ogiński) was a szlachcic from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Tadeusz Gawin (Тадэвуш Гавін; born July 3, 1951 in Łosośno near Hrodna) is a Belarusian Polish journalist and activist.
Tadeusz Jasiński (1926 – 21 September 1939, in Grodno) - was one of the young defenders of Grodno (see Battle of Grodno (1939)) in September 1939, after the Soviet invasion of Poland.
Andrzej Tadeusz Bonawentura Kościuszko (Andrew Thaddeus Bonaventure Kosciuszko; February 4 or 12, 1746 – October 15, 1817) was a Polish-Lithuanian military engineer, statesman, and military leader who became a national hero in Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, and the United States.
Archbishop Monsignor Tadeusz Kondrusiewicz (Тадэвуш Кандрусевіч, b. January 3, 1946, Odelsk, Hrodna Raion, Belarus) is the Belarusian Roman Catholic Archbishop of Minsk and Mahilyow, Belarus.
Tadeusz Kruczkowski (Тадэвуш Кручкоўскі; born January 5, 1961 in Jaskołda near Vyalikaya Byerastavitsa) is a Polish-Belarusian historian and activist.
Tambov (p) is a city and the administrative center of Tambov Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Tsna and Studenets Rivers, about south-southeast of Moscow. Population: 280,161 (2010 Census); 293,658 (2002 Census);.
This article deals with the history and development of tanks of the Polish army from their first use after World War I, into the interwar period, during World War II, the Cold War and modern era.
The Tatars (татарлар, татары) are a Turkic-speaking peoples living mainly in Russia and other Post-Soviet countries.
Tatyana Kurochkina (née Matsuta, born 15 September 1967) is a Belarusian former 400m hurdler.
Belarus began using its own country code +375 in 1995.
Tell the Truth! (Гавары праўду, Havary Praŭdu) is a campaign in Belarus, which was started on 25 February 2010 by educational and research institution "Movement Forward" and is supported by some social public figures.
Yuriy Alexeyevich Vashchuk (Юрий Алексеевич Ващук, Yuriy Alekseyevich Vashchuk, Юрый Аляксеевіч Вашчук, Juryj Aliaksiejevič Vaščuk; born 24 January 1983), better known by his stage name Teo, is a Belarusian singer, songwriter, and television presenter.
Prince Teodor Lubomirski (1683–1745) was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic).
Teodor Narbutt (Teodoras Narbutas; 8 November 1784 – 27 November 1864) was a Polish–Lithuanian romantic historian and military engineer in service of the Russian Empire.
Territorial changes of the Baltic states refers to the redrawing of borders of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia after 1940.
The territorial changes of Germany include all changes in the borders and territory of Germany from its formation in 1871 to the present.
Poland (Polska) is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west; the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south; Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania to the east; and the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the north.
17 days after the German invasion of Poland in 1939, which marked the beginning of World War II, the Soviet Union invaded the eastern regions of the Second Polish Republic, which Poland re-established during the Polish–Soviet War and referred to as the "Kresy", and annexed territories totaling with a population of 13,299,000 inhabitants including Lithuanians,Russians, Belarusians, Ukrainians, Poles, Jews, Czechs and others.
The Holocaust in Belarus in general terms refers to the Nazi crimes committed during World War II on the territory of Belarus against Jews.
The Unknown War is a military history book written by Hienadz Sahanovich.
The third season of the Russian reality talent show The Voice premiered on 5 September 2014 on Channel One.
This timeline of antisemitism chronicles the facts of antisemitism, hostile actions or discrimination against Jews as a religious or ethnic group.
This is a timeline of country and capital changes around the world.
This article presents the timeline of events at Treblinka extermination camp during the most deadly phase of the Holocaust in World War II.
Timofei Sergeyevich Kalachev (Цімафей Сяргеевiч Калачоў, Tsimafei Syarheyevich Kalachou, Тимофей Сергеевич Калачёв; born 1 May 1981) is a Belarusian footballer.
BelToll is a system of toll roads operating in the Republic of Belarus.
The Tower of Kamyenyets, often called by the misnomer the White Tower (Белая вежа, transliteration: Bielaya Vieža or Belaya Vezha), is the main landmark of the town of Kamyenyets in Belarus.
Traidenis (Trojden, Трайдзень) (died 1282) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1270 (or 1269) till 1282.
Trakai Voivodeship, Trakai Palatinate, or Troki Voivodeship (Trakų vaivadija, Palatinatus Trocensis, Województwo trockie), was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1413 until 1795.
Białystok is, and has been for centuries, the main hub of transportation for the Podlaskie Voivodeship and the entire northeastern section of Poland.
Białystok is, and has been for centuries, the main hub of transportation for the Podlaskie Voivodeship and the entire northeastern section of Poland.
Treaty of Salynas (Frieden von Sallinwerder, Salyno sutartis) was a peace treaty signed on 12 October 1398 by the Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights Konrad von Jungingen.
The Treaty of Warsaw was concluded on 18 November (O.S.) / 28 November 1705 during the Great Northern War.
Trojden I (1284/86 – 13 March 1341), was a Polish prince member of the House of Piast, Duke of Czersk since 1310, ruler over Warsaw and Liw since 1313, regent of Płock during 1336–1340.
As of 2012 there were around 300 cities or metropolitan areas where trolleybuses were operated,Webb, Mary (ed.) (2012).
Trolleybuses in Belarus form an important component of the urban public transport systems in that country.
Tyzenhaus Palace (Lithuanian Tyzenhauzų rūmai) is an 18th-century mansion located in the city of Vilnius, Lithuania.
Uladzimir Konan (born 1934, Hrodna, Belarus; d. 6 June 2011) was a Belarusian philosopher.
Uladzimir Levaneuski (Уладзімір Леване́ўскі, Владимир Левоневский, Włodzimierz Lewoniewski) is a public figure and the former Chairman of the Strike Committee (2004-2006).
The Union of Grodno was a series of acts of the Polish–Lithuanian union between Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Vaida Žūsinaitė (born 13 January 1988) is a long-distance runner who competes internationally for Lithuania.
Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (a; born 6 March 1937) is a retired Russian cosmonaut, engineer, and politician.
Valeriy Vitalevich Sviatokha (Валеры Віталевіч Сьвятоха; born 20 July 1981) is a Belarusian hammer thrower.
Valéry Levanéuski (Левоне́вский Вале́рий Станисла́вович, Вале́ры Станісла́вавіч Леване́ўскі, Walery Lewoniewski) is a Belarusian political and social activist, former political prisoner.
Valery Tsepkalo (Russian: Валерий Цепкало; born 22 February 1965) is a Belarusian diplomat and executive, founder of Belarus Hi-Tech Park.
Valkininkai (Olkieniki, Алькенікі) is a historic town in (Valkininkai) eldership, Varėna district municipality, Alytus County, Lithuania, located about northeast from Varėna and about southwest from Vilnius.
Varėna District Municipality (Varėnos rajono savivaldybė) is a municipality in Alytus County in southern Lithuania.
Vasíl Uładzímiravič Býkaŭ (often spelled Vasil Bykov, Васі́ль Уладзі́міравіч Бы́каў, Василь Влади́мирович Быков) (June 19, 1924 – June 22, 2003) was a prolific author of novels and novellas about World War II and a significant figure in Belarusian literature and civic thought.
Vasil Zacharka (Васіль Захарка, April 1, 1877, Dabrasielcy near Hrodna – March 14, 1943, Prague) was a Belarusian statesman and the second president of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in exile.
Vasily Maximovich Afonin (Василий Максимович Афонин) (1919 – January 4, 1996) was a Soviet air ace who fought in the German-Soviet War.
Vasily Danilovich Sokolovsky (Васи́лий Дани́лович Соколо́вский; July 21, 1897 – May 10, 1968) was a Soviet military commander.
Vawkavysk (Ваўкавы́ск, Vaŭkavýsk; Волковыск; Wołkowysk; Valkaviskas; וואלקאוויסק; names in other languages) is one of the oldest towns in southwestern Belarus and the capital of the Vawkavysk district.
Belarusian vehicle registration plates are currently composed of four digits, two letters and another digit (e.g. 1234 AB-5).
Velikiye Luki (p; lit. great meanders).
Velikoluksky District (Великолу́кский райо́н) is an administrativeLaw #833-oz and municipalLaw #419-oz district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia.
Veronika Vitenberg (ורוניקה ויטנברג; born September 9, 1988 in Hrodna, Belarus) is an Israeli Rhythmic Gymnast and Olympic Finalist.
Veyshnoria (translit, translit) is a fictional state created for Zapad 2017, a joint Russo-Belarusian military training exercise.
Viktor Danilov (20 July 1927 – 7 December 2016) was a parish priest of the Greek Catholic parish in Grodno, dean of the Belarusian Greek Catholic Church, chaplain, writer in Soviet times and religious dissident.
Viktor Vladislavovich Eisymont (Виктор Владиславович Эйсымонт, 20 December 1904 – 31 January 1964) was a Soviet film director.
Victor Antonovich Shalkevich (born February 9, 1959 in Porozów; Віктар Антонавіч Шалкевіч, Wiktor Antonawicz Szałkiewicz, Виктор Антонович Шалкевич) is a Belarusian actor, poet and singer-songwriter.
The Vilna Troupe (Vilner trupe ווילנער טרופע; Vilniaus trupė; Trupa Wileńska; Trupa din Vilna), also known as Fareyn Fun Yiddishe Dramatishe Artistn (Federation of Yiddish Dramatic Actors) and later Dramă şi Comedie, was an international and mostly Yiddish-speaking theatrical company, one of the most famous in the history of Yiddish theater.
Vilnian National Guard (Gwardia Narodowa Wileńska) was a paramilitary unit formed in the city of Vilna (modern Vilnius, Lithuania) during the French invasion of Russia.
Vincas Vitkauskas (4 October 1890 – 3 March 1965) was a Lithuanian general.
Visa requirements for Albanian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other nations placed on citizens of Albania.
Visa requirements for Australian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Australia entering with an Australian passport.
Visa requirements for Austrian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Austria.
Visa requirements for Bahraini citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Bahrain.
Visa requirements for Belgian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Belgium.
Visa requirements for British citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United Kingdom.
Visa requirements for Bulgarian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Bulgaria.
Visa requirements for Canadian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Canada.
Visa requirements for Chilean citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Chile entering with a Chilean passport.
Visa requirements for Croatian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Croatia.
Visa requirements for Cypriot citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Cyprus.
Visa requirements for Czech citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Czech Republic.
Visa requirements for Danish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Kingdom of Denmark.
Visa requirements for Dutch citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the Netherlands, the joint nationality of the four countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Visa requirements for Estonian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Estonia.
Visa requirements for Finnish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Finland.
Visa requirements for French citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of France.
Visa requirements for German citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Germany.
Visa requirements for Greek citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Greece.
Visa requirements for Hungarian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Hungary by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for Icelandic citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Iceland by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for Irish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Ireland.
Visa requirements for Italian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Italy.
Visa requirements for Japanese citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Japan.
Visa requirements for Latvian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Latvia.
Visa requirements for Lithuanian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Lithuania by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for Luxembourgish citizens (also referred to as Luxembourger) are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Luxembourg.
Visa requirements for Malaysian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Malaysia.
Visa requirements for Maltese citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Malta.
Visa requirements for Mexican citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Mexico.
Visa requirements for New Zealand citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of New Zealand.
Visa requirements for Norwegian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Norway.
Visa requirements for Polish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Poland.
Visa requirements for Portuguese citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Portugal.
Visa requirements for Singaporean citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states which are imposed on citizens of Singapore.
Visa requirements for Slovak citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Slovakia.
Visa requirements for Slovenian citizens are administrative entry restrictions imposed on citizens of Slovenia by the authorities of other states.
Visa requirements for South Korean citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of South Korea.
Visa requirements for Spanish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Spain.
Visa requirements for Swedish citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Sweden.
Visa requirements for United States citizens and non-citizen nationals are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United States.
Vital Kramko (born 1941, Віталь Крамко (Крэмко), Виталий Ильич Кремко) is the chairman of "October" (Октябрь), an agricultural collective located in the Hrodna region.
Vital Nadziewski (Віталь Надзіеўскі; Виталий Надиевский; born 20 October 1981) is a retired Belarusian professional footballer.
Vital Tarashchyk (Віталь Тарашчык; Виталий Таращик; born 18 May 1980 in Grodno) is a retired Belarusian professional footballer.
Vitali Bubnovich (born 12 November 1974) is a Belarusian sports shooter.
Bishop Vitaliy Krivitskiy or Vitaliy Kryvytskyi, S.D.B. (Віталій Кривицький; born 19 August 1972 in Odessa, Ukrainian SSR) is a Ukrainian Roman Catholic prelate as the Diocesan Bishop of Kyiv–Zhytomyr since 30 April 2017.
Vitebsk Television Tower (Віцебская тэлевізійная вежа), also known as Viciebsk, Vitsebsk or Vitsyebsk TV Tower, is a tall steel Belarusian lattice television tower that is located in the city of Vitebsk, in Belarus, thus the name.
Metropolitan Vladimir (born Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Tikhonitsky, Вячеслав Михайлович Тихони́цкий; March 22, 1873 – December 18, 1959 in Paris) was an Eastern Orthodox archbishop and metropolitan of, successively, the Moscow Patriarchate, Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia and the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Dubrovshchik (Уладзімір Уладзіміравіч Дуброўшчык; born January 7, 1972 in Hrodna) is a former Belarusian discus thrower who won the Olympic silver medal in 1996.
Vladimir II Monomakh (Old East Slavic: Володимѣръ Мономахъ, Volodimer Monomakh; Christian name: Vasiliy, or Basileios) (1053 – 19 May 1125) reigned as Grand Prince of Kievan Rus' from 1113 to 1125.
Vladimir Ivanovich Zakharov (born 18 October 1961 in Grodno) is a Belarusian guitarist, composer and music teacher.
Vladimir Lapitsky (born 18 February 1959) is a Soviet fencer.
Vladimir Nikolayevich Beklemishev (Владимир Николаевич Беклемишев;, Hrodna - 4 September 1962, Moscow) was a Russian zoologist and entomologist.
Volfas Engelman is an alcohol beverage producer in Kaunas, Lithuania.
The Volga Tatars are a Turkic ethnic group, native to the Volga-Ural region, Russia.
Volha Mikhaylovna Tsander (Вольга Міхайлаўна Цандар; born 18 May 1976 in Hrodna) is a female hammer thrower from Belarus.
Vialikaja Bierastavica (Вялікая Бераставіца, Большая Берестовица, Brzostowica Wielka, Vileika Berastavica, וויאַליקייַאַ ביעראַסטאַוויצאַ) is a town in Belarus, Grodno Region, Byerastavitsa District.
Vytautas (c. 1350 – October 27, 1430), also known as Vytautas the Great (Lithuanian:, Вітаўт Кейстутавіч (Vitaŭt Kiejstutavič), Witold Kiejstutowicz, Rusyn: Vitovt, Latin: Alexander Vitoldus) from the 15th century onwards, was a ruler of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which chiefly encompassed the Lithuanians and Ruthenians.
Vytautas Pociūnas (September 1957 – 23 August 2006) was a physicist, officer of the Lithuanian State Security Department, and diplomat.
Vytinė (from Lithuanian vytelė - withe, twig) is a Lithuanian trading vessel which was used from the 15th century up to the 19th century.
Wacław Piekarski (1893-1979) was a Polish military officer and a general (generał brygady) of the Polish Army.
Evert Gustav Waldemar Becker, also known as Becker-Bei and Ilmarinen, (6 April 1840 Helsingfors (now Helsinki), Grand Duchy of Finland - February 22, 1907 Naples, or Rome?, Italy) was a Finnish soldier, politician and adventurer, a lifetime appeared in several continents, and fought a number of countries, armies ranks.
Walter Gretzky, CM, O.Ont (born October 8, 1938) is a Canadian who is best known as the father of ice hockey legend Wayne Gretzky.
Węgorzewo (Angerburg, Ungura) is a tourist town in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland, not far from the border with Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast.
Władysław Raginis (June 27, 1908 – September 10, 1939) was a Polish military commander during the Polish Defensive War of 1939 of a small force holding the Polish fortified defense positions against a vastly larger invasion during the Battle of Wizna.
Ludwik Władysław Franciszek Kondratowicz (September 29, 1823 – September 15, 1862), better known as Władysław Syrokomla, was a romantic poet, writer and translator working in Congress Poland of the Russian Empire.
The Western Front was a front of the Red Army, one of the Red Army Fronts during World War II.
The Western Operational Command (ZOK) is a command of the Belarus Ground Forces.
Wiktor Thommée (1881–1962) was a Polish military commander and a brigadier general of the Polish Army.
Tadeusz Kościuszko (1746-1817), a prominent figure in the history of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the American Revolution, made several wills, notably one in 1798 stipulating that the proceeds of his American estate be spent on freeing and educating African-American slaves, including those of his friend Thomas Jefferson, whom he named as the will's executor.
Witold Pilecki (13 May 190125 May 1948;; codenames Roman Jezierski, Tomasz Serafiński, Druh, Witold) was a Polish cavalryman and intelligence officer.
Wojskowy Klub Sportowy Grodno (WKS Grodno) was a Polish football team, located in Grodno, Poland (now Belarus), on the historic territory of Kresy Wschodnie (Polish Eastern Borderlands).
Wojciech Bogusławski (9 April 1757 – 23 July 1829) was a Polish actor, theater director and playwright of the Polish Enlightenment.
Wolf-Dietrich Wilcke (11 March 1913 – 23 March 1944) was a German Luftwaffe pilot during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 162 enemy aircraft shot down in 732 combat missions.
Wolfgang Schellmann (2 March 1911 – 22 June 1941) was a German pilot during World War II.
Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen (10 October 1895 – 12 July 1945) was a German field marshal of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) during World War II.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
Yakov Petrovich Kulnev (Russian: Яков Петрович Кульнев) (6 August 1763 – 1 August 1812) was, along with Pyotr Bagration and Aleksey Yermolov, one of the most popular Russian military leaders at the time of the Napoleonic Wars.
Yakov Arkadyevich Yakovlev (real name: Epstein; Я́ков Арка́дьевич Я́ковлев, 9 June 1896, Grodno - 29 July 1938) was a Soviet politician.
Yan Senkevich (Ян Сянкевіч; Ян Сенкевич; born 18 February 1995) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Dnepr Mogilev.
Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno (Гродзенскі дзяржаўны універсітэт імя Янкі Купалы, Гродненский государственный университет имени Янки Купалы) а higher education institution, located in Grodno.
Yaroslav Yarotsky (Яраслаў Яроцкi; Ярослав Яроцкий; born 28 March 1996) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Smolevichi on loan from Dinamo Minsk.
Yawhen Savastsyanaw (Яўген Савасцьянаў; Евгений Савостьянов; born 30 January 1988) is a Belarusian professional footballer.
Yechiel Michel Feinstein (27 June 1906 – 17 May 2003) was a Haredi rabbi and rosh yeshiva in Israel and the United States.
Yefim Fyodorovich Karskiy (Яўхім Фёдаравіч Карскі, Ефим Фёдорович Карский; Евфимий Феодорович Карский, older name form); (1 January 1861 (20 December 1860) – 29 April 1931) was a Belarusian-Russian linguist-Slavist, ethnographer and paleographer, founder of Belarusian linguistics, literary studies and paleography, a member of numerous scientific institutions, and author of more than 100 works on linguistics, ethnography, paleography and others.
Yehoshua Yehuda Leib Diskin (1818–1898), also known as the Maharil Diskin, was a leading rabbi, Talmudist and Biblical commentator.
Yekaterinburg–Passazhirsky (Екатеринбург-Пассажирский) is the central passenger railway station in Yekaterinburg, a major transportation hub, located on the Trans-Siberian main line and Sverdlovsk Railway.
Elena Vladimirovna Volchetskaya (Алена Уладзіміраўна Цюнянкова (Валчэцкая); Елена Владимировна Волчецкая; born 4 December 1944) is a retired artistic gymnast from Belarus.
Yeshiva Shaar HaTorah is an Orthodox yeshiva and high school in Kew Gardens, Queens, New York, founded in 1974 by Rabbi Kalman Epstein and Rabbi Sholom Spitz.
Yeshivas Knesses Yisrael was a yeshiva located in the Lithuanian town of Slabodka, adjacent to Kovno (Kaunas), now Vilijampolė, a suburb of Kaunas.
Yevgeni Yevgenyevich Kalinin (Евгений Евгеньевич Калинин; born 19 March 1955 in Grodno) is a former Russian football player and coach.
Yevgeni Lisovets (born 12 November 1994) is a Belarusian professional ice hockey player.
Yevgeny Nikolayevich Misyulya (Яўген Мікалаевіч Місюля; born March 13, 1964 in Grodna) is a Belarusian race walker.
Yevgeniy Shidlovskiy (Яўген Шыдлоўскi; Евгений Шидловский; born 13 January 1991) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Lida.
Yiddishkayt is a Yiddish cultural and educational organization, based in Los Angeles, California.
Young Belarus is the youth political block, founded by "Young Front" and some leaders of democratic movement on March 14, 2004.
Yuri Sapega (Юрый Мікалаевіч Сапега; Юрий Николаевич Сапега; 1 January 1965 in Grodno – 29 September 2005 in Moscow) was a Belarusian professional volleyball player and coach.
Yuriy Goltsev (Юрый Гольцаў; Юрий Гольцев; born 19 September 1995) is a Belarusian professional football player currently playing for Neman Grodno.
Yury Bandazhevsky (Юрый Бандажэўскі / Juryj Bandažeŭski, Юрий Иванович Бандажевский / Yuri Ivanovich Bandazhevski; born on January 9, 1957 in Belarus, former director of the Medical Institute in Gomel (Belarus), is a scientist working on sanitary consequences of the Chernobyl disaster. He was the first to create an institute in Belarus, in 1989, specially dedicated to scientific work on the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.
The Yurysdyka (Юрысдыка; Юрисдика, Yurisdika) is a river in Hrodna and Hrodna district, Belarus.
The Załuski Library (Biblioteka Załuskich, Bibliotheca Zalusciana) was built in Warsaw in 1747–1795 by Józef Andrzej Załuski and his brother, Andrzej Stanisław Załuski, both Roman Catholic bishops.
Zapyškis (Sapieżyszki) is a small town in Kaunas County in central Lithuania on the right bank of the Nemunas River.
Zbigniew Radziwonowicz (8 December 1930 – 11 December 2002) was a Polish athlete.
Ze'ev Tzur (זאב צור, born Ze'ev Stein on 11 September 1911, died 28 September 1994) was an Israeli politician who served as a member of the Knesset between 1955 and 1959, and again from 1965 until 1969.
Zhanna Henadziyeuna Shapialevich (née Shitsik) (Жанна Генадзеўна Шыцік-Шапялевіч; born February 26, 1971 in Hrodna) is a Belarusian sport shooter.
Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski (28 October 1845 – 16 April 1888) was a Polish physicist and chemist.
Zygmunt Unrug (1676–1732), also known as Sigismund von Unruh, was a Polish szlachta nobleman of German descent who served as a royal chamberlain, starosta, and ambassador to the Kingdom of Prussia during the period of Stanisław I Leszczyński and Augustus II the Strong.
The 10th Army was a field army of the Imperial Russian Army during the First World War.
The 10TP was a Polish light cruiser tank that never left the prototype status.
The 11th Mechanized Corps was a mechanized corps of the Red Army, formed twice.
The 11th Rifle Corps was a corps of the Red Army, formed twice.
The 13th Mechanized Corps (Military Unit Number 9825) was a mechanized corps of the Red Army, formed in March 1941.
The 15th Tank Corps was a tank corps of the Soviet Union's Red Army.
The following lists events that happened during 1941 in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
1992 Belarusian First League was the first season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
1992 Belarusian Premier League season was the inaugural tournament for independent Belarus after the dissolution of Soviet Union.
1992–93 Belarusian First League was the second season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
1992–93 Belarusian Premier League was the second season of top-tier football in Belarus.
1993–94 Belarusian First League was the third season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
1993–94 Belarusian Premier League was the third season of top-tier football in Belarus.
1994–95 Belarusian First League was the fourth season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
1994–95 Belarusian Premier League was the fourth season of top-tier football in Belarus.
1995 Belarusian First League was the fifth season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
1995 Belarusian Premier League was the fifth season of top-tier football in Belarus.
1996 Belarusian First League was the sixth season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
1996 Belarusian Premier League was the sixth season of top-tier football in Belarus.
1997 Belarusian First League was the seventh season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
1997 Belarusian Premier League was the seventh season of top-tier football in Belarus.
1998 Belarusian First League was the eighth season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
Belarusian Premier League 1998 was the eighth season of top-tier football in Belarus.
Belarusian Premier League 1999 was the ninth season of top-tier football in Belarus.
The 19th Army was a field army of the Soviet Union's Red Army, formed in 1941 and active during the Second World War.
Polish 19th Infantry Division was formed in 1923, from three regiments of the divisions that had previously formed armed forces of the Republic of Central Lithuania.
Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division (1. Dywizja Piechoty Legionów) was a tactical unit of the Polish Army between the World Wars.
The 1st Lithuanian–Belarusian Division (1., 1.DL-B; 1-ая Літоўска-Беларуская дывізія; 1-oji Lietuvos-Baltarusijos divizija) was a volunteer unit of the Polish Army formed around December 1918 and January 1919 during the Polish–Soviet War.
2000 Belarusian Premier League was the tenth season of top-tier football in Belarus.
NEBL'2000–01 was the second complete season of the North European Basketball League.
Belarusian Premier League 2001 was the 11th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2001–02 Belarusian Cup was the eleventh season of the Belarusian annual football cup competition.
Belarusian Premier League 2002 was the 12th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2002–03 Belarusian Cup was the twelfth season of the Belarusian annual football cup competition.
Belarusian Premier League 2003 was the 13th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2003–04 Belarusian Cup was the thirteenth season of the Belarusian annual football cup competition.
Belarusian Premier League 2004 was the 14th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2004–05 Belarusian Cup was the 14th edition of the football knock-out competition in Belarus.
Belarusian Premier League 2005 was the 15th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2005–06 Belarusian Cup was the 15th edition of the football knock-out competition in Belarus.
Belarusian Premier League 2006 was the 16th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2006–07 Belarusian Cup was the 16th edition of the football knock-out competition in Belarus.
2007 Belarusian First League was the seventeenth season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
Belarusian Premier League 2007 was the 17th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2007–08 Belarusian Cup was the 17th edition of the football knock-out competition in Belarus.
2008 Belarusian First League was the eighteenth season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
Belarusian Premier League 2008 was the 18th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
This page lists the World Best Year Performance in the year 2008 in both the men's and the women's hammer throw.
2008–09 Belarusian Cup was the eighteenth season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
2009 Belarusian First League was the nineteenth season of 2nd level football championship in Belarus.
Belarusian Premier League 2009 was the 19th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2009–10 Belarusian Cup was the nineteenth season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2010 Belarusian First League is the 20th season of 2nd level football in Belarus.
The 2010 Belarusian Premier League is the 20th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
The women's 100 metres at the 2010 European Athletics Championships was held at the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys on 28 and 29 July.
The women's shot put at the 2010 European Athletics Championships was held at the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys on 27 July.
The 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification UEFA Group 6 was a UEFA qualifying group for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.
This page lists the World Best Year Performance in the year 2010 in both the men's and the women's hammer throw.
2010–11 Belarusian Cup was the twentieth season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2011 Belarusian First League is the 21st season of 2nd level football in Belarus.
The 2011 Belarusian Premier League is the 21st season of top-tier football in Belarus.
The 2011 Belarusian Super Cup was held on 27 February 2011 between the 2010 Belarusian Premier League champions and 2009–10 Belarusian Cup winners BATE Borisov and the 2009–10 Belarusian Cup runners-up Torpedo-BelAZ Zhodino.
The 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup qualification UEFA Group 2 was a UEFA qualifying group for the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.
2011–12 Belarusian Cup was the twenty first season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2012 Belarusian Premier League is the 22nd season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2012–13 Belarusian Cup was the twenty second season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2012–13 season is Fenerbahçe's 55th consecutive season in the Süper Lig and their 105th year in existence.
The knockout phase of the 2012–13 UEFA Europa League began on 14 February with the round of 32 and concluded on 15 May 2013 with the final at Amsterdam Arena in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The 2013 Belarusian Premier League is the 23rd season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2013–14 Belarusian Cup was the twenty third season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2013–14 season is the 117th season of competitive football in Scotland.
The 2013–14 season was St Johnstone's fifth-consecutive season in the top flight of Scottish football and their first in the newly established Scottish Premiership, having been promoted from the Scottish First Division at the end of the 2008–09 season.
The qualifying phase and play-off round of the 2013–14 UEFA Europa League were played from 2 July to 29 August 2013, to decide 31 of the 48 places in the group stage.
The 2014 Belarusian Premier League was the 24th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2014–15 Belarusian Cup was the twenty fourth season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2014–15 UEFA Europa League qualifying phase and play-off round were played from 1 July to 28 August 2014.
The 2015 Belarusian Premier League was the 25th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
The 2015 FC BATE Borisov season is the club's 28th season of existence and their 18th consecutive season in the Belarusian Premier League.
2015–16 Belarusian Cup was the twenty fifth season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2015–16 Champions Hockey League is the second season of the Champions Hockey League, a European ice hockey tournament launched by 26 founding clubs, six leagues and the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF).
The 2016 Belarusian Premier League was the 26th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
The 2016 Belarusian Super Cup was held on 13 March 2016 between the 2015 Belarusian Premier League champions BATE Borisov and the 2014–15 Belarusian Cup runners-up Shakhtyor Soligorsk.
2016–17 Belarusian Cup was the twenty sixth season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2016–17 Belarusian Extraliga season was the 25th season of the Belarusian Extraliga, the top level of ice hockey in Belarus.
The 2017 Belarusian Premier League was the 27th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
A series of street protests against President Alexander Lukashenko broke out in late February 2017.
2017–18 Belarusian Cup was the twenty seventh season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2017–18 Champions Hockey League is the fourth season of the Champions Hockey League, a European ice hockey tournament.
The 2018 Belarusian Premier League is the 28th season of top-tier football in Belarus.
2018–19 Belarusian Cup is the twenty eighth season of the Belarusian annual cup competition.
The 2018–19 Champions Hockey League will be the fifth season of the Champions Hockey League, a European ice hockey tournament.
The 21st Rifle Division (21-я стрелковая дивизия; Military Unit Number 17752) was an infantry division of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and then the Soviet Union's Red Army, active between 1918 and 1945.
21st Vistula Uhlan Regiment (Polish: 21 Pulk Ulanów Nadwislanskich, 21 p.ul.) was a cavalry unit of the Polish Army in the Second Polish Republic.
The 220th Rifle Division was briefly a Red Army motorized infantry division that was re-organised shortly after the German invasion as a standard rifle division.
23rd Grodno Uhlan Regiment (Polish: 23 Pulk Ulanow Grodzienskich, 23 p.ul.) was a cavalry unit of the Polish Army in the Second Polish Republic.
The 28th Army was a field army of the Red Army and the Soviet Ground Forces, formed three times in 1941–42 and active during the postwar period for many years in the Belorussian Military District.
The 290th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.
29th Grodno Infantry Division (Polish: 29 Grodzienska Dywizja Piechoty) was a unit of the Polish Army during the interbellum period.
The 2nd Army Corps (2-й армейский корпус) was a formation in the Imperial Russian Army that was active during World War I. It was headquartered in Grodno prior to the outbreak of the war, and took part in the Battle of Tannenberg in August 1914.
32nd Armoured Reconnaissance Group (pl: 32 Dywizjon Pancerny) - Polish reconnaissance unit in the Polish September Campaign.
The 33rd Infantry Division was a reserve infantry division of the Polish Army in the final days of the Second Polish Republic.
The 33rd Kuban Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army during the Russian Civil War and the Polish–Soviet War.
The 352nd Rifle Division started forming in August, 1941, as a standard Red Army rifle division, at Bugulma in Tatarstan.
The 3rd Army was a Soviet Red Army field army during World War II.
Third Legions Infantry Regiment (Polish language: 3. Pulk Piechoty Legionów; 3 pp Leg.) was an infantry unit of Polish Legions in World War I, Polish Army and the Home Army.
The 3rd SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf" (3. SS-Panzerdivision "Totenkopf".) was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The 42nd Rifle Division was a unit of the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War.
The 49th Army (49-я армия) is a combined arms army of the Russian Ground Forces, formed in 2010 and headquartered in Stavropol.
The 49th Rifle Division was a Soviet Army infantry division, formed three times.
The Polish 4th Infantry Division (Polish: 4. Dywizja Piechoty) was created following Polish independence after the end of World War I. The division participated in the Polish-Ukrainian War in 1919.
The 4th Rifle Corps was a corps of the Red Army, active from the 1920s.
The 50th Army was a Soviet field army during World War II.
The 51st Guards Artillery Brigade (Military Unit Number 12147) is an artillery brigade of the Belarus Ground Forces, based at Osipovichi.
The 5th Guards Zimovnikovskaya order Kutuzov II degree Motor Rifle Division, (Military Unit Number (V/Ch) 51852 from 1979) named on the 60th anniversary of the USSR, was a military formation of the Soviet Ground Forces.
5th Legions Infantry Regiment of Józef Piłsudski (Polish: 5 Pulk Piechoty Legionow Jozefa Pilsudskiego, 4 pp Leg.) was an infantry regiment of the Polish Army in 1918–1939.
The 5th Rifle Corps was a corps of the Soviet Union's Red Army, formed twice.
The 6th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army, formed twice.
The 75th Reserve Division (75. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed at the end of December 1914 and organized over the next month, arriving in the line in early February 1915.
The 77th Reserve Division (77. Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. The division was formed at the end of December 1914 and organized over the next month, arriving in the line in early February 1915.
The 9th Infantry Division (9 Dywizja Piechoty) was a unit of the Polish Army in the Second Polish Republic.