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History of supercomputing

Index History of supercomputing

The history of supercomputing goes back to the early 1920s in the United States with the IBM tabulators at Columbia University and a series of computers at Control Data Corporation (CDC), designed by Seymour Cray to use innovative designs and parallelism to achieve superior computational peak performance. [1]

16 relations: CDC 6000 series, CDC 6600, Chippewa Operating System, Computer performance by orders of magnitude, Control Data Corporation, Cray T3E, Cray-2, History of computer clusters, National Supercomputing Mission, Quasi-opportunistic supercomputing, Supercomputer architecture, Supercomputing in China, Supercomputing in Europe, Supercomputing in India, Supercomputing in Japan, System X (computing).

CDC 6000 series

The CDC 6000 series was a family of mainframe computers manufactured by Control Data Corporation in the 1960s.

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CDC 6600

The CDC 6600 was the flagship of the 6000 series of mainframe computer systems manufactured by Control Data Corporation.

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Chippewa Operating System

The Chippewa Operating System often called COS is the discontinued operating system for the CDC 6600 supercomputer, generally considered the first super computer in the world.

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Computer performance by orders of magnitude

This list compares various amounts of computing power in instructions per second organized by order of magnitude in FLOPS.

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Control Data Corporation

Control Data Corporation (CDC) was a mainframe and supercomputer firm.

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Cray T3E

The Cray T3E was Cray Research's second-generation massively parallel supercomputer architecture, launched in late November 1995.

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Cray-2

The Cray-2 is a supercomputer with four vector processors made by Cray Research starting in 1985.

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History of computer clusters

The history of computer clusters is best captured by a footnote in Greg Pfister's In Search of Clusters: “Virtually every press release from DEC mentioning clusters says ‘DEC, who invented clusters...’. IBM did not invent them either.

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National Supercomputing Mission

National Supercomputing Mission is a proposed plan by Government of India to create a cluster of seventy supercomputers connecting various academic and research institutions across India.

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Quasi-opportunistic supercomputing

Quasi-opportunistic supercomputing is a computational paradigm for supercomputing on a large number of geographically disperse computers.

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Supercomputer architecture

Approaches to supercomputer architecture have taken dramatic turns since the earliest systems were introduced in the 1960s.

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Supercomputing in China

China operates a number of supercomputer centers which, altogether, hold 29.3% performance share of world's fastest 500 supercomputers.

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Supercomputing in Europe

Several centers for supercomputing exist across Europe, and distributed access to them is coordinated by European initiatives to facilitate high-performance computing.

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Supercomputing in India

India's supercomputer program was started in late 1980s because Cray supercomputers were denied for import due to an arms embargo imposed on India, as it was a dual-use technology and could be used for developing nuclear weapons.

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Supercomputing in Japan

Japan operates a number of centers for supercomputing which hold world records in speed, with the K computer becoming the world's fastest in June 2011.

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System X (computing)

System X (pronounced "System Ten") was a supercomputer assembled by Virginia Tech's Advanced Research Computing facility in the summer of 2003.

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History of supercomputers.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_supercomputing

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